Bard Q24H1, Q42H1, Q60H1, Q48H1, Q30H1, Q36H1 User Manual

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Q-TEC SERIES

PACKAGED HEAT PUMP

INSTALLATION

INSTRUCTIONS Models: Q24H1 Q30H1

Q36H1 Q42H1

Q48H1 Q60H1

Bard Manufacturing Company, Inc.

Manual:

2100-519C

Bryan, Ohio 43506

Supersedes:

2100-519B

Since 1914 . . . Moving ahead, just as planned.

File:

Vol. II Tab 14

Date:

02-17-12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manual

2100-519C

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page

1 of 42

CONTENTS

Getting Other Information and Publications

 

For more information, contact these publishers: ..........

3

Q-TEC General Information

 

 

Q-TEC Model Nomenclature .........................................

 

4

Shipping Damage .........................................................

 

7

Unit Removal From Skid ..............................................

 

7

Handling Unit After Removal From Skid

.......................

8

General.........................................................................

 

 

8

Minimum Installation Height .........................................

 

8

Duct Work ..................................................................

 

10

Filters

..........................................................................

 

 

10

Fresh Air Intake ..........................................................

 

11

Service Light...............................................................

 

11

Condensate ......................................................Drain

 

11

Optional .............................................Rear Drain Kits

 

11

Installation Instructions

 

 

Mounting .......................................................the Unit

 

18

Wiring .................................................— Main Power

 

19

Wiring .....................................— Low Voltage Wiring

 

19

Low Voltage ...........................................Connections

 

20

Figures

 

 

 

 

Figure ..........................................1

Unit Dimensions

 

6

Figure ...........................2

Air Seal on Bottom of Unit

 

7

Figure .........................3

Removal of Unit From Skid

 

7

Figure ...............4

Unit on Appliance Cart for Moving

8

Figure ............5

Installation With Free Blow Plenum

9

Figure .......................................6

Ducted Application

 

9

Figure ..........................7

Supply Duct Connections

 

10

Figure ............................................8

Filter Location

 

10

Figure ...................................9

Optional Side Drain

 

12

Figure ..................................10

Standard Rear Drain

 

12

Figure ...............................11

Rear Drain (Top View)

 

12

Figure 12A .............................

Optional Rear Drain Kit

 

13

Figure 12B .............................

Optional Rear Drain Kit

 

14

Figure 12C .............................

Optional Rear Drain Kit

 

15

Figure 12D .............................

Optional Rear Drain Kit

 

16

Figure 13A ..........................

Unit Mounting - Method 1

 

17

Figure 13B ..........................

Unit Mounting - Method 2

 

17

Figure ...14

Removing Locking Screws from Wheels

18

Figure .................................15

Component Location

 

19

Figure ........................16 Thermostat Plug Terminals

 

21

Figure 17A ..............

T-Stat Wiring Diagram "X" Option

22

Figure 17B

T-Stat Wiring Diagram "X" Option w/Demand23

Figure ....18

Thermostat Wiring Diagram

"A" Option

24

Figure ...19

Thermostat Wiring Diagram

"D" Option

25

Figure ....20 Thermostat Wiring Diagram "H" Option

26

Figure .......................21 Fresh Air Damper Removal

 

31

Figure .........................................22

QERV Removal

 

32

Figure ...........................................23

CO2 Controller

 

33

Figure ................................24

Defrost Control Board

 

35

Figure .................................25

Control Disassembly

 

39

Figure ..............................................26

Winding Test

 

39

Figure ...................................................27

Drip Loop

 

39

Figure ......................................28

Fan Blade Setting

 

40

Manual

2100 - 519C

 

 

Page

2 of 42

 

 

Start Up

 

 

R-410A Refrigerant Required ........................................

27

Topping Off System Charge ...........................................

27

Safety Practices .............................................................

27

Description of Standard Equipment ...............................

28

Optional CFM (Q36, Q42, Q48 & Q60 Only) .................

28

Important Installer Note..................................................

28

Phase Monitor ................................................................

28

Three Phase Scroll Compressor Start Up

 

Information ................................................................

28

Service Hints ..................................................................

29

Mist Eliminator Service ..................................................

29

Vent Options ..................................................................

30

Sequence of Operation ..................................................

33

Optional Climate Controls Sequence

 

of Operation ..............................................................

33

Pressure Service Ports ..................................................

34

Defrost Cycle .................................................................

34

Troubleshooting

 

Solid State Heat Pump Control Troubleshooting

 

Procedure

......................................................................

36

Checking Temperature ......................................Sensor

37

Troubleshooting .............GE ECM™ Blower Motors

38-39

Fan Blade ......................................Setting Dimensions

40

Refrigerant ........................................................Charge

40

Pressure Charts ......................................................

41 - 42

Tables

 

 

Table 1 ..............

Factory Built - In Electric Heat Table

4

Table 2 ................................

Electrical Specifications

5

Table 3 ...........................

Operating Voltage Range

19

Table 4 ........................................

Wall Thermostats

21

Table 5 ..........................................

Troubleshooting

36

Table 6

Temperature vs Resistance of

 

...................................

Temperature Sensor

37

Table 7 ...............................

Fan Blade Dimensions

40

Table 8 ........................

Indoor Blower Performance

40

Table 9 ........................................

Cooling Pressure

41

Table 10 ........................................

Heating Pressure

42

GETTING OTHER INFORMATION AND PUBLICATIONS

These publications can help you install the air conditioner or heat pump. You can usually find these at your local library or purchase them directly from the publisher. Be sure to consult current edition of each standard.

National Electrical Code .....................

ANSI/NFPA 70

Standard for the Installation .............

ANSI/NFPA 90A

of Air Conditioning and Ventilating Systems

Standard for Warm Air ......................

ANSI/NFPA 90B

Heating and Air Conditioning Systems

Load Calculation for .......................

ACCA Manual J or

Winter and Summer

Manual N

Air Conditioning

 

Low Pressure, Low Velocity ........

ACCA Manual D or

Duct System Design

Manual Q

Winter and Summer Air Conditioning

FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT THESE PUBLISHERS:

ACCA

Air Conditioning Contractors of America

 

1712 New Hampshire Avenue

 

Washington, DC 20009

 

Telephone: (202) 483-9370

 

Fax: (202) 234-4721

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

 

11 West Street, 13th Floor

 

New York, NY 10036

 

Telephone: (212) 642-4900

 

Fax: (212) 302-1286

ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigeration,

and Air Conditioning Engineers, Inc.

1791 Tullie Circle, N.E.

Atlanta, GA 30329-2305

Telephone: (404) 636-8400

Fax: (404) 321-5478

NFPA

National Fire Protection Association

 

Batterymarch Park

 

P.O. Box 9101

 

Quincy, MA 02269-9901

 

Telephone: (800) 344-3555

 

Fax: (617) 984-7057

Manual

2100-519C

Page

3 of 42

Q-TEC Series General Information

Q-TEC MODEL NOMENCLATURE

Q

36 H 1 A 10

X

X

V

X

X

X

MODEL

NUMBER

Q - Q-TEC

CAPACITY |

24 - 2 Ton

30 - 2½ Ton

36 - 3 Ton

42 - 3½ Ton

48 - 4 Ton

60 - 5 Ton

HEAT

PUMP

REVISION

SPECIAL UNITS |

L- Low Ampacity Circuit

VOLTS & PHASE |

A - 230/208/60/1 B - 230/208/60/3 C - 460/60/3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FILTER OPTIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

COIL OPTIONS

 

 

KW

X

- 1-Inch Fiberglass

 

 

X

- Standard

 

 

 

(Standard)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0Z - 0KW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F

- 2-Inch Fiberglass

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

05 - 5KW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

06 - 6KW

P

- 2-Inch Pleated

 

INTERNAL CONTROLS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

09 - 9KW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X - Standard

 

10 - 10KW

 

 

COLOR OPTIONS

 

 

High Pressure Switch

 

12 - 12KW

 

 

 

 

Low Pressure Switch

 

 

 

V

- Platinum w/Slate

 

 

 

15 - 15KW

 

 

 

 

Compressor Time Delay

 

 

 

 

Front

(Vinyl)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E - Low Ambient Control

 

 

 

 

 

X - Beige paint

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q - Outdoor Thermostat

 

 

 

 

4

- Gray paint

 

 

 

 

 

 

R - Low Ambient Control &

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outdoor Thermostat

VENTILATION OPTIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X - Barometric Fresh Air Damper

(Standard)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B - Blank-off Plate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CLIMATE CONTROL OPTIONS

V - Commercial Ventilator - Motorized w/Exhaust

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Return

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X - None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P - Commercial Ventilator - Motorized w/Exhaust

 

 

A -

Electronic/Non Prog/Man C/O

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power Return

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D

- Electronic/Prog/Man/Auto

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R - Energy Recovery Ventilator w/Exhaust

 

 

H

- Electronic/Prog/Man/Auto with CO2

TABLE 1

FACTORY BUILT-IN ELECTRIC HEAT TABLE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q36H1-A

Q36H1-B

Q36H1-C

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q42H1-A

Q42H1-B

Q42H1-C

 

Q24H1-A

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q48H1-A

Q48H1-B

Q48H1-C

Models

Q30H1-A

Q24H1-B

Q30H1-B

Q24H1-C

Q30H1-C

Q60H1-A

Q60H1-B

Q60H1-C

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

240V-1

208V-1

240V-1

208V-1

240V-1

208V-1

480V-3

480V-3

240V-1

208V-1

240V-1

208V-1

480V-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KW

BTUH

BTUH

BTUH

BTUH

BTUH

BTUH

BTUH

BTUH

BTUH

BTUH

BTUH

BTUH

BTUH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.0

16,380

12,290

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,380

12,290

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.0

 

 

20,500

15,360

20,500

15,360

20,500

20,500

 

 

20,500

15,360

20,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.0

 

 

30,700

23,000

30,700

23,000

30,700

30,700

 

 

30,700

23,000

30,700

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.0

32,670

24,570

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,670

24,570

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12.0

 

 

 

 

41,000

30,700

 

41,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

49,150

36,860

49,150

36,860

49,150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manual

2100-519C

Page

4 of 42

TABLE 2

ELECTRICALSPECIFICATIONS

 

 

 

 

Single Circuit

 

 

 

 

 

Dual Circuit

 

 

 

 

Rated

No. Field

3 Minimum

1 Maximum

2 Field

 

3 Minimum

1 Maximum

2 Field

2 Ground

 

2 Ground

Circuit

External Fuse

Power

Model

Volts

Power

Circuit

External Fuse

Power

Wire Size

Wire

Ampacity

or Ckt. Breaker

Wire Size

 

and Phase

Circuits

Ampacity

or Ckt. Brkr.

