Gateway 920 User Manual

10.11 Mb

Contents

1 Checking Out Your Gateway Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Back . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 System board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Server Companion CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Online help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Gateway Web site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

2 Setting Up Your Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Setting up the hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Protecting from power source problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Starting your server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Understanding the power-on self-test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Turning off your server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Restarting (rebooting) your server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Setting up the operating system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

3 Maintaining Your Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Caring for your server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Protecting your server from viruses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Managing hard drive space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Checking hard drive space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Using Disk Cleanup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Checking the hard drive for errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Defragmenting the hard drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Backing up files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Cleaning your server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Cleaning the exterior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Cleaning the keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Cleaning the screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Cleaning the tape drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Cleaning the mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Preparing for system recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Creating startup diskettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Creating an emergency repair diskette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Keeping a record of system configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 System administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 ManageX Event Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

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Server security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Using your Server Companion CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

4 Installing Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

Preparing to install components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 Selecting a place to work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 Gathering the tools you need . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 Preventing static electricity discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 Opening the server case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Closing the server case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 Installing drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Installing a CD or diskette drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Installing a hard drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Installing memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Installing PCI expansion cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56 Replacing the processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 Replacing the power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 Replacing the system board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 Replacing the case fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66 Replacing the CMOS battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68

 5 Using the BIOS Setup Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Opening the BIOS Setup utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Updating the BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Recovering the BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Resetting the BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Bypassing the BIOS passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

6 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79

Safety guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80 Error messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 First steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85 Battery replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86 Beep codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86 BIOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88 CD drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88 Cleaning CDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89 Diskette drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89 Expansion cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90 File management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90 Hard drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91

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 Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Modem (telephone dial-up) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Telephone support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Before calling Gateway Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Telephone support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Tutoring and training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 A Server Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 System specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 System board specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Hardware monitor specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Temperature sensor specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Environmental specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Video specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Resolution support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Electronic specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 System I/O addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Memory map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 IRQ assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 PCI interrupt routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 Additional specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 B BIOS Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 C Safety, Regulatory, and Legal Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

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Checking Out

Where drives, ports, jacks, and controls are located

Where system board components are located

What help resources are available

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Chapter 1: Checking Out Your Gateway Server

Front

CD drive

USB ports

Diskette drive

Power button

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Front

 Component Description CD drive Insert a CD into this drive. USB ports Plug USB devices into these ports. Diskette drive Insert a 3.5-inch diskette into this drive. Power button Press this button to turn the power on or off. ■ No LED means that the server is turned off. ■ An orange LED means that the server is in Standby. ■ A green LED means that the server is turned on.
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Chapter 1: Checking Out Your Gateway Server

Back

Power connector

 Release latch Microsoft Mouse port Certificate of Keyboard port Authenticity USB ports Serial port Parallel port Shipping Monitor port LAN jack thumbscrew Kensington lock slot Release latch Card retention System label cover thumbscrew Card retention cover
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Back

 Component Description Power connector Plug the power cord into this connector. Mouse port Plug a PS/2 (Personal System/2®) mouse into this port. Keyboard port Plug a PS/2 keyboard into this port. USB ports Plug USB devices into these ports. Serial port Plug a serial device into this port. Parallel port Plug a parallel device into this port. Monitor port Plug a monitor into this port. LAN jack Plug an Ethernet RJ-45 cable into this jack. Card retention cover Remove this thumbscrew to release the card retention thumbscrew cover, and install this thumbscrew to secure the cover. Release latches Push these latches apart to release and remove the side panel. Microsoft Certificate Contains your Windows product key. of Authenticity Shipping Remove this thumbscrew to open the side panel. This thumbscrew thumbscrew secures the side panel during shipment. Kensington lock slot Connect a Kensington cable lock to this slot to prevent the server case from being opened. System label Includes your server’s model and serial number. Card retention cover Pull this cover out to release expansion cards, and press it in to secure the cards.
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Chapter 1: Checking Out Your Gateway Server

System board

Auxiliary power connector

Rear fan connector

Processor

slot

Processor fan connector

Front panel

USB connector

64-bit PCI slots

32-bit PCI slot

Intrusion switch connector

Main power connector

Memory

module slots

Third IDE connector

Diskette drive connector

Front panel connector

Primary IDE connector

Secondary IDE connector

CMOS battery

Configuration jumper J13

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Getting Help

Getting Help

Server Companion CD

Use the Server Companion CD to access file utilities and documentation for your server and its components. For more information, see Using Your Server Companion CD.

