Quark QuarkXPress - 4.0 - Macintosh User Guide

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A G U I D E T O Q U A R K X P R E S S

pF O R M A C O S

The choice for publishing software worldwide.

For internal use by licensee only. The information in this electronic file may not be disseminated in any form to any unlicensed person or entity without prior written consent of Quark Technology Partnership or its licensee, Quark, Inc.

A G U I D E T O Q U A R K X P R E S S

p

The choice for publishing software worldwide.

Acknowledgments

Quark, Inc., acknowledges with gratitude the contribution of its Research and Development Team, who developed QuarkXPressand QuarkXPress PassportEdition. Quark also thanks its alpha and beta testing sites for their help in testing QuarkXPress and QuarkXPress Passport Edition. Quark recognizes the contribution of all the team members and departments involved in producing QuarkXPress and QuarkXPress Passport Edition worldwide including: Product Management, Editorial, Art, Document Production, Quality Assurance, Technical Support, and Localization.

This manual was produced entirely with QuarkXPress and Quark Publishing System(QPS). It was output using a high-resolution imagesetter. Copies were printed via offset lithography.

This manual may not, in whole or in part, be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated, or converted to any electronic or machinereadable form without prior written consent of Quark, Inc.

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A Guide to QuarkXPress

A G U I D E T O Q U A R K X P R E S S

p

The choice for publishing software worldwide.

©1999 Quark Technology Partnership as to the content and arrangement of this material. All rights reserved.

©1986–1999 Quark Technology Partnership as to the technology. All rights reserved.

Quark, QuarkCopyDesk, QuarkDispatch, QuarkXPress, QuarkXTensions, Quark Publishing System, QPS, and XTensions are trademarks of Quark, Inc., Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Cool Blends, QuarkConnect, QuarkImmedia, QuarkLibraries, QuarkXPress Passport, and the Quark logo are trademarks of the Quark companies.

AppleTalk, ImageWriter, LaserWriter, and Macintosh are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. ImageWriter II, Macintosh Plus, Macintosh SE, Macintosh II, and Mac OS are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.

PANTONE® Computer Video simulations displayed may not match PANTONE-identified solid color standards. Use current PANTONE Color Reference Manuals for accurate color. All trademarks noted herein are either the property of Quark, Inc., Pantone, Inc., or their respective companies. “PANTONE Open Color Environment(POCE)” © Pantone, Inc. 1994. Pantone, Inc. is the copyright owner of “PANTONE Open Color Environment(POCE)” and Software which are licensed to Quark, Inc. to distribute for use only in combination with QuarkXPress and QuarkXPress Passport. “PANTONE Open Color Environment(POCE)” and Software shall not be copied onto another diskette or into memory unless as part of the execution of QuarkXPress or QuarkXPress Passport.

FOCOLTONE and FOCOLTONE Colour System are registered trademarks of FOCOLTONE. The concept, structure, and form of FOCOLTONE material and intellectual property are protected by patent and copyright law. Any reproduction in any form, in whole or in part, for private use or for sale, is strictly forbidden. Contact FOCOLTONE, Ltd. for specific patent information.

TRUMATCH, TRUMATCH Swatching System, and TRUMATCH System are trademarks of TRUMATCH, Inc.

Color Data is produced under license from Dainippon Ink and Chemicals, Inc.

Toyo Ink Mfg. Co., Ltd. is the copyright owner of TOYO INK COLOR FINDERSYSTEM AND SOFTWARE which is licensed to Quark, Inc. to distribute for use only in connection with QuarkXPress. TOYO INK COLOR FINDERSYSTEM AND SOFTWARE shall not be copied onto another diskette or into memory unless as part of the execution of QuarkXPress. TOYO INK COLOR FINDERSYSTEM AND SOFTWARE © TOYO INK MFG. CO., LTD., 1991. COLOR FINDER is in the process of registration as the registered trademark of Toyo Ink Mfg. Co., Ltd. COLOR FINDERcomputer video simulation used in the product may not match the COLOR FINDERbook, and additionally some printer color used in the product may also not match. Please use the COLOR FINDERbook to obtain the accurate color.

Quark, Inc. does not warrant, guarantee, or make any representations regarding the use or the results of the use of any color system included in Quark products. Video simulations may not match published color standards. Refer to current materials of the specific color company (i.e., PANTONE, Inc.; FOCOLTONE, Ltd.; TRUMATCH, Inc.; TOYO INK, Mfg. Co., Ltd.; or other companies involved in the process of color reproduction) for accurate color samples.

All other trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.

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A Guide to QuarkXPress

Apple Disclaimer

The following disclaimer is required by Apple Computer, Inc. It applies only to Apple software. All other software is covered by Quark’s limited warranty.

APPLE COMPUTER, INC. (“APPLE”) MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, REGARDING THE APPLE SOFTWARE. APPLE DOES NOT WARRANT, GUARANTEE OR MAKE ANY REPRESENTATIONS REGARDING THE USE OR THE RESULTS OF THE USE OF THE APPLE SOFTWARE IN TERMS OF ITS CORRECTNESS, ACCURACY, RELIABILITY, CURRENTNESS OR OTHERWISE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE RESULTS AND PERFORMANCE OF THE APPLE SOFTWARE IS ASSUMED BY YOU. THE EXCLUSION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES IS NOT PERMITTED BY SOME STATES. THE ABOVE EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.

IN NO EVENT WILL APPLE, ITS DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES OR AGENTS BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL OR INDIRECT DAMAGES (INCLUDING DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, LOSS OF BUSINESS INFORMATION, AND THE LIKE) ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE APPLE SOFTWARE EVEN IF APPLE HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. BECAUSE SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, THE ABOVE MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. Apple’s liability to you for actual damages from any cause whatsoever, and regardless of the form of the action (whether in contract, tort (including negligence), product liability or otherwise), will be limited to $50.