Wire Size

 

Ckt. A

Ckt. B

Ckt. A

Ckt. B

Ckt. A

Ckt. B

Ckt. A

Ckt. B

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q24H1-A0Z

 

1

22

30

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A05

230/208-1

1

47

50

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A10

 

1 or 2

72

80

4

8

22

50

30

50

10

8

10

10

Q24H1-B0Z

 

1

17

20

12

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B06

230/208-3

1

35

35

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B09

 

1

44

45

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Q24H1-C0Z

 

1

10

15

14

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C06

460-3

1

19

20

12

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C09

 

1

23

25

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Q30H1-A0Z

 

1

25

35

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A05

230/208-1

1

50

50

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A10

 

1 or 2

75

80

4

8

25

50

30

50

10

8

10

10

Q30H1-B0Z

 

1

18

25

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B06

230/208-3

1

37

40

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B09

1

45

45

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

B12

 

1

55

60

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Q30H1-C0Z

 

1

12

15

14

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C06

460-3

1

21

25

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C09

 

1

25

25

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C12

 

1

30

30

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Q36H1-A0Z

 

1

31

45

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A05

230/208-1

1

56

60

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A10

1 or 2

81

90

4

8

31

50

45

50

8

8

10

10

 

4 A15

 

1 or 2

83

90

4

8

33

50

45

50

8

8

10

10

Q36H1-B0Z

 

1

25

30

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B06

230/208-3

1

43

50

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B09

1

52

60

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

5 B15

 

1

53

60

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Q36H1-C0Z

 

1

12

15

14

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C06

460-3

1

21

25

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C09

1

26

30

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

5 C15

 

1

27

30

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Q42H1-A0Z

 

1

34

50

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A05

230/208-1

1

59

60

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A10

1 or 2

84

90

4

8

34

50

45

50

8

8

10

10

 

4 A15

 

1 or 2

84

90

4

8

34

50

45

50

8

8

10

10

Q42H1-B0Z

 

1

25

35

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B06

230/208-3

1

43

50

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B09

1

52

60

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

5 B15

 

1

53

60

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Q42H1-C0Z

 

1

13

15

14

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C06

460-3

1

22

25

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C09

1

26

30

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

5 C15

 

1

27

30

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Q48H1-A0Z

 

1

38

50

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A05

230/208-1

1 or 2

63

70

6

8

38

25

50

25

8

10

10

10

A10

1 or 2

88

90

3

8

38

50

50

50

8

8

10

10

 

4 A15

 

1 or 2

88

90

3

8

38

50

50

50

8

8

10

10

Q48H1-B0Z

 

1

29

40

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B06

230/208-3

1

47

50

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B09

1

56

60

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

5 B15

 

1

56

60

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Q48H1-C0Z

 

1

15

20

12

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C06

460-3

1

24

25

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C09

1

28

30

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

5 C15

 

1

28

30

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Q60H1-A0Z

 

1

45

60

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A05

230/208-1

1 or 2

70

90

4

8

45

25

60

25

8

10

10

10

A10

1 or 2

95

100

3

8

45

50

60

50

8

8

10

10

 

5 A15

 

1 or 2

95

100

3

8

45

50

60

50

8

8

10

10

Q60H1-B0Z

 

1

31

45

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B09

230/208-3

1

58

60

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5 B15

 

1

58

60

6

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Q60H1-C0Z

 

1

17

25

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C09

460-3

1

31

35

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5 C15

 

1

31

35

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 Maximum size of the time delay fuse or HACR type circuit breaker for protection of field wiring conductors. 2 Based on 75°C copper wire. All wiring must conform to the National Electrical Code and all local codes.

3 These “Minimum Circuit Ampacity” values are to be used for sizing the field power conductors. Refer to the National Electric Code (latest revision), article 310 for power conductor sizing.

Caution: When more than one field power conductor circuit is run through one conduit, the conductors must be derated. Pay special attention to note 8 of table 310 regarding Ampacity Adjustment Factors when more than three conductors are in a raceway.

4 Maximum KW that can operate with heat pump on is 10KW. Other 5KW energizes during emergency heat only. 5 Maximum KW that can operate with heat pump on is 9KW. Other 6KW energizes during emergency heat only.

Manual

2100-519C

Page

5 of 42

FIGURE 1

UNIT DIMENSIONS

Q24H1

Q30H1

Q36H1

Q42H1

Q48H1

Q60H1

Manual

2100-519C

Page

6 of 42

SHIPPING DAMAGE

FIGURE 2

 

AIR SEAL UNDER QTEC UNIT

Upon receipt of equipment, the carton should be checked for external signs of shipping damage. The skid must remain attached to the unit until the unit is ready for installation. If damage is found, the receiving party must contact the last carrier immediately, preferably in writing, requesting inspection by the carrier’s agent.

UNIT REMOVAL FROM SKID

WARNING

This unit is heavy and requires more than one person to handle and remove from the skid. Check unit wheels to ensure that wheels are locked before removing from skid. Extreme caution must be taken to prevent injury to personnel and damage to the unit.

It is recommended that the unit not be removed from the skid with a forklift since the air seal under the unit could be damaged. See Figure 2.

The shipping brackets on each side of the unit must be removed and discarded. See Figure 3-A. The return air grille panel can be removed to provide a place to hold the unit. The unit can be slid forward on the skid until

Air Seal

the front wheels hang over the edge of the skid. See Figure 3-B. The unit can be tipped forward and slid down the edge of the skid until the front wheels touch the ground. See Figure 3-C. The wheels will not roll. They are shipped from the factory locked so they will not roll. The back of the skid will have to be held down to keep it from tipping up. The skid can be slid out from under the unit. The unit can then be set upright.

FIGURE 3

REMOVAL OF UNIT FROM SKID

Hold

Skid

Down

A Shipping Brackets

B Front Wheels Over Edge

C Front Wheels On Floor

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HANDLING UNIT AFTER REMOVAL FROM SKID

WARNING

Exercise extreme caution when pushing the unit on the rollers. Handle and push from the lower 1/3 of the unit. Insure that debris is not on the floor where the unit is to be moved on the rollers. Failure to do so could result in the unit tipping over and causing bodily injury and/ or damage to the unit.

The unit will have to be turned sideways and removed from the skid to fit through a 36" doorway. If the door height allows, the unit can be slid sideways through the door.

If the unit cannot be slid through the door, then the unit will have to be put on a cart and tipped down to roll through the door. It is recommended that an appliance cart be used with a strap to hold the unit on the cart. The wheels of the unit must be locked. If the wheels were allowed to roll, the unit could roll off the cart. The unit should always be carted from the left side. This is the side where the compressor is located. See Figure 4.

FIGURE 4

UNIT ON APPLIANCE CART

Q-TEC UNIT

(Right Side)

STRAP

APPLIANCE

CART

COMPRESSOR

The blade of the appliance cart should be slid under the wheels of the unit. The strap of the appliance cart should be placed around the unit and strapped tightly. Help will be required to tip the unit back onto the cart. The unit can be leaned far enough back to be rolled through the door. Be careful when setting the unit back up to keep from damaging the unit.

GENERAL

The equipment covered in this manual is to be installed by trained, experienced service and installation technicians.

A QWS-Series wall sleeve supplied as a separate accessory must be ordered and installed with Q-Tec unit.

The unit is designed for use with or without duct work. For use without duct work, Plenum Box QPB42 is recommended.

These instructions explain the recommended method to install the air cooled self-contained unit and the electrical wiring connections to the unit.

These instructions and any instructions packaged with any separate equipment required to make up the entire air conditioning system should be carefully read before beginning the installation. Note particularly “Start Procedure” and any tags and/or labels attached to the equipment.

While these instructions are intended as a general recommended guide, they do not supersede any national and/or local codes in any way. Authorities having jurisdiction should be consulted before the installation is made. See Page 3 for information on codes and standards.

Size of unit for a proposed installation should be based on heat loss calculation made according to methods of Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA). The air duct should be installed in accordance with the Standards of the National Fire Protection Systems of Other Than Residence Type, NFPA No. 90A, and Residence Type Warm Air Heating and Air Conditioning Systems, NFPA No. 90B. Where local regulations are at a variance with instructions, installer should adhere to local codes.

MINIMUM INSTALLATION HEIGHT

The minimum installation height of the unit with a Free Blow Plenum is 8 ft. 6 in. This provides enough clearance for the plenum to be removed. See Figure 5.

The minimum installation height for ducted applications is 8 ft. 4½ in. This provides enough clearance to install the duct work. See Figure 6.

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FIGURE 5

INSTALLATION WITH FREE BLOW PLENUM

FIGURE 6

DUCTEDAPPLICATION

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DUCT WORK

Any heat pump is more critical of proper operating charge and an adequate duct system than a straight air conditioning unit. All duct work must be properly sized for the design airflow requirement of the equipment. Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) is an excellent guide to proper sizing. All duct work or portions thereof not in the conditioned space should be properly insulated in order to both conserve energy and prevent condensation or moisture damage. When duct runs through unheated spaces, it should be insulated with a minimum of one inch of insulation. Use insulation with a vapor barrier on the outside of the insulation. Flexible joints should be used to connect the duct work to the equipment in order to keep the noise transmission to a minimum.

The Q-TEC series heat pump has provision to attach a supply air duct to the top of the unit. Duct connection size is 12 inches x 20 inches. The duct work is field supplied and must be attached in a manner to allow for ease of removal when it becomes necessary to slide the unit out from the wall for service. See Figure 7 for suggested attachment method.

FIGURE 7

SUPPLY DUCT CONNECTIONS

SUPPLY DUCT

TO BE FIELD

SUPPLIED

ATTACHMENT

SCREWS TO

BE FIELD

SUPPLIED

ROOM SIDE

OF Q-TEC UNIT

DUCT FLANGE

PROVIDED WITH

UNIT

NOTE: Unit cabinet, supply air duct and free blow plenum are approved for “0” clearance to combustible material.

The Q-TEC series heat pumps are designed for use with free return (non-ducted) and either free blow with the use of QPB Plenum Box or a duct supply air system.

The QPB and QPBHW Plenum Box mounts on top of the unit and has both vertically and horizontally adjustable louvers on the front discharge grille.

For hot water coil option a QPBHWxx-F for free blow or QPBHWxx-D for ducted airflow is used.

When used with a ducted supply, a QCX Cabinet Extension can be used to conceal the duct work above the unit to the ceiling. This extends 20" above the unit for a total height above the floor of 10'-7/8". The unit is equipped with a variable speed indoor blower motor which increases in speed with an increase in duct static pressure. The unit will therefore deliver proper rated air flow up to the maximum ESP shown in Table 9. However, for quiet operation of the air system, the duct static should be kept as low as practical, within the guidelines of good duct design.

FILTERS

Two 1-inch throw away filters [(1) 16x16 and (1) 16x20] are supplied with each unit. The filters slide into filter brackets. Refer to Figure 8.

The filters are serviced from the inside of the building by opening the hinged door. This door is attached by T-25 torx screw and one locking latch.

The internal filter brackets are adjustable to accommodate 2-inch filters. The tabs for the 1-inch filters must be bent down to allow the 2-inch filters to slide in place.

