Briggs & Stratton 1696005 User Manual

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Products Covered by This Manual

The following products are covered by this manual:



Safety Alert Symbol and Signal Words

1695979, 1695984, 1695985, 1695986, 1695987, 1695988,




1696000, 1696001, 1696002, 1696003, 1696004, 1696005,



hazard. A signal word (DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION) is

1696006, 1696007, 1696024, 1696025, 1696026, 1696028,



used with the alert symbol to designate a degree or level of

1696029, 1696030, 1696080, 1696081, 1696082, 1696083,



hazard seriousness. A safety symbol may be used to represent

1696123, 1696125















the type of hazard. The signal word NOTICE is used to address

Manual Contents:




practices not related to personal injury.








DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,will

Operator Safety









result in death or serious injury.



Safety System Tests.............................................................







WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,could

Features and Controls.........................................................











result in death or serious injury.








CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,could










result in minor or moderate injury.


© 2011 Briggs & Stratton Corporation, Milwaukee, WI, USA. All

NOTICE addresses practices not related to personal injury.

rights reserved.




2-Stage Snowthrower Hazard Symbols









The images in this document are representative, and are meant


Mea i g


to compliment the instructional copy they accompany. Your unit







Safetyinf rmati



Read and understand the

may vary from the images displayed. LEFT andRIGHT are as







hazards that can result


operator's manual before

seen from the operator's position.






in pers

nal njury.



operating or servicing the

Operator Safety











Ampu a

hazard -





rotating impeller.



before performing service.

Discharge Chute Warning








Amputation hazard -















rotating impeller.















Amputation hazard - do


Thrown objects hazard.

Amputation hazard
















not touch moving parts.



Thedischargechutecontainsarotatingimpellertoth ow







Fire hazard.



Explosion hazard.











Never clear or unclog the discharge chute with your














hands. Always use a clean-outtool.










Shock hazard.



Toxic fume hazard.

Failure to observe these safety instructions will result in




















traumatic amputation or severe laceration.









Hot surface hazard.


Ear protection

Hand contact with the rotating impeller inside the discharge





















chute is the most common cause of injury associated with































Keep a safe distance.


Remove the key before






















To safely clear a clogged discharge chute, follow these












performing service.








Keep children away.


Kickback hazard.












1. Shut OFF the engine.

2.Wait 10 seconds to be sure the impeller blades have stopped rotating.

3.Always use a clean-outtool, not your hands.

Regional Warnings


U.S.A. Models: Certain components in this product and its related accessories contain chemicals known to the stateofCaliforniatocausecancer,birthdefects,orother reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.


• Never attempt to make major repairs on the snowthrower unless you have been properly trained. Improper servicing of the snowthrower can result in hazardous operation, equipment damage, and voiding of the product warranty.
Operation and Equipment Safety


U.S.A. Models: The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.

General Safety Warnings





Read the Manual



This snowthrower is only as safe as the operator. If it is








Remember: you are responsible for your safety and that




of those around you.

This snowthrower is capable of amputating hands and

• Keep the area of operation clear of all persons, particularly


instructions in this manual. Failure to do so will result in


small children and pets.

death or serious injury.



• Thoroughly inspect the area where the snowthrower will be






used and remove all doormats, sleds, boards, wires, and






other foreign objects.




• Do not operate the snowthrower without wearing adequate

Read the operator's manuals before operating the



winter clothing.

machine. This machine can be dangerous if used


• Wearfootwearthatwillimprovefootingonslipperysurfaces.





Use caution to avoid slippi g or falling especially when

• Never operate the snowthrower without all guards, covers,

ope ating the s owthrower in reverse.


shields, and other safety protection devices in place and

Never operate the s wthrower without good visibility or







• Stop the engine whenever leaving the operating posi ion.

Disengage he auger while transporting.

Stop the engine and remove the key before uncl gging forhe • Always be sure of your footing, and keep a firm hold on the


impeller housing or discharge chute, and bef re making


handles. Walk, never run.

repairs or adjustments.



• Do not clear snow across the face of slopes. Use extreme

When leaving the machine, remove the key.



caution when changing direction on slopes. Do not attempt

• To reduce the risk of fire, keep the machine clean and free


to clear steep slopes.


from spilled fuel, oil, and debris.


• Donotoverloadthemachinecapacitybyattemptingtoclear






snow too quickly.





