Desa HDCFTN, CGCFTP, CGCFTN 14 User Manual

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VENT-FREE COMPACT FIREPLACE
OWNER’S OPERATION AND INSTALLATION MANUAL
Shown with Optional
Cabinet Mantel/Hearth
Base Accessory
HDCFTP, HDCFTN, CGCFTP AND CGCFTN
14,000 to 26,000 Btu/Hr with Thermostat
WARNING: If the information in this manual is not fol­lowed exactly, a fire or explosion may result causing property damage, personal injury or loss of life.
— Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable
vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or any other appliance.
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s instructions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire department.
— Installation and service must be performed by a quali-
fied installer, service agency or the gas supplier.
Save this manual for future reference.
For more information, visit www.desatech.com
WARNING: Improper installation, adjustment, altera­tion, service or maintenance can cause injury or prop­erty damage. Refer to this manual for correct installation and operational procedures. For assistance or addi­tional information consult a qualified installer, service agency or the gas supplier.
WARNING: This is an unvented gas-fired heater. It uses air (oxygen) from the room in which it is installed. Provi­sions for adequate combustion and ventilation air must be provided. Refer to Air for Combustion and Ventilation section on page 6 of this manual.
This appliance may be installed in an aftermarket,* per­manently located, manufactured (mobile) home, where not prohibited by local codes.
This appliance is only for use with the type of gas indi­cated on the rating plate. This appliance is not convert­ible for use with other gases.
* Aftermarket: Completion of sale, not for purpose of resale, from the manufacturer
State of Massachusetts: The installation must be made by a licensed plumber or gas fitter in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Sellers of unvented propane or natural gas-fired supplemental room heaters shall provide to each purchaser a copy of 527 CMR 30 upon sale of the unit.
Vent-free gas products are prohibited for bedroom and bathroom installation in the Common wealth of Massachusetts.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Safety Information ............................................... 3
Local Codes ........................................................ 4
Product Information ............................................. 4
Product Features ................................................. 5
Unpacking ........................................................... 5
Assembly ............................................................. 5
Air For Combustion and Ventilation .....................
Installation ........................................................... 8
Operating Fireplace ........................................... 19
Inspecting Burner .............................................. 21
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Cleaning and Maintenance ................................ 22
Troubleshooting .................................................
Specifications ....................................................
Replacement Parts ............................................ 27
Service Hints ..................................................... 27
Technical Service .............................................. 27
6
Illustrated Parts Breakdown and Parts List ....... 28
Accessories ....................................................... 30
Parts Centrals .................................................... 31
Warranty Information ............................ Back Page
23 27
111044-01F

