Leica TPS1200 User Manual

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Leica TPS1200

User Manual

Version 4.0

English

Introduction

TPS1200

2

 

 

 

 

Introduction

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase

Congratulations on the purchase of a TPS1200 series instrument.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This manual contains important safety directions as well as instructions for setting

 

 

 

up the product and operating it. Refer to "7 Safety Directions" for further information.

 

 

Read carefully through the User Manual before you switch on the product.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product identification

The type and the serial number of your product are indicated on the type plate. Enter the type and serial number in your manual and always refer to this information when you need to contact your agency or Leica Geosystems authorized service workshop.

Type: _______________

Serial No.:

_______________

 

 

Symbols

The symbols used in this manual have the following meanings:

 

Type

Description

 

 

Danger

Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not

 

 

avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warning

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation or an unintended

 

 

use which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious

 

 

 

injury.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caution

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation or an unintended

 

 

use which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate

 

 

 

injury and/or appreciable material, financial and environmental

 

 

 

damage.

 

 

 

 

 

)

Important paragraphs which must be adhered to in practice as

 

they enable the product to be used in a technically correct and

 

 

 

efficient manner.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trademarks

• Windows and Windows CE are a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation

CompactFlash and CF are trademarks of SanDisk Corporation

Bluetooth is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc

All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Introduction

TPS1200

3

Table of Contents

 

 

 

TPS1200

4

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In this manual

Chapter

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

 

1

How to Use this Manual

8

 

 

 

 

 

2

Description of the System

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.1

System Components

12

 

 

2.2

System Concept

19

 

 

 

2.2.1

Software Concept

19

 

 

 

2.2.2

Data Storage and Data Conversion Concept

21

 

 

 

2.2.3

Power Concept

23

 

 

2.3

Container Contents

24

 

 

2.4

Instrument Components

28

 

3

User Interface

 

32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.1

Keyboard

 

32

 

 

3.2

Screen

 

36

 

 

3.3

Operating Principles

38

 

 

3.4

Icons

 

44

 

4

Operation

 

50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.1

Instrument Setup

50

4.2

Autodetect Behaviour

53

4.3

Instrument Setup as SmartStation

55

 

 

4.3.1

SmartStation Setup

55

 

 

4.3.2

LED Indicators on SmartAntenna

59

 

 

4.3.3

Working with the Clip-On-Housings for Devices

61

 

 

4.3.4

LED Indicators on Clip-On-Housings

65

4.4

Instrument Setup for Remote Control

70

 

 

4.4.1

Remote Control Setup

70

 

 

4.4.2

LED Indicators on RadioHandle

72

4.5

Battery

 

74

 

 

4.5.1

Operating Principles

74

 

 

4.5.2

Instrument Battery

76

 

 

4.5.3

SmartAntenna Battery

78

4.6

Working with the CompactFlash Card

80

4.7

Accessing Survey Application Program

83

4.8

Guidelines for Correct Results

86

 

5 Check & Adjust

90

 

 

 

 

 

5.1

Overview

 

90

5.2

Preparation

94

5.3

Combined Adjustment (l, t, i, c and ATR)

96

5.4

Tilting Axis Adjustment (a)

101

5.5

Adjustment of the Circular Level

106

5.6

Adjustment of the Reflectorless EDM

109

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

TPS1200

5

Table of Contents

 

 

TPS1200

6

 

 

5.7

Adjustment of the Laser Plummet

114

 

 

5.8

Service of the Tripod

118

6

Care and Transport

120

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.1

Transport

 

120

 

 

6.2

Storage

 

122

 

 

6.3

Cleaning and Drying

123

 

 

6.4

Maintenance

124

7

Safety Directions

126

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.1

General Introduction

126

 

 

7.2

Intended Use

127

 

 

7.3

Limits of Use

129

 

 

7.4

Responsibilities

130

 

 

7.5

International Warranty, Software Licence Agreement

131

 

 

7.6

Hazards of Use

133

 

 

7.7

Laser Classification

139

 

 

 

7.7.1

Integrated Distancer, Invisible Laser

139

 

 

 

7.7.2

Integrated Distancer, Visible Laser

142

 

 

 

7.7.3

Automatic Target Recognition ATR

148

 

 

 

7.7.4

PowerSearch PS

150

 

 

 

7.7.5

Electronic Guide Light EGL

152

 

 

 

7.7.6

Laser Plummet

154

 

 

7.8

Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC

158

 

 

7.9

FCC Statement, Applicable in U.S.

161

8 Technical Data

 

168

 

 

 

8.1

Angle Measurement

168

8.2

Distance Measurement - Infrared IR

169

8.3

Distance Measurement - Reflectorless RL

172

8.4

Distance Measurement - Long Range LO

175

8.5

Automatic Target Recognition ATR

177

8.6

PowerSearch PS

179

8.7

SmartStation

180

 

8.7.1

SmartStation Accuracy

180

 

8.7.2

SmartStation Dimensions

182

 

8.7.3

SmartAntenna Technical Data

183

8.8

Conformity to National Regulations

187

 

8.8.1

Communication side cover with Bluetooth

187

 

8.8.2

GFU17, Siemens MC45

188

 

8.8.3

GFU24, Siemens MC75

190

8.8.4GFU19 (US), GFU25 (CAN) CDMA MultiTech MTMMC-C 192

 

8.8.5

RadioHandle

194

 

8.8.6

SmartAntenna with Bluetooth

196

8.9

General Technical Data of the Instrument

198

8.10

Scale Correction

205

8.11

Reduction Formulas

211

Index

 

 

216

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

TPS1200

7

How to Use this Manual

TPS1200

8

1 How to Use this Manual

)It is recommended to set-up the instrument while reading through this manual.

Path

Main Menu: Manage...\Data stands for this working sequence:

 

From the Main Menu select Manage... and then select Data.

 

 

Screen

CONFIGURE General Menu describes the name of the screen.

 

 

Page

Screens can have more than one page. Units page describes a specific page of a

 

screen. For example: ’...in CONFIGURE Units & Formats, Units page...’

Fields and options Fields displayed on the screen are described as <Coord System:> or <Coord System: Swiss>, if ’Swiss’ is the selected coordinate system.

Index

The index is at the end of the manual.

)Keys, fields and options on the screens which are considered as self-explanatory are not explained.

Validity of this

This manual applies to all TPS1200 instruments. Differences between the various

manual

models are marked and described.

Available documentation

General description

Name of documentation

Description

User Manual

All instructions required in order to operate the instru-

 

ment to a basic level are contained in this User

 

Manual. Provides an overview of the instrument

 

together with technical data and safety directions.

 

 

Name of documentation

Description

System Field Manual

Describes the general working of the instrument in

 

standard use. Intended as a quick reference field

 

guide.

 

 

How to Use this Manual

TPS1200

9

How to Use this Manual

TPS1200

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name of documentation

Description

 

 

 

Applications Field Manual

Describes specific onboard application programs in

 

 

 

standard use. Intended as a quick reference field

 

 

 

guide. The RoadRunner application program is

 

 

 

described in a separate manual.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Technical Reference

Overall comprehensive guide to the instrument and

 

Manual

 

program functions. Included are detailed descriptions

 

 

 

of special software/hardware settings and soft-

 

 

 

ware/hardware functions intended for technical

 

 

 

specialists.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Available documentation depending on use case

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use case

User Manual

System Field

Application

Technical

 

 

 

 

Manual

Programs

Reference

 

 

 

 

 

Field Manual

Manual

 

 

for

 

for

for

for

 

TPS

TPS1200

 

TPS1200

TPS1200

TPS1200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TPS RCS

RX1200

 

TPS1200

TPS1200

TPS1200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use case

User Manual

System Field

Application

Technical

 

 

 

Manual

Programs

Reference

 

 

 

 

Field Manual

Manual

 

 

for

for

for

for

 

GPS

GPS1200

GPS1200

GPS1200

GPS1200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GPS

RX1200

GPS1200

GPS1200

GPS1200

 

SmartRover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Format of the

The TPS1200 CD contains the entire TPS1200 documentation in electronic format.

documentation

All manuals are also available in printed form except for the Technical Reference

 

Manuals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How to Use this Manual

TPS1200

11

Description of the System

TPS1200

12

2 Description of the System

2.1System Components

Main components

 

RX1200

TPS12_198

TPS1200

Component

Description

TPS1200

• an instrument for measuring, calculating and capturing data.

