Volvo 850GLT, 850 GLT 1993 User Manual

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1993 Volvo 850 GLT

850 GLT Owner's Manual

OWNER'S MANUAL

USA & CANADA

VOLVO

850 GLT

1 9 9 3

This manual deals with the operation and care of your Volvo

Welcome to the world-wide family of Volvo owners. We trust that you will enjoy many years of safe driving in your Volvo, an automobile designed with your safety and comfort in mind. To help ensure your satisfaction with this vehicle, we encourage you to familiarize yourself with the equipment descriptions, operating instructions and maintenance requirements/recommendations in this manual. We also urge you and your passengers to wear seat belts at all times in this (or any other) automobile. And, of course, please do not operate a vehicle if you may be affected by alcohol, medication or any impairment that could hinder your ability to drive.

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the certification labels attached to the door opening and on the left wheel housing in the engine compartment. For further information regarding these regulations, please contact your dealer.

Contents

Important!

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You should be familiar with the information in the first three chapters before you operate the car. Information contained in the balance of the manual is extremely useful and should be studied after operating the vehicle for the first time.

This manual is structured so that it can be used for reference. It should thus be kept in the car for ready access.

Do not export your Volvo to another country before investigating that country's applicable safety and exhaust emission requirements. In some cases it may be difficult or impossible to comply with these requirements. Modifications to the emission control system(s) may render your Volvo not certifiable for legal operation in the U.S., Canada or other countries.

All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication. Volvo reserves the right to make model changes at any time, or to change specifications or design, without notice and without incurring obligation.

Instruments and controls ... 1

Body and interior ... 2

Occupant safety, Reporting safety defects ... 3

Starting and driving ... 4

Wheels and tires ... 5

In case of emergency ... 6

Car care ... 7

Service and routine maintenance ... 8

Specifications ... 9

© Volvo Cars of North America

Contents | Top of Page

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Instruments and Controls

Instruments, switches and controls

pg. 1:1 Instruments, switches and controls (cont.)

IMPORTANT! (Automatic transmission only)

Your car is equipped with a Shiftlock-Keylock system.

SHIFTLOCK: When your car is parked, the gear selector is locked in the (P)ark position. To release the selector from this position, turn the ignition key to position II (or start the engine), depress the brake pedal, press the button on the front side of the gear selector and move the selector from (P)ark.

If it is necessary to manually override the Shiftlock system, see page 6:18 for instructions.

KEYLOCK: This means that when you switch off the ignition, the gear selector must be in the (P)ark position before the starting (ignition) key can be removed from the ignition switch.

The pages in this section provide detailed descriptions of the vehicle's instruments and controls. Note that vehicles may be equipped differently, depending on special legal requirements.

1:15

1 Air vent

1:6 2 Turn signals, high/low beams,

1:14 cruise control

1:8 3 Rear fog light, instrument lighting

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1:6

4

Headlights, parking lights

1:2-1:5

5

Instruments

1:7

6

Windshield wiper/washer

1:9

7

Hazard warning flashers

1:15

8

Air mix

1:15

9

Air vents

1:15-1:19

10

Heating and ventilation controls

3:6

11

Passenger side SRS (air bag) hatch

1:21-1:37

12

Audio system

1:13

13

Ash tray

6:18

14

Shiftlock override button

1:12

15

Electrically-heated front seats (optional)

1:13

16

Parking brake

1:20

17

Electrically operated windows

2:7

and side door mirrors

1:13

18

Cigarette lighter

2:10

19

Hood release

-

20

Space for additional equipment

-

21

Space for additional equipment

1:14

22

Adjustable steering wheel

1:7

23

Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock

-

24

Space for additional equipment

1:4, 1:9

25

Traction control system (optional)

2:9

26

Electrically operated sun roof (optional)

-

27

Space for additional equipment

1:9

28

Heated rear window/heated door mirrors

3:4

29 Horn/SRS

pg. 1:2 Instruments

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1 Fuel gauge

The fuel tank holds approximately 19.3 US gals. (73 liters). When the warning light comes on there is approximately 1.8 US gals. (8 liters) of fuel remaining. See "Refueling" for further information.

2 Temperature gauge

The pointer should be approximately midway on the gauge face when driving. If the pointer approaches the red range repeatedly, check coolant level and fan belt tension. Do not drive the car with the pointer in the red range. See sections "Coolant" and "Drive belts".

3 Trip odometer reset button

4 Clock, Ambient temperature sensor

5Speedometer

6Odometer

7Trip odometer

Used for measuring shorter distances. The last digit indicates 1/10 mile/kilometer. A black number on a white background = original speedometer. A red number on a white background = replacement speedometer.

8 Tachometer

Reads thousands of engine rpm. Engine should not be operated in red range.

The highest permitted constant engine speed is 6,300 rpm.

pg. 1:3 Indicator and warning lights

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1 Turn signal, left

2 Turn signal , right

3 Low engine oil level (certain models)

4 Low washer fluid level

If the lamp glows continuously when the engine is running, there is only about 1/2 - 1 US qt. remaining in the washer fluid reservoir.

5 Low fuel level

When the lamp glows, only about 1.8 US gals. (8 liters) of fuel remain 6 Rear fog light

7 High beams

8 (Not in use)

9 Bulb failure warning sensor

10 Bulb failure warning sensor, trailer

11 (Not in use)

12SRS

13Generator not charging

14Low engine oil pressure

15Brake warning light

16Parking brake applied

17ABS-system

18Transmission mode "W", or gear positions 3 or L engaged (automatic transmission)

19Low coolant level

20Traction Control System (option)

21Malfunction indicator lamp

22Service reminder indicator

pg. 1:4 Warning lights

The warning lights described on pages 1:4 and 1:5 should never stay on when driving

When the ignition key is turned on and before the engine starts, all of the warning lights should go on to

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test the function of the bulbs. Should a light not go off after the engine has started, the system indicated should be inspected. However, the parking brake reminder light will not go off until the parking brake has been fully released.

Generator warning light

If the light comes on while the engine is running, check the tension of the generator drive belt as soon as possible.

NOTE: This warning light is illuminated if the generator is not charging. However, parking brake, brake failure and bulb failure warning lights will be illuminated at the same time due to the design of the system.

Malfunction indicator lamp

If the lamp comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the engine diagnostic system has detected a possible fault in the emission controls. Although driveability may not be affected, see an authorized Volvo dealer as soon as possible for inspection.

Oil pressure warning light

If the light comes on while driving, the oil pressure is too low. Stop the car and then stop the engine immediately and check the engine oil level. See the section titled "Engine oil". If the light stays on after restart, have the car towed to the nearest authorized Volvo dealer. After hard driving, the light may come on occasionally when the engine is idling. This is normal, provided it goes off when the engine speed is increased.

Parking brake reminder light

This light will be on when the parking brake (hand brake) is applied. The parking brake lever is situated between the front seats. Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

Brake fluid warning light

If the light comes on while driving or braking, this indicates that the brake fluid level is too low. Stop immediately, open the hood and check the brake fluid level in the reservoir (see section "Engine

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compartment" for reservoir position)!

Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

WARNING! If the level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir: DO NOT DRIVE. Tow the car to a Volvo dealer and have the brake system checked and any leakage repaired.

TRACS warning light (option)

If this lamp comes on while driving, a fault is indicated in the TRAction Control System. The system should be checked by an authorized Volvo dealer. See page 1:9 for additional information.

pg. 1:5 Warning lights (cont.)

Anti-lock Brake system (ABS)

If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will however function). The vehicle should be driven to a Volvo dealer for inspection.

See page 4:16 for additional information.

Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

Mode "W" engaged

The lamp will light up when the Winter starting mode is engaged or if gears "3" or "L" are selected. If the warning lamp begins to flash, this means that there is a fault in the automatic gearbox. Contact your Volvo dealer.

Low engine oil level (certain models)

This lamp will light up when the ignition is switched on. If it remains on after the engine has started, park the car on a level surface and check the oil according to the instructions on page 8:10. If the lamp remains on even if the oil level is correct, the system should be checked by an authorized Volvo dealer.

Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)

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If the light comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the SRS diagnostic system has detected a fault. Drive to an authorized Volvo dealer for an inspection of the system. See the SRS section for more information.

Service reminder indicator

This light will come on at 10,000 mile (16,000 km) intervals, after 750 hours of driving or after 12 months, whichever occurs first. It is a reminder to the driver that the service interval has been exceeded. The light will stay on 2 minutes after the start until reset by the servicing dealer.

Coolant level sensor

If the light comes on while driving, the coolant level is low. The coolant level in the expansion tank should be checked immediately and topped up if necessary. The cooling system should be inspected by an authorized Volvo dealer.

Turn signal indicators, trailers

When towing a trailer, this light will flash simultaneously with the turn signals on the trailer. If the light does not flash when signalling, neither the trailer's turn signals nor the car's turn signals are functioning.

Bulb failure warning light

The light will come on if any of the following bulbs are defective:

-one of the low beam headlights

-one of the tail lights

-one of the brake lights when the brake pedal is depressed.

Check the fuse and bulb. See sections "Replacing bulbs" and "fuses".

Should the warning light come on after a defective outside bulb has been replaced, the corresponding bulb on the other side of the car should also be replaced.

pg. 1:6 Headlights, Parking lights, Turn signals

Headlights and parking lights

All lights off *

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Parking lights on *

Headlights and parking lights are on if starting (ignition) switch is in position I or II.

If the headlight switch is in position With the headlight switch in position

all lights will go out when starting switch is switched off. the parking lights will stay on.

The high beams can only be switched on if the headlight switch is in position .

Switch from high to low beams and vice versa by moving the turn signal switch lever on the left side of the steering column towards the steering wheel.

* Canadian models equipped with Daytime Running lights: The low beams will come on automatically when the engine is started.

Turn signals

1 Lane change position : In maneuvers such as lane changing, the driver can flash the turn signals by moving the turn signal lever to the first stop and holding it there. The lever will return to the neutral position when released.

2 Signal lever engaged for normal turns.

3 High beam/low beam switch (headlights on)

Move the lever towards the steering wheel and release it. 4 Headlight flasher (headlights off)

Move the lever towards the steering wheel. The headlight high beam will be on until the lever is released.

NOTE: A defective turn signal bulb will cause the turn signal indicator and remaining signal lights to flash more rapidly than normal.