SAFETY INFORMATION

WARNING: This product con­tains and/or generates chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer or birth defects or other reproductive harm.
IMPORTANT: Read this owner’s manual carefully and completely before trying to assemble, op­erate or service this fireplace. Improper use of this fireplace can cause serious injury or death from burns, fire, explo­sion, electrical shock and carbon monoxide poisoning.
DANGER: Carbon monoxide poisoning may lead to death!
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning:
monoxide poisoning resemble the flu, with head aches, dizziness or nausea. If you have these signs, the heater may not be working properly. Get fresh air at once! Have fireplace serviced. Some people are more affected by carbon monoxide than others. These include pregnant women, people with heart or lung disease or anemia, those under the influence of alcohol and those at high altitudes.
Natural and Propane/LP Gas: Natural and pro-
pane/LP gases are odorless. An odor-making agent is added to the gas. The odor helps you detect a gas leak. However, the odor added to the gas can fade. Gas may be present even though no odor exists.
Make certain you read and understand all warnings. Keep this manual for reference. It is your guide to safe and proper operation of this fireplace.
WARNING: Any change to this fireplace or its controls can be dangerous.
Early signs of carbon
WARNING: Do not use a blow­er insert, heat exchanger insert or other accessory not approved for use with this fireplace
Due to high temperatures, the appliance should be located out of traffic and away from furniture and draperies.
Do not place clothing or other flammable material on or near the appliance. Never place any objects on the heater.
Fireplace front and screen be­comes very hot when running fireplace. Keep children and adults away from hot surfaces to avoid burns or clothing ignition. Fireplace will remain hot for a
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time after shutdown. Allow sur­faces to cool before touching.
Carefully supervise young chil­dren when they are in the room with fireplace.
You must operate this fire­place with the fireplace screen in place. Make sure fireplace screen is closed before running fireplace.
Keep the appliance area clear and free from combustible ma­terials, gasoline and other flam­mable vapors and liquids.
.
WARNING: Do not allow fans to blow directly into the fireplace. Avoid any drafts that alter burner flame patterns. Ceiling fans can create drafts that alter burner flame patterns. Altered burner patterns can cause sooting.
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SAFETY INFORMATION
Continued
1.
This appliance is only for use with the type of gas indicated on the rating plate. This appliance is not convertible for use with other gases.
2. Do not place propane/LP supply tank(s) inside any structure. Locate propane/LP supply tank(s) outdoors (propane/LP units only).
3. If you smell gas
• shut off gas supply
• do not try to light any appliance
• do not touch any electrical switch; do not use
any phone in your building
• immediately call your gas supplier from a
neighborʼs phone. Follow the gas supplierʼs instructions
• if you cannot reach your gas supplier, call
the fire department
4. This fireplace shall not be installed in a bed room or bathroom.
5. Do not use this fireplace as a wood-burning fireplace. Use only the logs provided with the fireplace.
6. Do not add extra logs or ornaments such as pine cones, vermiculite or rock wool. Using these added items can cause sooting. Do not add lava rock around base. Rock and debris could fall into the control area of fireplace.
7. This fireplace is designed to be smokeless. If logs ever appear to smoke, turn off fireplace and call a qualified service person. Note: During initial operation, slight smoking could occur due to log curing and fireplace burning manufacturing residues.
8. To prevent the creation of soot, follow the instructions in Cleaning and Maintenance page 22.
9. Before using furniture polish, wax, carpet cleaner or similar products, turn heater off. If heated, the vapors from these products may create a white powder residue within burner box or on adjacent walls or furniture.
10. This fireplace needs fresh air ventilation to run properly. This fireplace has an Oxygen Deple tion Sensing (ODS) safety shutoff system. The ODS shuts down the fireplace if not enough fresh air is available. See Air for Combustion and Ventilation, page 6. If fireplace keeps shutting off, see Troubleshooting, page 23.
11. Do not run fireplace
• where flammable liquids or vapors are used
or stored.
• under dusty conditions.
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12. Do not use this fireplace to cook food or burn paper or other objects.
13. Never place any objects in the fireplace or on logs.
14. Do not use fireplace if any part has been under water. Immediately call a qualified service technician to inspect the room fireplace and to replace any part of the control system and any gas control which has been under water.
15. Turn off and unplug fireplace and let cool be fore servicing. Only a qualified service person should service and repair fireplace.
16. Operating fireplace above elevations of 4,500 feet could cause pilot outage.
17. Do not operate fireplace if any log is broken. Do not operate fireplace if a log is chipped (dime-sized or larger).
18. To prevent performance problems, do not use propane/LP fuel tank of less than 100 lbs.
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capacity (propane/LP units only).
19. Provi de adequa te cle aranc es aro und air openings.

LOCAL CODES

Install and use fireplace with care. Follow all local codes. In the absence of local codes, use the latest edition of The National Fuel Gas Code ANSI
Z223.1/NFPA 54*
*Available from:
American National Standards Institute, Inc.
National Fire Protection Association, Inc.
,

PRODUCT INFORMATION

Fireplace Cabinet
Screen
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Log Set
Figure 1 - Vent-Free Gas Compact
.
1430 Broadway
New York, NY 10018
Batterymarch Park Quincy, MA 02269
Ignitor Button
Fireplace
Control Knob
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PRODUCT FEATURES

