Intel 460T User Manual

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Intel® Express 460T

Standalone Switch

User Guide

Copyright © 2001, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.

Intel Corporation, 5200 NE Elam Young Parkway, Hillsboro OR 97124-6497

Intel Corporation assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in this manual. Nor does Intel make any commitment to update the information contained herein.

Intel is a trademark or registered trademark of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.

* Other brands and names may be claimed as the property of others.

Fifth Edition

June 2001

746438-003

C O N T E N T S ContentsIntel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

1: Setting Up the Intel® Express 460T

 

Standalone Switch

 

Overview ...................................................................................

1

Management ..............................................................................

1

Switch Features .........................................................................

2

Module Features ........................................................................

3

Port LEDs ..................................................................................

4

Status LEDs ...............................................................................

4

Crossover Button .......................................................................

5

Connection Guidelines ..............................................................

5

Installing a Module ....................................................................

6

Module A LEDs ........................................................................

7

Configuring Modules ................................................................

7

Media Requirements ..................................................................

8

Testing a Cable ..........................................................................

9

Straight-through vs. Crossover Cables ......................................

10

2: Using the Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch

 

Overview ...................................................................................

11

What is a Switch? ......................................................................

12

Sample Configurations ..............................................................

13

Flow Control .............................................................................

14

Spanning Tree Protocol .............................................................

14

Tagged Frames ..........................................................................

15

Priority .......................................................................................

15

Link Aggregation ......................................................................

16

Virtual LANs (VLANs).............................................................

17

GARP VLAN Registration Protocol (GVRP) ...........................

21

Internet Group Multicast Protocol (IGMP) ...............................

22

3: Using Intel® Device View

 

Overview ...................................................................................

23

Installing Intel Device View......................................................

24

Starting Intel Device View ........................................................

25

Installing a New Device ............................................................

25

i

C O N T E N T S

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Using the Device Tree ...............................................................

26

Managing a Switch ....................................................................

29

Viewing RMON information ....................................................

30

4: Using the Web Device Manager

 

Accessing the Web Device Manager .........................................

32

Navigating the Web Device Manager .......................................

33

Using Management Screens ......................................................

34

Configuring the Switch’s IP Settings ........................................

35

Configuring a Port .....................................................................

36

Managing User Accounts ..........................................................

37

Configuring VLANs ..................................................................

39

Link Aggregation ......................................................................

45

Static MAC Addresses ..............................................................

46

Configuring Community Strings and Trap Receivers ...............

47

Monitoring Switch Activity ......................................................

48

Viewing/Changing Switch Information ....................................

49

Updating Switch Firmware .......................................................

50

Saving Configuration Changes and Logging Out .....................

52

5: Using Local Management

 

Overview ...................................................................................

53

Accessing Local Management ...................................................

53

Logon Screen .............................................................................

54

Navigation .................................................................................

55

Main Menu (Top Screen) ..........................................................

56

Configure Device ......................................................................

57

Configure IP Address ................................................................

58

Port Configuration .....................................................................

59

Module Port Settings .................................................................

60

Switch Settings ..........................................................................

61

Configure Advanced Switch Settings ........................................

62

Configure Spanning Tree Protocol ............................................

63

Configure Spanning Tree for Ports ...........................................

65

Forwarding and Filtering ...........................................................

66

Configure IGMP Snooping .......................................................

67

ii

C O N T E N T S

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Configure Static MAC Addresses .............................................

68

Configure Port Security .............................................................

69

Configure MAC Address Filtering ............................................

71

Configure Ethernet Multicast Filtering .....................................

72

Ethernet Multicast Filtering (Ports) ...........................................

73

Port Mirroring ...........................................................................

74

Link Aggregation ......................................................................

75

Broadcast Storm Control ...........................................................

76

Configure Management Menu ...................................................

77

Community Strings & Trap Receivers ......................................

78

User Accounts ...........................................................................

79

Managing User Accounts ..........................................................

80

Update Firmware and Config Files ...........................................

82

Reset and Console Options........................................................

83

Configure VLAN Operation Mode ...........................................

84

Port-based VLANs ....................................................................

85

Add a Port-based VLAN ...........................................................

86

Edit/Delete a Port-based VLAN ................................................

87

Change Port Membership in a VLAN .......................................

88

MAC-Based VLANs .................................................................

89

Add a MAC-Based VLAN ........................................................

90

Edit/Delete a MAC-Based VLAN .............................................

91

Edit a MAC-based VLAN .........................................................

92

To create a MAC-Based VLAN ................................................

93

Configure 802.1Q VLANs ........................................................

94

Add an IEEE 802.1Q VLAN (Configure Port Membership) ....

95

Add an IEEE 802.1Q VLAN (Configure Port Tagging) ...........

96

Configure PVID for Untagged/Priority Traffic .........................

97

Configuring 802.1Q VLANs .....................................................

98

Edit/Delete 802.1Q VLANs ......................................................

100

Edit an IEEE 802.1Q VLAN .....................................................

101

Edit an IEEE 802.1Q VLAN (Configure Port Tagging) ...........

102

Configure VLAN ID for Untagged Traffic ...............................

103

GVRP and Ingress Filter Settings .............................................

104

Monitor (Network Statistics) .....................................................

105

Switch Overview .......................................................................

106

iii

C O N T E N T S

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Port Traffic Statistics .................................................................

107

Port Error Statistics ...................................................................

109

Packet Analysis .........................................................................

111

IGMP Snooping Status ..............................................................

112

Browse Address Table ...............................................................

113

VLAN and GVRP Status ...........................................................

115

Tools ..........................................................................................

116

Switch Event Log ......................................................................

117

Ping a Device.............................................................................

118

Upload Configuration Image File ..............................................

119

Appendix A: Technical Info

 

What is a configuration file? .....................................................

121

Sample Configuration File ........................................................

122

BOOT Menu ..............................................................................

124

List of Factory Defaults .............................................................

125

Troubleshooting/FAQs ..............................................................

