Volvo 850 User Manual

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Instruments, switches and controls

 

 

 

I

Air vents

Description on page

 

 

 

1:20

 

 

2

Windscreen wash/wipe and headlight wipers

 

1:9, 1:11

 

 

3

Rear foglight

 

1:11

 

 

4

Instrument lighting

 

1:11

 

 

Headlights and parking lights

 

1 :6

 

 

5

Combined instruments

 

1:2-1:5

 

 

6

Direction indicators, main/dipped beam, headlight flash

1 :6

 

 

7

Cruise control (extra equipment)

 

1:19

 

 

Hazard warning flashers

 

1:10

 

 

8

Air mix

 

1:20

 

 

9

Air vents

 

1:20

11

01

Heating and ventilation controls

 

1:20-1:28

Audio

 

1 0:1-10:36

1 2

Ashtray

 

1:17

13

Heated passenger and driver's seats

 

1:16

1 4

Parking brake

 

1:16

1 5

Electrically operated windows

 

1:29

1

 

6

and rear-view mirrors

 

2:2

1

Cigar lighter

 

1:17

1

7

Bonnet release

 

2:22

8

Front foglights (extra equipment)

 

1 : 1 1

1

9

Space for extra equipment

 

-

20

Adjustable steering wheel

 

1:18

21

Ignition and steering wheel lock

 

1:7

22

Space for extra equipment

 

1:10

23

TRACS (extra equipment)

 

24

Electrically operated sun roof (extra equipment)

 

2:4

25

Trip computer controls (extra equipment)

 

1:13

26

Electrically heated rear window and rear-view mirrors

1 : 1 0

27

Horn/SRS (Airbag)

 

2:16-2:21

28

SRS (Airbag)

 

2:16-2:21

Instruments and controls

1:1

Instruments

1 Fuel gauge

The fuel tank holds approximately 73 litres. If the warning light on the instrument panel comes on, approx. 8 litres of fuel remain in the tank.

2 Boost pressure gauge

(850 turbo only)

The boost pressure gauge is divided into two sections - one black and one white. With the needle in the black section the engine acts as a naturally aspirated engine - without

the turbocharger. To make driving more economical, keep the needle in this section as much as possible. With the needle in the white section the turbocharger is engaged.

1:2

3 Temperature gauge

Indicates the temperature of the coolant in the engine. If the pointer repeatedly enters the red sector, or if it remains there, you should immediately check the coolant level. Also check the coolant level if the warning light comes on; see 7:10. Refer to 3:9 for additional information about the cooling system.

4 Resetting the tripmeter

Press the button to reset the meter.

5 Clock, ambient temperature gauge (Trip computer - extra equipment)

6 Speedometer

7 Odometer

8 Tripmeter

The tripmeter is used to measure short driving stretches. The digit on the right indicates

1/10 mile/km. If the digit on the tripmeter is red, this is an indication that the speedometer and tripmeter have been replaced. The date and mileage at the time of replacement are recorded in the Service Record booklet.

9 Tachometer

Indicates engine speed in thousands of revolutions per minute. The needle should never be in the solid red section.

For information on the highest permitted constant engine speed, refer to page 8:9.

Instruments

1 Direction indicator, left

2 Direction indicator, right

3 Not connected

4 Low washer fluid level

If the lamp comes on, there is only 1/2 litre fluid in the reservoir.

5 Low fuel level

When the lamp comes on, only about 8 litres of fuel remain

6 Rear fog lamp on

7 Main beam

8 Not connected

9 Bulb failure warning light

1 0 Bulb failure warning light, trailer (Germany)

11 Not connected

1 2 Fault in SRS (Airbag) system (extra equipment)

1 3 Battery charge failure

14 Low oil pressure

1 5 Brake circuit failure

1 6 Parking brake applied

1 7 ABS (anti-lock brakes) malfunction

1 8 Automatic transmission Position W, 3 or L engaged

19 Low coolant level

20 TRACS failure (extra equipment)

21 Fault in the engine electronic system

22 Service reminder (certain models)

1:3

Parking brake engaged
The parking brake, which is separate from the service or foot-operated brake, is not applied during normal braking. For this reason, it is not cleaned automatically. We therefore recommend that you use the parking brake regularly to keep it clean.
Bulb failure warning light
Lights up if any of the following bulbs fail: Dipped beam
Tail lights
Rear parking lights
Brake lights (if the light glows when the brake pedal is depressed).
Check the fuse and the bulb.

Control and warningThe warningli lights described here should never be on while driving

However, all the warning lights should light up when the ignition key is turned on and before the engine actually starts. This allows you to check that the bulbs are in working order. Once the engine starts, all the bulbs except for the parking brake reminder light, should turn off. The parking brake light will turn off once the parking brake is disengaged.

Brake circuit failure

If this light comes on while driving or braking, the fluid level in the brake fluid reservoir is too low. Stop immediately and check the level

in the reservoir (see the back cover of the manual for its location).

If the fluid level is under MIN in any part of the reservoir, do not drive any further; have the car towed to a workshop to be checked and repaired!

Fault in the engine electronic system

If this light stays on after the engine has started, a fault has been detected in the engine's fuel or ignition system. This could mean that the engine does not meet exhaust regulations. Have your car checked by a Volvo workshop.

Low oil pressure

If this light comes on when the engine is running, the oil pressure is too low. Switch off the engine immediately and check the oil level; see 7:6.

After hard driving, the light will come on occasionally when the engine is idling. This is normal provided it goes off again when the engine speed increases.

Battery charge failure

The warning light comes on when the alternator is not charging the battery. If the lamp comes on while driving, there is either a fault in the electrical system or the drive belt is slack.

Note! If the drive belt snaps, or if the belt tensioner is broken so that the alternator cannot charge the battery, this light and warning lights 4, 9. 15, 16 and 19 will come on.

1:4

Fault in SRS (Airbag) system (extra equipment)
If this light remains lit or if it lights up while driving, this indicates that the Air bag's diagnostic system has discovered a fault. Drive immediately to a Volvo workshop to have it checked.
See 2:16-2:21 for more information about the Airbag.
ABS - Anti-Lock Braking system
ABS prevents the wheels from locking during severe braking. If the warning light comes on this is an indication that the ABS system is not functioning, although the standard braking system will continue to operate as normal. Drive to a Volvo dealer to have the system checked.
See 3:12 for more information about ABS brakes.

The warning lights described here should never be on while driving (cont'd).

Low coolant level

If this light comes on while driving, the coolant level is too low. Stop the engine and check the coolant level in the expansion tank; see 7:10.

Automatic transmission

If the warning light starts flashing, this

i ndicates a fault in the automatic transmission. Contact your Volvo dealer.

This light comes on when position W is engaged or gear 3 or L is selected.

Controllightsand warning lights

Direction indicators, trailer (Germany)

If a trailer is being towed, this light will flash at the same time as the direction indicator light flashes. If it does not flash then a bulb has failed in either the trailer or the car.

Service reminder (certain models)

If this light comes on, it is time to have your car serviced. Three factors determine when the light is activated: mileage, total hours of engine operation or time in months. The actual values are pre-programmed at the factory. The light is reset by your Volvo dealer when the car is serviced. The light always remains lit for two minutes whenever the ignition is turned on.

TRACS failure (extra equipment)

If the TRACS (TRAction Control System) malfunctions the warning light will come on. It also comes on when the brakes overheat, and goes out again when normal temperature level is reached.

Contact your Volvo dealer.

Read more about TRACS on page 1:10.

1:5

Headlights

Ignition and steering wheel lock

If it is difficult to turn the key, this is because the front wheels are positioned so that they exert pressure on the lock. To release the pressure, turn the steering wheel a little from left to right at the same time as you turn the ignition key. Lock the steering wheel before leaving the car as anti-theft precaution.

WARNING!

The ignition key should never be removed from the lock while driving or while the car is being towed.

Ignition lock steering wheel lock

Lock position

The steering wheel is locked when the ignition key is withdrawn from the lock.

Intermediate position "Radio"

Certain electrical components (e.g. heater fan, cigar lighter, radio) can now be operated. The ignition system is switched off.

Drive

Key position during driving. The entire electrical system is switched on.

Start position

The starter motor is engaged. Release the key as soon as the engine starts. The key automatically springs back to the engine-running position.

1: 7

Direction indicators

Direction indicators, main beam/dipped beam and headlight "flasher"

1 "Lane changing"

Light pressure upwards or downwards to indicate slight directional changes (lane change, overtaking). The lever will return to the neutral position when released.

2 Normal turns

3 Headlight flasher (headlights off)

Pull the lever towards the steering wheel. The main beam remains on until the lever is released.

3Main beam/dipped beam switch (headlights on)

Pull the lever towards the steering wheel, past the headlight flasher position, and release it. The headlight will switch between main and dipped beam.

A blown direction indicator bulb will cause the indicator light to flash more rapidly than usual.

1:8

Windscreen wipers

Windscreen wash/wipe, headlight wash/wipe

1 Intermittent wiping

Useful when driving in mist or light rain. The wipers make one sweep every six seconds.

2 Slightly depress the lever

The wipers return to the park position when the lever is released. Especially useful in light rain.

3Windscreen wipers, normal speed

4Windscreen wipers, high speed

5Windscreen wash/wipe + headlight wash/wipe

The washers are operated in this position and the windscreen wipers make 2 or 3 sweeps after the lever is released. The headlight washers operate together with the windscreen washers.

1:9

Trip computer, sun roof, hazard warning flashers, heated rear window/mirrors

Hazard warning flashers

All four exterior direction indicators flash when the switch is activated. Use it to inform other road users of an obstruction or hazard caused by your own vehicle.

Note: Regulations concerning the use of hazard warning flashers vary from country to country.