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Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 1:15 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning

Heating and air conditioning

Your Volvo is equipped with a heating system combined with air conditioning. Depending on which function you select, warm or cool/cold air is distributed to the different parts of the passenger compartment.

A slight amount of condensation may be emitted from the air vents when the air conditioning is initially switched on. This can occur when both humidity and ambient temperature are high and is normal.

Refrigerant

The air conditioning system in your car contains a CFC-free refrigerant - R134a. This is an environmentally friendly substance having minimal effect on the earth's ozone layer. The system contains 1.65 lbs (0.75 kg) R134a.

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Air vents (dash)

AClosed

BOpen

CDirecting air flow horizontally

DDirecting air flow vertically

Air mix

The center panel vents have an air mix function which allows fresh air to enter the passenger compartment when the vents are open (position B).

pg. 1:16 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (standard unit)

Temperature dial

Function selector

Temperature dial

Driver's side

Passenger's side

Set desired

Set desired

Set desired

function

temperature

temperature

 

Blower

0 = Off

4 = Highest blower speed

Air in the passenger compartment recirculates.

Will not function in defrost setting. The light is ON when the function is engaged.

Air through the panel vents

The AC system is engaged when the light in ON.

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Defrost. Air to windshield and side windows

Air to floor, windshield and side windows

Air through floor vents

Bi-level. Air through floor and panel vents

pg. 1:17 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (standard unit) (cont.)

Maximum heating:

Close the center panel vents. When the passenger compartment has become sufficiently warm, set the blower control to position 2 and adjust the temperature.

Maximum cooling:

Open the vents. The AC system should be ON. Adjust the temperature with the temperature selectors.

To demist / defrost the windows:

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Set the function selector to . When the windows have cleared, set the blower control to position 2

and the function selector to . Always keep the air intake grille at the base of the windshield under the rear edge of the hood free of snow.

Additional information

The air conditioning system will function best if it is used regularly (at least once a month).

Water under the vehicle in hot weather can be the result of condensation from the air conditioning system and is quite normal.

The air conditioning system functions only at temperatures above 45° F (7° C).

Choose this position if the outside air is contaminated with exhaust gases, smoke, etc or to heat/ cool the car quickly. In this position, very little air is drawn into the passenger from the outside. Do not leave the system in this mode for more than 10-15 minutes since the air inside the car will become stale. The temperature can be controlled with the temperature selectors.

If the panel vents are open, a certain amount of air will always flow through, regardless of the position the function selector is in. To increase the flow of air to either the floor or the windows, close the panel vents. The outer vents can be opened to avoid mist on the side windows.

The panel vents may emit some condensation when the air conditioning is initially switched on and is quite normal. This may occur if the ambient temperature and humidity are high.

The air conditioning is momentarily disengaged during full-throttle acceleration.

pg. 1:18 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (Electronic Climate Control) - option

Temperature dial

Function selector

Temperature dial

Driver's side

Passenger's side

Set desired

Set desired

Set desired

function

temperature

temperature

 

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The AC system is engaged when the light is OFF.

When the function selector is in the defrost setting, the AC system is ON regardless of the button position.

Blower

= Blower speed automatically regulated 0 = off

Move the knob to the right to increase the blower speed.

Air distribution automatically regulated.

Air through the panel vents

Defrost. Air to windshield and side windows

Air to floor, windshield and side windows

Air through floor vents

Bi-level. Air through floor and panel vents.

Air in the passenger compartment recirculates.

Will not function in defrost setting.

The light is ON when the function is engaged.

pg. 1:19 Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (Electronic Climate Control) - option (cont.)

Automatic setting

Set the mode selector to and select the desired temperature. The blower will run at its maximum speed in either the max heating or max cooling positions.

Optimum defrosting

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Set the function selector to and move the blower control to the maximum speed position (as far to the right as possible). When the windows have cleared, set the blower at a lower speed or in the position.

Additional information

The air conditioning system will function best if it is used regularly (at least once a month).

Always keep the air intake grille at the base of the windshield under the rear edge of the hood free of snow.

Water under the vehicle in hot weather can be the result of condensation from the air conditioning system and is quite normal.

The air conditioning is disengaged when the blower is set at 0 and the speed of the vehicle is less than 30 mph (50 km/h).

The air conditioning system functions only at temperatures above 45°F (7°C).

Recirculation : Choose this position if the outside air is contaminated with exhaust gases, smoke etc. or to heat/cool the car quickly. In this position, very little air is drawn into the passenger compartment from outside. Do not leave the system in this mode for more than 10-15 minutes since the air inside the car will become stale and condensation will form on the windows. The temperature can be controlled with the temperature dials.

If the panel vents are open, a certain amount of air will always flow through, regardless of the position the function dial is in. To increase the flow of air to either the floor or the windows, close the panel vents. The outer vents can be opened to avoid mist on the side windows.

The panel vents may emit some condensation when the air conditioning is initially switched on and is quite normal. This may occur if the ambient temperature and humidity are high.

The temperature sensor (located at the top center of the dashboard) should not be covered in any way as this could cause incorrect information to be sent to the ECC system.

The air conditioning is momentarily disengaged during full-throttle acceleration.

Faults in the ECC system

The and lights will flash for approximately 20 seconds if a fault is detected in the ECC system.

If this flashing recurs the next time the system is switched on, the climate control unit should be checked by an authorized Volvo dealer.

pg. 1:20 Electrically operated windows

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Electrically-operated windows

The electrically operated windows are controlled by switches in the center console as shown in the illustration above.

The starting (ignition) switches must be ON (position II) for the electrically-operated windows to function. The window is lowered if the rear part of the switch is pressed and raised if the front part of the switch is pressed.

NOTE: Driver's window only (AUTO): The window can be opened completely by pressing the rear part of the switch lightly and releasing it immediately. The window can be stopped by pressing the button again. If the button is held down, the window will be lowered until the button is released.

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Cut-out switch for electrically-operated rear-door windows

If your car is equipped with electrically-operated rear door windows, this function can be disabled by a switch located on the center console. This switch is positioned 90° in relation to the other switches. The rear door windows can be raised or lowered with the respective door switches as well as with the switches on the center console.

The rear door windows cannot be raised or lowered with the respective door switches but instead only with the corresponding switches on the center console.

WARNING! Remove the starting (ignition) key when children are left unattended in the vehicle.

Make sure that children's hands are clear before raising the windows.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 1:21 Audio system, General description

The following pages describe the use of your SC-810 Cassette Radio and CD remote control

1.

On/off (turn)

Volume (turn)

Pause/Mute (push)

2.CD mode selector

3.Bass control

4.Treble control

5.Fader control

6.Waveband selectors (FM)

7.Waveband selectors (AM)

8.Preset buttons

CD - Disc No. selector

9.Autostore memory (FM)

10.Autostore memory (AM)

Manual tuning

Seek tuning (push)

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12.Tape direction selector REV CD - Random play

13.Cassette eject

14.Display

15.Cassette slot

16.TP -Next song

CD -Next track UP

17.TP -Fast forward CD -Music search UP

18.TP -Rewind

CD -Music search DOWN

19.TP -Previous song REPEAT CD -Previous track DOWN

20.Tape mode selector

TP = Applicable only in tape mode

CD = Applicable only when in CD mode and connected to a CD changer

pg. 1:22 Anti-theft code

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Anti-theft code

The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the battery power is disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set.

Refer to the radio code card supplied with your vehicle or ask your retailer for the correct code .

To enter the code

After installation or when the set has been disconnected from power, the set displays "codE" when it is switched on.

Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons. If the correct code is entered, "on" is displayed and the set is ready to use.

If you enter an incorrect code you must enter the correct code again from the beginning.

Incorrect code

If an incorrect code has been entered "rPt" is displayed. Enter the correct code.

After three unsuccessful coding attempts the set will lock and remain locked for two hours. "OFF" is displayed.

After two hours have elapsed, re-enter the correct code.

NOTE: During the two hours waiting period, the set must be connected and turned on.

pg. 1:23 Radio

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A - On/off switch and volume control

Turn the button clockwise to switch on and to increase the volume.

B - Waveband selector

The desired waveband is set by pressing one of the waveband selector buttons. The frequency and waveband is shown on the display.

NOTE: There are two FM wavebands and two AM wavebands. This makes it possible to store 2 x 6 FM stations and 2 x 6 AM stations in memory.

C - Manual tuning

Turn the knob counter-clockwise to tune to lower frequencies and clockwise to tune to higher frequencies. The tuned frequency is displayed.

pg. 1:24 Radio (cont.)

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A - Seek tuning

Push the tuning knob to seek for higher frequencies. The radio seeks the next audible station and stops there. If you wish to continue the seek tuning, press the tuning knob again.

B - Preset programming

1.Tune to the desired frequency.

2.Depress and hold a preset button. The audio will cut out. Keep the button depressed until the audio comes on again (approx. 2 seconds).

3.The frequency is now stored on this preset button.

C - Preset buttons

To select a pre-programmed radio frequency, depress the preset button. The set frequency will be displayed.

pg. 1:25 Radio (cont.)

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A - Automatic programming (Autostore)

This function automatically seeks and stores up to 8 strong AM or FM stations. This is especially useful when traveling in areas where radio stations are unfamiliar.

1.Depress and hold one of the "auto store" buttons for at least 1 second. A number of strong stations (max. 8) on the chosen waveband are now automatically stored in the memory. The lowest frequency station is heard. If there are no audible stations, "no" is displayed.

2.Press one of the "auto store" buttons (for less than 1 second) to obtain another autostored station. A new station will be selected each time one of these buttons is pressed.

B - Bass control

Adjust the bass by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent" indicates "equalized" bass.

C - Treble control

Adjust the treble by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent" indicates "equalized" treble.

pg. 1:26 Radio (cont.)

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Mute function

Press the "power-volume" knob to temporarily mute the sound. "PAUSE" is displayed.

Fader control

Adjust front/rear speaker balance by sliding the control up or down.

(Up to direct more sound to the front speakers, down to direct more sound to the rear speakers. The "detent" indicates "equalized" front/rear balance position.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 1:27 Cassette deck

A - Cassette slot

The cassette is inserted with the open side to the right (side 1 or A of the cassette upwards). When the cassette is inserted, the radio is disengaged and the cassette will start to play automatically. "TAPE 1" or "TAPE 2" is displayed to indicate which side of the tape is being played. When one side of the tape has been played the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse).

