Leica DM4000M, DM4000B User Manual.pdf

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Leica DM4000 B

Leica DM4000 M

Leica DM5000 B

Operating Manual

1

Published 2003 by:

Leica Microsystems Wetzlar GmbH

Ernst-Leitz-Straße

D-35578 Wetzlar (Germany)

Responsible for contents: Katja Peter, Karin Schwab

Marketing CM, Compound Microscopy, Product Management

In case of questions, please contact:

Phone +49(0)6441-292261

Fax +49(0)6441-292255

E-mail: MQM-Hotline@leica-microsystems.com

2

Leica DM4000 B

Leica DM4000 M

Leica DM5000 B

Operating Manual

3

Copyrights

Copyrights

All rights to this documentation are held by Leica Microsystems Wetzlar GmbH. Reproduction of text or illustrations (in whole or in part) by print, photocopy, microfilm or other methods (including electronic systems) is not allowed without express written permission from Leica Microsystems Wetzlar GmbH.

The term "Windows" can be used in the following text without further identification. It is a registered trademark of the Microsoft Corporation. Otherwise, no inference with regard to the free usability of product names may be drawn from the use of those names.

The instructions contained in the following documentation reflect state-of-the-art techno-logy and knowledge standards. We have compiled the texts and illustrations as accurately as possible. Nevertheless, no liability of any kind may be assumed for the accuracy of this manual’s contents. Still, we are always grateful for comments and suggestions regarding potential mistakes within this documentation.

The information in this manual is subject to modification at any time and without notification.

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

Important Notes about this Manual .....

7

6.

Startup ........................................................

31

 

 

 

6.1

Functional Principle ..................................

31

2.

Safety Notes ..............................................

8

6.2

Switching on the Microscope ................

34

2.1.

General Safety Notes ...............................

8

6.3

The Display

 

2.2.

Electrical Safety ........................................

8

 

(Leica DM4000 B/DM4000 M) .................

35

 

 

 

6.4

The Function Keys ....................................

36

3.

Overview of the Instrument ....................

10

6.5

Köhler Illumination ....................................

37

 

 

 

6.6.

Checking Phase Contrast Rings .............

39

4.

Unpacking the Microscope ....................

14

6.7

Adjusting the Light Sources ....................

40

5.

Assembling the Microscope ..................

16

7.

Operation ...................................................

46

5.1

Stage ...........................................................

17

7.1

Switching on the Microscope ................

46

5.2

Condenser ..................................................

18

7.2

Stages and Specimen Displacement ....

46

5.3

Tube and Eyepieces .................................

19

7.3

Focusing .....................................................

47

5.4

Objectives ..................................................

19

7.4

Tubes ...........................................................

 

5.5

Light Sources for the

 

48

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transmitted Light Axis .............................

20

7.5

Eyepieces ...................................................

49

5.6

Light Sources for the

 

7.6

Objectives ..................................................

50

 

Incident Light Axis ....................................

21

7.7

Magnification Changer ............................

51

5.7

Equipping the

 

7.8

Light Sources .............................................

52

 

Incident Light filter turret ........................

26

7.9

Aperture Diaphragm and

 

5.8

Polarizer and Analyzer .............................

27

 

Field Diaphragm ........................................

52

5.9

DIC Prisms ..................................................

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.10

Optional Accessories ...............................

29

8.

Imaging Procedure for

 

5.11 Connection to the Power Supply ............

30

 

Leica DM4000 B/Leica DM5000 B .........

53

5.12

Connection to the

 

8.1

Transmitted Light ......................................

53

 

CTR5000 Electronics Box .........................

30

 

8.1.1

Bright Field ......................................

53

 

 

 

 

8.1.2

Phase Contrast ...............................

53

 

 

 

 

8.1.3

Dark Field .........................................

54

 

 

 

 

8.1.4

Polarization .....................................

55

 

 

 

 

8.1.5

Differential

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interference Contrast ....................

56

5

Contents

8.2

Fluorescence .............................................

57

 

 

 

9.

Imaging Procedure for

 

12.

Essential

 

 

Leica DM4000 M .......................................

58

 

Wear and Spare Parts .............................

66

9.1

Incident Light .............................................

58

 

 

 

 

9.1.1

Bright Field ......................................

58

13.

Abbreviations and Pictograms ..............

67

 

9.1.2

Dark Field .........................................

58

 

 

 

 

9.1.3

Polarization .....................................

59

14.

Index ...........................................................

68

 

9.1.4

Interference Contrast ....................

60

 

 

 

9.2

Transmitted Light ......................................

60

15.

EU Declaration of Conformity ................

69

 

9.2.1

Bright Field ......................................

60

 

 

 

10.

Trouble Shooting ......................................

61

 

 

 

11.

Care of the Microscope ...........................

64

 

 

 

11.1 Dust Cover ..................................................

64

 

 

 

11.2

Cleaning ......................................................

64

 

 

 

11.3 Handling Acids and Bases ......................

65

 

 

 

6

1. Important Notes about this Manual

1. Important Notes about this Manual

Caution!

This operating manual is an essential component of the microscope, and must be read carefully before the microscope is put into operation or used.

Text symbols and their meanings:

(1.2)

p. 20

!

This operating manual contains important instructions and information for the operational safety and maintenance of the microscope and accessories. Therefore, it must be kept and taken care of.

Numbers in parentheses, such as "(1.2)", correspond to illustrations (in the example, Figure 1, Item 2).

Numbers with pointer arrows (for example

p.20), point to a certain page of this manual.

Special safety instructions are indicated with the triangle symbol shown here, and have a gray background.

Caution! The microscope and accessories can be damaged when operated incorrectly.

 

Explanatory note.

*

Item not contained in all configurations.

 

7

2. Safety Notes

2. Safety Notes

2.1 General Safety Notes

This safety class 1 device is constructed and tested in accordance with EN 61010-1/IEC 1010-1, safety regulations for electrical measuring, control, and laboratory devices.

Caution!

In order to maintain this condition and to ensure safe operation, the user must follow the instructions and warnings contained in this operating manual.

Caution!

The devices and accessories described in this operating manual have been tested for safety and potential hazards.

The responsible Leica affiliate or the main plant in Wetzlar must be consulted whenever the device is altered, modified or used in conjunction with non-Leica components that are outside of the scope of this manual.

Unauthorized alterations to the device or noncompliant use shall void all rights to any warranty claims!

2.2 Electrical Safety

General specifications

Leica CTR5000 electronics box (for DM5000 B)

For indoor use only. Supply voltage: Frequency:

Power input: Fuses:

Ambient temperature: Relative humidity: Overvoltage category: Pollution degree:

Microscope

For indoor use only. Supply voltage: Frequency:

Power input: DM4000 DM5000

Fuses:

DM4000

DM5000

Ambient temperature: Relative humidity: Overvoltage category: Pollution degree:

90-250 V~

50-60 Hz max. 290 VA T6,3 A

(IEC 60127-2/3) 15-35°C

max. 80% to 30°C II

2

90-250 V~

50-60 Hz

max. 180 VA max. 290 VA

T6,3 A

(IEC 60127-2/3) See CTR5000 15-35°C

max. 80% to 30°C II

2

8

2. Safety Notes

Supply unit ebq 100

 

For indoor use only.

 

Supply voltage:

90-250 V~

Frequency:

50-60 Hz

Power input:

max. 155 VA

Fuses:

2xT2A (IEC 127)

Ambient temperature:

15-35°C

Relative humidity:

max. 80% to 30°C

Overvoltage category:

II

Pollution degree:

2

(see enclosed manual)

 

Caution!

The power plug may only be plugged into an outlet equipped with a grounding contact.

Do not interfere with the grounding function by using an extension cord without a ground wire. Any interruption of the ground wire inside or outside of the device, or release of the ground wire connection, can cause the device to become hazardous. Intentional ground interruption is not permitted!

Caution!

Through connection to the grounding connection, ancillary equipment with its own and/or extra power supply may be brought to the same ground wire potential. For connections without a ground connector, Leica Service must be consulted.

Caution!

Never use any fuses as replacements other than those of the types and the current ratings listed here. Using patched fuses or bridging the fuse holder is not permitted.

Caution!

The microscope’s electrical accessory components are not protected against water. Water can cause electric shock.

Caution!

Protect the microscope from excessive temperature fluctuations. Such fluctuations can lead to the accumulation of condensation, which can damage the electrical and optical components.

Ambient temperature: 15-35°C.

Caution!

Before exchanging the fuses or lamps, be absolutely certain to switch-off the main power switch and remove the power cable.