Heated rear window Heated rear-view mirrors (extra equipment)

Use the heated rear window and heated rear-view mirrors for demisting and defrosting. Press once on the switch to start heating of the rear window and rear-view mirrors simultaneously. The orange indicator lamp in the switch lights up when it is activated. A built-in timer automatically switches off heating of the rear window and rear-view mirrors after about 12 minutes. The indicator light switches off at the same time. Press the switch once more while the

i ndicator light is on to switch off all heating. Press the switch again after the indicator light goes off to restart the heating process.

Trip computer control (extra equipment)

Rotate the control to obtain the desired trip computer function. See 1: 13.

Electrically operated sun roof (extra equipment)

See 2:4 for instructions about opening and closing.

TRACS (extra equipment)

Your car can be equipped with TRACS (TRAction Control System) as an optional extra, this is an automatic aid to starting on slippery road surfaces and operates via the ABS system.

The TRAMS function is engaged manually using a switch on the dashboard. When switched on TRACS engages automatically at speeds below 25 mph (40 km/h) when one of the drive wheels has no grip. It disengages automatically when speed exceeds 25 mph (40 km/h). The sound which can be heard when the system is operating comes from the ABS system, see 3:12.

1: 1 0

Foglights, instrument illumination, rear window wash/wipe

Instrument illumination

Slide the control to the right - stronger illumination

Slide the control to the left - weaker illumination.

Instrument illumination is switched on in positions

Rear foglight

The rear foglight shines far more intensively than the standard rear light; it is used when driving in extremely poor visibility. The rear foglight operates in combination with the main/dipped beam.

Front foglights (extra equipment)

The front foglights operate in combination with the parking light, dipped and main beam.

Beam height adjustment (Certain markets)

The system consists of a motor on each headlight and one switch on the dashboard.

This switch makes it possible to adapt the height of the headlight beam to different loads. The height of the beam can only be adjusted when the headlights are turned on. The correct levels for different loads are shown in the table on the right.

Note: Check that the setting is 0 for normal load conditions.

Note: The rules governing the use of front and rear foglights vary from country to country.

Settings

sedan

estate

Load

Driver

0

0

Driver and I passenger

0

0

Driver and 4 passengers

2(0)

1(0)

5 people + load (95 kg)

3(0)

2(0)

Driver + Max load (270 kg)

4(2)

4(2)

( ) Cars with Nivomat.

 

 

Rear window wash/wipe

The rear window wash/wipe is operated using the switches on the windscreen wiper lever.

1 Rear window wiper, normal speed

2 Intermittent wiping

The rear wiper makes one sweep every ten seconds.

3 Rear window wash

The wiper operates together with the washer spray when you press this button.

After the button is released the wiper makes 2 or 3 more sweeps.

1: 1 1

Clock, ambient temperature gauge

Clock

Clock and ambient temperature gauge (certain models)

Resetting the clock

The digital clock can be reset by pressing one of the two buttons (A and B) with a sharp object such as the tip of a pen.

h=hours

m=minutes

Maintain the pressure on the buttons for more than four seconds to change the time more quickly. This does not apply to models which only have a clock.

Ambient temperature gauge (certain models)

Indicates the temperature slightly above the road surface while driving. A red warning light (C) comes on when the temperature is in the +2 ° C to -5'C range.

Note! At low speeds or when the vehicle is stationary the ambient temperature displayed may be too high because of the heat from the engine.

Choice of presentation

If buttons A and B are pressed in simultaneously, it is possible to shift between four different presentation methods, as follows:

Press 1st time: 12 hour display and T Press 2nd time: 24 hour display and ° F Press 3rd time: 12 hour display and ° C Press 4th time: 24 hour display and ° C

1: 1 2

Trip computer

Trip computer

Volvo's trip computer receives a considerable

amount of information which is processed on

a continuous basis by a microprocessor. The

trip computer offers six functions which are

presented in one single display.

The cursor indicates the selected function. The

trip computer's clock is shown permanently in

the left-hand field. Refer to 1: 1 2 for more de-

tailed information.

The following data is displayed by the computer:

Average speed

Current fuel consumption

Average fuel consumption

Ambient temperature

Driving distance on current fuel reserve

Tripmeter

Warning function

The trip computer is equipped with two warning functions: low fuel level and low ambient temperature. In either of these cases, the cursor lights up and, in the case of low ambient temperature, lamp A also lights up.

The relevant value is shown in the display, irrespective of the function selected. In order to return to the selected function, the control should be rotated one step and then back again. Note that the low ambient temperature warning always has the highest priority in the display panel.

Trip computer controls

Select one of the trip computer's six functions by using control B. The Reset button (C) is used to reset the following functions: average speed, average fuel consumption and the trip meter. Rotate the control to the required position and press the button for at least two seconds to reset the selected function.

NOTE: If pressure is maintained on the button for another three seconds, the three resettable functions are reset.

1:13

Trip computer

Average speed

Average speed since the function was last reset. When the ignition is switched off, the average speed is stored in memory and is used as the basis for the new figure when the engine is started once again. Can be set to zero by pressing the reset button on the switch.

Current fuel consumption mpg

Continuous information on current fuel consumption. Calculation of fuel consumption once per second. When the car is at a standstill, the display shows "----".

Average fuel consumption

Average fuel consumption since the function was last reset. When the ignition is switched off, the average fuel consumption figure is stored in memory and remains in memory until it is reset using the reset button on the switch.

1: 1 4

Trip computer

Ambient temperature

Shows the outside temperature just above the road surface while driving. When the temperature is in the +2 °C to -5 °C range, the ambient temperature gauge activates a red lamp.

Note! At low speeds the ambient temperature displayed may be too high because of the heat from the engine.

Tripmeter miles

The distance driven since the function was last reset. This value is stored in memory until it is reset using the reset button on the switch. The trip meter indicates 10 yard intervals for a distance of up to 1 mile.

Driving distance on current fuel reserve miles--> 0

Shows the distance which can be driven on the fuel which remains in the fuel tank, calculated on the basis of the average fuel consumption and the remaining fuel in the tank.

When the quantity of fuel drops to below 8 litres, a warning lamp lights up in the combined instrument and the cursor beside the "Driving Distance on Current Fuel Reserve" symbol is activated.

This takes place irrespective of the function currently selected. When the driving distance on the current fuel reserve is less than 5 miles, the display shows the "----" sign.

1: 1 5

Heated seats front/rear, parking brake

Switches for the heated front seats and heated r ar seat

Heated front seats

Heated rear seat

The seat heating function can be switched

(extra equipment)

on or off using the two switches. The heat

The seat heating function can be switched on

is thermostat-controlled and it cuts out

or off with this switch. Press the switch once

automatically. Switch off the passenger seat

to start heating the seat. When you press the

heater if the seat is empty.

switch again, heating is switched off.

 

The built-in timer will switch off heating

 

automatically after 10 minutes. Switch off the

 

rear seat heater if the seat is empty.

 

Note! Remember to disconnect the electrical

 

connector when removing the rear seat cushion

Parking brakeP ing brake lever

The parking brake lever is located between the front seats. The parking brake operates on the rear wheels. A warning light in the combined instrument panel lights up when the parking brake is engaged. To release the brake, pull the lever upwards slightly, press the button

and ease the lever down. Then release the lever. Always use the parking brake when parking the car to ensure optimal function.

1: 1 6

Ashtrays and cigar lighter

Ashtray

Ashtray

To open ashtray: press lightly on the panel. To empty the ashtray, grip it on the short sides, push in and then pull straight upwards.

Cigar lighter

Cigar lighter

Press in the lighter. When it has become sufficiently hot, after about 6-8 seconds, it will spring back ready for use.

The cigar lighter socket has a 120 W output.

Rear seat ashtray

Rear seat ashtray

To empty the ashtray, pull it out completely, lift up the rear edge and remove.

1: 1 7

Steering wheel adjustment

Depress...

Steering wheel adjustment

The steering wheel can be variably adjusted both vertically and lengthways. Press down the lever to the left of the steering column.

Adjust the steering wheel to the position that suits you. Press the lever up again to lock the wheel.

WARNING!

Check that the steering wheel is locked in position. Do not adjust the steering wheel while driving.

1: 1 8

... to adjust height

... to adjust reach

Engagement

The cruise control switches are located on the direction indicator stalk.

To engage and set the desired speed: 1 Set switch B in the ON position.

2 Accelerate or decelerate to the desired speed.

Note: The cruise control cannot be engaged at speeds below 22 mph (35 km/h).

3 Press the + or - area of the SET button (A) to engage the desired speed.

Reducing speed

The cruise control is automatically disengaged if the brake or clutch pedal is pressed. The previously selected cruise speed is retained in the memory; by momentarily pushing switch B

towards the RESUME setting, that speed will be re-engaged.

Acceleration

Momentary acceleration such as for overtaking does not interrupt cruise control operation. The previous set speed will be maintained without having to set the switch to RESUME.

If the cruise control is already engaged, the cruising speed can be increased or decreased by pressing the SET button (A) towards either + or -. One short activation of the SET button corresponds to a speed change of +/-1 mph (1.6 km/h). The current speed of the vehicle when the button is released will now be programmed.

Cruise control

WARNING!

The cruise control should not be used in heavy traffic or when driving on wet or slippery roads. Note: When driving on hills, the actual vehicle speed may vary slightly from the set cruise control speed.

Disengagement

Set switch (B) to the OFF position or depress the brake or clutch pedal. If the ignition is switched off or the gear selector lever is in position N, the cruise control system will automatically disengage. If the speed decreases to 70% of the set speed the cruise control will automatically disengage. This also occurs if the wheels spin or lock.

Automatic transmission

When the car is driven in hilly terrain, there may be a tendency for the gearbox to hunt between different gears. You can avoid this by manually selecting a lower gear or changing driving mode.

1:19

Heating and ventilation - climate units

To rear seats

The following pages contain a good deal of information about correct use of the climate unit to obtain the best possible results. Air conditioning offers you the possibility of maintaining a cool, pleasant climate inside the car even when it is very hot outside, but remember that the windows and sun roof must be shut when the air conditioning system is on.

