Fisher TW-7700 User Manual

107.95 Kb
Loading...

TW-7700

Digital Line Tracer

Operating Manual

F I S H E R R E S E A R C H L A B O R A T O R Y

CONTENTS

Description..............................................................................

pg. 3

Transmitter .............................................................................

pg. 4

Receiver ...................................................................................

pg. 5

Accessories ..............................................................................

pg. 7

Operating Instructions .........................................................

pg. 8

Depth Accuracy ......................................................................

pg. 9

Specifications .........................................................................

pg. 10

DESCRIPTION

The TW-7700 Digital Line Tracer consists of a transmitter, receiver, ground-plate/ground-rod assembly, carrying case (hard or soft), and an operators manual. The TW-7700 is a single frequency line tracer.

The TW-7700 is an active locating line tracer. There are three methods of active locating that an operator can use to trace a utility. The conductive method is the most preferred method, since a strong transmitter signal is transmitted through the intended target. The inductive method is the easiest method to use, but may not yield the best results. When a direct connection is not available, but the operator has good knowledge of where one point of the utility may be, the operator can place the Transmitter over the utility making sure that the arrow on top of the transmitter is parallel to the path of the utility. The third method of active locating involves using the coupling clamp accessory. The coupling clamp is used when the utility is exposed, but a direct connection is not available. The clamp jaws are opened and placed around the utility. The clamp never makes a direct connection with the utility, that is, the utility can move freely with the clamp around it.

The features of the TW-7700 make it a very easy and practical instrument in today’s world of underground locating.

3

TW-7700 TRANSMITTER

Transmitter

Located on the transmitter are the power mode and the accessory output. The power mode enables the operator to turn the transmitter on or off, and to check the condition of the batteries. When checking the batteries, a reading if 50 or greater on the display meter indicates that batteries are usable.

The accessory output is for the ground plate/ground rod assembly, and for the coupling clamp. There is a Red LED light that blinks when the transmitter is on. The batteries are located underneath a lid on top of the transmitter housing.

WARNING: Do not handle output leads unless power is off. ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD: Servicing to be performed by qualified personnel only.

The TW-7700 Transmitter.

4

TW-7700 RECEIVER

Receiver

The TW-7700 Receiver.

Controls

Mode

This button does not have a function on the TW-7700. (It allows users of the TW-8800 Multi-Frequency Line Tracer to change frequencies.)

Power On/Off

Turns the receiver on or off.

Light

Lights up the display for usage in dark areas. When the display is backlit, LIGHT is shown on the bottom left hand side of the display screen.

Bat

Press and hold this pad to check the battery level of the receiver. A bar graph on the right side of the display will give status of the batteries. When the graph shows 1 bar, it is time to replace the batteries. Additionally, as the operator uses the Receiver, if the batteries get low, REPLACE BATTERIES will appear in the lower area of the Display screen.

Vol(up)/Vol(down)

Increases or decreases the volume of the speaker.

Depth

After determining the centerline of the utility, set the blade of the receiver on the ground, press and hold this pad to get the depth to the center of the target.

5

TW-7700 RECEIVER

Display

Frequency Modes

The frequency at which the receiver is operating.

<< Left/Over Target>/Right>>

Indicates where the receiver is in relation to utility.

Numeric Display

Serves a dual function:

•Relative signal strength of the transmitted signal (% shown). Responds in conjunction with the bar graph. •Depth to the center of the target (when DEPTH pad is pressed - IN or CM shown)

Light

Indicates the display is lit (activated by pressing LIGHT pad).

Bar Graph

Serves three purposes:

•Responds in conjunction with signal strength. •Visual indicator for battery test (when BAT pad is pressed).

•Volume loudness indicator (when VOL(up)/VOL(down) is pressed.

Replace Batteries

When the receiver batteries fall below a nominal level, REPLACE BATTERIES will be displayed.

No Signal

When no signal is received by the receiver, NO SIGNAL will display. This response may be due to the transmitter not being turned on, or the transmitter and receiver not be set at the same frequency.

6

ACCESSORIES

Coupling Clamp

The coupling clamp is useful when the utility is exposed, and a direct connection is not possible. It is plugged into the same plug-in socket as the ground-plate/ground-rod assembly. The coupling clamp only operates at the 82 kHz frequency. The coupling clamp will fit around utilities that are 3-¼ inches in diameter or smaller. The length of the cable is approximately 10 feet.

Coupling Clamp Applications Diagram

A.The coupling clamp is for all tracing applications with conductors exposed; exception, an open circuit at line’s termination.

B.A ground must be provided for the proper current flow when the coupling clamp is used at a termination.

C.The coupling clamp must be used between the grounding and where the line goes underground.

D.Trace signal will return to ground when incorrectly coupled.

E.Signal will be transmitted in both directions when connecting is midway in a long conductor.

F.Drop lines or laterals divide the signal strength in half at each junction.

This represents a jumper

Headsets

Fisher Research Laboratory has a variety of headsets available.

•Ultra-quiet deluxe Fisher Phones. High quality sound while reducing the outside noise.

•Standard Stereo Headphones

•Single Earpiece Headset. Enables the operator to effectively listen to the TW-7700 and remain aware of noise in close proximity.

