Intel SX220 User Manual

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User Guide

®

G r e a t

M i n d s

T h i n k

®

C O M P U T E R S N E T W O R K S S O L U T I O N S

Viglen SX220 User Guide – MA-SX220-0A-01

Contents

1. Overview

5

Introduction

5

2. Chassis Specifications

6

Chassis Specification

6

Physical Specifications

7

Chassis Front Controls and Indicators

7

Front Panel Controls and Indicators

8

Chassis Back I/O Ports and Features

9

Power Supply

10

System Cooling

10

Security

10

Rack and Cabinet Mounting Options

10

Optional Peripherals

11

3. Motherboard Specifications

12

Server Board Features

12

Server Board Connectors and Component Location

13

Back panel Connectors

14

Processor

15

Memory

15

Add-in Board Slots

15

Video

16

SCSI Controller

16

IDE Controller

16

Network Controller

17

Network Connector and Status LEDs

17

Network Teaming Features

17

Adapter Fault Tolerance

18

Preferred Primary Adapter

18

Adaptive Load Balancing

19

Cisco Fast EtherChannel

19

Keyboard and Mouse

19

RJ-45 Serial Port

19

ACPI

21

Security

21

4. Assembling the System

26

Before You Begin

26

Installing the Server Board

28

Routing Cables

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Installing the Fan Assembly

34

Installing the Power Cord and Strain Relief Strap

35

Adding Components to the Server Board

36

Installing Peripherals

41

5. Installing the System in a Rack

51

Removing the Rails

52

Attach Inside Rails to Chassis

52

Attach Rail Brackets to Posts

53

Attach a Rail Assembly to a Front Bracket

54

Attach a Rail Assembly to a Rear Bracket

55

Install the Chassis on the Rails

55

6. Configuration Software and utility

57

Hot Keys

57

Power-On Self-Test (POST)

58

Using BIOS Setup

59

Setup Menu

59

Main Menu

60

Advanced Menu

61

Security Menu

64

Server Menu

65

Boot Menu

66

Exit Menu

68

Temporarily Changing the Boot Device Priority

68

Running the Adaptec SCSISelect Utility

68

When to Run the Adaptec SCSISelect Utility

69

Running the SCSISelect Utility

69

Configuring the Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSI Adapter

69

Running the Promise FastBuild Utility

70

Direct Platform Control (DPC) Console

70

Using the System Setup Utility

72

MultiBoot Options Add-in

76

Password Add-in

76

Options Button

77

SEL Manager Add-in

78

FRU Manager Add-in

79

SDR Manager Add-in

81

System Update Add-in

81

Platform Event Manager Add-in

85

Platform Event Paging Dialog

86

BMC LAN-Configuration Dialog

87

Platform Event Action Dialog

90

Emergency Management Port Dialog

92

Exiting the SSU

94

Platform Event Paging

95

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Software Updates

96

Software Update Package

96

Individual Updates

98

Upgrading the BIOS

99

Recovering the BIOS

99

7. Intel Server Control

104

About Intel Server Control

105

Managing Remote Servers

106

Server Management Tools

107

Client System Setup Utility

110

The Service Partition and Remote Diagnostics

111

DMI Explorer

111

Management Consoles

112

Connecting to a Remote Server

113

Paging an Administrator

115

Using the Intel Server Control Console

116

ISC Console Button Bar

117

Server Menu Options

118

View Menu Options

119

8. Solving Problems

121

Resetting the System

121

Initial System Start-up

121

After the System has been Running Correctly

122

More Problem Solving Procedures

123

Monitoring POST

124

Specific Problems and Corrective Actions

124

Problems with Network

127

Problems with Application Software

128

Bootable CD-ROM is not Detected

128

9. Technical Reference

129

Server Board Jumpers

129

Diagnostic LEDs

129

10. Regulatory & Integration Information

134

Product Regulatory Compliance

134

Electromagnetic Compatibility Notices

135

Replacing the Backup Battery

136

11. Equipment Log & Power Consumption

137

Equipment Log

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Current Usage

139

Calculating Power Consumption

139

Worksheet, Calculating DC Power Usage

140

Worksheet, Total Combined Power Used by the System

141

12.

Appendix

142

Contacting Viglen

142

13.

Notes

143

14.

Viglen, EMC and the ‘CE’ mark

146

15.

Copyrights and Trademarks

147

16.

Suggestions

148

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Viglen SX220 User Guide

1. Overview

Introduction

This manual describes the Viglen SX220 system and the SCB2 motherboard. The motherboard is the most important part of your computer. It contains all of the CPU, memory and graphics circuitry that makes the computer work.

The motherboard contains the very latest in CPU design, the Intel Pentium III processors, which include MMX, Internet Streaming SIMD Extensions and Tualatin technology. MMX technology adds a total of 57 instructions to the CPU, all of which are designed to vastly improve both multimedia and communications on your PC. SIMD Extensions add 70 new instructions enabling advanced imaging, 3D, streaming audio and video, and speech recognition for an enhanced Internet experience. Tualatin technology includes a smaller die size of 0.13 micron, resulting in lower power consumption and lower heat output. The Level2 cache on die has increased to 512K in size. The combination of the Intel Pentium III processors, MMX, SIMD, Tualatin technology and Viglen expertise make this a formidable computer.

This manual contains technical information about the Viglen SCB2 motherboard and other hardware components inside your computer. If you are new to computers we recommend that you read the user guide first. If you are an experienced computer user this manual should provide all the information you will need to perform simple upgrades and maintenance.

