ZyXEL Communications gs2200-48 User Manual

4 (1)

GS2200-48

Intelligent Layer 2 Switch

Default Login Details

IP Address

http://192.168.0.1

 

(Out-of-band

 

MGMT port)

 

http://192.168.1.1

 

(In-band ports)

User Name

admin

Password

1234

 

 

Firmware Version 3.80

Edition 1, 7/2009

www.zyxel.com

Copyright © 2009

ZyXEL Communications Corporation

About This User's Guide

About This User's Guide

Intended Audience

This manual is intended for people who want to configure the Switch using the web configurator or via commands.

Related Documentation

Web Configurator Online Help

Embedded web help for descriptions of individual screens and supplementary information.

Command Reference Guide

The Command Reference Guide explains how to use the Command-Line Interface (CLI) and CLI commands to configure the Switch.

Note: It is recommended you use the web configurator to configure the Switch.

Supporting Disc

Refer to the included CD for support documents.

ZyXEL Web Site

Please refer to www.zyxel.com for additional support documentation and product certifications.

Documentation Feedback

Send your comments, questions or suggestions to: techwriters@zyxel.com.tw

Thank you!

The Technical Writing Team, ZyXEL Communications Corp.,

6 Innovation Road II, Science-Based Industrial Park, Hsinchu, 30099, Taiwan.

Disclaimer

Graphics in this book may differ slightly from the product due to differences in operating systems, operating system versions, or if you installed updated firmware/software for your device. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate.

 

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GS2200-48 User’s Guide

 

 

About This User's Guide

Need More Help?

More help is available at www.zyxel.com.

Download Library

Search for the latest product updates and documentation from this link. Read the Tech Doc Overview to find out how to efficiently use the User Guide, Quick Start Guide and Command Line Interface Reference Guide in order to better understand how to use your product.

Knowledge Base

If you have a specific question about your product, the answer may be here. This is a collection of answers to previously asked questions about ZyXEL products.

Forum

This contains discussions on ZyXEL products. Learn from others who use ZyXEL products and share your experiences as well.

Customer Support

Should problems arise that cannot be solved by the methods listed above, you should contact your vendor. If you cannot contact your vendor, then contact a ZyXEL office for the region in which you bought the device.

See http://www.zyxel.com/web/contact_us.php for contact information. Please have the following information ready when you contact an office.

Product model and serial number.

Warranty Information.

Date that you received your device.

Brief description of the problem and the steps you took to solve it.

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GS2200-48 User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

Document Conventions

Document Conventions

Warnings and Notes

These are how warnings and notes are shown in this User’s Guide.

Warnings tell you about things that could harm you or your device.

Note: Notes tell you other important information (for example, other things you may need to configure or helpful tips) or recommendations.

Syntax Conventions

The GS2200-48 may be referred to as the “Switch”, the “device”, the “system” or the “product” in this User’s Guide.

Product labels, screen names, field labels and field choices are all in bold font.

A key stroke is denoted by square brackets and uppercase text, for example, [ENTER] means the “enter” or “return” key on your keyboard.

“Enter” means for you to type one or more characters and then press the [ENTER] key. “Select” or “choose” means for you to use one of the predefined choices.

A right angle bracket ( > ) within a screen name denotes a mouse click. For example, Maintenance > Log > Log Setting means you first click Maintenance in the navigation panel, then the Log sub menu and finally the Log Setting tab to get to that screen.

Units of measurement may denote the “metric” value or the “scientific” value. For example, “k” for kilo may denote “1000” or “1024”, “M” for mega may denote “1000000” or “1048576” and so on.

 

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GS2200-48 User’s Guide

 

 

Document Conventions

Icons Used in Figures

Figures in this User’s Guide may use the following generic icons. The Switch icon is not an exact representation of your device.

The Switch

Computer

Notebook computer

 

 

 

Server

DSLAM

Firewall

 

 

 

Telephone

Switch

Router

 

 

 

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GS2200-48 User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

Safety Warnings

Safety Warnings

Do NOT use this product near water, for example, in a wet basement or near a swimming pool.

Do NOT expose your device to dampness, dust or corrosive liquids.

Do NOT store things on the device.

Do NOT install, use, or service this device during a thunderstorm. There is a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.

