Apple APPLESHARE IP 6.0 Getting Started Manual
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AppleShare IP 6.0

GettingStarted

Includes preparation, installation, and setup information

K Apple Computer, Inc.

© 1998 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved.

Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Apple. Your rights to the software are governed by the accompanying software license agreement.

The Apple logo is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Use of the “keyboard” Apple logo (Option-Shift-K)for commercial purposes without the prior written consent of Apple may constitute trademark infringement and unfair competition in violation of federal and state laws.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple is not responsible for printing or clerical errors.

Apple Computer, Inc. 1 Infinite Loop

Cupertino, CA 95014-2084408-996-1010http://www.apple.com

Apple, the Apple logo, AppleIIGS, AppleShare, AppleTalk, LaserWriter, LocalTalk, Mac, MacDNS, Macintosh, MacTCP, Newton, OpenDoc, and Power Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.

Finder and The Apple Store are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.

Netscape Navigator is a trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation.

NuBus is a trademark of Texas Instruments.

PostScript is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated or its subsidiaries and may be registered in certain jurisdictions.

PowerPC and the PowerPC logo are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation, used under license therefrom.

UNIX is a registered trademark in the United States and other countries, licensed exclusively through X/Open Company, Ltd.

Other company and product names mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective companies. Mention of third-partyproducts is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement nor a recommendation. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the performance or use of these products.

Simultaneously published in the United States and Canada.

Contents

Preface

 

 

 

 

 

About AppleShare IP 6.0

5

 

 

What’s Covered in This Manual

6

 

 

What’s Covered Onscreen

6

 

 

 

Tips 6

 

 

 

 

 

AppleShare IP Help

7

 

 

 

 

AppleShare Client User’s Manual

7

 

MacDNS Administrator’s Guide 7

 

 

1 Installing AppleShare IP 6.0

9

 

Planning Your AppleShare IP Services

9

 

Preparing Your Computer’s Environment 10

 

Security 10

 

 

 

 

 

System Requirements

10

 

 

 

If You Are Upgrading

11

 

 

 

Preparing Your Computer

12

 

 

 

Backing Up Necessary Files

13

 

 

Installing Mac OS 8.1

13

 

 

 

Setting Up Your Network Identity

14

 

Setting Up AppleTalk

15

 

 

 

Setting Up TCP/IP

16

 

 

 

 

Setting Up TCP/IP and PPP (for Modem Access Only)

18

Setting Up Energy Saver 23

 

 

 

Verifying the Computer’s Date, Time, and Time Zone

25

Installing AppleShare IP 6.0 Software

25

 

Installed Files 26

 

 

 

 

 

3

Performing an Easy Installation

27

 

 

 

Performing a Custom Installation

29

 

 

 

2 Setting Up AppleShare IP 6.0

31

 

 

Using AppleShare IP Easy Setup

31

 

 

 

 

Normal Setup

34

 

 

 

 

 

 

Custom Setup

36

 

 

 

 

 

 

AppleTalk Setup

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

Using AppleShare IP 6.0 for the First Time 45

 

Registering a User for the First Time

46

 

 

Setting Up File Sharing for the First Time

49

 

Setting Up Web Service for the First Time

52

 

Setting Up Windows File Sharing for the First Time 54

Setting Up the Mail Server for the First Time

56

Setting Up the Print Server for the First Time

59

Getting Users Ready 64

 

 

 

 

 

 

Upgrading Mac OS Clients

64

 

 

 

 

Mac OS Client Services

65

 

 

 

 

 

Windows Client Services

66

 

 

 

 

Appendix

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Changing the Startup Disk

67

 

 

 

4Contents

P R E F A C E

About AppleShare IP 6.0

AppleShare IP 6.0 is server software that provides World Wide Web, file sharing, mail, and print services to clients on local area networks (LANs), intranets, and the Internet.

Key new features in 6.0 include built-insupport for Windows file sharing and the IMAP mail protocol, print service over TCP/IP, secure printing, and separate guest access for Web & File services.

Here is a brief description of the AppleShare IP 6.0 suite of products:

mThe AppleShare IP 6.0 Web & File Server allows your computer to host a Web site (using the HTTP 1.1 protocol) and provides three types of file sharing services: AppleShare File Sharing (using the AppleTalk Filing Protocol, or AFP) via TCP/IP or AppleTalk networks, Windows File Sharing (using the SMB/CIFS protocol via TCP/IP), and File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You manage Web and file services using the Web & File Admin program.

mThe AppleShare IP 6.0 Mail Server provides integrated mail storage and mail forwarding services over TCP/IP and AppleTalk networks, including support for Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAPv.4), Post Office Protocol (POP3), and Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). You manage mail services using the Mail Admin program.

mThe AppleShare IP 6.0 Print Server manages communication with the printers on your AppleTalk or TCP/IP network by allowing the server to act as a repository for print jobs. The Print Server also allows you to set up secure print queues to control who can print. You manage print services using the Print Admin program.

mAppleShare Client 3.8 is the software that allows Mac OS client computers to use AppleShare file sharing services. You need to install this software on your Mac OS client computers.

mMacDNS software provides Domain Name System (DNS) service for your network. You need to install DNS software in order to communicate with the Internet and to allow users to enter names instead of numeric IP addresses when, for example, sending e-mail.

For detailed information on these product features, see AppleShare IP Help after completing the instructions in this manual. To access AppleShare IP Help, see “What’s Covered Onscreen.”

