Intel DQ57TM User Manual

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Intel® Desktop Board DQ57TM

Product Guide

Order Number: E78894-001

Revision History

Revision

Revision History

Date

-001

First release of the Intel® Desktop Board DQ57TM Product Guide

January 2010

If an FCC declaration of conformity marking is present on the board, the following statement applies:

FCC Declaration of Conformity

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

For questions related to the EMC performance of this product, contact:

Intel Corporation, 5200 N.E. Elam Young Parkway, Hillsboro, OR 97124 1-800-628-8686

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.

Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit other than the one to which the receiver is connected.

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

Any changes or modifications to the equipment not expressly approved by Intel Corporation could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

Tested to comply with FCC standards for home or office use.

Canadian Department of Communications Compliance Statement

This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.

Le présent appareil numerique német pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites applicables aux appareils numériques de la classe B prescrites dans le Réglement sur le broullage radioélectrique édicté par le ministére des Communications du Canada.

Disclaimer

INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED IN CONNECTION WITH INTEL® PRODUCTS. NO LICENSE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, BY ESTOPPEL OR OTHERWISE, TO ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IS GRANTED BY THIS DOCUMENT. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN INTEL’S TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE FOR SUCH PRODUCTS, INTEL ASSUMES NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER, AND INTEL DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY, RELATING TO SALE AND/OR USE OF INTEL PRODUCTS INCLUDING LIABILITY OR WARRANTIES RELATING TO FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, MERCHANTABILITY, OR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, COPYRIGHT OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT. Intel products are not intended for use in medical, life saving, or life sustaining applications. Intel may make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time, without notice.

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM may contain design defects or errors known as errata which may cause the product to deviate from published specifications. Current characterized errata are available on request.

Contact your local Intel sales office or your distributor to obtain the latest specifications and before placing your product order.

Copies of documents which have an ordering number and are referenced in this document, or other Intel literature, may be obtained from Intel Corporation by going to the World Wide Web site at: http://www.intel.com/ or by calling 1-800-548-4725.

Intel, Core i7, i5, i3, and Xeon are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the United States and other countries. * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.

Copyright © 2010, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.

Preface

This Product Guide gives information about board layout, component installation, BIOS update, and regulatory requirements for Intel® Desktop Board DQ57TM.

Intended Audience

The Product Guide is intended for technically qualified personnel. It is not intended for general audiences.

Use Only for Intended Applications

All Intel Desktop Boards are evaluated as Information Technology Equipment (I.T.E.) for use in personal computers (PC) for installation in homes, offices, schools, computer rooms, and similar locations. The suitability of this product for other PC or embedded non-PC applications or other environments, such as medical, industrial, alarm systems, test equipment, etc. may not be supported without further evaluation by Intel.

Document Organization

The chapters in this Product Guide are arranged as follows:

1Desktop Board Features: a summary of product features

2Installing and Replacing Desktop Board Components: instructions on how to install the Desktop Board and other hardware components

3Updating the BIOS: instructions on how to update the BIOS

AError Messages and Indicators: information about BIOS error messages and beep codes

BRegulatory Compliance: describes the board’s adherence to safety standards and EMC regulations and its product certifications

Conventions

The following conventions are used in this manual:

CAUTION

Cautions warn the user about how to prevent damage to hardware or loss of data.

NOTE

Notes call attention to important information.

iii

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Product Guide

Terminology

The table below gives descriptions of some common terms used in the product guide.

Term

Description

 

 

GB

Gigabyte (1,073,741,824 bytes)

 

 

GHz

Gigahertz (one billion hertz)

 

 

KB

Kilobyte (1024 bytes)

 

 

MB

Megabyte (1,048,576 bytes)

 

 

Mb

Megabit (1,048,576 bits)

 

 

MHz

Megahertz (one million hertz)

 

 

iv

Contents

1

Desktop Board Features

 

 

Supported Operating Systems..............................................................................

11

 

Desktop Board Components.................................................................................

12

 

Processor..........................................................................................................

14

 

Intel® Q57 Express Chipset .................................................................................

15

 

Main Memory.....................................................................................................

15

 

Graphics Subsystem...........................................................................................

16

 

Integrated Graphics ....................................................................................

16

 

DisplayPort*.......................................................................................