FIGURE 8

FILTER LOCATION

FILTERS

RETURN AIR

GRILLE

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FRESH AIR INTAKE

This unit is equipped with a fresh air damper assembly. The damper blade is locked in the closed position when the unit is shipped from the Factory. To allow the damper to operate remove the two plastic locking pins, one on each end of the blade. This will allow for maximum fresh airflow. The damper blade will now open when the indoor blower is operating. If less than maximum fresh airflow is required, reinsert the plastic pins to limit damper blade opening to desired level. Two extra pins are provided (taped to the inside of the assembly) which may be used to hold the blade in some position other than minimum or maximum position. This fresh air assembly is located in the rear of the unit and to gain access to make these adjustments remove the air filter service door.

All capacity, efficiency and cost of operation information as required for Department of Energy “Energyguide” Fact Sheets are based upon the fresh air blank-off plate in place and is recommended for maximum energy efficiency.

The blank-off plate is available upon request from the factory and is installed in place of the fresh air damper shipped with each unit.

For details on energy recovery ventilation see Page 30.

SERVICE LIGHT

The unit is equipped with a service light which signals the user that service is required. The light is located in the upper control panel and is visible only when the hinged service/filter access door is open.

The Service Unit light indicates that the unit has been shut off by a high or low pressure device. This indicates that the unit needs to be serviced. See Page 33 for details.

CONDENSATE DRAIN

There are two drain connections on the unit. The rear drain is the primary drain, and is located on the right lower rear panel of the unit. The optional side drain is located on the bottom right side of the unit. The side drain is shipped with a plug installed.

The side drain requires a water trap for proper drainage. See Figure 9. The drain can be routed through the floor or through the wall. If the drain is to be routed through an unconditioned space, it must be protected from freezing. The drain line must be able to be removed from the unit if it is necessary to remove the unit from the wall. When the side drain is used, the plug must be removed and installed in the rear drain outlet.

The rear drain can be used with wall thickness of up to 10 inches where a water trap can be installed between the unit and the interior wall. See Figure 10. The trap cannot extend beyond the edge of the unit or it will interfere with the wall mounting bracket. The drain can be routed through the floor or through the wall. If the drain is routed through the wall, the drain line must be positioned such that it will not interfere with the sleeve flange or the grille. See Figure 11. If the drain is to be routed through an unconditioned space, it must be protected from freezing.

OPTIONAL REAR DRAIN KITS

Optional Rear Drain Kit, Bard Model QCDS48A, is also available for these products. The optional rear drain kit offers multiple benefits that include the following:

Allows unit to be rolled away from the sleeve without having to disconnect any hard plumbing connections.

Allows indoor coil condensate to be easily connected to Rear Drain Box while bypassing the outdoor coil drain pan. This aids in minimizing the potential for biological growth to occur by minimizing the standing water and exposing it to warm temperatures.

See Figures 12A, 12B, 12C and 12D.

The drain box permanently mounts onto the wall sleeve and is then either piped directly outdoors, or can be piped vertically. The Q-Tec unit is then equipped with fittings on the rear of the unit that slide into the drain box as it is wheeled towards the wall sleeve.

NOTE: On models equipped with a refrigerant subcooler in the lower drain pan may experience a 2- 3% decrease in cooling performance and efficiency when the indoor condensate is routed around the outdoor coil drain pan/subcooler assembly. Unit rated performance and efficiency are with the indoor condensate routed to the outdoor coil pan.

There is also a heated version of the rear drain box available (Model #QCDS48H) for installation in northern climates where freezing may occur.

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FIGURE 9

FIGURE 10

OPTIONAL SIDE DRAIN (SIDE VIEW)

STANDARD REAR DRAIN

INSTALLATION

 

Q-TEC UNIT

 

FIGURE 11

REAR DRAIN (TOP VIEW)

DRAIN LINE

 

WALL (MAXIMUM 10"

 

FOR REAR DRAIN)

SLEEVE

COUPLINGS NOT

 

 

SHOWN BUT

 

RECOMMENDED

 

FOR EASE OF

 

REMOVABILITY

 

FOR SERVICE.

 

WALL

 

BRACKET

WATER

 

TRAP

 

 

UNIT

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MIS-2469

12A

 

WALL SLEEVE

FIGURE

TUBE

 

OVERFLOW TUBE

CAULK AROUND

DRAIN BOX

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2100-519C

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FIGURE 12B

PLUG INSTALLED IN

SIDE Q/Tec DRAIN

REAR DRAIN CONNECTION IN

Q/Tec PRODUCT

 

IMPORTANT !

 

1/2" SLIP X 1/2" SLIP X 3/4" NPT

 

TEE SUPPLIED WITH DRAIN BOX KIT

3/4" PLASTIC PIPE NIPPLE

(TIGHTEN THREADS SO TEE IS

SUPPLIED WITH DRAIN BOX KIT

HORIZONTAL TO FLOOR)

(APPLY TEFLON TAPE TO

 

THREADS)

 

 

MIS-2470

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2100-519C

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FIGURE 12C

REMOVE KNOCK-OUT FOR INDOOR DRAIN HOSE CONNECTOR

(If Used)

MIS-2471

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FIGURE 12D

DRAIN HOSE FROM INDOOR

DRAIN PAN.

MOVE HOSE FROM ATTACHMENT IN

LOWER DRAIN PAN AND SLIDE ONTO

DRAIN BOX BARB FITTING, SECURING

WITH SUPPLIED CLAMP IF OUTDOOR

PAN IS BYPASSED. ( WILL REDUCE RISK

OF ALGAE GROWTH IN THE OUTDOOR

PAN BUT AT A SLIGHT COOLING

PERFORMANCE REDUCTION OF 2-3% )

MIS-2472

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2100-519C

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FIGURE 13A

UNIT MOUNTING - METHOD 1

 

ENLARGED VIEW OF MOUNTING

 

BRACKET SHOWING SLEEVE TO

 

CABINET ATTACHMENT

SIDE TRIM

MOUNTING BRACKET

(2 PCS.)

 

QWS Series

WALL

Wall Sleeve

SLEEVE

 

SIDE TRIM

 

(2 PCS.)

 

#8 SCREW

 

PROVIDED

 

(LIGHT COLOR)

 

MOUNTING

CABINET

BRACKET

SIDE PANEL

#10 HEX HEAD SCREW PROVIDED

BOTTOM

TRIM

PIECE BOTTOM TRIM

EXTENSION

FIGURE 13B

UNIT MOUNTING - METHOD 2

Return Grille

Sleeve

Stud

 

Washer Nut

Condenser

Door (Removed)

MIS-2689

Lower Control Panel

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2100-519C

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INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS

MOUNTING THE UNIT

When installing a Q-TEC unit near an interior wall on the left side, a minimum of 8 inches is required; 12 inches is preferred.

When installing a Q-TEC unit near an interior wall on the right side, a minimum of 18 inches is required as additional space is required to connect the side drain. If the rear condensate drain kit QCDS48 is used the minimum can be reduced to 8 inches.

This clearance is required to allow for the attachment of the unit to the sleeve and side trim pieces to the wall.

This unit is to be secured to the wall sleeve with mounting brackets provided. The unit itself, the supply duct and the free blow plenum are suitable of “0” clearance to combustible material.

Following are the steps for mounting the Q-TEC. For reference see Figure 13A for external mounting bracket or 13B for internal bolt secured bracket (recommended).

1.Attach mounting brackets to the wall sleeve with screws provided. Either use external mounting bracket (Fig. 13A) or internal bolt bracket (Fig. 13B).

2.Position the unit in front of the sleeve with the condenser section toward the sleeve.

3.Remove the locking screws from the wheels. Refer to Figure 14.

4.Roll the unit into the sleeve. Make sure to check both sides of the unit as it is being rolled to keep it centered in the sleeve. Also check the

alignment to the mounting brackets. This unit must be level from side to side. If adjustments are necessary, shim up under the rollers with sheets of steel or any substance that is not affected by moisture.

5.Make sure the gasket on the rear of the unit is touching the sleeve across the top and down both sides. This is a rain water seal.

6.Secure the mounting brackets to the unit with screws provided, #10 hex head sheet metal screws (Figure 13A) or use nut and washer to secure sleeve (Figure 13B).

7.Bottom trim extensions are provided for use when wall is less than 14 inches but greater than 10.5 inches. Secure to wall with screws (not provided).

8.Attach the bottom trim piece to the unit with the screws provided (dark colored).

9.Position side trim pieces to wall and attach with field supplied screws. There are two long pieces and two short pieces supplied. The long pieces are to enclose the gap behind the unit. The short pieces are to fill the gap behind the cabinet extension or the free blow plenum box. They may be cut to suit your ceiling height or overlap the unit side trim. There is sufficient length to trim up to a 10'2" ceiling.

NOTE: If the exterior wall thickness is between 5 inches to 10.5 inches, a side trim extension piece kit, model QSTX42, is available.

FIGURE 14

REMOVING LOCKING SCREWS FROM WHEELS

REMOVE SCREWS FROM

WHEELS BEFORE

ROLLING INTO PLACE

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WIRING – MAIN POWER

Refer to the unit rating plate and/or Table 2 for wire sizing information and maximum fuse or “HACR Type” circuit breaker size. Each unit is marked with a “Minimum Circuit Ampacity”. This means that the field wiring used must be sized to carry that amount of current. Depending on the installed KW of electric heat, there may be two field power circuits required. If this is the case, the unit serial plate will so indicate. All models are suitable only for connection with copper wire. Each unit and/or wiring diagram will be marked “Use Copper Conductors Only”. These instructions MUST BE adhered to. Refer to the National Electrical Code (NEC) for complete current carrying capacity data on the various insulation grades of wiring material. All wiring must conform to NEC and all local codes.

The electrical data lists fuse and wire sizes (75°C copper) for all models, including the most commonly used heater sizes. Also shown are the number of field power circuits required for the various models with heaters.

The unit rating plate lists a “Maximum Time Delay Relay Fuse” or “HACR Type” circuit breaker that is to be used with the equipment. The correct size must be used for proper circuit protection, and also to assure that there will be no nuisance tripping due to the momentary high starting current of the compressor motor.

The disconnect access door on this unit may be locked to prevent unauthorized access to the disconnect.

FIGURE 15

COMPONENTLOCATION

 

SIDE FIELD WIRE

 

ENTRANCE

ELECTRIC

 

HEATERS

 

 

REMOTE

 

THERMOSTAT

UNIT

TERMINAL

MOUNTED

BLOCK

THERMOSTAT

 

LOCATION

 

 

INDOOR

 

BLOWER

DEHUMIDIFICATION

 

CONTROL

 

(OPTIONAL)

 

 

CIRCUIT

 

BREAKER PANEL

 

& CONTROLS

 

LOWER

 

CONTROL

 

PANEL

See Start Up section for information on three phase scroll compressor start-ups.

The field wiring connections are located behind the top and hinged panel in the circuit breaker panel. See Figure 15.

WIRING – LOW VOLTAGE WIRING

230/208V, 1 PHASE AND 3 PHASE EQUIPMENT DUAL PRIMARY VOLTAGE TRANSFORMERS.

