Cisco Systems IGX 8400 User Manual

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C H A P T E R 4

Trunk Cards

This chapter describes the hardware and functionality of IGX trunk cards. The description of each card includes:

Function

System interconnect

Faceplate indicators

Other publications that relate to IGX operation are:

The Cisco IGX 8400 Series Installation and Configurationpublication describes installation, troubleshooting, user commands, repair and replacement, and the rack-mount Cisco IGX 8420-to-IGX 8430 conversion.

The Cisco WAN Switching Command Referencepublication and the Cisco WAN Switching SuperUser Command Referencepublication describe standard user commands and superuser commands.

The Cisco WAN Manager Installationpublication and the Cisco WAN Manager Operationspublication both contain information on network management.

Trunk Cards 4-1

Trunk Interface Cards

Trunk Interface Cards

This section describes the IGX trunks. The card groups are:

Universal switching module enhanced (UXM-E)

Network trunk module (NTM)

Note With Release 9.2 and later software, an Cisco IGX 8420 or 8430 switch can support a maximum of 32 trunks.

Table 4-1 lists the trunk front cards, andTable 4-2 lists the corresponding trunk interface back cards.

Table 4-1

Trunk Front Cards

 

 

 

 

 

Card Acronym

 

Card Name

 

 

 

 

 

UXM-E

 

Universal switching module

 

 

 

 

 

NTM

 

Network trunk module

 

 

 

 

Table 4-2

Interface Back Cards for Trunks

 

 

 

Back Card Acronym by Trunk Card Name

 

 

 

 

 

UXM-E

 

 

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-4-155-MMF

4-portmultimode fiber 155Mbps

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-4-155-SMF

4-portsingle mode fiber 155Mbps

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-2-155-SMF

2-portsingle mode fiber 155Mbps

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-2-SMFXLR

2-portsingle mode fiber XLR

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-4-SMFXLR

4-portsingle mode fiber XLR

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-4-STM1E

4-portsynchronous transportmodule-1E

 

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-6-T3

 

6-portT3 back card

 

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-3-T3

 

3-portT3 back card

 

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-6-E3

 

6-portE3 back card

 

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-3-E3

 

3-portE3 back card

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-8-T1-DB-15

8-portT1 back card withDB-15connector

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-8-E1-DB-15

8-portE1 back card withDB-15connector

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-8-E1-BNC

8-portE1 back card with BNC connector

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-4-T1-DB-15

4-portT1 back card withDB-15connector

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-4-E1-DB-15

8-portE1 back card withDB-15connector

 

 

 

 

BC-UAI-4-E1-BNC

4-portE1 back card with BNC connector

 

 

 

 

 

NTM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BC-E1

 

E1 interface card

 

 

 

 

 

BC-T1

 

T1 interface card

 

 

 

 

 

BC-Y1

 

Y1 trunk interface card

 

 

 

 

 

BC-SR

 

Subrate trunk interface card

 

 

 

 

 

4-2 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Common Alarms, Controls, and Indicators

Trunk Operating Modes

IGX trunk cards operate in either simple gateway orcell forwarding mode. Simple gateway supportsservice interworking, which lets Frame Relay connections terminate at ATM endpoints. For a description of simple and complex gateways, service and network interworking, tiered networks, trunks, ATM protocols, and cell and header formats, refer to theCisco Systems Overview.

Trunk Card Maintenance

Trunk cards require no maintenance except for replacement after a confirmed failure.

Loopback Test

A trunk loopback test runs when an ATM trunk detects an integrated alarm. The loopback test indicates if the line or the card is faulty. A loopback test “pass” means the line is faulty, so a line alarm is subsequently indicated. A loopback test “fail” means thecard is faulty. If the card is faulty, a switch occurs to an availableY-cableequipped redundant card.

Common Alarms, Controls, and Indicators

Front cards and back cards have faceplates with indicator LEDs. Most cards have both a green Active LED and a red Fail LED at the bottom of the faceplate. For definitions of the port status LEDs on a back card, refer to the section that describes the back card. Table 4-3 describes the common card status indicators for LEDs.

Note In slots where no back card exists, a blank faceplate must reside to block Electromagnetic

Interference (EMI) and Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) and to ensure correct air flow.

Table 4-3

Common Card Status Indicators

 

 

 

Indicators

Status

Meaning

 

 

 

Fail

ON Steady

Indicates an error occurred. First, reset the card with the resetcd f

 

 

command. If the LED comes on again, call the TAC.

 

 

 

Fail

Blinking

On an NPM in a redundant system, this combination indicates that

 

 

the card is being updated.

 

 

 

Active

ON steady

When steadily on, this combination indicates the card is active and

 

 

carrying traffic or processing data.

 

 

 

Active

ON momentarily

When momentarily on, indicates the card executed a self-test.

 

 

 

BOTH

OFF

Indicates the card is either part of a redundant pair and is in standby

 

 

or is not being used at all.

 

 

 

BOTH

ON

Indicates the card failed but remains active because no standby card

 

 

is available. One or more lines failed, but others remain active.

 

 

 

Trunk Cards 4-3

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

This description of the universal switching module (UXM-E)covers the following topics:

An introduction includes sections on the UXM-Emode of operation,trunk-modefeatures, interface card list, card redundancy, card mismatch, clock sourcing, cellbus bandwidth usage, configuration for public ATM network service, and configuration for celltrunk-onlyroutes

Supported traffic and connection types

Inverse multiplexing over ATM (IMA)

Activation and configuration of a UXM-Efortrunk-modeoperation

Supported traffic and connection types

Alarms for physical lines and logical (IMA) trunks

Descriptions of the faceplates on the back cards

The universal switching module (UXM-E)can function in one of two modes. Intrunk mode, theUXM-Esupports trunks in the network. Inport mode, it as either an ATMUser-to-NetworkInterface (UNI) or aNetwork-to-Networkinterface (NNI). The back cards support multiple ports operating at OC3/STM1, T3, E3, T1, or E1 rates.

Note The word “port” has two uses in a Cisco WAN switch. “Port mode” refers to the function of an interface at the edge of anetwork—theendpoint at which you add connections (UNI) or the interface between two networks (NNI). Examples of port cards are the UVM, UFM, ALM/A, andport-modeUXM-Ein an IGX switch or an ASI in a BPX switch.

On the other hand, a “port” is also a layer of logical functionality that applies to port cards as well as trunk cards. For example, whether you activate a line to a router or activate an ATM trunk to the network, you must subsequently configure the logical port in either case.

For a UXM-E,therefore, the documentation describes a logical “port” on aport-modeUXM-Efor a UNI or NNI at the edge of a network, yet it also refers to a “port on aUXM-Etrunk” as a layer of logic.

Introduction to the UXM-ETrunk Mode

The UXM-Ecan transport ATM cells to and from the cellbus at a maximum rate of 310 Mbps in either direction. TheUXM-Ecan support up to 8000 total connections in trunk mode.

Note TheUXM-Ein trunk mode cannot support more than 4000 gateway connections. All remaining connections can be either user or networking connections. For example, if you configure 2500 gateway connections, you still have 5500 connections available to be used for user or networking connections.

The UXM-Ecommunicates only ATM cells to either the network or the CPE. On the cellbus, however, theUXM-Ecommunicates either ATM cells or FastPackets according to the card type. With anotherUXM-E,it communicates only in ATM cells. With other cards, theUXM-Ecommunicates in FastPackets. Through its gateway functionality, theUXM-Etranslates between FastPackets and ATM cells so it can transport voice, data, or Frame Relay traffic that other cards have put in FastPackets.

4-4 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

Determining the UXM-E’sMode of Operation

The UXM-Edetects reports its mode of operation to switch software when you first activate either a trunk to the network or a line on the UNI or NNI. If you activate a trunk, theUXM-Egoes into trunk mode. If you activate a line, theUXM-Egoes into port mode. The CLI commands for these operations areuptrk andupln, respectively. (TheUXM-Edescription in this chapter lists important information about the commands that apply to theUXM-E,but the order of their use appears in theCisco IGX 8400 Series Installation guide. For a detailed description of each command and its parameters, see theCisco WAN Switching Command Reference.)

Example Networks with UXM-Es

Networks with both trunk mode and port mode UXM-Esappear inFigure 4-1 andFigure 4-2,respectively. The nodes inFigure 4-1 use onlyUXM-Esfor port interfaces and trunk interfaces.Figure 4-2 shows a variety of cards providing interfaces for different traffic types.

The network carrying only ATM traffic appears in Figure 4-1. EachUXM-Etrunk card inFigure 4-1 connects to either anotherUXM-Etrunk card or a BXM operating as a trunk. The ATM UNI ports are theUXM-Eport cards (for connection A), the BXM operating in port mode (for connection B), the ASI (for connection C), and the BXM feeder trunk (for connection D). Connection D is atwo-segmentconnection. One segment of connection D exists between the BNM and AUSM on the Cisco MGX 8220 shelf, and the other segment exists between the BXM and theUXM-EUNI port.

