NETGEAR WPN824 User Manual

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Reference Manual for the RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824

NETGEAR, Inc.

4500 Great America Parkway

Santa Clara, CA 95054 USA

202-10072-01 March 2005

202-10072-01, March 2005

© 2005 by NETGEAR, Inc. All rights reserved. March 2005.

Trademarks

NETGEAR is a trademark of Netgear, Inc.

Microsoft, Windows, and Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

Other brand and product names are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective holders.

Statement of Conditions

In the interest of improving internal design, operational function, and/or reliability, NETGEAR reserves the right to make changes to the products described in this document without notice.

NETGEAR does not assume any liability that may occur due to the use or application of the product(s) or circuit layout(s) described herein.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Compliance Notice: Radio Frequency Notice

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to

part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.

Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

EN 55 022 Declaration of Conformance

This is to certify that the RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824 is shielded against the generation of radio interference in accordance with the application of Council Directive 89/336/EEC, Article 4a. Conformity is declared by the application of EN 55 022 Class B (CISPR 22).

Bestätigung des Herstellers/Importeurs

Es wird hiermit bestätigt, daß das RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824 gemäß der im BMPT-AmtsblVfg 243/1991 und Vfg 46/1992 aufgeführten Bestimmungen entstört ist. Das vorschriftsmäßige Betreiben einiger Geräte (z.B. Testsender) kann jedoch gewissen Beschränkungen unterliegen. Lesen Sie dazu bitte die Anmerkungen in der Betriebsanleitung.

Das Bundesamt für Zulassungen in der Telekommunikation wurde davon unterrichtet, daß dieses Gerät auf den Markt gebracht wurde und es ist berechtigt, die Serie auf die Erfüllung der Vorschriften hin zu überprüfen.

Certificate of the Manufacturer/Importer

It is hereby certified that the RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824 has been suppressed in accordance with the conditions set out in the BMPT-AmtsblVfg 243/1991 and Vfg 46/1992. The operation of some equipment (for example, test transmitters) in accordance with the regulations may, however, be subject to certain restrictions. Please refer to the notes in the operating instructions.

Federal Office for Telecommunications Approvals has been notified of the placing of this equipment on the market and has been granted the right to test the series for compliance with the regulations.

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Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) Statement

This equipment is in the second category (information equipment to be used in a residential area or an adjacent area thereto) and conforms to the standards set by the Voluntary Control Council for Interference by Data Processing Equipment and Electronic Office Machines aimed at preventing radio interference in such residential areas.

When used near a radio or TV receiver, it may become the cause of radio interference. Read instructions for correct handling.

Customer Support

Refer to the Support Information Card that shipped with your RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824.

World Wide Web

NETGEAR maintains a World Wide Web home page that you can access at the universal resource locator (URL) http://www.netgear.com. A direct connection to the Internet and a Web browser such as Internet Explorer

or Netscape are required.

Product and Publication Details

Model Number:

WPN824

Publication Date:

March 2005

Product Family:

router

Product Name:

RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824

Home or Business Product:

Home

Language:

English

Publication Part Number:

202-10072-01

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Contents

Chapter 1

About This Manual

Audience, Scope, Conventions, and Formats ................................................................

1-1

How to Use This Manual ................................................................................................

1-2

How to Print this Manual .................................................................................................

1-3

Chapter 2

 

Introduction

 

Key Features ..................................................................................................................

2-1

RangeMax™ Multi-In, Multi-Out (MIMO) Technology ..............................................

2-2

802.11g Wireless Networking ...................................................................................

2-2

A Powerful, True Firewall with Content Filtering ......................................................

2-3

Security ....................................................................................................................

2-3

Autosensing Ethernet Connections with Auto Uplink ...............................................

2-4

Extensive Protocol Support ......................................................................................

2-4

Easy Installation and Management ..........................................................................

2-5

Maintenance and Support ........................................................................................

2-5

NETGEAR Related Products ..........................................................................................

2-6

Package Contents ..........................................................................................................

2-6

The Router’s Front Panel .........................................................................................

2-6

The Router’s Rear Panel .........................................................................................

2-7

A Road Map for ‘How to Get There From Here’ .............................................................

2-8

Chapter 3

 

Connecting the Router to the Internet

 

Prepare to Install Your Wireless Router ..........................................................................

3-1

First, Use the Smart Wizard to Configure the Wireless Router ......................................

3-2

Now, Set Up a Computer for Wireless Connectivity .......................................................

3-3

Troubleshooting Tips ......................................................................................................

3-4

Overview of How to Access the Wireless Router ...........................................................

3-5

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How to Log On to the Wireless Router After

 

Configuration Settings Have Been Applied ..............................................................

3-6

How to Bypass the Configuration Assistant .............................................................

3-8

How to Manually Configure Your Internet Connection ....................................................

3-9

Using the Smart Setup Wizard .....................................................................................

3-11

NETGEAR Product Registration, Support, and Documentation ...................................

3-12

Chapter 4

 

Wireless Configuration

 

Observe Performance, Placement, and Range Guidelines ............................................

4-1

Implement Appropriate Wireless Security ......................................................................

4-2

Understanding Wireless Settings ...................................................................................

4-4

Information to Gather Before Changing Basic Wireless Settings .............................

4-7

Default Factory Settings ...........................................................................................

4-8

How to Set Up and Test Basic Wireless Connectivity ..............................................

4-8

How to Configure WEP ..........................................................................................

4-10

How to Configure WPA-PSK Wireless Security ............................................................

4-12

How to Restrict Wireless Access by MAC Address ......................................................

4-13

Chapter 5

 

Content Filtering

 

Content Filtering Overview .............................................................................................

5-1

Blocking Access to Internet Sites ...................................................................................

5-2

Blocking Access to Internet Services .............................................................................

5-3

Configuring a User Defined Service .........................................................................

5-4

Configuring Services Blocking by IP Address Range ..............................................

5-5

Scheduling When Blocking Will Be Enforced .................................................................

5-5

Viewing Logs of Web Access or Attempted Web Access ...............................................

5-6

Configuring E-Mail Alert and Web Access Log Notifications ..........................................

5-7

Chapter 6

 

Maintenance

 

Viewing Wireless Router Status Information ...................................................................

6-1

Viewing a List of Attached Devices .................................................................................

6-5

Configuration File Management .....................................................................................

6-6

Restoring and Backing Up the Configuration ...........................................................

6-6

Erasing the Configuration .........................................................................................

6-7

Upgrading the Router Software ......................................................................................

6-7

Changing the Administrator Password ...........................................................................

6-9

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Chapter 7

Troubleshooting

Basic Functioning ...........................................................................................................

7-1

Power Light Not On ..................................................................................................

7-1

Lights Never Turn Off ...............................................................................................

7-2

LAN or WAN Port Lights Not On ..............................................................................

7-2

Troubleshooting the Web Configuration Interface ..........................................................

7-3

Troubleshooting the ISP Connection ..............................................................................

7-4

Troubleshooting a TCP/IP Network Using a Ping Utility .................................................

7-5

Testing the LAN Path to Your Router .......................................................................

7-5

Testing the Path from Your Computer to a Remote Device .....................................

7-6

Restoring the Default Configuration and Password ........................................................

7-7

Problems with Date and Time .........................................................................................

7-8

Chapter 8

 

Advanced Configuration of the Router

 

Configuring Advanced Wireless Settings .......................................................................

