IBM BladeCenter 8677 User Manual

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BladeCenter

Type 8677

Installation and

User’s Guide

Welcome. . .

This Installation and User’s Guide contains information for setting up, configuring, and using your BladeCenter unit.

For detailed information about your BladeCenter unit, view the publications on the Documentation CD.

Install the BladeCenter unit in the rack.

Install and start the blade servers

Install an operating system on each blade server (choose one method)

You can also find the most current information about your BladeCenter unit and servers on the IBM Web site at: http://www.ibm.com/pc/support

 

Using RDM

 

 

Using the NOS

 

 

 

 

 

 

See www.pc.ibm.com/ww/eserver/

 

 

 

 

 

 

installation instructions

 

 

xseries/systems_management/index.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

at www.ibm.com/pc/support

 

 

for instructions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Install additional applications, such as IBM systems management software and IBM ServeRAID programs on the blade servers

System is ready to use. Go to the Server Support flowchart to register and profile your server.

Server Support

Server working

Yes

 

properly?

Register your computer. Go to

 

 

http://www.ibm.com/pc/register/

No

Check all cables for loose connections and verify that all optional devices you installed are on the ServerProven® list. You can view the ServerProven list at

http://www.ibm.com/pc/compat/

 

 

 

View information about IBM support line at

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.ibm.com/services/sl/products/

 

Problem

Yes

 

or view support telephone numbers at

 

 

http://www.ibm.com/planetwide/

 

solved?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No

 

 

 

 

View support telephone numbers at

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the troubleshooting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.ibm.com/planetwide/

 

information provided with

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

your server to determine

 

 

 

 

 

the cause of the problem

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and the action to take.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Problem

Yes

solved?

 

No

 

 

 

Yes

 

Hardware

 

 

Flash the latest levels of BIOS,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

service processor, diagnostics,

 

No

Hardware or

Software

 

and RAID code.

Problem

 

You can download this code at

solved?

 

software problem?

 

 

http://www.ibm.com/pc/support/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ERserver

BladeCenter Type 8677

Installation and User’s Guide

Note:

Before using this information and the product it supports, read the general information in Appendix B, “IBM Statement of Limited Warranty Z125-4753-07 11/2002”, on page 61 and Appendix C, “Notices”, on page 77.

Fifth Edition (August 2003)

© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2002, 2003. All rights reserved.

US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.

Contents

Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

vii

Chapter 1.

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

1

About your

documentation CD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

3

System requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Starting the IBM Documentation Browser. . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

.

3

Using the IBM Documentation Browser . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

.

3

Using the search feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

.

4

Related publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . .

.

.

.

4

Features and specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . .

.

.

.

6

Notices and statements used in this book

. . . .

. .

. . . . . . .

.

.

7

What your BladeCenter unit offers . . .

. . . .

. .

. . . . . . .

.

.

7

Reliability, availability, and serviceability .

. . . .

. .

. . . . . . .

.

.

9

Major components of the BladeCenter Type 8677 unit

.

. . .

.

.

.

.

.

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10

Front view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

. . .

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.

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11

Rear view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Chapter 2. Installing options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

13

Installing the BladeCenter unit in a rack . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

13

Installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

13

System reliability considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

14

Handling static-sensitive devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Installing and removing modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 The BladeCenter modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Management module.

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . .

.

.

.

.

15

I/O modules . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

. . . . . 16

Power modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

. . . . . 17

Blower modules . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . .

.

.

.

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18

Installing a module . .

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . .

.

.

.

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18

Removing a module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Installing and removing the acoustic module option

. . . . . . . . . .

.

21

Installing the acoustic module option . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

.

21

Removing the acoustic module option . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

.

22

Installing and removing blade servers . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

.

22

Blade server expansion options . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .

.

23

I/O expansion option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Storage-expansion option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Installing a blade server . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

.

. .

.

.

23

Removing a blade server . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

.

. .

.

.

25

Completing the installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Input/output connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Video connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Keyboard connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Mouse connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Remote management and console Ethernet connector . . . . . . . . . 27 I/O-module connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Chapter 3. BladeCenter unit power, controls, and indicators . . .

. . .

.

29

Starting the BladeCenter unit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

29

Shutting down the BladeCenter unit . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

30

BladeCenter components, controls, and LEDs . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

31

Front view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

31

Rear view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

.

33

© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2003

iii

Rear system LED panel

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

33

Blower module . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

33

I/O module . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

34

Power module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Management module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

System LED panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

36

Chapter 4. Configuring your BladeCenter unit . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

37

Setting up the remote connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

39

Cabling the Ethernet port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

39

Configuring the management module for remote access. . . . . . .

.

.

39

Communicating with the IBM Director software . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

40

Configuring Wake on LAN in the BladeCenter unit . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

41

Verifying your Wake on LAN configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

41

Linux-specific configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

42

Using the management and configuration program. . . . . . . . . .

.

.

42

Starting the management and configuration program . . . . . . . .

.

.

42

Management and configuration program options . . . . . . . . .

.

.

43

Configuring the external Ethernet port . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

43

Configuring the internal Ethernet port. . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

44

Configuring the management port on I/O modules . . . . . . . .

.

.