Many programs provide information online so you can research a topic or learn how to perform a task while you are using the program. Most online help information can be accessed by selecting a topic from a Help menu or by clicking a Help button.

You can search for information by viewing the help contents, checking the index, searching for a topic or keyword, or browsing through the online help.

Gateway Web site

Visit the Gateway Web site at support.gateway.com for:

Technical documentation and product guides

Technical tips and support

Updated hardware drivers

Order status

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Chapter 1: Checking Out Your Gateway Server

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Read this chapter to learn how to:

Start and turn off your server

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Chapter 2: Setting Up Your Server

Setting up the hardware

To make sure that your working environment is safe:

Use a clean, dry, flat, stable surface for your server. Allow at least 6 inches at the rear of the server for cabling and air circulation.

Use the instructions on your server’s setup poster to set up your hardware.

Use a grounded (three-prong) surge protector. A surge protector helps protect against AC power fluctuations. For additional protection from power outages, we recommend that you use an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).

Warning Your server is supplied with a 3-wire AC power cord fitted with the correct plug style for your region. If this plug does not match the connector on your surge protector, UPS, or wall outlet, do not attempt to modify the plug in any way. Use a surge protector, UPS, or wall outlet that is appropriate for the supplied AC power cord.

Avoid subjecting your server to extreme temperature changes. Do not expose your server to direct sunlight, heating ducts, or other heat-generating objects. Damage caused by extreme temperatures is not covered by your warranty. As a general rule, your server is safest at temperatures that are comfortable for you.

Keep your server and magnetic media away from equipment that generates magnetic fields, such as unshielded stereo speakers. Strong magnetic fields can erase data on both diskettes and hard drives. Even a telephone placed too close to the server may cause interference.

Important Keep the server boxes and packing material in case you need to send the server to Gateway for service. If you return your server in different packaging, your warranty may be voided.

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Protecting from power source problems

Protecting from power source problems

Surge protectors, line conditioners, and uninterruptible power supplies can help protect your server against power source problems.

Surge protectors

During a power surge, the voltage level of electricity coming into your server can increase to far above normal levels and cause data loss or server damage. Protect your server and peripheral devices by connecting them to a surge protector, which absorbs voltage surges and prevents them from reaching your server.

Warning High voltages can enter your server through the power cord, modem connection, and network connection. Protect your server by using a surge protector. If you have a modem, use a surge protector that has the appropriate type of modem jack. During an electrical storm, unplug both the surge protector and the modem.

When your purchase a surge protector:

Make sure that the surge protector meets the appropriate product safety certification for your location, such as Underwriters Laboratories (UL).

Check the maximum amount of voltage the protector allows to pass through the line. The lower the voltage that the protector allows to pass through, the better the protection for your server.

Check the energy absorption (dissipation) rating. The higher the energy absorption rating, the better the protection for your server.

Check for line-conditioner capabilities. A line conditioner smooths out some of the normal line noise (small voltage fluctuations) of an electrical supply.

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Chapter 2: Setting Up Your Server

Line conditioners

A line conditioner protects your server from the small fluctuations in voltage from an electrical supply. Most servers can handle this variation, called line noise, without problems. However, some electrical sources include more line noise than normal. Line noise can also be a problem if your server is located near, or shares a circuit with, a device that causes electromagnetic interference, such as a television or a motor.

Some surge protectors and uninterruptible power supplies include simple line-conditioning capabilities.

Uninterruptible power supplies

Use an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to protect your server from data loss during a total power failure. A UPS uses a battery to keep your server running temporarily during a power failure and lets you save your work and shut down your server. You cannot run your server for an extended period of time while using only the UPS. To buy a UPS, visit accessories.gateway.com.

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Before you start your server for the first time:

Make sure that the server and monitor are plugged into a power outlet or surge protector and that the surge protector (if you are using one) is turned on.

Make sure that all cables are firmly connected to the correct ports and jacks on the back of the server.

