ZyXEL Communications XGS-4728F User Manual

4 (1)

XGS-4728F

Intelligent Layer 3+ Switch

Default Login Details

IP Address

http://192.168.0.1

 

(Out-of-band

 

MGMT port)

 

http://192.168.1.1

 

(In-band ports)

User Name

admin

Password

1234

 

 

Firmware Version 3.90

Edition 2, 04/2010

www.zyxel.com

Copyright © 2010

ZyXEL Communications Corporation

About This User's Guide

About This User's Guide

Intended Audience

This manual is intended for people who want to configure the Switch using the web configurator.

Related Documentation

Web Configurator Online Help

The embedded Web Help contains descriptions of individual screens and supplementary information.

Command Reference Guide

The Command Reference Guide explains how to use the Command-Line Interface (CLI) and CLI commands to configure the Switch.

Note: It is recommended you use the web configurator to configure the Switch.

Support Disc

Refer to the included CD for support documents.

Documentation Feedback

Send your comments, questions or suggestions to: techwriters@zyxel.com.tw

Thank you!

The Technical Writing Team, ZyXEL Communications Corp.,

6 Innovation Road II, Science-Based Industrial Park, Hsinchu, 30099, Taiwan.

Need More Help?

More help is available at www.zyxel.com.

 

3

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

About This User's Guide

Download Library

Search for the latest product updates and documentation from this link. Read the Tech Doc Overview to find out how to efficiently use the User Guide, Quick Start Guide and Command Line Interface Reference Guide in order to better understand how to use your product.

Knowledge Base

If you have a specific question about your product, the answer may be here. This is a collection of answers to previously asked questions about ZyXEL products.

Forum

This contains discussions on ZyXEL products. Learn from others who use ZyXEL products and share your experiences as well.

Customer Support

Should problems arise that cannot be solved by the methods listed above, you should contact your vendor. If you cannot contact your vendor, then contact a ZyXEL office for the region in which you bought the device.

See http://www.zyxel.com/web/contact_us.php for contact information. Please have the following information ready when you contact an office.

Product model and serial number.

Warranty Information.

Date that you received your device.

Brief description of the problem and the steps you took to solve it.

4

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

Document Conventions

Document Conventions

Warnings and Notes

These are how warnings and notes are shown in this User’s Guide.

Warnings tell you about things that could harm you or your device.

Note: Notes tell you other important information (for example, other things you may need to configure or helpful tips) or recommendations.

Syntax Conventions

The XGS-4728F may be referred to as the “Switch”, the “device”, the “system” or the “product” in this User’s Guide.

Product labels, screen names, field labels and field choices are all in bold font.

A key stroke is denoted by square brackets and uppercase text, for example, [ENTER] means the “enter” or “return” key on your keyboard.

“Enter” means for you to type one or more characters and then press the [ENTER] key. “Select” or “choose” means for you to use one of the predefined choices.

A right angle bracket ( > ) within a screen name denotes a mouse click. For example, Maintenance > Log > Log Setting means you first click Maintenance in the navigation panel, then the Log sub menu and finally the Log Setting tab to get to that screen.

Units of measurement may denote the “metric” value or the “scientific” value. For example, “k” for kilo may denote “1000” or “1024”, “M” for mega may denote “1000000” or “1048576” and so on.

 

5

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

Document Conventions

Icons Used in Figures

Figures in this User’s Guide may use the following generic icons. The Switch icon is not an exact representation of your device.

The Switch

Computer

Notebook computer

 

 

 

Server

DSLAM

Firewall

 

 

 

Telephone

Switch

Router

 

 

 

6

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

Safety Warnings

Safety Warnings

Do NOT use this product near water, for example, in a wet basement or near a swimming pool.

Do NOT expose your device to dampness, dust or corrosive liquids.

Do NOT store things on the device.

Do NOT install, use, or service this device during a thunderstorm. There is a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.

Connect ONLY suitable accessories to the device.

Do NOT open the device or unit. Opening or removing covers can expose you to dangerous high voltage points or other risks. ONLY qualified service personnel should service or disassemble this device. Please contact your vendor for further information.

For continued protection against risk of fire replace only with same type and rating of fuse.

Make sure to connect the cables to the correct ports.

Place connecting cables carefully so that no one will step on them or stumble over them.

Always disconnect all cables from this device before servicing or disassembling.

Use ONLY an appropriate power adaptor or cord for your device. Connect it to the right supply voltage (for example, 110V AC in North America or 230V AC in Europe).

Do NOT allow anything to rest on the power adaptor or cord and do NOT place the product where anyone can walk on the power adaptor or cord.