44

Saving and restoring the configuration file . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

44

Using IBM Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

45

About the wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

Starting the wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

. . . . .

.

.

.

45

Using Remote Deployment Manager Version 4.1 or later

.

. . . . .

.

.

.

46

Configuring a switch module . . . . . . . . . . .

.

. . . . .

.

.

.

46

What to configure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Supporting Ethernet failover . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . .

.

.

47

Configuring the Ethernet controllers in the blade servers

. . . . . .

.

.

48

BladeCenter networking guidelines . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . .

.

.

48

Chapter 5.

Sharing resources among the blade servers

. . . . . .

.

.

51

Chapter 6.

Solving problems . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . .

.

.

53

Diagnostic tools overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Troubleshooting charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Monitor problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Power problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Management module problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Blower module problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

Options problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

56

Light path diagnostics feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

56

Identifying problems using the light path diagnostics feature . . . . .

.

.

56

Light path diagnostics LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

57

Appendix A. Getting help and technical assistance . . . . . . . .

.

.

59

Before you call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

59

Using the documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Getting help and information from the World Wide Web . . . . . . .

. .

.

59

Software service and support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

60

Hardware service and support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

60

Appendix B. IBM Statement of Limited Warranty Z125-4753-07 11/2002

.

.

61

Part 1

- General Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

61

Part 2

- Country-unique Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

64

iv BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Part 3 - Warranty Information

. . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

75

Appendix C. Notices . . .

. . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

77

Edition notice . . . . . .

. . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

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77

Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Important notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Product recycling and disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Battery return program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement . . . . . .

. .

.

80

Industry Canada Class A emission compliance statement . . . . .

. .

.

80

Australia and New Zealand Class A statement . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

80

United Kingdom telecommunications safety requirement. . . . . .

. .

.

80

European Union EMC Directive conformance statement . . . . . .

. .

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80

Taiwanese Class A warning statement . . . . . . . . . . . .

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81

Chinese Class A warning statement . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

81

Japanese Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) statement

. .

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81

Power cords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. .

.

81

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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.

85

Contents v

vi BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Safety

Before installing this product, read the Safety Information.

Antes de instalar este produto, leia as Informações de Segurança.

Pred instalací tohoto produktu si prectete prírucku bezpecnostních instrukcí.

Læs sikkerhedsforskrifterne, før du installerer dette produkt.

Lees voordat u dit product installeert eerst de veiligheidsvoorschriften.

Ennen kuin asennat tämän tuotteen, lue turvaohjeet kohdasta Safety Information. Avant d’installer ce produit, lisez les consignes de sécurité.

Vor der Installation dieses Produkts die Sicherheitshinweise lesen.

Prima di installare questo prodotto, leggere le Informazioni sulla Sicurezza.

Les sikkerhetsinformasjonen (Safety Information) før du installerer dette produktet.

Antes de instalar este produto, leia as Informações sobre Segurança.

© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2003

vii

Antes de instalar este producto, lea la información de seguridad.

Läs säkerhetsinformationen innan du installerar den här produkten.

Statement 1:

DANGER

Electrical current from power, telephone, and communication cables is hazardous.

To avoid a shock hazard:

vDo not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation, maintenance, or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm.

vConnect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet.

vConnect to properly wired outlets any equipment that will be attached to this product.

vWhen possible, use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables.

vNever turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire, water, or structural damage.

vDisconnect the attached power cords, telecommunications systems, networks, and modems before you open the device covers, unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures.

vConnect and disconnect cables as described in the following table when installing, moving, or opening covers on this product or attached devices.

To Connect:

To Disconnect:

 

 

 

 

1.

Turn everything OFF.

1.

Turn everything OFF.

2.

First, attach all cables to devices.

2.

First, remove power cords from outlet.

3.

Attach signal cables to connectors.

3.

Remove signal cables from connectors.

4.

Attach power cords to outlet.

4.

Remove all cables from devices.

5.

Turn device ON.

 

 

 

 

 

 

viii BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Statement 2:

CAUTION:

When replacing the lithium battery, use only IBM Part Number 33F8354 or an equivalent type battery recommended by the manufacturer. If your system has a module containing a lithium battery, replace it only with the same module type made by the same manufacturer. The battery contains lithium and can explode if not properly used, handled, or disposed of.

Do not:

vThrow or immerse into water

vHeat to more than 100°C (212°F)

vRepair or disassemble

Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.

Statement 3:

CAUTION:

When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD drives, fiber optic devices, or transmitters) are installed, note the following:

vDo not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable parts inside the device.

vUse of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.

DANGER

Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Note the following.

Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view directly with optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam.

Class 1 Laser Product

Laser Klasse 1

Laser Klass 1

Luokan 1 Laserlaite

`

Appareil A Laser de Classe 1

Safety ix

Statement 4:

≥ 18 kg (39.7 lb)

≥ 32 kg (70.5 lb)

≥ 55 kg (121.2 lb)

 

 

 

CAUTION:

Use safe practices when lifting.

Statement 5:

CAUTION:

The power control button on the device and the power switch on the power supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current from the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power source.

2 1

x BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Statement 8:

CAUTION:

Never remove the cover on a power supply or any part that has the following label attached.

