Intel D975XBX User Manual

2.8 Mb
Loading...

Intel® Desktop Board D975XBX

Product Guide

Order Number: D31531-003

Revision History

Revision

Revision History

Date

 

 

 

-001

First version of the Intel® Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

October 2005

-002

Second version of the Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

May 2006

-003

Third version of the Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

August 2006

If an FCC declaration of conformity marking is present on the board, the following statement applies:

FCC Declaration of Conformity

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

For questions related to the EMC performance of this product, contact:

Intel Corporation

5200 N.E. Elam Young Parkway Hillsboro, OR 97124 1-800-628-8686

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.

Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit other than the one to which the receiver is connected. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

Any changes or modifications to the equipment not expressly approved by Intel Corporation could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

Tested to comply with FCC standards for home or office use.

Canadian Department of Communications Compliance Statement

This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.

Le présent appareil numerique német pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites applicables aux appareils numériques de la classe B prescrites dans le Réglement sur le broullage radioélectrique édicté par le ministére des Communications du Canada.

Disclaimer

Information in this document is provided in connection with Intel® products. No license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property rights is granted by this document. Except as provided in Intel’s Terms and Conditions of Sale for such products, Intel assumes no liability whatsoever, and Intel disclaims any express or implied warranty, relating to sale and/or use of Intel products including liability or warranties relating to fitness for a particular purpose, merchantability, or infringement of any patent, copyright or other intellectual property right. Intel products are not intended for use in medical, life saving, or life sustaining applications. Intel may make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time, without notice.

Desktop Board D975XBX may contain design defects or errors known as errata which may cause the product to deviate from published specifications. Current characterized errata are available on request.

Contact your local Intel sales office or your distributor to obtain the latest specifications and before placing your product order.

Copies of documents which have an ordering number and are referenced in this document, or other Intel literature, may be obtained from Intel Corporation by going to the World Wide Web site at: http://www.intel.com/ or by calling 1-800-548-4725.

Intel, Pentium, and Celeron are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.

* Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.

Copyright © 2005-2006, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.

Preface

This Product Guide gives information about board layout, component installation, BIOS updates, and regulatory requirements for Intel® Desktop Board D975XBX.

Intended Audience

The Product Guide is intended only for technically qualified personnel.

Intended Uses

All Intel desktop boards are evaluated as Information Technology Equipment (I.T.E.) for use in personal computers (PCs) for installation in homes, offices, schools, computer rooms, and similar locations. The suitability of this product for other PC or embedded non-PC applications or other environments, such as medical, industrial, alarm systems, test equipment, etc. may not be supported without further evaluation by Intel.

Information Layout

The chapters in this Product Guide are arranged as follows:

1 Desktop Board Features: a summary of product features.

2 Installing and Replacing Desktop Board Components: instructions on how to install the desktop board and other hardware components.

3 BIOS: information about how to update the BIOS.

4 Configuring for RAID (Intel® Matrix Storage Technology) Requires Microsoft

Windows* XP or 2000 and SATA Hard Drive(s): information about configuring your system for RAID.

5 Intel® Quick Resume Technology Driver (Intel® QRTD): information about installing and configuring Intel Quick Resume Technology.

A Error Messages and Indicators: information about BIOS error messages and beep codes.

B Regulatory Compliance: safety and EMC regulations, product certification.

Conventions

The following conventions are used in this manual:

CAUTION

Cautions warn the user about how to prevent damage to hardware or loss of data.

NOTE

Notes call attention to important information.

iii

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

Terminology

The table below gives descriptions to some common terms used in the product guide.

Term

Description

 

 

GB

Gigabyte (1,073,741,824 bytes)

 

 

GHz

Gigahertz (one billion hertz)

 

 

KB

Kilobyte (1024 bytes)

 

 

MB

Megabyte (1,048,576 bytes)

 

 

Mbit

Megabit (1,048,576 bits)

 

 

MHz

Megahertz (one million hertz)

 

 

Box Contents

Intel® Desktop Board

I/O shield

One ATA-66/100 cable

One diskette drive cable

Four Serial ATA cables

One rear panel USB 2.0 adapter

One front panel USB 2.0/IEEE 1394/audio adapter

One 2x2 to 2x4 power supply cable adapter

Intel® Express Installer driver CD-ROM

Intel Express Installer software DVD-ROM

One diskette with the Intel® Matrix Storage RAID driver

One diskette with the Silicon Image* SATA Controller RAID driver

Back panel audio covers

Quick Reference poster

Integration Guide poster

Printed Product Guide

Configuration and battery caution statement label

iv

Contents

 

1 Desktop Board Features

 

Supported Operating Systems ............................................................................................

