Intel SRCSATAWB User Manual

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Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB

Hardware User’s Guide

Intel Order Number: D92006-001

INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED IN CONNECTION WITH INTEL(R) PRODUCTS. NO LICENSE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, BY ESTOPPEL OR OTHERWISE, TO ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IS GRANTED BY THIS DOCUMENT. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN INTEL'S TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE FOR SUCH PRODUCTS, INTEL ASSUMES NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER, AND INTEL DISCLAIMS ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY, RELATING TO SALE AND/OR USE OF INTEL PRODUCTS INCLUDING LIABILITY OR WARRANTIES RELATING TO FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, MERCHANTABILITY, OR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, COPYRIGHT OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT. Intel products are not intended for use in medical, life saving, life sustaining applications. Intel may make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time, without notice.

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*Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.

Copyright © 2007 by Intel Corporation. Portions Copyright 2005-2007 by LSI Logic Corporation. All rights reserved.

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Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB Hardware User’s Guide

Preface

This is the primary hardware guide for the Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB, which can be used for SATA disk drives. It contains installation instructions and specifications.

For details on how to configure the storage adapters, and for an overview of the software drivers, see the Software User’s Guide on the Resource CD.

Audience

This document assumes that you have some familiarity with RAID controllers and related support devices. The people who benefit from this book are:

Engineers who are designing a Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB storage adapter into a system.

Anyone installing a Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB storage adapter in their RAID system.

Organization

This document includes the following chapters and appendixes:

Chapter 1 provides a general overview of the Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB.

Chapter 2 describes the procedures for installing the RAID controller.

Chapter 3 provides the characteristics and technical specifications for the Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB.

Appendix A explains drive roaming and how to do a drive migration.

Related Publication

The Software User’s Guide on the Resource CD that is included with the RAID controller.

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Contents

Preface ........................................................................................................................

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Audience ...............................................................................................................................

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Organization .........................................................................................................................

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Related Publication ...............................................................................................................

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Chapter 1, Overview ...................................................................................................

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Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB ....................................................................................

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Protocol Support ............................................................................................................

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Usability .........................................................................................................................

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SATA Features of the 1078 Controller ..........................................................................

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Beep Codes ...................................................................................................................

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Chapter 2, Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB Hardware Installation ................

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Requirements ........................................................................................................................

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Install the RAID Controller .....................................................................................................

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Configure the RAID Controller ...............................................................................................

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Replacing a Controller, Resolving a Config Mismatch ...........................................................

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Chapter 3, Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB Characteristics ........................

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Technical Specifications ......................................................................................................

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Array Performance Features ...............................................................................................

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Fault Tolerance ............................................................................................................

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Electrical Characteristics .............................................................................................

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Safety Characteristics ..................................................................................................

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A. Drive Roaming and Drive Migration Install ........................................................

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Drive Roaming .....................................................................................................................

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Drive Migration .....................................................................................................................

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B. Installation / Assembly Safety Instructions .......................................................

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English .................................................................................................................................

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Deutsch ................................................................................................................................

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Français ...............................................................................................................................

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Español ................................................................................................................................

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Italiano .................................................................................................................................

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C. Regulatory and Certification Information ..........................................................

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Electromagnetic Compatibility Notices ................................................................................

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1 Overview

The Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB is a high-performance intelligent PCIExpress* SATA RAID controller that offers reliability, high performance, and faulttolerant disk subsystem management. This is an RAID solution meets the internal storage needs of workgroup, department, or enterprise systems to use cost-effective SATA media.

As a third generation PCI Express storage controller, the Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB addresses the demand for increased data throughput and scalability requirements across entry-level and midrange server platforms.

The controller can be connected to up to eight drives directly and allows the use of expanders to connect to additional drives. See the ANSI SAS standard, version 1.0 specification for more information about the use of expanders.

SATA is a serial, point-to-point, device interface that uses simplified cabling, smaller connectors, lower pin counts, and lower power requirements than parallel SCSI.

The optional Intel® RAID Smart Battery AXXRSBBU4 provides cached data protection for the RAID controller, even during system failures.

Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB

The Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB is an intelligent low-profile RAID adapter with an integrated LSI* 1078 RAID-On-Chip chipset, providing both a SATA controller and a RAID engine. With 128 MB RAM built onto the board and eight independent ports using two SFF-8087 mini multi-lane connectors, this controller supports up to 16 enterprise-class SATA devices and 64 logical drives. The PCI-Express* connector fits into an x4 or x8 PCI-Express slot capable of 2.5 Gbps per lane over PCI Express* x4 with a 3.0 Gbps point to point transfer rate.

Protocol Support

Serial ATA (SATA) protocol defined by the Serial ATA specification, version 1.0a.

SATA II Protocol: Communication with other SATA II devices.

Serial Management Protocol (SMP): Topology management information sharing with expanders.

Serial Tunneling Protocol (STP) support for SATAII through expander interfaces.

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Operating System Support

Windows Server 2003*, Windows 2000* Enterprise Server, SP4 and Windows XP*.

Red Hat* Enterprise Linux 3.0 and 4.0.

SuSE* Linux Enterprise Server 9, SP1-3 and SLES 10.

The operating systems supported may not be supported by your server board. See the tested operating system list for your server board at http://support.intel.com/support/motherboards/server/. See also the tested hardware and operating system list for the RAID Controller SRCSATAWB to make sure the RAID card supports your operating system.

