IBM Server 71455DU User Manual

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IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E

 

Type 8879

User’s Guide

IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E

 

Type 8879

User’s Guide

Note: Before using this information and the product it supports, read the general information in “Notices,” on page 89.

5th Edition (November 2006)

© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2006. All rights reserved.

US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.

Contents

Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

Chapter 1. The System x3950 and System x3950 E server . . . . . . . . 1 Related documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Notices and statements in this document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Features and specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

What your server offers . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Reliability, availability, and serviceability . . . . . . . .

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IBM Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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The UpdateXpress program . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Server controls, connectors, LEDs, and power . . . . . .

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Front view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Rear view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Server power features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Chapter 2. Installing options . . . . . . . .

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Server components . . . . . . . . . . . .

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I/O board internal connectors and jumpers. . .

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Memory-card connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Memory-card LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Microprocessor-board connectors and LEDs . . . . . . .

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PCI-X board connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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PCI-X board LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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19

SAS-backplane connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 System reliability guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Working inside the server with the power on . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Handling static-sensitive devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Removing the cover and bezel . .

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Installing a hot-swap power supply

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Installing an adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Installing a hot-swap hard disk drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Memory module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Active Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Adding and replacing a memory card. . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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35

Installing DIMMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Microprocessor . . . . . . . . . .

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Microprocessor installation order . .

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Installing a microprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Completing the installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Connecting the cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Updating the server configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 SMP Expansion cabling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

Chapter 3. Configuring the server . . . . . . .

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Using the Configuration/Setup Utility program . . .

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Starting the Configuration/Setup Utility program . .

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Configuration/Setup Utility menu choices . . . .

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Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Using the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD . .

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ServerGuide features . . . . . . . . . . .

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Setup and configuration overview . . . . . . .

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Typical operating-system installation . . . . . .

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© Copyright IBM Corp. 2006

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Installing your operating system without ServerGuide .

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Using the Boot Menu program . . . . . . . . . .

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Configuring the Gigabit Ethernet controller . . . . . .

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Using the PXE boot agent utility program . . . . . .

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Starting the PXE boot agent utility program . . . .

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PXE boot agent utility menu choices . . . . . . .

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Installing and using the baseboard management controller utility programs . . . 67

Enabling and configuring SOL using the OSA SMBridge management utility

 

 

program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Installing the OSA SMBridge management utility program . . . . . . .

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Using the baseboard management controller utility programs . . . . . .

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Using the SAS/SATA Configuration Utility program . . . . . . . . . . .

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Starting the SAS/SATA Configuration Utility program . . . . . . . . .

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SerialSelect Utility menu choices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Disk Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Using ServeRAID Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Configuring the controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Viewing the configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Using the Scalable Partition Web Interface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Creating a scalable partition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Deleting a scalable partition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Chapter 4. Updating IBM Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

Appendix. Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Important notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Product recycling and disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

iv IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

Safety

Before installing this product, read the Safety Information.

Antes de instalar este produto, leia as Informações de Segurança.

Pred instalací tohoto produktu si prectete prírucku bezpecnostních instrukcí.

Læs sikkerhedsforskrifterne, før du installerer dette produkt.

Lees voordat u dit product installeert eerst de veiligheidsvoorschriften.

Ennen kuin asennat tämän tuotteen, lue turvaohjeet kohdasta Safety Information. Avant d’installer ce produit, lisez les consignes de sécurité.

Vor der Installation dieses Produkts die Sicherheitshinweise lesen.

Prima di installare questo prodotto, leggere le Informazioni sulla Sicurezza.

Les sikkerhetsinformasjonen (Safety Information) før du installerer dette produktet.

Antes de instalar este produto, leia as Informações sobre Segurança.

© Copyright IBM Corp. 2006

v

Antes de instalar este producto, lea la información de seguridad.

Läs säkerhetsinformationen innan du installerar den här produkten.

Important:

All caution and danger statements in this documentation begin with a number. This number is used to cross reference an English caution or danger statement with translated versions of the caution or danger statement in the IBM Safety Information book.

For example, if a caution statement begins with a number 1, translations for that caution statement appear in the IBM Safety Information book under statement 1.

Be sure to read all caution and danger statements in this documentation before performing the instructions. Read any additional safety information that comes with the server or optional device before you install the device.

vi IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

Statement 1:

DANGER

Electrical current from power, telephone, and communication cables is hazardous.

