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A highly available and expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket SMP server, for application serving in Web environments

Product Guide

September 2008

IBM System x3650

Product Overview Outstanding performance, availability and capacity in a 2U rack-dense package

CONTENTS

Product Overview

Selling Features

Key Features

Key Options

x3650 Images

x3650 Specifications

The Bottom Line

For More Information

Legal Information

Suggested uses: Medium to large enterprises with demanding applications in data-dense environments.

Whether you are a small business or a global industry, your mission-critical applications and

1data must be protected. From a simple application to the most complex solution, the dualsocket IBM® System x3650, incorporating IBM X-Architecture features, is designed to

2protect your data with high performance, high reliability and high availability. The x3650

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supports the latest quad- and dual-core Intel® Xeonprocessors (including 50W low-voltage

quad-core Xeon processors), designed with up to a leading-edge 1333MHz front-side bus

 

11(FSB), 64-bit extensions (EM64T), and either 6MB or 4MB (dual-core) or 8MB or 12MB (quad-core) of L2 cache, to help provide you with the computing power you need to match your

12business needs and growth. In addition, the x3650 uses industry-standard fully buffered

13667MHz memory with ChipkillECC (Error Checking and Correcting) protection—for high performance and reliability. For even higher levels of availability, the x3650 also offers a choice

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of optional online hot-spare memory or memory mirroring. Dual integrated high-speed Gigabit

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Ethernet controllers with TOE (TCP Offload Engine) and Jumbo Frame support are standard,

as are high-performance adapter slots (PCI-E x8 and optional PCI-X/133).

18All models offer impressive scalability, including dual-processor support, up to 48GB of memory and a variety of high-performance internal hard disk and backup drive configurations: up to six

3.5-inch Serial-Attach SCSI (SAS) hot-swap drives with an internal storage capacity of

1.8TB1, or up to six 3.5-inch Serial ATA (SATA) hot-swap drives (6TB), or eight 2.5-inch SAS hot-swap drives (1.17TB). Hardware-based RAID-0/1/10 support is standard. An optional IBM ServeRAID-8k SAS RAID controller adds 256MB of battery-backed cache to the onboard controller to provide three additional RAID levels, including RAID-1E/5/6. The slim 2U size of the x3650 helps you maximize your rack investments. Up to 21 of these servers can be installed in a single 42U rack, for a total of up to 42 processors, offering the ideal balance of performance, storage and I/O slots per rack. Optional Advanced Connectivity Technology (ACT) interconnect cabling helps reduce cable clutter and cost and minimizes installation time when interconnecting many rack-mounted servers.

Standard in the x3650 is a Baseboard Management Controller (BMC) that enables the user to manage and control the server easily—both locally and remotely. This high level of manageability is designed to help keep management costs down and the system up. The dropdown light path diagnostics panel enables quick servicing of the system if a problem

develops. These advanced features help maximize network availability by increasing uptime, as do hot-swap/redundant HDDs, power and fans; Active Memory; temperature-controlled fans with Calibrated Vectored Cooling; IPMI 2.0 support, including highly secure remote power control and Serial over LAN; as well as text-console redirect over LAN.

With the inclusion of unique IBM service and support features such as light path diagnostics,

IBM Systems Director, IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager for x86 (formerly known as PowerExecutive), IBM ServerGuideand support for the optional Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine, the x3650 is designed for maximum uptime.

If you need a balance of high-performance dual-socket processing and large internal storage in a rack-dense environment, the x3650 is the ideal system.

1 TB equals 1,000,000,000,000 bytes when referring to hard disk drive capacity. Accessible capacity may be less.

1

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A highly available and expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket SMP server, for application serving in Web environments

Selling Features

Price/Performance

The x3650 offers numerous features to boost performance and reduce product and operating costs:

Up to two quad- or dual-core Xeon processors with high-end 1333MHz or 1066MHz front side bus and 4MB to 12MB (processor-specific) of integrated Level 2 cache per processor offer superior performance capable of tackling the toughest jobs. 64-bit extensions provide the flexibility to run 32-bit and 64-bit applications concurrently.

Low-voltage processors draw less power and produce less waste heat than high-voltage processors, thus helping to reduce data center energy costs. Some dual-core Xeon processors use only 65W. This is half the wattage consumed by older 130W processors. The 50W and 80W quad-core processors are even more economical, consuming only 12.5W and 20W (respectively) per core, vs. 32.5W per core for the 65W dual-core processors.

Ultra-fast fully buffered 667MHz PC2-5300 DDR II ECC memory with Chipkill protection provides speed and high availability.

Four high-speed PCI-E adapter slots offer potential investment protection by supporting high-performance adapters, such as 10Gb Ethernet, Fibre Channel and InfiniBand cards, none of which will run in older 33MHz and 66MHz conventional PCI slots.

Integrated ServeRAID-8k-l provides RAID-0/1/10 support at no extra charge and without consuming a valuable adapter slot. RAID-0 offers improved disk performance via data striping; RAID-1 offers disk mirroring for high availability, and RAID-10 combines the benefits of speed and availability.

Up to six 3.5-inch or eight 2.5-inch (depending on the model) hot-swap SAS or six 3.5- inch hot-swap SATA hard disk drives offer high-performance with high availability. The SAS controller provides full-duplex (2 x 300MBps) SAS data transfers, nearly double that of halfduplex Ultra320 SCSI (1 x 320MBps), or half-duplex SATA transfers (1 x 300MBps). 2.5- inch drives consume approximately half the power of 3.5-inch drives.

The integrated dual Gigabit Ethernet controllers with IPMI 2.0 support provide high-speed network communications. Jumbo Frames offer higher efficiency transfers for large data packets.

The TCP Offload Engine (TOE) feature offers higher performance for TCP/IP traffic, with less overhead on the system processor.

A high degree of device integration, including SAS, RAID, dual Gigabit Ethernet, systems management and video controllers, helps to lowers costs and frees up valuable adapter slots.

Flexibility

The x3650 has the ability to grow with your application requirements, thanks to:

A choice of quad-core or dual-core processors with 1.86 to 3.33GHz clock rates, 1333MHz or 1066MHz FSB, and 50W to 120W maximum power draw.

Up to 48GB of high-speed fully-buffered DDR2 system memory.

Four available high-performance PCI-E adapter slots in all models. Optionally, if desired, the riser card containing two of the PCI-E slots can be exchanged for a riser containing two PCI-X/133 adapter slots.

Installing the slotless ServeRAID-8k option upgrades the integrated ServeRAID-8k-l controller with low-cost battery-backed cache to enable even higher-performance hardware RAID support, and offering six RAID levels, including RAID-1E, 5 and 6.

The seven USB 2.0 ports (six external, one internal) are up to 40X faster2 than older USB 1.1 ports. This provides speedy access to external HDDs (non-arrayed), optical drives, tape drives, and other USB devices. Two ports are on the front of the unit and four are on the back. The internal port supports one tape or GoVault EZ backup drive.

An integrated SATA II controller provides support for SATA-based internal backup storage

A choice of up to four internal 3.5-inch HDDs and a backup (internal tape or GoVault) drive, six 3.5-inch HDDs without a backup drive, or eight internal 2.5-inch HDDs and a backup drive—depending on the model—offer a variety of storage options. The 3.5-inch models provide a maximum of 1.8TB of internal hot-swap SAS storage (1.2TB with an internal backup drive installed) or 6TB of internal hot-swap SATA storage (4TB with internal backup drive). The 2.5-inch models support up to 1.17TB of hot-swap SAS storage in addition to an internal backup drive.

Alternatively, iSCSI or Fibre Channel-attached storage can be attached using IBM System Storageor TotalStorage® servers.

