Behringer PMX1000, PMX5000, Europower PMX3000 User Manual

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EUROPOWER PMX1000/PMX3000/PMX5000

User’s Manual

Version 1.0 December 2003

ENGLISH

EUROPOWER PMX1000/PMX3000/PMX5000

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

CAUTION: To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not remove the top cover (or the rear section). No user serviceable parts inside; refer servicing to qualified personnel.

WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not expose this appliance to rain and moisture.

This symbol, wherever it appears, alerts you to the presence of uninsulated dangerous voltage inside the enclosure—voltage that may be sufficient to constitute a risk of shock.

This symbol, wherever it appears, alerts you to important operating and maintenance instructions in the accompanying literature. Please read the manual.

DETAILED SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS:

1)Read these instructions.

2)Keep these instructions.

3)Heed all warnings.

4)Follow all instructions.

5)Do not use this device near water.

6)Clean only with a dry cloth.

7)Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

8)Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat.

9)Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.

10)Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs, extension cords, and the point at which they exit the unit.

11)Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.

12)Use only with the cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table specified by the manufacturer, or sold with the device. When a cart is used, use caution when moving the cart/device combination to avoid injury from stumbling over it.

13)Unplug this device during lightning storms or when not used for long periods of time.

14)Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the unit has been damaged in any way, such as power supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the device, the unit has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped.

2

EUROPOWER PMX1000/PMX3000/PMX5000

FOREWORD

Dear Customer,

Welcome to the team of EUROPOWER users and thank you very much for expressing your confidence in BEHRINGER products by purchasing this power mixer.

It is one of my most pleasant tasks to write this letter to you, because it is the culmination of many months of hard work delivered by our engineering team to reach a very ambitious goal: to present you three outstanding power mixers that give you maximum flexibility and

performance with a unique sound character and broad range of striking functions. The task to design the new PMX series certainly meant a great deal of responsibility, which we assumed by focusing on you, the discerning user and musician. It also meant a lot of work and night shifts to accomplish this goal. But it was fun, too. Developing a product usually brings a lot of people together, and what a great feeling it is when everybody who participated in such a project can be proud of what we’ve achieved.

It is our philosophy to share our joy with you, because you are the most important member of the BEHRINGER team. With your highly competent suggestions for new products you’ve greatly contributed to shaping our company and making it successful. In return, we guarantee you uncompromising quality (manufactured under ISO9000 certified management system) as well as excellent technical and audio properties at an extremely favorable price. All of this will enable you to fully unfold your creativity without being hampered by budget constraints.

We are often asked how we can make it to produce such highgrade devices at such unbelievably low prices. The answer is quite simple: it’s you, our customers! Many satisfied customers means large sales volumes enabling us to get better conditions of purchase for components, etc. Isn’t it only fair to pass this benefit back to you? Because we know that your success is our success, too!

I would like to thank all people whose help on “Project PMX” has made it all possible. Everybody has made very personal contributions, starting from the designers of the unit to the many staff members in our company and finally to you, the user of BEHRINGER products.

My friends, it’s been worth the trouble!

Thank you very much,

Uli Behringer

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION .........................................................

4

1.1

Before you get started ...................................................

4

 

1.1.1

Shipment ...............................................................

4

 

1.1.2

Initial operation ......................................................

4

 

1.1.3

Warranty ..............................................................

4

1.2

The manual .....................................................................

4

2. CONTROL ELEMENTS ...............................................

4

2.1

Mono and stereo channels ............................................

4

 

2.1.1 Input section .........................................................

5

2.2

Equalizer and FBQ ..........................................................

6

2.3

Effects section ...............................................................

6

2.4

Main and monitor section ................................................

6

 

2.4.1 Connectors ...........................................................

7

2.5

Rear panel ......................................................................

7

3. DIGITALEFFECTSPROCESSOR ................................

7

4. INSTALLATION ...........................................................

8

4.1

Mains connection ...........................................................