To avoid a shock hazard:

vDo not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation, maintenance, or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm.

vConnect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet.

vConnect to properly wired outlets any equipment that will be attached to this product.

vWhen possible, use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables.

vNever turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire, water, or structural damage.

vDisconnect the attached power cords, telecommunications systems, networks, and modems before you open the device covers, unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures.

vConnect and disconnect cables as described in the following table when installing, moving, or opening covers on this product or attached devices.

To Connect:

To Disconnect:

1.

Turn everything OFF.

1.

Turn everything OFF.

2.

First, attach all cables to devices.

2.

First, remove power cords from outlet.

3.

Attach signal cables to connectors.

3.

Remove signal cables from connectors.

4.

Attach power cords to outlet.

4.

Remove all cables from devices.

5.

Turn device ON.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Safety vii

Statement 2:

CAUTION:

When replacing the lithium battery, use only IBM Part Number 33F8354 or an equivalent type battery recommended by the manufacturer. If your system has a module containing a lithium battery, replace it only with the same module type made by the same manufacturer. The battery contains lithium and can explode if not properly used, handled, or disposed of.

Do not:

vThrow or immerse into water

vHeat to more than 100°C (212°F)

vRepair or disassemble

Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.

Statement 3:

CAUTION:

When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD drives, fiber optic devices, or transmitters) are installed, note the following:

vDo not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable parts inside the device.

vUse of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.

DANGER

Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Note the following.

Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view directly with optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam.

viii IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

Statement 4:

≥ 18 kg (39.7 lb)

≥ 32 kg (70.5 lb)

≥ 55 kg (121.2 lb)

CAUTION:

Use safe practices when lifting.

Statement 5:

CAUTION:

The power control button on the device and the power switch on the power supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current from the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power source.

2 1

Safety ix

Statement 8:

CAUTION:

Never remove the cover on a power supply or any part that has the following label attached.

Hazardous voltage, current, and energy levels are present inside any component that has this label attached. There are no serviceable parts inside these components. If you suspect a problem with one of these parts, contact a service technician.

Statement 26:

CAUTION:

Do not place any object on top of rack-mounted devices.

x IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

Chapter 1. The System x3950 and System x3950 E server

The IBM® System x3950 Type 8878 server is a 3-U1-high, high-performance server. It is ideally suited for networking environments that require superior microprocessor performance, efficient asset management, flexibility, and large amounts of reliable data storage.

The System x3950 E server comes without a microprocessor or memory, but you can install the components to make the System x3950 E server functionally identical to the System x3950 server. You can interconnect System x3950 and System x3950 E servers to create multi-node configurations using two, four, or eight nodes, for up to 32-way operation. A System x3950 server must serve as the primary node in the multi-node configuration.

Performance, ease of use, reliability, and expansion capabilities were key considerations in the design of the server. These design features make it possible for you to customize the system hardware to meet your needs today and provide flexible expansion capabilities for the future.

The server comes with a limited warranty. For information about the terms of the warranty and getting service and assistance, see the Warranty and Support Information document.

The server contains IBM Enterprise X-Architecture technologies, which help increase performance and reliability. For more information, see “What your server offers” on page 5 and “Reliability, availability, and serviceability” on page 7.

You can obtain up-to-date information about the server and other IBM server products at http://www.ibm.com/systems/x/.

Related documentation

This User’s Guide contains general information about the server, including how to install supported options and how to configure the server. The following documentation also comes with the server:

vInstallation Guide

This printed document contains instructions for setting up the server and basic instructions for installing some options.

vWarranty and Support Information

This document is in Portable Document Format (PDF) on the IBM System xDocumentation CD. It contains information about the terms of the warranty and about service and assistance.

vSafety Information

This document is in PDF on the IBM System x Documentation CD. It contains translated caution and danger statements. Each caution and danger statement that appears in the documentation has a number that you can use to locate the corresponding statement in your language in the Safety Information document.

vRack Installation Instructions

This printed document contains instructions for installing the server in a rack.

1.Racks are measured in vertical increments of 4.45 cm (1.75 inches) each. Each increment is called a ″U.″ A 1-U-high device is

1.75inches tall.

© Copyright IBM Corp. 2006

1

vProblem Determination and Service Guide

This document is in PDF on the IBM System x Documentation CD. It contains information to help you solve problems yourself, and it contains information for service technicians.