8-1

Wireless Card Access List .......................................................................................

8-3

Wireless Card Access Setup ....................................................................................

8-4

Configuring Port Triggering and Port Forwarding ...........................................................

8-5

Configuring Port Forwarding to Local Servers ................................................................

8-8

Adding a Custom Service .........................................................................................

8-9

Editing or Deleting a Port Forwarding Entry ...........................................................

8-10

Local Web and FTP Server Example .....................................................................

8-10

Multiple Computers for Half Life, KALI or Quake III Example ................................

8-10

Configuring the WAN Setup Options ............................................................................

8-11

Connect Automatically, as Required ......................................................................

8-11

Disabling the SPI Firewall ......................................................................................

8-12

Setting Up a Default DMZ Server ...........................................................................

8-12

Responding to Ping on Internet WAN Port .............................................................

8-12

Setting the MTU Size .............................................................................................

8-13

Using the LAN IP Setup Options ..................................................................................

8-13

Configuring LAN TCP/IP Setup Parameters ..........................................................

8-14

Using the Router as a DHCP server ......................................................................

8-15

Using Address Reservation ....................................................................................

8-16

Using a Dynamic DNS Service .....................................................................................

8-16

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Configuring Static Routes .............................................................................................

8-17

Enabling Remote Management Access .......................................................................

8-19

Using Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) ........................................................................

8-20

Appendix A

 

Technical Specifications

 

Appendix B

 

Network, Routing, Firewall, and Basics

 

Related Publications ......................................................................................................

B-1

Basic Router Concepts ..................................................................................................

B-1

What is a Router? ...................................................................................................

B-1

Routing Information Protocol ...................................................................................

B-2

IP Addresses and the Internet .......................................................................................

B-2

Netmask ..................................................................................................................

B-4

Subnet Addressing ..................................................................................................

B-4

Private IP Addresses ...............................................................................................

B-7

Single IP Address Operation Using NAT .......................................................................

B-7

MAC Addresses and Address Resolution Protocol .................................................

B-8

Related Documents .................................................................................................

B-9

Domain Name Server ..............................................................................................

B-9

IP Configuration by DHCP ...........................................................................................

B-10

Internet Security and Firewalls ....................................................................................

B-10

What is a Firewall? ................................................................................................

B-10

Stateful Packet Inspection ...............................................................................

B-11

Denial of Service Attack ..................................................................................

B-11

Ethernet Cabling ...........................................................................................................

B-11

Category 5 Cable Quality ......................................................................................

B-12

Inside Twisted Pair Cables ....................................................................................

B-13

Uplink Switches, Crossover Cables, and MDI/MDIX Switching ............................

B-14

Appendix C

 

Preparing Your Network

 

What You Need To Use a Router with a Broadband Modem .........................................

C-1

Cabling and Computer Hardware ............................................................................

C-1

Computer Network Configuration Requirements ....................................................

C-1

Internet Configuration Requirements ......................................................................

C-2

Where Do I Get the Internet Configuration Parameters? ........................................

C-2

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Record Your Internet Connection Information .........................................................

C-3

Preparing Your Computers for TCP/IP Networking .......................................................

C-3

Configuring Windows 95, 98, and Me for TCP/IP Networking .......................................

C-4

Install or Verify Windows Networking Components .................................................

C-4

Enabling DHCP to Automatically Configure TCP/IP Settings

 

in Windows 95B, 98, and Me ..................................................................................

C-6

Selecting Windows’ Internet Access Method ..........................................................

C-8

Verifying TCP/IP Properties ....................................................................................

C-8

Configuring Windows NT4, 2000 or XP for IP Networking ............................................

C-9

Install or Verify Windows Networking Components .................................................

C-9

DHCP Configuration of TCP/IP in Windows XP, 2000, or NT4 .............................

C-10

DHCP Configuration of TCP/IP in Windows XP ...................................................

C-10

DHCP Configuration of TCP/IP in Windows 2000 ................................................

C-12

DHCP Configuration of TCP/IP in Windows NT4 ..................................................

C-15

Verifying TCP/IP Properties for Windows XP, 2000, and NT4 ..............................

C-17

Configuring the Macintosh for TCP/IP Networking ......................................................

C-18

MacOS 8.6 or 9.x ..................................................................................................

C-18

MacOS X ...............................................................................................................

C-18

Verifying TCP/IP Properties for Macintosh Computers .........................................

C-19

Verifying the Readiness of Your Internet Account .......................................................

C-20

Are Login Protocols Used? ...................................................................................

C-20

What Is Your Configuration Information? ..............................................................

C-20

Obtaining ISP Configuration Information for Windows Computers .......................

C-21

Obtaining ISP Configuration Information for Macintosh Computers .....................

C-22

Restarting the Network ................................................................................................

C-23

Appendix D

 

Wireless Networking Basics

 

Wireless Networking Overview ......................................................................................

D-1

Infrastructure Mode .................................................................................................

D-1

Ad Hoc Mode (Peer-to-Peer Workgroup) ................................................................

D-2

Network Name: Extended Service Set Identification (ESSID) ................................

D-2

Authentication and WEP Data Encryption .....................................................................

D-2

802.11 Authentication ..............................................................................................

D-3

Open System Authentication ...................................................................................

D-3

Shared Key Authentication ......................................................................................

D-4

Overview of WEP Parameters ................................................................................

D-5

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Key Size ..................................................................................................................

D-6

WEP Configuration Options ....................................................................................

D-7

Wireless Channels .........................................................................................................

D-7

WPA and WPA2 Wireless Security ................................................................................

D-8

How Does WPA Compare to WEP? ........................................................................

D-9

How Does WPA Compare to WPA2 (IEEE 802.11i)? ............................................

D-10

What are the Key Features of WPA and WPA2 Security? ....................................

D-10

WPA/WPA2 Authentication: Enterprise-level User

 

Authentication via 802.1x/EAP and RADIUS ..................................................

D-12

WPA/WPA2 Data Encryption Key Management .............................................

D-14

Is WPA/WPA2 Perfect? .........................................................................................

D-16

Product Support for WPA/WPA2 ...........................................................................

D-16

Supporting a Mixture of WPA, WPA2, and WEP

 

Wireless Clients is Discouraged .....................................................................

D-16

Changes to Wireless Access Points ...............................................................

D-17

Changes to Wireless Network Adapters .........................................................

D-17

Changes to Wireless Client Programs ............................................................

D-18

Glossary

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Chapter 1

About This Manual

This chapter describes the intended audience, scope, conventions, and formats of this manual.

Audience, Scope, Conventions, and Formats

This reference manual assumes that the reader has basic to intermediate computer and Internet skills. However, basic computer network, Internet, firewall, and VPN technologies tutorial information is provided in the Appendices and on the Netgear website.

This guide uses the following typographical conventions:

Table 1-1.

Typographical Conventions

 

 

 

italics

 

Emphasis, books, CDs, URL names

 

 

 

bold

 

User input

 

 

 

fixed

 

Screen text, file and server names, extensions, commands, IP addresses

This guide uses the following formats to highlight special messages:

Note: This format is used to highlight information of importance or special interest.

This manual is written for the WPN824 router according to these specifications:

Table 1-2.

Manual Scope

 

 

 

 

Product Version

 

RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824

 

 

Manual Publication Date

March 2005

 

 

 

Note: Product updates are available on the NETGEAR, Inc. Web site at

http://kbserver.netgear.com/products/WPN824.asp.