9

3. Overview of the Instrument

3. Overview of the Instrument

Specification

Leica DM4000 B / DM5000 B

 

Leica DM4000 M

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Imaging Procedure

transmitted light: BF, DF, PH,

 

transmitted

BF, DF, PH

 

 

Pol (DM5000 B also ICT)

 

 

light:

ICT, Pol

 

incident light:

fluorescence

 

incident light: BF, DF, ICR, Pol

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transmitted Light Axis

 

automatic Illumination Manager

 

 

 

 

(motorized aperture diaphragm and field diaphragm,

 

 

 

motorized intensity control)

 

 

 

 

 

• automatic Constant Color Intensity Control (CCIC)

 

 

motorized shutter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Incident Light Axis

integrated into the stand

 

• integrated into the stand

 

• motorized 5x filter turret

 

• motorized 4x filter turret

 

 

(DM5000 B 8x optional)

 

automatic Illumination

 

with

FIM

(Fluorescence

 

 

Manager

 

 

 

Intensity Managemer) for de-

 

motorized shutter

 

 

creasing light intensity in 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

stages

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mechanical “Booster Lens”

 

 

 

 

 

 

for increasing fluorescence

 

 

 

 

 

 

intensity

 

 

 

 

 

 

motorized shutter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Z Pinion

 

manual

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Objective nosepiece

manual

 

 

manual

 

 

absolute coded

 

 

absolute encoded

 

• 6x with M25 thread

 

• 6x with M32 thread

 

 

(DM5000 B: 7x; mot. DIC

 

• slot for DIC prisms

 

 

objective prism turret with 4

 

 

and Pol compensators

 

 

positions optional)

 

 

(optional)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X/Y Stage

manual

 

 

manual

 

 

replaceable specimen stage

 

replaceable specimen stage

 

• coaxial pinion length: 155 mm

 

• coaxial pinion length: 140 mm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tube

 

manual or motorized

 

 

 

 

 

• optionally with two camera outputs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

3. Overview of the Instrument

Specification

Leica DM4000 B / DM5000 B

Leica DM4000 M

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condenser

 

motorized condenser head

 

 

 

• motorized condenser turret for light rings,

 

 

 

DF stop, DIC prisms

 

 

 

 

• optional polarizer integrated and motorized

 

 

automatic Köhler Illumination

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magnification Changer

manual

 

 

manual

 

absolute coded

absolute coded

 

1x; 1.25x; 1.6x

1x; 1.5x; 2x

 

 

 

 

 

Control Panels

 

operating buttons for all motorized microscope functions

 

 

• additional variable function keys

 

 

focusing knobs

 

 

 

 

LC display

 

 

 

 

• DM5000 B with LeicaScreen (touchscreen)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Computer Interface

 

RS232C

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Software Tools

 

Leica DMControl for WindowsTM 2000, XP, NT;

 

 

with plugins for:

 

 

 

 

 

customitsation

 

 

 

 

 

DM Operation

 

 

 

 

 

 

(remote control)

 

 

 

 

 

basic Image Viewer

 

 

 

 

 

 

CTR5000

For Leica DM5000 B only:

 

 

Electronics Box

Separate

control unit with

 

 

 

power supply for 100W halogen

 

 

 

lamp

 

 

 

 

 

see p. 8 (electrical safety)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

3. Overview of the Instrument

1

2

3

14

4

5

6

7

13 12 11 10 9 8

Fig. 1 Leica DM4000 M left side of the stand with AET22 advanced ergotube

1

Eyepiece

8

Function keys field diaphragm

2

Eyepiece tube

9

Transmitted light/incident light switch

3

Tube

10

Function keys aperture diaphragm

4

Objective nosepiece with objectives

11

Function keys: Light intensity

5

Specimen stage with specimen holder

12

Focus dial with coarse and fine adjustment

6

Condenser

13

Variable function keys (factory pre-assigned)

7

LC display

14

Lamp adjustment window

12

3. Overview of the Instrument

15

22

16

21

20

19 18

17

Fig. 2 Leica DM4000 B right side of the stand with Advanced Ergotube AET22

15Lamp housing for incident light

16Lamp housing for transmitted light

17Transmitted light filter, optional

18Transmitted light filter, optional

19Variable function keys (factory pre-assigned)

20X/Y coaxial drive, height adjustable

21Focus fine adjustment

22Motorized filter cube exchanger

13

4. Unpacking the Microscope

4. Unpacking the Microscope

The device is delivered in two boxes.

The stand box contains the following components:

Stand with integrated incident light axis and objective nosepiece

Specimen stage with stage bracket

Power cable and PC connecting cable

CD with Leica software package

Instructions and list of microscope default settings (“Identification Sheet”)

The system box contains the microscope accessories:

Tube

Eyepieces

Objectives

Condenser

Lamp housings with accessories

Fitting tool

Depending on configuration, additional microscope accessories such as filter cubes, etc.

The external ebq 100 supply unit* is delivered in separate packaging.

For the Leica DM5000 B microscope:

The CTR5000 electronics box is also delivered in separate packaging.

First, carefully remove all components from the transportation and packaging materials.

Note:

Avoid touching the lens surfaces of the objectives. If fingerprints do appear on the glass surfaces, remove them with a soft leather or linen cloth. Even small traces of finger perspiration can damage the surfaces of optical surfaces in a short time. See the chapter, "Care of the microscope" → p. 64, for additional instructions.

Caution!

Do not yet connect the microscope and peripherals to the power supply at this point!

14

4. Unpacking the Microscope

Installation location

Work with the microscope should be performed in a dust-free room, which is free of oil vapors and other chemical vapors, as well as extreme humidity. At the workplace, large temperature fluctuations, direct sunlight and vibrations should be avoided. These conditions can distort measurements and micrographic images.

Allowable ambient conditions

Temperature

15-35°C

Relative humidity

maximum 80% up to 30°C

Microscopes in warm and warm-damp climatic zones require special care in order to prevent the build up of fungus.

See the chapter, "Care of the microscope" → p. 64, for additional instructions.

Caution:

Electrical components must be assembled at least 10 cm from the wall and away from flammable substances.

Transport

For shipping or transporting the microscope and its accessory components, the original packaging should be used.

As a precaution to prevent damage from vibrations, the following components should be disassembled and packaged separately:

Unscrew the objectives.

Remove the condenser.

Remove the stage.

Remove the lamp housings.

Disassemble the burner of 106 z lamp housing.

Remove all moving or loose parts.

15

5. Assembly

5. Assembling the Microscope

The microscope components are logically assembled in this order:

Stage

Condenser

Tube

Eyepieces

Objectives

Light sources

Filter cubes/reflectors*

Only a few commonly used screwdrivers and keys are necessary for assembly, which are included in the delivery package.

When using intermediate systems and optical accessories, the sequence may vary.

In this case, read Chapter,

"5.10 Optional accessories" → p. 29

16

5. Assembly

5.1Stage

!Caution:

Before assembling the stage, make sure no objectives are installed!

Place the specimen holder on the stage and fasten it with the two screws (3.1).

From above, set the stage clamp onto the dovetail guide (4.2) and push the stage downwards until the upper end of the dovetail guide is tightly fastened to the upper end of the stage clamp.

Firmly tighten the stage clamp (4.1).

Using the condenser height adjuster (3.2), turn the condenser holder completely upwards, i.e. as close to the stage as possible.

Loosen the stage clamp (3.3) slightly.

Note:

For thicker specimens (Leica DM4000 M) the stage can be set to a correspondingly lower level.

Fig. 3

Mechanical object stage

Fig. 4

Assembling the stage

1

Locking screws for specimen holder

1

Stage clamp

2

Condenser height adjuster

2

Dovetail guide

3

Stage clamp

 

 

 

1

1

2

2 3

17

5. Assembly

5.2 Condenser

Using the condenser height adjuster (5.4), turn the condenser holder (5.1) completely downwards.

Unscrew the clamping screw for the condenser (5.3) far enough so that the condenser can be inserted from the front.

From the front, insert the condenser into the condenser holder as far as it will go. On the underside of the condenser, there is an orientation pin (6.1), which must be located in the guiding notch (7.1).

Pull the condenser’s clamping screw (5.3) so that the condenser is locked in place.

Connect the condenser over the connection (8.1) with the stand.

Fig. 5 Condenser holder

1Condenser holder

2Condenser centering

3Clamping screw for condenser

4Condenser height adjuster

Note:

The condenser must be centered before using the microscope.

→ Köhler illumination p. 37.

Fig. 6

 

Underside of condenser

1

1 Orientation pin

Fig. 7 Condenser holder 1 Guiding notch

1

Fig. 8 Condenser connector 1 Condenser cable socket

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

3

4

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

18

5. Assembly

5.3 Tube and Eyepieces

The tube is mounted to the stand either directly or with the use of intermediate modules. It is fastened in place with the side clamping screw (9.1).

Loosen the clamping screw (9.1).

Insert the tube in the circular receptacle (dovetail ring).

Retighten the clamping screw (9.1).

Only for the MBDT motorized tube:

Connect the tube to the stand with the connector socket (10.1).

The eyepieces are inserted into the eyepiece tubes on the tube.

6.4 Objectives

The receptacles on the objective turrets are numbered (Fig. 11). The individual objectives have already pre-assigned positions at the factory according to their configuration.

A list of the exact objective positions is provided in shipment. (“Identification Sheet”)

!Caution:

Cover unoccupied threads on the turret with dust protector caps!

