Rototherm CLEARSCAN RECORDER User Manual

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user manual

installation, setup, operation & calibration

With over sixty years of experience, British Rototherm continues to be a world leader in the manufacture of industrial instrumentation for measuring, monitoring and controlling Temperature, Pressure, Humidity, Flow and Level.

British Rototherm products are manufactured in its modern factory located in the South Wales region of the United Kingdom. Sited on 6 acres of land at Kenfig Industrial Estate, the company operates from a modern 6,030 square metre (65,000 square feet) factory.

Suitable for many industrial applications, Rototherm products are precision built to the highest quality.

Approved by major companies and contractors in the United Kingdom and throughout the world for the supply of instrumentation and associated products, Rototherm products are specified and installed wherever reliability and long lasting, accurate performance is demanded.

Rototherm’s high quality and performance is guaranteed by an uncompromising approach to quality.

Rototherm is supported throughout the United Kingdom by Technical Representatives and by distributor/Stockists, who can be relied upon for support, technical advice and service.

Rototherm also has representation in many countries throughout the world where technical support and advice may be sought.

Other products in the Rototherm range of instrumentation include:

Mechanical Recorders & Recorder Controllers

Pneumatic Indicators & Recorder Controllers

Thermometers

Digital Thermometers

Pressure Gauges

Digital Pressure Gauges

Thermowells

Temperature Sensors & Assemblies

Orifice & Restriction Orifice Plates

Recorder Charts, Pens & Spares

Issue 1:2005

British Rototherm Company Limited

Kenfig Industrial Estate, Margam, Port Talbot, SA13 2PW United Kingdom

Telephone: +44 (0) 1656 740 551 Facsimile: +44 (0) 1656 745 915

E-mail: sales@rototherm.co.uk Web Site: www.rototherm.co.uk

ISO9001:2000

FM11958

In keeping with British Rototherm’s policy for contuned product development and improvement, we reserve the right to amend specifications without notice. © 2005 British Rototherm Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.

Trademarks: All brand names and product names used in this manual are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.

CONTENTS

Page

 

 

 

Introduction

2

Description of Operation of Gas Pressure Recorder

2

 

 

Description of Operation of Temperature Recorder

2

Description of Operation of Differential Pressure Recorder

2

 

 

Receipt of Recorder

3

Receipt of Temperature Recorder

3

 

 

Installation and Mounting - wall or panel mounting

3

Installation and Mounting - 2” pipe or post mounting

4

 

 

Installation and Mounting - Differential Pressure Recorder complete with 2” pipe or post mounting

5

Process Connections - Pressure

6

 

 

Process Connections - Temperature

6

Process Connections - Differential Pressure Recorder

7

 

 

Access to the Recorder

7

Internal Features

8

 

 

Recorder Start-up Check

8

Differential Pressure Recorder Initial Start-up

9

 

 

Differential Pressure Recorder General Practices

9

Fitting a Chart

9

 

 

Inking System

9

Replacement of Ink Pens

10

 

 

Pen Friction and Zero Adjustment

10

Tracking Adjustment to Chart Time Line

11

 

 

Chart Drives

11

Linkage and Pivot Attachments

11

 

 

Basic Fault Finding

13

Temperature Pen Calibration

18

 

 

Pressure Pen Calibration - for pressure ranges 2.5 bar to 40 bar

19

Pressure Pen Calibration - for pressure ranges 60 bar and above

19

 

 

Maintenance and Calibration - Differential Pressure Recorder

21

Calibration of Differential Pressure Pen

21

 

 

Spares List

23

Illustrations

 

 

 

Fig. 1a Outline Dimensions for 12 inch chart recorder (wall or panel mounting)

3

Fig. 1b Outline Dimensions for 12 inch chart recorder (2” pipe / post mounting)

4

 

 

Fig. 1c Outline Dimensions for 12 inch chart recorder (fitted with Differential Pressure Unit)

5

Fig. 1b Wall mounting dimensions using optional wall bracket kit

5

 

 

Fig. 2 Internal Features (with chart plate in place)

8

Fig. 3 Measuring and recording system details

10

 

 

Fig. 4 Linkage and pivot attachments

12

Fig. 5a Temperature recorder internal layout

14

 

 

Fig. 5b Pressure recorder internal layout (pressure ranges up to 40 bar)

15

Fig. 5c Pressure recorder internal layout (pressure ranges 60 bar and above)

16

 

 

Fig. 5d Differential pressure recorder internal layout

17

Fig. 6 Typical pressure calibration setup

20

Clearscan™ Recorder Series - Operating and Service Manual

INTRODUCTION

The Clearscan™ Series of circular chart recorders is designed to measure and record process variables such as temperature, pressure and flow.

A maximum of three measuring systems can be provided in each instrument, a fluid or gas expansion system is used for temperature recording, a bourdon tube or diaphragm/capsule for pressure measurement and a differential pressure cell for flow reading.

The measured values are continuously recorded on a calibrated circular chart of 12 inches nominal diameter, which is rotated at a constant speed by a chart drive mechanism.

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION OF GAS PRESSURE RECORDER

On medium and high-pressure ranges, (i.e. approx. 2.5 bar to 2000 bar) pressure is applied at the recorder connection through capillary tubing to a spiral wound bourdon tube.