Note: The new refrigerant R 134a is included in your air condition- ing unit. This contains no chlorine which means that it is completely harmless to the ozone layer. R 134a contributes only negligibly

to the greenhouse effect. When refilling/replacing refrigerant only R134a should be used. This must be carried out by an authorised Volvo dealer.

Climate unit without air conditioning. See 1:22-1:23.

Climate unit with manual air conditioning. See 1:24-1:25.

Climate unit with automatic air conditioning. See 1:26-1:28.

Air vents

A Shut

Open

C Lateral adjustment

Vertical adjustment

Air mix

The climate unit features an Air mix function which allows the entry of fresh air when the air vents are open (position B).

This allows you to direct cool air to your face at the same time as warm air is directed elsewhere in the car.

For best results, the Air Mix function should be switched off when the central air vents are not being used and when rapid heating of the car is required.

1: 20

Air distribution

Heating and ventilation system without air conditioning

Temperature selector

Passenger's side

Set desired temperature

Function selector

Select desired function The control is infinitely adjustable between the marked settings.

Temperature selector

Driver's side

Set desired temperature

Fan

0 = Off

4 = Highest fan speed

1: 22

Air in the car recirculates, i.e. no fresh air is brought into the

cabin. The control light comes on when this function* is engaged.

*certain models

Function selector

Air through the air vents

Air to the windscreen/windows

Air to the floor and windscreen/

Windows

Air to the floor

A ir to t he floor and air vents

Heating and ventilation system without air conditioning

To obtain maximum heat:

Shut the two middle air vents and the air mix control.

This is the coolest setting:

Air vents open.

Setting for removing mist from the windows:

Shut the two middle air vents and the air mix control.

If it has snowed, brush away the snow from the heating system's air inlet, i.e. the grille under the bonnet.

Bear in mind that a certain amount of air always enters through the air vents in the instrument panel if the vents are open, irrespective of the position of the mode selector.

If you wish to obtain maximum air flow to the floor or windows, shut the air vents.

If the windows mist up, open the two air vents at the sides.

Use this setting* for a few minutes if you wish to exclude exhaust fumes from the cars around you or to obtain heat quickly.

With this setting, no fresh air is brought in from outside the car. Remember not to drive with this function activated for more than 10 or 15 minutes, otherwise you will risk an accumulation of stale air and mist inside the car. Adjust the temperature with the temperature selector.

Windows may mist up when this setting is used in cold or damp weather.

*certain models

1:23

Heating and ventilation system with manual air conditioning

Temperature selector

Passenger's side

Set desired temperature

Fan

0 = Off

Air conditioning off. 4 = Highest fan speed

Function selector

Select desired function The control can be set to any position between the marked settings.

The air in the cabin recirculates, i.e. no fresh outside air is admitted into the cabin. The control light is on when this function is engaged.

Temperature selector

Driver's side

Set desired temperature

Air conditioning engaged. Should normally be engaged; control light comes on to indicate this.

Function selector

Air through the air vents

Air to the windscreen/windows

Air to the floor and windscreen/ windows

Air to the floor

Air to the floor and air vents

1: 24

Shut the two middle air vents and the air mix' control.

Heating and ventilation system with manual air conditioning

To obtain maximum heat:

A few hints:

 

 

Note that a certain amount of air always

The air conditioning system can be used at

enters through the air vents in the instrument

ambient temperatures as low as 0

°

C.

panel if they are open, irrespective of the

 

position of the mode selector.

The fan must be set to at least speed 1 for

To obtain maximum air flow to the floor or

the air conditioning system to function.

windows, shut the air vents. If the windows

mist up, open the two air vents at the sides.

When air conditioning is switched on the

Shut the two middle air vents and the air mix

temperature can be adjusted with the temp-

erature selector.

 

 

control.

Use your air conditioning system regularly

This is the coolest setting:

to maintain it in good condition.

 

 

Use this setting for a few minutes to

Control temperature with the temperature

exclude exhaust fumes from surrounding

control if it gets too cold .

cars or to heat up/cool down interior quickly.

 

With this setting, no fresh air is brought into

 

the car. Remember not to drive with this

 

function activated for more than 10 or 15

 

minutes, otherwise you will risk an accumu-

 

lation of stale air and mist inside the car.

Open the air vents.

Windows may mist up when this setting is

used in cold or damp weather.

 

 

Setting for demisting windows:

Adjust the temperature with the temperature

selector.

 

 

The air conditioning system can be used to

For additional information see page 1:28...

clear mist effectively from the windows

 

 

 

even at low outdoor temperatures.

 

 

 

Move the function selector to position

 

 

 

and turn the air conditioning on.

When the mist has disappeared, set the fan control to speed 2.

1:25

Heating and ventilation system with automatic air conditioning

ECC - Electronic Climate Control panel

Temperature selector

Passenger's side

Set desired temperature

Function selector

Select desired function

The control can be set to any position between the marked settings.

Temperature selector

Driver's side

Set desired temperature

Fan

AUT = air distribution auto- 0=offmatically regulated

Move the knob to the right to increase the fan speed.

REC

The air in the cabin recirculates, i.e. no fresh outside air is admitted into the cabin. The control light is on when this function is engaged.

AC OFF

The air conditioning is disconnected when the button is in the OFF position.

The light is on when the function is disengaged.

Function selector

Air distribution automatically regulated

Air through the air vents

Air to the windows. In this position the air does not recirculate, and the fan runs at maximum speed if the fan switch is in the AUT position.

Air to the floor and windscreen! windows

Air to the floor

Air to the floor and air vents

1:26

ECC
(Electronic Climate Control)
The Climate Control system automatically maintains the desired temperature in the car irrespective of the temperature outside.
The system uses the fastest method available to achieve the desired temperature.
Choosing a higher or lower setting than actually needed will have little effect on the speed of heating/cooling.
The temperatures achieved will not correspond exactly to the settings on the controls since the actual physical temperature takes into account factors such as air speed/humidity and intensivity of sunlight on driver's and passenger side.

Heating and ventilation system with automatic air conditioning

Automatic setting

 

maximum heatin g

Additional information

 

For optimum automatic function, always

 

 

 

 

 

leave air vents at the sides open. A certain

 

 

 

 

 

amount of air always enters through the air

 

 

 

 

 

vents, if they are open, irrespective of the

 

 

 

 

 

position of the function selector. To obtain

 

 

 

 

 

maximum air flow to the floor or windows,

 

 

 

 

 

shut the air vents. If side windows mist up,

 

 

 

 

 

open the two air vents at the sides.

 

 

 

 

 

In cold weather, close the centre air vents to

Set the function selector on

maximum cooling

 

obtain the most comfortable temperature in

AUT

and

the car.

 

 

select temperature. If the driver's side tempe-

Optimum automatic function is obtained

rature selector is set to either max heating or

 

when the air conditioning is engaged.

cooling, the fan will operate at its highest

 

The air conditioning can be used at ambient

speed.

 

 

 

 

temperatures as low as 0 °

C.

Optimum demist

 

 

 

 

Select

AC OFF

when you want to switch

 

 

 

 

off the air conditioning and reduce fuel con-

 

 

 

 

 

sumption.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use your air conditioning regularly to main-

 

 

 

 

tain it in good condition.

 

 

 

 

 

REC

Select this function if you wish to

 

 

 

 

 

prevent unpleasant exhaust fumes entering

 

 

 

 

 

the car for a few minutes. Air will not enter

 

 

 

 

 

the car with the selector at this position. Only

Set the function selector at

 

 

 

 

use this for 10-15 minutes otherwise the air

 

 

 

 

can become stale. When using this function

In this position the air conditioning is engaged

 

in winter or in wet weather, the windows

and the air does not recirculate regardless of

 

may mist up. Recirculation is automatically

the position of the REC

and

AC OFF

 

engaged on cooling in warm weather if the

buttons.

 

 

 

 

fan switch is in the

AUT

position.

 

 

 

 

 

This can also be used for rapid heating/coo-

ling when the fan is manoeuvred manually.

1:27

- Heating and ventilation system with automatic air conditioning

The air conditioning is disengaged when the

Faulty climate unit

General information!

fan switch is set at 0 and the speed of the car

The following lights indicate a fault in the

Leakage of water under the car may be cau-

is less than 30 km/h.

unit:

REC

and

AC OFF.

sed by condensation as a result of climate

 

 

 

 

 

 

The lights flash for 20 seconds when a fault

unit operation in hot weather.

*When driving with the sunroof or windows

occurs. If this fault still exists next time you

 

open, a stable temperature is obtained by

start the car the lights will flash for 20 se-

The air conditioning is momentarily disenga-

setting the fan at 0 and manually controlling

conds again.

 

 

ged when "kick-down" acceleration is used.

the temperature.

Contact your Volvo dealer.

The panel vents may emit some moisture

When the fan is set at 0, the temperature is

 

 

 

 

not controlled automatically, but has to be set

 

 

 

 

when the air conditioning is in use. This is

manually using the temperature selectors.

 

 

 

 

because of high air humidity and high am-

Do not place anything over the solar sensor

 

 

 

 

bient temperature and is quite normal.

 

 

 

 

If it has snowed, brush away the snow from

on the top of the dashboard as this will cause

 

 

 

 

the climate unit to receive incorrect informa-

 

 

 

 

the heating system air inlet, ie. the grille

tion.

 

 

 

 

under the bonnet.

For best results, the Air Mix function should be switched off when the central air vents are not being used.

1:28

1:29

Electrically operated windows (extra equipment)

Left front

Right front

Left rear Right rear

The electrically operated windows are controlled by switches on the centre console.

The window winders will only function if the ignition is turned to the "drive" position. To lower the window, press the rear of the switch; to raise, press the front of the switch.

