Desa GP30, GP30T, GN30, WMP20, GWP20T User Manual

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GN30, GP30
GN30T, GP30T
GWN20, GWP20 GWN20T, GWP20T GWN30T, GWP30T
WMN20, WMP20
UNVENTED (VENT-FREE) BLUE FLAME GAS HEATER
TM
SAFETY INFORMATION AND INSTALLATION MANUAL
WARNING: If the information in this manual is not followed exactly, a fire or explosion may result caus­ing property damage, personal injury, or loss of life.
— Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable
vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or any other appliance.
— WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
• Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s in­structions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire department.
— Installation and service must be performed by a
qualified installer, service agency, or the gas supplier.
This appliance may be installed in an aftermarket*, permanently located, manufactured (mobile) home, where not prohibited by local codes.
This appliance is only for use with the type of gas indicated on the rating plate. This appliance is not convertible for use with other gases.
*Aftermarket: Completion of sale, not for purpose of resale, from the manufacturer
WARNING: Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service, or maintenance can cause injury or property damage. Refer to this manual for correct installation and operational procedures. For as­sistance or additional information consult a qualified installer, ser­vice agency, or the gas supplier.
WARNING: This is an unvented gas-fired heater. It uses air (oxy­gen) from the room in which it is installed. Provisions for ad­equate combustion and ventila­tion air must be provided. Refer to
Air for Combustion and Venti-
lation
manual.
section on page 4 of this
Save this manual for future reference.
Save this manual for future reference.
TABLE OF CONTENTS SAFETY INFORMATION
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY INFORMATION ............................................................ 2
LOCAL CODES........................................................................... 3
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION ..................................................... 3
UNPACKING............................................................................... 3
PRODUCT FEATURES .............................................................. 3
AIR FOR COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION ........................... 4
INSTALLATION ........................................................................... 7
OPERATING HEATER.............................................................. 13
INSPECTING HEATER............................................................. 15
CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE ............................................ 16
TROUBLESHOOTING .............................................................. 17
SAFETY INFORMATION
WARNINGS
IMPORTANT: Read this owners manual carefully and completely before trying to assemble, operate, or ser­vice this heater. Improper use of this heater can cause serious injury or death from burns, fire, explosion, electrical shock, and carbon monoxide poisoning.
DANGER: Carbon monoxide poisoning may lead
to death!
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: Early signs of carbon monoxide
poisoning resemble the flu, with headaches, dizziness, or nausea. If you have these signs, the heater may not be working properly. Get fresh air at once! Have heater serviced. Some people are more affected by carbon monoxide than others. These include pregnant women, people with heart or lung disease or anemia, those under the influence of alcohol, and those at high altitudes.
Natural and Propane/LP Gas: Natural and propane/LP gases are
fuel gases. Fuel gases are odorless. An odor-making agent are added to fuel gases. The odor helps you detect a fuel gas leak. However, the odor added to fuel gas can fade. Fuel gas may be present even though no odor exists.
Make certain you read and understand all warnings. Keep this manual for reference. It is your guide to safe and proper operation of this heater.
WARNING: Any change to this heater or its
controls can be dangerous.
WARNING: Do not use any accessory not ap-
proved for use with this heater.
ILLUSTRATED PARTS BREAKDOWN AND PARTS LIST ....... 20
SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................... 24
SERVICE HINTS....................................................................... 24
TECHNICAL SERVICE ............................................................. 24
SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ....................................................... 24
REPLACEMENT PARTS .......................................................... 24
OWNER’S REGISTRATION FORM.......................................... 25
ACCESSORIES ........................................................................ 27
PARTS CENTRALS .................................................................. 27
WARRANTY INFORMATION......................................Back Cover
Due to high temperatures, the appliance should be located out of traffic and away from furniture and draperies.
Do not place clothing or other flammable material on or near the appliance. Never place any objects on the heater.
Surface of heater becomes very hot when running heater. Keep children and adults away from hot sur­face to avoid burns or clothing ignition. Heater will remain hot for a time after shutdown. Allow surface to cool before touching.
Carefully supervise young children when they are in the same room with heater.
Make sure grill guard is in place before running heater.
Keep the appliance area clear and free from combus­tible materials, gasoline and other flammable vapors and liquids.
1. This appliance is only for use with the type of gas indicated on the rating plate. This appliance is not convertible for use with other gases.
