Behringer 1002FX User Manual

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1002FX/1202FX

XENYX

User’s Manual

Version 1.0 January 2006

XENYX 1002FX/1202FX

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

CAUTION: To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not remove the top cover (or the rear section). No user serviceable parts inside; refer servicing to qualified personnel.

WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not expose this appliance to rain and moisture. The apparatus shall not be exposed to dripping or splashing and no objects filled with liquids, such as vases, shall be placed on the apparatus.

This symbol, wherever it appears, alerts you to the presence of uninsulated dangerous voltage inside the enclosure—voltagethat may be sufficient to constitute a risk of shock.

This symbol, wherever it appears, alerts you to important operating and maintenance instructions in the accompanying literature. Please read the manual.

DETAILED SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS:

1)Read these instructions.

2)Keep these instructions.

3)Heed all warnings.

4)Follow all instructions.

5)Do not use this apparatus near water.

6)Clean only with dry cloth.

7)Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

8)Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat.

9)Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-typeplug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the obsolete outlet.

10)Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the apparatus.

11)Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.

12)Use only with the cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table specified by the manufacturer, or sold with the apparatus. When a cart is used, use caution when moving the cart/apparatus combination to avoid injury from tip-over.

13)Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of time.

14)Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the apparatus has been damaged in any way, such as power supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped.

15)CAUTION - These service instructions are for use by qualified service personnel only. To reduce the risk of electric shock do not perform any servicing other than that contained in the operation instructions unless you are qualified to do so.

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XENYX 1002FX/1202FX

FOREWORD

Dear Customer,

I’m sure you’re one of those people who have devoted themselves body and soul to your chosen area and no doubt this has made you an expert in your field.

Well, for over 30 years, my passion has been music and electronics. This not only led me to establish BEHRINGER, but also enabled me to share my enthusiasm with our employees. During all the years I’ve been involved with studio technology and end users, I have developed a feel for the

things that really count, such as sound quality, reliability and ease of use. What is more, I have always had the desire to test the boundaries of what is technically feasible.

It was precisely this motivation that prompted me to start work on a new series of mixing consoles. Since our EURORACKs had already set new standards world-wide,I knew the development objectives behind the next generation of mixing consoles had to be especially ambitious.

Thus, the concept and design of the new XENYX mixing consoles bear my signature. The design work, the entire circuit diagram and PCB development, and even the mechanical concepts are my own work. I carefully selected each individual component

– with the aim of pushing the mixing consoles’ combining analog and digital technologies to their limits.

My vision was to enable you, the user, to give free rein to your true potential and creativity. The result is mixing consoles that combine incredible performance with intuitive operability. They cannot fail to impress with their extremely flexible routing possibilities plus a fantastic wealth of functions. Innovative technologies, such as the completely new XENYX Mic Preamps and the “British” EQs, guarantee optimum sound quality. And extraordinarily high-qualitycomponents provide unrivalled reliability, even under extreme loads.

Thanks to the quality and ease of use of your new XENYX mixing console you’ll soon come to appreciate that I, both personally and in my capacity as musician and sound engineer, put you, the end user, first and that these products were only possible because of the passion and the attention to detail that went into them.

Thank you for the confidence you have placed in us by purchasing the XENYX mixing console. I should also like to thank all those who, with their personal commitment and passion, have helped me create this impressive series of mixing consoles.

Kindest regards,

Uli Behringer

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION .........................................................

4

1.1

General mixing console functions ..................................

4

1.2

The user’s manual ..........................................................

4

1.3

Before you get started ...................................................

5

 

1.3.1

Shipment ...............................................................

5

 

1.3.2

Initial operation ......................................................

5

 

1.3.3

Online registration ................................................

5

2. CONTROL ELEMENTS AND CONNECTORS ..............

5

2.1

Mono channels ...............................................................

5

2.2

Stereo channels .............................................................

6

2.3

Connector array of the main section .............................

7

2.4

Main section ....................................................................

7

2.5

Digital effects processor ................................................

8

3.

APPLICATIONS ..........................................................

9

 

3.1

Recording studio ............................................................

9

 

3.2

Live sound ....................................................................

10

4.

INSTALLATION .........................................................

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4.1

Mains connection .........................................................