2 Data transfer rates may be less than the maximum possible.

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A highly available and expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket SMP server, for application serving in Web environments

Manageability

Powerful systems management features simplify local and remote management of the x3650:

The x3650 includes a Baseboard Management Controller (BMC) to monitor server availability, perform Predictive Failure Analysis, etc., and trigger IBM Systems Director alerts. The BMC enables service personnel to use sophisticated diagnostic tools, such as light path diagnostics, to resolve problems quickly.

Integrated IPMI 2.0 support alerts IBM Systems Director to anomalous environmental factors, such as voltage and thermal conditions. It also supports highly secure remote power control using data encryption.

IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager for x86, an IBM-exclusive, is designed to take advantage of new system power management features, by providing power monitoring today, and power capping features later.

Text Console Redirection support allows the administrator to remotely view x3650 text messages over Serial or LAN.

IBM Systems Director is included for proactive systems management and works with both the blade’s internal BMC and the chassis’ management module. IBM Systems Director comes with a portfolio of tools, including Management Processor Assistant, Rack Manager, RAID Manager, Update Assistant and Software Distribution. In addition, IBM Systems Director offers extended systems management tools for additional server management and increased availability. When a problem is encountered, IBM Systems Director can issue administrator alerts via e-mail, pager, and other methods.

An optional Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine provides additional systems management capabilities, including Web-based out-of-band control; virtual floppy and optical drive support; Windows “blue screen” error capture; LDAP and SSL support; and remote redirection of PCI video, text, keyboard and mouse. It also adds PFA support for fans. And it does all this without consuming a valuable adapter slot.

Availability and Serviceability

The x3650 provides many features to simplify serviceability and increase system uptime:

x3650 servers use fully buffered DDR II DIMMs with Chipkill protection. Chipkill memory is up to 16X better than standard ECC memory at correcting memory errors. This can help reduce downtime caused by memory errors. Fully buffered DIMMs provide additional availability features, including CRC (cyclic redundancy check) monitoring.

The x3650 offers selectable online hot-spare memory and memory mirroring for redundancy in the event of a noncorrectable memory failure.

Toolless cover removal provides easy access to upgrades and serviceable parts. Similarly, the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine and the ServeRAID-8k controller can be installed and replaced without tools. This means less time (and therefore less money) spent servicing the server. Also, hot-swap/redundant HDDs, fans and power supplies, as well as online hot-spare and mirrored memory, can mean greater system uptime while components are being serviced.

The drop-down light path diagnostics panel and individual light path LEDs quickly lead the technician to failed (or failing) components. This simplifies servicing, speeds up problem resolution and helps improve network availability.

Integrated RAID-1 disk mirroring and RAID-10 striped mirrored arrays enable the server to keep operating in the event of a failure to any one drive.

IPMI 2.0 supports highly secure remote system power control using data encryption. This allows an administrator to restart a server without having to visit it in person, saving travel time and getting the server back up and running quickly and securely. It also adds new features to those provided by IPMI 1.5, including VLAN support, Serial over LAN, enhanced authentication and encryption algorithms (RMCP+, SHA-1, AES) and a firmware firewall.

Temperature-controlled fans adjust to compensate for changing thermal characteristics. At the lower speeds they draw less power and suffer less wear. Equally important in a crowded data center, temperature-controlled fans produce less ambient noise in the data center than if they were constantly running at full speed.

IBM Thermal Diagnostics allows the administrator to evaluate thermal data on the server without taking the hardware offline. This can provide greater server uptime.

The three-year (parts and labor) limited onsite warranty3 affords you peace of mind and

3For terms and conditions or copies of the IBM Statement of Limited Warranty, call 800-772-2227 in the U.S. In Canada call 800- 426-2255. Telephone support may be subject to additional charges. For warranties including onsite labor, a technician is sent after IBM attempts to resolve the problem remotely. International warranty service is available in any country in which this product is sold.

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A highly available and expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket SMP server, for application serving in Web environments

greater investment protection than a one-year warranty does.

Key Features

High-Performance Xeon Processors

The x3650 supports up to two high-performance Intel Xeon processors, allowing you to upgrade to a second processor as business needs require. The x3650 offers a choice of processor clock rates, FSB speeds and energy-efficiency:

120W quad-core Xeon processor models X5450, X5460, or X5470 at 3.0, 3.16, 3.33GHz respectively with 64-bit extensions, a 1333MHz FSB, and 12MB of L2 processor cache (2 x 6MB).

50W quad-core Xeon processor model L5420 at 2.5GHz with 64-bit extensions, ultralow power draw (12.5W per core), a 1333MHz FSB, and 12MB of L2 processor cache (2 x 6MB). Ultralow power processor L5430 at 2.66GHz is supported via CTO.

80W quad-core Xeon processor models E5405, E5420, E5430, E5440 at 2.0, 2.5, 2.66, 2.8GHz (respectively), with 64-bit extensions, a 1333MHz FSB, and 12MB of L2 processor cache (2 x 6MB). Processor E5410 at 2.33GHz is supported via CTO.

65W dual-core Xeon processor model E5205 at 1.86GHz with 64-bit extensions, a 1333MHz FSB, and 6MB of shared L2 processor cache. 80W dual-core Xeon processor model X5260 at 3.33GHz with 64-bit extensions, a 1333MHz FSB, and 6MB of shared L2 processor cache is supported via CTO.

80W dual-core Xeon processor model 5160 at 3.0GHz, with 64-bit extensions, reduced power draw, a 1333MHz FSB, and 4MB of shared L2 processor cache.

Dual-core Xeon processors contain two complete processor cores; quad-core processors, similarly, contain four cores. Some processors contain one unified cache shared by all cores, while other processors have independent caches (one per core or pair of cores). The shared cache is dynamically allocated between the cores as needed. The multiple cores appear to software as multiple physical processors. The dual-core processors offer considerably higher performance than a same-speed Xeon processor with a single core. Likewise, quad-core processors offer considerably higher performance than a same-speed Xeon processor with dual cores.

Intel Extended Memory 64 Technology (EM64T) 64-bit extensions allow the Xeon processor to use large memory addressing when running with a 64-bit operating system. This in turn lets individual software processes directly access more than 4GB of RAM, which was the limit of 32bit addressing. This can result in much higher performance for certain kinds of programs, such as database management and CAD. Additional registers and instructions (SSE3) can further boost performance for applications written to use them. Contact your software providers to determine their software support for EM64T.

The 1066MHz FSB (which connects memory to the processor) boasts a peak rate of 8.53GBps, or up to one-third higher throughput at the same processor clock speed than an 800MHz FSB (6.4GBps) used in older systems. The 1333MHz FSB offers a peak rate of 10.67GBps, or up to two-thirds higher throughput at the same processor clock speed than an 800MHz FSB. This may result in much higher data transfer rates.

Intelligent Power Capability powers individual processor elements on and off as needed, to reduce power draw.

Execute Disable Bit functionality can help prevent certain classes of malicious buffer overflow attacks when combined with a supporting operating system.

DDR II ECC Fully Buffered Memory with Chipkill Protection

The x3650 supports up to 48GB of memory in 12 DIMM sockets. Some models include two 512MB DIMMs standard, while others ship with two 1GB DIMMs. The x3650 uses PC2-5300 fully-buffered double data rate II (DDR II) memory (operating at 667MHz) for faster access, and provides Active Memory features, including advanced Chipkill memory protection, for up to 16X better error correction than standard ECC memory.