Figure 4-1UXM-Esin a Network with Pure ATM Traffic

A

 

 

B

UXM-EUXM-E

A

UXM-EUXM-E

C

 

 

D

 

 

IGX

IGX

 

B

BXM

BXM

BXM

BNI

BNI

ASI

C

 

 

BPX

 

BPX

 

BPX

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BNM

 

AUSM

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

29629

 

MGX 8220

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A network with ATM traffic and FastPacket-basedtraffic appears inFigure 4-2. Connections A and B are ATM connections that terminate onUXM-EUNI port cards and a BXM operating as a UNI port. Connection C is a Frame Relay connection between a UFM and an FRM. Connection D is a

Trunk Cards 4-5

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

voice connection between a CVM and CDP. Connection E is a local connection (DAXCON) between a UFM and a UXM-EUNI port on the same node. For connectionsC–E,the gateway function of theUXM-Epacks and unpacks the FastPackets into and out of the ATM cells.

Figure 4-2UXM-Esin a Network with Heterogeneous Traffic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A

UXM-E

 

UXM-E

 

BXM

 

BXM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IGX

 

 

BPX

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UXM-E

 

 

B

UXM-E

 

UXM-E

 

UXM-E

 

UXM-E

 

UFM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IGX

 

 

 

 

 

IGX

 

 

IGX

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CVM

 

 

 

 

 

NTM

 

 

 

UXM-E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A

B

C

E

29630

UXM-ETrunk Features

The following list broadly identifies the features of a UXM-Etrunk. After the bulleted list, the remaining sections of this introduction contain tables that list the features on particular topics, such as interworking. Actual descriptions of the features appear in the section“The UXM-E in Trunk Mode” on page 13.

The UXM-Euses all four lanes of the cellbus.

In trunk mode, the UXM-Esupports up to 8000 connections.

Note TheUXM-Ein trunk mode cannot support more than 4000 gateway connections. All remaining connections can be either user or networking connections. For example, if you configure 2500 gateway connections, you still have 5500 connections available to be used for user or networking connections.

4-6 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

The maximum throughput is 310 Mbps—twotimes theOC-3(STM1) rate. This maximum applies whether the back card is a2-portor4-portback card. In practical application, this maximum rate means that most trunk applications with anOC-3interface would use the2-portback card.

The UXM-EsupportsATM-to-FrameRelay network and service interworking.

For the ABR connection types, the UXM-Esupports EFCI marking, Explicit Rate Stamping, and Virtual Source/Virtual Destination (VS/VD).

The UXM-EsupportsY-cableredundancy with hot standby for very fast switchover.

The front card has 128K cell buffers.

For statistics support, the UXM-Eprovidesreal-timestatistics counters and interval statistics collection for ports, lines, trunks, and channels.

The UXM-Ecan form a logical trunk by grouping more than one T1 or E1 port. The name of this (purchased) option is Inverse Multiplexing over ATM (IMA).

The on-boarddiagnostics areloopback,self-test,andbackground.

UXM-EInterfaces

Table 4-4 is a list of theUXM-Eback cards.Figure 4-3 shows theUXM-Efront card.Table 4-5 defines all possible combinations for the states of the front card status LEDs (Fail, Active, and Standby).

Table 4-4

Back Cards for the UXM-E

 

 

 

Card Name

 

Card Description

 

 

BC-UAI-4-155-MMF

4-portmultimode fiber 155 Mbps

 

 

BC-UAI-4-155-SMF

4-portsingle mode fiber 155 Mbps

 

 

BC-UAI-2-155-SMF

2-portsingle mode fiber 155 Mbps

 

 

BC-UAI-2-SMFXLR

2-portsingle mode fiber XLR

 

 

BC-UAI-4-SMFXLR

4-portsingle mode fiber XLR

 

 

BC-UAI-4-STM1E

4-portsynchronous transportmodule-1E

 

 

 

BC-UAI-6-T3

 

6-portT3 back card

 

 

 

BC-UAI-3-T3

 

3-portT3 back card

 

 

 

BC-UAI-6-E3

 

6-portE3 back card

 

 

 

BC-UAI-3-E3

 

3-portE3 back card

 

 

BC-UAI-4-T1-DB-15

4-portT1 back card withDB-15connector

 

 

BC-UAI-8-T1-DB-15

8-portT1 back card withDB-15connector

 

 

BC-UAI-4-E1-DB-15

4-portE1 back card withDB-15connector

 

 

BC-UAI-8-E1-DB-15

8-portE1 back card withDB-15connector

 

 

BC-UAI-4-E1-BNC

4-portE1 back card with BNC connector

 

 

BC-UAI-8-E1-BNC

8-portE1 back card with BNC connector

 

 

 

Trunk Cards 4-7

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

Figure 4-3UXM-EFront Card

Minor

Major

Fail

Active

Standby

UXME

29424

4-8 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

 

 

 

 

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

 

Table 4-5

UXM-EStatus LEDs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fail

Active

Standby

Status of Card

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On

Off

Off

Failed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

Blinking

Off

Back Card Mismatch (hot standby)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

On

Off

Back Card Mismatch (active)—canbe missing back card

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

Off

Blinking

Back Card Mismatch (self-test)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

Off

On

Back Card Mismatch (standby)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

Blinking

Off

Hot Standby

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

On

Off

Active

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

Off

Blinking

Self-test

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

Off

On

Standby

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On

On

On

Down

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum Number of UXM-Es

Switch software limits the number of logical trunks and ports on an IGX switch. The maximum number of UNI or NNI ports in an IGX switch is 64. The maximum number of logical trunks is 32. To determine the number of each logical type in the switch, add the number of ports on multiport cards and single-portcards. These sums cannot exceed 64 ports and 32 trunks. For example, using exclusively2-portOC3 trunks, you could install:

2 trunks per card x 16 OC3 UXM-Es= 32 trunks

Switch software monitors the number of logical ports and trunks, not the number of UXM-Es.Therefore, the software keeps you from activating an excessive number of lines or trunks on the node rather than flagging the presence of too many cards.

Y-CabledUXM-ERedundancy

The UXM-Efeatureshot standby as a part of itsY-cableredundancy capability. With hot standby, the redundant card receives the configuration information as soon as you finish specifying redundancy. The standby card also receives updates to its configuration as the active card configuration changes. Hot standby lets the backup card go into operation as soon as necessary rather than waiting for the NPM to download the configuration.

Y-cableredundancy requires that both cards are active and available before you set up redundancy. Use Cisco WAN Manager or the CLI commandsuptrk,addtrk, thenaddyred. (See also descriptions ofaddyred,delyred,dspyred, andptyred in theCisco WAN Switching Command Reference publication.)

Switchover to a Redundant UXM-E

If the card fails, a switchover occurs to a Y-cabled,redundantUXM-Ecard set if available. If the switchover occurs, the primaryUXM-Eacquires failed status, and the Fail LED turns on.

Trunk Cards 4-9

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

Card Mismatch

The UXM-Esupports two types of card mismatch notification. The notification common to all cards occurs when you connect an unsupported back card to the front card. The mismatch notification unique to theUXM-Eoccurs if you attach a supported back card but one that has a different interface or asmaller number of thecorrect line types than what theUXM-Epreviously reported to software.

The UXM-Einforms switch software of the number and type of interface ports when you first activate aUXM-E.Software retains the back card configuration data if you remove it. If you subsequently attach a card with fewer ports, switch software flags a mismatch. Replacing a back card withmore ports of thesame line type or exchanging SMF and MMF OC3 (STM1) cards is not a mismatch. To change the interface that software has on record, you must first down the card then reactivate it.

The UXM-Eas a Clock Source

A UXM-Eline or trunk can be the clock source for the node. Use thedspclksrcs command to display available clock sources,dspcurclk to show the current clock source, andcnfclksrc to specify a new clock source. To clear clock alarms, useclrclkalm.

Cellbus Bandwidth Usage

The cellbus consists of four operational lanes plus one backup lane. (The backup lane becomes active if a lane fails.) The FastPacket-basedcards can use only one lane and communicate only in FastPackets. If aFastPacket-basedcard controls the cellbus, no ATM cells can be on the cellbus.

When the UXM-Ehas control of the cellbus, it can pass any of the following:

ATM cells on all lanes (for example, with a daxcon between UXM-Esor when oneUXM-Ecommunicates with anotherUXM-Ein the same switch)

FastPackets on lane 1 simultaneously with ATM cells on lanes 2 through 4

FastPackets on lane 1

Switch software monitors and computes cellbus bandwidth requirements for each card in the Cisco 8400 series switches. For the UXM-Ealone, you can change its cellbus bandwidth allocation. (You cannot view or alter bandwidth allocation for other cards.) The unit of measure for the ATM cell and FastPacket bandwidth on the cellbus is the universal bandwidth unit (UBU).

Switch software allocates a default number of UBUs for the card when the UXM-Eidentifies the back card interface to switch software. If you remove a card, switch software reserves the current cellbus bandwidth allocation for that card. If, as you add more connections, the load approaches oversubscription, switch software displays a warning message. Regardless of the warning message, Cisco recommends that you monitor bandwidth allocation and allocate more UBUs for the card to avoid oversubscription.

For the UXM-E,switch software allocates enough bandwidth to meet the requirements for the minimum cell rate (MCR) and therefore does not accommodate burstiness. Therefore, you must know theUXM-Ebandwidth requirements to determine if you should change its UBU allocation. Monitor the bandwidth requirements after you build the network and during normal operation. On the CLI, the applicable commands arecnfbusbw anddspbusbw.