Do NOT use the device if the power adaptor or cord is damaged as it might cause electrocution.

If the power adaptor or cord is damaged, remove it from the device and the power source.

Do NOT attempt to repair the power adaptor or cord. Contact your local vendor to order a new one.

Do not use the device outside, and make sure all the connections are indoors. There is a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.

Do NOT obstruct the device ventilation slots, as insufficient airflow may harm your device.

Your product is marked with this symbol, which is known as the WEEE mark. WEEE stands for Waste Electronics and Electrical Equipment. It means that used electrical and electronic products should not be mixed with general waste. Used electrical and electronic equipment should be treated separately.

 

7

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

Safety Warnings

8

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

Contents Overview

Contents Overview

Introduction ............................................................................................................................

23

Getting to Know Your Switch .....................................................................................................

25

Hardware Installation and Connection .......................................................................................

31

Hardware Overview ...................................................................................................................

35

Basic Configuration ...............................................................................................................

43

The Web Configurator ...............................................................................................................

45

Initial Setup Example .................................................................................................................

55

Tutorials .....................................................................................................................................

61

System Status and Port Statistics ..............................................................................................

71

Basic Setting .............................................................................................................................

77

Advanced Setup .....................................................................................................................

93

VLAN .........................................................................................................................................

95

Static MAC Forward Setup .......................................................................................................

115

Static Multicast Forward Setup .................................................................................................

119

Filtering ....................................................................................................................................

123

Spanning Tree Protocol ...........................................................................................................

125

Bandwidth Control ...................................................................................................................

145

Broadcast Storm Control .........................................................................................................

149

Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................

151

Link Aggregation ......................................................................................................................

153

Port Authentication ..................................................................................................................

163

Port Security ............................................................................................................................

169

Classifier ..................................................................................................................................

173

Policy Rule ..............................................................................................................................

179

Queuing Method ......................................................................................................................

187

VLAN Stacking .........................................................................................................................

191

Multicast ..................................................................................................................................

199

AAA .........................................................................................................................................

215

IP Source Guard ......................................................................................................................

231

Loop Guard ..............................................................................................................................

255

VLAN Mapping ........................................................................................................................

259

Layer 2 Protocol Tunneling ......................................................................................................

263

Private VLAN ...........................................................................................................................

267

 

9

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

Contents Overview

IP Application .......................................................................................................................

271

Static Route .............................................................................................................................

273

RIP ...........................................................................................................................................

275

OSPF .......................................................................................................................................

277

IGMP .......................................................................................................................................

291

DVMRP ....................................................................................................................................

295

Differentiated Services .............................................................................................................

299

DHCP ......................................................................................................................................

307

VRRP .......................................................................................................................................

317

Management .........................................................................................................................

327

Maintenance ............................................................................................................................

329

Access Control ........................................................................................................................

337

Diagnostic ................................................................................................................................

357

Syslog ......................................................................................................................................

359

Cluster Management ...............................................................................................................

363

MAC Table ...............................................................................................................................

371

IP Table ....................................................................................................................................

375

ARP Table ................................................................................................................................

379

Routing Table ...........................................................................................................................

381

Configure Clone .......................................................................................................................

383

Troubleshooting & Product Specifications .......................................................................

385

Troubleshooting .......................................................................................................................

387

Product Specifications .............................................................................................................

393

Appendices and Index .........................................................................................................

403

10

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

About This User's Guide ..........................................................................................................

3

Document Conventions............................................................................................................

5

Safety Warnings........................................................................................................................

7

Contents Overview ...................................................................................................................

9

Table of Contents....................................................................................................................

11

Part I: Introduction.................................................................................

23

Chapter 1

 

Getting to Know Your Switch.................................................................................................

25

1.1

Introduction ..........................................................................................................................

25

 

1.1.1 Bridging Example .......................................................................................................

25

 

1.1.2 High Performance Switching Example .......................................................................

26

 

1.1.3 Gigabit Ethernet to the Desktop .................................................................................

27

 

1.1.4 IEEE 802.1Q VLAN Application Example ..................................................................

27

1.2

Ways to Manage the Switch ................................................................................................

28

1.3

Good Habits for Managing the Switch .................................................................................

28

Chapter 2

 

Hardware Installation and Connection .................................................................................

31

2.1

Freestanding Installation .....................................................................................................

31

2.2

Mounting the Switch on a Rack ..........................................................................................

32

 

2.2.1 Rack-mounted Installation Requirements ..................................................................

32

 

2.2.2 Attaching the Mounting Brackets to the Switch ..........................................................

32

 

2.2.3 Mounting the Switch on a Rack ..................................................................................

33

Chapter 3

 

Hardware Overview.................................................................................................................

