Wright Manufacturing 14SH654 User Manual

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Commercial Mower Owner’s Manual

For Sport X Serial Numbers 55864 and Higher Until Superseded

WARNING: READ THIS MANUAL BEFORE USING

Revised 7/2011

For your safety and for proper operation and maintenance read carefully and keep readily available for future reference.

Additional replacement owner’s manuals as well as illustrated parts lists are available from your authorized Wright Dealer for a nominal charge. Also check www.wrightmfg.com for the most up to date product literature. Please note the complete model number and serial number of your Wright product.

For reference please note the following information at the time of purchase:

SERIAL # ________________________________

MODEL # ________________________________

DATE OF PURCHASE ______________________

*Unit must be registered by your dealer at the time of sale or with-in 14 days to activate your two year warranty*

Foreword

Welcome to the progressive group of mowing professionals who use Wright mowers. We are focused on giving you advanced engineering and quality construction in each mower we build.

This manual explains the features and promotes safer use of the mower. Please read it in its entirety and follow the instructions carefully so that you can have many years of safe and productive operation with your Wright product. This manual contains information pertaining to European models also. All information referencing “CE” only applies to European units.

For service, remember that your Wright dealer knows your mower best and is interested in your satisfaction. Your dealer can provide you with quality maintenance and other assistance that you may need.

Please provide this manual to anyone who may operate the mower for them to study before operation. Additionally, make the manual and service documents available to anyone to whom you may sell the mower in the future. It is important that the next owner receive this information also.

As Wright Manufacturing, Inc. is constantly seeking ways to improve its products, the mower you have may differ slightly from the information and specifications in this manual. Wright reserves the option to make changes at any time without notice, in the process of continually improving our products.

Wright Manufacturing, Inc.

SAFETY ALERT

This is the safety alert symbol. It is used throughout this manual and on the mower’s safety labels to alert you to potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury or death. Read these instructions carefully. It is essential that you read the instructions and safety precautions before you attempt to work on or use this unit.

WARNING

This symbol with the “WARNING” indicates a potentia lly hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

CAUTION

This symbol with the word “CAUTION” indicates a pot entially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury.

1998-2011 Wright Manufacturing, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be reproduced or copied, in whole or part, without written permission from Wright Manufacturing, Inc. Grass Gobbler, Gobbler, Leaf Gobbler, Velke, Pro 1, X2, Stander, and Sentar are trademarks of Wright Manufacturing, Inc.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PRE-DELIVERY SERVICE OF MOWER BY DEALER .........................................................................................................................

3

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS .................................................................................................................................................................

5

INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................................................................................

5

GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ................................................................................................................................................

5

OWNER/USER NOTICE ..................................................................................................................................................................

5

USER QUALIFICATIONS.................................................................................................................................................................

5

USER CLOTHING ...........................................................................................................................................................................

6

INSPECT MOWER BEFORE EACH USE ...........................................................................................................................................

6

REGULAR MOWER SAFETY MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................................................

6

WORK AREA CONDITIONS & INSPECTION ....................................................................................................................................

6

INITIAL OPERATING SAFETY GUIDELINES ....................................................................................................................................

7

OPERATION IN FORWARD DIRECTION...........................................................................................................................................

7

OPERATION IN REVERSE...............................................................................................................................................................

7

ZERO-RADIUS TURN OPERATION .................................................................................................................................................

8

OPERATION ON SLOPES ................................................................................................................................................................

8

FUEL SAFETY ...............................................................................................................................................................................

8

HYDRAULIC SAFETY.....................................................................................................................................................................

9

USING A SPARK ARRESTER ..........................................................................................................................................................................

9

REPLACEMENT PARTS ..................................................................................................................................................................

9

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS.........................................................................................................................................................

10

INSPECT MOWER BEFORE EACH USE .........................................................................................................................................

10

HOW TO START THE MOWER .....................................................................................................................................................

10

HOW TO DRIVE THE MOWER .....................................................................................................................................................