An increase in pressure partially uncoils the bourdon tube to which is fitted a take-off assembly arm converting the rotational movement into linear movement.

A horizontal adjustable linkage is pivoted from the take-off arm to a pen mechanism bracket, incorporating a pivot mounted onto an adjustable ratio post, locked into position on the pen bracket.

The ratio post provides span adjustment; it's position setting the pivot distance of the centre of rotation of the pen arm itself.

Adjusting the ratio post upwards nearer the centre of rotation increases the pen travel whilst conversely adjusting the ratio post downwards will result in less travel of the pen for the same amount of deflection from the bourdon tube

take-off arm.

The top of the pen bracket carries the pen arm mounted onto a separate adjustment plate which provides fine zero adjustment at the pen nib and adjustment to the amount of tension on the pen arm itself; thereby ensuring a smooth pen trace onto the chart paper.

The pen attached to the pen arm records the pressure on a calibrated chart.

A capsule stack is fitted for low-pressure ranges (i.e. below 2.5 bar) and the expansion of the system resulting from an increase in pressure is transferred by mechanical linkage to the pen arm in a similar way.

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION OF TEMPERATURE RECORDER

As temperature rises, the fluid/gas in the thermometer bulb expands and partially uncoils the bourdon tube fitted inside the instrument.

This movement is transferred by a mechanical linkage to the pen arm which records the temperature on a calibrated chart.

The instrument is suitably compensated against normal ambient temperature variations by a bimetallic compensator arm forming part of the mechanical linkage.

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION OF DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE RECORDER

Differential pressure (produced by an orifice plate, Dall tube, Venturi or Pitot tube etc..) is measured by a bellows operated Differential Pressure Unit (DPU) mounted at the rear of the recorder.

The axial movement of the bellows is transferred by a torque tube within the unit to produce a rotational output which is transferred by mechanical linkage to the recording pen.

The measured value of differential pressure is displayed in red trace on a circular chart which is rotated at a constant speed by a mechanical, battery or electrical chart drive motor,

2

RECEIPT OF RECORDER

The Clearscan recorder complete with a packet of charts, door keys and pen pack(s) is dispatched in a protective casing which should preferably be replaced after inspection, as protection until the instrument is ready for installation.

The spare pen pack(s) and door keys are inside the protective case.

To assist with inspection, a label attached on the inside face of the case door states instrument serial number, chart number, range of each pen and the rotation speed of the chart drive.

Additional parts for pipe mounting versions are packed in the protective casing during transit.

RECEIPT OF TEMPERATURE RECORDER

The capillary tubing between the bulb and recorder is coiled for despatch purpose. Immediately prior to installation, this tubing must be uncoiled carefully in order to avoid twisting or kinking.

INSTALLATION AND MOUNTING - wall or panel mounting

Ideally the site chosen should be free from dust, corrosive fumes, vibration and extremes of temperature.

The instrument is suitably designed for outdoor weather conditions and protected against ingress of dust and water.

The recorder is suitable for wall or panel mounting using the brackets provided.

Refer to figure 1 for overall dimensions of the recorder and general installation.

371

41

114

312

490

483

420

56

 

53

PRESSURE CONNECTION

WALL MOUNTING

302

1/2" NPT STANDARD

 

OR 1/4" NPT OPTIONAL

 

327

CASE BREATHER

PANEL CUTOUT SIZE: 305 x 425

PANEL MOUNTING

Fig. 1a Outline Dimensions for 12 inch chart recorder (wall or panel mounting)

3

all dimensions are in mm

Clearscan™ Recorder Series - Operating and Service Manual

INSTALLATION AND MOUNTING - 2” pipe or post mounting

Ideally the site chosen should be free from dust, corrosive fumes, vibration and extremes of temperature.

The instrument is suitably designed for outdoor weather conditions and protected against ingress of dust and water.

The recorder is suitable for mounting onto a 60mm outside diameter post or pipe having a 2" nominal bore using the 'U' bolts provided.

Refer to figure 1 for overall dimensions of the recorder and general installation.

The post or pipe may be vertical or horizontal to the recorder but the recorder must be installed vertically.

371

41114

60mm O/D PIPE OR POST

490

65

483

420

56

53

PRESSURE CONNECTION 1/2" NPT STANDARD

116

302

CASE BREATHER

Fig. 1b Outline Dimensions for 12 inch chart recorder (2” pipe / post mounting)

all dimensions are in mm

4

INSTALLATION AND MOUNTING - Differential Pressure Recorder complete with 2” pipe/post or wall mounting

371

315

41

114

103

60mm O/D PIPE OR POST

1/4"NPT FEMALE

 

PORTS

HIGH

LOW

-VE

+VE

PRESSURE

PRESSURE

65

 

490

420

1/4"NPT FEMALE

PORTS

54

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE CELL

CASE BREATHER

STATIC

56

53

PRESSURE CONNECTION

1/2" NPT STANDARD

216

 

 

302

Fig. 1c Outline Dimensions for 12 inch chart recorder (fitted with Differential Pressure Unit)

all dimensions are in mm

60mm O.D. PIPE

 

TO MOUNT RECORDER

60

165

60mm O.D. PIPE TO MOUNT RECORDER

50

135

4 x 12 DIA. FIXING HOLES ON 50 x 72 CENTRES

4 x 12 DIA. FIXING HOLES ON 135 x 72 CENTRES

Fig. 1d Wall Mounting Dimensions using optional wall bracket kit

all dimensions are in mm

5

Clearscan™ Recorder Series - Operating and Service Manual

PROCESS CONNECTIONS - Pressure

To avoid confusion on instruments fitted with more than one measuring system, the connections are marked with the same colour as the corresponding recording pen colour.