16

 

Digital Visual Interface .........................................................................

16

 

PCI Express* x16 Graphics ..........................................................................

17

 

Audio Subsystem ...............................................................................................

17

 

LAN Subsystem .................................................................................................

18

 

USB 2.0 Support ................................................................................................

19

 

SATA Support....................................................................................................

19

 

SATA RAID ................................................................................................

19

 

Intel® Rapid Recover Technology (Intel® RRT) ................................................

19

 

Expandability.....................................................................................................

20

 

Legacy I/O........................................................................................................

20

 

BIOS................................................................................................................

20

 

SATA Auto Configuration .............................................................................

20

 

PCI*/PCI Express Auto Configuration.............................................................

20

 

BIOS Security Passwords .............................................................................

21

 

Hard Disk Drive Passwords...........................................................................

21

 

Platform Management and Protection....................................................................

23

 

Intel® vPro™ Technology .............................................................................

23

 

Intel® Active Management Technology (Intel® AMT) .................................

23

 

Intel® Virtualization Technology (Intel® VT) ............................................

26

 

Intel® Trusted Execution Technology (Intel® TXT) ....................................

26

 

Intel® Remote PC Assist (Intel® RPAT) and Fast Call for Help .....................

26

 

Trusted Platform Module (TPM) .............................................................

27

 

Fan Speed Control and Hardware Monitoring ..................................................

27

 

Power Management ....................................................................................

28

 

Software Support ................................................................................

28

 

Hardware Support ...............................................................................

28

 

ENERGY STAR*, e-Standby, and ErP Compliance .....................................

31

 

Onboard Speaker ...............................................................................................

32

 

Real-Time Clock Subsystem.................................................................................

32

2

Installing and Replacing Desktop Board Components

 

 

Before You Begin ...............................................................................................

33

 

Installation Precautions.......................................................................................

34

 

Prevent Power Supply Overload ....................................................................

34

 

Observe Safety and Regulatory Requirements.................................................

34

 

Installing the I/O Shield ......................................................................................

35

 

Installing and Removing the Desktop Board ...........................................................

36

v

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Product Guide

 

 

Installing and Removing a Processor.....................................................................

37

 

Installing a Processor ..................................................................................

37

 

Installing a Processor Fan Heat Sink..............................................................

42

 

Connecting the Processor Fan Heat Sink Cable................................................

42

 

Removing the Processor ..............................................................................

42

 

Installing and Removing System Memory ..............................................................

43

 

Guidelines for Dual Channel Memory Configuration..........................................

43

 

Two or Four DIMMs .............................................................................

43

 

Three DIMMs ......................................................................................

44

 

Installing DIMMs ........................................................................................

45

 

Removing DIMMs........................................................................................

47

 

Installing and Removing PCI Express x16 Graphics Cards.........................................

47

 

Installing a PCI Express x16 Graphics Card ....................................................

47

 

Removing a PCI Express x16 Graphics Card....................................................

49

 

Connecting Serial ATA (SATA) Cables....................................................................

50

 

Connecting to the Internal Headers ......................................................................

51

 

Front Panel Audio Header ............................................................................

52

 

Internal Mono Speaker Header .....................................................................

52

 

S/PDIF Header ...........................................................................................

53

 

Chassis Intrusion Header .............................................................................

53

 

Alternate Front Panel Power LED Header ........................................................

53

 

Front Panel Header .....................................................................................

54

 

Front Panel USB 2.0 Headers........................................................................

54

 

Intel RPAT Header ......................................................................................

55

 

Serial Header.............................................................................................

55

 

Connecting to the Audio System...........................................................................

56

 

Connecting Chassis Fan and Power Supply Cables...................................................

57

 

Connecting Chassis Fan Cables .....................................................................

57

 

Connecting Power Supply Cables ..................................................................

58

 

Setting the BIOS Configuration Jumper .................................................................

59

 

Clearing Passwords in the BIOS Setup Program ......................................................

60

 

Clearing CMOS Memory ......................................................................................

61

 

Replacing the Battery .........................................................................................

62

3

Updating the BIOS

 

 

Updating the BIOS with the Intel® Express BIOS Update Utility.................................

69

 

Updating the BIOS with the ISO Image BIOS Update File or the Iflash Memory

 

 

Update Utility...............................................................................................

