Desa 107625-01, 11174-01, 107624-02, 107625-02 User Manual

0 (0)
®
ELECTRIC CHAIN SAW OWNER’S MANUAL
L
O
O
S
E
N
L
O
O
S
E
N
T
I
G
H
T
E
N
T
I
G
H
T
E
N
T
I
G
H
T
E
N
T
I
G
H
T
E
N
Approx. 1/8"
Guide Bar
IMPORTANT!
Failure to follow these instructions when tensioning saw chain will damage saw and void the warranty. For additional informa­tion see owner’s manual or call 1-800-858-8501.
New saw chains will stretch. Check chain tension frequently when first used and tighten when chain becomes loose around guide bar.
WARNING: Unplug saw
and allow chain to cool before tensioning.
ENGLISH
Loose Chain...
bar, allow chain to cool then...
Step
Models 107624-01
and 107624-02
2a
OR
Turn chain tensioning screw clock­wise to tension saw chain...
Step
Step
Loosen both nuts...If chain becomes loose around guide
Step
Models 107625-01,
107625-02, and
111174-01
2a
Turn chain tensioning knob clock­wise to tension saw chain...
Step
FRANÇAISESPAÑOL
2b
Pull chain to check tension. Guide links should not come out of guide bar groove...
See pages 8 and 9 for additional information.
Make sure chain moves freely around guide bar then tighten both nuts.
®
ELECTRIC CHAIN SAW
3.5
16
"/4
1c
m
P
e
a
k
H
P
H
P
d
e
P
o
in
te
H
P
M
á
x
im
o
OWNER’S MANUAL
ENGLISH
MODELS EL-8: 107624-01, 107624-02, 107625-01, 107625-02, 111174-01
IMPORTANT: Read and understand this manual before assem­bling or operating this chain saw. Improper use of saw can cause severe injury. Keep this manual for future reference.
Contents
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION .............................................................................. 3
Before Operating Saw ....................................................................................................................... 3
While Operating Saw ......................................................................................................................... 3
Kickback ............................................................................................................................................
Maintenance and Storage of Chain Saw ...........................................................................................
UNPACKING ....................................................................................................................... 6
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION .............................................................................................
CHAIN SAW NAMES AND TERMS ....................................................................................
ASSEMBLY .........................................................................................................................
SAW CHAIN TENSION ADJUSTMENT ..............................................................................
OPERATING CHAIN SAW ..................................................................................................
Filling Oil Tank ................................................................................................................................... 9
Oiling Chain ....................................................................................................................................... 9
Extension Cords .............................................................................................................................. 10
Cutting with the Chain Saw ............................................................................................................. 10
Felling a Tree (Cutting Down a Tree) ...............................................................................................
Limbing a Tree .................................................................................................................................
Bucking a Log ..................................................................................................................................
Trimming a Tree (Pruning) ...............................................................................................................
CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE ................................................................................... 14
Cleaning Saw Body ......................................................................................................................... 14
Care of Guide Bar ........................................................................................................................... 14
Sharpening Saw Chain ....................................................................................................................
Replacing Saw Chain ......................................................................................................................
STORAGE ......................................................................................................................... 16
TECHNICAL SERVICE .....................................................................................................
REPLACEMENT PARTS AND ACCESSORIES ...............................................................
REPAIR SERVICE .............................................................................................................
Warranty Service ............................................................................................................................. 16
Non-Warranty Service ..................................................................................................................... 16
TROUBLESHOOTING ...................................................................................................... 17
WARRANTY INFORMATION ............................................................................................
PARTS CENTRAL/CENTRAL DE PIEZAS/DÉPÔT DE PIÈCES .....................................
ILLUSTRATED PARTS BREAKDOWN/DESGLOSE ILUSTRADO DE PARTES/SCHÉMA
DES PIÈCES ..................................................................................................................... 60
Models/Modelos/Modèles 107624-01 & 107624-02 ........................................................................ 60
ILLUSTRATED PARTS BREAKDOWN/DESGLOSE ILUSTRADO DE PARTES/SCHÉMA
DES PIÈCES ..................................................................................................................... 62
Models/Modelos/Modèles 107625-01, 107625-02, & 111174-01 .................................................... 62
11 12 12 13
14 15
4 5
6 6 7 8 9
www.desatech.com
2
107705
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
WARNING: When using an electric chain saw, basic safety precautions should always be followed to reduce the risk of fire, electric shock, and injury to persons, including the following:
READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS.
Make sure you read and understand all in structions in Important Safety Information on pages 3 through 5. Improper use of this chain saw can cause severe injury or death from fire, electrical shock, body contact with moving chain, or falling wood.
BEFORE OPERATING SAW
1. Read and understand this owner’s manual before operating chain saw.
2. Watch what you are doing. Use common sense. Do not operate saw when you are tired.
3. Use chain saw for cutting wood only. Do not use chain saw for purpose not intended. Do not use for cutting plastic, masonry, etc.
4. Only well-instructed adults should operate chain saw. Never allow children to operate chain saw.
5. Use only electrical voltage noted on model plate of chain saw.
6. Use only extension cords marked for outdoor use. See page 10 for extension cord requirements.
7. Do not operate chain saw
• while under the influence of alcohol, medica
tion, or drugs
• in rain or in damp or wet areas
• where highly flammable liquids or gases are
present
• if saw is damaged, adjusted wrong, or not fully
and securely assembled
• if trigger does not turn saw on and off. Chain
must stop moving when you release trigger. Have faulty switch replaced by authorized ser vice center (see Technical Service, page 16).