A Guide to QuarkXPress

 

v

Table of Contents

 

Introduction

 

 

Publishing with QuarkXPress

xvii

 

About this Book

xxi

 

About the Other Books

xxiv

 

QuarkXPress Basics

xxv

 

The Interface

xxx

 

 

 

1

Tools

 

 

The Tool Palette

1.3

 

Tool Overview

1.5

 

Item Tool and Content Tool

1.7

 

Rotation Tool

1.12

 

Zoom Tool

1.14

 

Standard-Shape Text Box Tools

1.16

 

Standard-Shape Picture Box Tools

1.18

 

Straight Line Tools

1.20

 

Straight Text-Path Tools

1.22

 

Bézier Tools

1.24

 

Freehand Tools

1.26

 

Linking/Unlinking Tools

1.28

 

Page Grabber Hand Tool

1.30

 

 

 

2

Palettes

 

 

Displaying and Arranging Palettes

2.3

 

Measurements Palette

2.4

 

Document Layout Palette

2.14

 

Style Sheets Palette

2.17

 

Colors Palette

2.19

 

Trap Information Palette

2.21

 

Lists Palette

2.26

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3

Menus and Dialog Boxes

 

 

 

 

File Menu

3.3

 

 

 

Edit Menu

3.33

 

 

 

Style Menu for Text

3.115

 

 

 

Style Menu for Pictures

3.137

 

 

 

Style Menu for Lines

3.146

 

 

 

Item Menu

3.149

 

 

 

Page Menu

3.201

 

 

 

View Menu

3.213

 

 

 

Utilities Menu

3.221

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

Customizing QuarkXPress

 

 

 

 

Setting Defaults

4.3

 

 

 

Setting Preferences

4.5

 

 

 

Kerning and Tracking Tables,

 

 

 

 

Hyphenation Exceptions, and Bitmap Frames

4.8

 

 

 

Saving XPress Preferences

4.10

 

 

 

Using XTensions

4.13

 

 

 

Managing Print Styles and PPDs

4.16

 

 

 

Using Apple Events Scripts

4.18

 

 

 

Understanding Nonmatching Preferences

4.19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

Layout Tools

 

 

 

 

Arranging Documents

5.3

 

 

 

Navigating Documents

5.4

 

 

 

Changing Document Views

5.7

 

 

 

Using the Pasteboard

5.8

 

 

 

Using Rulers and Guides

5.10

 

 

 

Specifying Greeking

5.14

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A Guide to QuarkXPress

Table of Contents

6

Document Basics

 

 

Creating New Documents

6.3

 

Opening Documents

6.5

 

Saving Documents

6.6

 

Saving Documents Automatically

6.8

 

Saving Revisions of Documents

6.10

 

Saving Documents as Templates

6.12

 

 

 

7

Box Basics

 

 

Creating Boxes

7.3

 

Resizing Boxes

7.8

 

Reshaping Boxes

7.10

 

Moving Boxes

7.18

 

Framing Boxes

7.20

 

Coloring Boxes

7.29

 

Merging and Splitting Boxes

7.32

 

Filling and Converting Boxes

7.38

 

Understanding Symmetry and Smoothness

7.40

 

 

 

8

Line Basics

 

 

Creating Lines

8.3

 

Resizing Lines

8.7

 

Reshaping Lines

8.10

 

Moving Lines

8.16

 

Applying Line Styles

8.21

 

 

 

9

Manipulating Items

 

 

Selecting Items

9.3

 

Moving, Reshaping, and Resizing Items

9.4

 

Cutting, Copying, and Pasting Items

9.5

 

Clearing and Deleting Items

9.7

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Undoing and Redoing

9.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

Locking and Unlocking Items

9.9

 

 

 

Controlling the Stacking Order of Items

9.10

 

 

 

Grouping Items

9.12

 

 

 

Duplicating and Repeating Items

9.14

 

 

 

Spacing and Aligning Items

9.17

 

 

 

Rotating and Skewing Items

9.20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

Document Layout

 

 

 

 

Creating Master Pages

10.3

 

 

 

Formatting and Applying Master Pages

10.9

 

 

 

Creating Multipage Spreads

10.12

 

 

 

Numbering Pages and Sectioning Documents

10.15

 

 

 

Inserting, Deleting, and Moving Pages

10.17

 

 

 

Working with Text Chains

10.21

 

 

 

Creating “Continued” References

10.26

 

 

 

Working with Columns

10.28

 

 

 

Changing Page Size and Facing-Pages Status

10.30

 

 

 

Copying Items and Pages Between Documents

10.32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

Text Basics

 

 

 

 

Editing Text

11.3

 

 

 

Importing and Exporting Text

11.6

 

 

 

Finding and Changing Text

11.9

 

 

 

Finding and Changing Attributes

11.12

 

 

 

Changing Fonts in a Document

11.16

 

 

 

Checking Spelling

11.19

 

 

 

Using Auxiliary Dictionaries

11.22

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A Guide to QuarkXPress

Table of Contents

12

Typography

 

 

Confirming Typographic Preferences

12.3

 

Applying Character Attributes

12.5

 

Specifying Kerning and Tracking

12.13

 

Applying Paragraph Attributes

12.18

 

Specifying Alignment and Indents

12.19

 

Specifying Leading and Paragraph Spacing

12.22

 

Setting Tabs

12.25

 

Controlling Widow and Orphan Lines

12.28

 

Controlling Hyphenation and Justification

12.30

 

Working with Style Sheets

12.39

 

Positioning Text in Text Boxes

12.48

 

 

 

13

Graphics in Typography

 

 

Converting Text to Boxes

13.3

 

Running Text Around Items

13.5

 

Creating Text Paths

13.16

 

Creating Initial Caps

13.21

 

Specifying Anchored Rules

13.24

 

Anchoring Boxes and Lines in Text

13.27

 

 

 

14

Pictures

 

 

Understanding Picture File Formats

14.3

 

Importing Pictures

14.9

 

Exporting Pictures

14.13

 

Manipulating Pictures

14.16

 

Applying Contrast to Pictures

14.23

 

Applying Custom Halftone Screens to Pictures

14.27

 

Creating and Editing Clipping Paths

14.29

 

Listing and Updating Pictures

14.38

A Guide to QuarkXPress

 

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15

Color

 

 

 

 

Specifying Spot Versus Process Colors

15.3

 

 

 

Specifying Matching System Colors

15.4

 

 

 

Creating and Editing Colors

15.6

 

 

 

Applying Color, Shade, and Blends

15.19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

Trapping

 

 

 

 

Understanding Trapping

16.3

 

 

 

Trapping Guidelines

16.5

 

 

 

Specifying Default Trapping

16.6

 

 

 

Specifying Color-Specific Trapping

16.12

 

 

 

Specifying Item-Specific Trapping

16.16

 

 

 

Trapping EPS Pictures to Background Colors

16.21

 

 

 

Creating and Using a Rich Black

16.23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

Libraries

 

 

 

 

Creating New Libraries

17.3

 

 

 

Opening Libraries

17.4

 

 

 

Working with Libraries

17.5

 

 

 

Working with Labels

17.8

 

 

 

Saving Libraries

17.10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

Books

 

 

 

 

Creating New Books

18.3

 

 

 

Opening and Saving Books

18.4

 

 

 

Working with Chapters

18.6

 

 

 

Controlling Page Numbers

18.11

 

 

 

Synchronizing Chapters

18.13

 

 

 

Printing Chapters

18.16

 

 

 