The fully buffered memory in the x3650 provides up to triple the memory bandwidth (up to 21.3GBps in four channels of PC2-5300 fully-buffered DIMMs vs. a maximum of 6.4GBps in two channels of unbuffered PC2-3200 memory) and up to triple the system memory capacity (12 DIMMs x 4GB) of the predecessor x346 server (8 DIMMs x 2GB). By performing reads and writes simultaneously, it eliminates the previous memory read-to-write blocking latency. In addition, it also offers innovative data reliability and security features to help improve data integrity, including enhanced CRC protection, data retry on error detect and buffer registers for improved fault isolation.

For increased availability, the x3650 offers two additional (but mutually exclusive) levels of IBM Active Memory protection: online memory mirroring, and online hot-spare memory.

Memory mirroring works much like disk mirroring. The total memory is divided into two channels.

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A highly available and expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket SMP server, for application serving in Web environments

Data is written concurrently to both channels. If a DIMM fails in one of the DIMMs in the primary channel, it is instantly disabled and the mirrored (backup) memory in the other channel becomes active (primary) until the failing DIMM is replaced. Mirroring can be accomplished with multiples of four DIMMs (one pair per memory channel).

When online hot-spare memory is enabled, using single and/or dual-rank DIMMs one rank is set aside per branch as online spares in case one of the other ranks fails. The spare rank must have capacity at least that of the largest active rank. Up to 40GB (using 12 single-rank 4GB DIMMs) or 44GB (using 12 dual-rank 4GB DIMMs) of memory is available when the hot-spare feature is active. (The lowest-numbered rank of those with the highest capacity in each branch is used for the hot-spares.)

Either of these features requires operating system support.

When multiples of four DIMMs (4/8/12) are installed, the x3650 operates in four-way interleaved mode, for higher performance. When only two DIMMs are used, the system defaults to two-way interleaved mode.

DIMMs must be installed in pairs. Memory is available in kits consisting of two 512MB, 1GB, 2GB or 4GB DIMMs.

High-Performance Adapter Slots

The x3650 provides four physical x8 (“by 8”) PCI-E (PCI Express) adapter slots standard. Each is capable of supporting x1/x4/x8 adapters. Slot 1 is full-length/full-height and Slot 2 is half- length/full-height. Electrically they are x8 slots as well (meaning that they operate at full x8 4GBps speeds). Slots 3 and 4 are low-profile/full-length slots, wired for x4 speeds (2GBps). This provides the flexibility to use x8 cards in those slots (although running at x4 speeds.) If desired, the riser card containing slots 1 and 2 may optionally be replaced with one that provides two 64-bit (1Gbps) 133MHz PCI-X slots instead, one full-length/full-height and one half-length/full-height.

PCI-Express is a high-performance, low-latency, next-generation serial I/O bus that is rapidly replacing the older parallel PCI and PCI-X buses. A x8 PCI-E adapter offers approximately four times the maximum throughput of a 133MHz PCI-X adapter4. (A x1 adapter offers throughput similar to a 66MHz PCI-X slot.)

Because the SAS, ServeRAID-8k and 8k-l, dual Gigabit Ethernet, systems management and video controllers are integrated onto the system board, the four adapter slots are all available, which offers you a wide degree of latitude in expansion options.

Hot-Swap/Redundant Components

System availability is maximized through the extensive use of hot-swap and redundant components, including:

Redundant memory protection (with Chipkill protection plus, memory mirroring or online hot-spare memory enabled)

Hot-swap, redundant hard disk drives (with RAID-0/1/10 protection standard and RAID-

1E/5/6 optional)

Hot-swap, redundant power supplies (optional)

Hot-swap, redundant cooling fans (optional)

Large HDD Storage Capacity

The x3650 offers a choice of disk storage, supporting up to six (3.5-inch) or eight (2.5-inch) hot-swap high-performance Serial-Attach SCSI (SAS) drives, or up to six (3.5-inch) hot-swap Serial-ATA (SATA) drives:

3.5-inch SAS

15,000 RPMs — 73.4, 146.8 or 300GB (1.8TB maximum)

2.5-inch SAS

10,000 RPMs — 73.4 or 146.8GB (1.17TB)

15,000 RPMs — 73.4GB (587.2GB)

3.5-inch SATA

7,200 RPMs — 160, 250, 500, 750GB or 1TB (6.0TB)

2-5-inch drives not only require less space than 3.5-inch drives, they weigh less, consume half the power, produce less noise, seek faster, and offer increased reliability.

(Note: The use of the internal backup drive option precludes the use of two drive bays, limiting storage to four 3.5-inch HDDs.)

4 Actual throughput will depend on the adapter vendor’s implementation.

5

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A highly available and expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket SMP server, for application serving in Web environments

The hot-swap SAS drives use the Converged Tray for interchangeability with other IBM System xand IBM eServerxSeries® systems. If you need more storage space, terabyte capacities are possible with external direct-attach, NAS and SAN solutions.

Disk/Tape Controllers

All x3650 models include an integrated eight-port Adaptec AIC9580W Serial-Attach SCSI (SAS) controller. This controller supports up to six or eight (depending on the model) internal SAS LVD (low-voltage differential) drives, plus external storage via the SAS port on the rear of the server.

The integrated ServeRAID-8k-l controller offers hardware RAID-0/1/10 support and 32MB of fast PC2-4200 DDR2 cache for those SAS drives. The ServeRAID-8k option adds three additional RAID levels, including RAID-1E, 5 and 6, along with 256MB of cache memory for higher performance, and battery backup, without consuming a valuable adapter slot.

The SAS controller provides data transfer speeds of up to 300MB per second5 in each direction (full-duplex) across the SAS bus, for an aggregate speed of 600MBps, nearly double that of Ultra320 SCSI’s 320MBps (half-duplex) bandwidth. The serial design of the SAS bus allows maximum performance to be maintained as additional drives are added.

Other supported RAID controllers include:

ServeRAID-6M Ultra320, 2-channel, 256MB battery-backed cache, 133MHz PCI-X (2 ports for external SCSI RAID storage)

ServeRAID-6M Ultra320, 2-channel, 128MB battery-backed cache, 133MHz PCI-X (2 ports for external SCSI RAID storage)

The ServeRAID-6M controllers support external SCSI expansion via the IBM EXP400 Storage Expansion Unit.

For external storage, the MegaRAID 8480 controller enables connection to up to four IBM System Storage EXP3000 SAS expansion units (48 HDDs total). It provides RAID-0/1/10/5/50 support and 256MB of onboard cache. Additional external SAS/SATA storage is available using the external SAS port on the system unit, or via one of several supported iSCSI or SAN controllers.

Drive Bays

The x3650 contains either seven or ten drive bays in all, depending on the model. Some models offer six 3.5-inch bays that support hot-swap SAS or SATA drives. This enables up to six slimline (1.0") drives totaling up to 1.8TB (SAS) or 6TB (SATA) to be installed.

An internal half-high DDS5 tape drive or GoVault EZ Drive can be installed in place of two of the HDDs. This offers the confidence of internal tape backup, while still leaving four available drive bays (for a total disk capacity of up to 1.2TB of SAS or 4TB of SATA storage, respectively).

Other models feature eight 2.5-inch bays that support hot-swap SAS drives totaling up to 1.17TB. In addition to the eight 2.5" HDD bays, there is a dedicated bay for a half-high DDS5 tape drive or GoVault EZ drive.

A 24X/10X/24X/8X6 speed (ultraslim, 0.5”) CD-RW/DVD-ROM combo drive with an IDE interface ships standard in all x3650 servers. No floppy drive is supplied with any model; an external USB floppy drive may be used, if needed.

For still more storage, a direct-attach, iSCSI, or FC SAN external expansion option can be added, using an optional controller.