Connect ONLY suitable accessories to the device.

Do NOT open the device or unit. Opening or removing covers can expose you to dangerous high voltage points or other risks. ONLY qualified service personnel should service or disassemble this device. Please contact your vendor for further information.

For continued protection against risk of fire replace only with same type and rating of fuse.

Make sure to connect the cables to the correct ports.

Place connecting cables carefully so that no one will step on them or stumble over them.

Always disconnect all cables from this device before servicing or disassembling.

Use ONLY an appropriate power adaptor or cord for your device. Connect it to the right supply voltage (for example, 110V AC in North America or 230V AC in Europe).

Do NOT allow anything to rest on the power adaptor or cord and do NOT place the product where anyone can walk on the power adaptor or cord.

Do NOT use the device if the power adaptor or cord is damaged as it might cause electrocution.

If the power adaptor or cord is damaged, remove it from the device and the power source.

Do NOT attempt to repair the power adaptor or cord. Contact your local vendor to order a new one.

Do not use the device outside, and make sure all the connections are indoors. There is a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.

Do NOT obstruct the device ventilation slots, as insufficient airflow may harm your device.

Your product is marked with this symbol, which is known as the WEEE mark. WEEE stands for Waste Electronics and Electrical Equipment. It means that used electrical and electronic products should not be mixed with general waste. Used electrical and electronic equipment should be treated separately.

 

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GS2200-48 User’s Guide

 

 

Safety Warnings

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GS2200-48 User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

Contents Overview

Contents Overview

Introduction ............................................................................................................................

21

Getting to Know Your Switch .....................................................................................................

23

Hardware Installation and Connection .......................................................................................

29

Hardware Overview ...................................................................................................................

33

Basic Configuration ...............................................................................................................

39

The Web Configurator ...............................................................................................................

41

Initial Setup Example .................................................................................................................

51

System Status and Port Statistics ..............................................................................................

57

Basic Setting .............................................................................................................................

63

Advanced Setup .....................................................................................................................

77

VLAN .........................................................................................................................................

79

Static MAC Forward Setup ........................................................................................................

99

Filtering ....................................................................................................................................

103

Spanning Tree Protocol ...........................................................................................................

105

Bandwidth Control ...................................................................................................................

123

Broadcast Storm Control .........................................................................................................

127

Mirroring ..................................................................................................................................

129

Link Aggregation ......................................................................................................................

131

Port Authentication ..................................................................................................................

139

Port Security ............................................................................................................................

145

Classifier ..................................................................................................................................

149

Policy Rule ..............................................................................................................................

157

Queuing Method ......................................................................................................................

165

VLAN Stacking .........................................................................................................................

169

Multicast ..................................................................................................................................

175

Authentication & Accounting ....................................................................................................

191

IP Source Guard ......................................................................................................................

205

Loop Guard ..............................................................................................................................

231

IP Application .......................................................................................................................

235

Static Routing ..........................................................................................................................

237

RIP ..........................................................................................................................................

239

Differentiated Services .............................................................................................................

241

DHCP ......................................................................................................................................

249

VRRP .......................................................................................................................................

259

GS2200-48 User’s Guide

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Contents Overview

Management .........................................................................................................................

269

Maintenance ............................................................................................................................

271

Access Control ........................................................................................................................

279

Diagnostic ................................................................................................................................

299

Syslog ......................................................................................................................................

301

Cluster Management ...............................................................................................................

305

MAC Table ...............................................................................................................................

313

IP Table ....................................................................................................................................

317

ARP Table ................................................................................................................................

321

Routing Table ...........................................................................................................................

323

Configure Clone .......................................................................................................................

325

Product Specifications ........................................................................................................

327

Product Specifications .............................................................................................................

329

Appendices and Index .........................................................................................................

337

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents

About This User's Guide ..........................................................................................................

3

Document Conventions............................................................................................................

5

Safety Warnings........................................................................................................................

7

Contents Overview ...................................................................................................................

9

Table of Contents....................................................................................................................

11

Part I: Introduction.................................................................................

21

Chapter 1

 

Getting to Know Your Switch.................................................................................................

23

1.1

Introduction ..........................................................................................................................

23

 

1.1.1 Bridging Example .......................................................................................................