The recorder is fitted with NPT threaded connection(s) and all pipelines attached to it must be secure and leak proof. PTFE sealing tape must be used to make a pressure tight join to the recorder connections.

Use pressure tubing of sufficient size and rating to make a connection from the measuring point in the flow pipe or vessel to the fitting(s) on the recorder.

Slope the run of the pipe-work in such a way that any condensate is drained away from the recorder, and fit an appropriate shut-off valve. For measurement of steam pressure and other hot vapours, form a condensate trap below the recorder.

It is recommended that a needle valve be installed in the pressure line close to the instrument to enable pressure to be admitted gradually. It can also dampen any pressure pulsation and/or fluctuation.

PROCESS CONNECTIONS - Temperature

Capillary tubing: The tubing between the bulb and recorder should be routed so that it is not subjected to large temperature changes and should be supported in cleats. Bends must not be less than 25mm (1inch) radius and under no circumstances must the tubing be cut.

Where the tubing is likely to be exposed to an extreme atmosphere, the exterior should be treated with corrosion resistant paint.

Location of Bulb (Detecting Element):

Immersion type bulb

The instrument bulb should be located where it is subject to the true temperature of the measured medium. Temperature gradient within the medium must be allowed for, and with bulbs allowing variable depth of immersion (compression gland type), the bulb position should be varied experimentally until the optimum position is found.

The full length of the sensitive portion must at all time be immersed in the medium, but direct contact with the source of heat to the medium must be avoided.

When securing the bulb in its location, it should be prevented from twisting.

Where a pocket is supplied, this should be securely installed before the bulb is inserted. It may be that the thermal response of a pocketed bulb is improved by filling the intervening space with a medium such as oil.

General Maintenance

keep the instrument clean and treat with care

where there is a risk of corrosion the bulb should be inspected periodically

if corrosion is evident, it should be removed by non-abrasive treatment

any contamination on the bulb should be removed

6

PROCESS CONNECTIONS - Differential Pressure Recorder

The ¼-inch-18 NPT piping connections of the differential pressure unit when viewed from the rear of the recorder are as follows:

High pressure on the right hand side marked +

Low pressure on the left hand side marked -

The following practices should be followed on all flow and liquid level DPU piping.

1.The distance between the primary device and the DPU should be as short as possible. Distances exceeding 100 feet are not recommended. For distances up-to 15 metres (50 feet) use ¼-inch or 3/8-inch pipe or tubing. For runs of 15 to 30 metres (50 to 100 feet) use ½-inch pipe or tubing. This recommended distance limitation does not apply if an air-purge or blow system is used.

2.Slope all piping at least 25mm per linear 305mm (1-inch per linear foot) to avoid liquid or gas entrapment.

3.If process media exceeding 93°C (200°F) is to be measured provide two feet of un-insulated piping between the primary device and the DPU for each 38°C (100°F) in excess of 93°C (200°F).

4.When steam tracing is necessary, the steam pressure should not exceed 35kPa (5 psi) and insulation should not be used. If pressure above 35kPa (5 psi) is required, limit the length of tubing around the DPU to two turns and do not insulate. The temperature of the DPU must never exceed 93°C (200°F).

5.Severe pulsation will affect the accuracy of the instrument. The installation of a pulsation dampening device upstream of the run is recommended when flow is being measured.

6.Minimise vibration by mounting the instrument on a secure support.

7.Measurement errors can be caused by leaks in the pipe joint; make up all joints using a suitable pipe joining compound

8.The DPU has two pressure connections in each housing for easy connection to the differential pressure source with a manifold to facilitate operation and checking.

9.Locate shut-off and by-pass valves easily accessible to operator from the front of the instrument. The block valve should be the first valve from the process line or vessel.

ACCESS TO THE RECORDER

To open the door, unlock the door lock by inserting the key and turning clockwise a half turn. To open the door, rotate the wing handle of the door lock a quarter turn anticlockwise.

7

Clearscan™ Recorder Series - Operating and Service Manual

INTERNAL FEATURES

Blue

Fig. 2 Internal Features (with chart plate in place)

RECORDER START-UP CHECK

Before putting the recorder into operation make the following checks to ascertain that it is correctly installed and operational.

1.Remove the elastic band securing the pens to the steel pen lifter arm for despatch purposes.

2.The pen(s) operate freely, write clearly on the chart and pass each other without touching.

3.Measuring elements are correctly installed.

4.Measuring elements are indicating correctly. If not, refer to zero adjustment.

5.Ensure that, in case of instruments fitted with mechanical chart drive, it is running.

6.Fit a new chart with its edge under the guide clips, set it to the correct time line and clamp the centre-fixing device.

8

DPU RECORDER INITIAL START-UP

Due to possible periods of storage prior to installation, the DPU bellows may take a "set". Therefore, it is recommended that the first time the DPU is used, and prior to actual operation, the instrument be exercised to ensure correct operation. To exercise the DPU, apply maximum and minimum pressure to the high pressure side for at least ten cycles.