• while in a hurry
• while in tree or on a ladder unless trained to
do so
8. Wear snug-fitting clothes when operating chain saw. Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry. They can get caught in moving saw chain.
9. Wear the following safety gear when operating chain saw.
• heavy-duty gloves (wear rubber gloves when
working outdoors)
• steel-toed safety footwear with non-skid soles
• eye protection such as safety glasses, goggles,
or face screen
107705
-
• safety hard hat
• ear mufflers or ear plugs
• hair covering to contain long hair
• face or dust mask (if working in dusty areas)
10. Before cutting, always provide the following:
• clear work area
• secure footing
• planned retreat path from falling tree
11. Inspect tree before cutting down. Make sure there are no dead limbs or branches that may fall on you.
12. To reduce the risk of electric shock, this saw has a polarized plug (one blade is wider than the other). This plug will fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet of your extension cord, reverse the plug. If it still does not fit, a polarized extension cord will be necessary. Do not change the plug in any way.
WHILE OPERATING SAW
1. Stay alert. Use common sense while operating chain saw.
2. Keep work area clean. Cluttered areas invite injuries.
3. Be aware of extension cord while operating chain saw. Be careful not to trip over cord. Keep cord away from chain and operator at all times.
4. Keep children, animals, and bystanders away from chain saw and extension cord. Only chain saw user should be in work area.
5. Do not cut down a tree unless you are trained or have expert help.
6. If two or more persons perform bucking and fell ing operations at the same time, provide plenty of distance between operations. Provide distance
-
of at least twice the height of tree being felled.
7. Secure wood you are cutting by using clamps or chocks.
8. Grip chain saw firmly with both hands. Never operate chain saw with one hand. Never use hand guard as handle.
9. Keep finger off trigger until ready to make cut.
10. Before starting chain saw, make sure chain is not touching anything.
-
11. To guard against electrical shock, avoid body contact with grounded objects such as pipes, fences, and metal posts.
12. Keep all parts of body away from chain when saw is running.
13. Do not force chain saw while cutting. Apply light pressure. It will do the job better and safer at the rate for which it was intended.
14. Cut small brush and saplings with extreme care. Slender material may catch in chain and be whipped toward you. This could also pull you off balance.
Continued
3
www.desatech.com
ENGLISH
-
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Continued
15. When cutting limb or tree trunk that is under tension, use extreme caution. Be alert for wood springing back. When wood tension is released, limb could spring back and strike operator caus ing severe injury or death.
16. Carry chain saw from one place to another
• with saw stopped and unplugged
• by holding front handle (never use hand guard
as handle)
• with finger off trigger
• with guide bar and chain to rear
KICKBACK
WARNING: Kickback may occur when the nose or tip of the guide bar touches an object, or when the wood closes in and pinches the saw chain in the cut. Tip contact in some cases may cause a
-
lightning fast reverse reaction, kicking the guide bar up and back towards the opera tor. Pinching the saw chain along the top of the guide bar may push the guide bar rapidly back towards the operator. Either of these reactions may cause you to lose control of the saw which could result in serious injury to user.
-
WARNING: This product contains chemicals known to the State of Cali fornia to cause cancer or birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
WARNING: Some dust created by power sanding, sawing, grinding, drill ing, and other construction activities contains chemicals known (to the state of California) to cause cancer, birth de fects, or other reproductive harm. Some examples of these chemicals are:
• lead from lead-based paints
• crystalline silica from bricks and ce
ment and other masonry products
• arsenic and chromium from chemically-
treated lumber
Your risk from these exposures varies, depending on how often you do this type of work. To reduce your exposure to these chemicals: work in a well ventilated area, and work with approved safety equipment, such as those dust masks that are specially designed to filter out microscopic particles.
Kickback Safety Devices On This Saw
This saw has a low-kickback chain and reduced
-
kickback guide bar. Both items reduce the chance of kickback. Kickback can still occur with this saw. Follow assembly instructions on pages 7 and 8. Do not remove front hand guard. Do not replace front hand guard with substitute.
-
The following steps will reduce the risk of kickback.
• Use both hands to grip saw while saw is running. Use firm grip. Thumbs and fingers must wrap
-
around saw handles.
• Keep all safety items in place on saw. Make sure they work properly.
• Do not overreach or cut above shoulder height.
• Keep solid footing and balance at all times.
-
• Stand slightly to left side of saw. This keeps your body from being in direct line with chain.
• Do not let guide bar nose touch anything when chain is moving (see Figure 1).
Direction
Do Not Let Guide Bar Touch Here
www.desatech.com
90° Quadrant
Figure 1 - Kickback Hazard Example: Do Not Let Nose of Guide Bar Touch Object While Chain is Moving
4
107705
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Continued
• Never try cutting through two logs at same time. Only cut one log at a time.
• Do not bury guide bar nose or try plunge cut (boring into wood using guide bar nose).
• Watch for shifting of wood or other forces that may pinch chain.
• Use extreme caution when reentering a previous cut.
• Use low-kickback chain and guide bar supplied with this chain saw. Only replace these parts with chains and guide bars listed in this manual.
• Never use dull or loose chain. Keep chain sharp with proper tension.
Saw Maintenance and Kickback Safety
Follow maintenance instructions in this manual. Proper cleaning of saw and chain and guide bar maintenance can reduce chances of kickback. Inspect and maintain saw after each use. This will increase the service life of your saw. Note: Even with proper sharpening, risk of kickback can increase with each sharpening.
MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE OF CHAIN SAW
1. Unplug chain saw from power source
• when not in use
• before moving from one place to another
• before servicing
• before changing accessories or attachments, such as saw chain and guard
2. Inspect chain saw before and after each use. Check saw closely if guard or other part has been damaged. Check for any damage that may affect operator safety or operation of saw. Check for alignment or binding of moving parts. Check for broken or damaged parts. Do not use chain saw if damage affects safety or operation. Have damage repaired by authorized service center.
3. Maintain chain saw with care.
• Never expose saw to rain.
• Keep chain sharp, clean, and lubricated for
better and safer performance.
• Follow steps outlined in this manual to sharpen
chain.
• Keep handles dry, clean, and free of oil and
grease.
• Keep all screws and nuts tight.
• Inspect power cord often. If damaged, have
repaired by authorized service center.
• Never carry chain saw by power cord.
• Never yank power cord to unplug it.
• Keep power cord from heat, oil, and sharp
edges.
• Inspect extension cords often and replace if
damaged.
4. When servicing, use only identical replacement parts.
5. When not in use, always store chain saw
• in a high or locked place, out of children’s
reach
• in a dry place
• in a carrying case or with scabbard over guide
bar Save these instructions. It is your guide to safe and proper operation of this chain saw.
ENGLISH
107705
5
www.desatech.com
UNPACKING
1. Remove all items from carton.
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
Switch Lockout
Rear Handle
Oil Cap
Oil Level Sight
2. Check all items for any shipping damage. If you
find any damage or if any parts are missing, call Technical Services at 1-800-858-8501 for prompt service.
Front Handle with Hand Guard
Power Cord
Cord Hitch
Figure 2 - Chain Saw Model 107624-01, -02
Switch Lockout
Rear Handle
Power Cord
Cord Hitch
Figure 3 - Chain Saw Model 107625-01, -02, 111174-01
CHAIN SAW NAMES AND TERMS
Bucking
Process of cutting a felled tree or log into
lengths.
Chock
Block or wedge used to secure wood from
moving.
Felling
Process of cutting down a tree.
Felling Cut
cut on opposite side of tree from notching cut.
Front Handle Front Hand Guard
guide bar. Protects left hand while using saw.
Guide Bar
The guide bar supports and guides chain.
Guide Bar Nose Kickback
guide bar. Kickback may occur when tip of guide bar touches an object while chain is moving. The guide bar will kick up and back towards operator.
Limbing Low-Kickback Chain
kickback as required by ANSI B175.1.
Normal Cutting Position
Final cut when felling a tree. Make this
Located at front of saw body.
Shield between front handle and
Metal bar that extends from saw body.
Tip or end of guide bar.
Quick backward and upward motion of
Process of cutting limb(s) from a felled tree.
Chain that reduces chance of
Stance used while making
Trigger
Oil Cap
Trigger
Chain Tensioning Screw
Oil Level Sight
Chain Tensioning Knob
Notching Cut Oiler Control Power Head
Also known as saw body.
Pushback (Kickback, Pinch)
saw. Pushback may occur if chain along top of guide bar is pinched, caught, or contacts a foreign object.
Rear Handle Reduced Kickback Guide Bar
duces chance of kickback.
Replacement Chain
B175.1 when used with a specific saw. It may not meet ANSI requirements when used with other saws.
Saw Chain (Chain)
teeth for cutting wood. The motor drives chain. The guide bar supports chain.
Spiked Bumper (Spike)
saw body beside guide bar. Keep spiked bumper in contact with wood when felling or bucking. It helps maintain position of saw while cutting.
Sprocket Switch
circuit to motor of saw.
bucking and felling cuts.
www.desatech.com
6
Guide Bar Nose
Saw Chain
Guide Bar
Front Handle with Hand Guard
Guide Bar Nose
Saw Chain
Guide Bar
Notch cut in tree that directs fall of tree.
System for oiling guide bar and chain.
Chain saw without chain and guide bar.
Rapid pushback of chain
Handle located at rear of saw body.
Guide bar that re-
Chain that complies with ANSI
Loop of chain having cutting
Pointed teeth at front of
Toothed wheel that drives chain.
Device that completes or interrupts electrical
107705
CHAIN SAW NAMES AND TERMS
Continued
Switch Linkage
ger. It moves switch when you squeeze trigger.
Switch Lockout
starting of saw.
Trigger
trigger turns saw on. Releasing trigger turns saw off.
Trimming (Pruning)
a living tree.
Undercut
limb. This is done while in normal cutting position and cutting with top of guide bar.
This device connects switch to trig-
Device that reduces accidental
Device that turns saw on and off. Squeezing
Process of cutting limb(s) from
An upward cut from underside of log or
ASSEMBLY
Note: Some models are pre-assembled. Assembly is not needed on these models.
Saw Chain Tension Adjustment, pages 8 and 9.
See
WARNING: Cutting edges on chain are sharp. Use protective gloves when handling chain.
IMPORTANT: Do not clamp chain saw in vise during assembly.
1. Lay chain out flat.
2. Loosen and remove guide bar nuts and sprocket cover.
3. Loosen and remove drive sprocket screw or re move E-ring from shaft (see Figure 4). Remove sprocket support.
Drive Sprocket
4. Install guide bar onto saw body. Assemble center slot of guide bar onto guide bar bolts.
5. To replace sprocket support, repeat step 3 in reverse order. Firmly tighten drive sprocket screw with #2 Phillips screwdriver (if applicable).
6. Place chain around drive sprocket, along top groove of guide bar, and around guide bar nose. Note: Make sure cutting edges of chain are fac­ing in right direction. Position chain so cutting edges on top of guide bar face guide bar nose (see Figure 4, and indicator on side cover of saw).
CAUTION: Do not place chain on saw backwards. If chain is backwards, saw will vibrate badly and will not cut.