126

Locating MIB files ....................................................................

127

Regulatory Information .............................................................

128

Index

137

Intel Customer Support

143

iv

1

Setting Up the Intel®

Express 460T

Standalone Switch

 

 

 

Overview

 

This guide provides information on configuring and managing the Intel®

 

Express 460T Standalone Switch and is organized into these chapters:

 

• Chapter 1

- Information on the switch hardware and optional modules

 

• Chapter 2

- Information on using the switch in a LAN and advanced

 

features like link aggregation and virtual LANs (VLANs)

 

• Chapter 3 - How to use Intel Device View

 

• Chapter 4 - How to use Web Device Manager

 

• Chapter 5

- How to use Local Management

Management

Through the switch’s built-in management you can configure the device and monitor network health. There are several methods for managing this switch; you can use one method or any combination.

SNMP management applications like Intel Device View, LANDesk® Network Manager, or Hewlett Packard OpenView* are tailored for Intel products and show a graphical representation of the device (with the use of the proper MIB).

Onboard management allows control over the device without using an SNMP application. The Web Device Manager provides a graphical interface while Local Management is a menu-driven interface.

Other SNMP-compliant applications can manage 460T switches if 1 you compile the switch’s MIB files into that application.

C H A P T E R 1

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Switch Features

The following diagrams show the major features of the 16-port and 24-port versions of the 460T Standalone Switches.

16-port 460T Switch (Product Code ES460T16)

 

Intel

®

Express 460T Standalone Switch

 

 

Module A

 

Port 1

 

Port 2

 

 

 

Status

 

 

 

 

Status

 

 

Link\Act\Coll

 

Link\Act\Coll

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Left

MDI

1

 

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

Link = Solid Green

MDI-X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Activity = Blinking Green

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collision = Blinking Orange

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Right

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10Mbps = Solid Orange

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100Mbps = Off

MDI/MDI-X

Port

Module LEDs

Port

Status LED

button

LEDs

 

 

 

24-port 460T Switch (Product Code ES460T24)

 

Intel

®

Express 460T Standalone Switch

 

 

Module A

 

Port 1

 

Port 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Status

 

 

 

 

Status

 

 

Link\Act\Coll

 

Link\Act\Coll

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Left

MDI

1

 

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

Link = Solid Green

MDI-X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Activity = Blinking Green

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collision = Blinking Orange

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Right

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10Mbps = Solid Orange

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100Mbps = Off

MDI/MDI-X

Port Module LEDs

Port

Status LED

button

LEDs

 

 

Back of 16-port and 24-port 460T Switch

AC Input

Local Management

 

100-240 VAC

EIA 232

50Hz-60Hz

 

1.5A max

009027390008

 

 

MAC Address

 

Console: 9600-8-N-1

 

Module A

AC Power

MAC

Serial

Module A slot

Plug

address

Port

 

Auto-negotiates speed, duplex, and flow control—10 Mbps or 100 Mbps per port.

Half-duplex and full-duplex flow control.

One expansion slot for the optional 100FX, 1000SX, 1000LX, or 1000T module.

Configure port settings manually through management.

Access menu-driven Local Management through the serial port or a Telnet session.

Access the graphic, Web-based, Web Device Manager through a Web browser.

2

C H A P T E R 1 Setting up the Switch

Module Features

Both the 16-port and 24-port versions of the 460T Standalone Switches can accept a module to provide additional functionality.

100Base-FX Fiber Module (Product Code ES460MFX)

 

Port 1

Port 2

100FX Module for

 

 

 

Intel® Express

 

 

 

460T Switch

TX

RX

TX

RX

Fiber Ports

Setup Switch 460T

Connects to 100Base-FX devices (such as a switch or server) at fullor half-duplex.

Extends network diameter up to 400 m (half-duplex) or 2000 m (full-duplex).

1000Base-SX Gigabit Module (Product Code ES460MSX) 1000Base-LX Gigabit Module (Product Code ES460MLX)

Port 1

TX

RX

1000SX Module for Intel® Express 460T Switch

Port 1

TX

RX

1000LX Module for Intel® Express 460T Switch

Fiber Ports

Connects to 1000Base-SX or 1000Base-LX devices at full-duplex.

SX module extends network diameter 260 m to 550 m (depending on type of fiber).

LX module extends network diameter 550 m to 5000 m (depending on type of fiber).

1000Base-T Gigabit Module (Product Code ES460MT)

1000T Module for Intel® Express 460T Switch

Port 1

Ethernet Port

Connects at 100 Mbps at full-duplex or half-duplex, or 1000 Mbps at full-duplex.

Extends network diameter up to 100 m.

3

C H A P T E R 1

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Port LEDs

The LEDs above each port indicate port status, individual port speed, and port activity.

Left LED

 

 

 

 

 

Right LED

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Port Activity

 

 

 

 

 

Port Speed

(Green/Orange)

 

 

 

 

 

(Orange)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LED

Status

Meaning

Left

Solid green1

Device linked.

 

Blinking green

Receiving activity on that port.

 

Blinking orange

A collision was detected on this segment.

 

Off

No link detected.

 

 

 

Right

Solid orange

Device connected at 10 Mbps.

 

Off

Device connected at 100 Mbps.

 

 

 

Status LEDs

The switch status LED is located above the port LEDs. This LED indicates the condition of the switch.

LED

Status

Meaning

Status

Orange

Switch is performing diagnostics.

 

Green

Diagnostics have passed, the switch is ready.

 

Red2

Diagnostics have failed.

 

 

 

_________________________________________________

1

2

If the left LED is solid green, but there is no activity when you try to ping a device connected to that port, the port is probably disabled through management. Re-enable the port and try again.

When the switch is first powered on, the Status LED is red for a couple of seconds before

the diagnostic mode starts, then it turns orange.

4

C H A P T E R 1 Setting up the Switch

Crossover Button

The 460T switch has a button that toggles port 1 from MDI-X to MDI. With the button depressed (MDI) you can to connect to another switch or a hub without using a crossover cable. For more information, see pages 9-10.