70

 

Obtaining the BIOS Update File ....................................................................

70

 

Updating the BIOS with the ISO Image BIOS Update File .................................

71

 

Updating the BIOS with the Iflash Memory Update Utility .................................

72

 

Recovering the BIOS...................................................................................

72

A

Error Messages and Indicators

 

 

BIOS Error Codes...............................................................................................

73

 

BIOS Error Messages..........................................................................................

74

vi

 

 

Contents

B Regulatory Compliance

 

Safety Standards ...............................................................................................

75

 

Place Battery Marking .................................................................................

75

European Union Declaration of Conformity Statement..............................................

76

Product Ecology Statements ................................................................................

77

 

Recycling Considerations .............................................................................

77

 

Lead-free 2LI/Pb-free 2LI Board ...................................................................

80

 

Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) ..................................................

81

 

EU RoHS ............................................................................................

81

 

China RoHS ........................................................................................

82

EMC Regulations ................................................................................................

84

 

Ensure Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Compliance..................................

85

Product Certifications..........................................................................................

86

 

Board-Level Certification Markings ................................................................

86

 

Chassis and Component Certifications............................................................

87

Figures

 

1.

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Components .......................................................

12

2.

LAN Status LEDs ..........................................................................................

18

3.

Location of the Intel ME “M” State LED ............................................................

25

4.

Location of the Standby Power Indicator ..........................................................

30

5.

Installing the I/O Shield ................................................................................

35

6.

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Mounting Screw Hole Locations .............................

36

7.

Unlatch the Socket Lever ...............................................................................

37

8.

Lift the Load Plate.........................................................................................

38

9.

Remove the Socket Cover..............................................................................

39

10.

Remove the Processor from the Protective Cover ..............................................

40

11.

Install the Processor .....................................................................................

40

12.

Lower the Load Plate.....................................................................................

41

13.

Secure the Load Plate in Place........................................................................

41

14.

Connecting the Processor Fan Heat Sink Power Cable to the Processor

 

 

Fan Header..................................................................................................

42

15.

Example Dual Channel Memory Configuration with Two DIMMs ...........................

43

16.

Example Dual Channel Memory Configuration with Four DIMMs ...........................

44

17.

Example Dual Channel Memory Configuration with Three DIMMs .........................

44

18.

Use DDR3 DIMMs .........................................................................................

45

19.

Installing a DIMM .........................................................................................

46

20.

Installing a PCI Express x16 Graphics Card ......................................................

48

21.

Removing a PCI Express x16 Graphics Card......................................................

49

22.

Connecting a Serial ATA Cable........................................................................

50

23.

Internal Headers ..........................................................................................

51

24.

Back Panel Audio Connectors .........................................................................

56

25.

Location of the Chassis Fan Headers................................................................

57

26.

Connecting Power Supply Cables ....................................................................

58

27.

Location of the BIOS Configuration Jumper Block ..............................................

59

28.

Location of the Clear CMOS Memory Jumper Block ............................................

62

29.

Removing the Battery ...................................................................................

67

30.

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM China RoHS Material Self Declaration Table .............

83

vii

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Product Guide

 

Tables

 

1.

Feature Summary..........................................................................................

9

2.

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Components .......................................................

13

3.

LAN Status LEDs States.................................................................................

18

4.

Master Key and User Hard Disk Drive Password Functions ..................................

21

5.

Intel ME “M” State LED Behavior.....................................................................

25

6.

Front Panel Audio Signal Names for Intel HD Audio............................................

52

7.

Front Panel Audio Header Signal Names for AC ’97 Audio ...................................

52

8.

Internal Mono Speaker Header .......................................................................

52

9.

S/PDIF Header Signal Names .........................................................................

53

10.

Chassis Intrusion Header Signal Names ...........................................................

53

11.

Alternate Front Panel Power LED Header Signal Names ......................................

53

12.

Front Panel Header Signal Names ...................................................................

54

13.

USB 2.0 Headers Signal Names ......................................................................

54

14.

Intel RPAT Header Signal Names ....................................................................

55

15.

Serial Port Header ........................................................................................

55

16.

Jumper Settings for the BIOS Setup Program Modes..........................................

60

17.

Clear CMOS Jumper Settings..........................................................................

61

18.