 

• comprised of various models with a range of accuracy classes.

 

• integrated with an add-on GNSS system to form SmartStation.

 

• combined with RX1200 to conduct remote control surveys.

 

• connected with LGO to view, exchange and manage data.

 

Component

Description

 

RX1200

A multi-purpose controller enabling the remote control of TPS1200.

 

 

 

 

 

LGO

An office software consisting of a suite of standard and extended

 

 

programs for the viewing, exchange and management of data.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Terminology

The following terms and abbreviations may be found in this manual:

 

 

 

 

 

Term

 

Description

 

TPS

 

Total Station Positioning System

 

 

 

 

 

GNSS

 

Global Navigation Satellite System (generic term for satellite

 

 

 

based navigation systems like GPS, GLONASS, SBAS)

 

 

 

 

 

RCS

 

Remote Control Surveying

 

 

 

 

 

LGO

 

LEICA Geo Office

 

 

 

 

 

EDM

 

Electronic Distance Measurement

 

 

 

EDM refers to the laser distancer incorporated into the instru-

 

 

 

ment which enables distance measurement.

 

 

 

 

Description of the System

TPS1200

13

Description of the System

TPS1200

14

 

 

 

 

 

Term

Description

 

 

 

Three measuring modes are available:

 

 

 

• infrared laser measurement mode IR.

 

 

 

• visible red laser measurement mode RL.

 

 

 

• long range visible red laser measurement mode LO.

 

 

 

 

 

EDM

This EDM refers to the infrared laser and the ability to measure

 

Infrared IR

distances to prisms.

 

 

 

 

 

EDM

This EDM refers to the visible red laser and the ability to measure

 

Reflectorless RL

distances without prisms.

 

 

 

 

 

EDM

This EDM refers to the visible red laser and the ability to measure

 

Reflectorless LO

extended distances to prisms.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PinPoint

PinPoint refers to the Reflectorless EDM technology which

 

 

 

enables an increased measuring range with a smaller laser spot

 

 

size. Two options are available: R100 and R300.

 

 

 

 

 

 

EGL

Electronic Guide Light

 

 

 

An EGL fitted to an instrument assists with prism targeting. It

 

 

 

consists of two differently coloured flashing lights located in the

 

 

instrument telescope housing. The person holding the prism can

 

 

align him/herself into the instrument’s line of sight.

 

 

 

 

 

Term

Description

Motorised

Instruments fitted with internal motors, enabling automatic hori-

 

zontal and vertical turning are referred to as Motorised.

ATR

Automatic Target Recognition

 

ATR refers to the instrument sensor which enables the automatic

 

fine pointing to a prism.

 

 

Automated

Instruments fitted with ATR are referred to as Automated.

 

Three automation modes are available with ATR:

 

• None: no ATR - no automation and no tracking.

 

• ATR: automatic fine pointing to a prism.

 

• LOCK: automatic tracking of an already targeted prism.

 

 

PowerSearch

PowerSearch refers to the instrument sensor which enables the

 

automatic rapid finding of a prism.

 

 

SmartStation

A TPS1200 instrument integrated with an add-on GNSS system,

 

comprising hardware and software components, forms

 

SmartStation.

 

 

Description of the System

TPS1200

15

Description of the System

TPS1200

16

 

 

 

 

 

Term

Description

 

 

 

Components of SmartStation include SmartAntenna,

 

 

 

SmartAntenna Adapter with attached clip-on-housing and

 

 

 

antenna for a communication device and Communication side

 

 

 

cover.

 

 

 

SmartStation provides an additional instrument set-up method

 

 

for determining instrument station coordinates.

 

 

 

The GNSS principles and functionality of SmartStation derive

 

 

 

from the principles and functionality of GPS1200 instruments.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SmartAntenna

SmartAntenna with integrated Bluetooth is a component of

 

 

 

SmartStation. It can also be used independently on a pole, with

 

 

a GNSS receiver and remote controller.

 

 

 

 

 

 

RadioHandle

A component of RCS is RadioHandle. It is both an integrated

 

 

 

radio modem with attached antenna and instrument carry

 

 

 

handle.

 

 

 

 

 

Communication

Communication side cover with integrated Bluetooth is a compo-

 

side cover

nent of SmartStation. In combination with RadioHandle it is also

 

 

a component of RCS.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instrument models

 

 

Model

Description

 

 

TC1200

Basis electronic tachymeter.

 

 

 

 

TCR1200

Additional components: Reflectorless EDM.

 

 

 

 

TCRM1200

Additional components: Reflectorless EDM, Motorised.

 

 

 

 

TCA1200

Additional components: Automated, Motorised.

 

 

 

 

TCP1200

Additional components: Automated, Motorised, PowerSearch.

 

 

 

 

TCRA1200

Additional components: Reflectorless EDM, Automated, Motorised.

 

 

 

 

TCRP1200

Additional components: Reflectorless EDM, Automated, Motorised,

 

 

PowerSearch.

 

 

 

LEICA Geo Office

• LGO supports GPS1200 and TPS1200 instruments. It also supports all other

 

Leica TPS instruments.

• LGO is based on a graphical user interface with standard Windows® operating procedures.

• LGO provides the following functionality:

Description of the System

TPS1200

17

Description of the System

TPS1200

18

 

 

 

 

 

Functionality

Description

 

 

Standard

Includes data exchange between computer and instrument, data

 

Functionality

management including viewing and editing, reporting, creation

 

 

and management of codelists, creation and use of format files for

 

 

data conversion, uploading and deleting of system software and

 

 

application programs.

 

 

 

 

 

Extended

Includes Coordinate transformations, GPS and GLONASS post

 

Functionality

processing, Level data processing, Network adjustment, GIS

 

 

 

and CAD Export.

 

 

 

 

 

Supported operating systems: Windows® XP, Windows® 2000, Windows® ME.

Refer to the online help of LGO for additional information.

2.2System Concept

2.2.1Software Concept

Description Software type

TPS1200 instruments use the same software concept.

Software type

Description

System

This software comprises the central functions of the instrument.

software

It is also referred to as firmware.

 

The programs Survey and Setup are integrated into the firmware

 

and cannot be deleted.

 

The English language is integrated into the firmware and cannot

 

be deleted.

 

 

Language

Numerous languages are available for the TPS1200 instru-

software

ments. This software is also referred to as system language.

 

The system software enables a maximum of three languages

 

which can be stored at any one time - the English language and

 

two other languages. The English language is the default

 

language and cannot be deleted. One language is chosen as the

 

active language.

 

 

Description of the System

TPS1200

19

Description of the System

TPS1200

20

 

 

 

 

 

Software type

Description

 

 

Application

A suite of optional survey-specific application programs are

 

 

programs

available for the instrument.

 

 

 

Some of the programs are activated freely and require no licence

 

 

key and others require purchasing and are only activated with a

 

 

licence key.

 

 

 

 

 

Customised

Customised software specific to user requirements can be devel-

 

application

oped using the GeoC++ development kit. Information on the

 

 

programs

GeoC++ development environment is available on request from

 

 

a Leica Geosystems representative.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Software upload All instrument software is stored in the System RAM of the instrument. The software can be uploaded onto the instrument using the following methods:

Using LGO the software is transferred via the serial interface to the CompactFlash card in the instrument, which is then stored to the System RAM.

By connecting the CompactFlash card directly to the computer either via an internal card slot housing or an external OMNI drive, the software is transferred to the card, which is then stored to the System RAM.

2.2.2Data Storage and Data Conversion Concept

Description

Data is stored within a job in a database on a memory device. This is either a

 

CompactFlash card or an internal memory if fitted.

 

 

 

Memory device

CompactFlash card:

A CompactFlash card housing is standard. A Compact-

 

 

Flash card can be inserted and removed. Various storing

 

 

capacities are available.

 

 

)

Whilst other CompactFlash cards may be used,

 

 

Leica recommends Leica CompactFlash cards

 

 

 

and cannot be held responsible for data loss or

 

 

 

any other error that may occur when using a

 

 

 

non-Leica card.

