Delta 22-451 User Manual

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DC-58020" Planer

(Model 22-450,Three Phase)

(Model 22-451,Single Phase)

PART NO. 1349960 - 06-02-05

Copyright © 2005 Delta Machinery

To learn more about DELTA MACHINERY

visit our website at: www.deltamachinery.com.

For Parts, Service, Warranty or other Assistance,

please call 1-800-223-7278(In Canada call 1-800-463-3582).

MANUAL INSTRUCTION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .2

SAFETY GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .3

GENERAL SAFETY RULES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .4

ADDITIONAL SPECIFIC SAFETY RULES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .5

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .6

CARTON CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .7

ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .7

OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .11

TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .22

MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .22

SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .23

ACCESSORIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .23

WARRANTY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . .23

SERVICE CENTER LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

back cover

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

Read and understand all warnings and operating instructions before using any tool or equipment. When using tools or equipment, basic safety precautions should always be followed to reduce the risk of personal injury. Improper operation, maintenance or modification of tools or equipment could result in serious injury and property damage. There are certain applications for which tools and equipment are designed. Delta Machinery strongly recommends that this product NOT be modified and/or used for any application other than for which it was designed.

If you have any questions relative to its application DO NOT use the product until you have written Delta Machinery and we have advised you.

Online contact form at www.deltamachinery.com

Postal Mail: Technical Service Manager

Delta Machinery

4825 Highway 45 North Jackson, TN 38305

(IN CANADA: 125 Mural St. Suite 300, Richmond Hill, ON, L4B 1M4)

Information regarding the safe and proper operation of this tool is available from the following sources:

Power Tool Institute

1300 Sumner Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44115-2851www.powertoolinstitute.org

National Safety Council

1121 Spring Lake Drive, Itasca, IL 60143-3201

American National Standards Institute, 25 West 43rd Street, 4 floor, New York, NY 10036 www.ansi.org ANSI 01.1Safety Requirements for Woodworking Machines, and

the U.S. Department of Labor regulations www.osha.gov

SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS!

2

SAFETY GUIDELINES - DEFINITIONS

It is important for you to read and understand this manual. The information it contains relates to protecting YOUR SAFETY and PREVENTING PROBLEMS. The symbols below are used to help you recognize this information.

Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury.

Used without the safety alert symbol indicates potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in property damage.

CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65

SOME DUST CREATED BY POWER SANDING, SAWING, GRINDING, DRILLING, AND OTHER CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIEScontains chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Some examples of these chemicals are:

·lead from lead-basedpaints,

·crystalline silica from bricks and cement and other masonry products, and

·arsenic and chromium from chemically-treatedlumber.

Your risk from these exposures varies, depending on how often you do this type of work. To reduce your exposure to these chemicals: work in a well ventilated area, and work with approved safety equipment, always wear NIOSH/OSHA approved, properly fitting face mask or respirator when using such tools.

3

GENERAL SAFETY RULES

READ AND UNDERSTAND ALL WARNINGS AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE USING THIS EQUIPMENT. Failure to follow all instructions listed below, may result in electric shock, fire, and/or serious personal injury or property damage.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

1.FOR YOUR OWN SAFETY, READ THE INSTRUCTION MANUAL BEFORE OPERATING THE MACHINE.

Learning the machine’s application, limitations, and specific hazards will greatly minimize the possibility of accidents and injury.

2.WEAR EYE AND HEARING PROTECTION. ALWAYS USE SAFETY GLASSES. Everyday eyeglasses are NOT safety glasses. USE CERTIFIED SAFETY EQUIPMENT. Eye protection equipment should comply with ANSI Z87.1 standards. Hearing equipment should comply with ANSI S3.19 standards.

3.WEAR PROPER APPAREL. Do not wear loose clothing, gloves, neckties, rings, bracelets, or other jewelry which may get caught in moving parts. Nonslip footwear is recommended. Wear protective hair covering to contain long hair.