BIOS Beep Codes .........................................................................................

73

19.

Front-panel Power LED Blink Codes .................................................................

74

20.

BIOS Error Messages ....................................................................................

74

21.

Safety Standards..........................................................................................

75

22.

Lead-Free Second Level Interconnect Marks .....................................................

81

23.

China RoHS Environmentally Friendly Use Period Mark .......................................

82

24.

EMC Regulations...........................................................................................

84

25.

Product Certification Markings ........................................................................

86

viii

1 Desktop Board Features

This chapter briefly describes the features of Intel® Desktop Board DQ57TM. Table 1 summarizes the major features of the Desktop Board.

Table 1. Feature Summary

Form Factor

MicroATX (243.84 millimeters [9.60 inches] x 243.84 millimeters

 

[9.60 inches])

 

 

 

Processor Support

Intel® Core™ i7, Intel® Core™ i5, Intel® Core™ i3, Intel® Pentium

 

processors, and Intel® Xeon® processor 3400 series in an LGA1156

 

 

package:

 

 

― Integrated graphics processing (processors with Intel® Graphics

 

 

Technology)

 

 

― External graphics interface controller

 

 

― Integrated memory controller

 

 

Chipset

Intel® Q57 Express Chipset consisting of the Intel® Q57 Express

 

Platform Controller Hub (PCH)

 

 

 

Memory Support

Four 240-pin DDR3 SDRAM Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMM)

 

 

sockets

 

Support for DDR3 1333 MHz and DDR3 1066 MHz DIMMs

 

Support for 1 Gb and 2 Gb memory technology

 

Support for up to 16 GB of system memory with four DIMMs using

 

 

2 Gb memory technology

 

Support for non-ECC memory

 

Support for ECC memory with Intel Xeon processor 3400 series

 

 

 

Graphics Support

Integrated graphics support for processors with Intel Graphics

 

 

Technology:

 

 

― DVI-I

 

 

― DVI-D

 

 

― DisplayPort* interface

 

Discrete graphics support for PCI Express* 2.0 x16 add-in graphics

 

 

card

 

 

Audio

Intel® High Definition Audio:

 

Realtek* ALC662-VC audio codec

 

S/PDIF audio header

 

DisplayPort* digital audio

 

 

 

Expansion

One PCI Express 2.0 x16 add-in card connector

Capabilities

Two PCI Express 2.0 x1 add-in card connectors

 

 

One PCI* bus connector

 

 

 

continued

9

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Product Guide

Table 1. Feature Summary (continued)

Peripheral

Fourteen USB 2.0 ports:

 

 

Interfaces

 

― Six ports are implemented with back panel connectors

 

 

 

 

― Eight ports are implemented with four dual-port internal headers

 

Five onboard Serial ATA (SATA) 3.0 Gb/s ports with one port

 

 

compatible with external SATA (eSATA) adapters

 

One back panel eSATA port

 

 

 

One serial port header

 

 

 

 

LAN Support

Intel® 82578DM Gigabit (10/100/1000 Mb/s) Ethernet LAN controller

 

with support for:

 

 

 

Intel® Active Management Technology (Intel® AMT) 6.0

 

ASF 2.0

 

 

BIOS

Intel® BIOS resident in an SPI Flash device

 

 

Support for Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI),

 

 

Plug and Play, and SMBIOS

 

 

 

 

 

Instantly Available

Support for PCI Local Bus Specification, Revision 2.2

PC Technology

Support for PCI Express Base Specification, Revision 2.0

 

 

Suspend to RAM support

 

 

 

Wake on PCI, PCI Express, LAN, front panel, serial, and USB ports

 

 

 

Hardware

Intel® Quiet System Technology (Intel® QST) implemented through

Monitoring

 

the Intel® Management Engine (Intel® ME) in the Intel Q57 PCH

 

Voltage sense to detect out of range power supply voltages

 

Thermal sense to detect out of range thermal values

 

Three fan headers using PWM control

 

 

 

4-pin headers for processor, front chassis, and rear chassis fans

 

4-wire and 3-wire (linear) fan speed control support for front and

 

 

rear chassis fans

 

 

 

Support for Platform Environmental Control Interface (PECI)

 

 

 

Intel® vPro™

Intel® Advanced Management Technology (Intel® AMT) 6.0

Technology

Intel

®

Trusted Execution Technology (Intel

®

TXT)