Setup Switch 460T

MDI

Intel®

Express 460T Standal

 

 

MDI-X

MDI

1

2

3

4

MDI-X

Connection Guidelines

General

The 460T switch can auto-negotiate port speed and can operate at 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps per port. The switch matches the highest possible speed of an attached device.

The 460T switch can auto-negotiate port duplex and can operate at halfduplex or full-duplex.

Cabling

Use Category 5 unshielded twisted-pair (CAT 5 UTP) cable when connecting 100 Mbps devices to the switch.

Use Category 3, 4, or 5 unshielded twisted-pair (CAT 3, 4, or 5 UTP) cable when connecting 10 Mbps devices to the switch.

Limit the cable length between devices to 100 meters (330 feet).

Use a straight-through cable to connect the switch to a server or workstation. For more information on cabling, see pages 9 and 10.

To connect to another switch or hub use a crossover cable on any port, or set port 1 to MDI and use a straight-through cable.

5

C H A P T E R 1

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Installing a Module

You can install optional modules only in the Module A slot located at the back of the switch. Use the LEDs on the front of the switch to check the module’s status.

To install the module in the switch

1Unplug the power cord from the switch. Remove the panel from the expansion slot labeled Module A.

2Align the module with the card guides inside the switch and slide the module into the slot. Press firmly to connect the module and secure it with the retaining screws.

3Plug in the power cord.

Module A slot

100FX Module

1000SX Module or

1000LX Module

1000T Module

6

C H A P T E R 1 Setting up the Switch

Module A LEDs

The LEDs are located on the front of the switch above ports 9-16. These LEDs provide information about the 100FX, 1000SX, or 1000LX module such as the module’s status, link, port activity, and collisions.

Setup Switch 460T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LED

Status

Meaning

 

 

 

 

 

Status

Solid green

Module is present and functioning.

 

 

 

 

 

Off

No module present.

 

 

 

 

 

Link\Act\Coll

Solid green

Device linked.

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking green

Receiving activity on that port.

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking orange

A collision was detected on this segment.

 

 

 

 

 

Off

No link detected.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When you are using the 1000SX, 1000LX, or 1000T module, only the port 1

LED will blink and show activity because the module has only one port.

Configuring Modules

Generally, you do not need to make any changes to the optional modules because they are designed to configure themselves automatically for the attached device. However, you might need to configure the modules in order to communicate with older devices. You can use the Local Management or Web Device Manager to configure the 100FX, 1000SX, 1000LX, or 1000T modules. See Chapter 4 for more information about the Web Device Manager, and Chapter 5 for more information about Local Management.

7

C H A P T E R 1

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

NOTE:

100 meters = 330 feet

200 meters = 660 feet

500 meters = 1,650 feet

2 km = 2000 meters = 6,600 feet

5 km = 5000 meters = 16,500 feet

Media Requirements

Incorrect cabling is often the cause of network performance problems. The next two pages provide information about how to make sure your cabling is correct.

100Base-TX

The 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet specification requires that you use CAT 5 UTP cabling to operate at 100 Mbps. If you use lower-grade cabling (CAT 3 or CAT 4), you may get a connection, but also experience data loss or slow performance. The limit is 100 meters between any two devices.

10Base-T

The 10Base-T Ethernet specification lets you use CAT 3, CAT 4, or CAT 5 UTP cabling. The limit is 100 meters between any two devices.

100Base-FX

The optional Fiber Module lets you connect to a switch at distances up to 400 meters (hubs up to 160 m) at half-duplex or 2 km at full-duplex. Use 62.5/125 m multimode fiber optic cable with an SC-type fiber optic connector.

1000Base-T

The 1000Base-T Gigabit specification requires that you use CAT 5 UTP cabling to operate at 1000 Mbps. If you use a lower grade cabling you will experience either no connection or extreme data loss. The maximum distance between any two devices is 100 meters.

1000Base-SX/1000Base-LX

The optional 1000Base-SX and 1000Base-LX Gigabit Modules provide a high-speed connection to another device at distances up to 5 km. The maximum distance depends on the type of cable used. Refer to the following table for a list of cable types and maximum distances. Use cables with an SC-type fiber optic connector.

8

C H A P T E R 1 Setting up the Switch

Selecting the right cable

Media Type

Cabling Used

Maximum distance

 

 

 

100Base-FX Module

62.5/125 m multimode

2,000 m

(full-duplex)

 

 

100Base-FX Module

62.5/125 m multimode

(160 m to hub, 400 m to

(half-duplex)

 

router, switch, or PC)

 

 

 

1000Base-T\100Base-TX

Category 5 (CAT 5) unshielded

100 m

(Gigabit) Module

twisted pair cable

 

 

 

 

1000Base-SX

50/125 m multimode

550 m

(Gigabit) Module

62.5/125 m multimode

260 m

 

 

 

1000Base-LX

50/125 m multimode

550 m

(Gigabit) Module

62.5/125 m multimode

550 m

 

9/125 m singlemode

5,000 m

 

 

 

Setup Switch 460T

Testing a Cable

When using a 100Base-TX module, you can quickly check the cable’s link integrity by plugging one end into port 1 and the other end into port 2. Make sure the crossover (MDI/MDI-X) button is out. Check the Activity LEDs for ports 1 and 2. If the LEDs are on, you have a functioning crossover cable.

If the LEDs are off, push the MDI/MDI-X button in. If the Activity LEDs for ports 1 and 2 turn on, you have a functioning straight-through cable. However, if the LEDs remain off, you probably have a bad cable.

If a cable passes these tests, but the network connection is slow, verify that wires 1, 2 and 3, 6 on the cable are twisted pairs, as shown in the following diagrams.

9

C H A P T E R 1

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Straight-through vs. Crossover Cables

Switch ports are wired for MDI-X. Use a straight-through cable to connect to a workstation or server (network adapter cards are wired MDI). To connect to another MDI-X port, use a crossover cable. Following are the pin arrangements for the switch’s Ethernet port and the typical RJ-45 connector.