• Neveroperatethesnowthrowerathightransportspeedson





slippery surfaces. Look behind the snowthrower and use

Read, understand, and follow all the instructions



care when operating in reverse.

snowthrower and in the operator’s manual b fore


• Donotusethesnowthroweronsurfacesabovegroundlevel

operating this unit. Failure to observe the safety


instructions in this manual could result in death or




serious injury.

Reproductionstructures or buildings.

• Be thoroughly familiar with the controls and the proper use

• Operators should evaluate their ability to operate the




of the snowthrower.




from injury.

• Make sure you are properly trained before operating the

• The snowthrower is intended to remove snow only. Do not






use the snowthrower for any other purpose.

• Know how to stop the unit and disengage the controls


Do not carry passengers.





• After striking a foreign object, shut OFF the engine,

• Never allow anyone to operate the snowthrower without


disconnect the cord on electric motors, thoroughly inspect


proper instruction.




the snowthrower for any damage, and repair the damage

• Always follow the instructions in the operator’s manual, if


before restarting and operating the snowthrower.


the snowthrower will be stored for an extended period.

• Ifthesnowthrowervibratesabnormally,shutOFFtheengine.


Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels as









dealer if necessary for repairs.


Formodelsequippedwithelectricstartingmotors,disconnect the power cord after the engine starts.

Exercise extreme caution when operating on or crossing gravel drives, walks, or roads. Stay alert for hidden hazards or traffic.

Run the machine a few minutes after throwing snow to prevent freeze-upof the collector/impeller.

Fuel Handling


Fuel and its vapors are extremely flammable and explosive. Always handle fuel with extreme care.

Failure to observe these safety instructions can cause a fire or explosion which could result in severe burns or death.

When adding fuel:

• Never add fuel to a running engine or to a hot engine.

If fuel is spilled, do not attempt to start the engine, but move the snowthrower away from the area of the spill, and avoid creating any source of ignition, until the fuel vapors have dissipated.

Do not over-primethe engine. Follow the engine starting instructions in this manual.

If the engine floods, set choke (if equipped) to OPEN/RUN position, move throttle (if equipped) to FAST position and crank until engine starts.

When operating the equipment:

Do not tip the snowthrower at an angle which causes the fuel to spill.

Do not choke the carburetor to stop the engine.

Never run the engine with the air cleaner assembly (if equipped) or the air filter (if equipped) removed.

If you drain the oil from the top oil fill tube, the fuel tank must beemptyorfuelcanleakoutandresultinafireorexplosion.

When transporting equipment:

• Turn off engine and let cool at least 2 minutes before


• Transport with fuel tank EMPTY, or with fuel shut-offvalve


and other ignition sources.

ReproductionRotating parts can contact or entangle hands, feet, hair,


removing the fuel cap and adding fuel.




• Fill fuel tank outdoors or in a well ventilated area.


When storing gas li e r equipment with fuel in the tank:

• Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck or trailer

• Gasoline s hghly flammable and its vapors are explosive.


bed with a plastic liner. Always place containers on the


Fumes may ravel to a distant ignition source and an


ground, away from your vehicle, before filling.


explosion and/or fire may result.

When practical, remove gas-poweredequipment fr m he







truck or trailer and refuel it on the ground. If this is n

for• Handlegasolinecarefully.Neverstoreaunit,withfuelinthe


possible, then refuel such equipment on a trailer with a


tank, indoors in a poorly ventilated enclosure where fuel


portable container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser


f mes co ld reach an open flame, spark, or pilot light, such





as a furnace, water heater, or clothes dryer.




• Store away from furnaces, stoves, water heaters, or other

• Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank



appliances that have pilot light or other ignition source






container opening at all times, until refueling is complete.


because they can ignite fuel vapors.


Do not use a nozzle lock-opendevice.











Replace gasoline cap securely and allow spill fu l


Moving Parts


evaporate before starting the engine.








• Do not overfill the fuel tank. To allow for the expansion of








gasoline, do not fill above the bottom of the fuel tank neck.






Keep hands, feet, and clothing away from rotating parts.

• Keep fuel away from sparks, open flames, pilot lights, heat,

clothing, or accessories.

Check fuel lines, cap, and fittings frequently for cracks or leaks. Replace if necessary.

Use an approved fuel container.

If fuel spills, wait until it evaporates before starting engine.

If fuel is spilled on clothing, change clothing immediately.

When starting the engine:

Ensure that spark plug, muffler, fuel cap, and air cleaner (if equipped) are in place and secured.

Do not crank the engine with the spark plug removed.