Depending on the server model, additional documentation might be included on the IBM System x Documentation CD.

The System x and xSeries® Tools Center is an online information center that contains information about tools for updating, managing, and deploying firmware, device drivers, and operating systems. The System x and xSeries Tools Center is at http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/toolsctr/v1r0/index.jsp.

The server might have features that are not described in the documentation that comes with the server. The documentation might be updated occasionally to include information about those features, or technical updates might be available to provide additional information that is not included in the server documentation. These updates are available from the IBM Web site. To check for updated documentation and technical updates, complete the following steps.

Note: Changes are made periodically to the IBM Web site. The actual procedure might vary slightly from what is described in this document.

1.Go to http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/support/xseries/index.html.

2.From the Hardware list, select System x3950 or System x3950 E and click Go.

3.Click the Install and use tab.

4.Click Product documentation.

Notices and statements in this document

The caution and danger statements that appear in this document are also in the multilingual Safety Information document, which is on the IBM System x Documentation CD. Each statement is numbered for reference to the corresponding statement in the Safety Information document.

The following notices and statements are used in this document:

vNote: These notices provide important tips, guidance, or advice.

vImportant: These notices provide information or advice that might help you avoid inconvenient or problem situations.

vAttention: These notices indicate potential damage to programs, devices, or data. An attention notice is placed just before the instruction or situation in which damage could occur.

vCaution: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially hazardous to you. A caution statement is placed just before the description of a potentially hazardous procedure step or situation.

vDanger: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to you. A danger statement is placed just before the description of a potentially lethal or extremely hazardous procedure step or situation.

2 IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

Features and specifications

The following information is a summary of the features and specifications of the server. Depending on the server model, some features might not be available, or some specifications might not apply.

Notes:

1.Racks are marked in vertical increments of 4.45 cm (1.75 inches). Each increment is referred to as a unit, or “U.” A 1-U-high device is 4.45 cm (1.75 inches) tall.

2.Power consumption and heat output vary depending on the number and type of optional features installed and the power-management optional features in use.

3.These levels were measured in controlled acoustical environments according to the procedures specified by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) S12.10 and ISO 7779 and are reported in accordance with ISO 9296. Actual sound-pressure levels in a given location might exceed the average values stated because of room reflections and other nearby noise sources. The declared sound-power levels indicate an upper limit, below which a large number of computers will operate.

Chapter 1. The System x3950 and System x3950 E server 3

Table 1. Features and specifications

Microprocessor (not standard on System x3950 E models):

vIntel® XeonMP

v1 MB (minimum) Level-2 cache

v4 MB or 8 MB Level-3 cache

v667 MHz front-side bus (FSB)

vSupport for up to four microprocessors

Note: Use the Configuration/Setup Utility program to determine the type and speed of the microprocessors.

Memory (not standard on System x3950 E models):

vMinimum: 2 GB depending on server model, expandable to 64 GB

vType: 333 MHz, registered, ECC, PC2-3200 double data rate (DDR) II, SDRAM

vSizes: 1 GB, 2 GB, or 4 GB in pairs

vConnectors: Two-way interleaved, four dual inline memory module (DIMM) connectors per memory card

vMaximum: Four memory cards, each card containing two pairs of PC2-3200 DDRII DIMMs

Drives:

vSlim DVD-ROM: IDE

vSerial Attached SCSI (SAS) hard disk drives

Expansion bays:

vSix SAS, 2.5-inch bays

vOne 12.7-mm removable-media drive bay (DVD drive installed, standard on some models only)

Expansion slots:

Six PCI-X 2.0 hot-plug 266 MHz/64-bit slots

Upgradeable microcode:

System BIOS, diagnostics, service processor, BMC, and SAS microcode

Power supply:

vStandard: Two dual-rated power supplies

1300 watts at 220 V ac input

650 watts at 110 V ac input

vHot-swappable at 220 V ac only

Size:

v3U

vHeight: 128.35 mm (5.05 in.)

vDepth: 715 mm (28.15 in.)

vWidth: 440 mm (17.32 in.)

vWeight: approximately 38.5 kg (85 lb) when fully configured or 31.75 kg (70 lb) minimum

Integrated functions:

vBaseboard management controller

vIBM EXA-32 Chipset with integrated memory and I/O controller

vService processor support for Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine

vLight path diagnostics

vThree Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports (2.0)