Creating Tables of Contents and Indexes

18.18

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A Guide to QuarkXPress

Table of Contents

19

Lists

 

 

Preparing Style Sheets for Lists

19.3

 

Specifying Lists

19.4

 

Displaying Lists

19.7

 

Updating Lists

19.9

 

Working with Lists in Books

19.11

 

 

 

20

Indexes

 

 

Installing the Index XTensions Software

20.3

 

Using the Index Palette

20.4

 

Specifying the Index Marker Color

20.9

 

Creating Index Entries

20.10

 

Creating Cross-References

20.14

 

Editing and Deleting Index Entries

20.17

 

Building Indexes

20.19

 

Editing Final Indexes

20.22

 

Nested Index Quick Reference

20.24

 

Run-in Index Quick Reference

20.25

 

 

 

21

Output

 

 

New Printing Features in QuarkXPress

21.3

 

Specifying Printing: The Print Dialog Box Tabs

21.4

 

Specifying Print Dialog Box Settings

21.17

 

Creating and Using Print Styles

21.19

 

Printing Color Separations

21.21

 

Specifying Setup for Imagesetters

21.22

 

Updating Picture Paths

21.24

 

Printing Odd-Sized Documents

21.25

 

Preparing Documents for Service Bureaus

21.29

 

Understanding DPI vs. LPI

21.30

A Guide to QuarkXPress

 

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22

Technical Notes

 

 

 

 

An Introduction to Troubleshooting

22.3

 

 

 

The Document Environment

22.4

 

 

 

The Application Environment

22.6

 

 

 

The Operating System Environment

22.8

 

 

 

The PostScript Environment

22.10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23

QuarkXPress Passport Edition

 

 

 

 

QuarkXPress Passport Terms

23.3

 

 

 

Managing Language Files

23.4

 

 

 

Specifying the Program Language

23.5

 

 

 

Assigning Languages to Paragraphs

23.6

 

 

 

Checking Spelling

23.7

 

 

 

Hyphenation Methods

23.9

 

 

 

Saving Documents with Multiple Languages

23.11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24

Appendices

 

 

 

 

Error Messages

24.3

 

 

 

XPress Tags

24.29

 

 

 

Crossplatform Issues

24.42

25Glossary

26Index

xiv

 

A Guide to QuarkXPress

Introduction

Publishing with QuarkXPress

xvii

About this Book

xxi

About the Other Books

xxiv

QuarkXPress Basics

xxv

The Interface

xxx

For internal use by licensee only. The information in this electronic file may not be disseminated in any form to any unlicensed person or entity without prior written consent of Quark Technology Partnership or its licensee, Quark, Inc.

Introduction

From the simplest brochure to highly complex corporate communications, QuarkXPress encourages you to push the boundaries of professional publishing. With superior color capabilities, exceptional picture handling, and precise typographic controls, QuarkXPress increases your publishing power.

Create exciting and effective pieces that deliver your message with impact. It’s no wonder QuarkXPress is the leading choice among professional designers and corporate publishers worldwide.

Publishing with QuarkXPress

Publishing with QuarkXPress

QuarkXPress is electronic publishing software. You can use it to create any kind of publication, from a black-and-white business card to a multicolor magazine. The best way to integrate QuarkXPress into your production process depends on many factors, including the kind of publications you create, how they are printed, the other hardware and software you use for publishing, and the size and needs of your production staff. You will find that, no matter how you use QuarkXPress, the program’s ability to perform virtually all layout and production tasks will make the publishing process easier and will let those who use it do their jobs faster and more creatively.

Planning the project

Before you can begin creating a publication, you should answer a number of basic questions. First, what kind of publication will you create? In the case of a magazine or newspaper publishing organization, that decision has already been made. An advertising agency working with a corporate client, however, may have to do some information gathering before deciding what kind of publication will best meet a client’s needs.

Once you know what you’ll be publishing, you can address other important issues. What size will your publication be, and what colors will be used to create it? How will your publication be produced, printed, and distributed? And, what effect do budget considerations have on the publication planning process? Production can begin only after these issues have been addressed.

A Guide to QuarkXPress

 

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Introduction

Designing the layout

A designer must make dozens of decisions when planning and designing a publication. Page size, margin widths, number of columns, the use of typefaces and type styles, and the use of color are just a few of the design issues that must be considered. QuarkXPress can help designers work through the planning process and develop a preliminary design. During production, the flexible layout environment of QuarkXPress lets designers rework and refine the preliminary design until they are satisfied.

Editing text

Because QuarkXPress includes powerful word processing capabilities, you can write directly in QuarkXPress. Basic editing features like cut, copy, paste, and delete, plus more sophisticated features such as drag-and-drop text, find/change, and spell checking let writers enter and edit text without having to purchase and learn a separate word processing program. For long publications, QuarkXPress provides features for tracking multiple documents, generating a table of contents, and creating an index. It is also possible to generate text using a word processing program, and then import the text directly into a QuarkXPress layout.

Creating and importing graphics

While writers and editors work on text, graphic artists create the illustrations, photographs, and other graphic elements that will accompany text and enhance the layout.

Using the drawing tools in QuarkXPress, designers can create boxes and lines with straight edges and Bézier curves. The flexible drawing tools let designers create charts, line drawings, and other design elements directly in QuarkXPress. You can also flow text along any shaped path, and even convert characters to boxes.

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A Guide to QuarkXPress

Publishing with QuarkXPress

With QuarkXPress, you can import many types of pictures, including line art, and grayscale or color digital images in various file formats (TIFF, EPS, etc.). QuarkXPress has the ability to read or create a custom clipping path for an image. This lets you precisely control how much of an imported picture appears on the page. Once imported, you can use QuarkXPress to separate color layouts into color separation plates.

Fine-tuning the layout

The final stage of production begins when all the editorial and design elements are ready to be combined and laid out on the page. No matter how you generate your text and graphics, the page layout features in QuarkXPress let you build documents quickly.

You can create templates for often-used document layouts so that you can quickly place text and pictures onto formatted pages. Using paragraph style sheets, you can style text into headlines, subheads, body copy, and captions, making even complicated text formatting a simple, one-step process. With character style sheets, you can apply multiple formats to individual words in one step.

Typographic polishing can include everything from precise adjustments, to leading, kerning, line spacing, word spacing, and character spacing to finetuning hyphenation and line breaks. Text adjustments can be made locally or implemented on a global scale by editing kerning and tracking tables and using an increasingly sophisticated group of typographic preferences.

Imported pictures can be framed, rotated, skewed, sized, and cropped. You can also add background color and shade to some imported picture formats. Sophisticated text runaround controls let you create elegant text wraps around pictures and items.