7

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

The following instructions are designed for a safe and effective method of line tracing and utility avoidance. Some of the steps may not be applicable in all situations. The underlying guideline is that operator safety must be maintained at all times. Use of safety equipment, extra personnel, and up to date as-built plans should be considered when necessary.

INITIAL SCAN

Set-up Transmitter either Inductively or Conductively

Inductive

Be aware of air coupling, the transmitted signal travelling to the Receiver via the air, not the utility.

Conductive

Connect the ground plate/ground rod assembly to the transmitter. Connect the red lead to the non energized utility. Connect the black lead to the ground plate/ground rod. Place the plate/rod at a 90 degree angle in reference to the utility. Be sure not to place the wires over any other utility.

After transmitter set-up, move away from the point of connection (or Induction) about 25 feet (8 meters). Sweep a circle around the point of connection. Initially, disregard the LEFT/RIGHT indicator and rely on the signal strength readout. Make note of the high readings. These are areas that need to be traced/examined in more detail.

Tracing

After locating the point(s) where the signal strength was the highest, return to that/those points and start tracing your utility. This is where the LEFT/RIGHT indicator is very helpful. Swing the receiver from left to right and listen for the change of tone. When the target is to the RIGHT of the receiver, the tone is pulsed tone. As the receiver gets closer to the target, the pitch gets higher. When the target is to the LEFT of the receiver, the tone is a continuous tone. As the receiver gets close to the target, the pitch also becomes higher. When the receiver is over the target, OVER TARGET is displayed on the display screen, and the tone is at its highest peak sound.

Depth Measuring

When an OVER TARGET response is displayed, position the blade of the receiver directly over the utility and place the tip on the ground. Hold the receiver steady, press and hold the DEPTH pad. Depth will be measured to the center of the utility.

8

DEPTH ACCURACY

Depth measurement is a feature of the TW-7700. Accuracy is defined on an ideal target, that is, one that is continuous, a good conductor, and not surrounding by other utilities. There are factors that can cause the operator to question the accuracy of the utility being traced.

Inductive Transmitter Setup

Inductively, only a small portion of the signal attaches itself to the utility. With a weakened signal, trace should be accurate, but depth may not. The conductive method will yield better results.

Low Receiver Signal Strength

When the signal strength falls below 20 – 25%, depth readout may not be accurate. It would be beneficial to move the transmitter to a closer point of contact.

Nearby Utilities

Close, nearby utilities may have some influence on the accuracy of the Depth readout. This is more prone to happen in the higher frequencies where signals can jump to nearby utilities. Switching to a lower frequency can give better results.

Moisture

Ground that is too dry or overly saturated may skew the depth readout.

“T’s”, elbows, or splits in the utility can distort the transmitted signal in that general area.

WARNING: Do not connect output leads to a live (energized) utility. Please prevent shock hazard and equipment damage.

9

SPECIFICATIONS

Subject to improvement or modification without notice.

RECEIVER

Depth Accuracy ......................

+1 inch per foot in nominal condi-

tions

 

Readout Units ........................

Inches or cm (factory preset)

Left/Right Guidance ...............

Audio: continuous tone=Left,

pulsed tone=Right. VCO (varying pitch) output for easy over

...........................................

target location. Visual: Left/Right/

...........................................

Over Target messages

Signal Strength ......................

Digital Numeric Readout (0-99%)

 

& Bar Graph

Sensitivity Adjust ...................

Automatic

LCD Backlight ........................

Included

Battery Test ...........................

Automatic Low Battery alert

 

Push button readout

Battery Type ...........................

Six “C” cells

Battery Life ............................

80 Hours

Weight .....................................

5.4 lbs.

Operating Temp .....................

-4 0 to +1400F (-200 to +600C)

TRANSMITTER

Output Frequency ..................

82kHz,

Output Power (nominal) ........

.5Watts,

Battery Test ...........................

Yes

Battery Type ...........................

Two 6 Volt lantern batteries

Battery Life ............................

80 Hours

Weight .....................................

5.0 lbs.

Fisher Research Laboratory does not warrant suitability to specific use. Fisher Research Laboratory shall in no event be liable for any direct, incidental, consequential or indirect damages.

10

NOTES

QUALITY

Fisher detectors are renowned for their quality. Each detector is hand crafted in the USA with pride

PERFORMANCE

Our detectors and locators are durable, dependable, and search deeper.

REPUTATION

Fisher produced the first patented metal detector in 1931. For over 70 years, the Fisher logo has been a mark of excellence.

2 YEAR WARRANTY

Fisher believes in the products we produce and backs this belief with a 2 year limited warranty. Warranty may vary outside the United States. See your dealer for details

SERVICE

Fisher is committed to providing you, our valued customer, with superior service. Each and every instrument is rigidly tested and carefully inspected during assembly and before shipment. Should you have any questions or problems, contact:

FISHER RESEARCH LABORATORY

200 W. Willmott Rd.,

Los Banos, CA 93635

Tel 209.826.3292 Fax 209.826.0416 www.fisherlab.com email:info@fisherlab.com

EXPORT DEPARTMENT

FRL 8708002-A

P.O. Box 1896

New Haven, CT 06508 USA

Tel 203.288.1638 Fax 203.287.8099

email:mb@exportdept.com