Rover 405012x108A User Manual

Owner s Manual model 405012x108A
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F 050759L
TABLE OF CONTENTS
WARRANTY 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OWNER 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAFETY RULES 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INTERNATIONAL PICTORIALS 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ASSEMBLY 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PARTS BAG CONTENTS 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO INSTALL THE FRONT WHEELS 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO INSTALL THE SEAT 12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO ASSEMBLE THE STEERING WHEEL 12. . . . . . . . . . . . MAINTENANCE FREE BATTERY 13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO INSTALL THE BATTERY CABLES 13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO PREPARE THE ENGINE 14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHECK THE LEVEL OF THE MOWER HOUSING 14. . . . . . . . . . CHECK THE TIRES 14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OPERATION 15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LOCATION OF CONTROLS 15. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ATTACHMENTS 16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO USE THE THROTTLE CONTROL 16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO USE THE BLADE ROTATION CONTROL 16. . . . . . . . . HOW TO USE THE SHIFT LEVER 16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO SET THE PARKING BRAKE 17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO CHANGE THE CUTTING HEIGHT 17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO STOP THE UNIT 17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO TRANSPORT THE UNIT 17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO OPERATE WITH THE MOWER HOUSING 18. . . . . . . . HOW TO OPERATE THE UNIT ON HILLS 18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE 19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO START THE ENGINE 19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OPERATING TIPS 20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MOWING AND BAGGING TIPS 20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MAINTENANCE 21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MAINTENANCE CHART 21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO CHECK THE MUFFLER 21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO REMOVE AND INSTALL THE BLADE 22. . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO SHARPEN THE BLADE 22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO ADJUST THE BLADE ROTATION CONTROL 23. . . . . HOW TO CHECK AND ADJUST THE DRIVE BRAKE 24. . . . . . .
HOW TO CHECK AND ADJUST THE CLUTCH 24. . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO ADJUST THE SHIFT LEVER 25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAINTENANCE FREE BATTERY 25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO CHARGE THE BATTERY 25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . WHERE TO LUBRICATE 26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO CHECK THE FUEL FILTER 26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHECK THE TIRES 26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO REMOVE THE MOWER HOUSING 27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO INSTALL THE MOWER HOUSING 27. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO LEVEL THE MOWER HOUSING 28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO REPLACE THE MOTION DRIVE BELT 29. . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO REPLACE THE MOWER DRIVE BELT 31. . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO INSTALL THE WHEELS 32. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO REPLACE THE FUSE 33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HOW TO REPLACE THE LIGHT BULB 33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HOW TO CLEAN THE MOWER HOUSING 33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . STORAGE (OVER 30 DAYS) 33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TROUBLE SHOOTING CHART 34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PARTS LIST 36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SLOPE GUIDE 50. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INDEX 51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WARRANTY
General
Rover Mowers Limited warrant this machine or accessory is free of defects in material and workmanship. Claims are limited to making good or replacing any part found defective by the manufacturer or his agent. The warranty period shall apply from the date of purchase for a period of 12 months for domestic use or 90 days for commercial use. Warranty applies to Australia and New Zealand only. Contact any Rover Mowers Limited authorised service dealer or Rover Agent.
Extended warranty: For domestic use only, a 24 months extended warranty applies. It requires the customer to complete the 2 Year warranty registration card , and forward along with a copy of the cash register receipt to !Warranty, Rover Mowers Limited". Normal warranty exclusions as listed still apply.
Exclusions: Following is a list of conditions excluded from warranty; all engines, parts that are considered suffering from wear and tear, parts that are damaged due to abuse or misuse, parts that can be subjected to use beyond their normal intended working capacity Eg; blades, blade bolts, v-belts and spark plugs. If repairs or alterations have been made without the manufacturer s written authority. Any transport costs involved in the repair or replacement of and defective parts. If it is found that parts other than genuine have been used on the machine.
NOTE: This warranty does not exclude any conditions or warranty implied by the Trade Practices Act 1974 or any other relevant legislation. Engine warranty is covered by the engine manufacturer and could differ from the warranty of the rest of the machine. Refer to the engine manual (if included) or consult the nearest engine service dealer.
Proof of date of purchase should be retained as it needs to be presented if warranty is to be claimed. Fill out the details on previous page as a record for warranty purposes.
Rover Mowers Limited reserves the right to make changes and add improvements to its products at any time without notice or obligation. Rover Mowers Limited reserves the right to discontinue manufacture of any product any any time at its discretion.
Rover Mowers Limited PO Box 1235 Eagle Fram Queensland 4009 AUSTRALIA
ABN 11 000 257 303
Rover Mowers Limited East Tamaki Auckland NEW ZEALAND
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OWNER S INFORMATION
This instruction book is for several different models. The instructions are written for a person with some mechanical ability. Like most ser­vice books, not all the steps are described. Steps on how to loosen or tighten fasteners are steps anyone can follow with some mechanical ability. Read and follow these instructions before you use the unit.
