Intel D865PCD User Manual

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Intel® Desktop Board

D865PCD

Technical Product Specification

April 2004

Order Number: C73314-001

The Intel® Desktop Board D865PCD may contain design defects or errors known as errata that may cause the product to deviate from published specifications. Current characterized errata are documented in the Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Specification Update.

Revision History

Revision

Revision History

Date

-001

First release of the Intel® Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product

April 2004

 

Specification.

 

This product specification applies to only standard Intel® Desktop Board D865PCD with BIOS identifier RC86510A.86A.

Changes to this specification will be published in the Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Specification Update before being incorporated into a revision of this document.

INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED IN CONNECTION WITH INTEL® PRODUCTS. NO LICENSE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, BY ESTOPPEL OR OTHERWISE, TO ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IS GRANTED BY THIS DOCUMENT. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN INTEL’S TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE FOR SUCH PRODUCTS, INTEL ASSUMES NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER, AND INTEL DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY, RELATING TO SALE AND/OR USE OF INTEL PRODUCTS INCLUDING LIABILITY OR WARRANTIES RELATING TO FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, MERCHANTABILITY, OR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, COPYRIGHT OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT. INTEL PRODUCTS ARE NOT INTENDED FOR USE IN MEDICAL, LIFE SAVING, OR LIFE SUSTAINING APPLICATIONS.

Intel Corporation may have patents or pending patent applications, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights that relate to the presented subject matter. The furnishing of documents and other materials and information does not provide any license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any such patents, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights.

Intel may make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time, without notice.

Designers must not rely on the absence or characteristics of any features or instructions marked “reserved” or “undefined.” Intel reserves these for future definition and shall have no responsibility whatsoever for conflicts or incompatibilities arising from future changes to them.

Intel® desktop boards may contain design defects or errors known as errata, which may cause the product to deviate from published specifications. Current characterized errata are available on request.

Contact your local Intel sales office or your distributor to obtain the latest specifications before placing your product order.

Copies of documents which have an ordering number and are referenced in this document, or other Intel literature, may be obtained from:

Intel Corporation

P.O. Box 5937

Denver, CO 80217-9808

or call in North America 1-800-548-4725, Europe 44-0-1793-431-155, France 44-0-1793-421-777, Germany 44-0-1793-421-333, other Countries 708-296-9333.

Intel, Pentium, and Celeron are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.

* Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.

Copyright 2004, Intel Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Preface

This Technical Product Specification (TPS) specifies the board layout, components, connectors, power and environmental requirements, and the BIOS for the Intel® Desktop Board D865PCD. It describes the standard product and available manufacturing options.

Intended Audience

The TPS is intended to provide detailed, technical information about the Desktop Board D865PCD and its components to the vendors, system integrators, and other engineers and technicians who need this level of information. It is specifically not intended for general audiences.

What This Document Contains

Chapter Description

1A description of the hardware used on the Desktop Board D865PCD

2A map of the resources of the Desktop Board

3The features supported by the BIOS Setup program

4The contents of the BIOS Setup program’s menus and submenus

5A description of the BIOS error messages, beep codes, and POST codes

Typographical Conventions

This section contains information about the conventions used in this specification. Not all of these symbols and abbreviations appear in all specifications of this type.

Notes, Cautions, and Warnings

NOTE

Notes call attention to important information.

#INTEGRATOR’S NOTES

Integrator’s notes are used to call attention to information that may be useful to system integrators.

CAUTION

Cautions are included to help you avoid damaging hardware or losing data.

iii

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

WARNING

Warnings indicate conditions, which if not observed, can cause personal injury.

Other Common Notation

#Used after a signal name to identify an active-low signal (such as USBP0#)

(NxnX)

When used in the description of a component, N indicates component type, xn are the relative

 

coordinates of its location on the Desktop Board D865PCD, and X is the instance of the

 

particular part at that general location. For example, J5J1 is a connector, located at 5J. It is

 

the first connector in the 5J area.

GB

Gigabyte (1,073,741,824 bytes)

GB/sec

Gigabytes per second

KB

Kilobyte (1024 bytes)

Kbit

Kilobit (1024 bits)

kbits/sec

1000 bits per second

MB

Megabyte (1,048,576 bytes)

MB/sec

Megabytes per second

Mbit

Megabit (1,048,576 bits)

Mbit/sec

Megabits per second

xxh

An address or data value ending with a lowercase h indicates a hexadecimal value.

x.x V

Volts. Voltages are DC unless otherwise specified.

*This symbol is used to indicate third-party brands and names that are the property of their respective owners.

iv

Contents

1 Product Description

1.1

Overview ....................................................................................................................

12

 

1.1.1

Feature Summary ........................................................................................

12

 

1.1.2

Board Layout................................................................................................

13

 

1.1.3

Block Diagram..............................................................................................

14

1.2

Online Support ...........................................................................................................

15

1.3

Design Specifications .................................................................................................

16

1.4

Processor ...................................................................................................................

19

1.5

System Memory .........................................................................................................

20

 

1.5.1

Memory Configurations ................................................................................

22

1.6

Intel® 865P Chipset ....................................................................................................

24

 

1.6.1

Universal 0.8 V / 1.5 V AGP 3.0 Connector..................................................

24

 

1.6.2

USB..............................................................................................................

25

 

1.6.3

IDE Support .................................................................................................

26

 

1.6.4

Real-Time Clock, CMOS SRAM, and Battery...............................................

26

1.7

I/O Controller ..............................................................................................................

27

 

1.7.1

Serial Port ....................................................................................................

27

 

1.7.2

Parallel Port..................................................................................................

27

 

1.7.3

Diskette Drive Controller ..............................................................................

27

 

1.7.4

Keyboard and Mouse Interface ....................................................................

28

1.8

Audio Subsystem........................................................................................................