Backup Devices

The x3650 supports several internal and external backup options. Supported drives include:

36/72 GB DDS-5 Tape Drive (SCSI)

80/120 GB GoVault EZ Drive (SATA)

80/160 GB Half High VS160 Tape Drive (SCSI)

400/800 GB LTO-3 Ultrium Tape Drive (external SCSI)

Dual Gigabit Ethernet Controllers

The x3650 includes two integrated Broadcom BCM5708 Gigabit Ethernet controllers with TOE support, as well as load-balancing and failover capabilities, with up to 10X higher maximum throughput than a 10/100 Ethernet controller.

5Data transfer rates depend on many factors and are often less than the maximum possible.

6Variable read rate. Actual playback speed varies and is often less than the maximum possible.

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A highly available and expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket SMP server, for application serving in Web environments

TOE helps improve overall system performance by offloading TCP/IP protocol processing from the system microprocessor to the onboard Ethernet TOE processor.

The controllers also support highly secure remote power management using IPMI 2.0, plus Wake on LAN® and PXE (Preboot Execution Environment) flash interface. Optional PCI adapters offering failover and load balancing between adapters are available for added throughput and increased system availability.

Ultra-Efficient Cooling

Strategically located fans, combined with efficient airflow paths, provide highly effective system cooling for the x3650, known as Calibrated Vectored Cooling. The base server with one power supply includes five fans. Five additional hot-swap fans can be installed along with the redundant power supply.

The system contains four cooling zones. Zone 1 (incorporating one fan in a nonredundant configuration or two with redundancy) cools one processor. Zone 2 (one or two fans) cools the other processor, Zone 3 (one or two fans) cools the adapter slots and memory, and Zone 4 (two or four fans) cools the HDDs, power supplies and system backplane. In addition, each power supply also contains a fan.

The fans automatically adjust speeds in response to changing thermal requirements, from a minimum of 4,250 RPMs to a maximum of 8,000 RPMs, depending on the zone, redundancy, and internal temperatures. When the temperature inside the server increases, the fans speed up to maintain the proper ambient temperature. When the temperature returns to a normal operating level, the fans return to their default speed. Why not simply run the fans at 100% capacity all the time? For several good reasons: to reduce the ambient noise, reduce the wear- and-tear on the fans and reduce the server power draw. The reduction in ambient noise and power draw may be relatively minor for a single server, but put dozens or hundreds in a data center and it can make a big difference!

In addition, the server uses hexagonal ventilation holes in the chassis. Hexagonal holes can be grouped more densely than round holes, providing greater airflow through the system cover.

This cooling scheme is important because newer, more powerful processors generate a significant amount of heat, and heat must be controlled for the system to function properly.

Light Path Diagnostics

Light path diagnostics enables a technician to quickly identify and locate a failed or failing system component, such as a specific fan or memory DIMM. This enables quick replacement of the component, which helps increase server uptime and lower operating costs.

The front of the server has an LED indicator light to show possible component failures. If the front LED indicates an error condition, by pressing a button on the front of the server an LED panel will pop out and drop down for easy viewing without the need to open the server cover or remove the server from the rack. The light path diagnostics panel tells the servicer which component requires attention. In addition, many components have their own identifying LEDs. For example, each of the eight memory modules has an LED next to the socket, as do both processors, all adapter slots, all fans, all power supplies, the voltage regulator module and the service processor, allowing the servicer to easily identify exactly which component needs servicing. By following the “light path,” the component can be replaced quickly, and without guesswork. (Note: In the event of a failed DIMM, the system will restart and mark the DIMM as bad while offline, thus allowing the system to continue running, with reduced memory capacity, until serviced.)

Other Features

Seven USB 2.0 ports — Provides flexibility to add high-speed external devices. The USB 2.0 specification supports up to 480Mbps transfer rates. (Note: Not all USB 2.0 devices are capable of achieving this rate.) Two ports are provided on the front of the server, four are on the back, and one is internal to support a USB-interface tape or GoVault EZ backup drive.

Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine support — This optional full-function systems management adapter adds local and remote management functions without consuming an adapter slot.

Internal SATA port — Provides easy connection of internal SATA-based backup storage

Dual video ports — An ATI Radeon ES1000 SVGA video controller provides up to 1024x768 resolution, with a color depth of 32 bits at 85Hz refresh rate. To simplify local systems management, one video port is provided on the front of the unit and one on the back.

Toolless slides — Allows quick rack installation and quicker upgrade and servicing of the server.

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A highly available and expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket SMP server, for application serving in Web environments

Toolless chassis — The cover can be opened without tools, and many components can be removed and replaced without tools, including the CD-RW/DVD combo drive, hot-swap HDDs, plus PCI, PCI-X and PCI-E adapters, as well as the integrated ServeRAID-8k and Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine. This can save a servicer significant time.

Rack Cable Management and KVM Console Switching

IBM Advanced Cabling Technology (ACT) is an optional feature that offers many advantages over standard KVM cabling across the entire System x and xSeries product line. So now you can interconnect all of your servers with one smart cabling architecture. ACT cabling eliminates the need for one-to-one direct connections between each server and a KVM switch by using a daisy-chain approach.

The snarl of cabling behind most racks is at best inconvenient to work around and at worst an expensive logistical nightmare, requiring the rewiring of servers, PDUs, KVM switches, and other equipment whenever a rack server is added or removed. Even worse, the veil of cables blocks rack airflow and can actually contribute to equipment failure due to overheating. ACT cabling is the solution for reducing behind-the-rack cabling by as much as 87%.

The illustration below shows a sample ACT configuration:

 

 

 

Directly

Via Daisy-Chain

 

 

 

 

Max.16 servers per port

All CAT5, 5e, 6

Via Secondary

cabling

Switch

Conventional cabling has bulky KVM cables exiting each server, which then connect to a KVM switch. The cables exiting a series of KVM switches must then be aggregated via additional KVM switches and PDUs, which only increases the number—and cost—of cables, KVM switches and PDUs. Instead, the daisy-chain approach of ACT cabling uses readily available, inexpensive CAT5 and 6 cabling to considerably reduce the number of cables, KVM switches, and PDUs needed, rather than increasing them. If a server is removed or added, no complicated rewiring is needed. One cable connects the first server in the rack to the next, and so on. Up to 16 servers form a chain; up to 8 chains can connect to one Local Console Manager (LCM); 16 LCMs can connect to one Global Console Manager (GCM). In this manner, up to 2,048 servers can be centrally managed. Equally importantly, with ACT—unlike some other offerings— everything is done externally via cabling; no special adapters are required.

Extensive System Support Features

The IBM services and technical support portfolio provides world-class, consistent, high-quality service and support. The x3650 server offers a number of tools and services designed to make ownership a positive experience. From the start, IBM programs make it easier for you to plan for, configure and purchase System x or xSeries servers, get them running and keep them running long-term. These features include IBM Express Portfolio, IBM ServerProven®, the IBM Standalone Solutions Configuration Tool, IBM System x and BladeCenter Power Configurator, IBM ServerGuide, IBM Electronic Service Agent, Product Customization Services and extensive technical support offerings.

The IBM ServerProven program provides the confidence that specific options and operating systems have been tested on the server and are officially supported to work together. It is updated frequently to ensure that the latest compatibility information is always at your fingertips.

The IBM Standalone Solutions Configuration Tool (SSCT) is a downloadable tool that simplifies the often complex chore of configuring a full rack of servers (including blade servers) and confirming that you have all the cables, power distribution units, KVM (keyboard, video and

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mouse) switch boxes and other components you need, as well as the proper airflow clearances, electrical circuits and other environmental conditions.