10

HOW TO STOP AND PARK THE MOWER .....................................................................................................................................

11

DRIVING THE MOWER OVER A CURB ........................................................................................................................................

11

MOWING ON VARYING TERRAIN ................................................................................................................................................

11

FUEL SYSTEM/FUEL SHUT-OFF VALVE ......................................................................................................................................

11

HOW TO ADJUST NEUTRAL.........................................................................................................................................................

11

CHANGING THE SPEED/SENSITIVITY ADJUSTMENT ....................................................................................................................

12

HOW TO PERFORM THE TRACKING ADJUSTMENT .......................................................................................................................

12

HOW TO TEST/USE THE BLADE CLUTCH/BRAKE SWITCH...........................................................................................................

12

HOW TO TEST THE OPERATOR PRESENCE CONTROL (OPC) SWITCH ..........................................................................................

13

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS ......................................................................................................................................................

13

TIRE MAINTENANCE AND PRESSURE ..........................................................................................................................................

13

HEIGHT-OF-CUT .........................................................................................................................................................................

13

DECK ADJUSTMENTS........................................................................................................................................................................................................

13

BELT TENSION ADJUSTMENT......................................................................................................................................................

14

REPLACING CUTTER DECK BELT ................................................................................................................................................

14

REPLACING DRIVE BELT ............................................................................................................................................................

14

DECK LIFT ASSIST ADJUSTMENT................................................................................................................................................

14

SEAT ADJUSTMENTS....................................................................................................................................................................................

15

HYDRO OIL TANK CHECK AND FILL...........................................................................................................................................

15

LUBRICATION .............................................................................................................................................................................

15

HOW TO MOVE THE MOWER IF THE ENGINE WONT START .......................................................................................................

15

BLEEDING AIR FROM THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM .........................................................................................................................

16

BATTERY SERVICE .....................................................................................................................................................................

16

CLEANING THE MOWER..............................................................................................................................................................

16

FUEL EVAPORATION SYSTEM .........................................................................................................................................................................................

16

TORQUE SPECIFICATION CHART.................................................................................................................................................

17

SPINDLE AND DRIVE PULLEY SPLIT HUB R&R .........................................................................................................................

17

SPINDLE SET-UP / BLADE OPTIONS..........................................................................................................................................................................

17

CONSUMABLES / MAINTENANCE ITEMS .....................................................................................................................................

19

MAINTENANCE INTERVAL CHART ..............................................................................................................................................

20

MAINTENANCE RECORD .............................................................................................................................................................

21

DECALS ......................................................................................................................................................................................

22

POWER EQUIPMENT LIMITED WARRANTY .................................................................................................................................

23

CUT QUALITY AND MOWING TIPS .............................................................................................................................................

24

FEDERAL & CALIFORNIA EMMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY STATEMENT.....................................................................

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PRE-DELIVERY SERVICE OF MOWER BY DEALER

Before proceeding with the Pre-Delivery Service of your mower, please read the safety instructions manual in its entirety. Only

WARNING your authorized Wright dealer should perform the Pre-Delivery Service of the mower.

The Wright Sport X is shipped completely assembled and has been adjusted and tested at the factory. However, due to the jostling of the shipping process and the delivery time lapse, the following items need to be repeated again before starting the mower. After you have uncrated the mower, follow these procedures in the order indicated:

Inspect the mower for any damage, unusual conditions or missing parts.

Inspect the mower for all of its decals, especially the warning decals. There should be one blade warning decal on each side of the deck, the “shield missing” decal under the blade belt cover, and the dash decal.

Check service, parts and recall bulletins to ensure unit does not need any updates.

Check (and fill if necessary) engine oil level according to the engine manufacturer’s recommendation.

Check (and fill if necessary) hydraulic fluid level. Use fully SYNTHETIC oil: Mobil-1 15W-50 (see Hydro Check/Fill section of this manual).

Check rear tire pressure – 18 – 22 psi. is recommended. Use the higher pressures for heavier operators. Front Casters are equipped with non-pneumatic tires and do not require any air. Lowering tire pressure will affect deck pitch. Always check pitch any time tire pressure is set below recommended pressures.