23

 

1.1.2 High Performance Switching Example .......................................................................

24

 

1.1.3 Gigabit Ethernet to the Desktop .................................................................................

25

 

1.1.4 IEEE 802.1Q VLAN Application Example ..................................................................

25

1.2

Ways to Manage the Switch ................................................................................................

26

1.3

Good Habits for Managing the Switch .................................................................................

26

Chapter 2

 

Hardware Installation and Connection .................................................................................

29

2.1

Freestanding Installation .....................................................................................................

29

2.2

Mounting the Switch on a Rack ..........................................................................................

30

 

2.2.1 Rack-mounted Installation Requirements ..................................................................

30

 

2.2.2 Attaching the Mounting Brackets to the Switch ..........................................................

30

 

2.2.3 Mounting the Switch on a Rack ..................................................................................

31

Chapter 3

 

Hardware Overview.................................................................................................................

33

3.1

Front Panel Connections ....................................................................................................

33

 

3.1.1 1000Base-T Ports ......................................................................................................

34

 

3.1.2 Dual Personality Interfaces ........................................................................................

34

 

3.1.3 Mini-GBIC Slots .........................................................................................................

34

3.2

Rear Panel ...........................................................................................................................

36

 

3.2.1 Power Connector .......................................................................................................

37

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3.2.2 External Backup Power Supply Connector

................................................................ 37

 

3.2.3 Console Port .............................................................................................................

37

3.3

LEDs ................................................................................................................................

38

Part II: Basic Configuration...................................................................

39

Chapter 4

 

The Web Configurator ............................................................................................................

41

4.1

Introduction ..........................................................................................................................

41

4.2

System Login ....................................................................................................................

41

4.3

The Status Screen ..........................................................................................................

42

 

4.3.1 Change Your Password ..........................................................................................

47

4.4

Saving Your Configuration ...................................................................................................

48

4.5

Switch Lockout ..................................................................................................................

48

4.6

Resetting the Switch .........................................................................................................

48

 

4.6.1 Reload the Configuration File ....................................................................................

49

4.7

Logging Out of the Web Configurator .................................................................................

50

4.8

Help ....................................................................................................................................

50

Chapter 5

 

Initial Setup Example..............................................................................................................

51

5.1

Overview ..............................................................................................................................

51

 

5.1.1 Configuring an IP Interface ........................................................................................

51

 

5.1.2 Configuring DHCP Server Settings ............................................................................

53

 

5.1.3 Creating a VLAN ........................................................................................................

53

 

5.1.4 Setting Port VID .........................................................................................................

55

 

5.1.5 Enabling RIP ..............................................................................................................

56

Chapter 6

 

System Status and Port Statistics.........................................................................................

57

6.1

Overview ..............................................................................................................................

57

6.2

Port Status Summary ......................................................................................................

58

 

6.2.1 Status: Port Details ................................................................................................

59

Chapter 7

 

Basic Setting ..........................................................................................................................

63

7.1

Overview ..............................................................................................................................

63

7.2

System Information ...........................................................................................................

64

7.3

General Setup .................................................................................................................

66

7.4

Introduction to VLANs .........................................................................................................

68

7.5

Switch Setup Screen ........................................................................................................

69

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7.6

IP Setup ............................................................................................................................

71

 

7.6.1 IP Interfaces ..............................................................................................................

71

7.7

Port Setup ...........................................................................................................................

73

Part III: Advanced Setup........................................................................

77

Chapter 8

 

VLAN ........................................................................................................................................

 

79

8.1

Introduction to IEEE 802.1Q Tagged VLANs ..................................................................

79

 

8.1.1 Forwarding Tagged and Untagged Frames ................................................................

79

8.2

Automatic VLAN Registration .............................................................................................

80

 

8.2.1 GARP .........................................................................................................................

80

 

8.2.2 GVRP .........................................................................................................................

80

8.3

Port VLAN Trunking ............................................................................................................

81

8.4

Select the VLAN Type ........................................................................................................

82

8.5

Static VLAN .........................................................................................................................

82

 

8.5.1 Static VLAN Status ....................................................................................................

83

 

8.5.2 Static VLAN Details ...................................................................................................

