Buffalo Technology HS-DGL Series User Manual

1.73 Mb

User Manual

LinkStation MultiMedia Home Server








Congratulations on your purchase! Your LinkStation Home Server gives you a central location for storing all your media files in your local network. All your computers and media players will be able to access files on the LinkStation.

This user manual uses images representative of LinkStation user interfaces and software at time of publication. As time passes, future user interfaces and software may be available for download from: http://www.buffalotech.com (Support Section - Downloads).

Due to the evolving state of the product, the images and text in this manual may vary slightly from the images and text displayed by your LinkStation.


Table of Contents

LinkStation Diagram........................................................


LinkStation Quick Setup..................................................


Link Navigator Setup.....................................................


Accessing LinkStation Data from a PC........................


Accessing LinkStation Data from a Mac.....................


LinkStation Expansion...................................................


Transfering Files from your Digital Camera.................


Basic Settings.................................................................


Network Settings............................................................


Security Settings............................................................


USB Settings....................................................................


USB Printer Installation .................................................


Maintenance Settings...................................................


LinkStation Backup .......................................................


PCast/DLNA Settings ....................................................




Technical Specifications..............................................


Technical Support.........................................................


FCC and GPL ................................................................


LinkStation Diagram

1.Power Button – The Power Button is used to power the LinkStation on or off. The power on process will take approximately 30 seconds to a full minute to complete. During this time, do not unplug the LinkStation from the wall outlet. To turn the LinkStation off, press and hold the power button for several seconds until the Power LED light begins blinking. At that time, stop pressing the button and shutdown should complete within 30 seconds.

2.Power LED – The Power LED light will blink during startup or shutdown, but otherwise will remain lit up while LinkStation is powered on.

3.LINK/ACT LED – The LINK/ACT LED light will light up if an Ethernet Cable is plugged in and attached to another network device, such as a router, hub, or PC. Periodically, the LED will blink, signifying network activity.

LinkStation Diagram

4.Disk Full LED – When LinkStation’s internaldrive approaches 95% of its capacity, the Disk Full LED will light up in red. For options to increase storage capacity, see

LinkStation Expansion on page 26.

5.Diagnostic LED – The Diagnostic LED flashes if the LinkStation encounters anerror.

6.USB Port (Front & Rear) – LinkStation offers two USB Ports for adding external drives or USB printers. Please see the

LinkStation Expansion section on page 26to learn more about how to take advantage of the USB Ports on LinkStation.

Quick Setup

Plug the LinkStation’s power cord into a power outlet.

Also, plug the included Ethernet Cable into LinkStation’s RJ-45network port located on the backof LinkStation.

Quick Setup

Connect the other end of the Ethernet Cable into a hub, switch, or router on the network, or connect it directly to a nearby running PC.

NOTE: It is recommended that you connect LinkStation to a hub or switch on your network. Connecting it directly to the back of a PC should only be used if absolutely necessary. Many features, including automatic DHCP IP Addressing, require LinkStation to be connected to a switch or hub. If the LinkStation is connected directly to a PC, you will have to configure it manually.

Quick Setup

Turn the LinkStation on by pressing the power button until the green Power LED begins to flash.

Quick Setup

Check the LINK/ACT light on the front of the LinkStation. If it is lit, then your LinkStation is connected properly; please turn to page 11 to continue setup. If it is not lit, continue to the next page.

Quick Setup

If the LINK/ACT LED on the front of LinkStation is lit, your LinkStation is connected properly.

If the LINK/ACT LED is not lit, make sure that:

Both LinkStation and the switch or PC are powered on.

The Ethernet Cable is securely fastened to both devices.

The Ethernet Cable is not damaged; verify this by trying another Ethernet Cable.

If problems persist, contact our technical support. Please see page 80 for support contact information.


Link Navigator Setup

Insert the Link Navigator CD into a PC’s CD-ROMdrive. Depending on the PC’s configuration, the EasySetup program may launch. If it does not automatically launch, manually launch it by pressing theStart menu, selecting theRun... option. When the Run dialog opens, typex: easysetup.exe (where x is the drive letter of theCD-ROMdrive). PressOK to continue.


Link Navigator Setup

LinkNavigator is now running. Please press the Install IP Setup Utility icon, then press theStart button. The LinkStation IP Configuration Utility will launch and scan for networks.


Link Navigator Setup

The IP Configuration Utility allows you to easily configure LinkStation’s network settings. The Search button willre-scanthe network for any and all LinkStations available. The drop down menu lists all available LinkStations. If there are multiple LinkStations on the network, then select the proper LinkStation from the pull down menu. Once the proper LinkStation has been selected, press theChange IP Address button to continue.


Link Navigator Setup

This section of the program changes LinkStation’s IP address. Check the check box that states Acquire IP Address Automatically. This will give LinkStation an IP address from the network’s router/DHCP server. A fixed (static) IP Address and Gateway can be set if preferred. TheAdministrator Password field sets an administrator password for theweb-basedconfiguration if desired. When finished, press theOK button.