28

 

1.8.1

Realtek ALC202-based Audio Subsystem....................................................

28

 

1.8.2

Audio Connectors.........................................................................................

28

 

1.8.3

Audio Subsystem Software ..........................................................................

29

1.9

LAN Subsystem..........................................................................................................

29

 

1.9.1

Intel® 82562EZ Physical Layer Interface Device ..........................................

29

 

1.9.2

RJ-45 LAN Connector with Integrated LEDs ................................................

30

 

1.9.3

LAN Subsystem Software ............................................................................

30

1.10

Chassis Intrusion and Detection .................................................................................

30

1.11 Power Management ...................................................................................................

30

 

1.11.1

ACPI.............................................................................................................

31

 

1.11.2

Hardware Support ........................................................................................

33

2 Technical Reference

2.1

Introduction.................................................................................................................

37

2.2

Memory Map ..............................................................................................................

37

2.3

DMA Channels ...........................................................................................................

38

2.4

Fixed I/O Map.............................................................................................................

38

2.5

PCI Configuration Space Map ....................................................................................

39

2.6

Interrupts ....................................................................................................................

40

2.7

PCI Interrupt Routing Map ..........................................................................................

41

2.8

Connectors .................................................................................................................

43

 

2.8.1

Back Panel Connectors................................................................................

44

v

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

 

2.8.2

Internal I/O Connectors ................................................................................

45

 

2.8.3

External I/O Connectors ...............................................................................

52

2.9

Jumper Blocks............................................................................................................

56

 

2.9.1

Front Panel Audio Connector/Jumper Block.................................................

56

 

2.9.2

BIOS Setup Configuration Jumper Block......................................................

57

2.10

Mechanical Considerations.........................................................................................

58

 

2.10.1

Form Factor .................................................................................................

58

 

2.10.2

I/O Shield .....................................................................................................

59

2.11

Electrical Considerations ............................................................................................

60

 

2.11.1

DC Loading ..................................................................................................

60

 

2.11.2

Add-in Board Considerations........................................................................

60

 

2.11.3

Fan Connector Current Capability ................................................................

60

 

2.11.4

Power Supply Considerations ......................................................................

61

2.12

Thermal Considerations..............................................................................................

61

2.13

Reliability ....................................................................................................................

63

2.14

Environmental ............................................................................................................

64

2.15

Regulatory Compliance ..............................................................................................

65

 

2.15.1

Safety Regulations .......................................................................................

65

 

2.15.2

EMC Regulations .........................................................................................

65

 

2.15.3

European Union Declaration of Conformity Statement .................................

66

 

2.15.4

Product Ecology Statements ........................................................................

67

 

2.15.5

Product Certification Markings (Board Level) ...............................................

67

3 Overview of BIOS Features

3.1

Introduction.................................................................................................................

69

3.2

BIOS Flash Memory Organization ..............................................................................

69

3.3

Resource Configuration ..............................................................................................

70

 

3.3.1

PCI Autoconfiguration ..................................................................................

70

 

3.3.2

PCI IDE Support...........................................................................................

70

3.4

System Management BIOS (SMBIOS) .......................................................................

71

3.5

Legacy USB Support ..................................................................................................

71

3.6

BIOS Updates ............................................................................................................

72

 

3.6.1

Language Support........................................................................................

72

 

3.6.2

Custom Splash Screen.................................................................................

73

3.7

Recovering BIOS Data ...............................................................................................

73

3.8

Boot Options...............................................................................................................

74

 

3.8.1

CD-ROM Boot ..............................................................................................

74

 

3.8.2

Network Boot................................................................................................

74

 

3.8.3

Booting Without Attached Devices ...............................................................

74

 

3.8.4

Changing the Default Boot Device During POST..........................................

74

3.9

Fast Booting Systems with Intel® Rapid BIOS Boot ....................................................

75

 

3.9.1

Peripheral Selection and Configuration ........................................................

75

 

3.9.2

Intel Rapid BIOS Boot ..................................................................................

75

3.10

BIOS Security Features..............................................................................................

76

vi

Contents

4 BIOS Setup Program

4.1

Introduction.................................................................................................................

77

4.2

Maintenance Menu .....................................................................................................

78

4.3

Main Menu..................................................................................................................

79

4.4

Advanced Menu..........................................................................................................

80

 

4.4.1

PCI Configuration Submenu.........................................................................

81

 

4.4.2

Boot Configuration Submenu .......................................................................

82

 

4.4.3

Peripheral Configuration Submenu...............................................................

83

 

4.4.4

Drive Configuration Submenu ......................................................................

85

 

4.4.5

Floppy Configuration Submenu ....................................................................

88

 

4.4.6

Event Log Configuration Submenu...............................................................

89

 

4.4.7

Video Configuration Submenu......................................................................

90

 

4.4.8

USB Configuration Submenu .......................................................................

91

 

4.4.9

Chipset Configuration Submenu...................................................................

92

4.5

Security Menu ............................................................................................................

94

4.6

Power Menu ...............................................................................................................

95

 

4.6.1

ACPI Submenu ............................................................................................

95

4.7

Boot Menu ..................................................................................................................

96

 

4.7.1

Boot Device Priority Submenu......................................................................

97

 

4.7.2

Hard Disk Drives Submenu ..........................................................................

98

 

4.7.3

Removable Devices Submenu .....................................................................

98

 

4.7.4

ATAPI CD-ROM Drives Submenu ................................................................

99

4.8

Exit Menu ...................................................................................................................

99

5 Error Messages and Beep Codes

5.1

BIOS Error Messages...............................................................................................

101

5.2

Port 80h POST Codes..............................................................................................

103

5.3

Bus Initialization Checkpoints ...................................................................................

107

5.4

Speaker ...................................................................................................................

108

5.5

BIOS Beep Codes ....................................................................................................

108

vii

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

Figures

 

1.