7. Insert tab of sprocket cover into slot on side cover and rotate sprocket cover onto guide bar bolts until sprocket cover rests against guide bar.
8. Place guide bar nuts, removed in step 2, over guide bar bolts.
IMPORTANT: Tighten guide bar nuts finger tight
only.
9. Turning chain tensioning knob (Model 107625­01, -02, 111174-01) or chain tensioning screw (Model 107624-01, -02), adjust position of adjustment block until it is aligned and inserted into the round adjusting hole on guide bar (see Figure 4 and Figures 5 and 6, page 8). Turning chain tensioning knob or chain tensioning screw counterclockwise will move adjustment block to rear of guide bar. Turning chain tensioning knob or chain tensioning screw clockwise will move
­adjustment block to front of guide bar.
10. If needed, readjust guide bar nuts to finger tight only.
11. Adjust saw chain tension. Follow steps under
Saw Chain Tension Adjustment,
pages 8 and 9.
ENGLISH
Sprocket Support
Drive Sprocket Screw or E-Ring
Sprocket Cover
Guide Bar Nuts
Figure 4 - Assembling Guide Bar and Chain
107705
Adjusting Hole
7
Guide Bar Bolts
Guide Bar
Saw Chain
Towards Guide Bar Nose
Cutting Edge
Continued
www.desatech.com
ASSEMBLY
L
O
O
S
E
N
L
O
O
S
E
N
T
I
G
H
T
E
N
Continued
Adjustment Block
Chain Tensioning Screw
Figure 5 - Turn Chain Tensioning Screw on Model 107624-01, -02
Adjustment Block
Figure 6 - Turn Chain Tensioning Knob on Model 107625-01, -02, 111174-01
E-Ring
Chain Tensioning Knob
SAW CHAIN TENSION ADJUSTMENT
If chain becomes loose around guide bar, allow chain to cool then...
WARNING: Unplug chain saw from power source before adjusting saw chain tension.
WARNING: Cutting edges on chain are sharp. Use protective gloves when handling chain.
WARNING: Maintain proper chain ten­sion always. A loose chain will increase the risk of kickback. A loose chain may jump out of guide bar groove. This may injure operator and damage chain. A loose chain will cause chain, guide bar, and sprocket to wear rapidly.
IMPORTANT!
Failure to follow these instructions when tensioning saw chain will damage saw and void the warranty. For additional information call 1-800-858-8501. New saw chains will stretch. Check chain tension frequently when first used and tighten when chain becomes loose around guide bar.
www.desatech.com
Loosen both nuts...
Models 107624-01
and 107624-02
Turn chain tensioning screw clockwise to tension saw chain or...
8
107705
T
I
G
H
T
E
N
Approx.
1/8"
T
I
G
H
T
E
N
T
I
G
H
T
E
N
SAW CHAIN TENSION ADJUSTMENT
Continued
Models 107625-01,
107625-02, and
111174-01
Turn chain tensioning knob clockwise to tension saw chain...
Guide Bar
Pull chain to check tension. Guide links should not come out of guide bar groove...
OPERATING CHAIN SAW
WARNING: Read and understand this owner’s manual before operating this saw. Make certain you read and understand all Important Safety Information, pages 3 through 5. Improper use of this chain saw can cause severe injury or death from fire, electrical shock, or body contact with moving chain, or falling wood.
FILLING OIL TANK
1. Remove oil cap.
2. Fill oil tank with SAE #30 motor oil. temperatures below 30°F, use SAE #10 oil. For temperatures above 75°F, use SAE #40 oil.
3. Replace oil cap at once. Tighten oil cap firmly for good seal. This will avoid oil seepage from tank.
4. Wipe off excess oil.
It is normal for oil to seep when saw is not in use.
Note:
Empty oil tank after each use to prevent seepage.
OILING CHAIN Manual Oil System
Always check oil level before using saw. Do not attempt to operate the oil system while saw is in operation. To oil chain, press squeeze bulb. Oil will feed onto the guide bar and chain. Press squeeze bulb at least once before each cut. Check oil level often by looking at oil sight window (see Figure 7).
Automatic Oil System
Chain saw Model 107625-01, -02, 111174-01 is equipped with an automatic oiling system. It will provide adequate lubrication to the guide bar and saw chain. Check oil level every 15 minutes of cutting time. Oil level can be seen in oil sight window (see Figure 8, page 10).
Note: For
ENGLISH
Make sure chain moves freely around guide bar then tighten both nuts.
107705
Oil Squeeze Bulb
Oil Sight Window
Figure 7 - Oil Squeeze Bulb and Oil Sight Window Location for Model 107624-01, -02
Continued
9
www.desatech.com
OPERATING CHAIN SAW
Continued
Oil Sight Window
Figure 8 - Oil Sight Window Location for Model 107625-01, -02, 111174-01
EXTENSION CORDS
Use proper extension cords with this saw. Use only extension cords marked for outdoor use. The cord must be marked with suffix W or W-A following the cord type designation. Example: SJTW-A or SJTW. Use proper sized cord with this saw. Cord must be heavy enough to carry current needed. An undersized cord will cause voltage drop at saw. Saw will lose power and over heat. Follow cord size requirements listed below.
Cord Length AWG Cord Size 25 feet 16 AWG
50 feet 16 AWG 100 feet 14 AWG 150 feet 12 AWG
Models EL-8: 107624-01, -02; 107625-01, -02, 111174-01
Keep cord away from cutting area. Make sure cord does not catch on branches or logs during cutting. Inspect cords often. Replace damaged cords. This chain saw is designed with an extension cord hitch that prevents the extension cord from being pulled loose during use. To use, form a loop with the end of the extension cord, insert loop into slot in rear of handle, and place loop over cord hitch (see Figure 9). Gently pull loop against cord hitch until slack is removed. Plug extension cord into chain saw cord.
