CITIZEN SR-282 User Manual [ru]

0 (0)
SR-281 / SR-282
Scientific Calculator
General Guide.................................................................................... 2
Turning on or off ..............................................................................2
Battery replacement.........................................................................2
Auto power-off function.................................................................... 2
Reset operation ...............................................................................2
Display readout................................................................................ 3
Before Starting Calculation.............................................................. 4
Using " MODE " keys....................................................................... 4
Using " 2nd " Keys........................................................................... 4
Corrections ......................................................................................4
Undo function ..................................................................................4
Replay function................................................................................ 5
Memory calculation.......................................................................... 5
Order of operations.......................................................................... 6
Accuracy and Capacity.................................................................... 7
Error conditions ...............................................................................9
Basic Calculations ............................................................................9
Arithmetic calculation..................................................................... 10
Parentheses calculations............................................................... 10
Percentage calculation ..................................................................11
Display notations ........................................................................... 11
Scientific Functional Calculations................................................. 13
Logarithms and Antilogarithms ...................................................... 13
Fraction calculation ....................................................................... 13
Angle unit conversions ..................................................................14
Sexagesimal ↔ Decimal transformation........................................15
Trigonometric / Inverse-Tri. functions ............................................ 15
Hyperbolic / Inverse-Hyp. functions............................................... 16
Coordinates transformation ...........................................................16
Probability...................................................................................... 17
Other functions ( 1/x, ,3,X, x 2, x 3, x y , INT, FRAC ) ........ 18
Unit Conversion ............................................................................. 19
Physics constants.......................................................................... 19
Base–n calculations........................................................................ 24
Bases conversions ........................................................................25
Block Function ............................................................................... 25
Basic arithmetic operations for bases............................................ 27
Negative expressions ....................................................................27
Logical operation ...........................................................................27
Statistical Calculations................................................................... 27
Entering data .................................................................................28
-E1-
Displaying results ..........................................................................28
Deleting data .................................................................................31
Editing data.................................................................................... 32
FULL message...............................................................................32
Complex Calculations..................................................................... 33
General Guide
Turning on or off
To turn the calculator on, press [ ON/C ] ; To turn the calculator off, press [ 2nd ] [ OFF ].
Battery replacement
SR-281 is powered by two alkaline batteries (GP76A or LR44).
SR-282 is powered two AA-size ( UM-3 ) batteries. If the display
becomes dim and difficult to read, the batteries should be replaced as soon as possible.
To replace batteries :
1) Slide the battery compartment cover in the direction indicated by the arrow and remove it.
2) Remove the old batteries and install new ones with polarity in correct directions, then replace the battery compartment cover and press [ ON/C ].
Auto power-off function
This calculator automatically turns it off when not operated for approximately 6~9 minutes. It can be reactivated by pressing [ ON/C ] key and the display, memory, settings are retained.
Reset operation
If the calculator is on but you get unexpected results, press [ MODE ] [ 4 ] ( RESET ) in sequence. A message appears on the display to confirm whether you want to reset the calculator and clear memory contents.
RESET : N Y
Move the cursor to " Y " by [ ], then press [ ] to clear all variables, pending operations, statistical data, answers, all previous entries, and memory; To cancel the reset operation without clearing the calculator, please choose " N ".
If the calculator is lock and further key operations becomes impossible, please press [ 0 ] [ CE ] at the same time to release the condition. It will return all settings to default settings.
-E2-
Contrast adjustment
Pressing the [ – ] or [ + ] following [ MODE ] key can make the contrast of the screen lighter or darker. Holding either key down will make the display become respectively lighter or darker.
Display readout
The display comprises two lines and indicators. The upper line i s a dot display up to 128 characters. The lower line is capable of displaying a result of up to 12 digits, as well as 2-digits positive or negative exponent.
When formulas are input and executed the calculation by [ ], they are displayed on the upper line, and then results are shown on the lower line.
The following indictors appear on the display to indicate you the current status of the calculator.