Two on rear of server

One on front of server

vBroadcom 5704C dual 10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet controllers

vATI 7000-M video

16 MB video memory

SVGA compatible

vMouse connector

vKeyboard connector

vSerial connector

vSMP Expansion Ports

Acoustical noise emissions:

vSound power, idle: 6.6 bel declared

vSound power, operating: 6.6 bel declared

Environment:

vAir temperature:

Server on:

-10° to 35°C (50° to 95°F); altitude: 0 to 914 m (3000 ft). If the server has a dual-core microprocessor, at maximum power reduce the 35°C by 1°C per 300 m above sea level, or the microprocessor might throttle to remain within the internal thermal specifications.

-10 to 32°C (50° to 90°F); altitude:

914 m to 2133 m (7000 ft).

Server off: 10° to 43°C (50.0° to 109.4°F); maximum altitude: 2133 m (6998.0 ft)

vHumidity:

Server on: 8% to 80%

Server off: 8% to 80%

Heat output:

Approximate heat output in British thermal units (Btu) per hour:

vMinimum configuration: 1364 Btu (400 watts) per hour

vMaximum configuration: 5780 Btu (1700 watts) per hour

Electrical input:

vSine-wave input (50-60 Hz) required

vInput voltage low range:

Minimum: 100 V ac

Maximum: 127 V ac

vInput voltage high range:

Minimum: 200 V ac

Maximum: 240 V ac

vApproximate input kilovolt-amperes (kVA):

Minimum: 0.40 kVA

Maximum: 1.6 kVA

Scalability support:

Maximum configuration:

vEight nodes

v32-way operation

v128 DIMMs

v48 SAS hard disk drives

v48 PCI-X adapters

4 IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

What your server offers

The server uses the following features and technologies:

vActive PCI-X (hot-plug) adapter capabilities

The server has six hot-plug slots for peripheral component interconnect (PCI-X) adapters. With operating-system support, you can replace a failing hot-plug PCI-X adapter without turning off the server. If the operating system and adapter support the hot-add feature, you can also add a PCI adapter in one of these slots without turning off the server.

vBaseboard management controller

The baseboard management controller provides environmental monitoring for the server. If environmental conditions exceed thresholds or if system components fail, the baseboard management controller lights LEDs to help you diagnose the problem and records the errors in the error log. The baseboard management controller is also known as the service processor.

The baseboard management controller also provides remote server management capabilities through the OSA SMBridge management utility program.

vIBM Director

IBM Director is a workgroup-hardware-management tool that you can use to centrally manage IBM System x and xSeries servers. For more information, see the IBM Director documentation on the IBM Director CD.

vIBM Enterprise X-Architecture technology

IBM X-Architecture technology combines proven, innovative IBM designs to make your x86-based server powerful, scalable, and reliable. For more information, see http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/xseries/xarchitecture/enterprise/index.html.

ActiveMemory

The Active Memory feature improves the reliability of memory through memory mirroring, memory scrubbing, and the Memory ProteXionfeature.

Large system-memory capacity

The server supports up to 64 GB of system memory. The memory controller supports error correcting code (ECC) for up to 16 industry-standard PC2-3200, 333 megahertz (MHz), 1.8 V, 240-pin, registered, double-data-rate (DDR) II, synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM) dual inline memory modules (DIMMs).

Memory ProteXion

The Memory ProteXion feature provides the equivalent of a hot-spare drive in a RAID array. It is based in the memory controller, and it enables the server to sense when a chip on a DIMM has failed and to route the data around the failed chip.

vIBM ServerGuideSetup and Installation CD

The ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD that comes with the server (standard on some models only) provides programs to help you set up the server and install a 32-bit Windows operating system. The ServerGuide program detects installed hardware options and provides the correct configuration programs and device drivers. For more information about the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, see “Using the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD” on page 63.