Power Cord
CUTTING WITH THE CHAIN SAW
1. Connect saw to extension cord. Connect exten­sion cord to power supply.
2. Make sure section of log to be cut is not laying on ground. This will keep chain from touching ground as it cuts through log. Touching ground with moving chain will dull chain.
3. Use both hands to grip saw. Always use left hand to grip front handle and right hand to grip rear handle. Use firm grip. Thumbs and fingers must wrap around saw handles (see Figure 10).
4. Make sure your footing is firm. Keep feet apart. Divide your weight evenly on both feet.
5. When ready to make a cut, push the lockout button completely forward with the right thumb and squeeze the trigger (see Figure 10). This will turn saw on. Releasing trigger will turn saw off. Make sure saw is running at full speed before starting a cut.
6. When starting a cut, place moving chain against wood. Hold saw firmly in place to avoid possible bouncing or skating (sideways movement) of saw.
-
7. Guide saw using light pressure. Do not force saw. The motor will overload and can burn out. It will do the job better and safer at the rate for which it was intended.
8. Remove saw from a cut with saw running at full speed. Stop saw by releasing trigger. Make sure chain has stopped before setting saw down.
9. Practice until you can maintain a steady, even cutting rate.
Switch Lockout Button
Trigger
Figure 10 - Lockout Button and Trigger Location
Cord Hitch
Extension Cord
Figure 9 - Looping Extension Cord over Cord Hitch
www.desatech.com
10
107705
OPERATING CHAIN SAW
Continued
FELLING A TREE (Cutting Down a Tree)
WARNING:
• Avoid kickback. Kickback can result in se vere injury or death. See Kickback, pages 4 and 5, to avoid risk of kickback.
• Do not fell a tree without ample skill or expert help.
• Keep children, animals, and bystanders away from area when felling a tree.
• If two or more persons perform buck ing and felling operations at the same time, provide ample distance between operations. Provide distance of at least twice the height of tree being felled.
WARNING: When felling a tree, be aware of your surroundings. Do not endanger any person, strike utility lines, or cause property damage. If tree strikes utility lines, contact utility company at once.
Felling is the process of cutting down a tree. Make sure your footing is firm. Keep feet apart. Divide your weight evenly on both feet. Follow directions below to fell a tree.
Before Felling a Tree
1. Before felling, inspect tree. Make sure there are no dead limbs or branches that may fall on you. Study natural lean of tree, location of larger branches, and wind direction. This will help you judge which way tree will fall.
2. Clear work area around tree.
3. Plan and clear a retreat path before felling. Make retreat path opposite to planned direction of fall of tree and at 45° angle (see Figure 11).
Retreat Path
Direction of Fall
-
-
4. Remove dirt, stones, loose bark, nails, staples, and wire from tree where you will make felling cuts.
5. Stay on uphill side when felling tree. Tree could roll or slide downhill after falling.
Felling Procedure A) Felling Notch
A properly placed felling notch will determine direc­tion tree will fall. Place felling notch on side of tree in direction you want tree to fall (see Figure 12). Follow directions below to create a felling notch.
1. Make lower notch cut as close to ground as pos sible. Hold saw so guide bar is horizontal. Cut 1/3 the diameter of tree trunk (see Figure 12). Note: Always make this horizontal lower notch cut first. If you make this cut second, tree can pinch chain or guide bar.
2. Start upper notch cut the same distance above first cut as first cut is deep.
Example: If lower notch cut is eight inches deep,
start upper notch cut eight inches above it. Cut downward at 45° angle. The upper notch cut should meet end of lower notch cut (see Figure 12).
3. Remove tree trunk wedge created by notching cuts.
B) Felling Cut
1. Make felling cut two inches higher than lower notch cut and on opposite side of tree (see Figure
12). Keep felling cut parallel to lower notch cut.
2. Cut towards notch.
WARNING: Do not cut all the way through tree. Leave about two inches of tree diameter uncut directly behind felling notch (see Figure 12). This uncut portion acts as a hinge. The hinge helps keep tree from twisting and falling in wrong direction.
3rd Cut ­Felling Cut
2"(5 cm)
2"
(5 cm)
Hinge
Direction of Fall
2nd Cut - Upper Notch Cut 1st Cut - Lower Notch Cut
ENGLISH
-
45°
Retreat Path
Figure 11 - Retreat Path From Tree
107705
Tree
Figure 12 - Felling A Tree
11
Continued
www.desatech.com
OPERATING CHAIN SAW
Continued
3. As felling cut nears hinge, tree should begin to fall. Note: If needed, drive wedges into felling cut to control direction of fall. If tree settles back and pinches chain, drive wedges into felling cut to re move saw. Only use wedges made of wood, plastic, or aluminum. Never use wedge made of steel. This could cause kickback and damage to chain.
4. When tree begins to fall, quickly
• remove saw from felling cut
• release trigger to turn saw off
• put saw down
• exit area using retreat path
WARNING: Be alert for falling over­head limbs. Watch your footing while exiting area.
LIMBING A TREE
WARNING: Avoid kickback. Kickback can result in severe injury or death. See Kickback, pages 4 and 5, to avoid risk of kickback.
WARNING: When cutting limb that is under tension, use extreme caution. Be alert for wood springing back. When wood tension is released, limb could spring back and strike operator causing severe injury or death.
