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NETGEAR Wireless

Router Setup Manual

NETGEAR, Inc.

4500 Great America Parkway

Santa Clara, CA 95054 USA

Version 1.0

December 2004

December 2004

© 2004 by NETGEAR, Inc. All rights reserved. December 2004.

Trademarks

NETGEAR is a trademark of Netgear, Inc.

Microsoft, Windows, and Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

Other brand and product names are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective holders.

Statement of Conditions

In the interest of improving internal design, operational function, and/or reliability, NETGEAR reserves the right to make changes to the products described in this document without notice.

NETGEAR does not assume any liability that may occur due to the use or application of the product(s) or circuit layout(s) described herein.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Compliance Notice: Radio Frequency Notice

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to

part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.

Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

EN 55 022 Declaration of Conformance

This is to certify that the Pre-NWireless Router WGM124 is shielded against the generation of radio interference in accordance with the application of Council Directive 89/336/EEC, Article 4a. Conformity is declared by the application of EN 55 022 Class B (CISPR 22).

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Bestätigung des Herstellers/Importeurs

Es wird hiermit bestätigt, daß das Pre-NWireless Router WGM124 gemäß der imBMPT-AmtsblVfg243/1991 und Vfg 46/1992 aufgeführten Bestimmungen entstört ist. Das vorschriftsmäßige Betreiben einiger Geräte (z.B. Testsender) kann jedoch gewissen Beschränkungen unterliegen. Lesen Sie dazu bitte die Anmerkungen in der Betriebsanleitung.

Das Bundesamt für Zulassungen in der Telekommunikation wurde davon unterrichtet, daß dieses Gerät auf den Markt gebracht wurde und es ist berechtigt, die Serie auf die Erfüllung der Vorschriften hin zu überprüfen.

Certificate of the Manufacturer/Importer

It is hereby certified that the Pre-NWireless Router WGM124 has been suppressed in accordance with the conditions set out in theBMPT-AmtsblVfg243/1991 and Vfg 46/1992. The operation of some equipment (for example, test transmitters) in accordance with the regulations may, however, be subject to certain restrictions. Please refer to the notes in the operating instructions.

Federal Office for Telecommunications Approvals has been notified of the placing of this equipment on the market and has been granted the right to test the series for compliance with the regulations.

Customer Support

Refer to the Support Information Card that shipped with your Pre-NWireless Router WGM124.

World Wide Web

NETGEAR maintains a World Wide Web home page that you can access at the universal resource locator (URL) http://www.netgear.com. A direct connection to the Internet and a Web browser such as Internet Explorer

or Netscape are required.

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Product and Publication Details

Model Number:

WGM124

Publication Date:

December 2004

Product Family:

router

Product Name:

Pre-NWireless Router WGM124

Home or Business Product:

Home

Language:

English

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Contents

Chapter 1

About This Guide

Audience, Conventions, and Formats ............................................................................

1-1

How to Use This Manual ................................................................................................

1-2

How to Print this Manual .................................................................................................

1-3

Chapter 2

 

Getting to Know Your NETGEAR Wireless Router

 

Package Contents ..........................................................................................................

2-1

The Front Panel .......................................................................................................

2-2

The Rear Panel ........................................................................................................

2-2

Chapter 3

 

Connecting the Router to the Internet

 

Prepare to Install Your Wireless Router ..........................................................................

3-1

Connect the Wireless Router to Your Network ...............................................................

3-1

Troubleshooting Tips ......................................................................................................

3-2

How to Manually Configure Your Internet Connection ....................................................

3-3

NETGEAR Product Registration, Support, and Documentation .....................................

3-5

Chapter 4

 

Optimizing Wireless Connectivity and Security

 

Observe Performance, Placement, and Range Guidelines ............................................

4-1

Implement Appropriate Wireless Security ......................................................................

4-2

Understanding Wireless Settings ...................................................................................

4-3

Information to Gather Before Changing Basic Wireless Settings .............................

4-5

Default Factory Settings ...........................................................................................

4-6

Chapter 5

 

Doing Basic Router Housekeeping

 

Changing the Administrator Password ...........................................................................

5-1

Configuration File Management .....................................................................................