Hazardous voltage, current, and energy levels are present inside any component that has this label attached. There are no serviceable parts inside these components. If you suspect a problem with one of these parts, contact a service technician.

Statement 12:

CAUTION:

The following label indicates a hot surface nearby.

Statement 13:

DANGER

Overloading a branch circuit is potentially a fire hazard and a shock hazard under certain conditions. To avoid these hazards, ensure that your system electrical requirements do not exceed branch circuit protection requirements. Refer to the information that is provided with your device for electrical specifications.

Safety xi

Statement 20:

CAUTION:

To avoid personal injury, before lifting the unit, remove all the blades to reduce the weight.

Statement 21:

CAUTION:

Hazardous energy is present when the blade is connected to the power source. Always replace the blade cover before installing the blade.

xii BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Chapter 1. Introduction

The IBM® ERserver BladeCenterType 8677 unit is based on IBM Enterprise

X-Architecture technologies1.

Your BladeCenter unit is a high-density, high-performance rack-mounted server system developed for medium-to-large businesses. It supports up to 14 blade servers, making it ideally suited for networking environments that require a large number of high-performance servers in a small amount of space. The BladeCenter system provides common resources that are shared by the blade servers, such as power, cooling, system management, network connections, and I/O (diskette drive, CD-ROM drive, ports for USB, keyboard, video, mouse, and network interfaces). The use of common resources enables small size in the blade servers, enables minimal cabling, and eliminates resources sitting idle.

Performance, ease of use, reliability, and expansion capabilities were key considerations during the design of your BladeCenter system. These design features make it possible for you to customize the system hardware to meet your needs today, while providing flexible expansion capabilities for the future.

This Installation and User’s Guide provides information to:

vSet up and cable your BladeCenter unit

vStart and configure your BladeCenter unit

vInstall options

vPerform basic troubleshooting of your BladeCenter unit

The latest version of this publication is available from the IBM Support Web site at http://www.ibm.com/pc/support/.

Packaged with the Installation and User’s Guide are software CDs that help you to configure and manage the BladeCenter unit.

This Installation and User’s Guide and other publications that provide detailed information about your BladeCenter unit are provided in Portable Document Format (PDF) on the IBM BladeCenter Documentation CD.

Your BladeCenter unit comes with a three-year limited warranty. You can obtain up-to-date information about your BladeCenter Type 8677 model and other IBM server products at http://www.ibm.com/eserver/xseries/.

You can register the BladeCenter unit and blade servers on the World Wide Web. To register, go to: http://www.ibm.com/pc/register/.

Record information about your BladeCenter unit in the following table. You will need this information when you register your BladeCenter unit with IBM.

1.Enterprise X-Architecture technology takes full advantage of existing IBM technologies to build powerful, scalable, and reliable Intel processor-based servers. For more information about IBM Enterprise X-Architecture, go to http://www.ibm.com/pc/us/eserver/xseries/xarchitecture/index.html.

© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2003

1

Product name

Eserver BladeCenter

Machine type

8677

Model number

_____________________________________________

Serial number

_____________________________________________

 

 

The serial number and model number are on labels on the top, front, and rear of the chassis, as shown in the following illustration.

Label

Front

Rear

Label

Label

A set of user labels comes with each blade server. Write whatever identifying information you want on a label and place it on the BladeCenter bezel just below the blade server, as shown in the following illustration.

User

label

Important: Do not place the label on the blade server itself or in any way block the ventilation holes on the blade server.

2 BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

About your documentation CD

Your IBM BladeCenter unit comes with the IBM BladeCenter Type 8677 Documentation CD, which contains documentation for your system in Portable Document Format (PDF) and includes the IBM Documentation Browser to help you find information quickly.

In addition to the documentation CD, your BladeCenter unit comes with the Rack Installation Instructions, which contain a rack-installation template and basic instructions for installing your system into a rack.

System requirements

To run the documentation CD, use a system that has the following minimum hardware and software:

vMicrosoft® Windows NT® 4.0 (with Service Pack 3 or later), Windows® 98, or Windows 2000.

v100 MHz Intel Pentium® microprocessor.

v32 MB RAM.

vAdobe Acrobat Reader 3.0 or later. Adobe Acrobat Reader software is included on the documentation CD, and you can install it when you run the IBM Documentation Browser.

Starting the IBM Documentation Browser

Use one of the following procedures to start the Documentation Browser:

vIf Autostart is enabled, insert the documentation CD into your CD-ROM drive. The Documentation Browser will start automatically.

vIf Autostart is disabled, insert the documentation CD into your CD-ROM drive; then, click Start --> Run. In the Open field, type

e:\win32.bat

where e is the drive letter of your CD-ROM drive, and click OK.

Using the IBM Documentation Browser

Use the IBM Documentation Browser to browse the contents of the documentation CD, select from a list of available topics, see brief descriptions of the selected topics, and view selected topics using Adobe Acrobat Reader. The Documentation Browser automatically detects the regional settings in use on your system and presents the information in the language for that region (if available). If a topic is not available in the language for that region, the English version is displayed.

Click Help for detailed information about using the IBM Documentation Browser.

Complete the following steps to use the Documentation Browser:

1.Select your product from the Product drop-down list.