DPU RECORDER GENERAL PRACTICES

Observe the following practices when starting operation of the instrument:

1.Always start with the block valves closed.

2.Perform a zero check of the instrument by equalising the pressure to both sides of the DPU and if necessary zero the pen to the correct chart reading.

3.Check manifold and piping for any leaks.

4.Do not subject the DPU to unnecessary pressure shock or over-range during start-up.

FITTING A CHART

Clearscan charts are 12" (300mm) nominal diameter printed on to temperature and humidity stable 7-point paper.

Mechanical Clock (Note: clocks up to 24 hour rotation have combined chart clamp winder, rotations above 24 hour have a separate clamp and winder)

Release the chart clamp as follows (please refer to the chart drive section for information on other chart drive types):

1.Unscrew to remove the winder clamp from the clock hub

2.Operate the pen lifter to raise the pen arm(s)

3.Slide the chart under the pen lifter and pen arm(s) and locate the chart centre hole over the clock hub

4.Place the chart beneath the outer chart clips.

5.Align the red pen with the correct timeline on the chart. On a two-pen instrument the blue pen will be 4mm in advance of the red pen.

6.Refit the winder clamp.

INKING SYSTEM

The writing system uses fibre tip pen capsules.

Where there are two or more measuring systems, different colour inks are used to distinguish the traces.

The fibre tip is protected by a rubber cap, which should be removed by pulling in line with its length, gripping the end only and gently twisting.

The capsule accepts the steel pen arm and a clamp provided on the capsule to secure itself to the pen arm. The first pen is coloured red, whilst the second pen is blue.

9

Clearscan™ Recorder Series - Operating and Service Manual

REPLACEMENT OF INK PENS

Ink capsules can be easily replaced when the ink is exhausted.

To fit a new pen capsule:

1.Operate the pen lifter by hand by removing it from under the catch post attached to the case wall on the inner left-hand side. This will raise all pens away from the chart paper.

2.Un-clip the moulded clamp on the pen capsule; remove the existing capsule by pulling carefully upwards and outwards from pen arm.

3.Place a new capsule onto the pen arm ensuring the end of the pen arm is correctly position to the pen stops, secure the capsule in place with the clamp provided.

4.Remove the pen nib cover.

5.Reposition the pens onto the chart paper by lowering the pen lifter and retain it under the catch post attached to the case wall on the inner left-hand side.

PEN FRICTION AND ZERO ADJUSTMENT

Each recording pen is fitted with screws for friction and zero adjustment.

These adjustments are factory set to optimal setting, however various plant conditions and usage may result in the need to make minor changes for correct operation.

The pen trace can be altered to optimum by turning the pen arm friction adjust screw provided bearing onto the pen arm as shown in figure 4.

To bold-en the pen trace gently turn the screw downward, to lighten gently turn the screw upwards.

To position the pen to read accurately at zero when pressure is vented or any desired known pressure value on the chart, turn the pen arm fine zero adjust screw in the direction required to move the pen the desired amount.

If for any reason, the required pen zero adjustment is more than a small increment, refer to detailed maintenance notes especially if the calibration accuracy of the recorder is suspected of inaccuracy or is impaired.

 

BOURDON TUBE

 

SHOULDER SCREW

 

LINK SCREWS

PEN STOP

 

RATIO POST

BOURDON CENTRE SCREW FIXING TAKE-OFF

SPAN ADJUST

ASSEMBLY TO BOURDON TUBE

ZERO ADJUST

HORIZONTAL LINK

PEN ARM

CLAMP SCREW

PEN ARM FINE ZERO ADJUST

TAKE-OFF ASSEMBLY

PEN ARM FRICTION ADJUST SCREW

PEN ARM

Fig. 3 Measuring and recording system details

10

 

 

TRACKING ADJUSTMENT TO CHART TIME LINE

To adjust the pen arm arc length to accurately track the chart time line, gently slacken the two pen arm clamp screws shown in Fig. 4 and increase or decrease the pen length by sliding the metal pen arm in or out until the pen records along the chart time line across the whole of the chart scale length. Re-tighten the two clamp screws. Note the red pen only must track the chart time line, other pens fitted must be set to clear each and one another.

CHART DRIVES

The chart paper, mounted on a clamping hub, is driven by a chart drive mechanism.

Depending on requirement the chart drive will be a mechanical spring wound , battery operated or electrically powered mechanism.

Mechanical spring wound versions employ a chart paper clamp and winder hub which must be sufficiently wound by hand but must not be over-wound.

Electric synchronous motor versions must be powered by mains supply and connections are made to a terminal block mounted inside the recorder beneath the chart plate.

Access to the terminal block is gained by removing the chart plate, and mains supply cable is to be fitted through the cable gland provided in the lower case wall.

For instruments fitted with mains supply chart drive motor, the mains must be switched off before making any mechanical adjustments or carrying out any

maintenance or fault finding procedures.

It is important to properly select and connect the supply voltage. The live line should be switched and fused with a 2 Amp fuse. The supply should be earthed and connected to the appropriate terminal within the recorder.

The chart drive hub employs a lever clamp which must be pressed firm enough to ensure the two locating pips pierce the chart paper.

