Volvo C30, C30 2007 User Manual

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DEAR VOLVO OWNER

THANK YOU FOR CHOOSING VOLVO

We hope you will enjoy many years of driving pleasure in your Volvo. The car has been designed for the safety and comfort of you and your passengers. Volvo is one of the safest cars in the world. Your Volvo has also been designed to satisfy all current safety and environmental requirements.

In order to increase your enjoyment of the car, we recommend that you familiarise yourself with the equipment, instructions and maintenance information contained in this Owner’s Manual.

Contents

00 Introduction

 

Introduction ........................................

6

Volvo Car Corporation and the

 

environment ........................................

7

01 Safety

 

Seatbelts ..........................................

12

Airbag system ..................................

15

Airbags (SRS) ...................................

16

Activating/deactivating the

 

airbag (SRS) .....................................

19

Side airbags (SIPS bags) ..................

21

Inflatable Curtain (IC) .......................

23

WHIPS ..............................................

24

When the systems deploy ................

26

Crash mode ......................................

27

Child safety ......................................

28

02 Instruments and controls

 

Overview, left-hand drive car ............

34

Overview, right-hand drive car ..........

36

Driver’s door control panel ...............

38

Combined instrument panel .............

39

Indicator and warning symbols .........

40

Information display ...........................

43

Electrical socket and switch, centre

 

console .............................................

45

Lighting panel ...................................

46

Left-hand stalk switch ......................

48

Right-hand stalk switch ....................

50

Cruise control (option) ......................

52

Steering wheel keypad (option) ........

54

Steering wheel adjustment, hazard

 

warning flashers ................................

55

Parking brake, electrical socket ........

56

Power windows .................................

57

Rearview and door mirrors ...............

59

Power sunroof (option) ......................

62

Personal preferences ........................

64

2

Contents

03 Climate control

 

General information on climate

 

control ..............................................

68

Manual climate control, A/C .............

70

Electronic climate control,

 

ECC (option) .....................................

72

Air distribution ..................................

75

Fuel-driven heater (option) ...............

76

04 Interior

 

Front seats ........................................

80

Interior lighting ..................................

82

Storage spaces in the passenger

 

compartment ....................................

84

Rear seat ...........................................

86

Cargo area ........................................

87

05 Locks and alarm

 

Remote control with key blade

.........94

Keyless drive (option) .......................

98

Locking and unlocking ...................

100

Alarm (option) .................................

103

3

Contents

06 Starting and driving

 

General ...........................................

108

Refuelling ........................................

110

Starting the engine ..........................

111

Keyless drive (option) .....................

113

Manual gearbox ..............................

114

Automatic gearbox ........................

116

Brake system ..................................

119

Stability and traction control

 

system ............................................

121

Parking assistance (option) .............

123

Blind Spot Information System BLIS

(option) ............................................

125

Towing and recovery .......................

128

Jump starting .................................

130

Driving with a trailer ........................

131

Towing bracket ...............................

133

Detachable towbar .........................

135

Loading ...........................................

140

Adjusting headlamp pattern ...........

141

07 Wheels and tyres

 

General ...........................................

144

Tyre pressure ..................................

148

Warning triangle and spare wheel ..

150

Changing wheels ............................

151

Emergency puncture repair ............

153

08 Car care

 

Cleaning ..........................................

162

Touching up paintwork ....................

165

Rustproofing ...................................

166

4

Contents

09 Maintenance and service

Volvo service ..................................

170

Self-maintenance ...........................

171

Bonnet and engine compartment ..

172

Diesel ..............................................

173

Oils and fluids .................................

174

Wiper blades ..................................

178

Battery ............................................

179

Replacing bulbs .............................

181

Fuses ..............................................

187

10 Infotainment system

 

General ...........................................

196

Audio functions ...............................

197

Radio functions ...............................

199

CD functions ...................................

203

Menu structure – audio system ......

205

Phone functions (option) .................

206

Menu structure – phone ..................

213

11 Specifications

 

Type designation .............................

220

Dimensions and weights ................

221

Engine specifications .....................

224

Engine oil ........................................

226

Fluids and lubricants ......................

230

Fuel .................................................

232

Catalytic converter .........................

234

Electrical system ............................

235

5

Introduction

Introduction

Owner’s Manual

A good way of getting to know your new car is to read the Owner’s Manual, ideally before your first journey. This will give you the opportunity to familiarise yourself with new functions, to see how best to handle the car in different situations, and to make the best use of all the car’s features. Please pay attention to the safety instructions contained in the manual.

WARNING

"Warning" texts indicate where there is a risk of personal injury in the event of the instructions not being followed.

IMPORTANT

"Important" texts indicate a risk of damage to the car in the event of the instructions not being followed.

The equipment described in the owner’s manual is not present in all models. In addition to standard equipment, this manual also describes options (factory fitted equipment) and certain accessories (extra equipment).

NOTE

Volvo cars are adapted for the varying requirements of different markets, as well as for national or local legal requirements and regulations.

The specifications, design features and illustrations in this owner’s manual are not binding. We reserve the right to make modifications without prior notice.

© Volvo Car Corporation

6

Introduction

Volvo Car Corporation and the environment

Volvo Cars’ environmental philosophy

Environmental care, safety and quality are the three core values which influence all operations of the Volvo Car Corporation. We also believe that our customers share our consideration for the environment.

Your Volvo complies with strict international environmental standards and is also manufactured in one of the cleanest and most re- source-efficient plants in the world. Volvo Car Corporation has global certification to the ISO 14001 environmental standard. This standard supports the work within the area of the environment.

EPI (Environmental Product Information) is supplied for all Volvo models. There you can see how the car’s lifecycle affects the environment.

Read more at www.volvocars.com/EPI.

Fuel consumption

Volvo cars have competitive fuel consumption in each of their respective classes. Lower fuel consumption generally results in lower emission of the greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide.

It is possible for the driver to influence fuel consumption. For more information read under the heading, Reducing environmental impact, on page 9.

7

Introduction

Volvo Car Corporation and the environment

Efficient emission control

Your Volvo is manufactured following the concept Clean inside and out – a concept that encompasses a clean interior environment as well as highly efficient emission control. In many cases the exhaust emissions are well below the applicable standards.