8

 

Ethernet

1

 

 

Pin 8

Port

 

 

Pin 1

Clip

RJ-45

Connector

Straight-through UTP cable (for 100Base-TX)

Switch (MDI-X)

Adapter (MDI)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

(RX+)

1

(TX+)

2

(RX-)

2

(TX-)

3

(TX+)

3

(RX+)

6

(TX-)

6

(RX-)

4 Not used

4 Not used

5 Not used

5 Not used

7 Not used

7 Not used

8 Not used

8 Not used

Crossover UTP cable (for 100Base-TX)

Switch (MDI-X)

Hub (MDI-X)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10/100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

(RX+)

1

(RX+)

2

(RX-)

2

(RX-)

3

(TX+)

3

(TX+)

6

(TX-)

6

(TX-)

 

4 Not used

 

4 Not used

 

5 Not used

 

5 Not used

 

7 Not used

 

7 Not used

 

8 Not used

 

8 Not used

10

2

Using the Intel®

Express 460T

Standalone Switch

 

Overview

 

This section provides an overview for using the Express 460T standalone

 

switch within a network. The chapter covers the basic differences between a

 

switch and hub, basic switching features like flow control and Spanning

 

Tree, and a discussion of more advanced features such as link aggregation

 

and the types of VLANs available on the switch.

 

If you are already familiar with switching technology you can skip ahead to a

 

particular section within the chapter. The following list shows where you can

 

find a particular topic.

 

SampleConfigurations page 13

 

Flow Control page 14

 

Spanning Tree Protocol page 14

 

Tagged Frames page 15

 

Priority page 15

 

Link Aggregation page 16

 

VLANs page 17

 

GVRP page 21

 

IGMP Snooping page 22

11

C H A P T E R 2

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

What is a Switch?

A switch segments traffic, providing each port its own collision domain. This is different from a hub where all ports belong to the same collision domain.

Segments and Hubs

Hubs combine multiple wires so all attached devices behave like they are on the same wire. Because the devices share the same segment, data sent by one device is retransmitted to all devices on the same hub. This is equivalent to having all devices connected in a bus topology as illustrated below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Signal sent to all ports

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Client A

 

Client B

 

 

 

 

 

 

Client A sends

Client B

 

 

 

 

signal to Client B

receives signal

 

 

 

The disadvantage is all devices must share the total available bandwidth. The more devices that are attached to the hub the less bandwidth for each user. Also, network performance suffers because all devices receive traffic and collisions from other users as the hub retransmits data across all ports.

Switches

Switches send traffic only to specific ports, rather than transmitting data across all ports. This means that each device attached to the switch receives fewer collisions and the entire bandwidth is available to the device.

MAC Address Port

006011FB34DB 2

00A027D36FAA 8

The signal is not sent to all ports

Client A sends

Client B

signal to Client B

receives signal

The switch maintains a table that associates a device’s MAC address to a port on the switch. When Client A communicates with Client B, the switch checks the table to determine which port Client B is attached to and then forwards the traffic to that port. If a device sends traffic to an address that is not in the table (or sends broadcast or multicast traffic) the switch sends the traffic out to all ports on the switch. When the switch receives a response it updates the table with the new address.

12

C H A P T E R 2

Using the Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch

Sample Configurations

The following examples illustrate how the 460T switch can be used in a network.

Desktop PC Bandwidth

In this example, desktop PC users are connected directly to the 460T switch. Power users are connected at 100 Mbps while regular users can be connected at 10 Mbps. Aggregated links provide additional bandwidth to the servers.

10 Mbps

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intel® Express 460T Standalone Switch

 

 

Module A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

100 Mbps

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aggregated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

link provides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bandwidth to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

server

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10Mbps

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power users

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

devices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

connected at

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100Mbps

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Small Office Backbone

In this example, the 460T switch serves as the backbone for a small network. The switch can provide high-bandwidth support to the clients (servers and power users) that require it while providing connections for 10 Mbps devices. Use the optional modules available for the 460T to extend the reach of the network beyond 100 meters (330 feet). For example, to connect different buildings or remote campuses to an Intel® Express 550T Switch located at a central office.

Express 550T Switch

Two switches connected using 1000SX modules. The maximum distance is 550m using multimode fiber.

Express 460T Standalone Switch

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch

10

Intel Express 330T Stackable Hub

Intel Express

550T Routing

Switch

10Mbps

100Mbps

Intel Express 330T Stackable Hub

460T the Using

13

C H A P T E R 2

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Flow Control

When network traffic is heavy, the switch’s port buffers fill up faster than the switch can send the information. In cases like this, the switch tells the transmitting device to wait until the information in the buffer can be sent. This traffic control mechanism is called flow control.

The method of flow control depends on whether the port is set to full-duplex or half-duplex. If a port operates at half-duplex, the switch sends a collision (also called backpressure) which causes the transmitting device to wait. If the port operates at full-duplex, the switch sends out an IEEE 802.3x PAUSE frame. You can enable or disable flow control for each port on the 460T switch.

Spanning Tree Protocol

Spanning Tree is a protocol that prevents loops within the network topology. A loop can occur if there is more than one path for information to travel between devices. The Spanning Tree Protocol works by determining the “cost” of a connection. For example, if two devices are connected by two links, Spanning Tree uses the connection with the lowest cost and blocks the second connection.

Spanning Tree prevents loops by allowing only one active path between any two network devices at a time. However, you can also use this behavior to establish redundant links between devices that can take over if the primary linkfails.

Switch B

Backup Path from Client A to Server B:

Switch A –> Switch B –> Switch C

Switch A

Path:

3

100

 

Cost:

 

Path:

Cost:

2

200

Path: 1

Switch C

 

Cost: 100

 

PC Client A

Server B

Primary Path from Client A to Server B: Switch A –> Switch C

In this example, Client A can communicate with Server B over two different paths. The primary path is Path 1 because the cost of the connection between switches A and C is lower than the cost between switches A, B and C. If the primary path fails, then traffic is automatically sent over the backup path.