10

Desktop Board Components ...............................................................................................

11

Processor............................................................................................................................

13

Main Memory ......................................................................................................................

13

Intel® 975X Express Chipset ...............................................................................................

14

Audio Subsystem ................................................................................................................

14

Input/Output (I/O) Controller ................................................................................................

15

LAN Subsystem ..................................................................................................................

15

LAN Subsystem Software...........................................................................................

15

RJ-45 LAN Connector LEDs.......................................................................................

16

Hi-Speed USB 2.0 Support..................................................................................................

16

Enhanced IDE Interface ......................................................................................................

17

Serial ATA...........................................................................................................................

17

Expandability.......................................................................................................................

17

BIOS ...................................................................................................................................

17

Serial ATA and IDE Auto Configuration ......................................................................

17

PCI and PCI Express* Auto Configuration ..................................................................

18

Security Passwords....................................................................................................

18

Chassis Intrusion.................................................................................................................

18

Power Management Features .............................................................................................

18

ACPI...........................................................................................................................

19

Fan Connectors..........................................................................................................

19

Fan Speed Control (Intel® Precision Cooling Technology)..........................................

19

Suspend to RAM (Instantly Available PC Technology) ...............................................

19

Resume on Ring.........................................................................................................

20

Wake from USB..........................................................................................................

20

Wake from PS/2* Keyboard/Mouse ............................................................................

20

PME# Wakeup Support ..............................................................................................

20

Speaker...............................................................................................................................

21

Battery.................................................................................................................................

21

Real-Time Clock..................................................................................................................

21

2 Installing and Replacing Desktop Board Components

 

Before You Begin ................................................................................................................

23

Installation Precautions .......................................................................................................

24

Prevent Power Supply Overload.................................................................................

24

Observe Safety and Regulatory Requirements...........................................................

24

Installing the I/O Shield .......................................................................................................

25

Installing and Removing the Desktop Board........................................................................

26

Installing and Removing a Processor ..................................................................................

27

Installing a Processor .................................................................................................

27

Installing the Processor Fan Heat Sink.......................................................................

30

Connecting the Processor Fan Heat Sink Cable.........................................................

30

Removing the Processor ............................................................................................

30

v

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

 

Installing and Removing Memory ........................................................................................

31

 

Installing DIMMs.........................................................................................................

32

 

Removing DIMMs.......................................................................................................

35

 

Installing and Removing a PCI Express x16 Card ...............................................................

35

 

Installing a PCI Express x16 Card ..............................................................................

36

 

Removing the PCI Express x16 Card .........................................................................

37

 

Connecting the IDE Cable...................................................................................................

38

 

Connecting the Serial ATA Cable........................................................................................

39

 

Connecting Internal Headers...............................................................................................

40

 

Front Panel Audio Header ..........................................................................................

41

 

IEEE 1394a Header....................................................................................................

41

 

USB 2.0 Headers .......................................................................................................

41

 

Front Panel Header ....................................................................................................

42

 

Alternate Front Panel Power LED Header ..................................................................

42

 

Installing the Rear Panel USB 2.0 Adapter .................................................................

43

 

Installing the Front Panel USB/IEEE 1394/Audio Adapter...........................................

44

 

Connecting Chassis Fan Cables .........................................................................................

45

 

Connecting Power Supply Cables .......................................................................................

46

 

Connecting 2x10 Power Supply Cables......................................................................

46

 

Connecting 2x12 Power Supply Cables......................................................................

47

 

Other Connectors................................................................................................................

48

 

Setting the BIOS Configuration Jumper...............................................................................

49

 

Clearing Passwords ............................................................................................................

50

 

Back Panel Connectors.......................................................................................................

51

 

Replacing the Battery..........................................................................................................

52

3

BIOS

 

 

Accessing the BIOS Setup Program....................................................................................

57

 

Updating the BIOS ..............................................................................................................

57

 

Updating the BIOS with the Intel® Express BIOS Update Utility..................................

57

 

Updating the BIOS with the Iflash Memory Update Utility ...........................................