4.DO NOT USE THE MACHINE IN A DANGEROUS ENVIRONMENT. The use of power tools in damp or wet locations or in rain can cause shock or electrocution. Keep your work area well-lit to prevent tripping or placing arms, hands, and fingers in danger.

5.MAINTAIN ALL TOOLS AND MACHINES IN PEAK CONDITION. Keep tools sharp and clean for best and safest performance. Follow instructions for lubricating and changing accessories. Poorly maintained tools and machines can further damage the tool or machine and/or cause injury.

6.CHECK FOR DAMAGED PARTS. Before using the machine, check for any damaged parts. Check for alignment of moving parts, binding of moving parts, breakage of parts, and any other conditions that may affect its operation. A guard or any other part that is damaged should be properly repaired or replaced.

Damaged parts can cause further damage to the machine and/or injury.

7.KEEP THE WORK AREA CLEAN. Cluttered areas and benches invite accidents.

8.KEEP CHILDREN AND VISITORS AWAY. Your shop is a potentially dangerous environment. Children and visitors can be injured.

9.REDUCE THE RISK OF UNINTENTIONAL STARTING.

Make sure that the switch is in the “OFF” position before plugging in the power cord. In the event of a power failure, move the switch to the “OFF” position. An accidental start-upcan cause injury.

10.USE THE GUARDS. Check to see that all guards are in place, secured, and working correctly to reduce the risk of injury.

11.REMOVE ADJUSTING KEYS AND WRENCHES BEFORE STARTING THE MACHINE. Tools, scrap pieces, and other debris can be thrown at high speed, causing injury.

12.USE THE RIGHT MACHINE. Don’t force a machine or an attachment to do a job for which it was not designed. Damage to the machine and/or injury may result.

13.USE RECOMMENDED ACCESSORIES. The use of accessories and attachments not recommended by

Delta may cause damage to the machine or injury to the user.

14.USE THE PROPER EXTENSION CORD. Make sure your extension cord is in good condition. When using an extension cord, be sure to use one heavy enough to carry the current your product will draw. An undersized cord will cause a drop in line voltage, resulting in loss of power and overheating. See the Extension Cord Chart for the correct size depending on the cord length and nameplate ampere rating. If in doubt, use the next heavier gauge. The smaller the gauge number, the heavier the cord.

15.SECURE THE WORKPIECE. Use clamps or a vise to hold the workpiece when practical. Loss of control of a workpiece can cause injury.

16.FEED THE WORKPIECE AGAINST THE DIRECTION OF THE ROTATION OF THE BLADE, CUTTER, OR ABRASIVE SURFACE. Feeding it from the other direction will cause the workpiece to be thrown out at high speed.

17.DON’T FORCE THE WORKPIECE ON THE MACHINE.

Damage to the machine and/or injury may result.

18.DON’T OVERREACH. Loss of balance can make you fall into a working machine, causing injury.

19.NEVER STAND ON THE MACHINE. Injury could occur if the tool tips, or if you accidentally contact the cutting tool.

20.NEVER LEAVE THE MACHINE RUNNING UNATTENDED. TURN THE POWER OFF. Don’t leave the machine until it comes to a complete stop. A child or visitor could be injured.

21.TURN THE MACHINE “OFF”, AND DISCONNECT THE MACHINE FROM THE POWER SOURCE before installing or removing accessories, before adjusting or changing set-ups, or when making repairs. An accidental start-up can cause injury.

22.MAKE YOUR WORKSHOP CHILDPROOF WITH PADLOCKS, MASTER SWITCHES, OR BY REMOVING STARTER KEYS. The accidental start-up of a machine by a child or visitor could cause injury.

23. STAY ALERT, WATCH WHAT YOU ARE DOING, AND

USE COMMON SENSE. DO NOT USE THE MACHINE WHEN YOU ARE TIRED OR UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DRUGS, ALCOHOL, OR MEDICATION. A moment of inattention while operating power tools may result in injury.