In addition there is a special radiator coating, PremAir®1, which can convert hazardous ground-level ozone into pure oxygen when the ozone passes the radiator. The higher the ozone content of the air the more ozone is converted.

1Option for 5-cylinder engines. (Certain markets)

PremAir® is a registered trademark of Engelhard Corporation.

Clean air in the passenger compartment

A passenger compartment filter prevents dust and pollen from entering the passenger compartment via the air intake.

A sophisticated air quality system, IAQS2 (Interior Air Quality System) ensures that the incoming air is cleaner than the air in the traffic outside.

The system consists of an electronic sensor and a carbon filter. The incoming air is monitored continuously and if there is an increase in the level of certain unhealthy gases such as carbon monoxide then the air intake is closed. Such a situation may arise in heavy traffic, queues and tunnels for example.

The entry of nitrous oxides, ground-level ozone and hydrocarbons is prevented by the carbon filter.

Textile standard

The interior of a Volvo is designed to be pleasant and comfortable, even for people with contact allergies and for asthma sufferers. All of our upholstery and interior textiles are tested with respect to certain unhealthy substances and allergens as well as emissions. This means that all textiles fulfil the re-

2 Option

quirements in the Öko-Tex 1003 standard, a major advance towards a healthier passenger compartment environment.

Öko-Tex certification covers seatbelts, carpets, thread and fabrics for example. The leather in the upholstery undergoes chromi- um-free tanning with natural plant substances and fulfils the certification requirements.

Volvo workshops and the environment

Regular maintenance creates the conditions for long service life for the car and low fuel consumption, and this way you contribute to a cleaner environment. When Volvo’s workshops are entrusted with the repair and maintenance of the car, it becomes part of our system. We make clear demands regarding the way in which our workshops are designed in order to prevent spills and discharges into the environment. Our workshop staff have the knowledge and the tools required to guarantee good environmental care.

3 More information on www.oekotex.com

8

Introduction

Reducing environmental impact

You can help reduce environmental impact, for example, by driving economically, by purchasing eco-labelled car care products and by servicing and maintaining the car according to the instructions in the owner’s manual.

The following hints will help you to do your bit for the environment:

Decrease fuel consumption by choosing ECO tyre pressure, see page 148.

A roof load and ski box increase air resistance, leading to significantly higher fuel consumption. Remove them immediately after use.

Remove unnecessary items from the car. The greater the load the higher the fuel consumption.

If the car is equipped with an engine block heater use it for a few hours before starting from cold. This reduces fuel consumption and exhaust emissions.

Drive gently and avoid braking too hard.

Drive in the highest gear possible. Low engine speeds result in lower fuel consumption.

Ease back on the accelerator on downhill gradients.

Use engine braking to slow down.

Avoid idling. Take consideration of local regulations. Switch off the engine in traffic queues.

Always dispose of environmentally hazardous waste, such as batteries and oils, in an environmentally safe manner. If uncertain about disposal, consult an authorised Volvo workshop for advice.

Service your car regularly.

These hints will help you reduce fuel consumption without increasing travel time or lessening the enjoyment of driving. Apart from being kind to your car, you’ll be saving money - and the Earth’s resources.

9

Seatbelts ..................................................................................................

12

Airbag system ..........................................................................................

15

Airbags (SRS) ...........................................................................................

16

Activating/deactivating the airbag (SRS) ..................................................

19

Side airbags (SIPS bags) .........................................................................

21

Inflatable Curtain (IC) ...............................................................................

23

WHIPS ......................................................................................................

24

When the systems deploy ........................................................................

26

Crash mode ..............................................................................................

27

Child safety ..............................................................................................

28

10

SAFETY

01

 

01 Safety

 

 

01

Seatbelts

 

 

 

Always use a seatbelt

The belt locks and cannot be withdrawn

WARNING

 

 

• if it is pulled out too quickly

 

 

 

Tensioning the hip strap. The belt must be positioned low down.

Heavy braking can have serious consequences if the seatbelts are not used. Ensure that all passengers use their seatbelts.

during braking and acceleration

if the car leans heavily.

It is important that the belt lies in contact against the body so it can provide maximum protection. Do not lean the backrest too far back. The belt is designed to protect in a normal seating position.

Keep in mind the following:

do not use clips or anything else that can prevent the belt from fitting properly

ensure the belt is not twisted or caught on anything

the hip strap must be positioned low down (not over the abdomen)

tension the hip strap over the lap by pulling the diagonal shoulder belt as illustrated

Never modify or repair the belt yourself. Contact an authorised Volvo workshop. If the belt has been subjected to a major load, such as in a collision, the entire belt must be replaced. Some of the protective characteristics of the belt may have been lost, even if it appears to be undamaged. In addition, replace the belt if it is worn or damaged. The new seatbelt must be type-approved and intended for installation in the same position as the replaced belt.

WARNING

The rear seat is designed for a maximum of two passengers.

Putting on a seatbelt:

Pull the belt out slowly and secure it by pressing the buckle into the lock. A loud "click" indicates that the belt has locked.

Releasing the belt

WARNING

The seatbelts and airbags interact. If a seatbelt is not used or is used incorrectly, this may diminish the protection provided by the airbag in the event of a collision.

Press the red lock button and then let the belt retract. If the belt does not retract fully, feed it in by hand so that it does not hang loose.

WARNING

Each belt is intended for one person only.

12

01 Safety

 

 

Seatbelts

 

01

 

 

 

 

 

Seatbelt reminder

shown on the information display. The

Seatbelts and pregnancy

 

 

 

message is automatically cleared after

 

 

 

 

approx. 30 seconds or can be acknowl-

 

 

 

 

edged manually by pressing the READ

 

 

 

 

button.

 

 

 

 

• Provides a warning if one of the rear

 

 

 

 

seatbelts is unfastened during a journey.

 

 

 

 

This warning takes the form of a message

 

 

 

 

on the information display along with the

 

 

 

 

audio/visual signal. The warning ceases

 

 

 

 

when the belt is re-fastened or can be

 

 

 

 

acknowledged manually by pressing the

 

 

 

 

READ button.

 

 

 

 

The message on the information display

 

 

 

 

showing which belts are in use is always

 

 

 

 

available. Press the READ button to see

 

 

 

An audio signal and indicator lamp remind

 

 

 

stored messages.