58

4

Configuring for RAID (Intel® Matrix Storage Technology) Requires

 

 

Microsoft Windows* XP or 2000 and SATA Hard Drive(s)

 

 

Configuring the BIOS for Intel Matrix Storage Technology..........................................

61

 

Creating Your RAID Set .............................................................................................

61

 

Loading the Intel Matrix Storage Technology RAID Drivers and Software ..................

61

 

Setting Up a “RAID Ready” System............................................................................

62

5

Intel® Quick Resume Technology Driver (Intel® QRTD)

 

 

Overview .............................................................................................................................

63

 

Installation and Configuration ..............................................................................................

63

A

Error Messages and Indicators

 

 

BIOS Beep Codes...............................................................................................................

67

 

BIOS Error Messages .........................................................................................................

67

vi

 

 

Contents

B Regulatory Compliance

 

Safety Regulations ..............................................................................................................

69

 

Place Battery Marking ................................................................................................

69

European Union Declaration of Conformity Statement ........................................................

70

Product Ecology Statements ...............................................................................................

71

 

Lead-Free Desktop Board ..........................................................................................

73

EMC Regulations ................................................................................................................

74

 

Ensure Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Compliance..........................................

75

Product Certifications ..........................................................................................................

76

 

Board-Level Certification Markings .............................................................................

76

 

Chassis and Component Certifications.......................................................................

77

Figures

 

1.

Desktop Board D975XBX Components ........................................................................

11

2.

LAN Connector LEDs....................................................................................................

16

3.

Location of Standby Power Indicator.............................................................................

20

4.

Installing the I/O Shield.................................................................................................

25

5.

Location of Mounting Screw Holes................................................................................

26

6.

Lift Socket Lever...........................................................................................................

27

7.

Lift the Load Plate.........................................................................................................

27

8.

Remove the Protective Socket Cover ...........................................................................

28

9.

Remove the Processor from the Protective Processor Cover........................................

28

10.

Install the Processor .....................................................................................................

29

11.

Close the Load Plate ....................................................................................................

29

12.

Connecting the Processor Fan Heat Sink Cable to the Processor Fan Header.............

30

13.

Dual Channel Memory Configuration Example 1...........................................................

31

14.

Dual Channel Memory Configuration Example 2...........................................................

31

15.

Dual Channel Memory Configuration Example 3...........................................................

32

16.

Use DDR2 DIMMs ........................................................................................................

33

17.

Installing a DIMM ..........................................................................................................

34

18.

Installing PCI Express Graphics Cards .........................................................................

36

19.

Removing the PCI Express x16 Card............................................................................

37

20.

Connecting the IDE Cable ............................................................................................

38

21.

Connecting Serial ATA Cables......................................................................................

39

22.

Internal Headers ...........................................................................................................

40

23.

Connecting the Rear Panel USB 2.0 Adapter ...............................................................

43

24.

Connecting the Front Panel USB/IEEE 1394/Audio Cables ..........................................

44

25.

Location of Fan Headers...............................................................................................

45

26.

Connecting 2x10 Power Supply Cables ........................................................................

46

27.

Connecting 2x12 Power Supply Cables ........................................................................

47

28.

Location of Other Connectors .......................................................................................

48

29.

Location of the BIOS Configuration Jumper Block ........................................................

49

30.

Back Panel Connectors ................................................................................................

51

31.

Removing the Battery ...................................................................................................

55

32.

Accessing the BIOS Setup Program .............................................................................

57

vii

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

Tables

 

1.

Feature Summary...........................................................................................................

9

2.

Desktop Board D975XBX Components ........................................................................

12

3.

Power Supply Requirements.........................................................................................

13

4.

RJ-45 10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet LAN Connector LEDs ..........................................

16

5.

Front Panel Audio Header Signal Names......................................................................

41

6.

IEEE 1394a Header Signal Names...............................................................................

41

7.

USB 2.0 Header Signal Names.....................................................................................

41

8.

Front Panel Header Signal Names................................................................................

42

9.

Jumper Settings for the BIOS Setup Program Modes ...................................................

49

10.

Beep Codes..................................................................................................................

67

11.

BIOS Error Messages...................................................................................................

67

12.

Safety Regulations........................................................................................................

69

13.

Lead-Free Board Markings ...........................................................................................

73

14.

EMC Regulations..........................................................................................................

74

15.

Product Certification Markings ......................................................................................