84

 

8.5.3 Configure a Static VLAN ........................................................................................

84

 

8.5.4 Configure VLAN Port Settings ................................................................................

87

8.6

Subnet Based VLANs .........................................................................................................

88

8.7

Configuring Subnet Based VLAN ......................................................................................

89

8.8

Protocol Based VLANs .......................................................................................................

91

8.9

Configuring Protocol Based VLAN ....................................................................................

92

8.10 Create an IP-based VLAN Example ..................................................................................

94

8.11 Port-based VLAN Setup ................................................................................................

95

 

8.11.1 Configure a Port-based VLAN .................................................................................

95

Chapter 9

 

Static MAC Forward Setup.....................................................................................................

99

9.1

Overview ..............................................................................................................................

99

9.2

Configuring Static MAC Forwarding ...............................................................................

99

Chapter 10

 

Filtering..................................................................................................................................

 

103

10.1 Configure a Filtering Rule .............................................................................................

103

Chapter 11

 

Spanning Tree Protocol........................................................................................................

105

11.1 STP/RSTP Overview .....................................................................................................

105

 

11.1.1 STP Terminology ...................................................................................................

105

 

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11.1.2 How STP Works ....................................................................................................

106

11.1.3 STP Port States .....................................................................................................

107

11.1.4 Multiple STP ...........................................................................................................

107

11.2 Spanning Tree Protocol Status Screen .............................................................................

110

11.3 Spanning Tree Configuration ...........................................................................................

111

11.4 Configure Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol ......................................................................

112

11.5 Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol Status .........................................................................

114

11.6 Configure Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol ...................................................................

116

11.7 Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol Status ......................................................................

119

Chapter 12

 

Bandwidth Control................................................................................................................

123

12.1

Bandwidth Control Overview .........................................................................................

123

12.1.1 CIR and PIR ...........................................................................................................

123

12.2

Bandwidth Control Setup .................................................................................................

124

Chapter 13

 

Broadcast Storm Control .....................................................................................................

127

13.1

Broadcast Storm Control Setup ......................................................................................

127

Chapter 14

 

Mirroring ................................................................................................................................

 

129

14.1

Port Mirroring Setup .......................................................................................................

129

Chapter 15

 

Link Aggregation ..................................................................................................................

131

15.1

Link Aggregation Overview .............................................................................................

131

15.2

Dynamic Link Aggregation ..............................................................................................

131

15.2.1 Link Aggregation ID ...............................................................................................

132

15.3

Link Aggregation Status ..................................................................................................

132

15.4

Link Aggregation Setting ................................................................................................

134

15.5

Link Aggregation Control Protocol ................................................................................

135

15.6

Static Trunking Example ..................................................................................................

136

Chapter 16

 

Port Authentication...............................................................................................................

139

16.1

Port Authentication Overview .........................................................................................

139

16.1.1 IEEE 802.1x Authentication ...................................................................................

139

16.1.2 MAC Authentication ...............................................................................................

140

16.2

Port Authentication Configuration ....................................................................................

141

16.2.1 Activate IEEE 802.1x Security ...........................................................................

142

16.2.2 Activate MAC Authentication .................................................................................

143

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Chapter 17

 

Port Security..........................................................................................................................

145

17.1

About Port Security .........................................................................................................

145

17.2

Port Security Setup ..........................................................................................................

146

Chapter 18

 

Classifier................................................................................................................................

 

149

18.1

About the Classifier and QoS ..........................................................................................

149

18.2

Configuring the Classifier ...............................................................................................

149

18.3

Viewing and Editing Classifier Configuration ...................................................................

152

18.4

Classifier Example ...........................................................................................................

155

Chapter 19

 

Policy Rule............................................................................................................................

157

19.1

Policy Rules Overview ....................................................................................................

157

19.1.1 DiffServ ..................................................................................................................

157

19.1.2 DSCP and Per-Hop Behavior .................................................................................

157

19.2

Configuring Policy Rules .................................................................................................

158

19.3

Viewing and Editing Policy Configuration ........................................................................

161

19.4

Policy Example ................................................................................................................

163

Chapter 20

 

Queuing Method....................................................................................................................

165

20.1

Queuing Method Overview .............................................................................................

165

20.1.1 Strictly Priority ........................................................................................................