Limbing is removing branches from a fallen tree. Make sure your footing is firm. Keep feet apart. Divide your weight evenly on both feet. Do not remove larger limbs under tree that support log off ground. Remove each limb with one cut (see Figure
13). Clear cut limbs from work area often. This will help maintain a safe work area. Make sure you start your cut where limb will not pinch saw during cutting. To avoid pinching, start cut on freely hanging limbs from above limb. Start cut on limbs under tension from under limb. If pinch occurs, turn saw off, lift limb, and remove saw.
BUCKING A LOG
WARNING: Avoid kickback. Kickback can result in severe injury or death. See Kickback, pages 4 and 5, to avoid risk of kickback.
-
WARNING:
• If on slope, make sure log will not roll
down hill. Secure log by using wooden stakes. Drive wooden stakes into ground on downhill side of log. Stand on uphill side of log while cutting. Log may roll after cutting.
• Never try cutting through two logs at
same time. This could increase the risk of kickback.
• While cutting log, never hold log with
your hand, leg, or foot.
• While cutting log, never allow another
person to hold log.
• Turn off and unplug saw before moving
from one place to another.
Bucking a log is cutting a log into sections. Make sure your footing is firm. Keep feet apart. Divide your weight evenly on both feet. When possible, raise log or section off ground. Do this by using limbs, logs, chocks, etc. When cutting through log, maintain control by reduc ing cutting pressure near end of cut. Do not relax your grip on chain saw handles. Do not let moving chain touch ground. Ground will dull moving chain. After cutting through log, release trigger to turn saw off before moving saw. Follow directions below to buck a log.
Entire Length Of Log On Ground
Cut log from top (see Figure 14).
-
Figure 13 - Limbing A Tree
www.desatech.com
Figure 14 - Bucking Log With Entire Length On Ground
12
107705
OPERATING CHAIN SAW
Continued
Log Supported On One End
1. Make first cut on underside of log (see Figure
15). Use top of guide bar to make this cut. Cut 1/3 through diameter of log. This cut will keep section from splintering when cut.
2. Make second cut directly above first cut. Cut down to meet first cut. This cut will keep log from pinching guide bar and chain.
Log Supported On Both Ends
1. Make first cut from above log (see Figure 16). Cut 1/3 through diameter of log. This cut will keep section from splintering when cut.
2. Make second cut on underside of log, directly under first cut. Use top of guide bar to make this cut. Cut up to meet first cut. This will keep log from pinching guide bar and chain.
TRIMMING A TREE (Pruning)
WARNING: Avoid kickback. Kickback can result in severe injury or death. See Kickback, pages 4 and 5, to avoid risk of kickback.
2nd Cut
1st Cut
Figure 15 - Bucking Log When Log Is Supported On One End
1st Cut
WARNING: Do not operate chain
saw while
• in a tree
• on a ladder or any other unstable sur
-
face
• in any awkward position You may lose control of saw causing
severe injury.
WARNING: Do not cut limbs higher
than your shoulders.
CAUTION: Seek professional help if
facing conditions beyond your ability.
Trimming a tree is the process of cutting limbs from a living tree. Make sure your footing is firm. Keep feet apart. Divide your weight evenly on both feet. Follow directions below to trim a tree.
1. Make first cut six inches from tree trunk on underside of limb. Use top of guide bar to make this cut. Cut 1/3 through diameter of limb (see Figure 17).
2. Move two to four inches farther out on limb. Make second cut from above limb. Continue cut until you cut limb off.
3. Make third cut as close to tree trunk as possible on underside of limb stub. Use top of guide bar to make this cut. Cut 1/3 through diameter of stub.
4. Make fourth cut directly above third cut. Cut down to meet third cut. This will remove limb stub.
2nd Cut - Pruning Cut (to avoid pinching)
4th Cut - Final Stub Cut
6"
(15 cm)
2" to 4"
(5 a 10 cm)
1st Cut - Pruning Undercut (to avoid splintering)
ENGLISH
2nd Cut
Figure 16 - Bucking Log When Log Is Supported On Both Ends
107705
3rd Cut - Stub Undercut (to avoid splintering)
Figure 17 - Cutting A Limb
13
www.desatech.com
CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE
NOTICE: Below are instructions for ser­vicing your chain saw. Any servicing not mentioned below should be done by an authorized service center.
CLEANING SAW BODY
WARNING: Unplug chain saw from power source before servicing. Severe injury or death could occur from electrical shock or body contact with moving chain.
Normal Guide Bar Maintenance
1. Remove guide bar from chain saw.
2. Remove sawdust from guide bar groove periodi cally. Use putty knife or wire (see Figure 19).
3. Clean oil slots after each day of use.
4. Remove burrs from sides of guide bar. Use flat file to make side edges square.
Replace guide bar when
• bar is bent or cracked
• inside groove of bar is badly worn
Note: When replacing guide bar, see Replacement Parts and Accessories, page 16, for proper bar.
SHARPENING SAW CHAIN
-
WARNING: Cutting edges on chain are sharp. Use protective gloves when handling chain.
WARNING: When cleaning saw body,
• do not submerge saw in any liquids
• do not use products that contain am
-
monia, chlorine, or abrasives
• do not use chlorinated cleaning sol
­vents, carbon tetrachloride, kerosene, or gasoline
Keep saw body clean. Use a soft cloth dampened with a mild soap and water mixture. Wipe saw body to clean.
CARE OF GUIDE BAR
Uneven bar wear causes most guide bar problems. Incorrect sharpening of chain cutter and depth gauge settings often cause this. When bar wears unevenly, it widens guide bar groove (see Figure 18). This causes chain clatter and rivet popping. Saw will not cut straight. Replace guide bar if this occurs. Inspect guide bar before sharpening chain. A worn or damaged guide bar is unsafe. A worn or damaged guide bar will damage chain. It will also make cutting harder.