About This Manual

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How to Use This Manual

The HTML version of this manual includes the following:

Buttons, and , for browsing forwards or backwards through the manual one page at a time

A button that displays the table of contents and an button. Double-click on a link in the table of contents or index to navigate directly to where the topic is described in the manual.

A button to access the full NETGEAR, Inc. online knowledge base for the product model.

Links to PDF versions of the full manual and individual chapters.

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How to Print this Manual

To print this manual you can choose one of the following several options, according to your needs.

Printing a Page in the HTML View.

Each page in the HTML version of the manual is dedicated to a major topic. Use the Print button on the browser toolbar to print the page contents.

Printing a Chapter.

Use the PDF of This Chapter link at the top left of any page.

Click the PDF of This Chapter link at the top right of any page in the chapter you want to print. The PDF version of the chapter you were viewing opens in a browser window.

Note: Your computer must have the free Adobe Acrobat reader installed in order to view and print PDF files. The Acrobat reader is available on the Adobe Web site at http://www.adobe.com.

Click the print icon in the upper left of the window.

Tip: If your printer supports printing two pages on a single sheet of paper, you can save paper and printer ink by selecting this feature.

Printing the Full Manual.

Use the Complete PDF Manual link at the top left of any page.

Click the Complete PDF Manual link at the top left of any page in the manual. The PDF version of the complete manual opens in a browser window.

Click the print icon in the upper left of the window.

Tip: If your printer supports printing two pages on a single sheet of paper, you can save paper and printer ink by selecting this feature.

About This Manual

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About This Manual

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Chapter 2

Introduction

Congratulations on your purchase of the NETGEAR® RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824. The WPN824 router provides connection for multiple computers to the Internet through an external broadband access device (such as a cable modem or DSL modem) that is normally intended for use by a single computer. This chapter describes the features of the NETGEAR RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824.

Key Features

Note: This manual provides information on the complete features as of the date of publication. Earlier versions of this product may not have all the features presented in this manual. Go to http://kbserver.netgear.com/products/WPN824.asp where you will find product firmware updates for your WPN824.

The RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824 with 4-port switch connects your local area network (LAN) to the Internet through an external access device such as a cable modem or DSL modem.

The WPN824 router provides you with multiple Web content filtering options, plus browsing activity reporting and instant alerts via e-mail. Parents and network administrators can establish restricted access policies based on time-of-day, Web site addresses and address keywords, and share high-speed cable/DSL Internet access for up to 253 computers. In addition to the Network Address Translation (NAT) feature, the built-in firewall protects you from hackers.

With minimum setup, you can install and use the router within minutes.

The WPN824 router provides the following features:

RangeMax™ Multi-In, Multi-Out (MIMO) technology

802.11g wireless networking, with the ability to operate in 802.11g-only, 802.11-turbo-g-only, or 802.11b+g modes.

Easy, Web-based setup for installation and management.

Content Filtering and Site Blocking Security.

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Built in 4-port 10/100 Mbps Switch.

Ethernet connection to a wide area network (WAN) device, such as a cable modem or DSL modem.

Extensive Protocol Support.

Login capability.

Front panel LEDs for easy monitoring of status and activity.

Flash memory for firmware upgrades.

RangeMax™ Multi-In, Multi-Out (MIMO) Technology

Netgear’s RangeMax Multi-In, Multi-Out (MIMO) technology provides ten times more coverage than standard 802.11g alone by eliminating “dead spots” in your area of coverage where you use your wireless computers. Your whole house or office suite now becomes a “hot spot” without requiring any range extenders, repeaters, or external antennas. RangeMax maintains your high speed throughout your home, not just when you are close to your router.

RangeMax is an advanced Smart MIMO (Multi-In, Multi-Out) technology that uses seven internal antennas. RangeMax constantly surveys your home environment for physical barriers and interference and adjusts the wireless signal to compensate for these performance blockers.

For example, if you carry your laptop from the family room to the bedroom, RangeMax automatically senses the change and selects from over 100 possible antenna configurations to deliver you the fastest, clearest connection so that everyone can enjoy consistently high-speed connections, everywhere in your house with no drop-outs and no dead spots.

RangeMax is also 100% compatible with your existing 802.11b/g products (i.e., 802.11b, 802.11g, Centrino, and SuperG™ wireless clients) and boosts their range and speed by up to 50%.

802.11g Wireless Networking

The WPN824 router includes an 802.11g wireless access point, providing continuous, high-speed 108 Mbps access between your wireless and Ethernet devices. The access point provides:

802.11g wireless networking at up to 108 Mbps.

802.11g wireless networking, with the ability to operate in 802.11g-only, 802.11b-only, or 802.11g and b modes, providing backwards compatibility with 802.11b devices or dedicating the wireless network to the higher bandwidth 802.11g devices.

64-bit and 128-bit WEP encryption security.

WEP keys can be generated manually or by passphrase.

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WPA-PSK support. Support for Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) data encryption which provides strong data encryption and authentication based on a pre-shared key.

Wireless access can be restricted by MAC address.

Wireless network name broadcast can be turned off so that only devices that have the network name (SSID) can connect.

A Powerful, True Firewall with Content Filtering

Unlike simple Internet sharing NAT routers, the WPN824 is a true firewall, using stateful packet inspection to defend against hacker attacks. Its firewall features include:

Denial of Service (DoS) protection.

Automatically detects and thwarts DoS attacks such as Ping of Death, SYN Flood, LAND Attack, and IP Spoofing.

Blocks unwanted traffic from the Internet to your LAN.

Blocks access from your LAN to Internet locations or services that you specify as off-limits.

Logs security incidents.

The WPN824 will log security events such as blocked incoming traffic, port scans, attacks, and administrator logins. You can configure the router to E-mail the log to you at specified intervals. You can also configure the router to send immediate alert messages to your E-mail address or E-mail pager whenever a significant event occurs.

The WPN824 prevents objectionable content from reaching your computers. The router allows you to control access to Internet content by screening for keywords within Web addresses. You can configure the router to log and report attempts to access objectionable Internet sites.

Security

The WPN824 router is equipped with several features designed to maintain security, as described in this section.

Computers Hidden by NAT

NAT opens a temporary path to the Internet for requests originating from the local network. Requests originating from outside the LAN are discarded, preventing users outside the LAN from finding and directly accessing the computers on the LAN.

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Port Forwarding with NAT

Although NAT prevents Internet locations from directly accessing the computers on the LAN, the router allows you to direct incoming traffic to specific computers based on the service port number of the incoming request, or to one designated “DMZ” host computer. You can specify forwarding of single ports or ranges of ports.

Autosensing Ethernet Connections with Auto Uplink

With its internal 4-port 10/100 switch, the WPN824 can connect to either a 10 Mbps standard Ethernet network or a 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet network. Both the LAN and WAN interfaces are autosensing and capable of full-duplex or half-duplex operation.

The router incorporates Auto UplinkTM technology. Each Ethernet port will automatically sense whether the Ethernet cable plugged into the port should have a ‘normal’ connection such as to a computer or an ‘uplink’ connection such as to a switch or hub. That port will then configure itself to the correct configuration. This feature also eliminates the need to worry about crossover cables, as Auto Uplink will accommodate either type of cable to make the right connection.