We hope that this manual is both readable and informative. If you have any comments or suggestions about how we could improve the format then please fill out the form at the back of the manual and send it to us.

Above all we hope that you enjoy using your Viglen computer.

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2. Chassis Specification

The SX220 system consists of the following major components:

The chassis and its subassemblies, device bays, and front bezel

A slim-line CD-ROM drive & Floppy Disk Drive

The power supply

The cooling system

SCB2 Motherboard & PCI riser cards

The major component of the kit is the chassis. It is important to become familiar with the chassis both externally and internally and the security features it provides.

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Physical Specifications

The SX220 chassis is designed as a 2U 19” Rackmount unit. The server will be supplied complete with a pair of industry standard 19” Rails, handles and all of the necessary nuts and bolts.

Table 1: Physical Specifications

Specifications

 

Height

89 mm

Width / Rackmount Height

430 mm / 2U

Depth

648 mm

Weight

18 kg typical configuration

Chassis Front Controls and Indicators

The front panel controls and indicators are located behind the optional front bezel of the system as shown in Figure 1. You can access the panel and the system peripherals by grasping the bezel at its edges and gently pulling it towards you.

Figure 1: Chassis Front Controls and Indicators

A – Chassis handles

F – RJ-45 serial port (PC-to-PC)

B – Drive bay (1-inch)

G – USB connectors 3 and 4

C – HDD activity/fault indicator

H – System controls

D – Flex bay (seventh HDD or

I – Tape drive bay

optional CDROM drive/FDD module)

 

E – Front panel indicator lights

 

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Front Panel Controls and Indicators

Figure 2: Front Panel Controls and Indicators

A – NIC 1 activity LED

I – Power/sleep LED

B – NIC 2 activity LED

J – Power button

C – System status LED

K – FDD activity LED

D – Fixed disk drive status LED

L – CD-ROM activity LED

E – ID LED

M – CD-ROM drive eject button

F – ID button

N – Manual CD-ROM drive eject button

G – NMI button (tool assisted)

O – FDD eject button

H – Reset button

 

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Chassis Back I/O Ports and Features

The back panel provides connectors for the server board, slots for add-in cards, and the power supply for the server. Figure 3 identifies the features of the back panel.

Figure 3: Chassis Back I/O Ports and Features

A – PCI card bracket (low profile)

I – USB connector 2

B – RJ45 NIC 2 connector

J – RJ45 serial 2 port

C – Serial 1 port mounting hole

K – PS/2* mouse/keyboard connector

D – PCI card bracket (full-height)

L – RJ45 NIC 1 connector

E – AC power input (primary)

M – SCSI connector

F – AC power input (redundant)

N – Video connector

G – Power supply module,

O – USB connector 1

redundant

 

H – Power supply module, primary

 

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Power Supply

The power supply consists of the power supply bay and one power supply module. A second power supply module can be purchased to provide a redundant, 1+1 system. With either configuration, the power supply provides 350 watts of power and is designed to minimise EMI.

The power supply operates within the following voltage ranges and is rated as follows:

100 - 120 V~ at 50/60 Hertz (Hz); 6.3A maximum 200 - 240 V~ at 50/60 Hz; 2.5A maximum

The power subsystem supports the implementation of remote management features, including remote enable that permits power to be activated from a variety of sources.

System Cooling

The chassis includes two 80-mm non-hot-swappable system fans for cooling the processor(s), hard drives, and add-in cards. A third fan may be added in the center position to provide cooling redundancy for system components. The system fans are mounted in a fan assembly located in the middle of the chassis to pull cooling air through the chassis. The power supply contains a single fan for cooling.

Security

To help prevent unauthorised access to the system’s peripherals and control panel, an optional key-locked front bezel can be used. The chassis also includes a preinstalled intrusion switch that can be monitored by server management software. When the cover is opened, a switch located on the front panel board transmits a signal to the Baseboard Management Controller (BMC) on the server board. Through server management software, the system can be programmed to respond to an intrusion by powering down or by locking the keyboard. At the chassis level a variety of security options are provided.

Rack and Cabinet Mounting Options

The SX220 chassis was designed to support 19” wide by up to 30” deep server cabinets. The chassis comes equipped with a relay rack or cabinet mount kit that can be configured to support front-mount or mid-mount 2-post racks and 4-post cabinets. Viglen also provides an optional sliding rail kit that is used to mount the chassis into a standard (19” by up to 30” deep) EIS 310D compatible server cabinet.

For mounting in a regular server cabinet, the front mount brackets are attached to the front of the chassis, and a set of rear support brackets are attached to the back end of the cabinet. This evenly distributes the server to prevent the mounting rails on the cabinet from bending. Caution should be used in using the front mount-only option. Even though the rail mount kit hardware was designed to support the weight

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of the system, some 2-post relay racks may not, causing the racks to fail. Only use relay racks that are specifically designed to support the weight and stresses of a 2- post front-mount only chassis.

Optional Peripherals

The SX220 server chassis provides six hard drive bays at the front of the chassis. An optional seventh drive may be used in the flex bay. All hard drive bays may be populated with a tray mounted 3½” hard disk drive. If a configuration requires the use of a floppy disk drive and CDROM drive Floppy/CDROM module may be used in place of the seventh hard drive in the flex bay. A tape drive bay is located below the flex bay.

Hot-Swappable Hard Disk Drives

The SX220 server chassis can support up to seven tray-mounted SCA2, 3½” x 1” and Ultra2/Ultra160 hard disk drives.