The cassette can be inserted or ejected even when the unit is switched off.

B - Reversing the tape (rev)

Press the button to play the other side of the tape.

The side of the tape being played will be displayed.

C - Fast winding

The tape is advanced with "ff" and rewound with "rew". The tape side indicator in the display will flash rapidly during fast winding. Fast winding can be stopped by pressing the button again.

pg. 1:28 Cassette deck (cont.)

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A - "nxt" (next) selector

Press the "nxt" button and the tape will automatically advance to the next song.

There must be a pause of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

B - "rpt" (repeat) selector

Press the "rpt" button to rewind the tape to the beginning of the song. Press the button again to rewind to the beginning of the previous song.

There must be a pause of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

C - Pause

If you press the "power-volume" knob the tape is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To restart the tape press the knob again.

pg. 1:29 Cassette deck (cont.)

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A - Cassette eject

If the button is pressed the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected. The radio will be automatically engaged. The radio or CD will engage automatically (depending on which mode was activated before the tape was played).

B - To re-enter Radio mode

There are three alternative ways to re-enter Radio mode:

Push one of the waveband selector buttons

Push either of the autostore buttons

Push one of the preset buttons

When the unit re-enters Radio mode, the cassette will not be ejected.

C - To re-enter Tape mode

If the Tape function has been disconnected and the cassette has not been ejected, the Tape mode can reentered by pressing the "tape" button.

pg. 1:30 CD - Remote (accessory)

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A - CD mode selector

Press "cd" to actuate the CD mode. The disc/track last listened to will continue to play. If the CDchanger cartridge* is empty, "---" will be displayed.

If a selected disc does not exist, the disc number and "5--" will be displayed and the next disc will be automatically selected.

* The functions pertaining to the CD-changer are only applicable if the unit has been connected to the Volvo CD-changer which is sold separately as an accessory.

B - Disc number selector

Depress one of the preset buttons (1-6) to select the disc number desired. The selected disc number and track number will be displayed.

C - Music search

Press the "rew" or "ff" button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing time for this track will be displayed.

pg. 1:31 CD - Remote (accessory) (cont.)

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A - Track number selector

Turn the knob to select the track number desired.

B - Changing the selected track number

Press "nxt" for forward selection or "rpt" for backward selection. The chosen disc number and track number will be displayed.

C - Playing-time display

When this button is pressed the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.

pg. 1:32 CD Remote (accessory) (cont.)

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A - Random choice

Press "rev" to actuate the random mode. From a disc chosen at random, 4 tracks will be played (also chosen at random). A new disc will then be played in the same way. "RND" will be displayed when this function is engaged.

B - Pause

If you press the "power-volume" knob, the disc is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To restart the disc press the knob again.

C - To re-enter the Radio mode

There are two ways to re-enter Radio mode:

Push one of the waveband selector buttons

Push either of the autostore buttons

D - To re-enter Tape mode

If a cassette is already inserted, the tape deck will re-engage if the "tape" button is pressed.

pg. 1:33 CD changer (accessory)

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CD changer

The CD changer, which is available separately, is loaded with a cartridge containing 6 discs. Extra cartridges are available at your Volvo dealer.

Insert the discs into the cartridge, label (A) up. Insert the cartridge and close the cover. Eject the cartridge by pressing the eject button (B).

Remove the discs by depressing the lock tabs (C).

Operating tips :

Before using a new disc for the first time, remove any burrs in the center/outer edge by running the stem of a pen or similar object around the hole/edge of the disc.

Use high quality discs only.

Keep the discs clean. Wipe them with a soft, clean, lint-free cloth, working from the center outwards. If necessary, dampen the cloth with a neutral soap solution. Dry thoroughly before using.

Never use cleaning spray or anti-static liquid. Use only cleaners specifically made for CD's.

Use discs of the correct size only (3.5" discs should never be used).

Do not put tape or labels on the disc itself.

Condensation may occur on discs/optical components of the changer in cold winter weather. The disc can be dried with a clean, lint-free cloth. Optical components in the CD changer may, however, take up to one hour to dry off.

Never attempt to play a disc which is damaged in any way.

When not in use, the discs should be stored in their covers. Avoid storing discs in excessive heat, direct sunlight or dusty locations.

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Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 1:34 General information

Sending signals

The FM waves do not follow the earth's surface nor do they bounce off the atmosphere. For this reason their range is limited. The AM waves follow the earth's surface and reflect against the atmosphere, giving them a wide range.

Weak reception (fading)

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Because of the limited range of the FM senders and the fact that these waves are very reflective, this problem usually occurs with FM reception. If the sender is blocked by buildings or mountains, static can result.

Static

The reason why FM but not AM is audible is covered parking areas, under bridges, etc., is that FM signals reflect against solid objects such as buildings. Because these waves are very reflective, static can result. This static is the result of the reflected signal and the direct signal reaching your antenna at slightly different times causing a cancellation of all signals. This problem occurs largely in built-up areas. To help minimize this situation, turn down the treble and turn off loudness.

pg. 1:35 Cross modulation, FM - reasons for distortion, AM - reasons for distortion

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Cross modulation

If you listen to a weak station in the vicinity of a stronger one, both stations may be received simultaneously.

FM - reasons for distortion

FM is affected by the electrical systems of nearby vehicles, especially those without suppression. The distortion increases if the station is weak or poorly set.

The FM reception is not as sensitive to electrical disturbances as AM.

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AM - reasons for distortion

AM reception is sensitive to electrical disturbances such as power lines, lightning, etc.

pg. 1:36 Radio

FM stereo reception

Stereo reception places very high demands on the signal quality which means the type of distortions previously mentioned become even more obvious. The signal strength needs to be stronger for good stereo reception and this limits the effective range of the slender.

We hope that this information proves to be useful and provides you with a better understanding of the problems related to car radio reception.

Reception conditions are not always optimum and this is, of course, beyond our control. However, we have endeavored to make the Volvo Audio System of a quality that will enable you to enjoy the best possible reception no matter what the reception conditions may be.

Radio antenna

NOTE: Always lower the antenna when using an automatic car wash or entering a garage. The antenna should be cleaned at least every 10,000 miles (16,000 km) or more frequently if needed. Use WD40 for cleaning.

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Spray the antenna with WD40 and wipe it clean and dry with a rag. Spray it again. Lower and raise the antenna. Wipe it clean and dry again. Lower and raise the antenna 4-6 times. Make sure it is dry and free from dirt/lubricating oil.

Cassettes

-Store cassettes in their cases.

-Do not touch the tape surface with your fingers.

-Tapes should not be exposed to direct sunlight or extreme temperatures.

-Keep tapes away from oil, grease and other contaminants.

-For optimal tape deck performance Volvo does not recommend the use of C-120 tapes.

-Take up slack using a pen or a pencil before inserting a cassette in the cassette slot.

Cassette cleaning

We recommend the use of the Volvo Cleaning Cassette available as a genuine Volvo accessory. Regular use improves sound quality, cleans vital parts and prevents tape tangle.

pg. 1:37 Technical specifications

Technical specifications

Output: 4 x 20 W (10% dist.)

Output impedance: 4 Ohms

System voltage: 12 Volts, negative ground

Fuse: 5 A

Radio

System: superheterodyne system with HF-step.

Electronic suppression device

Frequency range:

SC - 810 FM 87.9 - 107.9 MHz

AM 530 - 1710 kHz

Sensitivity: FM 1.1µV

AM 20µV

Stereo separation: 35 dB

Cassette deck 4-track, 2 channel stereo

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Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec.

Channel separation: 48 dB

Frequency range: 30-15000 hz

S/N (120 µV) 55 dB

S/N (70 µV) 55 dB

Wow and Flutter: 0.13 %

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 1:7 Windshield wipers/washers, Ignition switch

Windshield wiper/washer

1 Intermittent wiper.

With the switch in this position, the wipers will sweep approximately every seventh second. 2 "Single sweep" position:

The switch returns automatically when released 3 Wipers, normal speed.

4 Wipers, high speed

5 Windshield wiper/washer

The wiper will make 2-3 complete sweeps after lever is released.

O Locked position:

Remove the key to lock the steering wheel*

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WARNING! Never turn the key to position O while driving or when the car is being towed.

I Intermediate position:

Certain accessories, etc. on.

II Drive position:

Key position when engine is running.

III Starting position:

Release the key when the engine starts. The key returns automatically to driving position.

* On cars equipped with an automatic transmission the gear selector must also be in the (P)ark position.

Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock

The steering wheel lock might be under tension when the car is parked. Turn the steering wheel slightly to free the ignition key.

In order to reduce car theft, make sure the steering wheel lock is engaged before leaving the car.

A chime will sound if the starting key is left in the ignition lock and the front door on the driver's side is opened.

pg. 1:8 Instrument illumination, Fog light

A - Instrument illumination

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To increase the brightness: move the slide switch to the right.

To decrease the brightness: move the slide switch to the left.

B - Rear foglight

The rear foglight (located in the driver's side tail light cluster) is considerably brighter than the normal tail lights and should be used only when the atmospheric conditions, such as fog, rain, snow, smoke or dust reduce the daytime or nighttime visibility of other vehicles to less than 500 ft (150 meters). For the rear fog light to function, the low beam headlights must be switched on.

pg. 1:9 Sun roof, TRACS, Hazard warning flashers, Rear window demister

A - TRAction Control System (TRACS) - option

TRACS is a system designed as an aid when starting/driving off if one of the drive wheels has poor traction due to weather conditions or the road surface and connected to the ABS control module.

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TRACS is switched on manually with a button on the dashboard (see page 1:9). The indicator lamp in the button will light up when the system is ON. With the button in the ON position, TRACS activates automatically if one of the front wheels loses traction, shifting power to the wheel with best traction.

A sound from the ABS control module may be audible at this time. The system functions only at speeds under 25 mph (40 km/h).

B - Electrically operated sun roof - option

The sun roof can be operated in two ways; as a conventional sliding roof or the rear edge can be raised to provide increased ventilation. To open the sun roof as a sliding roof, depress the lower section of the switch. To raise the rear edge of the sun roof, depress the upper section of the switch.

To close the sun roof, depress the side of the rocker switch opposite the side used to open the roof.