Fig. 9 Fastening the tube 1 Clamping screw

1

Fig. 10 Motorized tube connection 1 Connector socket

1

Fig. 11

Objective turret with labeled objective receptacles

19

5. Assembly

5.5 Light Sources for the Transmitted Light Axis

Fig. 12

 

Lamp housing 107/2

 

Releasing the

Caution:

fastening screw

Be sure that the lamp housing is disconnected from the power supply. Unplug the power plug and the power supply during assembly.

107/2 Lamp Housing

This lamp housing is used with a 12V 100W halogen lamp, which is already mounted.

In case the lamp has to be removed:

Remove the fastener screw on the housing (Fig. 12).

Remove the housing by pulling it upwards.

Remove the lamp

Insert the new 12V 100W lamp (13.1) with dust cover straight into the socket until it stops. Be sure that the lamp is inserted straight.

Remove the lamp’s dust cover.

Fig. 13

1

Lamp housing 107/2,

opened

 

1

Mount with

 

 

halogen lamp

 

2

Collector

 

 

 

2

Caution:

Do not remove the lamp’s dust cover until you have installed the lamp. Avoid fingerprints on the lamp.

Replace the housing and fasten it in place using the fastening screw.

Place the lamp housing in the transmitted light lamp housing receptacle (14.2) and fasten it with the clamping screw on the side.

Connect the lamp housing to the power supplyfor transmitted light (symbol: ) (14.3).

Fig. 14 Rear side of stand

1Incident light lamp housing receptacle

2Transmitted light lamp housing receptacle

312 V 100 W connection for transmitted light (symbol: )

4 12 V 100 W connection for incident light (symbol:

)

1

2

3 4

 

20

5. Assembly

5.6 Light Sources for the Incident Light Axis

Caution:

During assembly, always unplug the power supply unit of the 106 z lamp housing from its socket.

Never touch the glass parts of the burner with bare hands.

Never look directly into the beam path (blinding hazard).

During assembly work on xenon burners, always wear the supplied protective gloves and face protection (Fig. 15) (risk of explosion).

106 z lamp housing

Fig. 15

Protective gloves and mask

This lamp housing is used with a 12V 100W halogen lamp or various gas discharge lamps.

Inserting the 12V 100W halogen lamp into the 106 z lamp housing

Unscrew the fastening screws of the cover and lift up the cover (16.1).

Unscrew the fastening screws of the lamp mount (16.8) and pull out the mount (Fig. 17).

Fig. 16 106 z lamp housing (on the side, open)

1Cover raised

2Collector

312 V 100 W lamp or

gas discharge lamp in mount

4Reflector (mirror)

5, 6, 7 Adjusting screw for x-y reflector

8Fastening screw for lamp mount

9Socket for contact plug

1

2

4

5

3

6

7

8 9 8

21

5. Assembly

Insert the lamp with the dust cover straight into the socket until it stops.

Remove the dust cover.

Reinsert the lamp mount and retighten the fastening screw (16.8).

Place the lamp housing in the incident light lamp housing receptacle (18.1) and fasten it with the clamping screw on the side.

Connect the lamp housing to the power supply

for incident light (symbol

) (18.4).

Caution:

Do not remove the lamp’s dust cover until after you have installed the lamp. Be certain to avoid getting fingerprints on the lamp.

Close the lamp housing and retighten the fastening screws.

 

Fig. 18 Rear side of stand

 

 

1

Incident light lamp housing receptacle

 

 

2

Transmitted light lamp housing receptacle

 

 

3

12

V 100 W connection for transmitted light (symbol:

)

Fig. 17 Lamp mount with 12 V 100 W halogen lamp

4

12

V 100 W connection for incident light (symbol:

)

1

2

3 4

 

22

5. Assembly

Inserting the gas discharge lamps (Hg and Xe) into the 106z lamp housing

Hg and Xe lamps are powered by the separate ebq 100 supply unit.

Read the separate instruction manual provided with this supply unit.

The following gas discharge lamps may be used and require different lamp mounts (Fig. 19):

Type

Typical bulb life*

 

 

50 W high-pressure mercury burner (alternating current)

100 hrs.

100 W high-pressure mercury burner (direct current, stabilized/not stabilized

200 hrs.

100 W high-pressure mercury burner (direct current, stabilized/not stabilized, type 103 W/2)

300 hrs.

75 W High-pressure xenon burner (direct current, stabilized)

400 hrs.

* Please regard the data sheets of the burners.

23

5. Assembly

To open the 106 z lamp housing, unscrew the fastening screws on the cover.

Remove the transport anchorage (red plastic rod in place of the burner) in the lamp mount. To do so, remove the lower clamp (19.1). Pull up the cooling element (19.3) and turn it to the side. Detach the lower clamp system (19.2) and remove the transport anchorage.

Install the burner in mirror image fashion.

Caution:

Hg 50 burner:

After installation, the labeling must be upright. If a glass melt nipple is present (19a.4), position it by turning the burner so that the nipple does not come in the way of the beam path later, but instead is positioned sideways.

Xe 75 burner:

Remove the burner’s dust cover (19b.5) after you have installed the burner.

Fig. 19 a-d Lamp mounts for gas discharge lamps

1 Upper clamping system, 2 Lower clamping system, 3 Cooling element 4 Nipple of the mercury 50 burner, 5 Dust cover of the mercury 75 burner

Hg 50 a Xe 75 b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hg 100

c

Hg 100

 

 

 

d

 

 

3

 

Stab.

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

24

5. Assembly

Insert the lamp mount, with the burner installed, into the lamp housing and tighten it with the screws (20.8).

Put the lid down again. Plug in the contact plug as far as it goes and retighten the screws.

Place the lamp housing in the incident light lamp housing receptacle (21.1) and fasten it with the clamping screw on the side.

Connect the lamp housing to the power supply (22.1).

Fig. 21 Rear side of stand

1Incident light lamp housing receptacle

2Transmitted light lamp housing receptacle

312 V 100 W connection for transmitted light (symbol: )

4 12 V 100 W connection for incident light (symbol:

)

1

2

3 4

 

Fig. 20 106 z lamp housing (on the side, open)

1Cover raised

2Collector

312 V 100 W lamp or

gas discharge lamp in mount

4Reflector (mirror)

5, 6, 7 Adjusting screw for x-y reflector

8Fastening screw for lamp mount

9Socket for contact plug

1

2

4

5

3

6

7

8 9 8

Fig. 22 Rear side of the ebq 100 supply unit 1 Lamp connection

1

25

5. Assembly

5.7 Equipping the Incident Light filter turret

The receptacles on the turret are numbered. According to your equipment, the individual filter and/or reflector cubes have already preassigned positions. A list is provided along with your shipment (“Identification Sheet”).

Insert the filter and reflector cubes in the following manner:

Equip the incident light turret only when the microscope is switched off.

Remove the face plate from the upper part of the microscope (Fig. 25). Turn the turret in any direction until the locking pin engages.

Insert the filter or reflector cube into the mounting in front of you according to the identification sheet provided.

To do so, place the filter or reflector cube on the right side and press it to the left into the mounting (Fig. 26).

Push the retention pin (25.2) and continue to turn the filter turret until you reach the next locking position.

Fig. 23 Filter cube

Fig. 24 Filter cube

front side

back side

Fig. 25 Removing the front panel

1Filter receptacle

2Retention pin

3Front panel

1

2

3

Again make sure that the turret engages (retention pin unlocks) and insert the next filter and/or reflector cube as described above.

When all filters and reflector cubes have been inserted, close the front cover plate again.

5.8 Polarizer and Analyzer

Fig. 26 Inserting the filter or reflector cubes 1 Mounting

1

26

5. Assembly

ICT/P transmitted light polarizer

Using the left clamping screw, fasten the ICT/P transmitted light polarizer to the underside of the condenser holder (Fig. 27).

Make sure that the red index point on the front of the polarizer is aligned with 0.

If necessary, insert the compensators (λ - and λ /4 plates) into the polarizer’s receptacle (Fig. 28).

Fig. 27 Assembly of the ICT/P transmitted light polarizer 1 Clamping screw

1

Fig. 28 Inserting the compensators

Incident light polarizers:

R/P polarizer, rotating polarizer

L/ICR, R/ICR polarizer

Remove the plug cap on the right side of the incident light axis (Fig. 29).

Insert the polarizer into the receptacle until it latches in place.

Fig. 29 Inserting the polarizer

1 The plug cap is replaced with the polarizer.

Motorized polarizer

1

A motorized polarizer is already installed and ready for operation in the DIC condenser.

Transmitted light and incident light analyzer

27

5. Assembly

Remove the plug cap on the left side of the stand.

Insert the polarizer into the receptacle until it latches in place (Fig. 30).

Motorized analyzer

Insert the analyzer cube as described in sec-

tion 5.7 "Equipping the Incident Light filter turret" → p. 26, in the corresponding position on the filter turret. See the list provided

(“identification Sheet”) for the correct position.

6.9 DIC Prisms

Insert the objective prism into the tube slot (Fig. 31.1). The code letter must match the code letter on the objective.

With the microscope Leica DM5000 B the DIC objective prisms are already mounted in the DIC turret above the objective revolving nosepiece(Fig. 68).