 

Internal memory:

An internal memory is optional. It resides inside the instru-

 

 

ment. Available capacity: 64 MB.

)Unplugging connecting cables or removing the CompactFlash card during the measurement may cause loss of data. Always return to TPS1200 Main Menu before removing the CompactFlash card and switch off the instrument before removing cables.

Description of the System

TPS1200

21

Description of the System

TPS1200

22

Data conversion

Export

 

 

 

Data can be exported from a job in a wide range of ASCII formats. The export format

 

is defined in Format Manager which is a PC tool in LEICA Geo Office. Refer to the

 

online help of LGO for information on creating format files.

 

 

Import

 

 

 

Data can be imported from ASCII, GSI8 or GSI16 format.

 

 

 

Transfer raw data

Raw data can be transferred between the database on the CompactFlash card or

to LGO

the internal memory of the instrument and LGO in two ways:

 

From the CompactFlash card or the internal memory directly via a serial interface to a project in LGO on a PC.

From the CompactFlash card using for example an OMNI drive as supplied by Leica Geosystems to a project in LGO on a PC.

)CompactFlash cards can be used directly in an OMNI drive as supported by Leica Geosystems. Other PC card drives may require an adapter.

2.2.3Power Concept

General

Use the Leica Geosystems batteries, chargers and accessories or accessories

 

recommended by Leica Geosystems to ensure the correct functionality of the instru-

 

ment.

 

 

 

 

Power options

Instrument

 

 

Power for the instrument can be supplied either internally or externally. An external

 

battery is connected to the instrument using a LEMO cable.

 

Internal battery:

One GEB221 battery fitted into the battery compartment.

 

External battery:

One GEB171 battery connected via cable, or

 

 

One GEB70 battery connected via cable.

 

SmartAntenna

 

 

Power for the antenna is supplied internally.

 

Internal battery:

One GEB211 battery fitted into the antenna.

 

 

 

Description of the System

TPS1200

23

Description of the System

TPS1200

24

2.3Container Contents

Container for instrument and delivered accessories part 1 of 2

a

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

a)

Tribrach bracket for height meter

 

 

 

 

 

 

b)

Data transfer cable GEV102

 

 

 

c)

Diagonal eyepiece GFZ3 or zenith

d

 

 

 

eyepiece GOK6 (eyepiece for steep

 

 

 

sighting) - optional

 

 

 

d)

Counterweight for diagonal eyepiece or

e

 

 

 

zenith eyepiece - optional

 

 

e)

Instrument with supplied stylus and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tribrach (with standard carry handle or

 

 

 

 

RadioHandle attached)

 

 

 

f)

Protective cover for instrument and

f

 

 

 

sunshade for objective lens

g

 

 

g)

Tip for mini prism

h

 

h)

Internal battery GEB221

TPS12_010a

i

i)

Mini prism and holder

Container for instrument and a

delivered accessories

part 2 of 2

b

c

d

TPS12_010b

a)Pocket knife - optional

b)Spare stylus

c)User manual

d) 2 x CompactFlash cards and covers e) Tool set for circular level and EDM

eadjustments - comprising two adjusting pins, one allen key and one screwdriver

f)

Battery charger

f g)

Car adapter power plug for battery

g

charger (stored under battery charger)

Description of the System

TPS1200

25

Description of the System

TPS1200

26

Container for SmartStation/RCS components

part 1 of 2

a

b

c

d

e

f

RX12_012

ga) 360° mini prism with adapter GRZ101

 

b)

RadioHandle

 

c)

Radio modem with antenna

 

 

TCPS27

 

d)

Grip with circular bubble and

 

 

fixing element GHT25

 

 

(without clamp)

 

e)

Y-cable GEV186 / battery

 

 

cable GEV52 (stored over

 

 

grip)

 

f)

Antenna for communication

 

 

device in clip-on-housing

 

g)

SmartAntenna Adapter with

 

 

communication device in

h

 

clip-on-housing

h)

SmartAntenna

i

i)

Internal battery GEB211

Container for

 

SmartStation/RCS

a

components

b

part 2 of 2

 

c

d

RX12_004

e

a) 360° prism GRZ4

b)User manual

c)Tripod adapter for radio

modem GHT43 d) Spare stylus

e) External battery - GEB70 or GEB171

ff) 2 x internal batteries GEB211

g)RX1220 controller

gwith stylus and antenna

h)Pole holder GHT39

h(with clamp) (stored under RX1220 controller)

Description of the System

TPS1200

27

Description of the System

TPS1200

28

2.4Instrument Components

Instrument

a b c d e

components

 

part 1 of 2

 

h i

j

TPS12_001a

f g

a)Carry handle

b)Optical sight

c)Telescope, integrating EDM, ATR, EGL, PS

d)EGL flashing diode - yellow

e)EGL flashing diode - red

f)Coaxial optics for angle and distance measurement, and exit port of visible laser beam for reflectorless instruments

g)PowerSearch

h)CompactFlash card compartment

i)Horizontal drive

j)Tribrach securing screw

Instrument

k

l

components

 

 

part 2 of 2

 

 

 

 

k)

Vertical drive

 

 

l)

Focusing ring

 

 

m)

Battery compartment

 

 

n)

Stylus for touch screen

 

 

o)

Screen

 

 

p)

Circular level

 

 

q)

Tribrach footscrew

m n o p q r

s

r)

Interchangeable eyepiece

TPS12_001b

 

s)

Keyboard

Description of the System

TPS1200

29

Description of the System

TPS1200

30

Instrument components for

SmartStation

a

b c d

e

TPS12_197

a)SmartAntenna

b)Antenna for communication device

c)Clip-on-housing for communication device

d)SmartAntenna Adapter

e)Communication side cover

Instrument components for RCS

a

b

 

a)

RadioHandle

TPS12_199

b)

Communication side cover

Description of the System

TPS1200

31

User Interface

TPS1200

32

3 User Interface

3.1Keyboard

Keyboard

 

ABC

DEF

GHI

F12

7

8

9

 

JKL

MNO

PQR

F11

4

5

6

 

STU

VWX

YZ

F10

1

2

3

 

/$%

_@&

*?!

F9

0

.

 

F8

CE

 

ESC

F7

USER

 

PROG

OFF

ON

 

 

 

 

 

PgUp

 

 

 

 

 

SHIFT

F1

F2

F3

F4

F5

F6

PgDn

a

b

c

d

e

 

 

 

f

 

 

 

TPS12_070

 

 

g

 

 

 

 

 

 

a) Hot keys F7-F12

 

 

e)

Arrow keys

 

b)

Alphanumeric keys

 

 

c)

CE, ESC, USER, PROG

f)

SHIFT

 

d)

ENTER

 

 

g)

Function keys F1-F6

Keys

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Key

Description

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hot keys F7-F12

User definable keys to execute commands or access

 

 

 

 

chosen screens.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alphanumeric keys

To type letters and numbers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CE

 

Clears all entry at the beginning of user input.

 

 

 

Clears the last character during user input.

 

 

 

 

 

ESC

Leaves the current menu or dialog without storing

 

 

 

 

changes made.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USER

Calls the user defined menu.

 

 

 

 

 

PROG (ON)

If the instrument is off: to turn instrument on.

 

 

 

If the sensor is on: press at any time to select an applica-

 

 

 

 

tion program.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

User Interface

TPS1200

33

User Interface

 

TPS1200

34

 

 

 

 

 

Key

Description

 

 

ENTER

• Selects the highlighted line and leads to the next logical

 

 

dialog/menu.

 

 

 

• Starts the edit mode for edit fields.

 

 

 

• Opens a list box.

 

 

 

 

 

SHIFT

• Changes between the first and the second level of func-

 

 

tion keys.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arrow keys

• Move the focus on the screen.

 

 

 

 

 

Function keys F1-F6

• Correspond to the six softkeys that appear on the bottom

 

 

of the screen when the screen is activated.

 

Key combinations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keys

Description

 

 

 

 

PROG plus USER

Turns instrument off.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHIFT F12

Calls STATUS Level & Laser Plummet.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHIFT F11

Calls CONFIGURE Lights, Display, Beeps, Text, Lights

 

 

 

page.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHIFT USER

Calls QUICK SET Change Settings to:.

 

 

 

 

 

Keys

Description

SHIFT

Pages up.