 

 

 

 

 

 

anyone not wearing a seatbelt to use one.

The seatbelt should always be worn during

 

 

 

 

 

The audio reminder is speed-dependent. Re-

Certain markets

pregnancy. But it is crucial that it be worn in

 

 

minder indicator lamps are located in the roof

An audio signal and indicator lamp remind

the correct way. The diagonal section should

 

 

console and combined instrument panel. At

the driver if not wearing a seatbelt to use one.

wrap over the shoulder then be routed be-

 

 

low speed, the audio reminder will sound for

At low speed, the audio reminder will sound

tween the breasts and to the side of the ab-

 

 

the first six seconds.

for the first six seconds.

domen. The lap section should lay flat over

 

 

Child seats are not covered by the seatbelt

 

the thighs and as low as possible under the

 

 

 

abdomen. It must never be allowed to ride

 

 

reminder system.

 

 

 

 

upward. Remove all slack from the belt and

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rear seat

 

ensure that it fits close to the body. In addi-

 

 

 

tion, check that there are no twists in the belt.

 

 

The seatbelt reminder in the rear seat has

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

two subfunctions:

 

As a pregnancy progresses, pregnant drivers

 

 

• Provides information on which seatbelts

 

should adjust their seats and steering wheel

 

 

 

 

 

 

are being used in the rear seat. This is

such that they can easily maintain control of

 

13

 

01 Safety

 

01

Seatbelts

 

 

the vehicle as they drive (which means they

Seatbelt guide

 

must be able to easily operate the foot ped-

 

 

als and steering wheel). Within this context,

 

 

they should strive to position the seat with as

 

 

large a distance as possible between their

 

 

abdomen and the steering wheel.

 

Seatbelt tensioner

All the seatbelts are equipped with belt tensioners. A mechanism in the belt tensioner tightens the belt around the body in the event of a sufficiently forceful collision. This provides more effective restraint by the belt for passengers.

The seatbelt guide is fitted on both the driver’s seat and passenger seat.

The seatbelt guide is an aid for providing better access to the seatbelt. When getting into and out of the rear seat the seatbelt is removed from the seatbelt guide and positioned furthest back on the seatbelt bar.

14

01 Safety

Airbag system

01

 

 

Warning symbol on the combined instrument panel

The airbag system1 is continually monitored by the system’s control module. The warning symbol on the combined instrument panel illuminates when the ignition key is turned to position I, II or III. The symbol goes out after approx. seven seconds provided the airbag system1 is fault-free.

As well as the warning symbol, a message may appear on the information display in some cases. If the warning symbol malfunctions, the warning triangle illuminates and the message SRS AIRBAG SERVICE URGENT appears in the information display. Contact an authorised

Volvo workshop immediately.

WARNING

If the warning symbol for the airbag system remains on or illuminates while driving, it means that the airbag system is not functioning fully. The symbol can indicate a fault in the seatbelt buckle, SIPS, SRS or IC systems. Contact an authorised Volvo workshop immediately.

1Includes SRS and seatbelt tensioner, SIPS and IC.

15

 

01 Safety

 

 

01

Airbags (SRS)

 

 

 

Airbag (SRS) on the driver’s side

Passenger airbag (SRS)

WARNING

 

 

 

To minimise the risk of injury if the airbag deploys, passengers must sit as upright as possible with their feet on the floor and back against the backrest. Seatbelts must be secured.

The car has an SRS airbag (Supplemental Restraint System) in the steering wheel to supplement the protection afforded by the seatbelt. This airbag is fitted into the centre of the steering wheel. The steering wheel is marked SRS AIRBAG.

WARNING

The seatbelts and airbags interact. If a seatbelt is not used or is used incorrectly, this may diminish the protection provided by the airbag in the event of a collision.

The car has an SRS airbag (Supplemental Restraint System) to supplement the protection afforded by the seatbelt. The passenger airbag1 is fitted behind a panel above the glovebox. This panel is marked SRS AIRBAG.

1Not all cars have a passenger airbag (SRS). This can be unselected when the car is ordered.

WARNING

Never place a child in a child seat or on a booster cushion in the front seat if the air-

bag (SRS) is activated1.

Never allow a child to stand or sit in front of the front passenger seat. No one shorter than 140 cm should ever sit in the front passenger seat if the airbag (SRS) is activated.

Failure to follow the advice given above can endanger the life of the child.

1For information on activated/deactivated airbag (SRS) see page 19.

16

01 Safety

Airbags (SRS)

01

 

 

SRS system

WARNING

 

Any repair must only be performed by an authorised Volvo workshop.

Any interference in the SRS system could cause malfunction and result in serious personal injury.

SRS system, left-hand drive.

The system consists of airbags and sensors. A sufficiently violent collision trips the sensors and the airbag(s) are inflated with hot gas. To cushion the impact, the airbag deflates when compressed. When this occurs, smoke escapes into the car. This is completely normal. The entire process, including inflation and deflation of the airbag, occurs within tenths of a second.

SRS system, right-hand drive.

NOTE

The sensors react differently depending on the course of the collision and whether or not the seatbelts on the driver and passenger side are used. It is therefore possible that only one (or none) of the airbags may inflate in a collision. The SRS system senses the force of the collision on the car and adapts accordingly so that one or more airbags are deployed.

NOTE

The airbags have a function whereby their capacities are adapted to the collision force to which the car is subjected.

17

01 Safety

01 Airbags (SRS)

Location of the passenger airbag in left-hand drive and right-hand drive cars

WARNING

Never interfere with SRS components in the steering wheel or the panel above the glovebox.

Objects and accessories must not be positioned or glued on or near the SRS AIRBAG panel (above the glovebox) or in the area affected by a deployed airbag.

18

01 Safety

Activating/deactivating the airbag (SRS)

01

 

 

PACOS (option)

Activating/deactivating

 

 

WARNING

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Activated airbag (passenger seat): Never place a child in a child seat or on a

booster cushion in the front passenger seat when the airbag is activated. This applies to everyone shorter than 140 cm.

Deactivated airbag (passenger seat): No one taller than 140 cm should ever sit in the front passenger seat when the airbag is deactivated.

Failure to follow the advice given above can endanger life.