14

C H A P T E R 2

Using the Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch

Tagged Frames

The 802.1D (1998 Edition) and 802.1Q specifications published by the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) extended Ethernet functionality to add tag information to Ethernet frames and propagate these tagged frames between bridges (for example, a switch). The tag can carry priority information, VLAN information, or both and enables bridges to intelligently direct traffic across the network.

Priority

The IEEE 802.1D(1998 Edition) specification incorporates IEEE 802.1p and defines information in the frame tag to indicate a priority level. When these tagged packets are sent out on the network, the higher priority packets are transferred first. Priority packet tagging (also known as Traffic Class Expediting) is usually set on the LAN adapter in a PC and works with other elements of the network (switches, routers) to deliver priority packets first. The priority level can range from 0 (low) to 7 (high).

The 460T switch can read the priority tags and forward traffic on a per port basis. The switch uses two priority queues per port and routes traffic to a queue depending on the packet’s tag. For example, when a packet comes into the switch with a high-priority tag, the switch routes the packet to its high-priority queue.

Although there are eight priority levels, the 460T switch can only route a packet into one of the two queues. The switch maps levels 0-3 to the low queue (which is the default) and levels 4-7 to the high queue. If a packet is untagged, the switch determines the best way to send the packet.

460T the Using

15

C H A P T E R 2

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Link Aggregation

You can use link aggregation (sometimes known as port trunking) to combine from 2 to 8 (adjacent) ports so that they function as a single highspeed link. For example, link aggregation is useful when making connections between switches or to connect servers to the switch.

You can also use link aggregation to increase the bandwidth to some devices. Link aggregation can also provide a redundant link for fault tolerance. If one link in the aggregation fails, the switch balances the traffic among the remaining links.

2 ports aggregated x 100Mbps = 200Mbps link

4 ports aggregated x 100Mbps = 400Mbps link

To aggregate ports, you must link an “anchor” port to an adjacent port. The 460T Switch supports up to four link aggregation groups (anchor ports 1, 9, 17) for a 24-port switch and up to three link aggregation groups (anchor ports 1, 9) on a 16-port switch. This includes one link aggregation group for the two 100FX module ports.

Guidelines

When setting up link aggregation, remember these guidelines:

The switch treats aggregated links as a single port. This includes Spanning Tree and VLANs.

All ports share the same settings as the anchor port. You can change anchor port settings, but you cannot configure other ports in the link.

When a port is configured as a member of an aggregated link, it immediately adopts the characteristics of the anchor port. When a port is no longer a member of an aggregated link, the characteristics are reset to the default settings (autonegotiate speed/duplex, flow control enabled).

If a port is part of an aggregated link, it cannot be configured as the target port for a port mirror. However, a port in an aggregated link can serve as the source port for a port mirror.

16

C H A P T E R 2

Using the Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch

Virtual LANs (VLANs)

A Virtual LAN is a logical network grouping you can use to isolate network traffic so members of the VLAN receive traffic only from other members. Creating a VLAN is the equivalent of physically moving a group of devices to a separate switch (creating a Layer 2 broadcast domain). The advantage of a VLAN is that you can reduce broadcast traffic for the entire switch, and increase security, without changing the wiring of your network.

The 460T switch supports three types of VLANs: port-based, MAC-based, and tag-based. See Chapter 5 for more information about creating and configuringVLANs.

Port-Based VLANs

This is the simplest and most common form of VLAN. In a port-based VLAN, the system administrator assigns the switch’s ports to a specific VLAN. For example, the system administrator can designate ports 2, 4, 6, and 9 as part of the engineering VLAN and ports 17, 19, 21, and 23 as part of the marketing VLAN. The advantage of port-based VLANs is that they are easy to configure and, because all changes occur at the switch, they are transparent to the users. The 460T supports up to 12 port-based VLANs. A port can belong to only one VLAN at a time.

460T the Using

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch

Module A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These devices

These devices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

are members

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

are members

of VLAN 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of VLAN 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VLAN 1:

VLAN 2:

Engineering

Marketing

If a user relocates, the system administrator reassigns the port to the new VLAN. Another advantage is if a hub is connected to a port that is part of a VLAN, all devices connected to the hub are also part of the VLAN. The disadvantage is that there is no way to exclude an individual device on that hub from becoming part of the VLAN.

17

C H A P T E R 2

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

MAC-Based VLANs

Membership in this type of VLAN is based on assigning the MAC address of a device to a VLAN. The advantage to this type of VLAN is that even if users relocate, they remain on the same VLAN as long as they stay connected to the same switch. The 460T switch supports up to 12 MACbased VLANs.

The disadvantage is that the initial configuration and subsequent administration of a MAC-based VLAN can be challenging because the system administrator needs to maintain lists of MAC addresses and enter those addresses into the switch. Another disadvantage is that MAC-based VLANs cannot span switches.

MAC-based VLANs, as designed on the 460T Switch, are intended to limit broadcast and multicast traffic over the network. The switch relies on limiting broadcast traffic to constrain network visibility of network applications (such as TCP/IP) that rely on broadcasts (such as ARP) for station discovery.

The 460T MAC-based VLANs are not intended to be a secure solution. For secure VLANs use either port-based or IEEE 802.1Q-based VLANs.

18

C H A P T E R 2

Using the Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch

IEEE 802.1Q (Tag-Based) VLANs

The third type of VLAN supported by the 460T switch is based on the IEEE 802.1Q specification. The specification provides a uniform way to create VLANs within a network and enables you to create a VLAN that can also span across the network. Previously, VLAN implementation was vendorspecific so it was not possible to create a VLAN across devices from different vendors.