24. USE OF THIS TOOL CAN GENERATE

AND DISBURSE DUST OR OTHER AIRBORNE PARTICLES, INCLUDING WOOD DUST, CRYSTALLINE SILICA DUST AND ASBESTOS DUST.

Direct particles away from face and body. Always operate tool in well ventilated area and provide for proper dust removal. Use dust collection system wherever possible. Exposure to the dust may cause serious and permanent respiratory or other injury, including silicosis (a serious lung disease), cancer, and death. Avoid breathing the dust, and avoid prolonged contact with dust. Allowing dust to get into your mouth or eyes, or lay on your skin may promote absorption of harmful material. Always use properly fitting NIOSH/OSHA approved respiratory protection appropriate for the dust exposure, and wash exposed

areas with soap and water.

4

ADDITIONAL SPECIFIC SAFETY RULES

FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE RULES MAY RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY.

1.DO NOT OPERATE THIS MACHINE until it is completely assembled and installed according to the instructions. A machine incorrectly assembled can cause serious injury.

2.OBTAIN ADVICE from your supervisor, instructor, or another qualified person if you are not thoroughly familiar with the operation of this machine. Knowledge is safety.

3.FOLLOW ALL WIRING CODES and recommended electrical connections to prevent shock or electrocution.

4.KEEP KNIVES SHARP and free from rust and pitch. Dull or rusted knives work harder and can cause kickback.

5.NEVER TURN THE MACHINE “ON” before clearing the table of all objects (tools, scraps of wood, etc.). Flying debris can cause serious injury.

6. NEVER TURN THE MACHINE “ON”with the workpiece contacting the cutterhead. Kickback can occur.

7.SECURE THE MACHINE TO A SUPPORTING SURFACE to prevent the machine from sliding, walking or tipping over.

8.PROPERLY SECURE THE KNIVES IN THE CUTTERHEAD before turning the power “ON”. Loose blades may be thrown out at high speeds causing serious injury.

9.LOCK THE SPEED SETTING SECURELY before feeding the workpiece through the machine. Changing speeds while planing can cause kickback.

10.AVOID AWKWARD OPERATIONS AND HAND POSITIONS. A sudden slip could cause a hand to move into the knives.

11.KEEP ARMS, HANDS, AND FINGERS away from the cutterhead, the chip exhaust opening, and the feed rollers to prevent severe cuts.

12.NEVER REACH INTO THE CUTTERHEAD AREA while the machine is running. Your hands can be drawn into the knives.

13.DO NOT STAND IN LINE OF THE WORKPIECE.

Kickback can cause injury.

14.ALLOW THE CUTTERHEAD TO REACH FULL SPEED before feeding a workpiece. Changing speeds while planing can cause kickback.

15.WHEN PLANING BOWED STOCK, place the concave (cup down) side of the stock on the table and cut with the grain to prevent kickback.

16.DO NOT FEED A WORKPIECE that is warped, contains knots, or is embedded with foreign objects (nails, staples, etc.). Kickback can occur.

17.DO NOT FEED A SHORT, THIN, OR NARROW WORKPIECE INTO THE MACHINE. Your hands can be drawn into the knives and/or the workpiece can be thrown at high speeds. See the “OPERATION” section of this instruction manual for details.

18.DO NOT FEED A WORKPIECE into the outfeed end of the machine. The workpiece will be thrown out of the opposite side at high speeds.

19.REMOVE SHAVINGS ONLY with the power “OFF” to prevent serious injury.

20.PROPERLY SUPPORT LONG OR WIDE WORKPIECES. Loss of control of the workpiece can cause serious injury.

21.NEVER PERFORM LAYOUT, ASSEMBLY or set-up work on the table/work area when the machine is running. Serious injury will result.