You can raise, lower, or check a UXM-E’sUBUs withcnfbusbw. Thecnfbusbw privilege level is0—superuser.To check aUXM-E’sUBUs, usedspbusbw orcnfbusbw. Any user can usedspbusbw. Each command’s display provides the information you need to determine if you must increase the UBUs on a particularUXM-E.The only value you can change isallocated bandwidth.

4-10 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

The card-based default and maximum cellbus bandwidth for each interface appears inTable 4-5.Note that FastPackets require substantially less cellbus bandwidth than ATM cells. The FastPacket requirements in the figure and table reflect the restriction of FastPackets to one lane and the maximum processing rate of the gateway on theUXM-E.

The values you can view with the cnfbusbw anddspbusbw commands are:

Minimum Required Bandwidth, the necessary bandwidth that switch software has calculated for the existing connections on the localUXM-E.The display shows the requirements for FastPackets, ATM cells, and the equivalent in total UBUs.

Average Used Bandwidth is the average bandwidth usage.

Peak Used Bandwidth is the peak bandwidth usage.

Maximum Port Bandwidth is the maximum bandwidth that the back card can support. The FastPackets per second field has adash-markbecause only cells pass through the port.

Allocated Bandwidth is the current cellbus allocation for the card. The field shows the UBUs, the bandwidth when only ATM cells are on the bus, and cells plus Fastpackets. The reason for cells alone and cells plus Fastpackets is that cells can exist on the cellbus with or without FastPackets. The last field underAllocated Bandwidth shows the formula to which the allocated values must adhere. (A description of the formula follows the example screen.)

Table 4-6

 

Cellbus Bandwidth Allocation for UXM-EInterfaces

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Default

 

 

Max.

 

 

 

 

Cell

Default

 

Cell

Maximum

Inter-

 

 

Traffic

Cell + Fpkt

 

Traffic

Cell + Fpkts

face

 

Default

Only

Traffic

Max.

Only

Traffic

Type

Ports

UBUs

(cps)

(cps and fps)

UBUs

(cps)

(cps and fps)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OC3

4 or 2

44

176,000

132,000, 88,000

235

708,000

473,000, 470,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T3

6 or 3

24

96,000

72,000, 48,000

235

708,000

473,000, 470,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E3

6 or 3

20

80,000

60,000, 40,000

235

708,000

473,000, 470,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T1

8

8

32,000

24,000, 16,000

32

128,000

96,000, 64,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T1

4

4

16,000

12,000, 8,000

16

64,000

48,000, 32,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E1

8

10

40,000

30,000, 20,000

40

160,000

120,000, 80,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E1

4

5

20,000

15,000, 10,000

20

80,000

60,000, 40,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Planning for Cellbus Bandwidth Allocation

With the Network Modeling Tool™ (NMT), you can use the projected load for all UXM-Esin the network to estimate their cellbus requirements. During normal operation, you can use Cisco WAN Manager to obtain the trunk and port statistics then decide whether to usecnfbusbw to increase the UBU allocation. If you are using only the CLI, you would need to establish a virtual terminal (vt) session to each node then executedspbusbw orcnfbusbw.

Trunk Cards 4-11

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

Calculating Cellbus Bandwidth Changes

To determine how many UBUs are necessary, use the values for average bandwidth used in the following formula:

fps

-------+cps 2

UBUs =-----------------------

4000

In most circumstances, the fps andcps values fromaverage bandwidth used are sufficient. Thepeak bandwidth used values are primarily informational.

The information in Table 4-5 provides the ranges for the interface type. Note that, if you do the math according to the formula, you see that the value in thecells-alonecolumn ofTable 4-5 equals the result of adding half the FastPacket value to the cell value in the cells plus FastPackets column.

When you use dspbusbw, a yes/no prompt asks if you want firmware to retrieve the usage values. If you enter a “y,” theUXM-Ereads—thenclears—itsregisters and thus restarts statistics gathering.

If you enter an “n,” switch software displays the current values that reside in control card memory (on the NPM). The values in memory come from the last update from the UXM-E.

ATM Across a Public ATM Network

The UXM-Ecan support trunking across a public ATM network so both virtual channel connections (VCCs) and virtual path connections (VPCs) traverse a single virtual path trunk. This feature lets you map multiple trunks to a single port of an NNI. The NNI connects to either a public or private ATM network. The virtual trunk package is alower-costalternative to leased circuits but still has the full set of Cisco ATM traffic management capabilities. This application requires twoUXM-Esand a clock from an external source. The rates can beOC-3/STM-1,T3/E3, or T1/E1.

Figure 4-4UXM-EsConfigured for a Public ATM Network

 

1

Cable 1

 

 

 

UXM-E

2

2

UXM-E

4

Public

trunk

3

3

port

 

network

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

slot 8

 

slot 9

 

10106

Note the following characteristics of this form of trunking across a public network:

The trunk cannot provide the a clock for transport across the public network.

This feature does not support VPC connections across the public network.

The node number at each endpoint must be 17 or higher.

Refer to Figure 4-3 as you read the steps for the following exampleset-up:

Step 1 Connect a cable between each of the following:

8.1 and 9.1

8.2 and 9.2

4-12 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

8.3 and 9.3

9.4 and the public network

Step 2 Configure trunk 8.1, 8.2, and 8.3 to use VPC 101, 102, and 103, respectively.

Step 3 Add 3 VPC connections from 9.1, 9.2, and 9.3 to 9.4. At the far end, use the same VPCs.

Routing over Cell Trunks Only

You can specify trunk cell routing only as an option when you add a connection betweenUXM-E,ASI, or BXM ports. When you enable trunk cell routing, switch software routes across only thecell-basedtrunk cards BNI, BXM, andUXM-E:no conversion to FastPackets occurs on the route. If you disable trunk cell routing, the routing process can select aFastPacket-basedtrunk and so decrement the number of available gateway connections. Also, using aFastPacket-basedtrunk may result in increased network delays. Therefore, enabling trunk cell routing is the preferred choice when you add a connection at a BNI, BXM, orUXM-E.

If you add connections at other port cards, such as a UFM or ALM/A, switch software does not display the trunk cell routing option.

On the CLI, the addcon prompt for this option appears as “trunk cell routing restrict y/n?” It appears after you enter either the ATM class of service or after you finish specifying all the individual bandwidth parameters that apply to the current connection type. You can specify whether the default for trunk cell routing is “Yes” or “No” through thecnfnodeparm (superuser) command.

The UXM-Ein Trunk Mode

The UXM-Etrunk can communicate ATM cells that originated at an ATM endpointor—throughitson-boardgatewayfunctionality—FastPacket-basedtraffic such as voice, data, and Frame Relay. AUXM-Etrunk can connect to the following trunk cards:

UXM-E

BXM

Types of Supported Traffic

As previously stated, the UXM-Etrunk can connect to only anotherUXM-Etrunk or a BXM trunk. On the other hand, the types of traffic that traverse aUXM-Etrunk can originate at ATM ports or other types of ports. The types of traffic that a cell on aUXM-Etrunk can carry appear inTable 4-7. Table 4-7 shows the traffic types that ATM cells can carry where the payload originated as a FastPacket.

Table 4-7Traffic fromFastPacket-BasedCards

Traffic Type

Timestamped

Non-timestamped

Voice

Bursty data A

Bursty data B

High priority

CBR, VBR, ABR

Trunk Cards 4-13

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

Types of Connections on a UXM-ETrunk

This section introduces the connections that a UXM-Etrunk supports. The context of each description is the trunk rather than the connection endpoints. The purpose of these descriptions is not only to inform but also help you plan the network. Some definitions overlap because a connection may qualify as more than one type.

A Cell connection carries information that exists in ATM cell format throughout the path. On aUXM-Etrunk, therefore, the onlycell connections are those that have originated on aUXM-Eport at one end and remain in cell format throughout the connection.

A Gateway connection carries information that normally exists in ATM cell format but is translated to FastPacket format for some purpose at some point along the path. Reason for the translation could be that the connection terminates on aFastPacket-basedcard, is a network connection, or includes aFastPacket-basedtrunk card in the route.

A Networking connection carries network messages between nodes and terminate as FastPackets (and therefore are also gateway connections).

A User-connection is a connection that a user has added at the current node.User-connectionscan be cell connections or gateway connections. User connections are mutually exclusive of via connections and network connections.

A Via connection passes through a node and does not terminate on the node. You can neither view nor alter a via connection because the connection does not terminate on the node (the node that owns the connection has made the via node and trunk a part of the route).

An Interworking connection is a service or network interworking connection in which one end terminates as ATM and the other as Frame Relay. Interworking connections are a subset of gateway connections.

Operating as a trunk, the UXM-Ecarries up to 8000 connections. A via connection can be either acell-typeor agateway-type.

Because network messages use gateway channels, they subtract from the total number of available gateway connections. For each active port, theUXM-Ereserves 270 gateway connections for networking regardless of the interface type. Therefore, with afully-utilized8-E1or8-T1back card, theUXM-Ereserves up to 2160 connections. Because these numbers potentially represent a very significant reduction in the number of gateway connections foruser-data,switch software lets you specify a maximum number of active ports on the back card. The most applicable interfaces for this capability are the T1 and E1 ports, especially with Inverse Multiplexing Over ATM (IMA). See the section“Inverse Multiplexing over ATM on IGX Trunks” for the description of IMA.

