Intel S5000PAL User Manual

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Installing Red Hat*

Enterprise Linux 4.4*

Intel® Server Board S5000PAL

Recipe ID: 15RHAT250000000013-04

Installing Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4*

 

Intel® Server Board S5000PAL

 

Contents

 

Pass-Through Certification...............................................................................................

4

Red Hat Linux Pass-Through Hardware Requirements......................................................................................................................

4

Reseller Steps to Receive Pass-Thru OS Certification..........................................................................................................................

4

Hardware Components ............................................................................................................................................................................................................

5

(Configuration 1)..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

5

(Configuration 2)..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

6

(Configuration 3)..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

8

Software Used in the Installation ..................................................................................

9

Development Tools (Optional) ........................................................................................

9

Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4* Installation ................................................................

10

The Graphical Installation Program User Interface................................................................................................................................

10

A Note about Virtual Consoles...........................................................................................................................................................................................

10

The Text Mode Installation Program User Interface..........................................................................................................................

12

Using the Keyboard to Navigate.....................................................................................................................................................................................

13

Starting the Installation Program ...................................................................................................................................................................................

14

Booting the Installation Program on x86 and Intel® 64 Systems....................................................................................

14

Additional Boot Options...............................................................................................................................................................................................................

15

Kernel Options............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

16

Selecting an Installation Method.....................................................................................................................................................................................

17

Installing from CD-ROM................................................................................................................................................................................................................

17

What If the IDE CD-ROM Was Not Found?........................................................................................................................................................

18

Installing from a Hard Drive .....................................................................................................................................................................................................

19

Performing a Network Installation................................................................................................................................................................................

19

Installing via NFS ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

19

Installing via FTP.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

21

Installing via HTTP...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

21

Welcome to Red Hat Enterprise Linux....................................................................................................................................................................

22

Language Selection............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

23

Keyboard Configuration ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................

24

Disk Partitioning Setup..................................................................................................................................................................................................................

24

Automatic Partitioning...................................................................................................................................................................................................................

25

Partitioning Your System...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

27

Graphical Display of Hard Drive(s)...................................................................................................................................................................................

27

Disk Druid’s Buttons...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

28

Partition Fields...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

29

Recommended Partitioning Scheme..........................................................................................................................................................................

29

Adding Partitions....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

32

File System Types................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

33

Editing Partitions....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

34

2

 

Installing Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4*

 

Intel® Server Board S5000PAL

Deleting a Partition.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

34

x86 and Intel® 64 Boot Loader Configuration .............................................................................................................................................

34

Advanced Boot Loader Configuration .....................................................................................................................................................................

36

Rescue Mode...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

37

Alternative Boot Loaders...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

37

SMP Motherboards and GRUB.............................................................................................................................................................................................

38

Network Configuration..................................................................................................................................................................................................................

39

Firewall Configuration.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................

41

Language Support Selection.................................................................................................................................................................................................

43

Time Zone Configuration...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

45

Set Root Password.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

46

Package Group Selection............................................................................................................................................................................................................

47

Preparing to Install...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

49

Installing Packages..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

49

Installation Complete.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................

49

Appendix A: Additional Boot Options.........................................................................

51

3

Installing Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4*

Intel® Server Board S5000PAL

Pass-Through Certification

Pass-Through Certification refers to the ability for third-party systems to be granted the same certification status as models previously certified by Intel Corporation. Currently, Pass-Through Certification is only available to vendors who purchase Intel server boards and/or systems and Red Hat* Ready Business Partner, Advanced & Premier Program with Red Hat, Inc.

Red Hat Linux Pass-Through Hardware Requirements

Intel Corporation first performs an original model certification as described in the Red Hat Hardware Certification Policies. Subsequent pass-through system certifications of EPSD OEM must meet the following additional requirements:

Pass-Through certifications must be performed on systems that are a subset of the components covered by testing completed in the original model certification.

No features or hardware may be added or subtracted from a pass-through system that would impact the certification of the pass-through system.

Each Pass-Through Certification must have a unique vendor, make, and model number that are not shared with any other hardware that would not be covered by the original certification.

Each Pass-Through Certification must have a unique vendor specification URL or must utilize the equivalent OEM specification URL.