2. Do not place propane/LP supply tank(s) inside any structure. Locate propane/LP supply tank(s) outdoors.
3. This heater shall not be installed in a bedroom or bathroom.
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SAFETY INFORMATION
LOCAL CODES
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
UNPACKING
PRODUCT FEATURES
3
3
SAFETY INFORMATION
Continued
4. If you smell gas
• shut off gas supply
• do not try to light any appliance
• do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any phone in your building
• immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s instructions
• if you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire depart­ment
5. This heater needs fresh, outside air ventilation to run properly . This heater has an Oxygen Depletion Sensing (ODS) safety shutoff system. The ODS shuts down the heater if not enough fresh air is available. See Air for Combustion and Ventilation, pages 4 through 6.
6. Keep all air openings in front and bottom of heater clear and free of debris. This will insure enough air for proper combustion.
7. If heater shuts off, do not relight until you provide fresh, out­side air. If heater keeps shutting off, have it serviced.
8. Do not run heater
• where flammable liquids or vapors are used or stored
• under dusty conditions
9. Before using furniture polish, wax, carpet cleaner, or similar products, turn heater off. If heated, the vapors from these prod­ucts may create a white powder residue within burner box or on adjacent walls or furniture.
10. Do not use heater if any part has been under water. Immedi­ately call a qualified service technician to inspect the room heater and to replace any part of the control system and any gas control which has been under water.
11. Turn off and let cool before servicing. Only a qualified service person should service and repair heater.
12. Operating heater above elevations of 4,500 feet could cause pilot outage.
13. To prevent performance problems, do not use propane/LP fuel tank of less than 100 lbs. capacity.
14. Provide adequate clearances around air openings.
LOCAL CODES
Install and use heater with care. Follow all local codes. In the absence of local codes, use the latest edition of National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54*.
*Available from:
American National Standards Institute, Inc.
1430 Broadway
New York, NY 10018
National Fire Protection Association, Inc.
Batterymarch Park
Quincy, MA 02269
PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
Ignitor Button
Front Panel
Figure 1 - Vent-Free Gas Heater
Control Knob
Grill Guard
Glass Panel
Heater Cabinet
UNPACKING
1. Remove heater from carton.
2. Remove all protective packaging applied to heater for shipment.
3. Check heater for any shipping damage. If heater is damaged, promptly inform dealer where you bought heater.
PRODUCT FEATURES
SAFETY DEVICE
This heater has a pilot with an Oxygen Depletion Sensing (ODS) safety shutoff system. The ODS/pilot is a required feature for vent­free room heaters. The ODS/pilot shuts off the heater if there is not enough fresh air.
PIEZO IGNITION SYSTEM
This heater has a piezo ignitor. This system requires no matches, batteries, or other sources to light heater.
THERMOSTATIC HEAT CONTROL
Thermostat models have a thermostat sensing bulb and a control valve. This results in the greatest heater comfort. This can also result in lower gas bills.
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AIR FOR COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION
4
Providing Adequate Ventilation
AIR FOR COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION
WARNING: This heater shall not be installed in a confined space or unusually tight construction un­less provisions are provided for adequate combustion and ventilation air. Read the following instructions to insure proper fresh air for this and other fuel-burning appliances in your home.
Today’s homes are built more energy efficient than ever. New materials, increased insulation, and new construction methods help reduce heat loss in homes. Home owners weather strip and caulk around windows and doors to keep the cold air out and the warm air in. During heating months, home owners want their homes as airtight as possible.
While it is good to make your home energy efficient, your home needs to breathe. Fresh air must enter your home. All fuel-burning appliances need fresh air for proper combustion and ventilation.
Exhaust fans, fireplaces, clothes dryers, and fuel burning appliances draw air from the house to operate. You must provide adequate fresh air for these appliances. This will insure proper venting of vented fuel-burning appliances.
PROVIDING ADEQUATE VENTILATION
The following are excerpts from National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54, Section 5.3, Air for Combustion and Ventilation.
All spaces in homes fall into one of the three following ventilation classifications:
1. Unusually Tight Construction
2. Unconfined Space
3. Confined Space The information on pages 4 through 6 will help you classify your
space and provide adequate ventilation.
Unusually tight construction is defined as construction where:
a. walls and ceilings e xposed to the outside atmosphere
have a continuous water vapor retarder with a rating of one perm (6x10 openings gasketed or sealed
b. weather stripping has been added on openable win-
dows and doors
c. caulking or sealants are applied to areas such as
joints around window and door frames, between sole plates and floors, between wall-ceiling joints, between wall panels, at penetrations for plumbing, electrical, and gas lines, and at other openings.