IBM System x and BladeCenter Power Configurator helps IT managers plan for data center power needs, by providing the following information for specific configurations of System x and BladeCenter systems: power input (watts), PDU sizing (amps), heat output (BTUs), airflow requirements through chassis (CFM), VA rating, leakage current (mA), and peak inrush current

(amps).

IBM ServerGuide (installed from CD) simplifies the process of installing and configuring System x and xSeries servers. ServerGuide goes beyond mere hardware configuration by assisting with the automated installation of the Microsoft® Windows® Server 2000 and 2003 operating systems, device drivers and other system components, with minimal user intervention. (Drivers are also included for support of Novell NetWare, Red Hat Linux and SUSE LINUX.) This focus on deployment helps you reduce both your total cost of ownership and the complexity that administrators and technical personnel face.

IBM Electronic Service Agentis an innovative “call home” feature that allows System x and BladeCenter servers to automatically report hardware problems to IBM support, which can even dispatch onsite service7 if necessary to those customers entitled to onsite support under the terms of their warranty or an IBM Maintenance Agreement. Electronic Service Agent resides on a server and provides electronic support and problem management capabilities through a highly secure electronic dialogue between your systems and IBM. It monitors networked servers for hardware errors and it can perform hardware and software inventories and report inventory changes to IBM. All information sent to IBM is stored in a highly secure database and used for improved problem determination.

Additional services include hardware warranty upgrades and factory-installed Product Customization Services (PCS), such as asset tagging, hardware integration, software imaging and operating systems personalization.

IBM offers extensive technical support by phone and via the Web. Support options include links to forums/newsgroups, problem submission, online shopping support, service offerings, device drivers for all IBM product lines, software downloads and even upcoming technical seminar worldwide schedules and registration. Also available are remote installation, configuration and usage support for System x and xSeries hardware and software, as well as onsite custom services to provide the level of expertise you require.

Advanced Systems Management Capabilities

The x3650 has a high level of systems management capabilities that are well-suited to remote locations as well as to stand-alone environments. Features include the Baseboard Management Controller (BMC), IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager for x86, Automatic Server Restart, Wake on LAN® support, PXE support, text console redirect, Predictive Failure Analysis, IBM Systems Director and support for an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine.

The BMC provides industry-standard Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) 2.0- compliant systems management. It provides a number of important system functions, including:

Monitoring of system and battery voltage, system temperature, fans, power supplies, processor and DIMM status

Fan speed control

Product ID and Family ID detection

Highly secure remote power on/off

System reset control

NMI/SMI detection and generation

System diagnostic LED control (power, HDD, activity, alerts, heartbeat)

IPMI over LAN

Serial Over LAN

Proxy server support

LAN messaging and alerting

Text console redirection over LAN

VLAN support

Enhanced authentication and encryption algorithms (RMCP+, SHA-1, AES)

Local update of BMC firmware

Firmware firewall

Support for IPMI v2.0 compliant management software (e.g., xCAT)

7 For onsite labor, IBM will attempt to diagnose and resolve the problem remotely before sending a technician.

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Other mandatory and optional IPMI BMC functions

The BMC alerts IBM Systems Director to anomalous environmental factors, such as voltage and thermal conditions—even if the server has failed.

The x3650 also supports an optional IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine for additional systems management capabilities, including:

Predictive Failure Analysis for system fans

Graphical console redirection over LAN

Web-based out-of-band control

Windows “blue screen” capture

Remote virtual floppy and CD-ROM

High-speed remote redirection of PCI video, keyboard and mouse

SSL (Secure Socket Layer) and LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) support

IBM developed IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager for x86 to put control of system power-saving features at the fingertips of administrators. Active Energy Manager is designed to take advantage of new features, such as monitoring power usage and balancing the performance of the system according to available power input. It provides the ability to plan and predict power consumption based on your hardware configuration. It also helps enable you to reduce the infrastructure required for redundancy, by using fewer servers on smaller power feeds and potentially lowering your overall data center support costs. It does this by inventorying all components, then adding up the total power draw and tracking the usage.

Automatic Server Restart (ASR) helps reduce downtime by restarting the server automatically in the event of a system lockup. ASR technology is a combination of hardware circuitry tied into the server’s system reset function and a device driver. As long as the server continues running, the ASR watchdog timer will keep being reset, but if the operating system crashes or the hardware freezes somehow the ASR software will be unable to reset the hardware timer. If the timer is not reset within five minutes, it automatically triggers the ASR hardware, which immediately restarts the server (and logs an ASR event with IBM Systems Director). These features are designed so that no more than five minutes can pass before the server is restarted.

Wake on LAN permits the server to be remotely powered on if it has been shut off. Once powered up, the server can be controlled across the network, using the Preboot Execution Environment (PXE).

Like Wake on LAN, PXE is system firmware. It enables software such as the optional IBM Remote Deployment Manager to take control of a system before the BIOS, operating system or applications are loaded (using Wake on LAN/PXE) and lets an administrator perform many low-level tasks remotely that would otherwise require a visit to each system. These tasks may include such things as formatting a hard disk drive, updating system firmware, or deploying a Windows or Linux operating system.

Text Console Redirection support allows the administrator to remotely view x3650 text messages over serial or LAN. An upgrade to the optional Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine adds graphical console redirect.

Predictive Failure Analysis (PFA) is designed to allow the x3650 to detect impending failure of supported components (processors, memory, voltage regulator modules (VRMs), power supplies and hard disk drives) before actual failure, and alert the administrator through IBM Systems Director. This gives you the ability to replace the failing component before it fails, resulting in increased uptime.

IBM Systems Director software for advanced workgroup management is included with the x3650. IBM Systems Director comes with a portfolio of tools, including Management Processor Assistant, Rack Manager, RAID Manager, Update Assistant and Software Distribution. IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager for x86, System Availability (a no-charge download) and Capacity Manager (sold separately) are available as add-ons for additional server management and increased availability. IBM Systems Director provides a single uniform graphical interface for all of these systems management functions.

IBM Systems Director enables you to customize thresholds and monitor system components (for things like temperature, voltage regulation, etc.) to help maximize uptime.

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Key Options

IBM options for System x servers help you take your servers to a

 

higher level

 

You can rely on System x options to supply a complete solution for your business needs.

 

Options help you create an optimized server system to meet your data protection, storage and

 

availability needs. Every IBM option is designed and tested for peak performance and flexibility,

 

helping to maximize your return on investment. The combination of System x servers and

 

options lets you keep your fingers on the pulse of your e-business.

 

Processors — The Intel Xeon processor provides high clock rates, dualor quad-cores, 64-bit

 

extensions, a large cache and advanced features for availability and manageability. Large cache

 

size, combined with a fast 1066MHz or 1333MHz front-side bus, reduces memory latency and

 

facilitates the movement of data through the processor and I/O devices. (Note: System

 

performance depends not only on the number of processors in the server but also on the power

 

and functionality of each processor.) Adding a second processor may be a cost-effective way to

 

achieve significant performance improvements.

 

Memory — Memory is a significant factor in systems application performance. Adding more

 

memory to a System x server is one of the most effective ways to increase application

 

performance. For best performance in a server with a dual-core processor, there should be

 

twice as much memory available as for a single-core processor. The x3650 takes memory

 

upgrades in pairs and provides either two-way or four-way interleaving (depending on the

 

number of DIMMs installed).

 

Hard Disk Drives — IBM hard disk drives help you improve the transaction and cost

 

performance of your System x servers. The choice of hard disk drives can be a critical aspect of

 

maximizing the I/O throughput of the system. SAS hard disk drives are available for the x3650

 

with capacities up to 300GB (3.5-inch) apiece at 15,000 RPMs, up to 146.8GB (2.5-inch) apiece

 

at 10,000 RPMs, or up to 73.4GB apiece (2.5-inch) at 15,000 RPM. 3.5-inch Serial ATA hard

 

disk drives are available with capacities up to 1TB apiece at 7,200 RPMs.