 

 

 

 

Intel® Remote PC Assist (Intel® RPAT)

 

 

 

Intel® Fast Call for Help

 

 

 

Intel® Virtualization Technology (Intel® VT)

 

 

Intel® Virtualization for Directed I/O (Intel® VT-d)

10

Desktop Board Features

Supported Operating Systems

The Desktop Board supports the following operating systems:

Microsoft Windows* 7 Ultimate 64-bit edition

Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate 32-bit edition

Microsoft Windows 7 Home Basic 64-bit edition

Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium 64-bit edition

Microsoft Windows 7 Home Premium 32-bit edition

Microsoft Windows 7 Home Basic 32-bit edition

Microsoft Windows Vista* Ultimate 32-bit edition

Microsoft Windows Vista Business 32-bit edition

Microsoft Windows Vista Home Premium 32-bit edition

Microsoft Windows Vista Home Basic 32-bit edition

Microsoft Windows Vista Ultimate 64-bit edition

Microsoft Windows Vista Business 64-bit edition

Microsoft Windows Vista Home Premium 64-bit edition

Microsoft Windows Vista Home Basic 64-bit edition

Microsoft Windows* XP Media Center Edition 2005

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition

Microsoft Windows XP Home

11

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Product Guide

Desktop Board Components

Figure 1 shows the approximate location of the major components on Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM.

Figure 1. Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Components

12

Desktop Board Features

Table 2. Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Components

Label

Description

 

 

A

PCI bus add-in card connector

 

 

B

PCI Express 2.0 x1 add-in card connector

 

 

C

Battery

 

 

D

Speaker

 

 

E

PCI Express 2.0 x1 add-in card connector

 

 

F

PCI Express 2.0 x16 add-in card connector

 

 

G

Back panel connectors

 

 

H

12 V processor core voltage connector (2 x 2 pin)

 

 

I

Rear chassis fan header

 

 

J

Processor socket

 

 

K

Processor fan header

 

 

L

DDR3 Channel A, DIMM 0 and DIMM 1 sockets

 

 

M

DDR3 Channel B, DIMM 0 and DIMM 1 sockets

 

 

N

Front chassis fan header

 

 

O

Chassis intrusion header

 

 

P

Main power connector (2 x 12 pin)

 

 

Q

SATA connectors (5)

 

 

R

Alternate front panel power LED header

 

 

S

Front panel header

 

 

T

Standby power indicator LED

 

 

U

Intel ME “M” state LED

 

 

V

Front panel USB 2.0 headers (4)

 

 

W

BIOS configuration jumper block

 

 

X

Clear CMOS jumper block

 

 

Y

Intel Remote PC Assist Technology (Intel RPAT) header

 

 

Z

Serial port header

 

 

AA

S/PDIF header

 

 

BB

Front panel audio header

 

 

CC

Internal mono speaker header

 

 

13

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Product Guide

Online Support

For more information on Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM consult the following online resources:

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM

http://www.intel.com/products/motherboard/DQ57TM

 

 

/index.htm

Desktop Board Support

http://www.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop/

 

 

DQ57TM

Available configurations for Intel

http://www.intel.com/products/motherboard/DQ57TM

 

Desktop Board DQ57TM

/index.htm

Supported processors

http://processormatch.intel.com

Chipset information

http://www.intel.com/products/desktop/chipsets/inde

 

 

x.htm

BIOS and driver updates

http://downloadcenter.intel.com/

Integration information

http://www.intel.com/support/go/buildit

Processor

CAUTION

Failure to use an appropriate power supply and/or not connecting the 12 V (2 x 2 pin) power connector to the Desktop Board may result in damage to the board, or the system may not function properly.

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM supports the Intel Core i7, Intel Core i5, Intel Core i3, Intel Pentium, and Intel Xeon 3400-series processors in the LGA1156 package. Processors are not included with the Desktop Board and must be purchased separately. The processor connects to the Desktop Board through an LGA1156 socket.

For information on supported processors for Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM, go to http://processormatch.intel.com.

14

Desktop Board Features

Intel® Q57 Express Chipset

The Intel Q57 Express Chipset, consisting of the Intel Q57 Platform Controller Hub (PCH), provides interfaces to the processor and the USB, SATA, LPC, audio, network, display, PCI, and PCI Express x1 interfaces. The PCH is a centralized controller for the board’s I/O paths.