A Guide to QuarkXPress

 

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Introduction

The electronic publishing advantage

By taking advantage of the speed and precision offered by computer technology, you can use QuarkXPress to produce top-quality publications in less time and for less money than those who still use traditional manual techniques. The program’s ability to handle all facets of document production — from preliminary design through prepress production — makes it the ideal tool for any publishing situation. But QuarkXPress is more than a tool. It provides a work environment that gives you the freedom to be more creative and more productive.

Printing

The printing process actually begins with preliminary, rough copies in the early stages of production. You can print roughs with an inkjet or laser printer; you can use a color printer to proof copies of color publications. Because text and pictures are easily edited, you can make changes at any time during the production process.

When it is time to print the final version, a laser printer may be adequate for your needs. But, if you are working on a sophisticated publication, you may be working with a service bureau or in-house production department to produce imagesetter output — including separation plates for color printing. Although QuarkXPress lets you control many prepress factors such as trapping, color separation, and screening, many users have their output provider set these specifications to ensure their job looks great when it comes off the press.

XTensions

If QuarkXPress does not already meet all your publishing needs, you can add custom features with XTensions. Many XTensions exist to fulfill specific functions that were not built into the application itself.

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A Guide to QuarkXPress

About this Book

About this Book

A Guide to QuarkXPress is not meant to be read cover to cover. The book is designed so that you can look things up quickly, find out what you need to know, and get on with your work. However, if you need more comprehensive information about electronic publishing, that is also provided.

Where we’re coming from

This book assumes you are familiar with your computer and know how to:

Launch an application

Open, save, and close files

Use menus, dialog boxes, and palettes

Use the mouse, keyboard commands, and modifier keys

If you need help performing any of these tasks, consult the documentation resources (user/reference guides) provided with your computer.

Where to look

This book is split into two distinct sections: Introducing QuarkXPress, which describes the interface, and Using QuarkXPress, which offers steps for specific tasks. Both sections include concept blocks, which provide helpful background information about various features without interrupting tasks.

Introducing QuarkXPress

If you stumble on an unfamiliar command, or want more information about how to use a tool, check the first section of this book: Introducing QuarkXPress. A black bar on the upper right corner of each two-page spread makes the section easy to find.

A Guide to QuarkXPress

 

xxi

Introduction

The Introducing section explains the QuarkXPress interface, including menus and dialog boxes, tools, palettes, and preferences. Commands are documented in menu order, starting with the first command in the File menu and ending with the last command in the Utilities menu.

Using QuarkXPress

Whenever you think to yourself, “I wonder how to do this …,” check the second section of this book, Using QuarkXPress. The detailed Table of Contents at the beginning of this book, the condensed Table of Contents at the beginning of each chapter, and the Index should help you quickly find the information you need.

Each chapter in the Using section includes a series of specific tasks such as “Creating New Documents” or “Importing Pictures.” Instructions for accomplishing tasks are presented in steps or bullets. Tips from expert QuarkXPress users are frequently included in the sidebars of these pages.

Concept blocks

If you need background information about publishing tasks or issues, look at the concept blocks throughout this book. Concept blocks, on shaded pages, are placed at the beginning or end of chapters. The first word in the title of a concept block is usually “Understanding,” for example: “Understanding Picture File Formats.” You can read concept blocks any time — they’re designed to round out your knowledge of electronic publishing without relating to a specific task.

What you’re looking at

This book uses various conventions (styles) to help you find information quickly:

Bold type style

The names of QuarkXPress menu commands, dialog boxes, and other controls are set in bold type. For example: “The Colors palette lets you apply colors to text, pictures, lines, and box backgrounds.”

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A Guide to QuarkXPress

About this Book

References and arrows

Whenever a feature is mentioned, a reference shows how to access that feature. For example: “The Save as dialog box (File menu) lets you save a copy of a document.” Arrows are used to represent the menu path to a feature.

For example: “Choose File & Print to display the Print dialog box.”

Icons

The names of tools and graphic buttons are followed by the appropriate icons. For example: “Select the Item tool e in the Tool palette” or “Click the centered button } in the Measurements palette.”

Charts

The Introducing QuarkXPress section charts the range of values that any control can accept. Charts follow this format:

Range

Measurement system

Smallest increment

2 to 720 pt

various (", pt, cm, etc.)

.001

The “Range” is expressed in the default measurement system. You can enter values in fields according to the “Measurement system” column. For example, measurements may be expressed in pixels, points, or any measurement system supported by QuarkXPress. (The example above shows a feature that accepts any supported measurement system.) The “Smallest increment” is often the smallest unit of measurement you can enter.

Notes and tips

RNotes provide helpful information about particular features.

STips provide extra information about particular features and general techniques for electronic publishing.

A Guide to QuarkXPress

 

xxiii

Introduction

 

About the Other Books

 

The QuarkXPress box also contains a tutorial, A Preview to QuarkXPress,

 

and various other cards and booklets.

 

A Preview to QuarkXPress

 

If you are new to electronic publishing applications, this tutorial is for

 

you. The introduction familiarizes you with the QuarkXPress interface,

 

and the exercises highlight the primary features of this version.

 

What’s New in QuarkXPress 4.0

 

If you are a proficient QuarkXPress user, start with this booklet. It provides

Choosing File & Print.

a brief overview of all the new features in this version of QuarkXPress to

get you started with your new software as quickly as possible.

 

 

Other pieces in the box

 

Your QuarkXPress box also includes installation and user registration

 

instructions, service plan information, a book about QuarkXPress color

 

features, a list of keyboard commands, and documentation for any late-

 

breaking features.

xxiv

 

A Guide to QuarkXPress

QuarkXPress Basics

QuarkXPress Basics

To use QuarkXPress effectively, you need to understand the basic concepts. Read this section if you are new to QuarkXPress or if you need a quick refresher. QuarkXPress uses concepts from traditional publishing to make its tools and layout environment more familiar.

Document environment

A work area called the pasteboard surrounds each page or spread. You use the pasteboard to store items temporarily or to experiment with something before you put it on a page. You can have individual pages or multipage spreads, and you can add, move, and delete pages as you work. Pages can be manipulated using the Document Layout palette, the Page menu, and in Thumbnails view.

Basic tools

QuarkXPress pages contain items. Items are text boxes, text paths, picture boxes, and lines; they are created in QuarkXPress and manipulated primarily with the Item tool e. Contents are text and pictures; they are manipulated primarily with the Content tool E.

In general, you will use Item menu commands and the left half of the Measurements palette when working with items. Likewise, you will use the Style menu and the right half of the Measurements palette when working with contents.

The controls in the Measurements palette change according to the current selection — whether it is a text box, picture box, line, text, or picture.

