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Owner’s Operator and Maintenance Manual

®

Recumbent

Handcycle Series

Top End XLT™

Top End XLT Jr.

Top End XLT Pro

Top End XLT Gold

Top End Force™

DEALER: This manual MUST be given to the user of the handcycle.

USER: BEFORE using this handcycle, read this manual and save for future reference.

For more information regarding Invacare products, parts, and services, please visit www.invacare.com

WARNING

DO NOT USE THIS PRODUCT OR ANY AVAILABLE OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT WITHOUT FIRST COMPLETELY READING AND UNDERSTANDING THESE INSTRUCTIONS AND ANY ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL SUCH AS OWNER’S MANUALS, SERVICE MANUALS OR INSTRUCTION SHEETS SUPPLIED WITH THIS PRODUCT OR OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT. IF YOU ARE UNABLE TO UNDERSTAND THE WARNINGS, CAUTIONS OR INSTRUCTIONS, CONTACT A HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONAL, DEALER OR TECHNICAL PERSONNEL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO USE THIS EQUIPMENT - OTHERWISE, INJURY OR DAMAGE MAY OCCUR.

ACCESSORIES WARNING

INVACARE PRODUCTS ARE SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED AND MANUFACTURED FOR USE IN CONJUNCTION WITH INVACARE ACCESSORIES. ACCESSORIES DESIGNED BY OTHER MANUFACTURERS HAVE NOT BEEN TESTED BY INVACARE AND ARE NOT RECOMMENDED FOR USE WITH INVACARE PRODUCTS.

NOTE: Updated versions of this manual are available on www.invacare.com.

Recumbent Handcycle Series

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Part No 1114850

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

REGISTER YOUR PRODUCT ...............................................................

7

DEALER/TECHNICIAN INFORMATION ...............................................

8

SPECIAL NOTES ................................................................................

8

TYPICAL PRODUCT PARAMETERS ..................................................

10

SECTION 1—GENERAL GUIDELINES .................................................

12

Proper Fit ...................................................................................................................................................

12

Operating Information.............................................................................................................................

12

Tire Pressure .............................................................................................................................................

14

Weight Limitation.....................................................................................................................................

14

SECTION 2—SAFETY AND HANDLING .............................................

15

Safety and Handling of the Handcycle..................................................................................................

15

Stability and Balance.................................................................................................................................

15

A Note to Handcycle Assistants...........................................................................................................

15

Percentage of Weight Distribution ......................................................................................................

16

Transferring Into/Out of the Handcycle .............................................................................................

16

SECTION 3—SAFETY INSPECTION ...................................................

18

Safety Inspection Checklist.....................................................................................................................

18

Inspect/Adjust Initially .........................................................................................................................

18

Inspect/Adjust Weekly........................................................................................................................

19

Inspect/Adjust Monthly.......................................................................................................................

20

Inspect/Adjust Periodically.................................................................................................................

20

Troubleshooting........................................................................................................................................

21

Maintenance ...............................................................................................................................................

21

Maintenance Safety Precautions .......................................................................................................

21

Suggested Maintenance Procedures ................................................................................................

21

SECTION 4—INITIAL SETUP ............................................................

23

Initial Setup.................................................................................................................................................

23

Part No 1114850

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Recumbent Handcycle Series

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

SECTION 5—OPERATION ................................................................

26

Riding the Handcycle ...............................................................................................................................

26

Shifting Gears.............................................................................................................................................

27

Seven Speed Hub .................................................................................................................................

27

Backing-Up .................................................................................................................................................

29

Braking ........................................................................................................................................................

29

Reversing Drum Brakes......................................................................................................................

29

Hand Brakes/Hands-On Brakes........................................................................................................

30

Using Parking Brake .................................................................................................................................

30

Steering/Cornering...................................................................................................................................

31

SECTION 6—RIDING POSITION ........................................................

32

Replacing/Adjusting the Footrest and Leg Guard .............................................................................

32

Replacing/Adjusting Footrest.............................................................................................................

32

Replacing/Adjusting Leg Guard .........................................................................................................

32

Using/Replacing Footrest Strap .............................................................................................................

33

Using Footrest Strap ...........................................................................................................................

33

Replacing Footrest Strap ....................................................................................................................

33

Adjusting Hand Crank .............................................................................................................................

34

Adjusting Hand Crank Height - All Models Except Top End XLT Gold.................................

34

Adjusting Top End XLT Gold Hand Crank....................................................................................

35

Adjusting Seat Fore/Aft - All Models Except XLT Gold and Top End Force.............................