Warning When you connect peripheral devices to the server, make sure that your server and devices are turned off and the power cords are unplugged.

To start the server:

1 Press the power button.

Power button

 When the power It means... button LED is... Green The server is turned on. Orange The server is in Standby. Off The server is turned off.
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Chapter 2: Setting Up Your Server

If nothing happens when you press the power button:

Make sure that the power cables are plugged in securely and that your surge protector (if you are using one) is plugged in and turned on.

Make sure that the monitor is connected to the server, plugged into the power outlet or surge protector, and turned on. You may also need to adjust the monitor’s brightness and contrast controls.

2 The first time you turn on the server, any pre-installed operating system may begin asking you for configuration settings. See your operating system’s documentation for instructions on configuring advanced settings for your specific network, or see the Installing Windows 2000 Server installation guide.

Understanding the power-on self-test

When you turn on your server, the power-on self-test (POST) routine checks the server memory and components. If POST finds any problems, the server displays error messages. Write down any error messages that you see, then see “Error messages” on page 81 and “Beep codes” on page 86 for troubleshooting information.

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Every time you turn off your server, first shut down the operating system. You may lose data if you do not follow the correct procedure.

To turn off the server:

1 In Windows 2000 Server, click Start, then click Shut Down. The Shut Down Windows dialog box opens. Click the arrow button to open the What do you want the computer to do list, click Shut down, then click OK.

- OR -

If your server is running a different operating system, see the operating system’s documentation for instructions on shutting down the operating system. Whenever possible, you should use the operating system’s shut down procedure instead of pushing the power button.

2 If your server did not turn off automatically, press the power button. If nothing happens when you press the power button, press and hold it for five seconds and the server will turn off.

Warning The power button on the server does not turn off server AC power. To remove AC power from the server, you must unplug the AC power cord from the wall outlet or power source. The power cord is considered the disconnect device to the main (AC) power.

Warning If you routinely turn off your server (daily or weekly), do not unplug the server or use the On/Off switch on the surge protector. Regularly cutting off all power to your server may cause the CMOS battery to fail prematurely.

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Chapter 2: Setting Up Your Server

If your server does not respond to keyboard or mouse input, you may have to close programs that are not responding. If closing unresponsive programs does not restore your server to normal operation, you may have to restart (reboot) your server.

To close unresponsive programs and restart your server in

Windows 2000 Server:

1 Press CTRL+ALT+DELETE, then click Task Manager. A window opens that lets you close a program that is not responding.

2 Click the program that is not responding, then click End Task.

3 If your server does not respond, turn it off, wait ten seconds and turn it on again.

Important If your computer does not turn off immediately, you may need to press and hold the power button for about five seconds.

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Setting up the operating system

Setting up the operating system

If you ordered your server with the operating system already installed by Gateway, Windows 2000 Server is completely installed and the basic settings are already configured. See your operating system’s documentation for instructions on configuring advanced settings for your specific network.

If you are installing Windows 2000 Server because it was not already installed by Gateway, see the Installing Windows 2000 Server installation guide for instructions.

If you are installing a non-Windows operating system, see your operating system’s documentation for instructions.

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Chapter 2: Setting Up Your Server

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Read this chapter to learn how to:

Manage hard drive space

Prepare for system recovery

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To extend the life of your server:

Be careful not to bump or drop your server, and do not put any objects on top of it. The case, although strong, is not made to support extra weight.

When transporting your server, we recommend that you put it in the original packaging materials.

Keep your server and magnetic media away from equipment that generates magnetic fields, such as unshielded stereo speakers. Strong magnetic fields can erase data on both diskettes and hard drives. Even a telephone placed too close to the server may cause interference.

Avoid subjecting your server to extreme temperature changes. Do not expose your server to direct sunlight, heating ducts, or other heat-generating objects. Damage caused by extreme temperatures is not covered by your warranty. As a general rule, your server is safest at temperatures that are comfortable for you.

Keep all liquids away from your server. When spilled onto server components, almost any liquid can result in extremely expensive repairs that are not covered under your warranty.

Avoid dusty or dirty work environments. Dust and dirt can clog the internal mechanisms and can cause the server to overheat.