The electrically operated window on the driver's side has an extra "AUTO" function. Press the switch quickly and the window opens fully this can be interrupted by pressing the switch quickly once again. Note! AUTO is only located on the driver's side.

WARNING!

If you have children in the car, make sure that their fingers are not in the way when you shut the windows.

WARNING!

Electric Windows/Sunroof

Care should be taken when operating the electric windows or sunroof of a car as fingers or hands can become trapped. This is particularly important with young children in the car.

Drivers should also warn passengers to take care.

In models with electric rear windows the isolator switch prevents operation of these windows by rear seat passengers. It is recommended that this is used whenever young children are in the car (see Owner's manual for details).

Never leave the vehicle without removing the ignition key.

Cars equipped with electrically operated windows in the rear doors have a cut-out switch in the centre console to block use of the rear window winders. Always remember to turn off power to the window winders

(by removing the ignition key) if you leave children unattended in the car.

ON

The rear door windows can be raised or lowered with the

respective door switch as well as with the switch on the

OFF

driver's door.

Override position: only the front seat occupants can use the

switches in the centre console to operate the rear windows.

Note: The electrically operated window winders have an overload protector which engages if an object blocks the windows. If this happens, remove the object and wait 20 seconds. The overload protector should then have cooled down and the window winders should function normally.

Body and interior

Body and interior

The seats, seat belts, doors etc. are described on the following pages:

Rear-view mirrors

2:2

Courtesy lights, vanity mirror

2:3

Sun roof

2:4

Front seats

2:6

Seat belts

2:8

Child safety

2:10

Occupant safety Australia

2:14

SRS (Airbag) SIPS bag

2:16

Bonnet

2:22

Doors, locks and keys

2:23

"Deadlock" locking position alarm

2:25

Remote-controlled central locking/

2:26

alarm system

Theft prevention

2:27

Storage space

2:29

Boot, 4-door model

2:30

Boot, 5-door model

2:34

 

2:1

Rear-view mirrors

B=anti-dazzle position

Interior rear-view mirror

A normal position

B anti-dazzle position. Use this position to reduce the glare from headlights behind you.

WARNING!

The mirrors should always be adjusted before driving.

Adjustment, manual door mirror

Manually adjustable

door mirrors

Use the adjustment lever to adjust the position of the door mirror from inside the car.

Switches, electrically operated door mirrors

Electrically adjustable door

mirrors (extra equipment)

The control switches for adjustment of the door mirrors are located in the centre console beside the parking brake lever.

A lateral adjustment B vertical adjustment

Never use ice scrapers made of metal as they can easily scratch the mirror surface. Some car models are fitted with wide-angle door mirrors to eliminate blind spots.

Remember that these mirrors distort angles and distances!

2:2

Courtesy lights, vanity mirror

Roof light

Front courtesy lights

The front courtesy lighting consists of two reading lamps for front seat occupants.

Front and rear reading lamps always lit. Front and rear reading lamps always off. Front and rear reading lamps light up when a door is opened.

Left or right reading lamp lights up if the centre switch is in the position.

Reading lamps, rear seat

Reading lamps, rear seat

There are two reading lamps for the rear seat passengers. These are turned on and off by the switches.

Lamp on if the front switch is in position

Lamp turns on if any door is opened.

The courtesy lights will remain on for 30 seconds after the doors have been shut, but they will be switched off if the ignition is turned on or the doors are locked.

Vanity mirror

Vanity mirror (certain models)

The lamp lights up when the cover is opened.

2:3

Sun roof

Ventilation position

Switch for sun roof operation

Electrically operated sun roof

The sun roof can open as a conventional sun roof or the rear edge can be raised for extra ventilation in the car.

The ignition key must be in the "drive" position to permit operation of the sun roof.

To open the sun roof press on the lower edge of the switch.

To shut the sun roof press on the upper edge of the switch.

To raise the rear of the sun roof (ventilation position): press on the upper edge of the switch. Press on the lower edge to close.

Sun roof

The sun roof also features a manually operated sliding sun visor on the inside of the hatch.

The sun visor automatically slides back somewhat when the ventilation position is selected.

Note: Do not shut the sun visor when the sun roof is in the ventilation position, otherwise you risk damaging the mechanism.

Sun visor

Note: The electrically operated sun roof has an overload protector which engages if an object blocks the hatch.

If this happens, remove the object and wait 20 seconds. The overload protector should then have cooled down and the sun roof will then function normally.

2:4

WARNING!

Electric Windows /Sun roof

Care should be taken when operating the electric windows or sun roof of a car as fingers or hands can become trapped. This is particularly important with young children in the car. Drivers should also warn passengers to take care.

In models with electric rear windows the isolator switch prevents operation of these windows by rear seat passengers.

It is recommended that this is used whenever young children are in the car (see Owner's manual for details).

Never leave the vehicle without removing the ignition key.

Sun roof

Crank for manually operated sun roof

Sun roof

(extra equipment)

The sun roof operates in two ways: firstly, as an ordinary sun roof and secondly, by raising the rear edge to allow extra ventilation in the car.

Operation using the crank: Pull the crank down and turn.

Anti-clockwise = normal sun roof Clockwise = ventilation position

Ventilation position

Sun roof

The crank has a pressure position which denotes when the sun roof is closed. Continue turning the crank through this position to go from normal sun roof to ventilation.

NOTE! For safety reasons the crank should always be folded away when driving!

2:5

Front seats

+ firmer

Lumbar support

- softer Passenger seat does not have adjustable lumbar support.

Angle of backrest

Stepless adjustment of the backrest angle. To simplify adjustment of the backrest angle do not put any pressure on the backrest while it is being adjusted.

Quick release

The passenger seat has a quick forward release mechanism which is used when long loads are carried. See 2:32.

2: 6

WARNING!

Do not adjust the seat while driving.

Height adjustment

The front of the driver's seat can be adjusted to seven different height settings, the rear to nine different height settings.

Adjust the seat to the required height before you start driving.

Lever forwards = adjustment of front edge. Lever backwards = adjustment of rear edge.

The front edge of the passenger seat can be adjusted to seven different height settings.

Fore/aft travel

Adjust the position of the seat before you start driving.

When the bar is lifted, the seat can slide forwards or backwards.

Check that the seat is locked into place every time you change the seat adjustment.

Electrically operated driver and passenger seats (extra equipment)

If your Volvo is equipped with electrically

 

operated seats you can adjust the position of the

following using the two switches:

(A)

Height of the front of the seat

Forward - back

(B)

Height of the back of the seat

(C)

The angle of the backrest

(D)

The ignition key need not be in the ignition when seats are adjusted.

For safety reasons adjustment stops if one of the switches is released.

Memory function

Programming:

Three positions can be stored. When the seat has been adjusted hold in the MEM button and at the same time press button 1.

Further seat positions can be saved in memory using buttons 2 and 3.

Adjustment:

Hold one of the memory buttons 1, 2 or 3 down until the seat stops.

If the memory button is released adjustment will immediately be interrupted for safety reasons.

Front seats

WARNING!

When adjusting the seat, make sure there are no objects in front of or behind it. Also be sure that rear-seat passengers have sufficient room. Children must not play with adjustment switches.

Emergency stop:

If the seat starts moving unintentionally press one of the buttons and it will stop.

Note! Electrically operated front seats have an overload protector which is activated if a seat is blocked by an obstacle. If this happens, wait for about 20 seconds before using the seat again.

2:7

Seat belts

Always use seat belts

A sudden application of the brakes can result ini severe personal injury if you are not wearng a seat belt! Ask all your passengers to use their seat belts. Otherwise, unrestrained passengers in the rear seat will be thrown with immense force against the backs of the front seats, which means that the front seat belts will be subjected to far more strain than they are designed to handle. As a result, all the car's occupants may suffer injury. Do as follows: pull out the belt fairly slowly and lock it in place by inserting the metal tongue into the buckle. A loud "click" will confirm that the belt is latched. The front seat belts are automatically adjusted depending on the height of the seat occupant. If you wish to adjust the belt manually, pull it out about 20 cm and then guide it to the height you feel is most comfortable. In normal conditions, the belt is not locked and you can move in your seat without any restriction whatsoever.

The belt is locked and cannot be extended:

if the belt is pulled too quickly

when braking and accelerating

i f the car leans very sharply at any angle

during hard cornering

To ensure maximum protection, it is important that the belt is adjusted to offer a snug fit against the body.

Adjusting the shoulder belt

Lap belt low on hips

Therefore, remember the following:

do not use fasteners or anything else which

may hinder the belt from sitting snugly

the belt must not be twisted

the lap belt must be positioned low, not

pressing against the abdomen

adjust the fit of the lap belt by pulling the shoulder portion of the belt as illustrated above.

Each belt is only intended for one person! To release the belt: press in the red button on the buckle and allow the belt to retract fully into the holder.

Lap belt low on hips

Pregnant women

Pregnant women should always wear seat belts.

It is very important that care is taken when adjusting the belt to ensure that the lap belt is worn low and snug to prevent any possible pressure on the abdomen. See above.

Note:

Do not recline the backrest too far to the rear. The seat belt is designed to offer protection at normal backrest angles.

2:8

Check the seat belts regularly

Inspect the seat belts periodically for signs of abrasion or wear against sharp edges, and check that the belts are in good general condition.

Use water and a mild synthetic detergent for cleaning soiled seat belts.

Check the locking action of the inertia reel seat belt by:

gripping the belt and jerking it extremely sharply.

The belt should lock and should not be able to be extended.

Note: The use of seat belts is required by law in certain countries.

Seat belts, seat belt tensioners

Seat belt tensioners

The front seats are equipped with mechanical seat belt tensioners. These tensioners are designed to help reduce slack in the seat belts at the moment of impact.

Pyrotechnic tensioner see page 2:17.

Mechanical seat belt tensioner

CAUTION!