Note: If LinkStation was plugged directly into a PC, the DHCP function will timeout and giveLinkStation an IP address of 192.168.xxx.xxx, where each xxx can be any value from1-254.The subnet mask will default to You will need to adjust your PC’s IP Address and subnet mask to a different IP Address on the same subnet, or give the LinkStation a fixed IP address on the same subnet as your PC.

Example: if your LinkStation’s IP address has defaultedto, you could set your PC’s IP address to If your PC’s IP address is, you could set the LinkStation’s IP address to In each case, make sure that the Subnet Mask is set the same for both the LinkStation and the PC that will be accessing it.


Link Navigator Setup

LinkStation is now ready to be configured. The login prompt will appear. The user name is root. There is no password by default. Only enter a password if you have configured one. Press theOK button when finished.

User name: root

Password: default password is blank.

Only enter a password if you have configured one.

In the future, your LinkStation can be accessed by typing //LINKSTATION_NAME into a Web browser (where LINKSTATION_NAME is the name of your LinkStation set on page 17).


Link Navigator Setup

Congratulations, you have logged into LinkStation. These are the main configuration menus. Please bookmark this page for easy access. For detailed explanations of each menu and setting, please refer to the Settings section, starting on page 28 of this manual. To continue setup, clickon the Basic link. Then, click on theLinkStation Name Setup link to continue.


Link Navigator Setup

This section allows you to change the name of your LinkStation. This name will be required to access LinkStation data. A friendly, easy name is recommended. Please enter an appropriate name in the LinkStation Name field. The name cannot contain any spaces or special characters. Alphanumeric characters including hyphen and underscore are allowed.

A short description of the LinkStation can be created in the LinkStation Description field. This description will be shown while browsing through Network Neighborhood on Windows machines. Once the fields have been completed, press theApply button.


Link Navigator Setup

By default there are two shared folders on LinkStation. One is for Windows and Mac machines, while the other is for Macs only. Windows machines will only see one share. If you would like to create additional shares for specific users or specific types of data, then click on the Security tabon the left. Then click on the Shared Folder Settings link to continue. From this screen you can add new shares/folders or edit existing shares/folders. Press theAdd a New Folder button to begin creating a new share/folder.


Link Navigator Setup

To begin setting up a new share, enter an appropriate share/folder name in the Shared Folder Name field. Set the remaining settings to the desired function.Access Restriction will turn onsecurity features. Please refer to the Settings section (starting on page 28) of this manual beforeusing the Access Restriction function. Press the Apply button when finished. A new shared folder has been set up. Please repeat this step to set up more shared folders.

Note: OS X Macs work best with “Win” shares. Use “Mac” shares only with older Macs, as AppleTalk entails a 2 GB filesize limitation.


Accessing LinkStation Data from a PC

To access LinkStation from a PC, press Start and choose Run.... Type “\\LinkStation_Name”, where LinkStation_Name is the name of the LinkStation set on page 17. PressOK to continue.


Accessing LinkStation Data from a PC

LinkStation’s root directory will appear. You will see all of the configured shares. All users can read and write to all folders unless otherwise configured. To set up security and password protection, please refer to the Settings section (starting on page 28) of this manual. To setup aprinter see the LinkStation Expansion section found on page 26. LinkStation can be accessed by multiple PC’s simultaneously by following this step. A drive letter can also be mapped to the LinkStation; see the next page for more information.


Accessing LinkStation Data from a PC

From the previous step’s Root Directory screen, use the pull down menu and click Tools and then selectMap Network Drive. TheMap Network Drive program will run. Select the drive letter you would like LinkStation to assume from the Drive: pull down menu. Enter the \\LinkStation_ Name\share_name in the Folder: field (where LinkStation_Name is theLinkStation Name set onpage 17 andshare_name is theShared Folder Name set on page 19). You can also browse for the shared folder by pressing the Browse button and searching through the Entire Network and then theMicrosoft Windows Network. Check theReconnect at logon checkbox to create this mapped drive everytime Windows starts. Once complete, press the Finish button. LinkStation is now mapped to a drive letter.

NOTE: If errors occur while mapping multiple drive shares, see page 66 for help.


Accessing LinkStation Data from a Mac

If your Mac does not automatically detect your

LinkStation’s Share folder and put it on your desktop, you will need to add the LinkStation to the Mac’s server list. Begin by clicking Go, and then chooseConnect to Server.

In the Server Address field, enter your

LinkStation’s IP address in the form smb:// ipaddress (where “ipaddress” is your LinkStation’s IP address), and click Connect.

If you don’t know your LinkStation’s IP address, see page 25.


Accessing LinkStation Data from a Mac

Select Guest and click on Connect. Note: If you have configured share permissions on your TeraStation, selectRegistered User and enter your Registered User credentials.

Select the volume that you want to mount, such as share or share-mac,from the list of folders on the LinkStation.

The share will open. A link to the shared folder will appear on your desktop.


Accessing LinkStation Data from a Mac

If you don’t know your LinkStation’s IP address, there are several ways to get it.

One simple method is to use the LinkStation client utility

(included on your CD) or TeraStation client utility (available for download from www.buffalotech.com) to find your LinkStation(s). You must have a Windows PC running on the network to use the LinkStation or TeraStation client utility.