Desktop Board D865PCD Components......................................................................

13

2.

Block Diagram ............................................................................................................

14

3.

Memory Channel Configuration ..................................................................................

22

4.

Example of Dual Channel Configuration with Dynamic Mode .....................................

23

5.

Example of Single Channel Configuration with Dynamic Mode...................................

23

6.

Example of Single Channel Configuration without Dynamic Mode.............................

24

7.

LAN Connector LED Locations ...................................................................................

30

8.

Back Panel Connectors ..............................................................................................

44

9.

Audio Connectors .......................................................................................................

46

10.

Power and Hardware Control Connectors ..................................................................

48

11.

D865PCD Add-in Board and Peripheral Interface Connectors....................................

51

12.

External I/O Connectors .............................................................................................

52

13.

Connection Diagram for Front Panel Connector .........................................................

53

14.

Connection Diagram for Front Panel USB Connector .................................................

55

15.

Location of the Jumper Blocks....................................................................................

56

16.

Desktop Board D865PCD Dimensions .......................................................................

58

17.

I/O Shield Dimensions ................................................................................................

59

18.

Localized High Temperature Zones............................................................................

62

Tables

 

 

1.

Feature Summary.......................................................................................................

12

2.

Specifications .............................................................................................................

16

3.

Supported System Bus Frequency and Memory Speed Combinations.......................

20

4.

Supported Memory Configurations .............................................................................

21

5.

Characteristics of Dual/Single Channel Configuration with/without Dynamic Mode.....

22

6.

LAN Connector LED States ........................................................................................

30

7.

Effects of Pressing the Power Switch .........................................................................

31

8.

Power States and Targeted System Power ................................................................

32

9.

Wake-up Devices and Events.....................................................................................

32

10.

System Memory Map..................................................................................................

37

11.

DMA Channels ...........................................................................................................

38

12.

I/O Map ......................................................................................................................

38

13.

PCI Configuration Space Map ....................................................................................

39

14.

Interrupts ....................................................................................................................

40

15.

PCI Interrupt Routing Map ..........................................................................................

42

16.

ATAPI CD-ROM Connector ........................................................................................

47

17.

Front Panel Audio Connector .....................................................................................

47

18.

Rear Chassis Fan Connector .....................................................................................

49

19.

ATX12V Power Connector..........................................................................................

49

20.

Processor Fan Connector...........................................................................................

49

21.

Main Power Connector ...............................................................................................

49

22.

Front Chassis Fan Connector .....................................................................................

50

23.

Chassis Intrusion Connector.......................................................................................

50

24.

Auxiliary Front Panel Power/Sleep/Message-Waiting LED Connector ........................

53

25.

Front Panel Connector ...............................................................................................

53

viii

Contents

26.

States for a One-Color Power LED.............................................................................

54

27.

States for a Two-Color Power LED.............................................................................

54

28.

Front Panel Audio Connector/Jumper Block ...............................................................

57

29.

BIOS Setup Configuration Jumper Settings................................................................

57

30.

DC Loading Characteristics ........................................................................................

60

31.

Fan Connector Current Capability ..............................................................................

60

32.

Thermal Considerations for Components ...................................................................

63

33.

Desktop Board D865PCD Environmental Specifications ............................................

64

34.

Safety Regulations .....................................................................................................

65

35.

EMC Regulations........................................................................................................

65

36.

Product Certification Markings....................................................................................

67

37.

Boot Device Menu Options .........................................................................................

74

38.

Supervisor and User Password Functions ..................................................................

76

39.

BIOS Setup Program Menu Bar .................................................................................

77

40.

BIOS Setup Program Function Keys ..........................................................................

78

41.

Maintenance Menu .....................................................................................................

78

42.

Main Menu..................................................................................................................

79

43.

Advanced Menu..........................................................................................................

80

44.

PCI Configuration Submenu .......................................................................................

81

45.

Boot Configuration Submenu......................................................................................

82

46.

Peripheral Configuration Submenu.............................................................................

83

47.

Drive Configuration Submenu.....................................................................................

85

48.

PATA Submenus ........................................................................................................

87

49.

Floppy Configuration Submenu ..................................................................................

88

50.

Event Log Configuration Submenu .............................................................................

89

51.

Video Configuration Submenu ....................................................................................

90

52.

USB Configuration Submenu......................................................................................

91

53.

Chipset Configuration Submenu .................................................................................

92

54.

Security Menu ............................................................................................................

94

55.

Power Menu ...............................................................................................................

95

56.

ACPI Submenu...........................................................................................................

95

57.

Boot Menu ..................................................................................................................

96

58.

Boot Device Priority Submenu ....................................................................................

97

59.

Hard Disk Drives Submenu ........................................................................................

98

60.

Removable Devices Submenu....................................................................................

98

61.

ATAPI CD-ROM Drives Submenu ..............................................................................

99

62.

Exit Menu ...................................................................................................................

99

63.

BIOS Error Messages...............................................................................................

101

64.

Uncompressed INIT Code Checkpoints....................................................................

103

65.

Boot Block Recovery Code Checkpoints ..................................................................

103

66.

Runtime Code Uncompressed in F000 Shadow RAM ..............................................

104

67.

Bus Initialization Checkpoints ...................................................................................

107

68.

Upper Nibble High Byte Functions............................................................................

107

69.

Lower Nibble High Byte Functions............................................................................

108

70.

Beep Codes..............................................................................................................

109

ix

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

x

1 Product Description

What This Chapter Contains

 

1.1

Overview ....................................................................................................................

12

1.2

Online Support ...........................................................................................................

15

1.3

Design Specifications .................................................................................................

16

1.4

Processor ...................................................................................................................

19

1.5

System Memory .........................................................................................................

20

1.6

Intel® 865P Chipset ....................................................................................................

24

1.7

I/O Controller ..............................................................................................................