76

viii

1 Desktop Board Features

This chapter briefly describes the main features of Intel® Desktop Board D975XBX. Table 1 summarizes the major features of the desktop board.

Table 1.

Feature Summary

 

 

Form Factor

ATX (304.80 millimeters [12.00 inches] x 243.84 millimeters [9.60 inches])

 

 

 

Processor

 

Support for an Intel® processor in the LGA775 package with 1066/800 MHz

 

 

front side bus

 

 

Main Memory

Four 240-pin SDRAM Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMM) sockets

 

 

667/533 MHz dual channel DDR2 SDRAM interface

 

 

Support for ECC and non-ECC memory

 

 

Designed to support up to 8 GB of system memory

 

 

 

Chipset

 

Intel® 975X Express Chipset consisting of:

 

 

Intel® 82975X Memory Controller Hub (MCH) with Direct Media Interface

 

 

Intel® 82801GH I/O Controller Hub (ICH7DH) supporting Intel® Matrix Storage

 

 

Technology

 

 

 

Audio

 

Intel 975X Express Chipset

 

 

Intel® High Definition Audio codec

 

 

Up to 8-channel audio with jack sensing

 

 

 

Graphics

 

Support for Multiple PCI Express* Graphics cards

 

 

 

Expansion

 

Two PCI bus add-in card connectors

Capabilities

One PCI Express x16 connector (electrical x16 or x8)

 

 

 

 

One PCI Express x16 connector (electrical x8)

 

 

One PCI Express x16 connector (electrical x4)

 

 

LAN Subsystem

Intel® 82573V or 82573L Gigabit Ethernet LAN controller with RJ-45 connector

BIOS

 

Intel® Platform Innovation Framework for Extensible Firmware Interface

 

 

8 Mbit Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) device

 

 

Support for SMBIOS

 

 

Intel® Rapid BIOS Boot

 

 

Intel® Express BIOS Update

RAID

 

Intel® Matrix Storage Technology for Serial ATA

 

 

Silicon Image SATALink* for Serial ATA

 

 

 

 

 

continued

9

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

Table 1. Feature Summary (continued)

Peripheral Interfaces

One front panel audio header (yellow)

 

Up to eight USB 2.0 ports:

 

Four ports routed to the back panel

 

Four ports routed to two USB headers

 

Eight Serial ATA channels (one device per channel):

 

— Four RAID capable Serial ATA (3.0 Gb/s) connectors (black) via the

 

ICH7DH

 

— Four RAID capable Serial ATA (1.5 Gb/s) connectors (blue) via the

 

discrete RAID controller

 

Up to two IEEE 1394 ports:

 

One IEEE 1394a port routed to the back panel

 

One IEEE 1394a header (blue)

 

One IDE interface with ATA-66/100 support

 

One diskette drive interface

 

One parallel port

 

One serial port

 

RJ-45 LAN port

 

PS/2* keyboard and mouse ports

 

 

Power Management

Support for Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI)

 

Suspend to RAM (STR)

 

Wake on USB, PCI, PCI Express, PS/2, LAN, and front panel

 

 

Hardware Management

Hardware monitor with:

 

Four fan sensing inputs used to monitor fan activity

 

Remote diode temperature sensing

 

Intel® Precision Cooling Technology fan speed control

 

Voltage sensing to detect out of range values

 

 

Related Links

For more information about Intel Desktop Board D975XBX, including the Technical Product Specification (TPS), BIOS updates, and device drivers, go to:

http://support.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop/

Supported Operating Systems

The desktop board supports the following operating systems:

Microsoft Windows* XP Media Center Edition 2005

Microsoft Windows XP Professional

Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition

Microsoft Windows XP Home

Microsoft Windows 2000

10

Desktop Board Features

Desktop Board Components

Figure 1 shows the approximate location of the major components on Desktop Board D975XBX.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RJ45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IEEE

 

Line In

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1394

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coaxial Digital

 

Optical Digital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Line Out

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Line Out

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Toslink)

A

B

C

D

E

F

G H I

J

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

K

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

BB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AA

 

 

 

 

 

 

Channel A

 

 

Z

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

Y

 

 

 

 

 

 

Channel B

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

V

U

T

S R Q

P

O

N

DIMM 0 DIMM 1

DIMM 0 DIMM 1

OM18176

Figure 1. Desktop Board D975XBX Components

11

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

Table 2.