A major feature of the hot-swap bay is the backplane which powers down a drive when a failure is detected and reported to the SCSI bus. When a new drive is inserted, the power control waits a short time for the drive to become fully seated and then applies power to the drive. The backplane provides signals to the control panel to indicate failure status for each drive in the bay.

The chassis ships with six drive carriers for mounting the separately purchased hard drives. For information on how to install these drives, refer to page 43.

Flex Bay

For those configurations that require a floppy drive and CD-ROM drive, the seventh drive bay or “Flex Bay” will be configured as a peripheral bay by inserting the Floppy/CDROM module. The Floppy/CDROM module is a 3½” floppy drive and a ½” (12.7mm) slim-line CDROM drive mounted as a single unit in the peripheral bay. A release latch allows for tool-less removal from the front of the server, however, the Floppy/CDROM Module is not hot swappable. The system must be powered down before the module is inserted or removed from the flex bay.

If the Flex Bay is used to house a SCA2 hard disk drive the bay will be hotswappable the same as the six other standard bays.

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3. Motherboard Specification

Server Board Features

Table 2: Server Board Features

Feature

Description

Processor

Dual processor slots supporting Intel® Pentium® III processors in

 

a Socket370 Flip Chip Pin Grid Array (FC-PGA) package.

Memory

Six dual inline memory module (DIMM) slots support:

 

SDRAM DIMMs: 133 MHz, ECC, registered, PC/133

 

compliant, 72-bit, 168-pin, gold contact, 3.3V. A 1U chassis

 

requires low-profile (LP) 1.2-inch DIMMs.

 

Up to 6 GB of memory in a 2U chassis.

Graphics

Integrated onboard ATI RAGE XL PCI 64 bit SVGA controller.

Video Memory

8 MB SDRAM of video memory

PCI bus

Two PCI riser slots capable of supporting three full-length, full-

 

height 64-bit/66-MHz PCI riser slots and three LP 64-bit/66-MHz

 

PCI riser slots.

SCSI

Adaptec AICAIC7899W, supporting onboard Ultra160 (LVD)

 

Ultra-wide SCSI interfaces.

Network

Dual on-board 10/100 Network Interface Controllers (NIC)

System I/O

One PS/2 keyboard/mouse port (6 pin DIN)

 

One VGA video port (15 pin)

 

Two USB ports

 

One serial port (RJ-45)

 

One SCSI port (SCSI server board only)

 

Two NIC ports (RJ-45)

Form Factor

Server ATX form factor

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Server Board Connector and Component Locations

Figure 4: Server Board components

A – Speaker

R – CPU 1 fan connector

B – ID LED

S – Sys fan 1 connector

C – Battery

T – Aux fan connector

D – Diagnostic LEDs (POST code)

U – Floppy drive connector

E – 66 MHz/64-bit PCI riser slot

V – Fan module connector

F – A DIMM slots

W – Main power connector

G – I/O ports

X – Auxiliary signal connector

H – ICMB connector

Y – Floppy/FP/IDE connector

I – COM 1 serial header

Z – Alternate front panel connector

J – Chassis intrusion connector

AA – ATA/IDE connector

K – 66 MHz/64-bit PCI riser slot (LP)

BB – IPMB connector

L – USB 3 & 4 header

CC – SSI front panel connector

M – Sys fan 3 connector

DD – Configuration jumper block

N – CPU 2 fan connector

EE – Not applicable on SX220

O – Secondary processor socket

FF – SCSI connector

P – Primary processor socket

GG – Hard Disk Drive LED header

Q – Sys fan 2 connector

 

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Back Panel Connectors

Figure 5: Back Plane Connectors

A – USB 1 connector

G – NIC 1 RJ-45 connector

B – Video connector

H – Green Status LED

C – SCSI connector

I – Yellow Status LED

D – NIC 2 RJ-45 connector

J – PS/2 keyboard/mouse connector

E – Green Status LED

K – RJ-45 serial port

F – Yellow Status LED

L – USB 2 connector

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Processor

The SCB2 motherboard accommodates one or two Intel Pentium III processors with 512k cache in the FC-PGA2 package. This processor uses the 0.13 micron technology and offers advanced performance. The processor external interface operates at a maximum of 133 MHz.

Memory

The system board contains six 168-pin DIMM slots each supporting 72-bit ECC (64bit main memory plus ECC) registered SDRAM DIMMs (PC-133 compatible). Memory is two-way interleaved and partitioned in three banks. You may install a minimum of 128 MB (64MB x 2) and as much as 6 GB.

The controller automatically detects, sizes, and initialises the memory array, depending on the type, size, and speed of the installed DIMMs, and reports memory size and allocation to the server via configuration registers.

NOTE: Use DIMMs that have been tested for compatibility with the server board. Contact your sales representative or dealer for a current list of approved memory modules

Add-in Board Slots

The server board has two PCI riser slots, each capable of supporting 64-bit/66-MHz PCI riser cards. PCI features:

Bus speed up to 66 MHz

32 bit memory addressing

5 V/3.3 V signaling environment

Burst transfers of up to 512 Mbps

8, 16, 32, or 64-bit data transfers

Plug and Play ready

Parity enabled

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Video

The SCB2 motherboard uses an ATI RAGE XL PCI graphics accelerator with 8 MB of video SDRAM that supports all standard IBM VGA modes. The embedded SVGA video subsystem supports:

Pixel resolutions up to 1600 x 1200 under 2D and 1024 x 768 under 3D

CRT and LCD monitors up to 100 Hz vertical refresh rate

The server board supports disabling of the onboard video through the BIOS setup menu or when a plug in video card is installed in any of the PCI slots.