Know your product: If you understand the unit and how the unit oper­ates, you will get the best performance. As you read this manual, com­pare the illustrations to the unit. Learn the location and the function of the controls. To help prevent an accident, follow the operating instruc­tions and the safety rules. Keep this manual for future reference.
IMPORTANT: Many units are not assembled and are sold in car- tons. It is the responsibility of the owner to make sure the assembly instructions in this manual are exactly followed. Other units are pur­chased in an assembled condition. On assembled units, it is the re­sponsibility of the owner to make sure the unit is correctly assembled. The owner must carefully check the unit according to the instructions in this manual before it is first used.
RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OWNER
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1. Carefully read and follow the rules for safe operation.
2. Follow all the assembly instructions.
3. Inspect the unit.
4. Make sure that the operator of the unit knows how to correctly use all standard and accessory equipment.
5. Operate the unit only with guards, shields, and other safety items in place and working correctly.
6. Correctly adjust the unit.
7. Service the unit only with authorized or approved replacement parts.
8. Complete all maintenance on the unit.
Engine Exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to cause cancer and birth de­fects or other reproductive harm.
Battery posts, terminals and related accesso­ries contain lead and lead compounds, chemi­cals known to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. WASH HANDS AFTER HANDLING.
Environmental Awareness
Do not fill the engine s fuel tank completely full.
Drain fuel for off season storage.
Use only unleaded gasoline.
Service the air cleaner regularly.
Change oil regularly. Use 10W 30 oil in summer.
Tune up the engine regularly.
Keep equipment in efficient operating condition.
Dispose of used engine oil properly.
SAFETY RULES
Safe Operation Practices for Ride on Mowers
WARNING: This cutting machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
I. General operation
1. Read, understand and follow all instructions in the Instruction Book, on the machine, the engine and with any attachments before starting.
2. Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the instructions, to operate the machine.
3. Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the blade.
4. Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop the machine if anyone enters the area.
5. Never carry passengers.
6. Turn off power to the blades or any attachments before backing up. Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always look down and behind before and while backing.
7. Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass bagger or the mower guard in place.
8. Slow down before turning.
9. Never leave a machine unattended with the engine running. Always turn off the blade(s), set the parking brake, stop the engine and remove the key before dismounting.
10. Turn off power to attachment(s) when transporting or not in use. Turn off the blade(s) when not mowing.
11. Stop the engine before removing the grass bagger or unclogging the chute.
12. Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
13. Do not operate the machine while under the influence of alcohol or drugs or when very tired.
14. Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways.
15. Use extra caution when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or truck.
16. Always wear goggles, safety glasses, or an eye shield when you operate the unit to protect your eyes from foreign objects that can be thrown from the unit. Always wear eye protection when you make an adjustment or repair to the machine.
17. Use care when pulling loads or using heavy equipment. a. Use only approved drawbar hitch points. b. Limit loads to those you can safely control.
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OWNER S INFORMATION
c. Do not turn sharply. Use care when backing. d. Use counterweights or wheel weights when suggested in the Instruction Book.
18. Do not operate this machine if you are taking drugs or other medication which can cause drowsiness or affect your ability to operate this machine.
19. Do not use this machine if you are mentally or physically unable to operate this machine safely.
20. Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above, are involved in a large percentage of riding mower related injuries. These opera­tors should evaluate their ability to operate a riding mower safely enough to protect themselves and others from serious injury.
II. Slope operation
Slopes and rough terrain are major factors related to loss of control and tip over accidents, which can result in severe injury or death. ALL slopes require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on the slope, do not mow it. See the !Slope Guide" in the back of this book to check for safe operation.
DO
1. Mow up and down slopes, not across.
2. Remove obstacles such as rocks, limbs, etc...
3. Watch for holes, ruts or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
4.Follow the manufacturer s recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability.
5. Use extra care with grass baggers or other attachments, they can change the stability of the machine.
6. Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
7. Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, turn off the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope.
DO NOT
1. Do not turn on slopes unless absolutely necessary, then only turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
2. Do not mow drop offs, ditches or embankments. A wheel over the edge or an edge caving in could cause a sudden overturn and an injury or death.
3. Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause sliding.
4. Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the ground.
5. Do not use a grass bagger or other rear mounted accessories on steep slopes (greater than 10 degrees).
III. Children
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of children. Children are often attracted to the machine and the mowing activity. NEVER assume that children will remain where you last saw them.
1. Keep children out of the mowing area and in the watchful care of another responsible adult.
2. Be alert and turn the engine off if children enter the area.
3. Before and when backing, look behind and down for small children.
4. Never carry children or any passengers, even with the blades off. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with the safe operation of the machine.
5. Never allow children to operate the machine. Instruct children in the potential dangers of the machine.
6. Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees or other objects that may obscure vision.