Desktop Board D975XBX Components

 

 

Label

Description

 

 

A

Auxiliary rear chassis fan header (4-pin)

 

 

B

PCI bus add-in card connector 2 (SMBus routed)

 

 

C

PCI Express x16 connector 3 (electrical x4)

 

 

D

PCI bus add-in card connector 1

 

 

E

PCI Express x16 connector 2 (electrical x8)

 

 

F

Front panel audio header

 

 

G

Primary PCI Express x16 connector 1 (electrical x16 or x8)

 

 

H

Rear chassis fan header (3-pin)

 

 

I

Alternate power connector (1x4)

 

 

J

Back panel connectors

 

 

K

12 V power connector (2x4)

 

 

L

Processor socket (LGA775)

 

 

M

Processor fan header (4-pin)

 

 

N

Standby LED

 

 

O

Main power connector (2x12)

 

 

P

Diskette drive connector

 

 

Q

BIOS configuration jumper

 

 

R

IDE connector (right angle connector)

 

 

S

Chassis intrusion header

 

 

T

Battery

 

 

U

3-Gigabit/s Serial ATA connectors 0, 1, 2, and 3 (black)

 

 

V

Front chassis fan header (3-pin)

 

 

W

Alternate front panel power LED header (1x3)

 

 

X

USB 2.0 headers (two ports per header)

 

 

Y

IEEE 1394a header

 

 

Z

1.5-Gigabit/s Serial ATA connectors 4, 5, 6, and 7 (blue)

 

 

AA

Front panel header

 

 

BB

Speaker

 

 

Related Links

Go to the following links for more information about:

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX

http://www.intel.com/design/motherbd

 

 

http://support.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop

Supported processors

http://support.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop

Audio software and utilities

http://www.intel.com/design/motherbd

LAN software and drivers

http://www.intel.com/design/motherbd

12

Desktop Board Features

Processor

CAUTION

Failure to use the appropriate power supply (below) and/or not connecting the 12 V (2x4) power connector to the desktop board may result in damage to the board or the system may not function properly.

Table 3. Power Supply Requirements

Platform Compatibility Guide

Power Supply Requirements

05B

12V2 rating of 16

A continuous and 19 A peak current for 10 ms

 

 

 

05A

12V2 rating of 13

A continuous and 16.5 A peak current for 10 ms

 

 

04B or 04A

ATX12V (version 2.0 or greater) compliant power supply

The desktop board D975XBX supports an Intel® processor in the LGA775 package. Processors are not included with the desktop board and must be purchased separately. The processor connects to the Intel desktop board through the LGA775 socket. The supported processors list for Desktop Board D975XBX is located on the web at:

http://support.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop/

Related Links

Go to the following links or pages for more information about:

Instructions on installing or upgrading the processor, page 27 in Chapter 2

The location of the power connectors, page 46 in Chapter 2

Main Memory

NOTE

To be fully compliant with all applicable Intel® SDRAM memory specifications, the desktop board should be populated with DIMMs that support the Serial Presence Detect (SPD) data structure. If your memory modules do not support SPD, you will see a notification to this effect on the screen at power up. The BIOS will attempt to configure the memory controller for normal operation.

The desktop board supports dual or single channel memory configurations defined below:

Four 240-pin Double Data Rate 2 (DDR2) SDRAM Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMMs) connectors with gold-plated contacts.

Support for:

Unbuffered, non-registered single or double-sided DIMMs

ECC and non-ECC DDR2 667/533 MHz memory

Serial Presence Detect (SPD) memory only

Memory configuration listed below:

Up to 2.0 GB utilizing 256 Mb technology

Up to 4.0 GB utilizing 512 Mb or 1 Gb technology

Up to 8.0 GB utilizing 1 Gb technology

13

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

Related Links

Go to the following links or pages for more information about:

The latest list of tested memory, http://support.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop/

SDRAM specifications, http://www.intel.com/technology/memory/

Installing memory, page 31 in Chapter 2

Intel® 975X Express Chipset

The Intel 975X Express Chipset consists of the following devices:

Intel 82975X Memory Controller Hub (MCH) with Direct Media Interface

Intel 82801GH I/O Controller Hub (ICH7DH)

Related Link

Go to the following link for more information about the Intel 975X Express Chipset: http://www.intel.com/products/desktop/chipsets