SHIFT

Pages down.

User Interface

TPS1200

35

User Interface

TPS1200

36

3.2Screen

Screen

 

 

 

 

 

f

a)

Time

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b)

Caption

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

g

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c)

Title

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d)

Screen area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e)

Message line

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

f)

Icons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h

g)

ESC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

i

h)

CAPS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

i)

SHIFT icon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

j

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

k

j)

Quick coding icon

 

 

 

 

 

k)

Softkeys

TPS12_081

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elements of the

 

 

Element

Description

screen

Time

The current local time is shown.

 

 

 

 

 

Caption

Shows location either in Main Menu, under PROG key or

 

 

USER key.

 

 

 

 

Title

Name of the screen is shown.

 

 

 

 

Screen area

The working area of the screen.

 

 

 

Element

Description

Message line

Messages are shown for 10 s.

 

 

 

 

Icons

Shows current status information of the instrument. Refer to

 

 

 

"3.4 Icons". Can be used with touch screen.

 

 

 

 

ESC

 

 

Can be used with touch screen. Same functionality as the fixed

 

 

 

 

 

key ESC. The last operation will be undone.

 

 

 

 

CAPS

The caps mode for upper case letters is active.The caps mode

 

 

 

is activated and deactivated by pressing UPPER (F5) or

 

 

 

LOWER (F5) in some screens.

SHIFT icon

Shows the status of the SHIFT key; either first or second level

 

 

 

of softkeys is selected. Can be used with touch screen and has

 

 

 

the same functionality as the fixed key SHIFT.

 

 

 

 

Quick coding icon

Shows the quick coding configuration. Can be used with touch

 

 

 

screen to turn quick coding on and off.

 

 

 

 

Softkeys

Commands can be executed using F1-F6 keys. The

 

 

 

commands assigned to the softkeys are screen dependent.

 

 

 

Can be used directly with touch screen.

 

 

 

 

Scroll bar

Scrolls the screen area up and down.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

User Interface

TPS1200

37

User Interface

TPS1200

38

3.3Operating Principles

Keyboard and touch screen

Turn instrument on

Turn instrument off step-by-step

The user interface is operated either by the keyboard or by the touch screen with supplied stylus. The workflow is the same for keyboard and touch screen entry, the only difference lies in the way information is selected and entered.

Press and hold PROG for 2 s.

Step

Description

)

The instrument can only be turned off in TPS1200 Main Menu.

1.

Press and hold both USER and PROG simultaneously.

 

 

2.

Press YES (F6) to continue or NO (F4) to cancel.

 

 

 

 

Lock/Unlock keyboard

Option

Description

Lock

To lock the keyboard press and hold SHIFT for 3 s. The message

 

’Keyboard locked’ is momentarily displayed on the Message Line.

 

 

Unlock

To unlock the keyboard press and hold SHIFT for 3 s. The message

 

’Keyboard unlocked’ is momentarily displayed on the Message Line.

 

 

 

 

Selecting

 

 

Appearance

Description

from a menu

 

To select an item from a menu, do one of the following:

 

 

 

 

Move the focus to the item. ENTER or CONT (F1).

 

 

OR

 

 

Type the complete selection number in front of the

 

 

item. ENTER or CONT (F1) are not required.

 

 

OR

 

 

Tap on the item with the stylus.

Selecting a page

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appearance

Description

 

 

 

To select a page in a screen, do one of the following:

 

 

PAGE (F6).

 

 

OR

 

 

Tap on the page tab with the stylus.

 

 

 

 

 

 

User Interface

TPS1200

39

User Interface

 

TPS1200

40

Edit an entire value

 

 

 

 

 

Appearance

 

Description

 

in input fields

 

 

 

 

1.

Highlight the field.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Type numeric and/or alphanumeric characters to

 

 

 

 

overwrite.

 

 

 

 

3.

ENTER or tap outside of the field.

 

Edit an individual

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appearance

 

Description

 

character in input

 

 

 

 

A character can be inserted or overwritten. The proce-

fields

 

 

 

 

 

dure is the same for both cases.

 

 

 

 

1.

Highlight the field.

 

 

 

 

2.

For the keyboard: ENTER. The edit mode is acti-

 

 

 

 

vated where additional functions like insert and

 

 

 

 

 

overwrite are available.

 

 

 

 

3.

For the touch screen: Highlight the characters to

 

 

 

 

be changed.

 

 

 

 

4.

Type numeric and/or alphanumeric characters.

 

 

 

 

5.

ENTER or tap outside of the field.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Access special alphanumeric characters for input

Step Description

1.Highlight the input field.

2.For the keyboard: ENTER.

3.Toggle to the desired special character set by using the up/down arrow keys.

4.Press the function key assigned to the required character group.

5.Press the function key with the required character.

6.Repeat step 4. and 5. for entering more special characters of the same character set.

7.ENTER.

Appearance and selection from a choicelist

Choicelists have various appearances.

Closed choicelist

Appearance

Description

Selection

 

 

Triangles on the right indi-

Use the arrow keys

to

 

cate further available

change through the list or

 

choices.

tap the triangles on the

 

 

 

screen.

 

User Interface

TPS1200

41

User Interface

TPS1200

42

ENTER or tap on the field to access the choicelist. Opening a choicelist reveals either a simple listbox or a comprehensive listbox dialog.

Simple listbox

.

Appearance

Description

Selection

 

• Choicelist shows

• Highlight the item and

 

items to select.

ENTER.

 

• A search field is

• To exit without

 

shown if necessary.

changes ESC, tap

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

• A scroll bar is shown if

or outside the simple

 

necessary.

listbox.

 

 

 

 

 

Listbox dialog

.

Appearance

Description

Selection

 

Choicelist fills the

• Highlight the item and

 

 

whole screen.

CONT (F1).

 

• A search field is

• To exit without

 

 

shown.

changes press ESC or

 

• A scroll bar is shown if

tap

 

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

necessary.

 

 

 

 

The functionality

 

 

 

 

 

comprise adding,

 

 

 

 

 

editing and deleting of

 

 

 

 

 

items.

 

 

 

 

Listbox dialogs are

 

 

 

 

 

explained in detail at

 

 

 

 

 

appropriate places in

 

 

 

 

 

the manuals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

User Interface

TPS1200

43

User Interface

TPS1200

44

3.4Icons

Description

Position of the icons on the screen

The screen icons display the current status information of the instrument.

a b c d e f g h i

j k

TPS12_172

a)ATR/LOCK/PS

b)Reflector

c)EDM

d)Compensator/face I&II

e)RCS

f)Bluetooth

g)Line/area

h)CompactFlash card/internal memory

i)Battery

j)SHIFT

k)Quick coding

 

a b c d e f

g h i

a)

GNSS position status

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b)

Number of visible satellites

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c)

Contributing satellites

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d)

Real-time device and real-time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

status, Internet online status

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e)

Position mode

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

f)

Bluetooth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

g)

Line/area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

h)

CompactFlash card/internal memory

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

j

i)

Battery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TPS12_172a

 

 

 

 

 

 

j)

SHIFT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

k)

Quick coding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TPS specific icons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Icon

 

Description

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ATR/LOCK/PS

 

The currently active ATR/LOCK/PS settings or searches

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

are displayed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reflector

 

The currently active reflector is displayed.

 

 

 

 

 

EDM

 

The currently active EDM measurement settings are

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

displayed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

User Interface

TPS1200

45

User Interface

 

TPS1200

46

 

 

 

 

 

 

Icon

 

Description

 

 

Compensator/face I&II

 

Compensator off, out of range or face I&II icon is

 

 

 

 

displayed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RCS

 

RCS settings are displayed.

 

GPS specific icons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Icon

 

Description

 

 

 

 

 

GNSS Position status

 

Displays the status of the current position. As soon as

 

 

 

this icon becomes visible the receiver is in a stage where

 

 

 

practical operation can commence.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of visible

 

Displays the number of theoretically visible satellites

 

 

satellites

 

above the configured cut off angle according to the

 

 

 

 

current almanac.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contributing

 

Displays the number of satellites that are contributing to

 

satellites

 

the currently computed position solution.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Icon

Description

 

 

The number of contributing satellites can differ

 

 

) from the number of visible satellites. This may

 

 

be either because satellites cannot be viewed

 

 

or the observations to these satellites are

 

 

considered to be too noisy to be used in the

 

 

position solution.