IV. Service
1. Use extra care when handling gasoline and other fuels. Fuels are flammable and the vapors are explosive. a. Use only an approved container. b. Never remove the gas cap or add fuel with the engine running. Allow the engine to cool for several minutes before refueling. Do not smoke. c. Never refuel the machine indoors. d. Never store the machine with fuel in the tank or fuel container inside where there is an open flame, such as a water heater.
2. Never start or run the engine inside a closed area.
3. Keep all nuts and bolts, especially the blade attachment nuts tight. Frequently check the blade(s) for wear or damage such as cracks and nicks. A blade that is bent or damaged must be immediately replaced with an original equipment blade from an authorized service dealer. For safety, replace the blade every two years. Keep the equipment in good condition.
4. Never tamper with the safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly.
5. To reduce fire hazards, keep the machine free of grass, leaves or other debris build up. Clean up oil or fuel spills. Allow the machine to cool before storing.
6. Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
7. Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running. The carburetor can be adjusted with the engine running. Do not change the engine governor settings or over speed the engine.
8. Grass bagger components are subject to wear, damage and deterioration, which could expose moving parts or allow objects to be thrown. For storage, always make sure the grass bag is empty. Frequently check components and replace with manufacturer s recom­mended parts when necessary.
9. Mower blade(s) are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves and use extra caution when servicing them or the blade housing area.
10. Check the brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as required.
11. Wait for all movement to stop before servicing any part of the unit.
Look for this symbol to indicate important safety precautions. This symbol indicates: !Attention! Become Alert! Your Safety Is At Risk."
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Each person that operates power equipment must learn to use correct and safe mowing procedures. To help you
learn, carefully read the following pages. Most of the time the operator was
not correctly shown or did not read the instructions on the unit or in the Instruction Book before using the unit. Also, some operators do not have enough experience. The result is unsafe use, endangering the operator, bystanders and the equipment. Another result can be a poor appearance of the area mowed.
Read this book. Read the instructions on the unit. Operate the mower according to the Safe Mowing Guide. Follow all safety rules, cautions or warnings in this book and on the unit. Make sure anyone that uses the unit reads the instructions and is told how to safely operate the mower.
SAFE MOWING GUIDE
controls and how they work. In an emergency, how fast you can stop the blade is important. Learn how to control the mower at all times.
Many engines are started by hand. When you use a pull start or rope start, place your feet apart and away from the blade(s). Hold the rope handle tight. Never wrap the rope around your arm or fingers for a !better grip". To start the engine, follow the instructions on the mower, in this book and in the engine operating instructions.
For electric start engines, sit in the seat to start the engine. The battery can be dangerous. Follow the instructions on the battery, the acid container, and in this book when working with the battery. Even small batteries have enough voltage to cause an injury. Always be careful.
The mower is designed to be operated by one person. Never let another person ride with you on the unit or on any accessories. A passenger will make the unit harder to control, block the visibility or distract the operator and is dangerous to the operator, the passenger and the equipment. Without a passenger seat, the passenger can fall from the mower or contact dangerous parts. A mower is not a toy for showing off or for giving rides.
The blade of a power mower rotates very fast. It can discharge rocks and other objects over a long distance which can be dangerous. The force of the objects can break windows, cause injuries or even put an eye out. Most of the time the injury is to a person, like a child. Keep every person completely away from the area to be mowed. Make sure the grass is not discharged toward anyone. Planning your mowing pattern has a double advantage. It can decrease the possibility of an injury and make the clean up after mowing easier.
The mower will give you good service and durability, if operated in normal conditions. If the mower is not correctly serviced or is used where the terrain is rough or unsuitable, product performance and safety will be decreased.
Correct clothing is an important part of safe mowing. Safety glasses will protect the eyes from objects discharged by the mower. Safety shoes with steel plates can protect a foot from injury by the blade. For protection from objects discharged from the mower, wear clothing that will cover the arms and legs.
Before you start cutting the grass, practice using the mower in a large open and level area. Learn the location of the controls on the mower. Know the purpose of the
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Never cut a wet lawn. Wet grass can cause an accident, affect mower performance and can cause problems with future lawn growth and appearance. Wet grass is slippery and can cause the mower to slip. Someone can get injured by touching the blade(s). Wet grass tends to clog the mower, causing poor discharge. Cut wet grass will collect on the lawn, retarding the growth of the grass. Also, getting the mower wet will cause parts to rust and decrease the life of the unit.
When you look over the lawn, remember obstacles that cannot be removed, like pipes, stumps or rocks. Keep away from these obstacles that can cause damage to the mower or injury to the operator or a person near the mower. Clear the area of rocks, toys, wire or other loose objects. These items can damage the mower or can be discharged by the mower blade.
5
Check the terrain of the area to be mowed. Mow in a pattern that will keep you away from dangerous areas. Check the distance you need to stop and the distance available to turn. Slopes and rough terrain must be mowed carefully and some areas must not be mowed at all. With riding mowers, mow up and down the hill. When you must mow rough terrain or on slopes, never change directions or change gears and stop in these areas only in an emergency. Before you ride up or down a slope, try to back straight up the slope. Do not ride up or down a slope that is too steep to back straight up. See the !Guide" in the back of this Instruction Book to check any slopes.