Guide Bar Groove
WARNING: Unplug chain saw from power source before servicing. Severe injury or death could occur from electrical shock or body contact with moving chain.
WARNING: Cutting edges on chain are sharp. Use protective gloves when handling chain.
Keep chain sharp. Your saw will cut faster and more safely. A dull chain will cause undue sprocket, guide bar, chain, and motor wear. If you must force chain into wood and cutting creates only sawdust with few large chips, chain is dull.
Burr
Flat File
Cleaning Groove With Putty Knife
Guide Bar
Guide Bar
Normal Guide
Bar
Figure 18 - Guide Bar Cross Section Showing Uneven Bar Wear
www.desatech.com
Guide Bar With
Uneven Wear
Figure 19 - Guide Bar Maintenance
14
Oil Slot
107705
FILE
HOLDER
CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE
Continued
Items Needed to Sharpen Chain
Purchase these items from your local dealer, hard­ware store, or chain saw supplies outlet.
• 5/32" round file
• Depth gauge tool
• File guide
• Vise
• Medium sized flat file
Sharpening Cutters
Use file guide for 30° filing.
1. Adjust chain for proper tension (see Saw Chain
Tension Adjustment,
2. Clamp guide bar in vise to hold saw steady. Note: Do not clamp chain.
3. Press 5/32" round file (attached to file guide) into groove between top plate and depth gauge on chain. File guide should rest on both top plate and depth gauge (see Figure 20). midpoint of guide bar.
30° Guide Mark
pages 8 and 9).
Note: File at
Filing Direction
File Guide
5/32" Round File
4. Hold file guide level. Make sure 30° mark on file guide is parallel to center of guide bar (see Figure 20). This will insure that you file cutters at 30° angle.
5. File from inside towards outside of cutter until sharp. Only file in this one direction (see Figure
20). Note: Two or three strokes with file should sharpen cutter.
6. After each cutter is sharpened, move chain for ward to sharpen next cutter. File all cutters on one side of chain.
7. Move to other side of chain and repeat process.
Filing Cutter Depth Gauges
The cutter depth gauge clearance is reduced as cutters are sharpened. After every second or third sharpen ing, reset cutter depth gauges.
1. Place depth gauge tool (.025") firmly across top of two cutters. Make sure depth gauge enters slot in depth gauge tool (see Figure 22).
2. Use medium flat file. File depth gauge level with depth gauge tool.
3. Remove depth gauge tool. With flat file, round off front corner of cutter depth gauge (see Figure
23).
After several hand filings, have authorized service center or sharpening service machine sharpen chain. This will insure even filing.
REPLACING SAW CHAIN
Replace chain when cutters are too worn to sharpen or when chain breaks. Only use replacement chain noted in this manual. Always include new drive sprocket when replacing chain. This will maintain proper driving of chain. Note: For proper chain and drive sprocket, see
Replacement Parts and Accessories
Flat File
Depth Gauge
, page 16.
ENGLISH
-
-
Note: This illustration shows file guide placement and filing direction for sharpening cutters on left side of chain.
Figure 20 - File and File Guide Placement On Chain
Depth Gauge (right Depth Gauge (left side of chain)
Groove
Top Plate (left side of chain)
Figure 21 - Chain Part Locations
107705
side of chain)
Groove
Right Side of Chain
Top Plate (right side of chain)
Depth Gauge Tool
Depth Gauge Slot
Figure 22 - Depth Gauge Tool On Chain
Front Corner
.025" .635 mm
Figure 23 - Round Off Front Corner Of Depth Gauge
15
www.desatech.com
STORAGE
If storing saw for more than 30 days, follow steps below.
1. Drain oil tank after each use.
2. Remove and clean guide bar and chain. Clean
guide bar and chain by soaking in petroleum based solvent or mild soap and water mixture.
3. Dry guide bar and chain.
4. Place chain in container filled with oil. This will
prevent rust.
5. Wipe a thin coating of oil over surface of guide bar.
6. Wipe off outside of saw body. Do this with soft cloth
dampened with a mild soap and water mixture.
7. Store chain saw
• in a high or locked place, out of children’s reach
• in a dry place
• in a carrying case or with scabbard over guide bar
TECHNICAL SERVICE
You may have further questions about assembling, operating, or maintaining this product. If so, you can visit our Technical Service web site at www. desatech.com or contact our Technical Service Department at 1-800-858-8501 (English Only). You may also write to: DESA Specialty Products™ ATTN: Technical Service Specialty Products P.O. Box 90004 Bowling Green, KY 42102-9004 When contacting DESA Specialty Products™, have ready
• Your Name
• Your Address
• Your Phone Number
• Model Number of Product
• Date of Purchase (Include copy of receipt for writ
ten requests).
REPLACEMENT PARTS AND ACCESSORIES
WARNING: Use only replacement parts and accessories described in this manual. Use of other parts or accessories could damage saw or injure operator.
For original replacement parts and accessories, con­tact your nearest Authorized Dealer or Authorized Service Center for this product. If they can not sup ply the part or accessory, contact your nearest Parts Central listed on page 59. Each Authorized Dealer, Authorized Service Center, and Parts Central is independently owned and operated. See pages 60 through 63 for an Illustrated Parts List. If you need additional referral information, contact our Technical Service Department (see Technical Service). In Canada call 1-800-561-3372 for parts information.
REPAIR SERVICE
Note: Only use original replacement parts. This will protect your warranty coverage for parts replaced under warranty. Each Authorized Service Center is independently owned and operated.