If you have an all-Macnetwork with no Windows PCs available, you may need to get the LinkStation’s IP address from your router’s configuration utility. Many Buffalorouters list this information on the Client Monitor page, as shown to the right. Consult your router’s documentation forinstructions on identifying client IP addresses.


LinkStation Expansion

LinkStation has two USB 2.0 ports on it, one on the front and one on the rear. These ports can be used for adding an external USB Hard Drive or a USB Printer, allowing everyone on the

network to share the USB device. You can also connect your digital camera to one of these ports and download your pictures directly to the LinkStation (see page 27). One printer or one external USB Hard Drive can be added to either of the ports. If you install both a printer and a USB hard drive, the printer must be plugged into the front USB port and the hard drive into the rear USB port. You may not install two USB Printers or two USB Hard Drives on a single Linkstation, only one of each device. To connect a USB device to LinkStation, plug it into one of the USB Ports and then enable it in the LinkStation configuration tool.

USB Hard Drive Information: See page 43 for information on enabling shared folders on a USB Hard Drive. Page 61 will show you how to format the USB Hard Drive. Pages 57 & 58 will show you how to set up LinkStation to backup to a USB Hard Drive.

USB Printer Information: See page 48 to set up a USB Printer on LinkStation.

Digital Camera Information: If your camera appears as a hard drive inMy Computer, you can connect it directly to your LinkStation and download photos and movies automatically. See page 27 for more information.


Transfering Pictures from a Digital Camera

If you plug a digital camera (or USB media card reader) directly into the LinkStation, you may automatically download all picture and movie files directly to the LinkStation.

Begin by connecting the camera to a USB port on the LinkStation and powering it on. The Power LED on the front of the LinkStation will blink for about 20 seconds as your camera is mounted.

Once the drive is mounted, quickly press the LinkStations’s power button twice (do not hold it down) to begin downloading your media files. While files are downloading, the Disk Full LED will blink red.

When the Disk Full LED ceases to blink, downloading has finished. Press the Power button one click to dismount your camera. ThePower LED will blink until the dismount has finished, about 20 seconds.

Notes: Your digital camera must support hard drive emulation to do this. If your camera appears as ahard drive with a drive letter in My Computer when connected to a PC, you can connect it directly to your LinkStation and download photos and movies automatically.

Never disconnect your digital camera from the LinkStation without dismouting it first! Doing so could damage your camera or LinkStation.

Downloaded files will normally appear in the /Share/Pictures folder on your LinkStation. If you change the media folder from/Share to/Media_Folder on page 65, then downloaded files will appear in Media_Folder/ Pictures.


Basic Settings

LinkStation Name


Date and Time





LinkStation should


To properly

be configured with


catalogue shares

a unique name to


and files by date,

identify it over the


and to properly

network. A general


schedule tasks

description can be


(such as backups),

given for the device


the current date

as well.


and time must be



set. An NTP client



is configurable for



automatic time





Basic Settings - LinkStation Name

The LinkStation Nameidentifies the LinkStation on your network.

The LinkStation name should be something easy to remember. It can be named after its owner, its location, or the type of data that will be installed on it. If there is only one LinkStation on the network, then naming it “LinkStation” would be fine.

LinkStation Description is a handy way of differentiating multiple LinkStations. A suitable description would be a short sentence or phrase describing LinkStation’s purpose. The description will appear when browsing through Network Neighborhood.

The Apply button will set these settings.


Basic Settings - Time and Date

Time Setup: The LinkStation time must beset correctly to maintain logs and to schedule backups. Input the time and date or pressthe Get Current Date & Time button to set

LinkStation’s time to the same time as the

PC that is being used to configure it. Check the Daylight Savings Time checkbox if your region is currently in DST. This will have to beunchecked in the fall and checked again in the spring each year. Select the appropriate region from the Character Codes pull down menu.

This activates LinkStation’s International Character Support.

NTP Settings: The NTP function enables the LinkStation to poll a network time server to correct its time. Once enabled, an IP Address of a NTP Server is required. A domain name will not work in this field; an IP Address is required. Buffalo recommends use of (time.nist.gov) as an Internet NTP Server. Sychronized Interval sets how often time will be checked.

Press the appropriate Apply to save any changes.


Network Settings

IP Address Settings:

By default, LinkStation will attempt to obtain an IP Address from a DHCP Server. If a DHCP Server is not available, it willassign itself an IP

Address of 192.168. xxx.xxx with subnet mask

A designated static IP Address can be given to LinkStation within

IP Address Settings.

The gateway and subnet can also be set here.

Workgroup Settings:

Configure Windows workgroup name and Wins Server.

FTP Server Settings: LinkStation includes a builtin FTP Server. The FTP Server can be used for accessing files over the internet using the FTP protocol. All of the FTP Server related settings can be accessed fromFTP Server Settings.


Network - IP Address & Default Gateway

IP Address Settings: LinkStation needs an IPaddress to communicate on a network. If it can’t obtain an IP Address from a DHCP

Server, LinkStation will automatically use the IP Address, or you may enter an IP address and subnet mask manually.