IMPORTANT:
THIS PACKAGE CONTAINS A FIREPLACE HOOD. UNWRAP
CARTON AND REMOVE HOOD
BEFORE DISCARDING
PROTECTIVE PACKAGING.
1
2
SAFETY PILOT
This fireplace has a pilot with an Oxygen Deple­tion Sensing (ODS) safety shutoff system. The ODS/pilot is a required feature for vent-free room fireplaces. The ODS/pilot shuts off the fireplace if there is not enough fresh air.
PIEZO IGNITION SYSTEM
This fireplace has a piezo ignitor. This system requires no matches, batteries or other sources to light fireplace.
THERMOSTATIC HEAT CONTROL
This fireplace has a thermostat sensing bulb and a control valve. The thermostat will automatically modulate the heat output to maintain a consistent room temperature. This results in greater fireplace comfort. This can also result in lower gas bills.

UNPACKING

1. Remove log box and fireplace from carton.
IMPORTANT: The fireplace hood is inside the cardboard protective end wrap on the left side of fireplace (as viewed from front). A decal is on the outside of the cardboard end wrap stating hood is enclosed (see Figure 2).
2. Remove hood from cardboard protective end wrap as shown in Figure 2.
3. Remove all protective packaging applied to fireplace for shipment.
4. Make sure your fireplace includes one hard ware packet.
5. Check fireplace for any shipping damage. If fireplace is damaged, promptly inform dealer where you bought fireplace.
Hood Enclosed Decal
Cardboard Protective Fireplace End Wrap
Hood