35

3.1

Front Panel Connections ....................................................................................................

35

 

3.1.1 Dual Personality Interfaces ........................................................................................

35

 

3.1.2 1000Base-T Ports ......................................................................................................

36

 

3.1.3 Mini-GBIC Slots .........................................................................................................

36

3.2

Rear Panel ...........................................................................................................................

38

 

3.2.1 Power Connector .......................................................................................................

39

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

11

Table of Contents

 

3.2.2 External Backup Power Supply Connector

................................................................ 41

 

3.2.3 Console Port .............................................................................................................

41

3.3

LEDs ................................................................................................................................

41

Part II: Basic Configuration...................................................................

43

Chapter 4

 

The Web Configurator ............................................................................................................

45

4.1

Introduction ..........................................................................................................................

45

4.2

System Login ....................................................................................................................

45

4.3

The Status Screen ..........................................................................................................

46

 

4.3.1 Change Your Password ..........................................................................................

51

4.4

Saving Your Configuration ...................................................................................................

51

4.5

Switch Lockout ..................................................................................................................

52

4.6

Resetting the Switch .........................................................................................................

52

 

4.6.1 Reload the Configuration File ....................................................................................

52

4.7

Logging Out of the Web Configurator .................................................................................

54

4.8

Help ....................................................................................................................................

54

Chapter 5

 

Initial Setup Example..............................................................................................................

55

5.1

Overview ..............................................................................................................................

55

 

5.1.1 Configuring an IP Interface ........................................................................................

55

 

5.1.2 Configuring DHCP Server Settings ............................................................................

57

 

5.1.3 Creating a VLAN ........................................................................................................

57

 

5.1.4 Setting Port VID .........................................................................................................

59

 

5.1.5 Enabling RIP ..............................................................................................................

60

Chapter 6

 

Tutorials ...................................................................................................................................

 

61

6.1

How to Use DHCP Snooping on the Switch ........................................................................

61

6.2

How to Use DHCP Relay on the Switch ..............................................................................

65

 

6.2.1 DHCP Relay Tutorial Introduction ..............................................................................

65

 

6.2.2 Creating a VLAN ........................................................................................................

66

 

6.2.3 Configuring DHCP Relay ...........................................................................................

69

 

6.2.4 Troubleshooting .........................................................................................................

69

Chapter 7

 

System Status and Port Statistics.........................................................................................

71

7.1

Overview ..............................................................................................................................

71

7.2

Port Status Summary ......................................................................................................

71

12

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

7.2.1 Status: Port Details ................................................................................................

73

Chapter 8

 

Basic Setting ..........................................................................................................................

77

8.1

Overview ..............................................................................................................................

77

8.2

System Information ...........................................................................................................

78

8.3

General Setup .................................................................................................................

80

8.4

Introduction to VLANs .........................................................................................................

82

 

8.4.1 Smart Isolation ...........................................................................................................

83

8.5

Switch Setup Screen ..........................................................................................................

84

8.6

IP Setup ............................................................................................................................

86

 

8.6.1 IP Interfaces ..............................................................................................................

86

8.7

Port Setup ...........................................................................................................................

89

Part III: Advanced Setup........................................................................

93

Chapter 9

 

VLAN ........................................................................................................................................

 

95

9.1

Introduction to IEEE 802.1Q Tagged VLANs ..................................................................

95

 

9.1.1 Forwarding Tagged and Untagged Frames ................................................................

95

9.2

Automatic VLAN Registration .............................................................................................

96

 

9.2.1 GARP .........................................................................................................................

96

 

9.2.2 GVRP .........................................................................................................................

96

9.3

Port VLAN Trunking ............................................................................................................

97

9.4

Select the VLAN Type ........................................................................................................

98

9.5

Static VLAN .........................................................................................................................

98

 

9.5.1 VLAN Status ..............................................................................................................

99

 

9.5.2 VLAN Details ............................................................................................................

100

 

9.5.3 Configure a Static VLAN ......................................................................................

100

 

9.5.4 Configure VLAN Port Settings ..............................................................................

102

9.6

Subnet Based VLANs .......................................................................................................

103

9.7

Configuring Subnet Based VLAN ....................................................................................

104

9.8

Protocol Based VLANs .....................................................................................................

106

9.9

Configuring Protocol Based VLAN ..................................................................................

107

9.10 Create an IP-based VLAN Example ................................................................................

109

9.11 Port-based VLAN Setup ................................................................................................