Reseller Steps to Receive Pass-Thru OS Certification

Submit the vendor server model name/number that corresponds to the Intel server platform name listed in this recipe along with the specific URL for the vendor platform used in the recipe to: red.hat.linux@intel.com

The vendor server model will be placed on the Red Hat certified hardware list

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Installing Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intel® Server Board S5000PAL

Hardware Components

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Configuration 1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quantity

 

 

Item

 

Version/Model

 

 

Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Intel Server Board

 

S5000PAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S5000PAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Intel® Server Chassis

 

SR1500 (1U)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

Intel® Xeon® processors

 

 

 

 

Please refer to the Qualified

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and Supported Processor List

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

for Intel® Server Board

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S5000PAL at

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.intel.com/support/m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

otherboards/server/sb/CS-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

022346.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

Memory

 

16GB (8x2GB)

 

 

Please refer to the Tested

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memory List for Intel® Server

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Board S5000PAL at

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.intel.com/support/m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

otherboards/server/s5000pal/s

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b/CS-022919.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIOS

 

66

 

 

S5000.86B.02.00.0066

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BMC

 

55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRUSDR

 

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HSC

 

2.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EERROM

 

3.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESB2 Ctrl:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AHCI

 

Enabled

 

 

Embedded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Midplane

 

Active w/ RAK

 

 

PBA: D28949-301

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAS Mode

 

HW RAID

 

 

Embedded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Backplane

 

ESG-SHV BP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

NIC

 

PRO/1000 EB

 

 

Embedded 7.0.27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I/OAT

 

Enabled

 

 

NO SUPPORT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Video

 

ATI ES1000

 

 

Embedded/VESA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RMM

 

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disk Drives

 

 

 

 

Please refer to the Tested

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hardware and Operating

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

System List for Intel® Server

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Board S5000PAL at

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://support.intel.com/sup

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

port/motherboards/server/s

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b/CS-025416.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

SAS

 

 

 

 

2x73GB SAS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

SAS 0

 

RAID 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

SAS 1

 

RAID 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

Installing Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4*

Intel® Server Board S5000PAL

1

SAS 2

RAID 0

 

 

 

 

 

1

SAS 3

RAID 0

 

 

 

 

 

1

CD-ROM

 

Installed

 

 

 

 

 

I/O Module

NIC I/O

Embedded 7.0.27

 

 

 

 

Table 1 – Intel® Server Board S5000PAL Configuration Hardware (Configuration 1)

(Configuration 2)

Quantity

 

Item

 

Version/Model

 

Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Intel Server Board

 

S5000PAL

 

 

 

 

S5000PAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Intel® Server Chassis

 

SR1500 (1U)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Intel® Xeon® processors

 

 

 

Please refer to the Qualified

 

 

 

 

 

 

and Supported Processor List

 

 

 

 

 

 

for Intel® Server Board

 

 

 

 

 

 

S5000PAL at

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.intel.com/support/m

 

 

 

 

 

 

otherboards/server/sb/CS-

 

 

 

 

 

 

022346.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memory

 

16GB (8x2GB)

 

Please refer to the Tested

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memory List for Intel® Server

 

 

 

 

 

 

Board S5000PAL at

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.intel.com/support/m

 

 

 

 

 

 

otherboards/server/s5000pal/s

 

 

 

 

 

 

b/CS-022919.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIOS

 

66

 

S5000.86B.02.00.0066

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BMC

 

55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRUSDR

 

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HSC

 

2.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EERROM

 

3.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESB2 Ctrl:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AHCI

 

Enabled

 

Embedded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Midplane

 

Active w/ RAK

 

PBA: D28949-301

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAS Mode

 

HW RAID

 

Embedded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Backplane

 

ESG-SHV BP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NIC

 

PRO/1000 EB

 

Embedded 7.0.27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I/OAT

 

Enabled

 

NO SUPPORT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Video

 

ATI ES1000

 

Embedded/VESA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RMM

 

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disk Drives

 

 

 

Please refer to the Tested

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hardware and Operating

 

 

 

 

 

 

System List for Intel® Server

 

 

 

 

 

 

Board S5000PAL at

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Installing Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intel® Server Board S5000PAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quantity