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Use the following table to set up a regular maintenance schedule, which will keep your server running at its best.

 Maintenance task Immediately Weekly When See... after purchase needed Check for viruses X X page 22 Clean up hard drives X X page 24 Scan hard drive for errors X X page 24 Defragment hard drive X X page 25 Back up files X page 27 Clean tape backup drive X page 29 and the drive’s documentation Clean server case X page 28 Clean keyboard X page 29 Clean screen X page 29 Clean mouse X page 30 Create startup diskettes X page 32 Create emergency repair X page 32 diskette
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A virus is a program that attaches itself to a file on a computer, then spreads from one computer to another. Viruses can damage data or cause your server to malfunction. Some viruses go undetected for a period of time because they are activated on a certain date.

A server that can access the Internet is more likely to get a virus than one that cannot access the Internet. Viruses can also be uploaded by network users who have shared file access or physical access to the server.

Protect your server from a virus by:

Using a virus-checking program (not included) to check files on hard drives or removable media. See your program’s documentation for more information.

Checking all programs for viruses before installing them.

Periodically updating your virus-checking program to protect against the latest viruses.

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Managing hard drive space

Managing hard drive space

Checking hard drive space

If your server is running an operating system other than Windows 2000 Server, see the operating system’s documentation for instructions on checking hard drive space.

To check hard drive space in Windows 2000 Server:

1 Double-click the My Computer icon.

2 Right-click the drive that you want to check for available file space, then click Properties. Drive space information appears.

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Using Disk Cleanup

Delete unneeded files, such as temporary Windows files, to free hard drive space. If your server is running an operating system other than

Windows 2000 Server, see the operating system’s documentation for instructions on deleting unnecessary files.

To use Disk Cleanup in Windows 2000 Server:

1

2

3

4

5

Double-click the My Computer icon.

Right-click the hard drive that you want to delete files from, for example Local Disk (C:), then click Properties. The Properties dialog box opens at the General tab.

Click Disk Cleanup. The Disk Cleanup dialog box opens.

Make sure that the checkbox next to each file type you want to delete is selected. For more information about file types you can delete, read the descriptions in the Disk Cleanup dialog box.

Click OK, then click Yes.

Checking the hard drive for errors

Hard drive error-checking programs examine the hard drive for physical flaws and file and folder problems. These programs correct file and folder problems and mark flawed areas on the hard drive so the operating system does not use them. If your server is running an operating system other than

Windows 2000 Server, see the operating system’s documentation for instructions on checking the hard drive for errors.

To check the hard drive for errors in Windows 2000 Server:

1 Double-click the My Computer icon.

2 Right-click the hard drive that you want to check for errors, for example Local Disk (C:), then click Properties. The Properties dialog box opens.

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Managing hard drive space

3 Click the Tools tab.

4

5

Click Check Now.

Click the options to use, then click Start. For help, press F1. Windows checks the drive for errors. This process may take several minutes.

6 Correct any problems that are found by following the on-screen instructions. After Windows has finished checking the drive for errors, it provides a summary of any problems that it may have found.

7 Click OK.

Defragmenting the hard drive

When working with files, your operating system divides the file information into pieces and stores them in different places on the hard drive. This is called fragmentation, and it is normal. In order for your server to use a file, your operating system must search for the pieces of the file and put them back together. This process slows hard drive performance.

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In Windows 2000 Server, the Disk Defragmenter program organizes the data on the drive so each file is stored as one unit rather than as multiple pieces scattered across different areas of the drive. Defragmenting the information stored on the drive can improve hard drive performance.

While Disk Defragmenter is running, do not use your keyboard or mouse because using them may continuously stop and restart the defragmenting process. Also, disconnect your server from the network while defragmenting because network communication may stop the defragmentation process and cause it to start over.

If your server is running an operating system other than Windows 2000 Server, see the operating system’s documentation for instructions on defragmenting files.

To defragment a drive in Windows 2000 Server:

1 Double-click the My Computer icon.

2 Right-click the hard drive that you want to defragment, for example Local Disk (C:), then click Properties. The Properties dialog box opens.

3 Click the Tools tab.

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Managing hard drive space

4

5

Click Defragment Now.

Click Action, then click Defragment.