110

 

9.11.1 Configure a Port-based VLAN ................................................................................

110

Chapter 10

 

Static MAC Forward Setup...................................................................................................

115

10.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................

115

 

13

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

Table of Contents

10.2

Configuring Static MAC Forwarding ............................................................................

115

Chapter 11

 

Static Multicast Forward Setup............................................................................................

119

11.1 Static Multicast Forwarding Overview ...............................................................................

119

11.2 Configuring Static Multicast Forwarding ...........................................................................

120

Chapter 12

 

Filtering..................................................................................................................................

 

123

12.1

Configure a Filtering Rule ..............................................................................................

123

Chapter 13

 

Spanning Tree Protocol........................................................................................................

125

13.1

STP/RSTP Overview .....................................................................................................

125

13.1.1 STP Terminology ...................................................................................................

125

13.1.2 How STP Works ....................................................................................................

126

13.1.3 STP Port States .....................................................................................................

127

13.1.4 Multiple RSTP ......................................................................................................

127

13.1.5 Multiple STP ...........................................................................................................

128

13.2

Spanning Tree Protocol Status Screen ............................................................................

131

13.3

Spanning Tree Configuration ..........................................................................................

131

13.4

Configure Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol .....................................................................

132

13.5

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol Status ...........................................................................

134

13.6

Configure Multiple Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol ........................................................

136

13.7

Multiple Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol Status ..........................................................

138

13.8

Configure Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol ..................................................................

140

13.9

Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol Status .....................................................................

143

Chapter 14

 

Bandwidth Control................................................................................................................

145

14.1

Bandwidth Control Overview .........................................................................................

145

14.1.1 CIR and PIR ...........................................................................................................

145

14.2

Bandwidth Control Setup .................................................................................................

146

Chapter 15

 

Broadcast Storm Control .....................................................................................................

149

15.1

Broadcast Storm Control Setup ......................................................................................

149

Chapter 16

 

Mirroring ................................................................................................................................

 

151

16.1

Port Mirroring Setup .......................................................................................................

151

Chapter 17

 

Link Aggregation ..................................................................................................................

153

14

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

17.1

Link Aggregation Overview .............................................................................................

153

17.2

Dynamic Link Aggregation ..............................................................................................

153

17.2.1 Link Aggregation ID ...............................................................................................

154

17.3

Link Aggregation Status ..................................................................................................

155

17.4

Link Aggregation Setting ................................................................................................

157

17.5

Link Aggregation Control Protocol ................................................................................

159

17.6

Static Trunking Example ..................................................................................................

160

Chapter 18

 

Port Authentication...............................................................................................................

163

18.1

Port Authentication Overview .........................................................................................

163

18.1.1 IEEE 802.1x Authentication ...................................................................................

163

18.1.2 MAC Authentication ...............................................................................................

164

18.2

Port Authentication Configuration ....................................................................................

165

18.2.1 Activate IEEE 802.1x Security ...........................................................................

166

18.2.2 Activate MAC Authentication .................................................................................

167

Chapter 19

 

Port Security..........................................................................................................................

169

19.1

About Port Security ..........................................................................................................

169

19.2

Port Security Setup ..........................................................................................................

170

19.3

VLAN MAC Address Limit ..............................................................................................

171

Chapter 20

 

Classifier................................................................................................................................

 

173

20.1

About the Classifier and QoS ..........................................................................................

173

20.2

Configuring the Classifier ...............................................................................................

173

20.3

Viewing and Editing Classifier Configuration ...................................................................

176

20.4

Classifier Example ...........................................................................................................

178

Chapter 21

 

Policy Rule............................................................................................................................

179

21.1

Policy Rules Overview ....................................................................................................

179

21.1.1 DiffServ ..................................................................................................................

179

21.1.2 DSCP and Per-Hop Behavior .................................................................................

179

21.2

Configuring Policy Rules .................................................................................................

180

21.3

Viewing and Editing Policy Configuration ........................................................................

183

21.4

Policy Example ................................................................................................................

185

Chapter 22

 

Queuing Method....................................................................................................................

187

22.1

Queuing Method Overview .............................................................................................

187

22.1.1 Strictly Priority ........................................................................................................

187

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

15

Table of Contents

22.1.2 Weighted Fair Queuing ..........................................................................................

187

22.1.3 Weighted Round Robin Scheduling (WRR) ...........................................................

188

22.2 Configuring Queuing ........................................................................................................

189

Chapter 23

 

 

VLAN Stacking ......................................................................................................................

191

 

23.1

VLAN Stacking Overview ................................................................................................