The Topics list appears. It lists all topics that pertain to the selected product. Topics are in folders or under other topics. A plus sign (+) appears beside each folder or topic that has additional topics under it. Click the plus sign to display the additional topics.

2.Click a topic to select it.

When you select a topic, a description of the topic contents appears in the

Description field.

Chapter 1. Introduction 3

Note: To select multiple topics, press and hold down the Ctrl key while selecting your topics.

3.View selected topics.

Click View Book. Adobe Acrobat Reader starts, and the selected topics are displayed.

Using the search feature

Complete the following steps to use the Documentation Browser search feature:

1.Type a key word in the Search field.

2.Click Search. The topics containing the search word are listed in order based on the number of occurrences.

3.Click a file to open it.

4.Press Ctrl+F and use the Adobe Acrobat search function to search within the file.

Related publications

This Installation and User’s Guide provides general information about your

BladeCenter unit, including information about features, how to configure your

BladeCenter unit, and how to get help.

In addition to this Installation and User’s Guide, the following documentation is provided in PDF on the IBM BladeCenter Documentation CD that comes with your BladeCenter unit:

vSafety Information: This publication contains translated caution and danger statements. Each caution and danger statement that appears in the documentation has a number that you can use to locate the corresponding statement in your language in the Safety Information book.

vBladeCenter HS20 Installation and User’s Guide for each blade server type: This publication contains instructions for setting up a BladeCenter HS20 blade server and basic instructions for installing some options. It also contains general information about the blade server.

vBladeCenter HS20 Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide for each blade server type: This publication contains the information to help you solve BladeCenter HS20 problems yourself, and it contains information for service technicians.

vEserver BladeCenter Type 8677 Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide: This publication contains the information to help you solve BladeCenter problems yourself, and it contains information for service technicians.

vEserver BladeCenter Type 8677 Rack Installation Instructions: This publication contains instructions for installing the BladeCenter unit in a rack.

vInstallation and User’s Guide for each BladeCenter option, such as a switch module: This publication usually contains instructions for setting up and configuring the option and a description of the option features.

vIBM BladeCenter Management Module User’s Guide: This publication contains instructions for using the Web interface to configure the management modules in a BladeCenter.

vIBM BladeCenter Management Module Installation Guide: This publication contains instructions for installing an IBM BladeCenter management module option in a BladeCenter unit and creating the initial configuration.

4 BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Additional publications might be included on the IBM BladeCenter Documentation CD.

Chapter 1. Introduction 5

– Power modules 3 and 4 supply 12 Size (7U): V to blade bays 7 through 14
v Height: 304.2 mm (12 in. or 7 U) v Depth: 711.2 mm (28 in.)
v Width: 444 mm (17.5 in.) v Weight:
– Fully configured with modules and blades: Approx. 108.86 kg (240 lb)
– Fully configured without blades: Approx. 44.91 kg (99 lb)
– Power modules 1 and 2 supply 12 alerts:
V to all modules and to blade v Blowers
bays 1 through 6 v Blade-dependent features
– Power modules 3 and 4 provide redundancy to each other
– Power modules 1 and 2 provide redundancy to each other
Notes:

Features and specifications

The following table provides a summary of the features and specifications for your BladeCenter unit.

Table 1. Features and specifications

Media tray (on front):

vDiskette drive: 1.44 MB

vCD-ROM drive: IDE

vUniversal Serial Bus (USB) v1.1 port

vFront system LED panel

Module bays (on rear):

vFour hot-swap 220-volt power-module bays

vTwo hot-swap management-module bays

vFour hot-swap I/O-module bays

vTwo hot-swap blower bays

Blade bays (on front):

14 hot-swap blade bays

Redundant cooling:

Two variable-speed hot-swap blowers

Power modules:

vStandard: Two 1200-watt or greater 220-volt (200-240 V ac) hot-swap power modules

Both power modules supply 12 V power to all modules and to blade bays 1 through 6

Both power modules provide redundancy to each other

vMaximum: Four

I/O modules:

Acoustical noise emissions:

v

Standard: None

v Without acoustics module option:

v

Maximum: Four

 

– Sound power, idle: 7.4 bels maximum

Management module:

 

– Sound power, operating: 7.4 bels

 

maximum

v Standard: One hot-swap management

 

v With acoustics module option:

 

module providing the following features:

 

 

– Sound power, idle: 6.9 bels maximum

 

– System-management functions for

 

 

 

– Sound power, operating: 6.9 bels

 

 

the BladeCenter system

 

 

 

 

maximum

 

Video port (analog)

 

 

 

 

 

PS/2® keyboard port

Environment:

 

PS/2 mouse port

v

Air temperature:

 

– 10/100 Mb Ethernet remote

 

– BladeCenter unit on: 10° to 35°C (50° to

 

 

95°F). Altitude: 0 to 914 m (2998.69 ft)

 

 

management connection

 

 

 

 

– BladeCenter unit on: 10° to 32°C (50° to

v Maximum: Two hot-swap management

 

 

89.6°F). Altitude: 914 m to 2134 m

 

modules: one active, one redundant

 

(2998.69 ft to 7000 ft)

Upgradeable microcode:

 

– BladeCenter off: -40° to 60° C (-40° to

v

140° F).