 

Backup Drives — IBM backup drives help you protect your data. Several choices of capacities

 

(from 36/72GB to 400/800GB), technologies (removable disk cartridge, DDS5, VS160, LTO3),

 

and interfaces (SCSI, SATA, USB) are available.

 

Power Supply — The optional second power supply for the x3650 enables redundancy for hot-

 

swap power (and adds five additional fans for increased cooling capacity and redundancy).

 

Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine — The x3650 includes a plethora of systems

 

management features built-in; however, sometimes additional management capability is

 

needed. In those situations, the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine not only offers powerful

 

new features, it does so without taking up a valuable PCI-X or PCI-E adapter slot, instead using

 

a dedicated slot on the motherboard.

 

ServeRAID Controllers — System x servers using embedded ServeRAID-8k technology allow

 

companies to build a reliable foundation for business-critical computing. IBM ServeRAID

 

technology allows an array consisting of multiple physical hard disk drives to be treated as one

 

logical drive. ServeRAID technology also allows data to be stored redundantly, across multiple

 

hard disk drives— enhancing both the integrity and the availability of the data. SAS and SATA

 

ServeRAID controllers offer enhanced performance due to onboard processors and cache.

 

Because IBM ServeRAID controllers can help significantly improve data transfer rates, this

 

technology is extremely effective when implementing demanding, transaction-oriented

 

applications. By employing the advanced fault tolerance of IBM ServeRAID technology,

 

companies can effectively implement networked business systems that require large amounts of

 

storage space for data and applications that must be available for their businesses to continue

 

operating.

 

The optional integrated ServeRAID-8k SAS/SATA controller offers enhanced performance over

 

the integrated ServeRAID-8k-l controller, 256MB of battery-backed cache memory, and

 

supports six RAID levels: 0 (striping), 1 (mirroring), 10 (mirroring and striping), 1E (enhanced

 

mirroring, supporting odd numbers of drives), 5 (striping with parity), and 6 (striping with double

 

parity).

 

The family of ServeRAID-6M (Ultra320) SCSI controllers offers high performance via an

 

onboard processor and cache, and the ability to add external storage capacity for the x3650: up

 

to 8.4TB (28 x 300GB drives) using a ServeRAID-6M adapter and two IBM TotalStorage

 

EXP400 Storage Expansion Units, with industry-leading ServeRAID Manager (RAID

 

management) software.

 

The optional MegaRAID 8480 SAS controller offers high performance and 256MB of cache

 

memory (with optional battery backup) for external SAS storage capacity. The adapter supports

 

five RAID levels: 0 (striping), 1 (mirroring), 10 (mirroring and striping), 5 (striping with parity),

 

and 50 (striping/mirroring with parity).

 

External SAN, NAS and direct-attach storage is available using one of several IBM System

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Storage and TotalStorage host bus adapters.

External Storage — The IBM TotalStorage DS3000, DS4000, DS6000, and DS8000 series, as well as the System Storage DS4000, N3000, N5000, and N7000 series, comprise a powerful and broad shared storage family with integrated management software designed to meet midrange and enterprise needs. For lower-end needs, IBM offers the TotalStorage DS300 and DS400 storage enclosures.

Additionally, external LAN-attached tape storage is available.

The iSCSI HBA Adapter for IXA Connectivity is a PCI adapter for selected System x and xSeries servers that provides a direct 1GBps link to an IBM System i5 or iSeries server. This connection enables you to centralize your Microsoft Windows and System i5 or iSeries storage and consolidate the operations and backup of your System x, xSeries, System i5 and iSeries systems into a single infrastructure. It enables the tightest possible integration between Windows and System i5/iSeries data and applications, and allows as many as 32 servers to attach to one System i5 or iSeries system to share the iSeries server’s systems management, DVD, tape and disk storage via the iSeries dynamic virtual storage architecture. This can take the place of a SAN if you have an established System i5 or iSeries infrastructure.

x3650 Images

Front View

Hexagonal

Status

Cover

 

 

 

Ventilation

Latch

Optional Tape

Hot-Swap 2.5

LEDs

Holes

 

Pop-Out Light Path

Drive Bay

SAS HDDs

 

 

 

 

Empty Hot-Swap

 

 

Diagnostics Panel

 

 

 

 

Light Path Diagnostics

 

 

2.5Bays

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Panel Eject Button

 

 

 

Power

 

 

 

 

 

Button

CD-RW/DVD

 

 

 

 

 

USB 2.0

 

 

 

 

Combo Drive

 

 

 

 

 

Ports

 

 

 

 

 

Video Port

 

 

 

Rear View

 

 

 

 

 

Hot-Swap Power

Adapter Slot 1

Adapter Slot 2

Adapter Slots 3 & 4

Supply Bays

External

Fast Ethernet

Serial

Video

USB

Gigabit

SAS Port

Port for BMC

Port

Port

Ports

Ethernet

 

 

 

 

 

Ports

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Interior View

Hot-Swap

12 DIMM Slots

Hot-Swap Fans

 

Power

 

 

 

Supplies

 

HDD Bays

 

 

HDD/Tape bays

 

ServeRAID-8k-l

 

PCI-X/PCI-E Riser card

Empty Hot-Swap

 

 

Fan Bays

 

Processor 1

 

PCI-E Slots 3 & 4

 

Optical Drive

 

 

Bay

Processor 2

Light Path

Diagnostics

Panel

 

 

x3650 Specifications

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Machine type

7979-2xX/2xY, 4xX/4xY, 5xX/5xY, 7xX/7xY, BxX/BxY, JxX/JxY, LxX/LxY, MxX/MxY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Form factor

 

 

 

 

 

2U

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quad-core Xeon (E54xx/L54xx/X54xx)

 

 

Dual-core Xeon

 

 

 

 

(E52xx/X52xx)

 

 

2.0GHz E5405 (B1X/B1Y, BAX/BAY), 2.5GHz

 

 

 

 

 

1.86GHz E5205 (MxX/MxY),

 

 

E5420 (B3X/B3Y, BCX/BCY), 2.5GHz L5420

 

 

 

 

 

Also X5260 3.33GHz

 

 

(LxX/LxY), 2.66GHz E5430 (B4X/B4Y, BDX/BDY),

 

 

 

 

 

 

processor via CTO

 

Processor type

2.8GHz E5450 (B5X/B5Y, BEX/BEY), 3.0GHz

 

 

 

 

 

 

X5450 (B9X/BJY, BJX/BJY), 3.16GHz X5460

 

 

Dual-core Xeon (51xx)

 

 

(B7X/B7Y, BGX/BGY), 3.33GHz X5470 (8Bx/8By,

 

1.6GHz E5110 (2xX/2xY),

 

 

82x/82y), Also, E5410 (2.33GHz) and L5430

 

2.0GHz E5130 (4xX/4xY),

 

 

(2.66Ghz) processor via CTO

 

 

 

2.33GHz E5140 (5xX/5xY),

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.0GHz E5160 (7xX/7xY)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

80W (7xX/7xY,

120W

 

 

50W (JxX/JxY,

 

65W (2xX/2xY,

 

B1X/B1Y, B3X/B3Y,

(B7X/B7Y,

 

Maximum processor power draw

 

4xX/4xY, 5xX/5xY,

 

B4X/B4Y, B5X/B5Y,

BGX/BGY,

 

LxX/LxY)

 

 

 

 

 

 

MxX/MxY)

 

BAX/BAY, BCX/BCY,

B9X/B9Y,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BDX/BDY, BEX/BEY)