Audio Subsystem

The desktop board D975XBX includes a flexible 8-channel audio subsystem based on an Intel High Definition Audio codec:

The audio subsystem features:

Impedance sensing capability for jack re-tasking

S/N (signal-to-noise) ratio: > 90 dB

Power management support for ACPI 2.0 (driver dependent)

Intel 82801GH I/O Controller Hub (ICH7DH)

SigmaTel audio codec

Microphone input that supports:

Microphone array

Acoustic Echo (AEC)

Beam Forming (BF)

Noise Suppression (NX) technology

The subsystem includes the following connectors:

Front panel audio connector, including pins for:

Line out

Mic

Back panel audio connectors that are configurable through the drivers of the audio devices:

Line in

Three Line out

Mic in or Center LFE out

Two digital Line out:

One coaxial Line out

One optical (Toslink) Line out

14

Desktop Board Features

Related Links

Go to the following link or pages for more information about:

Audio drivers and utilities http://support.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop/

Installing the front panel audio adapter, page 44 in Chapter 2

Input/Output (I/O) Controller

The super I/O controller features the following:

One serial port

One parallel port with Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) and Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) support

Serial IRQ interface compatible with serialized IRQ support for PCI systems

PS/2-style mouse and keyboard interfaces

Interface for one 1.2 MB, 1.44 MB, or 2.88 MB diskette drive

Intelligent power management, including a programmable wake up event interface

PCI power management support

LAN Subsystem

The LAN, with the Intel 82801GH I/O Controller Hub, provides a Fast PCI LAN subsystem. The LAN subsystem provides the following functions:

Intel 82573V or 82573L Ethernet LAN supporting 10/100/1000 Mbit/sec

Support for RJ-45 connector with status indicator LEDs

Configurable EEPROM that contains the MAC address

LAN Subsystem Software

For LAN software and drivers, refer to the D975XBX link on Intel’s World Wide Web site at: http://support.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop

15

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

RJ-45 LAN Connector LEDs

Two LEDs are built into the RJ-45 LAN connector located on the back panel (see Figure 2).

A B

OM18177

Figure 2. LAN Connector LEDs

Table 4 describes the LED states when the board is powered up and the 10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet LAN subsystem is operating.

Table 4. RJ-45 10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet LAN Connector LEDs

LED

LED Color

LED State

Indicates

 

 

 

 

A

Green

Off

LAN link is not established

 

 

 

 

 

 

On

LAN link is established

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

LAN activity is occurring

 

 

 

 

B

N/A

Off

10 Mb/s data rate

 

 

 

 

 

Green

On

100 Mb/s data rate

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow

On

1000 Mb/s data rate

 

 

 

 

Hi-Speed USB 2.0 Support

NOTE

Computer systems that have an unshielded cable attached to a USB port might not meet FCC Class B requirements, even if no device or a low-speed USB device is attached to the cable. Use a shielded cable that meets the requirements for a full-speed USB device.

The desktop board supports up to eight USB 2.0 ports via ICH7; four ports routed to the back panel and four routed to two internal USB 2.0 headers. USB 2.0 ports are backward compatible with USB 1.1 devices. USB 1.1 devices will function normally at USB 1.1 speeds.

USB 2.0 support requires both an operating system and drivers that fully support USB 2.0 transfer rates. Disabling Hi-Speed USB in the BIOS reverts all USB 2.0 ports to USB 1.1 operation. This may be required to accommodate operating systems that do not support USB 2.0.

16

Desktop Board Features

Enhanced IDE Interface

The ICH7 IDE interface handles the exchange of information between the processor and peripheral devices like hard disks, CD-ROM drives, and Iomega Zip* drives inside the computer. The interface supports:

Up to two IDE devices (such as hard drives)

ATAPI-style devices (such as CD-ROM drives)

Older PIO Mode devices

Ultra DMA-33 and ATA-66/100 protocols

Serial ATA

The desktop board supports eight Serial ATA channels, connecting one device per channel in either a RAID or a non-RAID configuration.

Expandability

The desktop board supports the following:

One PCI Express x16 card as an electrical x16 card or two PCI Express x16 cards as electrical x8 cards

One PCI Express x16 card as an electrical x4 card

Two PCI bus add-in cards

Related Links

For information about installing a PCI Express x16 card, see page 35 in Chapter 2.

BIOS

The BIOS provides the Power-On Self-Test (POST), the BIOS Setup program, the PCI and IDE auto-configuration utilities, and the video BIOS.