5.10 Optional Accessories

Fig. 30 Inserting the analyzer

1 The plug cap is replaced with the analyzer.

Fig. 31 Inserting the objective prism slide 1 Objective prism slide

1

1

28

5. Assembly

Ergomodule

For raising the eye level of the tube opening, the ergomodule may be used.

It is fastened in place with the side clamping screw.

Mirror Housing

Place the mirror housing directly onto the lamp housing receptacle on the back of the stand and attach it using the side clamping screw.

Place the lamp housing onto the mirror housing and fasten it using the corresponding clamping screw on the side.

Booster Lens / Excitation Manager

Remove the clamping ring from the filter slide.

Insert the Booster Lens or Excitation Manager.

Push the cover back.

Insert the clamping ring.

Insert the filter slide into the front receptacle on the right side of the stand (32.1, 33.1).

Using two filter sliders, the Excitation Manager can be inserted into the back receptacle.

5.11 Connection to the Power Supply

Fig. 32

Fig. 33

1 Insert of Booster Lens

1 Insert of Excitation Manager

1

1

 

29

5. Assembly

After completing the assembly work, connect the stand to the power supply using the power cable (Fig. 34.2).

5.12 Connection to the CTR5000 Electronics Box

Fig. 34 Rear side of stand Leica DM4000 B/M

1Power switch

2Power supply

Only for the Leica DM5000 B:

Connect the microscope (36.1) to the "Microscope" jack (35.1) on the rear of the electronics box. Use the cable with the 25-pin plug.

Connect the electronics box to the power supply using the power cable (35.2).

1

2

Fig. 35 Rear side of electronics box CTR5000

Fig. 36 Rear side of stand Leica DM5000 B

1

Microscope connection

1 Connection to the CTR5000 electronics box

2

Power supply

 

1

1

2

2

30

6. Startup

6. Startup

6.1 Functional Principle

The microscope’s most important functions may be easily accessed using function keys.

The microscope may be switched between various contrast processes by pressing a single button.

The microscope recognizes the objective chosen and the respective contrast process. Therefore, the values for intensity (INT), aperture diaphragm (AP) and field diaphragm (FD) are always set correctly.

The values for INT, AP and FD can be changed individually. This overwrites the previous setting. Actual settings are stored automatically.

The specifications for INT, AP and FD always relate to the currently activated light axis (transmitted light or incident light).

In addition to the preset function keys for INT, AP and FD, there are also variable function keys.

Variable function keys:

These function keys are assigned logical functions before delivery(see “Identification Sheet”)

These functions can be reprogrammed according to your individual wishes.

Note: (Reset-Function)

The microscope can be reset to the default functions programmed at the factory:

When the microscope is switched off, press all 3 variable function keys on the left stand section.

Switch on the stand.

Hold the keys pressed down until initialization is complete.

The standard information is shown in the display.

Switch off the instrument and switch it on again. The settings are stored now.

6.2 Switching on the Microscope

• First, swivel the objective with the least magnification into position.

31

6. Startup

Possible Assignments for the Function Keys

For Leica DM4000 B/DM5000 B:

Function key

Meaning

 

 

 

 

BF

 

 

Bright field (Transmitted light)

PH

 

 

Phase contrast (Transmitted light)

ICT

 

 

Interference contrast (Transmitted light)

DF

 

 

Dark field (Transmitted light)

POL

 

 

Polarization (Transmitted light)

CHANGE TL |

Switch through all transmitted light processes

INT

 

Increase brightness (transmitted light)

INT

 

Reduce brightness (transmitted light)

AP

 

Open aperture diaphragm (transmitted light)

AP

 

Close aperture diaphragm (transmitted light)

FD

 

Open field diaphragm (transmitted light)

FD

 

Close field diaphragm (transmitted light)

SHUTTER TL

Open/close transmitted light shutter

FLUO

 

Fluorescence (last filter cube)

CUBE 1

 

Select fluorescence cube at position 1

CHANGE CUBE |

Switch through fluorescence cubes in clockwise fashion

CHANGE CUBE |

Switch through fluorescence cubes in counterclockwise fashion

SHUTTER FLUO

Open/close fluorescence shutter

INT FLUO

Increase brightness (fluorescence)

INT FLUO

Reduce brightness (fluorescence)

FD FLUO

Open field diaphragm (fluorescence)

FD FLUO

Open field diaphragm (fluorescence)

COMBI |

 

Combination mode

 

 

 

(PH / fluorescence or ICT / fluorescence)

CHANGE COMBI |

Switch through all combination modes

32

6. Startup

For Leica DM4000 M:

 

Function key

Meaning

 

 

 

BF

 

Bright field (Incident light)

ICR

 

Interference contrast (Incident light)

DF

 

Dark field (Incident light)

POL

 

Polarization (Incident light)

CHANGE RL |

Switch through all incident light processes

INT

Increase brightness (incident light)

INT

Reduce brightness (incident light)

AP

Open aperture diaphragm (incident light)

AP

Close aperture diaphragm (incident light)

FD

Open field diaphragm (incident light)

FD

Close field diaphragm (incident light)

SHUTTER RL

Open/close incident light shutter

FLUO

Fluorescence (last filter cube)

CUBE 1

Select fluorescence cube at position 1

CHANGE FLUO

Switch through fluorescence cubes

FOCUS FINDER

Select smallest field diaphragm and switch back to original field

 

 

diaphragm by pressing the key again

BF TL

Bright field (Transmitted light )

INT

Increase brightness (transmitted light)

INT

Reduce brightness (transmitted light)

AP

Open aperture diaphragm (transmitted light)

AP

Close aperture diaphragm (transmitted light)

FD

Open field diaphragm (transmitted light)

FD

Close field diaphragm (transmitted light)

COMBI |

Combination process (BF and BF TL)

33

6. Startup

Switch-on the microscope at the power switch (34.1,36.1). All motorized microscope components first undergo an initialization phase.

After initialization is complete, the display on the stand shows the current microscope setting (Fig. 37).

The microscopic components such as diaphragms, condenser, light and phase rings are already pre-centered in the factory. However, re-centering may be necessary due to transportation and assembly.

Before proceeding with the necessary steps, first familiarize yourself with the stand’s display and control panel.

After turning on the gas discharge lamps, the burner must be immediately adjusted. Therefore, do not turn on the power supply unit yet. First, work in transmitted light in order to familiarize yourself with the microscope’s controls.

6.3 The Display (Leica DM4000 B/DM4000 M)

Caution:

Fig. 37 Display after initialization

34

6. Startup

The display shows the current microscope settings. The display depends on the microscope’s configuration. In the first column, corresponding pictograms indicate the type of information: contrast method, magnification, light intensity, diaphragms, light splitting for photo tubes.

Please see the abbreviation index for a list of abbreviations and pictograms used → p. 67.

Light Intensity

The actual brightness setting is graphically depicted by a beam. Additionally, the light intensity is indicated in 20 (coarse adjustment) or in 255 (fine adjustment) increments → p. 52.

Diaphragms

Contrast Method

In the first row, you find an indication of the active light axis (transmitted light or incident light) of the current contrast method and the current filter cube.

The shutter status is displayed for the transmitted light or incident light shutter:

Transmitted light shutter open

Transmitted light shutter closed

 

 

Incident light shutter open

 

Incident light shutter closed

 

Magnification

+

The current objective magnification, sometimes followed by the re-magnification of the magnification changer, appears along with the total magnification:

Σ = Objective x Re-magnification x Eyepiece

6.4 The Function Keys

The values for the field diaphragm (FD) and the aperture diaphragm (AP) are indicated numerically. The field diaphragm may be either round or rectangular. Accordingly, the FD designation is set in parentheses or in brackets: (FD) or [FD].

Note:

When using a digital camera, rectangular field diaphragms are recommended.

Beam splitting

If a motorized tube is used, the light splitting between ocular (Eye) and photo output (Docu) is indicated in %.

Note:

The display may flash after the initialization phase or even during microscopy session. This always occurs when the contrast method selected can not be performed with the actual microscopic settings. For example, an objective may be swiveled in that is not suited to the contrast method chosen.

Then check your settings.

35

6. Startup

There is a row of function keys both on the right and left side of the stand. Some of these keys are defined, and some of them are variable. The variable function keys have various meanings depending on the microscope configuration.

Defined Function Keys on the left side of the stand

The TL/IL key (38.1) switches between incident light and transmitted light. The last contrast method used is restored.

The INT (38.3) keys adjust the light intensity individually. Settings can be made either in large or small increments. Pushing both INT buttons at the same time switches between coarse and fine setting. The display indicator changes accordingly → p. 52.

The AP (38.4) keys for the aperture diaphragm and FD (38.2) for the field diaphragm are used to set each diaphragm. The optimal values are automatically preset when selecting the contrast method.

Variable function keys:

A factory preset is performed which fits your microscope configuration. The function keys are labeled accordingly, and a separate description of the key occupation accompanies the microscope (“Identification Sheet”).

Abbreations are listed on p.32f.

6.5 Köhler Illumination

For each objective, optimal values for the aperture diaphragm and the field diaphragm are already set. The condenser is also already adjusted in the factory.