Extensive Protocol Support

The WPN824 router supports the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

(TCP/IP) and Routing Information Protocol (RIP). For further information about TCP/IP, refer to Appendix B, “Network, Routing, Firewall, and Basics.”

IP Address Sharing by NAT

The WPN824 router allows several networked computers to share an Internet account using only a single IP address, which may be statically or dynamically assigned by your Internet service provider (ISP). This technique, known as NAT, allows the use of an inexpensive single-user ISP account.

Automatic Configuration of Attached computers by DHCP

The WPN824 router dynamically assigns network configuration information, including IP, gateway, and domain name server (DNS) addresses, to attached computers on the LAN using the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). This feature greatly simplifies configuration of computers on your local network.

DNS Proxy

When DHCP is enabled and no DNS addresses are specified, the router provides its own address as a DNS server to the attached computers. The router obtains actual DNS addresses from the ISP during connection setup and forwards DNS requests from the LAN.

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PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)

PPPoE is a protocol for connecting remote hosts to the Internet over a DSL connection by simulating a dial-up connection. This feature eliminates the need to run a login program such as Entersys or WinPOET on your computer.

Easy Installation and Management

You can install, configure, and operate the RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824 within minutes after connecting it to the network. The following features simplify installation and management tasks:

Browser-based management

Browser-based configuration allows you to easily configure your router from almost any type of personal computer, such as Windows, Macintosh, or Linux. A user-friendly Setup Wizard is provided and online help documentation is built into the browser-based Web Management Interface.

Smart Wizard

The WPN824 router Smart Wizard automatically senses the type of Internet connection, asking you only for the information required for your type of ISP account.

Firmware Update

The WPN824 router can be updated if a newer version of firmware is available. This lets you take advantage of product enhancements for your WPN824 as soon as they become available.

Visual monitoring

The WPN824 router’s front panel LEDs provide an easy way to monitor its status and activity.

Maintenance and Support

NETGEAR offers the following features to help you maximize your use of the WPN824 router:

Flash memory for firmware upgrades.

Free technical support seven days a week, twenty-four hours a day, for 90 days from the date of purchase.

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NETGEAR Related Products

NETGEAR products related to the RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824 are as follows:

RangeMax Wireless USB 2.0 Adapter (WPN111)

RangeMax Wireless PCI Adapter (WPN311)

RangeMax Wireless PC Card (WPN511)

Package Contents

The product package should contain the following items:

RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824.

AC power adapter.

Vertical stand.

Category 5 (CAT5) Ethernet cable.

Keep the

repair.

 

Test

Wireless

 

LAN Port 4

 

 

Introduction

Reference Manual for the RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824

You can use the status lights to verify connections. Viewed from left to right, the table below describes the lights on the front panel of the router.

Table 2-1.

Status Light Descriptions

 

 

 

Label

Activity

Description

 

 

 

Power

On Green Solid

Power is supplied and the router it has passed its diagnostic test.

 

Off

Power is not supplied to the router.

Test

On

The unit is performing the power on self test diagnostic.

 

Off

The unit successfully completed the power on self test diagnostic.

Wireless

On

The Wireless port is initialized and the wireless feature is enabled.

 

Off

The wireless feature is turned off or there is a problem.

Internet

On

The Internet port has detected a link with an attached device.

 

Blink

Data is being transmitted or received by the Internet port.

LAN

On (Green)

The LAN (local area network) port has detected link with a 100 Mbps

 

Blink (Green)

device.

 

Data is being transmitted or received at 100 Mbps.

 

On (Amber)

The Local port has detected link with a 10 Mbps device.

 

Blink (Amber)

Data is being transmitted or received at 10 Mbps.

 

Off

No link is detected on this port.

The Router’s Rear Panel

The rear panel of the WPN824 router contains the items listed below.

LEDs to show which

antenna is on

 

4

3

2

1

Reset

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seven integrated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Button

 

 

 

 

 

antennas inside

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power

4 LAN Ports

 

Internet Port

 

Figure 1-2: WPN824 Rear Panel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

 

 

 

 

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Viewed from left to right, the rear panel contains the following features:

AC power adapter outlet for 12 V DC @ 1A output, 22W maximum

Four Local (LAN) 10/100 Mbps Ethernet ports for connecting the router to the local computers

Internet (WAN) Ethernet port for connecting the router to a cable or DSL modem

Factory Default Reset push button for Restoring the Default Configuration and Password

A Road Map for ‘How to Get There From Here’

The introduction and adoption of any new technology can be a difficult process. Broadband Internet service is considered so useful that more and more people want to set up networks in their home to share a broadband connection. Wireless technology has removed one of the barriers to networking—running wires. It allows more people to try networking while at the same time exposes them to the inherent complexity of networking. General networking concepts, setup, and maintenance can be difficult to understand. In addition, wireless technology adds issues, such as range, interference, signal quality, and security to the picture.

To help overcome potential barriers to successfully using home networks, the table below identifies how to accomplish such things as connecting to a wireless network, assuring appropriate security measures are taken, browsing the Internet through your wireless connection, exchanging files with other computers and using printers in the combined wireless and wired network.

Table 2-1.

A Road Map for How to Get There From Here

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If I Want To?

What Do I Do?

What’s Needed?

How Do I?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Set up a

1.

Set up the

• A wireless network

To set up the WPN824, see

 

wireless

 

RangeMax

• A computer within the

Chapter 3, “Connecting the

 

network

 

Wireless Router

operating range of the

Router to the Internet” and follow

 

 

 

WPN824

wireless network. For

the instructions provided.

 

 

 

guidelines about the range

 

 

 

2.

Identify the wireless

 

 

 

of wireless networks, see

To learn about wireless

 

 

 

network name

 

 

 

“Observe Performance,

networking technology, see

 

 

 

(SSID) and, if used,

 

 

 

Placement, and Range

Appendix 4, “Wireless

 

 

 

the wireless

 

 

 

Guidelines” on page 4-1”.

Configuration” for a general

 

 

 

security settings.

 

 

 

 

introduction.

 

 

3. Set up the wireless

 

 

 

 

computers with the

 

 

 

 

 

settings from step

 

 

 

 

 

1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Table 2-1.

A Road Map for How to Get There From Here (continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If I Want To?

What Do I Do?

What’s Needed?

How Do I?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Protect my

1.

Assure that the

• A wireless network WEP or

To learn about wireless

 

wireless

 

wireless network

WPA security enabled.

networking security, see

 

connection

 

has security

• Wireless networking

“Wireless Networking Basics” on

 

from snooping,

 

features enabled.

equipment that supports

page D-1.

 

hacking, or

 

 

 

2.

Configure my

WEP or WPA, such as the

 

 

information

 

 

WPN824.

 

 

 

WPN824 with the

To use WEP security features,

 

theft.

 

 

 

 

 

 

security settings of

 

see “Implement Appropriate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the wireless

 

Wireless Security” on page 4-2

 

 

 

network.

 

and configure your WPN824

 

 

3.

Use Windows

 

accordingly.

 

 

 

security features.

 

 

 

 

 

Note: Secure Internet sites such as banks and online merchants use encryption security built into browsers

 

like Internet Explorer and Netscape. Any wireless networking security features you might implement are in

 

addition to those already in place on secure Internet sites.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share

1.

Use the Windows

• Windows computers (wired

Windows Domain settings are

 

Windows PC

 

Printers and Fax

and wireless) I am using to

usually managed by corporate

 

files and

 

features to locate

connect to the network

computer support groups.