Enabling DHCP will set your IP address and subnet mask automatically. This is recommended for most users.

Default Gateway Settings: The LinkStation does not require a default gateway address. If DHCP is used, then a Gateway will be set up automatically. If DHCP is not used, configure the gateway manually. You can get the IP address for your local Default

Gateway from your Network Administrator. In a small home network, this will usually be the IP address of your router. A Gateway is required for some features to work properly (e.g. NTP, FTP, RemoteWeb-BasedConfiguration, etc.)


DNS Server: You may enable a DNS server here. Enter the DNS server’s IP address. A DNS server is not needed for correctoperation of the LinkStation.

Ethernet Frame Size: Do not change the

Ethernet frame size unless you have a good reason for doing so.



Network - Microsoft Networking


Workgroup Settings: Select the appropriate



Network ID. Enter the name of your workgroup


in the Workgroup Namefield. “Workgroup”is


recommended for most home networks.


Wins Client Settings: LinkStation does not


require a WINS Server. Don’t enable WINS


Client unless you have a good reason for doing






Network - FTP Server

By default, LinkStation’s FTP Server is disabled. You may enable it here. SelectRegistered Users for FTP Access User for a password protected FTP Server.

FTP Access specifies whether the anonymousshared folder isread-onlyor writable. Check the shared folders that are to be available through FTP under

Registered Users Public Shared Folder Settings.

Multiple shared folders can be added when the Registered Users FTP is used. The shared folder’s settings are carried over from LinkStation to the

FTP Server. A user account that has been added to LinkStation can be used for FTP login credentials.

Different user accounts have different access restrictions; their rights will carry over as rights on the FTP Server.

Buffalo does not recommend using anonymous

FTP shares due to potential security concerns. If

Anonymous is selected as the FTP type, then one and only one shared folder on LinkStation can be made available; select that folder as theAnonymous User Shared Folder. Anyone will be able to access it.


Security - Shared Folders

Shared Folder Setup:

Shared folders should be created to store data.

Access to shared folders can be controlled via group and User permissions. Bydefault a shared folder will allowaccess to all groups and users.

Folders can be created in file formats for use by Windows, Mac, or both operatingsystems.

User Setup:

Individual users and passwords should be created for each user that needs to access restricted shared folders. Oncecreated, a user can specifically be given access to a shared folder or included in a group.

Group Setup:

To ease security administration, groups should becreated for users to control shared folder access. Once a group has been created, settings on shared folders can be modified to limit access to a group or groups. Also, individual users can be added to the groups.


Security - Shared Folders

LinkStation stores its data in shares.

Multiple shares can be configured for different types of data. By default LinkStation has two shares. One share is for Windows and Macintosh computers. The other share is for Macintosh only. The default shares may be deleted if desired.

Add a New Folder: This begins the process to create a new share. The next page describes this process further.

Edit Shared Folder: This button allows sared folder information to be edited.

Delete Shared Folder: This button deletes a shared folder. Note that this will delete all of the data inside of the shared folder as well.


Security - Add a new Shared Folder

Shared Folder Name: Names can have up to 12 alphanumeric characters(“-” and “_” are supported).

Shared Folder Description: To differentiate the folderson LinkStation, a brief sentence or phrase evoking the type of data in the share is recommended.

Shared Folders OS Support: If only Windows and OS X machines will access this shared folder, then select Win. If older Macintosh machines will access this shared folder, then select Win/Mac or Mac support. Mac shares use AppleTalk, which comes with a 2GB

filesize limit and various other limitations, so don’t use them unless you need to. Linux can read Win or Win/Mac shares.

Access Restriction Function: This function turns on user/group permissions. Using this function will password protect a folder. For more information, see the next page aboutusing Access Restriction.

Recycle Bin: If the recycle bin is disabled, then any deleted data from the shared folder cannot be restored. If the recycle bin is enabled, then all deleted data will be movedto a folder called .trash. Data will then need to be removed from the trash before it is permanently deleted. In some versions of Windows it may be necessary to set Windowsto display all hidden files and folders before the .trash folder is visible. Mac OS 10.2 or

higher is required for Recycle Bin functionality in Mac environments.


Security - Shared Folder Settings

Enabling Access Restrictionon the previous page will give you this screen, where you can restrict access to your new shared folder to specific users and/or groups.

NOTE: You may add restrictions to anexisting shared folder by pressing the Edit Shared Folder button on the main Shared Folder Settings page and enabling Access Restriction.

Here you can specify who may access the new shared folder. Select which groups

and which users will have access to the new shared folder. The group hdusers gives access to all users on the LinkStation, so this will allow access to every user on the LinkStation. Anonymous users will still not have access however. If a group is selected, then every member inside that group will have access to the shared folder. Users listed under Authorized Users will also be ableto access the folder.

Press the Apply button when you’re finished making your selections.


Security Settings

Groups allow for quicker security administration. A group is a group of users with specific rights to specific shared folders. A business may want to make a Manager group and add all of its managers to the group. This group could have access to a shared folder that the regular employees do not have access to. By default there is a share calledhdusers. This share cannot be deleted.