Fig. 38 Defined Function Keys

1Transmitted light/incident light

2Field diaphragm

3Light Intensity

4Aperture diaphragm

3

2

4

1

36

6. Startup

However, depending on how the condenser is disassembled and reassembled, it may be necessary to re-adjust the condenser in some cases. Therefore, check the condenser centering.

The following procedure is provided for the transmitted light-bright field illumination.

Select an objective with moderate magnification (10x-40x).

Activate the transmitted light axis by pushing the TL/IL button (38.1). "TL" appears in the first line of the display.

Choose "bright field" as the contrast method by pressing the BF (one of the variable function keys, behind the focus dials).

"TL BF" appears in the first line of the display.

Insert the specimen in the stage’s specimen holder (39.3).

Focus on the specimen. The focus wheel on the left side of the stage allows focus adjustment in large and small increments. On the right side of the stage, there is also a focus wheel for fine focus adjustment.

Set the light intensity using the INT keys (38.3).

Close the field diaphragm with the FD function key (38.2) until the edge of the diaphragm appears in the specimen plane.

Using the condenser height adjuster (39.4), adjust the condenser until the edge of the field diaphragm appears in sharp relief.

If the image does not appear in the middle of the field of view (41c), the condenser must be moved into the middle of the field of view with the help of the two leveling screws (40.1).

Fig. 39 Stage with specimen holder

1Object motion (X direction)

2Object motion (Y direction)

3Specimen holder

4Condenser height adjuster

3

2

1

 

4

 

37

6. Startup

Open the field diaphragm just enough for it to disappear from the field of view (41d).

Do not adjust the aperture diaphragm. The aperture diaphragm is already set optimally for each objective.

6.6. Checking Phase Contrast Rings

Caution:

Fig. 40 Condenser centering

Fig. 41 Köhler Illumination

1 Centering bolts

a Field diaphragm not focused, not centered

 

b Field diaphragm focused, but not centered

 

c Field diaphragm focused and centered

 

Diameter is too small, however

 

d Field diameter (light) = Field diameter (view)

 

(Köhler Illumination)

A B

C D

1

1

38

6. Startup

If your microscope is equipped for the use of phase contrast, the light rings that fit the objectives are built into the condenser.

The light rings are already leveled in the factory. However, the leveling should be rechecked.

Note:

Every objective is assigned its own light ring in the condenser disc. Therefore, a check must be performed for each objective. When swiveling in a suitable objective for phase contrast, the corresponding light ring is set automatically.

Press the BF (Bright Field) button (one of the variable function keys, behind the focus dials).

In the place of an eyepiece, insert the focusing telescope (Fig. 42) into the observation tube.

Swivel in the phase contrast objective with the least magnification.

Focus the ring structure (43a) by slightly loosening the clamping ring (42.2) and moving the eyelens (42.1).

Retighten the clamping ring.

Press the PH (Phase Contrast) button. The ring diaphragm in the condenser is pivoted in.

If the light ring and the phase ring are not shown as arranged in Fig. 43c, the light ring must be leveled.

Fig. 42 Focusing telescope

Fig. 43 Phase contrast centering procedure

1

Adjustable eyelens

PH=phase contrast ring, LR=light ring

2

Clamping ring for fixing the focus position

a Condenser in bright field (BF) position

 

 

b Condenser in phase contrast (PH) position

 

 

Light ring (LR) not centered

 

 

c Light ring and phase ring centered

1

A

B

C

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

PH

LR

39

6. Startup

Insert the centering key through the corresponding openings (44.1) in the condenser holder.

Turn the centering screws until the dark ring (phase ring in the objective) is congruent with the slightly narrower bright ring (light ring in condenser) (43 c).

Repeat the process for all other phase contrast objectives.

Remove the centering keys after the centering procedure.

Fig. 44 Light ring centering 1 Clamping screw

1

Note:

During change of objectives the centering keys must not remain in the openings of the condenser.

6.7 Adjusting the Light Sources

Transmitted Light Axis (TL) with 107/2 Lamp housing

40

6. Startup

The 107/2 lamp housing with 12 V 100 W halogen lamp has a defined presetting. The lamp need not to be centered.

Incident light axis (IL) with 106 z lamp housing

When a supply unit is used, it is turned on first.

Activate the incident light axis using the TL/IL function key. FLUO (Leica DM4000 B/ DM5000 B) or IL (Leica DM4000 M) appears in the display.

• Insert the reflector for lamp adjustment (Fig. 45) into the filter turret in place of a filter cube. (See → p. 26).

Note the name of the exchanged filter cube.

Turn the reflector into the light path.

The reflector has reached the correct position when the name of the exchanged filter cube is shown in the upper right of the display.

Caution:

Never look directly into the light path!

When switching to the BF or Smith reflectors, there is a danger of being glared!

For the 106 z lamp housing, the direct filament image (for halogen lamps) or direct arc image (for gas discharge lamps), and its mirror image are focused separately and adjusted to each other.

On the left side of the microscope, there is an adjustment window (1.14, p. 12) for mapping the light source.

While observing the light source in the adjustment window, the lamp is adjusted as follows:

Centering the 12 V 100 W Halogen Lamp

Fig. 46 106 z lamp housing 1 Lamp height adjustment

2,4 Mirror image height and side adjustment

3 Focusing the reflector

5Lamp side adjustment

6Collector (focusing of the lamp image)

5

1

6

Fig. 45 Reflector cube for lamp adjustment (similar to illustration)

2

3

4

41

6. Startup

In the adjustment window, you see the direct filament image and the mirror image, which in most cases are shifted together.

Focus the direct filament image with the collector (46.6).

Use the adjusting buttons on the rear side of the lamp housing (46.2, 46.4) to pivot the lamp filament’s mirror image to the side or completely out of the beam path. The lamp filament’s focused image remains visible (Fig. 47).

Adjust the direct filament image using the adjusting knobs (46.1) and (46.5) so that the centering surface is halfway covered (Fig. 48).

Then pivot the lamp filament’s mirror image with the adjusting knobs (46.2 and 4), and focus it using the reflector (46.3).

Align the mirror image symmetrically to the filament image (Fig. 49). To do so, use the adjusting knobs (46.2) and (46.4) again.

Defocus the image with the collector head (46.6) until the filament image and mirror image are no longer recognizable and the image is uniformly illuminated.

Exchange the reflector cube for lamp

adjustment for the original filter cube.

Note:

Turn off the microscope before exchanging the reflector cube.

Centering the Hg 50 W mercury lamp

In the adjustment window, you see the direct arc image and the mirror image, which in most cases are shifted together.

Fig. 47 Direct lamp filament image focused, but not centered

(in reality, the image is less focused)

Fig. 48 Direct lamp filament image in target position (in reality, the image is less focused)

Fig. 49 Direct lamp filament image and mirror image in target position

(in reality, the image is less focused)

42

6. Startup

Focus the direct image with the collector (46.6).

Use the adjusting buttons on the rear side of the lamp housing (46.2,46.4) to pivot the arc’s mirror image to the side or completely out of the beam path. The lamp filament’s focused image remains visible (Fig. 50).

Use the adjusting buttons (46.1) and (46.5) to place the direct arc image right or left on an imaginary center line of the centering plane (Fig. 51).

Then pivot the arc’s mirror image with the adjusting knobs (46.2 and 4) and focus it using the reflector (46.3).

Use the adjusting knobs (46.2 and 4) to orient the mirror image symmetrically to the direct image (Fig. 52).

Defocus the image with the collector knob (46.6) until the arc image and mirror image are no longer recognizable and the image is uniformly illuminated.

Exchange the reflector cube for lamp adjustment for the original filter cube.

Fig. 50 Direct arc image focused but decentered (in reality, the image is less focused)

Fig. 51 Direct arc image in target position (in reality, the image is less focused)

Centering the Hg 100 W and Xe 75 W

Fig. 52 Direct arc image and mirror image in target

position (in reality, the image is less focused)

mercury lamps

 

In the adjustment window, you see the direct arc image and the mirror image, which in most cases are shifted together.

43

6. Startup

Focus the direct image with the collector (46.6).

Use the adjusting buttons to pivot the arc’s mirror image on the rear side of the lamp housing (46.2,46.4) to the side or completely out of the beam path. The arc’s focused image remains visible (Fig. 53).

Use the adjusting buttons (46.1 and 5) to place the direct arc image in the middle of the centering plane, whereby the bright tip of the arc, the focal spot, should lie slightly outside the center (Fig. 54).

Then pivot the arc’s mirror image with the adjusting knobs (46.2) and (46.4) and focus it using the reflector (46.3).

Use the adjusting knobs (46.2 and 4) to orient the mirror image symmetrically to the direct image (Fig. 55).

The V-shaped irradiation of the direct image and mirror image arcs can be superimposed.

Caution:

Fig. 53 Direct arc image focused but not centered (in reality, the image is less focused)

Fig. 54 Direct arc image in target position (in reality, the image is less focused)

The bright tips of the arcs, the focal spots, must never be projected onto each other, as this results in a danger of explosion by overheating.