Indicator showing that the passenger airbag (SRS) is deactivated.

The airbag (SRS) for the front passenger seat can be deactivated using a switch. This is necessary if a child seat is to be fitted there for example.

Indicator

A text message on the roof panel indicates that the front passenger airbag (SRS) is deactivated.

Switch for PACOS (Passenger Airbag Cut Off Switch).

The switch is located on the passenger end of the dashboard and is accessible when the passenger door is open. Check that the switch is in the required position. Volvo recommends that that the ignition key is used to change position. (Other items with a shape similar to a key can be used).

WARNING

If the car is equipped with a front passenger airbag (SRS), but does not have PACOS, the airbag will always be activated.

19

01 Safety

01 Activating/deactivating the airbag (SRS)

Switch position

Switch for SRS in ON position.

Switch for SRS in OFF position.

ON = Airbag (SRS) activated. With the switch in this position, persons taller than 140 cm can sit in the front passenger seat, although never children in a child seat or on a booster cushion.

OFF = Airbag (SRS) deactivated. With the switch in this position, children in a child seat or on a booster cushion can sit in the front passenger seat, although never persons taller than 140 cm.

WARNING

Do not allow anyone to sit in the front passenger seat if the text message in the roof panel indicates that the airbag (SRS) is deactivated and if the warning symbol for the airbag system is also displayed on the combined instrument panel. This indicates that there has been a severe malfunction. Contact an authorised Volvo workshop immediately.

20

01 Safety

Side airbags (SIPS bags)

01

 

 

Side airbags – SIPS bags

WARNING

 

Do not put objects in the area between the outside of the seat and the door panel, since this area is required by the side airbag.

Side airbag locations.

A large proportion of the collision force is transferred by the SIPS (Side Impact Protection System) to beams, pillars, the floor, the roof and other structural parts of the body. The side airbags at the driver’s and front passenger seats protect the chest area and are an important part of the SIPS. The side airbags are located in the front seat backrests.

Inflated side airbag.

WARNING

Side airbags are a supplement to the SIPS system. Always use a seatbelt.

WARNING

Any repair must only be performed by an authorised Volvo workshop.

Any interference in the SIPS system could cause malfunction and result in serious personal injury.

WARNING

Use only Volvo genuine car seat covers, or seat covers approved by Volvo. Other seat covers may impede the operation of the side airbags.

Child seats and side airbags

The side airbag does not diminish the protection provided by the car to children seated in a child seat or on a booster cushion.

A child seat or booster cushion can be placed on the front passenger seat provided that the car does not have an activated1 passenger airbag.

1For information on activated/deactivated airbag (SRS) see page 19

21

01 Safety

01 Side airbags (SIPS bags)

SIPS bags

 

 

 

 

Passenger side

Driver’s side

The SIPS bag system consists of side airbags and sensors. A sufficiently violent collision trips the sensors and the side airbag is inflated. The airbag inflates between the occupant and the door panel and thereby cushions the initial impact while deflating. The side airbag is only normally deployed on the side of the collision.

22

01 Safety

Inflatable Curtain (IC)

01

 

 

Properties

The inflatable curtain, IC (Inflatable Curtain), is a supplement to the SIPS system. It is fitted in the headlining along both sides of the roof and protects both front and rear seat passengers. A sufficiently violent collision trips the sensors and the inflatable curtain is inflated. The inflatable curtain helps to prevent the driver and front seat passenger from striking their heads on the inside of the car during a collision.

WARNING

Never hang or attach heavy items onto the handles in the roof. The hook is only designed for light clothing (not for solid objects such as umbrellas for example).

Do not screw or install anything onto the car’s headlining, door pillars or side panels. This could compromise the intended protection. Only ever use Volvo genuine parts that are approved for placement in these areas.

WARNING

Do not load the car higher than 50 mm under the top edge of the side windows. Otherwise, the intended protection of the inflatable curtain, which is concealed in the headlining, may be compromised.

WARNING

The inflatable curtain is a supplement to the seatbelts.

Always use a seatbelt.

23

01 Safety

01 WHIPS

Protection against whiplash injury – WHIPS

The whiplash protection system (WHIPS) consists of energy absorbing backrests and specially designed head restraints for the front seats. The system is actuated by a rearend collision, where the angle and speed of the collision, and the nature of the colliding vehicle all have an influence.

WARNING

The WHIPS system is a supplement to the seatbelts. Always use a seatbelt.

Properties of the seat

When the WHIPS system is deployed, the front seat backrests are lowered backward to alter the seating position of the driver and front seat passenger. This reduces the risk of whiplash injury.

WARNING

Never modify or repair the seat or WHIPS system yourself. Contact an authorised Volvo workshop.

WHIPS system and child seats/ booster cushions

The WHIPS system does not diminish the protection provided by the car to children seated in a child seat or on a booster cushion.

Correct seating position

For the best possible protection, the driver and front seat passenger should sit in the centre of the seat with as little space as possible between the head and the head restraint.

24

01 Safety

WHIPS 01

Do not obstruct the WHIPS system

WARNING

 

If a seat has been subjected to extreme forces, such as due to a rear-end collision, the WHIPS system must be checked by an authorised Volvo workshop.

Part of the WHIPS system’s protective capacity may have been lost even if the seat appears to be undamaged.

Contact an authorised Volvo workshop to have the system checked even after a minor rear-end collision.

WARNING

Do not squeeze rigid objects between the rear seat cushion and the front seat backrest. Make sure you do not to obstruct the function of the WHIPS system.

WARNING

If a rear seat backrest is folded down, the corresponding front seat must be moved forward so that it does not touch the folded backrest.

25

01 Safety

01

 

When the systems deploy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

System

Triggered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seatbelt tensioner

In a frontal collision and/or side-impact accident and/or overturning.

 

 

Airbags (SRS)

In a frontal collision1.

 

 

 

Side airbags (SIPS)

In a side-impact accident1.

 

 

 

Inflatable Curtain IC

In a side-impact accident1.

 

 

 

Whiplash protection WHIPS

In a rear-end collision.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1The bodywork of the car could be greatly deformed in a collision even without airbag deployment. A number of factors such as the rigidity and weight of the object hit, the speed of the car, the angle of the collision etc. affects how the different safety systems of the car are triggered.