NOTE: In case of a sun roof malfunction, see "Emergency sun roof operation", page 6:17.

C - Hazard warning flashers

The four-way flasher should be used to indicate that the vehicle has become a traffic hazard.

NOTE: Regulations regarding the use of the hazard warning flasher may vary from state to state.

D - Rear window demister, heated side-view mirrors

Press the switch to start heating the rear window and side-view mirrors. The control light in the switch will illuminate.

A timer switches off the system after approximately 12 minutes. The control light will go out correspondingly.

pg. 1:10 Clock, Ambient temperature sensor

Resetting the clock

The digital clock can be reset by pressing one of the two buttons (A and B) with a pointed object such as the tip of a pen.

h = hours

m = minutes

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Maintain the pressure on the buttons for more than four seconds to change the time more quickly.

Ambient temperature sensor

This sensor indicates the temperature slightly above the road surface. A red warning lamp (C) lights up when the temperature is in the range of 23 - 36° F (-5 - +2° C). At low speeds or when the car is not moving, the temperature readings may be slightly higher than the actual ambient temperature due to the heat generated by the engine.

Display alternatives

If buttons A and B are pressed down simultaneously, it is possible to shift between four different display alternatives, as follows:

Press 1st time: 12 hour clock and °F

Press 2nd time: 24 hour clock and °F

Press 3rd time: 12 hour clock and °C

Press 4th time: 24 hour clock and °C

pg. 1:11 Cruise control

Cruise control

The cruise control switches are located on the turn signal switch lever.

To engage and set the desired speed:

1.Set switch (B) to ON.

2.Accelerate to the desired cruise speed.

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NOTE: The cruise control cannot be engaged at speeds below 22 mph (35 km).

3. Press the + or - area of the SET button (A) to set the desired speed.

Braking

This will automatically disengage the cruise control. Previously selected cruise speed is retained in the memory and by momentarily setting the switch to the RESUME position, that speed will be re-engaged. If the cruise control is already engaged, the cruising speed can be increased or decreased by depressing the SET button (A) towards either + or -. One short press on the button corresponds to a speed change of approx. 1 mph (1.6 km/h). When the button is released, the vehicle will maintain the current speed.

If actual speed falls below 70% of set speed or if the wheels spin or lock, the cruise control will disengage automatically.

NOTE: (AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION)

When driving up steep hills with the cruise control engaged, the transmission may shift intermittently. This can be avoided by switching between transmission modes E or S while on the hill.

Normally, the ( E )conomy mode should be used when the cruise control is engaged.

Acceleration

Momentary acceleration, such as for passing, does not interrupt cruise control operation. The previously selected speed will be maintained without having to set the switch to RESUME.

To disengage the cruise control system:

Set switch (B) to OFF, depress the brake pedal or move the gear selector to position N. Switching off the starting (ignition) switch will automatically disengage the cruise control system.

On cars equipped with manual transmissions, the cruise control can also be disengaged by depressing the clutch.

WARNING! The cruise control should not be used in heavy traffic or when driving on wet or slippery roads.

pg. 1:12 Heated front seats

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Heated front seats

The heated front seats can be switched on and off as required. When switched on, the system senses the ambient temperature and regulates the level of heat applied. When the optimum temperature is reached, the heating is switched off automatically. While driving, the passenger seat heating should be switched off when the seat is not occupied.

pg. 1:13 Parking brake, Cigarette lighter, Ashtrays

Parking brake (hand brake)

The lever is situated between the front seats. The brake is applied to the rear wheels.

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WARNING! Always use the parking brake (hand brake) when parking. On hills, also turn the front wheels toward the curb.

In order to obtain the best possible performance from the parking brake, the brake linings should be broken in. See section "Break-in period".

Cigarette lighter

To operate, depress the knob fully. When the knob automatically releases, the cigarette lighter is ready for use.

The starting (ignition) switch must be either in position I or II for the cigarette lighter to function.

Rear seat ash tray

Ash trays

To open the front ash tray, press lightly on the panel.

To open the rear ash tray, pull it straight out.

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To empty the front ash tray, grasp the removable insert on the sides, push it in and then pull it straight up. Only this insert can be removed for cleaning.

To empty the rear ash tray, pull it out, lift up the rear edge and remove.

pg. 1:14 Steering wheel adjustment

Steering wheel adjustment

Both the height and the reach of the steering wheel can be adjusted to a comfortable position for the driver. Press down the lever on the left of the steering column and hold it in place. Adjust the steering wheel to a suitable position and press the lever back into place to lock the steering wheel in the new position. Check that the steering wheel is locked in the new position.

WARNING! Never adjust the steering wheel while driving.

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Contents | Top of Page

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Body and Interior

pg. 2:1 Body and interior

Body and interior

The seats, seat belts, sun roof, mirrors, etc. are described on the following pages.

2:2

Keys

2:3

Doors and Locks

2:4

Remote keyless entry system

2:5

Child safety locks, Trunk lid

2:6

Front seats

2:7

Rear/side view mirrors

2:8

Interior light, Vanity mirror

2:9

Sun roof

2:10

Hood, Alarm

2:11

Trunk light, Spare tire,Jack

2:12

Storage compartments

2:13

Folding rear seat

2:14

Folding front seat, Long load storage

2:15 Cargo anchorage eyelets

pg. 2:2 Keys

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Master key and wallet key

This key operates all locks

The key number codes are stamped on a separate tag supplied with the keys. This tag should be separated from the key ring and kept in a safe place (the back of the tag is coated with adhesive tape). As an added anti-theft measure, new keys have been developed which may take slightly longer to copy or replace if the original keys are misplaced.

Service key

Front doors, starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock

In the event the original keys are lost, duplicates may be ordered from your Volvo dealer. The central locking system is described in detail in the section "Doors and locks".

Number tag

pg. 2:3 Doors and locks

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Doors and locks

Your car is equipped with a central locking system. This means that all of the doors (including the trunk lid and fuel tank flap) can be locked or unlocked from either of the front doors or the trunk lid.

If the driver/passenger door or trunk lid is locked or unlocked using the key, the other doors will also be locked or unlocked automatically. To lock or unlock the car from the inside, push or pull the lock buttons on either of the front doors. If either of the front doors is opened from the inside, all of the doors and trunk lid will be unlocked. Check the action of the buttons on the other doors to verify their correct function (lock/unlock). The driver's door can be locked only by using the key when outside the vehicle.

On vehicles equipped with the optional remote control locking system, refer to the following page.

WARNING! The lock button should not be in the down position while driving. In case of an accident, this may hinder rapid access to the occupants of the vehicle. (Also see information on "Child safety locks".

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To avoid battery drain

The courtesy lights and the warning lights in the rear of the doors come on when a door is opened.

To avoid battery drain when the doors are opened for prolonged periods, these lights can be switched off by pressing the lock mechanism (A) located in the rear facing side of the driver's door. To return the lights to their normal function, pull the door handle out before closing the door (B).

pg. 2:4 Remote keyless entry system (option)

Remote keyless entry system

As an option, your car can be equipped with a remote control transmitter. This transmitter uses a radio frequency which will allow "keyless" entry into the passenger compartment or the trunk. You will be supplied with two coded key ring transmitters, which will enable you to lock/unlock all doors and the

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trunk from a distance of 10-15 feet (3-5 meters).

To operate the system press either the LOCK or UNLOCK button. On vehicles equipped with an alarm, the alarm will also be activated/deactivated by this system.

This device complies with the FCC rules Part 15. Operations is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference and (2) this device must accept any interference that may be received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Volvo does not recommend using the transmitter to lock the doors from inside the car. On cars equipped with an alarm, the alarm would be activated and would sound when one of the doors is opened. However, as a safety feature, the doors and trunk can be unlocked if the starting (ignition) key is in position I or II.

WARNING! The doors must not be locked using the remote transmitter while the vehicle is being driven or is occupied. In case of an accident, this may hinder rapid access to the occupants of the vehicle.

As an anti-theft precaution, the transmitter should NOT be left with the keys when the car is brought to a workshop for service/repairs. If one of the transmitters is misplaced, contact the nearest authorized Volvo dealer for assistance.

Battery replacement

If you have to stand closer to the car than normal to operate the system, this is a good indication that the battery should be replaced.

To replace the battery:

Remove the battery cover on the back of the transmitter with a coin.

Replace the battery (type CR2025). The new battery should be put in with the text side up so that the cover can be closed.

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Install the battery cover again, making sure it is on tightly to help prevent water from entering the transmitter.

pg. 2:5 Child safety locks, Trunk lid

Child safety locks

The controls are located on the rear door jambs.

A The door cannot be opened from the inside. Normal operation from the outside. B The door lock functions normally.

WARNING! Remember, in the event of an accident, the rear seat passengers cannot open the doors from the inside with the buttons in position A.

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Trunk lid

The trunk lock is incorporated in the central locking system. This means that you can either lock or unlock the trunk by means of either of the front doors.

You can also operate the trunk lock directly with the master (or wallet) key even if the vehicle is centrally locked.

Locking or unlocking the trunk lid will also unlock the doors.

The trunk can also be disconnected from the central locking system by turning the key counterclockwise as shown below:

Withdraw the key in the horizontal position.

The trunk is now always locked. The optional folding rear seatback can also be locked from the trunk (see page 2:13). This feature can be used for example, if you lend your car to someone. If you give only the service key to the driver it will not be possible to gain access to the trunk.

To reconnect the lock to the central locking system:

Withdraw the key in the vertical position

pg. 2:6 Front seats

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1 Height adjustment (manual)

The front section of the driver's seat can be adjusted to seven different height settings and the rear section of either seat can be adjusted to nine different height settings.

Lever forward = adjustment of front section Lever rearward = adjustment of rear section

The front edge of the passenger's seat can be adjusted to six different height settings. The rear edge can also be adjusted, however, suitable tools must be used to carry out this adjustment.

WARNING! Do not adjust the seat while driving. The seat should be adjusted so that the brake pedal can be depressed fully. In addition, position the seat as far rearward as comfort and control allow. The seat rails on the floor must not be obstructed in any way when the seat is moved.

2 Forward-rearward seat adjustment (manual)

Pull the control upward, then slide the seat forward or rearward to the desired position. Make sure that the seat is properly secured when you release the control.