All Equipment leaves the factory wired on 240V tap. For 208V operation, reconnect from 240V to 208V tap. The acceptable operating voltage range for the 240 and 208V taps are as noted in Table 3.

TABLE 3

OPERATING VOLTAGE RANGE

TAP

RANGE

 

 

240V

253 – 216

 

 

208V

220 – 187

 

 

NOTE: The voltage should be measured at the field power connection point in the unit and while the unit is operating at full load (maximum amperage operating condition).

The standard Climate Control Option X is a remote thermostat connection terminal block. See Figure 17A for wiring diagram. Compatible thermostats are listed in Table 4. See Fig. 17B for Remote CO2 Sensor Connection.

The Climate Control Option A is an electronic, nonprogrammable manual or auto changeover thermostat. The subbase of the thermostat is factory wired to the front panel of the unit. See Figure 18 for wiring diagram. Compatible for use with Bard CS2000A* Controller and Energy Recovery Ventilator.

The Climate Control Option D is an electronic, programmable thermostat. The subbase of the thermostat is factory wired to the front panel of the unit. See Figure 19 for wiring diagram. Compatible for use with Energy Recovery Ventilator or Economizer.

The Climate Control Option H is an electronic, programmable thermostat and a CO2 controller. The subbase of the thermostat and CO2 controller are factory wired to the front panel of the unit. See Figure 20 for wiring diagram.

NOTE: On option X or A the CS2000A* (or other field provided means to control ventilation) must be used if any of the motorized ventilation options are installed.

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LOW VOLTAGE CONNECTIONS

These units use a grounded 24 volt AC low voltage circuit.

The “R” terminal is the hot terminal and the “C” terminal is grounded.

“G” terminal or pins 6 and 1 of P2 are the fan inputs. Both must be energized for proper fan operation. This is done automatically in the factory installed climate control options. If the climate control option is abandoned and connections are made directly to P2 both pins 6 and 1 of P2 must be energized for proper operation.

“Y” terminal or pin 7 of P2 is the compressor input.

“B” terminal or pin 8 of P2 is the reversing valve input. The reversing valve must be energized for heating mode.

“R” terminal or pin 10 of P2 is 24 VAC hot.

“C” terminal or pin 11 of P2 is 24 VAC grounded.

“L” terminal or pin 12 of P2 is compressor lockout output. This terminal is activated on a high or low pressure trip by the electronic heat pump control. This is a 24 VAC output.

“W2” terminal or pin 9 of P2 is second stage heat (if equipped). If the unit is equipped with an optional hot water coil plenum box or electric heat these will be energized by this terminal.

“O1” terminal of pin 5 of P2 is the ventilation input. This terminal energizes any factory installed ventilation option.

“E” terminal or pin 3 of P2 is the emergency heat input. This terminal energizes the emergency heat relay.

NOTE: For total and proper control using DDC, a total of 6 controlled outputs are required (5 if no ventilation system is installed). For proper system operation under Emergency Heat conditions. Where the compressor needs to be deactivated, the B-W2-E outputs need to be energized. Removing the Y (compressor) signal alone turns the compressor off, but does not activate the additional circuitry embedded in the heat pump for proper and complete operation.

LOW VOLTAGE CONNECTIONS FOR

DDC CONTROL

Fan Only

Energize G

Cooling Mode

Energize Y, G

Heat Pump Heating

Energize Y, G, B

2nd Stage Heating

Energize G, W2

(if employed)

 

Ventilation

Energize G, O1

Emergency Heat

Energize B, W2, E

GENERAL

This unit is equipped with a variable speed ECM motor. The motor is designed to maintain rated airflow up to the maximum static allowed. It is important that the blower motor plugs are not plugged in or unplugged while the power is on. Failure to remove power prior to unplugging or plugging in the motor could result in motor failure.

CAUTION

Do not plug in or unplug blower motor connectors while the power is on. Failure to do so may result in motor failure.

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TABLE 4

 

WALLTHERMOSTATS

 

 

Thermostat

Predominant Features

 

 

 

3 stage Cool; 3 stage Heat

8403-060

Programmable/Non-Programmable Electronic

(1120-445)

HP or Conventional

 

Auto or Manual changeover

 

 

 

2 stage Cool; 2 stage Heat

8403-058

Electronic Non-Programmable

(TH5220D1151)

HP or Conventional

 

Auto or Manual changeover

 

 

8403-056

Carbon Dioxide Sensor with LCD for

(C7232A1008)

Sensor Readings

 

 

FIGURE 16

MIS-1285

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FIGURE 17A

REMOTE THERMOSTAT WIRING DIAGRAM

“X” THERMOSTAT OPTION

REMOTE THERMOSTAT WIRING DIAGRAM

"X" THERMOSTAT OPTION

Thermostat

Thermostat #TH522001151

Low Voltage

 

Bard Part #8403-060

Bard Part #8403-058

Terminal Block

 

G

G

 

G

Orange

 

 

 

 

Orange

W1/E

E

 

E

Red/Yellow

L

 

 

L

 

A

 

 

O1

Brown/White

 

 

 

W1

 

Y1

Y

 

Y

Yellow

O/B

O/B

 

B

Blue

W2

Aux

 

W2

Brown

R

R

 

R

Red/White

 

Rc

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

C

C

 

C

Black/White

 

 

 

W3

 

1Factory installed jumper.

Plug #2

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

MIS-2687

VENTILATOR OR DAMPER

NOTE: On option X or A the CS2000A* (or other field provided means to control ventilation) must be used if any of the motorized ventilation options are installed.

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FIGURE 17B

REMOTE THERMOSTAT WIRING DIAGRAM

“X” THERMOSTAT OPTION WITH DEMAND VENTILATION

Optional

CO2 Controller

#C7232A1008

Bard Part #8403-056

Red

24VAC

Black

 

Yellow

1

5

2

Relay

Analog

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part #8201-062

Out

 

3

 

4

Brown

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orange

 

 

 

 

 

 

Green

 

 

 

 

 

Plug #2

G

G

 

G

Orange

 

 

 

 

Orange

W1/E

E

 

E

Red/Yellow

L

 

 

L

 

A

 

 

O1

Brown/White

 

 

 

W1

 

Y1

Y

 

Y

Yellow

O/B

O/B

 

B

Blue

W2

Aux

 

W2

Brown

R

R

 

R

Red/White

 

Rc

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

C

C

 

C

Black/White

Thermostat

Thermostat #TH522001151

W3

 

Bard Part #8403-060

Bard Part #8403-058

Low Voltage

 

 

 

 

 

Terminal Block

1Factory installed jumper.

2Mount relay in low voltage terminal block compartment.

3Relay is field installed and required if demand ventilation control does not supply blower "G" signal when ventilation signal "O1" is supplied.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

MIS-2688

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FIGURE 18

UNIT MOUNTED THERMOSTAT WIRING DIAGRAM

“A” THERMOSTAT OPTION

Temp. and Humidity

Controller

PART #8403-060

W1/E

G

Y1

O/B

W2

R

C

L

 

Plug #2

Orange

1

 

Brown/White 2

Red/Yellow 3

 

4

Orange

5

6

 

Yellow

7

Blue

8

 

Brown

9

 

Red/White

10

 

Black/White

11

Pink

12

 

 

4102-062 A

NOTE: On option X or A the CS2000A* (or other field provided means to control ventilation) must be used if any of the motorized ventilation options are installed.

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FIGURE 19

UNIT MOUNTED THERMOSTAT WIRING DIAGRAM

“D” THERMOSTAT OPTION

Temp. and Humidity

Controller Orange

PART #8403-060

W1/E

Red/Yellow

A

Brown/White

G

Orange

Y1

Yellow

O/B

Blue

W2

Brown

R

Red/White

C

Black/White

Plug #2

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

4102-060

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FIGURE 20

UNIT MOUNTED THERMOSTAT WIRING DIAGRAM

“H” THERMOSTAT OPTION

CO2 Controller

Part #8403-056 24VAC

Analog

Out

W1/E

 

A

 

G

Temp. and Humidity

Y1

Controller

 

Part #8403-060

O/B

 

W2

 

R

 

C

4102-059

 

Red

Red/White

Black

Black/White

 

 

Yellow

 

 

1

 

 

 

Brown

 

Red/White

3

Black/White

Brown/White

 

Orange

Green

Brown/White

Orange

Brown

Red/White

Black/White

52

Relay

4Part #8201-062

Orange

Plug #2

 

Orange

1

 

Red/Yellow

2

3

 

 

4

 

5

 

6

Yellow

7

 

Blue

8

 

 

9

 

10

 

11

 

12

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START UP

THESE UNITS REQUIRE R-410A REFRIGERANT AND POLYOL ESTER OIL.

GENERAL:

1.Use separate service equipment to avoid cross contamination of oil and refrigerants.

2.Use recovery equipment rated for R-410A refrigerant.

3.Use manifold gauges rated for R-410A (800 psi/250 psi low).

4.R-410A is a binary blend of HFC-32 and HFC-125.

5.R-410A is nearly azeotropic - similar to R-22 and R-12. Although nearly azeotropic, charge with liquid refrigerant.

6.R-410A operates at 40-70% higher pressure than R-22, and systems designed for R-22 cannot withstand this higher pressure.

7.R-410A has an ozone depletion potential of zero, but must be reclaimed due to its global warming potential.

8.R-410A compressors use Polyol Ester oil.

9.Polyol Ester oil is hygroscopic; it will rapidly absorb moisture and strongly hold this moisture in the oil.

10.A liquid line dryer must be used - even a deep vacuum will not separate moisture from the oil.

11.Limit atmospheric exposure to 15 minutes.

12.If compressor removal is necessary, always plug compressor immediately after removal. Purge with small amount of nitrogen when inserting plugs.

TOPPING OFF SYSTEM CHARGE

If a leak has occurred in the system, Bard Manufacturing recommends reclaiming, evacuating (see criteria above), and charging to the nameplate charge. If done correctly, topping off the system charge can be done without problems.

With R-410A, there are no significant changes in the refrigerant composition during multiple leaks and recharges. R-410A refrigerant is close to being an azeotropic blend (it behaves like a pure compound or single component refrigerant). The remaining refrigerant charge, in the system, may be used after leaks have occurred and then “top-off” the charge by utilizing the pressure charts on the inner control panel cover as a guideline.

REMEMBER: When adding R-410A refrigerant, it must come out of the charging cylinder/tank as a liquid to avoid any fractionation, and to insure optimal system performance. Refer to instructions for the cylinder that is being utilized for proper method of liquid extraction.

WARNING

Failure to conform to these practices could lead to damage, injury or death.

SAFETY PRACTICES:

1.Never mix R-410A with other refrigerants.

2.Use gloves and safety glasses. Polyol Ester oils can be irritating to the skin, and liquid refrigerant will freeze the skin.

3.Never use air and R-410A to leak check; the mixture may become flammable.