v

Management module firmware

Humidity:

v I/O module firmware (not all I/O module

 

– Server on: 8% to 80%

 

– Server off: 8% to 80%

 

types)

 

 

 

 

v Blade server service processor firmware

Electrical input:

Security features:

v Sine-wave input (50-60 Hz single-phase)

 

required

v Login password for remote connection

v

Input voltage:

v Secure socket layer (SSL) security for

 

– Minimum: 200 V ac

 

– Maximum: 240 V ac

 

remote management access

 

 

 

 

Predictive Failure Analysis® (PFA)

Heat output:

 

 

 

Approximate heat output in British thermal

 

 

 

units (Btu) per hour

 

 

 

v Minimum configuration: 1365 Btu/hour (400

 

 

 

 

watts)

 

 

 

v Maximum configuration: Varies depending

 

 

 

 

on the type of power supplies installed.

 

 

 

 

– Four 1200-watt power supplies: 9622

 

 

 

 

Btu/hour (2820 watts)

 

 

 

 

– Four 1400-watt power supplies: 11111

 

 

 

 

Btu/hour (3256 watts)

 

 

 

 

For all other power supplies, see the

 

 

 

 

documentation that comes with the power

 

 

 

 

supply.

 

 

 

 

 

1.For details about the BladeCenter unit port specifications, see “Input/output connectors” on page 26.

2.For information about which types of I/O modules can be installed in which I/O-module bays, see “I/O modules” on page 16.

3.The operating system in the blade server must provide USB support for the blade server to recognize and use the keyboard, mouse, CD-ROM drive, and diskette drive. The BladeCenter unit uses USB for internal communication with these devices.

6 BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Notices and statements used in this book

The caution and danger statements that appear in this book are also in the multilingual Safety Information book, which is on the IBM BladeCenter Documentation CD. Each statement is numbered for reference to the corresponding statement in the Safety Information book.

The following notices and statements are used in the documentation:

vNote: These notices provide important tips, guidance, or advice.

vImportant: These notices provide information or advice that might help you avoid inconvenient or problem situations.

vAttention: These notices indicate possible damage to programs, devices, or data. An attention notice is placed just before the instruction or situation in which damage could occur.

vCaution: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially hazardous to you. A caution statement is placed just before the description of a potentially hazardous procedure step or situation.

vDanger: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to you. A danger statement is placed just before the description of a potentially lethal or extremely hazardous procedure step or situation.

What your BladeCenter unit offers

The design of your BladeCenter unit takes advantage of advancements in server technology. It provides up to 14 functionally separate servers and their shared resources in a single center. Your BladeCenter unit combines:

vIBM Enterprise X-Architecture technology

IBM Enterprise X-Architecture technology leverages proven innovative IBM technologies to build powerful, scalable, reliable Intel-processor-based servers. Enterprise X-Architecture technology includes features such as Predictive Failure Analysis (PFA), scalability, and Real Time Diagnostics.

vExpansion capabilities

You can add blade servers to the BladeCenter unit as needed, up to a maximum of 14 blade servers.

Note: When any blade server or option is in blade bay 7 through 14, power modules must be present in power bays 1 and 2, and power modules must be present in power bays 3 and 4.

Some blade servers have connectors for options that add capabilities to the blade server, such as an I/O expansion card to add a network interface, or a storage expansion unit to add SCSI hard disk drives.

vHot-swap capabilities

The front bays on the BladeCenter unit are hot-swap blade bays; the rear bays on the BladeCenter unit are hot-swap module bays. You can add, remove, or replace blade servers or management, I/O, power, or blower modules in hot-swap bays without removing power from the BladeCenter unit.

Attention: To maintain proper system cooling, each unoccupied bay must contain a filler blade or filler module.

Chapter 1. Introduction 7

vRedundancy capabilities

The redundant components in the rear of your BladeCenter unit enable continued operation if one of the components fails.

Power modules and blowers: Normally, the redundant power modules and blowers share the load. If one of the power modules or blowers fails, the non-failing power module or blower handles the entire load. You can then replace the failed blower or power module without shutting down the BladeCenter unit.

Management modules: Only one management module will be active at a time. If the active management module fails, the secondary, or redundant, management module becomes the active management module, containing current BladeCenter configuration and status information. You can then replace the failed management module without shutting down the BladeCenter unit.

vRedundant network connection capabilities

Configuring a pair of Ethernet switch modules in I/O-module bays 1 and 2 identically provides support for Ethernet failover configured on blade servers. See “Configuring a switch module” on page 46 for more information. If the I/O expansion options in your blade servers can be configured for failover, configuring a pair of switch modules in I/O-module bays 3 and 4 identically provides support for the failover configured on the I/O expansion options.

Other network-interface I/O expansion options, such as the IBM HS20 Fibre Channel Expansion Card, can have similar capability for redundant network connections. See the documentation that comes with your I/O expansion and switch module options for more information about configuring for redundant network connections.

vSystem-management capabilities

Your BladeCenter unit comes with a service processor in the management module. This service processor, in conjunction with the system-management firmware that is provided with your BladeCenter unit and the service processor in each blade server, enables you to remotely manage the BladeCenter unit, its components, and the blade servers. The management module also multiplexes the keyboard, mouse, and video ports and the USB port across the multiple blade servers.