165

20.1.2 Weighted Fair Queuing ..........................................................................................

165

20.1.3 Weighted Round Robin Scheduling (WRR) ...........................................................

166

20.2

Configuring Queuing ........................................................................................................

167

Chapter 21

 

VLAN Stacking ......................................................................................................................

169

21.1

VLAN Stacking Overview ................................................................................................

169

21.1.1 VLAN Stacking Example ........................................................................................

169

21.2

VLAN Stacking Port Roles ...............................................................................................

170

21.3

VLAN Tag Format ............................................................................................................

171

21.3.1 Frame Format ........................................................................................................

171

21.4

Configuring VLAN Stacking .............................................................................................

173

Chapter 22

 

Multicast ................................................................................................................................

 

175

22.1

Multicast Overview .........................................................................................................

175

22.1.1 IP Multicast Addresses ...........................................................................................

175

22.1.2 IGMP Filtering ........................................................................................................

175

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Table of Contents

22.1.3 IGMP Snooping .....................................................................................................

176

22.1.4 IGMP Snooping and VLANs ...................................................................................

176

22.2

Multicast Status ..............................................................................................................

176

22.3

Multicast Setting .............................................................................................................

177

22.4 IGMP Snooping VLAN ....................................................................................................

179

22.5

IGMP Filtering Profile .....................................................................................................

181

22.6 MVR Overview ................................................................................................................

183

22.6.1 Types of MVR Ports ...............................................................................................

183

22.6.2 MVR Modes ...........................................................................................................

184

22.6.3 How MVR Works ....................................................................................................

184

22.7

General MVR Configuration ............................................................................................

185

22.8

MVR Group Configuration ..............................................................................................

187

22.8.1 MVR Configuration Example ..................................................................................

188

Chapter 23

 

 

Authentication & Accounting ..............................................................................................

191

 

23.1

Authentication, Authorization and Accounting ................................................................

191

 

 

23.1.1 Local User Accounts ..............................................................................................

192

 

 

23.1.2 RADIUS and TACACS+ ........................................................................................

192

 

23.2

Authentication and Accounting Screens ..........................................................................

192

 

 

23.2.1 RADIUS Server Setup ........................................................................................

193

 

 

23.2.2 TACACS+ Server Setup .....................................................................................

195

 

 

23.2.3 Authentication and Accounting Setup ................................................................

197

 

 

23.2.4 Vendor Specific Attribute ........................................................................................

199

 

 

23.2.5 Tunnel Protocol Attribute ........................................................................................

200

 

23.3

Supported RADIUS Attributes .........................................................................................

201

 

 

23.3.1 Attributes Used for Authentication ..........................................................................

201

 

 

23.3.2 Attributes Used for Accounting ...............................................................................

202

 

Chapter 24

 

 

IP Source Guard....................................................................................................................

205

 

24.1

IP Source Guard Overview ..............................................................................................

205

 

 

24.1.1 DHCP Snooping Overview .....................................................................................

206

 

 

24.1.2 ARP Inspection Overview ......................................................................................

208

 

24.2

IP Source Guard ..............................................................................................................

209

 

24.3

IP Source Guard Static Binding .......................................................................................

210

 

 

24.4 DHCP Snooping ..............................................................................................................

213

 

24.5

DHCP Snooping Configure ..............................................................................................

217

 

 

24.5.1 DHCP Snooping Port Configure .............................................................................

219

 

 

24.5.2 DHCP Snooping VLAN Configure ..........................................................................

220

 

24.6

ARP Inspection Status .....................................................................................................

222

 

 

24.6.1 ARP Inspection VLAN Status .................................................................................

223

 

 

24.6.2 ARP Inspection Log Status ....................................................................................

224

 

 

 

 

 

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24.7

ARP Inspection Configure ...............................................................................................

225

24.7.1 ARP Inspection Port Configure ..............................................................................

227

24.7.2 ARP Inspection VLAN Configure ...........................................................................

229

Chapter 25

 

Loop Guard............................................................................................................................

231

25.1

Loop Guard Overview .....................................................................................................

231

25.2

Loop Guard Setup ...........................................................................................................

233

Part IV: IP Application..........................................................................

235

Chapter 26

 

Static Routing........................................................................................................................

237

26.1

Configuring Static Routing .............................................................................................