SCSI Controller

The server board includes an embedded Adaptec AIC-7899W controller providing dual Ultra160 Low Voltage Differential (LVD) SCSI channels.

The SCSI bus is terminated on the server board with active terminators that cannot be disabled. The onboard device must always be at one end of the bus. The device at the other end of the cable must also be terminated. LVD devices generally do not have termination built-in and need to have a termination source provided. Non-LVD devices generally are terminated through a jumper or resistor pack on the device itself.

IDE Controller

The system includes a single channel enhanced IDE 32 bit interface controller for intelligent disk drives with disk controller electronics onboard. The controller has a connector located on the system board that supports a master and a slave device. The device controls:

PIO and DMA transfer modes

DMA-33 capable

Mode 4 timings

Transfer rates up to 33 MB/s

Buffering for PCI/IDE burst transfers

Master/slave IDE mode

Up to two devices.

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Network Controller

NOTE: To ensure EMC product regulation compliance, the system must be used with a shielded LAN cable.

The server board uses two Intel® 82550PM Fast Ethernet Controllers and supports two 10Base-T/100Base-TX network subsystems. The 82550 PM controller supports the following features:

32-bit PCI, CardBus master interface

Integrated IEEE 802.3 10Base-T and 100Base-TX compatible PHY

IEEE 820.3u auto-negotiation support

Chained memory structure similar to the 82559, 82558, 82557 and 82596

Full duplex support at both 10 Mbps and 100 Mbps operation

Low power +3.3 V device

IP checksum off-loading

The SX220 server NIC 1 can be used as both a network interface and server management interface.

NIC Connector and Status LEDs

The 82550 controller drives LEDs on the network interface connector that indicates link/activity on the LAN and 10or 100-Mbps operation. The green LED indicates network connection when on and TX/RX activity when blinking. The yellow LED indicates 100-Mbps operation when lit.

Network Teaming Features

NOTE: Using both on-board NICs in a team does not allow the use of NIC 1 for server management access. To support both network teaming features and server management features, a third NIC must be added and teamed to NIC 2.

The network controller provides several options for increasing throughput and fault tolerance when running Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, NetWare 4.1x or newer, or Linux:

Adapter Fault Tolerance (AFT) - provides automatic redundancy for your adapter. If the primary adapter fails, the secondary takes over. AFT works with any hub or switch.

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Adaptive Load Balancing (ALB) - creates a team of 2 - 8 adapters to increase transmission throughput. Also includes AFT. Works with any 10Base-TX or 100Base-TX switch.

Fast EtherChannel (FEC) or Intel® Link Aggregation - creates a team of up to 8 adapters to increase transmission and reception throughput. Also includes AFT. Requires a FEC-enabled switch.

To set up an option, read the instructions in the Windows NT 4.0 or NetWare 4.1x readme files.

General Configuration Notes

1.Windows NT versions prior to 4.0 do not support Adapter Teaming options.

2.Adapter Teaming options require NT 4.0 with Service Pack 4.0 or Service Pack 3.0 and the Windows Hot Fix.

3.In Windows NT, teaming options cannot be implemented on adapters that have been configured for VLANs. NetWare can support teaming options and VLANs on the same adapters.

Adapter Fault Tolerance

Adapter Fault Tolerance (AFT) is a simple, effective, and fail-safe approach to increase the reliability of server connections. AFT gives you the ability to set up link recovery to the server adapter in case of a cable, port, or network interface card failure. By assigning two server adapters as a team, AFT enables you to maintain uninterrupted network performance.

AFT is implemented with two server adapters: a primary adapter and a backup, or secondary, adapter. During normal operation, the backup will have transmit disabled. If the link to the primary adapter fails, the link to the backup adapter automatically takes over.

Preferred Primary Adapter

With multiple adapters installed, you can specify one as the Preferred Primary adapter. For example if you have a server with a PRO/1000 server adapter as the primary adapter and a PRO/100+ adapter as the secondary, you could configure the PRO/1000 server adapter to be the preferred primary. In this scenario, if the PRO/1000 server adapter fails, the PRO/100+ will take over. Then when the PRO/1000 server adapter is replaced, it will automatically revert to being the primary adapter in the team.

If a Preferred Primary is not selected, PROSet will attempt to select the best adapter, based on adapter model and speed.

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Mixed Adapter Teaming

AFT supports up to eight server adapters per team, in any mix.

Adaptive Load Balancing

Adaptive Load Balancing (ALB) is a simple and efficient way to increase your server’s transmit throughput. With ALB you group server adapters in teams to provide an increased transmit rate (up to 8 Gbps) using a maximum of eight adapters. The ALB software continuously analyses transmit loading on each adapter and balances the rate across the adapters as needed. Adapter teams configured for ALB also provide the benefits of AFT. Receive rates remain at 100 Mbps or 1 Gbps depending on the primary adapter’s capability.

To use ALB, you must have 2-8 server adapters installed in your server or workstation and linked to the same network switch.

Cisco Fast EtherChannel

Fast EtherChannel (FEC) is a performance technology developed by Cisco to increase your server’s throughput. Unlike ALB, FEC can be configured to increase both transmission and reception channels between your server and switch. FEC works only with FEC-enabled switches, such as the Catalyst 5000 series. With FEC, as you add adapters to your server, you can group them in teams to provide up to 18 Gbps at full duplex, with a maximum of 8 server adapters. The FEC software continuously analyses loading on each adapter and balances network traffic across the adapters as needed. Adapter teams configured for FEC also provide the benefits of AFT.