 

printers at

 

available printers in

need to be configured with

Windows Workgroup settings

 

home in a

 

the combined

the Windows Client and

 

combined

 

File and Print Sharing.

are commonly managed by

 

 

wireless and wired

 

wireless and

 

• Windows computers (wired

individuals who want to set up

 

 

network in your

 

wired network.

 

and wireless) I am using to

small networks in their homes, or

 

 

home.

 

 

 

connect to the network

small offices.

 

 

2.

Use the Windows

 

 

need to be configured with

 

 

Note: For

 

Add a Printer

For assistance with setting up

 

 

the same Windows

 

 

wizard to add

 

sharing files and

 

 

 

Workgroup or Domain

Windows networking, refer to the

 

 

access to a network

 

printers on other

 

 

 

settings as the other

PC Networking Tutorial on the

 

 

printer from the PC

 

types of

 

 

 

Windows computers in the

NETGEAR RangeMax Wireless

 

 

you are using to

 

computers like

 

 

 

combined wireless and

Router WPN824 Resource CD

 

 

wirelessly connect

 

Macintosh or

 

 

 

wired network.

and the Help information

 

 

to the network.

 

Linux, refer to

 

 

 

• Any Windows networking

provided in the Windows system

 

3.

From the File menu

 

the product

 

 

of an application

security access rights such

you are using.

 

documentation

 

 

 

as login user name/

 

 

 

such as Microsoft

 

 

that came with

 

For assistance with setting up

 

 

password that have been

 

 

Word, use the Print

 

those

 

 

 

assigned in the Windows

printers in Windows, refer to the

 

 

Setup feature to

 

computers.

 

 

 

network must be provided

Help and Support information

 

 

direct your print

 

 

 

 

 

 

when Windows prompts for

that comes with the version of

 

 

 

output to the printer

 

 

 

such information.

the Windows operating systems

 

 

 

in the network.

 

 

 

• If so-called Windows ‘peer’

you are using.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

networking is being used,

 

 

 

 

 

the printer needs to be

 

 

 

 

 

enabled for sharing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

 

 

 

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Chapter 3

Connecting the Router to the Internet

This chapter describes how to set up the router on your local area network (LAN) and connect to the Internet. You will find out how to configure your RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824 for Internet access using the Setup Wizard, or how to manually configure your Internet connection.

Follow these instructions to set up your router.

Prepare to Install Your Wireless Router

Observe the wireless placement and range guidelines in “Observe Performance, Placement, and Range Guidelines” on page 4-1.

For Cable Modem Service: When you perform the wireless router setup steps be sure to use the computer you first registered with your cable ISP.

For DSL Service: You may need information such as the DSL login name/e-mail address and password in order to complete the wireless router setup.

Before proceeding with the wireless router installation, familiarize yourself with the contents of the NETGEAR RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824 Resource CD, especially this manual and the animated tutorials for configuring networking on PCs.

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First, Use the Smart Wizard to Configure the Wireless Router

Insert the Resource CD in the CD drive of your PC. The following screen appears. Click Setup and follow the prompts.

Figure 3-1: NETGEAR Smart Wizard installation assistant

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Now, Set Up a Computer for Wireless Connectivity

You are now connected to the Internet and the wireless feature of the wireless router is enabled! Next, configure your wireless computer.

1. CONFIGURE THE COMPUTERS WIRELESS ADAPTER SETTINGS

:LUHOHVV$GDSWHU LQ D 1RWHERRN &RPSXWHU

Figure 3-2: Configure wireless computer

NETGEAR, Inc. wireless adapters display a list of available wireless networks, and, when wireless security is disabled, you simply choose yours from the list and connect.

For a non-NETGEAR wireless adapter, configure it to match your settings exactly. If you changed the default Network Name (SSID), be sure to use the correct Network Name (SSID) you set in the wireless router.

WIRELESS FEATURE

DEFAULT SETTING

Network Name (SSID)

NETGEAR

 

 

WEP Security

Disabled

 

 

Warning: The Network Name (SSID) is case sensitive. Typing nETgear will not work.

2. VERIFY WIRELESS CONNECTIVITY

Verify wireless connectivity. Connect to the Internet or log in to the wireless router from a computer with a wireless adapter. For wireless connectivity problems, see “Troubleshooting Tips” on page 3-4.

You are now wirelessly connected to the Internet! Implement wireless security according to the instructions in “Implement Appropriate Wireless Security” on page 4-2.

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Troubleshooting Tips

Here are some tips for correcting simple problems you may have.

Be sure to restart your network in this sequence:

1) Turn off the modem, wireless router, and computer; 2) Turn on the modem, wait two minutes; 3) Turn on the wireless router and wait 1 minute; 4) Turn on the computer.

Make sure the Ethernet cables are securely plugged in.

The Internet status light on the wireless router will be lit if the Ethernet cable to the wireless router from the modem is plugged in securely and the modem and wireless router are turned on.

For each powered on computer connected to the wireless router with a securely plugged in Ethernet cable, the corresponding wireless router LAN port status light will be lit. The label on the bottom of the wireless router identifies the number of each LAN port.

Make sure the wireless settings in the computer and router match exactly.

The Wireless Network Name (SSID) and WEP settings of the router and wireless computer must match exactly.

Make sure the network settings of the computer are correct.

LAN and wirelessly connected computers must be configured to obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP. Please see Appendix C, “Preparing Your Network” or the animated tutorials on the CD for help with this.

Some cable modem ISPs require you to use the MAC address of the computer registered on the account. If so, in the Router MAC Address section of the Basic Settings menu, select “Use this Computer’s MAC Address.” The router will then capture and use the MAC address of the computer that you are now using. You must be using the computer that is registered with the ISP. Click Apply to save your settings. Restart the network in the correct sequence.

Check the router status lights to verify correct router operation.

If the Power light does not turn solid green within 2 minutes after turning the router on, reset the router according to the instructions in “Restoring the Default Configuration and Password” on page 7-7.

If the Wireless light does not come on, verify that the wireless feature is turned on according to the instructions in “Understanding Wireless Settings” on page 4-4.

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Overview of How to Access the Wireless Router

The table below describes how you access the wireless router, depending on the state of the wireless router.

Table 3-1.

Ways to access the router

 

 

 

 

Router State

 

Access Options

Description

Factory Default

 

Automatic Access via

Any time a browser is opened on any computer connected to

 

 

the Smart Wizard

the wireless router, the wireless router will

Note: The wireless

Configuration

automatically connect to that browser and display the

Assistant

Configuration Assistant welcome page.

router is supplied

 

There is no need to enter the wireless router URL in the

in the factory

 

 

default state. Also,

 

browser, or provide the login user name and password.

the factory default

 

 

 

Manually enter a URL

You can bypass the Smart Wizard Configuration Assistant

state is restored

 

 

to bypass the Smart

feature by typing

when you use the

Wizard Configuration

http://www.routerlogin.net/basicsetting.htm

factory reset button.

Assistant

in the browser address bar and clicking Enter. You will not be

See “Restoring the

 

prompted for a user name or password.

Default

 

 

 

 

 

 

Configuration and

 

This will enable you to manually configure the wireless router

Password” on page

 

 

even when it is in the factory default state. When manually

7-7 for more

 

 

 

 

configuring the router, you must complete the configuration

information on this

 

 

by clicking Apply when finished entering your settings. If you

feature.