8

4.2

Audio connections .........................................................

8

4.3

Loudspeaker connections .............................................

9

5. WIRING EXAMPLES .................................................

10

6. SPECIFICATIONS .....................................................

13

7. WARRANTY ..............................................................

14

CAUTION!

+We would like to point out that high volume levels may damage your hearing and/or your headphones. Please move down all faders in the MAIN section before turning on the device. Always make sure that the appropriate volume is set.

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EUROPOWER PMX1000/PMX3000/PMX5000

1. INTRODUCTION

Congratulations! With the PMX1000/PMX3000/PMX5000 you have acquired a state-of-the-art power mixer that sets new standards. Right from the very start it has been our goal to design a revolutionary unit that can be used for a wide variety of applications. Indeed, this overwhelming power mixer gives you plenty of functionality and a broad range of connection and expansion options.

Your PMX features our revolutionary COOLAUDIO amplifier technology, which reduces the weight and size of the unit considerably and ensures extremely high output power.

Further advantages are the integrated Voice Canceller that removes vocal passages from playbacks, the FBQ function, which detects feedback frequencies, and the Speaker Processing function for loudspeaker alignment—all with a resolution of 24 bits and 46 kHz. Plus, our tried and tested “Invisible” Mic Preamps give you crystal-clear audio free of noise and distortion when using microphones.

The mixing consoles of the PMX series feature a state of the art, integrated switch-mode power supply (SMPS). One of the great advantages is that (compared to conventional circuits) a switch-mode power supply adapts to mains voltages between 100 and 240 volts automatically. Furthermore, due to its much greater efficiency, it consumes much less energy than a conventional power supply unit.

BEHRINGER is a company with its roots in professional recording studio technology. For many years we have been successful in developing products for studio and live use. These include microphones and 19" units of all types (compressors, enhancers, noise gates, tube processors, headphone amplifiers, digital effects, DI boxes, etc.), monitor and P.A. speakers and professional live and recording mixers. Our entire technical knowhow has gone into your PMX power mixer.

1.1 Before you get started

1.1.1 Shipment

Your PMX was carefully packed at the factory and the packaging is designed to protect the unit from rough handling. Nevertheless, we recommend that you carefully examine the packaging and its contents for any signs of physical damage which may have occurred during transit.

+If the unit is damaged, please do NOT return it to BEHRINGER, but notify your dealer and the shipping company immediately. Otherwise, claims for damage or replacement may not be granted.

+We recommend that you use a flight case, so as to give your power mixer optimum protection during use or transport.

+Always use the original packing carton to prevent damage during storage or transport.

+Make sure that children cannot play unsupervised with the device or its packaging.

+Please ensure proper disposal of all packing materials.

1.1.2 Initial operation

Be sure that there is enough air space around the unit for cooling and, to avoid overheating, please do not place the EUROPOWER near radiators, etc.

+Blown fuses must be replaced by fuses of the same type and rating! Please refer to the “SPECIFICATIONS” for details.

The mains connection is made using the enclosed power cord and a standard IEC receptacle. It meets all of the international safety certification requirements.

+Please make sure that all units have a proper ground connection. For your own safety, never remove or disable the ground conductor from the unit or on the AC power cord.

1.1.3 Warranty

The EUROPOWER’s serial number is located on the rear of the unit. Please take the time to fill in and return the warranty card within 14 days after the date of purchase, so as to benefit from our extended warranty. Or register online at www.behringer.com.

1.2 The manual

This manual is designed to give you both an overview of all control elements and to provide details about how to use them. To provide you with a clear structure, we have grouped the control elements according to their function. They can easily be found on the enclosed numbered illustrations. If you need more detailed information on specific topics, please visit our web site at www.behringer.com.

2. CONTROL ELEMENTS

A detailed description of all functions of your power mixer can be found in the following chapters. Please also refer to the enclosed sheet with the numbered illustrations to get a good overview of the control layout.