The 802.1Q VLAN works by using a tag added to the Ethernet frames. The tag contains a VLAN Identifier (VID) that identifies the frame as belonging to a specific VLAN. These tags allow switches that support the 802.1Q specification to segregate traffic between devices and communicate a device’s VLAN association across switches.

There are multiple advantages to implementing 802.1Q VLANs. First, it improves performance by helping to contain broadcast and multicast traffic across the switch. Second, ports can belong to more than one VLAN. Third, VLANs can span multiple switches that support the 802.1Q specification. Finally, it provides security and improves performance by logically isolating users and grouping them together. The 460T switch supports up to 256 tagbased VLANs.

460T the Using

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch

Module A

VLAN 1:

VLAN 2:

Engineering

Manufacturing

VLAN 1 computers

 

can't see VLAN 2

Server and printer

computers

are members of both

 

VLANs

A logical grouping can be mapped to a work group. For example, you can create a VLAN that groups all the users from the engineering department into one VLAN. This logical grouping improves performance by cutting down traffic that belongs to a different logical group (for example, marketing), improves security (engineering can’t see marketing), and eases moves because the user doesn’t have to be physically located in the same group to participate in the VLAN.

19

C H A P T E R 2

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

On the 460T switch, overlapping VLANs can be supported by using 802.1Qcapable devices. However, for non-802.1Q-capable devices, overlapping VLANs can be supported by implementing an asymmetric VLAN on the switch. An asymmetric VLAN is a type of 802.1Q configuration where endstations send traffic on one VLAN and receive traffic on another VLAN. The 460T switch supports asymmetric VLANs.

For more information about asymmetric VLANs, see http://support.intel.com /support or see IEEE 802.1Q Specification Annex B.1.3.

Spanning Tree and VLANs

The 460T supports the Spanning Tree Protocol across the entire switch, not per VLAN. If a loop occurs in a VLAN the port is disabled and all VLAN traffic over that port is blocked.

The following diagram shows an example. Both Switch 1 and Switch 2 have two port-based VLANs configured. Crossover cables connect the ENG_VLAN on Switch 1 to ENG_VLAN on and Switch 2. Crossover cables also connect the MRKT_VLAN on Switch 1 to the MRKT_VLAN on Switch 2. When Spanning Tree is enabled, the redundant link between the MRKT_VLANs is blocked and those VLANs can no longer communicate.

When the switch is running 802.1Q VLANs, Spanning Tree is required for GVRP(GARPVLAN Registration Protocol) to work properly.

 

Intel® Express 460T Standalone Switch

 

 

Module A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Switch 1

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENG_VLAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MKT_VLAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ports 1-8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ports 17-24

 

 

 

crossover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spanning Tree disables

 

 

 

connecting ENG_VLANs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the redundant crossover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

breaking the connection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

between the MKT_VLANs.

Switch 2

Intel® Express 460T Standalone Switch

 

 

Module A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENG_VLAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MKT_VLAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ports 1-8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ports 17-24

20

C H A P T E R 2

Using the Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch

GARP VLAN Registration Protocol (GVRP)

Because IEEE 802.1Q VLANs can span networks, managing changes to the VLAN poses a challenge for network administrators. The GARP VLAN Registration Protocol (GVRP) provides a dynamic mechanism for switches to share topology information and manage changes with other switches. The network administrator does not have to manually propagate VLAN configuration information across switches.

GARP (Generic Attribute Registration Protocol) is defined by the IEEE 802.1D (1998 Edition) specification and is the mechanism used by switches and end nodes to propagate VLAN configurations across the network domain. GVRP uses GARP as a foundation to propagate VLAN configurations to other switches. Devices that support GVRP transmit their updates to a known multicast address that all GVRP-capable devices monitor for information updates.

Sending GVRP messages between switches accomplishes the following tasks:

Dynamically adds or removes a port from participating in a VLAN.

Sends updates about the switch’s own VLAN configuration to neighboring GVRP-capable devices.

Integrates dynamic and static VLAN configurations within the same switch. Static VLAN configurations are created by the user on the switch for devices that don’t support GVRP.

Note: dynamically created VLANs are not saved in the switch’s memory. When the device sending out the GVRP updates is disabled or rebooted, the dynamic VLAN is removed.

460T the Using

21

C H A P T E R 2

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Internet Group Multicast Protocol (IGMP)

Generally, the switch broadcasts multicast traffic to all ports. For multicast traffic based on the TCP/IP using the IGMP protocol, the switch can optimize the broadcasting of multicast traffic by forwarding multicast traffic only to ports that require it.

IGMP Snooping is a feature that allows the switch to forward multicast traffic intelligently. The switch “snoops” the IGMP query and report messages and forwards traffic only to the ports that request the multicast traffic. This prevents the switch from broadcasting the traffic to all ports and possibly affecting network performance.

IGMP requires a router that detects multicast groups on its subnets and keeps track of group membership. Note that multicasting is not connection oriented, so data is delivered to the requesting hosts on a best-effort level of service.

22

3 UsingView Intel® Device

Overview

You can use Intel® Device View to manage Intel Express 460T Standalone Switches and other supported Intel networking devices on your network.

Intel Device View provides these features:

The ability to configure new network devices

A graphical device manager for Intel switches, hubs, and routers

Autodiscovery, which finds supported Intel devices on the network

The Device Tree, which shows all the supported devices detected on your network

Remote Network Monitoring (RMON)

Web or Windows* platform

Plug-in to Hewlett Packard OpenView*, IBM Tivoli NetView*, and Intel LANDesk® Network Manager

Other useful tools such as a TFTP server

23

C H A P T E R 3

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Installing Intel Device View

Before you install Intel Device View, make sure your PC meets the system requirements in the Intel Device View User Guide, which is included on the Intel Device View CD-ROM.

To install Intel Device View

1Insert the Intel Device View CD-ROM in your computer’s CD-ROM drive. The Intel Device View installation screen appears. If it doesn’t appear, run autoplay.exe from the CD-ROM.

2Choose the version of Intel Device View you want to install.