ASSEMBLY

WARNING: Always have branch support and screen in place before operating fireplace. This prevents excessive temper­atures on fireplace surfaces.
WARNING: Failure to position the parts in accordance with these diagrams or failure to use only parts specifically approved with this fireplace may result in prop­erty damage or personal injury.
ASSEMBLING FIREPLACE
Tools Required:
• Phillips screwdriver • slotted screwdriver
• 5/16" hex wrench • scissors
Installing Log
1. Lift screen up and pull out to remove.
2. Cut two plastic straps to remove the log from the firebox cavity.
3.
An optional blower is available for models CGCFTP and CGCFTN. See
30. Install optional blower now. Follow instal­lation instructions provided with blower.
4. Remove log packaging material and discard packaging. Gently place log set on burner
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support (see Figure 3). The log should fit flat against top of burner support and log locator tabs fit into the slots under the log. Do not allow log to contact flame. If flame contacts log, soot will be created.
5. Reattach screen by placing the notches in the screen frame over the shoulder screws and pushing down.
Log
Screen
Shoulder Screw
Accessories, page
Burner Support with Log Locator Tabs
Figure 2 - Removing Fireplace Hood
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Figure 3 - Assembling Fireplace
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Branch Support
5
ASSEMBLY
Continued
Assembling Hood
1. Locate four black phillips sheet metal screws from the hardware packet.
2. Rotate hood as shown in Figure 4. Make sure hood tabs point toward fireplace.
3. Insert hood tabs between baffle and louvers (see Figure 4).
4. Gently rotate hood to upright position. Make sure hood tabs are behind louvers and hood is resting on firebox top (see Figure 4).
5. Align screw holes on hood with screw holes on firebox top.
6. Insert screws as shown in Figure 4. Tighten screws firmly.
Louver
Hood Tab
Baffle
Hood
Figure 4 - Assembling Hood
Sheet Metal Screws
Firebox Top
Hood Tabs
AIR FOR COMBUSTION
AND VENTILATION
WARNING: This heater shall not be installed in a confined space or unusually tight con struction unless provisions are provided for adequate combus tion and ventilation air. Read the following instructions to insure proper fresh air for this and other fuel-burning appliances in your home.
Todayʼs homes are built more energy efficient than ever. New materials, increased insulation and new construction methods help reduce heat loss in homes. Home owners weather strip and caulk around windows and doors to keep the cold air out and the warm air in. During heating months, home owners want their homes as airtight as possible.
While it is good to make your home energy effi cient, your home needs to breathe. Fresh air must enter your home. All fuel-burning appliances need fresh air for proper combustion and ventilation.
Exhaust fans, fireplaces, clothes dryers and fuel burning appliances draw air from the house to operate. You must provide adequate fresh air for these appliances. This will insure proper venting of vented fuel-burning appliances.
PROVIDING ADEQUATE VENTILATION
The following are excerpts from National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54, Section 5.3, Air for Combustion and Ventilation.
All spaces in homes fall into one of the three fol lowing ventilation classifications:
1. Unusually Tight Construction
2. Unconfined Space
3. Confined Space
The information on pages 6 through 8 will help you classify your space and provide adequate ventilation.
Unusually Tight Construction
The air that leaks around doors and windows may provide enough fresh air for combustion and ventilation. However, in buildings of unusually tight construction, you must provide additional fresh air.
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AIR FOR COMBUSTION
AND VENTILATION
Continued
Unusually tight construction is defined as construction where:
a. walls and ceilings exposed to the out
side atmosphere have a continuous water vapor retarder with a rating of one perm (6 x 10-11 kg per pa-sec-m2) or less with openings gasketed or sealed and
b. weather stripping has been added on
openable windows and doors and
c. caulking or sealants are applied to
areas such as joints around window and door frames, between sole plates and floors, between wall-ceiling joints, between wall panels, at penetrations for plumbing, electrical and gas lines and at other openings.
If your home meets all of the three criteria above, you must provide additional fresh air. See Ventilation Air From Outdoors, page 8.
If your home does not meet all of the three criteria above, proce ed to Determini ng Fresh-Air Flow For Fireplace Location.
Confined and Unconfined Space
The National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 defines a confined space as a space whose vol-
ume is less than 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu per hour (4.8 m3 per kw) of the aggregate input rating of all appliances installed in that space and an unconfined space as a space whose volume is not less than 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu per hour (4.8 m3 per kw) of the aggregate input rating of all appliances installed in that space. Rooms communicating directly with the space in which the appliances are installed*, through openings not furnished with doors, are considered a part of the unconfined space.