Main Memory

NOTE

To be fully compliant with all applicable Intel® SDRAM memory specifications, the board should be populated with DIMMs that support the Serial Presence Detect (SPD) data structure. If your memory modules do not support SPD, you will see a notification to this effect on the screen at power up. The BIOS will attempt to configure the memory controller for normal operation.

The board has four DIMM sockets and supports the following memory features:

Two independent memory channels with interleaved mode support

Support for non-ECC, unbuffered, single-sided or double-sided DIMMs with x8 organization

Support for ECC unbuffered memory when used with an Intel Xeon 3400-series processor

16 GB maximum total system memory (with 2 Gb memory technology)

Minimum total system memory: 1 GB using 1 Gb x8 modules

Serial Presence Detect

DDR3 1333 MHz and DDR3 1066 MHz SDRAM DIMMs

NOTE

32-bit operating systems are limited to a maximum of 4 GB of memory. These operating systems will report less than 4 GB because of the memory used by add-in graphics cards and other system resources.

NOTE

When using a processor without Intel® Graphics Technology, memory must be installed in either or both of the DIMM 0 (blue) memory sockets for the system to boot.

15

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Product Guide

Graphics Subsystem

The board supports either integrated graphics (Intel Graphics Technology) or PCI Express 2.0 x16 graphics.

Integrated Graphics

The board supports integrated graphics through the Intel® Flexible Display Interface (Intel® FDI) for processors with Intel Graphics Technology.

NOTE

If using a processor with integrated graphics, the board will support only two of the three integrated graphics interfaces simultaneously: DisplayPort, DVI-I, DVI-D. Also, during the Power-On Self-Test (POST), the board will not output to the DisplayPort if DVI-I or DVI-D is used concurrently with DisplayPort.

DisplayPort*

DisplayPort is a digital communication interface that utilizes differential signaling to achieve a high bandwidth bus interface designed to support connections between PCs and monitors, projectors, and TV displays. DisplayPort is suitable for display connections between consumer electronics devices such as high definition optical disc players, set top boxes, and TV displays. DisplayPort output can be converted to HighDefinition Multimedia Interface* (HDMI*) output using a DisplayPort-HDMI converter.

DisplayPort’s maximum supported display resolution is 2560 x 1600 at a 60 Hz refresh rate with a 16:10 aspect ratio (WQXGA). DisplayPort 1.1 adds support for High Bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) version 1.3 which enables viewing of protected content from Blu-ray Disc* and HD-DVD optical media over DisplayPort 1.1 connections.

For more information about DisplayPort technology go to http://www.displayport.org.

Digital Visual Interface

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM supports Digital Visual Interface (DVI) displays with two back panel ports: a DVI-D port and a DVI-I port.

The DVI-I port supports both digital and analog DVI displays. The maximum supported resolution is 2048 x 1536 at a 75 Hz refresh rate (QXGA). The DVI-I port is compliant with the DVI 1.0 specification. DVI analog output from the DVI-I port can be converted to VGA for viewing on a VGA display using a DVI-VGA converter.

The DVI-D port supports only digital DVI displays. The maximum supported resolution is 2048 x 1536 at a 75 Hz refresh rate (QXGA). The DVI-D port is compliant with the DVI 1.0 specification.

16

Desktop Board Features

PCI Express* x16 Graphics

The Intel Core i7, Intel Core i5, Intel Core i3, and Intel Pentium processors in an LGA1156 socket support discrete add-in graphics cards via the PCI Express 2.0 x16 add-in card connector. The board supports the following PCI Express speeds:

PCI Express 2 frequency of 2.5 GHz which results in 5.0 Gb/s in each direction (500 MB/s) per lane. The maximum theoretical bandwidth on the interface is 8 GB/s in each direction, simultaneously, when operating in x16 mode.

PCI Express 1 frequency of 1.25 GHz resulting in 2.5 Gb/s each direction (250 MB/s) per lane. The maximum theoretical bandwidth on the interface is 4 GB/s in each direction, simultaneously, when operating in x16 mode.

Audio Subsystem

The board supports Intel High Definition Audio through a Realtek ALC662-VC audio codec as well as through the HDMI interface.