See Chapter 3 on page 57 for more information about the BIOS.

Serial ATA and IDE Auto Configuration

If you connect a Serial ATA or IDE device (such as a hard drive) to your desktop board, the autoconfiguration utility in the BIOS automatically detects and configures the device for your computer. You do not need to run the BIOS Setup program after installing a Serial ATA or IDE device. You can override the auto-configuration options by specifying manual configuration in the BIOS Setup program.

When booting from a Serial ATA device, the device connected to Serial ATA connector 0 is the first boot device and the device connected to Serial ATA connector 3 is the last boot device by default.

17

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

PCI and PCI Express* Auto Configuration

If you install a PCI/PCI Express add-in card in your desktop board, the PCI/PCI Express autoconfiguration utility in the BIOS automatically detects and configures the resources (IRQs, DMA channels, and I/O space) for that add-in card. You do not need to run the BIOS Setup program after you install a PCI/PCI Express add-in card.

Security Passwords

The BIOS includes security features that restrict whether the BIOS Setup program can be accessed and who can boot the computer. A supervisor password and a user password can be set for the BIOS Setup and for booting the computer, with the following restrictions:

The supervisor password gives unrestricted access to view and change all Setup options. If only the supervisor password is set, pressing <Enter> at the password prompt of Setup gives the user restricted access to Setup.

If both the supervisor and user passwords are set, you must enter either the supervisor password or the user password to access Setup. Setup options are then available for viewing and changing depending on whether the supervisor or user password was entered.

Setting a user password restricts who can boot the computer. The password prompt is displayed before the computer is booted. If only the supervisor password is set, the computer boots without asking for a password. If both passwords are set, you can enter either password to boot the computer.

Related Links:

For instructions on resetting the password, see Clearing Passwords on page 50.

Chassis Intrusion

The desktop board supports a chassis security feature that detects if the chassis cover has been removed. The security feature uses a mechanical switch on the chassis that can be connected to the chassis intrusion header on the desktop board. See Figure 28 on page 48 for the location of the chassis intrusion header.

Power Management Features

Power management is implemented at several levels, including:

Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI)

Hardware support:

Fan connectors

Suspend to RAM (Instantly Available PC technology)

Resume on Ring

Wake from USB

Wake from PS/2 keyboard/mouse

PME# wakeup support

18

Desktop Board Features

ACPI

ACPI gives the operating system direct control over the power management and Plug and Play functions of a computer. The use of ACPI with the desktop board requires an operating system that provides full ACPI support.

Fan Connectors

Desktop Board D975XBX has three chassis fan connectors (two 3-pin and one 4-pin) and one processor fan connector (4-pin).

Fan Speed Control (Intel® Precision Cooling Technology)

Intel Precision Cooling Technology automatically adjusts the processor fan speed based on the processor temperature and adjusts the chassis fan speeds depending on the system temperature. System fan noise may be reduced by operating controlled chassis and processor fans at the minimum necessary speeds.

The processor and chassis fan speed control features can be disabled independently through the desktop board BIOS. Disabling the processor fan speed control will result in the fan operating at full speed if it is not a self controlled fan. It is recommended that processor fan speed control remain enabled (default BIOS setting) when using the processor fan heat-sink included with Intel® boxed processors. Disabling the chassis fan speed control results in chassis fans always operating at full speed. The chassis fan speed control feature should be disabled if a self-controlled chassis fan is attached to any controlled chassis fan header.

The overall system noise reduction will vary based on system configuration and environment.

Suspend to RAM (Instantly Available PC Technology)

CAUTION

For Instantly Available PC technology, the 5 V standby line for the power supply must be capable of delivering adequate +5 V standby current. Failure to provide adequate standby current when using this feature can damage the power supply and/or affect ACPI S3 sleep state functionality.

CAUTION

Power supplies used with this desktop board must be able to provide enough standby current to support the standard Instantly Available (ACPI S3 sleep state) configuration. If the standby current necessary to support multiple wake events from the PCI and/or USB buses exceeds power supply capacity, the desktop board may lose register settings stored in memory.

Instantly Available PC technology enables the board to enter the ACPI S3 (Suspend-to-RAM) sleep state. While in the S3 sleep state, the computer will appear to be off. When signaled by a wake-up device or event, the system quickly returns to its last known awake state.