* Adjoining rooms are communicating only if there are doorless passageways or ventilation grills between them.
DETERMINING FRESH-AIR FLOW FOR HEATER LOCATION
Determining if You Have a Confined or Unconfined Space
Use this work sheet to determine if you have a confined or unconfined space.
Space: Includes the room in which you will install heater plus any adjoining rooms with door less passageways or ventilation grills between the rooms.
1. Determine the volume of the space (length x width x height).
Length x Width x Height =__________cu. ft.
(volume of space)
Example: Space size 20 ft. (length) x 16 ft.
(width) x 8 ft. (ceiling height) = 2560 cu. ft. (volume of space)
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If additional ventilation to adjoining room is
supplied with grills or openings, add the volume of these rooms to the total volume of the space.
2. Multiply the space volume by 20 to determine the maximum Btu/Hr the space can support.
__________ (volume of space) x 20 = (Maxi-
mum Btu/Hr the space can support)
Example: 2560 cu. ft. (volume of space) x 20 =
51,200 (maximum Btu/Hr the space can support)
3. Add the Btu/Hr of all fuel burning appliances in the space.
Vent-free heater ___________
Gas water heater* ___________
Gas furnace ___________
Vented gas heater ___________
Gas fireplace logs ___________
Other gas appliances* + ___________
Total = ___________
* Do not include direct-vent gas appliances. Di
rect-vent draws combustion air from the outdoors and vents to the outdoors.
Example:
Gas water heater
Vent-free heater + ________
Total = ________
4. Compare the maximum Btu/Hr the space can support with the actual amount of Btu/Hr used.
_________
_________ Example: 51,200 Btu/Hr (maximum the space
56,000 Btu/Hr (actual amount of
The space in the above example is a confined space because the actual Btu/Hr used is more than the maxi mum Btu/Hr the space can support. You must provide additional fresh air. Your options are as follows:
A. Rework worksheet, adding the space of an adjoin
ing room. If the extra space provides an unconfined space, remove door to adjoining room or add ventilation grills between rooms. See Ventilation Air From Inside Building, page 8.
B. Vent room directly to the outdoors. See Ventila
tion Air From Outdoors, page 8.
C. Install a lower Btu/Hr fireplace, if lower Btu/Hr
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size makes room unconfined.
30,000
__________ Btu/Hr
26,000
56,000
Btu/Hr (maximum the space can support)
Btu/Hr (actual amount of Btu/Hr used)
can support)
Btu/Hr used)
Btu/Hr
Btu/Hr
Btu/Hr
Btu/Hr
Btu/Hr
Btu/Hr
Btu/Hr
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Btu/Hr
Btu/Hr
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AIR FOR COMBUSTION
Or Remove Door into Adjoining
Room,
Option 3
Ventilation Grills
Into Adjoining Room,
Option
2
12"
12"
Ventilation
Grills
into Adjoining
Room,
Option 1
Outlet Air
Ve
ntilated
Attic
Outlet Air
Inlet Air
Inlet Air
Ve
ntilated
Crawl Space
To
Crawl
Space
To Attic
AND VENTILATION
Continued
If the actual Btu/Hr used is less than the maximum Btu/Hr the space can support, the space is an un confined space. You will need no additional
WARNING: If the area in which the heater may be oper ated is smaller than that defined as an unconfined space or if the building is of unusually tight construction, provide adequate combustion and ventilation air by one of the methods described in the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 Section 5.3 or applicable local codes.
VENTILATION AIR
Ventilation Air From Inside Building
This fresh air would come from an adjoining un confined space. When ventilating to an adjoining unconfined space, you must provide two perma­nent openings: one within 12" of the ceiling and one within 12" of the floor on the wall connecting the two spaces (see options 1 and 2, Figure 5). You can also remove door into adjoining room (see option 3, Figure 5). Follow the National Fuel Gas
Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54, Section 5.3, Air for Combustion and Ventilation for required size of
ventilation grills or ducts.
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Ventilation Air From Outdoors
Provide extra fresh air by using ventilation grills or ducts. You must provide two permanent openings: one within 12" of the ceiling and one within 12" of the floor. Connect these items directly to the outdoors or spaces open to the outdoors. These
­spaces include attics and crawl spaces. Follow the
National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54, Section 5.3, Air for Combustion and Ventilation for
required size of ventilation grills or ducts. IMPORTANT: Do not provide openings for inlet
or outlet air into attic if attic has a thermostat­controlled power vent. Heated air entering the attic will activate the power vent.
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Figure 6 - Ventilation Air from Outdoors
Shown with Optional Mantel