27

1.8

Audio Subsystem........................................................................................................

28

1.9

LAN Subsystem..........................................................................................................

29

1.10

Chassis Intrusion and Detection .................................................................................

30

1.11

Power Management ...................................................................................................

30

11

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

1.1 Overview

1.1.1Feature Summary

Table 1 summarizes the major features of the Desktop Board D865PCD.

Table 1. Feature Summary

Form Factor

Processor

Memory

Chipset

Video

Audio

I/O Control

USB

Peripheral

Interfaces

LAN Support

BIOS

Instantly Available

PC Technology

Expansion

Capabilities

microATX (9.60 inches by 9.60 inches [243.84 millimeters by 243.84 millimeters])

Support for an Intel® Pentium® 4 processor in an mPGA478 socket with a 400 or 533 MHz system bus

Support for an Intel® Celeron® processor in an mPGA478 socket with a 400 MHz system bus

Two 184-pin DDR SDRAM Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMM) sockets

Support for DDR 333 and DDR 266 DIMMs

Support for up to 2 GB of system memory

Intel® 865P Chipset, consisting of:

Intel® 82865P Memory Controller Hub (MCH)

Intel® 82801EB I/O Controller Hub (ICH5)

4 Mbit Firmware Hub (FWH)

Universal 0.8 V / 1.5 V AGP 3.0 connector (with integrated retention mechanism) supporting 1x, 4x, and 8x AGP cards or an AGP Digital Display (ADD) card

Audio subsystem using the Realtek ALC202 codec

LPC Bus I/O controller

Support for USB 2.0 devices

Six USB ports

One serial port

One parallel port

Two Parallel ATA IDE interfaces with UDMA 33, ATA-66/100 support

One diskette drive interface

PS/2* keyboard and mouse ports

10/100 Mbits/sec LAN subsystem using the Intel® 82562EZ Platform LAN Connect (PLC) device

Intel/AMI BIOS (resident in the 4 Mbit FWH)

Support for Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI), Plug and Play, and SMBIOS

Support for PCI Local Bus Specification Revision 2.2

Suspend to RAM support

Wake on PCI, RS-232, front panel, PS/2 devices, and USB ports

Three PCI bus add-in card connectors (SMBus routed to PCI bus connector 2)

For information about

Available configurations for the Desktop Boards D865PCD

The board’s compliance level with ACPI, Plug and Play, and SMBIOS

Refer to

Section 1.2, page 16

Section 1.3, page 16

12

Product Description

1.1.2Board Layout

Figure 1 shows the location of the major components.

A

B

C D E

F

 

 

BB

 

 

 

 

 

G

 

 

 

 

 

 

AA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H

Z

 

 

 

 

 

 

Y

 

 

 

 

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

J

X

 

 

 

 

 

K

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

V

T

R

P

O

N

M

 

U

S

Q

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OM17040

A

Audio codec

O

Diskette drive connector

B

Front panel audio connector

P Parallel ATE IDE connectors

C

Ethernet PLC device (optional)

Q

Front chassis fan connector

D

AGP connector

R

Chassis intrusion connector

E

Rear chassis fan connector

S

4 Mbit Firmware Hub (FWH)

F

Back panel connectors

T

Speaker

G

+12V power connector (ATX12V)

U BIOS Setup configuration jumper block

H

mPGA478 processor socket

V

Auxiliary front panel power LED connector

I

Processor fan connector

W

Front panel connector

J

Intel 82865P MCH

X

Intel 82801EB I/O Controller Hub (ICH5)

K

DIMM Channel A socket

Y

Front panel USB connector

L

DIMM Channel B socket

Z

Battery

M

I/O controller

AA

PCI bus add-in card connectors

N

Power connector

BB

ATAPI CD-ROM connector

 

 

 

 

Figure 1. Desktop Board D865PCD Components

13

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

1.1.3Block Diagram

Figure 2 is a block diagram of the major functional areas of the board.

= connector or socket

 

 

Back Panel/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Front Panel

 

 

 

USB Ports

Parallel ATA IDE

Parallel ATA

USB

 

Connectors (2)

IDE Interface

 

 

 

 

 

 

Serial Port

 

 

LPC Bus

Parallel Port

 

 

I/O

PS/2 Mouse

 

 

Controller

 

 

PS/2 Keyboard

 

 

 

mPGA478

System Bus

 

 

 

 

Processor Socket

(400/533 MHz)

 

 

 

Diskette Drive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connector

 

 

 

LPC

 

 

 

 

 

Bus

 

 

AGP

Intel 82865P

AHA

Intel 82801EB

 

4 Mbit

Memory Controller

I/O Controller Hub

Firmware Hub

Bus

Interface

Hub (MCH)

(ICH5)

 

(FWH)

 

 

Universal 0.8/

 

 

 

Intel 865P Chipset

1.5 V AGP 3.0

 

 

 

Connector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CSMA/CD

 

 

 

 

 

Unit Interface

 

 

 

Dual-Channel

 

 

10/100

LAN

 

 

 

LAN PLC

Connector

Channel A

Memory Bus

 

 

 

 

 

 

SMBus

 

 

 

 

DIMM

 

AC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Channel B

 

 

Link

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIMM

 

 

 

 

Line Out

 

 

 

 

Realtek

Line In

 

PCI Bus

 

 

ALC202

Mic In

 

 

 

Audio Codec

PCI Slot 1

 

 

 

 

CD-ROM

 

 

 

 

 

PCI Slot 2

SMBus

 

 

 

 

PCI Slot 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OM17046

Figure 2. Block Diagram

14

1.2 Online Support

To find information about…

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD under “Desktop Board Products” or “Desktop Board Support”

Available configurations for the Desktop Board D865PCD

Processor data sheets

ICH5 addressing

Custom splash screens

Audio software and utilities

LAN software and drivers

Product Description

Visit this World Wide Web site:

http://www.intel.com/design/motherbd

http://support.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop

http://developer.intel.com/design/motherbd/cd/cd_available.htm

http://www.intel.com/design/litcentr

http://developer.intel.com/design/chipsets/datashts

http://intel.com/design/motherbd/gen_indx.htm

http://www.intel.com/design/motherbd

http://www.intel.com/design/motherbd

15

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

1.3 Design Specifications

Table 2 lists the specifications applicable to the Desktop Board D865PCD.