To use FEC, you must have 2, 4, or 8 server adapters installed in your server and linked to the same FEC-enabled Cisco switch.

Keyboard and Mouse

The keyboard/mouse controller is PS/2-compatible. If specified through the System Setup Utility (SSU), the server may be locked automatically if there is no keyboard or mouse activity for a predefined length of time. Once the inactivity (lockout) timer has expired, the keyboard and mouse do not respond until the previously stored password is entered. A Y-cable can be used if both a PS/2 mouse and keyboard are required at the same time.

RJ-45 Serial Port

The rear RJ-45 serial port is a fully functional COM port that supports any standard serial device and provides support for serial concentrators, which typically support RJ45 serial connectors. For server applications that use a serial concentrator to access the server management features of the baseboard, a standard 8-pin CAT-5 cable from the serial concentrator is plugged directly into the rear RJ45 serial port.

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The 8 pins of the RJ45 connector can be configured to match either of two pin-out standards used by serial port concentrators. To accommodate either standard, the J6A2 jumper block located directly behind the rear RJ45 serial port must be jumpered appropriately according to which standard is desired.

NOTE: By default, as configured in the factory, the SCB2 baseboard will have the rear RJ45 serial port configured to support a DSR signal.

For serial concentrators that require a DCD signal, the J6A2 jumper block must be configured as follows: The DCD jumper in position 2 and 3 and the DSR jumper in position 2 and 3. Pin 1 on the jumper is denoted by an arrow directly next to the jumper block. See Figure 9 on page 129 for the jumper block pin-out of this configuration.

Figure 6: Jumper Block Pin-out

For serial concentrators that require a DSR signal, the J6A2 jumper block must be configured as follows: The DSR jumper in position 1 and 2 and the DCD jumper in position 1 and 2. An arrow directly next to the jumper block denotes pin 1 on the jumper. See Figure 7.

Figure 7: Jumper Clock Pin-out

For those server applications that require a DB9 type of serial connector, an 8-pin RJ45-to-DB9 adapter must be used. The following table defines the pin-out required for the adapter to provide RS232 support.

Table 3: Pin-out required for an RS-232 support

RJ45

Signal

Abbreviation

DB9

1

Request to Send

RTS

7

2

Data Terminal Ready

DTR

4

3

Transmitted Data

TD

3

4

Signal Ground

SGND

5

5

Ring Indicator

RI

9

6

Received Data

RD

2

7

DCD or DSR

DCD/DSR

1 OR 6

8

Clear To Send

CTS

8

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NOTE: The RJ45-to-DB9 adapter should match the configuration of the serial device used. One of two pin-out configurations are used depending on whether the serial device requires a DSR or DCD signal. The final adapter configuration should also match the desired pin-out of the RJ45 connector, as it can also be configured to support either DSR or DCD.

For systems configured with both a front and rear RJ45 serial connectors, the adapters used for the rear port cannot be used with the front port, as the pin-out for both RJ45 ports are different. For example, modem applications typically use DCD. In this case the user would use a DCD-configured adapter and set the jumper block as shown in Figure 6.

ACPI

The SCB2 server motherboard supports the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) as defined by the ACPI 1.0 and PC97 specifications. An ACPI aware operating system can put the system into a state where the hard drives spin down, the system fans stop, and all processing is halted. However, the power supply will still be on and the processors will still be dissipating some power, so the power supply fans will still run.

The boards sleep states s0, s1, s4, and s5:

s0: Normal running state.

s1: Processor sleep state. No context will be lost in this state and the processor caches will maintain coherency.

s4: Hibernate or Save to Disk: The memory and machine state are saved to disk. Pressing the power button or other wakeup event will restore the system state from the disk and resume normal operation. This assumes that no hardware changes have been made to the system while it was off.

s5: Soft off: Only the RTC section of the CSB and the BMC are running in this state. No context is saved by the OS or hardware.

CAUTION!

The system is off only when the AC power is disconnected.

Security

Intrusion Switch Monitoring

To help prevent unauthorised entry or use of the server, Intel® Server Control server management software monitors the chassis intrusion switch if one is installed. Opening an access cover will transmit an alarm signal to the server board, where BMC firmware and server management software process the signal. The system can

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be configured through ISC to respond to an intrusion a number of ways, including powering down or locking the keyboard.

Software Locks

The BIOS Setup and the System Setup Utility (SSU) provide a number of security features to prevent unauthorised or accidental access to the system. Once the security measures are enabled, you can access the system only after you enter the correct password(s). For example:

Enable the keyboard lockout timer so that the server requires a password to reactivate the keyboard and mouse after a specified time out period.1 to 120 minutes.

Set and enable a supervisor password.

Set and enable a user password.

Set secure mode to prevent keyboard or mouse input and to prevent use of the front panel reset and power switches.

Activate a hot key combination to enter secure mode quickly.

Disable writing to the diskette drive when secure mode is set.

Disable access to the boot sector of the operating system hard disk drive.

Using Passwords

You can set the user password, the supervisor password, or both passwords. If only the user password is set, you:

Must enter the user password to enter BIOS Setup or the SSU.

Must enter the user password to boot the server if Password on Boot is enabled in either the BIOS Setup or SSU.

Must enter the user password to exit secure mode.

If only the supervisor password is set, you:

Must enter the supervisor password to enter BIOS Setup or the SSU.