36

Adjusting Seat Fore/Aft - XLT Gold and Top End Force Only .....................................................

37

Adjusting Seat Height - All Models Except XLT Gold and Top End Force ................................

38

Adjusting Back Angle - All Models Except XLT Gold and Top End Force .................................

39

Adjusting Back Angle - XLT Gold.........................................................................................................

40

Adjusting Back Height - Wide Back Option Only ............................................................................

41

SECTION 7—WHEELS .......................................................................

42

Installing/Adjusting the Rear Wheel and Quick-Release Axles......................................................

42

Installing the Rear Wheels with Threaded Axles..............................................................................

43

Replacing Tire/Tube and Tuning/Replacement of Spokes...............................................................

43

Tire Pressure .............................................................................................................................................

43

Determining/Adjusting Toe In/Toe Out..............................................................................................

44

Determining Toe In/Toe Out ...........................................................................................................

44

Adjusting Toe In/Toe Out .................................................................................................................

45

Replacing Camber Inserts.......................................................................................................................

45

Recumbent Handcycle Series

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Part No 1114850

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

SECTION 8—SERVICE PROCEDURES .................................................

46

Replacing the Fork/Crank Assembly ....................................................................................................

46

Replacing the Crank Arms - XLT Gold, XLT PRO and Top End Force .....................................

49

Replacing the Left Side Crank Arms................................................................................................

49

Replacing the Right Side Crank Arms .............................................................................................

49

Installing/Removing/Adjusting the Road Crown Compensator .....................................................

50

Installing Road Crown Compensator..............................................................................................

50

Removing Road Crown Compensator ...........................................................................................

51

Adjusting Road Crown Compensator ............................................................................................

51

Installing/Removing/Adjusting the Steering Dampener -

 

For Top End XLT Gold and Force Only.............................................................................................

52

Installing Steering Dampener.............................................................................................................

52

Removing Steering Dampener ..........................................................................................................

52

Adjusting Steering Dampener ...........................................................................................................

52

Installing Seven Speed Shifter Cable.....................................................................................................

53

Adjusting/Replacing Seven Speed Shifter.............................................................................................

54

Installing/Adjusting Seven Speed Hub Chain ......................................................................................

54

Seven Speed Hub Chain Installation ................................................................................................

54

Adjusting Seven Speed Hub Chain...................................................................................................

55

Installing/Adjusting Twenty-Seven Speed Cassette Chain...............................................................

55

Installing Twenty-Seven Speed Cassette Chain.............................................................................

55

Adjusting Twenty-Seven Speed Cassette Chain ...........................................................................

56

Adjusting/Replacing the Parking Brake ................................................................................................

57

Adjusting the Parking Brake ..............................................................................................................

57

Replacing the Parking Brake ..............................................................................................................

57

Replacing Seat Upholstery......................................................................................................................

58

Replacing Back Upholstery.....................................................................................................................

59

Replacing Wide Back Upholstery.....................................................................................................

59

Replacing Narrow Back Upholstery ................................................................................................

59

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Recumbent Handcycle Series

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

SECTION 9—OPTIONS .....................................................................

60

Installing Rear Safety Light......................................................................................................................

60

Batteries .................................................................................................................................................

60

Mounting the Safety Light...................................................................................................................

60

Operating the Safety Light .................................................................................................................

60

Installing the Water Bottle.....................................................................................................................

61

Installing/Using the Tow Bar ..................................................................................................................

61

Installing the Draft Bumper ....................................................................................................................

62

Installing the Safety Flag...........................................................................................................................

62

Using Safety Helmet.................................................................................................................................

62

Installing Seat Positioning Strap.............................................................................................................

63

Installing the Computer ..........................................................................................................................

63

Installing Hand Crank Handles ..............................................................................................................

64

Horizontal Handles/Delrin Handles.................................................................................................

64

Vertical Handles ...................................................................................................................................

64

Tri-pinQuad Handles .........................................................................................................................

64

V or S Crank Handles .........................................................................................................................

64

Installing V/S Crankarm Handles...........................................................................................................

64

For Models Made Before 7/12/07 ....................................................................................................

64

Recumbent Handcycle Series

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Part No 1114850

REGISTER YOUR PRODUCT

For Models Made After 7/12/07 .......................................................................................................

65

Installing Gloves ........................................................................................................................................

66

Mountain Drive Transmission Option.................................................................................................

66

Switching to Mountain Drive Transmission Option ....................................................................

66

Mountain Drive Transmission Option Maintenance....................................................................

66

Using the Travel Ready Option.............................................................................................................