2.1 Mono and stereo channels

Use the TRIM control to adjust the input gain. Be sure to set this control fully counter-clockwise before you connect or disconnect a signal source to an input. TRIM controls both the microphone and the LINE input. The black scale shows the microphone gain (+10 to +60 dB on channels with “INVISIBLE” MIC PREAMPS and 0 to +40 dB on conventional microphone inputs; PMX1000 only, channels 5/6 and 7/8).

The “LINE” scale indicates the sensitivity of the LINE input, ranging from +10 to -40 dBu.

PMX1000: The mono/stereo combination channels 5/6 and 7/8 have a sensitivity of +20 to -20 dBu.

The LEVEL SET LED illuminates when an optimum operating level has been adjusted.

The mono channels are equipped with a high-slope LOW CUT filter eliminating unwanted low-frequency signals like rumble noise.

PMX3000/PMX5000 (stereo channels): Press the A/B button to switch from 1/4" jacks to RCA connectors, and vice versa. Position “A” = 1/4" jacks; position “B” = RCA connectors.

The HIGH control in the EQ section governs the high frequency range of the respective channel.

Use the MID control to boost or cut the midrange frequencies.

PMX5000: The PMX5000 has an additional semi-parametric filter for the midrange frequencies in the mono channels (tunable from 100 Hz to 8 kHz). Adjust the boost/cut with the MID control, and the frequency with the FREQ control.

The stereo channels contain a stereo EQ section. The cutoff frequencies of the high and low bands are 12 kHz and 80 Hz respectively, while the center frequencies of the high-mid and low-mid bands are 3 kHz and 400 Hz respectively.

The LOW control allows you to boost/cut the low frequency range.

With the MON(ITOR) control you can adjust the volume of each channel in the monitor mix.

The PMX3000 and PMX5000 feature a second MON control (MON 2) for the volume of the second monitor bus.

4

2. CONTROL ELEMENTS

EUROPOWER PMX1000/PMX3000/PMX5000

The FX control determines the signal level sent from each channel to the built-in effects processor; this signal is also present at the FX SEND jack (see ).

The PMX5000 has two FX controls (FX 1 and FX 2), so that you can use two effects simultaneously. Accordingly, the PMX5000 also has two effect aux buses, which have one output jack in common (see and ).

+Please note that the effects processor signal will be inaudible, as long as the FX TO MON/MAIN controls , , are set fully counter-clockwise.

The PAN(ORAMA) control determines the position of the channel signal in the stereo main mix.

The BAL(ANCE) control for the stereo channels corresponds to the PAN control for the mono channels. It determines the relative volume of the left and right input signals before they are routed to the stereo main output.

PMX3000/PMX5000: When you press the PFL button (Pre Fader Listening) the left LED shows the pre-fader input gain of the channel. Adjust the optimum input gain (0 dB) with the TRIM control . When PFL is on, the corresponding LED illuminates.

If the LEVEL SET LED is illuminated constantly, the signal is within the optimum operating level range. However, if the CLIP LED indicates that the input gain is too high, you should reduce the level slightly with the TRIM control. The CLIP LED should never be illuminated all the time, only with signal peaks.

The MUTE switch mutes the channel in the main mix. The pre-fader signals (monitor buses) remain operative. When MUTE is pressed, the corresponding control LED illuminates.

The channel fader controls the channel signal level in the main mix.

2.1.1 Input section

Each mono input channel is equipped with a balanced microphone input (XLR connector) which provides +48 V phantom power for condenser microphones at the touch of a button (see rear panel).

PMX1000: The two stereo channels 5/6 and 7/8 have an additional balanced XLR microphone input with +48 V phantom power.

+Be sure to switch off your audio system before you activate the phantom power supply to protect your monitor speakers from switch-on thumps.

Each mono input features one LINE IN connector (1/4" jack), which can be used with either balanced or unbalanced signals.

+Please remember to use either the microphone or the line input on a specific channel. Never use both at the same time!