You can specify the maximum number of logical trunks that can be active on a card through Cisco WAN Manager or the CLI. The applicable CLI command iscnftrkport. For example, if you intend aneight-portcard to have two logical (IMA) trunks, you can usecnftrkport to specify a maximum number of two trunks. Software would therefore reserve 540 connections for network messages rather than the 2160 connections if you did not specify a maximum.

Inverse Multiplexing over ATM on IGX Trunks

Inverse Multiplexing over ATM (IMA) lets you group physical T1 or E1 lines to form a logical trunk. A logical trunk consisting of more than one T1 or E1 line supports connections with data rates that are much higher than the T1 or E1 rate. System software lets you specify IMA so that one or more physical lines within the logical trunk can serve as backup if a line fails.

4-14 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

IMA characteristics are as follows:

All physical ports of an IMA trunk use the same line configuration.

The node maintains a set of retained links for the IMA trunk to keep it active. The IMA trunk does not fail unless the number of active trunks is less than theuser-specifiednumber of retained links.

The IMA trunk can provide a clock source or clock path (see cnftrk command). The first (the lowest numbered) available physical line is used. If this line fails, the next available line within the IMA provides the clock source or clock path.

Full support for individual physical line alarms and statistics.

To specify the range of ports for an IMA trunk, you can use either Cisco WAN Manager or the command-lineinterface (CLI). To define an IMA trunk on the CLI, use theuptrk command:

uptrk slot.start_port-end_port

For example, you could enter uptrk 8.1–4.Subsequently, you would refer to this logical trunk by using only the slot number and first portnumber—8.1in thisexample—whenyou use other commands, such asaddtrk,deltrk,cnftrk, and so on. Commands for viewing IMA information also includedspportstats,dspphyslns,dsptrkcnf,dspfdr,dspnode, anddspphyslnstathist.

Adding an IGX Feeder

The IMA feeder node feature provides redundancy in case one of the physical lines on an IMA trunk fails. This reduces the chance of a single point of failure when a single feeder trunk is out of service. In addition, this feature allows you to configure the services on a feeder node instead of a routing node.

Figure 4-5 shows an example of an IGX feeder topology.

Figure 4-5Sample IGX Feeder Topology

IGX-feeder

IGX-hub

IGX-hub

U

 

U

 

U

 

U

 

U

 

U

 

X

 

X

 

X

IMA cloud

X

 

X

F

 

M-

 

M-

 

M-

M-

 

M-

M

 

E

 

E

 

E

 

E

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IMA-trunk8.3-8

29454

Currently supported on the IGX, a Service Expansion Shelf (SES) can function as a feeder node connected to an IGX routing node using a UXM-EOC-3interface. TheUXM-Efeeder node feature adds the capability to support theUXM-Einterface and the IGX as a feeder node. The routing node can be an IGX or aBPX/BXM-T3,BPX/BXM-E3,or BNI. TheUXM-Einterface type T1/E1, nxT1/E1, T3/E3, andOC-3,SMF/MMF Extra Long Reach can be used to connect an IGX feeder node to the IGX/BPX routing node.

Note For a summary of commands you use to bring up an IGX node, refer to the section “IGX Configuration Summary” inCisco IGX 8400 Series Installation and Configuration .

Trunk Cards 4-15

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

Adding and Removing IMA Group Links

When you configure an IMA trunk through Cisco WAN Manager or the cnftrk command, you enter the number of retained links. This represents the number of ports that must remain active for the IMA trunk itself to remain active. If a physical line goes out of service, but the number of active lines is at least as great as the retained links value, the IMA trunk remains active even though the node goes into major alarm. Also, the available load bandwidth is adjusted according to physical line status, so the switch does not reroute connections after a line failure unless theused bandwidth becomes greater than theavailable bandwidth.

In Figure 4-6,the number of retained links is set to 3. If line 1 fails for example, trunk8.1-4will continue functioning, however, the node will show major alarm due to the physical line failure.

Figure 4-6Line Redundancy

 

 

 

 

 

IGX-Hub

 

4

 

 

1

 

 

IGX-Feeder

 

 

6

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

1

 

U

 

U

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U

 

U

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

M-

 

M-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

M-

 

M-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

E

 

6

 

 

3

 

 

E

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trunk 8.1-4

29452

The transmit and receive rate of an IMA trunk is the sum of all physical lines minus the IMA protocol overhead. The overhead for up to four lines is one DS0. Using the previous IMA trunk example, the maximum rates are as follows:

for trunk 8.1-4(with T1 lines):

TX rate = Rx rate = 24 * 4 DS0s – 1 DS0 = 95 DS0s

You could configure the line receive rate to be the maximum bandwidth allowed on this trunk:

total bandwidth = RX rate = 95 DS0s

You could configure the line transmit rate to be the maximum bandwidth allowed on this trunk:

total bandwidth = RX rate = 95 DS0s

However, if a physical line fails (and the number of retained links are still active), the switch adjusts the total bandwidth. Using the example IMA trunk consisting of four physical T1 lines:

total bandwidth is 95 DS0s – 24 DS0s = 71 DS0s

4-16 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

Figure 4-7 shows an example of IMA protocol overhead. In the example, DS0 1 is reserved for an IMA group with 1 to 4 physical lines and DS0 2 is reserved for an IMA group with 5 to 8 physical lines.

Figure 4-7

IMA Protocol

 

 

 

 

 

IGX-hub

5

 

1

 

 

IGX-feeder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

1

 

U

 

U

6

 

2

 

 

U

 

U

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

3

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

M-

 

M-

 

 

 

 

 

M-

 

M-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

E

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

E

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trunk 8.1-4

29453

Supported Segment Connections on the IGX Feeder Node

Figure 4-8 shows an example of configuring atwo-segmentconnection for IGX feeder node functionality.

Figure 4-8SampleTwo-SegmentConnections

B

 

 

 

U

 

 

 

 

 

BNI/

Routing

 

X

 

 

 

BXM/

 

M-

 

network

 

 

 

 

UXM-E

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IGX-feeder

 

 

A

UXM-E/

 

BXM

29455

 

Table 4-8 lists the corresponding routing and feeder endpoints with applicable gateway and load types and also connection types.

Table 4-8

Two-SegmentConnections

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VCC

 

 

 

Routing

Feeder

Connection

or

 

Cell

 

Endpoint A

Endpoint B

Type

VPC

Gateway Type

Routing

Load Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UXM-E

UXM-E

CBR

Both

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

CBR_LOAD

BXM

 

RT-VBR

 

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

CBR_LOAD

 

 

NRT-VBR

 

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

VBR_LOAD

 

 

ABR.STD

 

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

ABR_LOAD

 

 

ABRFST

 

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

ABR_LOAD

 

 

UBR

 

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

UBR_LOAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UXM-E

UXM-E

ATFR

N/A

GW_TYPE_NWI

N/A

BDATA_LOAD

Trunk Cards 4-17

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

 

 

 

VCC

 

 

 

Routing

Feeder

Connection

or

 

Cell

 

Endpoint A

Endpoint B

Type

VPC

Gateway Type

Routing

Load Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BXM

 

ATFST

 

GW_TYPE_NWI

N/A

BDATB_LOAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UXM-E

UFM

ATFR

N/A

GW_TYPE_NWI

N/A

BDATA_LOAD

 

FRM

ATFST

N/A

GW_TYPE_NWI

N/A

BDATB_LOAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UFM

UFM

ATFR

N/A

GW_TYPE_NWI

N/A

BDATA_LOAD

 

 

ATFST

N/A

GW_TYPE_NWI

N/A

BDATB_LOAD

 

 

ATFX

N/A

GW_TYPE_SIWX

N/A

BDATA_LOAD

 

 

ATFXFST

N/A

GW_TYPE_SIWX

N/A

BDATB_LOAD

 

 

ATFT

N/A

GW_TYPE_SIWT

N/A

BDATA_LOAD

 

 

ATFTFST

N/A

GW_TYPE_SIWT

N/A

BDATB_LOAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRM

FRM

ATFR

N/A

GW_TYPE_NWI

N/A

BDATA_LOAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note Two-segmentvoice and data connections are not supported.

Figure 4-9 shows an example of configuring athree-segmentconnection for IGX feeder node functionality.

Figure 4-9SampleThree-SegmentConnections

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B

 

 

 

U

 

 

 

Routing

 

 

 

U

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

BXM/

 

 

BXM/

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

M-

 

UXM

 

network

 

UXM

 

M-

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29551

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IGX-feeder

 

 

 

 

 

IGX-feeder

Table 4-9 lists the corresponding feeder endpoints with applicable gateway and load types and connection types.