67

Removing/Installing the Camber Bar....................................................................................................

67

Removing/Installing the Fork - Travel Ready XLT PRO Equipped

 

with Road Crown Compensator ..........................................................................................................

68

Removing the Fork ..............................................................................................................................

68

Installing the Fork.................................................................................................................................

68

Removing/Installing the Fork - XLT Gold, and Top End Force Equipped

 

with Steering Dampener.........................................................................................................................

69

Removing the Fork ..............................................................................................................................

69

Installing the Fork.................................................................................................................................

69

Removing/Installing the Front Wheel - XLT Gold, XLT Pro and XLT

 

with Speed Cassette Chain ....................................................................................................................

70

Removing the Front Wheel...............................................................................................................

70

Installing the Front Wheel .................................................................................................................

71

Assembling/Using/Adjusting the Handcycle Rack..............................................................................

71

Assembling the Handcycle Rack .......................................................................................................

71

Using the Handcycle Rack..................................................................................................................

72

Adjusting the Handcycle Rack...........................................................................................................

73

Using the Alignment Gauge....................................................................................................................

74

LIMITED WARRANTY .....................................................................

75

REGISTER YOUR PRODUCT

The benefits of registering include:

1.Safeguarding your investment.

2.Ensuring long-termmaintenance and servicing of your product.

3.Receiving updates with product information, maintenance tips and industry news.

Register ONLINE at warranty.invacare.com

Please have your model number and purchase date available to complete your registration.

Any registration information you submit will only be used by Invacare Corporation and protected as required by applicable laws and regulations.

Part No 1114850

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Excelerator™XLT Handcycle Series

DEALER/TECHNICIAN INFORMATION

DEALER/TECHNICIAN

INFORMATION

The term ʺqualified technicianʺ in this manual refers to an Invacare qualified technician or a Shimano® certified bicycle repair technician.

SPECIAL NOTES

Signal words are used in this manual and apply to hazards or unsafe practices which could result in personal injury or property damage. Refer to the table below for definitions of the signal words.

SIGNAL WORD

MEANING

 

 

DANGER

Danger indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided,

will result in death or serious injury.

 

 

 

WARNING

Warning indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided,

could result in death or serious injury.

 

 

 

CAUTION

Caution indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided,

may result in property damage.

 

 

 

 

 

NOTICE

THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS DOCUMENT IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.

HANDCYCLE USER

As a manufacturer of handcycles, Invacare endeavors to supply a handcycle to meet many needs of the end user. However, final selection of a handcycle to be used by an individual rests solely with the user and his/her health care professional capable of making such a selection.

HANDCYCLE TIE-DOWNRESTRAINTS AND SEAT POSITIONING STRAPS

Invacare recommends that handcycle users NOT be transported in vehicles of any kind while in a handcycle. As of this date, the Department of Transportation has not approved any tie-downsystems for transportation of a user while in a handcycle, in a moving vehicle of any type.

As regards restraints - seat positioning straps - it is the obligation of the DME dealer, therapists and other health care professionals to determine if a seating positioning strap is required to ensure the safe operation of this equipment by the user. Serious injury can occur in the event of a fall from a handcycle.

Invacare products are specifically designed and manufactured for use in conjunction with Invacare accessories. Accessories designed by other manufacturers have not been tested by Invacare and are not recommended for use with Invacare products.

Recumbent Handcycle Series

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Part No 1114850

SPECIAL NOTES

WARNING

ALWAYS wear your seat positioning strap. Inasmuch as the seat positioning strap is an option on this handcycle (you may order with or without the seat positioning strap), Invacare strongly recommends ordering the seat positioning strap as an additional safeguard for the handcycle user. The seat positioning strap is a positioning belt only. It is not designed for use as a safety device withstanding high stress loads such as auto or aircraft safety belts. If signs of wear appear, belt MUST be replaced immediately.

Part No 1114850

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Recumbent Handcycle Series

TYPICAL PRODUCT PARAMETERS

TYPICAL PRODUCT PARAMETERS

 

TOP END XLT

TOP END XLT JR

 

 

 

Seat Width:

14 to 20 inches

14 inches

 

 

 

Seat Depth:

15 inches

15 inches

 

 

 

Seat-to-Floor(approx.):

12, 13, or 14 inches

12, 13, or 14 inches

 

 

 

Back Style:

Adjustable Back Angle 90° - 110°

Adjustable Back Angle 90° - 110°

 

 

 

Back Height Fixed/

11-14inches (Wide)

11-14inches (Wide)

Adjustable Angle:

20 inches (Narrow, Tall)

16½ inches (Narrow, Tall)

 

 

 

Footrest:

Adjustable Fore and Aft

Adjustable Fore and Aft

 

 

 

Side - Wheel Clearance:

2 inches - * 2½ inches

2 inches - 2½ inches

 

 

 

Rear Axle:

Quick-Releaseor Threaded

Quick-Release

 

 

 

Rear Wheel Camber:

15° - Standard

15° - Standard

 

 

 

Wheels/Tires:

26-inchSpoke High Performance

20-inchCruiser

 

24-inchCruiser or *Knobby

 

 

 

 

Brakes:

Internal reversing drum brakes and

Internal reversing drum brakes and parking

 

parking brake

brake

 

 

 

Handles:

Ergonomic, Vertical foam covered or

Ergonomic, Vertical foam covered or

 

Delrin®

Horizontal foam covered

 

 

 

Crankset:

Alloy Crankset

Alloy Crankset

 

 

 

Hub:

FRONT - Shimano Nexus® 7 Speed Hub

FRONT - Shimano Nexus 7 Speed Hub

 

REAR - Precision Black Anodized

REAR - Precision Black Anodized w/½-inch

 

w/½-inchQuick Release Stainless Axles

Quick Release Stainless Axles

 

 

 

Spokes:

14 Gauge Stainless

14 Gauge Stainless

 

 

 

Shift Levers:

Shimano

Shimano

 

 

 

Gears:

7 Speed

7 Speed

 

 

 

Seat Cushion:

Foam Insert - Optional

Foam Insert - Optional

 

 

 

Upholstery:

Nylon

Nylon

 

 

 

Weight:

35 lbs

30-35lbs

 

 

 

Shipping Weight:

65 lbs

65 lbs

 

 

 

Weight Limitation:

250 lbs

250 lbs

 

 

 

Options:

Mirror, Backpack Hydration System,

Cordless Computer, Helmet, Quad Cuffs,

 

Computer, Tow Bar, Horizontal Han-

Quad Gloves, Seat Positioning Strap, Safety

 

dles, Safety Lights, Helmet and Flag, Seat

Flag, Mirror, Safety Lights, Water Bottle and

 

Positioning Strap, Quad Cuffs, Quad

Cage, Leg Guard Attachment, Crutch

 

Gloves, Mountain Drive, Bike Rack,

Holder, Bike Rack, Cushion, Towbar for

 

Water Bottle and Cage, Tri-pinQuad

handcycle, Backpack Hydration System,

 

Handles, Threaded Axles, Leg Guard

Alignment Gauge, Mountain Drive, Tri-pin

 

Attachment, Alignment Gauge, Crutch

Quad Handles.

 

Holder, Indoor Training Roller

 

 

 

 

*NOTE: Knobby tires will reduce side wheel clearance to approximately 1 inch.

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Part No 1114850

 

 

TYPICAL PRODUCT PARAMETERS

 

 

 

 

 

TOP END XLT PRO

 

TOP END XLT GOLD

 

 

 

 

Seat Width:

14 to 18 inches

 

14 to 18 inches

 

 

 

 

Seat Depth:

15 inches

 

15 inches

 

 

 

 

Seat-to-Floor(approx.):

12, 13 and 14 inches

 

9 inches

 

 

 

 

Back Style:

Adjustable Back Angle 90° - 110°

 

Adjustable Back Angle 50° - 90°

 

 

 

 

Back Height Fixed/

11-14inches (Wide)

 

12 inches (Wide)

Adjustable Angle:

18½ inches (Narrow, Tall)

 

18 inches (Narrow, Tall)

 

 

 

 

Footrest:

Adjustable Fore and Aft

 

Adjustable Fore and Aft

 

 

 

 

Side - Wheel Clearance:

2 inches - * 2½ inches

 

2 inches - 2½ inches

 

 

 

 

Rear Axle:

Quick-Releaseor Threaded

 

Quick-Releaseor Threaded

 

 

 

 

Rear Wheel Camber:

15° - Standard

 

9° - Standard

 

 

 

 

Wheels/Tires:

26-inchSpoke High Performance

 

26-inchSpoke High Performance.