Failure to observe these safety instructions will result in traumatic amputation or severe laceration.

Whenevercleaning,repairing,orinspectingthesnowthrower, make sure the engine is OFF, the engine key is removed, and all moving parts have stopped.

Do not put hands or feet near or under rotating parts. Keep clear of the discharge opening at all times.

Never operate the snowthrower without proper guards, and other safety devices in place and working.

Never leave the snowthrower unattended while engine is running. Always disengage the auger and traction controls, stop engine, and remove keys.


Keep all loose clothing away from the front of the snowthrower and auger. Scarves, mittens, dangling drawstrings, loose clothes, and pants can quickly become caught in the rotating device and amputation will occur. Tie up long hair and remove jewelry.

Run the machine a few minutes after discharging snow to prevent freeze-upof the collector/impeller.

Disengagepowertothecollector/impellerwhensnowthrower is transported or not in use.

Thrown Objects


Objects can be picked up by the auger and thrown from the chute. Never discharge snow toward bystanders or allow anyone in front of the snowthrower. Failure to observe these safety instructions could result in death or serious injury.

Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees,orotherobjectsthatmayobscurevision.Childrenmay be present.

Engine Safety


Safe operation of the snowthrower requires the proper care and maintenance of the engine. Failure to observe thesafetyinstructionsinthismanualcouldresultindeath or serious injury.

Disengage all clutches and shift into neutral before starting the engine.

Lettheengineadjusttooutdoortemperaturebeforestarting to clear snow.

Use extension cords and receptacles as specified by the manufacturerforallunitswithelectricdrivemotorsorelectric starting motors.

• Alwayswearsafetyglassesoreyeshieldsduringoperation,

• Use a grounded three-wireplug-infor all snowthrowers





from foreign objects that may be thrown from the machine.















• Always be aware of the direction the snow is being thrown.




Nearby pedestrians, pets, or property may be harmed by

Kickback hazard


objects being thrown.




Rapid re rac n f the starter cord (kickback) will pull

• Be aware of your environment while operating the















snowthrower.Runningoveritemssuchas,gravel,doorma s,


newspapers, toys, and rocks hidden under sn




w, can all befor



thrown from the chute or jam in the auger.


res lt.

Use extreme caution when operating on or cr

ssing gravel

When starting engine, pull the starter cord slowly until


drives, walks, or roads.




resistance is felt and then pull rapidly to avoid kickback.

Adjustthecollectorhousingheighttocleargravelor ushed

Carbon Monoxide

rock surface.




Never operate the snowthrower near glass enclosu es,




automobiles, window wells, drop-offs,and the like without




proper adjustment of the discharge chute angle.




• Familiarizeyourselfwiththeareainwhichyouplantooperate

poison gas.


the snowthrower. Mark off boundaries of walkways and

Breathing carbon monoxide can cause nausea, fainting,










or death.




• Start and run the engine outdoors.














• Donotruntheengineinanenclosedarea,evenifdoorsand













windows are open.













Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to

Ignition Source

the presence of children. Children are often attracted to

the unit and the operating activity. Never assume that



children will remain where you last saw them.



• Keep children outof thearea duringoperation.Children are


Starting the engine creates sparking.


often attracted to the equipment. Be mindful of all persons

Sparking can ignite nearby flammable gasses.










Explosion and fire could result.

• Be alert and turn the unit off if children enter the area.

• Never allow children to operate the unit.


• If there is natural gas or LP gas leakage in the area, do not














start the engine.


Do not use pressurize starting fluids because their vapors are flammable.

Hot Surfaces


Running the engine produces heat. Engine parts, especially the muffler, become extremely hot.

Failure to observe these safety instructions could result in severe thermal burns on contact.

Never touch a hot engine or muffler. Allow muffler, engine cylinder, and fins to cool before touching.

Remove debris from muffler area and cylinder area.

Installandmaintainin workingordera sparkarresterbefore using equipment on forest-covered,grass-covered,orbrush-coveredunimproved land.

Onlyauthorizedservicelocationsshouldbeutilizedformajor service and repair requirements.

Use only attachments and accessories approved by the factory, or equivalent, (such as wheel weights, counterweights, or cabs).

Never attempt to make any adjustments while the engine is running (except when specifically recommended by the factory).

Always refer to the operator's manual for important details if the snowthrower is to be stored for an extended period of time.

Safety Decals

Before operating your unit, read the safety decals. The cautions and warnings are for your safety. To avoid a personal injury or damage to the unit, understand and follow all the safety decals.