4.Do not inhale R-410A – the vapor attacks the nervous system, creating dizziness, loss of coordination and slurred speech. Cardiac irregularities, unconsciousness and ultimate death can result from breathing this concentration.

5.Do not burn R-410A. This decomposition produces hazardous vapors. Evacuate the area if exposed.

6.Use only cylinders rated DOT4BA/4BW 400.

7.Never fill cylinders over 80% of total capacity.

8.Store cylinders in a cool area, out of direct sunlight.

9.Never heat cylinders above 125°F.

10.Never trap liquid R-410A in manifold sets, gauge lines or cylinders. R-410A expands significantly at warmer temperatures. Once a cylinder or line is full of liquid, any further rise in temperature will cause it to burst.

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START UP

DESCRIPTION OF STANDARD

EQUIPMENT

Solid State Electronic Heat Pump Control

Provides efficient 30-minute defrost cycle. A thermistor sensor and speed up terminal for service along with a 10-minute defrost override are standard on the electronic heat pump control.

High / Low Pressure Switch

Provides refrigerant circuit high pressure and loss of charge protection. Includes lockout circuit that is resettable from room thermostat.

Five Minute Compressor Time Delay

Provides short cycle protection for the compressor which extends compressor life. Built into the electronic heat pump control as standard.

Service Light

One service light indicates when service is required.

Check System – detects high or low pressure switch operation for compressor protection.

OPTIONAL CFM (Q36H1, Q42H1, Q48H1 AND Q60H1 ONLY)

These units are shipped from the factory set to operate at the optional CFM level shown in Table 9. This provides lower operating sound levels for non-ducted, free discharge applications. This CFM level will reduce the system capacity performance by approximately 2% at the same energy efficiency.

Rated CFM is required for ducted applications for maximum performance rating. To obtain full CFM on these models, connect jumper wire as follows:

1.Disconnect all power to the unit. Failure to do so may result in damage to the motor.

2.Open return air service panel

3.Open inner control panel cover

4.Locate low voltage terminal strip. There is a pink jumper wire with both ends attached to terminal marked “G2”. Move one end of this jumper to terminal “Y”.

5.Reverse steps to reassemble.

IMPORTANT INSTALLER NOTE

For improved start-up performance, wash the indoor coil with a dishwasher detergent.

PHASE MONITOR

All units with three phase scroll compressors are equipped with a 3 phase line monitor to prevent compressor damage due to phase reversal.

The phase monitor in this unit is equipped with two LEDs. If the Y signal is present at the phase monitor and phases are correct the green LED will light and the compressor contactor is allowed to energize.

If phases are reversed, the red fault LED will be lit and compressor operation is inhibited.

If a fault condition occurs, reverse two of the supply leads to the unit. Do not reverse any of the unit factory wires as damage may occur.

THREE PHASE SCROLL COMPRESSOR START UP INFORMATION

Scroll compressors, like several other types of compressors, will only compress in one rotational direction. Direction of rotation is not an issue with single phase compressors since they will always start and run in the proper direction.

However, three phase compressors will rotate in either direction depending upon phasing of the power. Since there is a 50-50 chance of connecting power in such a way as to cause rotation in the reverse direction, verification of proper rotation must be made.

Verification of proper rotation direction is made by observing that suction pressure drops and discharge pressure rises when the compressor is energized.

Reverse rotation also results in an elevated sound level over that with correct rotation, as well as, substantially reduced current draw compared to tabulated values.

Verification of proper rotation must be made at the time the equipment is put into service. If improper rotation is corrected at this time there will be no negative impact on the durability of the compressor. However, reverse operation for even one hour may have a negative impact on the bearing due to oil pump out.

All three phase scroll compressors used in the QTEC series are wired identically internally. As a result, once the correct phasing is determined for a specific system or installation, connecting properly phased power leads to the same Fusite terminal should maintain proper rotation direction. The direction of rotation of the motor may be changed by reversing any two line connections to the unit.

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SERVICE HINTS

1.Caution user to maintain clean air filters at all times. Also, not to needlessly close off supply air registers. This may reduce airflow through the system, which shortens equipment service life as well as increasing operating costs and noise levels.

2.Switching to heating cycle at 75°F or higher outside temperature may cause a nuisance trip of the remote reset high pressure switch. Turn thermostat off, then on to reset the high pressure switch.

3.The heat pump wall thermostats perform multiple functions. Be sure that all function switches are correctly set for the desired operating mode before trying to diagnose any reported service problems.

4.Check all power fuses or circuit breakers to be sure they are the correct rating.

5.Periodic cleaning of the outdoor coil to permit full and unrestricted airflow circulation is essential.

6.Some service requires the need to remove the unit from the wall including replacement of the indoor coil and/or the outdoor coil. Also, servicing the outdoor fan motor or fan blade will require removing the unit from the wall if the unit is installed at a height that is not easily accessible from the outside of the building.

In order to remove the unit from the wall the following procedure must be used:

a.Turn off power to the unit at the remote location. Some units may have more than one power supply.

b.Disconnect field wiring at unit terminal block and remove from unit.

c.Disconnect condensate drain.

d.Remove the lower skirting around the unit.

e.Remove wall mounting brackets from wall on each side of the unit and/or remove the internal bolts in the lower section securing unit to wall sleeve.

f.If unit is attached to duct work, remove upper cabinet extension by removing the top center screw only from the cabinet side panel.

g.Remove screws that attach the duct work to the unit flanges.

This unit is equipped with four rollers mounted to the base. For ease of pulling unit out from the wall, you may want to remove the bottom service door which requires removal of the return air panel, and grip the front flange of the base pan then pull straight out.

7.Annual maintenance is required to make sure that all of the systems are functioning properly.

a.Check to make sure that the drains are not obstructed in any way.

b.Remove any debris in the condenser section of the unit.

c.Inspect and clean mist eliminator as described below.

d.Inspect and wash outdoor coil as necessary.

MIST ELIMINATOR SERVICE

A mist eliminator is supplied with the wall sleeve. The mist eliminator is constructed of an aluminum frame and mesh. The mist eliminator is located in the top section of the wall sleeve and can be removed from the inside of the building without removing the unit from the wall. This requires that the ventilation package be removed.

It is recommended that the mist eliminator be inspected annually and serviced as required. The mist eliminator can be inspected from the outside of the building by looking through the outdoor grille. The mist eliminator can be serviced from the outside by using a vacuum cleaner. The outdoor grille must be removed. Use the vacuum to remove dirt and debris from the surface of the mist eliminator. If additional cleaning is required, the mist eliminator will have to be removed from the sleeve.

The ventilation package will have to be removed to gain access to the mist eliminator. If the blank off plate option is used, it is not necessary to service the mist eliminator. The steps necessary to remove each of the vent options are listed on the following pages.

The mist eliminator can be cleaned by washing with soap and water. The excess water should be shaken off the mist eliminator before it is reinstalled.

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VENT OPTIONS

BAROMETRIC FRESH AIR DAMPER

(Standard)

Before starting, make sure the power has been turned off. The return air grille panel must be removed. The fresh air damper assembly can be seen on the back of the unit. See Figure 21.

1.The fresh air damper is attached to the back of the unit with one screw on either side of the assembly. Both of the screws must be removed.

2.Once the mounting screws are removed, tilt the assembly down and lift it out.

The mist eliminator can be seen through the opening. The mist eliminator must be raised up and the bottom can be pulled toward the front of the unit.

COMMERCIAL ROOM VENTILATOR (Option)

Before starting, make sure the power has been turned off. The return air grille panel must be removed. The commercial room ventilator (CRV) can be seen after the panel has been removed. The CRV must be removed to gain access to the mist eliminator.

1.The two mounting screws in the front of the CRV must be removed.

2.The power connectors for the CRV (located on the right side of the unit) must be disconnected. Squeeze the tabs on the sides of the connector and pull straight out. Unplug both of the connectors.

3.Slide the CRV straight out of the unit.

The mist eliminator can be seen through the opening in the back of the unit. The mist eliminator must be raised up and the bottom can be pulled toward the front of the unit and removed.

Q-TEC ENERGY RECOVERY VENTILATOR

(Option)

Before starting, make sure that the power has been turned off. The return air grille panel must be removed. The energy recovery ventilator (QERV) can be seen after the panel has been removed. To gain access to the mist eliminator, the QERV must be removed. See Figure 22.

1.The front fill plate of the QERV must be removed. There is one screw on either side of the plate. Remove these screws and remove the plate.

2.On either side of the QERV there are mounting screws that hold the QERV in place. Remove both of these screws.

3.Underneath the heat recovery cassette there is a power connector for the lower blower assembly. To disconnect this plug, the tabs on both sides of the plug must be squeezed to release the plug. While squeezing the tabs, pull the plug out of the socket.

4.The QERV is plugged into the unit in the right side of the unit. Both of these plugs must be disconnected to remove the QERV. Squeeze the tabs on the sides of the connector and pull straight out.

5.Slide the QERV assembly straight out of the unit, being careful not to let the cassette slide out of the QERV.

The mist eliminator can be seen through the opening in the back of the unit. The mist eliminator must be raised up and the bottom can be pulled toward the front of the unit and removed.

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FIGURE 21

FRESH AIR DAMPER REMOVAL

MOUNTING

SCREW

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FIGURE 22

QERV REMOVAL

POWER

CONNECTORS

MOUNTING

SCREWS

LOWER

BLOWER

ASSEMBLY

POWER

CONNECTOR

FRONT FILL

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SEQUENCE OF OPERATION

COOLING – Circuit R-Y makes at thermostat pulling in compressor contactor, starting the compressor and outdoor motor. The G (indoor motor) circuit is automatically completed on any call for cooling operation or can be energized by manual fan switch on subbase for constant air circulation.

HEATING – A 24V solenoid coil on reversing valve controls heating cycle operation. Two thermostat options, one allowing “Auto” changeover from cycle to cycle and the other constantly energizing solenoid coil during heating season, and thus eliminating pressure equalization noise except during defrost, are to be used. On “Auto” option a circuit is completed from R-W1 and R-Y on each heating “on” cycle, energizing reversing valve solenoid and pulling in compressor contactor starting compressor and outdoor motor. R-G also make starting indoor blower motor. Heat pump heating cycle now in operation. The second option has no “Auto” changeover position, but instead energizes the reversing valve solenoid constantly whenever the system switch on subbase is placed in “Heat” position, the “B” terminal being constantly energized from R. A Thermostat demand for heat completes R-Y circuit, pulling in compressor contactor starting compressor and outdoor motor. R-G also make starting indoor blower motor.

High / Low Pressure control provides protection for the compressor. In the event system pressures go above 600 PSI or below 15 PSI in either cooling or heating mode, the compressor will be stopped. This will activate the red light located in the control panel. The lockout circuit will hold compressor off line. When the system problem is corrected, the unit operation can be restored by turning of the main power supply off and then back on, or reset the room thermostat. The low pressure control has a bypass to eliminate nuisance lockout on cold start up.

The bypass timer should be set to 120 seconds and this is to assure there is no nuisance tripping of the lowpressure control during startup in heating mode under cold weather conditions. See Defrost Control Board - Figure 24.