Click Install for Windows to install Intel Device View for use on this PC only.

Click Install for Web to install Intel Device View on a Web server. Access the Device View server from any PC on your network with Microsoft Internet Explorer* 4.0x or later.

Click Install as Plug-in to install Intel network device support for Hewlett Packard OpenView, IBM Tivoli NetView, or Intel LANDesk Network Manager. This option is available when you have OpenView, Net View, or LANDesk Network Manager installed on the PC.

3Follow the on-screen instructions in the installation program.

24

C H A P T E R 3 Intel Device View

Starting Intel Device View

Install either the Windows or Web version of Intel Device View.

Windows version

From your desktop, click Start and then click Programs > Intel Device View >

Intel Device View - Windows. The main screen appears.

Web version

• From your desktop, click Start and then click Programs > Intel Device

 

View > Intel Device View - Web. The main screen appears.

 

• To view Intel Device View from another PC on your network, type the

 

followingURL.

 

http://servername/devview/main.htm

 

where servername is the IP address or name of the server where Intel

NOTE

Device View is installed. The main screen appears.

These are the requirements if you want to use the Web version of Intel Device View:

Web browser

Internet Explorer 4.0 or later

Web Server

IIS 2.0 or later

Peer Web Services*

Netscape Enterprise* Web

Server 3.01 or later

View Device Intel

Installing a New Device

After you’ve installed a new switch on your network, you can use the Intel Device View Device Install Wizard to configure it for management.

25

C H A P T E R 3

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

NOTE

The 460T sends BootP requests for several minutes; after that time, if no IP has been entered, the switch stops sending the request and continues to boot.

To install and configure a new switch for management

1Start Intel Device View. The Device Install Wizard appears. If it doesn’t appear, click Install from the Device menu or double-click the appropriate MAC address in the Device Tree under Unconfigured Devices. (The MAC address is located on the rear of the switch.)

2On the Device Install Wizard - Start screen, click Next.

3On the Device Install Wizard - MAC Address screen, click the MAC address of the new switch and then click Next.

4Follow the instructions in the wizard to assign an IP address and a name to the switch.

Using the Device Tree

When you start Intel Device View, the Device Discovery service begins searching for supported Intel network devices on your network. As it discovers devices, the Device Discovery service adds an icon for each device to the Device Tree on the left side of the screen.

26

C H A P T E R 3 Intel Device View

Different states of the 460T switch are represented by icons in the Device Tree.

Device Tree icons

Device Tree root

Subnet

Intel Express Switch (if non-responding the icon is red)

Unconfigured Intel Express Switch

Group of Intel Express Switches

Intel Express Router

Intel Express Switch (Layer 3 capable)

Intel Express Stackable Hub

The Device Tree works much like Windows Explorer. To expand the root or a subnet, click the (+) next to the icon. To collapse the view, click the (-) next to the icon. Double-click a device icon to view the device image.

To add a device to the Device Tree

Use this procedure if the device does not automatically appear after installation.

1Right-click anywhere on the Device Tree.

2Click Add Device on the menu that appears.

3In the Add Device dialog box, type the IP address of the switch you want to add.

4Fill in the other fields, as appropriate.

5ClickOK.

The icon for the new switch appears in the Device Tree.

View Device Intel

27

C H A P T E R 3

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

To refresh the Device Tree

Refreshing the Device Tree updates it to show any newly discovered devices and changes in device status.

1Right-click anywhere on the Device Tree.

2Click Refresh on the menu that appears.

To delete a device from the Device Tree

1Right-click the device you want to remove from the Device Tree.

2Click Delete on the menu that appears.

Deleting a device from the Device Tree does not affect the actual device.

To find a device in the Device Tree

1Right-click anywhere on the Device Tree.

2Click Find on the menu that appears.

3In the Find Device dialog box, type the IP address of the device you want to find in the tree.

4Click OK.

The device’s icon is highlighted in the Device Tree.

Losing contact with a device

If Intel Device View loses contact with a switch, it replaces the switch icon with the non-responding switch icon, which is red.

If the non-responding switch icon appears, you cannot manage the device in Intel Device View. If you cannot ping the device or start a Telnet session, try accessing the switch’s Local Management.

28

C H A P T E R 3 Intel Device View

Managing a Switch

To manage an Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch, double-click the switch icon in the Device Tree. In the example shown below, the switch has been assigned an IP address of 124.123.122.3.

The Web Device Manager appears in the Intel Device View window.

View Device Intel

For information about using Intel Device View,see the program’s Help or see the Intel Device View User Guide on the Intel Device View installation CD-ROM.

29

C H A P T E R 3

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Viewing RMON information

The remote monitoring (RMON) specification extends SNMP functionality to look at traffic patterns on the network instead of merely looking at the traffic for an individual device. The following RMON groups are supported:

Group 1 (Statistics): Monitors utilization and error statistics for each network segment (10 Mbps or 100 Mbps).

Group 2 (History): Records periodic statistical samples from variables available in the statistics group.

Group 3 (Alarms): Enabless you to set a sampling interval and alarm thresholds for statistics. When a threshold is passed, the switch creates an event. For example, you might set an alarm to create an event if switch utilization exceeds 30%.

Group 9 (Events): Provides notification and tells the switch what to do when an event occurs on the network. Events can send a trap to a receiving station or place an entry in the log table, or both. For example, when the switch experiences an RMON Event, it sends out an Alarm.

The switch also keeps a log that shows a list of the RMON Events and

RMON Alarms that have occurred on the switch.

To view RMON statistics

1Right-click the icon for the switch in the Device Tree and then point to RMON.

2Click the RMON option you want to view.

To access RMON features, you can use LANDesk Network Manager or an SNMP application that supports RMON such as OpenView. For more information about using RMON to monitor the switch, see the Intel Device ViewHelp.

30

4

Using the Web

Device Manager

You can use the Web Device Manager, which is built into the Intel® Express 460T Standalone Switch, to manage and monitor the switch using a Web browser. For example, you can use the Web Device Manager to configure the switch or individual ports, or to monitor traffic statistics and utilization.