BJX/BFJY)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Front-side bus (FSB) speed

1333MHz (4xX/4xY, 5xX/5xY, 7xX/7xY,

 

1066MHz (2xX/2xY, JxX/JxY, MxX/MxY)

 

BxX/BxY, LxX/LxY)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of processors standard / maximum

 

 

 

1 / 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12MB (2 x 6MB shared

 

8MB (2 x 4MB shared

 

4MB (1 x 4MB shared

 

 

 

 

cache)—2xX/2xY,

 

Internal L2 cache

cache)—BxX/BxY,

 

 

cache)—JxX/JxY,

 

 

 

 

 

4xX/4xY, 5xX/5xY,

 

 

LxX/LxY

 

 

MxX/MxY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7xX/7xY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chipset

 

 

 

 

Intel 5000P

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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x3650 Specifications

Standard / maximum memory8

2GB (2 x 1GB) / 48GB (BxX/BxY,

 

1GB (2 x 512MB) / 48GB (2xX/2xY,

 

JxX/JxY, LxX/LxY, MxX/MxY

 

4xX/4xY, 5xX/5xY, 7xX/7xY)

Standard memory type

Fully buffered PC2-5300 (667MHz) DDR II ECC with Chipkill protection

 

 

 

 

Memory interleaving

Yes (four-way using multiples of 4 DIMMs; two-way otherwise)

 

 

 

 

DIMM capacities supported

 

512MB, 1GB, 2GB, 4GB

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of DIMM sockets total / available

 

12 / 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Online spare memory supported / # of

Yes / 1 DIMM “rank” per memory branch (2 ranks total)

DIMM sockets reserved for sparing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Memory mirroring supported / # of

 

Yes / 6

 

 

DIMM sockets reserved for mirroring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of drive bays total / available

7 / 6 (x1X/x1Y, x2X/x2Y, x3X/x3Y,

 

10 / 9 (xAX/xAY, xBX/xBY, xCX/xCY,

x4X/x4Y, x5X/x5Y, x7X/x7Y, x9X/x9Y)

 

 

xDX/xDY)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of HDD drive bays total / available

6 / 6 3.5-inch (x1X/x1Y, x2X/x2Y,

 

8 / 8 2.5-inch (xAX/xAY, xBX/xBY,

x3X/x3Y, x4X/x4Y, x5X/x5Y, x7X/x7Y,

 

BCX/BCY, xDX/xDY, xEX/xEY,

 

x9X/x9Y)

 

 

 

xGX/xGY)

 

 

 

 

 

# of 5.25" bays total / available

 

1 / 0 (CD-RW/DVD installed)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.5-inch SAS

2.5-inch SAS

3.5-inch SATA

 

1.8TB (6 x 300GB) hot-

 

swap SAS (without

1.17TB (8 x 146.8GB)

6.0TB (6 x 1TB) hot-swap

 

internal backup drive);

hot-swap SAS (with or

SATA (without internal

Maximum HDD capacity

1.2TB (4 x 300GB) hot-

without internal backup

backup drive);

swap SAS with internal

drive) (xAX/xAY, xBX/xBY,

4.0TB (4 x 1TB) hot-swap

 

 

backup drive installed

xCX/xCY, xDX/xDY,

SATA with internal backup

 

(x1X/x1Y, L2X/L2Y,

xEX/xEY, xGX/xGY,

drive installed (x1X/x1Y,

 

x3X/x3Y, x4X/x4Y,

xJX/xJY)

22X/22Y)

 

x7X/x7Y, x9X/x9Y)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.5-inch SAS

 

 

3.5-inch SAS

3.5-inch SATA

 

73.4, 146.8GB 10K

HDD capacities supported

73.4, 146.8, 300GB

500, 750GB 7.2K

RPMs;

 

 

15K RPMs

 

RPMs

 

73.4GB 15K RPMs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of HDDs standard

 

None

 

 

 

 

# of optical drives standard

1 CD-RW/DVD Combo (24X/10X/24X/8X, in dedicated 5.25" UltraBay)

 

 

 

 

# of diskette drives standard

 

None (optional)

 

 

 

Internal backup drives supported

GoVault EZ Drive (USB 2.0 or SATA-attach), DDS-5 or VS160 (SCSI)—uses two 3.5”

 

bays

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disk drive technology

 

Hot-swap SAS

 

 

 

Integrated disk controller

Eight-port Adaptec 9580W SAS/SATA

 

 

 

 

 

# of disk drives supported per port

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

External disk drives supported

Yes, via external 4-port SAS connector

standard

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Integrated RAID controller / cache

ServeRAID-8k-l (32MB cache, 400MHz DDR2) standard—internal SAS

 

 

 

ServeRAID-8k (256MB, 400MHz DDR2)—internal SAS

Optional RAID controllers supported

ServeRAID-6M (128MB or 256MB)—external Ultra320 SCSI

 

MegaRAID 8480 (256MB)—external SAS/SATA

 

 

 

 

 

# of adapter slots total / available

 

4 / 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of PCI-E physical x8/electrical x8

 

2 (standard)

 

slots (4GBps)

One full-height/full-length (Slot 1); one full-height/half-length (Slot 2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

8Maximum memory and disk capacity may require the replacement of standard components with the largest supported component available.

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x3650 Specifications

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of PCI-E physical x8/electrical x4

 

2

 

 

slots (2GBps)

Two low-profile/full-length (Slots 3 & 4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of PCI-E x1 slots (500MBps)

 

None

 

 

 

 

 

# of PCI-X/133 slots (1GBps)

None (2 optional, in place of the 2 PCI-E full-height slots)

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of 33MHz legacy PCI slots

 

None

 

 

 

 

 

# of video ports

2 (one front, one rear)

 

 

 

 

 

Video controller

ATI Radeon ES1000

 

 

 

 

 

Video memory

16MB SDRAM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum video resolution at 32-bit

1024 x 758 x 32-bit color at 85Hz

 

color

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gigabit Ethernet controller

2 x Broadcom BCM5708

 

 

 

 

 

TOE / failover / load-balancing-capable

Yes / Yes / Yes

 

 

 

 

 

# of Gigabit Ethernet ports

2 (rear)

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of RS485 ports

 

None

 

 

 

 

 

# of serial ports

1 (rear)

 

 

 

 

 

# of parallel ports

None (USB-attached)

 

 

 

 

 

# of mouse ports

None (USB-attached)

 

 

 

 

 

# of keyboard ports

None (USB-attached)

 

 

 

 

 

# of USB 2.0 ports

6 external (2 front, 4 rear) ports, plus 1 internal USB connector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Integrated systems management

Yes (BMC)

 

controller

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Optional systems management

Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine

 

adapter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Light path diagnostics support

Yes, with external pop-out/drop-down panel

 

 

 

 

 

Predictive Failure Analysis support

Processors, memory, voltage regulator modules (VRMs), HDDs, power supplies (plus

 

fans, when an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter SlimLine II is used)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power supply size

835W universal, autoswitching, hot-swap

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

# of power supplies standard /

 

1 / 2

 

 

maximum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hot-swap/redundant power supported

Yes (with two power supplies installed)

 

 

 

 

 

# of fans/blowers standard / maximum

5 (with one power supply installed) / 10 (with redundant power installed)

 

 

 

 

 

Hot-swap/redundant fans supported

Yes (with two power supplies installed)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heat Emitted: maximum BTUs

 

3,390

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rack mount method

Slides and Cable Management Arm (provided standard)

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum altitude

7,000 ft;

 

2,133 m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating temperature range

50 – 95º F; 10 – 35º C (up to 3,000 ft /

 

50 – 90º F; 10 – 32º C (3,000 ft to 7,000

 