237

Chapter 27

 

RIP .........................................................................................................................................

 

239

27.1

RIP Overview ...................................................................................................................

239

27.2

Configuring RIP ...............................................................................................................

239

Chapter 28

 

Differentiated Services .........................................................................................................

241

28.1

DiffServ Overview ...........................................................................................................

241

28.1.1 DSCP and Per-Hop Behavior ................................................................................

241

28.1.2 DiffServ Network Example ....................................................................................

242

28.2

Two Rate Three Color Marker Traffic Policing .................................................................

242

28.2.1 TRTCM - Color-blind Mode ....................................................................................

243

28.2.2 TRTCM - Color-aware Mode ..................................................................................

243

28.3

Activating DiffServ ..........................................................................................................

244

28.3.1 Configuring 2-Rate 3 Color Marker Settings .........................................................

245

28.4

DSCP-to-IEEE 802.1p Priority Settings ......................................................................

247

28.4.1 Configuring DSCP Settings ....................................................................................

248

Chapter 29

 

DHCP......................................................................................................................................

 

249

29.1 DHCP Overview .............................................................................................................

249

29.1.1 DHCP Modes ........................................................................................................

249

29.1.2 DHCP Configuration Options .................................................................................

249

29.2

DHCP Status ...................................................................................................................

250

29.3

DHCP Server Status Detail .............................................................................................

250

29.4 DHCP Relay ...................................................................................................................

252

 

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29.4.1 DHCP Relay Agent Information .............................................................................

252

29.4.2 Configuring DHCP Global Relay ............................................................................

253

29.4.3 Global DHCP Relay Configuration Example ..........................................................

254

29.5

Configuring DHCP VLAN Settings ................................................................................

255

29.5.1 Example: DHCP Relay for Two VLANs ..................................................................

257

Chapter 30

 

VRRP......................................................................................................................................

 

259

30.1 VRRP Overview ..............................................................................................................

259

30.2

VRRP Status ..................................................................................................................

260

30.3

VRRP Configuration .......................................................................................................

261

30.3.1 IP Interface Setup .................................................................................................

261

30.3.2 VRRP Parameters .................................................................................................

263

30.3.3 Configuring VRRP Parameters ..............................................................................

264

30.3.4 Configuring VRRP Parameters ..............................................................................

265

30.4

VRRP Configuration Examples ......................................................................................

265

30.4.1 One Subnet Network Example ..............................................................................

266

30.4.2 Two Subnets Example ..........................................................................................

267

Part V: Management.............................................................................

269

Chapter 31

 

Maintenance ..........................................................................................................................

271

31.1

The Maintenance Screen ...............................................................................................

271

31.2

Load Factory Default ......................................................................................................

272

31.3

Save Configuration ..........................................................................................................

273

31.4

Reboot System ................................................................................................................

273

31.5

Firmware Upgrade ........................................................................................................

273

31.6

Restore a Configuration File .........................................................................................

274

31.7

Backup a Configuration File .........................................................................................

275

31.8 FTP Command Line ........................................................................................................

275

31.8.1 Filename Conventions ..........................................................................................

275

31.8.2 FTP Command Line Procedure ............................................................................

276

31.8.3 GUI-based FTP Clients ..........................................................................................

277

31.8.4 FTP Restrictions ....................................................................................................

277

Chapter 32

 

Access Control......................................................................................................................

279

32.1

Access Control Overview ............................................................................................

279

32.2

The Access Control Main Screen ....................................................................................

279

32.3 About SNMP ..................................................................................................................

280

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Table of Contents

32.3.1 SNMP v3 and Security ...........................................................................................

281

32.3.2 Supported MIBs ...................................................................................................

281

32.3.3 SNMP Traps ..........................................................................................................

282

32.3.4 Configuring SNMP ..............................................................................................

285

32.3.5 Configuring SNMP Trap Group ...........................................................................

288

32.3.6 Setting Up Login Accounts .................................................................................

288

32.4

SSH Overview .................................................................................................................

290

32.5 How SSH works ...............................................................................................................

291

32.6

SSH Implementation on the Switch .................................................................................

292

32.6.1 Requirements for Using SSH .................................................................................

292

32.7

Introduction to HTTPS .....................................................................................................

292

32.8 HTTPS Example ..............................................................................................................