 

 

 

 

Real-time device and

Displays the real-time device configured to be used and

 

real-time status

its status.

 

 

 

 

Internet online status

Receiver is online in the Internet.

 

 

 

 

Position mode

Displays the current position mode.

Common icons

 

 

 

 

 

 

Icon

Description

 

 

Bluetooth

The status of each Bluetooth port and any Bluetooth

 

 

connection is displayed.

 

 

 

 

Line/area

The number of lines and areas currently open in the

 

 

active job is displayed.

 

 

 

User Interface

TPS1200

47

User Interface

TPS1200

48

 

 

 

 

 

 

Icon

 

Description

 

 

CompactFlash

 

The status of the CompactFlash card and internal

 

 

card/internal memory

 

memory if fitted are displayed.

 

 

 

 

• For the CompactFlash card, the capacity of used

 

 

 

 

space is shown in seven levels.

 

 

 

 

• For the internal memory if fitted, the capacity of used

 

 

 

memory is shown in nine levels.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Battery

 

The status and source of the battery is displayed. The

 

 

 

percentage of remaining power capacity for all batteries

 

 

 

are displayed numerically and graphically. For internal

 

 

 

and external battery being attached at the same time the

 

 

 

internal battery is used until it is empty and then the

 

 

 

 

external battery is used.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHIFT

 

The status of the SHIFT key is displayed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quick coding

 

Shows the quick coding configuration. Can be used with

 

 

 

touch screen to turn quick coding on and off.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

User Interface

TPS1200

49

Operation

TPS1200

50

4 Operation

4.1Instrument Setup

Description

This topic describes an instrument setup over a marked ground point using the laser

 

plummet. It is always possible to set up the instrument without the need for a marked

 

ground point.

)Important features:

It is always recommended to shield the instrument from direct sunlight and avoid uneven temperatures around the instrument.

The laser plummet described in this topic is built into the vertical axis of the instrument. It projects a red spot onto the ground, making it appreciably easier to centre the instrument.

The laser plummet cannot be used in conjunction with a tribrach equipped with an optical plummet.

Refer to "TPS1200 Technical Reference Manual" for additional information on using the laser plummet.

Setup step-by-step

 

7

 

 

2

 

 

SHIFT

 

 

 

3

F12

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

1

 

5

 

1

5

4

 

1

 

5

TPS12_019

 

 

 

Step Description

)Shield the instrument from direct sunlight and avoid uneven temperatures around the instrument.

1.Extend the tripod legs to allow for a comfortable working posture. Position the tripod over the marked ground point, centring it as well as possible.

2.Fasten the tribrach and instrument onto the tripod.

Operation

TPS1200

51

Operation

TPS1200

52

Step Description

3.Turn on the instrument by pressing PROG for 2 s. Press SHIFT (F12) to access STATUS Level & Laser Plummet, activating the laser plummet.

4.Move the tripod legs (1) and use the tribrach footscrews (6) to centre the plummet (4) over the ground point.

5.Adjust the tripod legs to level the circular level (7).

6.By using the electronic level turn the tribrach footscrews (6) to precisely level the instrument.

7.Centre the instrument precisely over the ground point (4) by shifting the tribrach on the tripod plate (2).

8.Repeat steps 6. and 7. until the required accuracy is achieved.

4.2Autodetect Behaviour

Description

• The instrument incorporates an autodetect behaviour and automatically detects

 

the following devices:

 

 

SmartAntenna

 

 

RadioHandle

 

 

• radios/modems in clip-on-housings

 

 

• Whenever a device is attached, the instrument responds with two short beeps.

 

• Whenever a device is removed, the instrument responds with one long beep.

 

 

SmartAntenna

• SmartAntenna Adapter cannot be detected by the instrument but the devices

Adapter

that are attached to SmartAntenna Adapter are automatically detected. These

 

devices are SmartAntenna and radios/modems in clip-on-housings.

 

 

 

 

Radio/Modem

• All radios and modems that are built into a clip-on housing are automatically

 

in clip-on housing

detected by the instrument when attached to SmartAntenna Adapter, but the

 

 

device settings are not automatically set.

 

 

 

SmartAntenna

• SmartAntenna is automatically detected by the instrument when it is attached

 

and STATUS Interfaces is automatically updated.

 

 

• Certain functionality can only be executed if SmartAntenna is attached.

 

 

 

 

 

Operation

 

TPS1200

53

Operation

TPS1200

54

In addition to the autodetect behaviour, SmartAntenna can also be manually turned on/off using the ON/OFF button located on the underside. This action overrides all automatic settings but is only possible when SmartAntenna is fitted with an internal battery.

If turned off, SmartAntenna is automatically turned on:

by the Setup application, when <Station Coord: From GPS>

by the GPS Survey application, in the GPS SURVEY screen.

in the STATUS SmartStation menu

RadioHandle

RadioHandle is automatically detected by the instrument when it is attached.

 

When RadioHandle is attached and RCS Mode is activated via the quick settings

 

 

in SHIFT USER, the appropriate port and device settings are set.

 

 

 

4.3Instrument Setup as SmartStation

4.3.1SmartStation Setup

Setup step-by-step

 

 

Step

Description

 

 

)

Refer to "4.5 Battery" to change the internal battery of the SmartAntenna.

 

)

Refer to "4.1 Instrument Setup" for the initial instrument setup onto a

 

tripod. Remove the instrument carry handle by simultaneously pressing

 

 

and holding-in the four push buttons.

 

 

 

TPS12_194

Operation

TPS1200

55

Operation

TPS1200

56

Step Description

1.A circular screw is located at one end of the clip-on-housing. Ensure that the circular screw is in the unlocked position. Turn it anticlockwise, as shown by the lock and arrow symbols on the screw.

2.Slide the clip-on-housing into position underneath the SmartAntenna Adapter, such that the guide rails on the clip-on-housing and the guide rails on the SmartAntenna Adapter are aligned.

)Ensure that the connector located at the end of the clip-on-housing fits into its port of the SmartAntenna Adapter.

3.Lock the circular screw by turning it clockwise, as shown by the lock and arrow symbols on the screw. The clip-on-housing is now locked into position.

4.Thread the antenna onto the clip-on-housing.

TPS12_195

Step Description

5.Place the SmartAntenna Adapter with attached clip-on-housing onto the instrument by simultaneously pressing and holding-in the four push buttons.

)Ensure that the interface connection on the underside of the SmartAntenna Adapter is on the same side as the Communication side cover.

Operation

TPS1200

57

Operation

TPS1200

58

TPS12_209

Step Description

6.Place the SmartAntenna onto the SmartAntenna Adapter by simultaneously pressing and holding-in the two press clips.

)Ensure that the clip-on-contacts on the underside of the SmartAntenna are aligned to the clip-on-contacts of the SmartAntenna Adapter.

4.3.2LED Indicators on SmartAntenna

LED Indicators

Description

 

SmartAntenna has Light Emitting Diode indicators. They indicate the basic antenna

 

status.

 

Diagram of LED Indicators

 

 

BT

 

TRK

PWR

 

 

 

 

 

ON

 

 

PWR

OFF

TRK

BT

 

TPS12_200

TRK

Tracking LED

BT

Bluetooth LED

PWR

Power LED

Operation

TPS1200

59

Operation

 

TPS1200

60

 

Description of LED Indicators

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF the

is

 

THEN

 

 

TRK

off

 

no satellites are tracked.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

flashing green

 

less than four satellites are tracked, a position is not

 

 

 

 

yet available.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

green

 

enough satellites are tracked to compute a position.