Table 2. Specifications

Reference

Name

AC ’97

ACPI

AGP

AMI BIOS

ASF

ATA/ ATAPI-5

ATX

ATX12V

BIS

Specification

Version, Revision Date,

The information is

Title

and Ownership

available from…

Audio Codec ’97

Revision 2.2,

ftp://download.intel.com/labs/

 

September 2000,

media/audio/download/ac97r

 

Intel Corporation.

22.pdf

Advanced Configuration and

Version 2.0,

http://www.acpi.info/spec.htm

Power Interface

July 27, 2000,

 

Specification

Compaq Computer

 

 

Corporation,

 

 

Intel Corporation,

 

 

Microsoft Corporation,

 

 

Phoenix Technologies

 

 

Limited, and

 

 

Toshiba Corporation.

 

Accelerated Graphics Port

Revision 3.0,

http://www.agpforum.org/spec

Interface Specification

September 2002,

s_specs.htm

 

Intel Corporation.

 

AMIBIOS Desktop Core 8.0

AMIBIOS 8.0,

http://www.ami.com/support/d

 

2001,

oc/amibios8.pdf

 

American Megatrends, Inc.

 

Alert Standard Format (ASF)

Version 1.03,

http://www.dmtf.org/standards

Specification

June 20, 2001,

/documents/ASF/DSP0114.p

 

DMTF,

df

 

Intel Corporation.

 

Information Technology-AT

Revision 3,

http://www.t13.org

Attachment with Packet

February 29, 2000,

 

Interface - 5 (ATA/ATAPI-5)

Contact: T13 Chair,

 

 

Seagate Technology.

 

ATX Specification

Version 2.03,

http://www.formfactors.org/de

 

December 1998,

veloper/specs/atx/atxspecs.ht

 

Intel Corporation.

m

ATX/ATX12V Power Supply

Version 1.2,

http://www.formfactors.org/de

Design Guide

August 2000,

veloper/specs/atx/atxspecs.ht

 

Intel Corporation.

m

Boot Integrity Services (BIS)

Version 1.0,

http://www.intel.com/labs/man

Application Programming

August 4, 1999,

age/wfm/wfmspecs.htm

Interface (API)

Intel Corporation.

 

continued

16

Product Description

Table 2.

Specifications (continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reference

 

Specification

Version, Revision Date and

The information is

Name

 

Title

Ownership

available from…

DDR

 

Double Data Rate (DDR)

Version 1.0,

http://www.jedec.org/

SDRAM

 

SDRAM Specification

June 2000,

 

 

 

 

JEDEC Solid State Technology

 

 

 

 

Association.

 

 

 

Design Specification for

Revision 1.0,

http://www.jedec.org/

 

 

a 184 Pin DDR

October 2001,

 

 

 

Unbuffered DIMM

JEDEC Solid State Technology

 

 

 

 

Association.

 

 

 

Intel® JEDEC DDR

Revision 0.9,

http://developer.intel.com/t

 

 

200/266 Unbuffered

September 27, 2001,

echnology/memory/index.ht

 

 

DIMM Specification

Intel Corporation.

m

 

 

Addendum

 

 

EHCI

 

Enhanced Host

Revision 1.0,

http://developer.intel.com/t

 

 

Controller Interface

March 12, 2002,

echnology/usb/download/e

 

 

Specification for

Intel Corporation.

hci-r10.pdf

 

 

Universal Serial Bus

 

 

EPP

 

IEEE Std 1284.1-1997

Version 1.7,

http://standards.ieee.org/re

 

 

(Enhanced Parallel Port)

1997,

ading/ieee/std_public/descr

 

 

 

Institute of Electrical and

iption/busarch/1284.1-

 

 

 

Electronic Engineers.

1997_desc.html

El Torito

 

Bootable CD-ROM

Version 1.0,

http://www.phoenix.com/res

 

 

Format Specification

January 25, 1995,

ources/specs-cdrom.pdf

 

 

 

Phoenix Technologies Limited

 

 

 

 

and International Business

 

 

 

 

Machines Corporation.

 

LPC

 

Low Pin Count Interface

Revision 1.0,

http://www.intel.com/design

 

 

Specification

September 29, 1997,

/chipsets/industry/lpc.htm

 

 

 

Intel Corporation.

 

MicroATX

 

microATX Motherboard

Version 1.0,

http://www.formfactors.org/

 

 

Interface Specification

December 1997,

developer/specs/microatx/

 

 

 

Intel Corporation.

microatxspecs.htm

PCI

 

PCI Local Bus

Revision 2.2,

http://www.pcisig.com/speci

 

 

Specification

December 18, 1998,

fications

 

 

 

PCI Special Interest Group.

 

 

 

PCI Bus Power

Revision 1.1,

http://www.pcisig.com/speci

 

 

Management Interface

December 18, 1998,

fications

 

 

Specification

PCI Special Interest Group.

 

Plug and

 

Plug and Play BIOS

Version 1.0a,

http://www.microsoft.com/h

Play

 

Specification

May 5, 1994,

wdev/tech/PnP/default.asp

 

 

 

Compaq Computer Corporation,

 

 

 

 

Phoenix Technologies Limited,

 

 

 

 

and Intel Corporation.

 

 

 

 

 

continued

17

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

Table 2.