5-2

Restoring and Backing Up the Configuration ...........................................................

5-2

Contents

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Erasing the Configuration .........................................................................................

5-3

Upgrading the Wireless Router Software .......................................................................

5-3

Chapter 6

 

Troubleshooting Common Problems

 

Basic Functioning ...........................................................................................................

6-1

Power Light Not On ..................................................................................................

6-1

Lights Never Turn Off ...............................................................................................

6-2

LAN or Internet (WAN) Port Lights Not On ...............................................................

6-2

Troubleshooting the Web Configuration Interface ..........................................................

6-2

Troubleshooting the ISP Connection ..............................................................................

6-3

Troubleshooting a TCP/IP Network Using a Ping Utility .................................................

6-5

Testing the LAN Path to Your Router .......................................................................

6-5

Testing the Path from Your Computer to a Remote Device .....................................

6-6

Restoring the Default Configuration and Password ........................................................

6-7

Appendix A

 

Technical Specifications

 

Appendix B

 

Network, Routing, and Firewall Basics

 

Related Publications ......................................................................................................

B-1

Basic Router Concepts ..................................................................................................

B-1

What is a Router? ...................................................................................................

B-1

Routing Information Protocol ...................................................................................

B-2

IP Addresses and the Internet .......................................................................................

B-2

Netmask ..................................................................................................................

B-4

Subnet Addressing ..................................................................................................

B-4

Private IP Addresses ...............................................................................................

B-7

Single IP Address Operation Using NAT .......................................................................

B-7

MAC Addresses and Address Resolution Protocol .................................................

B-8

Related Documents .................................................................................................

B-9

Domain Name Server ..............................................................................................

B-9

IP Configuration by DHCP ...........................................................................................

B-10

Internet Security and Firewalls ....................................................................................

B-10

What is a Firewall? ................................................................................................

B-10

Stateful Packet Inspection ......................................................................................

B-11

Denial of Service Attack .........................................................................................

B-11

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Ethernet Cabling ...........................................................................................................

B-11

Category 5 Cable Quality ......................................................................................

B-12

Inside Twisted Pair Cables ....................................................................................

B-13

Uplink Switches, Crossover Cables, and MDI/MDIX Switching ............................

B-14

Appendix C

 

Preparing Your Network

 

What You Need To Use a Router with a Broadband Modem .........................................

C-1

Cabling and Computer Hardware ............................................................................

C-1

Computer Network Configuration Requirements ....................................................

C-1

Internet Configuration Requirements ......................................................................

C-2

Where Do I Get the Internet Configuration Parameters? ........................................

C-2

Record Your Internet Connection Information .........................................................

C-3

Preparing Your Computers for TCP/IP Networking .......................................................

C-3

Configuring Windows 95, 98, and Me for TCP/IP Networking .......................................

C-4

Install or Verify Windows Networking Components .................................................

C-4

Enabling DHCP to Automatically Configure TCP/IP Settings in Windows 95B, 98, and Me

C-6

 

Selecting Windows’ Internet Access Method ..........................................................

C-8

Verifying TCP/IP Properties ....................................................................................

C-8

Configuring Windows NT4, 2000 or XP for IP Networking ............................................

C-9

Install or Verify Windows Networking Components .................................................

C-9

DHCP Configuration of TCP/IP in Windows XP, 2000, or NT4 .............................

C-10

DHCP Configuration of TCP/IP in Windows XP ...................................................

C-10

DHCP Configuration of TCP/IP in Windows 2000 ................................................

C-12

DHCP Configuration of TCP/IP in Windows NT4 ..................................................

C-15

Verifying TCP/IP Properties for Windows XP, 2000, and NT4 ..............................

C-17

Configuring the Macintosh for TCP/IP Networking ......................................................

C-18

MacOS 8.6 or 9.x ..................................................................................................

C-18

MacOS X ...............................................................................................................

C-18

Verifying TCP/IP Properties for Macintosh Computers .........................................

C-19

Verifying the Readiness of Your Internet Account .......................................................

C-20

Are Login Protocols Used? ...................................................................................

C-20

What Is Your Configuration Information? ..............................................................

C-20

Obtaining ISP Configuration Information for Windows Computers .......................