INSTALLATION

NOTICE: This heater is intended for use as supplemental heat. Use this heater along with your primary heating system. Do not install this heater as your pri­mary heat source. If you have a central heating system, you may run system’s circulating blower while using heater. This will help circulate the heat throughout the house. In the event of a power outage, you can use this heater as your primary heat source.
Figure 5 - Ventilation Air from Inside
Building Shown with Optional Mantel
8
WARNING: A qualified ser­vice person must install fire­place. Follow all local codes.
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6" Minimum From Sides Of Fireplace
Left Side
CEILING
36" Minimum
FLOOR
Right Side
Top Of Mantel Can Be Flush With W
all
Left Side
CEILING
Right Side
36"
Minimum
INSTALLATION
Continued
Note: Your fireplace is designed to be used in zero clearance installations. Wall or framing material can be placed directly against any exterior surface of your fireplace, except where standoff spacers are integrally attached. If standoff spacers are attached to your fireplace, these spacers can be placed directly against wall or framing materials.
Use the dimensions shown for rough openings to create the easiest installation (see Built-In Fire place Installation, page 10).
CHECK GAS TYPE
Use the correct gas type (natural or propane/LP) for your unit. If your gas supply is not correct, do not install fireplace. Call dealer where you bought fireplace for proper type fireplace.
WARNING: This appliance is equipped for (natural or pro­pane/LP) gas. Field conversion is not permitted.
INSTALLATION ITEMS
Before installing fireplace, make sure you have the items listed below.
• external regulator - propane/LP only (supplied by installer)
• piping (check local codes)
• sealant (resistant to propane/LP gas)
• equipment shutoff valve *
• test gauge connection *
• ground joint union
• sediment trap
• tee joint
• pipe wrench
* A CSA design-certified equipment shutoff valve with 1/8" NPT tap is an acceptable alternative to test gauge connection. Purchase the optional CSA design-certified equipment shutoff valve from your dealer. See
Note: If desired, purchase a four-sided brass trim kit for built-in installations. See Accessories, page 30.
LOCATING FIREPLACE
minimum clearances shown in Figures 7 and 8. If you can, provide greater clearances from floor, ceiling and joining wall.
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Accessories, page 30.
WARNING: Maintain the
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You can recess firebox into the wall. You can also position fireplace in the optional cabinet or corner mantels. IMPORTANT: Only use optional cabinet or corner mantels specified in this manual. Purchase the optional mantel from your dealer (see Accessories, page 30).
WARNING: Never install the
fireplace
• in a bedroom or a bathroom
• in a recreational vehicle
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where curtains, furniture, clothing or other flammable objects are less than 36 inches from the front, top or sides of the fireplace
• as a fireplace insert
• in high traffic areas
• in windy or drafty areas
Figure 7 - Mounting Clearances As
Viewed From Front of Fireplace Shown
Figure 8 - Mounting Clearances As
Viewed From Front of Fireplace Shown
Built In The Wall
with Optional Mantel
9
36
5
/
8
"
25
7
/
8
"
51
3
/
4
"
26
7
/
8
"
26
7
/8"
26
7
/8"
3/4" Off The Floo
r
Minimum
10
1
/2"
INSTALLATION
Continued
CAUTION: This fireplace cre­ates warm air currents. These currents move heat to wall sur­faces next to fireplace. Installing fireplace next to vinyl or cloth wall coverings or operating fireplace where impurities (such as, but not limited to, tobacco smoke, aromatic candles, clean­ing fluids, oil or kerosene lamps, etc.) in the air exist, may discolor walls or cause odors.
IMPORTANT: Vent-free fireplaces add moisture to the air. Although this is beneficial, installing fire place in rooms without enough ventilation air may cause mildew to form from too much moisture. See Air for Combustion and Ventilation, page 6.
Note: When installing fireplace directly on carpet ing, tile or other combustible material, other than wood flooring, the fireplace shall be installed on a metal or wood panel extending the full width and depth of the fireplace.
CAUTION: If you install the fireplace in a home garage
• fireplace pilot and burner must
be at least 18 inches above floor.
• locate fireplace where moving
vehicle will not hit it.
For convenience and efficiency, install fireplace
• where there is easy access for operation, inspec tion and service.
• in coldest part of room
An optional blower kit is available from your dealer. See Accessories, page 30. If planning to use blower, locate fireplace near an electrical outlet.
BUILT-IN FIREPLACE INSTALLATION
Built-in installation of this fireplace involves installing fireplace into a framed-in enclosure. This makes the front of fireplace flush with wall. An optional brass trim kit accessory is available (see Accessories, page 30). Brass trim will extend past sides of fireplace approximately 1/2 inch. This will cover the rough edges of the wall opening. If installing a built-in mantel above the fireplace, you must follow the clearances shown in Figure 12, page 12. Follow the instructions below to install the fireplace in this manner. Note: Your fireplace is designed to be used in zero clearance installations. Wall or framing material can be placed directly against any exterior surface on the rear, sides or top of your fireplace.
Actual Framing
Height 26" 26
Front Width 26
­ Depth 9
3
1
/2" 10 1/2"
Bottom 3/4" 3/4"
1. Frame in rough opening. Use dimensions
­shown in Figure 9 for the rough opening.
If installing in a corner, use dimensions shown
in Figure 10 for the rough opening. The height
7
/8" which is the same as the wall opening
is 26 above.
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Figure 9 - Rough Opening for Installing
in Wall
7
/4" 26 7/8"
/8"
Figure 10 - Rough Opening for Installing
in Corner
10
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