Code Section 4442 to use or operate the engine on or near



any forest-covered,brush-covered,orgrass-coveredland





meeting any applicable local or state laws. Other states or



federal areas may have similar laws.



Maintenance and Storage











safe operation and performance. Failure to bserve the


safety instructions in this manual could result in death


or serious injury.




When performing any maintenance or repairsNotthe



snowthrower, shut OFF the engine, wait for all moving

a ts



to stop, and remove the engine key to prevent someone



from accidently starting the engine.




Check shear bolts and other hardware at fr qu nt int


A Chute Danger


for proper tightness to be sure the snowthrower is in safe



working condition.




Keep nuts and bolts tight and keep snowthrower in good





Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly and make necessary repairs if they are not functioning properly.

Componentsaresubjecttowear,damage,anddeterioration. Frequently check components and replace with recommended parts, when necessary.

Check control operation frequently. Adjust and service as required.

Useonlyfactoryauthorizedreplacementparts,orequivalent, when making repairs.

Alwayscomplywithfactoryspecificationsonallsettingsand adjustments.

BAuger Danger Decal (large-framemodels)

CAuger Danger Decal (small-framemodels)


Safety System Tests

Determining Which Test to Use

ModelswithFreeHand™Control:Afterengagingthetraction control (left hand) and auger control (right hand), Free Hand allowstheoperatortoreleasetheaugercontrol,andfortheauger control to remain engaged until the traction control is released. Free Hand models have the icon set shown in Figure 2 on the dashboard.


Safety System Test (units with Free Hand control)


Amputation hazard

This snowthrower is equipped with several mechanical safety systems designed to keep the operator safe while using the unit.Check the operation of these systems regularly using the safety system tests listed. If the unit fails to operate as described, DO NOT operate it. See your authorized dealer for service immediately.

Test 1 - Auger/Impeller Control






With the engine running:






• Pressdownontheaugercontrollever.(Theauger/impeller







should rotate)







With the engine running:




stop within 5 seconds)


Models without Free Hand Control: On units without Free


Test 2 - Traction Drive Co trol

Hand, the auger and traction controls operate independently,


and the Free Hand icon set is not found on the dashboard.


With the engine ru i g a d speed control in 1st gear:

Please select the appropriate Safety System Test for your unit.

Press down n the traction control lever. (The unit should

Safety System Test (units without Free



move forward)

Hand control)



Release he raction control lever. (The unit should stop)








Test 3 - Free Hand Control






With the engine running:

Amputation hazard



• Engagetheaugerandtractioncontrollevers,thenrelease

This snowthrower is equipped with several mechanical safety


the auger control lever. (Both controls should remain









systems designed to keep the operator safe while using the


• Next, release the traction control lever. (Both controls

unit.Check the operation of these systems regularly using the

safety system tests listed. If the unit fails to op rate as



should release)

described, DO NOT operate it. See your authoriz d al r for service immediately.

Test 1 - Auger/Impeller Control

Pressdownontheaugercontrollever.(Theauger/impeller should rotate)

Releasetheaugercontrollever.(Theauger/impellershould stop within 5 seconds)

Test 2 - Traction Drive Control

With the engine running and speed control in 1st gear:

Press down on the traction control lever. (The unit should move forward)

Release the traction control lever. (The unit should stop)


Features and Controls





Free Hand™ Control (if equipped)- After

Engine Features and Controls


For engine features and controls, please refer to the engine

auger control (right hand), allows the

operator to release the auger control lever

operator's manual.

to use other controls.


Traction Control Lever - Used to propel

Snowthrower Features and Controls

to engage, release to disengage. See also,









- Used to control the angle of the deflector


(up or down).




- Used to control the angle of the deflector


(up or down).




- Used to control the angle of the deflector


(up or down).














Easy Turn™ Traction Control (if






equipped) - When engaged, allows the






operator to release one drive wheel, but






allows the other wheel to continue driving


for easy turning.











to warm the hand grips (high, off, low).










debris from the discharge chute and the




auger housing.



Skid Shoes - Used to adjust the ground





clearance of the auger housing.







AugerControlLever-Us dto





disengage the auger and im ll

. To





engage,pushdown.Todis ngag , lease.

Speed Select Lever - Allows the operator to select forward and reverse speeds. To shift, move speed select lever to desired position.

NOTE: Do not move speed select lever while Traction Control is engaged. This mayresultinseveredamagetothedrive system.


Chute Rotation Crank - In-Dash(if


equipped)- Used to rotate the discharge


chute to the left or right.