 

 

Item

 

Version/Model

 

 

Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://support.intel.com/sup

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

port/motherboards/server/s

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b/CS-025416.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAS

 

 

 

 

2x73GB SAS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAS 0

 

RAID 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAS 1

 

RAID 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAS 2

 

RAID 0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAS 3

 

RAID 0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CD-ROM

 

 

 

 

Installed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I/O Module

 

1064e SAS I/O

 

 

Embedded mptsas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 2 – Intel® Server Board S5000PAL Configuration Hardware (Configuration 2)

7

Installing Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4*

Intel® Server Board S5000PAL

(Configuration 3)

Quantity

 

Item

 

Model/Version

 

Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Intel Server Board S5000PAL

 

S5000PAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Intel® Server Chassis

 

SR1500 (1U)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

Intel® Xeon® processors

 

Any Supported

 

Please refer to the Qualified

 

 

 

 

 

 

and Supported Processor List

 

 

 

 

 

 

for Intel® Server Board

 

 

 

 

 

 

S5000PAL at

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.intel.com/support/m

 

 

 

 

 

 

otherboards/server/sb/CS-

 

 

 

 

 

 

022346.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RAM

 

16GB (8x2GB)

 

Please refer to the Tested

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memory List for Intel® Server

 

 

 

 

 

 

Board S5000PAL at

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.intel.com/support/m

 

 

 

 

 

 

otherboards/server/s5000pal/s

 

 

 

 

 

 

b/CS-022919.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIOS

 

66

 

S5000.86B.02.00.0066

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BMC

 

55

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRUSDR

 

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HSC

 

2.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EERROM

 

3.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESB2 Ctrl:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AHCI

 

Enabled

 

Embedded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Midplane

 

Passive

 

PBA: D28949-301

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAS Mode

 

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Backplane

 

ESG-SHV BP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NIC

 

PRO/1000 EB

 

Embedded 7.0.27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I/OAT

 

Enabled

 

NO SUPPORT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Video

 

ATI ES1000

 

Embedded/VESA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RMM

 

Installed

 

Embedded USB drivers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disk Drives

 

 

 

Please refer to the Tested

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hardware and Operating

 

 

 

 

 

 

System List for Intel® Server

 

 

 

 

 

 

Board S5000PAL at

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://support.intel.com/sup

 

 

 

 

 

 

port/motherboards/server/s

 

 

 

 

 

 

b/CS-025416.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAS

 

 

 

3x73GB 3.5” SAS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CD-ROM

 

 

 

Installed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I/O Module

 

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 3 – Intel® Server Board S5000PAL Configuration Hardware (Configuration 3)

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Installing Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intel® Server Board S5000PAL

 

Software Used in the Installation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dist. By

 

 

 

Description

 

 

 

File Name

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red Hat

 

 

Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4* Update 4

 

 

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (sku# -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IPP)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 4 - Software Bill of Materials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Development Tools (Optional)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product

 

Description

 

 

 

Where to Buy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intel® C++

 

The compiler automatically

http://www3.intel.com/cd/software/products/asmo-

 

 

Compilers for

 

optimizes and parallelizes

na/eng/compilers/278609.htm

 

 

LINUX

 

software to deliver rapid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

development and winning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

performance taking best

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

advantage of the latest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

multi-core Intel®

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

processor-based

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

platforms.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intel® Fortran

 

The compiler automatically

http://www3.intel.com/cd/software/products/asmo-

 

 

Compiler for LINUX

optimizes and parallelizes

na/eng/compilers/279636.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

software to deliver rapid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

development and winning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

performance taking best

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

advantage of the latest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

multi-core Intel®

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

processor-based

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

platforms.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intel® Math Kernel

Highly optimized,

http://www3.intel.com/cd/software/products/asmo-

 

 

Library

 

extensively threaded math

na/eng/266860.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

routines for scientific,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

engineering, and financial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

applications that require

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

maximum performance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intel® Integrated

Extensive library of multi-

http://www3.intel.com/cd/software/products/asmo-

 

 

Performance

 

core-ready, highly

na/eng/perflib/ipp/buy/238658.htm

 

 

Primitives

 

optimized software

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

functions for multimedia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and data processing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intel® Threading

Intel’s new C++ template-

http://www3.intel.com/cd/software/products/asmo-

 

 

Building Blocks

 

based runtime library

na/eng/294795.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

that simplifies writing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

multithreaded applications

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

for performance and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

scalability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 5 – Development Tools

9

Installing Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4*

Intel® Server Board S5000PAL

Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 4* Installation

This section explains how to perform a Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation from the CD-ROM, using the graphical, mouse-based installation program.