191

 

 

23.1.1 VLAN Stacking Example ........................................................................................

191

 

23.2

VLAN Stacking Port Roles ...............................................................................................

192

 

23.3

VLAN Tag Format ............................................................................................................

193

 

 

23.3.1 Frame Format ........................................................................................................

193

 

23.4

Configuring VLAN Stacking .............................................................................................

194

 

 

23.4.1 Port-based Q-in-Q ..................................................................................................

195

 

 

23.4.2 Selective Q-in-Q ....................................................................................................

196

 

Chapter 24

 

 

Multicast ................................................................................................................................

 

199

 

24.1

Multicast Overview .........................................................................................................

199

 

 

24.1.1 IP Multicast Addresses ...........................................................................................

199

 

 

24.1.2 IGMP Filtering ........................................................................................................

199

 

 

24.1.3 IGMP Snooping .....................................................................................................

200

 

 

24.1.4 IGMP Snooping and VLANs ...................................................................................

200

 

24.2

Multicast Status ..............................................................................................................

200

 

24.3

Multicast Setting .............................................................................................................

201

 

 

24.4 IGMP Snooping VLAN ....................................................................................................

203

 

24.5

IGMP Filtering Profile .....................................................................................................

205

 

 

24.6 MVR Overview ................................................................................................................

207

 

 

24.6.1 Types of MVR Ports ...............................................................................................

207

 

 

24.6.2 MVR Modes ...........................................................................................................

208

 

 

24.6.3 How MVR Works ....................................................................................................

208

 

24.7

General MVR Configuration ............................................................................................

209

 

24.8

MVR Group Configuration ...............................................................................................

211

 

 

24.8.1 MVR Configuration Example ..................................................................................

212

 

Chapter 25

 

 

AAA ........................................................................................................................................

 

215

 

25.1

Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (AAA) ......................................................

215

 

 

25.1.1 Local User Accounts ..............................................................................................

216

 

 

25.1.2 RADIUS and TACACS+ ........................................................................................

216

 

25.2

AAA Screens ...................................................................................................................

216

 

 

25.2.1 RADIUS Server Setup ..........................................................................................

217

 

 

25.2.2 TACACS+ Server Setup .....................................................................................

219

 

 

25.2.3 AAA Setup ..............................................................................................................

221

 

 

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

25.2.4 Vendor Specific Attribute ........................................................................................

224

25.2.5 Tunnel Protocol Attribute ........................................................................................

225

25.3

Supported RADIUS Attributes .........................................................................................

226

25.3.1 Attributes Used for Authentication ..........................................................................

226

25.3.2 Attributes Used for Accounting ...............................................................................

227

Chapter 26

 

IP Source Guard....................................................................................................................

231

26.1

IP Source Guard Overview ..............................................................................................

231

26.1.1 DHCP Snooping Overview .....................................................................................

232

26.1.2 ARP Inspection Overview ......................................................................................

234

26.2

IP Source Guard ..............................................................................................................

235

26.3

IP Source Guard Static Binding .......................................................................................

236

26.4 DHCP Snooping ..............................................................................................................

238

26.5

DHCP Snooping Configure ..............................................................................................

241

26.5.1 DHCP Snooping Port Configure .............................................................................

243

26.5.2 DHCP Snooping VLAN Configure ..........................................................................

244

26.6

ARP Inspection Status .....................................................................................................

246

26.6.1 ARP Inspection VLAN Status .................................................................................

247

26.6.2 ARP Inspection Log Status ....................................................................................

248

26.7

ARP Inspection Configure ...............................................................................................

249

26.7.1 ARP Inspection Port Configure ..............................................................................

251

26.7.2 ARP Inspection VLAN Configure ...........................................................................

253

Chapter 27

 

Loop Guard............................................................................................................................

255

27.1

Loop Guard Overview .....................................................................................................

255

27.2

Loop Guard Setup ...........................................................................................................

257

Chapter 28

 

VLAN Mapping ......................................................................................................................

259

28.1

VLAN Mapping Overview ...............................................................................................

259

28.1.1 VLAN Mapping Example ........................................................................................

259

28.2

Enabling VLAN Mapping .................................................................................................

260

28.3

Configuring VLAN Mapping .............................................................................................

261

Chapter 29

 

Layer 2 Protocol Tunneling..................................................................................................

263

29.1

Layer 2 Protocol Tunneling Overview .............................................................................

263

29.1.1 Layer 2 Protocol Tunneling Mode ..........................................................................

264

29.2

Configuring Layer 2 Protocol Tunneling ..........................................................................

265

Chapter 30

 

Private VLAN .........................................................................................................................