Battery Operated versions are powered by a single AA (LR6) alkaline battery fitted into a compartment mounted onto the chart plate.

To fit a battery, first open the compartment by turning the cap counter-clockwise using a flat blade or coin. Insert the battery so the positive terminal is uppermost.

Replace the cap, and lock by turning the cap clockwise with a flat blade or coin to its stop.

The chart drive hub is a sliding clamp type which must be pressed slightly firm to clamp the chart paper.

To remove the chart plate entirely from instruments fitted with battery operated chart drives, a separable connector is fitted to the leads between the battery compartment and the chart drive itself.

To disconnect, pull apart the connector housings only, do not pull the wires or damage will occur. To replace, plug the housings together and push until fitted correctly, the housings can be fitted one way only.

LINKAGE AND PIVOT ATTACHMENTS

The instrument employs similar linkage attachment whether the measuring system is temperature, pressure or differential pressure.

The diagram and glossary below is provided to supplement the figures presented throughout this manual to show the terminology and correct arrangement to ensure friction free linkage movement and therefore accurate pen traces.

11

Clearscan™ Recorder Series - Operating and Service Manual

Fig. 4 Linkage and Pivot Attachments

The recording pen mechanism assembly, mounted to the base plate via a bracket, provides attachment to the measuring elements.

Each measuring element provides output movement via an adjustable take-off assembly arm or direct drive arm.

Either type is terminated in a tapped hole to which is attached the adjustable horizontal link via a shoulder screw forming a pivot without excess side movement for smooth friction free movement.

The adjustable horizontal link is screwed into the ratio post at its opposite end providing a smooth pivot without excessive free movement or play thereby eliminating hysteresis.

The ratio post provides an adjustable point of pivot for the adjustable horizontal link and span adjustment is thereby provided by the position of the ratio post which is fitted through the slot in the pen bracket and clamped by a ratio post washer and locknut in terms of its pivot distance to the pen bracket spindle.

To replace a pen mechanism assembly, remove the shoulder screw(s) from the ratio post(s) and undo the two nuts securing the pen mechanism bracket to the mounting bracket. Retain all fixings ensuring the relative shoulder screw is mated with its original linkage.

Mount a new mechanism in reverse order and measure the ratio post(s) distance from the spindle. Adjust the ratio post(s) to this dimension before carrying out the appropriate calibration procedure.

12

BASIC FAULT FINDING

Recorder pen inaccurate or gives no indication

Probable cause

Measuring element broken, pressure line plugged or broken.

Action

Check element / pressure line; replace system if necessary.

Probable cause

Damaged linkage in recorder.

Action

Repair and re-connect if possible; replace if necessary.

Probable cause

Recorder out of calibration; measuring element damaged.

Action

Set-up and recalibrate; replace system if necessary.

No record or poor trace on chart

Probable cause

Pen not inking.

Action

Fit new pen capsule.

Probable cause

Pen friction insufficient.

Action

Adjust pen friction.

Chart not rotating

 

Probable cause

Clock unwound.

Action

Rewind, replace if broken.

Probable cause

Clock over-wound.

Action

Replace clock.

After carrying out the basic fault finding if the problem is still evident, refer to the detailed maintenance procedures or contact British Rototherm or your local authorised British Rototherm distributor for spares, information and technical advice and support.

13

Clearscan™ Recorder Series - Operating and Service Manual

TEMPERATURE BOURDON

COARSE ZERO ADJUSTMENT SCREW

COMPENSATOR ARM

RATIO POST (UNDERNEATH PEN ARM)

LINEARITY LINK

CATCH POST

PENLIFTER

CHART DRIVE

CHART PLATE (PARTIALLY REMOVED)

CAPILLARY

OUTLET PLATE

SENSING BULB

CAPILLARY TUBING

Fig. 5a Temperature Recorder Internal Layout

14

COARSE ZERO ADJUST SCREW

BOURDON TUBE

TAKE OFF ASSEMBLY

ZERO

ADJUST

SCREW

LINEARITY LINK

CATCH POST

PENLIFTER

CHART DRIVE

CHART PLATE (PARTIALLY REMOVED)

CAPILLARY

OUTLET PLATE

PRESSURE CONNECTION

Fig. 5b Pressure Recorder Internal Layout (ranges up to 40 bar)

15

Clearscan™ Recorder Series - Operating and Service Manual

ADJUSTABLE HORIZONTAL LINK

DRIVE ARM

CATCH POST

COIL LEVER SCREW

COARSE ZERO ADJUST

BOURDON TUBE

PENLIFTER

CHART DRIVE

CHART PLATE (PARTIALLY REMOVED)

CAPILLARY

OUTLET PLATE

PRESSURE CONNECTION

Fig. 5c Pressure Recorder Internal Layout (ranges 60 bar and above)

16

 

RANGE ADJUST RATIO POST

 

 

BENEATH PEN ARM

HORIZONTAL ADJUSTABLE LINK

 

 

DRIVE ARM

 

 

DRIVE ARM ADJUST

 

 

SCREW

PEN STOP

 

TORQUE TUBE CLAMP

 

SCREW

 

 

 

 

FLANGED

 

 

BEARING

CALIBRATION

 

 

CHART SHAPE

 

 

 

 

BALANCE WEIGHT

 

0% INDICATION

 

CHART TIME LINE

 

CHART DRIVE HUB

50% INDICATION

SHOWN LOCKED

 

 

 

100% INDICATION

 

Fig. 5d

Differential Pressure Recorder Internal Layout

17

Clearscan™ Recorder Series - Operating and Service Manual

TEMPERATURE PEN CALIBRATION

Mechanical calibration is concerned with the accurate setting of zero, span and linearity of the recording pen in comparison with a known temperature read with a certified thermometer traceable to national calibration standards.