Quick release

The passenger's seat backrest has a quick forward release mechanism which can be used when long loads are carried. See page 2:14.

3 Backrest angle (manual)

Rotate the control mechanism counterclockwise to tilt the backrest rearward and clockwise to tilt the backrest forward.

4 Lumbar support

Firm: turn clockwise. Soft: turn counter-clockwise.

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Electrically operated seats with memory function (certain models)

Power seat control panel

A Seat front (raise/lower)

B Forward - rearward

C Seat rear (raise/lower)

D Backrest tilt

On certain models, the starting (ignition) key must be turned to at least position I before the seat can be operated.

WARNING! On certain models, the power seats are operable with the ignition OFF. Therefore, children should never be left unattended in the car.

Movement of the seat can be STOPPED at any time by pressing any button on the power seat control panel.

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Refer to the following page for information on programming the memory function.

pg. 2:7 Electrically operated driver's seat, Rear/side-view mirrors

Programming the memory

Three seat positions can be programmed. To program a seat position:

1.Adjust the seat to the desired position.

2.Depress the MEM button.

3.Press button 1 to program the current position of the seat.

Buttons 2 and 3 can be programmed in the same way. To move the seat to a programmed position, depress button 1, 2 or 3 until the seat stops.

If the button is released before the seat has the reached the programmed position, it will stop as a safety precaution.

NOTE: The seat have an overload protector which engages if an object blocks the movement of the seat. If this happens, remove the object and wait 20 seconds before operating the seat again.

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Rear-view mirror

A Normal position

B Night position, reduces glare from following headlights

CAUTION: Never use ice scrapers made of metal as they can easily scratch the mirror surface.

Electrically operated side-view mirrors

The control switches are located in the central console, beside the parking brake. A Lateral adjustment

B Vertical adjustment

WARNING! The mirrors should always be adjusted prior to driving.

Objects seen in the wide-angle right side-view mirror are closer than they appear to be.

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Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 2:8 Interior lights, Vanity mirror

Front courtesy lights

The front courtesy lighting consists of two reading lights for the front seat occupants. Front and rear reading lights always on

Front and rear reading lights always off

Front and rear reading lights come on when a door is opened

Left or right reading light illuminates if the center switch is in the position

The courtesy lights remain illuminated for 30 seconds after the doors have been closed but will be switched off if the ignition is turned on or the doors are locked.

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Reading lights, rear seat

There are two reading lights for the rear seat passengers. These are turned on/off by using the adjacent switches.

Light is on if the front switch is in position

Light turns on if any door is opened

Vanity mirrors (on both sides)

The light illuminates when the cover is opened.

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pg. 2:9 Sun roof (option)

Electrically-operated sun roof

The switch for operating the sun roof is located on the instrument panel. The starting (ignition) key must first be turned to the drive position.

-To slide open the sun roof: press the lower section of the switch.

-To close the sun-roof : press the upper section of the switch.

-To open the rear edge of the sun roof (ventilation position) : press the upper section of the switch. Press the lower section of the switch to return the sun roof to the closed position.

Ventilation position

The sun roof also features a manually-operated sliding sun visor. The sun visor automatically slides back

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slightly when the sun roof is opened to the ventilation position.

CAUTION: Do not close the sun visor when the sun roof is in the ventilation position as this could damage the mechanism.

NOTE: The electrically-operated sun roof has an overload protecting circuit breaker which is activated when an object blocks the sun roof. Should this occur, remove the object and wait 20 seconds for the circuit breaker to reset. The sun roof should then function normally.

In case of a sun roof malfunction, see "Emergency sun roof operation", page 6:17.

pg. 2:10 Hood, Alarm (option)

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To open the hood

Pull the release handle located under the left side of the dash. This releases the safety catch handle in the front of the grille.

Lift the hood slightly to expose the safety catch.

Pull the safety catch handle and open the hood.

Do not lift the hood using the safety catch.

WARNING! Check that the hood locks properly when closed.

The hood normally opens to an angle of 57°. The hood can be opened to the vertical position by rotating the hinge catches (see illustrations). The catches will return to their normal positions when the hood is closed. Take care in low-roof garages!

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Alarm

Alarm

As an option you car may be equipped with an alarm.

The alarm system is connected to the doors, hood, trunk and the starting (ignition) switch.

The alarm can be deactivated by turning the key in either of the front door locks or the trunk. A red LED flashes on the top-center section of the dash to indicate that the alarm has been activated. If an attempt has been made to break into the car, the LED will glow continuously until the ignition is switched on.

NOTE: The alarm is activated when either of the front doors or the trunk is locked using a key (or optional remote control locking system), even if a door or the trunk is open.

pg. 2:11 Trunk light, Spare, Jack

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Trunk light

A Light always off

B Light is on when trunk lid is open

Spare tire

The spare tire is located under the carpet in a special well under the floor of the trunk. The jack is placed inside the wheel rim. Make sure that the jack is properly secured in this position after use. Refer to the decal on the inside of the trunk lid for storage instructions.

NOTE: See pages 6:2-6:3 for information on how the jack should be used.

pg. 2:12 Storage compartments

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1 Compartment in center console

2 Glove compartment

3 Compartment in armrest

4 Compartment in door

5 Compartment beside front seat

6 Compartment between front seats

7 Pocket on rear of front seat

8 Pocket on rear of front seat

WARNING! Packages on the rear window shelf can obscure vision and may become dangerous projectiles in the event of a sudden stop or an accident.

pg. 2:13 Folding rear seat

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Folding rear seat

The rear seat is split into two sections so that each section can be folded independently.

Lift the rear seat belts to the fixed section of the backrest. The center seat belt can also be folded across the fixed part of the backrest so that it does not get in the way if the right-hand backrest is folded down (see illustration above).

Pull the catch forward and fold the backrest down.

Locking levers

The two red levers on the rear side of the backrests can be used to bypass the folding mechanism and prevent the backrests from being folded down from inside the car.

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Push the levers down to lock the backrests in the upright position. This function can be used to limit access to the trunk.

When folding the backrests up, make sure the seat belts return to their normal positions.

pg. 2:14 Folding front seat, Long load storage

Folding front seat

The passenger seat backrest can be folded down to the horizontal position for carrying long loads. To fold down the backrest:

Move the seat as far forward as possible

Lift the catches on the lower rear side of the backrest

Without releasing the catches, push the backrest forward

WARNING! Cover sharp edges on load to help prevent injury to occupants. Secure load to help prevent shifting during sudden stops.

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Long load storage

There is a flap located in the panel behind the rear seat which makes it possible to carry long loads such as skis, etc. To open, lower the child booster cushion, press the catch upward and pull the upper edge of the flap forward.

Protective covers (for skis) should be used to avoid soiling or tearing the upholstery. Please note that the flap in the rear seat is only intended for light loads such as skis, wood, etc.

Max length: 6 1/2 ft (2 meters) Max weight: 55 lbs (25 kg)

WARNING! Always turn engine off and apply the parking brake when loading/unloading the vehicle. Place transmission selector in P (PARK) position to help prevent inadvertent movement of selector.

pg. 2:15 Cargo anchorage eyelets

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Eyelets in trunk

Eyelets inside the car

Securing cargo

As a safety precaution, your car is equipped with four eyelets to which straps can be attached to secure luggage.

WARNING! The eyelets are not to be used as passenger restraints or as anchorages for child restraints. See page 3:7.

Contents | Top of Page

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Occupant Safety, Reporting Safety Defects

pg. 3:1 Occupant safety

Despite our strongest recommendations and your best intentions, not wearing a seat belt is like believing "It'll never happen to me!". Volvo urges you and all adult occupants of your car to wear seat belts and ensure that children are properly restrained, using an infant, car or booster seat determined by age, weight and height.

Fact: In every state and province, some type of child-restraint legislation has been passed. Additionally, most states and provinces have already made it mandatory for occupants of a car to use seat belts.

So, urging you to "buckle up" is not just our recommendation - legislation in your state or province may mandate seat belt usage. The few seconds it takes to buckle up may one day allow you to say, "It's a good thing I was wearing my seat belt".

Occupant safety

3:2 Seat belts

3:4 Volvo SRS

3:7 Child safety

3:10 Occupant safety

3:10 Reporting Safety Defects

pg. 3:2 Seat belts

Seat belts

Always fasten the seat belts before you drive or ride.

Two lights above the rear view mirror will be illuminated for 4-8 seconds after the starting (ignition) key is turned to the driving position. A chime will sound at the same time if the driver has not fastened his seat belt. The rear seats are provided with self-retracting inertia reel belts. The front seats are provided with single roller belts with tensioners.

To buckle:

Pull the belt out far enough to insert the latch plate into the receptacle (buckle for rear seats) until a

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distinct snapping sound is heard. The seat belt retractor is normally "unlocked" and you can move freely, provided that the shoulder belt is not pulled out too far. The retractor will lock up as follows:

if the belt is pulled out rapidly

during braking and acceleration

if the vehicle is leaning excessively

when driving in turns

For the seat belt to provide maximum protection in the event of an accident, it must be worn correctly. When wearing the seat belt remember:

The belt should not be twisted or turned.

The lap belt must be positioned low on the hips (not pressing against the abdomen).

The shoulder section of the front seat belts adjusts automatically to the driver's height.

Make sure that the shoulder belt is rolled up into its retractor and that the shoulder and lap belts are taut. Before exiting the car, check that the seat belt retracts fully after being unbuckled. If necessary, guide the belt back into the retractor slot.

NOTE: Legislation in your state or province may mandate seat belt usage.

WARNING! Any device used to induce slack into the shoulder belt portion of the three-point belt system will have a detrimental effect on the amount of protection available to you in the event of a collision.

The seat back should not be tilted too far back. The shoulder belt must be taut in order to function properly.

pg. 3:3 Seat belts, Center head restraint

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During pregnancy

Pregnant women should always wear seat belts. Remember that the belt should always be positioned in such a way as to avoid any possible pressure on the abdomen. The lap portion of the belt should be located low, as shown in the above illustration.

WARNING! Never use a seat belt for more than one occupant. Never wear the shoulder portion of the belt under the arm or otherwise out of position. Such use could cause injury in the event of an accident. As the seat belts lose much of their strength when exposed to violent stretching, they should be replaced after any collision, even if they appear to be undamaged. Never repair the belt on your own; have this work done by an authorized Volvo dealer only.