 

 

 

 

 

 

BT

green

 

Bluetooth is in data mode and ready for connecting.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

purple

 

Bluetooth is connecting.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

blue

 

Bluetooth has connected.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

flashing blue

 

data is being transferred.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PWR

off

 

power is off.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

green

 

power is okay.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

flashing green

 

power is low. The remaining time for which enough

 

 

 

 

 

power is available depends on the type of survey, the

 

 

 

 

temperature and the age of the battery.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.3.3Working with the Clip-On-Housings for Devices

Devices fitting into Digital cellular phones fitting into a clip-on-housing

a clip-on-housing

 

 

Digital cellular phone

Clip-on-housing

 

 

Siemens MC45

GFU17

 

 

 

 

Siemens MC75

GFU24

 

 

 

 

CDMA MultiTech MTMMC-C (US)

GFU19

 

 

 

 

CDMA MultiTech MTMMC-C (CAN)

GFU25

 

 

 

 

Radios fitting into a clip-on-housing

 

Radio

Clip-on-housing

Pacific Crest PDL, receive

GFU15

 

 

Satelline 3AS, transceive

GFU14

 

 

 

 

Operation

TPS1200

61

Operation

TPS1200

62

Attach/detach a clip-on-housing step-by-step

Insert a SIM card step-by-step

Attach a clip-on-housing

Refer to "4.3.1 SmartStation Setup" for detailed information.

Detach a clip-on-housing

Step Description

1.A circular screw is located at one end of the clip-on-housing. To unlock and release the clip-on-housing from the SmartAntenna Adapter turn the screw anticlockwise, as shown by the lock and arrow symbols on the screw.

2.Slide the clip-on-housing away from the SmartAntenna Adapter until the connector is completely unplugged from its port.

For those digital cellular phones that require SIM cards.

Step Description

1.Take the SIM card, a coin and a pen.

2.Locate the SIM card screw, that covers the SIM card slot, at the end of the clip-on-housing.

3.Insert the coin into the groove of the SIM card screw.

4.Turn the coin anticlockwise to loosen the SIM card screw.

Step Description

5.Remove the SIM card screw from the housing.

6.Using the pen, press the small button of the SIM card slot to eject the SIM card holder.

7.Take the SIM card holder out off the housing.

8.Put the SIM card into the SIM card holder, the chip facing up.

9.Insert the SIM card holder into the SIM card slot, the chip facing the connectors inside the slot.

10.Place the SIM card screw back onto the housing.

11.Insert the coin into the groove of the SIM card screw.

12.Turn the coin clockwise to tighten the SIM card screw.

Operation

TPS1200

63

Operation

TPS1200

64

 

 

 

Remove a SIM card For those digital cellular phones that require SIM cards.

step-by-step

Step Description

1.Take a coin and a pen.

2.Locate the SIM card screw, that covers the SIM card slot, at the end of the clip-on-housing.

3.Insert the coin into the groove of the SIM card screw.

4.Turn the coin anticlockwise to loosen the SIM card screw.

5.Remove the SIM card screw from the housing.

6.Using the pen, press the small button of the SIM card slot to eject the SIM card holder.

7.Take the SIM card holder out off the SIM card slot.

8.Take the SIM card out of the SIM card holder.

9.Put the SIM card holder back into the SIM card slot, the even side not facing the contacts inside the slot.

10.Place the SIM card screw back onto the housing.

11.Turn the coin clockwise to tighten the SIM card screw.

4.3.4LED Indicators on Clip-On-Housings

LED Indicators

Description

 

Each clip-on-housing for a radio or a digital cellular phone has Light Emitting Diode

 

indicators. They indicate the basic device status.

 

Diagram of the LED Indicators

 

a)

Power LED

a b c d

b)

Signal strength LED

 

c)

Data transfer LED

 

d)

Warning LED,

TPS12_211

 

available for Satelline 3AS

Operation

TPS1200

65

Operation

 

TPS1200

66

 

Description of the LED Indicators

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF the

on

 

is

THEN

 

Warning

GFU14 with

 

red

the device is in the configuration

 

LED

Satelline 3AS

 

mode controlled from the PC via

 

 

 

 

 

cable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data

any device

 

off

data is not being transferred.

 

transfer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

green or

data is being transferred.

 

LED

 

 

 

 

 

flashing green

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF the

on

is

THEN

Signal

GFU19 (US),

red

device is on, not registered on

strength

GFU25 (CAN)

 

the network.

LED

with CDMA

 

 

flashing red

device is on, registered on the

 

MultiTech

 

 

network.

 

MTMMC-C

 

 

 

 

 

off

download mode or device is off.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GFU17 with

red

call is in progress.

 

Siemens MC45

 

 

 

red: long flash,

no SIM card inserted, no PIN

 

 

short break

entered or network search, user

 

 

 

authentication or network login in

 

 

 

progress.

 

 

 

 

 

 

red: short flash,

logged onto network, no call in

 

 

long break

progress.

 

 

 

 

 

 

off

device is off.

 

 

 

 

Operation

TPS1200

67

Operation

 

TPS1200

68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF the

on

 

is

THEN

 

 

GFU24 with

 

red

call is in progress.

 

 

Siemens MC75

 

 

 

 

red: long flash, long

no SIM card inserted, no PIN

 

 

 

 

break

entered or network search, user

 

 

 

 

 

authentication or network login in

 

 

 

 

 

progress.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

red: short flash,

logged onto network, no call in

 

 

 

 

long break

progress.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

red: flashing red,

GPRS PDP context activated.

 

 

 

 

long break

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

red: long flash,

Packet switched data transfer is

 

 

 

 

short break

in progress.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

off

device is off.

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF the

on

is

THEN

 

GFU15 with

red or

the communication link, Data

 

Pacific Crest

flashing red

Carrier Detection, is okay on the

 

PDL

 

roving receiver.

 

 

 

 

 

 

off

the DCD is not okay.

 

 

 

 

 

GFU14 with

red or

the communication link, Data

 

Satelline 3AS

flashing red

Carrier Detection, is okay on the

 

 

 

roving receiver.

 

 

 

 

 

 

off

the DCD is not okay.

 

 

 

 

Power

any device

off

power is off.

LED

 

 

 

 

green

power is okay.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operation

TPS1200

69

Operation

TPS1200

70

4.4Instrument Setup for Remote Control

4.4.1Remote Control Setup

Setup step-by-step

1

 

3

2

4

 

2

 

2

TPS12_196

 

Step Description

)Refer to "4.1 Instrument Setup" for the initial instrument setup onto a tripod. Remove the instrument carry handle by simultaneously pressing and holding-in the four push buttons.

1.Place the RadioHandle onto the instrument by simultaneously pressing and holding-in the four push buttons.

Step Description

)Ensure that the interface connection on the underside of the RadioHandle is on the same side as the Communication side cover.

2.Swing the RadioHandle antenna into an upright position.

)Refer to "RX1200 User Manual" for additional information.

Operation

TPS1200

71

Operation

TPS1200

72

4.4.2LED Indicators on RadioHandle

LED Indicators

Description

The RadioHandle has Light Emitting Diode indicators. They indicate the basic

RadioHandle status.

Diagram of the LED Indicators

ab c d

a) Power LED b) Link LED

c) Data Transfer LED d) Mode LED

Description of the LED Indicators

IF the

is

THEN

Power LED

off

power is off.

 

 

 

 

green

power is on.

 

 

 

Link LED

off

no radio link to remote controller.

 

 

 

 

red

radio link to remote controller.

 

 

 

Data Transfer LED

off

no data transfer to/from remote controller.

 

 

 

 

green or

data transfer to/from remote controller.

 

green flashing

 

 

 

 

Mode LED

off

data mode.

 

 

 

 

red

configuration mode.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operation

TPS1200

73

Operation

TPS1200

74

4.5Battery

4.5.1Operating Principles

)Primary use/charging

The battery must be charged prior to using it for the first time because it is delivered with an energy content as low as possible.

For new batteries or batteries that have been stored for a long time (> three months), it is effectual to make only one charge/discharge cycle.

For Li-Ion batteries, a single discharging and charging cycle is sufficient. We recommend carrying out the process when the battery capacity indicated on the charger or on a Leica Geosystems product deviates significantly form the actual battery capacity available.

The permissible temperature range for charging is between 0°C to +40°C/+32°F to +104°F. For optimal charging we recommend charging the batteries at a low ambient temperature of +10°C to +20°C/+50°F to +68°F if possible.

It is normal for the battery to become warm during charging. Using the chargers recommended by Leica Geosystems, it is not possible to charge the battery if the temperature is too high.

Operation/Discharging

The batteries can be operated from -20°C to +55°C/-4°F to +131°F.

Low operating temperatures reduce the capacity that can be drawn; very high operating temperatures reduce the service life of the battery.