11

 

4.2

Audio connections .......................................................

11

5.

SPECIFICATIONS .....................................................

12

6. WARRANTY ..............................................................

13

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XENYX 1002FX/1202FX

1. INTRODUCTION

Congratulations! In purchasing our XENYX 1002FX/1202FX you have acquired a mixing console whose small size belies its incredible versatility and audio performance.

The BEHRINGER XENYX mixing console offers you premiumquality microphone preamplifiers with optional phantom power supply, balanced line inputs and the ability to connect external effects processors. Because of its extensive and carefully thought-outrouting possibilities, your XENYX lends itself equally to both live and studio use.

The XENYX Series represents a milestone in the development of mixing console technology. With the new XENYX microphone preamps including phantom power as an option, balanced line inputs and a powerful effects section, the mixing consoles in the XENYX Series are optimally equipped for live and studio applications. Owing to state-of-the-artcircuitry your XENYX console produces a warm analog sound that is unrivalled. With the addition of the latest digital technology thesebest-in-classconsoles combine the advantages of both analog and digital technology.

The microphone channels feature high-endXENYX Mic Preamps that compare well with costly outboard preamps in terms of sound quality and dynamics and boast the following features:

s130 dB dynamic range for an incredible amount of headroom

sA bandwidth ranging from below 10 Hz to over 200 kHz for crystal-clearreproduction of even the finest nuances

sThe extremely low-noiseanddistortion-freecircuitry guarantees absolutely natural and transparent signal reproduction

sThey are perfectly matched to every conceivable microphone with up to 60 dB gain and +48 volt phantom power supply

sThey enable you to use the greatly extended dynamic range of your 24-bit/192-kHzHD recorder to the full, thereby maintaining optimal audio quality

“British EQ”

The equalizers used for the XENYX Series are based on the legendary circuitry of top-notchconsoles made in Britain, which are renowned throughout the world for their incredibly warm and musical sound character. Even with extreme gain settings these equalizers ensure outstanding audio properties.

Multi-effectsprocessor

Additionally, your XENYX mixing console has an effects processor with 24-bitA/D and D/A converters included, which gives you 100 presets producingfirst-classreverb, delay and modulation effects plus numerousmulti-effectsin excellent audio quality.

CAUTION!

+We should like to draw your attention to the fact that extreme volumes may damage your hearing and/or your headphones or loudspeakers. Turn the MAIN MIX control and PHONES control in the main section fully counterclockwise before you switch on the unit. Always be careful to set appropriate volume levels.

1.1 General mixing console functions

A mixing console fulfils three main functions:

sSignal processing:

Preamplification

Microphones convert sound waves into voltage that has to be amplified several-fold;then, this voltage is turned into sound that is reproduced in a loudspeaker. Because microphone capsules are very delicate in their construction,

output voltage is very low and therefore susceptible to interference. Therefore, mic signal voltage is amplified directly at the mixer input to a higher signal level that is less prone to interference. This higher, interference-safesignal level has to be achieved through amplification using an amplifier of the highest quality in order to amplify the signal and add as little noise to it as possible. The XENYX Mic Preamp performs this role beautifully, leaving no traces of noise or sound coloration. Interference that could take place at the preamplification level could affect signal quality and purity, and would then be passed on to all other devices, resulting in inaccurate sounding program during recording or playback.

Level-setting

Signals fed into the mixer using a DI-box(Direct Injection) or the output of a sound card or a keyboard, often have to be adjusted to the operating level of your mixing console.

Frequency response correction

Using the equalizers found in each channel strip, you can simply, quickly and effectively adjust the way a signal sounds.

sSignal distribution:

Individual, processed signals from the channel strips are compiled on busses and are fed into the main section for further processing. Connections for recording equipment, power amplifiers, headphones as well as CD/tape connectors are available here. The mix is sent to the internal FX processors or external effects processors via aux sends and returns. Similarly, a mix can be created for the musicians on the stage (monitor mix).

sMix:

All other mixing console functions fall under this vital category. Creating a mix means primarily adjusting the volume levels of individual instruments and voices to one another as well as giving them the appropriate weight within the overall frequency spectrum. Likewise, you’ll have to sensibly spread individual voices across the stereo image of a signal. At the end of this process, adjusting the level of the entire mix to other equipment in the signal path is required (e. g. recorder/crossover/amplifier).