Indicator Meaning
M Running memory – Result is negative E Error STO Storing variable mode is active RCL Recall ing variable mode is active 2nd 2nd set of function keys are active HYP Hyperbolic-trig function will be calculated ENG Engineering symbol notation CPLX Complex number mode is active CONST Display physics constants DEGRAD Angle mode : DEGrees, GRADs, or RADs BIN Binary base OCT Octal base HEX Hexadecimal base ( ) Open parentheses TAB Number of decimal places displayed is fixed STAT Statistics mode is active REG Regression mode is active EDIT Statistics data is being edited CPK CPK : Process capability CP : Precision capability USL Set upper specification limit LSL Setting lower specification limit i Imaginary part
Allow to use undo function
-E3-
Before Starting Calculation
Using " MODE " keys
Press [ MODE ] to display mode menus when specifying an operating mode ( " 1 MAIN ", " 2 STAT ", " 3 CPLX ", " 4 RESET " ) or the engineering symbol notation ( " 5 ENG " ).
1 MAIN : Use this mode for basic calculations, including scientific
calculations and Base–n calculations.
2 STAT : Use this mode to perform single–variable and
paired–variable statistical calculati ons and regression calculations.
3 CPLX : Use this mode to perform complex number calculation.
4 RESET : Use this mode to perform reset operation.
5 ENG : Use this mode to allow engineering calculations utilizing
engineering symbol.
Give " 2 STAT " as an example :
Method 1 : Press [ MODE ] and then scroll through the menus using
[ ] or [ 2nd ] [ ] until " 2 STAT " is underlined, then enter the desired mode by pressing [ ].
Method 2 : Press [ MODE ] and then key in directly the number of the
mode, [ 2 ] , to enter the desired mode immediately.
Using " 2nd " Keys
When you press [ 2nd ], the " 2nd " indicator shown in the display is to tell you that you will be selecting the second function of the next key you press. If you press [ 2nd ] by mistake, simply press [ 2nd ] agai n to remove the " 2nd " indicator.
Corrections
If you have made a mistake when entering a number (but you have not yet pressed an arithmetic operator key), just press [ CE ] to clear the last entry then input it again, or delete individual digits by the backspace key [ ], or cl ear all entry by [ ON/C ].
After making corrections, input of the formula is complete, the answer can be obtained by pressing [ ]. You can also press [ ON/C ] to clear the immediate results completely (except clearing memory). If you press the wrong arithmetic operation key, just press the correct key to replace it.
Undo function
The unit offers an undo function which allows you to undo some of the errors you just have made.
-E4-
When a character which is just deleted by [ ], an entry which is just cleared [ CE ], or which is just cleared by [ ON/C ], the " " indicator shown in the display is to tell you that you can press [ 2nd ] [ ] to cancel the operation.
Replay function
This function stores operations that just have been executed. After execution is completed, pressing [ ] or [ 2nd ] [ ] key will display the operation executed. Pressing [ ] will display the operation from the beginning, with the cursor located under the first character. Pressing [ 2nd ] [ ] will display the operation from the end, with the cursor located at the space following the last character. You can continue moving the cursor by [ ] or [ 2nd ] [ ] and editing values or commands for subsequent execution.
Memory calculation
Memory variable
The calculator has nine memory variables for repeated use -- A, B, C, D, E, F, M, X, Y. You can store a real number in any of the nine memory variables.
• [ STO ] + [ A ] ~ [ F ], [ M ], [ X ] ~ [ Y ] lets you store values to variables.
• [ RCL ] + [ A ] ~ [ F ], [ M ], [ X ] ~ [ Y ] recalls the value of the variable.
• [ 0 ] [ STO ] + [ A ] ~ [ F ], [ M ], [ X ] ~ [ Y ] clears the content to a specified memory variable.
(1) Put the value 30 into variable A
¾
30 [ STO ] [ A ]
(2) Multiple 5 to variable A, then put the result into variable B
¾
5 [ x ] [ RCL ] [ A ] [ ]
[ STO ] [ B ]
(3) Clear the value of variable B
¾
0 [ STO ] [ B ]
DEG
30Æ A
30.
DEG
5 ¼A=
150.
DEG
150Æ B
150.
DEG
0 ÆB
0 .