Disk Defragmenter shows its progress on the screen. When finished, Disk Defragmenter asks if you want to quit the program.

6 Click Close.

Backing up files

Backing up files and removing them from the hard drive frees space for new files on the hard drive. It also protects you from losing important information if the hard drive fails or you accidentally delete files. You should back up your files regularly to a high-capacity backup device, such as a tape drive. For information on using your backup device to back up your files, see the device’s documentation. To buy a tape backup drive visit the accessories store at accessories.gateway.com.

You should also periodically test the reliability of your backup device and procedures by performing a system restoration using your backup media.

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Keeping your server clean and the vents free from dust helps keep your server performing at its best. You may want to gather these items and put together a server cleaning kit:

A soft, lint-free cloth

Glass cleaner

An aerosol can of air that has a narrow, straw-like extension

Isopropyl alcohol

Cotton swabs

A tape drive cleaning cartridge (if a tape drive is installed)

A CD drive cleaning kit

Cleaning the exterior

Warning When you shut down your server, the power turns off, but some electrical current still flows through your server. To avoid possible injury from electrical shock, unplug the power cord and all other cables connected to the server.

Always turn off your server and other peripheral devices before cleaning any components.

Use a damp, lint-free cloth to clean your server and other parts of your system. Do not use abrasive or solvent cleaners because they can damage the finish on components.

Your server is cooled by air circulated through the vents on the case, so keep the vents free of dust. With your server turned off and unplugged, brush the dust away from the vents with a damp cloth. Be careful not to drip any water into the vents.

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Cleaning the keyboard

You should clean the keyboard occasionally by using an aerosol can of air with a narrow, straw-like extension to remove dust and lint trapped under the keys.

If you spill liquid on the keyboard, turn off your server and turn the keyboard upside down. Let the liquid drain, then let the keyboard dry before trying to use it again. If the keyboard does not work after it dries, you may need to replace it. Keyboard damage resulting from spilled liquids is not covered by your warranty.

Cleaning the screen

If your computer screen is a flat panel display, use a soft cloth and water to clean the computer screen. Squirt a little water on the cloth (never directly on the screen), and wipe the screen with the cloth.

Warning The computer screen is made of specially coated glass and can be scratched or damaged by abrasive or ammonia-based glass cleaners.

- OR -

If your computer screen is not a flat panel display, use a soft cloth and glass cleaner to clean the monitor screen. Squirt a little cleaner on the cloth (never directly on the screen), and wipe the screen with the cloth.

Cleaning the tape drive

If you use a tape drive to back up your files, regular maintenance will lengthen the life of the drive. To maintain the drive’s reliability:

Clean the drive monthly with the cleaning cartridge included with the drive.

Remove the tape from the drive whenever the drive is not being actively used.

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Cleaning the mouse

If the mouse pointer begins moving erratically across the screen or becomes difficult to control precisely, cleaning the mouse will likely improve its accuracy.

If you have an optical mouse, clean the mouse by wiping the bottom of the mouse with a clean cloth.

If you have a trackball mouse, follow these instructions.

1 Turn the mouse upside down.

2 Rotate the retaining ring on the bottom of the mouse counter-clockwise, then remove the retaining ring and mouse ball.

3 Remove any dust, lint, or dirt from the mouse ball with a soft cloth.

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4 Clean the mouse rollers with a cotton swab dipped in isopropyl alcohol.

Mouse rollers

5 Replace the mouse ball and lock the retaining ring into place.

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Preparing for system recovery

You should take precautions that will make it easier to reinstall or repair your operating system if system files become corrupted. These precautions make it easier to restart your server and recover damaged files.

Creating startup diskettes

If your system files are corrupted, you may not be able to start the server from the hard drive. Startup diskettes are diskettes that let you start the server and attempt to fix the problem. If your server is running an operating system other than Windows 2000 Server, see your operating system’s online help or documentation for instructions on creating startup diskettes.

To create startup diskettes in Windows 2000 Server:

1

2

3

4

5

6

Format four 3.5-inch 1.44 MB diskettes.

Insert one diskette into the diskette drive of a computer running any version of Windows or MS-DOS.

Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD into the CD drive.

Click Start, then click Run.

Type d:\bootdisk\makeboot a: (where d: is the letter assigned to your CD drive).