Lubricate all appropriate moving parts (see the Lubrication section of this manual).

Check the battery to see that the cables are tight and connected properly. The battery is 12 volts and is a maintenance-free battery. Only charge the battery if it will not start the mower properly.

Check the “Quick Cut Height” deck adjustment system for proper operation.

Add regular unleaded gasoline to fuel tank. (use a minimum of 87 octane gasoline) (You may use gasoline containing up to 10% ethanol and gasoline containing up to 5% of methanol.)

Check brake safety interlock.

Try starting the engine with the parking brake released. (Engine should not start. If engine starts, service the parking brake locking system)

Apply parking brake

Start the engine according to the engine manufacturer’s recommendation. Let the engine run at low - mid RPM for several minutes to ensure the engine oil reaches all of the engine parts and gets the hydraulic fluid circulating through the pumps, etc.

Check if the parking brake locking system prevents the units from being driven while engaged. If not, service the parking brake locking system.

Release the parking brake. Next, move the hand control levers, one at a time, to make the wheels move in forward and backward rotation.

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Before testing the blade clutch/brake operation, make sure the area is clear and there is nothing vulnerable to possible thrown objects from under the mower. No one should be near the mower deck or in its line of discharge at this or at any time. The discharge chute deflector should be in the down position.

Move the engine throttle control to ¾ RPM speed setting.

Turn on the blade clutch switch. Run blades for approximately one minute. Next, engage and disengage the blades a few times about 10 seconds apart. If the blades do not start and stop in a few seconds each time, service the blade brake system.

With the blades on, disengage the OPC switch to test the Operator Presence Control switch (OPC). A time delay has been added to the OPC system. The engine should die and the blades should stop with-in 6-9 seconds after stepping off of the foot platform. If not, service the OPC system.

Disengage the blades.

Drive the mower around on a level parking lot. Check that the mower drives in a straight line when both hand controls are at the full speed position. (If not, refer to How to Perform The Tracking Adjustment section of this manual) (The control handles may not line up perfectly)

As you drive the mower, listen for any unusual noises and test for irregular operation and adjust or service as necessary.

Go over the safety information and operating procedures in this manual with the customer. Instruct each customer in proper operation and observe the customer during their initial operation on a level parking lot. Repeat until the customer is familiar and comfortable with the basic operation and use of the mower.

Dealer:

Register the mower online within 14 days from the date of retail purchase.

(If unable to use the online registration process, contact your Distributor to register for you)

Registering the product indicates you have successfully completed the predelivery service checklist.

The limited warranty is considered invalid unless the unit is registered and the above steps are taken.

Remember, the purchaser is both your customer and our customer and his/her satisfaction is very important. Thank you for supporting our products.

The mower is now ready for delivery to your customer

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SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

WRIGHT MOWER USERS & OWNERS: READ THIS MANUAL BEFORE USING

PLEASE BE CAREFUL!

WARNING

This symbol with the word “WARNING” indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

CAUTION

This symbol with the word “CAUTION” indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.

Introduction

This mower is built to the highest standards in the industry. However, carelessness or operator error may result in serious bodily injury or death.

Accident and hazard prevention are dependent upon the awareness, concern, wisdom, and proper training of the personnel involved in the operation, transport, maintenance, and storage of the equipment. Make sure every operator is properly trained and thoroughly familiar with all of the information in this manual before operating the equipment.