Add New Group: This begins the process of creating a new group.

Edit Group: This allows group settings to be changed. Users can be added or removed from thegroup here.

Delete a group: This button deletes a group. The users inside the group will still exist but will no longer be members of the deleted group.


Security - Add New Group

Group Name: This will be the name of the group. The name should reflect the types of users added. For example, the managers’s group could be named ‘Managers’.

Group Description: The group descriptionshould be used to differentiate the different groups on LinkStation. A brief sentence or phrase regarding the users inside of the group is recommended.

Select Affiliated Users: Select the users that are to be added to this new group. The check box next to the user’s name should be checked if they are to be added to the group. Users can be added to or removed from the group at a later time by editing the group and checking or unchecking their respective boxes.

Clicking Apply will set the settings.


Security Settings - Shared Folder Setup

User accounts allow LinkStation to limit access to certain or all shared folders. A user account is assigned a password. This password is used to obtain the data inside the shared folder. If a user does not have the proper user account credentials, then access to the data will bedenied.

NOTE: User accounts will only be used on shares with theAccess Restriction function turned on.

Add New User: This begins the process of creating a new user.

Edit User Info: This allows user information to be changed. A user’s password may also bechanged here.

Delete User: This button deletes a user. If a user is deleted, they will also be removed from any groups they were associated with.


Security Settings - Shared Folder Setup

User Name: Enter a name for each user here. Each name should indicate the named user. For instance, you could use the user’s firstname as the user name.

Password: The user password is the password associated with the user. The password can be up to 8 characters and can contain spaces, hyphens, and underscores. The password will need to be confirmed on thePassword (Confirm) line as well. The password can be changed at a later time by editing the user’ssettings.

User Description: The user description can help to differentiate different users on LinkStation. TheApply button will set the settings.


USB Settings

USB Details:

Normally, all devices currently connected to the LinkStation will bedisplayed under USB Details. Newly attached USB devices may not be visible here until the

LinkStation is restarted.

USB Disk Setup:

An attached USB Disk can be configured as an additional shared folder for additional storage space. The attached USB Disk must be formatted by the LinkStation before it can be used on LinkStation. If a USB Disk is attached to LinkStation, it must be attached to the rear USB Port.

Clear Printer Job Queue:

If the printer queue on the LinkStation becomes corrupted or frozen, it may be cleared here. All submitted print jobs will need to be re-sentto theprinter.

USB Printer Setup:

Postscript Printers can easily be shared from the LinkStationvia USB. If a non-

Postscript Printer is attached, additional information from your printer’s documentationis required in the

LinkStation printer setup to ensure proper operation. Once installed, the printer will be available to users on



USB Settings

USB Information: The USB Information table lists information about connected USB devices (such as printers and hard drives). It lists the USB Class (Printer or Storage), the Manufacturer if available, the Device Name,

and whether it is a USB 1.1 or USB 2.0 device.


USB Settings

Setup USB Disk: The USB Disk setup options specifies if an attached USB Disk is to

be used as a shared folder. Using it as a shared folder increases the capacity of LinkStation. Selecting the Disable option

makes it impossible to make the USB Disk drive a shared folder. However, if set to Disable, the USB Disk will still be available for Disk Backup.

NOTE: The USB Disk must be attached to the rear USB Port to work properly. The front USB Port only works with USB


Recycle Bin: The recycle bin is a feature that moves deleted data to a recycle bin before completely deleting. If the recycle bin is disabled, then any deleted data inside the USB Disk cannot be restored. If the recycle bin is enabled, then all deleted data will be moved first to afolder called .trash on the USB Disk. Data may then be removed from the recycle bin before it is permanently deleted. In Windows it may be necessary to set Windows to display all hidden files and folders before the .trash folder is visible. Consult your OS documentation for more information. Mac OS 10.2 or higher is required for Recycle Bin functionality in Macenvironments.


USB Settings - Print Server

Print Server: The Print Server function turns printersharing on or off. The Print Server function must be set toEnable if a printer is to be shared.

LinkStation supports most PostScript printers. It doesn’t support bi-directional printers.

Non-PostScriptprinters are not supported by Buffalo Technology. You may be able to get enoughinformation from your printer’s documentation to manually configure this page, select a compatible

printer from the Printer Type pull down menu, and get it to work, but our technical support cannot help you with this.

Press the Apply button when settings are complete. For the printer to work on your network, it must be plugged into one of LinkStation’s USB Ports, and the printer must be powered on. You may have to turn the LinkStation off and then on again after connecting the USB printer to one of the USB Ports.

Please see page 46 for information on installing the printer to Windows PC’s on your network.


USB Settings - Printer Share Installation

Now that LinkStation is set up to share your printer, you can easily add the printer to any Windows PC on your network. Follow these steps for each PC that you want to be able to access the printer.

Access the LinkStation by pressing the Start Menu, selecting the ‘Run...’ option and entering \\LinkStation_ Name (where LinkStation_Name is the name set on page 18). Press theOK button when finished.

Right click on the lp icon and select Connect. You may receive a warning about installing from a trust worthy source. If you receive this message, press the Yes button to continue.