C-21

Obtaining ISP Configuration Information for Macintosh Computers .....................

C-22

Restarting the Network ................................................................................................

C-23

Contents

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Appendix D

Wireless Networking Basics

Wireless Networking Overview ......................................................................................

D-1

Infrastructure Mode .................................................................................................

D-1

Ad Hoc Mode (Peer-to-Peer Workgroup) ................................................................

D-2

Network Name: Extended Service Set Identification (ESSID) ................................

D-2

Wireless Channels ..................................................................................................

D-2

WEP Wireless Security ..................................................................................................

D-4

WEP Authentication ................................................................................................

D-4

WEP Open System Authentication .........................................................................

D-5

WEP Shared Key Authentication ............................................................................

D-6

Key Size and Configuration ..............................................................................

D-7

How to Use WEP Parameters .................................................................................

D-8

WPA Wireless Security ..................................................................................................

D-8

How Does WPA Compare to WEP? ........................................................................

D-9

How Does WPA Compare to IEEE 802.11i? ........................................................

D-10

What are the Key Features of WPA Security? ......................................................

D-10

WPA Authentication: Enterprise-level User

 

Authentication via 802.1x/EAP and RADIUS ..................................................

D-12

WPA Data Encryption Key Management ........................................................

D-14

Is WPA Perfect? ....................................................................................................

D-16

Product Support for WPA ......................................................................................

D-16

Supporting a Mixture of WPA and WEP Wireless Clients ...............................

D-16

Changes to Wireless Access Points ...............................................................

D-16

Changes to Wireless Network Adapters .........................................................

D-17

Changes to Wireless Client Programs ............................................................

D-18

Glossary

 

List of Glossary Terms ...................................................................................................

G-1

Index

 

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Contents

December 2004

Chapter 1

About This Guide

This chapter describes the intended audience, scope, conventions, and formats of this manual.

Audience, Conventions, and Formats

This reference manual assumes that the reader has basic computer and Internet skills. However, basic computer network, Internet, and firewall technologies tutorial information is provided in the Appendices and on the Netgear Web site.

This guide uses the following typographical conventions:

Table 1-1.

Typographical Conventions

 

 

 

italics

 

Emphasis, books, CDs, URL names

 

 

 

bold

 

User input

 

 

 

SMALL CAPS

 

Screen text, file and server names, extensions, commands, IP addresses

 

 

 

This guide uses the following format to highlight special messages:

Note: This format is used to highlight information of importance or special interest.

This manual is written for NETGEAR wireless routers.

Table 1-2.

Manual Publication Details

 

 

 

Product Version

 

Pre-NWireless Router WGM124

 

 

Manual Publication Date

December 2004

 

 

 

Note: Product updates are available on the NETGEAR Web site at

http://kbserver.netgear.com.

About This Guide

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December 2004

NETGEAR Wireless Router Setup Manual

How to Use This Manual

The HTML version of this manual includes the following:

Buttons, and, for browsing forwards or backwards through the manual one page at a time

A button that displays the table of contents and anbutton.Double-clickon a link in the table of contents or index to navigate directly to where the topic is described in the manual.

A button to access the full NETGEAR, Inc. online knowledge base for the product model.

Links to PDF versions of the full manual and individual chapters.

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About This Guide

December 2004

NETGEAR Wireless Router Setup Manual

How to Print this Manual

To print this manual you can choose one of the following several options, according to your needs.

Printing a Page in the HTML View.

Each page in the HTML version of the manual is dedicated to a major topic. Use the Print button on the browser toolbar to print the page contents.

Printing a Chapter.

Use the PDF of This Chapter link at the top left of any page.

Click the “PDF of This Chapter” link at the top right of any page in the chapter you want to print. The PDF version of the chapter you were viewing opens in a browser window.

Note: Your computer must have the free Adobe Acrobat reader installed in order to view and print PDF files. The Acrobat reader is available on the Adobe Web site at http://www.adobe.com.

Click the print icon in the upper left of the window.

Tip: If your printer supports printing two pages on a single sheet of paper, you can save paper and printer ink by selecting this feature.

Printing the Full Manual.

Use the Complete PDF Manual link at the top left of any page.