Before you start cutting, make sure the mower was completely assembled according to the Instruction Book. If the
mower was completely assembled at the store, you must still check the mower according to the assembly instructions. Make sure the mower is correctly assembled and that all fasteners are tight. Make sure the engine has the correct amount of oil. Check these items often during the life of the mower.
Your mower has a gasoline engine. Gasoline is a dangerous fuel. Keep gasoline only in an approved safety gasoline container. Do not keep large amounts of gasoline. When you add gasoline to the fuel tank, do not smoke. Store the gasoline container and the mower in an area that has good ventilation. Also, keep the gasoline away from any flames like the pilot light of a furnace or any other source of ignition. If the mower is to be stored for more than a few weeks, remove the gasoline from the fuel tank. When inside an enclosure, do not add gasoline to the fuel tank. Before you add gasoline, move the mower outside and add gasoline carefully. Before you start the engine, remove any gasoline from the outside of the fuel tank or from the mower. Warm gasoline will expand. Leave some space in the fuel tank for the gasoline to expand. Also, the fuel cap has a vent hole for fuel vapors. Always use the correct fuel cap. Failure to follow safety rules about gasoline will cause fires and explosions, injury to you and damage to the equipment and other property.
SAFE MOWING GUIDE
of the mower. Stop the engine. Let the engine and transmission cool before servicing the mower. Remember, exhaust fumes are dangerous. Never operate the engine inside a building.
When you get a new mower, it can be a new experience for the family. Tell each person how a mower can be dangerous. Remember, a mower is not a toy. A mower is not to be used by children or anyone not old enough, strong enough or that does not have experience.
If the mower is not correctly assembled, not operated correctly, or not regularly serviced, the mower can be dangerous. The most important rule to follow is always use good judgement and common sense. Mow safely and carefully.
Your mower will easily cut thick grass. Fingers, feet and other parts can also be cut by the blade. Injuries occur when the operator does not think and reaches into the chute opening. Always operate the mower as if the blade is rotating. Do not service or make an adjustment, except to the carburetor, while the engine is running.
When you mow, remember that children are attracted to the mower. Always use caution when mowing around obstacles like trees or shrubs or when moving backward. Only mow in a forward direction if possible. Your visibility is decreased when you mow backward. Also, the blades are made to cut while the unit is moving forward. If you mow backward, the cutting performance decreases.
Before you leave the mower, stop the engine. Remove the key. Disengage and lower any attachment. Set the parking brake. Never mount or dismount from the seat while the engine is running. An accident can occur if you touch the brake, shift lever, throttle, clutch or blade control while the engine is running. Mount and dismount from the seat on the side of the unit that is marked ENTER EXIT.
If you add gasoline to an engine that is running or hot, the result can be an explosion. Before you add gasoline, stop the engine and let the engine cool for several minutes. Remove dry grass and other debris from the mower. Keep the mower clean to improve the performance, help the engine and transmission run cooler, extend the life of moving parts, and decrease the danger of a fire.
Fires and explosions are not the only dangers when working around a mower. The engine, transmission, and the muffler will get hot in several minutes when the engine is running. Do not touch these parts
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Use only accessories that are factory approved for your mower. The wrong accessory can decrease the safety of the mower and can even damage the unit. Read and follow the instructions included with the accessory and the mower.
Use only original equipment or replacement parts that are factory approved for service. If you need service, select an Authorized Service Center for your mower. If you do the work on the unit, follow the instructions in the Instruction Book.
6
Make sure you are in good condition when you mow. When you mow for several hours your reflexes will decrease and your mind will not be as alert. Take a short break or an accident can occur. If the temperature is hot, use caution to prevent dehydration. If you are tired, angry or not completely alert, do not operate the mower. If you use alcohol, medication or drugs, do not use the mower or any type of power equipment.
Engine speed is a key to safe mowing and to a good looking lawn. The maximum speed of the engine was set at the factory. Do not change the setting of the engine governor.
Select the maximum engine and ground speed that is right for the terrain and the height of the grass. The blade cuts best when the engine is operating at maximum speed. The engine and transmission will also run cooler at maximum engine speed.
Also, the grass bagger will function better when the engine is operating at maximum speed. On slopes, decrease the ground speed and use care making sure the mower feels safe to operate.
If the weather conditions are bad, do not mow. If weather conditions become bad, stop cutting and finish later. It is dangerous to cut grass in the rain. Always find protection in an electrical storm. If the weather conditions are extra dry, protect your eyes with safety glasses from the dust and from the objects discharged by the mower. Also, a dust or a pollen mask can help.
Your mower is equipped with a number of safety devices which are important to the safety of the operator and bystanders and must never be changed or removed from the mower. If a safety device is lost, damaged or no longer functions, repair or replace the device before you operate the mower.