Center head restraint

The center head restraint can be adjusted according to the passenger's height. The restraint should be carefully adjusted to support the occupant's head.

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To raise: Pull straight up

To lower: Pull forward and push down

pg. 3:4 Volvo SRS

As an enhancement to the three-point seat belt system, your Volvo is equipped with a Supplemental

Restraint System (SRS). The Volvo SRS consists of an airbag (2) and knee bolster (5) on both the driver's and passenger's sides and seat belt tensioners in both front door pillars (4). The system is designed to supplement the protection provided by the three-point seat belt system.

The interior of an SRS-equipped Volvo looks very much the same as any other. The only indication of the system's presence are the "SRS" embossed on the steering wheel pad and above the glove compartment, the knee bolsters beneath the steering column and the glove compartment and a decal on the far right side of the dash.

The airbags are folded and located in the center of the steering wheel and above the glove compartment. They are released only during certain frontal or front-angular collisions, depending on the crash severity, angle, speed and object impacted. Both air bags and seat belt tensioners will deploy, even if the passenger seat is not occupied.

WARNING! As its name implies, SRS is designed to be a SUPPLEMENT to - not a replacement for - the three-point seat belt system. The airbag is designed not to be released in the event of a side or rearend collision or during a rollover situation. For maximum protection, wear seat belts at all times. Be aware that no system can prevent all possible injuries that may occur in an accident.

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The airbag system includes gas generators (1) surrounded by the airbags (2) and front seat belt tensioners for both of the front seats (4). To deploy the system, the sensor (3) activates the gas generators causing the airbags to be inflated with nitrogen gas. As the movement of the seats' occupants compresses the airbags, some of the gas is expelled at a controlled rate to provide better cushioning. Both seat belt tensioners also deploy, minimizing any seat belt slack.

The entire process, including inflation and deflation of the airbags, takes approximately two-tenths of a second.

WARNING! When installing any optional equipment make sure that the SRS system is not damaged. Do not attempt to service any component of the SRS yourself. Attempting to do so may result in serious personal injury. If a problem arises, take your car to the nearest authorized Volvo dealer for inspection as soon as possible.

pg. 3:5 Volvo SRS (cont.)

A self-diagnostic system incorporated in the sensor monitors the SRS. If a fault is detected, the "SRS" warning light will illuminate. The light is included in the warning/indicator light cluster in the

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instrument panel. Normally, the SRS warning lamp should light up when the ignition is switched on and should go out after 10 seconds or when the engine is started. Check that this light is functioning properly every time the car is started.

The following items are monitored by the diagnostic system:

Sensor unit

Cable harness

Gas generator ignitors

WARNING! Never drive an SRS equipped car with your thumbs on the steering wheel pad/airbag housing.

WARNING! If the SRS warning light stays on after the engine has started or if it comes on while you are driving, drive the car to the nearest authorized Volvo dealer for inspection as soon as possible.

There is no maintenance to perform on the SRS yourself. The only periodic maintenance recommended on the SRS is that the air bag modules and front seat belts (including tensioners) should be replaced approximately every ten years and that the other components in the system (wiring, connectors, etc.) should also be inspected at this time. The SRS decal on your car shows the month and year servicing is due. This service must be performed by an authorized Volvo dealer.

Should you have any questions about the SRS system, please contact your authorized Volvo dealer or

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the Consumer Affairs Department.

pg. 3:6 Volvo SRS (cont.)

SRS text at far right of instrument panel and on inside of driver side sun visor

WARNING! Do not use child safety seats or child boosters cushions/backrests in the front passenger's seat. We also recommend that children who have outgrown these devices sit in the rear seat with the seat belt properly fastened.

In order for the SRS system to provide the protection intended, seat belts should be worn at all times.

General SRS information

In a collision where deployment occurs, the air bags and seat belt tensioners activate. Some noise occurs and a small amount of powder is released. This powder is not harmful and does not indicate fire. Several air bag components get hot after inflation. Do not attempt to touch them.

NOTE: Deployment of SRS components occurs only one time during an accident.

If you are involved in an accident which has resulted in air bag deployment, we recommend the following:

- Have the car towed to an authorized Volvo dealer or collision repair shop. Even if the car is driveable after an accident, we do NOT recommend driving the car with deployed air bags.

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WARNING! (Passenger side air bag)

Occupants in the front passenger's seat must never sit on the edge of the seat, sit leaning toward the instrument panel or otherwise sit out of position. The occupant's back must be upright as comfort allows and be against the seat back with the seat properly fastened.

Feet must be on the floor, e.g. not on the dash, seat or out of the window.

Children must never be allowed to stand in front of the passenger seat.

No objects or accessory equipment, e.g. dash covers, may be placed on, attached to or installed near the SRS hatch (the area above the glove compartment) or the area affected by air bag deployment.

There should be no loose articles, e.g. coffee cups, on the floor, seat or dash area.

Never try to open the SRS cover on the steering wheel or the passenger side SRS hatch. This should only be done by an authorized Volvo service technician.

-Have the SRS replacement performed by an authorized Volvo dealer OR ask the body shop performing the collision repairs to have the SRS replacement done at a Volvo dealer.

-Have all deployed/damaged SRS components (air bags and front seat belt assemblies) replaced with new, genuine Volvo-brand components.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 3:7 Child safety

Child Restraint Anchorages

Volvo cars can be fitted with Child Restraint Top Tether Anchorages in the rear seat. There are three predrilled anchorage points under the rear window shelf. These anchorages are not visible from the passenger compartment. In cars designated for Canada, one top tether anchorage set will be in the glove box.

The top tether anchorage set includes the top tether anchorage plate, a 5/16" UNC bolt and a plastic trim cover. If another set is needed, consult your Volvo dealer.

Installing the top tether

The pre-drilled holes for the child restraint anchorages are underneath the rear window shelf and can be accessed from the trunk or by lowering the rear seat backrests. Refer to the child seat manufacturer's instructions for securing the seat.

An additional bolt may be required. This may be obtained from your authorized Volvo dealer.

WARNING! Child Restraint Anchorages are designed to withstand only those loads imposed by correctly fitted Child Restraints. Under no circumstances are they to be used for adult seat belts or harnesses.

The anchorages are not able to withstand excessive forces on them in the event of collision if full harness seat belts or adult seat belts are installed to them. An adult who uses a belt anchored in a Child Restraint Anchorage runs a great risk of suffering severe injuries should a collision occur.

pg. 3:8 Child safety (cont.)

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Integrated booster cushion

Integrated booster cushion

Volvo's own integrated booster cushion has been specially designed to help safeguard a child seated in the center position of the rear seat.

In combination with the standard three-point seat belt, it is approved for children weighing between 50 and 80 lbs (23 and 36 kg) and between 46 and 54 inches (108 and 135 cm ) in height.

WARNING! In the event of a collision while the integrated booster cushion was occupied, the entire booster cushion and center seat belt must be replaced. The booster cushion should also be replaced if it is badly worn or damaged in any way. This work should be performed by an authorized Volvo dealer only. The seat should be cleaned while in place in the vehicle if possible. If not, please consult your Volvo dealer.

With the child seat on the booster cushion the hip section of the three-point seat belt must fit snugly across the child's hips, not across the stomach. The head restraint should also be properly adjusted to the child's height.

Press control A to fold the booster cushion up when it is not in use.

pg. 3:9 Child safety (cont.)

Child safety

Volvo recommends the proper use of restraint systems for all occupants including children. Remember that, regardless of age and size, a child should always be properly restrained in a car.

Restraint systems for children are designed to be secured in the vehicle by lap belts or the lap portion of a lap-shoulder belt. Such child restraint systems can help protect children in cars in the event of an accident only if they are used properly. However, children could be endangered in a crash if the child restraints are not properly secured in the vehicle. Failure to follow the installation instructions for your

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child restraint can result in your child striking the vehicle's interior in a sudden stop.

Holding a child in your arms is NOT a suitable substitute for a child restraint system. In an accident, a child held in a person's arms can be crushed between the vehicle's interior and an unrestrained person. The child could also be injured by striking the interior, or by being ejected from the vehicle during a sudden maneuver or impact. The same can also happen if the infant or child rides unrestrained on the seat.

Other occupants should also be properly restrained to help reduce the chance of injuries or increasing the injury of a child. All states and provinces have legislation governing how and where children should be carried in car. Find out the regulations existing in your state or province. Recent accident statistics have shown that children are safer in rear seating positions than front seating positions when properly restrained. A child restraint system can help protect a child in a vehicle. Here's what to look for when selecting a child restraint system:

It should have a label certifying that it meets applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS 213-80) - or in Canada, CMVSS 213.

Make sure the child restraint system is approved for the child's height, weight and development - the label required by the standard or regulation, or instructions for infant restraints, typically provide this information.

In using any child restraint system, we urge you to look carefully over the instructions that are provided with the restraint.

Be sure you understand them and can use the device properly and safely in this vehicle. A misused child restraint system can result in increased injuries for both the infant or child and other occupants in the vehicle.

If your child restraint requires a top tether strap, consult your authorized Volvo dealer for top tether anchorage and installation information.

When a child has outgrown the child safety seat, you should use the rear seat with the standard seat belt fastened. The best way to help protect the child here is to place the child on a cushion so that the seat belt is properly located on the hips. See page 3:8. A specially designed and tested safety cushion for this purpose can be obtained from your Volvo dealer.

pg. 3:10 Occupant safety

Seat belt maintenance

Check periodically that the anchor bolts are secure and that the belts are in good condition. Use water and a mild detergent for cleaning. Check seat belt mechanism function as follows:

Attach the seat belt. Pull rapidly on the strap.

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WARNING! Check other traffic before performing the following check.

Brake firmly from approximately 30 mph (50 km/h) or turn in a tight circle while pulling on the belt. In the above checks you should not be able to pull the belt out.

Volvo Concern for Safety

Safety is the cornerstone for Volvo. Our concern dates back to 1927 when the first Volvo rolled off the production line. Three-point seat belts, safety cages, and crumple zones were designed into Volvo cars long before it was fashionable or required by government regulation. We will not compromise our commitment to safety. We continue to seek out new safety features and to refine those already in our cars. You can help. We would appreciate hearing your suggestions about improving automobile safety. We also want to know if you ever have a safety concern with your car.

Thank you.