The interface of BEHRINGER mixing consoles is optimized for these tasks, enabling you to easily keep track of the signal path.

1.2 The user’s manual

The user’s manual is designed to give you both an overview of the controls, as well as detailed information on how to use them. In order to help you understand the links between the controls, we have arranged them in groups according to their function. If you need to know more about specific issues, please visit our website at http://www.behringer.com. Additional information and explanations about various music industry/audio technology terminology can be found on individual product pages as well as in the glossary area of www.behringer.com.

+The block diagram supplied with the mixing console gives you an overview of the connections between the inputs and outputs, as well as the associated switches and controls.

For the moment, just try and trace the signal path from the microphone input to the FX SEND connector. Don’t be put off by the huge range of possibilities; it’s easier than you think! If you look at the overview of the controls at the same time, you’ll be able to quickly familiarize yourself with your mixing console and you’ll soon be making the most of all its many possibilities.

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1. INTRODUCTION

XENYX 1002FX/1202FX

1.3 Before you get started

1.3.1 Shipment

Your mixing console was carefully packed in the factory to guarantee safe transport. Nevertheless, we recommend that you carefully examine the packaging and its contents for any signs of physical damage that may have occurred during transit.

+If the unit is damaged, please do NOT return it to us, but notify your dealer and the shipping company immediately, otherwise claims for damage or replacement may not be granted.

+To assure optimal protection of your XENYX during use or transport, we recommend utilizing a carrying case.

+Please always use the original packaging to avoid damage due to storage or shipping.

+Never let unsupervised children play with the XENYX or with its packaging.

+Please dispose of all packaging materials in an environmentally-friendlyfashion.

1.3.2 Initial operation

Be sure that there is enough space around the unit for cooling purposes and to avoid overheating please do not place your mixing console on high-temperatureequipment such as radiators or power amps.

+Never connect the XENYX to the power supply unit when the latter is connected to the mains! First connect the power supply unit to the console, then connect the power supply unit to the mains.

+Please make sure that all units have a proper ground connection. For your own safety, never remove or disable the ground conductor from the unit or on the AC power cord. The unit should always be connected to a mains socket outlet with a protective earthing connection.

+When installing the product, ensure the appliance coupler or power cord is easily accessible for disconnecting the unit from mains.

1.3.3 Online registration

Please, do remember to register your new BEHRINGER equipment right after your purchase by visiting www.behringer.com (alternatively www.behringer.de) and kindly read the terms and conditions of our warranty carefully.

Should your BEHRINGER product malfunction, our goal is to have it repaired as quickly as possible. To arrange for warranty service, please contact the retailer from whom the equipment was purchased. Should your BEHRINGER dealer not be located in your vicinity, you may directly contact one of our subsidiaries. Corresponding contact information is included in the original equipment packaging (Global Contact Information/European Contact Information). Should your country not be listed, please contact the distributor nearest you. A list of distributors can be found in the support area of our website (www.behringer.com).

Registering your purchase and equipment with us helps us process your repair claims quicker and more efficiently.

Thank you for your cooperation!

2. CONTROL ELEMENTS AND

CONNECTORS

This chapter describes the various control elements of your mixing console. All controls, switches and connectors will be discussed in detail.

2.1 Mono channels

2. CONTROL ELEMENTS AND CONNECTORS

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XENYX 1002FX/1202FX

TRIM

Use the TRIM control to adjust the input gain. This control should always be turned fully counterclockwise whenever you connect or disconnect a signal source to one of the inputs.

The scale has 2 different value ranges: the first value range (+10 to +60 dB) refers to the MIC input and shows the amplification for the signals fed in there.

The second value range (+10 to -40dBu) refers to the line input and shows its sensitivity. The settings for equipment with standardline-levelsignals(-10dBV or +4 dBu) look like this: While the TRIM control is turned all the way down, connect your equipment. Set the TRIM control to the external devices’ standard output level. If that unit has an output signal level display, it should show 0 dB during signal peaks. For +4 dBu, turn up TRIM slightly, for-10dBV a bit more. Tweaking is done using the CLIP LED.