Must enter the supervisor password to boot the server if Password on Boot is enabled in either the BIOS Setup or SSU.

Must enter the supervisor password to exit secure mode.

If both passwords are set, you:

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May enter the user password to enter BIOS Setup or the SSU. However, you will not be able to change many of the options.

Must enter the supervisor password if you want to enter BIOS Setup or the SSU and have access to all of the options.

May enter either password to boot the server if Password on Boot is enabled in either the BIOS Setup or SSU.

May enter either password to exit secure mode.

Secure Mode

Configure and enable the secure boot mode by using the SSU. When secure mode is in effect:

You can boot the server and the operating system will run, but you must enter the user password to use the keyboard or mouse.

You cannot turn off system power or reset the server from the front panel

switches.

Secure mode has no effect on functions enabled via remote server management or power control via the watchdog timer.

Taking the server out of secure mode does not change the state of system power. That is, if you press and release the power switch while secure mode is in effect, the system will not be powered off when secure mode is later removed. However, if the front panel power switch remains depressed when secure mode is removed, the server will be powered off.

Summary of Software Security Features

The table below lists the software security features and describes what protection each offers. In general, to enable or set the features listed here, you must run the SSU and go to the Security Subsystem Group, menu. The table also refers to other SSU menus and to the Setup utility.

Table 4: Software Security Features

Feature Description

Secure mode How to enter secure mode:

Setting and enabling passwords automatically places the system in secure mode.

If you set a hot-key combination (through Setup), you can secure the system simply by pressing the key combination. This means you do not have to wait for the inactivity time-out period.

When the system is in secure mode:

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The server can boot and run the operating system, but mouse and

 

keyboard input is not accepted until the user password is entered.

 

At boot time, if a CD is detected in the CD-ROM drive or a diskette in drive

 

A, the system prompts for a password. When the password is entered, the

 

server boots from CD or diskette and disables the secure mode.

 

If there is no CD in the CD-ROM drive or diskette in drive A, the server

 

boots from drive C and automatically goes into secure mode. All enabled

 

secure mode features go into effect at boot time.

 

To leave secure mode: Enter the correct password(s).

Disable writing

In secure mode, the server will not boot from or write to a diskette unless a

to diskette

password is entered.

 

To write protect access to diskette whether the server is in secure mode or

 

not, use the Setup main menu, Floppy Options, and specify Floppy Access

 

as read only.

Set a time out

Specify and enable an inactivity time out period of from 1 to 120 minutes.

period so that

If no keyboard or mouse action occurs for the specified period, attempted

keyboard and

mouse input

keyboard and mouse input will not be accepted.

are not

The monitor display will go blank, and the diskette drive will be write

accepted

Also, screen

protected (if these security features are enabled through Setup).

To resume activity: Enter the correct password(s).

can be

blanked, and

 

writes to

 

diskette can

 

be inhibited

 

Control access

To control access to setting or changing the system configuration, set a

to using the

supervisor password and enable it through Setup.

SSU: set

 

supervisor

If both the supervisor and user passwords are enabled, either can be used

password

to boot the server or enable the keyboard and/or mouse, but only the

 

supervisor password will allow Setup to be changed.

 

To disable a password, change it to a blank entry or press CTRL-D in the

 

Change

 

Password menu of the Supervisor Password Option menu found in the

 

Security

 

Subsystem Group.

 

To clear the password if you cannot access Setup, change the Clear

 

Password jumper (see Chapter 9).

Control access

To control access to using the system, set a user password and enable it

to the system

through

other than

Setup.

SSU: set user

 

password

To disable a password, change it to a blank entry or press CTRL-D in the

 

Change

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Password menu of the User Password Option menu found in the Security

 

Subsystem Group.

 

To clear the password if you cannot access Setup, change the Clear

 

Password jumper (see Chapter 9).

Boot without

The system can boot with or without a keyboard. During POST, before the

keyboard

system completes the boot sequence, the BIOS automatically detects and

 

tests the keyboard if it is present and displays a message.

Specify the

The sequence that you specify in setup will determine the boot order. If

boot sequence

secure mode is enabled (a user password is set), then you will be

 

prompted for a password before the server fully boots. If secure mode is

 

enabled and the “Secure Boot Mode” option is also enabled, the server

 

will fully boot but will require a password before accepting any keyboard or

 

mouse input.

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4. Assembling the System

This chapter will give a step-by-step guide of installing the server board and the main components in the system. It will give information on how to add add-in cards and upgrade processors and memory along with other relevant information that may be of important use.

Before You Begin!

Before you start the assembly process you will need to have the right tools available to you and you will need to make sure you follow certain basic safety precautions. Tools and Supplies Needed

Before beginning your work, make sure you have the following tools and supplies available:

Phillips (cross head) screwdriver (#2 bit)

Anti-static wrist strap (recommended)

Installation / Assembly Safety Instructions

System components must be installed in the order presented below. If installed in a different order, component damage may occur.

CAUTION!

Integration / servicing of this chassis sub assembly shall be performed only by technically qualified persons.

Follow these guidelines to meet and maintain safety and product regulatory requirements when integrating this chassis subassembly.

WARNING!

Do not attempt to modify or use the supplied AC power cord(s) if it is not the exact type required.

The power supply cords are the main disconnect device to mains (AC power). The socket outlet shall be installed near the equipment and shall be readily accessible.

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Warnings and Cautions!

These warnings and cautions apply whenever you remove the access cover to access components inside the server. Only a technically qualified person should integrate and configure the server.