NOTE: The LinkStation’s Printer name cannot be changed from lp (short for “LinkStation Printer”).

You will receive a warning stating that the server does not have the proper drivers. Press the OK

button to continue.


USB Settings - Printer Share Installation

The Add Printer Wizard will launch. Select the proper driver for your printer. If the specific printer is not in the list, you will be required to insert the CD that came with your printer into your PC’sCD-ROMdrive and press theHave

Disk button. Refer to your printer documentation for furtherinformation on installing your printer if necessary. Press the

The printer is now successfully installed. To further configure and test the printer, open your PC’s Control Panel. The Control Panel can be accessed through ‘My Computer’ or through the Start Menu. Once the Control Panel is open, double click on the Printers and Faxes icon.

If lp is the only printer installed on the PC, then it will automatically be set as the default printer. However, if it is not the only printer on the PC, then it is not set as default. If you would like to make it the default printer, right click onthe lp printer icon and select the Set as Default Printer option.


USB Settings - Printer Share Installation

To print a test page or configure additional printer settings, right click on the lp printer icon and select Properties. This will open the printer’s driver propertiespage.

Press the Print Test Page button to print a test page. You can also browse through the available settings for theprinter. Please refer to the printer’s documentation for more information on changing the printer’s settings.

NOTE: The printer installation process can be done on any machine on your network. Multiple machines may print to the printer at the same time. Repeat this process on all computers that require access to the printer.


USB Settings - Delete Print Queue

Deleting print jobs may be necessary if a corrupt print job was sent to a printer. If printing to the printer connected to

LinkStation suddenly fails, it is recommended that you Execute the Delete Print Queue program.

Deleting the print jobs will require that users re-sendtheir print jobs to the printer.

If there are still problems printing to the printer, then check the printer manufacturer’s

documentation for troubleshooting information. Also, verify that the USB cable is securely fastened to both the printer and the LinkStation. Finally, you may try turning the LinkStation off, turning the printer off, turning the printer back on, and then turning the LinkStation back on again.


Maintenance Settings

System Status:The


Disk Backup: Individual


System Status page


Shares or folders inside of

displays current


shares can be scheduled

information about


for backup to an attached



USB Disk. The scheduled

Disk Sleep Function:


backup time should not


conflict with a scheduled

The LinkStation



sleep time.

can be scheduled





to enter a sleep


Disk Scan: Periodically it

mode to preserve


may be necessary to run

energy at a


a disk scan. A disk scan

scheduled time.


will repair errors upon

The sleep time


the LinkStation’s drives’

cannot coincide


surfaces and fix errors

with the time of a


within the file system. A

scheduled backup


thorough disk check can

or the backup will


take several hours to















Disk Format: The internal drive or an attached USB drive can be formatted and rebuilt. Once a format begins all data will

be lost on the drive. Care should be taken to backup any data stored on the drive prior to formatting.

External USB hard drives attached to LinkStation may need to be formatted via this

Disk Format utility before being used by


Maintenance Settings

Administrator Password:

By default, the administrator name

(login) is “root” with a blank password.

Administrator Password allows you to change the administrator password.

Shutdown: Shutdown allows an administrator to turn off the

LinkStation without physically pressing the power button.


Maintenance Settings - System Status

The System Status page briefly lists important configuration information about


No configuration changes can be made from this screen, but it’s a good place to review settings.


Maintenance Settings - Sleep

Sleep Function: Enable Sleep Function to allow LinkStation to go into Sleep Mode. In Sleep Mode, LinkStation’s internal hard drive shuts off until the

Wakeup Time. DisableSleep Mode if you want LinkStation to always remain on. When LinkStation is sleeping, data cannot be accessed and scheduled backups will fail.

Schedule Sleep Time: If the Sleep Function is set to Enable, then enter an appropriate Disk Sleep Time and Disk Wake Up Time.

Click Apply to save these settings.


Maintenance Settings - Backup

Disk Backup Folders:

Before Disk Backup can be enabled, at least one share or folder must be set to be backed up. Use the drop down menu under Folders for Backup.

All files and folders inside the selected folder will be backed up. Once a share or folder is selected, press the Backup Folder Add button to add it to the list of folders that will be backed up.

To remove a folder from the list, check it and press the Backup Folder Delete button.

Select the destination for the backup files under

Backup Destination Device.

Once folders have been selected, Disk Backup may be enabled.


Maintenance Settings - Backup Settings

Disk Backup: The Disk Backup function allows LinkStation’s data to be backed up to an external USB Hard Drive or another LinkStation on the network. TheDisable option turns off the ability to backup.

Backup Frequency: Run Backup Immediatelyruns the backup program once. Run Backup Daily at theSpecified Time scedules a regular daily backup. The

Run Backup Every (Day) at the Specified Time option makes LinkStation perform a backup at a scheduled time once a week.

Specified Time: TheSpecified Time is the time that

LinkStation will perform its backup if scheduled.

Overwrite Backup: Enable will let each new backup overwrite any previous backups, saving disk space.Setting this to Disable creates a new backup each time backup runs.