267

 

17

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

Table of Contents

30.1

Private VLAN Overview ..................................................................................................

267

30.2

Configuring Private VLAN ................................................................................................

268

Part IV: IP Application..........................................................................

271

Chapter 31

 

Static Route ...........................................................................................................................

273

31.1

Configuring Static Routing .............................................................................................

273

Chapter 32

 

RIP..........................................................................................................................................

 

275

32.1

RIP Overview ...................................................................................................................

275

32.2

Configuring RIP ...............................................................................................................

275

Chapter 33

 

OSPF ......................................................................................................................................

 

277

33.1 OSPF Overview ..............................................................................................................

277

33.1.1 OSPF Autonomous Systems and Areas ................................................................

277

33.1.2 How OSPF Works ..................................................................................................

278

33.1.3 Interfaces and Virtual Links ....................................................................................

278

33.1.4 OSPF and Router Elections ...................................................................................

279

33.1.5 Configuring OSPF .................................................................................................

279

33.2

OSPF Status .................................................................................................................

280

33.3

OSPF Configuration .......................................................................................................

282

33.4

Configure OSPF Areas ...................................................................................................

283

33.4.1 View OSPF Area Information Table .......................................................................

284

33.5

Configuring OSPF Redistribution ...................................................................................

285

33.6

Configuring OSPF Interfaces ..........................................................................................

286

33.7

OSPF Virtual-Links .......................................................................................................

288

Chapter 34

 

IGMP.......................................................................................................................................

 

291

34.1

IGMP Overview ...............................................................................................................

291

34.1.1 How IGMP Works ...................................................................................................

292

34.2

Port-based IGMP .............................................................................................................

293

34.3

Configuring IGMP ............................................................................................................

294

Chapter 35

 

DVMRP...................................................................................................................................

 

295

35.1 DVMRP Overview ............................................................................................................

295

35.2 How DVMRP Works ........................................................................................................

295

18

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

35.2.1 DVMRP Terminology .............................................................................................

296

35.3

Configuring DVMRP .......................................................................................................

296

35.3.1 DVMRP Configuration Error Messages ................................................................

297

35.4

Default DVMRP Timer Values ........................................................................................

298

Chapter 36

 

Differentiated Services .........................................................................................................

299

36.1

DiffServ Overview ...........................................................................................................

299

36.1.1 DSCP and Per-Hop Behavior .................................................................................

299

36.1.2 DiffServ Network Example ....................................................................................

300

36.2

Two Rate Three Color Marker Traffic Policing .................................................................

300

36.2.1 TRTCM - Color-blind Mode ....................................................................................

301

36.2.2 TRTCM - Color-aware Mode ..................................................................................

301

36.3

Activating DiffServ ..........................................................................................................

302

36.3.1 Configuring 2-Rate 3 Color Marker Settings .........................................................

303

36.4

DSCP-to-IEEE 802.1p Priority Settings ......................................................................

305

36.4.1 Configuring DSCP Settings ....................................................................................

306

Chapter 37

 

DHCP......................................................................................................................................

 

307

37.1 DHCP Overview .............................................................................................................

307

37.1.1 DHCP Modes ........................................................................................................

307

37.1.2 DHCP Configuration Options .................................................................................

307

37.2

DHCP Status ...................................................................................................................

308

37.3

DHCP Server Status Detail .............................................................................................

308

37.4 DHCP Relay ...................................................................................................................

310

37.4.1 DHCP Relay Agent Information .............................................................................

310

37.4.2 Configuring DHCP Global Relay .............................................................................

311

37.4.3 Global DHCP Relay Configuration Example ..........................................................

312

37.5

Configuring DHCP VLAN Settings ................................................................................

313

37.5.1 Example: DHCP Relay for Two VLANs ..................................................................

315

Chapter 38

 

VRRP......................................................................................................................................

 

317

38.1 VRRP Overview ..............................................................................................................

317

38.2

VRRP Status ....................................................................................................................

318

38.3

VRRP Configuration .......................................................................................................

319

38.3.1 IP Interface Setup .................................................................................................

319

38.3.2 VRRP Parameters .................................................................................................

321

38.3.3 Configuring VRRP Parameters ..............................................................................

322

38.3.4 Configuring VRRP Parameters ..............................................................................

323

38.4

VRRP Configuration Examples ......................................................................................

323

38.4.1 One Subnet Network Example ..............................................................................

324

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

19

Table of Contents

38.4.2 Two Subnets Example ...........................................................................................

325

Part V: Management.............................................................................

327

Chapter 39

 

Maintenance ..........................................................................................................................