 

 

 

 

do not do so, a browser on any PC connected to the router

 

 

 

 

 

 

will automatically display the router's Configuration Assistant

 

 

 

Welcome page rather than the browser’s home page.

Configuration

 

Enter the standard

Connect to the wireless router by typing either of these URLs

Settings Have

 

URL to access the

in the address field of your browser, then click Enter:

Been Applied

 

wireless router

http://www.routerlogin.net

 

 

 

http://www.routerlogin.com

 

 

 

The wireless router will prompt you to enter the user name of

 

 

 

admin and the password. The default password is password.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Enter the IP address

Connect to the wireless router by typing the IP address of the

 

 

of the wireless

wireless router in the address field of your browser, then click

 

 

router to access the

Enter. 192.168.1.1 is the default IP address of the wireless

 

 

wireless router.

router. The wireless router will prompt you to enter the user

 

 

 

name of admin and the password. The default password is

 

 

 

password.

 

 

 

 

 

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How to Log On to the Wireless Router After

Configuration Settings Have Been Applied

1.Connect to the wireless router by typing http://www.routerlogin.net in the address field of your browser, then click Enter.

Figure 3-3: Login address

2.For security reasons, the router has its own user name and password. When prompted, enter admin for the router user name and password for the router password, both in lower case letters. To change the password, see “Changing the Administrator Password” on page 6-9.

Note: The router user name and password are not the same as any user name or password you may use to log in to your Internet connection.

Figure 3-4: Login window

Once you have entered your user name and password, your Web browser should find the WPN824 router and display the home page as shown in below.

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Figure 3-5: Login result: WPN824 home page

The browser will then display the WPN824 settings home page.

When the wireless router is connected to the Internet, click the Knowledge Base or the Documentation link under the Web Support menu to view support information or the documentation for the wireless router.

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If you do not click Logout, the wireless router will wait 5 minutes after there is no activity before it automatically logs you out.

How to Bypass the Configuration Assistant

1.When the wireless router is in the factory default state, type http://www.routerlogin.net/basicsetting.htm in the address field of your browser, then click

Enter.

When the wireless router is in the factory default state, a user name and password are not required.

2.The browser will then display the WPN824 settings home page shown in “Login result: WPN824 home page” on page 3-7.

If you do not click Logout, the wireless router will wait 5 minutes after there is no activity before it automatically logs you out.

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How to Manually Configure Your Internet Connection

You can manually configure your router using the menu below, or you can allow the Setup Wizard to determine your configuration as described in the previous section.

ISP Does Not Require Login

ISP Does Require Login

Figure 3-6: Browser-based configuration Basic Settings menus

You can manually configure the router using the Basic Settings menu shown in Figure 3-6 using these steps:

1.Connect to the wireless router by typing http://www.routerlogin.net in the address field of your browser, then click Enter.

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2.For security reasons, the wireless router has its own user name and password. When prompted, enter admin for the router user name and password for the router password, both in lower case letters.

3.Click Basic Settings on the Setup menu.

4.If your Internet connection does not require a login, click No at the top of the Basic Settings menu and fill in the settings according to the instructions below. If your Internet connection does require a login, click Yes, and skip to step 5.

a.Enter your Account Name (may also be called Host Name) and Domain Name.

These parameters may be necessary to access your ISP’s services such as mail or news servers.

b.Internet IP Address:

If your ISP has assigned you a permanent, fixed (static) IP address for your computer, select “Use static IP address”. Enter the IP address that your ISP assigned. Also enter the netmask and the Gateway IP address. The Gateway is the ISP’s router to which your router will connect.

c.Domain Name Server (DNS) Address:

If you know that your ISP does not automatically transmit DNS addresses to the router during login, select “Use these DNS servers” and enter the IP address of your ISP’s Primary DNS Server. If a Secondary DNS Server address is available, enter it also.

Note: If you enter an address here, restart the computers on your network so that these settings take effect.

d.Router’s MAC Address:

This section determines the Ethernet MAC address that will be used by the router on the Internet port. Some ISPs will register the Ethernet MAC address of the network interface card in your computer when your account is first opened. They will then only accept traffic from the MAC address of that computer. This feature allows your router to masquerade as that computer by “cloning” its MAC address.

To change the MAC address, select “Use this Computer’s MAC address.” The router will then capture and use the MAC address of the computer that you are now using. You must be using the one computer that is allowed by the ISP. Or, select “Use this MAC address” and type it in here.

e.Click Apply to save your settings.

5.If your Internet connection does require a login, fill in the settings according to the instructions below. Select Yes if you normally must launch a login program such as Enternet or WinPOET in order to access the Internet.

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Note: After you finish setting up your router, you will no longer need to launch the ISP’s login program on your computer in order to access the Internet. When you start an Internet application, your router will automatically log you in.

a.Select your Internet service provider from the drop-down list.

Figure 3-7: Basic Settings ISP list

Note: Not all ISPs are listed here. The ones on this list have special requirements.

b.The screen will change according to the ISP settings requirements of the ISP you select.

c.Fill in the parameters for your Internet service provider.

d.Click Apply to save your settings. Click the Test button to verify you have Internet access.

Using the Smart Setup Wizard

You can use the Smart Setup Wizard to assist with manual configuration or to verify the Internet connection. The Smart Setup Wizard is not the same as the Smart Wizard configuration assistant (as illustrated in Figure 3-1) that only appears when the router is in its factory default state. After you configure the wireless router, the Smart Wizard configuration assistant will not appear again.

To use the Smart Setup Wizard to assist with manual configuration or to verify the Internet connection settings, follow this procedure.

1.Connect to the wireless router by typing http://www.routerlogin.net in the address field of your browser, then click Enter.

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2.For security reasons, the router has its own user name and password. When prompted, enter admin for the router user name and password for the router password, both in lower case letters. To change the password, see “Changing the Administrator Password” on page 6-9.

Note: The router user name and password are not the same as any user name or password you may use to log in to your Internet connection.

Once you have entered your user name and password, your Web browser should find the WPN824 router and display the home page as shown in “Login result: WPN824 home page” on page 3-7.

3.Click Setup Wizard on the upper left of the main menu.

4.Click Next to proceed. Input your ISP settings, as needed.

5.At the end of the Setup Wizard, click the Test button to verify your Internet connection. If you have trouble connecting to the Internet, use the Troubleshooting Tips “Troubleshooting Tips” on page 3-4 to correct basic problems, or refer to Chapter 7, “Troubleshooting.”

NETGEAR Product Registration, Support, and Documentation

Register your product at http://www.NETGEAR.com/register. Registration is required before you can use our telephone support service.

Product updates and Web support are always available by going to:

http://kbserver.netgear.com/products/WPN824.asp.

Documentation is available on the CD and at

http://kbserver.netgear.com/documentation/WPN824.asp.

When the wireless router is connected to the Internet, click the Knowledge Base or the Documentation link under the Web Support menu to view support information or the documentation for the wireless router.

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Chapter 4

Wireless Configuration

This chapter describes how to configure the wireless features of your WPN824 router. In planning your wireless network, you should consider the level of security required. You should also select the physical placement of your firewall in order to maximize the network speed. For further information on wireless networking, refer to Appendix D, “Wireless Networking Basics.

Observe Performance, Placement, and Range Guidelines

The operating distance or range of your wireless connection can vary significantly based on the physical placement of the wireless firewall. The latency, data throughput performance, and notebook power consumption of wireless adapters also vary depending on your configuration choices.