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Introduction

The box concept

In QuarkXPress, most things go into a box. Text is contained in text boxes and pictures are contained in picture boxes. Text can also be placed on a path. You have control over the size, shape, layering, color, and other properties of each box or path — and you have similar control over the text or pictures contained in them.

Working with text

A text box or a text path contains text. To create a text box or path, use a Text Box tool T or a Text Path tool ˜. Then use the Get Text command (File menu) to import text files from other sources, including many popular word processors, databases, and spreadsheets. Or, create or select a text box with the Content tool E and begin typing.

The Style menu provides formatting options such as fonts, type styles, and colors when you are working with text. High-end typographic controls are provided through a combination of menu items, keyboard commands, and preferences. To simplify text formatting, you can create paragraph and character style sheets (Edit & Style Sheets) and apply them using a menu command, the Style Sheets palette, or keyboard commands.

To flow text from one text box to the next (or from one text path to the next), you can create an automatic chain of text. You can also use the Linking u and Unlinking U tools to manually create custom text chains. To create an automatic text chain, check Automatic Text Box in the New Document dialog box (File & New & Document).

Placing pictures

Picture is a general term for any type of graphic file in a QuarkXPress document. Just as text boxes contain text, picture boxes contain pictures. To create a picture box, use any of the picture box creation tools p, x, O,

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å, 7, ƒ, or . Then, use the Get Picture command (File menu) to import a copy of a picture file. You can also paste a picture that has been copied to the Clipboard into your document.

When you are working with pictures, the Style menu provides formatting choices like contrast, line screen, and colors. Picture formatting options are selectively available depending on the imported picture’s graphic file format.

Shapes and lines

To create a colored shape, create any shape picture box and apply a color to the background of the box. Background colors are applied to boxes using the Colors palette (View menu) or the Box tab of the Modify dialog box (Item menu). The Merge controls (Item menu) let you create boxes with multiple contours and combine different boxes.

Create custom line styles using the Dashes & Stripes dialog box (Edit menu); then use line creation tools to draw any shape lines. When a line is selected, the Modify dialog box and the Style menu provide options for formatting lines such as style, width, and arrowheads.

Electronic paste-up

Items can be moved, resized, reshaped, and layered with other items. You can drag items into place by aligning them with rulers and guides, or you can enter precise X and Y coordinates in the Measurements palette.

Each type of item has its own Modify dialog box (Item menu) that controls the size, position, background color, position of the contents, and more. To flow text around pictures, lines, and other items, use the Runaround tab in the Modify dialog box. Other Item menu commands let you group items so they can be moved together, change the stacking order (layering) of items, duplicate items, and space selected items evenly.

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Introduction

When you choose Item & Modify, a dialog box specific to the selected item is displayed. The various tabs in the Modify dialog box provide access to different sets of controls.

Master pages and templates

Items (pictures and text) that need to go on many pages in your document can be placed on master pages. Applying a master page to a document page places the recurring items automatically. For example, if you are working on a newsletter, you might want a master page for the cover and nameplate, one for the inside spreads, and one with mailing information for the back page. Master pages can be created, edited, and applied using the Document Layout palette. Once you’ve established the formatting of a publication, you can save a document as a reusable template.

Customizing QuarkXPress

QuarkXPress has many options for customizing how you work, how your text flows, how your tools work, and more. These are called Preferences (Edit menu), and you can control preferences for your copy of QuarkXPress (Application Preferences) or for individual documents (Document Preferences).

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In addition to preferences, you can create custom style sheets, colors, dashes and stripes, frames, lists (style-sheet generated lists), and H&Js (hyphenation and justification specifications) for use in a document or template. All these specifications are created through commands in the Edit menu.

On to output

The Print dialog box (File menu) offers plenty of output options. For convenience, you can combine all these settings and save them as Print Styles (Edit menu). When you print, QuarkXPress requires all the font and picture files used in the document. The Collect for Output (File menu) feature automatically gathers the document and pictures into one folder, and it produces a report of the document’s fonts, colors, trapping, and other settings — ready for output.

Power through palettes and keyboard commands

As you use QuarkXPress, you will develop your own working style. Maybe you will prefer to use the mouse and menu commands for everything. Or, you may find that you prefer the quick access to features provided by palettes and extensive keyboard commands. In many cases, QuarkXPress offers multiple ways to perform a given task.

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Introduction

The Interface

QuarkXPress menus and dialog boxes adhere to Mac OS conventions — with a few enhancements. This section provides a quick look at standard interface controls, and highlights features unique to QuarkXPress. If you are new to the Mac OS, we recommend that you consult the documentation resources provided with your computer for complete information about using the Mac OS. If you are new to QuarkXPress, we recommend that you perform the tutorial contained in A Preview to QuarkXPress.

QuarkXPress menus

The menu bar displays the seven menus available in QuarkXPress: File, Edit, Style, Item, Page, View, and Utilities. The menu bar can also display QuarkXTensions such as QuarkImmedia and QuarkDispatch. Each menu contains groups of related commands separated by lines. Many menu entries are followed by keyboard shortcuts, displayed with the following modifier keys: Command (C), Option (`), Control (^), and Shift (w). See Figure 1.

Context-sensitive menus

QuarkXPress menus are context-sensitive (menu items change according to the active item, the current situation, or the tool selected).

The commands listed under a menu may change. For example, the Style menu commands change depending on whether text, a picture, or a line is active.

An individual menu command may change. For example, the Undo command (Edit menu) changes to reflect your last action (such as

Undo Typing or Undo Item Deletion).

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The availability of menu entries may change. For example, when a picture is selected, Save Text (File menu) is dimmed and not available.

The availability of entire menus may change. For example, the Style

menu entries for text are available only when a text box is active and the Content tool E is selected.

The function of a menu command may change slightly when you press a modifier key while selecting the menu. For example, if you press the Option key while you choose the Item menu, the Send to Back command changes to Send Backward.

Check mark

A check mark j in a menu indicates one of the following:

A function has been performed. For example, a check mark is displayed next to Flip Vertical (Style menu) when the contents of a box are flipped vertically. See Figure 2.

A feature is turned on. For example, a check mark next to Snap to Guides (View menu) means that items in your document will snap to the guides you’ve created.

A format from a list has been applied. For example, a check mark is displayed in the Font submenu next to the font applied to selected text. When multiple formats have been applied to a selection, check marks are displayed next to formats common to the entire selection only.

QuarkXPress dialog boxes

Choosing a menu entry followed by an ellipsis (…) displays a dialog box. Dialog boxes contain related commands that allow you to specify exactly what you want to happen. The context-sensitive controls in QuarkXPress dialog boxes consist primarily of tabs, areas, fields, pop-up menus, radio buttons, check boxes, and buttons. See Figure 3.