The service processor in each blade server provides blade server system monitoring, event recording, and alert capability.

See Chapter 4, “Configuring your BladeCenter unit”, on page 37 for more information.

vNetwork environment support

Your BladeCenter unit supports up to two Ethernet-compatible I/O modules (switch modules or pass-thru modules), for blade server integrated Ethernet controller communication with the network. Each I/O module provides one internal connection to each blade server, up to 14 internal connections per I/O module.

The BladeCenter unit also supports two additional I/O modules, for a total of four I/O modules. The two additional I/O modules support the network interface on the optional I/O expansion card installed on one or more blade servers in the BladeCenter unit.

Note: The two additional I/O modules must be compatible with the network interface on the optional I/O expansion cards in the blade servers.

8 BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Each of these two additional I/O modules provides one internal connection to the optional I/O expansion card, up to 14 internal connections per I/O module.

Reliability, availability, and serviceability

Three of the most important features in server design are reliability, availability, and serviceability (RAS). These factors help to ensure the integrity of the data stored on your blade server; that your blade server is available when you want to use it; and that should a failure occur, you can easily diagnose and repair the failure with minimal inconvenience.

The following is a list of some of the RAS features that your BladeCenter unit supports:

vShared key components, such as power, cooling, and I/O

vAll components serviced from the front or rear of the chassis

vAutomatic error retry and recovery

vAutomatic restart after a power failure

vBuilt-in monitoring for blower, power, temperature, and voltage

vBuilt-in monitoring for module redundancy

vCustomer support center 24 hours a day, 7 days a week2

vError codes and messages

vFault-resistant startup

vRemote system management through the management module

vRemote management module firmware upgrade

vRemote upgrade of blade server service processor microcode

vBuilt-in self-test (BIST)

vPredictive Failure Analysis (PFA) alerts

vRedundant components

Cooling fans (blowers) with speed-sensing capability

Power modules

Management modules

vHot-swap components

Cooling fans (blowers) with speed-sensing capability

Power modules

Management module

I/O modules

Blade servers

Media tray

vSystem automatic inventory at startup

vSystem error logging

2. Service availability will vary by country. Response time varies; may exclude holidays.

Chapter 1. Introduction 9

Major components of the BladeCenter Type 8677 unit

The following illustration shows the locations of major components in your

BladeCenter unit.

Note: The illustrations in this document might differ slightly from your hardware.

 

 

 

Management module

 

 

 

Power module

 

 

 

Blower module

 

 

 

Blade server

USB port

Media

Blade server with

 

 

tray

storage-expansion

 

 

 

unit

CD-ROM

 

 

 

drive

 

 

 

Diskette

Front bezel

I/O module

drive

 

 

 

 

Filler blade

Attention: To maintain proper system cooling, each module bay must contain either a module or a filler module; each blade bay must contain either a blade server or a filler blade.

10 BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Front view

USB port

CD-ROM activity

Diskette-drive

 

LED

activity LED

Front system

CD-eject

Diskette-eject

LED panel

button

button

Blade control

panel

System service card

Blade servers

Filler blades

See Chapter 3, “BladeCenter unit power, controls, and indicators”, on page 29 for details about these components and indicators.

Rear view

I/O module

bay 3

I/O module 1

Power module bay 3

Blower module 1

Power module 1

 

 

AC

Management

 

DC

 

module 1

 

 

AC

DC

Management module bay 2

Blower module 2

Power module 2

Power module bay 4

Rear system LED panel

I/O module 2

 

I/O module bay 4

 

See Chapter 3, “BladeCenter unit power, controls, and indicators”, on page 29 for details about these components and indicators.

Chapter 1. Introduction 11

12 BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Chapter 2. Installing options

This chapter provides instructions for adding options to your BladeCenter unit. Some option-removal instructions are provided in case you need to remove one option to install another.

Installing the BladeCenter unit in a rack

Statement 20:

CAUTION:

To avoid personal injury, before lifting the unit, remove all the blades to reduce the weight.

Statement 4:

≥ 18 kg (39.7 lb)

≥ 32 kg (70.5 lb)

≥ 55 kg (121.2 lb)

 

 

 

CAUTION:

Use safe practices when lifting.

Install the BladeCenter unit in a rack before installing any blade servers in the BladeCenter unit. If your BladeCenter unit has blade servers already installed, remove them first. Blade servers are installed from the front of the BladeCenter unit, without sliding the BladeCenter unit into or out of the rack. Detailed instructions for installing a BladeCenter unit in a rack are in the Rack Installation Instructions that come with your BladeCenter unit.

Installation guidelines

Before you begin to install options in your BladeCenter unit, read the following information:

vRead the safety information beginning on page vii and the guidelines in “Handling static-sensitive devices” on page 14. This information will help you work safely

with your BladeCenter unit and options.

vThe orange color on components and labels in your BladeCenter unit identifies hot-swap components. You can install or remove hot-swap modules and, with

© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002, 2003

13

some restrictions, hot-swap blade servers while the BladeCenter unit is running. For complete details about installing or removing a hot-swap component, see the detailed information in this chapter.

vThe blue color on components and labels identifies touch points where you can grip a component, move a latch, and so on.

vYou do not need to disconnect the BladeCenter unit from power to install or replace any of the hot-swap modules on the rear of the BladeCenter unit. You need to shut down the operating system and turn off a hot-swap blade server on the front of the BladeCenter unit before removing the blade server, but you do not need to shut down the BladeCenter unit itself.

vFor a list of supported options for your BladeCenter unit, go to http://www.ibm.com/pc/compat/ on the World Wide Web.