Fig. 55

Direct arc image and mirror image in target position (in reality, the image is less focused)

44

6. Startup

In older lamps, the structure of the arc is no longer clearly recognizable. The image is then more like that of a HG 50 lamp. The image and mirror image can no longer be superimposed exactly. In this case, align both images.

Using the collector, defocus the image with the knob (46.6) until the arc image and mirror image are no longer recognizable and the image is uniformly illuminated.

Exchange the reflector cube for lamp adjustment for the original filter cube.

Note:

Turn off the microscope before exchanging the reflector cube.

45

7. Operation

7. Operation

7.1 Switching on the Microscope

When using a gas discharge lamp, the ebq 100 external supply unit must be turned on separately (56.1).

Then switch-on the microscope at the power switch.

All motorized microscope components first undergo an initialization phase.

After the initialization is complete, the display on the stand (Fig. 57) shows the current microscope setting.

Fig. 56 Front view of the ebq 100 supply unit

1Power switch

2Lamp status

1

2

Fig. 57 Display after initialization

7.2 Stages and Specimen Displacement

Lengthening the coaxial pinion

For lengthening, pull the lower grip (58.2) downwards. Repeat with the upper grip (58.1).

Torque adjustment

The torque is already optimally set at the factory, however, it can be individually adjusted using two knurled rings (58.3, 58.4).

Fig. 58 Revolving object stage

1Object motion (Y direction)

2Object motion (X direction)

3Torque adjustment (Y direction)

4Torque adjustment (X direction)

5Focus dial for fine focusing

3

1

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

4

46

7. Operation

Rotating the Stage

The swiveling range of the rotating stages is 0°- 110°.

In order to revolve the stage, loosen the fastening screw (59.1).

Bring the table into the desired position.

Retighten the fastening screw.

7.3 Focusing

There is a focus dial on the left side of the stage for coarse and fine focus adjustment (Fig. 59).

On the right side of the stand, there is also a focus dial, which is used exclusively for fine focusing (58.4).

The special design of this dial makes it possible to simultaneously grasp the coaxial drive with your hand while operating the fine drive with one finger.

Fig. 59 Revolving object stage

1Clamping screw

2Fine focusing

3Coarse focusing

1

2 3

47

7. Operation

7.4 Tubes

Note:

Close any unused tube openings, as otherwise stray light can interfere with observation.

Note:

Make sure that the connector cable is plugged in on the MBDT25+ motorized tube (60.1).

Adjusting the Viewing Distance

Adjust the viewing distance of the eyepieces so that a congruent total image is seen (Fig. 60).

Adjusting the Viewing Angle

For the AET22 and EDT22 ergotubes, the viewing angle can be adjusted by tilting the binocular viewer in the range of 5° - 32° (Fig. 61).

Adjusting the Eyepiece Extension to the Arm Length

With the AET22 tube, the eyepieces can be extended up to 30 mm (Fig. 61).

Fig. 60 Tube setting

Fig. 61 With AET22 tube individual adjustments

Personal eyebase settings

 

1

Motorized tube connection

 

1

48

7. Operation

Beam Splitting in Photo Tubes

EDT22 tube:

The beam splitting between the observation and documentation outputs has a definite presetting (50:50).

BDT25+ tube:

The beam splitting is set manually by pulling out a control bar.

Control Bar

 

 

 

 

Observation

Photo

VIS

 

 

 

 

100 %

0 %

 

 

 

 

50/50

 

 

 

50 %

50 %

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHOTO

 

 

0 %

100 %

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MBDT25+ tube:

This tube is similar to the documentation tube BDT25+, but it is motorized.

The control positions are selected using a variable function key on the stand.

HC L 2TU tube:

The beam splitting is set manually by pulling out a control bar.

Control Bar

 

 

 

 

Observation

Photo

VIS

 

 

 

 

100 %

0 %

PHOTO

 

 

 

 

0 %

100 %

 

 

 

 

7.5 Eyepieces

Note:

The eyepiece’s aperture protector must be removed,or at least folded back, during microscopy while wearing eyeglasses.

Eyeglasses with multifocal lenses (bifocals and smooth view glasses) must be removed while operating the microscope.

For the adjustable tubes with documentation output, choose the 100% position.

Eyepieces with Inlaid Reticle

Focus the reticle by adjusting the eyelens.

Focus on the object through this eyepiece.

Then, close that eye and focus on the specimen by adjusting only the second ocular.

Correction for Vision Problems

Fig. 62 BDT25+ tube with digital camera 1 Control bar

With your right eye, look through the right eyepiece and bring the specimen into sharp focus.

Then, with your left eye, view the same specimen and rotate the left eyepiece tube until the object is brought into sharp focus. Do not use the focus dial.

1

49

7. Operation

7.6 Objectives

The objective must be moved manually into the light path. Be sure that the nosepiece turret locks into place.

The objective’s position in the turret is factoryset and must be adhered to while screwing in the objectives (see Objective Assembly → p. 19)

When you rotate the objective into position, the microscope automatically recognizes:

the selected contrast method

the optimal settings for field and aperture diaphragm

the optimal condenser setting

The objective magnification and the total magnification appear in the display → p. 35.

Start with a small level of magnification. Then switch to the next higher objective.

For immersion objectives use the appropriate

immersion medium.

OIL: only use optical immersion oil according to DIN/ISO standards. Cleaning → p. 65.

W:Water immersion.

IMM: Universal objective for water, glycerol, oil immersion.

Caution!

Follow safety instructions for immersion oil!

50

7. Operation

For lockable immersion objectives:

Lock these by pushing the front part upwards until it stops (approx. 2 mm).

Then, after a gentle turning motion to the right, the objective is locked (Fig. 64).

For objectives with corrective mounts:

Turn the knurl to adjust the objective to the thickness of the cover glass.

7.7 Magnification Changer

Optionally, a coded magnification changer can be used, which is manually operated.

On the knurled ring, the following magnification factors can be set:

B Stand

M Stand

1x

1x

1.25x

1.5x

1.6x

2x

The selected factor is indicated in the display and included in the total magnification.

Fig. 63 Immersion objective (released)

Fig. 64 Immersion objective (locked)

51

7. Operation

7.8 Light Sources

The brightness is set using the function keys (65.5). Then, the INT function keys are assigned to the currently active axis for transmitted light (TL) or incident light (IL).

For TL and IL:

Settings can be made either in large or small increments. Pushing both INT buttons simultaneously switches between coarse and fine setting. The display indicator changes accordingly.

0-20

Coarse adjustment: ======

0-255

Fine adjustment: ----------

For Fluo:

The brightness is set in 5 fixed steps (FIM): 100% / 55% / 35% / 20% / 10%

7.9 Aperture Diaphragm and Field Diaphragm

Both diaphragms are already factory-set to the optimum setting for the current objective.

The AP (65.2) keys for the aperture diaphragm and the FD keys (65.4) for the field diaphragm may be used to change each diaphragm’s setting at any time.

Then, the function keys are assigned to the currently active axis for transmitted light (TL) or incident light (IL).

Caution:

When doing so, old values are overwritten and the new values are stored!

Caution:

While using PH or DF the aperture diaphragm is completely opened and locked.

Fig. 645 Control panel

1Variable function keys

2Aperture diaphragm

3Transmitted light/incident light

4Field diaphragm

5Light intensity

1

2

3

4

5

52

8.Imaging Procedure for Leica DM4000 B/DM5000 B

8.Imaging Procedure

for Leica DM4000 B/ Leica DM5000 B

8.1 Transmitted Light

8.1.1 Bright Field (TL)

Switch to the transmitted light axis (TL) by pushing the TL/IL button.

Select the BF (bright field) contrast method. Do so by pressing the BF variable key. Alternatively: Press the CHANGE TL | variable key.

(For key occupation please see “Identification Sheet”.)

The display indicates BF.

Insert a transmitted light specimen.

Rotate an appropriate objective into place.

Bring the image into focus using the focus dial and set the brightness using the INT function key.

8.1.2 Phase Contrast

Switch to the transmitted light axis (TL) by pushing the TL/IL button.

Select the PH contrast (phase contrast) method. Do so by pressing the PH variable key. Alternatively: Press the CHANGE TL | variable key.

(For key occupation please see “Identification Sheet”.)

The display indicates PH.

Insert a transmitted light specimen.

Rotate an appropriate objective into place. Objectives that are suitable for phase contrast are engraved with PH.

Bring the image into focus using the focus dial and set the brightness using the INT function key.

53

8. Imaging Procedure for Leica DM4000 B/DM5000 B

Notes:

The microscope automatically selects the correct light ring in the condenser.

When selecting the phase contrast method, the aperture diaphragm is opened completely and may not be adjusted. To avoid errors in operation, the function keys for setting the aperture diaphragm (AP) are locked.

8.1.3 Dark Field (TL)

Switch to the transmitted light axis (TL) by pushing the TL/IL button.

Select the DF (dark field) contrast method. Do so by pressing the DF variable key. Alternatively: Press the CHANGE TL | variable key.

(For key occupation please see “Identification Sheet”.)

The display indicates DF.

The dark field ring (dark field stop) is set automatically.