Figure 1: Like other QuarkXPress menus, the File menu contains groups of related commands separated by lines.

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Figure 2: The check mark next to Flip Vertical in the Style menu for text indicates that the contents of the active text box are flipped vertically.

Figure 3: The Modify dialog box (Item menu) includes tabs, areas, fields, pop-up menus, check boxes, and buttons.

Introduction

Tabs

Many dialog boxes provide multiple functions through tabs. By clicking a tab icon, you can display different sets of controls. Pressing ControlTab takes you to the next tab in a dialog box.

Area

Related commands within a dialog box or tab are grouped into an “area,” which is named and surrounded by a border. For example, the Box tab in the Modify dialog box (Item menu) has a Blend area, which lets you specify a custom blend for a box. See Figure 4.

List

Some dialog boxes include lists of elements for you to select or edit. For example, the Colors dialog box (Edit menu) displays a list of colors. You can navigate through lists using the up and down arrow keys. Depending on the type of list, you may be able to multiple-select items to edit. For example, in the Tool tab of the Document Preferences dialog box (Edit & Preferences & Document), you can select multiple tools and edit common attributes. To select a group of continuous elements, click the first element then press the Shift key while clicking the last element in the range. To select a group of noncontinuous elements, press the C key while clicking them.

Field

A field is a rectangular box for entering a specific value. For example, in the Text tab of the Modify dialog box (Item menu), you can enter the number of columns for an active text box in the Columns field. Fields have the following characteristics:

You can enter measurements in any of the supported measurement systems, using the following abbreviations: inches or inches decimal ("), picas (p), points (pt), millimeters (mm), centimeters (cm), ciceros (c), and agates (ag).

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You only need to specify units of measure with an abbreviation when you are not using the default measurement system. For example, if your measurement preferences are set to inches, and you want to specify an indent in points, you can enter “6 pt” in the field. The measurement will be converted to inches the next time you open the dialog box.

The default measurement system is specified in the Horizontal Mea-

sure and Vertical Measure pop-up menus in the General tab of the

Document Preferences dialog box (Edit & Preferences & Document).

You can tab to highlight the next field in a dialog box and Shift-Tab to highlight the previous field.

You can perform math in fields using these operators: + (addition),

– (subtraction), * (multiplication), or, / (division). For example, to double the width of a box, you can multiply the width by 2 by entering *2 to the right of the current value. You can even perform multiple operations — such as dividing a value by 4, then adding 2. See Figure 5.

RQuarkXPress performs multiplication and division first, followed by subtraction and addition, from left to right; you cannot use parentheses when performing math in fields. You can add and subtract specific measurements, such as 2".

Pop-up menu

A pop-up menu is a small menu within a dialog box or palette. A pop-up menu like this contains a list of options. A pop-up menu like this contains an editable field in addition to a list of options. You can enter a value (such as a percentage) or a word (like a font name) in the field, rather than choosing an option from the list. See Figure 6.

Check box

A check box lets you turn options on and off . Checking a box may activate other controls; checking or unchecking a box may expand a dialog box to display more controls.

Figure 4: The Box tab of the Modify dialog box (Item menu) includes a bordered

Blend area.

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Figure 5: You can perform math in QuarkXPress fields. The formula in the Width field multiplies the width of the box by 2, then adds 1 point. The formula in the Height field divides the height of the box by 2, then subtracts .25 inch.

Figure 6: A pop-up menu offers a list of options, and often includes a field that accepts custom values. For example, the Width pop-up menu in the Frame tab of the Modify dialog box (Item menu) includes a list of frame widths and a field.

Introduction

Radio button

A radio button lets you select from mutually exclusive options. For example, in the XTensions tab (Edit & Preferences & Application), you can choose when to display the XTensions Manager dialog box by clicking a radio button.

Button

A button, shaped like this , performs an action. If a button has a border around it , you can also press Return or Enter on the keyboard rather than clicking the button with the mouse. A button may also include a pop-up menu that lets you choose a type of action. For example, the New button in the Style Sheets dialog box (Edit menu) lets you create either a character style sheet or a paragraph style sheet.

Many dialog boxes in QuarkXPress include an Apply button so you can preview your changes before closing the dialog box. For example, the

Apply button in the Paragraph Attributes dialog box (Style & Formats) lets you see how your changes affect selected paragraphs. If you press the Option key the first time you click Apply, you can view all your changes as you make them without clicking the Apply button again.

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Directory dialog boxes

Directory dialog boxes are used to open, import, export, or save files; they include standard Mac OS controls for navigating through disks and folders so you can locate files, or choose where you want to save files. See Figure 7. Dialog boxes in QuarkXPress with directory dialog box elements include: New Library, New Book, Open, Save as, Get Text, Save Text, Append, Save Page as EPS, Collect for Output, and

Auxiliary Dictionary.

Alert dialog boxes

An alert is a dialog box that warns you when there is a problem and often suggests a solution. For example, if you enter an invalid value in a field, an alert notifies you and often provides an acceptable range of values for the field. The “Error Messages” section of Chapter 24, “Appendices” lists and explains the alerts you may encounter in QuarkXPress.

Figure 7: The Save as dialog box (File menu) is an example of a directory dialog box. It includes the current disk name, the Eject, Desktop, New Folder, Cancel, and Save buttons, pop-up menus for file type and version, a scroll list for navigating through folders, and a check box.

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A G U I D E T O Q U A R K X P R E S S

Introducing QuarkXPress

Tools

1

 

 

The Tool Palette

1.3

Tool Overview

 

1.5

Item Tool and Content Tool

 

1.7

Rotation Tool

 

1.12

Zoom Tool

 

1.14

Standard-Shape Text Box Tools

 

1.16

Standard-Shape Picture Box Tools

1.18

Straight Line Tools

 

1.20

Straight Text-Path Tools

 

1.22

Bézier Tools

 

1.24

Freehand Tools

 

1.26

Linking/Unlinking Tools

 

1.28

Page Grabber Hand Tool

 

1.30

For internal use by licensee only. The information in this electronic file may not be disseminated in any form to any unlicensed person or entity without prior written consent of Quark Technology Partnership or its licensee, Quark, Inc.

Tools 1

QuarkXPress preserves the cliché “you need the right tools to get the job done.” The Tool palette provides easy access to powerful tools that allow you to accomplish the most basic — and the most sophisticated — publishing tasks.

Tools let you create and place boxes, lines, pictures, and text; rotate items; link text boxes so text flows from page to page; and enlarge and reduce the document view. You can customize the Tool palette by rearranging and hiding tools, and you can customize many individual tools using preferences.