The Realtek ALC662-VC-based audio subsystem provides the following features:

6-channel (5.1) audio with independent multi-streaming stereo

Advanced jack sense for the back panel audio connectors that enables the audio codec to recognize the device that is connected to an audio port. The back panel audio connectors are capable of retasking according to the user’s definition, or can be automatically switched depending on the recognized device type.

Stereo input and output via back panel connectors

Headphone and Mic in functions for front panel audio connectors

A signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio of 90 dB

The board provides onboard audio headers and back panel connectors. The onboard audio headers include the following:

Front panel audio (a 2 x 5 pin header that provides headphone and mic in signals for front panel audio connectors)

S/PDIF audio header (1 x 4 pin header)

Internal mono speaker header (1 x 2 pin header)

Front panel headphone output is supported by a separate audio channel pair, allowing multi-streaming audio configurations such as simultaneous 6-channel (5.1) surround sound playback and stereo audio conferencing (through speakers connected to the back panel audio connectors and a headset connected to front panel audio connectors).

The onboard internal mono speaker header allows connection to an internal, lowpower speaker for basic system sound capability. The subsystem is capable of driving a speaker load of 8 Ω at 1 W (rms) or 4 Ω at 1.5 W (rms).

The onboard S/PDIF header allows connection to coaxial or optical adapters for digital audio output.

The back panel audio connectors are configurable through the audio device drivers. Audio software and drivers are available from http://downloadcenter.intel.com/.

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Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Product Guide

LAN Subsystem

The LAN subsystem includes:

Intel 82578DM Gigabit (10/100/1000 Mb/s) Ethernet LAN controller with support for:

Intel AMT 6.0

ASF 2.0

RJ-45 LAN connector with integrated status LEDs

LAN software and drivers are available at http://downloadcenter.intel.com/.

Two LEDs are built into the RJ-45 LAN connector located on the back panel (see Figure 2). These LEDs indicate the status of the LAN as shown in Table 3.

Figure 2. LAN Status LEDs

Table 3. LAN Status LEDs States

LED

LED Color

LED State

Indicates

 

 

 

 

A (Link/Activity)

Green

Off

LAN link is not established

 

 

 

 

 

 

On

LAN link is established

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

LAN activity is occurring

 

 

 

 

B (Link Speed)

N/A

Off

10 Mb/s data rate

 

 

 

 

 

Green

On

100 Mb/s data rate

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow

On

1000 Mb/s data rate

 

 

 

 

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Desktop Board Features

USB 2.0 Support

The board supports up to 14 USB 2.0 ports provided by two EHCI host controllers in the PCH that allow the use of EHCI-compatible drivers.

The port arrangement is as follows:

Six back panel connectors

Eight front panel ports (four dual-port internal headers)

USB 2.0 support requires both an operating system and drivers that fully support USB 2.0 transfer rates.

SATA Support

The board provides six SATA connectors through the PCH, which support one device per connector:

Four internal SATA connectors (black)

One internal eSATA connector (red) for internal or external connections

One eSATA connector on the back panel for external connections

The PCH provides independent SATA ports with a theoretical maximum transfer rate of 3 Gb/s per port. A point-to-point interface is used for computer to storage device connections.

SATA RAID

The Intel Q57 PCH supports Intel® Rapid Storage Technology (Intel® RST) which enables the following RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Drives) levels:

RAID 0 - data striping

RAID 1 - data mirroring

RAID 0+1 (or RAID 10) - data striping and mirroring

RAID 5 - distributed parity

Intel® Rapid Recover Technology (Intel® RRT)

The board incorporates Intel® Rapid Recover Technology (Intel® RRT). Intel RRT is a feature of Intel RST. Intel RRT uses RAID 1 (mirroring) functionality to copy data from a designated master drive to a designated recovery drive. The master drive data can be copied to the recovery drive either continuously or on request.

When using the continuous update policy, changes made to the data on the master drive while the recovery drive is disconnected or offline are automatically copied to the recovery drive when it is reconnected. When using the on request update policy, the master drive data can be restored to a previous state by copying the data on the recovery drive back to the master drive.