329

39.1

The Maintenance Screen ................................................................................................

329

39.2

Load Factory Default ......................................................................................................

330

39.3

Save Configuration ..........................................................................................................

330

39.4

Reboot System ................................................................................................................

331

39.5

Firmware Upgrade ...........................................................................................................

331

39.6

Restore a Configuration File ............................................................................................

332

39.7

Backup a Configuration File ............................................................................................

333

39.8 FTP Command Line ........................................................................................................

333

39.8.1 Filename Conventions ..........................................................................................

333

39.8.2 FTP Command Line Procedure ............................................................................

334

39.8.3 GUI-based FTP Clients ..........................................................................................

335

39.8.4 FTP Restrictions ....................................................................................................

335

Chapter 40

 

Access Control......................................................................................................................

337

40.1

Access Control Overview ............................................................................................

337

40.2

The Access Control Main Screen ....................................................................................

337

40.3 About SNMP ..................................................................................................................

338

40.3.1 SNMP v3 and Security ...........................................................................................

339

40.3.2 Supported MIBs ...................................................................................................

339

40.3.3 SNMP Traps ..........................................................................................................

340

40.3.4 Configuring SNMP ..............................................................................................

344

40.3.5 Configuring SNMP Trap Group ...........................................................................

346

40.3.6 Setting Up Login Accounts ...................................................................................

347

40.4

SSH Overview .................................................................................................................

348

40.5 How SSH works ...............................................................................................................

349

40.6

SSH Implementation on the Switch .................................................................................

350

40.6.1 Requirements for Using SSH .................................................................................

350

40.7

Introduction to HTTPS .....................................................................................................

350

40.8 HTTPS Example ..............................................................................................................

351

40.8.1 Internet Explorer Warning Messages .....................................................................

351

40.8.2 Netscape Navigator Warning Messages ................................................................

352

40.8.3 The Main Screen ....................................................................................................

354

40.9

Service Port Access Control .........................................................................................

354

40.10 Remote Management ...............................................................................................

355

20

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

Chapter 41

 

Diagnostic

..............................................................................................................................

357

41.1

Diagnostic .......................................................................................................................

357

Chapter 42

 

Syslog ....................................................................................................................................

 

359

42.1 ..............................................................................................................

Syslog Overview

359

42.2 ..................................................................................................................

Syslog Setup

360

42.3 .......................................................................................................

Syslog Server Setup

361

Chapter 43

 

Cluster Management.............................................................................................................

363

43.1 ......................................................................

Clustering Management Status Overview

363

43.2 ...........................................................................................

Cluster Management Status

364

43.2.1 ...................................................................Cluster Member Switch Management

365

43.3 ..........................................................................

Clustering Management Configuration

368

Chapter 44

 

MAC Table..............................................................................................................................

 

371

44.1 ......................................................................................................

MAC Table Overview

371

44.2 ....................................................................................................

Viewing the MAC Table

372

Chapter 45

 

IP Table ..................................................................................................................................

 

375

45.1 ...........................................................................................................

IP Table Overview

375

45.2 ........................................................................................................

Viewing the IP Table

376

Chapter 46

 

ARP Table ..............................................................................................................................

 

379

46.1 .......................................................................................................

ARP Table Overview

379

46.1.1 ....................................................................................................How ARP Works

379

46.2 ...................................................................................................

Viewing the ARP Table

380

Chapter 47

 

Routing Table ........................................................................................................................

381

47.1 ..........................................................................................................................

Overview

381

47.2 ...................................................................................

Viewing the Routing Table Status

381

Chapter 48

 

Configure Clone ....................................................................................................................

383

48.1 ..............................................................................................................

Configure Clone

383

 

21

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

Table of Contents

Part VI: Troubleshooting & Product Specifications..........................

385

Chapter 49

 

Troubleshooting....................................................................................................................

387

49.1

Power, Hardware Connections, and LEDs ......................................................................

387

49.2

Switch Access and Login .................................................................................................

388

49.3

Switch Configuration ........................................................................................................

391

Chapter 50

 

Product Specifications .........................................................................................................

393

Part VII: Appendices and Index ..........................................................

403

Appendix

A

Common Services.............................................................................................

405

Appendix

B

Legal Information ..............................................................................................

409

Index.......................................................................................................................................

 

 

413

22

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

PART I

Introduction

Getting to Know Your Switch (25)

Hardware Installation and Connection (31)

Hardware Overview (35)

23

24

1

Getting to Know Your Switch

This chapter introduces the main features and applications of the Switch.