If a seat belt has been exposed to considerable strain, for example a collision, then the entire seat belt, i.e. the seat belt including the retracting and locking mechanism plus all anchorage bolts, must be replaced even if it appears undamaged, since its energy absorbing properties will have been affected. The belt should also be replaced if it appears to be very worn or damaged.

Never carry out alterations or repairs to the seat belt - let the Volvo dealer deal with this crucial safety aspect.

WARNING!

The seat belt tensioners must be latched before any work is begun on the seat or seat belt lock. Rotate the red safety knob one quarter of a revolution. It is located just in front of the lock (see illustration B). After the work is completed, rotate the safety knob back one quarter of a revolution (see illustration A) to return it to its active position.

2:9

Child safety

Children should also sit comfortably - and safely!

An adult wearing a seat belt in a Volvo has excellent protection in the event of a collision or other road accident. To give your children

the same degree of protection, we suggest the following concerning the seating of children in cars.

Remember that children, irrespective of age and size, should always wear seat belts. Never place a child in a passenger's lap! The type of child safety equipment and its positioning in the car should be determined with regard to the child's weight. You should use the children's seats and cushions specifically developed by Volvo for Volvo cars.

Note! Many countries have legislation on child seating in cars. Be sure to find

out what specific regulations apply in the various countries in which you plan to drive.

WARNING!

Never install or place a child seat in the front passenger seat in vehicles fitted with SRS (Airbag).

2: 1 0

Placing in the front seat

Children aged up to about 3

Even new-born babies can sit safely in Volvo's child safety seat. This seat is approved for use in the front seat facing rearwards, in combination with a special installation kit and the car's standard 3-point seat belt and in the rear seat's outer and centre positions (for children weighing up to 40 lb, 18 kg).

In order for small children to sit securely in the child seats, an extra lining is available which can easily be placed in the seat.

Placing in the rear seat's outer positions

When fitting the attachments and anchorage straps to the child seat, please take particular care to follow the instructions included with the child seat for maximum safety.

The child seat fixture fits onto the seat's slide rails in the back seat, and in the front seat to the centre console and side members. See installation instructions. (This should be carried out by your Volvo dealer.) Attach the anchorage straps to the eyelets.

For installation in the rear seat, it is also necessary to fit a support to the child seat.

Child safety

Rear seat centre position

Anchor the child seat by threading the anchorage strap through the eyelets on the seat.

Lock the strap into the catch and pull tight. Fasten the seat belt lap and shoulder straps through the hooks on the child seat and pull tight.

NB! When installing the child seat, always take particular care to follow the installation instructions so as to ensure maximum safety.

Childrenboosteragedcushifromn andaboutackrest3 years

upwards

When a child has grown out of the child seat, this seat should be replaced with a booster cushion placed either in the front or rear seat, and secured by the car's standard three-point i nertial reel seat belt, preferably in combination with a backrest. Volvo's own booster cushion, backrest (approved for children weighing between 33 lb, 15 kg and 80 lb, 36 kg) and 3-point seat belt, are all specially designed to offer a high degree of safety. When installing the booster cushion and backrest, it is important to follow carefully the fitting instructions which are provided with the cushion and backrest so as to

Child booster cushion

guarantee maximum safety.

Place the booster cushion and backrest in

the rear seat or front seat.

Seat the child on the cushion, pull the lap belt under the corners of the cushion and the diagonal belt over or under the corners, so that the diagonal belt sits comfortably

and securely across the shoulder.

Insert the seat belt tongue into the lock and tighten the belt so that it sits taut across the child's body.

?:11

Child safety

Attachment of child booster cushion

Check that the belt is positioned correctly across the shoulder and that the lap belt is positioned low so as to offer the best protection. The belt may under no condition touch the child's neck, nor may it be positioned below the child's shoulder. If a backrest is used, the diagonal belt should run freely through the backrest corners.

2:12

Important advice!

When using other makes of child safety equipment, it is important to read the installation instructions which come with these products and follow them closely. Here are a few particularly important points to bear in mind:

*Children's safety restraints with steel frames, or any other design which may rest against the seat belt latch, should not be used as they may unintentionally cause the seat belt latch to open. See left. Volvo has its own child safety restraints which are designed

and tested for use in your Volvo 850.

The child seat should always be positioned

in the way stipulated by the manufacturer. Do not attach the child seat anchorage straps to the seat's fore-and-aft adjustment bar, springs or other rods and members under the seat if these have sharp edges.

*Support the child seat backrest against the

instrument panel.

Do not support the upper section of the child

seat against the windscreen.

Never put a child safety seat in the front passenger seat if the car has an airbag (SRS) on the passenger side.

NB! If you experience any difficulty in installing child safety equipment, please contact the manufacturer of this equipment for further

i nstructions.

Integrated1: 4booster-door, 2: 5cushion-door (extra equipment)

Volvo's own integrated booster cushion in the middle of the rear seat is specially designed to offer an excellent degree of safety. In combination with the standard-fit, three-point seat belt, it is approved for children weighing between 33 lb, 15 kg and 80 lb, 36 kg.

When a child is sitting in this seat, the lap section of the three-point belt must fit snugly across the child's pelvis, not across the stomach. Remember also to adjust the height of the head restraint to suit the position of the child's head.

First fold it up to form an armrest, then fold back into the backrest.

CAUTION!

If the integrated child cushion has been subjected to severe strain, for instance during a collision, the entire child cushion including the seat belt and its anchoring screws must be replaced. Even if the integrated child cushion appears to be undamaged, its protective capability might be impaired. It is also necessary to replace the child cushion if it is very worn or damaged.

Replacement of the cushion must be carried out professionally, since it is crucial to the safety of the passengers that the cushion is properly anchored. Do not perform any replacement, modifications or repairs to the integrated child cushion; such work should be left to an authorised Volvo workshop. If the cushion becomes soiled, clean it in place in the car. If however the cover is so soiled that it has to be removed for cleaning, the above instructions for installation of the cushion apply.

WARNING!

The rear seat centre armrest must not be used as a seat for a child if the Volvo integrated child seat is not installed.

Child safety, centre head restraint

Extra seat

Extra seat (extra equipment,

certain markets)

If all the seats are occupied, a rear-facing extra seat in the boot area of 5-door models can be used. The extra seat is made for two children each weighing a maximum of 84 lb (40 kg) and approximately 60 in (150 cm) tall.

A:Fold up

B:Fold down

WARNING!

Both rear seat backrests must be up when the extra seat is being used.

Vertical adjustment, pull forward and press.

Centre head restraint

The centre head restraint can be adjusted vertically to suit the height of the passenger. Make sure that the height of the centre head restraint is adjusted to the position of the passenger's head (see illustrati on).

2:13

Child Restraint Anchorages (Australia)

Child Restraint Anchorages

To comply with Australian requirements all Volvo cars in the market are fitted with Child Restraint Upper Anchorages for the rear seat.

The reason for this legislation is to provide upper anchorages for the attachment of Child Restraints and facilitate the transfer of Child Restraints from one car to another, since they would have similar upper restraint anchorages fitted as standard.

The three anchorages are located on the parcel shelf and on the rear side of the backrest. Remove the plug covering the anchorage point you want to use.

This can be done with a suitable coin. The plug is removed anti-clockwise. The centre anchor fitting is pre-fitted at the factory (certain models).

Refer to the manufacturers' instructions for securing your child seat.

The anchor fitting to be installed has to be of the type shown in the diagrams above. For correct installation: Note the correct fittings and dimension in the diagrams. It is important to use only the recommended bolt and spacer.

WARNING!

Child Restraint Anchorages are designed to withstand only those loads imposed by correctly fitted Child Restraints. Under no circumstances are they to be used for adult seat belts, harnesses or for attaching other items or equipment to the vehicle.

2:14

Seat belts

To comply with Australian requirements the following additional information should be read in conjunction with the seat belt information.

WARNING!

Seat belts are designed to bear upon the bone structure of the body, and should be worn low across the front of the pelvis or the pelvis, chest and shoulders, as applicable; the lap section of the belt must not be worn across the abdomen.

Seat belts should be adjusted as firmly as possible, consistent with comfort, to provide the protection for which they have been designed. A slack belt will greatly reduce the protection afforded to the wearer.

Care should be taken to avoid contamination of the webbing with polishes, oils and chemicals, and particularly battery acid. Cleaning may safely be carried out using mild soap and water. The belt should be replaced if webbing becomes frayed, contaminated or damaged.

It is essential to replace the entire assembly after it has been worn in a severe impact even if damage to the assembly is not obvious.

Belts should not be worn with straps twisted. Each belt assembly must only be used by one occupant; it is dangerous to put a belt around a child being carried on the occupant's lap.

Seat belts (Australia)

WARNING!

Modifications or additions should not be made to the seat belt adjusting devices, as this could result in them failing to remove slack, or from operating correctly.

2: 1 5

Airbag (SRS) SIPS bag

Airbags are located in the steering wheel, above the glove compartment and in the backrest of the seat.

SRS (Airbag) and SIPS bag

For added safety, some cars are equipped with SRS (Airbag) as a supplement to the standard three-point anchored seat belts. These vehicles have "SRS" embossed on the hub of the steering wheel, and on the dashboard on the passenger side if the car also has an airbag on that side. The letters "SIPS bag" are embossed on the side compartments by the front seats if the vehicle is equipped with SIPS bag. The inflatable airbag is folded into the centre of the steering wheel. On the passenger side it is folded into a compartment above the glove compartment. The SIPS airbags are mounted in the frame of the front seat backrests. The airbag inflates in the event of a serious collision. The angle of impact, speed and nature of the object involved in the collision all play a part in whether the airbag is activated. You can read more about this on page 2:21.

WARNING!The SRS airbag is intended to supplement - not replace - seat belts. The airbag is not deployed when the car is hit from behind, from the side or if it rolls over.

The SIPS bag (side airbag) is intended as a supplement to the existing SIPS system. The airbag is not activated in response to i mpacts from the front or rear of the car, nor if the car overturns. For maximum protection always wear your seat belt.