OPTIONAL CLIMATE CONTROLS SEQUENCE OF OPERATION

The Climate Control Option “A” is an electronic, nonprogrammable manual or auto changeover thermostat. The thermostat may be manually set to heat or cool mode. The thermostat will maintain the temperature set on the thermostat in the mode in which it is set.

The Climate Control Option “D” is an electronic, programmable thermostat. The thermostat can be set in the heat, cool or automatic mode. When the thermostat is set in the heat mode, it can heat only to maintain the temperature set on the thermostat. When the thermostat is set in the cool mode, it can cool only to maintain the temperature set on the thermostat. When the thermostat is set in the automatic mode, the thermostat can change automatically to the heat or cool modes to maintain the temperature set on the thermostat.

The Climate Control Option “H” is an electronic, programmable thermostat and a CO2 controller. The thermostat can be set in the heat, cool or automatic mode. When the thermostat is set in the heat mode, it can heat only to maintain the temperature set on the thermostat. When the thermostat is set in the cool mode, it can cool only to maintain the temperature set on the thermostat. When the thermostat is set in the automatic mode, the thermostat can change automatically to the heat or cool modes to maintain the temperature set on the thermostat.

The CO2 controller will energize the vent option and the ID blower when the room CO2 levels rise over set level. Default CO2 set point is 1000 ppm. See Figure 23.

FIGURE 23

CO2 CONTROLLER – FACTORY SET TO 1000

PPM

SW2SW1OUT AN

OFF ON OFF ON 0-100% 20-100% VOLTAGE CURRENT

"SW2" SET TO ON

"AN" SET TO VOLTAGE

"SW1" SET TO ON

"OUT" SET TO 20-100%

MIS-2667

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PRESSURE SERVICE PORTS

High and low pressure service ports are installed on all units so that the system operating pressures can be observed. Pressure tables can be found later in the manual covering all models. It is imperative to match the correct pressure table to the unit by model number. Upper and lower service doors must be attached to obtain proper reading.

DEFROST CYCLE

The defrost cycle is controlled by temperature and time on the solid state heat pump control.

When the outdoor temperature is in the lower 40°F temperature range or colder, the outdoor coil temperature is 32°F or below. This coil temperature is sensed by the coil temperature sensor mounted near the bottom of the outdoor coil. Once coil temperature reaches 30°F or below, the coil temperature sensor sends a signal to the control logic of the heat pump control and the defrost timer will start accumulating run time.

After 30, 60 or 90 minutes of heat pump operation at 30°F or below, the heat pump control will place the system in the defrost mode.

During the defrost mode, the refrigerant cycle switches back to the cooling cycle, the outdoor motor stops, electric heaters are energized, and hot gas passing through the outdoor coil melts any accumulated frost. When the temperature rises to approximately 57°F, the coil temperature sensor will send a signal to the heat pump control which will return the system to heating operations automatically.

If some abnormal or temporary condition such as a high wind causes the heat pump to have a prolonged defrost cycle, the heat pump control will restore the system to heating operation automatically after 8 minutes.

The heat pump defrost control board has an option of 30, 60 or 90-minute setting. By default, this unit is shipped from the factory with the defrost time on the 30 minute pin. If circumstances require a change to another time, remove the wire from the 30-minute terminal and reconnect to the desired terminal. Refer to Figure 24.

There is a cycle speed up jumper on the control. This can be used for testing purposes to reduce the time between defrost cycle operation without waiting for time to elapse.

Use a small screwdriver or other metallic object, or another ¼ inch QC, to short between the SPEEDUP terminals to accelerate the HPC timer and initiate defrost.

Be careful not to touch any other terminals with the instrument used to short the SPEEDUP terminals. It may take up to 10 seconds with the SPEEDUP terminals shorted for the speedup to be completed and the defrost cycle to start.

As soon as the defrost cycle kicks in remove the shorting instrument from the SPEEDUP terminals. Otherwise the timing will remain accelerated and run through the 1- minute minimum defrost length sequence in a matter of seconds and will automatically terminate the defrost sequence.

There is an initiate defrost jumper (sen jump) on the control that can be used at any outdoor ambient during the heating cycle to simulate a 0° coil temperature.

This can be used to check defrost operation of the unit without waiting for the outdoor ambient to fall into the defrost region.

By placing a jumper across the SEN JMP terminals (a

¼ inch QC terminal works best) the defrost sensor mounted on the outdoor coil is shunted out & will activate the timing circuit. This permits the defrost cycle to be checked out in warmer weather conditions without the outdoor temperature having to fall into the defrost region.

In order to terminate the defrost test the SEN JMP jumper must be removed. If left in place too long, the compressor could stop due to the high pressure control opening because of high pressure condition created by operating in the cooling mode with outdoor fan off. Pressure will rise fairly fast as there is likely no actual frost on the outdoor coil in this artificial test condition.

There is also a 5-minute compressor time delay function built into the HPC. This is to protect the compressor from short cycling conditions. The board’s LED will have a fast blink rate when in the compressor time delay. In some instances, it is helpful to the service technician to override or speed up this timing period, and shorting out the SPEEDUP terminals for a few seconds can do this.

Low Pressure Switch Bypass Operation - The control has a selectable (SW1) low pressure switch bypass set up to ignore the low pressure switch input during the first (30, 60, 120 or 180 seconds) of “Y” operation.

After this period expires, the control will then monitor the low pressure switch input normally to make sure that the switch is closed during “Y” operation.

High Pressure Switch Operation - The control has a built-in lockout system that allows the unit to have the high pressure switch trip up to two times in one hour and only encounter a “soft” lockout. A “soft” lockout shuts the compressor off and waits for the pressure switch to reset, which at that point then allows the compressor to be restarted as long as the 5-minute short cycle timer has run out. If the high pressure switch trips a third time within one hour, the unit is in “hard” lockout indicating something is certainly wrong and it will not restart itself.

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FIGURE 24

DEFROST CONTROL BOARD

 

SW

SW

 

 

1

2

TIME (SEC)

 

 

 

 

 

OFF

OFF

30

LOW PRESSURE BYPASS TIMER SWITCH

ON

OFF

60

OFF

ON

120*

(FACTORY SETTING 120 SECONDS)

ON

ON

180

 

 

 

 

 

OFF

ON

ACCUMULATED RUN TIME SELECTOR (FACTORY SETTING 30 MIN.)

MIS-2684 A

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TROUBLESHOOTING

SOLID STATE HEAT PUMP CONTROL

 

NOTE: If there was no power to 24 volt transformer,

TROUBLESHOOTINGPROCEDURE

 

the compressor and outdoor fan motor will

 

1. NOTE: A thorough understanding of the defrost

 

not start for 5 minutes. This is because of

 

 

the compressor short cycle protection.

 

cycle sequence is essential. Review that section

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

earlier in this manual prior to troubleshooting the

 

 

 

 

control. Turn on AC power supply to unit.

 

 

LED BLINK CODES

 

2. Turn thermostat blower switch to “fan on” – the

 

BLINK

FUNCTION

 

indoor blower should start. (If it doesn’t,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

troubleshoot indoor unit and correct problem.)

 

Slow

Normal function (1.0 sec on/1.0 sec off)

 

3. Turn thermostat blower to “auto” position. Indoor

Fast

ASCD timer active (0.1 sec on/0.1 sec off)

 

blower should stop. NOTE: Many models have a

1

Low pressure switch failure

 

1-minute blower time delay on “off” command;

 

2

High pressure switch failure/“Soft” Lockout

 

wait for this to time-out.

 

 

 

3

Defrost mode active

 

4. Set system switch to “heat” or “cool”. Adjust

 

 

 

4

High pressure switch failure/“Hard” Lockout

 

thermostat to call for heat or cool. The indoor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

blower, compressor and outdoor fan should start.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE 5

 

 

 

 

 

TROUBLESHOOTING

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Symptom

 

Description, Check & Possible Causes

 

 

 

What & How to Check / Repair

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compressor will

1. Check for LED illumination.

 

Yes = go to Step #2; No = go to Step #3

not start (heating

Is there an LED illuminated on the board (flashing)?

 

 

 

 

 

 

or cooling)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Check for error codes.

 

Yes = go to Step #4; No = go to Step #8

 

 

 

 

 

Is the LED flashing a Code?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Check for power at board.

 

Yes = go to Step #13; No = go to Step #9

 

 

Is there 24 volts AC between R and C?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Check codes.

 

Code "1", go to Step #6; Code "2", go to Step#7; Fast Blink, go to Step #5

 

 

What code is blinking?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.

Compressor delay active.

 

Check for proper operation; if still needed, go back to Step #1.

 

 

Wait for 5 minute delay or jump board's "speed up pins".

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

Low pressure fault.

 

Check wiring circuit and unit pressures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.

High pressure fault.

 

Check wiring circuit and unit pressures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8. Check for Compressor input signal.

 

Yes = go to Step #10; No = go to Step #11

 

 

Is there 24 volts AC between Y and C?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9. No power to board.

 

The unit either does not have unit voltage, the transformer is bad or the unit wiring is incorrect.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10. Check for Compressor output signal.

 

Yes = go to Step #12; No = go to Step #13

 

 

Is there 24 volts AC between CC & C?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11. No "Y" compressor input signal.

 

Check thermostat wiring, incorrect phase of unit (see section on Phase Monitor), and finally

 

 

 

 

 

unit wiring.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12. No "CC" compressor output signal.

 

Check compressor contactor for proper operation and finally check compressor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13.

Faulty board.

 

Replace defrost board.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fan outdoor motor

Heat pump control defective

 

Check across fan relay on heat pump control. (Com-NC)

does not run

 

Replace heat pump control.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(cooling or heating

 

 

 

 

Motor defective

 

Check for open or shorted motor winding. Replace motor.

except during

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Motor capacitor defective

 

Check capacitor rating. Check for open or shorted capacitor. Replace capacitor.

defrost)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reversing valve

 

 

 

Check for 24V between RV-C and B-C.

does not energize

Heat pump control defective

 

1. Check control circuit wiring.

 

 

(heating only)

 

 

 

2. Replace heat pump control.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reversing valve solenoid coil defective

 

Check for open or shorted coil.

 

 

 

Replace solenoid coil.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit will not go

 

 

 

Disconnect temperature sensor from board and jumper across "SPEEDUP" terminals and "SEN

into defrost

Temperature sensor or heat pump control defective

 

JMP" terminals. This should cause the unit to go through a defrost cycle within one minute.

(heating only)

 

1. If unit goes through defrost cycle, replace temperature sensor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. If unit does not go through defrost cycle, replace heat pump control.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit will not come

 

 

 

Jumper across "SPEEDUP" terminal.

out of defrost

Temperature sensor or heat pump control defective

 

This should cause the unit to come out of defrost within one minute.

(heating only)

 

1. If unit comes out of defrost cycle, replace temperature sensor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. If unit does not come out of defrost cycle, replace heat pump control.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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CHECKING TEMPERATURE SENSOR

1.Disconnect temperature sensor from board and from outdoor coil.