General Safety Instructions

The Wright Sport X is designed with your safety in mind. It has the following safety systems with which you should become familiar:

The warning decals on the mower including the instrument panel warning

The blade switch must be “off” before starting the engine

Your feet must be on the foot platform in order to engage the blades

If you remove your feet from the foot platform while the blades are running the engine will stop and the blades will brake in seconds

Letting go of the hand controls will stop the wheels instantly

Spring loaded chute deflector helps reduce trajectory of thrown objects

Belt/pulley covers on cutter deck

Anti-tip rollers provided at the rear of the mower reduce the risk of mower tipping

WARNING

Owner/User Notice

The owner’s/user’s obligation is to instruct themselves and all potential users in the safe operation of this equipment and be sure they read and follow the instructions in this safety manual and other material provided by Wright Manufacturing, Inc. before using or allowing others to operate the equipment. Do not operate this unit unless you carefully read, understand and follow the assembly, installation, and safety instructions contained in this manual and the warning decals provided on the unit. Do not allow other persons to use this unit unless you make sure they carefully read, understand and follow these instructions. Never allow children to operate or play on the unit.

WARNING

User Qualifications

This product is designed for use by physically fit, experienced, professional commercial mower operators who have a minimum of 160 hours of experience operating fifteen horsepower and greater industrial mowers. Operators must be 18 years or older and weigh at least 120 pounds and no more than 300 pounds. They must have read and understood this manual. DO NOT allow children to operate the mower. Never allow passengers on the mower. DO NOT allow adults to operate the mower without proper instruction mentioned above.

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WARNING

User Clothing

DO NOT operate the mower while wearing sandals, tennis shoes, sneakers, or shorts. Always wear long non-baggy pants. Wear high-top leather steel-toed work boots with thick, textured tread, soft-rubber soled at all times. Hard or smooth soled shoes are too slippery for a good footing on mower platform. NEVER wear loose-fitting clothing or jacket pockets that can get caught on the handlebars or control levers of any mower you drive. Wearing safety glasses, ear protection and safety shoes is advisable and required by some local ordinances and insurance regulations.

WARNING

Inspect Mower Before Each Use

DO NOT use the mower if any parts are not maintained in good operating condition. Examine the moving parts prior to each use. Look for excessive wear, bald or worn tires, cracks in parts, loose or missing bolts, cotter pins, linchpins and replace before operating the mower.

Make sure all safety equipment provided with the mower is in good operating order, including all the warning decals and the required operator-presence device which stops the engine and blades when the foot-operated Operator Presence Control (OPC) switch is released. (To test the OPC, follow instructions in the Operating Instructions section of this manual.) Inspect the two anti-tip rollers and their respective bolts at the rear of the mower for tightness and proper operation. Be sure that all parts of the hand-operated hydraulic control system are tight and secure. This is to reduce the possibility that the mower could have a loss of control during operation and compromise operator safety. Ensure deck pitch is between 1/4 - 3/8”. (Refer to the maintenance interval chart at the end of this manual)

WARNING

Regular Mower Safety Maintenance

Keep your Wright mower in good operating condition, and keep safety devices and shields in place and in working condition. Replace worn tire(s) with less than 3/32” of any tread groove left. Use tires with the tread pattern specified by Wright Mfg., Inc. only. DO NOT change the engine governor settings or over-rev the

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engine contrary to engine manufacturer specifications. Failure to comply can compromise operator safety, shorten equipment life and void your manufacturer’s warranty. Keep all nuts, bolts, and screws tight to be sure the equipment is in safe working condition. Check the blade mounting bolts for proper tightness every eight (8) hours of operation. Check the blades for excessive wear and sharpness every four to eight (4-8) hours of operation. Sharpen dull blades. Replace blades when they become excessively worn. The mower should not be used after the blades or other part of the mower strikes a foreign object, until conducting a thorough inspection and any damage is repaired. When inspecting or changing blades, turn off the blade clutch switch, apply the parking brake, stop the engine and remove the key. Make sure the chute deflector is always in place and operating properly. Replace if the deflector becomes worn or ceases to properly deflect the grass in a safe manner. (Refer to the maintenance interval chart at the end of this manual)

WARNING

Work Area Conditions & Inspection

Prior to operating the unit, carefully inspect all lawn/ground areas where you plan to use the mower for hidden, hard-to-see objects or uneven ground that may be hidden in the grass. Clear the work area of moveable objects such as wires, rocks, glass, toys, etc. that might be picked up by the mower and dangerously thrown. Remove, if possible, or mark the location of all immovable objects or irregular areas and be sure not to hit them with any part of the mower, its deck or the blades. Obstacles such as holes, abrupt changes in ground contour, tree trunks, stumps or roots, pipes protruding from the ground, paving edges, etc. in the path of operation can abruptly turn or stop the mower. This could throw you off the mower or into and possibly over the handle bars causing serious injury or death. The faster you are moving the more potential there is for injury. Mow only in daylight or in good artificial light.