EQ

All mono input channels include a 3-bandequalizer. All bands provide boost or cut of up to 15 dB. In the central position, the equalizer is inactive.

The circuitry of the British EQs is based on the technology used in the best-knowntop-of-the-lineconsoles and providing a warm sound without any unwanted side effects. The result are extremely musical equalizers which, unlike simple equalizers, cause no side effects such as phase shifting or bandwidth limitation, even with extreme gain settings of ±15 dB.

The upper (HIGH) and the lower band (LOW) are shelving filters that increase or decrease all frequencies above or below their cut-offfrequency. Thecut-offfrequencies of the upper and lower band are 12 kHz and 80 Hz respectively. The MID band is configured as a peak filter with a center frequency of 2.5 kHz. Unlike shelving filters, the peak filter processes a frequency range that extends upwards and downwards around its middle frequency.

LOW CUT

In addition, the mono channels are equipped with a steep LOW CUT filter (slope at 18 dB/oct.,-3dB at 75 Hz) designed to eliminate unwantedlow-frequencysignal components. These can be noises created byhand-heldmicrophones, subsonic noise or plosive sounds created by highly sensitive microphones.

FX

FX sends enable you to feed signals via a variable control from one or more channels and sum these signals to a bus. The bus appears at the console’s FX send output and can be fed from there to an external effects device. The return from the effects unit is then brought back into the console on the stereo channels. Each FX send is mono and features up to +15 dB gain.

As the name suggests, the FX sends of the XENYX mixing consoles are intended to drive effects devices (reverb, delay, etc.) and are therefore configuredpost-fader.This means that the mix between dry signal and effect remains at the level determined by the channel’s aux send, irrespective of the channel fader setting. If this were not the case, the effects signal of the channel would remain audible even when the fader is lowered to zero. With XENYX mixing consoles, the channel fader is called LEVEL control.

In the 1002FX/1202FX, the FX send is routed directly to the built-ineffects processor. To make sure that the effects processor receives an input signal, you shouldn’t turn this control all the way to the left(-oo).

PAN

The PAN control determines the position of the channel signal within the stereo image. This control features aconstant-powercharacteristic, which means the signal is always maintained at a constant level, irrespective of position in the stereo panorama.

LEVEL

The LEVEL control determines the level of the channel signal in the main mix.

+Attention: Since the FX path for the effect processor is connected post-fader,the LEVEL control has to be turned up in order to get this channel’s signal to the effects processor!

CLIP

The CLIP-LED’sof the mono channels illuminate when the input signal is driven too high, which could cause distortion. If this happens, use the TRIM control to reduce the preamp level until the LED does not light anymore.

2.2 Stereo channels

Fig. 2.2: Connectors and controls on the stereo channels

LINE IN

Each stereo channel has two balanced line level inputs on ¼" connectors for left and right channels. If only the connector marked “L” (left) is used, the channel operates in mono. The stereo channels are designed to handle typical line level signals. Both inputs will also accept unbalanced connectors.

FX

The FX send of the stereo channels functions similar to that of the mono channels. However, since the FX send bus is mono, a mono sum is first taken from the stereo input before it is sent to the FX bus.

BAL

The BAL(ANCE) control determines the levels of left and right input signals relative to each other before both signals are then routed to the main stereo mix bus. If a channel is operated in mono via the left line input, this control has the same function as the PAN control used in the mono channels.

LEVEL

The LEVEL control determines the volume of the channel being sent to the main mix.

+4/-10

The stereo inputs of the XENYX have an input sensitivity switch which selects between +4 dBu and-10 dBV. At-10dBV (homerecording level), the input is more sensitive (requires less level to drive it) than at +4 dBu (studio level).

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2. CONTROL ELEMENTS AND CONNECTORS

XENYX 1002FX/1202FX

2.3 Connector array of the main section

7

XENYX 1002FX/1202FX

LEVEL SETTING:

2.5 Digital effects processor

To correctly set the gains of the channels, first set the LEVEL

 

controls of the input channels to their center positions. Then use

 

the TRIM controls to increase the input amplification until signal

 

peaks show 0 dB on the level meter.

 

When recording to digital recorders, the recorder’s peak meter

 

should not go into overload. While analog recorders can be

 

overloaded to some extent, creating only a certain amount of

 

distortion, digital recorders distort quickly when overloaded. In

 

addition, digital distortion is not only undesirable, but also renders

 

your recording completely useless.