Table 4-9

Three-SegmentConnections

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VCC

 

 

 

Feeder

Feeder

Connection

or

 

Cell

 

Endpoint A

Endpoint B

Type

VPC

Gateway Type

Routing

Load Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UXM-E

UXM-E

CBR

Both

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

CBR_LOAD

 

 

RT-VBR

 

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

CBR_LOAD

 

 

NRT-VBR

 

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

VBR_LOAD

 

 

ABR.FST

 

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

ABR_LOAD

4-18 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

 

 

 

VCC

 

 

 

Feeder

Feeder

Connection

or

 

Cell

 

Endpoint A

Endpoint B

Type

VPC

Gateway Type

Routing

Load Type

 

 

ABR.STD

 

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

ABR_LOAD

 

 

UBR

 

GW_TYPE_NONE

True

UBR_LOAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UXM-E

UXM-E

ATFR

Both

GW_TYPE_NWI

N/A

BDATA_LOAD

UFM

UFM

ATFST

 

GW_TYPE_NWI

N/A

BDATB_LOAD

 

 

ATFX

 

GW_TYPE_SIWX

N/A

BDATA_LOAD

 

 

ATFXST

 

GW_TYPE_SIWX

N/A

BDATB_LOAD

 

 

ATFT

 

GW_TYPE_SIWT

N/A

BDATA_LOAD

 

 

ATFTST

 

GW_TYPE_SIWT

N/A

BDATB_LOAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UXM-E

UXM-E

ATFR

N/A

GW_TYPE_NWI

N/A

BDATA_LOAD

FRM

FRM

ATFST

N/A

GW_TYPE_NWI

N/A

BDATB_LOAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UVM

UVM

CBR

N/A

GW_TYPE_NONE

N/A

CBR_LOAD

CVM

CVM

 

 

 

 

 

HDM

HDM

 

 

 

 

 

LDM

LDM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Activation and Configuration of a UXM-Ein Trunk Mode

When you insert a new UXM-Einto the backplane or apply power to the IGX node,UXM-Efirmware reports the card type and number of physical lines on the back card. Switch software can then determine the allowed range and characteristics of trunks for you to configure. Software thus prevents you from exceeding the maximum number of trunks on the switch as you activate them through either Cisco WAN Manager oruptrk on the CLI.

Table 4-10 shows the trunk characteristics you can configure for each interface type through either Cisco WAN Manager or thecnftrk command on the CLI.Table 4-10 also shows the fixed parameters.

Table 4-10Configurable Trunk Characteristics

Interface Type

Configurable Parameters

OC3 (STM1) SMF,

• HCS masking (on or off)

EL, and MMF

• Payload scramble (on or off)

 

 

• Cell (line) framing (STS/SONET or STM/SDH)

 

• Frame scramble (on or off)

 

 

T3

• HCS masking (on or off)

 

• Payload scramble (on or off)

 

• Cell (line) framing can be header error correction (HEC) or PLCP

 

• Cable length (0 to 255 feet or greater than 255 feet)

 

 

E3

• HCS masking (on or off)

 

• Payload scramble (on or off)

 

• Cell (line) framing is fixed as header error Correction (HEC)

 

• Cable length (0 to 255 feet or greater than 255 feet)

 

 

Trunk Cards 4-19

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

T1

HCS masking (on or off)

 

• Payload scramble (on or off)

 

Loop clock (enable/disable)

 

• Line framing (ESF or D4)

 

• Cable length (0 to 655 feet, ABAM cable only)

 

Idle code

 

• Line coding (fixed as B8ZS)

 

 

 

E1

HCS masking (on or off)

 

• Payload scramble (on or off)

 

• Line DS0 map (timeslots 0 to 31 for unframed or 1 to 15 and 17 to 31 for framed

 

 

format)

 

Loop clock

 

Idle code

 

• Line coding (fixed as HDB3)

 

• Receive line impedance (BNC fixed at 75 ohms; DB-15fixed at 120 ohms)

 

 

 

4-20 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

Alarms for Physical Lines and Logical Trunks

Variations exist in the way switch software supports alarms for physical lines and logical trunks for a trunk-modeUXM-E.The following list summarizes the approach to physical lines and trunks:

A UXM-Etrunk is mapped to a physical line object.

A physical (non-IMA)trunk is mappedone-to-onewith a physical line.

An IMA trunk is mapped to more than one physical line.

All line alarms (LOS, LOP, and so on) are reported as physical line alarms.

Software reports other trunk alarms (such as communication failure,communication break, and so on) as trunk alarms in a manner similar to other,non-UXM-Etrunk alarms.

For non-IMAtrunks, the alarm includes the physical line alarm.

For IMA trunks, the trunk and physical line alarms are separate and distinct.

The physical layer trunk alarms include LOS, LOF, AIS, Yel, LOP, Path AIS, and Path Yel. To view these alarms, use the dspphysln command. When you executedspphysln, any existing alarms appear as the physical line status. For a trunk with one physical line (such as an OC3 trunk or T1/E1 without IMA configured), the integrated alarm status is also shown by thedsptrks command.

You can enable the physical line statistical alarm on the CLI through the cnfphyslnalm command. You can display existing alarms through thedspphyslnerrs command and clear the alarms through theclrphyslnalm command.

To enable or disable the physical line or trunk statistical alarms, use cnftrkalm command. To display any outstanding alarms, usedstrkerrs. To clear the statistical alarms, useclrtrkalm.

To see the physical line and trunk statistical alarm types that apply to the UXM-E,enter the commands for configuring the alarms.

In summary, the applicable commands are dspphyslns,dspphyslnerrs,clrphyslnalm,cnflnalm ,dsptrks,dsptrkerrs,cnftrkalm,clrtrkalm,dspalms.

SCR and PCR Policing at Less than 50 CPS on UXM-E

This section provides descriptions of lowered PCR minimum policing values supported by the BXM and UXM-E.When policing is off, connections can be set with PCR values as low as 6 cells per second (CPS). The minimum SCR value can be set to 6 CPS regardless of interfaces.Table 4-11 lists the minimum PCR values for different BXM andUXM-Ecards when policing is enabled.

Table 4-11

PCR Minimum Values

 

 

 

 

Card Name

Card Type

Minimum PCR Policing Values

 

 

 

BXM

T3/E3

12 cells per second

BXM

OC-3/OC-12

50 cells per second (or equivalently 19.2 kbps)

IGX-UXM-E

T1/E1

6 cells per second

IGX-UXM-E

T1/E1 IMA

6 cells per second

IGX-UXM-E

OC-3/STM-1

50 cells per second (or equivalently 19.2 kbps)

 

 

 

Note The policing accuracy is always within 1%.

Trunk Cards 4-21

Universal Switching Module Enhanced

Figure 4-10 shows an application example enabled by the PCR minimum value feature. In the example, less than 19.2 kbps Frame and ATM connections are set up across two carrier Frame and ATM networks with the policing function enabled at the boundary of the two carrier networks. The PCR value of segment 2 is set to the new minimum PCR policing value supported by the NNI facing BXM. For the BXM cards where the minimum PCR values are lowered,over-provisioningof bandwidth for low speed connections (on segment 2) is reduced or eliminated.

Figure 4-10PCR Policing Application Example

 

 

 

 

 

Segment 1

 

Segment 2

Policing enabled

FR end device

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BPX

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NNI

 

 

 

 

 

FRSM

 

 

BXM

 

 

BXM

Public

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

< 19.2 kbps FR/ATM SIW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ATM/FR network

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

or NIW connections

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IGX

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UFM

 

UXM-E

NNI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FR end device

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Policing enabled

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FR or ATM server

31230

Note Firmware revision Model B must be used on all cards to avoid card mismatch.

Trunk Statistics for Troubleshooting

In Release 9.3, switch software separates the UXM-Etrunk statistics into physical statistics and logical statistics. (This separation is a deviation from other schemes for trunk statistics management.) The commands in this section are useful primarily for troubleshooting.

The CLI commands cnfphyslnstats, dspphyslnstatscnf, and dspphyslnstathistapply to the statistics for physical lines within an IMA trunk. You can enable the physical line statistics by using cnfphyslnstats, display the configuration for statistics with dspphyslnstatcnf, and display the statistics themselves with dspphyslnstathist.

The logical trunk statistics includes Qbin statistics, VI statistics, and gateway statistics. To enable statistics using the Cisco WAN Manager, you must use the TFTP mechanism. To configure the logical trunk statistics through the CLI, use cnftrkstats. Thedsptrkstatcnf command shows the configuration of the trunk statistics. To display the logical trunk statistics, usedsptrkstathist. These three commands primarily apply to debugging.

Software also supports statistics for trunk ports. Use the dspportstats command to display these statistics.

In summary, the following commands let you manage trunk statistics: cnfphyslnstats,cnftrkstats, dspphyslnstatcnf,dspphyslnstathist,dsptrkstatcnf,dsptrkstathist, anddspportstats.

4-22 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

UXM-EInterface Cards

Summary Statistics

You can view summary statistics for a UXM-Etrunk through Cisco WAN Manager or the CLI. The CLI commands aredspportstats anddsptrkstats.

With dspportstats, you can view:

Port statistics

IMA statistics

ILMI/ILMI statistics

With dsptrkstats, you can view:

Qbin statistics

Gateway statistics

Virtual interface statistics

UXM-EInterface Cards

This section provides basic information on the interface back cards for the UXM-E.The information consists of a general description, an illustration of the card faceplate, and a table describing the connectors and status LEDs. For details on the line technology of each type of interface, see the appendix“System Specifications.”