 

24-inchCruiser or *Knobby

 

24-inchCruiser or *Knobby

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brakes:

Rapid fire hands-onbrake mounted on right

 

Rapid fire hands-onbrake mounted on

 

pedal. Parking brake on L frame

 

right pedal. Parking brake on L frame

 

 

 

 

Handles:

Ergonomic, Vertical, Ovalized Aluminum

 

Ergonomic, Vertical, Ovalized Aluminum

 

mounted on Top End V crankset

 

mounted on Top End S or V crankset

 

 

 

 

Crankset:

Top End V Crankset

 

Top End S or V Crankset

 

 

 

 

Hub:

FRONT - Shimano/Top End Components

 

FRONT – Shimano/Top End Components

 

w/ 27 Speed External Cassette

 

w/ 27 Speed External Cassette

 

REAR - Precision Black Anodized w/½-inch

 

REAR - Precision Black Anodized

 

Quick Release Stainless or Threaded Axles

 

w/½-inchQuick Release Stainless Axles or

 

 

 

Threaded Axles

 

 

 

 

Spokes:

14 Gauge Stainless

 

14 Gauge Stainless

 

 

 

 

Shift Levers:

Rapid fire hands-onshifter mounted on right

 

Rapid fire hands-onshifter mounted on

 

handpedal for lower derailler, Manual shifter

 

right handpedal for lower derailler, Manual

 

for upper derailler/chainrings.

 

shifter for upper derailler/chainrings.

 

 

 

 

Gears:

27 Speed

 

27 Speed

 

 

 

 

Seat Cushion:

Foam Insert - Optional

 

Foam Insert - Optional

 

 

 

 

Upholstery:

Nylon

 

Nylon-AdjustableTension

 

 

 

 

Weight:

30 lbs

 

30 lbs

 

 

 

 

Shipping Weight:

65 lbs

 

65 lbs

 

 

 

 

Weight Limitation:

250 lbs

 

250 lbs

 

 

 

 

Options:

Computer, Tow Bar, Safety Lights,

 

Computer, Tow Bar, Safety Lights, Hel-

 

Helmet, Flag, Bike Rack, Water Bottle and

 

met, Flag, Bike Rack, Water Bottle and

 

Cage, Carbon Fiber Wheels, Leg Guard

 

Cage, Fixed seat frame, Alignment Gauge,

 

Attachment, Welded Seat, Travel Option,

 

Backpack Hydration System, Carbon Fiber

 

Alignment Gauge, Backpack Hydration Sys-

 

Wheels, Crutch Holder, Drafting Bumper,

 

tem, Crutch Holder,

 

Titanium Parts, Indoor Training Roller

 

Drafting Bumper, Indoor Training Roller

 

 

 

 

 

 

*NOTE: Knobby tires will reduce side wheel clearance to approximately 1 inch.

Part No 1114850

11

Recumbent Handcycle Series

SECTION 1—GENERALGUIDELINES

SECTION 1—GENERALGUIDELINES

WARNING

SECTION 1 - GENERAL GUIDELINES contains important information for the safe operation and use of this product.

Proper Fit

The handcycle MUST be adjusted to fit the rider. For a proper fit:

The rider MUST be able to see over the hand crank.

The rider MUST have a slightly bent elbow when the hand pedals are toward the front of the handcycle (farthest from the riderʹs face).

The rider MUST have a slight bend at the knee when feet are in the footrests. Feet should be flat against footrest hoop.

XLT Series requires a 18ʹturning radius. If leg touches tire during turn and user cannot sense this, a leg guard attachment is recommended.

The riderʹs knees MUST not obstruct hand crank operation.

Check the seat position, back angle, quick release on threaded axles, footrest fore/aft position, hand crank height for proper fit and smooth operation of your handcycle.

Operating Information

Wear your helmet at all times when riding the handcycle.

Before riding your handcycle, check your brakes. Be sure that the brakes and all other features of your handcycle are operating properly.

ALWAYS keep fingers or hands away from the chain while pedaling.

DO NOT let children play near the handcrank or the chain. Otherwise, injury or damage may occur.

The user is responsible for normal upkeep and maintaining the handcycle in proper operating condition.

The manufacturer is not responsible for failure, damage or injury caused by improper operation or maintenance by the end user.

To determine and establish your particular safety limits, practice transferring activities in the presence of a qualified health care professional before attempting active use of the handcycle.

Before attempting to transfer in or out of the handcycle, every precaution should be taken to reduce the gap distance. Position the handcycle on level ground and as close as possible to the object you are transferring into or out of.

The object you are transferring into or out of MUST also be secured before attempting any transfer.

Recumbent Handcycle Series

12

Part No 1114850

SECTION 1—GENERALGUIDELINES

Top End XLT, XLT jr., and XLT Gold Models Only The parking brake of the handcycle MUST be engaged before attempting any transfer.