Before removing the access cover for any reason, observe these safety guidelines.

Turn off all peripheral devices connected to the server.

Turn off the server by pressing the power button on the front of the chassis. Then unplug the AC power cord from the chassis or wall outlet.

Label and disconnect all peripheral cables and all telecommunication lines connected to I/O connectors or ports on the back of the chassis.

Provide some electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection by wearing an antistatic wrist strap attached to chassis ground—any unpainted metal surface—when handling components.

WARNING!

The power button on the front panel DOES NOT turn off the AC power. To remove power from server, you must unplug the AC power cord(s) from the wall outlet or the chassis.

WARNING!

Hazardous electrical conditions may be present on power, telephone, and communication cables. Turn off the server and disconnect the power cords, telecommunications systems, networks, and modems attached to the server before opening it. Otherwise, personal injury or equipment damage can result.

WARNING!

Do not open the power supply, as there is risk of electric shock and burns from high voltage and rapid overheating. Refer servicing of the power supply to qualified technical personnel.

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Installing the Server Board

Installing the server board consists of the following steps:

Removing the cover, Riser cards and fan assembly.

Mounting the server board in the chassis.

Cabling the server board to the other chassis components.

Adding processors and memory to the server board.

Replacing riser cards, fan assembly and the top cover.

Removing the Cover

1.While pressing the blue latch button (A) with your left thumb, slide the top cover back using the heal of your right hand on the blue pad.

NOTE: A non-skid surface or a stop behind the chassis may be needed if attempting to remove the top cover on a flat surface.

2. Set the cover aside and away from the immediate work area.

Figure 8: Removing the Cover

Removing the Riser Cards

1. Grasp riser card (A) at both ends (C) of the EMI shield.

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2.Lift straight up and remove it from the chassis.

3.Insert your finger in the plastic loop on riser card (B).

4.Pull straight up and remove it from the chassis.

5.Discard the protective foam blocks.

Figure 9: Removing the Riser Cards

Removing the Fan Assembly

1.At the end of the fan assembly closest to the chassis centerline, lift up on tab (A).

2.While lifting up on the tab, slide the fan assembly toward the chassis centerline

(B) until it releases from the chassis.

3.Lift the fan assembly out of the chassis.

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Figure 10: Removing the Fan Assembly

Installing the Server Board

1.Ensure that the Mylar insulator sheet is seated securely over the standoffs, is laying flat on the chassis floor, and that the edge of the sheet is seated below the studs in the rear chassis wall.

2.Remove the server board from its packaging and antistatic bag.

3.While placing the board on the chassis standoffs, carefully position the board I/O connectors in the rear chassis I/O openings.

4.Adjust board position so that the two mounting holes near the board edges rest securely on the two corresponding shouldered standoffs.

NOTE: The three holes on the server board used to mount the board to the standoffs have white circles around them.

5.Attach the board to the chassis using the three thumbscrews shipped in the chassis accessory kit.

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Figure 11: Attaching the Server Board

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Routing Cables

Figure 12: Routing Cables

1.Route the backplane power cable (A) from the power supply to the backplane board and connect it to the white 6-pin connector.

2.Route the server board power cable (B) from the power supply to the cable clip and connect it to the white 24-pin connector on the server board. Firmly press the two connectors together until they are fully seated.

3.If you are not installing a tape drive, coil the tape drive power cable, wire tie the coil, and place it on the floor.

4.Route the auxiliary signal cable (I) from the power supply to the server board and connect it to 5-pin auxiliary signal connector.

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5.Connect the end of the flex circuit cable (C) labeled to the floppy/front panel/IDE connector on the server board. Route the cable to the backplane board and connect the opposite cable end to the matching connector on the backplane.

CAUTION!

After connection of cable (C) in step 5, ensure that each cable connector is properly seated in the board connector. The connector should be parallel to its board connector and not cocked to one side. If in doubt, remove, reinsert, and recheck.

6.Locate the end of the SCSI ribbon cable (I) that is labeled baseboard. Connect that end to the SCSI connector on the server board. Route the cable to the backplane board and connect it to the matching connector on the backplane board.

7.Route the backplane power cable (A) from the power supply to the backplane board and connect it to the white 6-pin connector.

8.Connect the front panel cable (E) to the front panel board. Insert the cable in the cable clip (**), route it to the backplane, and connect it to the matching connector.

9.Connect the USB cable (F) to the USB connector on the server board. Route the cable along the chassis floor at the bottom of the chassis sidewall (*). Connect it to the front panel board.

10.Connect the system fan cables (G) to their server board connectors.

11.If you have installed a tape drive, connect the tape drive power cable (D) to the drive.

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Installing the Fan Assembly

CAUTION!

When installing the fan assembly, avoid pinching cables routed in the area.

1.Ensure the USB cable is routed in the corner where the chassis floor meets the sidewall.

2.Position the fan assembly as shown in Figure 14 and lower it to the chassis floor.

3.While pressing down on the fan assembly, slide it (A) toward the chassis sidewall.

4.Check for the following:

The floor tabs have engaged the holes in the bottom of the fan assembly.

The latch tab (B) has engaged the chassis slot and locked the fan assembly in place.

Figure 13: Installing the Fan Assembly

5.Connect the fan power cables to the server board at the system fan connectors (Figure 14).

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Figure 14: System Fan Connectors

6.Connect the USB cable to the 10-pin USB connector on the server board (Figure 4, Position L on page 13).