293

32.8.1 Internet Explorer Warning Messages .....................................................................

293

32.8.2 Netscape Navigator Warning Messages ................................................................

294

32.8.3 The Main Screen ....................................................................................................

296

32.9

Service Port Access Control .........................................................................................

296

32.10 Remote Management ...............................................................................................

297

Chapter 33

 

Diagnostic

..............................................................................................................................

299

33.1

Diagnostic .......................................................................................................................

299

Chapter 34

 

Syslog ....................................................................................................................................

 

301

34.1 ..............................................................................................................

Syslog Overview

301

34.2 ..................................................................................................................

Syslog Setup

302

34.3 .......................................................................................................

Syslog Server Setup

303

Chapter 35

 

Cluster Management.............................................................................................................

305

35.1 ......................................................................

Clustering Management Status Overview

305

35.2 ...........................................................................................

Cluster Management Status

306

35.2.1 ...................................................................Cluster Member Switch Management

307

35.3 ..........................................................................

Clustering Management Configuration

310

Chapter 36

 

MAC Table..............................................................................................................................

 

313

36.1 ......................................................................................................

MAC Table Overview

313

36.2 ...................................................................................................

Viewing the MAC Table

314

Chapter 37

 

IP Table ..................................................................................................................................

 

317

37.1 ...........................................................................................................

IP Table Overview

317

GS2200-48 User’s Guide

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Table of Contents

37.2

Viewing the IP Table ........................................................................................................

318

Chapter 38

 

ARP Table

..............................................................................................................................

321

38.1

ARP Table Overview .......................................................................................................

321

38.1.1 How ARP Works ....................................................................................................

321

38.2

Viewing the ARP Table ...................................................................................................

322

Chapter 39

 

Routing Table ........................................................................................................................

323

39.1 ..........................................................................................................................

Overview

323

39.2 ...................................................................................

Viewing the Routing Table Status

323

Chapter 40

 

Configure Clone ....................................................................................................................

325

40.1 ..............................................................................................................

Configure Clone

325

Part VI: Product ..........................................................Specifications

327

Chapter 41

 

Product Specifications .........................................................................................................

329

Part VII: ..........................................................Appendices and Index

337

Appendix A ..............................................................................................Legal Information

339

Index.......................................................................................................................................

 

343

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GS2200-48 User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

PART I

Introduction

Getting to Know Your Switch (23)

Hardware Installation and Connection (29)

Hardware Overview (33)

21

22

1

Getting to Know Your Switch

This chapter introduces the main applications and features of the Switch. It also introduces the ways you can manage the Switch.

1.1 Introduction

The GS2200-48 is a stand-alone layer 2 Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) switch. It comes with 44 100/1000 Mbps Ethernet ports, 4 Dual Personality interfaces (each consisting of one RJ-45 Gigabit port and one slot for a mini-GBIC transceiver (SFP module) with one port active at a time) and two mini-GBIC transceivers for fiberoptic uplink connections.

This section shows a few examples of using the Switch in various network environments.

See Chapter 41 on page 329 for a full list of software features available on the Switch.

1.1.1 Bridging Example

In this example the Switch connects different company departments (RD and Sales) to the corporate backbone. It can alleviate bandwidth contention and eliminate server and network bottlenecks. All users that need high bandwidth can

 

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Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your Switch

connect to high-speed department servers via the Switch. You can provide a fast uplink connection by using the Gigabit uplink ports on the Switch.

Figure 1 Bridging Application

Backbone

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.1.2 High Performance Switching Example

The Switch is ideal for connecting two geographically dispersed networks that need high bandwidth. In the following example, a company uses the Gigabit uplink ports to connect the headquarters to a branch office network. Within the headquarters network, a company can use trunking to group several physical ports into one logical higher-capacity link. Trunking can be used with copper cabling over relatively shorter distances than fiber-optic connections.

Figure 2 High Performance Switching

1 Gbps

Trunk

Branch

HQ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GS2200-48 User’s Guide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your Switch

1.1.3 Gigabit Ethernet to the Desktop

The Switch is an ideal solution for small networks which demand high bandwidth for a group of heavy traffic users. You can connect computers and servers directly to the Switch’s port or connect other switches to the Switch. Use the Gigabit uplink ports to provide high speed access to a data server and the Internet. The uplink ports support a fiber-optic connection which alleviate the distance limitations of copper cabling.