Operation

TPS1200

75

Operation

TPS1200

76

4.5.2Instrument Battery

Change battery

step-by-step

3

7

 

 

5

 

1

2

4

6

TPS12_011

Step Description

1.Face the instrument so that the vertical drive screw is on the left. The battery compartment is now on the left side of the instrument. Turn the knob to the vertical position, opening the lid of the battery compartment.

2.Pull out the battery housing.

3.Pull the battery from the battery housing.

4.A pictogram of the battery is displayed inside the battery housing. This is a visual aid to assist in placing the battery correctly.

Step Description

5.Place the battery into the battery housing, ensuring that the contacts are facing outward. Click the battery into position.

6.Place the battery housing into the battery compartment. Push the battery housing in until it fits completely into the battery compartment.

7.Turn the knob to lock the battery compartment. Ensure that the knob is returned to its original horizontal position.

Operation

TPS1200

77

Operation

TPS1200

78

4.5.3SmartAntenna Battery

Change battery

1

2

step-by-step

 

 

3

 

 

4

TPS12_193

 

 

Step

 

Description

) Turn SmartAntenna over to gain access to the battery compartment.

1.

 

Open the battery compartment by pushing the slide fastener in the direc-

 

 

tion of the arrow with the open-lock symbol.

2.

 

Pull out the battery housing. The battery is attached to the housing.

3.

 

Hold the battery housing and pull the battery from the battery housing.

Step Description

4.A polarity of the battery is displayed inside the battery housing. This is a visual aid to assist in placing the battery correctly.

5.Place the battery onto the battery housing, ensuring that the contacts are facing outward. Click the battery into position.

6.Close the battery compartment by pushing the slide fastener in the direction of the arrow with the close-lock symbol.

Operation

TPS1200

79

Operation

TPS1200

80

4.6Working with the CompactFlash Card

)• Keep the card dry.

Use it only within the specified temperature range.

Do not bend the card.

Protect the card from direct impacts.

)Failure to follow these instructions could result in data loss and/or permanent damage to the card.

Insert and remove a CompactFlash card step-by-step

7

1

2

6

5 3

4

TPS12_016

Step Description

1.Face the instrument so that the vertical drive screw is on the left. The CompactFlash card compartment is now on the right side of the instrument. Turn the knob to the vertical position, opening the lid of the CompactFlash card compartment.

2.Open the lid of the CompactFlash card compartment.

3.Pull the front of the CompactFlash card up and take the card out of the lid.

4.Place the lower end of the CompactFlash card at the lower end of the CompactFlash card compartment. The extended edge of the card has to be on the upper side as shown on the pictogram in the CompactFlash card compartment.

5.Press the card down on the lid.

6.Close the lid.

7.Turn the knob to lock the CompactFlash card compartment. The lid is closed correctly when the knob is turned to a horizontal position.

Format a

Formatting the CompactFlash card before starting to store data is required if a

 

CompactFlashcard completely new CompactFlash card is used or if all existing data needs to be

 

step-by-step

deleted.

 

 

 

 

Operation

TPS1200

81

Operation

TPS1200

82

Step Description

1.Main Menu: Tools...\Format Memory Device.

2.TOOLS Format Memory Device <Memory Device: CF Card>

 

<Format Method: Format Quick>

 

Select the memory device to be formatted.

 

 

 

By activating the format command all data will be lost. Make sure that all

) important data on the CompactFlash card has been backed up before

 

formatting the card. Before formatting the internal memory make sure that

 

all important data is first transferred to the PC.

 

 

 

To exit the screen without formatting the memory device, press ESC. This

) returns to the previous screen without execution of any command.

3.

CONT (F1).

 

 

4.

YES (F4) to complete the formatting of the CompactFlash card.

 

 

 

NO (F6) to abort the formatting of the CompactFlash card and return to

) TOOLS Format Memory Device.

5.

Once the formatting of the CompactFlash card is completed the system

 

returns to TPS1200 Main Menu.

 

 

4.7Accessing Survey Application Program

Access

Select Main Menu: Survey.

 

OR

 

Press PROG. Highlight Survey. CONT (F1).

SURVEY

 

 

Survey Begin

CONT (F1)

 

 

To accept changes and access the

 

subsequent screen. The chosen

 

settings become active.

 

CONF (F2)

 

To access SURVEY Configuration.

 

SETUP (F3)

 

Opens SETUP Station Setup to set

 

station and orientation.

 

CSYS (F6)

 

To select a different coordinate

 

system.

Operation

TPS1200

83

Operation

TPS1200

84

 

Description of fields

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field

 

Option

 

Description

 

<Job:>

 

Choicelist

 

The active job. All jobs from Main Menu:

 

 

 

 

 

Manage...\Jobs can be selected.

 

<Coord System:>

 

Output

 

The coordinate system currently attached to the

 

 

 

 

 

selected <Job:>.

 

<Codelist:>

 

Choicelist

 

No codes are stored in the selected <Job:>. All

 

 

 

 

 

codelists from Main Menu:

 

 

 

 

 

Manage...\Codelists can be selected.

 

 

 

Output

 

Codes have already been stored in the selected

 

 

 

 

 

<Job:>. If codes had been copied from a

 

 

 

 

 

System RAM codelist, then the name of the

 

 

 

 

 

codelist is displayed. If codes have not been

 

 

 

 

 

copied from a System RAM codelist but typed in

 

 

 

 

 

manually, then the name of the active job is

 

 

 

 

 

displayed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

<Config Set:>

 

Choicelist

 

The active configuration set. All configuration

 

 

 

 

 

sets from Main Menu: Manage...\Configura-

 

 

 

 

 

tion Sets can be selected.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field

Option

Description

 

 

The instrument has numerous user configura-

 

 

tion parameters and functions. This allows a

 

 

variety of preferences to be addressed. The

 

 

configuration of the parameters and functions

 

 

for an individual measuring technique are

 

 

combined in a configuration set.

 

 

 

<Reflector:>

Choicelist

Displays the active reflector. All reflectors from

 

 

Main Menu: Manage...\Reflectors. All listed

 

 

reflectors can be selected.

 

 

 

<Add. Constant:>

Output

Displays the additive constant stored with the

 

 

chosen reflector.

 

 

 

Next step

CONT (F1) to access SURVEY Survey: Job Name, where measurements can be performed with ALL (F1) or DIST (F2) and/or REC (F3).

Operation

TPS1200

85

Operation

TPS1200

86

4.8Guidelines for Correct Results

General

TPS1200 instruments measure a distance using an invisible infrared laser beam

 

which emerges coaxial from the telescope objective. For application programs

 

without reflector a visible red laser beam is used which emerges in the same

 

manner. The visible red laser beam is available for reflectorless instruments.

)Very short distances may be measured reflectorless with the infrared EDM to well reflecting targets. Note that the distances are corrected with the additive constant defined for the active reflector.

Distance measurement

TPS12_002

When measurements are being made using the red laser EDM, the results may be influenced by objects passing between the EDM and the intended target surface. This occurs because reflectorless measurements are made to the first surface returning sufficient energy to allow the measurement to take place. For example, if the intended target surface is the surface of a road, but a vehicle passes between the EDM and the target surface as DIST (F2) or ALL (F1) is pressed, the measurement may be made to the side of the vehicle. The result is the distance to the vehicle, not to the road surface.

If using the red laser EDM for long range measurements to a prism, and an object passes within 30 m of the EDM as DIST (F2) or ALL (F1) is pressed, the distance measurement may be similarly effected due to the strength of the laser signal.

Due to laser safety regulations and measuring accuracy, using the Long Range Reflectorless EDM is only allowed to prisms that are more than 1000 m (3300 ft) away.

)

)

Accurate measurements to prisms should be made in Infrared EDM mode.

When a distance measurement is triggered, the EDM measures to the object which is in the beam path at that moment. If a temporary obstruction, for example a passing vehicle, heavy rain, fog or snow is between the instrument and the point to be measured, the EDM may measure to the obstruction.

Operation

TPS1200

87

Operation

TPS1200

88

)Do not measure with two instruments to the same target simultaneously to avoid getting mixed return signals.