1.1 Introduction

Your Switch is a stand-alone, layer-3, Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) switch with two 12 Gigabit stacking ports as well as support for an optional 2-port 10 Gigabit uplink module. By integrating router functions, the Switch performs wire-speed layer-3 routing in addition to layer-2 switching.

The Switch comes with 24 GbE dual personality interfaces. A dual personality interface includes one Gigabit port and one slot for a mini-GBIC transceiver (SFP module) with one port active at a time.

There are two XGS-4728F models. The XGS-4728F DC model requires DC power supply input of -36 VDC to -72 VDC, 1.5 A Max no tolerance. The XGS-4728F AC model requires 100 VAC to 240 VAC, 0.8 A power.

With its built-in web configurator, managing and configuring the Switch is easy. In addition, the Switch can also be managed via Telnet, any terminal emulator program on the console port, or third-party SNMP management.

See Chapter 50 on page 393 for a full list of software features available on the Switch.

1.1.1 Bridging Example

In this example the Switch connects different company departments (RD and Sales) to the corporate backbone. It can alleviate bandwidth contention and eliminate server and network bottlenecks. All users that need high bandwidth can connect to high-speed department servers via the Switch. You can provide a

 

25

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

ZyXEL Communications XGS-4728F User Manual

Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your Switch

super-fast uplink connection by using the optional 10 Gigabit uplink module on the Switch.

Figure 1 Bridging Application

Backbone

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.1.2 High Performance Switching Example

The Switch is ideal for connecting two geographically dispersed networks that need high bandwidth. In the following example, a company uses the optional 10 Gigabit uplink modules to connect the headquarters to a branch office network. Within the headquarters network, a company can use trunking to group several physical ports into one logical higher-capacity link. Trunking can be used if for example, it is cheaper to use multiple lower-speed links than to under-utilize a high-speed, but more costly, single-port link.

Figure 2 High Performance Switching

10 Gbps

Trunk

Branch

HQ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your Switch

1.1.3 Gigabit Ethernet to the Desktop

The Switch is an ideal solution for small networks which demand high bandwidth for a group of heavy traffic users. You can connect computers and servers directly to the Switch’s port or connect other switches to the Switch. Use the optional 10 Gigabit uplink module to provide high speed access to a data server and the Internet. The uplink module supports a fiber-optic connection which alleviates the distance limitations of copper cabling.

In this example, all computers can share high-speed applications on the server and access the Internet. To expand the network, simply add more networking devices such as switches, routers, computers, print servers and so on.

Figure 3 Gigabit to the Desktop

Internet

1.1.4 IEEE 802.1Q VLAN Application Example

A VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) allows a physical network to be partitioned into multiple logical networks. Stations on a logical network belong to one or more groups. With VLAN, a station cannot directly talk to or hear from stations that are not in the same group(s) unless such traffic first goes through a router.

For more information on VLANs, refer to Chapter 9 on page 95.

1.1.4.1 Tag-based VLAN Example

Ports in the same VLAN group share the same frame broadcast domain, thus increasing network performance by reducing broadcast traffic. VLAN groups can be modified at any time by adding, moving or changing ports without any recabling.

 

27

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your Switch

Shared resources such as a server can be used by all ports in the same VLAN as the server. In the following figure only ports that need access to the server need to be part of VLAN 1. Ports can belong to other VLAN groups too.

Figure 4 Shared Server Using VLAN Example

1.2 Ways to Manage the Switch

Use any of the following methods to manage the Switch.

Web Configurator. This is recommended for everyday management of the Switch using a (supported) web browser. See Chapter 4 on page 45.

Command Line Interface. Line commands offer an alternative to the Web Configurator and may be necessary to configure advanced features. See the CLI Reference Guide.

FTP. Use File Transfer Protocol for firmware upgrades and configuration backup/ restore. See Section 39.8 on page 333.

SNMP. The device can be monitored and/or managed by an SNMP manager. See Section 40.3 on page 338.

1.3Good Habits for Managing the Switch

Do the following things regularly to make the Switch more secure and to manage the Switch more effectively.

Change the password. Use a password that’s not easy to guess and that consists of different types of characters, such as numbers and letters.

Write down the password and put it in a safe place.

28

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your Switch

Back up the configuration (and make sure you know how to restore it). Restoring an earlier working configuration may be useful if the device becomes unstable or even crashes. If you forget your password, you will have to reset the Switch to its factory default settings. If you backed up an earlier configuration file, you would not have to totally re-configure the Switch. You could simply restore your last configuration.

 

29

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your Switch

30

 

XGS-4728F User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

Loading...
+ 392 hidden pages