Click the Complete PDF Manual link at the top left of any page in the manual. The PDF version of the complete manual opens in a browser window.

Click the print icon in the upper left of the window.

Tip: If your printer supports printing two pages on a single sheet of paper, you can save paper and printer ink by selecting this feature.

About This Guide

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NETGEAR Wireless Router Setup Manual

4

About This Guide

December 2004

Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your NETGEAR Wireless Router

NETGEAR wireless routers provide connections for multiple computers to the Internet through an external broadband access device such as a cable modem or DSL modem that is normally intended for use by a single computer. This chapter introduces the NETGEAR Pre-NWireless Router WGM124.

Package Contents

The product package should contain the following items:

Pre-NWireless Router WGM124.

AC power adapter.

A Category 5 (CAT5) Ethernet cable.

The Setup CD, including:

This guide.

Application Notes and other helpful information.

Registration, Warranty Card, and Support Information Card.

If any of the parts are incorrect, missing, or damaged, contact your NETGEAR dealer. Keep the carton, including the original packing materials, in case you need to return the router for repair.

Getting to Know Your NETGEAR Wireless Router

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NETGEAR Wireless Router Setup Manual

The Front Panel

The front panel of the wireless router includes various status lights.

You can use the status lights to verify connections.

Table 2-1.

Status Light Descriptions

 

 

 

Label

Activity

Description

 

 

 

Power

On Green Solid

Power is supplied to the router.

 

Amber Blink

Power is supplied to the router and it is performing its diagnostic test.

 

Off

Power is not supplied to the router.

 

 

 

WLAN

On

The WLAN wireless interface is enabled.

 

 

 

Link/ACT

On

The router has detected a link with an attached device.

 

Blink

Data is being transmitted or received by the router.

 

 

 

LAN

Green

The LAN port has detected a 100 Mbps link with an attached device.

 

Amber

The LAN port has detected a 100 Mbps link with an attached device.

 

 

 

The Rear Panel

The rear panel of the WGM124 router contains the items listed below.

AC power adapter outlet

Four LAN ports

Internet (WAN) Ethernet port for connecting the router to a cable or DSL modem

Factory default reset push button for Restoring the Default Configuration and Password

One red status LED, which blinks when the default reset button is pushed.

Three wireless antennae

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Getting to Know Your NETGEAR Wireless Router

December 2004

Chapter 3

Connecting the Router to the Internet

This chapter describes how to set up the router on your local area network (LAN) and connect to the Internet. You will find out how to configure your wireless router for Internet access.

Follow these instructions to set up your router.

Prepare to Install Your Wireless Router

For Cable Modem Service: When you perform the wireless router setup steps be sure to use the computer you first registered with your cable ISP.

For DSL Service: You may need information such as the DSL loginname/e-mailaddress and password in order to complete the wireless router setup.

Before proceeding with the wireless router installation, familiarize yourself with the contents of the Setup CD, especially this manual and the tutorials for configuring computers for networking.

Connect the Wireless Router to Your Network

Use the instructions in the Installation Guide to connect the wireless router to the Internet and configure the wireless functions.

Connecting the Router to the Internet

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NETGEAR Wireless Router Setup Manual

Troubleshooting Tips

Here are some tips for correcting simple problems you may have.

Be sure to restart your network in this sequence:

1) Turn off the modem, wireless router, and computer; 2) Turn on the modem, wait two minutes; 3) Turn on the wireless router and wait 1 minute; 4) Turn on the computer.

Make sure the Ethernet cables are securely plugged in.

The Internet status light on the wireless router will be lit if the Ethernet cable to the wireless router from the modem is plugged in securely and the modem and wireless router are turned on.

For each powered on computer connected to the wireless router with a securely plugged in Ethernet cable, the corresponding wireless router LAN port status light will be lit. The label on the bottom of the wireless router identifies the number of each LAN port.

Make sure the wireless settings in the computer and router match exactly.

The Wireless Network Name (SSID) and security settings of the router and wireless computer must match exactly.

Make sure the network settings of the computer are correct.

LAN and wirelessly connected computers must be configured to obtain an IP address automatically via DHCP. Please seeAppendix C, “Preparing Your Network” or the animated tutorials on the CD for help with this.