The Tool Palette

The Tool Palette

Use the tools in the Tool palette to create and edit many elements in QuarkXPress, including text boxes, picture boxes, lines, text paths, text, and pictures. The selected tool determines which commands in QuarkXPress are available.

Displaying the Tool palette

To display the Tool palette, choose View & Show Tools. The Tool palette remains open until you close it. To close the Tool palette, choose View & Hide Tools or click the close box.

Selecting a tool

To select a tool, click it. Press C-Tab to select the tool below the current tool; press C-Shift-Tab to select the tool above the current tool.

Tool preferences

You can specify default settings for magnification and item creation through the Tools tab of the Document Preferences dialog box (Edit & Preferences & Document). You can also access the Tools tab by doubleclicking an item creation tool or the Zoom tool Z. Tool preferences apply to the active document; if no documents are open, tool preferences become application defaults.

Introducing QuarkXPress

STips

Using the Tool palette

Click a tool to select it.

The selected tool determines which QuarkXPress commands are available.

Press the Control key while selecting a pop-out tool to add the tool to the Tool palette. Press the Control key while clicking an unnecessary tool to remove it from the Tool palette.

Double-click an item creation tool or the Zoom tool Z to set

its preferences.

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1.3

Tools

 

Customizing the Tool palette

 

 

QuarkXPress lets you customize the Tool palette by rearranging, hiding,

 

and adding tools. Many tools are condensed under “pop-outs” indicated

 

by an arrow next to the tool.

 

 

• To display the pop-out tools, click and hold a tool that displays an

 

arrow next to it.

 

 

• To use a pop-out tool, click and drag to select the tool. This replaces the

 

tool in the main Tool palette.

 

 

• To add a tool to the main Tool palette, press the Control key while you

 

click and drag to select a new tool from a pop-out.

Tool palette and text box pop-out tools

• To hide a tool, press the Control key while you click that tool. At least

one tool from each pop-out must remain on the palette.

 

 

When you quit QuarkXPress, your current tool arrangement is

 

saved in the XPress Preferences file. The next time you launch

 

RQuarkXPress, your Tool palette will be just as you left it.

 

Keyboard commands

 

 

Use the following keyboard commands with the Tool palette and tools:

 

Tool choice

Command

 

Show Tools

F8

 

Hide Tools

F8

 

Show/Hide individual tool

Control-click

 

Select tool below current tool

C-Tab

 

Select tool above current tool

C-Shift-Tab

 

Show Tool tab (Document Preferences)

Double-click any creation tool

 

Use Page Grabber Hand H

Option*

 

Use Zoom In pointer M

Control

 

Use Zoom Out pointer m

Option-Control

 

*The Page Grabber Hand H is not accessible when the Zoom tool Z is

 

selected or when the Caps Lock key is down.

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A Guide to QuarkXPress

Tool Overview

Introducing QuarkXPress

 

 

Tool Overview

 

The basic function of each tool in the Tool palette is described below.

 

Complete information about how each tool works is covered in the

 

remainder of this chapter.

 

Default Tool palette

 

e Item tool

 

Selects, moves, resizes, and reshapes items (boxes, lines, text paths, and

 

groups), and reshapes clipping and runaround paths.

 

E Content tool

Default Tool palette

Imports and edits text and pictures, and imitates most Item tool

 

functionality.

 

R Rotation tool

 

Rotates items visually rather than numerically.

 

Z Zoom tool

 

Enlarges or reduces the document view.

 

T Text Box tool

 

Creates a rectangular text box; provides access to other text box tools.

 

p, x, ç, Picture Box tools

 

Create a rectangle, rounded-corner, oval, or Bézier picture box; the Rec-

 

tangle Picture Box tool p provides access to other picture box tools.

 

L Line tool

 

Creates straight lines of any angle; provides access to other line tools.

 

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Tool palette with all the tools showing. (Control-drag while selecting a pop-out tool to add it to the palette.)

Tools

o Orthogonal Line tool

Creates straight lines that are perfectly horizontal or vertical.

Ò Line Text-Path tool

Creates a straight line, of any angle, that contains text; provides access to other text-path tools.

u Linking tool

Establishes text chains to flow text among text boxes.

U Unlinking tool

Breaks links among text boxes.

H Page Grabber Hand (not displayed in the palette; press Option key to use)

Scrolls a page in any direction.

Pop-out tools

Å, ı, Ç, Î, ´, Ô Text Box tools

Create a rounded-corner, concave-corner, beveled-corner, oval, Bézier, or freehand Bézier text box.

å, , ƒ Picture Box tools

Create a concave-corner, beveled-corner, or freehand Bézier picture box.

, § Line tools

Create a Bézier line or freehand Bézier line.

, Â, ˜ Text-Path tools

Create an orthogonal, Bézier, or freehand Bézier text path.

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A Guide to QuarkXPress

Item Tool and Content Tool

Item Tool e and Content Tool E

When the Item tool e is selected, you can cut, copy, and paste picture boxes, lines, text paths, and groups. When the Content tool E is selected, you can cut, copy, paste, clear, and edit text or pictures. The Item tool and the Content tool also have several characteristics common to both tools. Use the Item and Content tools interchangeably to select and manipulate boxes, lines, and text paths — or to import and apply styles to pictures.

Arrow pointer a

When you select the Item or Content tool, the Arrow pointer a displays. To select an item, click it with the Arrow pointer; to select multiple items, press the Shift key while you click them.

Mover pointer e

When the Item tool is over the interior of a box, a straight line, or a Bézier line whose bounding box is displayed, the Mover pointer e displays. You can access the Mover pointer e when the Content tool is selected by pressing the C key. To move active items, click and drag with the Mover pointer e. If no items are selected, you can press the Shift key while selecting and dragging to move an item horizontally or vertically only.

When you drag, an outline of the item is displayed. To see the item and its contents when you drag, press the mouse button until the item flashes, and then start dragging.

Introducing QuarkXPress

STips

“Items” in QuarkXPress are

Picture boxes

Text boxes

Lines

Text paths

Groups

Multiple-selected items

Using the Item and Content tools

Click items to select them for modification.

Click and drag to move items.

Drag bounding box handles to

resize items. (Not available if

Item & Edit & Shape is checked.)

Drag points, curve handles, or segments to reshape a Bézier shape.

(An option must be checked in the Item & Edit submenu.)

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1.7

Resizing handles

Delayed item dragging in action

Tools

Resizing pointer #

When the Item or Content tool is over a bounding box handle on an active item, the Resizing pointer # displays. To enlarge or reduce an item, click and drag the Resizing pointer.