Top End XLT Pro Model Only This model may be ordered with or without a parking brake. If ordered without a parking brake, the handcycle MUST be positioned securely against a stable object before any transfer is attempted. If ordered with the optional parking brake, the parking brake MUST be engaged before attempting any transfer.

Care MUST be taken when operating on roads, streets or highways.

Operation of the handcycle is subject to all traffic rules and regulations. (This may include the use of a safety lights and reflectors for dusk/night riding.)

Give pedestrians the right of way.

Slow down at all street intersections and observe to the left, to the right and back to left again before proceeding.

Use proper hand signals when turning.

DO NOT attempt to move up or down an incline with an ice or oil film.

DO NOT attempt to ride over curbs or obstacles or speed bumps. Doing so may cause your handcycle to ʺbottom outʺand/or turn over and cause bodily harm or damage to the handcycle.

Invacare products are specifically designed and manufactured for use in conjunction with Invacare accessories. Accessories designed by other manufacturers have not been tested by Invacare and are not recommended for use with Invacare products.

DO NOT attempt to lift the handcycle by any removable (detachable) parts. Lifting by means of any removable (detachable) parts of an handcycle may result in injury to the user or damage to the handcycle.

DO NOT stand on the seat or frame of the handcycle.

ALWAYS wear your seat positioning strap. Inasmuch as the seat positioning strap is an option on this handcycle (you may order with or without the seat positioning strap), Invacare strongly recommends ordering the seat positioning strap as an additional safeguard for the handcycle user. The seat positioning strap is a positioning belt only. It is not designed for use as a safety device withstanding high stress loads such as auto or aircraft safety belts. If signs of wear appear, belt MUST be replaced immediately.

With regard to restraints – seat/chest positioning straps – it is the obligation of the DME dealer, therapists and other healthcare professionals to determine if a seat/chest positioning strap is required to ensure the save operation of this equipment by the user. SERIOUS INJURY CAN OCCUR IN THE EVENT OF A FALL FROM A WHEELCHAIR.

Avoid all surface hazards.

DO NOT carry any riders.

DO NOT carry any items that may obstruct your view or prohibit you from operating the handcycle properly.

DO NOT attempt to adjust or clean the internal gear hub with reversing drum brake. This should only be performed by a bicycle professional.

Part No 1114850

13

Recumbent Handcycle Series

SECTION 1—GENERALGUIDELINES

Tire Pressure

DO NOT use your handcycle unless it has the proper tire pressure (p.s.i.). DO NOT overinflate the tires. Failure to follow these suggestions may cause the tire to explode and cause bodily harm.

DO NOT ride on a flat or underinflated tires. Riding on flat or underinflated tires can cause injury, as well as, damage to the tire, tube and handcycle.

Weight Limitation

The Invacare Top End XLT handcycles have a weight limitation of 250 lbs.

A weight limitation label is on the rear axle of the handcycle.

Top View

Weight

Capacity Label

FIGURE 1.1 Weight Limitation

Recumbent Handcycle Series

14

Part No 1114850

SECTION 2—SAFETYAND HANDLING

SECTION 2—SAFETYAND

HANDLING

Safety and Handling of the Handcycle

Requires the close attention of the user as well as the assistant. This manual points out the most common procedures and techniques involved in the safe operation and maintenance of the handcycle. It is important to practice and master these safe techniques until you are comfortable in maneuvering the handcycle.

Use this information only as a basic guide. The techniques that are discussed on the following pages have been used successfully by many.

Individual users often develop skills to deal with daily living activities that may differ from those described in this manual. Invacare recognizes and encourages each individual to try what works best for him/her in overcoming obstacles that they may encounter. Techniques in this manual are a starting point for the new handcycle user and assistant with safety as the most important consideration for all.

Stability and Balance

For stability and proper operation of your handcycle, you MUST at all times maintain proper balance. Your handcycle should remain upright and stable during normal daily activities when operated correctly.

Invacare recommends using seat positioning straps for additional safety.

A Note to Handcycle Assistants

When learning assistance techniques for the handcycle, have an experienced assistant help you before attempting it alone.

When you are assisting with a transfer to/from the handcycle, remember to use good body mechanics. Keep your back straight and bend your knees when lifting or positioning the handcycle for the end user.

Also, be aware of detachable parts. These MUST NEVER be used for lifting supports or to move the handcycle, as they may be inadvertently released, resulting in possible injury to the user and/or assistant.

Part No 1114850

15

Recumbent Handcycle Series

SECTION 2—SAFETYAND HANDLING

Percentage of Weight Distribution

Transferring in and out of the handcycle will cause a change to the normal balance, the center of gravity, and the weight distribution of the handcycle. To determine and establish your particular safety limits, practice transferring activities in several combinations in the presence of a qualified health care professional before attempting a transfer alone.