2: 1 6

The Airbag System

The system consists of a gas generator (1) surrounded by the inflatable airbag (2 and 5). In the event of a sufficiently violent collision a sensor (3) activates the gas generator's detonator and the airbag inflates at the same time as it heats up. To cushion the impact, the airbag deflates when compressed. This also releases some smoke into the car. The entire sequence, from inflation to deflation of the airbag, takes a few tenths of a second.

SIPS bag system

The system consists of two gas generators (4), mechanical sensor (3), pyrotechnical wiring (2) and an airbag (1). A sufficiently strong impact will activate the sensor which in turn triggers the gas generators and inflates the airbag. The airbag inflates between the driver and the door panel and absorbs the impact at the moment of collision at the same time as it starts to deflate.

Seat belts with seat belt tensioners

Cars with airbags (SRS) have special pyrotechnical seat belt tensioners (4). A small charge, which is housed next to the seat belt reel, is triggered at the moment of collision tensioning the seat belt to take up the slack caused by loose clothing etc. This allows the seat belt to restrain the driver and passenger more quickly.

Note!

For best protection, the occupants should sit in an upright position with the seat belt properly fastened.

Airbag (SRS) SIPS bag

1.

Gas generator

3.

Sensor

2.

Airbag

4.

Seat belt tensioner

1.

Airbag

3.

Sensor

2:17

2.

Pyrotechnical wiring

4.

Gas generators

 

Airbag (SRS) SIPS bag

Labelling on seat belts with tensioning

The warning lamp in the combination instrument

This decal is located on the door post

The SRS system is continually monitored by the sensor*. In the combination instrument there is a warning lamp marked SRS. This lamp comes on with the other lamps when you start the engine and should go out when the motor is running. If the ignition is switched on

(position II) the lamp should go out after about 10 seconds. *not the SIPS bag

WARNING!

The car should be taken to an authorised Volvo workshop immediately if the warning lamp stays on or comes on when the car is being driven.

The month and year shown on the sticker on the door pillar(s) indicate when you should contact your Volvo workshop for a specific servicing or replacement of airbags and seat belt tensioners. Never attempt to make any adjustments to the SRS and SIPS bag system yourself. Please contact your Volvo dealer if you have any queries regarding the SRS system.

WARNING!

Never attempt to repair any part of the SRS or SIPS bag system. Any interference with the system may cause it to malfunction and result in serious injury. Work on the system may only be carried out by an authorised Volvo workshop.

2:18

Airbag inflation on passenger side

Passenger side airbag

The airbag on the passenger side has a volume of about 150 litres, while because of the steering wheel on the driver's side, the volume is 60 litres. During a collision the airbags give the same degree of protection to both driver and passenger.

WARNING!

Passenger side airbag

Front seat passengers must never sit on the

 

edge of the seat, lean over the dashboard

 

or sit in an awkward position.

 

Passengers should sit comfortably, upright

 

and with their backs against the seat back.

Seat belts should be properly fastened.

Feet must be on the floor (not on the

 

dashboard, on the seat or out of the

window).

Never allow children to stand in front of

the passenger seat.

No objects or accessories should attached

 

to or near the SRS panel (above the glove

 

compartment) or be placed in the area into

which the airbag deploys.

There should be no loose articles on the

floor, seat or dashboard.

Do not interfere with SRS components in

 

the hub of the steering wheel or the panel

 

above the glove compartment. SRS

 

components may only be replaced by an

 

authorised Volvo workshop.

Airbag (SRS) SIPS bag

WARNING! _

Do not put any stickers or decals on the airbags.

WARNING!

SIPS bag

Only Volvo original or Volvo approved extra upholstery may be used on the front

seats of cars equipped with SIPS bag. Do not place any objects or accessories

in the area affected by the SIPS bag. Never attempt to open the SIPS bag system in the front seats. Replacement of SIPS bag components may only be carried out by an authorised Volvo workshop.

2: 1 9

Airbag (SRS) SIPS bag

The airbag and child seat do not go together!

Child seat and child cushion!

Having a child safety seat in the front seat can result in serious injury if an airbag is fitted on the passenger side.

If the vehicle is also equipped with the SIPS bag, it is recommended that the child is not placed on a child cushion on the front seat.

The rear seat is the safest place for children and child safety seats.

SRS text at the end of the dashboard.

WARNING!

Never put a child safety seat in the front passenger seat if the car has an airbag (SRS) on the passenger side.

Inflation of SIPS bag

SIPS bag

The SIPS bag system is a mechanical system consisting of two main parts - the airbag module and the sensor unit. The airbag module is located in the frame of the front seat backrest. The sensor unit is located in a sensor mounting in the end of the forward SIPS tube. The sensor is not monitored by the SRS system's diagnostic unit as it is a mechanical system.

When inflated, the volume of the airbag is approximately 12 1.

2: 20

When are the airbags deployed

Airbags are only deployed during a head-on collision where the angle of collision is +/- 30° and the car hits a fixed or heavy object with sufficient speed. The SRS sensor registers both the force of a collision and the inertial forces caused by the collision. The sensor determines if a collision is sufficiently violent for the airbags to be deployed.

The above conditions also apply for the SIPS bag, apart from the fact that it is only activated in response to impacts from the side, when the vehicle collides with a fixed/heavy object with sufficient force in the front area of the SIPS system.

NOTE! The SRS and SIPS bag system is only activated once in a collision.

If the airbags have been deployed, we recommend the following: Have the vehicle towed to a Volvo workshop. Even if the car can be driven after a collision, we do not recommend driving the car with deployed airbags.

Have an authorised Volvo workshop change the SRS and SIPS bag system components.

Use only Volvo Original parts when replacing the SRS and SIPS bag components (airbags, seat belts with tensioners etc.).

When are airbags not deployed

Not all frontal collisions activate the SRS system. Should you collide with a soft object (a snow drift or bush for example), or a hard or fixed object at low speed, there is no need for the SRS system to be activated. The airbags are usually not inflated in response to side-on collisions (unless the car is equipped with SIPS bag), impacts from the rear or if the car overturns. The extent of damage to the car's bodywork is no measure of how well the SRS system works.

Airbag (SRS) SIPS bag

Can the airbags be deployed accidentally

It is highly unlikely that the airbags could deploy while the car is being driven. The entire SRS system is constructed so that the airbags only inflate in particular collision conditions. The SRS system has its own diagnostic unit which continuously monitors and inspects* the functioning of the system. Make a habit of checking the SRS system warning lamp when starting and driving the car.

The heart of Volvo's safety system

The three-point anchored seat belt is the heart of Volvo's safety system. Seat belts should be worn at all times by everyone in the car. The SRS system is intended as a supplement to the three-point anchored seat belt, just as the SIPS bag system is a supplement to the SIPS** system.

*not the SIPS bag

**Side Impact Protection System

WARNING!

The SRS sensor is located under the centre console. If the carpeting has been soaked or if there has been standing water on the floor, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO START THE CAR. This may cause airbag deployment. Disconnect the battery and have the car towed to an authorized Volvo dealer for repairs.

2:2 1

Bonnet

Pull the bonnet lock release..

... pull the handle and open

Opening the bonnet

Pull the bonnet lock release at the bottom right edge of the instrument panel. You will hear the lock being released.

This releases the safety catch handle in the front of the grille. Lift the bonnet slightly to gain access to the safety catch handle.

Pull the handle and lift up the bonnet. Do not lift using the handle. Open the bonnet.

Check that the bonnet locks securely into place when you shut it.

Rotate the catches - open completely

The bonnet normally opens to a 57 ° angle. You can also raise the bonnet to the vertical position by turning the hinge catches downwards, as shown in the diagram.

The catches return automatically to their normal position when the bonnet is shut.

If you are in a garage, make sure that the bonnet does not strike the roof when it is opened.

2: 22

Owner's key and wallet key These keys operate all locks

Service key

Front doors, ignition

switch and steering wheel lock

Locking and unlocking the doors

Your car is equipped with central locking. You can automatically lock and unlock all the doors, boot and fuel filler flap from either the front door locks or the boot lock. On some models, the fuel filler flap is not part of the central locking facility. Turn the key away from the pillar to unlock, towards the pillar to lock.

The doors can always be opened from inside using the interior door handle irrespective of whether the doors are locked or not. All the doors can be locked by pressing down the lock buttons in either of the front doors. In the same way, it is possible to unlock all the doors by opening either of the front doors. All the doors are locked when the lock buttons are down. Both the driver's and passenger door must be closed when you lock either of them, in order for the central locking to function.

Doors and locks

CAUTION!

Always drive with the doors unlocked, i.e. with the lock button pulled up.

If you are involved in an accident, rescue workers will then be able to gain swift access to the inside of the car. Bear in mind that if the child safety catch in the rear doors is engaged, these doors can only be opened from the outside if the lock button is pulled up. This is done by pushing up the rear door lock button from the inside using the interior door handle. The door can then be opened from outside.

Number tag

If the original keys are lost, duplicate keys can be ordered from Volvo dealers.

The key number is stamped on the separate number tag, which you should remove and store in a safe place.

2:23

Doors and locks

Large key operates boot lock

Opening, shutting and locking the boot lid

The boot lock is part of the central locking system. The boot is locked and unlocked when either of the front doors are locked or unlocked and vice versa.

Al and B above show how to unlock (A) and ock (B) the boot lid.

The boot lock can also be disconnected from the central locking as follows:

Withdraw the key

in horizontal position

The boot is now always locked.

This method of locking the boot and rear seat backrest (see 2:31) is useful if you lend your car to someone and want to protect the contents of the boot. If you give the driver the service key (the smaller key), it will not be possible for the temporary driver to open the boot.

To reconnect the boot lock to the central locking facility:

Withdraw the key

in the vertical position

Large key operates glove compartment

Glove compartment

The glove compartment can only be locked with the owner's key.