It is best to mow during the day. If you must mow at night, make sure there is enough light for safe operation.
Your mower will require regular maintenance and service. The maintenance schedule depends on the hours of use. Also, mowing conditions can change the schedule. Check the Instruction Book for more information. Correct maintenance will help the mower function safely.
Do not service the mower (except for the carburetor adjustment) while the engine is running. Before you service the unit, even with the engine stopped, always disconnect the wire from the spark plug to prevent the engine from starting.
If you hit a large object during operation, stop the engine. Remove the wire from the spark plug. Carefully inspect the mower for damage. Before you start the engine again, make the necessary repairs. If you
SAFE MOWING GUIDE
feel new or excessive vibration, immediately stop the engine and check for the problem. Vibration can be a warning of a problem. Keep all nuts, bolts and screws tight.
The blade is the most dangerous part of the mower. Frequently check the blade and the blade mounting fasteners. Keep the fasteners tight. If the blade hits a solid object, stop the engine. Remove the wire from the spark plug. Check for a blade that is bent, cracked or for other damages. Before you start the engine, replace a damaged blade(s). For safety, replace the blade every two years.
A sharp blade decreases the workload on the engine and more evenly cuts grass. Frequently sharpen the blade for a better looking cut. Use the left side of the mower housing to trim near an object.
A grass bagger is a good accessory for your mower. For best performance and safety, make sure the grass bagger is approved for use with your mower. Follow the assembly and operation instructions included with the grass bagger.
Some grass baggers require a special blade for best performance. Before you attach, check, or empty the grass bagger, always stop the engine. Before each use of the grass bagger, check for cracks, wear or deterioration. Before you use the grass bagger, replace a damaged part with a replacement part approved by the factory.
For you to have a good green lawn, follow the mowing procedures below. Do not cut the grass too short. If you cut the grass too short you can cause the grass to become yellow or make the lawn look brown. Use a lower height of cut in cool months when the grass is thicker. Raise the height of cut in hot dry periods. If you cut the grass with
a blade that is not sharp or at a slow engine speed you can damage the grass. Move the throttle control to the FAST position when mowing and using the grass bagger. Also, use a slower ground speed when using the grass bagger.
If you change the direction or pattern of cut slightly every time you mow will make the grass grow stronger and thicker. Do not add oil or gasoline to the mower while on the lawn. Spilled oil or gasoline can kill the grass. In high or thick grass, do not try to cut all the grass the first time. Raise the height of cut on the first cutting and lower the height for the next cutting. Another way is to cut only part of the width of the mower and decrease your ground speed (not the engine) to move more slowly so that the mower can discharge the grass as it moves forward.
Understand the controls and how they work. Learn the ground speed(s) of your mower. Check the stopping distance required at different travel speeds. Check the turning radius of the mower. The controls on your riding mower are different from an automobile. The throttle is operated by hand and holds the engine speed constant until it is changed. The location of the shift lever and the shift pattern is different from that of an automobile. Also, the brake and clutch systems are different. Remember the procedures to follow in an emergency. Remember, turning off the engine ignition switch will stop the blade and the drive mechanism. If the traction of the wheels is lost or does not feel safe, disengage all systems and stop the engine. Dismount from the mower. Push the unit to a safe place before you begin mowing again.
Your unit has an electrical system that includes an operator presence switch in the seat. The operator presence switch detects if the operator is sitting on the seat. The engine will stop if the operator leaves the seat when the blade engagement control is engaged. This operator presence switch is a safety device only. It must not regularly be used to stop the engine or the blade. There are other control systems on the mower for this purpose. Always keep the operator presence switch and other safety devices and controls in place and operating for your protection.
Remember, your mower is a tool that can be dangerous if it is not correctly used. Follow the instructions in this Instruction Book. Safe and careful use of the mower will give you many safe hours of problem free use.
F 050759L
7
STEPS TO FOLLOW
BEFORE MOWING
Be sure to dress correctly. Wear hard shoes, not sandals or tennis shoes.
Examine the blade. A blade that is bent, cracked, or damaged must be replaced with a factory replacement blade.
Fill the fuel tank outside. Clean off spilled fuel.
Read and follow the Owner s Manual, the instructions with the engine, and the instructions with any attachments. Owner s Manual instructions are for your safety and the safety of others.
Exhaust fumes are dangerous. Start the engine outside.
Make sure all safety devices are in place and working correctly.
Operation of the mower is only for a person that has experience.
Wet grass can be dangerous. Let the grass dry.
Instruct children and others to keep away from the work area.
Never cut the grass without good light.
Pick up loose objects. Remove them from the mowing area.
WHILE MOWING
Watch for fixed objects and avoid them. They can damage the mower or cause injury.
A hot engine, muffler, and transmission will cause a burn. Do not touch.
Inclines and slopes must be carefully mowed. See the !Guide" in the back of this book to check a slope.