Occupant safety

How safely you drive doesn't depend on how old you are but rather on:

how well you see

your ability to concentrate

how quickly you make decisions under stress to avoid an accident.

The tips listed below are suggestions to help you cope with the ever changing traffic environment.

Never drink and drive.

If you are taking any medication, consult your physician about its potential effects on your driving abilities.

Take a driver-retraining course

Have your eyes checked regularly.

Keep your windshield and headlamps clean.

Replace wiper blades when they start to leave streaks.

Take into account the traffic, road, and weather conditions, particularly with regard to stopping distance.

Reporting Safety Defects in the U.S.

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Volvo Cars of North America. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or Volvo Cars of North America. To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHSTA, U.S.

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Department of Transportation, Washington D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.

Contents | Top of Page

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Starting and Driving

pg. 4:1 Starting and driving

Starting and driving

This section on starting and driving contains items such as starting the engine, operating gear selector, towing, trailers.

4:2 Break-in period

4:2 Fuel requirements, Octane rating

4:4 Driving economy

4:5 Starting the engine

4:6 Manual transmission

4:7 Automatic Transmission

4:9 Points to remember

4:12 Emergency towing

4:13 Vehicle Towing Information

4:14 Starting with an auxiliary battery (jump starting)

4:15 Three-way catalytic converter

4:16 Brake system, ABS

4:17 Trailer towing

4:18 Winter driving

4:19 Long distance trips, City driving

4:20 Vehicle storage

pg. 4:2 Break-in period, Fuel requirements

A new car should be broken-in

Refrain from utilizing your car's full driving potential during the first 1,200 miles (2,000 km) including the "kick-down" function (automatic transmission).

NOTE - ENGINE OIL:

Although some oil consumption occurs during normal engine operation, more oil is consumed when the engine is new as the internal parts generate higher friction while wearing-in to each other. From the time

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the engine is new until the first service is performed, the oil consumption could be higher than normal. For this reason, it is especially important to check the oil every time you refuel your car during this period. See page 8:10.

In general, the rate of oil consumption depends on such factors as: engine temperature, length of trip, driving conditions, oil viscosity and quality, engine speed and acceleration/deceleration.

Checking your engine oil level each time the car is refuelled is one of the most important items you can perform to help keep your car in good running order.

Manual transmission

The following speeds should not be exceeded during the break-in period:

 

Up to 600 miles

600 - 1,200 miles

 

(1000 km)

(1000 - 2000 km)

1st gear

20 mph (30 km/h)

25 mph (40 km/h)

2nd gear

30 mph (50 km/h)

40 mph (70 km/h)

3rd gear

45 mph (80 km/h)

65 mph (100 km/

h)

 

 

4th gear

70 mph (110 km/

80 mph (130 km/

h)

h)

 

5th gear/

80 mph (130 km/

95 mph (150 km/

overdrive

h)

h)

Posted speed limits should not be exceeded.

Breaking-in parking brake (hand brake)

To obtain the best parking brake performance, the brake linings should be broken-in. Stop 5-7 times from 30 mph (50 km/h) with the transmission in neutral, applying the parking brake with the release button pressed in during the stop.

The force must not lock the rear wheels. If this happens, release the brake enough to let the wheels rotate. Drive a mile (1.6 km) between each stop to cool the brakes. Check for proper parking brake operation.

WARNING! The brake lights are not illuminated when applying the parking brake. To warn traffic from behind it is therefore advisable to depress the brake pedal to illuminate the brake lights.

Deposit control gasoline

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Volvo recommends the use of gasoline containing deposit control additives. These additives have shown to be efficient in keeping injectors and intake valves clean. Consistent use of deposit control gasolines will help ensure good driveability and fuel economy. If you are not sure whether the gasoline contains deposit control additives, check with the service station operator.

pg. 4:3 Fuel requirements, Refueling

Unleaded Fuel

Each Volvo has a three-way catalytic converter and must use only unleaded gasoline (as specified on the instrument panel and by a label near the filler inlet). U.S. and Canadian regulations require that pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be labelled "UNLEADED". Only these pumps have nozzles which fit your car's filler inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a vehicle labelled "unleaded gasoline only". Leaded gasoline damages the three-way catalytic converter and the heated oxygen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded gasoline will lessen the effectiveness of the emission control system and could result in loss of emission warranty coverage. State and local vehicle inspection programs will make detection of misfueling easier, possibly resulting in emission test failure for misfueled vehicles.

Octane Rating

Volvo engines are designed for optimum performance on unleaded premium gasoline with an octane rating, AKI of 91, or above. AKI (ANTI KNOCK INDEX) is an average of the Research Octane Number, RON, and the Motor Octane Number, MON, (RON + MON/2).

The minimum octane requirement is AKI 87 (RON 91).

Gasoline Containing Alcohol and Ethers

"Oxygenated fuels"

Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing "oxygenates" which are usually alcohols or ethers. In some areas, state or local laws require that the service pump be marked indicating use of alcohol or ethers. However, there are areas in which the pumps are unmarked. If you are not sure whether there is alcohol or ethers in the gasoline you buy, check with the service station operator. To meet seasonal air quality restrictions, some states require the use of "oxygenated" fuel in certain areas. Volvo allows the use of the following "oxygenated" fuels; however, the octane ratings listed on this page must still be met.

Alcohol -- Ethanol

Fuels containing up to 10% ethanol by volume may be used. Ethanol may also be referred to as Ethyl alcohol, or "Gasohol".

Ethers -- MTBE

Fuels containing up to 15% MTBE may be used.

Refueling

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1993 Volvo 850 GLT

The fuel tank filler cap is located behind the door on the left rear fender. Open cap slowly during hot weather conditions.

When filling, position the cap in the special bracket on the door. After filling the tank, install the cap and turn until a "click" is heard. The fuel tank is designed to hold approximately 19.3 US gals (73 liters) with sufficient volume left over to accommodate possible expansion of the fuel in hot weather. The "usable" tank capacity will be somewhat less than the specified maximum. When the fuel level is low, such factors as ambient temperature, the fuel's "vapor pressure" characteristics, and terrain can affect the fuel pumps' ability to supply the engine with an adequate supply of fuel. Therefore, it is advisable to refuel as soon as possible when the needle nears the red zone, or when the fuel warning light comes on.

CAUTION: Take care not to spill gasoline during refueling. Gasolines containing alcohol can cause damage to painted surfaces, which may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty or Corrosion Protection Warranty. Do not use gasolines containing methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice can result in vehicle performance deterioration and can damage critical parts in the fuel system. Such damage may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.

pg. 4:4 Driving economy

Economical driving does not necessarily mean driving slowly

Better driving economy may be obtained by thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and stops and adjusting the speed of your vehicle to immediate traffic conditions. Observe the following rules:

Bring the engine to normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on the accelerator pedal for the first few minutes of operation. A cold engine uses more fuel and is subject to increased wear.

Whenever possible, avoid using the car for driving short distances. This does not allow the engine to reach normal operating temperature.

Drive carefully and avoid rapid acceleration and hard braking.

Do not exceed the speed limit.

Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra load) in the car.

Check tire pressure regularly (check when tires are cold).

Remove snow tires when the threat of snow or ice has ended.

Note that roof racks, ski racks, etc., increase air resistance and thereby fuel consumption.

Avoid using the automatic transmission kick-down feature unless necessary.

Avoid using the air conditioning when it is not required. When engaged, the air conditioner's compressor places an additional load on the engine.

Other factors which decrease gas mileage are: Low tire pressure

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1993 Volvo 850 GLT

Worn or dirty spark plugs

Incorrect spark plug gap

Dirty air cleaner

Dirty engine oil and clogged oil filter

Dragging brakes

incorrect front end alignment

Some of the above mentioned items and others are checked at the standard Maintenance Service intervals.

NOTE: ( D )rive or 5th gear (manual transmissions) should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy.

Engine warm-up

Engines in vehicles driven short distances are subject to abnormally rapid wear because the engine never reaches normal operating temperature. It is advisable to try to reach normal operating temperature as soon as possible. This is best achieved by driving with a light foot on the accelerator pedal for a few minutes after starting, rather than prolonged idling.

pg. 4:5 Starting the engine

Starting and stopping

1 Fasten the seat belt.

WARNING! Before starting, check that the seat is adjusted properly. Make sure the brake pedal can be depressed completely. Move the seat closer if necessary. Refer to section "Front seats".

2 Apply the parking brake, if not already set. The gear selector ( automatic transmission ) is locked in the ( P )ark position ( SHIFT LOCK ).

3 Without touching the accelerator pedal , (depress the clutch pedal - manual transmission), turn the ignition key to the starting position. Allow the starter to operate for up to 5 seconds. Release the key as soon as the engine starts. If the engine fails to start, repeat step 3.

For cold starts at altitudes above 6000 ft (1800 m), depress the accelerator pedal halfway and turn the key to the starting position. Release the accelerator pedal slowly when the engine starts.

4 To release the gear selector from the (P)ark position (automatic transmission) the ignition key must be in position II and the brake pedal must be depressed.

See page 6:18 for instructions on manually releasing the SHIFTLOCK system.

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1993 Volvo 850 GLT

Do not race a cold engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubricating points fast enough to prevent engine damage.

NOTE: (Automatic transmission only)

Your car is equipped with a KEYLOCK system.

- When the engine is switched off, the gear selector must be in the ( P )ark position before the starting key can be removed from the ignition switch.

5 Select the desired gear. The gear engages after a slight delay (automatic transmission) which is especially noticeable when selecting R.

CAUTION: (Automatic transmission only) The engine should be idling; never accelerate until after you feel the gear engage! Too-rapid acceleration immediately after selecting a gear will cause harsh engagement and premature transmission wear.

6 Release the brakes and accelerate.

To stop the car, release the accelerator pedal (depress the clutch - manual transmission) and apply the brakes.

NOTE: Selecting P or N (automatic transmission) when idling at a standstill for prolonged periods of time will help prevent overheating of transmission oil.

WARNING! Always place the gear selector (automatic transmission) in Park and apply the parking brake before leaving the vehicle. Never leave the car unattended with the engine running.

Always open the garage doors fully before starting the engine inside a garage to ensure adequate ventilation. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is invisible and odorless but very poisonous.