Some cable modem ISPs require you to use the MAC address of the computer registered on the account. If so, in the Router MAC Address section of the Basic Settings menu, select “Use this Computer’s MAC Address.” The router will then capture and use the MAC address of the computer that you are now using. You must be using the computer that is registered with the ISP. Click Apply to save your settings. Restart the network in the correct sequence.

Check the router status lights to verify correct router operation.

If the Power light does not turn solid green within 2 minutes after turning the router on, reset the router according to the instructions in “Restoring the Default Configuration and Password” on page 6-7.

If the Wireless light does not come on, verify that the wireless feature is turned on according to the instructions in “Understanding Wireless Settings” on page 4-3.

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NETGEAR Wireless Router Setup Manual

How to Manually Configure Your Internet Connection

You can manually configure your router using the menu below, or you can allow the Setup Wizard to determine your configuration as described in the previous section.

ISP Does Not Require Login

ISP Does Require Login

Figure 3-1:Browser-basedconfiguration Basic Settings menus

You can manually configure the router using the Basic Settings menu shown in Figure 3-1 using these steps:

1.Connect to the wireless router by typing http://www.routerlogin.net in the address field of your browser, then clickEnter.

2.For security reasons, the wireless router has its own user name and password. When prompted, enter admin for the router user name andpassword for the router password, both in lower case letters.

3.Click Basic Settings on the Setup menu.

4.If your Internet connection does not require a login, click No at the top of the Basic Settings menu and fill in the settings according to the instructions below. If your Internet connection does require a login, click Yes, and skip to step 5.

a.Enter your Account Name (may also be called Host Name) and Domain Name.

These parameters may be necessary to access your ISP’s services such as mail or news servers.

Connecting the Router to the Internet

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NETGEAR Wireless Router Setup Manual

b.Internet IP Address:

If your ISP has assigned you a permanent, fixed (static) IP address for your computer, select “Use static IP address”. Enter the IP address that your ISP assigned. Also enter the netmask and the Gateway IP address. The Gateway is the ISP’s router to which your router will connect.

c.Domain Name Server (DNS) Address:

If you know that your ISP does not automatically transmit DNS addresses to the router during login, select “Use these DNS servers” and enter the IP address of your ISP’s Primary DNS Server. If a Secondary DNS Server address is available, enter it also.

Note: If you enter an address here, restart the computers on your network so that these settings take effect.

d.Router’s MAC Address:

This section determines the Ethernet MAC address that will be used by the router on the Internet port. Some ISPs will register the Ethernet MAC address of the network interface card in your computer when your account is first opened. They will then only accept traffic from the MAC address of that computer. This feature allows your router to masquerade as that computer by “cloning” its MAC address.

To change the MAC address, select “Use this Computer’s MAC address.” The router will then capture and use the MAC address of the computer that you are now using. You must be using the one computer that is allowed by the ISP. Or, select “Use this MAC address” and type it in here.

e.Click Apply to save your settings.

5.If your Internet connection does require a login, fill in the settings according to the instructions below. Select Yes if you normally must launch a login program such as Enternet or WinPOET in order to access the Internet.

Note: After you finish setting up your router, you will no longer need to launch the ISP’s login program on your computer in order to access the Internet. When you start an Internet application, your router will automatically log you in.

a.Select your Internet service provider from the drop-downlist.

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Connecting the Router to the Internet

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NETGEAR Wireless Router Setup Manual

Figure 3-2:Basic Settings ISP list

Note: Not all ISPs are listed here. The ones on this list have special requirements.

b.The screen will change according to the ISP settings requirements of the ISP you select.

c.Fill in the parameters for your Internet service provider.

d.Click Apply to save your settings. Click the Test button to verify you have Internet access.

NETGEAR Product Registration, Support, and Documentation

Register your product at http://www.NETGEAR.com/register. Registration is required before you can use our telephone support service.

Product updates and Web support are always available by going to:

http://kbserver.netgear.com.

When the wireless router is connected to the Internet, click the Knowledge Base or the Documentation link under the Web Support menu to view support information or the documentation for the wireless router.

Connecting the Router to the Internet

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NETGEAR Wireless Router Setup Manual

3-6

Connecting the Router to the Internet

December 2004