Installing the Power Cord and Strain Relief Strap

NOTE: If you will be placing your server in a rack, wait to install the power cord until after the server is in the rack.

1.Insert the expansion nipple (A) of the strain relief strap into the chassis hole.

2.Plug the power cord into the power supply but not into the power source.

3.Insert the power cord into the plastic loop (B) of the strain relief.

4.Pull the plastic band (C) until it tightens around the power cord.

To release the plastic loop and free the cord, squeeze the release lever (D).

Figure 15: Installing the Power Cord

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Adding Components to the Server Board

After installing the server board, you must add the desired number of processors and memory DIMMs.

NOTE: Once the server board and its components are installed, you are done assembling the system unless you have optional peripherals or add-in cards you wish to install. If you need to install these components, continue on to the next section. Otherwise, install the cover and bezel and continue on to Chapter 5, “Installing the System in a Rack” found on page 51.

Installing Processors

1.Observe the safety and ESD precautions at the beginning of this chapter.

2.Raise the locking bar on the socket.

3.Observe the safety and ESD precautions at the beginning of this chapter.

4.Raise the locking bar on the socket.

Figure 16 Raising the Locking bar on the socket

5.Aligning the pins of the processor with the socket, insert the processor into the socket.

6.Lower the locking bar completely.

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Figure 17: Inserting the Processor

7.Following the instructions packaged with the applicator, apply thermal grease to the processor.

8.Position the heat sink slot (2) above the socket/processor slot (3).

9.Aligning the raised metal surfaces, place the heat sink on top of the processor.

10.Install the heat sink clip with pin (1) inserted into slot (2).

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Figure 18: Installing the Heatsink

A.Heat sink retention clip

B.Heat sink

C.Socket and processor

CAUTION!

Use care when closing the locking lever—do it slowly.

11. Slowly close the locking lever (A) until it contacts tab (B), see Figure 19.

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Figure 19: Locking Heatsink Lever

12.Install the fan on the processor heat sink making sure that it is seated flat on the heatsink.

13.Connect the fan to (A) if it is on the primary processor or to (B) if it is on the secondary processor.

Figure 20: Processor Fan Connectors

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Install the Processor Terminator

If you are installing only one processor, you must install a terminator in the secondary processor socket (A). If you are installing two processors, skip this section.

1.Raise the locking bar (B) on the socket.

2.Aligning the two corner marks on the terminator with the handle-side of the socket (C), insert the terminator into the socket.

Lower the locking bar completely (D).

Figure 21: Installing the Processor Terminator

Memory

Only PC-133 compliant SDRAM is supported by the SX220 server board. Install from 128 MB to 6 GB of registered, ECC memory, using up to six DIMMs.

DIMMs must be installed in pairs and in the following order: 1a and 1b, 2a and 2b, 3a and 3b.

Installed DIMMs must be the same speed and must all be registered. For a list of supported memory, call your service representative.

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Figure 22: Installing DIMMs

Installing Peripherals

Peripherals and add-in cards are not included in your system and must be purchased separately. The following sections describe how to install PCI add-in cards, hard disk drives, a CD-ROM drive/floppy disk, and a tape drive.

Installing a PCI Card on a Riser Card

The riser card nearest the chassis sidewall supports three Low Profile (LP) PCI addin cards. The riser card on the chassis centerline supports three full-length, fullheight add-in cards or three LP cards (an LP card must be equipped with a standard full-height PCI mounting bracket).

NOTE: Add-in cards must be installed on a riser card while the riser card is removed from the chassis.

1.Open the retainer clip (A) and remove the filler panel from the rear retention bracket (B) of the riser card.

2.Insert the PCI card edge connector in the riser PCI slot (D) while aligning the end of the PCI card bracket in opening (C).

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3.Firmly push the PCI card connector into the riser card slot until it is fully seated.

4.Close the retainer clip (A). Ensure the clip is latched.

Figure 23: Installing a PCI card of the riser

Installing a Riser Card on the Server Board

1.Insert the riser card connector into the server board slot while aligning the tabs on the rear retention bracket with the holes in the chassis.

CAUTION!

Press the riser card straight down into the slot. Tipping it into the slot while installing it may damage the riser card or slot.

2.Firmly press the riser card straight down until it is fully seated in the server board slot.

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Figure 24: Installing a Riser Card

Installing a Hard Drive

The server can support up to seven hot swappable hard drives: six hard drives in the drive bays, plus one in the flex bay.

CAUTION!

To allow proper airflow and server cooling, all drive bays must contain either a carrier with a hard drive installed or a carrier with an air baffle installed.

1.If present, remove the front bezel.

2.If the drive carrier is installed in the drive bay, remove it.

3.Remove the air baffle (Figure 25, A) from the drive carrier by removing the four screws (B) from the slide track (C).

4.Store the air baffle for future reinstallation in the event you must operate your server without a drive in one of the bays.

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Figure 25: Hard Drive Carrier

5.Remove the hard drive from its wrapper and place it on an anti-static surface.

6.Set any jumpers and/or switches on the drive according to the drive manufacturer’s instructions.

7.With the drive circuit-side-down (Figure 26, A), position the connector end (E) so that it is facing the back of the carrier (B).

8.Align the holes in the drive to the holes in the drive carrier slide track (C), insert the screws (D) that you previously removed, and attach the carrier to the drive.

Figure 26: Installing the Hard Drive

9.Slide the carrier/drive all the way into the drive bay with the retention lever in the fully open position.

10.Push the retention lever closed to secure the carrier/drive in the bay.

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