914.4 m)

 

ft / 914.4m to 2,133m)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.36” (85.4mm) H

 

65 lb (maximum)

 

Dimensions (HWD) / weight

17.5” (444mm) W

 

 

 

29.5 kg

 

 

27.5” (698mm) D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating systems supported

Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (Standard/Web/Enterprise Editions) 32/64-bit,

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

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A highly available and expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket SMP server, for application serving in Web environments

 

x3650 Specifications

 

 

 

Windows 2000 Server (Standard/Enterprise Editions), RHEL 3/4 32/64-bit, SLES 9

 

32/64-bit, Novell Open Enterprise Server (NetWare 6.5), VMware ESX Server 2.5/3.0

 

 

Length of limited warranty

3 years (parts and labor)9

 

 

The Bottom Line

The x3650 is an extremely powerful system, building on the legacy of the x346 server by incorporating leading-edge industry-standard features and adding IBM-unique innovations:

Price/Performance

High-throughput processors 1.6 to 3.16GHz quad-core or 1.6 to 3.0GHz dual-core

Xeon processors; up to 8 (quad-core) or 4 (dual-core) processor cores per server

Energy-efficient low-voltage processors 50W quad-core and 65W dual-core Xeon processors

Large cache 12MB, 8MB, 6MB or 4MB of L2 processor cache

64-bit extensions (EM64T)

Leading-edge front-side bus 1333MHz or 1066MHz FSB (model-specific)

Fast memory Fully buffered 667MHz PC2-5300 DDR II ECC memory standard with twoway or four-way interleaving

Fast disk technology — Integrated Serial-Attach SCSI (SAS) controller and slotless hardware-based RAID-0 data striping and RAID-10 striped/mirrored arrays, with 32MB of onboard cache

Fast communications — Integrated dual Gigabit Ethernet controllers, supporting loadbalancing, failover and TOE

Fast I/O PCI-E x8 adapter slots

Flexibility

Large memory capacity 48GB of fully buffered memory, using 12 DIMMs

A choice of six 3.5-inch SAS or SATA drives or eight 2.5-inch SAS drives

High-capacity disk storage — Up to 1.8TB of internal hot-swap SAS or 6TB of hot-swap SATA storage using 3.5-inch drives; up to 1.17TB of internal hot-swap SAS storage using

2.5-inch drives

Support for an optional half-height internal backup drive (in place of two 3.5-inch HDDs, or in addition to eight 2.5-inch HDDs); choice of removable disk cartridge (GoVault EZ), DDS-5 tape, or VS160 tape

High-performance external expansion Seven 480Mbps USB 2.0 ports (two front, four rear, one internal); one external SAS port

Hardware-based RAID-0/1/10 support standard; optional slotless RAID support for RAID-

1E/5/6

Four available adapter slots —

Four x8 PCI-E slots (4Gbps)

An optional riser card containing two 133MHz PCI-X slots can replace the riser card containing two of the PCI-E slots

Integrated DVD/CD-RW combo drive

Two video ports (one on the front and one on the back)

Optional iSCSI HBA Adapter for IXA Connectivity (to System i/iSeriesservers)

Manageability, Serviceability and Availability

IBM Systems Director systems management software, including:

IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager for x86

IBM Management Processor Assistant

IBM Rack Manager

IBM RAID Manager

IBM Update Assistant

9For terms and conditions or copies of the IBM Statement of Limited Warranty, call 800-772-2227 in the U.S. In Canada call 800- 426-2255. IBM makes no representation or warranty regarding third-party products or services including those designated as ServerProven or ClusterProven. Telephone support may be subject to additional charges. For warranties including onsite labor, a technician is sent after IBM attempts to resolve the problem remotely. International warranty service is available in any country in which this product is sold.

16

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A highly available and expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket SMP server, for application serving in Web environments

IBM Software Distribution

IBM System Availability

Integrated Baseboard Management Controller (BMC):

IPMI 2.0 compliance, including highly secure remote power control

Text console redirection systems management standard

Active Memory protection:

Advanced Chipkill ECC memory protection, and either

Online hot-spare memory, or

Memory mirroring

Slotless hardware-based RAID-1 disk mirroring and RAID-10 striped/mirrored arrays standard; optional slotless RAID-1E/5/6 highly available arrays

Ultra-efficient cooling incorporating Calibrated Vectored Cooling features

Hot-swap hard disk drives

Optional hot-swap/redundant power supplies and cooling

Light path diagnostics (front LED panel, drop-down light path panel)

Optional Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine daughter card (no slot required)

Supports LDAP and SSL industry standards

Toolless chassis and toolless slide design; integrated Cable Management Arm simplify installation and removal of the server from the rack

17

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A highly available and expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket SMP server, for application serving in Web environments

For More Information

IBM System x and xSeries Servers

ibm.com/systems/x

Electronic Service Agent

ibm.com/support/electronic

IBM System x and BladeCenter Power Configurator

ibm.com/systems/bladecenter/powerconfig

Standalone Solutions Configuration Tool

ibm.com/servers/eserver/xseries/library/configtools.html

Configuration and Options Guide

ibm.com/servers/eserver/xseries/cog

ServerProven Program

ibm.com/servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us

Technical Support

ibm.com/server/support

Other Technical Support Resources

ibm.com/servers/eserver/techsupport.html

Legal Information

© IBM Corporation 2008

IBM Systems and Technology Group

Dept. U2SA

3039 Cornwallis Road

Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

Produced in the USA

August 2008

All rights reserved

For a copy of applicable product warranties, write to: Warranty Information, P.O. Box 12195, RTP, NC 27709, Attn: Dept. JDJA/B203. IBM makes no representation or warranty regarding third-party products or services including those designated as ServerProven or ClusterProven. Telephone support may be subject to additional charges. For onsite labor, IBM will attempt to diagnose and resolve the problem remotely before sending a technician.

IBM, the IBM logo, the e-business logo, Active Memory, Chipkill, iSeries, Predictive Failure Analysis, ServeRAID, System i, System Storage, System x, TotalStorage, xSeries and Xtended Design Architecture are trademarks of IBM Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. For a list of additional IBM trademarks, please see http://ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml.

Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

Microsoft, Windows and the Windows logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

Other company, product and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.

IBM reserves the right to change specifications or other product information without notice. References in this publication to IBM products or services do not imply that IBM intends to make them available in all countries in which IBM operates. IBM PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some jurisdictions do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions; therefore, this statement may not apply to you.

This publication may contain links to third party sites that are not under the control of or maintained by IBM. Access to any such third party site is at the user's own risk and IBM is not responsible for the accuracy or reliability of any information, data, opinions, advice or statements made on these sites. IBM provides these links merely as a convenience and the inclusion of such links does not imply an endorsement.

Information in this presentation concerning non-IBM products was obtained from the suppliers of these products, published announcement material or other publicly available sources.

IBM has not tested these products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, compatibility or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products.

MB, GB and TB = 1,000,000, 1,000,000,000 and 1,000,000,000,000 bytes, respectively, when referring to storage capacity. Accessible capacity is less; up to 3GB is used in service partition. Actual storage capacity will vary based upon many factors and may be less than stated.

Performance is in Internal Throughput Rate (ITR) ratio based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput that any user will experience will depend on considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the user’s job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage configuration and the workload processed. Therefore, no assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve throughput improvements equivalent to the performance ratios stated here.

Maximum internal hard disk and memory capacities may require the replacement of any standard hard drives and/or memory and the population of all hard disk bays and memory slots with the largest currently supported drives available. When referring to variable speed CD-ROMs, CD-Rs, CD-RWs and DVDs, actual playback speed will vary and is often less than the maximum possible.

18

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