Usability

The card ships with both a standard and a low-profile bracket.

Small, thin cabling with serial point-to-point 3.0 Gbps data transfer rates.

Support for non-disk devices and mixed capacity drives.

Support for intelligent XOR RAID levels 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, and 60.

Dedicated or global hot spare with auto rebuild if an array drive fails.

User defined stripe size per drive: 8, 16, 32, 64 (def), 128, 256, 512 KB or 1 GB.

Advanced Array configuration and Management Utilities provides:

Online Capacity Expansion (OCE) adds space to existing drive or new drive. See Appendix A for limitations on OCE and RAID migration.

Online RAID level migration (upgrade of RAID mode, may require OCE).

Drive migration.

Drive roaming.

No reboot necessary after expansion.

Upgradeable Flash ROM interface.

Allows for staggered spin up, hot-plug, and lower power consumption.

User specified rebuild rate (percent of system resources to use from 0-100%).

Caution: Exceeding 50% rate may cause operating system errors due to waiting for controller access.

Background operating mode can be set for Rebuilds, Consistency Checks, Initialization (auto restarting Consistency Check on redundant volumes); Migration, OCE, and Patrol Read.

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Redundancy and Error Handling

In-band and out-of-band SES2.

Enclosure management support.

Activity and fault indicators per drive.

Drive coercion (auto-resizing to match existing disks).

Auto-detection of failed drives with transparent rebuild. There must be disk activity (I/O to the drive) for a missing drive to be marked as failed.

Auto-resume on reboot of initialization or rebuild (must be enabled before virtual disk creation).

Smart initialization automatically checks consistency of virtual disks if there are five or more disks in a RAID 5 array, which optimizes performance by enabling read- modify-write mode. RAID 5 arrays of only three or four drives use Peer Read mode.

Dirty cache LED plus error reporting for cache write to disk.

Smart Technology predicts failures of drives and electronic components.

Patrol Read checks drives and maps bad sectors.

Commands are retried at least four times.

Firmware provides best effort to recognize an error and recover if possible.

Failures are logged from controller and drive firmware, and SMART monitor.

Failures are logged in NVRAM, viewable from OS Event Log, Intel® RAID Web Console 2; CIM, LEDs, and via alarm.

Multiple cache options allow configuration-specific performance optimization:

Write-back. Faster because it does not wait for the disk but data will be lost if power is lost.

Write-through. Usually slower but ensures data is on the disk.

Read Ahead. Predicts next read will be sequential and buffers this data into the cache.

Non Read Ahead. Always reads from the drive after determining exact location of each read.

Adaptive Read Ahead. Reads ahead and caches data only if doing sequential reads.

I/O setting. Determines whether read operations check the cache before reading from disks.

Cache I/O: Checks cache first, only reads disk if data is not in the cache.

Direct I/O: Reads data directly from disk. (not cache)

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Redundancy through:

Configuration stored in nonvolatile RAM and on the drives (COD).

Hot-swap support.

Optional battery backup for cache memory. Controller provides fast or trickle charges.

SATA Features of the 1078 Controller

Provides eight independent phys, each supporting 3.0 Gbps SATA data transfers.

Scalable interface that supports up to 16 physical devices and 64 logical devices via expanders.

Supports SSP to enable communication with other SATA devices.

Supports SMP to communicate topology management information.

Supports single PHY or wide ports consisting of 2, 3, or 4 PHY within one quad port.

Allows addressing of multiple SATA targets through an expander if using SATA 2.0- compliant hard disk drives.

Allows multiple initiators to address a single target (in a fail-over configuration) through an expander.

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Online Capacity Expansion and RAID Level Migration Rules

Migration must occur to the same or larger capacity configuration.

Migration cannot occur if there is more than one virtual disk in a logical array.

Migration and OCE cannot be done on Spanned Arrays (RAID 10, 50, 60).

Migrations supported are : RAID 1 to RAID 0, RAID 5 to RAID 0, RAID 6 to RAID 0.

With OCE migrations supported are RAID 0 to RAID 1, RAID 0 to RAID 5, RAID 1 to RAID 5.

Beep Codes

Short beep, 1 second on, 1 second off. Array is degraded but no data lost.

Long beep, 3 seconds on, 1 second off. Array has failed. Data has been lost.

Short beep, 1 second on, 3 seconds off. Using hot spare in rebuild. Alarm will continue during rebuild with a different sound at completion.

To disable the alarm, choose Disable Alarm. To enable alarm, choose Enable Alarm.

To disable alarm only until the next event or until next power cycle, choose Silence Alarm.

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2Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB Hardware Installation

Requirements

The Intel® RAID Controller SRCSATAWB, with the provided cables.

A host system with an available x4 or x8 PCI-Express* slot.

The Resource CD, which contains drivers and documentation.

SATA hard drives.

Note: Intel Corporation strongly recommends using an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).

Install the RAID Controller

1.Turn off the power to the system and all drives, enclosures, and system components. Remove the power cord(s).

2.Follow the instructions that came with your server system to remove the server cover.

3.If necessary, change the bracket on the RAID controller to fit the height of the server system. See the following figure.

AF002212

Figure 1. Changing the Bracket

4.Install the RAID controller into an available server system x4 or x8 PCI-Express* slot. See your server system documentation to locate an appropriate slot and for instructions on installing an add-in card. See also the following figure.

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