Chute Rotation Crank - Lefthand Crank




chute to the left or right.


Chute Rotation Switch - Electric (if


equipped)- Used to rotate the discharge


chute to the left or right.


NOTE: Always set engine speed to FAST (full throttle).
5. Fully press the auger control lever (A) to engage the auger. Release the lever to stop the auger.
6. Fully press and hold the traction control lever / Free Hand control (F/G) to engage the traction drive and begin moving the snowthrower. To stop, release the lever.
NOTE: Alwaysreleasethetractioncontrolleverbeforechanging speeds.
7. On models equipped with Free Hand controls, when both theauger(A)andtractioncontrollevers(F)arepressed,the Free Hand control is activated. This allows you to release the auger control lever (A) to use other controls. The auger


Before Operating the Snowthrower







Toxic fume hazard












poison gas.

This machine can be dangerous if used carelessly.


Breathing carbon monoxide can cause nausea, fainting,

• Neveroperatethesnowthrowerwithoutallguards,covers,

or death.

and shields in place.




• Start and run the engine outdoors.

• Stop the engine whenever leaving the operating position.


• Do not start or run the engine in an enclosed area, even if

• Remove the key before unclogging the impeller housing



doors and windows are open.

or discharge chute, and before making repairs or













• When leaving the machine, remove the key.





• Toreducetheriskoffire,keepthemachinecleanandfree

Thrown objects hazard

from spilled fuel, oil, and debris.



This machine is capable of throwing objects that could injure

• On electric start models, disconnect the extension cord


bystanders, or cause damage to buildings.

before operating.




• Be sure to check the engine oil level before starting the


the discharge toward anyone, or toward buildings or cars.

engine. See the engine operator's manual for oil




Sta ttheengine.Pleaserefertotheengineoperator'smanual










engine inf rmati .

Operating the Snowthrower





R tate he chu e r tati n crank (C or D, Figure 3) or use the





chutero a nswtch(E)tosetthedirectionofthedischarge



























Models with manual defector adjustment: Loosen the

Amputation hazard





wingn t securing the chute deflector (I). Raise the deflector








and tighten the wingnut.

Never clear or unclog the discharge chute with your




Models with in-dashdeflector control lever:Use the

hands. Always use a clean-outtool.





deflector control lever (H) to move the deflector up or down.

Failure to observe these safety instructions will result in



Raise the deflector to throw snow further.

traumatic amputation or severe laceration.




Models with electric deflector control: Use the deflector

Hand contact with the rotating impeller inside the discharge



control switch (J) to move the deflector up or down. Raise

chute is the most common cause of injury associat with



the deflector to throw snow further.


Use the speed select lever (B) to select the forward or






reverse drive speed. Use lower speeds when clearing wet,









heavy snow. Use higher speeds for light snow or

To safely clear a clogged discharge chute,Reproductionfollow thesetransporting. instructions:

1. Shut OFF the engine.

2. Wait 10 seconds to be sure the impeller blades have stopped rotating.

3. Always use a clean-outtool, not your hands.

will continue to rotate until the traction control lever/Free Hand control lever is released.

8.Ifdesired,ifequipped,usethegripwarmerswitch(L)toturn on the heated hand grips.

Stopping the Snowthrower

1.Release the auger control lever (A, Figure 3).

2.Release the traction control lever (F).

3.Stoptheengine.Pleaserefertotheengineoperator'smanual for engine instructions.

Wheel Release - Lock Knob (if equipped)

Somemodelsareequippedwithadrivewheelreleasethatallows youtodisengageoneofthedrivewheels,foreasiertransporting of the unit with the engine off.

Models with Traction Lock Knob: Wheels equipped with a traction lock knob (A, Figure 6) can be completely released by pulling the knob out away from the wheel until the locking pin is disengagedfromthewheel.Thenrotatetheknobsothepindoes not re-engage the wheel. Reverse this process to engage the drive wheel.

EasyTurn™TractionControl(ifequipped) 6


Turn traction control lever (Figure 4).

NOTE: The Easy Turn will be more difficult to activate under a heavy load. Activate the level before beginning a turn.




Wheel Release - Lock Pins (if equipped)



Wheels equipped with a traction lock pin (A, Figure 7) can be



forcompletely released by removing the pin and installing it in the







Engaging the Easy Turn traction control lever releases one of



Releasing the Easy Turn traction control lever automatically


engages both drive wheels for full traction (Figure 5).