-E5-
[ RCL ] [ B ] [ ]
DEG
B=
0 .
Running memory
You should keep the following rules in mind when using running memory.
• Press [ M+ ] to add a result to running memory and the " M " indicator
appears when a number is stored in the memory. Press [ MR ] to recall the content of running memory.
• Recalling from running memory by pressing [ MR ] key does not
affect its contents .
• Running memory is not available when you are in statistics mode.
• The memory variable M and running memory utilize the same
memory area.
• In order to replace the content of the memory with the displayed
number, please press [ X M ] key.
• To clear the content of running memory, you can press [ 0 ] [ X M ],
[ CE ] [ X M ] or [ 0 ] [ STO ] [ M ] in sequence.
[ ( 3 x 5 ) + ( 56 7 ) + ( 74 – 8 x 7 ) ] = 41
¾
0 [ X M ]
3 [ x ] 5 [ M+ ] 56 [ ] 7 [ M+ ] 74 [ – ] 8 [ x ] 7 [ M+ ]
[ MR ]
0 [ X M ]
(Note) : Besides pressing [ STO ] or [ X M ] key to store a value, you
can also assign values to memory variable M by [ M+ ]. However, when [ STO ] [ M ] or [ X M ] is used, previous memory contents stored in variable M are cleared and replaced it with the newly assigned value. When [ M+ ] is used, values is added to present sum in memory.
DEG
DEG
74–8¼ 7M+
M
DEG
M
M
DEG
0 .
18.
41.
0 .
Order of operations
Each calculation is performed in the following order of precedence:
-E6-
1) Fractions
2) Expression inside parentheses.
3) Coordinates transformation ( P R , R P )
4) Type A functions which are required entering values before pressing the function key, for example, x2,1/x, Ӹ, x!, %, RND, ENG, , , x ', y ' .
X
5) x y,
6) Type B functions which are required pressing the function key before entering, for example, sin, cos, tan, sin –1, cos –1, tan –1, sinh, cosh, tanh, sinh –1, cosh –1, tanh –1, log, ln, FRAC, INT, Ѕ,
3
, 10 X , e X, NOT, EXP, DATA in STAT mode.
7) + / –, NEG
8) nPr, nCr
9) x ,
10) +, –
11) AND, NAND –-- only Base–n mode
12) OR, XOR, XNOR --- only Base–n mode
Accuracy and Capacity
Output digits : Up to 12 digits.
Calculating digits : Up to 14 digits
In general, every reasonable calculation is displayed up to 12 digits mantissa, or 12-digits mantissa plus 2-digits exponent up to 10
Numbers used as input must be within the range of the given function as follow :
Functions sin x cos x tan x
Deg :
Rad :
Grad :
x <
x <
x <
Input range
4.5 x 10 10deg
8
Ӹ
2.5 x 10
10
5 x 10
grad
rad
however, for tan x
Deg :
Rad :
Grad :
sin –1x, cos –1x x
tan –1x
sinh x, cosh x
x <
x
90 (2n+1)
x
π
(2n+1)
x
2
100 (2n+1), (n is an integer)
x
1
100
1 x 10
230.2585092
± 99
.
-E7-
tanh x
sinh –1x
cosh–1x
tanh –1x
log x, l n x
x
10
x
e
x
2
x
3
x
1/x
3
x
X !
R P
P R
y
x
x
y
x <
x <
1
x < 5 x 10
x <
1 x 10
–1 x 10
–1 x 10
0
x <
x <
x <
x <
0
0
Deg
Rad
Grad
99
5 x 10
99
1
–99
x < 1 x 10
100
< x < 100
100
< x 싪 230.2585092
x < 1 x 10
1 x 10
100
100
50
2.15443469003 x 10
100
1 x 10
, x ≠ 0
100
1 x 10
x 싪 69, x is an integer.