B 5254 S (5-cylinder engine)

This engine features hydraulic valve lifters which means that valve clearance is adjusted automatically. It is possible that the valve lifters will produce a ticking sound for the first few seconds after the engine is started, while the oil pressure is increasing.

If the car has not been used for a long period of time, this ticking sound may last for up to 15 minutes. This is entirely normal.

Do not exceed 3000 rpm until the ticking sound disappears.

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1993 Volvo 850 GLT

pg. 4:6 Manual transmission

Shift positions

Depress the clutch pedal completely when changing gears. Remove your foot from the clutch pedal while driving.

Overdrive (5th gear) should be used as often as possible to help improve fuel economy. This gear can be engaged at speeds above approx. 50 mph (80 km/h).

Engaging reverse gear

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1993 Volvo 850 GLT

The gear lever must first be moved to neutral in order to engage reverse gear.

CAUTION: Be careful that you do not inadvertently engage reverse while moving forward.

Contents | Top of Page

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1993 Volvo 850 GLT

pg. 4:15 Three-way catalytic converter

A - heated oxygen sensor, B - ceramic core, C - insulation

Three-way catalytic converter cautions

Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain engine malfunctions, particularly involving the electrical, fuel or distributor ignition systems, may cause unusually high three-way catalytic converter temperatures. Do not continue to operate your vehicle if you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss of power or other unusual operating conditions, such as engine overheating. A properly tuned engine will help avoid malfunction that could damage the three-way catalytic converter.

Remember that tampering or unauthorized modification to the engine or the vehicle may be illegal and can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating. This includes:

- Altering fuel injection settings or components. Adjusting distributor ignition timing beyond specified limits.

- Altering emission system components or location or removing components - Repeated use of leaded fuel.

Do not park your car over combustible materials, such as grass or leaves, which can come into contact with the hot exhaust system and cause such materials to ignite under certain wind and weather conditions.

Excessive starter cranking (in excess of one minute), with an intermittently firing or flooded engine, can cause three-way catalytic converter or exhaust system overheating.

NOTE: Unleaded fuel is required for cars with three-way catalytic converters. A label on the instrument panel and inside fuel tank filler door will remind owners and filling station attendants of this requirement.

Important! It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into any vehicle labeled "unleaded gasoline only".

pg. 4:16 Brake system

Brake circuit malfunction

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1993 Volvo 850 GLT

If one of the brake circuits should malfunction, the red warning light will come on, the pedal stroke increases slightly, the pedal feels softer and extra pressure is required for normal braking. If the light comes on while driving or braking, stop immediately and check the brake fluid level in the reservoir.

WARNING! If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir: DO NOT DRIVE. Tow the car to a Volvo dealer and have the brake system checked and repaired.

Anti-lock Brake System ABS

If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will however function) and the vehicle should be driven to a Volvo dealer for inspection. The Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) helps to improve vehicle control (stopping and steering) during severe braking conditions by limiting brake lock-up. When the system "senses" impending lock-up, braking pressure is automatically modulated in order to help prevent lock-up, which could lead to a skid.

The system performs a self-diagnostic test when the vehicle is started and at 20 mph (30 km/h). The brake pedal will pulsate several times and a sound may be audible from the ABS control module. This is normal.

To obtain optimal effect from the ABS system, constant pressure should be kept on the brake pedal while the system is modulating the brakes.

The switching of the ABS modulator will be audible and the brake pedal will pulsate at this time. Please be aware that ABS does not increase the absolute braking potential of the vehicle. While control will be enhanced, ABS will not shorten stopping distances on slippery surfaces.

Moisture on brake discs and brake pads affects braking.

Driving in rain and slush or passing through an automatic car wash can cause water to collect on the brake discs and pads. This will cause a delay in braking effect when the pedal is depressed. To avoid such a delay when the brakes are needed, depress the pedal occasionally when driving through rain, slush etc. This will remove the water from the brakes. Check that brake application feels normal! This should also be done after washing or starting in very damp weather.

Severe strain on the brake system

The brakes will be subject to severe strain when driving in mountains or hilly areas. The speed is usually low which means that the cooling of the brakes is less efficient than when driving on level roads. To reduce the strain on the brakes it is advisable not to use the brakes excessively. Instead, shift into a lower gear, position 3 or in some cases, L (automatic transmission) and let the engine help with the braking. Do not forget that, if you are towing a trailer, the brakes will be subjected to greater load than is normal.

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1993 Volvo 850 GLT

If the brake power-assist does function:

The power assist to the brakes functions only when the engine is running. When the car is moving without the engine running, the brake pedal pressure required to stop the car is increased by 3-4 times. The brake pedal feels stiff and hard.

pg. 4:17 Trailer towing

When preparing for trailer towing, observe the following:

Use a trailer which meets Federal Safety Standards for rear end collisions (FMVSS 301-75). For trailer weights exceeding 2000 lbs. (908 kg), use only a trailer hitch offered as a Genuine Volvo accessory.

NOTE: Models with automatic transmission are equipped with a transmission oil cooler as standard equipment. This cooler helps prevent overheating of the transmission during times of increased load, as when towing a trailer.

Maximum trailer weight recommended by Volvo is: Trailers without brakes : 1540 lbs (700kg)

Trailers with brakes: 2" (50 mm) ball - 3300 lbs (1500 kg), 1 7/8" (47 mm) ball - 2000 lbs (900 kg).

Observe the legal requirements of the state/province in which the vehicles are registered.

WARNING! Bumper-attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should safety chains be attached to the bumper. Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must not be used.

WARNING! Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo dealer for correct installation.

All Volvo models are equipped with energy-absorbing shock-mounted bumpers. Trailer hitch installation should not interfere with the proper operation of this bumper system.

Trailer towing does not normally present any particular problems, but take into consideration: The rear suspension can be equipped with "Nivomat", an automatic levelling system which

compensates for load variations. The system operates when the vehicle is in motion. The rear of the vehicle will however droop if for instance you are carrying a lot of luggage in the trunk or if the vehicle is hitched to a trailer. However, as soon as you start driving, the "Nivomat" system will raise the rear of

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1993 Volvo 850 GLT

the vehicle to the most suitable level.

Recommended hitch tongue load is 110 (50 kgs) for trailer weights below 2,650 lbs (1,200 kgs) and 165 lbs (75 kgs) for trailer weights above 2,650 lbs (1,200 kgs).

For trailer weights between 2,650-3,300 lbs (1,200-1,500 kgs) a top speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) should never be exceeded.

Increase tire pressure to recommended full See section "Wheels and load pressure. tires".

Engine and transmission are subject to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should be closely watched when driving in hot climates or hilly terrain. Use a lower gear and turn off the air conditioner if the temperature gauge pointer enters the red range.

Avoid overload and other abusive operation.

Hauling a trailer affects handling, durability, and economy.

It is necessary to balance trailer brakes with the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop (check and observe State/Local regulations).

Do not connect the trailer's brake system directly to the vehicle's brake system.

More frequent vehicle maintenance is required.

Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when the hitch is not being used.

Volvo recommends the use of synthetic engine oil when towing a trailer over long distances or in mountainous areas.

NOTE: Refer to section "Automatic transmission" for additional trailer hauling tips.

pg. 4:18 Winter driving

Cold weather precautions

If you wish to check your car before the approach of cold weather, the following advice is worth noting:

Make sure that the engine coolant contains at least 50 percent antifreeze: that is, 5.3 qts. (5 liters) Volvo Genuine Coolant/Antifreeze. This gives protection against freezing down to -31°F (-35°C). See section "Coolant". The use of "recycled" antifreeze is not approved by Volvo. Different types of antifreeze may not be mixed.

Try to keep the fuel tank well filled - this prevents the formation of condensation in the tank. In addition, in extremely cold weather conditions it is worthwhile to add fuel line de-icer before refueling.

The viscosity of the engine oil is important. Oil with low viscosity (thinner oil) improves coldweather starting as well as decreasing fuel consumption while the engine is warming up. For winter use, 5W-30 oil, particularly the synthetic type, is recommended. Be sure to use good quality oil but do not use this cold-weather oil for hard driving or in warm weather. See section "Engine oil" for more information.

The load placed on the battery is greater during the winter since the windshield wipers, lighting, etc. are used more often. Moreover, the capacity of the battery decreases as the temperature drops. In very cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and be damaged. It is therefore advisable to check the state of charge more frequently and spray an anti-rust oil on the battery posts.

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1993 Volvo 850 GLT

To prevent the washer fluid reservoir from freezing, add washer solvents containing antifreeze. This is important since the dirt is often splashed on the windshield during winter driving, thus requiring frequent use of the washers and wipers. The Volvo Washer Solvent should be diluted as follows: Down to 14°F (-10°C): 1 part anti-freeze and 4 parts water Down to 5°F (-15°C): 1 part anti-freeze and 3 parts water Down to 0°F (-18°C): 1 part anti-freeze and 2 parts water Down to -18°F (-28°): 1 part anti-freeze and 1 part water

Use Volvo Teflon lock spray or grease in the locks.

NOTE: Avoid the use of de-icing sprays as they can cause damage to the locks.

pg. 4:19 Long distance trips, City driving

Before a long distance trip

It is always worthwhile to have your car checked at a Volvo dealer before driving long distances. Your dealer will also be able to supply you with bulbs, fuses, spark plugs and wiper blades for your use in the event that problems occur.

If you prefer to check the car yourself, please note the following:

Check that the engine runs smoothly and that fuel consumption is normal.

Check engine oil, coolant levels, and for possible fuel leakage.

Check transmission oil level.

Check condition of drive belts.

Check state of charge of battery.

Examine tires carefully (the spare tire as well), and replace those that are worn. Check tire pressures.

The brakes, front wheel alignment, and steering gear should be checked by your Volvo dealer only.

Check all lights, including high beams.

Reflective warning triangles are legal requirement in some countries.

Have a word with your Volvo dealer concerning engine adjustments if you intend to drive in countries where it may be difficult to obtain correct fuel.

Consider your destination. If you will be driving through an area where snow or ice are likely to occur, consider snow tires.

City driving

City driving can be a severe driving condition. Low operating speeds, long periods of idling combined with high operating temperatures. Air conditioning usage, etc. will make more frequent servicing necessary (twice a year or at 5,000 mile ((8,000 km)) intervals).

pg. 4:20 Vehicle storage

If you do not intend to use your car for a long time

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