If the airbags have been deployed, the following is recommended:

Have the car transported to an authorised Volvo workshop.Do not drive with deployed airbags.

Let an authorised Volvo workshop replace components in the car’s safety system.

Always contact a doctor.

NOTE

The SRS, SIPS, IC and belt tensioner systems are deployed only once during a collision

WARNING

The airbag system’s control module is located in the centre console. If the centre console is drenched with water or other liquid, disconnect the battery cables. Do not attempt to start the car since the airbags may deploy. Have the car transported to an authorised Volvo workshop.

WARNING

Never drive with deployed airbags. They can make steering difficult. Other safety systems may also be damaged. The smoke and dust created when the airbags are deployed can cause skin and eye irritation/injury after intensive exposure. In case of irritation, wash with cold water. The rapid deployment sequence and airbag fabric may cause friction and skin burns.

26

01 Safety

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crash mode

 

01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Driving after a collision

If everything seems normal and you have

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WARNING

 

 

 

checked for indications of fuel leakage, you

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never, under any circumstances, attempt to

 

 

 

may attempt to start the car.

 

 

 

 

Firstly, remove the ignition key and then rein-

 

restart the car if it smells of fuel when the

 

 

 

 

crash mode message is displayed. Leave

 

 

 

sert it. The car’s electronics will then try to re-

 

the car at once.

 

 

 

set themselves to normal mode. Then try to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

start the car. If CRASH MODE is still shown

 

 

WARNING

 

 

 

on the display then the car must not be driv-

 

 

 

 

 

 

If the car is in crash mode it must not be

 

 

 

en or towed. Even if the car appears to be

 

 

 

 

 

towed. It must be transported to an author-

 

 

 

driveable, hidden damage may make the car

 

 

 

 

 

ised Volvo workshop.

 

 

 

impossible to control once moving.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moving the car

 

 

 

 

 

 

If NORMAL MODE is shown after crash

 

 

 

 

 

 

mode has been reset, the car can be moved

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If the car is involved in a collision, the text

carefully out of a dangerous position. Do not

 

 

 

 

 

CRASH MODE - SEE MANUAL may appear

move the car further than necessary.

 

 

 

 

 

on the information display. This means that

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WARNING

 

 

 

 

 

the car has reduced functionality. Crash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mode is a protective state that is enforced

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never attempt to repair your car or reset the

 

 

 

 

 

when the collision may have damaged any of

 

electronics yourself if the car has been in

 

 

 

 

 

the car’s vital functions, such as the fuel

 

crash mode. This could result in personal

 

 

 

 

 

lines, sensors for one of the safety systems,

 

injury or the car not functioning as normal.

 

 

 

 

 

or the brake system.

 

Always allow an authorised Volvo workshop

 

 

 

 

 

 

to check and restore the car to normal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attempting to start the car

 

mode after CRASH MODE has been dis-

 

 

 

 

 

 

played.

 

 

 

 

 

First, check that no fuel is leaking from the car. There must be no smell of fuel either.

27

 

01 Safety

 

01

Child safety

 

 

Children should sit comfortably and

Child seats and airbags

 

safely

 

The position of a child in the car and the choice of equipment is dictated by the child’s weight and size. For more information, see page 30.

NOTE

Regulations regarding the placement of children in cars vary from country to country. Check what does apply.

Children of all ages and sizes must always sit correctly secured in the car. Never allow a child to sit on the knee of a passenger.

Volvo’s own child safety equipment is designed for your car. Use Volvo genuine equipment to best ensure that the mounting points and attachments are correctly positioned and are sufficiently strong.

You may place:

a child seat or booster cushion on the

front passenger seat, provided the passenger airbag is not activated1.

a rear-facing child seat in the rear seat that uses the back of the front seat as support.

1For information on activated/deactivated airbag (SRS) see page 19.

Child seats and airbags are not compatible.

Always place a child in the rear seat if the passenger airbag is activated1. A child in a child seat on the front passenger seat may suffer serious injury if the airbag deploys.

WARNING

Persons shorter than 140 cm may only sit in the front passenger seat if the passenger airbag is deactivated.

Location of airbag decal in door opening on front passenger side

WARNING

Never place a child in a child seat or on a booster cushion in the front seat if the air-

bag (SRS) is activated1. Failure to follow this advice can endanger the life of the child.

1For information on activated/deactivated airbag (SRS), see page 19.

28

01 Safety

 

 

 

Child safety

 

01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Decal located on instrument panel end face.

Decal located on instrument panel end face (Australia only).

29

01 Safety

01 Child safety

Placement of children in the car

Weight/age

Front seat1

Rear seat

<10 kg

Rear-facing child seat, secured with

Rear-facing child seat, secured with

(0–9 months)

seatbelt and straps. Use a protective

seatbelt, support legs, straps and

 

cushion between the child seat and the

attachment eye3.

 

dashboard.

L2: Type approval no. E5 03135

 

L2: Type approval no. E5 03135

 

9–18 kg

Rear-facing child seat, secured with

Rear-facing child seat, secured with

(9–36 months)

seatbelt and straps. Use a protective

seatbelt, support legs, straps and

 

cushion between the child seat and the

attachment eye.3

 

dashboard.

L2: Type approval no. E5 03135

 

L2: Type approval no. E5 03135

 

15–36 kg

Booster cushion with or without

Booster cushion with or without

(3–12 years)

backrest.

backrest.

 

L2: Type approval no. E5 03139

L2: Type approval no. E5 03139

1 For information on activating/deactivating the airbag (SRS), see page 19.

2L: Suitable for certain child seats as listed in the specified type approval. Child seats can be vehicle-specific, limited, semi-universal or universal.

3To install a rear-facing child seat in the rear seat, contact an authorised Volvo dealer to have the mounting points installed.

30

01 Safety

 

 

 

 

Child safety

 

01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fitting a child seat

 

 

 

ISOFIX fixture system for child seats

 

 

Volvo has child safety products that are de-

 

 

 

(option)

 

 

 

 

 

WARNING

 

 

 

 

signed for and tested by Volvo.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never place the child seat in the front seat if

 

 

WARNING

Booster cushions/child seats with steel braces or some other design that could rest on the seatbelt buckle’s opening button must not be used, as they could cause the seatbelt buckle to open accidentally.