y+x
r< 1 x 10
Κ
ཎθཎ<
Κ
ཎθཎ<
Κ
22
1 x 10
<
100
4.5 x 10 10 deg
2.5 x 10
5 x 10 10 grad
ཎθཎ<
100
8
Ӹ
rad
33
100
1 x 10
however, for tan x
Κ
Deg
Rad
Grad
90 (2n+1)
ཎθཎ
π
Κθཎ
Κ
D, M, S < 1 x 10
x <
x > 0 : –1 x 10
x = 0 : y
x
< 0 : y = n, 1/(2n+1), n is an integer.
but –1 x 10
y> 0 : x ≠ 0, –1 x 10
y = 0 : x
< 0 : x=2n+1, l/n, n is an integer.(n0)
y
(2n+1)
2
100 (2n+1), (n is an integer)
ཎθཎ
1 x 10
100
, 0 싪 M, S
100
100
< y log x < 100
> 0
100
< y log x< 100
1
100
<
x
> 0
log y < 100
-E8-
1
100
ab/c
nPr, nCr
STAT
DEC
BIN
but –1 x 10
Input
ΚTotal of integer, numerator and
denominator must be within 12 digits (includes division marks)
Result
ΚResult displayed as fraction for
integer when integer, numerator and denominator are less than 1 x 10
0
r 싪 n, n 싪10
x
1 x 10 50 ,
<
Ӻx,Ӻ
y,x,y,a, b, r : n ≠ 0 ;
Κ
n≠ 0, 1 ; x n = 50 ; y n = 50 ;
Sx, Sy Number of repeats 255, n is an integer.
– 2147483648
0싪 X
01111111111111111111111111111111
log ཎyཎ< 100
<
x
100
, n,r are integers.
y
1 x 10
<
X 싪 2147483647
12
50
(for zero or positive)
10000000000000000000000000000000
X싪11111111111111111111111111111111
(for negative)
OCT
0
X 싪 17777777777 (for zero or positive)
20000000000
X 싪 37777777777
(for negative)
HEX
0
X 싪 7FFFFFFF ( for zero or positive)
80000000
X싪 FFFFFFFF (for negative)
Error conditions
Error message “ E ” will appear on the display and further calculation becomes impossible when any of the following condition occur.
1) You attempted to divide by 0
2) When allowable input range of function calculations exceeds the range specified
3) When result of function calculati ons exceeds the range specified
4) When the [ ( ] key is used more than 13 levels in a single expression
5) When USL
LSL value
<
To release the above errors, please press [ ON/C ].
Basic Calculations
Use MAIN ( [ MODE ] 1 ( MAIN ) ) mode for basic calculations.
-E9-
Arithmetic calculation
Arithmetic operations are performed by pressing the keys in the same sequence as in the expression.
7 + 5 x 4 = 27
¾
7 [ + ] 5 [ x ] 4 [ ]
DEG
7+5¼4=
27.
For negative values, press [ +/– ] after entering the value; You can enter a number in mantissa and exponent form by [ EXP ] key.
¾
Results greater than 10 12 or less than 10
– 5
2.75 x 10
2.75 [ EXP ] 5 [ +/– ] [ ]
= 0.0000275
DEG
2 . 75E–05=
0. 000 02 75
–11
are displayed in
exponential form.
12369 x 7532 x 74103 = 6903680612720
¾
= 6.90368061272 x 10
12369 [ x ] 7532 [ x ] 74103 [
]
12
DEG
12369¼ 7532¼ 7
6. 90368061272
12
Parentheses calculations
Operations inside parentheses are always executed first. SR-281 /
SR-282 can use up to 13 levels of consecutive parentheses in a single
calculation.
Closed parentheses occurring immediately before operation of the [ ) ] key may be omitted, no matter how many are required.
2 x { 7 + 6 x ( 5 + 4 ) } = 122
¾
2 [ ( ] 7 [ + ] 6 [ ( ] 5 [ + ] 4 [ ]
(Note) : A multiplication sign " x " occurring immediately before an
open parenthesis can be omitted.
The correct result cannot be derived by entering [ ( ] 2 [ + ] 3 [ ) ] [ EXP ]
2. Be sure to enter [ x ] between the [ ) ] and [ EXP ] in the below
example.
DEG
2 ¼ (7+6¼ (5+4=
122.
-E10-
Loading...
+ 23 hidden pages