The adjustments detailed below must be performed in the order listed and the instrument must be allowed to settle before readings and adjustments are made.

Unless a replacement mechanism assembly, temperature system or mechanical linkage is to be fitted it should not be necessary to make coarse or linearity adjustments.

If it is not possible to achieve one or more of the following settings, contact your nearest Rototherm Distributor or the company itself.

1.Allow the recorder to stabilise with the measuring element in a low temperature just above scale minimum.

2.The temperature recording pen should read within ±1% of full span at the correct temperature value.

3.If necessary, adjust pen fine zero adjust screw to bring the pen to the correct reading.

4.If the pen reading is significantly out i.e. more than 5 angular degrees, adjust the pen fine zero screw to bring the pen arm in-line with the pen arm bracket and loosen the coarse zero adjustment screw holding the compensator arm to the temperature bourdon tube centre. Adjust the pen to record true value, making a fine adjustment on pen fine zero adjustment screw after the coarse zero adjustment screw has been re-tightened.

5.Allow the recorder to stabilise with the measuring element in high temperature just under scale maximum.

6.The temperature recording pen should read within ±1% of full span at the correct temperature value.

7.If necessary, adjust the pen reading by moving the link connecting the compensator arm to the ratio post on the mechanism pen bracket.

8.In order to move the link, slightly loosen the locknut of the ratio post and by raising the pivot will increase the pen movement whilst lowering the pivot will decrease the pen movement. Re-tighten the lock nut after adjustment.

9.Repeat steps 1 to 8 until no further adjustment is necessary.

10.Allow the recorder to stabilise with the measuring element in temperature equal to middle of chart span.

11.The temperature recording pen should read within ±1% of full span at the correct temperature value.

12.If necessary, adjust the pen linearity by loosening the coarse zero adjustment screw holding the compensator arm to the temperature bourdon tube centre and moving the pen upwards if the reading is low and downwards if the reading is high by a factor of 8 times greater than the reading error. Re-tighten the coarse zero adjustment screw.

13.To return the pen reading to the correct chart reading, adjust the linkage length between the compensator arm and the ratio post pivot by loosening the two locking screws and sliding the links until the pen reads correctly. Re-tighten the two screws.

14.Repeat steps 1 to 8 to check zero and span readings and steps 10 to 13 until all readings are correct to within ±1% of span at measured values.

18

PRESSURE PEN CALIBRATION for pressure ranges 2.5 bar to 40 bar

Mechanical calibration is concerned with the accurate setting of zero, span and linearity of the recording pen. The adjustments detailed below must be performed in the order listed.

Unless a replacement mechanism assembly, bourdon or mechanical linkage is to be fitted it should not be necessary to make coarse or linearity adjustments.

If it is not found possible to achieve one or more of the following settings, contact your nearest Rototherm Distributor or the company itself.

1.Connect a suitable pressure regulator and calibrated test gauge to instrument pressure line.

2.Ensure all linkages are free to pivot and pens align and pass each other.

3.Fit a dummy chart plate and correct chart.

4.Radial red pen arm to ensure that pen nib tracks on chart time line.

5.Set pen to read zero on chart. Ensure pen zero adjust plate lies in-line with pen arm. Make small zero adjustment using pressure take-off assembly on bourdon. Make large adjustments using horizontal link from pressure take-off assembly to pen mechanism.

6.Overload the bourdon tube by 15% of the maximum pressure range before staring to calibrate and check for any leaks. Release pressure.

7.Adjust the pressure so test gauge reads maximum pressure of the instrument range. If the recorder pen does not read within ±1% full scale deflection of this maximum value, adjust the ratio post on the pen bracket

upwards to increase the scale length; downwards to reduce the scale length. Ensure to slacken and re-tighten the ratio post-locking nut during any adjustment.

8.When the instrument is reading within tolerance for both minimum and maximum scale values adjust the pressure to exactly half that of the pressure range of the instrument being calibrated.

9.Check the recorder accuracy is within ±1% full-scale deflection at this mid-point. If the instrument is reading low the take-off assembly should be moved to the left by unlocking the centre fixing screw. If the instrument is reading high at mid-point the take-off assembly should be moved to the right. Re-tighten the bourdon centre screw; adjust the horizontal link to reposition the pen to mid-point and repeat steps 6 and 7.

10.When the instrument is reading correctly at all points make sure all links and screws are tight. Remove dummy chart plate and replace with original.

11.Check calibration with recorder completely re-assembled before removing test gauge.

PRESSURE PEN CALIBRATION for pressure ranges 60 bar and above

1.Connect a suitable pressure regulator and calibrated test gauge to instrument pressure line or a certified dead-weight tester

2.Ensure all linkages are free to pivot and pens align and pass each other.

3.Fit a dummy chart plate and correct chart.

4.Radial red pen arm to ensure that pen nib tracks on chart time line.