ATR/lock

Instruments equipped with an ATR sensor permit automatic angle and distance

 

measurements to prisms. The prism is sighted with the optical sight. After initiating

 

a distance measurement, the instrument sights the prism centre automatically.

 

Vertical and horizontal angles and the distance are measured to the centre of the

 

prism. The lock mode enables the instrument to follow a moving prism.

)As with all other instrument errors, the collimation error of the automatic target recognition must be redetermined periodically. Refer to "5 Check & Adjust" about checking and adjusting instruments.

)When a measurement is triggered while the prism is still moving, distance and angle measurements may not be made for the same position and wrong coordinates may be calculated.

)If the prism location is changed too quickly, the target may be lost. Make sure that the speed does not exceed the figure given in the technical data.

Operation

TPS1200

89

Check & Adjust

TPS1200

90

5 Check & Adjust

5.1Overview

Description

Electronic adjustment

Leica instruments are manufactured, assembled and adjusted to the best possible quality. Quick temperature changes, shock or stress can cause deviations and decrease the instrument accuracy.

It is therefore recommended to check and adjust the instrument from time to time. This can be done in the field by running through specific measurement procedures. The procedures are guided and have to be followed carefully and precisely as described in the following chapters. Some other instrument errors and mechanical parts can be adjusted mechanically.

The following instrument errors can be checked and adjusted electronically:

l, t

Compensator longitudinal and transversal index errors

i

Vertical index error, related to the standing axis

c

Hz collimation error, also called line of sight error

a

Tilting axis error

ATR

ATR zero point error for Hz and V - option

 

Every angle measured in the daily work is corrected automatically if the compensator

 

and the Hz-corrections are activated in the instrument configuration. Select Main

 

Menu: Config...\Instrument Settings...\Compensator to check the settings.

 

 

View current

The currently used adjustment errors can be viewed under Main Menu:

adjustment errors

Tools.../Check & Adjust...\Current Values.

 

 

Mechanical

The following instrument parts can be adjusted mechanically:

adjustment

• Circular level on instrument and tribrach

 

• Visible red laser beam of reflectorless EDM - option

 

• Laser plummet

 

• Optical plummet - option on tribrach

 

• Allen screws on tripod

Precise measurements

To get precise measurements in the daily work, it is important:

To check and adjust the instrument from time to time.

To take high precision measurements during the check and adjust procedures.

To measure targets in two faces. Some of the instrument errors are eliminated by averaging the angles from both faces.

Refer to "5.2 Preparation" to find more important points.

Check & Adjust

TPS1200

91

Check & Adjust

TPS1200

92

)During the manufacturing process, the instrument errors are carefully determined and set to zero. As mentioned above, these errors can change and it is highly recommended to redetermine them in the following situations:

Before the first use

Before every high precision survey

After rough or long transportations

After long working periods

After long storage periods

If the temperature difference between current environment and the temperature at the last calibration is more than 20°C

Summary of errors to be adjusted electronically

Instrument error

Effects

Effects

Elimination

Automatically

 

Hz

V

with two face

corrected with

 

 

 

measurement

proper adjust-

 

 

 

 

ment

c - Line of sight error

9

---

9

9

a - Tilting axis error

9

---

9

9

l - Compensator index

---

9

9

9

error

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

t - Compensator index

9

---

9

9

error

 

 

 

 

i - V-Index error

---

9

9

9

ATR Collimation error

9

9

---

9

 

 

 

 

 

Check & Adjust

TPS1200

93

Check & Adjust

TPS1200

94

5.2Preparation

)

 

 

Before determining the instrument errors, the instrument has to be levelled-

 

 

 

 

up using the electronic level. SHIFT F12 to access STATUS Level & Laser

 

 

 

Plummet, Level page.

 

 

 

The tribrach, the tripod and the underground should be very stable and

 

 

 

secure from vibrations or other disturbances.

)

 

 

 

 

 

The instrument should be protected from direct sunlight in order to avoid

 

 

 

 

thermal warming.

It is also recommended to avoid strong heat shimmer and air turbulence.

The best conditions are usually early in the morning or with overcast sky.

)Before starting to work, the instrument has to become acclimatised to the ambient temperature. Approximately two minutes per °C of temperature difference from storage to working environment but at least 15 min should be taken into account.

)Note, that even after good adjustment of the ATR, the crosshairs might not be positioned exactly on the centre of the prism after an ATR measurement has been executed. This is a normal effect. To speed up the ATR measurement, the telescope is normally not positioned exactly on the centre of the prism. The small rest deviations, the ATR offsets are measured individually for each measurement and

corrected electronically. This means that the Hzand V- angles are corrected twice: first by the determined ATR errors for Hz and V and then by the individual small deviations of the current pointing.

Next step

 

 

IF the task is to

THEN

 

 

adjust a combination of

Refer to "5.3 Combined Adjustment (l, t, i, c and ATR)"

 

instrument errors

 

 

 

 

 

adjust the tilting axis

Refer to "5.4 Tilting Axis Adjustment (a)"

 

 

 

 

adjust the circular level

Refer to "5.5 Adjustment of the Circular Level"

 

 

 

 

adjust the EDM

Refer to "5.6 Adjustment of the Reflectorless EDM"

 

 

 

 

adjust the laser/optical

Refer to "5.7 Adjustment of the Laser Plummet"

 

plummet

 

 

 

 

 

adjust the tripod

Refer to "5.8 Service of the Tripod"

 

 

 

 

 

 

Check & Adjust

TPS1200

95

Check & Adjust

TPS1200

96

5.3Combined Adjustment (l, t, i, c and ATR)

Description

Combined adjustment procedure step-by-step

The combined adjustment procedure determines the following instrument errors in one process:

l, t

Compensator longitudinal and transversal index errors

i

Vertical index error, related to the standing axis

c

Hz collimation error, also called line of sight error

ATR Hz

ATR zero point error for Hz angle - option

ATR V

ATR zero point error for V angle - option

The following table explains the most common settings.

Step Description

1.Main Menu: Tools...\Check & Adjust...

2.TOOLS Check & Adjust Menu

Select the option: Combined (l,t,i,c,ATR)

3.TOOLS Combined I

Step Description

<ATR Adjust: On> Includes the determination of the ATR Hz and V adjustment errors if an ATR is available.

)It is recommended to use a clean Leica circular prism as target. Do not use a 360° prism.

4.

m ~100

Aim the telescope accurately at a target at about 100 m distant. The target must be positioned within

± 9°/± 10 gon of the horizontal plane. The procedure can be started in any telescope face.

± 9°

TPS12_024

Check & Adjust

TPS1200

97

Check & Adjust

TPS1200

98

Step Description

5.MEAS (F1) to measure and to continue to the next screen.

 

 

Motorised instruments change auto-

 

 

matically to the other face.

 

180°

Non-motorised instruments guide to

 

 

the other face.

 

 

The fine pointing has to be

 

180°

performed)

manually in both faces.

 

TPS12_025

 

 

6.

TOOLS Combined II

 

 

 

MEAS (F1) to measure the same target in the other face and to calculate

 

the instrument errors.

 

 

 

If one or more errors are bigger than the predefined limits, the procedure

) has to be repeated. All measurements of the current run are rejected and

 

none of them is averaged with the results from previous runs.

7.

TOOLS Adjustment Accuracy

 

 

Step

Description

 

<No.of Meas:> Shows the number of runs executed. One run consists of

 

a measurement in face I and face II.

 

<σ l Comp:> and similar lines show the standard deviations of the deter-

 

mined adjustment errors. The standard deviations can be calculated from

 

the second run onwards.

 

 

)

It is recommended to measure at least two runs.

8.

MEAS (F5) if more runs have to be added. Continue with step 3.

 

OR

 

CONT (F1) to accept the measurements and to proceed to TOOLS

 

Adjustment Results. No more runs can be added later.

 

 

 

 

Check & Adjust

TPS1200

99

Check & Adjust

 

TPS1200

100

Next step

 

 

 

IF the results are

THEN

 

 

 

 

to be stored

CONT (F1) overwrites the old adjustment errors with the new

 

 

ones, if the Use status is set to Yes.

 

 

 

 

 

to be determined

REDO (F2) rejects all new determined adjustment errors and

 

again

repeats the whole procedure. Refer to step 3. of paragraph

 

 

"Combined adjustment procedure step-by-step".