22.TURN THE MACHINE “OFF”, DISCONNECT IT FROM THE POWER SOURCE, and clean the table/work area before leaving the machine. LOCK THE SWITCH IN THE “OFF” POSITIONto prevent unauthorized use. Someone else might accidentally start the machine and cause injury to themselves or others.

23.ADDITIONAL INFORMATION regarding the safe and proper operation of power tools (i.e. a safety video) is available from the Power Tool Institute, 1300 Sumner Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44115-2851 (www.powertoolinstitute.com). Information is also available from the National Safety Council, 1121 Spring Lake Drive, Itasca, IL 60143-3201. Please refer to the American National Standards Institute ANSI 01.1 Safety Requirements for Woodworking Machines and the U.S. Department of Labor Regulations.

SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS. Refer to them often and use them to instruct others.

5

POWER CONNECTIONS

A separate electrical circuit should be used for your machines. This circuit should not be less than #12 wire and should be protected with a 20 Amp time lag fuse. Before connecting the machine to the power line, make sure the switch (s) is in the “OFF” position and be sure that the electric current is of the same characteristics as indicated on the machine. All line connections should make good contact. Running on low voltage will damage the machine.

DO NOT EXPOSE THE MACHINE TO RAIN OR OPERATE THE MACHINE IN DAMP LOCATIONS.

MOTOR SPECIFICATIONS

Your machine has a 5HP motor that is wired at 220 volts and 60 HZ alternating current. It may be wired for three phase or single phase operation - check the spec plate on the motor.

GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS

THIS MACHINE MUST BE GROUNDED WHILE IN USE TO PROTECT THE OPERATOR FROM ELECTRIC SHOCK.

These machines are not supplied with power cords and they are intended to be permanently connected to the building’s elecrical system. All wiring must be done by a qualified electrician and conform to the National Electric Code and all local codes and ordinances. For wiring instructions, see section “ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS” in this manual.

LVC MAGNETIC MOTOR CONTROL: If you purchased a machine that has a Low Voltage Magnetic Motor Control System, refer to its instruction manual for installation guidance.

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

FOREWORD

The Delta Indusrial Model 22-450(DC-580)20" Planer has a3-phase,5HP motor with an LVC magnetic starter and automatic reset overload protection;3-knifecutterhead, sectional serrated infeed roll, double bed rollers and polyurethane outfeed roller, sectional chipbreakers, dust chute,knife-settinggage, and wrench. The Delta Industrial Model22-451(DC-580)20" Planer is the same as above except with asingle-phase,5HP motor.

NOTICE: THE PHOTO ON THE MANUAL COVER ILLUSTRATES THE CURRENT PRODUCTION MODEL. ALL OTHER ILLUSTRATIONS CONTAINED IN THE MANUAL ARE REPRESENTATIVE ONLY AND MAY NOT DEPICT THE ACTUAL COLOR, LABELING OR ACCESSORIES AND ARE INTENDED TO ILLUSTRATE TECHNIQUE ONLY.

6

CARTON CONTENTS

The DC-580,20" planer is shipped complete in one container mounted to a shipping skid. Remove the wooden crate from around the machine. The planer is shipped with the motor, motor pulleys and belts assembled to the machine. Fig. 2, illustrates the loose items supplied with the machine.

B

A

E

F

C

D

G

H

Fig. 2

A.Cutterhead Guard

B.Dust Hood

C.M6 x 1 x 12mm Button Head Screws for fastening the cover and dust hood to the machine (13)

D.Knife setting gage

E.Handwheel handle

F.4mm T-handlewrench

G.M6 Allen wrench

H.10 x 14mm open end wrench

UNPACKING AND CLEANING

Carefully unpack the machine and all loose items from the shipping container(s). Remove the protective coating from all unpainted surfaces. This coating may be removed with a soft cloth moistened with kerosene (do not use acetone, gasoline or lacquer thinner for this purpose). After cleaning, cover the unpainted surfaces with a good quality household floor paste wax.

ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY TOOLS REQUIRED

*M6 Allen wrench (supplied)

*Flathead Screwdriver (Not Supplied

*Forklift and Lifting Straps For Set-Up(Not Supplied)

ASSEMBLY TIME ESTIMATE - 1-2hours

7

UNPACKING AND CLEANING

Remove the bolts that fasten the machine to the shipping skid.

Two lifting lugs are built into the machine, one of which is shown at (E) Fig. 3. These lugs can be used to mechanically lift the machine using a forklift and lifting straps. NOTE: The other lifting lug is located at the rear and the opposite end of the machine. Carefully remove the planer from the shipping skid.

E

A

C

B

Thread handle assembly (A) Fig. 3, into handwheel (B) and tighten locknut (C).

If it is necessary to lower the table (B) Fig. 4, to facilitate cleaning, loosen lock knob (C) and turn handwheel (D) counterclockwise until the table (B) is at the desired height for cleaning.

With allen wrench supplied, loosen and remove screw

(E) Fig. 5, from the left top edge of the machine and raise the top cover (F) Fig. 6 as shown, exposing the chipbreakers, and cutterhead. NOTE: The top cover of the machine is hinged to facilitate cleaning and performing maintenance and adjustment procedures.

Carefully remove the protective coating from the table, table rollers, infeed roller, anti-kickbackfingers, cutterhead and cutterhead knives. This protective coating may be removed with a soft cloth moistened with kerosene.(DO NOT USE GASOLINE, ACETONE, OR LACQUER THINNER FOR THIS PURPOSE).

CAUTION: Extreme care should be taken when cleaning the knives as the cutterhead knives are positioned in the cutterhead and are very sharp.

After cleaning, cover the table surface with a good quality paste wax.

Lower top cover and replace locking screw which was removed in STEP 5.

Fig. 3

C

D

B

Fig. 4

E

Fig. 5

F

Fig. 6

8

ASSEMBLING CUTTERHEAD GUARD

Position cutterhead guard (A) Fig. 7, on top cover of machine. Align holes in cutterhead guard (A) Fig. 7, with holes in top cover and fasten with six M6x12mm button head screws (B), five of which are shown.

ASSEMBLING DUST HOOD

A dust hood with a 5" opening is supplied with your machine and is to be used when connecting the planer to a dust collector or a central dust collection system.

Position dust hood (A) Fig. 8, against the rear of the machine and on top of cutterhead guard (B). Align the holes and fasten the dust hood (A) Fig. 9, to the cutterhead guard (B) using seven M6x12mm button head screws (C), four of which are shown.

B A

Fig. 7

B A

Fig. 8

A

C

B

Fig. 9

9

ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS

To bring power to this machine:

Loosen screw (A) Fig. 10, and remove cover (B) from terminal box located at the rear of the machine. Bring the power line up through the hole (C) Fig. 11, in terminal box. NOTE: Strain relief and power cord clamp are not supplied with the machine. Remove plastic shield (D) Fig. 11, from terminal strip (E).

THREE PHASE OPERATION

If the planer is wired for three phase operation, connect the three power lines to terminals (F), (G) and (K) Fig. 12, and the green ground wire to ground terminal (H).

IMPORTANT: FOR THREE PHASE MACHINES ONLY.

After applying power to the machine, jog the power on and off to check if the cutterhead is rotating correctly. If the cutterhead is not rotating correctly, interchange any two of the three power lines connected to terminals (F),

(G) and (K) Fig. 12.

NOTE: The three phase motor is also capable of being wired for 440 volt operation, but this connection must be done by a qualified electrician and conform to the National Electric Code and all local codes and ordinances.

SINGLE PHASE OPERATION

If the machine is wired for single phase operation, there will be two power lines connected to the top terminals (L) Fig. 12. Connect the two incoming power lines to the corresponding bottom terminals (M) and connect the green ground wire to ground terminal (H).

B

A

Fig. 10

D

E

C

Fig. 11

H

L

M

F G K

Fig. 12

10