Restoring a Backup

To restore a backup, the backup destination (if on a USB hard drive) must be shared as a shared folder. This setting can be enabled on page 47. Then, browse to the usbdisk1 folder. This is where backup data is stored.

Backups in usbdisk1 are in folders named YEARMONTHDAYTIME, so “0408062200” is a backup that occurred on August 6th, 2004 at 22:00 (or 10pm). IfOverwrite Backup was set when the backup ran, then only one backup folder will exist. From inside the backup archive, data can be moved or copied to its original (or a new) location.

NOTE: If a LinkStation fails, its USB backup drive can be attached to a different LinkStation to recover backup data. On the new LinkStation, share it as a shared folder to access the backup data.


Maintenance Settings - Disk Scan

Disk Scan: The Disk Scan Targetis the disk that is to be scanned. The Internal HDDoption is for LinkStation’s internal hard drive. If a

USB Hard Drive is connected to LinkStation, then it will also be available from the pull-downmenu. Please select the disk that should be scanned. If both disks are to be scanned, thenthe Disk Scan must be run twice; once for eachdisk.

Disk Scan Type: The Disk Scan Type pull-downmenu allows you to select whether theDisk Scan is to be aNormal or a Thorough scan. ANormal scan is a fast disk scan. The Thorough Scan willscan every sector individually. The Thorough Scan can take up to several hours to complete. It is recommended that you not access LinkStation or turn LinkStation off during a Thorough Scan.


Maintenance Settings - Format

Select a disk to format:

The pull-downmenu lists the drives that can be formatted. If a USB Hard Drive is connected to LinkStation then it will be available for format. TheInternal HDD can also be formatted from this page.

NOTE: Formatting a drive will erase alldata. Do not format a drive unless you need to! Brand new USB Disks may need to be formatted before the LinkStation can write to

them, but the internal LinkStation hard drive comes pre-formatted. Do not reformat the LinkStation’s internal drive unless you’re sure that’s what you want to do!


Maintenance Settings - Administrator Password Settings

Administrator Name: The Administrator Name is used to log into the Web-Based

configuration. The default Administrator Name is “root”. It cannot be changed.

Old Password: Please type the currentadministrator password into this field. By default there is no LinkStation password. If a password has already been set on LinkStation, then enter the current password.

New Password: Please enter the new desired administrator password. This password can be up to 8 characters and may include spaces, hyphens, and underscores.

New Password (Confirm): Please re-type the New Password into this field. This will verify that the proper password was typed in correctly.

Click Apply when finished.


Maintenance Settings - Shutdown


The Shutdown function in LinkStation allows an administrator to shut down LinkStation without using the power button.

This feature can be handy if LinkStation is being configured from a location not close to the LinkStation’s power button.

Press the Execute button to shutdown the LinkStation. The LinkStation can then only be turned on by pressing the power button on the front of it or by waiting for theWake Up Time (if Disk Sleep is enabled onpage 53).



PCast and DLNA are special services that can run within LinkStation, allowing it to be a media server for LinkTheater or other digital multimedia players. The LinkTheater product is a media server that connects

to your television and streams multimedia content. The PCast service allows you to stream any multimedia content directly from

LinkStation to the LinkTheater. DLNA is an industry standard supported by many digital multimedia players.

If you do not own a multimedia player, PCast and DLNA settings can be completely ignored.

For more information on LinkTheater, please visit Buffalo Technology’s web site at http://www.buffalotech.com and look under

Multimedia Products.


PCast Settings - LinkTheater

Media Server Function: The Media Server Function will need to be enabled for this function to work. If you do not own a LinkTheater than disabling this feature is recommended.

Media Folder: The Media Folder specifies which shared folder to share with LinkTheater. All of the multimedia files inside this shared folder will be available to LinkTheater.NOTE: At this time, only one shared folder can be accessed with LinkTheater. Please make sure that all of the multimedia files you wish to share with

LinkTheater are in this shared folder.

PCast Password: Restrict access to your media

server by specifying an access password.

Limit DLNA Client Access: Choose what devices can access your media server. See next page for more information on configuration.

Update Media List: This updates the list of multimedia folders and files displayed by your media player. Some changes may not be shown until the list is refreshed or the media player rebooted.


PCast Settings - LinkTheater

Get to this page by clicking Choose Devices on the previous page.

Search for DLNA Client: This will show a list of allclients that could connect to the media server.

For any that you want to have access, put a checkmark next to their MAC address and click Allow Access. You can deny access to any DLNA client by checking it and clickingDeny Access.


Troubleshooting - Multiple Shares

When adding multiple shares, it’s possible that you may get an error message similar to the

This is caused by having multiple shares to the same resource using different credentials. The error occurs when connecting to at least one secure, restricted share. Due to a constraint

in Microsoft Windows only one set of credentials can map drive letters to a network resource such as the LinkStation. Thus, only one username and password can be used while mapping to your LinkStation, even if different drive letters are mapped to different shares. If unsecure, unrestricted shares are mapped, and then an attempt to map a secure, restricted share occurs, this error will occur. To remedy the situation, you must create all shares using the same login and password information. Please follow the steps on the next page to remedy this problem.