Do not allow the upper section of the child seat to rest against the windscreen.

When using other products that are available on the market, it is important to read the fitting instructions included with the product.

Do not attach the straps for the child seat to the horizontal adjustment bar, springs, rails or beams under the seat. Sharp edges can damage the straps.

Allow the back of the child seat to rest against the dashboard. This applies to cars without a passenger airbag, or where the airbag is deactivated.

the car is equipped with an activated1 front passenger airbag. If problems arise when fitting child safety products, contact the manufacturer for clearer instructions.

1For information on activated/deactivated airbag (SRS), see page 19.

The outer rear seats have ISOFIX mounting points for child seats. Contact a Volvo dealer for further information on child safety equipment.

31

Overview, left-hand drive car ...................................................................

34

Overview, right-hand drive car .................................................................

36

Driver’s door control panel .......................................................................

38

Combined instrument panel .....................................................................

39

Indicator and warning symbols ................................................................

40

Information display ...................................................................................

43

Electrical socket and switch, centre console ...........................................

45

Lighting panel ...........................................................................................

46

Left-hand stalk switch ..............................................................................

48

Right-hand stalk switch ...........................................................................

50

Cruise control (option) ..............................................................................

52

Steering wheel keypad (option) ................................................................

54

Steering wheel adjustment, hazard warning flashers ..............................

55

Parking brake, electrical socket ...............................................................

56

Power windows ........................................................................................

57

Rearview and door mirrors .......................................................................

59

Power sunroof (option) .............................................................................

62

Personal preferences ...............................................................................

64

32

INSTRUMENTS AND CONTROLS

02

02 Instruments and controls

Overview, left-hand drive car

02

34

 

 

 

02 Instruments and controls

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overview, left-hand drive car

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

Steering wheel adjustment

26. Climate control

2.

Bonnet release

27. Gear lever

 

02

3.

Control panel

28. Hazard warning flashers

 

4.

Direction indicators, main beam, trip computer

29. Door handle

 

5.

Lighting, fuel filler flap opener

30. Glovebox

 

6.

Door handle, lock button.

31. Parking brake

7.

Air vents, dashboard

32. Electrical socket/cigarette lighter

8.

Air vent for side window

33. Blind Spot Information System, BLIS

9.

Cruise control

34. Switch, optional equipment

10.Horn, airbag

11.Combined instrument panel

12.Keypad for infotainment system

13.Windscreen wipers, washer and headlamp washers

14.Ignition switch

15.Sunroof controls

16.No function

17.Deactivation of alarm detectors, deadlocks

18.Interior lighting, switch

19.Reading lamp, left-hand side

20.Reading lamp, right-hand side

21.Seatbelt reminder

22.Interior rearview mirror

23.Display for climate control and infotainment system

24.Infotainment system

25.Controls for climate control, infotainment system and personal preferences

35

02 Instruments and controls

Overview, right-hand drive car

02

36

 

 

 

02 Instruments and controls

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overview, right-hand drive car

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

Switch, optional equipment

26. Combined instrument panel

2.

Blind Spot Information System, BLIS

27. Horn, airbag

 

02

3.

Electrical socket, cigarette lighter

28. Keypad for infotainment system

 

4.

Parking brake

29. Hazard warning flashers

 

5.

Control panel

30. Door handle, lock button

 

6.

Glovebox

31. Lighting, fuel filler flap opener

7.

Door handle

32. Direction indicators, main beam, trip computer

8.

Air vent for side window

33. Bonnet release

9.

Air vents, dashboard

34. Steering wheel adjustment

10.Gear lever

11.Climate control

12.Controls for climate control, infotainment system and personal preferences

13.Infotainment system

14.Display for climate control and infotainment system

15.Interior rearview mirror

16.Seatbelt reminder

17.Interior lighting, switch

18.Reading lamp, left-hand side

19.Reading lamp, right-hand side

20.No function

21.Deactivation of alarm detectors, deadlocks

22.Sunroof controls

23.Ignition switch

24.Windscreen wipers and washer, headlamp washers

25.Cruise control

37

02 Instruments and controls

Driver’s door control panel

Driver’s door control panel

02

1.Power windows

2.Door mirror, left-hand side

3.Door mirrors, setting

4.Door mirror, right-hand side

38

02 Instruments and controls

Combined instrument panel

02

1.Speedometer.

2.Direction indicators, left.

3.Warning symbol.

4.Information display – The display presents information or warning messages, outside temperature and the

time. When the outside temperature is between +2 C and –5 C, a snowflake symbol appears on the display. This warns of icy roads. The outside temperature gauge may show a slightly high reading after the car has been stationary.

5.Information symbol.

6.Direction indicator, right.

7.Tachometer – Indicates engine speed in thousands of revolutions per minute (rpm).

8.Indicator and information symbols.

9.Fuel gauge.

10.Button for trip meter – Used to measure short distances. Short presses on the button switches between the two trip meters T1 and T2. A long press (more than 2 seconds) resets an active trip meter to zero.

11.Display – Display for automatic gear position, rain sensor, odometer, trip meter and cruise control.

12.Main beam indicator.

13.Knob for clock – Turn the knob to adjust the time.

14.Temperature gauge – Displays the temperature of the engine cooling system. A message will appear on the display if the temperature becomes too high and the gauge goes into the red zone. Bear in mind that extra lights placed in front of the air intake, for example, reduce the cooling capacity at high outside temperatures and high engine loads.

15.Indicator and warning symbols.

39

02 Instruments and controls

Indicator and warning symbols

 

Functionality check, symbols

02

All indicator and warning symbols1 illuminate

when the ignition key is turned to position II

 

 

before starting. This is to check that the sym-

 

bols are working. When the engine starts, all

 

the symbols should go out except the hand-

 

brake symbol, which only goes out when the

 

brake is disengaged.

If the engine does not start within five seconds, all symbols extinguish except the symbols for a fault in the car’s emissions system and for low oil pressure. Certain symbols may have no function, de-

pending on the car’s specifications.

1For certain engine variants, the symbol for low oil pressure is not used. Warnings are made via display text, see page 174.

Symbols in the centre of the instrument panel

The red warning symbol illuminates when a fault has been indicated which could affect the safety and/or driveability of the car. An explanatory text is

shown on the information display at the same time. Symbol and message text are visible until the fault has been rectified.