Insert a transmitted light specimen.

Rotate an appropriate objective into place.

Bring the image into focus using the focus dial and set the brightness using the INT function key.

Notes:

The maximum objective aperture which may be used for dark field is 0.75. All objectives with greater aperture are automatically blocked for this procedure ("DF" flashes in the display).

The microscope automatically selects the correct light ring in the condenser.

When selecting the dark field method, the aperture diaphragm is opened completely and may not be adjusted. To avoid errors in operation, the function keys for setting the aperture diaphragm (AP) are locked.

54

8. Imaging Procedure for Leica DM4000 B/DM5000 B

8.1.4 Polarization (TL)

Switch to the transmitted light axis (TL) by pushing the TL/IL button.

Select the POL (polarization) contrast method. Do so by pressing the POL variable key. Alternatively: Press the CHANGE TL | variable key.

(For key occupation please see “Identification Sheet”.)

The display indicates POL.

Mechanical procedure:

Turn the polarizer on the underside of the condenser in the light path (Fig. 66). Make sure that the red index point on the front of the polarizer is aligned with 0.

Insert the analyzer into the left side of the stand (67.1).

Fig. 66 Swivel in polarizer 1 Polarizer

Bring the polarizer and analyzer into cross position until they reach maximum darkness.

Insert a specimen and rotate a suitable objective into place.

Motorized procedure:

After selecting the POL contrast method, the condenser automatically switches to the position of the polarizer. The analyzer cube is also automatically brought into the light path.

Combined procedure:

For the Leica DM4000 B and Leica DM5000 B microscopes, it is possible to combine mechanical and motorized components.

Fig. 67 Insert analyzer 1 Analyzer

1

1

55

8. Imaging Procedure for Leica DM4000 B/DM5000 B

8.1.5 Differential Interference Contrast (TL)

(only for DM5000 B)

Switch to the transmitted light axis (TL) by pushing the TL/IL button.

Insert a specimen and rotate a suitable objective into place.

Select the DIC contrast method.

Do so by pressing the DIC variable key. Alternatively: Press the CHANGE TL | variable key.

(For key occupation please see “Identification Sheet”.)

The display indicates ICT.

The polarizer located in the condenser and the fitting condenser prism are automatically brought into the light path. The corresponding objective prism and the analyzer cube are also positioned automatically.

For fine adjustment use the knurled ring above the objective nose piece (Fig. 68).

Alternatively:

Manually rotate the polarizer on the underside of the condenser into the light path (Fig. 66).

Likewise, manually insert the analyzer into the left side of the stand (Fig. 67).

Objective and coindenser prisms are automatically moved into the light path as well.

Fine adjustment is possible using the knurled ring above the objective nosepiece.

Fig. 68 Objective prism slide

1 Knurled wheel for fine adjusting

1

56

8. Imaging Procedure for Leica DM4000 B/DM5000 B

8.2 Fluorescence

Switch to the fluorescent light axis (FLUO) by pushing the TL/IL button.

Insert a specimen and rotate a suitable objective into place.

The current fluorescence cube is indicated on the display.

Closing the incident light shutter protects your specimen from fading.

Do so by pressing the SHUTTER variable key. (For key occupation please see “Identification Sheet”.)

The display indicates the symbol: ↓

The fluorescence intensity can be increased using the Booster Lens on the right side of the stand (Fig. 69).

For multifluorescence, use of a Excitation Manager is recommended. The Excitation Manager is inserted into the right side of the stand up to the last stop (Fig. 70).

Using Booster Lens and Excitation Manager, the Excitation Manager can be inserted into the back receptacle.

Selecting the fluorescence filter cube: Press the variable keys

Cube | or Cube |

Fig. 69 Inserting the Booster Lens

Fig. 70 Inserting the Excitation Manager

57

9. Imaging Procedure for Leica DM4000 M

9.Imaging procedure for Leica DM4000 M

9.1 Incident Light

9.1.1 Bright Field

Switch to the incident light axis (IL) by pushing the TL/IL button.

Select the BF (bright field) contrast method. Do so by pressing the BF variable key. Alternatively: Press the CHANGE RL | variable key.

(For key occupation please see “Identification Sheet”.)

The display indicates BF.

Insert a specimen.

Rotate an appropriate objective into place.

Bring the image into focus using the focus dial and set the brightness using the INT function key.

9.1.2 Dark Field

Switch to the incident light axis (IL) by pushing the TL/IL button.

Select the DF (dark field) contrast method. Do so by pressing the DF variable key. Alternatively: Press the CHANGE RL | variable key.

(For key occupation please see “Identification Sheet”.)

The display indicates DF.

The DF reflector is turned into the beam path.

Insert a specimen.

Rotate an appropriate objective into place.

Bring the image into focus using the focus dial and set the brightness using the INT function key.

Notes:

The maximum objective aperture which may be used for dark field is 0.75. All objectives with greater aperture are automatically blocked for this procedure ("DF" flashes in the display).

When selecting the dark field method, the aperture diaphragm is opened completely and may not be adjusted. To avoid errors in operation, the function keys for setting the aperture diaphragm (AP) are locked.

58

9. Imaging Procedure for Leica DM4000 M

9.1.3 Polarization

Switch to the incident light axis (IL) by pushing the TL/IL button.

Select the POL (polarization) contrast method. Do so by pressing the POL variable key. Alternatively: Press the CHANGE RL | variable key.

(For key occupation please see “Identification Sheet”.)

The display indicates POL.

Automatic procedure:

The ICR filter cube is automatically brought into the light path.

Mechanical procedure:

Rotate the appropriate polarizer (71.3) and the IC/P analyzer (72.1) on the stand manually into the light path. Also bring the polarizer and analyzer into cross position until they reach maximum darkness.

Insert a specimen and rotate a suitable objective into place.

Fig. 71 Objective prism slide

 

1

Knurled wheel for fine focusing

 

2

Prism slot with inserted objective prism slide

Fig. 72

3

Insert polarizer

1 Insert analyzer

1

3

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

59

9. Imaging Procedure for Leica DM4000 M

9.1.4 Interference Contrast

Switch to the incident light axis (IL) by pushing the TL/IL button.

Insert a specimen and rotate a suitable objective into place.

Select the DIC contrast method.

Do so by pressing the DIC variable key. Alternatively: Press the CHANGE RL | variable key.

(For key occupation please see “Identification Sheet”.)

The display indicates ICR.

The ICR filter cube (containing polarizer and analyzer) is automatically brought into the light path on the incident light axis. Insert the objective prism slide into the prism slot (71.2).

Alternatively:

Rotate the ICR polarizer (71.3) and the IC/P analyzer (72.1) on the stand manually into the light path.

Insert the objective prism slide into the prism slot (71.2).

For fine adjustment, rotate the knurled screw (71.1) on the objective prism slide.

9.2 Transmitted Light

9.2.1 Bright Field

Switch to the transmitted light axis by pushing the TL/IL button.

Select the BF (bright field) contrast method. Do so by pressing the BF variable key. Alternatively: Press the CHANGE RL | variable key.

(For key occupation please see “Identification Sheet”.)

The display indicates BF.

Insert a transmitted light specimen.

Rotate an appropriate objective into place.

Use the focus dial to bring the image into focus and set the brightness using the INT function key.

60

10. Trouble Shooting

10. Trouble Shooting

Problem

Cause/Remedy

 

 

Stand

The microscope does not respond.

Make sure that voltage is impressed.

Make sure that the microscope is connected to the power supply.

Check the cable connections.

Inform service technician to change the fuses.

Illumination

The image is completely dark.

Open the shutter (→ p. 35).

Check the connection of the lamp houses to the microscope.

Transmitted axis: Incident (Fluo) axis:

Make sure that the lamps are connected to the power supply.

Inform service technician to change the fuses of the ebq 100.

The image is unevenly or not uniformly illumi-

Remove all unneeded filters from the light

nated.

path.

 

 

Center the lamp (→ p. 41ff).

 

Replace the old lamp (→

p. 20ff).

 

 

The illumination "flickers."

Be sure that there is no loose connection at

 

the power supply.

 

 

Replace the old lamp (→

p. 20ff).

 

 

 

The lamp does not illuminate immediately upon being switched on.

The ebq 100 must be switched-on repeatedly. Hot Hg lamps should cool down before switching on again.

61

10. Trouble Shooting

Problem

Cause/Remedy

 

 

Bright Field

The specimen can not be brought into focus.

Use the correct immersion medium.

Lay the specimen with the cover glass towards the top.

Make sure that the cover glass thickness is correct and that is conform to the indication on the objective.

Check the condenser centering.

Dark Field

No definite DF contrast is possible.

Be sure that a DF objective is being used.

The objective aperture setting is too high (maximum 0.75). If necessary, reduce the objective aperture using the iris diaphragm on the objective.

Check the condenser centering.

The image is unevenly or not uniformly illuminated.

The magnification is too weak. Use a higher magnification.

Undesirable stray light

Clean the specimen and neighboring lenses

 

(→ p. 65).

Phase contrast

No phase contrast is possible.

The specimen is too thick.

The refraction index of embedding material and object is identical.