Lack of daylight or good artificial light is cause to stop mowing.
Examine the mower, the blade, and other parts for damage after hitting a foreign object or if the unit vibrates excessively.
Do not make adjustments or repairs without stopping the engine. Disconnect the spark plug wire.
On or near roads, watch out for traffic. Direct discharge away from roads.
When mowing, avoid areas where traction is unsure. Look back before changing direction of travel.
In heavy grass, raise the cutting height. Cut slower. Stop the engine to remove clogged grass from the mower.
Never remove any safety related parts.
Do not pour gasoline into a engine that is hot or running.
AFTER MOWING
Always let the mower cool before storing in an enclosed area.
Foreign material on the mower is dangerous. Clean off grass, leaves, grease and oil before storing.
Tighten all loose nuts, bolts and screws before you use the unit.
Empty and clean any grass catcher or other accessory.
Remove the key or disconnect the spark plug wire to prevent unauthorized use.
Make sure the mower is not kept near a source of ignition. Gas fumes can cause an explosion.
Only original parts or factory approved substitutes can be used to service the mower.
When storing the mower for an extended period, remove the fuel from the fuel tank.
Instruct children to leave the mower alone. It is not a toy.
Never keep gasoline near a source of ignition. Always use an approved container. Keep gasoline away from children.
Lubricate according to the Instruction Book. See !Lubrication".
IMPORTANT Read the Instruction Book. Keep this book for future use and reference.
WARNING: Look for this symbol to point out important safety precautions. It means: !Attention! Become Alert! Your Safety Is Involved."
F 050759L
8
INTERNATIONAL PICTORIALS
INTERNATIONAL PICTORIALS
IMPORTANT: Some of the following pic­torials are located on your unit or on literature supplied with the product. Be­fore you operate the unit, learn and un­derstand the purpose for each pictorial.
Safety Warning Pictorials
1 Warning 2 Shield Eyes. Explosive Gases Can
Cause Blindness Or Injury.
3 No Sparks, Flames or Smoking. 4 Sulphuric Acid Can Cause Blindness
Or Severe Burns
12 í 546
5 Flush Eyes Immediately With Water.
Get Medical Help Fast.
6 IMPORTANT: Read Owner s Manual
Before Operating This Machine.
7 WARNING: Thrown Objects. Keep
Bystanders Away. Read User Instructions Before Operating This Machine.
8 WARNING: Do Not Use This Machine
On Slopes Greater Than 15 Degrees.
9 DANGER: Keep People, Especially
Children, Away From Unit.
10 DANGER: No Step.
11 DANGER: Keep Feet And Hands
Away From Rotating Blade.
12 DANGER: Keep Hands Away From
Rotating Blade.
13 DANGER: Disconnect Spark Plug
Wire Before Servicing Unit.
14 WARNING: Hot Surface.
15 WARNING: Use Caution When
Connecting Or Disconnecting Accessories.
16 WARNING: Crushed Fingers.
1
7
12
Control And Operating Pictorials
1 Engine Start
2 Lights
3 Engine Off
4 Engine On
1
2
8
13
6 Brake
7 Parking Brake
8 Clutch
9 Slow
10 Fast
3
467
9
14
10
УЯИ зрТхУЯИ плрТ
õ
15
11 Choke
12 Oil
13 Blade Rotation Control
14 Raise
15 Fuel
8
11
16
2
9
101112
13
14
9F 050759L
15
ASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLY
Read and follow the assembly and adjustment instructions for your mower. All fasteners are in the parts bag. Do not discard any parts
WARNING: Before doing any assembly or mainte­nance to the mower, remove the wire from the spark plug.
or material until the unit is assembled.
NOTE: In this instruction book, left and right describe the loca­tion of a part with the operator on the seat.
PARTS BAG CONTENTS
The fasteners and other loose parts are shown below. The fasteners are shown full size. The quantity is shown in brackets ( ).
2x82
(2) Carriage Bolt
14x79
(2) Wing Nut
25x3
(1) Bolt
17x146
(1) Washer
1001054 (2) Knob
17x195
(2) Washer
17x47
(2) Washer
17x192
(2) Washer
(2) Cotter Pin
94618
(2) Hub Cap
30x49
20729
(1) Keys & Ring
690604
(1) Terminal Cover
10F 050759L
ASSEMBLY
HOW TO INSTALL THE FRONT WHEELS
Use a knife and cut the four sides of the container. Install the front wheels in the container.
NOTE: Use a piece of wood about 4 feet (1.25 meters) long to raise the front of the tractor. If a piece of wood cannot be found, get another person to help lift the tractor. Be careful, do not let the tractor fall.
1. Raise the front of the tractor. Set a support (block of wood) under the tractor.
Cotter Pin
Hub Cap
2. Make sure the valve stem is to the outside of the tractor. Slide the front wheel on the spindle.
3. Fasten each front wheel with washer, washer and cotter pin. Bend the ends of the cotter pin appart to keep the front wheel on the spindle.