5

AppleShare IP 6.0 also comes with additional software to help you run your servers more effectively and efficiently. See the folders and files on your AppleShare IP 6.0 CD.

What’s Covered in This Manual

This manual provides instructions on how to install and set up the AppleShare IP 6.0 software. Once you’ve installed and set up the appropriate software on your server and client computers, you can refer to the onscreen documentation for information about using the software.

What’s Covered Onscreen

Your main sources of information about AppleShare IP 6.0 are Tips and AppleShare IP Help (described below).

You’ll also find Read Me files and other onscreen documents in the AppleShare IP 6.0 folder. These documents contain late-breakingnews or instructions on how to use other software that comes with AppleShare IP 6.0.

For product updates and other information, be sure to visit the AppleShare IP Web site at

http://www.apple.com/appleshareip

Tips

Tips provides an unobtrusive way of reminding you about the function of the AppleShare IP 6.0 administration program buttons. To use Tips, position the pointer over a button in the window of an AppleShare IP 6.0 program. After a fraction of a second, the tip appears below the button, as shown in the following example.

6Preface

AppleShare IP Help

If you have a question about how to use AppleShare IP 6.0, open any of the AppleShare IP 6.0 administration programs and choose Help from the Help menu. Choosing Help opens AppleShare IP Help in your preferred Web browser program. AppleShare IP Help explains how to use the AppleShare IP 6.0 software and troubleshoot problems that may arise while using the software.

You can also open AppleShare IP Help by double-clickingits icon in the AppleShare IP 6.0 folder.

AppleShare Client User’s Manual

The “AppleShare IP Client 3.8 User’s Manual” (inside the AppleShare Client 3.8 folder) provides instructions on how to install the AppleShare Client 3.8 software on Mac OS client computers and how to use this software for AppleShare file sharing.

Before you direct users to the “AppleShare IP Client 3.8 User’s Manual,” be sure to complete all of the setup and installation instructions in this manual.

MacDNS Administrator’s Guide

The “MacDNS Admin Guide.pdf ” file (inside the MacDNS folder on your AppleShare IP 6.0 CD) provides instructions on how to use the MacDNS software to provide DNS service on your network.

About AppleShare IP 6.0

7

C H A P T E R

1

Installing AppleShare IP 6.0

Whether you are upgrading from a previous version of AppleShare or installing it for the first time, you need to follow the instructions in this chapter.

This chapter tells you how to

mplan your AppleShare IP services

mprepare your computer’s environment and software

minstall AppleShare IP 6.0

Note: Your server should already be set up and connected to your network. If your server or network is not set up, set it up before continuing with this chapter.

Important The AppleShare IP 6.0 license agreement allows you to install and use the server software (or the individual components thereof ) on a single computer. This agreement allows you to install the individual server programs on different computers; it does not allow you to install the same server software on more than one computer at a time. To install the server software on more than one computer, you need to purchase additional copies of the software. For more information, see the license agreement that appears when you install the AppleShare IP 6.0 software.

Planning Your AppleShare IP Services

Depending on the services you plan to provide to your users and on how your network is set up, you’ll need to answer the following questions before you install AppleShare IP.

mWill your clients be connecting to the AppleShare IP server via AppleTalk, TCP/IP, or both?

mWhat types of clients are on your network—MacOS, Windows, UNIX?

mWhat type of physical connection (for example, Ethernet or LocalTalk) does your AppleShare IP server have to your intranet or the Internet?

mWhat is your server’s IP address, subnet mask, router address, and name server address?

mDoes your network have a computer that is providing Domain Name System (DNS) service?

9

Your network administrator should be able to help you answer these questions. If you do not have a network administrator or if you need more assistance, use the “Network Configuration Setup Guide” in the Tutorials folder on your AppleShare IP 6.0 CD. You may also want to consult an Internet service provider (ISP) to help you answer these questions before continuing with your AppleShare IP installation.

Preparing Your Computer’s Environment

Before you install your AppleShare IP 6.0 software, you need to prepare your computer and its environment. You prepare your computer’s environment by making sure you’ve considered security issues, hardware and software requirements, and facts about upgrading.

Security

AppleShare IP 6.0 uses share points, user authentication, and access privileges to protect data from unauthorized access over a network. That protection can be bypassed by someone with physical access to your computer. (Access privileges, for example, allow or deny access over the network; they cannot prevent someone from opening a folder directly on the computer running AppleShare IP.)

Note: Not all AppleShare IP services support these security measures to the same extent. For more information, see AppleShare IP Help after you complete the instructions in this manual.

If you have any concerns about physical security—especiallyif you plan to store highly confidentialinformation—considerputting your computer in a separate room with controlled access. If no such room is available, consider installing ascreen-savingapplication that requires a password to unlock the computer.

System Requirements

To install the AppleShare IP 6.0 software, you need the following hardware and software:

mHardware: Any Apple Power Macintosh computer or Apple Workgroup server with a G3, 604e, 604, or 601 processor, or a 6500 series computer with a 603e processor. Your computer should be set up and connected to your network.

To use the multihoming feature of AppleShare IP (described in the Web & File section in AppleShare IP Help), your computer must have a Peripheral Component Interface (PCI) expansion slot. Computers with a 601 processor and NuBusslots cannot use multihoming.

The AppleShare IP 6.0 Print Server only works with AppleTalk-compatibleLaserWriter printers,third-partyPostScriptprinters that support the Apple LaserWriter 8.4 printer driver, andTCP-compatibleprinters that support the LPD/LPR protocol.

10 Chapter 1