The cover glass is not placed evenly. Therefore, check the centering of the light rings (→ p. 39).

62

10. Trouble Shooting

Problem

Cause/Remedy

 

 

Polarization

No polarization contrast is possible.

Bring the polarizer and analyzer into cross position until they reach maximum darkness (without specimen) (→ p. 55, 59).

Fluorescence

The image is completely dark (no fluorescence).

Open the shutter (→ p. 57).

Select the incident light axis (IL) (→ p. 36). Check the antigen-antibody combination.

The fluorescence is too weak.

Insert the Booster Lens (→ p. 29).

Center the lamp (→

p. 41ff).

Insert a new lamp (→

p. 20f).

Display

The display flashes.

Rotate an appropriate objective for the con-

 

trast method into the light path.

 

 

FAIL! appears.

Check insertion of objectives, cubes, etc.

63

11. Care of the Microscope

11. Care of the Microscope

Caution!

Unplug the power supply before performing cleaning and maintenance work!

Protect electrical components from moisture!

Microscopes in warm and warm-damp climatic zones require special care in order to prevent fungus contamination.

The microscope should be cleaned after each use, and the microscope optics should be kept strictly clean.

11.1 Dust Cover

Note:

To protect against dust, cover the microscope and accessories with the dust cover after each use.

Caution!

Let lamps cool down before covering the stand with a dust cover. The dust cover is not heat-resistant. In addition condensation water may occur.

11.2 Cleaning

Caution:

Residual! fiber and dust can create unwanted background fluorescence.

Cleaning Coated Parts

Dust and loose dirt particles can be removed with a soft brush or lint-free cotton cloth.

Clinging dirt can be cleaned with all commercially available water solutions, benzine or alcohol.

For cleaning coated parts, use a linen or leather cloth that is moistened with one of these substances.

Caution:

Acetone,! xylene or nitro-containing thinner can harm the microscope and thus may not be used.

Test cleaning solutions of unknown composition first on a less visible area of the unit. Be sure that coated or plastic surfaces do not become matted or etched.

Cleaning the Stage

Remove light-colored spots on the stage by rubbing with paraffin oil or acid-free Vaseline.

64

11. Care of the Microscope

Cleaning Glass Surfaces

Remove dust on glass surfaces with a fine, dry and fat-free hair brush, by blowing with a blow bag or vacuum suction.

Carefully remove stubborn dirt on glass surfaces with a clean cloth moistened with distilled water. If the dirt still can not be removed, use pure alcohol, chloroform or benzine.

Removing Immersion Oil

Caution!

Follow safety instructions for immersion oil!

First, wipe off the immersion oil with a clean cotton cloth, and then re-wipe the surface several times with ethyl alcohol.

Cleaning Objectives

Caution!

The objective may not be unscrewed during cleaning. If damage appears on inner surfaces, the objectives must be sent to your Leica subsidiary for repair. We also advise against cleaning the inside surfaces of the eyepieces.

The front lenses of objectives are cleaned as described under "Cleaning Glass Surfaces". The upper lens is cleaned by being blown off with a pneumatic pump.

11.3 Handling Acids and Bases

For examinations using acids or other aggressive chemicals, particular caution must be taken.

!Caution:

Be absolutely certain to prevent the optics and mechanical parts from coming these chemicals.

65

12. Wear and Spare Parts

12. Essential Wear and Spare Parts

Order No.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Material No.

Name

 

 

 

Used for

Replacement Lamp

 

 

 

 

 

 

500 974

Halogen lamp

12 V 100 W

107/2 lamp housing

500 137

High-pressure mercury burner

50 W

106 z lamp housing

500 138

High-pressure mercury burner

100 W

106 z lamp housing

500 321

High-pressure mercury burner

100 W

106 z lamp housing

 

 

 

(103 W/2)

 

500 139

High-pressure xenon burner

75 W

106 z lamp housing

Screw cap for unused objective receptacles

 

 

 

 

020-422.570-000

Screw cap M 25

 

 

 

Objective turret

Replacement eyecup (diaphragm protection) for HC PLAN eyepiece

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

021-500.017-005

HC PLAN eyecup

 

 

 

10x/25 eyepiece

021-264.520-018

HC PLAN eyecup

 

 

 

10x/22 eyepiece

021-264.520-018

HC PLAN eyecup

 

 

 

10x/20 eyepiece

Immersion Oil conforming to DIN/ISO standards, fluorescence-free

 

513 787

10 ml

 

 

 

OIL and IMM objectives

513 522

100 ml

 

 

 

and oil condenser heads

513 788

500 ml

 

 

 

 

66

13. Abbreviations and Pictograms

13. Abbreviations and Pictograms

 

 

 

 

 

Contrast method

+

Magnification

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Light intensity/diaphragms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beam splitting

 

Transmitted light shutter open

 

 

 

 

 

Transmitted light shutter closed

 

 

Incident light shutter open

 

Incident light shutter closed

AET

Advanced Ergo Tube

AP

Aperture diaphragm

BF

Brifght field

COMBI

Combination contrast method

CUBE

Filter cube

DF

Darkfield

DIC

Differentiated interference contrast

FD

Field diaphragm

FLUO

Fluo axis (incident light)

ICR

Interference contrast reflected light

ICT

Interference contrast transmitted light

IL

Incident light (axis)

INT

Intensity

MBDT

Motorized Basic Documentation Tube

PH

Phase contrast

POL

Polarization

TL

Transmitted light (axis)

67

14. Index

14. Index

Adjusting the light sources 41

Fluorescence 57

Objective aperture 54

Allowable ambient conditions 15

Fluorescence intensity 57

Objective prism slide 60

Ambient temperature 8, 9

Focus finder 33

Objectives 19, 50

 

Ambient conditions 15

Focusing 37, 47

Objective turret

10,

12

Analyzer 28, 55, 56, 59

Focusing telescope 39

Object stage

17, 46

 

Analyzer cube 55, 56

Function keys 12, 31, 36

 

 

 

 

Aperture diaphragm 12, 35, 38, 52

 

Phase contrast

39,

53

 

 

Gas discharge lamps 23, 24

Phase contrast rings (checking) 39

Beam splitting

49

 

Polarization

55,

59

 

Bright field 53,

58

Halogen lamp 21, 22, 42

Polarizer 55,

56, 59

 

Booster Lens 29, 57

Hg 50 burner 24

Polarizer L/ICR

27

 

 

 

 

Polarizer R/ICR

27

 

Cleaning 64

 

ICT/P transmitted light polarizator 27

Polarizer R/P

27

 

Cleaning objectives 65

 

Identification Sheet 19,

26, 28,

53

Prism slot 60

 

 

Coaxial pinion 46

 

Imaging procedure10,

53, 58

 

 

 

 

Condenser connector 18

 

Immersion oil 50,

65

 

 

 

Reflector cube 26

 

 

Condenser 11, 12, 18

 

Incident light axis

10

 

 

 

Reflector cube for lamp adjustment 41

Condenser centering 38

 

Incident light nosepiece disc 26

 

Reset function 31

 

 

Condenser height adjuster 17, 18

Incident light polarizators 27

 

Retention pin 26

 

 

Condenser holder 18

 

Incident light shutter

35

 

Rotating polarizer 27

 

 

Connection to power supply 30

 

Initialization 34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interference contrast

60

 

Shutter 57

 

 

Dark field 54, 58

 

Intermediate systems

16

 

Software Leica DMControl

11, 14

Dark field stop 54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Specimen holder 17

 

 

Defined function keys 36

 

Köhler illumination 18,

37

 

Supply unit ebq 100 9,

25,

46

DICprisms 28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Switch transmitted/incident light 12

Differentiated interference contrast 56

Lamp housing

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Display 12, 35

 

Lamp housing 106 z 21,

41

 

Touchscreen 11

 

 

DMControl 11, 14

 

Lamp housing 107/2 20,

41

 

Transmitted light and

 

 

 

 

Lamp housing receptacle 20, 22,

25

incident light analyzer 28

 

Electrical safety 8

 

Light intensity

35

 

 

 

 

Transmitted light axis

10

 

Electronics box Leica CTR5000 8,

30

Light sources

41,

52

 

 

 

Transmitted light filter

13

 

Ergomodule 29

 

Light sources (incident light axis) 21

Transmitted light shutter 35

Excitation Manager 10, 29, 57

 

Light sources (transmitted light axis)

20

 

 

 

Eyepiece 12, 49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Variable function keys

12, 13, 31, 36

 

 

Magnification changer 11, 51

 

Vision problems 49

 

 

Field diaphragm 12, 35, 52

 

Mercury lamp Hg 50 W 43

 

 

 

 

Filter block exchanger 13

 

Mercury lamp Hg 100W /Xe 75W 44

Xe 75 burner 24

 

 

Filter cube 26

 

Mirror housing 29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Filter cube ICR 59, 60

 

Motorized analyzer 28

 

 

 

 

 

FIM (Fluo Intensity Manager) 10,

52

Motorized polarizer 27

 

 

 

 

 

68

15. EU Declaration of Conformity

15. EU Declaration of Conformity

69