Chapter 1. The System x3950 and System x3950 E server 5

vIntegrated network support

The server comes with an integrated Broadcom 5704C dual Gigabit Ethernet controller, which supports connection to a 10-Mbps, 100-Mbps, or 1000-Mbps network. For more information, see “Configuring the Gigabit Ethernet controller” on page 66.

vLarge data-storage capacity and hot-swap capability

The server supports up to six 25.4-mm (1-inch) slim-high, 2.5-inch hot-swap hard disk drives that are connected to the SAS backplane. With the hot-swap feature, you can add, remove, or replace hard disk drives without turning off the server.

vLight path diagnostics

Light path diagnostics provides LEDs to help you diagnose problems. For more information, see the section about light path diagnostics in the Installation Guide.

vPowerExecutive

PowerExecutive is an IBM Director extension that measures and reports server power consumption as it occurs. This enables you to monitor power consumption in correlation to specific software application programs and hardware configurations. You can obtain the measurement values through the systems-management interface, and can view them using IBM Director. For more information, including the required levels of IBM Director and PowerExecutive, see the IBM Director documentation on the IBM Director CD, or go to http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/xseries/systems_management/ibm_director /extensions.

vRedundant connection

The addition of an optional network interface card (NIC) provides a failover capability to a redundant Ethernet connection. If a problem occurs with the primary Ethernet connection, all Ethernet traffic that is associated with the primary connection is automatically switched to the redundant NIC. If the applicable device drivers are installed, this switching occurs without data loss and without user intervention.

vRedundant cooling and power capabilities

The redundant cooling of the fans in the server enable continued operation if one of the fans fails. The server supports up to two hot-swap power supplies, which provide redundant power for many server configurations.

vScalable partitions

The server is scalable and can be connected to multiple servers so that you can share resources between servers.

vServeRAIDsupport

The server supports ServeRAID adapters to create redundant array of independent disks (RAID) configurations.

vSymmetric multiprocessing (SMP)

The server supports up to four Intel Xeon microprocessors. If the server comes with only one microprocessor, you can install additional microprocessors to enhance performance and provide SMP capability.

vSystems-management capabilities

The server supports the IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine. When this adapter is used with the systems-management software that comes with the server, you can manage the functions of the server locally and remotely. The Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine also provides system monitoring, event recording, and dial-out alert capability.

6 IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

Reliability, availability, and serviceability

Three important computer design features are reliability, availability, and serviceability (RAS). The RAS features help to ensure the integrity of the data that is stored in the server, the availability of the server when you need it, and the ease with which you can diagnose and correct problems.

The server has the following RAS features:

vActive memory

vActivePCI-X (hot-plug) adapter slots

vAutomatic BIOS recovery (ABR)

vAutomatic error retry and recovery

vAutomatic restart after a power failure

vAvailability of microcode and diagnostic levels

vBackup basic input/output system (BIOS) switching under the control of the service processor

vBaseboard management controller (service processor)

vBuilt-in, menu-driven electrically erasable programmable ROM (EEPROM) based setup, system configuration, and diagnostic programs

vBuilt-in monitoring for fan, power, temperature, voltage, and power-supply redundancy

vChipkillmemory protection

vError codes and messages

vError correcting code (ECC) L2 cache and system memory

vFault-resistant startup

vHot-swap hard disk drives

vIBM Director workgroup-hardware-management tool

vInformation and light path diagnostics LED panels

vOptional service processor adapter for remote system management

vParity checking on the small computer system interface (SCSI) bus and PCI buses

vPower managed and Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) compliant

vPower-on self-test (POST)

vPredictive Failure Analysis® (PFA) alerts

vRedundant Ethernet capabilities (requires optional Ethernet adapter) with failover support

vRedundant hot-swap capability

Cooling fans with speed-sensing capability

Power supplies

vRemind button to temporarily flash the Attention LED

vRemote system problem-determination support

vROM-based diagnostic programs

vStandby voltage for systems-management features and monitoring

vStartup (boot) from LAN using Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) protocol

vSystem auto-configuring from the configuration menu

vSystem error logging (POST and service processor when Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine is installed)

vUpgradeable microcode for POST, BIOS, diagnostics, service processor, and read-only memory (ROM) resident code, locally or over the LAN

vVital product data (VPD) on microprocessors, system boards, power supplies, and SAS (hot-swap-drive) backplane

vWake on LAN® capability

Chapter 1. The System x3950 and System x3950 E server 7

IBM Director

With IBM Director, a network administrator can perform the following tasks:

vView the hardware configuration of remote systems, in detail

vMonitor the usage and performance of critical components, such as microprocessors, disks, and memory

vCentrally manage individual or large groups of IBM and non-IBM x86-processor-based servers, desktop computers, workstations, and notebook computers on a variety of platforms

IBM Director provides a comprehensive entry-level workgroup hardware manager. It includes the following key features:

vAdvanced self-management capabilities for maximum system availability.