2.Use an ohmmeter and measure the resistance of the sensor. Also use ohmmeter to check for short or open.

3.Check resistance reading to chart of resistance use sensor ambient temperature. (Tolerance of part is ± 10%.)

4.If sensor resistance reads very low, then sensor is shorted and will not allow proper operation of the heat pump control.

5.If sensor is out of tolerance, shorted, open, or reads very low ohms then it should be replaced.

TABLE 6

TEMPERATURE (F) VS RESISTANCE (R) OF TEMPERATURE SENSOR

F

R

F

R

F

R

F

R

F

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-25.0

196871

5.0

72910

35.0

29986

65.0

13474

95.0

6531

-24.0

190099

6.0

70670

36.0

29157

66.0

13137

96.0

6383

-23.0

183585

7.0

68507

37.0

28355

67.0

12810

97.0

6239

-22.0

177318

8.0

66418

38.0

27577

68.0

12492

98.0

6098

-21.0

171289

9.0

64399

39.0

26823

69.0

12183

99.0

5961

-20.0

165487

10.0

62449

40.0

26082

70.0

11883

100.0

2827

-19.0

159904

11.0

60565

41.0

25383

71.0

11591

101.0

4697

-18.0

154529

12.0

58745

42.0

24696

72.0

11307

102.0

5570

-17.0

149355

13.0

56985

43.0

24030

73.0

11031

103.0

5446

-16.0

144374

14.0

55284

44.0

23384

74.0

10762

104.0

5326

-15.0

139576

15.0

53640

45.0

22758

75.0

10501

105.0

5208

-14.0

134956

16.0

52051

46.0

22150

76.0

10247

106.0

5094

-13.0

130506

17.0

50514

47.0

21561

77.0

10000

107.0

4982

-12.0

126219

18.0

49028

48.0

20989

78.0

9760

108.0

4873

-11.0

122089

19.0

14590

49.0

20435

79.0

8526

109.0

4767

-10.0

118108

20.0

46200

50.0

19896

80.0

9299

110.0

7663

-9.0

114272

21.0

44855

51.0

19374

81.0

9077

111.0

4562

-8.0

110575

22.0

43554

52.0

18867

82.0

8862

112.0

4464

-7.0

107010

23.0

42295

53.0

18375

83.0

8653

113.0

4367

-6.0

103574

24.0

41077

54.0

17989

84.0

8449

114.0

7274

-5.0

100260

25.0

39898

55.0

17434

85.0

8250

115.0

4182

-4.0

97064

26.0

38757

56.0

16984

86.0

8057

116.0

4093

-3.0

93981

27.0

37652

57.0

16547

87.0

7869

117.0

4006

-2.0

91008

28.0

36583

58.0

16122

88.0

7686

118.0

3921

-1.0

88139

29.0

35548

59.0

15710

89.0

7507

119.0

3838

0.0

85371

30.0

34545

60.0

15310

90.0

7334

120.0

3757

1.0

82699

31.0

33574

61.0

14921

91.0

7165

121.0

3678

2.0

80121

32.0

32634

62.0

14544

92.0

7000

122.0

3601

3.0

77632

33.0

31723

63.0

14177

93.0

6840

123.0

3526

4.0

75230

34.0

30840

64.0

13820

94.0

6683

124.0

3452

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manual

2100-519C

Page

37 of 42

TROUBLESHOOTING GE ECMMOTORS

CAUTION:

Disconnect power from unit before removing or replacing connectors, or servicing motor. To avoid electric shock from the motor’s capacitors, disconnect power and wait at least 5 minutes before opening motor.

Symptom Cause/Procedure

Motor rocks slightly when starting

Motor won’t start

• No movement

This is normal start-up for ECM

Check blower turns by hand

Check power at motor

Check low voltage (24 Vac R to C) at motor

Check low voltage connections (G, Y, W, R, C) at motor

Check for unseated pins in connectors on motor harness

Test with a temporary jumper between R - G

Check motor for tight shaft

Perform motor/control replacement check

Perform Moisture Check

• Motor rocks,

• Check for loose or compliant motor mount

but won’t start

• Make sure blower wheel is tight on shaft

 

 

• Perform motor/control replacement check

Motor oscillates up

• It is normal for motor to oscillate with no load

& down while being

on shaft

tested off of blower

 

Motor starts, but

 

runs erratically

 

• Varies up and down

• Check line voltage for variation or “sag”

or intermittent

• Check low voltage connections

 

(G, Y, W, R, C) at motor, unseated pins in

 

motor harness connectors

 

• Check “Bk” for erratic CFM command (in

 

variable-speed applications)

 

• Check out system controls, Thermostat

 

• Perform Moisture Check

• “Hunts” or “puffs” at

• Does removing panel or filter reduce

high CFM (speed)

“puffing”?

 

- Reduce restriction

 

- Reduce max airflow

• Stays at low CFM

• Check low voltage (Thermostat) wires and

despite system call

connections

for cool or heat CFM

• Verify fan is not in delay mode; wait until

 

delay complete

 

• “R” missing/not connected at motor

 

• Perform motor/control replacement check

• Stays at high CFM

• “R” missing/not connected at motor

 

• Is fan in delay mode? - wait until delay time

 

complete

 

• Perform motor/control replacement check

• Blower won’t shut off

• Current leakage from controls into G, Y or W?

 

Check for Triac switched thermostat or solid-

 

state relay

Excessive noise

• Determine if it’s air noise, cabinet, duct or

 

motor noise; interview customer, if necessary

• Air noise

• High static creating high blower speed?

 

- Is airflow set properly?

 

- Does removing filter cause blower to slow

 

down? Check filter

 

- Use low-pressure drop filter

 

- Check/correct duct restrictions

Symptom Cause/Procedure

Noisy blower or cabinet • Check for loose blower housing, panels, etc.

High static creating high blower speed?

-Check for air whistling through seams in ducts, cabinets or panels

-Check for cabinet/duct deformation

“Hunts” or “puffs” at • Does removing panel or filter reduce

high CFM (speed)

“puffing”?

 

- Reduce restriction

 

- Reduce max. airflow

Evidence of Moisture

 

• Motor failure or

• Replace motor and Perform Moisture Check

malfunction has occurred

 

and moisture is present

 

• Evidence of moisture

• Perform Moisture Check

present inside air mover

 

Do

Don’t

Check out motor, controls, wiring and connections thoroughly before replacing motor

Orient connectors down so water can’t get in

-Install “drip loops”

Use authorized motor and model #’s for replacement

Keep static pressure to a minimum:

-Recommend high efficiency, low static filters

-Recommend keeping filters clean.

-Design ductwork for min. static, max. comfort

-Look for and recommend ductwork improvement, where necessary

Size the equipment wisely

Check orientation before inserting motor connectors

Automatically assume the motor is bad.

Locate connectors above 7 and 4 o’clock positions

Replace one motor or control model # with another (unless an authorized replacement)

Use high pressure drop filters some have ½" H20 drop!

Use restricted returns

Oversize system, then compensate with low airflow

Plug in power connector backwards

Force plugs

Moisture Check

Connectors are oriented “down” (or as recommended by equipment manufacturer)

Arrange harness with “drip loop” under motor

Is condensate drain plugged?

Check for low airflow (too much latent capacity)

Check for undercharged condition

Check and plug leaks in return ducts, cabinet

Comfort Check

Check proper airflow settings

Low static pressure for lowest noise

Set low continuous-fan CFM

Use humidistat and 2-speed cooling units

Use zoning controls designed for ECM that regulate CFM

Thermostat in bad location?

Manual

2100-519C

Page

38 of 42

TROUBLESHOOTING GE ECM™ MOTORS CONT’D.

Replacing ECM Control Module

To replace the control module for the GE variable-speed indoor blower motor you need to take the following steps:

1. You MUST have the correct replacement module. The controls are factory programmed for specific operating modes. Even though they look alike, different modules may have completely different functionality.

USING THE WRONG CONTROL MODULE VOIDS ALL PRODUCT WARRANTIES AND MAY PRODUCE UNEXPECTED RESULTS.

2.Begin by removing AC power from the furnace or air handler being serviced. DO NOT WORK ON THE MOTOR WITH AC POWER APPLIED. To avoid electric shock from the motor’s capacitors, disconnect power and wait at least 5 minutes before opening motor.

3.It is usually not necessary to remove the motor from the blower assembly. However, it is recommended that the whole blower assembly, with the motor, be removed from the furnace/air handler. (Follow the manufacturer’s procedures). Unplug the two cable connectors to the motor. There are latches on each connector. DO NOT PULL ON THE WIRES. The plugs remove easily when properly released.

4.Locate the two standard ¼" hex head bolts at the rear of the control housing (at the back end of the control opposite the shaft end). Refer to Figure 25. Remove these two bolts from the motor and control assembly while holding the motor in a way that will prevent the motor or control from falling when the bolts are removed. If an ECM2.0 control is being replaced (recognized by an aluminum casting rather that a deep-drawn black steel can housing the electronics), remove only the hex-head bolts. DO NOT REMOVE THE TORX-HEAD SCREWS.

5.The control module is now free of mechanical attachment to the motor endshield but is still connected by a plug and three wires inside the control. Carefully rotate the control to gain access to the plug at the control end of the wires. With thumb and forefinger, reach the latch holding the plug to the control and release it by squeezing the latch tab and the opposite side of the connector plug and gently pulling the plug out of the connector socket in the control. DO NOT PULL ON THE WIRES. GRIP THE PLUG ONLY.

6.The control module is now completely detached from the motor. Verify with a standard ohmmeter that the resistance from each motor lead (in the motor plug just removed) to the motor shell is >100K ohms. Refer to Figure 26. (Measure to unpainted motor end plate.) If any motor lead fails this test, do not proceed to install the control module. THE MOTOR IS DEFECTIVE AND MUST BE REPLACED. Installing the new control module will cause it to fail also.

7.Verify that the replacement control is correct for your application. Refer to the manufacturer's authorized replacement list.

USING THE WRONG CONTROL WILL RESULT IN IMPROPER OR NO BLOWER OPERATION. Orient the control module so that the 3-wire motor plug can be inserted into the socket in the control. Carefully insert the plug and press it into the socket until it latches. A SLIGHT CLICK WILL BE HEARD WHEN PROPERLY INSERTED. Finish installing the replacement control per one of the three following paragraphs, 8a, 8b or 8c.

8a. IF REPLACING AN ECM 2.0 CONTROL (control in cast aluminum can with air vents on the back of the can) WITH AN ECM 2.3 CONTROL (control containing black potting for water protection in black deep-drawn steel case with no vents in the bottom of the can), locate the two through-bolts and plastic tab that are packed with the replacement control. Insert the plastic tab into the slot at the perimeter of the open end of the can so that the pin is located on the inside of the perimeter of the can. Rotate the can so that the tab inserts into the tab locater hole in the endshield of the motor. Using the two throughbolts provided with the replacement control, reattach the can to the motor.