If your home meets all of the three criteria above, you must provide additional fresh air. See
From Outdoors
If your home does not meet all of the three criteria above, proceed to
tion
, page 5.
, page 6.
Determining Fresh-Air Flow For Heater Loca-
-11
kg per pa-sec-m2) or less with
and
and
Ventilation Air
Confined and Unconfined Space
The National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 defines a confined space as a space whose volume is less than 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu per hour (4.8 m3 per kw) of the aggregate input rating of all appliances installed in that space and an unconfined space as a space whose volume is not less than 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu per hour (4.8 m3 per kw) of the aggregate input rating of all appliances installed in that space. Rooms communicating directly with the space in which the appliances are installed*, through openings not furnished with doors, are considered a part of the unconfined space.
* Adjoining rooms are communicating only if there are doorless passageways or ventilation grills between them.
Unusually Tight Construction
The air that leaks around doors and windows may provide enough fresh air for combustion and ventilation. However, in buildings of unusually tight construction, you must provide additional fresh air.
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AIR FOR COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION
Continued
AIR FOR COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION
Determining Fresh-Air Flow For Heater Location
5
5
DETERMINING FRESH-AIR FLOW FOR HEATER LOCATION
Determining if You Have a Confined or Unconfined Space
Use this work sheet to determine if you have a confined or unconfined space. Space: Includes the room in which you will install heater plus any adjoining
rooms with doorless passageways or ventilation grills between the rooms.
1. Determine the volume of the space (length x width x height). Length x Width x Height =___________ cu. ft. (volume of space)
Example:
height) = 2560 cu. ft. (volume of space) If additional ventilation to adjoining room is supplied with grills or open-
ings, add the volume of these rooms to the total volume of the space.
2. Multiply the space volume by 20 to determine the maximum Btu/Hr the space can support.
__________ (volume of space) x 20 = (Maximum Btu/Hr the space
Example:
Btu/Hr the space can support)
3. Add the Btu/Hr of all fuel burning appliances in the space.
* Do not include direct-vent gas appliances. Direct-vent draws com­bustion air from the outdoors and vents to the outdoors.
Space size 20 ft. (length) x 16 ft. (width) x 8 ft. (ceiling
can support)
2560 cu. ft. (volume of space) x 20 = 51,200 (maximum
Vent-free heater _____________ Btu/Hr Gas water heater* _____________ Btu/Hr Gas furnace _____________ Btu/Hr Vented gas heater _____________ Btu/Hr Gas fireplace logs _____________ Btu/Hr Other gas appliances* + _____________ Btu/Hr Total = _____________ Btu/Hr
Example:
Gas water heater _____________ Btu/Hr Vent-free heater + _____________ Btu/Hr Total = _____________ Btu/Hr
40,000 20,000 60,000
4. Compare the maximum Btu/Hr the space can support with the actual amount of Btu/Hr used.
__________________ Btu/Hr (maximum the space can support) __________________ Btu/Hr (actual amount of Btu/Hr used)
Example:
The space in the above example is a confined space because the actual Btu/Hr used is more than the maximum Btu/Hr the space can support. You must provide additional fresh air. Your options are as follows:
A. Rework worksheet, adding the space of an adjoining room. If the
extra space provides an unconfined space, remove door to adjoining room or add ventilation grills between rooms. See V entilation Air Fr om Inside Building, page 6.
B. Vent room directly to the outdoors. See Ventilation Air From Out-
doors, page 6.
C. Install a lower Btu/Hr heater, if lower Btu/Hr size makes room unconfined. If the actual Btu/Hr used is less than the maximum Btu/Hr the space can
support, the space is an unconfined space. You will need no additional fresh air ventilation.
51,200 Btu/Hr (maximum the space can support) 60,000 Btu/Hr (actual amount of Btu/Hr used)
WARNING: If the area in which the heater may be operated is smaller than that defined as an uncon­fined space or if the building is of unusually tight construction, provide adequate combustion and ven­tilation air by one of the methods described in the
National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 Sec­tion 5.3
or applicable local codes
.
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AIR FOR COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION
6
Ventilation Air
AIR FOR COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION
Continued
VENTILATION AIR
Ventilation Air From Inside Building
This fresh air would come from an adjoining unconfined space. When ventilating to an adjoining unconfined space, you must provide two permanent openings: one within 12" of the ceiling and one within 12" of the floor on the wall connecting the two spaces (see options 1 and 2, Figure 2). You can also remove door into adjoining room (see option 3, Figure 2). Follow the National Fuel
Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54, Section 5.3, Air for Combustion and Ventilation for required size of ventilation grills or ducts.