The warning symbol can also illuminate in conjunction with other symbols.

Stop in a safe place. Do not drive the car further.

Read the information on the information display.

Rectify the fault as instructed or contact an authorised Volvo workshop.

When one of the car’s systems does not behave as intended, the yellow information symbol illuminates and a text appears on the information display. The

message text is cleared using the READ button, see page 43, or it disappears automatically after two minutes.

The yellow information symbol can also illuminate in conjunction with other symbols.

NOTE

When the message text TIME FOR REGULAR SERVICE is shown, the symbol lamp and message text are cleared using the READ button, or disappear automatically after two minutes.

40

02 Instruments and controls

Indicator and warning symbols

Indicator symbols – left-hand side

1. Fault in car’s emissions system

Drive to an authorised Volvo workshop to have the system checked.

2. ABS fault

If this symbol illuminates then the system is not working. The car’s regular brake system continues to work, but without the ABS function.

Stop the car in a safe place and turn off the engine.

Restart the engine.

Drive to an authorised Volvo workshop to have the ABS checked if the symbol remains lit.

3. Rear fog lamp

This symbol is lit when the rear fog lamp is on.

4. Stability system STC or DSTC

For information on the system’s functions and symbols, see page 121.

5.No function

6.Engine preheater (diesel)

This symbol illuminates during engine preheating. Preheating occurs when the temperature is below –2 C. The car can be started once the symbol

goes out.

7. Low level in fuel tank

This symbol illuminates when there are approximately 8 litres of usable fuel left in a petrol-en- gined car, or approximately

7 litres in a diesel-engined car.

Indicator symbols – right-hand side

02

1. Indicator symbol for trailer

This symbol flashes when the direction indicators are used and the trailer is connected. If the symbol does not flash then one

of the lamps on the trailer or the car is faulty.

41

02 Instruments and controls

Indicator and warning symbols

 

2. Parking brake applied

02

The lamp illuminates when the

parking brake is applied. Always

 

pull the parking brake lever to the

 

end position.

 

NOTE

 

The lamp illuminates irrespective of how

 

hard the parking brake is applied.

3. Airbags – SRS

If this symbol remains on or illuminates while driving, it means a fault has been detected in the seatbelt buckle, SRS, SIPS, or IC

systems. Drive immediately to an authorised Volvo workshop to have the system checked.

4. Low oil pressure1

If this symbol illuminates during driving then the engine’s oil pressure is too low. Stop the engine immediately and check the en-

gine oil level, top up if necessary. If the symbol lights up and the oil level is normal, contact an authorised Volvo workshop.

1For certain engine variants, the symbol for low oil pressure is not used. Warnings are made via display text, see page 174.

5. Seatbelt reminder

This symbol lights if someone in a front seat has not put on their seatbelt or if someone in a rear seat has taken off their seatbelt.

6. Alternator not charging

If this symbol illuminates while driving, a fault has occurred in the electrical system. Contact an authorised Volvo workshop.

7. Fault in brake system

If this symbol lights, the brake fluid level may be too low.

Stop the car in a safe place and check the level in the brake fluid reservoir, see page 177. If the level in the reservoir is below MIN, the car should not be driven

any further. Have the car transported to an authorised Volvo workshop to have the brake system checked.

If the BRAKE and ABS symbols illuminate at the same time, there may be a fault in the brake force distribution system.

Stop the car in a safe place and turn off the engine.

Restart the engine.

If both symbols extinguish, continue driving.

If the symbols remain on, check the level in the brake fluid reservoir. See page 177.

If the brake fluid level is normal but the symbols are still lit, the car can be driven, with great care, to an authorised Volvo workshop to have the brake system checked.

If the level in the reservoir is below MIN, the car should not be driven any further. Have the car transported to an authorised Volvo workshop to have the brake system checked.

WARNING

If the BRAKE and ABS symbols are illuminated at the same time, there is a risk that the rear end will skid during heavy braking.

42

02 Instruments and controls

Information display

Reminder – doors not closed

If one of the doors, the bonnet1 or the tailgate is not properly closed, the driver will be reminded of this.

Low speed

If the car is travelling at a speed lower than approx. 7 km/h, the information symbol will illuminate and one of the following texts will be shown on the display:

DRIVER DOOR OPEN, PASSENGER DOOR OPEN, or ENGINE HOOD OPEN. Stop the car as soon as it is safe to do so and close the open door or bonnet.

High speed

If the car is moving faster than approx. 7 km/h, the symbol illuminates and one of the texts indicated in the previous para-

graph appears in the display.

Tailgate reminder

If the tailgate is open, this information symbol will illuminate and

TAILGATE OPEN will appear on the display.

1 Only cars with alarm.

Messages

02

When a warning or indicator symbol illuminates, a message appears on the information display.

– Press the READ button (1).

Switch between messages with the READ button. Error messages are stored in a memory list until the fault is rectified.

NOTE

If a warning message appears while you are using the trip computer, the message must be read (press READ) before the previous activity can be resumed.

43

02 Instruments and controls

Information display

 

Message

Specification

02

STOP SAFELY

Stop the car in a safe manner and turn off the engine. Serious risk of damage.

 

STOP ENGINE

Stop the car in a safe manner and turn off the engine. Serious risk of damage.

 

SERVICE URGENT

Have the car checked by an authorised Volvo workshop immediately.

 

SEE MANUAL

Read the owner’s manual.

 

SERVICE REQUIRED

Have the car checked by an authorised Volvo workshop as soon as possible.

 

TIME FOR REGULAR SERVICE

Time for regular service at an authorised Volvo workshop. The timing is determined by the number of

 

 

kilometres driven, number of months since the last service and engine running time.

 

CHECK OIL LEVEL

Check the oil level. The message is shown every 10 000 km1. For information on checking the oil

 

 

level, see page 175.

 

SOOT FILTER FULL SEE MANUAL

Diesel particle filter requires regeneration, see page 111.

 

STC/DSTC SPIN CONTROL OFF

The function of the stability and traction control system is reduced, see page 122 for more variants.

 

1Certain engine variants

 

44

02 Instruments and controls

Electrical socket and switch, centre console

12 V electrical socket

Cigarette lighter (option)

 

 

Activate the lighter by pushing in the button.