Note: Failure to follow these guidelines can result in significant performance degradation or inability to wirelessly connect to the router. For complete range/ performance specifications, please see Appendix A, “Technical Specifications.”

For best results, place your firewall:

Near the center of the area in which your computers will operate.

In an elevated location such as a high shelf where the wirelessly connected computers have line-of-sight access (even if through walls).

Away from sources of interference, such as computers, microwaves, and 2.4 GHz cordless phones.

Away from large metal surfaces.

The time it takes to establish a wireless connection can vary depending on both your security settings and placement. WEP connections can take slightly longer to establish. Also, WEP and WPA-PSK \encryption can consume more battery power on a notebook computer.

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When used on a metallic surface, MIMO units must be oriented vertically to ensure proper operation:

Figure 4-1: Vertical orientation required on metallic surfaces

Implement Appropriate Wireless Security

Note: Indoors, computers can connect over 802.11b/g wireless networks at ranges of up to 300 feet. Such distances can allow for others outside of your immediate area to access your network.

Unlike wired network data, your wireless data transmissions can be received well beyond your walls by anyone with a compatible adapter. For this reason, use the security features of your wireless equipment. The WPN824 router provides highly effective security features which are covered in detail in this chapter. Deploy the security features appropriate to your needs.

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Wireless Data

Security Options

Range: up to 300 foot radius

1) Open system: easy but no security

WPN824

2)MAC access list: no data security

3)WEP: security but some performance impact

4)WPA-PSK: very strong security

Figure 4-2: WPN824 wireless data security options

There are several ways you can enhance the security of your wireless network.

Restrict Access Based on MAC address. You can restrict access to only trusted computers so that unknown computers cannot wirelessly connect to the WPN824. MAC address filtering adds an obstacle against unwanted access to your network, but the data broadcast over the wireless link is fully exposed.

Turn Off the Broadcast of the Wireless Network Name SSID. If you disable broadcast of the SSID, only devices that have the correct SSID can connect. This nullifies the wireless network ‘discovery’ feature of some products such as Windows XP, but the data is still fully exposed to a determined snoop using specialized test equipment like wireless sniffers.

WEP. Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) data encryption provides data security. WEP Shared Key authentication and WEP data encryption will block all but the most determined eavesdropper.

WPA-PSK. Wi-Fi Protected Access, Pre-Shared Key (WPA-PSK) data encryption provides strong data security. WPA-PSK will block eavesdropping. Because this is a new standard, wireless device driver and software availability may be limited.

Turn Off the Wired LAN. If you disable the wireless LAN, wireless devices cannot communicate with the router at all. You might choose to turn off the wireless the LAN when you are away and the others in the household all use wired connections.

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Understanding Wireless Settings

To configure the Wireless settings of your firewall, click the Wireless link in the main menu of the browser interface. The Wireless Settings menu will appear, as shown below.

Figure 4-3: Wireless Settings menu

Name (SSID). The SSID is also known as the wireless network name. Enter a value of up to 32 alphanumeric characters. In a setting where there is more than one wireless network, different wireless network names provide a means for separating the traffic. Any device you want to participate in a particular wireless network will need to use this SSID for that network. The WPN824 default SSID is: NETGEAR.

Region. This field identifies the region where the WPN824 can be used. It may not be legal to operate the wireless features of the wireless router in a region other than one of those identified in this field.

Note: The region selection feature may not be available in all countries.

Channel. This field determines which operating frequency will be used. It should not be necessary to change the wireless channel unless you notice interference problems with another nearby access point. For more information on the wireless channel frequencies please refer to “Wireless Channels” on page D-7.

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Mode. This field determines which data communications protocol will be used. You can select “g only,” “b only,” or “g and b.” “g only” dedicates the WPN824 to communicating with the higher bandwidth 802.11g wireless devices exclusively. “b only” dedicates the WPN824 to communicating with the higher bandwidth 802.11b wireless devices exclusively. The “g and b” mode provides backward compatibility with the slower 802.11b wireless devices while still enabling 802.11g communications.

Security Options. These options are the wireless security features you can enable. The table below identifies the various basic wireless security options. A full explanation of these standards is available in Appendix D, “Wireless Networking Basics.”

Table 4-1.

Basic Wireless Security Options

 

 

Field

Description

 

 

Automatic

No wireless security.

 

 

WEP

WEP offers the following options:

 

• Open System

 

With Open Network Authentication and 64or 128-bit WEP Data Encryption, the WPN824

 

does perform 64or 128-bit data encryption but does not perform any authentication.

 

• Shared Key

 

Shared Key authentication encrypts the SSID and data.

 

Choose the Encryption Strength (64or 128-bit data encryption). Manually enter the key

 

values or enter a word or group of printable characters in the Passphrase box. Manually

 

entered keys are case sensitive but passphrase characters are not case sensitive.

 

Note: Not all wireless adapter configuration utilities support passphrase key generation.

 

• Auto

WPA-PSK

WPA-Pre-shared Key does perform authentication, uses 128-bit data encryption and

 

dynamically changes the encryption keys making it nearly impossible to circumvent.

 

Enter a word or group of printable characters in the Password Phrase box. These characters

 

are case sensitive.

 

Note: Not all wireless adapter configuration utilities support WPA. Furthermore, client software

 

is required on the client. Windows XP and Windows 2000 with Service Pack 3 do include the

 

client software that supports WPA. Nevertheless, the wireless adapter hardware and driver

 

must also support WPA.

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To configure the advanced wireless settings of your firewall, click the Wireless Setup link in the Advanced section of the main menu of the browser interface. The Wireless Settings menu will appear, as shown below.

Figure 4-4: Advanced Wireless Settings menu

Allow Broadcast of Name (SSID). If you disable broadcast of the SSID, only devices that have the correct SSID can connect. Disabling SSID broadcast nullifies the wireless network ‘discovery’ feature of some products such as Windows XP.

Enable Wireless Access Point. If you disable the wireless access point, wireless devices cannot connect to the WPN824.

Wireless Card Access List. When the Trusted PCs Only radio button is selected, the WPN824 checks the MAC address of the wireless station and only allows connections to computers identified on the trusted computers list.

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Information to Gather Before Changing Basic Wireless Settings

Before customizing your wireless settings, print this form and record the following information. If you are working with an existing wireless network, the person who set up or is responsible for the network will be able to provide this information. Otherwise, you will choose the settings for your wireless network. Either way, record the settings for your wireless network in the spaces below.

Wireless Network Name (SSID): ______________________________ The SSID, identifies the wireless network. You can use up to 32 alphanumeric characters. The SSID is case sensitive. The SSID in the wireless adapter card must match the SSID of the wireless router. In some configuration utilities (such as in Windows XP), the term “wireless network name” is used instead of SSID.

If WEP Authentication is Used. Circle one: Open System, Shared Key, or Auto.

Note: If you select Shared Key, the other devices in the network will not connect unless they are set to Shared Key as well and are configured with the correct key.

WEP Encryption key size. Choose one: 64-bit or 128-bit. Again, the encryption key size must be the same for the wireless adapters and the wireless router.

Data Encryption (WEP) Keys. There are two methods for creating WEP data encryption keys. Whichever method you use, record the key values in the spaces below.

Passphrase method. ______________________________ These characters are case sensitive. Enter a word or group of printable characters and click the Generate Keys button. Not all wireless devices support the passphrase method.