The desktop board’s standby power indicator, shown in Figure 3, is lit when there is standby power to the system. This includes the memory modules and PCI bus connectors, even when the computer appears to be off.

If the system has a dual-colored power LED on the front panel, the sleep state is indicated by the LED turning amber.

19

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

CR3J1

OM18178

Figure 3. Location of Standby Power Indicator

Related Links

For more information on standby current requirements for the desktop board, go to the link below, select the desktop board name, and then select Technical Documentation:

http://developer.intel.com/design/motherbd/

Resume on Ring

The operation of Resume on Ring can be summarized as follows:

Resumes operation from either ACPI S1 or ACPI S3 state

Requires only one call to access the computer

Detects incoming call similarly for external and internal modems

Requires modem interrupt be unmasked for correct operation

Wake from USB

NOTE

Wake from USB requires the use of a USB peripheral that supports Wake from USB.

USB bus activity wakes the computer from an ACPI S1 or S3 state.

Wake from PS/2* Keyboard/Mouse

PS/2 keyboard/mouse activity wakes the computer from an ACPI S1 or S3 state.

PME# Wakeup Support

When the PME# signal on the PCI bus is asserted, the computer wakes from an ACPI S1, S3, or S5 state.

20

Desktop Board Features

Speaker

A speaker is mounted on the desktop board. The speaker provides audible error code (beep code) information during the Power-On Self-Test (POST).

Battery

A battery on the desktop board keeps the values in CMOS RAM and the clock current when the computer is turned off. See Chapter 2 starting on page 23 for instructions on how to replace the battery.

Real-Time Clock

The desktop board has a time-of-day clock and 100-year calendar. The battery on the desktop board keeps the clock current when the computer is turned off.

21

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

22

2Installing and Replacing Desktop Board Components

This chapter tells you how to:

Install the I/O shield

Install and remove the desktop board

Install and remove a processor

Install and remove memory

Install and remove a PCI Express x16 add-in card

Connect the IDE and Serial ATA cables

Connect internal headers

Install the rear and front panel USB/IEEE 1394/audio adapters

Connect chassis fan and power supply cables

Identify other connectors

Set the BIOS configuration jumper

Clear passwords

Identify back panel connectors

Replace the battery

Before You Begin

CAUTIONS

The procedures in this chapter assume familiarity with the general terminology associated with personal computers and with the safety practices and regulatory compliance required for using and modifying electronic equipment.

Disconnect the computer from its power source and from any telecommunications links, networks, or modems before performing any of the procedures described in this chapter. Failure to disconnect power, telecommunications links, networks, or modems before you open the computer or perform any procedures can result in personal injury or equipment damage. Some circuitry on the board can continue to operate even though the front panel power button is off.

Follow these guidelines before you begin:

Always follow the steps in each procedure in the correct order.

Set up a log to record information about your computer, such as model, serial numbers, installed options, and configuration information.

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage components. Perform the procedures described in this chapter only at an ESD workstation using an antistatic wrist strap and a conductive foam pad. If such a station is not available, you can provide some ESD protection by wearing an antistatic wrist strap and attaching it to a metal part of the computer chassis.

23

Intel Desktop Board D975XBX Product Guide

Installation Precautions

When you install and test the Intel desktop board, observe all warnings and cautions in the installation instructions.

To avoid injury, be careful of:

Sharp pins on connectors

Sharp pins on printed circuit assemblies

Rough edges and sharp corners on the chassis

Hot components (like processors, voltage regulators, and heat sinks)

Damage to wires that could cause a short circuit

Observe all warnings and cautions that instruct you to refer computer servicing to qualified technical personnel.

Prevent Power Supply Overload

Do not overload the power supply output. To avoid overloading the power supply, make sure that the calculated total current loads of all the modules within the computer is less than the output current rating of each of the power supplies output circuits.

Observe Safety and Regulatory Requirements

Read and adhere the instructions in this section and the instructions supplied with the chassis and associated modules. If you do not follow these instructions and the instructions provided by the chassis and module suppliers, you increase safety risk and the possibility of noncompliance with regional laws and regulations. If the instructions for the chassis are inconsistent with these instructions or the instructions for associated modules, contact the supplier’s technical support to find out how you can ensure that your computer meets safety and regulatory requirements.

Related Links

For information about regulatory compliance, go to Appendix B on page 69.

24

+ 54 hidden pages