Click OK, then follow the on-screen prompts.

Creating an emergency repair diskette

Windows 2000 Server lets you create an emergency repair diskette to back up critical operating system files, including the registry. The emergency repair diskette is not a bootable diskette. For instructions on using the diskette, see your Windows 2000 Server documentation or online help.

If your server is running an operating system other than Windows 2000 Server, see your operating system’s online help or documentation for instructions on creating repair diskettes.

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Preparing for system recovery

To create an emergency repair diskette in Windows 2000 Server:

1 Format one 3.5-inch 1.44 MB diskette and insert it into your server’s diskette drive.

2 Double-click the My Computer icon.

3 Right-click the C: drive, then click Properties. The Properties dialog box opens.

4 Click the Tools tab.

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5 Click Backup Now. The Backup window opens.

6 Click Emergency Repair Disk. The Emergency Repair Diskette dialog box opens.

7 Click the Also back up the registry to the repair directory check box, then click OK. The files are backed up to the diskette.

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Preparing for system recovery

Keeping a record of system configuration

Some operating systems let you print a summary of the configuration of your server and the memory allocation. This printed summary can provide information you need to reset your system configuration correctly if the information is lost. If your server is running an operating system other than Windows 2000 Server, see the operating system’s documentation for instructions on recording your system configuration.

To record your operating system configuration in Windows 2000 Server:

1

2

Click Start, Programs, Administration tools, then click Computer Management.

Click System Information. Information about your system appears in the window to the right. For more specific system information, click on the appropriate folder under System Information.

3 To print a detailed report of your system’s configuration, click Action, then click Print.

4 To save a detailed report of your system’s configuration as a text file, click

Action, then click Save As Text File.

Some server information can be viewed only in the BIOS Setup utility.

1 Print the appendix for BIOS Settings in this guide.

2 Restart your server, then press F2 when the Gateway logo screen appears during startup. The BIOS Setup utility opens.

3 Record the BIOS settings on your printout.

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ManageX Event Manager

ManageX lets you manage multiple computers on a Windows 2000 Server or Novell Netware network from a single window, then implement commands and policies across the network with a single action. With ManageX you can run system management tasks which are triggered by certain events or conditions.

You can find additional documentation for ManageX Event Manager on the

Server Companion CD and the ManageX Event Manager CD.

Server security

To prevent unauthorized use of the server, you can set BIOS startup passwords. To monitor unauthorized access to server components, you can view the event log.

Enter either password to finish starting the server.

To set the BIOS security passwords:

1 Restart your server, then press F2 when the Gateway logo screen appears during startup. The BIOS Setup utility opens.

2

3

Select the password to set according to the following table.

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4 Type the password and press ENTER, then type it again and press ENTER.

5 Exit the BIOS Setup utility.

Monitoring case access

Whenever the server’s case cover is removed, the intrusion switch is activated and an event is recorded in the event log.

To view the event log:

1 Restart your server, then press F2 when the Gateway logo screen appears during startup. The BIOS Setup utility opens.

2 Open the Advanced menu, select Event Log Configuration, then select Event Log Area. The event log is shown on the screen.

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You can use your Server Companion CD to:

Install hardware drivers

Install programs

View server documentation

Instructions for using the CD are provided in Using Your Server Companion CD.

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ComponentsInstalling 4

Read this chapter to learn how to:

Open and close the server case

Install drives

Install memory modules

Install expansion cards

Replace the processor

Replace the power supply

Replace the system board

Replace the rear case fan

Replace the CMOS battery

You must open your server case to install components. If you are not comfortable with these procedures, get help from a more experienced computer user or computer service technician, or contact Gateway Technical Support.

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Chapter 4: Installing Components

Preparing to install components

Selecting a place to work

Work on your server in an area that:

Is clean (avoid dusty areas)

Is a low-static environment (avoid carpeted areas)

Has a stable surface on which to set your server

Has enough room to place all of your server parts

Is near a grounded outlet so you can test your server after installation

Is near a telephone (in case you need help from Gateway Technical Support). The telephone must be directly connected to a telephone jack and cannot be connected to your server.

Gathering the tools you need

Some tools and supplies that you may need to work on your server are:

A notebook to take notes

A Phillips screwdriver