System reliability considerations

To help ensure proper cooling and system reliability, make sure that:

vEach of the module bays on the rear of the BladeCenter unit has either a module or filler module installed.

vEach of the blade bays on the front of the BladeCenter unit has either a blade server or filler blade installed.

vEach of the drive bays in a blade server storage expansion option has either a hot-swap drive or a filler panel installed.

vA removed hot-swap module, blade server, or drive is replaced within 1 minute of removal.

vCables for the option modules are routed according to the illustrations and instructions in this document.

vA failed blower is replaced as soon as possible, to restore cooling redundancy.

Handling static-sensitive devices

Attention: Static electricity can damage electronic devices and your system. To avoid damage, keep static-sensitive devices in their static-protective packages until you are ready to install them.

To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge, observe the following precautions:

vLimit your movement. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you.

vHandle the device carefully, holding it by its edges or its frame.

vDo not touch solder joints, pins, or exposed printed circuitry.

vDo not leave the device where others can handle and damage it.

vWhile the device is still in its static-protective package, touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds. This drains static electricity from the package and from your body.

vRemove the device from its package and install it directly into the system unit without setting the device down. If it is necessary to set down the device, place it back into its static-protective package. Do not place the device on your system unit or on a metal surface.

vTake additional care when handling devices during cold weather. Heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity.

14 BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Installing and removing modules

The procedures for installing or removing a module on the BladeCenter unit are nearly identical for all modules except the blower modules. To install or remove a blower module, see the BladeCenter Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide on the BladeCenter Documentation CD. To install or remove all other modules, follow the instructions in this section.

Each module is keyed so that it can be inserted only in an appropriate bay. You can insert an I/O module only in an I/O-module bay, for example. In addition, most modules must be installed in a specific sequence or under specific circumstances.

The BladeCenter modules

Your BladeCenter unit contains the following hot-swap modules: power modules, I/O modules, management modules, and blower modules. See “Rear view” on page 33 for the location of each module. These modules supply common functions to the blade servers that are installed in the blade bays in the front of the BladeCenter unit.

The chassis and the active management module supply I/O (diskette drive, CD-ROM drive, USB port, keyboard, video, and mouse) that is available to all the blade servers, selected by any one blade server at a time. The chassis can contain up to 14 blade servers.

Attention: To help ensure proper cooling, performance, and system reliability, make sure that each of the module bays on the rear of the BladeCenter unit has a module or filler module installed. When replacing a module, do not operate the BladeCenter unit for more than one minute without either a module or a filler module installed in each module bay.

Management module

Your BladeCenter unit comes with one hot-swap management module in the management bay. You can add a management module in management bay 2.

Note: Only one management module will be active; the second management module, if present, provides redundancy.

The management module functions as a service processor and a keyboard/video/mouse (KVM) multiplexor for the multiple blade servers. The management module also configures the BladeCenter unit and modules, configuring information such as switch module IP addresses. The management module provides the following external connections: keyboard, mouse, and video for use by a local console, and one RJ-45 connector for a 10/100 Mbps Ethernet remote management connection.

The service processor in the management module communicates with the service processor in each blade server for functions such as:

vBlade server power-on requests

vBlade server error and event reporting

vBlade server requests for keyboard, mouse, and video

vBlade server requests for diskette drive, CD-ROM drive, and USB port

The management module also communicates with the I/O modules, power modules, blower modules, and blade servers to detect presence or absence and any error conditions, sending alerts when required.

Chapter 2. Installing options 15

I/O modules

For blade server communication with the network, your BladeCenter unit supports from one to four hot-swap I/O modules. Table 2 identifies the type of I/O module you can install in each I/O-module bay. Go to the IBM Support Web site at http://www.ibm.com/pc/support/ to see the list of supported I/O modules.

Your BladeCenter unit supports a minimum of one hot-swap Ethernet switch module or pass-thru module, in I/O-module bay 1 or 2. This I/O module provides an internal connection to an integrated Ethernet controller in all the blade servers in the BladeCenter unit, up to 14 internal connections per I/O module. To provide an internal connection for the second integrated Ethernet controller in each blade server, install an Ethernet switch module or pass-thru module in the available I/O-module bay of the pair (I/O-module bay 1 or bay 2).

Similarly, the BladeCenter unit supports two additional I/O modules in I/O-module bays 3 and 4. Each of these I/O modules provides an internal connection to one of the two network-interface controllers on all the I/O expansion options installed on blade servers in the BladeCenter unit. The I/O module must be compatible with the network interface on all the I/O expansion options. For example, if you install a Fibre Channel I/O expansion option on a blade server, the I/O modules you install in I/O-module bays 3 and 4 must be Fibre Channel switch modules or pass-thru modules.