The Graphical Installation Program User Interface

If you have used a graphical user interface (GUI) before, you are already familiar with this process; use your mouse to navigate the screens, click buttons, or enter text fields.

You can also navigate through the installation using the keyboard. The [Tab] key allows you to move around the screen, the Up and Down arrow keys to scroll through lists, [+] and [-] keys expand and collapse lists, while [Space] and [Enter] selects or removes from selection a highlighted item. You can also use the [Alt]-[X] key command combination as a way of clicking on buttons or making other screen selections, where [X] is replaced with any underlined letter appearing within that screen.

Note: If you are using an x86 or Intel® 64 system, and you do not wish to use the GUI installation program, the text mode installation program is also available. To start the text mode installation program, use the following command at the boot: prompt:

linux text

Refer to “The Text Mode Installation Program User Interface” section for a brief overview of text mode installation instructions.

It is highly recommended that installs be performed using the GUI installation program. The GUI installation program offers the full functionality of the Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation program, including LVM configuration which is not available during a text mode installation.

Users who must use the text mode installation program can follow the GUI installation instructions and obtain all needed information.

A Note about Virtual Consoles

The Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation program offers more than the dialog boxes of the installation process. Several kinds of diagnostic messages are available to you, as well as a way to enter commands from a shell prompt. The installation program displays these messages on five virtual consoles, among which you can switch using a single keystroke combination.

A virtual console is a shell prompt in a non-graphical environment, accessed from the physical machine, not remotely. Multiple virtual consoles can be accessed simultaneously.

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These virtual consoles can be helpful if you encounter a problem while installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Messages displayed on the installation or system consoles can help pinpoint a problem. Refer to Table 5-1 for a listing of the virtual consoles, keystrokes used to switch to them, and their contents.

Generally, there is no reason to leave the default console (virtual console #7 for graphical installations) unless you are attempting to diagnose installation problems.

Table 5-1 Console, Keystrokes, and Contents

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The Text Mode Installation Program User Interface

The Red Hat Enterprise Linux text mode installation program uses a screen-based interface that includes most of the on-screen widgets commonly found on graphical user interfaces. Figures 4-1, and Figure 4-2, illustrate the screens that appear during the installation process.

Note:

While text mode installations are not explicitly documented, those using the text mode installation program can easily follow the GUI installation instructions.

Figure 4-1. Installation Program Widgets as seen in Boot Loader Configuration

Figure 4-2. Installation Program Widgets as seen in Disk Druid

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The list of the most important widgets shown in Figure 4-1 and Figure 4-2:

Window — Windows (usually referred to as dialogs in this manual) appear on your screen throughout the installation process. At times, one window may overlay another; in these cases, you can only interact with the window on top. When you are finished in that window, it disappears, allowing you to continue working in the window underneath.

Checkbox — Checkboxes allow you to select or deselect a feature. The box displays either an asterisk (selected) or a space (unselected). When the cursor is within a checkbox, press [Space] to select or deselect a feature.

Text Input — Text input lines are regions where you can enter information required by the installation program. When the cursor rests on a text input line, you may enter and/or edit information on that line.

Text Widget — Text widgets are regions of the screen for the display of text. At times, text widgets may also contain other widgets, such as checkboxes. If a text widget contains more information than can be displayed in the space reserved for it, a scroll bar appears; if you position the cursor within the text widget, you can then use the [Up] and [Down] arrow keys to scroll through all the information available. Your current position is shown on the scroll bar by a # character, which moves up and down the scroll bar as you scroll.

Scroll Bar — Scroll bars appear on the side or bottom of a window to control which part of a list or document is currently in the window’s frame. The scroll bar makes it easy to move to any part of a file.