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Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Product Guide

Expandability

Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM provides the following expansion capability:

One PCI Express 2.0 x16 interface

Two PCI Express 2.0 x1 interfaces

One PCI bus interface

Legacy I/O

The board’s Legacy I/O Controller provides the following legacy features:

One serial port header

Serial IRQ interface compatible with serialized IRQ support for PCI Conventional bus systems

Intelligent power management, including a programmable wake-up event interface

PCI Conventional bus power management support

The BIOS Setup program provides configuration options for the Legacy I/O controller.

BIOS

The BIOS provides the Power-On Self-Test (POST), the BIOS Setup program, and the PCI/PCI Express and SATA auto-configuration utilities. The BIOS is stored in the Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Flash memory device.

The BIOS can be updated by following the instructions in Chapter 3 starting on page 69.

SATA Auto Configuration

If you install a SATA device (such as a hard disk drive) in your computer, the autoconfiguration utility in the BIOS automatically detects and configures the device for your computer. You do not need to run the BIOS Setup program after installing a SATA device. You can override the auto-configuration options by specifying manual configuration in the BIOS Setup program.

PCI*/PCI Express Auto Configuration

If you install a PCI or PCI Express add-in card in your computer, the PCI/PCI Express auto-configuration utility in the BIOS automatically detects and configures the resources (IRQs, DMA channels, and I/O space) for that add-in card. You do not need to run the BIOS Setup program after you install a PCI or PCI Express add-in card.

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Desktop Board Features

BIOS Security Passwords

The BIOS includes security features that restrict whether the BIOS Setup program can be accessed and who can boot the computer. A supervisor password and a user password can be set for the BIOS Setup and for booting the computer, with the following restrictions:

The supervisor password gives unrestricted access to view and change all Setup options. If only the supervisor password is set, pressing <Enter> at the password prompt of Setup gives the user restricted access to Setup.

If both the supervisor and user passwords are set, you must enter either the supervisor password or the user password to access Setup. Setup options are then available for viewing and changing depending on whether the supervisor or user password was entered.

Setting a user password restricts who can boot the computer. The password prompt is displayed before the computer is booted. If only the supervisor password is set, the computer boots without asking for a password. If both passwords are set, you can enter either password to boot the computer.

For instructions on resetting the password, go to Clearing Passwords on page 60.

Hard Disk Drive Passwords

The board’s Hard Disk Drive Password Security feature blocks read and write accesses to the hard disk drive until the correct password is entered. Hard disk drive passwords are set in BIOS Setup and are prompted for during the POST. For convenient support of ACPI S3 resume, the system BIOS automatically unlocks drives on resume from S3.

The User hard disk drive password, when set, will be required upon each power cycle until the Master Key or User hard disk drive password is entered.

The Master Key hard disk drive password, when set, will not lock the hard disk drive. The Master Key hard disk drive password is an unlock override that can be used in the event that the User hard disk drive password has been forgotten. Only the installation of the User hard disk drive password will cause a hard disk drive to be locked upon a system power cycle.

Table 4 shows the effects of setting the hard disk drive passwords.

Table 4. Master Key and User Hard Disk Drive Password Functions

Password Set

Password During Boot

 

 

Neither

None

 

 

Master only

None

 

 

User only

User only

 

 

Master and User

Master or User

 

 

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Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM Product Guide

During every POST, if a User hard disk drive password is set, POST execution will pause with the following prompt to force the user to enter the Master Key or User hard disk drive password:

Enter Hard Disk Drive Password:

Upon successful entry of the Master Key or User hard disk drive password, the system will continue with the normal POST.

If the hard disk drive password is not correctly entered, the system will go back to the above prompt. The user will have three attempts to correctly enter the hard disk drive password. After the third unsuccessful hard disk drive password attempt, the system will halt with the message:

Hard Disk Drive Password Entry Error

A manual power cycle will be required to resume system operation.

NOTE

On Intel Desktop Board DQ57TM, the Hard Disk Drive Password Security feature is only supported on SATA port 0. Since the passwords are stored on the hard disk drive, if the drive is relocated to another SATA port or computer that does not support the Hard Disk Drive Password Security feature, the drive will not be accessible.

NOTE

The Hard Disk Drive Password Security feature is not supported in PCH RAID mode. Secured hard disk drives attached to the system when the system is in PCH RAID mode will not be accessible due to the disabling of BIOS Hard Disk Drive Password support.

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