Notes:

1.Because of electromagnetic interference (EMI), no more than two four-port 1-Gb Ethernet switch modules can be installed in the BladeCenter unit. You can mix four-port 1-Gb Ethernet switch modules with other supported Ethernet switch modules to achieve the total number of Ethernet switch modules you need in the BladeCenter unit.

2.You can use a pass-thru module in any I/O-module bay, provided the associated controller in the blade servers or I/O expansion options is compatible with it.

The following table summarizes the types of modules that can be used in each I/O-module bay. See “Rear view” on page 33 for the location of the I/O-module bays on the BladeCenter unit.

Table 2. Hot-swap I/O module types by location

Bays

I/O-module function

Permissible I/O module

1 and 2 Network connections 1 and 2

One of the following combinations:

 

(Ethernet) for all blade servers in the

v Two Ethernet switch modules

 

BladeCenter unit

v Two pass-thru modules

 

 

 

 

v One Ethernet switch module and

 

 

one pass-thru module

 

 

3 and 4 Network connections 3 and 4 (for all

One of the following combinations.

 

I/O expansion options on blade

v Two Ethernet switch modules

 

servers in the BladeCenter unit)

v Two Fibre Channel switch modules

 

 

 

 

v Two pass-thru modules

Important:

v The modules used must support the network interface used on the I/O expansion options.

v The I/O modules in bays 3 and 4 must be the same type.

16 BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

Notes:

1.The enumeration of the Ethernet controllers in a blade server is operating-system dependent. You can verify the Ethernet controller designations

ablade server uses through your operating system settings.

2.The routing of an Ethernet controller to a particular I/O-module bay depends on the type of blade server. You can verify which Ethernet controller is routed to which I/O-module bay by using the following test:

a.Install only one Ethernet switch module or pass-thru module, in I/O-module bay 1.

b.Make sure the ports on the switch module or pass-thru module are enabled (I/O Module Tasks → Management → Advanced Management in the management module Web-based user interface).

c.Enable only one of the Ethernet controllers on the blade server. Note the designation the blade server operating system has for the controller.

d.Ping an external computer on the network connected to the switch module or pass-thru module.

If you can ping the external computer, the Ethernet controller you enabled is associated with the I/O module in I/O-module bay 1. The other Ethernet controller in the blade server is associated with the I/O module in I/O-module bay 2.

3.If you have installed an I/O expansion option on a blade server, communications from the option are routed to I/O-module bays 3 and 4. You can verify which controller on the option is routed to which I/O-module bay by performing the test in note 2, using a controller on the I/O expansion option and a compatible switch module or pass-thru module in I/O bay 3 or 4.

Power modules

Your BladeCenter unit comes with one pair of 220-volt hot-swap power modules in power bays 1 and 2 that provides power to all the BladeCenter modules and to blade bays 1 through 6. The BladeCenter unit supports a second pair of power modules in power bays 3 and 4 that provides power to blade bays 7 through 14.

The following table summarizes the application for each power module.

Bays

Power module function

 

 

1 and 2

Provides power to all the BladeCenter modules and to blade bays 1 through 6

 

 

3 and 4

Provides power to blade bays 7 through 14

 

 

Power modules are not needed in bays 3 and 4 until you begin installing blade servers and options in blade bays 7 through 14.

Note: If you install a blade server that has a storage expansion unit option attached in blade bay 6, the option will use blade bay 7; power modules will be required in power bays 1, 2, 3 and 4.

Each active power module supplies 12 volts of power to the blade bays it services.

Important: Plug one end of each power-module power cord into the power module; plug the other end of the power cord into a 220-volt power distribution unit (PDU).

Chapter 2. Installing options 17

Each pair of power modules is redundant. If either power module fails, the remaining power module continues to supply power, but there is no redundancy; the failed power module must be replaced as soon as possible.

Important:

1.The power modules in a pair must match each other in capacity (wattage, amperage, and so forth).

2.In a pair of power modules, a power module that is not connected to an ac power source creates a non-redundant condition.

To provide true redundant power, BladeCenter power modules 1 and 3 must connect to a different ac power source than power modules 2 and 4. Connect BladeCenter power modules 1 and 3 to a different PDU than power modules 2 and 4; then, connect each PDU to an ac power source (building power source or service entrance) that is controlled by a separate circuit breaker.

Blower modules

Your BladeCenter unit comes with two hot-swap blowers for cooling redundancy. The blower speeds vary depending on the ambient air temperature at the front of the BladeCenter. If the ambient temperature is 72°F or below, the BladeCenter blowers will run at 30% of their maximum rotational speed, increasing their speed as required to control internal BladeCenter temperature. If the ambient temperature is above 72°F, the blowers will run at 80% of their maximum rotational speed, increasing their speed as required to control internal BladeCenter temperature. If a blower fails, the remaining blower continues to cool the BladeCenter unit and blade servers.

Important: Replace a failed blower as soon as possible, to restore cooling redundancy (see the Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide on the BladeCenter Documentation CD for instructions).

Installing a module

The following illustration shows how to install a power module, management module, or I/O module in the rear of the BladeCenter unit. See the Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide on the BladeCenter Documentation CD for information about replacing a blower module.

Before you begin, read the documentation that comes with your option.

18 BladeCenter Type 8677: Installation and User’s Guide

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