Specifications (continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reference

 

Specification

Version, Revision Date

The information is

Name

 

Title

and Ownership

available from…

PXE

 

Preboot Execution

Version 2.1,

ftp://download.intel.com/lab

 

 

Environment

September 20, 1999,

s/manage/wfm/download/p

 

 

 

Intel Corporation.

xespec.pdf

SFX

 

SFX/SFX12V Power

Version 2.0,

http://www.formfactors.org/

 

 

Supply Design Guide

May 2001,

developer/specs/sfx/sfx12v.

 

 

 

Intel Corporation.

pdf

SMBIOS

 

System Management

Version 2.3.1,

http://www.dmtf.org/downlo

 

 

BIOS

March 16, 1999,

ad/standards/DSP0119.pdf

 

 

 

American Megatrends

 

 

 

 

Incorporated,

 

 

 

 

Award Software International

 

 

 

 

Incorporated,

 

 

 

 

Compaq Computer Corporation,

 

 

 

 

Dell Computer Corporation,

 

 

 

 

Hewlett-Packard Company,

 

 

 

 

Intel Corporation,

 

 

 

 

International Business Machines

 

 

 

 

Corporation,

 

 

 

 

Phoenix Technologies Limited,

 

 

 

 

and SystemSoft Corporation.

 

TFX12V

 

TFX12V Power Supply

Revision 1.01,

http://www.formfactors.org/

 

 

Design Guide

May 2002,

developer/specs/tfx12v/tfx1

 

 

 

Intel Corporation.

2v_psdg_101.pdf

UHCI

 

Universal Host Controller

Revision 1.1,

http://developer.intel.com/d

 

 

Interface Design Guide

March 1996,

esign/USB/UHCI11D.htm

 

 

 

Intel Corporation.

 

USB

 

Universal Serial Bus

Revision 2.0,

http://www.usb.org/develop

 

 

Specification

April 27, 2000,

ers/docs

 

 

 

Compaq Computer Corporation,

 

 

 

 

Hewlett-Packard Company,

 

 

 

 

Lucent Technologies Inc.,

 

 

 

 

Intel Corporation,

 

 

 

 

Microsoft Corporation,

 

 

 

 

NEC Corporation, and

 

 

 

 

Koninklijke Philips Electronics

 

 

 

 

N.V.

 

 

 

 

 

 

WfM

 

Wired for Management

Version 2.0,

http://www.intel.com/labs/m

 

 

Baseline

December 18, 1998,

anage/wfm/wfmspecs.htm

 

 

 

Intel Corporation.

 

18

Product Description

1.4 Processor

NOTE

Refer to Thermal Considerations (Section 2.12, page 61) for important information when using an Intel Pentium 4 processor operating above 2.80 GHz with this Intel® desktop board.

The board is designed to support the following:

Intel Pentium 4 processors in an mPGA478 processor socket with a 400 or 533 MHz system bus

Intel Celeron processors in an mPGA478 processor socket with a 400 MHz system bus

See the Intel web site listed below for the most up-to-date list of supported processors.

For information about…

Refer to:

Supported processors for the D865PCD board

http://www.intel.com/design/motherbd/cd/cd_proc.htm

 

 

CAUTION

Use only the processors listed on web site above. Use of unsupported processors can damage the board, the processor, and the power supply.

#INTEGRATOR’S NOTES

Use only ATX12V-, SFX12V-, or TFX12V-compliant power supplies. ATX12V, SFX12V, and TFX12V power supplies have an additional power lead that provides required supplemental power for the processor. Always connect the 20-pin and 4-pin leads of ATX12V, SFX12V, and TFX12V power supplies to the corresponding connectors on the desktop board, otherwise the board will not boot.

Do not use a standard ATX power supply. The board will not boot with a standard ATX power supply.

Refer to Table 3 on page 20 for a list of supported system bus frequency and memory speed combinations.

For information about

Power supply connectors

Refer to

Section 2.8.2.2, page 46

19

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

1.5 System Memory

The board has two DIMM sockets and supports the following memory features:

2.5 V (only) 184-pin DDR SDRAM DIMMs with gold-plated contacts

Unbuffered, single-sided or double-sided DIMMs with the following restriction:Double-sided DIMMS with x16 organization are not supported.

2 GB maximum total system memory

Minimum total system memory: 64 MB

Non-ECC DIMMs

Serial Presence Detect

DDR333 and DDR266 SDRAM DIMMs

Table 3 lists the supported system bus frequency and memory speed combinations.

Table 3. Supported System Bus Frequency and Memory Speed Combinations

To use this type of DIMM…

DDR333

DDR266

The processor's system bus frequency must be…

533 MHz

533 or 400 MHz

NOTES

Remove the AGP video card before installing or upgrading memory to avoid interference with the memory retention mechanism.

To be fully compliant with all applicable DDR SDRAM memory specifications, the board should be populated with DIMMs that support the Serial Presence Detect (SPD) data structure. This allows the BIOS to read the SPD data and program the chipset to accurately configure memory settings for optimum performance. If non-SPD memory is installed, the BIOS will attempt to correctly configure the memory settings, but performance and reliability may be impacted or the DIMMs may not function under the determined frequency.

For information about

Refer to

Obtaining DDR SDRAM specifications

Section 1.3, page 16

 

 

20

Product Description

Table 4 lists the supported DIMM configurations.

Table 4.