Button Widget — Button widgets are the primary method of interacting with the installation program. You progress through the windows of the installation program by navigating these buttons, using the [Tab] and [Enter] keys. Buttons can be selected when they are highlighted.

Cursor — Although not a widget, the cursor is used to select (and interact with) a particular widget. As the cursor is moved from widget to widget, it may cause the widget to change color, or the cursor itself may only appear positioned in or next to the widget. In Figure 4-1, the cursor is positioned on the OK button. Figure 4-2, shows the cursor on the Edit button.

Using the Keyboard to Navigate

Navigation through the installation dialogs is performed through a simple set of keystrokes. To move the cursor, use the [Left], [Right], [Up], and [Down] arrow keys. Use [Tab], and [Alt]-[Tab] to cycle forward or backward through each widget on the screen. Along the bottom, most screens display a summary of available cursor positioning keys.

To "press" a button, position the cursor over the button (using [Tab], for example) and press [Space] or [Enter]. To select an item from a list of items, move the cursor to the item you wish to select and press

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[Enter]. To select an item with a checkbox, move the cursor to the checkbox and press [Space] to select an item. To deselect, press [Space] a second time.

Pressing [F12] accepts the current values and proceeds to the next dialog; it is equivalent to pressing the OK button.

Caution: Unless a dialog box is waiting for your input, do not press any keys during the installation process (doing so may result in unpredictable behavior).

Starting the Installation Program

To start, first make sure that you have all necessary resources for the installation. If you have already read through Chapter 2 Steps to Get You Started, and followed the instructions, you should be ready to start the installation process. When you have verified that you are ready to begin, boot the installation program using the Red Hat Enterprise Linux CD-ROM #1 or any boot media that you have created.

Note:

Occasionally, some hardware components require a driver diskette during the installation. A driver diskette adds support for hardware that is not otherwise supported by the installation program.

Booting the Installation Program on x86 and Intel® 64 Systems

You can boot the installation program using any one of the following media (depending upon what your system can support):

Red Hat Enterprise Linux CD-ROM — Your machine supports a bootable CD-ROM drive and you have the Red Hat Enterprise Linux CD-ROM set.

Boot CD-ROM — Your machine supports a bootable CD-ROM drive and you want to perform network or hard drive installation.

USB pen drive — Your machine supports booting from a USB device.

1)To create a boot CD-ROM or to prepare your USB pen drive for installation, refer to the “Making an Installation Boot CD-ROM” section.

2)Insert the boot media and reboot the system. Your BIOS settings may need to be changed to allow you to boot from the CD-ROM or USB device.

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Tip: To change your BIOS settings on an x86 or Intel® 64 system, watch the instructions provided on your display when your computer first boots. A line of text appears, telling you which key to press to enter the BIOS settings.

3)Once you have entered your BIOS setup program, find the section where you can alter your boot sequence. The default is often C, A or A, C (depending on whether you boot from your hard drive [C] or a diskette drive [A]). Change this sequence so that the CD-ROM is first in your boot order and that C or A (whichever is your typical boot default) is second. This instructs the computer to first look at the CD-ROM drive for bootable media; if it does not find bootable media on the CD-ROM drive, it then checks your hard drive or diskette drive.

4)Save your changes before exiting the BIOS. For more information, refer to the documentation that came with your system.

5)After a short delay, a screen containing the boot: prompt should appear. The screen contains information on a variety of boot options. Each boot option also has one or more help screens associated with it. To access a help screen, press the appropriate function key as listed in the line at the bottom of the screen.

6)As you boot the installation program, be aware of two issues:

7)Once the boot: prompt appears, the installation program automatically begins if you take no action within the first minute. To disable this feature, press one of the help screen function keys.

8)If you press a help screen function key, there is a slight delay while the help screen is read from the boot media.

Normally, you only need to press [Enter] to boot. Be sure to watch the boot messages to review if the Linux kernel detects your hardware. If your hardware is properly detected, continue to the next section. If it does not properly detect your hardware, you may need to restart the installation and use one of the boot options provided inAppendix A “Additional Boot Options”.