You can scale the contents of a box or text path, while you resize the item itself, by pressing modifier keys as you drag a handle:

Resize item and scale contents

Command

Scale

C-Drag

Scale and constrain to square bounding box

C-Shift-Drag

Scale and maintain proportions

C-Option-Shift-Drag

Point pointer ˝

When the Item or Content tool is over a point on a selected Bézier shape, the Point pointer ˝ displays. To select a point, click with the Point pointer displayed.

Press the Shift key while clicking to select multiple points.

Double-click a point to select all the points in the shape. Triple-click to select all the points in a multiple-path item.

To reshape, click and drag the Point pointer. If the point is deselected, you can press the Shift key while selecting and dragging to move the point in 45° increments only.

Press the Option key to change the Point pointer into a Point Deletion pointer v, and click to delete the point.

Curve Handle pointers Ï, Ó

When the Item or Content tool is over a curve handle on a selected Bézier shape, one of the two Curve Handle pointers Ï, Ó displays.

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A Guide to QuarkXPress

Item Tool and Content Tool

Introducing QuarkXPress

 

 

To reshape a curve, click and drag with the Curve Handle pointer dis-

 

played. Curve handle angles determine the starting angles for curves.

 

The distance of the curve handles from the point determines the

 

extremity of the curve.

 

• Press the Shift key while dragging a curve handle to move it in 45°

 

increments from the point.

 

• Press the Control key while dragging a curve handle to change a

 

smooth point to a corner point or vice versa.

 

• Press the Option key to change the Curve Handle pointer into the

Reshaping a Bézier item

Retract Curve Handle pointer v, and click to retract the curve handle.

 

Line Segment pointer ˆ

 

When the Item or Content tool is over a line segment on a selected

 

Bézier shape, the Line Segment pointer ˆ displays. To select a line seg-

 

ment (and the two points attached to it), click with the Line Segment

 

pointer displayed.

 

• To reshape a Bézier item, click and drag the Line Segment pointer.

 

• Press the Shift key while dragging a line segment to constrain both its

 

curve handles to 45° increments.

 

• Press the Option key to change the Line Segment pointer into an Add

 

Point pointer V, and click to add a point.

 

Marquee o

 

When the Item or Content tool is selected, you can access a standard

 

Marquee pointer o for selecting multiple items. Click the mouse button

 

outside the boundaries of any items, then drag the Marquee over items

 

to select them. To add or remove an item from a Marquee selection,

 

press the Shift key while you click it.

 

A Guide to QuarkXPress

 

1.9

STips

“Contents” in QuarkXPress are

Pictures

Text

Using the Content tool E

Click a text box or text path to import or edit text.

Click a picture box to import or edit a picture.

Choose File & Get Picture or

File & Get Text to import a picture file or text file.

Highlight text to edit it.

Tools

Features specific to the Item tool e

When the Item tool is selected, this additional functionality is available:

Cut, copy, or paste active items entirely. (This is also possible when any other tool is selected except the Content tool E.)

Delete active Bézier points using the Delete key.

Move active items using arrow keys.

Activate a group by selecting only one of its items.

Change the line attributes of an active text path. (This is also possible when any other tool is selected except the Content tool E.)

Features specific to the Content tool E

When the Content tool is selected, this additional functionality is available:

Cut, copy, paste, or clear contents

When the Content tool is selected, you can cut, copy, paste, or clear highlighted text or a picture in an active picture box. The box itself is unaffected.

Import and edit text

Use the Content tool to edit and apply attributes to existing text or import new text into an active text box or text path.

I-beam pointer I

When the Content tool is over a selected text box or text path, the I- beam pointer I displays. Click the I-beam pointer to place the Text Insertion bar i where you want to begin importing or editing text. You cannot place the Text Insertion bar i below existing paragraphs within a text box. To highlight text, click and drag the I-beam pointer I. You can cut, copy, clear, drag-and-drop, or apply Style menu attributes to highlighted text.

1.10

 

A Guide to QuarkXPress

Item Tool and Content Tool

Introducing QuarkXPress

 

 

Text Insertion bar i

When you click the I-beam pointer I in text, a blinking Text Insertion bar i displays. This is the text insertion point. When you create a new text box, the Text Insertion bar i displays automatically at the top of the box.

You can enter text at this point by typing or choosing File & Get Text. You can delete text preceding this point by pressing the Delete key. To reposition the Text Insertion bar i, use the arrow keys on the keyboard or click with the I-beam pointer I.

Picture Mover pointer H

When the Content tool is over an active picture box containing a picture, the Picture Mover pointer H displays. To move the picture, click and drag the Picture Mover pointer in any direction, or use the arrow keys.

You can edit the picture using the Style menu, the Measurements palette, keyboard commands, or the Picture tab of the Modify dialog box (Item & Modify).

A Guide to QuarkXPress

 

1.11

STips

You can rotate items visually or

numerically

Use the Rotation tool to establish a point to rotate an item around, then rotate the item visually.

Use the rotation field rin the Measurements palette to rotate a box around its center numerically.

Using the Rotation tool R

Select an item to rotate it.

Click the Rotation pointer : to

establish a rotation point, then drag the Arrowhead pointer ; to

rotate the item.

The Rotation tool reverts to the Item tool e or the Content tool E automatically.

Tools

Rotation Tool R

Use the Rotation tool to rotate items visually around a point you establish.

Arrow pointer a

If no items are selected when you select the Rotation tool, the Arrow pointer a displays. To select an item to rotate, click it with the Arrow pointer.

Rotation pointer :

When the Rotation tool is over an active item, the Rotation pointer : displays. To establish a point for an item to rotate around, click and hold the Rotation pointer. The rotation point can be within or outside the active item.

Arrowhead pointer ;

After you establish the Rotation point, the Arrowhead pointer ; displays. To rotate the item, drag the Arrowhead pointer in a circular motion. A line extends from the center of the rotation point to the Arrowhead pointer indicating the item’s angle of rotation.

You can rotate an item from –360° to +360°. As you drag the Arrowhead pointer ;, the r field in the Measurements palette displays the angle change. Press the Shift key to constrain rotation to 45° increments.

Rotating boxes

When you rotate an item, an outline of the item is displayed. To see the item and its contents when you rotate, press the mouse button until the item flashes before you begin rotating.

1.12

 

A Guide to QuarkXPress

Rotation Tool

Introducing QuarkXPress

 

 

Rotating straight lines

Straight lines defined in Endpoints Mode (Item & Modify & Line tab) can only be rotated with the Rotation tool.

Reverting to the previous tool

After you rotate an item, the Rotation tool automatically reverts to the last tool selected (the Item tool e or Content tool E). To prevent this, press the Option key while selecting the Rotation tool. This allows you to experiment with the rotation of one item without having to reselect

the tool each time you rotate.

The rotation point :

A Guide to QuarkXPress

 

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