Aunlocked

Blocked

2: 24

2: 25

"Deadlock" locking position (certain markets)

Your car has a special "deadlock" locking position, which means that when the doors are locked in this way, they cannot be opened from inside the car. "Deadlock" locking can be activated only from the front doors, not from the boot.

All doors must be closed before "deadlock" locking can be activated. When doors are locked using lock buttons, the "deadlock" locking position cannot be activated.

Turn the key in the usual way to lock the doors (1). Turn it further to activate "deadlock" locking position (2). More resistance will be felt at the last turn. This is perfectly normal.

Thei doors cannot now be opened from the nside. The car can only be unlocked from outside via the front doors and the boot.

If you have a 5-door model, the rear door should be in childproof mode when activating the "deadlock" locking position.

"Deadlock" locking position alarm

Note!

If there is no power supply present in the car, the central locking system will not function and only the driver's door can be unlocked. In this situation, the lock button will not be visible even though the driver's door is unlocked.

If your car is equipped with an alarm, this will only be activated when the "deadlock" locking position is activated, and the red LED flashes. The "deadlock" locking position and the alarm are not activated when locking the boot.

If your car is equipped with remote controlled central locking/alarm, you have to press the LOCK button twice within three seconds (although not too quickly) to activate the "deadlock" locking position.

See page 2:26.

WARNING!

Be careful not to activate the "deadlock" locking position if anyone is still in the car!i The doors cannot be opened from the nside!

Alarm system LED

Alarm (extra equipment)

Cars with central locking can be fitted with an alarm as extra equipment.

Note! The alarm system is activated when the front doors are locked with the key*. The alarm system is connected to the doors, boot, bonnet and ignition switch. The alarm can be deactivated by turning the key in either of the front doors or the boot. A red LED flashes on the upper side of the instrument panel to indicate that the alarm has been activated. If an attempt has been made to break into the car, the LED glows steadily, until the ignition is switched on. *Also the boot when not equipped with "deadlock" locking position.

Remote controlled central locking/alarm

Remote control

Remote controlled central locking/alarm (extra equipment)

Your car can be fitted with a remote controlled central locking system as an optional extra. The system works on a frequency that makes it possible to operate the door and boot locks without a key. Two coded remote controls, which can be attached to your key ring, are supplied with the car. The remote control can be used to unlock/lock all doors and the boot from a distance of 3-5 metres from the car.

Press either the LOCK or UNLOCK buttons.

Press the LOCK button twice within three seconds (although not too quickly) to

Battery

When replacing the battery you must dispose of it so that it does not harm the environment. Let your Volvo dealer help you.

activate the "deadlock" locking position and the alarm.

NOTE! A red LED flashes on the upper side of the instrument panel to indicate that the alarm has been activated.

The remote control should not be used to lock the doors from the inside. For safety reasons it is not possible to lock the doors when the ignition key is in position I or II. However, it is possible to unlock them.

To prevent theft the remote control should not be left on the key ring when the car goes into the workshop. Contact your Volvo dealer immediately if either of the remote controls are lost.

WARNING!

Do not lock the doors in the "deadlock" locking position from inside the car. In the event of an accident, locked doors would prevent those giving assistance and emergency services from gaining access to the car quickly.

Replacing the battery

If the remote control does not work at a normal distance from the car the battery generally needs replacing.

Replacing the battery:

Remove the back of the remote control using a coin.

Replace the battery (Type CR2025). Put the battery in so that the side with text on faces upwards enabling the cover to be closed.

Replace the cover and check it fits tightly so that water cannot get in.

2:26

Below are a number of tips to help you make the most of your car's security devices. In addition to the other security features, an alarm is also available for installation (extra equipment), to further increase security.

When you lock the car, always use the "deadlock" locking position*. Turn the key in the usual way to lock the doors, then turn it further to activate the "deadlock" locking position. There will be more resis-

tance at the last turn, but this is normal. The deadlock can be activated from the front doors only.

If you have remote controlled central locking, press the LOCK button twice within three seconds (although not too quickly) to activate the "deadlock" locking position.

Note! Be careful not to activate the "deadlock" locking position if anyone is still in the car as the doors cannot be opened from the inside.

If you have a 5-door model, the rear door should have its child safety lock on when you lock the car with the deadlock.

Close the sun roof and all windows fully when you leave the car.

Never leave any items such as cameras or handbags visible from outside the car.

*certain markets

Theft prevention

If you lend your car to someone, you can put personal items in the glove compartment or boot. These can only be locked and unlocked with the owner's key. You can then give the service key to the person borrowing the car.

Don't forget to lock the rear seat backrest using the two red catches on its rear (4-door model).

You can always protect your luggage in the boot by using the special boot-only locking position.

Turn the key completely to the left and remove it. Now the boot will be locked, but not the doors (4-door model).

For detailed information on the functions mentioned here, see this chapter.

2:27

Child safety lock

Latch for child safety lock

Child safety lock

The latch for the child safety lock is located at the rear edge of each rear door and it is only accessible when the door is open.

A the door cannot be opened from inside B the lock functions as usual

Remember that in the event of an accident, rear seat passengers will not be able to open the rear doors themselves from inside the car if the latch is in position A. The rear doors will have to be opened from outside. See the caution on page 2:23.

Switching off the door-open warning lights

Useful advice

The courtesy lights and the red warning lights at the rear edges of the doors come on whenever a door is open. If you intend to leave the doors open for a long period of time but nonetheless wish to switch off these lights,

press the lock mechanism in (A) and the lights will be switched off. To return to normal courtesy light function, pull the door handle before shutting the door ( B).

2: 2 8

Storage compartments

1 Storage compartment in the centre console

2Lockable glove box

3Storage compartment in the armrest

4Door pockets

5Storage compartment beside front seats

6Storage compartment in the centre console

7Pocket in seat backrest

8Pocket in seat backrest

9Cup holder (certain models)

CAUTION!

Do not place heavy objects on the rear parcel shelf or anywhere else where they may be thrown about when braking suddenly. Always secure large, heavy items using the seat belts.

2: 2 9

Boot - 4-door model

Location of the switch

Boot lighting

A lamp always off

B lamp on when the boot is open

Warning triangle

Jack

 

Spare wheel

Boot

Tool bag

The spare wheel is located under the carpet in a special well in the boot floor. The jack with its crank is placed inside the wheel rim. Make sure that the jack is properly secured in this position after use. Refer to the decal on the inside of the boot lid for storage

i nstructions.

2: 30

Folding seats - 4-door model

Pull the catch

Rear centre seat belt

Folding rear seat

The rear seat backrest is divided into two sections. Each section can be folded independently of the other. This offers a variety of storage and load alternatives.

Lift the rear seat belts to the fixed section of the backrest. The centre seat belt can also be folded across the fixed part of the backrest so that it does not get in the way when the right-hand backrest is folded.

Rear seat catch

Folding rear seat

Pull the catch forwards and fold the backrest.

The two red catches on the rear of the backrest are used to prevent unwanted use of the backrest folding mechanism.

Push the catches down to lock the backrests.

The backrests cannot now be folded from inside the car. This is a useful facility

if there are children in the car who might otherwise tamper with the folding mechanism from the rear seat, or if you lend the car to someone and want to protect the contents of the boot.

Note: With the catch in the locked position, it is not possible to fold the rear seat backrest from inside the car.

When pulling the backrests upright, make sure that the seat belts are not caught and twisted.

WARNING!

When you have folded the backrest up, make sure that it has locked into place.

2:31

Folding front seat, long loads

Folding front seat

With the help of two catches, the passenger seat backrest can be folded down to the horizontal position for carrying long loads.

Push the seat to the forward position.

Lift up the catches at the rear of the backrest.

At the same time, push the backrest forwards.

CAUTION!

Secure the l oad properly, for instance by winding the seat belt around the folded-down armrest, as shown in the illustration. If thei load is not secured in place, it may be thrown forward and njure the car's occupants if the car is braked hard. Protect sharp edges with a soft blanket or cloth.

2: 32

Long loads (4-door model)

There is a panel behind the centre armrest to allow the transport of long objects.

Please note that only light loads such as skis may be carried in this manner.

Max. length: 2 metres and max. weight: 55 lb (25 kg).

CAUTION!

Stop the engine and engage the parking brake when loading or unloading long objects. This will prevent the vehicle from suddenly moving off on its own if the gear lever or gear selector is accidentally moved out of neutral.

Anchorage points - 4-door model

Anchorage eyelets in the boot

Anchorage eyelets inside the car

Anchorage eyelets

Always secure large and heavy cargo to avoid the danger of personal injury if the car is suddenly braked or involved in a collision. There are four eyelets which can be used for anchoring cargo using ropes or straps. Suitable straps and a cargo net can be purchased from your Volvo dealer.

2:33

Rear door - 5-door model

Opening the rear door

Opening and closing the rear door

The rear door lock cylinder is concealed under a cover on the rear door handle. For locking or unlocking, open the cover until it catches.

The rear door lock is activated by the central locking, which means that you can control the opening and locking of the rear door with the front door locks and vice versa.

To unlock - turn the key clockwise and allow it to spring back.

To lock - turn the key anti-clockwise and allow it to spring back.

2:34

Opening from inside

To open the rear door, pull the section beneath the handle.

The rear door can be opened from the inside by pulling the handle to the right and pressing the door outwards.

Latch for child safety lock

Child safety lock

Use the latch when you want to prevent the door from being opened from inside. The easiest way to move the latch is with a small screwdriver. Remember, though, that in the event of an accident passengers in the extra seati will not be able to open the door from nside if the latch is in position A.

A Door cannot be opened from inside. B Door can be opened from inside.

Forl maximum security when using the "deadock" locking position ensure that the rear door's child safety lock is in position A.

Switch positions

Boot lighting

There is an extra light on the ceiling at the rear of the boot.