+When you connect a mono line signal to a stereo channel, always use the left input. The mono signal will then be reproduced by both sides equally.

+PMX1000: This does not apply to the mono/stereo combination channels 5/6 and 7/8.

INSERT I/O. Insert points or simply inserts are dynamic processors or equalizers. They are pre-fader, pre-EQ and pre-MON/FX SEND. Unlike reverb and other effects, which are usually added to the dry signal, dynamic processors usually process the entire signal. So, aux send buses are not the best solution. Dynamic processors need to be inserted directly into the signal path. Once processed, the signal then returns to the mixing console at the same point where it left. Signal interruption takes place only if a plug is inserted into the corresponding jack (1/4" stereo plug: tip = signal output, ring = input). All mono input channels are equipped with inserts.

The stereo channels have a TRIM control for gain adjustment, with the input sensitivity ranging from +20 to -20 dB.

PMX1000: The stereo channels 5/6 and 7/8 feature an additional XLR connector for microphones whose gain can be set from 0 to +40 dB.

Each stereo channel has two line-level inputs (1/4" jacks) for the left and right channels. If only the jack marked “L” is used, the channel is mono. The signal will then be reproduced on both sides.

+PMX1000: This does not apply to the mono/stereo combination channels 5/6 and 7/8.

PMX3000: The stereo channels 9/10 and 11/12 are equipped with additional RCA connectors.

PMX5000: The stereo channels 13/14 and 15/16 are equipped with additional RCA connectors.

+PMX3000/PMX5000: Please note that you need to set

the A/B selector to A (1/4") or B (RCA) when you connect a signal to the input.

PMX3000/PMX5000: Each of the two stereo channels has two monitor controls (MON 1/2) and a LEVEL control . Like the other channels, they also feature a PFL switch.

Instead of a fader this channel has a rotary LEVEL control.

The phantom power supply provides the voltage necessary for the operation of condenser microphones. Use the PHANTOM switch to activate the supply for the XLR connectors of the input channels. The +48 V LED will illuminate when phantom power is on. In most cases, dynamic microphones can still be used, as long as they are connected in a balanced configuration. If in doubt, please contact the manufacturer of your microphone!

+With phantom power switched on, you must never connect microphones to the console (or to a stage/wall box). Also, be sure to mute the monitor/P.A. speakers, before you turn on the phantom power supply. After switching on, please allow the system to stabilize for about one minute, before you adjust the input gain.

+Caution! Never use unbalanced XLR connectors (pins 1 and 3 interconnected) on the MIC input jacks, if you are going to use the phantom power supply.

The AMP MODE switch determines the mode of operation of the PMX amplifier stage:

PMX1000:

MAIN: In the “MAIN” position the mixer works as a stereo amplifier.

MON: In this mode the monitor signal is present at OUTPUT A

and the main signal at OUTPUT B (both are mono).

BRIDGE (bridged mono mode): In BRIDGE AMP MODE the output power of OUTPUT A is added to that of OUTPUT B, i.e. OUTPUT B delivers twice its normal output power.

PMX3000/PMX5000:

MAIN L/MAIN R. In position MAIN MIX, the mixer works as a stereo amplifier.

MON 1/MONO. In this mode the monitor 1 signal is present at OUTPUT A and the main signal at OUTPUT B (both are mono).

BRIDGE (bridged mono mode): In BRIDGE AMP MODE the output power of OUTPUT A is added to that of OUTPUT B, i.e. OUTPUT B delivers twice its normal output power.

+In BRIDGE mode, always connect only one loudspeaker with an impedance of at least 8 Wto the OUTPUT B jack! Please note that OUTPUT A must NEVER be used in BRIDGE mode!

+In all other operating modes, the minimum impedance of the speaker must not fall below 4 W.

+Please note that the power delivered to the speaker connected to OUTPUT B in BRIDGE AMP MODE is

2. CONTROL ELEMENTS

5

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