Additional Boot Options

While it is easiest to boot using a CD-ROM and perform a graphical installation, sometimes there are installation scenarios where booting in a different manner may be needed. This section discusses additional boot options available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

For x86 and Intel® 64 users:

To pass options to the boot loader on an x86 or Intel® 64 system, use the instructions as provided in the boot loader option samples below.

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Note: Refer to Appendix A “Additional Boot Options” for additional boot options not covered in this section.

1) To perform a text mode installation, at the installation boot prompt, type:

linux text

2)ISO images have an md5sum embedded in them. To test the checksum integrity o f an ISO image, at the installation boot prompt, type:

linux mediacheck

3)The installation program prompts you to insert a CD or select an ISO image to test, and select OK to perform the checksum operation. This checksum operation can be performed on any Red Hat Enterprise Linux CD and does not have to be performed in a specific order (for example, CD #1 does not have to be the first CD you verify). It is strongly recommended to perform this operation on any Red Hat Enterprise Linux CD that was created from downloaded ISO images. This command works with the CD, DVD, hard drive ISO, and NFS ISO installation methods.

4)Also in the images/ directory is the boot.iso file. This file is an ISO image than can be used to boot the installation program. To use the boot.iso, your computer must be able to boot from its CD-ROM drive, and its BIOS settings must be configured to do so. You must then burn the boot.iso file onto a recordable/rewriteable CD-ROM.

5)If you need to perform the installation in serial mode, type the following command:

linux console=<device>

6) For text mode installations, use:

linux text console=<device>

Note: In the above command, <device> should be the device you are using (such as ttyS0 or ttyS1). For example, linux text console=ttyS0.

7)Text mode installations using a serial terminal work best when the terminal supports UTF-8. Under UNIX and Linux, Kermit supports UTF-8. For Windows, Kermit ’95 works well. Non-UTF-8 capable terminals works as long as only English is used during the installation process. An enhanced serial display can be used by passing the utf8 command as a boot-time option to the installation program. For example:

linux console=ttyS0 utf8

Kernel Options

1)Options can also be passed to the kernel. For example, to instruct the kernel to use all the RAM in a system with 128 MB of RAM, at the installation boot prompt, enter:

linux mem=128M

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2) For text mode installations, use:

linux text mem=128M

With most computers, there is no need to pass this argument to the kernel. The kernel detects the amount of memory your system has in most cases. However, using this command is often helpful for testing purposes. For example, you can boot with less memory by passing a linux mem=64M or linux text mem=64M option to the kernel.

3) After entering any options, press [Enter] to boot using those options.

If you need to specify boot options to identify your hardware, please write them down. The boot options are needed during the boot loader configuration portion of the installation (refer the “x86 and Intel® 64 Boot Loader Configuration” section for more information).

Selecting an Installation Method

The following installation methods are available:

CD-ROM - If you have a CD-ROM drive and the Red Hat Enterprise Linux CD-ROMs, you can use this method. Refer to the section on “Installing from CD-ROM”, for CD-ROM installation instructions.

Hard Drive - If you have copied the Red Hat Enterprise Linux ISO images to a local hard drive, you can use this method. You need a boot CD-ROM. Refer to “Installing from a Hard Drive”, for hard drive installation instructions.

NFS - If you are installing from an NFS server using ISO images or a mirror image of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, you can use this method. You need a boot CD-ROM (use the linux askmethod boot option). Refer to “Installing via NFS” for network installation instructions. Note that NFS installations may also be performed in GUI mode.

FTP - If you are installing directly from an FTP server, use this method. You need a boot CD-ROM (use the linux askmethod boot option). Refer to “Installing via FTP”, for FTP installation instructions.

HTTP - If you are installing directly from an HTTP (Web) server, use this method. You need a boot CDROM (use the linux askmethod boot option). Refer to Section 4.10 Installing via HTTP, for HTTP installation instructions.

Installing from CD-ROM

1)To install Red Hat Enterprise Linux from a CD-ROM, choose the CD-ROM option and select OK. When prompted, insert the Red Hat Enterprise Linux CD into your CD-ROM drive (if you did not boot from the CD). Once the CD is in the CD-ROM drive, select OK, and press [Enter].

Note: The first CD-ROM is required when booting the installation program, and again after subsequent CD-ROMs have been processed.

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