For more information about using this interface, see the Web Device

Manager Help.

31

C H A P T E R 4

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Note

The default IP address assigned to the switch is 192.0.2.1. To access the switch with the default IP address, your workstation must be on the 192.0.2.0 subnet.

Or you can connect to the switch using Local Management and set an IP address that is on your network. Then you can access the Web Device Manager using the new IP address.

Accessing the Web Device Manager

1In the Location or Address field of your Web browser type the IP address of the switch. For example, to use the default IP address of the switch, type 192.0.2.1 in the Location or Address field and then press Enter.

2When prompted, type your user name and password. By default, no user name or password is assigned. If you previously set a user name and password using Local Management, enter those here.

3Click OK. The Web Device Manager screen appears in your Web browser.

32

C H A P T E R 4 Web Device Manager

Navigating the Web Device Manager

1On the left side of the Web Device Manager window, click a menu item (such as Configure Device) to show the available options.

2Click an option on the menu. The corresponding screen appears on the right side of your Web browser window.

Click a menu to view available options.

Click a menu option to view the corresponding help screen.

3 To hide the options, click the menu item again.

Manager Device Web

33

C H A P T E R 4

Intel Express 460T Standalone Switch Users Guide

Using Management Screens

After you select an option from the navigation menu, the corresponding screen appears in the right side of your Web browser window.

Switch faceplate graphic

A graphical representation of the switch faceplate appears at the top of the screen. The following example shows a 24-port switch.

If the option you’re working with allows you to configure or monitor a specific port, you can change to that port by clicking it on the faceplate graphic.

Port color on the faceplate graphic indicates the status of the port.

Port Color

Meaning

Green

Port has a link at 100 Mbps.

Green with “10”

Port has a link at 10 Mbps.

Magenta outline

Ports are in a link aggregation.

Orange

Port is disabled.

Gray

No link.

 

 

Buttons

Each configuration screen includes four buttons on the bottom of the screen.

Button

Function

Submit

Applies the configuration settings on the current screen.

 

Note: If you do not save the settings to the switch’s flash

 

memory your changes will be lost when the switch is

 

rebooted.

Reset

Clears any changes you made on the current screen and

 

restores the currently applied settings.

Default

Applies factory defaults for this screen’s settings. When

 

you log out, you can permanently save the new settings to

 

the switch. Otherwise, they are lost upon the next reboot.

Help

Displays Help for the current screen.

 

 

34

C H A P T E R 4 Web Device Manager

Configuring the Switch’s IP Settings

Note: You must select Manual in the IP Assignment Method box before you can change the IP settings.

1Click the Configure Device menu and then click IP Settings. The IP Settings screen appears on the right side of the Web Device Manager window.

2To manually configure the IP settings, select Manual in the IP Assignment Method box. Under Change, type the new IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway. If you have set up tag-based VLANs on the switch, you can specify the VID of the VLAN where the switch’s SNMP management agent will reside.

3ClickSubmit.

4The new IP settings do not take effect until the switch reboots. Do one of the following:

To have the changes take effect now, click Save and Reboot. Rebooting the switch temporarily interrupts network connectivity to the switch.

To have the changes take effect later, click Reboot Later.

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Note

If you change the flow control or IP settings, you must reboot the switch before the new settings can take effect.

Configuring a Port

You can use the Web Device Manager to enable or disable a port, and to change its speed, duplex, flow control, and priority settings.

To change port settings

1Click the Configure Device menu and then click Port Settings. To access the Port Settings screen, click the port you want to configure on the faceplate graphic.

2Click the options you want to change.

Port State to enable or disable the port.

Speed/Duplex to set port speed to Auto-Negotiate, 10 Mbps, or100 Mbps.

Flow Control to enable or disable flow control.

Priority Queue to set the priority queue for packets

sent or received on this port.

3 ClickSubmit.

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Note

The accounts and passwords you create with the Web Device Manager are the same accounts and passwords used to access Local Management.

Managing User Accounts

Create user accounts to give specific users read or write access to the switch through the Web Device Manager and Local Management. You can create up to three accounts on the switch.

To create a user account

1Click the Configure Management menu and then click User Accounts. The first account you create must be an administrator.

2 ClickAdd.

3In the User Name box, type a username. The username can be up to fifteen characters long and is case-sensitive.

4In the Password box, type a password. The password can be up to fifteen characters long and is case-sensitive. Asterisks (*) appear on the screen as you type the password.

5In the Confirm Password box, type the same password.

6In the Access Level box click an access level. An administrator can view all settings and make configuration changes. A user can only view settings and cannot change the configuration.

7ClickSubmit.

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To delete a user account

1Click the Configure Management menu and then click User Accounts.

2In the User Accounts screen, click the account you want to delete.

3ClickDelete.

If you delete the account you used to log in for this session, you can continue to use that account until you log out. If you delete the only user account on the switch, you can log in again using the default of no username and no password.

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NOTE

You can have only one operation mode active on the switch at a time. Choose port-based, tagbased or MAC-based.

Configuring VLANs

Virtual LANs, or VLANs, provide a way to create a logical network grouping without regard to physical location of the network nodes.

For more information about VLANs, see “Virtual LANs” in Chapter 2.

The two main steps to set up a VLAN with the Web Device Manager are:

Set the switch’s VLAN operation mode.

Configure the type of VLAN you selected.

To set the switch’s VLAN operation mode

1 Click the Configure VLAN menu and then click VLAN Operation Mode.

2In the Current VLAN Mode Is box, click the type of VLAN to set up. You can set the 460T switch to use port-based, MAC-based, or tagbased VLANs. See “Virtual LANs” in Chapter 2 for more information about VLAN types.

3ClickSubmit.

4The switch automatically reboots. The switch must be rebooted whenever you change its VLAN operation mode.

After the switch reboots, you can configure the type of VLAN that you selected.

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