Proper positioning is essential for your safety.

Transferring Into/Out of the Handcycle

WARNING

Before attempting to transfer in or out of the handcycle, every precaution should be taken to reduce the gap distance. Position the XLT on level ground and as close as possible to the object you are transferring into or out of.

The object you are transferring into or out of MUST also be secured before attempting any transfer.

TOP END XLT, XLT JR. AND XLT GOLD MODELS ONLY - The parking brake of the handcycle MUST be engaged before attempting any transfer.

TOP END XLT PRO MODEL ONLY - This model may be ordered with or without a parking brake. If ordered without a parking brake, the handcycle MUST be positioned securely against a stable object before any transfer is attempted. If ordered with the optional parking brake, the parking brake MUST be engaged before attempting any transfer.

CAUTION

When transferring, position yourself as far back as possible in the seat. This will prevent damage to the upholstery.

NOTE: For this procedure, refer to FIGURE 2.1 on page 17.

NOTE: This activity may be performed independently provided you have adequate mobility and upper body strength.

1.Position the handcycle on level ground and as close as possible along side the object to/from which you are transferring.

2.If possible, position the handcycle at a 45° angle to the object to/from which you are transferring.

3.If installed, apply the parking brake on the handcycle.

4.Position the handcycle handles as far forward as possible. This will create more room to transfer.

NOTE: If necessary, lift the front wheel off the ground and rotate the front tire.

5.Secure object that you are transferring into or out of. Apply wheel locks (if installed) if the object is a handcycle.

Recumbent Handcycle Series

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Part No 1114850

SECTION 2—SAFETYAND HANDLING

NOTE: During independent transfer, little or no seat platform will be beneath you. Although it may be difficult to wedge the transfer board between the handcycle seat and the handcycle seat, use a transfer board if necessary.

NOTE: Refer to STEPS A F in FIGURE 2.1 for details regarding transfer to/from a handcycle.

6.Shift body weight onto object while transferring.

7.Lift and place left leg past front frame across seat and over center tube.

WARNING

STEP A: Shift body weight to the edge of the

If installed, parking brake

wheelchair upholstery closest to the handcycle.

MUST be secured.

 

STEP F: Place both legs onto handcycle footrests and secure safety straps.

Handcycle Pedals (positioned toward the front of thehandcycle).

Footrest

Seat Frame

 

e

l

c

y

 

c

 

d

 

n

 

a

 

H

 

STEP E: Lift and shift weight down into handcycle seat.

STEP D: Place RIGHT hand on the wheelchair frame.

WARNING

Wheel locks MUST be engaged if installed.

STEP B: Lift and place LEFT leg past front frame across seat and over center tube.

 

 

 

 

 

 

ir

 

 

 

 

 

a

 

 

 

 

h

 

 

 

 

lc

 

 

 

 

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W

 

 

 

 

 

 

STEP C: Place LEFT hand on the left side of handcycle seat frame, NOT on hand crank.

*NOTE: The steps in FIGURE 1 are specifically for transfer to/from a wheelchair and DO NOT correspond to the steps in the procedure on the previous page. Follow a similar procedure to transfer to/from an object other than a wheelchair. Refer to the steps on the previous page for more information.

NOTE: Handcycle shown for clarity.

FIGURE 2.1 Transferring Into/Out of the Handcycle

Part No 1114850

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Recumbent Handcycle Series

SECTION 3—SAFETYINSPECTION

SECTION 3—SAFETYINSPECTION

Safety Inspection Checklist

NOTE: Every six months, take your Top End XLT to a qualified technician for a thorough inspection and servicing. Regular cleaning will reveal loose or worn parts and enhance the smooth operation of your Top End XLT. For safe and proper operation, your handcycle MUST be cared for just like any other vehicle. Routine maintenance will extend the life and efficiency of your Top End XLT.

NOTE: Invacare recommends that the following adjustments be performed by a qualified technician. Initial adjustments should be made to suit your personal body structure and preference. Thereafter follow these maintenance procedures.

Inspect/Adjust Initially

Inspect for bent or broken frame.

Inspect parking brake Adjust brake shoes to front rim. Check for worn or missing shoes. Check for wax or oil on rim.

Ensure cable anchor is attached securely to brake arm.

Ensure internal stopping brakes engages easily.

CAUTION

As with any vehicle, the wheels/casters and tires should be checked periodically for cracks, flat spots and wear, and should be replaced.