Keep away from drop-offs, the edges of ponds, streams, pools, etc. especially at the bottom of slopes.

Do not mow when children or others are around. When the Wright mower is in use, never direct the grass discharge toward bystanders, traffic, cars or buildings nor allow anyone within 50 feet of the machine while in operation. Thrown objects can pass through glass windows and some walls of buildings. There is extreme risk of danger from thrown objects or being cut by the blades of the mower or being run over if you lose control. Never operate the mower in an enclosed area without good, approved ventilation. Exhaust fumes are dangerous.

WARNING

Initial Operating Safety Guidelines

Read and understand the warnings on the instrument panel of the mower.

Keep a firm hold on the stationary handle at all times.

Keep both feet on the foot platform at all times.

Know the controls and how to stop quickly.

Before attempting to start the engine, follow all starting instructions below and in the engine operator’s manual.

Look behind before backing up.

Before leaving the operator’s position, even momentarily, turn off the blade clutch engagement switch and apply the parking brake. Keep others from coming near the mower. Get back on the mower as soon as possible.

When leaving the Wright mower unattended, turn off the blade clutch engagement switch, apply the parking brake, stop the engine and remove the key. Never leave the machine unattended on a slope in case someone disengages the parking brake. This could create a rollover hazard.

When transporting, driving onto transport vehicles, into buildings, across parking lots or otherwise not mowing grass, turn off the blade clutch engagement switch to reduce risk of thrown objects and rotating blade hazard. After coming to a stop apply the parking brake, stop the engine and remove the key.

Before performing any maintenance or repair service, disengage power to blades, apply the parking brake, stop the engine, remove ignition key and spark plug wire from spark plug(s).

All operators of this mower should exercise caution when driving this mower at high speeds. Sudden acceleration or deceleration may cause serious injury.

DO NOT allow inexperienced persons to operate the mower until they have read and understood these safety instructions. Operate the mower at slower speeds while becoming familiar with it.

The grass discharge chute deflector must be installed at all times and in the down position except that it may be raised when cleaning out the deck or a grass catcher is installed or a mulch kit and block-off plate is properly installed.

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If the mower discharges grass clogs, turn off the blade clutch switch, apply the parking brake, stop the engine and remove the key before removing obstruction(s).

Keep all shields and covers in place, namely, all blade and belt covers, engine shields, and grass discharge chute deflector.

Keep hands, feet and clothing away from rotating parts, especially the rear wheels, blades, engine flywheel, belts and pulleys.

Do not touch engine, muffler or hydraulic system while engine is running or soon after it is stopped. These areas can be so hot as to cause severe burns.

Clean grass, leaves and lubricant spills from surfaces after use to prevent fire hazard.

Be alert for traffic when crossing roads or operating near roadways.

Before climbing curbs, crossing gravel drives, sidewalks or roads, turn off the blades and wait for them to stop.

WARNING

Operation In Forward Direction

Always keep a firm grip on the mower stationary handlebar with both hands. Operate the mower slowly until you become familiar with how the mower operates. Do not operate the mower faster than conditions allow. For example, hills, wet or bumpy ground, dim light or high grass are all conditions requiring slower speeds. Never operate the mower at the highest speed unless you are on level, wide, open areas of clearly visible ground or transporting on paved areas. Speeding with any mower is dangerous, and so is traveling faster than conditions should permit on this mower. Sudden stops from excessive speed or falling off the mower may cause serious injury or death.