4. After the front wheels are installed, lift the tractor from the support. Roll the tractor off of the container.
5. If your tractor has hub caps, install the hub caps. Make sure the washers hold the hub caps in place.
Washer (17x195)
Washer (17x192)
A
Black Cable
Valve Stem
Spindle
Front Wheel
Figure 1
11F 050759L
ASSEMBLY
HOW TO INSTALL THE SEAT
1. Carefully remove the plastic bag from the seat.
Use the fasteners shown below to install the seat. The fasteners are shown at full size.
(A)
1001054
NOTE: Fasteners may be attached to seat for shipping purposes, if so remove fasteners before proceeding.
2. Align the holes in the seat hinge to the holes in the seat (Figure 2). Fasten the seat to the seat hinge with the fasteners as shown.
(B)
17x47
3. Check the operating position of the seat. If the seat needs to be adjusted, loosen the two wing bolts. Slide the seat forward or backward along the seat adjusting holes as shown. Tighten the wing bolts (A).
Seat
Seat Hinge
Seat
Adjusting Hole
B
A
Figure 2
HOW TO ASSEMBLE THE STEERING WHEEL
Tools Required: 3/8" Socket Wrench
Attach the steering wheel as follows:
(A)
25x3
(C)
17x146
1. Make sure the front wheels point forward.
2. Slide the bellows over the steering post (Figure 3).
NOTE: Before attachment of the steering wheel, make sure that the front wheels point forward and are straight. For proper alignment of the steering wheel, see Figure 3.
3. Slide the steering wheel onto the steering post.
4. Use the fasteners shown above to secure the steering wheel. The fasteners are shown at full size. Tighten the screw until snug and then add 1/4 turn. DO NOT over tighten.
5. Attach the cover to the steering wheel.
Decal (Optional)
A
Cover
C
Steering Wheel
Bellows
Steering Post
Straight
6. Some models have an optional decal in the parts bag. Attach the decal to the center of the steering wheel as shown.
Figure 3
12F 050759L
ASSEMBLY
MAINTENANCE FREE BATTERY
IMPORTANT: Before you attach the battery cables to the battery, check the battery date. The battery date tells if the battery must be charged.
1. Check the top of the battery for the location of the battery date (Figure 4).
2. If the battery is put into service before the battery date, the battery cables can be attached without charging the battery. See !How To Install The Battery Cables".
3. If the battery is put into service after the battery date, the battery must be charged. See !How To Charge The Maintenance Free Battery".
HOW TO CHARGE THE MAINTENANCE FREE BATTERY
WARNING: When you charge the battery, do not smoke. Keep the battery away from any sparks. The fumes from the battery acid can cause an explosion.
1. Remove the battery and battery tray.
2. Remove the protective caps from the battery terminals.
3. Use a 12 volt battery charger to charge the battery. Charge at a rate of 6 amperes for one hour. If you do not have a battery charger, have an authorized service center charge the battery.
4. Install thebattery and battery tray. Make sure the positive (+)
terminal is on the left side.
HOW TO INSTALL THE BATTERY CABLES
WARNING: To prevent sparks, fasten the red cable to the positive (+) terminal before you connect the black cable.
Use the fasteners shown below to install the battery cables. The fasteners are shown at full size.
(A)
2x82
1. Remove the protective caps from the battery terminals.
2. Fasten the red cable and terminal cover (if equipped) to the positive (+) terminal with the fasteners as shown (Figure 4).
3. Fasten the black cable to the negative ( ) terminal with the fasteners as shown.
(B)
14x79
B
Black Cable
Positive (+)
Terminal
A
Red Cable
A
Battery
Terminal Cover
Battery Tray
Figure 4
13F 050759L
ASSEMBLY
IMPORTANT! BEFORE YOU START MOWING
Check the engine oil.
Fill the fuel tank with gasoline.
Check the level of the mower housing.
Check the air pressure of the tires.
Make sure the battery cables are attached.
HOW TO PREPARE THE ENGINE
NOTE: The engine was shipped from the factory filled with oil. Check the level of the oil. Add oil as needed.
See the engine manufacturer s instructions for the type of gasoline and oil to use. Before you use the unit, read the information on safety, operation, maintenance, and storage.
WARNING: Follow the engine manufacturer s instructions for the type of gasoline and oil to use. Always use a safety gasoline container. Do not smoke when adding gasoline to the engine. When inside an enclosure, do not fill with gasoline. Before you add gasoline, stop the engine. Let the engine cool for several minutes.
NOTE: Actual sustained horsepower will likely be lower due to operating limitations and environmental factors.
WARNING: Before doing any assembly or mainte­nance to the mower, remove the wire from the spark plug.
NOTE: In this instruction book, left and right describe the loca­tion of a part with the operator on the seat.
IMPORTANT: This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and must not be used on or near any unimproved forest covered, brush covered or grass covered land unless the engine s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it must be maintained in effective working order by the operator.