Ensure axle nuts are tight. Wheel should be centered in fork. Keep wheel bearings adjusted and keep spokes tight and wheel in proper alignment.

Inspect rim and fork assembly for damage.

Ensure axle nut and wheel mounting nuts are secure.

Inspect wheels for excessive side movement or binding when lifted and spun.

Inspect for flat spots, wear and proper inflation.

Inspect chain/chain guard for damage, rust, tension and stretch. Adjust if necessary. Lubricate each link (3 in 1 oil® or a quality bike lubricant). Check for damage or looseness.

Adjust shifter/brake cables according to shifter/brake manufacturerʹs instructions (included with the handcycle).

Inspect front fork. Keep tight and lubricate (All purpose grease).

Inspect footrest mounting hardware is tight and footrest secure.

Inspect footrest straps for wetness and/or damage.

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Part No 1114850

SECTION 3—SAFETYINSPECTION

Inspect seat positioning strap for any signs of wear. Ensure buckle latches. Verify hardware that attaches strap to frame is secure and undamaged. Replace if necessary.

Inspect upholstery for rips or sagging.

Clean upholstery with light detergent and water.

Check that all labels are present and legible. Replace if necessary.

Ensure that casters are free of debris.

Inspect/Adjust Weekly

Inspect parking brake Adjust brake shoes to front rim. Check for worn or missing shoes. Check for wax or oil on rim.

Ensure cable anchor is attached securely to brake arm.

Ensure internal stopping brakes engages easily.

CAUTION

As with any vehicle, the wheels/casters and tires should be checked periodically for cracks, flat spots and wear, and should be replaced.

Ensure axle nuts are tight. Wheel should be centered in fork. Keep wheel bearings adjusted and keep spokes tight and wheel in proper alignment.

Inspect rim and fork assembly for damage.

Ensure axle nut and wheel mounting nuts are secure.

Inspect wheels for excessive side movement or binding when lifted and spun.

Inspect for flat spots, wear and proper inflation.

Inspect chain/chain guard for damage, rust, tension and stretch. Adjust if necessary. Lubricate each link (3 in 1 oil or a quality bike lubricant). Check for damage or looseness.

Adjust shifter/brake cables according to shifter/brake manufacturerʹs instructions (included with the handcycle).

Inspect front fork. Keep tight and lubricate (All purpose grease).

Inspect footrest mounting hardware is tight and footrest secure.

Inspect footrest straps for wetness and/or damage.

Inspect seat positioning strap for any signs of wear. Ensure buckle latches. Verify hardware that attaches strap to frame is secure and undamaged. Replace if necessary.

Inspect upholstery for rips or sagging.

Ensure that casters are free of debris.

Part No 1114850

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Recumbent Handcycle Series

SECTION 3—SAFETYINSPECTION

Inspect/Adjust Monthly

Inspect for bent or broken frame.

Ensure that casters are free of debris.

Inspect/Adjust Periodically

Inspect for bent or broken frame.

Inspect parking brake Adjust brake shoes to front rim. Check for worn or missing shoes. Check for wax or oil on rim.

Ensure cable anchor is attached securely to brake arm.

Ensure internal stopping brakes engages easily.

CAUTION

As with any vehicle, the wheels/casters and tires should be checked periodically for cracks, flat spots and wear, and should be replaced.

Ensure axle nuts are tight. Wheel should be centered in fork. Keep wheel bearings adjusted and keep spokes tight and wheel in proper alignment.

Inspect rim and fork assembly for damage.

Ensure axle nut and wheel mounting nuts are secure.

Inspect wheels for excessive side movement or binding when lifted and spun.

Inspect for flat spots, wear and proper inflation.

Inspect chain/chain guard for damage, rust, tension and stretch. Adjust if necessary. Lubricate each link (3 in 1 oil or a quality bike lubricant). Check for damage or looseness.

Adjust shifter/brake cables according to shifter/brake manufacturerʹs instructions (included with the handcycle).

Inspect front fork. Keep tight and lubricate (All purpose grease).

Inspect footrest mounting hardware is tight and footrest secure.

Inspect footrest straps for wetness and/or damage.

Inspect seat positioning strap for any signs of wear. Ensure buckle latches. Verify hardware that attaches strap to frame is secure and undamaged. Replace if necessary.

Inspect upholstery for rips or sagging.

Clean upholstery with light detergent and water.

Inspect hand grips for looseness. If loose, replace.

Check that all labels are present and legible. Replace if necessary.

Ensure that casters are free of debris.

Recumbent Handcycle Series

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Part No 1114850