 

 

 

 

02

 

The button pops out when the lighter is hot.

 

 

 

Pull out the lighter and light a cigarette on the

 

 

heated coils.

 

 

 

 

Extra equipment

Space for an extra switch for retrofitted equipment.

Electrical socket, BLIS and extra equipment

The electrical socket can be used for 12 V accessories, such as mobile phone chargers and coolers. The maximum current is 10 A. For the socket to supply current, the ignition key must be in at least position I.

WARNING

Always leave the plug in the socket when the socket is not in use.

45

02 Instruments and controls

Lighting panel

02

Posi-

Specification

tion

Automatic/deactivated dipped beam. Only main beam flash.

Position/parking lamps

Automatic dipped beam. Main beam and main beam flash work in this position.

Headlamp levelling

The load in the car changes the vertical alignment of the headlamp beam, which could dazzle oncoming motorists. Avoid this by adjusting the height of the beam.

Turn the ignition key to position II.

Turn the headlamp control (2) to one of the end positions.

Roll the control (1) up or down respectively to raise or lower beam alignment.

Cars with Bi-Xenon headlamps1 have automatic headlamp levelling, so there is no control (1).

Position/parking lamps

Position/parking lamps can be switched on irrespective of ignition key position.

Turn the headlamp control (2) to the centre position.

When the ignition key is in position II the position/parking lamps and number plate lighting are always on.

Headlamps

Automatic dipped beam (certain countries)

Dipped beam comes on automatically when the ignition key is turned to position II, ex-

1 Option.

cept when the headlamp control (2) is in the centre position. If necessary, the automatic dipped beam can be deactivated by an authorised Volvo workshop.

Automatic dipped beam, main beam

Turn the ignition key to position II.

Dipped beam is activated by means of turning the headlamp control (2) clockwise to the end position.

Main beam is activated by means of moving the left-hand stalk switch towards the steering wheel to the end position and releasing it, see page 48.

The lamps are switched off automatically when the ignition key is turned to position I or 0.

Instrument lighting

The instrument lighting is switched on when the ignition key is in position II and the headlamp control (2) is in one of the end positions. The lighting is automatically dimmed during the day and can be controlled manually at night.

Roll the control up or down (3) for brighter or dimmer lighting.

46

02 Instruments and controls

Lighting panel

Enhanced display lighting

To facilitate reading the odometer, trip meter, clock and outside temperature gauge, these illuminate when the car is unlocked and when the key is removed from the ignition switch.

The displays extinguish when the car is locked.

Fog lamps

NOTE

Regulations for use of fog lamps vary from country to country.

Front fog lamps (option)

The front fog lamps can be switched on along with the headlamps or the position lamps/parking lamps.

– Press the button (4).

The light in the button (4) illuminates when the front fog lamps are switched on.

Rear fog lamp

The rear fog lamp can only be switched on with the headlamps or the front fog lamps.

– Press the button (6).

The rear fog lamp indicator symbol on the combined instrument panel and the light in

the button (6) illuminate when the rear fog

lamp is switched on.

02

Fuel filler flap

Press button (5) to open the fuel filler flap when the car is unlocked, see page 110.

47

02 Instruments and controls

Left-hand stalk switch

Stalk switch positions

02

1.Short flash sequence, direction indicators

2.Continuous flash sequence, direction indicators

3.Main beam flash

4.Switching, main and dipped beam, and home safe lighting

Direction indicators

Continuous flash sequence

Move the stalk switch up or down to end position (2).

The stalk switch remains in its end position and is moved back manually, or automatically by steering wheel movement.

Short flash sequence

Move the stalk switch up or down to position (1) and release.

The direction indicators flash three times and the stalk switch returns to its home position.

Switching, main and dipped beam

The ignition key must be in position II for main beam to be switched on.

Turn the headlamp control clockwise to the end position, see page 46.

Move the stalk switch towards the steering wheel to the end position (4) and release.

Main beam flash

Move the stalk switch gently towards the steering wheel to position (3).

Main beam comes on until the stalk switch is released.

Home safe lighting

Some of the exterior lighting can be kept switched on to work as home safe lighting after the car has been locked. The standard delay is 30 seconds1, but can be changed to 60 or 90 seconds, see page 65.

– Remove the key from the ignition switch.

1 Factory settings.

Move the stalk switch towards the steering wheel to the end position (4) and release.

Get out of the car and lock the door.

48

02 Instruments and controls

Left-hand stalk switch

Trip computer (option)

Controls

To scroll through trip computer information turn the thumbwheel (B) either up or down in steps. Continue turning to return to the starting point.

NOTE

If a warning message interrupts while you are using the trip computer, this message must be acknowledged. Acknowledge by pressing the READ button (A) and revert to the trip computer function.

Functions

The trip computer displays the following information:

AVERAGE SPEED

ACTUAL SPEED MPH1

INSTANTANEOUS

AVERAGE

KILOMETRES TO EMPTY TANK

STC/DSTC, see page 121

AVERAGE SPEED

When the ignition is switched off, the average speed is stored and used as the basis of the new value when you continue driving. Reset using the RESET button (C).

ACTUAL SPEED1

Current speed is displayed in mph.

INSTANTANEOUS

Current fuel consumption is calculated every second. The information on the display is updated every couple of seconds. When the car is stationary, "---- " appears on the display.

During the period for regeneration2 fuel consumption may increase, see page 111.

1 Certain countries.

2 Only applies to diesel cars with particle filter.

AVERAGE

The average fuel consumption since the last reset (RESET). The average fuel consumption is stored when the ignition is switched off and remains until the function is reset. Reset using the RESET button (C).

NOTE

There may be a slight error in the reading if a fuel-driven heater is used.

KILOMETRES TO EMPTY TANK

The range to empty is calculated based on the average fuel consumption over the last 30 km. When the range to empty is shorter than 20 km then "----" is shown on the display.

NOTE

There may be a slight error in the reading if fuel consumption is changed due to a change in driving style or if a fuel-driven heater is used for example.

Resetting

Select AVERAGE SPEED or AVERAGE

Press and hold the RESET button (C) for at least five seconds to reset the average speed and average consumption at the same time.

02

49

+ 197 hidden pages