Supported Memory Configurations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIMM

 

 

DDR SDRAM

DDR SDRAM Organization

Number of DDR

Capacity

 

Configuration

Density

Front-side/Back-side

SDRAM Devices

64 MB

 

SS

64 Mbit

8 M x 8/empty

8

64 MB

 

SS

128 Mbit

8 M x 16/empty

4

128 MB

 

DS

64 Mbit

8 M x 8/8 M x 8

16

128 MB

 

SS

128 Mbit

16

M x 8/empty

8

128 MB

 

SS

256 Mbit

16

M x 16/empty

4

256 MB

 

DS

128 Mbit

16 M x 8/16 M x 8

16

256 MB

 

SS

256 Mbit

32

M x 8/empty

8

256 MB

 

SS

512 Mbit

32

M x 16/empty

4

512 MB

 

DS

256 Mbit

32 M x 8/32 M x 8

16

512 MB

 

SS

512 Mbit

64

M x 8/empty

8

1024 MB

 

DS

512 Mbit

64 M x 8/64 M x 8

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: In the second column, “DS” refers to double-sided memory modules (containing two rows of DDR SDRAM) and “SS” refers to single-sided memory modules (containing one row of DDR SDRAM).

21

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

1.5.1Memory Configurations

The Intel 82865P MCH component provides two features for enhancing memory throughput:

Dual Channel memory interface. The board has two memory channels, each with a single DIMM socket, as shown in Figure 3

Dynamic Addressing Mode. Dynamic mode minimizes overhead by reducing memory accesses

Table 5 summarizes the characteristics of Dual and Single Channel configurations with and without the use of Dynamic Mode.

Table 5. Characteristics of Dual/Single Channel Configuration with/without Dynamic Mode

Throughput

 

 

Level

Configuration

Characteristics

Highest

Dual Channel with Dynamic Mode

DIMMs matched

 

 

(Example configuration shown in Figure 4)

Single Channel with Dynamic Mode

Single Channel without Dynamic Mode

Single DIMM

(Example configuration shown in Figure 5)

DIMMs not matched

(Example configuration shown in Figure 6)

Lowest

Channel A DIMM

Channel B, DIMM

OM17042

Figure 3. Memory Channel Configuration

22

Product Description

Single Channel Configuration without Dynamic Mode (DIMMs not matched)

Intel

Channel A DIMM 82865P Channel B DIMM

MCH

Throughput

 

Level

Configuration

 

 

Highest

Dual Channel with Dynamic Mode

 

Single Channel with Dynamic Mode

 

Single Channel without Dynamic Mode

Lowest

 

 

 

OM17043

Characteristics

DIMMs matched

Single DIMM

DIMMs not matched

Figure 4. Example of Dual Channel Configuration with Dynamic Mode

Single Channel Configuration with Dynamic Mode (Single DIMM)

Intel

Channel A DIMM 82865P Channel B DIMM

MCH

Throughput

 

Level

Configuration

 

 

Highest

Dual Channel with Dynamic Mode

 

Single Channel with Dynamic Mode

 

Single Channel without Dynamic Mode

Lowest

 

 

 

OM17044

Characteristics

DIMMs matched

Single DIMM

DIMMs not matched

Figure 5. Example of Single Channel Configuration with Dynamic Mode

23

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

Dual Channel Configuration with Dynamic Mode (DIMMs matched)

Intel

Channel A DIMM 82865P Channel B DIMM

MCH

Throughput

 

Level

Configuration

 

 

Highest

Dual Channel with Dynamic Mode

 

Single Channel with Dynamic Mode

 

Single Channel without Dynamic Mode

Lowest

 

 

 

OM17045

Characteristics

DIMMs matched

Single DIMM

DIMMs not matched

Figure 6. Example of Single Channel Configuration without Dynamic Mode

1.6 Intel® 865P Chipset

The Intel 865P chipset consists of the following devices:

Intel 82865P Memory Controller Hub (MCH) with Accelerated Hub Architecture (AHA) bus

Intel 82801EB I/O Controller Hub (ICH5) with AHA bus

Firmware Hub (FWH)

The MCH is a centralized controller for the system bus, the memory bus, the AGP bus, and the

Accelerated Hub Architecture interface. The ICH5 is a centralized controller for the board’s I/O paths. The FWH provides the nonvolatile storage of the BIOS.

For information about

The Intel 865P chipset

Resources used by the chipset

Refer to

http://developer.intel.com/

Chapter 2

1.6.1Universal 0.8 V / 1.5 V AGP 3.0 Connector

The AGP connector supports the following:

4x, 8x AGP 3.0 add-in cards with 0.8 V I/O

1x, 4x AGP 2.0 add-in cards with 1.5 V I/O

AGP Digital Display (ADD) cards

24

Product Description

AGP is a high-performance interface for graphics-intensive applications, such as 3D applications. While based on the PCI Local Bus Specification, Rev. 2.2, AGP is independent of the PCI bus and is intended for exclusive use with graphical display devices. AGP overcomes certain limitations of the PCI bus related to handling large amounts of graphics data with the following features:

Pipelined memory read and write operations that hide memory access latency

Demultiplexing of address and data on the bus for nearly 100 percent efficiency

#INTEGRATOR’S NOTES

AGP 2x operation is not supported.

Install memory in the DIMM sockets prior to installing the AGP video card to avoid interference with the memory retention mechanism.

The AGP connector is keyed for Universal 0.8 V AGP 3.0 cards or 1.5 V AGP 2.0 cards only. Do not attempt to install a legacy 3.3 V AGP card. The AGP connector is not mechanically compatible with legacy 3.3 V AGP cards.

For information about

The location of the AGP connector

Obtaining the Accelerated Graphics Port Interface Specification

Refer to

Figure 1, page 13

Section 1.3, page 16

1.6.2USB

The board supports up to six USB 2.0 ports, supports UHCI and EHCI, and uses UHCIand EHCIcompatible drivers.

The ICH5 provides the USB controller for all ports. The port arrangement is as follows:

Two ports are implemented with stacked back panel connectors, adjacent to the PS/2 connectors

Two ports are implemented with stacked back panel connectors, adjacent to the audio connectors

Two ports are routed to a front panel USB connector

NOTES

Computer systems that have an unshielded cable attached to a USB port may not meet FCC Class B requirements, even if no device is attached to the cable. Use shielded cable that meets the requirements for full-speed devices.