vMultiple operating-system platform support, including Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Server, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Professional, AIX®, i5/OS, Red Hat Linux®, SUSE Linux, VMware, and Novell NetWare. For a complete list of operating systems that support IBM Director, see the IBM Director Compatibility Document. This document is in Portable Document Format (PDF) at http://www.ibm.com/pc/support/site.wss/document.do?lndocid=MIGR-61788. It is updated every 6 to 8 weeks.

vSupport for IBM and non-IBM servers, desktop computers, workstations, and notebook computers.

vSupport for systems-management industry standards.

vIntegration into leading workgroup and enterprise systems-management environments.

vEase of use, training, and setup.

IBM Director also provides an extensible platform that supports advanced server tools that are designed to reduce the total cost of managing and supporting networked systems. By deploying IBM Director, you can achieve reductions in ownership costs through the following benefits:

vReduced downtime

vIncreased productivity of IT personnel and users

vReduced service and support costs

For more information about IBM Director, see the documentation on the IBM Director CD that comes with the server, the IBM Director Information Center at http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/eserver/v1r2/topic/diricinfo/fqm0_main.html, and the IBM System x and xSeries Systems Management Web page at http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/xseries/systems_management/, which presents an overview of IBM Systems Management and IBM Director.

The UpdateXpress program

The UpdateXpress program is available for most System x and xSeries servers and optional devices. It detects supported and installed device drivers and firmware in the server and installs available updates. You can download the UpdateXpress program from the Web at no additional cost, or you can purchase it on a CD. To download the program or purchase the CD, go to http://www.ibm.com/servers/ eserver/xseries/systems_management/ibm_director/extensions/xpress.html. Additional information about UpdateXpress is available from the System x and xSeries Tools Center at http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/toolsctr/v1r0/ index.jsp.

8 IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

Server controls, connectors, LEDs, and power

This section describes the controls, connectors, and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and how to turn the server on and off.

Front view

The following illustration shows the controls, LEDs, and connectors on the front of the server.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Electrostatic-discharge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

connector

Hard disk drive

 

Hard disk drive

Operator information

status LED

 

activity LED

panel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DVD-eject button

DVD drive activity LED

Hard disk drive status LED: If a ServeRAID-8i adapter is installed, when this LED is lit it indicates that the associated hard disk drive has failed. If the LED flashes slowly (one flash per second), the drive is being rebuilt. If the LED flashes rapidly (three flashes per second), the controller is identifying the drive.

Hard disk drive activity LED: On some server models, each hot-swap hard disk drive has an activity LED. When this LED is flashing, it indicates that the drive is in use.

Operator information panel: This panel contains controls and LEDs. The following illustration shows the controls and LEDs on the operator information panel.

Power-control button

Information LED

USB connector

Release latch

Power-on LED

System-error LED

Hard disk drive activity LED

Locator LED

The following controls, connectors, and LEDs are on the operator information panel:

vUSB connector: Connect a USB device to this connector.

vPower-control button: Press this button to turn the server on and off manually. A power-control-button shield comes with the server.

vInformation LED: When this LED is lit, it indicates that there is a suboptimal condition in the server and that light path diagnostics will light an additional LED to help isolate the condition. If the LOG LED on the light path diagnostics panel is lit, information is available in the baseboard management controller (BMC) log or in the system-event log about the condition. The condition might be that the BMC log is full or almost full.

Chapter 1. The System x3950 and System x3950 E server 9

This LED and LEDs on the light path diagnostics panel remain lit until you resolve the condition. If the only condition is that the BMC log is full or almost full, clear the BMC log or the system-event log through the Configuration/Setup Utility program to turn off the lit LEDs. See “Using the Configuration/Setup Utility program” on page 58 for information about clearing the logs. Clear the logs after you have resolved all conditions.

Important: If the server has a baseboard management controller, clear the BMC log and system-event log after you resolve all conditions. This will turn off the information LED and LOG LED, if all conditions are resolved.

vRelease latch: Slide this latch to the left to access the light path diagnostics panel.

vSystem-error LED: When this LED is lit, it indicates that a system error has occurred. An LED on the light path diagnostics panel is also lit to help isolate the error.

vLocator LED: When this LED is lit, it has been lit remotely by the system administrator to aid in visually locating the server.