In this example, all computers can share high-speed applications on the server and access the Internet. To expand the network, simply add more networking devices such as switches, routers, computers, print servers and so on.

Figure 3 Gigabit to the Desktop

Internet

1.1.4 IEEE 802.1Q VLAN Application Example

A VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) allows a physical network to be partitioned into multiple logical networks. Stations on a logical network belong to one or more groups. With VLAN, a station cannot directly talk to or hear from stations that are not in the same group(s) unless such traffic first goes through a router.

For more information on VLANs, refer to Chapter 8 on page 79.

1.1.4.1 Tag-based VLAN Example

Ports in the same VLAN group share the same frame broadcast domain, thus increasing network performance by reducing broadcast traffic. VLAN groups can be modified at any time by adding, moving or changing ports without any recabling.

 

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Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your Switch

Shared resources such as a server can be used by all ports in the same VLAN as the server. In the following figure only ports that need access to the server need to be part of VLAN 1. Ports on the Switch can belong to other VLAN groups too.

Figure 4 Shared Server Using VLAN Example

1.2 Ways to Manage the Switch

Use any of the following methods to manage the Switch.

Web Configurator. This is recommended for everyday management of the Switch using a (supported) web browser. See Chapter 4 on page 41.

Command Line Interface. Line commands offer an alternative to the Web Configurator and may be necessary to configure advanced features. See the CLI Reference Guide.

FTP. Use File Transfer Protocol for firmware upgrades and configuration backup/ restore. See Section 31.8 on page 275.

SNMP. The device can be monitored and/or managed by an SNMP manager. See Section 32.3 on page 280.

1.3Good Habits for Managing the Switch

Do the following things regularly to make the Switch more secure and to manage the Switch more effectively.

Change the password. Use a password that’s not easy to guess and that consists of different types of characters, such as numbers and letters.

Write down the password and put it in a safe place.

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Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your Switch

Back up the configuration (and make sure you know how to restore it). Restoring an earlier working configuration may be useful if the device becomes unstable or even crashes. If you forget your password, you will have to reset the Switch to its factory default settings. If you backed up an earlier configuration file, you would not have to totally re-configure the Switch. You could simply restore your last configuration.

 

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Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your Switch

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2

Hardware Installation and

Connection

This chapter shows you how to install and connect the Switch.

2.1 Freestanding Installation

1Make sure the Switch is clean and dry.

2Set the Switch on a smooth, level surface strong enough to support the weight of the Switch and the connected cables. Make sure there is a power outlet nearby.

3Make sure there is enough clearance around the Switch to allow air circulation and the attachment of cables and the power cord.

4Remove the adhesive backing from the rubber feet.

5Attach the rubber feet to each corner on the bottom of the Switch. These rubber feet help protect the Switch from shock or vibration and ensure space between devices when stacking.

Figure 5 Attaching Rubber Feet

Note: Do NOT block the ventilation holes. Leave space between devices when stacking.

 

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Chapter 2 Hardware Installation and Connection

Note: For proper ventilation, allow at least 4 inches (10 cm) of clearance at the front and 3.4 inches (8 cm) at the back of the Switch. This is especially important for enclosed rack installations.

2.2 Mounting the Switch on a Rack

This section lists the rack mounting requirements and precautions and describes the installation steps.

2.2.1Rack-mounted Installation Requirements

Two mounting brackets.

Eight M3 flat head screws and a #2 Philips screwdriver.

Four M5 flat head screws and a #2 Philips screwdriver.

Failure to use the proper screws may damage the unit.

2.2.1.1Precautions

Make sure the rack will safely support the combined weight of all the equipment it contains.

Make sure the position of the Switch does not make the rack unstable or topheavy. Take all necessary precautions to anchor the rack securely before installing the unit.

2.2.2Attaching the Mounting Brackets to the Switch

1Position a mounting bracket on one side of the Switch, lining up the four screw holes on the bracket with the screw holes on the side of the Switch.

Figure 6 Attaching the Mounting Brackets

2Using a #2 Philips screwdriver, install the M3 flat head screws through the mounting bracket holes into the Switch.

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