Note The T1 and E1 back cards do not have Active and Fail LEDs to indicatecard status (rather than the port status indicated by thetri-colorLEDs). If a T1 or E1 back card failure is detected, all of thetri-colorLEDs turn red.

The model numbers of the back cards and the order of their appearance are:

BC-UAI-4-155-MMFBC-UAI-4-155-SMFBC-UAI-2-155-SMFBC-UAI-2-SMFXLRBC-UAI-4-SMFXLRBC-UAI-4-STM1EBC-UAI-6-T3BC-UAI-3-T3BC-UAI-8-T1-DB-15BC-UAI-4-T1-DB-15BC-UAI-6-E3BC-UAI-3-E3BC-UAI-8-E1-DB-15BC-UAI-8-E1-BNCBC-UAI-4-E1-DB-15

Trunk Cards 4-23

UXM-EInterface Cards

BC-UAI-4-E1-BNC

OC-3/STM1Back Cards

The OC3/STM1 back cards for the UXM-Ehave thesingle-modefiber (SMF), multimode fiber (MMF) and electrical connections. The cards are:

BC-UAI-2-155-SMF

BC-UAI-4-155-SMF

BC-UAI-4-155-MMF

BC-UAI-2-SMFXLR

BC-UAI-4-SMFXLR

BC-UAI-4-STM1E

As indicated by the “2” or the “4” in the model number, these cards have two or four transmit and receive connectors. Each line has atri-colorLED whose color indicates its status. Each card also has a red Fail LED and a green Active LED to indicate the status of thecard.Table 4-12 lists the connectors and LEDs.Figure 4-11 shows thefour-portOC3/STM1 card. The SMF, STM1E, SMFXLR, and MMF versions appear the same.Figure 4-12 shows thetwo-portOC3/STM1 card. For technical data on OC3/STM1 lines, see the appendix “System Specifications.”

Table 4-12

Connectors and LEDs for SMF and MMF Back Cards

 

 

Connector/Indicator

Function

 

 

Transmit and receive

SC connector for SMF and MMF

 

 

Red (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active but a local alarm was detected.

 

 

Yellow (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active but a remote alarm was detected.

 

 

Green (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active.

 

 

 

Fail light (red)

 

An error was detected. Reset the card with resetcd f to clear it. If Fail

 

 

comes on again, call the TAC through Cisco Customer Engineering.

 

 

Active light (green)

The card is active and in service.

 

 

 

4-24 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

UXM-EInterface Cards

Figure 4-11BC-UAI-4-155-SMFFaceplate

UAI-4-155

SMF

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

 

 

 

R

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

T

1

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

R LOC

 

 

 

 

Y REM

 

 

 

 

G OK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

R

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

T

2

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

R LOC

 

 

 

 

Y REM

 

 

 

 

G OK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

R

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

T

3

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

R LOC

 

 

 

 

Y REM

 

 

 

 

G OK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

R

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

T

4

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

FAIL

ACTIVE

H11697

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Trunk Cards 4-25

UXM-EInterface Cards

Figure 4-12BC-UAI-2-155-SMFFaceplate

UAI-2-155

SMF

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

R

O

X

R

 

T

T

1

X

R LOC

 

 

 

Y REM

 

R LOC

 

G OK

 

 

P

R

Y REM

 

O

 

R

X

G OK

 

 

 

T

T

 

2

X

 

 

 

 

P

R

 

 

O

 

 

X

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

T

T

 

 

 

 

 

2

X

FAIL

ACTIVE

H11698

T3 Back Cards

The T3 back cards for the UXM-EareBC-UAI-6-T3andBC-UAI-3-T3.These cards have six and three pairs of BNC connectors, respectively. Eachport has atri-colorLED whose color indicates its status. Each card also has a red Fail LED and a green Active LED to indicate the status of thecard.Table 4-13 lists the connectors and LEDs.Figure 4-13 show thesix-portT3 card.Figure 4-14 shows thethree-portT3 card. For technical data on T3 lines, see the appendix “System Specifications.”

4-26 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

 

 

 

UXM-EInterface Cards

 

Table 4-13

Connectors and LEDs for BC-UAI-6-T3andBC-UAI-3-T3

 

 

 

 

 

Connectors/Indicator

Function

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transmit jacks

 

BNC connectors for transmit data.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receive jacks

 

BNC connectors for receive data.

 

 

 

 

 

Red (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active but a local alarm was detected.

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active but a remote alarm was detected.

 

 

 

 

 

Green (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fail light (red)

 

An error was detected. First, reset the card with resetcd f. If Fail

 

 

 

comes on again, call the TAC through Cisco Customer Engineering.

 

 

 

 

 

Active light (green)

The card is active and in service.

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 4-13

BC-UAI-6-T3Faceplate

UAI 6T3

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

1

RX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

2

RX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

3

RX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

4

RX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

5

RX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

6

RX

FAIL

ACTIVE

H11699

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

2

RX

Trunk Cards 4-27

UXM-EInterface Cards

Figure 4-14

BC-UAI-3-T3Faceplate

UAI

 

3T3

 

R LOC

 

Y REM

 

G OK

 

TX

 

P

 

O

 

R

 

T

 

1

 

RX

 

R LOC

 

Y REM

R LOC

G OK

TX

Y REM

P

O

G OK

R

T

TX

2

RX

P

 

R LOC

O

TX

Y REM

 

G OK

 

P

R

R

O

 

T

T

3

RX

 

 

2

 

RX

FAIL

ACTIVE

H11700

E3 Back Cards

The E3 back cards for the UXM-Eare thesix-portBC-UAI-6-E3and thethree-portBC-UAI-3-E3.These cards have six and three pairs of SMB connectors, respectively. Eachline has atri-colorLED whose color indicates its status. Each card also has a red Fail LED and a green Active LED to indicate the status of thecard.Table 4-14 lists the connectors and LEDs.Figure 4-15 show thesix-portcard.Figure 4-16 shows thethree-portcard. For technical data on E3 lines, see the appendix “System Specifications.”

4-28 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

 

 

 

UXM-EInterface Cards

 

Table 4-14

Connectors and LEDs for BC-UAI-6-E3andBC-UAI-3-E3

 

 

 

 

 

Connector/Indicator

Function

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transmit Jack

 

BNC connector for transmit data.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receive Jack

 

BNC connector for receive data.

 

 

 

 

 

Red (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active but a local alarm was detected.

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active but a remote alarm was detected.

 

 

 

 

 

Green (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fail light (red)

 

An error was detected. Reset the card with resetcd f to clear it. If

 

 

 

Fail comes on again, call the TAC through Customer Engineering.

 

 

 

 

 

Active light (green)

The card is active and in service.

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 4-15

BC-UAI-6-E3Faceplate

UAI 6E3

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

1

RX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

2

RX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

3

RX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

4

RX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

5

RX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

6

RX

FAIL

ACTIVE

H11701

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

TX

P

O

R

T

2

RX

Trunk Cards 4-29

UXM-EInterface Cards

Figure 4-16

BC-UAI-3-E3Faceplate

UAI

 

3E3

 

R LOC

 

Y REM

 

G OK

 

TX

 

P

 

O

 

R

 

T

 

1

 

RX

 

R LOC

 

Y REM

R LOC

G OK

TX

Y REM

P

O

G OK

R

T

TX

2

RX

P

 

R LOC

O

TX

Y REM

 

G OK

 

P

R

R

O

 

T

T

3

RX

 

 

2

 

RX

FAIL

ACTIVE

H11702

T1 Back Cards

The T1 back cards for the UXM-EareBC-UAI-8-T1-DB-15andBC-UAI-4-T1-DB-15.These cards have eight and fourDB-15lines, respectively. Eachline has atri-colorLED whose color indicates its status. If a card failure occurs, all the LEDs turn red.Table 4-15 lists the connectors and LEDs.Figure 4-17 show theeight-portT1 card.Figure 4-18 shows thefour-portT1 card. For technical data on T1 lines, see the appendix “System Specifications.”

4-30 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

UXM-EInterface Cards

Table 4-15

Connectors and LEDs for BC-UAI-8-T1-DB-15andBC-UAI-4-T1-DB-15

 

 

 

Connector/Indicator

 

Function

 

 

 

Four or eight DB-15s

 

Each DB-15connector carries transmit and receive data.

 

 

 

Red (on the tri-colorLED)

 

On indicates line is active but a local alarm was detected.

 

 

Yellow (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active but a remote alarm was detected.

 

 

Green (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active.