5.Set pen to read zero on chart. Ensure pen zero adjust plate lies in-line with pen arm. Make small zero adjustment using pressure take-off assembly on bourdon. Make large adjustments using horizontal link from pressure take-off assembly to pen mechanism.

6.Overload the bourdon tube by 15% of the maximum pressure range before staring to calibrate and check for any

19

Clearscan™ Recorder Series - Operating and Service Manual

leaks. Release pressure.

7.Apply 50% full rated pressure of the bourdon and set the coil lever to be absolutely vertical by loosening the coil lever clamp screw and moving the coil lever appropriately. Re-tighten the clamp screw.

8.Adjust the length of the horizontal link if necessary to make the pen read on the mid scale line of the chart at 50% full rated pressure. Re-tighten the linkage screws.

9.Release pressure to zero, position pen to read correctly on chart either by using small adjustment to pen plate screw or if large adjustment change length of horizontal link.

10.Apply 100% rated pressure, if pen does not read correctly on chart, adjust ratio post on pen mechanism by slackening the lock nut sufficiently to move the ratio post. If the pen reds low, move the ratio post upwards and if the pen reads high move the ratio post downwards. This changes the pivot distance and affects the amount of pen travel, only make small adjustments and observe the change in pen travel distance.

11.Repeat steps 9 and 10 until pen reads accurately at zero and full span of the chart.

12.Apply 50% full rated pressure. If pen does not read correctly i.e. mid scale of chart, adjust the coil lever and reposition the pen to mid chart reading by adjusting the horizontal link length accordingly. If the pen reads low at mid chart, move the coil lever to the left i.e. up-scale and if the pen reads high at mid chart move the lever down chart. Re-tighten all screws. Note, as a guide if the pen reads 1 division in error move the coil lever approximately 8 divisions to correct the error.

13.Repeat from step 9 until zero, full and mid chart readings are accurate.

14.Re-tighten all adjustments especially the ratio post locknut without disturbing the adjustment settings. Ensure all readings are satisfactory after re-tightening.

15.Remove calibration chart plate arrangement and rebuild the recorder for re-installing to plant.

Fig. 6 Typical Pressure Calibration Setup

20

MAINTENANCE AND CALIBRATION - DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE RECORDER

CALIBRATION CHECK

A.Differential Pressure Pen

Normally, all that is required to adjust the instrument calibration to factory settings is to perform the following procedure:

1.Verify that the instrument is positioned level and is securely mounted.

2.Connect the high pressure housing into the set-up shown in figure 6.

3.Vent the DPU low pressure side to atmosphere by removing one vent plug from the low pressure housing.

4.Place a recording chart onto the chart plate of the recorder, lock the chart in position using the hub clip.

NOTE: There should be enough pen pressure on the chart to produce a continuous line.

5.Set pen precisely at zero indication using pen zero adjust screw (see fig 3).

6.Apply 100% differential pressure and observe position of the pen; the pen should be at 100% indicating position on the chart.

7.Apply 50% pressure and observe position of the pen; the pen should be at the 50% indicating position on the chart.

8.If the pen does not accurately indicate pressure being applied, further adjustments are necessary. Perform calibration procedure outlined in the section below.

CALIBRATION OF DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE PEN

To calibrate the differential pressure pen and associated linkage, proceed as follows:

1.Verify that chart plate is on the same plane and is flush with the chart hub flange. The chart must be flat with the hub locked.

2.With a recorder chart locked into place, move the differential pressure pen from zero to full span and back to make certain that the pen travels along the time line of the chart. If adjustment is required, loosen the two pen clamping screws and adjust pen arm length until the differential pressure pen follows the time line. Tighten the pen clamping screws.

NOTE: Linkage may be disconnected to perform this operation.

3.Verify that pens and pen arms are connected correctly and that pens don't interfere with one another.

4.Disconnect the horizontal adjustable link from the drive arm and static pressure drive link from its take-off arm/coil lever. Adjust the static pressure pen so that the pens are approx. 4mm apart by adjusting the static pressure pen length. If adjustment is required, loosen the two pen clamping screws and adjust static pressure pen arm length until it is sufficiently clear of the differential pressure pen arm and the two pens do not interfere with one another across the full span of the chart. Only adjust the static pressure pen as necessary, do not alter the differential pressure pen once it has been adjusted to the time line.

5.Make sure there is enough pen pressure on the chart to produce a continuous line. If adjustment is required, adjust the pen friction screw on the pen plate as necessary.

6.Verify that pen lifter does not interfere with the rotation of the chart paper or recorder pens across the whole chart range. If adjustment is required simply bend pen lifter to required position using a suitable pair of pliers.

7.Unlock the chart hub and revolve chart manually to verify chart clips do not interfere with chart paper. If adjustment is required, gently ease the clip(s) upwards to provide a larger gap for the chart.

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Clearscan™ Recorder Series - Operating and Service Manual

8.Remove the chart, chart plate and pen stop.

9.Mount a calibration chart onto the chart drive hub and lock in place. The calibration chart should be prepared by cutting a chart into shape shown in figure 3d and gluing it to a stiffener of similar shape. This special chart will allow calibration of the pens while permitting access to the recorder linkages when adjustments are necessary.