Ventilation Air From Outdoors
Provide extra fresh air by using ventilation grills or ducts. You must provide two permanent openings: one within 12" of the ceiling and one within 12" of the floor. Connect these items directly to the outdoors or spaces open to the outdoors. These spaces include attics and crawl spaces. Follow the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI
Z223.1/NFPA 54, Section 5.3, Air for Combustion and Ventilation
for required size of ventilation grills or ducts.
IMPORTANT:
attic if attic has a thermostat-controlled power vent. Heated air entering the attic will activate the power vent.
Do not provide openings for inlet or outlet air into
Ventilation Grills
Ventilation
Grills
into Adjoining
Room,
Option 1
Figure 2 - Ventilation Air from Inside Building
Or
Remove Door into Adjoining
Room,
Option 3
Into Adjoining Room,
Option 2
12"
12"
Outlet Air
Outlet Air
Inlet Air
Inlet Air
Figure 3 - Ventilation Air from Outdoors
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Ventilated Attic
Crawl Space
To Attic
To
Crawl
Space
Ventilated
107884
INSTALLATION
,
INSTALLATION
Check Gas Type
Installation Items
Locating Heater
7
7
NOTICE: This heater is intended for use as supple­mental heat. Use this heater along with your primary heating system. Do not install this heater as your primary heat source. If you have a central heating system, you may run systems circulating blower while using heater. This will help circulate the heat throughout the house. In the event of a power outage, you can use this heater as your primary heat source.
WARNING: A qualified service person must in-
stall heater. Follow all local codes.
CHECK GAS TYPE
Use only the correct type of gas (natural or propane/LP). If your gas supply is not the correct gas type, do not install heater. Call dealer where you bought heater for proper type heater.
INSTALLATION ITEMS
Before installing heater, make sure you have the items listed below.
• for propane/LP gas, external regulator (supplied by installer)
• piping (check local codes)
• sealant (resistant to propane/LP gas)
• equipment shutoff valve *
• ground joint union
• test gauge connection *
• sediment trap
• tee joint
• pipe wrench
• for natural gas, test gauge connection* * A CSA design-certified equipment shutoff valve with 1/8" NPT
tap is an acceptable alternative to test gauge connection. The optional CSA design-certified equipment shutoff valve can be purchased from your dealer. See Accessories, page 27.
WARNING: Never install the heater
in a bedroom or bathroom
in a recreational vehicle
where curtains, furniture, clothing, or other flam-
mable objects are less than 36 inches from the front, top, or sides of the heater
as a fireplace insert
in high traffic areas
in windy or drafty areas
CAUTION: This heater creates warm air currents. These currents move heat to wall surfaces next to heater. Installing heater next to vinyl or cloth wall coverings or operating heater where impurities (such as, but not limited to, tobacco smoke, aromatic candles, cleaning fluids, oil or kerosene lamps, etc.) in the air exist, may discolor walls or cause odors.
IMPORTANT:
Vent-free heaters add moisture to the air. Although this is beneficial, installing heater in rooms without enough venti­lation air may cause mildew to form from too much moisture. See Air for Combustion and Ventilation, pages 4 through 6. If high humidity is experienced, a dehumidifier may be used to help lower the water vapor content in the air.
CAUTION: If you install the heater in a home garage
heater pilot and burner must be at least 18 inches above floor
locate heater where moving vehicle will not hit it
For convenience and efficiency, install heater
• where there is easy access for operation, inspection, and service
• in coldest part of room An optional fan kit is available from your dealer. See Accessories,
page 27. If planning to use fan, locate heater near an electrical outlet.
CEILING
LOCATING HEATER
This heater is designed to be mounted on a wall.
WARNING: Maintain the minimum clearances shown in Figure 4. If you can, provide greater clear­ances from floor, ceiling, and joining wall.
You can locate heater on floor, away from a wall. An optional floor mounting stand is needed. Purchase the floor mounting stand from your dealer. See Accessories, page 27.
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107884
36"
6"
Minimum From Sides Of Heater
Left Side
FLOOR
Figure 4 - Mounting Clearances As Viewed From Front of Heater
Minimum
Right Side
2"
Minimum To Top Surface Of Carpeting Tile Or Other Combustible Material
INSTALLATION
8
Thermostat Sensing Bulb Installing Heater To Wall
INSTALLATION
Continued
THERMOSTAT SENSING BULB (Thermostat Models Only)
The thermostat sensing bulb has been placed inside the heater for protection during shipping.