 

 

Figure 4-17

BC-UAI-8-T1-DB-15Faceplate

UAI-8T1

 

 

 

DB15

 

 

 

R LOC

 

 

 

Y REM

 

 

 

G OK

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Y REM

 

R LOC

 

R LOC

 

 

 

G OK

 

Y REM

 

P

 

 

 

G OK

 

O

 

 

R

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

2

 

P

 

R LOC

 

 

Y REM

 

O

 

G OK

 

 

P

 

R

 

O

 

 

R

 

 

 

T

 

T

 

3

 

 

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

2

4

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

5

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

6

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

7

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

8

H11703

Trunk Cards 4-31

UXM-EInterface Cards

Figure 4-18

BC-UAI-4-T1-DB-15Faceplate

UAI-4T1

 

DB15

 

R LOC

 

Y REM

 

G OK

 

P

 

O

 

R

 

T

 

1

 

Y REM

R LOC

R LOC

 

G OK

Y REM

P

G OK

O

R

 

T

 

2

P

R LOC

Y REM

O

G OK

P

R

O

R

 

T

T

3

R LOC

 

Y REM

2

G OK

P

O

 

R

 

T

 

4

 

H11706

E1 Back Cards

The E1 back cards for the UXM-Eare:

BC-UAI-8-E1-BNC

BC-UAI-8-E1-DB-15

BC-UAI-4-E1-BNC

BC-UAI-4-E1-DB-15

As the model numbers indicate, the eight and four-portE1 cards can have either BNC orDB-15connectors. Eachline has atri-colorLED whose color indicates its status. If a card failure occurs on the back card, all LEDs turn red.Table 4-16 lists the connectors and LEDs.Figure 4-19 shows the card.Figure 4-20 shows the card. For technical data on E1 lines, see the appendix “System Specifications.”

4-32 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

 

 

 

 

 

 

UXM-EInterface Cards

 

Table 4-16

Connectors and LEDs for BC-UAI-8-E1andBC-UAI-4-E1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connector/Indicator

 

Function

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eight or four DB-15connectors

Each DB-15connector carries transmit and receive data.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eight or four pairs of BNC

 

Each BNC connector carries traffic in one direction.

 

connectors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red (on the tri-colorLED)

 

On indicates line is active but a local alarm was detected.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow (on the tri-colorLED)

On indicates line is active but a remote alarm was detected.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Green (on the tri-colorLED)

The card is active and in service.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 4-19

BC-UAI-8-E1DB-15Faceplate

 

UAI-8E1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DB15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R LOC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Y REM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G OK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Y REM

 

 

R LOC

 

 

 

 

R LOC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G OK

 

 

Y REM

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G OK

 

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

P

 

 

 

 

R LOC

 

 

 

 

 

 

Y REM

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

G OK

 

 

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

T

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

R LOC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Y REM

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

 

 

 

G OK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

5

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

6

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

7

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

8

H11704

Trunk Cards 4-33

UXM-EInterface Cards

Figure 4-20BC-UAI-8-E1BNC Faceplate

UAI-8EI

BNC

PORT 1

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

PORT 2

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

PORT 3

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

PORT 4

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

PORT 5

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

PORT 6

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

PORT 7

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

PORT 8

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

H11705

PORT 2

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

4-34 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

UXM-EInterface Cards

Figure 4-21BC-UAI-4-E1DB-15Faceplate

UAI-4E1

DB15

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

1

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

2

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

3

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

P

O

R

T

4

H11707

R LOC Y REM G OK

P

O

R

T

2

Trunk Cards 4-35

UXM-EInterface Cards

Figure 4-22BC-UAI-4-E1BNC Faceplate

UAI-4EI

BNC

PORT 1

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

PORT 2

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

PORT 3

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

PORT 4

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

H11708

PORT 2

TX

R LOC

Y REM

G OK

RX

4-36 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Network Trunk Module

Network Trunk Module

The network trunk module (NTM) enables FastPacket transmission on a trunk. NTM functions include the following:

Takes FastPackets off the cellbus and places them in queues before transmission to the trunk

Arbitrates access to the trunk for the traffic type

Monitors the age of each timestamped FastPacket, updates the timestamp for FastPackets at intermediate nodes, and discards FastPackets that exceed age limit

Receives and checks FastPackets from the trunk and queues them for transmission to the cellbus

Provides packet alignment based on the CRC in the FastPacket header

Extracts clocking from the trunk that can be used as a clock source on the node or as a clock path

Collects trunk usage statistics

Note The NTM card exists in two forms. One uses an ACM1 adaptor, and the other is asingle-cardor “native” version. They are functionally identical, but their firmware is not interchangeable. The native NTM requires revision F or later firmware.

An NTM can occupy any available front service card slot in the range 3 to 32. The choice of back card depends on the trunk interface type.

For fractional T1 trunk lines, the NTM and BC-T1card set can provide the interface. A fractional trunk interface uses a group of64-Kbpschannels to create a partial T1 trunk. For example, a512-Kbpsfractional T1 trunk might use every third channel among channels 1 to 24. The user makes the channel assignments. For the clock rate, fractional trunks use the basic trunk frequency (such as 1.544 Mbps for T1).

Fractional E1 is the same as fractional T1 except that the channels are 1 to 15 and 17 to 31 (0 and 16 reserved), and the clock rate is 2.048 Mbps.

The NTM supports subrate trunks if a BC-SRback card and appropriate local bus are present.

Subrate trunks interface to the transmission facility at rates in the range 64 Kbps to 2.048 Mbps.

Three interface connections are possible: EIA/TIA-449,X.21, and V.35.

Y-CableRedundancy for the NTM

You can configure the NTM for 1:1 redundancy by using a second, identical, card group in an adjacent slot and a Y-cableto connect the card sets. All NTM back cards support redundancy.

NTM Status

The faceplate of the NTM has four LEDs. The first two in the following list apply to the NTM front card. Each of the other two LEDs is a summary alarm for the back cards. Their significance is:

The green Active LED indicates the NTM is active and functioning normally.

The red Fail LED indicates an NTM card failure was detected.

The yellow Minor LED indicates non-service-interruptingfaults or statistical errors that have exceeded a preset threshold.

The red Major LED indicates a service-affectingfailure was detected.

Trunk Cards 4-37

Network Trunk Module

For details on the significance of LEDs, see the Cisco IGX 8400 Series Installation manual.

The alarms and line conditions that the NTM monitors include those in the list that follows. To view errors on a trunk, use the dsptrkerrs command. To see a list of the(user-specified)errors thatdsptrkerrs can display, usedsptrkstatcnf.

E1 CRC4 errors

T1 bipolar violations

Near end and far end frame alarms

Alarm information signal (AIS)

Loss of signal (LOS)

Line signal frame sync losses

Packet out of frame

T1 Interface Card (BC-T1)

The T1 trunk interface card (BC-T1)card terminates a single 1.544 Mbps T1 trunk line on the NTM. TheBC-T1can reside in any rear slot 3 through 8 in an Cisco IGX 8410, 3 through 16 of the Cisco IGX 8420, or 3 through 32 of the Cisco IGX 8430. TheBC-T1connects directly to the NTM.

The BC-T1provides the following:

Trunk line interfaces to T1 trunks at 1.544 Mbps

Software selectable AMI or B8ZS (bipolar 8 zero-suppress)line code

Software selectable D4 or ESF (extended super-frame)framing format

Configuration as either full or fractional T1 service

Extraction of receive-timingfrom the input signal for use as the node timing

Software selectable line buildout for cable lengths up to 655 feet

Passes line event information to the front card

B8ZS supports clear channel operation because B8ZS eliminates the possibility of a long string of 0s. B8ZS is preferable whenever available, especially on trunks.

The BC-T1supports two clock modes. The clock modes arenormal clocking andloop timing. You select the mode through software control. With normal clocking, the node uses the receive clock from the network for the incoming data and supplies the transmit clock for outgoing data. The node can use the receive clock to synchronize itself with the network.

With loop timing, the node uses the receive clock from the network for the incoming data and redirects this receive clock to time the transmit data.

BC-T1Faceplate Description

Figure 4-23 andTable 4-17 provide information on the faceplate of theBC-T1.When you correlate the descriptions in the table with the callouts in the figure, read from the top of the table to the bottom. The standard port connector is a femaleDB-15.

4-38 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Network Trunk Module

Figure 4-23BC-T1Faceplate

BC-T1

T1 input/output

 

 

 

 

LOS (red)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red alarm (red)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow alarm (yellow)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AIS (green)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fail (red)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Active (green)

H8316

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 4-17

BC-T1Connections and Status LEDs

 

 

 

 

 

Connector/Indicator

Function

 

 

 

 

 

T1 input/output

Female DB-15connector for T1 line.

 

 

 

 

 

LOS light (red)

Indicates loss of signal at the local end.

 

 

 

 

 

Red alarm light (red)

Indicates loss of local E1 frame alignment, or it indicates loss of packet

 

 

 

 

 

alignment on the NTM.

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow alarm light (yellow)

Indicates loss of frame alignment at remote end or loss of packet alignment

 

 

 

 

 

(NTM).

 

 

 

 

 

AIS light (green)

Indicates the presence of all ones on the line.

 

 

 

 

 

Fail light (red)

Indicates an error occurred. First, reset the card with the resetcd f

 

 

 

 

 

command to clear the error. If the LED comes on again, contact the TAC

 

 

 

 

 

through Cisco Customer Engineering.