CAUTION: VERIFY THAT ALL LINKAGE IS FREE. ADJUST HORIZONTAL ADJUSTABLE LINK AND DRIVE ARM AT PRECISELY THE SAME DISTANCE FROM BASE PLATE SO AS TO BE LEVEL. SET THE RANGE ADJUST, PEN ZERO AND LINEARITY ADJUST SCREWS TO THEIR MIDPOINT.

10.Apply 50% differential pressure to the high pressure side and arrange the differential pressure linkage as shown in figure 3d. Set a 90° angle between the drive arm and horizontal link, then by adjusting the length of the link, set a 90° angle between the pen arm and horizontal link. Set the differential pressure pen to 50% indicating position on chart by adjusting zero adjust screw.

11.Release pressure and observe the pen. The pen should indicate zero. If the pen deviates less than 10% from zero in either direction, perform fine adjustment by using the pen zero adjust screw and then proceed to step 11b. If the pen deviates by more than 10% from zero, make adjustments as follows in step 11a:

a.Slacken the centre screw of the torque tube shaft whilst supporting the drive arm, slip the pen until it indicates zero and re-tighten.

b.Apply 100% pressure and observe the pen. Make the necessary adjustment by slackening slightly the range adjust locknut enough to slide the ratio post. If the pen is slightly over-ranged move the ratio post downward away from the pen spindle and if the pen is under-ranged move the ratio post upward toward the pen spindle. Repeat zero and 100% span adjustments until calibration at these two points is achieved.

c.Apply 50% pressure and observe the pen.

1.The pen should be on the 50% chart line.

2.If the pen is low, slacken the centre screw of the torque tube shaft whilst supporting the drive

arm,and move the pen up the chart to make a correction ten times as great in the high direction. Adjust the pen to 50% by slackening the two clamp screws of the horizontal adjustable link and shortening its length so the pen reads correctly.

3.If the pen is high,slacken the centre screw of the torque tube shaft whilst supporting the drive arm,and move the pen down the chart to make a correction ten times as great in the low direction. Adjust the pen to 50% by slackening the two clamp screws of the horizontal adjustable link and shortening its length so the pen reads correctly. Make sure all linkage screws are re-tightened.

12.Repeat step 11 until all three points (0,50 and 100% indication) is achieved. To assure the accuracy of the unit a nine point calibration check must be conducted at 1,24,50,74 and 100 % ascending and descending utilising the chart lines for accuracy.

13.Replace the pen stop and set for 5% over-travel and prevent recorder pens from going off the recorder chart.

14.Unlock the chart drive hub and remove the temporary calibration chart.

15.Replace the chart plate by sliding it under the pens until it sits on top of the supporting pillars and engage each retaining screw into the chart plate slots.

16.Replace the pen lifter. Place the pen lifter under the recording pens and secure by screwing it into the chart plate whilst biased against the inner case wall.

17.Install the correct chart and engage hub to lock. Check pens have correct pressure to produce a continuous line.

22

SPARES LIST

Note: for replacement measuring systems the instrument serial number must be supplied and in the case of instruments which have more than one measuring system, the position of the system.

Measuring system

Quote instrument serial number

Chart

Quote range(s) and rotation(s).

Mechanical Chart Drive

Quote rotation

Door Lock and 2 keys

RTB002-B

Pen Arm

RTB004-B

Red Pen Pack

RTB005-B

Blue Pen Pack

RTB006-B

Green Pen Pack

RTB007-B

Pen lifter

RTB054-C

Pressure Take-off Assembly

15321-430

Linkage - Horizontal (short)

15-232

Linkage - Horizontal (long 150mm)

22/376-B

Shoulder Screw

P350-25

Case Breather

DG0007-F

Door Hinge

RTB005-C

'U' bolts c/w fixings

RTB003-B

2" Pipe Mounting Bracket (recorder only)

RTB028-C

2" Pipe Mounting Bracket (DP unit only)

RTB030-C

Recorder Door Assembly

RTB001-F

Ratio Post, washer & nut

RTB002-F

Chart Plate Assembly

RTB003-F

Door Stay c/w Fixings Pack

RTB004-F

Door Seal

RTB001-B

Coil Lever Assembly (High Pressure)

RTB005-F

DP Unit Take off Assembly

RTB020-F

DP Unit Wall Mounting Kit

RTB021-F

Battery Compartment

RTB013-B

Bearing DP Unit

RTB014-B

Single Pen Mechanism

RTB011-F

Two Pen Mechanism

RTB012-F

Three Pen Mechanism

RTB013-F

Quartz Chart Drive Motor - 31 day

RTB010-B

Quartz Chart Drive Motor - 7 day

RTB011-B

Quartz Chart Drive Motor - 24 hour

RTB012-B

Temperature Compensator

Quote Instrument Serial Number

MANUFACTURER’S DETAILS:

British Rototherm Co. Ltd.,

Telephone:

+44 (0) 1656 740 551

Kenfig Industrial Estate, Margam,

Facsimile:

+44 (0) 1656 745 915

Port Talbot SA13 2PW

E-mail:

sales@rototherm.co.uk

United Kingdom

Web site:

www.rototherm.co.uk

In keeping with British Rototherm’s policy for contuned product development and improvement, we reserve the right to amend specifications without notice.

23© 2005 British Rototherm Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.

Trademarks: All brand names and product names used in this manual are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.