 

When recording to an analog device, the VU meters of the

 

recording machine should reach approx. +3 dB with low-

 

frequency signals (e.g. kick drum). Due to their inertia VU meters

 

tend to display too low a signal level at frequencies above 1 kHz.

 

This is why, for example, a Hi-Hatshould only be driven as far

 

as -10dB. Snare drums should be driven to approx. 0 dB.

 

+The CLIP-LED’sof your XENYX display the level virtually independent of frequency. A recording level of 0 dB is recommended for all signal types.

MAIN MIX

Use the MAIN MIX fader to adjust the volume of the main out.

PHONES/CONTROL ROOM

Use the PHONES/CONTROL ROOM control to adjust the signal level of the CONTROL ROOM and PHONES outputs.

CD/TAPE TO MIX

When the CD/TAPE TO MIX switch is pressed, the CD/tape input is assigned to the main mix providing an additional input for tape machines, MIDI instruments or other signal sources that do not require any processing.

CD/TAPE TO CTRL

Press the CD/TAPE TO CTRL switch if you want to monitor the CD/tape input via the CTRL ROOM and PHONES outputs. A typical studio application of this function is recording music into a digital audio workstation (DAW) with simultaneous reproduction (see ch. 3.1).

+If you are recording a signal via the TAPE OUTPUT and wish to listen to this simultaneously via the CD/TAPE INPUT, do not use the CD/TAPE TO MIX switch. Doing this would create a feedback loop, since the signal would be routed, via the main mix, back to tape via the TAPE OUTPUT. To monitor the CD/TAPE INPUT, use the CD/TAPE TO CTRL switch to assign the tape signal to the monitor(s) or headphones. This will avoid the tape signal being routed to the TAPE OUTPUT.

FX TO CONTROL

If you want to monitor only the effects signal in your headphones or monitor speaker(s), press the FX TO CTRL switch. Now the signal of the effects processor can be monitored alone, and the main mix and/or CD/tape signal is no longer present on the phone and control room outputs.

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2. CONTROL ELEMENTS AND CONNECTORS

XENYX 1002FX/1202FX

3.APPLICATIONS

3.1Recording studio

Fig. 3.1: The 1002FX in a recording studio

Even though most of the tasks in a studio can nowadays be accomplished using a computer, a mixing console remains an unavoidable piece of equipment that lets you effectively manage audio inputs and outputs: microphone signals need to be preamplified prior to being recorded, and the quality of microphone sound is often worked on; recording and playback signals must be routed to the appropriate connectors or integrated into the mix; the volume of headphones and studio monitors needs to be adjusted, and so on. The extensively equipped main section of the XENYX mixing consoles provides concrete benefits to you.

Wiring:

Connect your sound sources to the microphone/line inputs of the mixing console. Connect the master machine (DAT/minidisk recorder) to the main outputs. Your monitor speakers are connected to the control room outputs; the headphones are connected to the headphone output. Now, connect the CD/tape outputs to the sound card inputs on your DAW (Digital Audio Workstation). Connect the outputs of the sound card in your computer to the CD/tape inputs.

Recording and playback:

Once in the mixing console, the recording signal is pre-amplified,EQ’ed and is then routed to the main bus. Use the LEVEL control to adjust the recording signal level. The overall level of the signal going to the computer is adjusted using the MAIN MIX fader. To make sure that the signal is actually being recorded, use either

the phones bus or the control room bus to monitor not the main mix signal (i.e. the output signal of the mixing console, before the recording); instead, monitor the returns of the sound card that is connected to the CD/tape inputs. To this end, press the CD/TAPE TO CTRL switch and adjust the monitoring volume using the PHONES/CONTROL ROOM control. Doing so, you can record additional tracks in addition to a signal already brought in (so-calledoverdubs). Use the direct monitoring function of your DAW.

+With this application, the CD/TAPE TO MIX switch should not be pressed; otherwise, the playback signal from the sound card output would be routed back to the computer and would be added to the recording. This would not only be undesirable, it would also create a feedback loop.

3. APPLICATIONS

9

XENYX 1002FX/1202FX

10