Native USB 2.0 support has been tested with drivers for Windows* 2000 (with Service Pack 3) and Windows XP (with Service Pack 1) and is not currently supported by any other operating system. Check Intel’s Desktop Board website for possible driver updates for other operating systems.

For information about

The location of the USB connectors on the back panel

The location of the front panel USB connector

The EHCI, front panel, UHCI, and USB specifications

Refer to

Figure 8, page 44

Figure 12, page 52

Section 1.3, page 16

25

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

1.6.3IDE Support

The board provides two Parallel ATA IDE connectors, which support a total of four devices (two per connector). The ICH5’s Parallel ATA IDE controller has two independent bus-mastering Parallel ATA IDE interfaces that can be independently enabled. The Parallel ATA IDE interfaces support the following modes:

Programmed I/O (PIO): processor controls data transfer.

8237-style DMA: DMA offloads the processor, supporting transfer rates of up to 16 MB/sec.

Ultra DMA: DMA protocol on IDE bus supporting host and target throttling and transfer rates of up to 33 MB/sec.

ATA-66: DMA protocol on IDE bus supporting host and target throttling and transfer rates of up to 66 MB/sec. ATA-66 protocol is similar to Ultra DMA and is device driver compatible.

ATA-100: DMA protocol on IDE bus allows host and target throttling. The ICH5’s ATA-100 logic can achieve read transfer rates up to 100 MB/sec and write transfer rates up to 88 MB/sec.

NOTE

ATA-66 and ATA-100 are faster timings and require a specialized cable to reduce reflections, noise, and inductive coupling.

The Parallel ATA IDE interfaces also support ATAPI devices (such as CD-ROM drives) and ATA devices using the transfer modes listed in Section 4.4.4.1 on page 86.

The BIOS supports Logical Block Addressing (LBA) and Extended Cylinder Head Sector (ECHS) translation modes. The drive reports the transfer rate and translation mode to the BIOS.

The board supports Laser Servo (LS-120) diskette technology through the Parallel ATA IDE interfaces. An LS-120 drive can be configured as a boot device by setting the BIOS Setup program’s Boot menu to one of the following:

ARMD-FDD (ATAPI removable media device – floppy disk drive)

ARMD-HDD (ATAPI removable media device – hard disk drive)

For information about

Refer to

The location of the Parallel ATA IDE connectors

Figure 11, page 51

 

 

1.6.4Real-Time Clock, CMOS SRAM, and Battery

A coin-cell battery (CR2032) powers the real-time clock and CMOS memory. When the computer is not plugged into a wall socket, the battery has an estimated life of three years. When the computer is plugged in, the standby current from the power supply extends the life of the battery. The clock is accurate to ± 13 minutes/year at 25 ºC with 3.3 VSB applied.

NOTE

If the battery and AC power fail, custom defaults, if previously saved, will be loaded into CMOS RAM at power-on.

26

Product Description

1.7 I/O Controller

The I/O controller provides the following features:

One serial port

One parallel port with Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) and Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) support

Serial IRQ interface compatible with serialized IRQ support for PCI systems

PS/2-style mouse and keyboard interfaces

Interface for one 1.44 MB or 2.88 MB diskette drive

Intelligent power management, including a programmable wake-up event interface

PCI power management support

The BIOS Setup program provides configuration options for the I/O controller.

For information about

SMSC LPC47M172 I/O controller

National Semiconductor PC87372 I/O Controller

Refer to

http://www.smsc.com

http://www.national.com/

1.7.1Serial Port

The boards have one serial port connector located on the back panel. The serial port supports data transfers at speeds up to 115.2 kbits/sec with BIOS support.

For information about

Refer to

The location of the serial port A connector

Figure 8, page 44

 

 

1.7.2Parallel Port

The 25-pin D-Sub parallel port connector is located on the back panel. Use the BIOS Setup program to set the parallel port mode.

For information about

The location of the parallel port connector

Setting the parallel port’s mode

Refer to

Figure 8, page 44

Table 46, page 83

1.7.3Diskette Drive Controller

The I/O controller supports one diskette drive. Use the BIOS Setup program to configure the diskette drive interface.

For information about

The location of the diskette drive connector on the D865PCD board

The supported diskette drive capacities and sizes

Refer to

Figure 11, page 51

Table 49, page 88

27

Intel Desktop Board D865PCD Technical Product Specification

1.7.4Keyboard and Mouse Interface

PS/2 keyboard and mouse connectors are located on the back panel.

NOTE

The keyboard is supported in the bottom PS/2 connector and the mouse is supported in the top PS/2 connector. Power to the computer should be turned off before a keyboard or mouse is connected or disconnected.

For information about

Refer to

The location of the keyboard and mouse connectors

Figure 8, page 44

 

 

1.8 Audio Subsystem

The board provides an audio subsystem based on the Realtek ALC202 codec.

1.8.1Realtek ALC202-based Audio Subsystem

The Realtek ALC202-based audio subsystem consists of the following devices:

Intel 82801EB I/O Controller Hub (ICH5)

Realtek ALC202 audio codec

The audio subsystem includes these features:

Signal-to-noise ratio ≥ 90 dB

Supports wake events (driver dependent)

Mic in pre-amp that supports dynamic, condenser, and electret microphones

The back panel audio connectors for this audio subsystem including the following:

Line out

Line in

Mic in

1.8.2Audio Connectors

1.8.2.1Front Panel Audio Connector

A 2 x 5-pin connector provides mic in and line out signals for front panel audio connectors.

For information about

The location of the connector

The signal names of the front panel audio connector

Refer to

Figure 9, page 46

Table 17, page 47

NOTE

The front panel audio connector is alternately used as a jumper block for routing audio signals. Refer to Section 2.9.1 on page 56 for more information.

28

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