Manual method. These values are not case sensitive. For 64-bit WEP, enter 10 hex digits (any combination of 0-9 or a-f). For 128-bit WEP, enter 26 hex digits.

Key 1: ___________________________________

Key 2: ___________________________________

Key 3: ___________________________________

Key 4: ___________________________________

If WPA-PSK Authentication is Used.

Passphrase: ______________________________ These characters are case sensitive. Enter a word or group of printable characters. When you use WPA-PSK, the other devices in the network will not connect unless they are set to WPA-PSK as well and are configured with the correct Passphrase.

Use the procedures described in the following sections to configure the WPN824. Store this information in a safe place.

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Default Factory Settings

When you first receive your WPN824, the default factory settings are shown below. You can restore these defaults with the Factory Default Restore button on the rear panel. After you install the WPN824 router, use the procedures below to customize any of the settings to better meet your networking needs.

FEATURE

DEFAULT FACTORY SETTINGS

 

 

Wireless Access Point

Enabled

 

 

Wireless Access List (MAC Filtering)

All wireless stations allowed

 

 

SSID broadcast

Enabled

 

 

SSID

NETGEAR

 

 

11b/g RF Channel

6

 

 

Mode

Auto 108

 

 

Authentication Type

Automatic

 

 

WEP

Disabled

 

 

DHCP Server

Enabled

 

 

DHCP range

192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.254

 

 

How to Set Up and Test Basic Wireless Connectivity

Note: If you use a wireless computer to configure WPA settings, you will be disconnected when you click Apply. Reconfigure your wireless adapter to match the new settings or access the wireless router from a wired computer to make any further changes.

Follow the instructions below to set up and test basic wireless connectivity. Once you have established basic wireless connectivity, you can enable security settings appropriate to your needs.

1.Log in to the WPN824 firewall at its default LAN address of http://www.routerlogin.net (or http://192.168.1.1) with its default user name of admin and default password of password, or using whatever LAN address and password you have set up.

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2. Click Wireless Settings in the main menu of the WPN824 firewall.

Figure 4-5: Wireless Settings menu

3.Choose a suitable descriptive name for the wireless network name (SSID). In the SSID box, enter a value of up to 32 alphanumeric characters. The default SSID is NETGEAR.

Note: The SSID is case sensitive; NETGEAR is not the same as nETgear. Also, the SSID of any wireless access adapters must match the SSID you configure in the RangeMax Wireless Router WPN824. If they do not match, you will not get a wireless connection to the WPN824.

4.Set the Region. Select the region in which the wireless interface will operate.

5.Set the Channel. The default channel is 11.

This field determines which operating frequency will be used. It should not be necessary to change the wireless channel unless you notice interference problems with another nearby wireless router or access point. Select a channel that is not being used by any other wireless networks within several hundred feet of your firewall. For more information on the wireless channel frequencies please refer to “Wireless Channels” on page D-7.

6.For initial configuration and test, leave the Wireless Card Access List set to “Everyone” and the Encryption Strength set to “Disabled.”

7.Click Apply to save your changes.

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Note: If you are configuring the firewall from a wireless computer and you change the firewall’s SSID, channel, or security settings, you will lose your wireless connection when you click on Apply. You must then change the wireless settings of your computer to match the firewall’s new settings.

8.Configure and test your computers for wireless connectivity.

Program the wireless adapter of your computers to have the same SSID and channel that you configured in the router. Check that they have a wireless link and are able to obtain an IP address by DHCP from the firewall.

Warning: The Network Name (SSID) is case sensitive. If NETGEAR is the Network Name (SSID) in your wireless router, you must enter NETGEAR in your computer's wireless settings. Typing nETgear will not work.

Once your computers have basic wireless connectivity to the firewall, you can configure the advanced wireless security functions of the firewall.

How to Configure WEP

To configure WEP data encryption, follow these steps:

Note: If you use a wireless computer configure WEP settings, you will be disconnected when you click on Apply. You must then either configure your wireless adapter to match the wireless router WEP settings or access the wireless router from a wired computer to make any further changes.

1.Log in to the WPN824 firewall at its default LAN address of http://www.routerlogin.net with its default user name of admin and default password of password, or using whatever LAN address and password you have set up.

2.Click Wireless Settings in the main menu of the WPN824 firewall.

3.From the Security Options menu, select WEP. The WEP options display.

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4. Select the Authentication Type and Encryptions strength from the drop-down lists.

Figure 4-6. Wireless Settings encryption menu

5.You can manually or automatically program the four data encryption keys. These values must be identical on all computers and Access Points in your network.

Automatic - Enter a word or group of printable characters in the Passphrase box and click the Generate button. The passphrase is case sensitive; NETGEAR is not the same as nETgear. The four key boxes will be automatically populated with key values.

Manual - Enter ten hexadecimal digits (any combination of 0-9, a-f, or A-F). These entries are not case sensitive; AA is the same as aa.

Select which of the four keys will be active.

Please refer to “Authentication and WEP Data Encryption” on page D-2 for a full explanation of each of these options, as defined by the IEEE 802.11 wireless communication standard.

6. Click Apply to save your settings.

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How to Configure WPA-PSK Wireless Security

Note: Not all wireless adapters support WPA. Furthermore, client software is also required. Windows XP and Windows 2000 with service pack 3 do include WPA support. Nevertheless, the wireless adapter hardware and driver must also support WPA. For instructions on configuring wireless computers or PDAs for WPA-PSK security, consult the documentation for the product you are using.

To configure WPA-PSK, follow these steps:

1.Click Security Settings in the Setup section of the main menu and select WPA-PSK for the Security Type.

Figure 4-7: WPA Settings menu

2.Enter a word or group of 8-63 printable characters in the Password Phrase box.

3.Click Apply to save your settings.

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How to Restrict Wireless Access by MAC Address

To restrict access based on MAC addresses, follow these steps:

1.Log in to the WPN824 firewall at its default LAN address of http://www.routerlogin.net with its default user name of admin and default password of password, or using whatever LAN address and password you have set up.

Note: When configuring the firewall from a wireless computer whose MAC address is not in the Trusted PC list, if you select Turn Access Control On, you will lose your wireless connection when you click on Apply. You must then access the wireless router from a wired computer or from a wireless computer which is on the access control list to make any further changes.

2.Click Advanced Wireless Setup in the main menu of the WPN824 firewall.

3.From the Wireless Settings menu, click Setup Access List to display the Wireless Access menu shown below.

Figure 4-8: Wireless Card Access List Setup

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4.Click Add to add a wireless device to the wireless access control list. The Available Wireless Cards list displays.

5.Click the Turn Access Control On check box.

6.Then, either select from the list of available wireless cards the WPN824 has found in your area, or enter the MAC address and device name for a device you plan to use. You can usually find the MAC address printed on the wireless adapter.

Note: You can copy and paste the MAC addresses from the firewall’s Attached Devices menu into the MAC Address box of this menu. To do this, configure each wireless computer to obtain a wireless link to the firewall. The computer should then appear in the Attached Devices menu.

7.Click Add to add this wireless device to the Wireless Card Access List. The screen changes back to the list screen. Repeat these steps for each additional device you wish to add to the list.

8.Be sure to click Apply to save your wireless access control list settings.

Now, only devices on this list will be allowed to wirelessly connect to the WPN824.

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