Troubleshooting - Multiple Shares

When mapping any share, select the ‘Connect using a different user name’ option. A login and password prompt will appear. Enter the same username and password for all LinkStation shares. This username and password is the username and password required for the secure, restricted share. Use this same login procedure for all unsecure, unrestricted and restricted shares on LinkStation. Only one username and password can be used for all mapped shares! Thus, a PC cannot have two mapped, secured shares that use different username and passwords.

It is important to remember that all mapped drives on a single LinkStation must use the same username and password. This means that even unsecure, unrestricted mapped shares will have to login using the secured share’s username and password.

If only unrestricted shares are being mapped, then it is not necessary to set a username and password for the shares. Multiple mapped drives to unrestricted shares can exist without a username and password (as long as no restricted, secure shares are mapped).


Troubleshooting - Disk Scan

Disk Errors

If LinkStation encounters a disk error, it will be reported in the LinkStation status on the top of any of the Web-Basedconfiguration screens. It is recommended to start a Normal Disk Scan in the event of this error. If that doesn’t work, try running a Thorough Disk Scan. Additionally, if that still does not resolve the problem a format is recommended. Formatting the drive will delete all of the data on it so try to backup any data you can before this process is started. Finally, if none of the above solutions help, then please contact our technical support.

Diagnostic LED Flash Codes:

3 flashes - Partition problem with hard drive. Reformat the hard drive. 4 flashes - Fan problem.

5 flashes - ROM problem.

6 flashes - Hard Drive can not be recognized.

7 flashes - Problem with motherboard (RAM, LAN, or Hard Drive controller).


Technical Specifications

LAN Standards:



Transmission Types:

1000BASE-T:8B1Q4, PAM5;100BASE-TX4B/5B,


MLT-3;10BASE-TManchester Coding



Access Media:



Media Interface:




USB Standard:

USB 2.0














USB Connector:

USB 2.0 Connectors (2)



Data Transmission Speed:

Max: 480 Mbps (HS Mode)



Max: 12 Mbps (FS Mode)





Electric Current:





Power Consumption:

Average 21W with no USB devices attached





2.4 x 6.94 x 7.4 in. (60 x 173.5 x 185 mm.)




3.1 lb. (1.4 kg.)


Operating Temperature:

5-35° C;20-80%non-condensing


Contact Information (North America)

Buffalo Technology USA, Inc.

4030 West Braker Lane, Suite 120

Austin, TX 78759-5319


Monday through Friday


Direct: 512-794-8533|Toll-free: 800-456-9799|Fax: 512-794-8520|Email: sales@ buffalotech.com


North American Technical Support by phone is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

(USA and Canada).

Toll-free: (866) 752-6210 | Email: info@buffalotech.com


Contact Information (Europe)

Buffalo Technology UK Ltd.

176 Buckingham Avenue,

Slough, Berkshire, SL1 4RD

United Kingdom


Email: sales@buffalo-technology.com


Phone (UK only): 08712 50 12 60* Phone: +353 61 70 80 50

Email: helpdesk@buffalo-technology.ie

*Calls cost 8.5p per minute

Technical Support Operating Hours

Monday - Friday (GMT)

9:00 AM - 6:00 PM Monday-Thursday

9:00 AM - 4:30 PM Friday


GPL Information (North America)

Thank you for your interest in Buffalo products. Our GPL software delivery policy is outlined below.

For each individual product and revision, please send one individually packaged self addressed padded CD shipping envelope, containing a blank CD-Rto the following address:

Buffalo Technology USA Inc.

4030 W. Braker Lane Suite 120

Austin, TX 78759

Attn. GPL Department

Within the envelope containing the self addressed padded CD shipping envelope, please include a bank draft or money order for $20 (USD) (Made out to: Buffalo Technology) to cover our handling fee, postage and CD preparation. The CD-Rshould have the name of the product and revision number clearly written on the actualCD-R(not on the insert).

We do not send GPL source in bulk on a DVD. And order confirmation is not required by the GNU General Public License.

We are more than happy to comply with your request; however, we must ask you to comply with our GPL distribution policy, which complies with the GNU General Public License.


Buffalo Technology GPL Department


GPL Information (Europe)

Thank you for your interest in Buffalo products. Our GPL software delivery policy is outlined below.

For each individual product and revision, please send one individually packaged self addressed padded CD shipping envelope, containing a blank CD-Rto the following address:

Buffalo Technology Ireland Ltd

Free Zone East, Shannon, Co. Clare


Attn. GPL Department

Within the envelope containing the self addressed padded CD shipping envelope, please include a bank draft or money order for €20 (Euro) (Made out to: Buffalo Technology) to cover our handling fee, postage and CD preparation. The CD-Rshould have the name of the product and revision number clearly written on the actualCD-R(not on the insert).

We do not send GPL source in bulk on a DVD. And order confirmation is not required by the GNU General Public License.

We are more than happy to comply with your request; however, we must ask you to comply with our GPL distribution policy, which complies with the GNU General Public License.


Buffalo Technology GPL Department