THE TWO THROUGH-BOLTS PROVIDED WITH THE REPLACEMENT ECM 2.3 CONTROL ARE SHORTER THAN THE BOLTS ORIGINALLY REMOVED FROM THE ECM 2.0 CONTROL AND MUST BE USED IF SECURE ATTACHMENT OF THE CONTROL TO THE MOTOR IS TO BE ACHIEVED.

DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN THE BOLTS.

8b. IF REPLACING AN ECM 2.3 CONTROL WITH AN ECM 2.3 CONTROL, the plastic tab and shorter through-bolts are not needed. The control can be oriented in two positions 180° apart. MAKE SURE THE ORIENTATION YOU SELECT FOR REPLACING THE CONTROL ASSURES THE CONTROL'S CABLE CONNECTORS WILL BE LOCATED DOWNWARD IN THE APPLICATION SO THAT WATER CANNOT RUN DOWN THE CABLES AND INTO THE CONTROL. Simply orient the new control to the motor's endshield, insert bolts, and tighten. DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN THE BOLTS.

8c. IF REPLACING AN ECM 2.0 CONTROL WITH AN ECM 2.0 CONTROL (It is recommended that ECM 2.3 controls be used for all replacements), the new control must be attached to the motor using through bolts identical to those removed with the original control. DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN THE BOLTS.

9.Reinstall the blower/motor assembly into the HVAC equipment. Follow the manufacturer's suggested procedures.

10.Plug the 16-pin control plug into the motor. The plug is keyed. Make sure the connector is properly seated and latched.

11.Plug the 5-pin power connector into the motor. Even though the plug is keyed, OBSERVE THE PROPER ORIENTATION. DO NOT FORCE THE CONNECTOR. It plugs in very easily when properly oriented. REVERSING THIS PLUG WILL CAUSE IMMEDIATE FAILURE OF THE CONTROL MODULE.

12.Final installation check. Make sure the motor is installed as follows: a. Unit is as far INTO the blower housing as possible.

b.Belly bands are not on the control module or covering vent holes.

c.Motor connectors should be oriented between the 4 o’clock and 8 o’clock positions when the blower is positioned in its final location and orientation.

d.Add a drip loop to the cables so that water cannot enter the motor by draining down the cables. Refer to Figure 27.

The installation is now complete. Reapply the AC power to the HVAC equipment and verify that the new motor control module is working properly. Follow the manufacturer's procedures for disposition of the old control module.

 

 

Figure 25

 

Figure 26

 

 

Figure 3

 

Figure 4

 

Control Disassembly

 

Winding Test

 

 

 

Motor Connector

Only remove

 

From Motor

(3-pin)

 

Hex Head Bolts

Push until

 

 

 

Latch Seats

 

 

 

Over Ramp

 

 

 

 

Circuit

 

 

 

 

Board

 

 

ECM 2.0

 

Motor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Motor OK when

Note:

 

 

 

R > 100k ohm

Use the shorter

 

 

 

 

bolts and

 

 

 

 

alignment pin

 

 

 

FigureFigure275

supplied when

 

 

 

replacing an

 

 

 

Drip Loop

ECM 2.0

 

Motor Connector

 

 

control.

 

 

Connector Orientation

 

(3-pin)

Back of

ECM

Control

Between 4 and 8 o'clock

 

2.3/2.5

Control Connector

 

 

 

 

(16-pin)

 

 

 

 

Power Connector

 

 

 

 

(5-pin)

 

 

 

 

Hex-head Screws

 

Drip Loop

Manual

2100-519C

Page

39 of 42

FAN BLADE SETTING DIMENSIONS

Any service work requiring removal or adjustment in the fan and/or motor area will require that the dimensions in Table 7 be checked and blade adjusted in or out of the motor shaft accordingly.

FIGURE 28

FAN BLADE SETTING

R-410A

REFRIGERANT CHARGE

This unit was charged at the factory with the quantity of refrigerant listed on the serial plate. AHRI capacity and efficiency ratings were determined by testing with this refrigerant charge quantity.

The following pressure tables show nominal pressures for the units. Since many installation specific situations can affect the pressure readings, this information should only be used by certified technicians as a guide for evaluating proper system performance. They shall not be used to adjust charge. If charge is in doubt, reclaim, evacuate and recharge the unit to the serial plate charge.

TABLE 7

FAN BLADE DIMENSIONS

 

DIMENSION A

MODEL

(INCHES)

 

 

Q24H1

.750

Q30H1

.750

Q36H1

.750

Q42H1

.750

Q48H1

.750

Q60H1

.750

 

 

TABLE 8

INDOOR BLOWER PERFORMANCE

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Optional

Continuous

CFM @

Model

 

Rated ESP

Max. ESP

Rated CFM

CFM

CFM

Max. ESP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q24H1

5

.10

0.5

800

 

800

700

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q30H1

 

.15

0.8

1000

 

1000

910

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q36H1

 

.15

0.8

1200

1000

1000

1175

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q42H1

 

.15

0.8

1200

1000

1000

1175

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q48H1

 

.15

0.8

1400

1100

1100

1175

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q60H1

 

.20

0.5

1550

1250

1250

1400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOTE: These units are equipped with a variable speed (ECM) indoor motor that automatically adjust itself to maintain approximately the same rate of indoor airflow in both heating and cooling, dry and wet coil conditions and at both 230/208 or 460 volts.

1 Maximum ESP (inches WC) shown is with 1" thick disposable filter (reduced by .2 for 2" filter).

2 Rated CFM for ducted applications – required for maximum performance rating. To obtain full CFM on models Q36H1, Q42H1, Q48H1 and Q60H1 connect the pink jumper wire (provided) to terminal #G2 and #Y on the low voltage terminal block located in the circuit breaker box.

3 Optional CFM – the unit is shipped from the factory set to operate at the optional CFM level shown. This provides lower operating sound levels for non-ducted, free discharge applications. This reduces system capacity performance by approximately 2% at the same energy efficiency.

4 Continuous fan CFM is the total air being circulated during continuous fan mode.

5 Model Q24H1 – when operating on 2nd stage heating the indoor air will increase to 1000 CFM.

Manual

2100-519C

Page

40 of 42

TABLE 9

COOLINGPRESSURE

(ALL TEMPERATURES IN DEGREES F)

 

RETURN

 

 

1 AIR TEMPERATURE ENTERING OUTDOOR COIL

 

 

AIR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

MODEL

TEMP.

PRESSURE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75 DB

Low Side

118

119

121

122

125

128

132

135

138

 

62 WB

High Side

326

340

358

377

399

422

449

477

508

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q24H1

80 DB

Low Side

126

127

129

131

134

137

141

144

148

67 WB

High Side

334

349

367

387

418

433

460

489

521

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

85 DB

Low Side

130

131

134

136

139

142

146

149

153

 

72 WB

High Side

346

361

380

401

423

448

476

506

539

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75 DB

Low Side

124

125

126

127

129

131

134

137

139

 

62 WB

High Side

351

368

386

407

430

454

482

511

543

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q30H1

80 DB

Low Side

133

134

135

136

136

140

143

146

149

67 WB

High Side

360

377

396

417

442

466

494

524

557

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

85 DB

Low Side

138

139

140

141

143

145

148

151

154

 

72 WB

High Side

373

390

410

432

456

482

511

542

576

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75 DB

Low Side

131

132

133

134

136

137

138

140

142

 

62 WB

High Side

351

369

389

410

434

459

486

514

543

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q36H1

80 DB

Low Side

140

141

142

143

143

147

148

150

152

67 WB

High Side

360

378

399

421

448

471

498

527

557

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

85 DB

Low Side

145

146

147

148

150

152

153

155

157

 

72 WB

High Side

373

391

413

436

461

487

515

545

576

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75 DB

Low Side

126

128

130

132

133

134

135

136

136

 

62 WB

High Side

371

388

408

430

453

479

507

536

568

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q42H1

80 DB

Low Side

135

137

139

139

139

143

144

145

145

67 WB

High Side

380

398

418

441

471

491

520

550

583

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

85 DB

Low Side

140

142

144

146

147

148

149

150

150

 

72 WB

High Side

393

412

433

456

481

508

538

569

603

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75 DB

Low Side

123

125

128

130

133

136

139

143

147

 

62 WB

High Side

373

392

412

435

459

486

514

543

575

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q48H1

80 DB

Low Side

132

134

137

139

139

145

149

153

157

67 WB

High Side

383

402

423

446

458

498

527

557

590

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

85 DB

Low Side

137

139

142

144

147

150

154

158

162

 

72 WB

High Side

396

416

438

462

487

515

545

576

611

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75 DB

Low Side

123

123

124

124

126

127

129

131

133

 

62 WB

High Side

378

395

413

434

455

479

504

530

559

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q60H1

80 DB

Low Side

132

132

133

133

133

136

138

140

142

67 WB

High Side

388

405

424

445

467

491

517

544

573

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

85 DB

Low Side

137

137

138

138

140

141

143

145

147

 

72 WB

High Side

402

419

439

461

483

508

535

563

593

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Low side pressure ± 4 psig

High side pressure ± 10 psig

Tables are based upon rated CFM (airflow) across the evaporator coil. If there is any doubt as to correct operating charge being in the system, the charge should be removed, system evacuated and recharged to serial plate instructions.

75°F outdoor temperature condenser fan motor is running on low speed.

Manual

2100-519C

Page

41 of 42

TABLE 10

HEATING PRESSURE

(ALL TEMPERATURES IN DEGREES F)

 

RETURN

 

 

 

AIR TEMPERATURE ENTERING OUTDOOR COIL

 

 

 

AIR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

MODEL

TEMP.

PRESSURE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q24H1

70

Low Side

35

42

49

57

64

72

79

86

94

101

109

117

124

High Side

284

290

297

304

313

322

331

342

353

365

378

392

406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q30H1

70

Low Side

44

47

52

56

62

68

75

82

90

99

108

118

129

High Side

295

299

305

312

320

330

341

353

367

382

398

415

434

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q36H1

70

Low Side

28

38

48

57

65

72

79

85

91

96

100

104

107

High Side

271

278

286

294

302

310

319

327

336

346

355

365

374

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q42H1

70

Low Side

30

38

46

54

61

68

76

83

90

96

103

109

115

High Side

272

283

294

305

317

328

339

350

362

373

385

396

408

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q48H1

70

Low Side

27

36

46

54

63

71

78

85

91

97

103

108

113

High Side

272

281

291

300

310

320

330

339

349

359

369

380

390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q60H1

70

Low Side

7

19

31

42

52

61

69

76

83

89

94

98

101

High Side

252

266

280

293

306

318

330

341

352

362

371

380

389

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Low side pressure ± 4 psig

High side pressure ± 10 psig

Tables are based upon rated CFM (airflow) across the evaporator coil. If there is any doubt as to correct operating charge being in the system, the charge should be removed, system evacuated and recharged to serial plate instructions.

75°F outdoor temperature condenser fan motor is running on low speed.

Manual

2100-519C

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