 

 

 

 

 

Active: light (green)

Indicates the card is in service with active circuits.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trunk Cards 4-39

Network Trunk Module

E1 Interface Back Card (BC-E1)

The E1 trunk interface card (BC-E1)provides an E1 trunk interface for the network trunk module (NTM). TheBC-E1connects directly to the NTM and can reside in any rear slot 3 through 8 in an Cisco IGX 8410, 3 through 16 in an Cisco IGX 8420, or 3 through 32 in an Cisco IGX 8430. TheBC-E1provides the following:

Interfaces to CEPT E1 lines (CCITT G.703 specification)

Support for both Channel Associated Signalling and Common Channel Signalling

Support for unframed 32-channel(2.048 Mbps), framed 31 channel (1.984 Mbps), or 30 channel (1.920 Mbps) operation, or anyn x 64 Kbps rate down to 256 Kbps

Configuration of either full or fractional E1 lines

CRC-4error checking

Support for HDB3 (clear channel operation on E1 lines) or AMI

Passes E1 line events (frame loss, loss of signal, BPV, frame errors, CRC errors, and CRC synchronization loss) to the front card

Detection of loss of packet sync when used with the NTM

120-ohmbalanced or75-ohmbalanced or unbalanced physical interfaces

The BC-E1supports two clock modes. The clock modes arenormal clocking andloop timing. You select the mode through software control. With normal clocking, the node uses thereceive clock from the network for the incoming data and supplies the transmit clock for outgoing data. The node can use the receive clock to synchronize itself with the network.

With loop timing, the node uses the receive clock from the network for the incoming data and redirects this receive clock to time the transmit data.

Statistics are kept on most line errors and fault conditions, including:

Loss of signal

Frame sync loss

Multi-framesync loss

CRC errors

Frame slips

Bipolar violations

Frame bit errors

AIS, all-1’sin channel 16 (CAS mode)

Figure 4-24 shows andTable 4-18 lists status LEDs and connections on theBC-E1faceplate. When you correlate the table and figure items, read from the top to the bottom.

4-40 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Network Trunk Module

Figure 4-24BC-E1Faceplate

BC-E1

RX/TX

RX

TX

LOS (red)

Red alarm (red)

Yellow alarm (yellow)

AIS (green)

MFRA (red)

MFYA (yellow)

Fail (red)

Active (green)

 

 

H8317

Table 4-18

BC-E1Connections and Status LEDs

 

 

Connector/Indicator

Function

 

 

 

RX-TX

 

Female DB-15connector for XMT and RCV E1.

 

 

 

RX

 

BNC connector for receive E1 line.

 

 

 

TX

 

BNC connector for transmit E1 line.

 

 

 

LOS light (red)

 

Indicates loss of signal at the local end.

 

 

 

Red alarm light

 

Indicates loss of local frame alignment. On an NTM, Red indicates loss of packet

 

 

alignment.

 

 

 

Yellow alarm light

 

Indicates loss of frame alignment at remote end. On an NTM, Yellow alarm indicates loss of

 

 

packet alignment.

 

 

 

AIS light (green)

 

Indicates the presence of all ones on the line.

 

 

 

MFRA light (red)

 

Indicates loss of multiframe alignment (E1 only).

 

 

MFYA light (yellow)

Indicates loss of multiframe at remote end (E1 only).

 

 

 

Fail light (red)

 

Indicates an error. Reset the card with resetcd f. If the LED comes on again, call the TAC.

 

 

Active: light (green)

Indicates the card is in service with active circuits.

 

 

 

Trunk Cards 4-41

Network Trunk Module

Subrate Interface Card (BC-SR)

The back card/subrate (BC-SR)terminates subrate trunks on the NTM. A subrate trunk uses part of the E1 or T1 bandwidth. TheBC-SRtypically functions in tail circuits or where little traffic exists.

A subrate trunk facility interface operates in DCE mode, and the subrate channel functions like a synchronous data channel. Therefore, the IGX BC-SRalways operates in DTE mode. Only leased lines are supported (nodial-uplines). Subrate trunks cannot pass clock signals between nodes.TheBC-SRprovides the following:

Trunk line interfaces to subrate trunks

Trunk rates of: 256 Kbps, 384 Kbps, 512 Kbps, 768 Kbps, 1.024 Mbps, 1.536 Mbps, 1.920 Mbps

V.11/X.21, V.35, and EIA/TIA-449interfaces

Synchronization of the trunk clocking with looped clock option (not applicable to X.21)

A limited set of EIA control leads monitored by the system

Figure 4-25 andTable 4-19 describe theBC-SRfaceplate. When you correlate the figure and table, read from the top down.

Table 4-20 lists the data signals and EIA leads supported by the subrate interface.

4-42 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Network Trunk Module

Figure 4-25BC-SRFaceplate

BC-SR

RS 449/MIL188

X.21

V.35

LOS (red)

Bad Clk (red)

Yellow alarm (yellow)

DSR (green)

DTR (green)

RXD (green)

TXD (green)

Fail (red)

Active (green)

 

 

 

 

H8318

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 4-19

BC-SRConnections and Status LEDs

 

 

 

 

Connection/Indicator

Function

 

 

 

 

EIA/TIA-449data connector

DB-37female connector

 

 

 

 

X.21 data connector

DB-15female connector

 

 

 

 

V.35 data connector

34-pinfemale MRAC connector

 

 

 

 

 

LOS light (red)

 

Loss of signal at the local end

 

 

 

 

Bad CLK light (red)

Loss of clock or clock out of range

 

 

 

 

Yellow alarm light (yellow)

Loss of packet alignment (NTM) or frame alignment at remote end

 

 

 

 

 

DSR light (green)

 

The DSR lead is high (ON)

 

 

 

 

 

DTR light (green)

 

The DTR lead is high (ON)

 

 

 

 

 

RXD light (green)

 

The receive data line shows activity

 

 

 

 

 

TXD light (green)

 

The transmit data line shows activity

 

 

 

 

 

Fail light (red)

 

An error occurred. First, reset the card with resetcd f. If the LED comes on

 

 

 

 

again, contact the Cisco TAC through Customer Engineering

 

 

 

 

Active: light (green)

The card is in service and has active circuits

 

 

 

 

 

Trunk Cards 4-43

Network Trunk Module

Table 4-20

Data and Control Leads Supported with BC-SR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transmit

 

 

Receive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lead

Name

 

Interface

Lead

Name

Interface

 

 

 

 

 

 

TX

Transmit data

All

RX

Receive data

All

 

 

 

 

 

 

RTS

Request to Send

V.35

CTS

Clear to Send

V.35

 

 

 

 

 

 

DTR/C

Data Terminal Ready

All

DSR/I

Data Set Ready

All

 

 

 

 

 

 

LL

Local Loop

EIA/TIA-422

DCD

Data carrier select

V.35

 

 

 

 

 

 

RL

Remote Loop

EIA/TIA-422

RI/IC

Ring Incoming Call

V.35

 

 

 

 

 

 

IS

Terminal In Service

EIA/TIA-422

TM

Test mode

V.35

 

 

 

 

 

 

SS

Select standby

V.35

SB

Standby indicator

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SF

Sig rate select

 

SI

Signalling rate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Y1 Interface Back Card (BC-Y1)

The BC-Y1back card provides a Japanese Y1 trunk interface for an NTM. TheBC-Y1can reside in any rear slot 3 through 8 in an Cisco IGX 8410, 3 through 16 in an Cisco IGX 8420, or 3 through 32 in an Cisco IGX 8430. TheBC-Y1provides:

An interface to Japanese “Y” Trunk (Y1) lines

Support for Y1 trunk formatted signaling

Support for 24-channel,1.544 Mbps operation

Support for fractional rates

Coded Mark Inversion (CMI) line coding

Statistics for Y1 line events (such as loss of framing, loss of signal, and framing errors.)

Support for local and remote loopback at the Y1 interface and the local bus interface for fault isolation

The BC-Y1supports two clock modes. These arenormal clocking andloop timing. The system operator selects the mode through software control. Normal clocking uses the receive clock from the network for incoming data and supplies the transmit clock for outgoing data. This clock can be used to synchronize the node.

Loop timing uses the receive clock from the network for the incoming data and turns the receive clock around for timing the transmit data.

Figure 4-26 andTable 4-21 provide descriptions of theBC-Y1status LEDs and connections on the faceplate. When you correlate the items in the figure and table, read from the top to the bottom.

4-44 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference

Network Trunk Module

Figure 4-26BC-Y1Faceplate

BC-Y1

Y1 trunk input/output

Line in

Line out

RXMON - monitor jack

TXMON - monitor jack

LOS (red)

Red alarm (red)

Yellow alarm (yellow)

AIS (green)

Fail (red)

Active (green)

H8319

Table 4-21

BC-Y1Connections and Status LEDs

 

 

Connector/Indicator

Function

 

 

Y1 Trunk input/output

DB-15connector for Y1 trunk

 

 

 

Line in

 

Y1 trunk input line

 

 

 

Line out

 

Y1 trunk output line

 

 

 

RX MON

 

BNC test connector for monitoring receive Y1 line

 

 

 

TX MON

 

BNC test connector for monitoring transmit Y1 line

 

 

 

LOS light (red)

 

Indicates loss of signal at the local end

 

 

Red alarm light (red)

Indicates loss of local frame alignment

 

 

Yellow alarm light (yellow)

Indicates loss of frame alignment at the remote end

 

 

 

AIS light (green)

 

Indicates the presence of all ones on the line

 

 

 

Fail light (red)

 

Indicates an error occurred. First, reset the card with resetcd f. If the

 

 

LED comes on again, contact the TAC through Customer Engineering

 

 

Active light (green)

The card is in service and has active circuits

 

 

 

Trunk Cards 4-45

Network Trunk Module

4-46 Cisco IGX 8400 Series Reference