Alcatel-Lucent 3D IPTV User Manual

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A Potential Future (R)Evolution for Digital TV

BELL LABS Research Project


Digital television (IPTV), as we know it today is essentially little different from the former analog television. Nevertheless, the IPTV technology inherently offers a huge potential for growth in new services and personalization.

Figure 1: Auto-stereoscopic3D display

Auto-stereoscopic3D displays will be one of the technologies which will initiate a new era for digital television. This technology brings a new television experience, with a higher immersion of the viewer. In addition, it also opens new opportunities for natural user interfaces and new 3D services. During the demonstration one can get acquainted with this new technology, the underlying encoding methods, new applications, and research in this domain.


Auto-stereoscopic3D displays are expected to be the next technology wave after High Definition (HD) Television. Besides the high number of technology challenges needed to be solved on the screentechnology level (e.g. beter 3D resolution, bigger viewing angles, ....), there is an even bigger amount of challenges to be solved before the system will be ready for deployement in the same applications space where current 2D displays are being used.

In order to make the 3D technololgies available to a large market such as residential IPTV, a high number of challenges needs to be tackled.

The most important technological challenge are new 3D encoding technologies. H.264 AVC is a very mature technology for 2D. It brings high quality with low bandwith requirements. For 3D encoding, all options are still open, and it is not yet clear, which

technology will be able to bring the best quality for a certain application and at which bandwidth?

Data size



Free Viewpoint





Less scene info

More scene info

Figure 2: Bandwidths of different 3D coding technologies

An other set of challeges are related to how applicatoins will be using the 3D technologies. How will 3D acquisition of the content happen? How will 3D improve man-to-machineinterfaces. What new opportunities will it bring for e.g. watching sportevents, gaming, video communication, ...

Scenario & Innovations

2D+Z coding technology

With the 2D+Z coding technology, a very bandwidthefficient mechanism is demonstrated for initial 3D IPTV deployments. The advantage of this technology is that it is backwards compatible with normal 2D displays, while providing a basic 3D experience with only 10%-20%overhead on the IP network

Figure 3: 2D+Z coding technology

A disadvantage of the technology is the very limited viewing angle, and visual artifacts in occluded areas.

Alcatel-LucentInnovation Days – December 2008

Innovative 3D user-interfaces

The 3th dimention will bring new opportunities for advanced user interfaces. New ways of representing information and browsing through content, enabled with personalizations will give the user a better control to sellect the right video content out of the huge amount of data both on TV-channelsas on the Internet.

Figure 4: Natural 3D User interfaces

Towards Free-View-PointTV

The ultimate goal is to come to a real Free-View-Point Television system, where all content is accessible in a full holografic viewing mode.

During sport events the user will be able to select his own viewing position and be able to replay crucial scenes from any angle they want.

Figure 4: Free-View-PointTV

BENEFIT: 3D TVs will be one of the technologies which would initiate a new era for digital television. This technology brings a new television experience with a higher immersion of the viewer. In addition, it also opens new opportunities for natural user interfaces and new 3D services.


Fixed Access Domain

Alcatel-LucentBell Labs


Telle que nous la connaissons actuellement, la télévision par Internet (IPTV) présente peu de différences avec la télévision analogique. Cependant, la technologie IPTV possède intrinsèquement un potentiel de croissance immense en matière de nouveaux services et de personnalisation. Les écrans 3D auto-stéréoscopiquesreprésentent l'une des technologies qui permettront à la télévision numérique d'entrer dans une nouvelle ère. Cette technologie offre une nouvelle expérience télévisuelle, avec une immersion accrue du téléspectateur. Par ailleurs, elle génère également de nouvelles opportunités concernant la mise en œuvre d'interfaces utilisateur naturelles et de nouveaux services en 3D. Au cours de la démonstration, chacun pourra se familiariser avec cette nouvelle technologie, avec les méthodes de codage sur lesquelles elle repose, avec les nouvelles applications envisagées, ainsi qu'avec les recherches menées dans ce domaine.