Locating Thermostat Sensing Bulb (for thermostat applications)
1. Remove front panel of heater (see Figure 7).
2. Locate thermostat sensing bulb just under burner assembly.
IMPORTANT:
proper operation.
Attach thermostat sensing bulb to back of heater for
Attaching Thermostat Sensing Bulb
1. Remove thermostat sensing bulb from holders inside heater. Route through slot opening in bottom of heater.
2. Place clamp on thermostat sensing bulb as shown in Figure 5. Clamp is provided in hardware package.
3. Snap clamp into upper mounting hole as shown in Figure 5. Mounting hole is located on lower left edge on back of heater. Make sure the thermostat sensing bulb is pointing up.
Thermostat Sensing Bulb
Clamp
Figure 5 - Attaching Thermostat Sensing Bulb
INSTALLING HEATER TO WALL
Mounting Bracket
Locate mounting bracket in heater carton. Remove mounting bracket from heater carton.
Removing Front Panel Of Heater
1. Remove the four painted screws, two on each side of front panel.
2. Pull bottom of front panel forward, then out.
3. Remove any remaining packaging materials.
Figure 7 - Removing Front Panel Of Heater
Methods For Attaching Mounting Bracket To Wall
Only use last hole on each end of mounting bracket to attach bracket to wall. These two holes are 14 inches apart from their centers. Attach mounting bracket to wall in one of two ways:
1. Attaching to wall stud
2. Attaching to wall anchor
Attaching to Wall Stud: This method provides the strongest hold.
Insert mounting screws through mounting bracket and into wall studs.
Attaching to Wall Anchor: This method allows you to attach
mounting bracket to hollow walls (wall areas between studs) or to solid walls (concrete or masonry).
Decide which method better suits your needs. Either method will provide a secure hold for the mounting bracket.
Figure 6 - Mounting Bracket
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INSTALLATION
Continued
INSTALLATION
Installing Heater To Wall (Cont.)
9
9
Marking Screw Locations
1. Tape mounting bracket to wall where heater will be located. Make sure mounting bracket is level.
WARNING: Maintain minimum clearances shown in Figure 8. If you can, provide greater clearances from floor and joining wall.
2. Mark screw locations on wall (see Figure 8).
Note:
Only mark last hole on each end of mounting bracket.
Insert mounting screws through these holes only.
3. Remove tape and mounting bracket from wall.
12"
Min.
Only Insert Mounting Screws Through Last
Adjoining Wall
30,000 Btu/Hr Models
8"
Min.
14"
Hole On Each End
Floor
14"
18 3/4"
Min.
3. Insert mounting screws through bracket and into wall studs.
4. Tighten screws until mounting bracket is firmly fastened to wall studs.
Attaching To Wall Anchor Method
For attaching mounting bracket to hollow walls (wall areas between studs) or solid walls (concrete or masonry)
1. Drill holes at marked locations using 5/16" drill bit. For solid walls (concrete or masonry), drill at least 1" deep.
2. Fold wall anchor as shown in Figure 9.
3. Insert wall anchor (wings first) into hole. Tap anchor flush to wall.
4. For thin walls (1/2" or less), insert red key into wall anchor. Push red key to “pop” open anchor wings.
IMPORTANT:
Do not hammer key! For thick walls (over 1/2" thick) or solid walls, do not pop open wings.
5. Place mounting bracket onto wall. Line up last hole on each end of bracket with wall anchors.
6. Insert mounting screws through bracket and into wall anchors.
7. Tighten screws until mounting bracket is firmly fastened to wall.
Placing Heater On Mounting Bracket
1. Locate two horizontal slots on back panel of heater.
2. Place heater onto mounting bracket. Slide horizontal slots onto stand-out tabs on mounting bracket.
Only Insert Mounting Screws Through Last
Hole On Each End
Adjoining Wall
Floor
18 3/4"
Min.
20,000 Btu/Hr Models
Figure 8 - Mounting Bracket Clearances
Attaching Mounting Bracket To Wall
Note:
Wall anchors, mounting screws, and spacers are in hardware
package. The hardware package is provided with heater.
Attaching To Wall Stud Method
For attaching mounting bracket to wall studs
1. Drill holes at marked locations using 9/64" drill bit.
2. Place mounting bracket onto wall. Line up last hole on each end of bracket with holes drilled in wall.
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Figure 9 - Folding Anchor
Horizontal Slots
Stand-Out Tab
Figure 11 - Mounting Heater Onto Mounting Bracket
Figure 10 - Popping Open Anchor Wings For Thin Walls
Mounting Bracket (attached to wall)
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