In multi-node configurations, when this LED flashes during startup, it indicates that the server is the primary node. When this LED is lit during startup, it indicates that the server is a secondary node.

vHard disk drive activity LED: When this LED is flashing, it indicates that a SAS hard disk drive is in use.

vPower-on LED: When this LED is lit and not flashing, it indicates that the server is turned on. When this LED is flashing, it indicates that the server is turned off and still connected to an ac power source. When this LED is off, it indicates that ac power is not present, or the power supply or the LED itself has failed.

Note: If this LED is off, it does not mean that there is no electrical power in the server. The LED might be burned out. To remove all electrical power from the server, you must disconnect the power cords from the electrical outlets.

Electrostatic-discharge connector: Connect an electrostatic-discharge wrist strap to this connector.

DVD drive activity LED: (Standard on some models only) When this LED is lit, it indicates that the DVD drive is in use.

DVD-eject button: (Standard on some models only) Press this button to release a CD or DVD from the DVD drive.

10 IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

Rear view

The following illustration shows the connectors and LEDs on the rear of the server.

Video connector: Connect a monitor to this connector.

USB 1 connector: Connect a USB device to this connector.

SP Ethernet 10/100 connector: Use this connector to connect the service processor to a network.

SP Ethernet 10/100 activity LED: This LED is on the SP Ethernet 10/100 connector. When this LED is lit, it indicates that there is activity between the server and the network.

SP Ethernet 10/100 link LED: This LED is on the SP Ethernet 10/100 connector. When this LED is lit, it indicates that there is an active connection on the Ethernet port.

USB 2 connector: Connect a USB device to this connector.

System serial connector: Connect a 9-pin serial device to this connector.

SP Serial connector: Connect a 9-pin serial device to this connector.

Mouse connector: Connect a mouse or other device to this connector.

Keyboard connector: Connect a keyboard to this connector.

Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine status LED: When this LED flashes, it indicates that there is activity on the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine. When this LED is lit continuously, it indicates that there is a problem with the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine.

Chapter 1. The System x3950 and System x3950 E server 11

IXA RS485 connector: Use this connector to connect to an iSeriesserver when an Integrated xSeries Adapter (IXA) is installed. The cable for this connection comes with the server.

I/O board error LED: This LED is on the I/O board and is visible on the rear of the server. When this LED is lit, it indicates that there is a problem with the I/O board.

Gigabit Ethernet 2 activity LED: This LED is on the Gigabit Ethernet 2 connector. When this LED flashes, it indicates that there is activity between the server and the network.

Gigabit Ethernet 2 connector: Use this connector to connect the server to a network.

Gigabit Ethernet 2 link LED: This LED is on the Gigabit Ethernet 2 connector. When this LED is lit, it indicates that there is an active connection on the Ethernet port.

Gigabit Ethernet 1 activity LED: This LED is on the Gigabit Ethernet 1 connector. When this LED flashes, it indicates that there is activity between the server and the network.

Gigabit Ethernet 1 connector: Use this connector to connect the server to a network.

Gigabit Ethernet 1 link LED: This LED is on the Gigabit Ethernet 1 connector. When this LED is lit, it indicates that there is an active connection on the Ethernet port.

Power-supply connector: Connect the power cord to this connector.

SMP Expansion Port 1 link LED: When this LED is lit, it indicates that there is an active connection on SMP Expansion Port 1.

SMP Expansion Port 1 connector: Use this connector to connect the server to other servers to form multi-node configurations.

SMP Expansion Port 2 connector: Use this connector to connect the server to other servers to form multi-node configurations.

SMP Expansion Port 2 link LED: When this LED is lit, it indicates that there is an active connection on SMP Expansion Port 2.

SMP Expansion Port 3 connector: Use this connector to connect the server to other servers to form multi-node configurations.

SMP Expansion Port 3 link LED: When this LED is lit, it indicates that there is an active connection on SMP Expansion Port 3.

Server power features

When the server is connected to an ac power source but is not turned on, the operating system does not run, and all core logic except for the service processor is shut down; however, the server can respond to requests from the service processor, such as a remote request to turn on the server. The power-on LED flashes to indicate that the server is connected to ac power but not turned on.

12 IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

Turning on the server

Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to ac power, the power-control button becomes active, and one or more fans might start running to provide cooling while the server is connected to power. You can turn on the server and start the operating system by pressing the power-control button.