WARNING

Operation In Reverse

Always keep a firm grip on the mower stationary handlebar with both hands. Keep both feet firmly on the foot platform. Look behind you before backing to prevent injuring yourself or anyone behind you. Operate the mower very slowly, inching it backward until you become familiar with how the mower operates. Always operate slowly if in an awkward location or position. While backing up never place your foot or feet on the ground near the back edge of the mower to prevent serious personal injury if the mower were to run over you.

WARNING

Zero-Radius Turn Operation

During zero-radius turns (when one mower wheel rotates backwards while the other rotates forward) drive extra slowly to reduce the possibility of losing traction, or control, or becoming dizzy. This will help prevent you from being thrown off the mower. Be aware that if you do a turn on a slope you may go through all of the orientations to a slope mentioned below and must handle the mower accordingly.

WARNING

Operation on Slopes

DO NOT operate on steep slopes 25 degrees or greater for long periods or engine damage may occur. Do not operate the mower on slopes steeper than you can feel secure about the traction of the tires and the stability of the mower. Do not operate the mower on slopes at all when the grass is wet. There is a danger of suddenly sliding sideways or down the hill. When operating on a slope, travel across the grade whenever possible, not in an up or down pattern. Reduce speed and exercise extreme caution on slopes and in sharp turns to prevent tipping or loss of control. Be especially cautious when changing direction on slopes.

When pointing up a slope, your mower has the most weight on the drive wheels and therefore the most traction at the tires. However, this is the angle that it has the most tendency to tip back (“pop a wheelie.”) This is the preferred angle for mowing small areas of steeper slopes.

Recommendations for this angle:

Lean as far forward on the seat as possible or stand if necessary to add your weight to the front of the mower.

Accelerate gently. Do not accelerate quickly to avoid “popping a wheelie”.

If backing down the hill, do not stop suddenly but slow down gradually.

When pointing down a slope, your mower has the least weight on the rear drive wheels and therefore the least traction at the tires. This is the angle that the mower has the most tendency to slide. However, this is the angle that it has the least tendency to tip back. Avoid this angle, as it has the least advantage for your mower.

Recommendations for this angle:

Stretch your arms out straight while holding onto the stationary handle bar and sit back as far as you can on the seat. This adds more of your body weight to the rear drive wheels for more traction.

Do not change speed suddenly to minimize the tendency of going into a slide. Accelerate and decelerate gently. If you ever go into an uncontrolled slide while pointing down a slope the recommended procedure is to let go of the handles and jump off if necessary. Otherwise, control the mower gently and stay off slopes that tend to make the wheels slide.

When crossing a slope sideways, the Sport X has the average amount of weight on the drive wheels versus the front wheels, similar to level ground. However, this angle leaves the least weight on the higher side drive wheel, tending to make it slip. This is the preferred angle for mowing large areas of gentle slopes.

Recommendations for this angle:

Sit back as far as you can in the seat and angle yourself to the higher side. This adds weight to the rear drive wheels and will allow you to mow more quickly across the slope without sliding. These are general guidelines only. The mower function and comfort will vary depending on mowing environment, operator driving style and preference.

To reduce the chances of “popping-a-wheelie”, do

not accelerate quickly.

Note: Excessively worn tire tread is dangerous. Replace tire(s) with less than 3/32” of any tread groove left. Use tires with the tread pattern recommended by Wright Mfg., Inc. only. Keep the tire pressure in the drive tires between 18 and 22 psi. Higher pressures will cause the tires to have less traction which may prevent safe operation. Lower pressure will affect the deck pitch, thus creating a level deck or a reverse pitched deck and this WILL compromise cut quality.

(Refer to tire maintenance and pressure section)

WARNING

Fuel Safety

Handle gasoline with care – it is highly flammable. Do not smoke while handling gasoline. Use an approved gasoline container. Never remove the fuel cap or add gasoline to a running or hot engine or an engine that has not been allowed to cool for several minutes after running. Never fill the tank indoors and always clean up spilled gas. NEVER store the equipment with gasoline in the tank inside a building

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