WARRANTY SERVICE
If product requires warranty service, return it to nearest Authorized Service Center. You must show proof of purchase. If faulty materials or workmanship caused damage, we will repair or replace product without charge. Note: Normal wear, misuse, abuse, neglect, or accidental damage is not covered under warranty.
-
NON-WARRANTY SERVICE
If product requires service, return it to nearest Autho­rized Service Center. Repairs will be billed to you at regular repair list prices. For additional Service Center or warranty informa tion, call 1-800-858-8501 or visit our Technical Service web site at www.desatech.com.
-
-
www.desatech.com
16
107705
TROUBLESHOOTING
Note: For additional help, visit DESA Specialty Products’™ technical service web site at www.
desatech.com.
OBSERVED FAULT
Saw runs, but does not cut
Saw does not cut unless heavily forced. Cutting produces only saw­dust with few large chips
Saw runs slow. Saw stalls easily
Motor of saw does not run when you squeeze trigger
Motor of saw runs, but chain does not move
Chain does not get oil
Chain comes off guide bar
Saw smokes
Saw leaks oil
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Chain assembled backwards on guide bar
Chain is dull
Low power supply voltage
1. Switch lockout not pushed for­ward in to release trigger
2. Extension cord connections loose
3. Open line fuse or circuit breaker
4. Worn out motor brushes
5. Open wiring circuit on saw
Gear train failure
All Models
1. Clogged oil slot in guide bar
2. Oil is too thick
Models with Automatic Oiler
1. Vent in oil cap clogged
2. Filter in oil reserVoir clogged
3. Pump damaged, do not use saw
1. Chain is loose
2. Guide bar and chain not as­sembled correctly
Saw damaged. Do not use saw
Oil cap is not secure
WARNING: Unplug chain saw from power source before servicing. Severe injury or death could occur from electrical shock or body contact with moving chain.
REMEDY
See Assembly, pages 7 and 8
See Sharpening Saw Chain, pages 14 and 15
Extension cord wire size too small. See Extension Cords, page 10
1. Push switch lockout forward before squeezing trigger
2. Check cord connections
3. Check line fuse or circuit breaker
4. See authorized service center
5. See authorized service center
See authorized service center
1. Remove guide bar and clean oil slot
2. Use correct weight of oil. See Filling Oil Tank, page 9
1. Remove cap and clean vent hole
2. Remove filter in oil reserVoir and clean
3. See authorized service center
1. Tighten chain. See Saw Chain Ten- sion Adjustment, pages 8 and 9
2. See Assembly, pages 7 and 8
See authorized service center
Tighten oil cap. Note: Empty oil
tank when not in use
ENGLISH
107705
17
www.desatech.com
WARRANTY INFORMATION
Model _______________________________
Date Purchased ______________________
ELECTRIC CHAIN SAW LIMITED WARRANTY
Always specify model and serial numbers when writing the factory. We reserve the right to amend these specifications at any time without notice. The only warranty applicable is our standard written warranty. We make no other warranty, expressed or implied. DESA Specialty Products™ warrants this electric chain saw and any parts thereof, to be free from defects in material and workmanship for one year (90 days for reconditioned unit) from the date of first purchase from an authorized dealer, provided that the product has been properly maintained and operated in accordance with all applicable instructions. The bill of sales or proof of purchase must be presented at the time a claim is made under this warranty. This warranty is extended only to the original retail purchaser. This warranty covers only the parts and labor required to restore this chain saw to its proper operating condition. Warranty parts must be obtained through factory authorized dealers and service centers for this product. These dealers and service centers will provide original factory replacement parts. Failure to use original factory replacement parts voids this warranty. This warranty does not cover commercial, industrial, or rental usage, nor does it apply to parts that are not in original condition because of normal wear and tear, or parts that fail or become damaged as a result of misuse, accident, lack of proper maintenance, tampering, or alteration. Travel, handling, transportation, and incidental costs associated with warranty repairs are not reimbursable under this warranty and are the responsibility of the owner. To the full extent allowed by the law of the jurisdiction that governs the sale of the product, this express warranty excludes any and all other expressed warranties and limits the duration of any and all implied warranties, including warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose to one year from the date of first purchase, and DESA Specialty Products’™ liability is hereby limited to the purchase price of the product and DESA Specialty Products™ shall not be liable for any other damages whatsoever including indirect, incidental, or consequential damages. Some states do not allow limitation of how long an implied warranty lasts or an exclusion or limitation of inci dental or consequential damages, so the above limitation of damages may not apply to you. This warranty provides the original purchaser with specific rights. For information regarding those rights, please consult the applicable state laws.
-
Bowling Green, KY 42102-9004 800-858-8501 (English Only)
www.desatech.com
www.desatech.com
18
Industries of Canada, Inc.
2220 Argentia Road Unit #4 Mississauga, Ontario L5N 2K7 905-826-8010 FAX 905-826-8236
www.desatech.com
107705
®
SIERRA ELÉCTRICA
3.5
16
"/4
1c
m
P
e
a
k
H
P
H
P
d
e
P
o
in
te
H
P
M
á
x
im
o
MANUAL PARA EL USUARIO
ESPAÑOL
MODELOS EL-8: 107624-01, 107624-02, 107625-01, 107625-02, 111174-01
IMPORTANTE: Lea cuidadosamente este manual antes de armar u operar esta sierra eléctrica. El uso indebido de la misma puede provocar graves lesiones. Guarde este manual para consultarlo cuando lo necesite.
107705
19
www.desatech.com
Loading...
+ 47 hidden pages