Note: If a Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine is installed in the server, during initial startup, the server might appear to be unresponsive for an unusual length of time (one minute to several minutes).

The server can also be turned on in any of the following ways:

vIf a power failure occurs while the server is turned on, the server will restart automatically when power is restored.

vIf the server is installed in a static partition, you can turn on the server and start the operating system by pressing the power-control button on the primary node in the partition.

vIf your operating system supports the systems-management software for the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine, the systems-management software can turn on the server.

vIf your operating system supports the Wake on LAN feature, the Wake on LAN feature can turn on the server.

Note: When 4 GB or more of memory (physical or logical) is installed, some memory is reserved for various system resources and is unavailable to the operating system. The amount of memory that is reserved for system resources depends on the operating system, the configuration of the server, and the configured PCI options.

Turning off the server

When you turn off the server and leave it connected to ac power, the server can respond to requests from the service processor, such as a remote request to turn on the server. While the server remains connected to ac power, one or more fans might continue to run. To remove all power from the server, you must disconnect it from the power source.

Some operating systems require an orderly shutdown before you turn off the server. See your operating-system documentation for information about shutting down the operating system.

Statement 5:

CAUTION:

The power control button on the device and the power switch on the power supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current from the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power source.

Chapter 1. The System x3950 and System x3950 E server 13

2 1

The server can be turned off in any of the following ways:

vYou can turn off the server from the operating system, if your operating system supports this feature. After an orderly shutdown of the operating system, the server will be turned off automatically.

vYou can press the power-control button to start an orderly shutdown of the operating system and turn off the server, if your operating system supports this feature.

vIf the operating system stops functioning, you can press and hold the power-control button for more than 4 seconds to turn off the server.

vIf the server is installed in a static partition, pressing the power-control button on the primary node in the partition will start an orderly shutdown of the operating system and turn off the server.

vThe server can be turned off from the Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine user interface.

vIf the Wake on LAN feature turned on the server, the Wake on LAN feature can turn off the server.

vYou can turn off the server through a request from the service processor.

14 IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

Chapter 2. Installing options

This chapter provides detailed instructions for installing optional hardware devices in the server.

Server components

The following illustration shows the major components in the server. The illustrations in this document might differ slightly from your hardware.

Top cover

 

 

 

PCI-X divider

 

 

 

I/O board

 

 

Hot-swap fans

Hot-swap

 

 

92 mm

power

 

Memory

 

supply

DIMM

Hot-swap fans

 

card

 

Hard disk

 

80 mm

 

 

 

 

drive filler

 

 

 

panel

 

 

PCI-X slots

 

 

 

Hot-swap

 

 

 

hard disk

 

 

 

drive

 

 

 

Air baffle

 

 

 

Microprocessor baffle

Heat sink

Microprocessor

FRONT

CD-ROM drive

Operator information panel

VRM

Microprocessor tray

Bezel

© Copyright IBM Corp. 2006

15

I/O board internal connectors and jumpers

The following illustration shows the internal connectors and jumpers on the I/O board.

 

Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine

SAS 1

Media backplane

SAS 2

Light path diagnostic

 

Power-on password

 

override

 

Boot recovery

 

Wake-on-LAN

 

bypass

 

Front USB

 

Battery

System serial (COM 1)

1 2 3

Default jumper

 

1 2 3

position

SP serial (COM 2)

 

1 2 3

 

 

 

Table 2 describes the function of each three-pin jumper block.

Table 2. I/O board jumper blocks

Jumper name

Description

 

 

Power-on password override (J9)

The default position is pins 1 and 2. Change the position of this

 

jumper to pins 2 and 3 to bypass the power-on password check.

 

Changing the position of this jumper does not affect the

 

administrator password check if an administrator password is set. If

 

the administrator password is lost, the operator information panel

 

must be replaced.

 

For more information about passwords, see “Passwords” on page

 

62.

 

 

Boot recovery (BIOS) (J14)

The default position is pins 1 and 2 (use the primary page during

 

startup). Move the jumper to pins 2 and 3 to use the secondary

 

page during startup.

 

 

Wake on LAN® bypass (J15)

The default position is pins 1 and 2. Move the jumper to pins 2 and

 

3 to prevent a Wake on LAN packet from waking the system when

 

the system is in the powered-off state.

 

 

16 IBM System x3950 Type 8878 and System x3950 E Type 8879: User’s Guide

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