In the State of California the above is required by law (Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code). Other states may have similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal lands. See an Authorized Service Center for a spark arrester for the muffler.
In some areas, local law requires the use of a resistor spark plug to control the ignition signals. See an Authorized Service Center for a resistor spark plug for the engine.
CHECK THE LEVEL OF THE MOWER HOUSING
Make sure the level of cut is still correct. After you mow a short distance, look at the area that was cut. If the mower housing does not cut level, see the instructions on !How To Level The Mower Housing" in the Maintenance section of this instruction book.
CHECK THE TIRES
Check the air pressure in the tires. Tires with too much air pressure will cause the unit to ride rough. Also, the wrong air pressure will keep the mower housing from cutting level. The correct air pressure (PSI) is 14 PSI (1 BAR). The tires were over inflated for shipment.
14F 050759L
Throttle Control
Lever
Clutch / Brake
Pedal
OPERATION
Blade Rotation
Control
Shift Lever
Lift
Lever
LOCATION OF CONTROLS
BLADE ROTATION CONTROL: Use the blade rotation
control to start and stop the rotation of the blade.
CLUTCH / BRAKE PEDAL: The pedal has two functions.
The first function is a clutch. The second function is a brake.
HEADLIGHT SWITCH: The headlight switch is the first part
of the ignition switch. To use the lights with the engine running, turn the key to the position for the lights.
IGNITION SWITCH: Use the ignition switch to start and stop
the engine.
Figure 5
SHIFT LEVER: Use the shift lever to change the speed of the
unit.
LIFT LEVER: Use the lift lever to change the height of cut.
PARKING BRAKE LEVER: Use the parking brake lever
to engage the brake when you leave the unit.
THROTTLE CONTROL LEVER: Use the throttle control
lever to increase or decrease the speed of the engine.
15F 050759L
OPERATION
FAST
ATTACHMENTS
This unit can use many different attachments. See the attachment page in this book. This unit can pull attachments like a lawn sweeper, a lawn aerator, a hopper spreader or a small trailer. This unit can not use attachments that engage the ground like a plow, a disk harrow, or a cultivator.
For trailer and pull behind attachments or trailers, the maximum gross weight is 250 pounds. Gross weight is the weight of the attachment or trailer and any load that might be on or in it.
Do not operate on a slope that is greater than 10 degrees when using a pull behind attachment or trailer. We have included a slope guide in this book to help you determine the slope on which you will be operating your unit. Never allow someone to stand or ride on or in an attachment or trailer.
Disengage
Position
Blade Rotation Control
Engage Position
Figure 6
HOW TO USE THE THROTTLE CONTROL
Use the throttle control to increase or decrease the speed of the engine.
1. The FAST position is marked with a detent. For normal opera­tion and when using a grass bagger, move the throttle control to the FAST position. For maximum charging of the battery and for a cooler running engine, operate the engine in the FAST position.
2. The engine governor is set at the factory for maximum perform­ance. Do not adjust the governor to increase the speed of the engine.
ШСЙ МС ЛНЫ МШЫ ЮФЯЬЫ ОСМЯМЧСТ ЭСТМОСФ
Use the blade rotation control to engage the blade(s) (Figure 6).
HOW TO USE THE SHIFT LEVER
To change the forward speed or the direction of the unit, follow the steps below.
CAUTION: Before you move the shift lever, completely push the clutch/brake pedal forward to stop the unit. If the unit is not stopped, the gearbox can be damaged.
1. Completely push the clutch/brake pedal forward to stop the unit. Keep your foot on the pedal.
2. Move the throttle control lever to the SLOW position.
3. To go forward, move the shift lever to a forward speed setting. To go backward, move the shift lever to reverse.
4. Slowly release the clutch/brake pedal. Do not keep your foot on the pedal.
5. Move the throttle control to the FAST position.
1. Before you start the engine, make sure the blade rotation con- trol is in the DISENGAGE position.
2. Move the blade rotation control to the ENGAGE position to rotate the blade(s).
NOTE: If the engine stops when you engage the blade(s), the seat switch is not activated. Make sure you sit in the middle of the seat.
3. Move theblade rotation control to the DISENGAGE position to stop the blade(s). Before you leave the operator s position, make sure the blade(s) has stopped rotating.
4. Before you ride the unit across a sidewalk or a road, move the
blade rotation control to the DISENGAGE position.
WARNING: Always keep your hands and feet away from the blade, deflector opening, and the mower housing when the engine runs.
FUNCTION НШЧЪМ ФЫКЫО
ë Í°»»¼-
Trimming Snow Thrower
Bagging Grass 1 or 2
Mulching Grass 1 or 2
Normal Mowing 2 or 3
Easy Mowing Snow Blade
Transport 5
Attachments *
1
3 or 4
THROTTLE
CHOKE
FAST
SLOW
THROTTLE
* See the Instruction Book for the Attachment.
16F 050759L
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