A Lamp always off.

B Lamp on when the boot is open.

Boot 5-door model

Warning triangle

Jack

Tool bag

Spare wheel

Spare wheel and jack

The spare wheel is located under the carpet in a special well.

Lift and remove the rear cover, and lift the front cover to obtain access to the spare. The jack and crank are within the rim.

Make sure that the jack is properly secured in position after use.

Refer to the decal in the boot area for storage i nstructions.

2:3 5

Boot - 5-door model

Folding rearCuseathion catch

Extending load area

The rear seat is divided so that each section can be folded independently.

Straighten the backrests of the front seats if they are sharply reclined.

Pull the cord for the seat cushion catch and fold the cushion towards the backrests of the front seats.

The head restraints of the two outer places must be folded downwards but not removed. Pull each one straight upwards and then fold it down. Lower the centre head restraint if necessary.

Press the backrest catch backwards and fold 2:36the backrest forwards.

Backrest catch

Note! Make sure that the holes in the plastic sections on the backrest top engage with the hooks on the seat cushion base.

When returning backrest and seat cushion to their normal places, make sure the head restraints are also restored to their normal positions.

Check that the red locking indicator is no longer visible (B). The backrest is properly locked in its open position when the indicator disappears. Check that the seat belts are free of the seat.

Hooks in holes

To increase the load area simply fold down the rear seat backrest on to the seat cushion.

Boot - 5-door model

WARNING!

The red locking indicator for the backrest catch shows when the backrest is not lockedl . When it is hidden the backrest is ocked. Driving with the backrest not locked can cause serious injury during sudden braking or in a collision, because the seat belts will not function.

Removing the seat cushion

Removing the seat cushion

The seat cushion is easy to remove, providing When putting it back, reverse the procedure. a longer load area.

Fold the seat cushion up towards the front seats, undo the red plastic fastenings, disconnect the connectors, lower the cushion slightly and lift it out.

WARNING!

Do not place heavy objects against the front seats as the backrest which is folded down is thenl placed under severe strain. Do not load luggage higher than the seat backrests to avoid uggage being thrown forward and injuring passengers in the car. All items should be secured in place.

2:37

Boot - 5-door model

Storage compartment in boot

Anchorage eyelets in the boot

Anchorage eyelets

Always secure large or heavy loads to avoid the danger of injury during sudden braking or collisions. There are six eyelets which can be used for anchoring loads with rope or straps (four in the boot and two inside the cabin). Suitable straps and load nets are available at your Volvo dealer.

Make sure that the heating and antenna wires on the insides of windows cannot be damaged by objects placed near them. When cleaning the windows take care not to scratch the wires, e.g. with rings.

2:38

Load net

Load net (extra equipment)

load net is a useful accessory made of strong nylon mesh which unreelsA from the back of the rear seat.

The load net has to be positioned for use from the rear of the car.

Open the cover on the right seat back.

Pull out the load net towards you (1).

First hook the rod onto the mounting on the right side, then pull out the rod and hook it in place on the left side (2&3).

Pull out the left load net and attach to rod (4).

Note! Make sure that the net hooks properly onto the hooks under the rear door (5).

When putting away the net, reverse the procedure.

The load net can also be used when the rear seat is folded down, but then an accessory mounting on the entry hand grip must be used.

2: 39

Luggage cover

Luggage cover (extra equipment)

Pull out the luggage cover, pull it over the luggage and hook it into the holes in the rear pillars in the luggage compartment.

Removal of luggage cover:

Press in the right end of the luggage cover

and disconnect it from the side panel

Remove the luggage cover Install in reverse order.

NOTE! Watch out for the aerial wiring when fitting and removing the luggage cover.

2:40

Cargo space 5-door model. Loading

Loading in loading area

Seat belts and airbags give driver and passengers good protection, especially in head-on collisions. However, there is also a risk of injury from behind. When loading the car, remember that objects not properly loaded and secured may move forward in collisions or when braking suddenly, causing serious injury.

Remember that a 20 kg object weighs the equivalent of 2,200 lb (1,000 kg) in a head-on collision at 30 mph (50 km/h).

Remember the following when loading the car:

Load the cargo against the backrest.

Load heavy cargo as low down as possible.

Load wide cargo on either side of the rear seat split.

Secure the cargo with cargo straps through the eyelets in the cargo space.

If nobody is sitting in the rear seat reinforce the backrest by fastening the rear seat belts.

Never load cargo above the backrest without a cargo net.

2:4 1

Starting and driving

Starting and driving

This section on starting and driving contains items

such as starting the engine, gear changing and

 

towing:

Fuel filler flap

3:2

Running-in, economical driving

3:3

Starting the engine

3:4

Changing gears

3:5

Some important hints

3:9

Loading, handling

3:10

Towing a trailer

3:11

The brake system

3:12

Towing the car, jump starting

3:13

Winter driving

3:15

Long distance trips

3:16

' Fuel filler flap

Filler cap

Refuelling (unleaded fuel)

The fuel filler cap is located behind the flap on the right-hand rear wing. Place the cap in the bracket on the inside of the flap when refuelling. Open the cap slowly during hot weather to release the fuel's vapour pressure.

After refuelling, screw on the cap until a click is heard. The fuel filler flap on your car is also part of the central locking facility (certain models only).

Emergency release for fuel filler flap, see page 5:17.

Your Volvo dealer can supply lockable fuel caps for all Volvo models.

A new car needs to be run-in

While your car is new, we recommend that you drive gently and refrain from using the car's full performance potential during the first 1200 miles (2000 km). From the time the engine is new until you have driven about 1200 miles (2000 km) the oil consumption could be as high as 1 litre. You should therefore keep this in mind and check the oil every time you refuel your car. Do not exceed the following speeds:

 

During the first

Between 600 miles (1000 km)

 

600 miles (1000 km)

and 1200 miles (2000 km)

1st gear

20 mph (30 km/h)

25 mph (40 km/h)

2nd gear

30 mph (50 km/h)

45 mph (70 km/h)

3rd gear

50 mph (80 km/h)

60 mph (100 km/h)

4th gear

70 mph (110 km/h)

80 mph (130 km/h)

5th gear/

80 mph (130 km/h)

90 mph (150 km/h)

overdrive

 

 

Do not drive at low speeds in top gear and avoid using the kick-down

on cars with automatic transmission during the first 1200 miles (2000 km).

Use the correct petrol

A car equipped with a catalytic converter must always be driven on unleaded petrol, otherwise the catalytic converter will be damaged. The

recommended octane rating is 95 RON.

Some petrol companies use cleaning additives in the petrol they sell. These additives reduce the risk of deposits building up in the engine; such deposits impair driveability and performance. If you are uncertain

as to whether the petrol you buy contains additives, ask the service station

attendants.

Note: Never add cleaning additives to the fuel yourself, unless an authorised Volvo workshop has expressly recommended you to do so. Please consult your Volvo workshop if you intend driving in countries where it is difficult to obtain unleaded petrol or petrol with the appropriate octane rating.

Economical driving does not necessarily mean driving slowly

Driving economically means smooth driving at moderate speeds, avoiding flying starts and abrupt stops whenever possible. It also requires the driver to adapt driving technique to current traffic situations.

To drive your car as economically as possible, observethe following driving suggestions:

Warm up the engine as soon as possible, i.e. do not let the engine tick over

at idling speed after starting. Instead, drive off immediately using only moderate acceleration.

A cold engine uses two to three times more fuel than a warm engine, and it is

also subject to increased wear.

Drive smoothly. Avoid racing starts and

abrupt stops. This will save fuel. Maintain a moderate speed on highways

and motorways.

Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra

load) in the car.

Remove the roof rack when you no longer

need it.

Do not open the side windows unnecessarily. If your car has automatic transmission, it

will always change gear at the appropriate

ti me; avoid unnecessary kick-down operation.

Running-in, economical driving

However ...

In addition, you should naturally keep the entire car, especially the engine, in good

condition. Other factors which ensure good

fuel consumption are:

correct spark plug gap

clean air filter

correct engine oil, correct oil change

interval + new oil filter

brakes which do not drag

correct front end alignment

correct tyre pressures

Do not forget that the most important factor affecting fuel economy is you and the way you handle the accelerator, brakes and gear lever. The difference between driving correctly and incorrectly will be seen in the size of the fuel bill at the end of the year!

Correct gear changing

Utilising the gears correctly will also improve fuel economy. Use the appropriate g ears .1

Change from 1st to 2nd at approx. 10 mph (20 km/h).

Change from 2nd to 3rd at approx. 20 mph (35 km/h).

Change from 3rd to 4th at approx. 30 mph (50 km/h).

Change from 4th to 5th/overdrive at approx. 45 mph (70 km/h).

Starting the engine

Starting the engine:

Apply the parking brake

Move the gear lever to P (automatic

transmission)

Press the clutch pedal (manual gearbox)

Do not touch the accelerator pedal

Turn the ignition key to the starting

position. Let the starter motor operate until the engine fires, but never for more than 5 seconds at a time.

Note! Turbo for 10 seconds.

For better cold-starting performance, turn the key to position II and wait for one second so that fuel pressure can be built up. Then turn the key to the start position.

For cold starts at altitudes in excess of approximately 1800 m, you can assist the engine by pressing the accelerator pedal halfway to the floor at the same time as the key is turned to the start position. Release the accelerator pedal slowly once the engine starts up.

Never race the engine immediately after a cold start.

If the engine does not start or if it misfires, contact your nearest Volvo dealer.

Cars with catalytic converters may never be tow-started. Failure to observe this instruction may result in impairment of the catalytic converter.

CAUTION -

CATALYTIC CONVERTERS

The catalytic converter normally has an operating temperature of several hundred degrees Centigrade. Do not park the car

on inflammable material such as high grass which may be ignited by the catalytic converter.

Hydraulic tappets

This engine features hydraulic tappets which means that valve clearance is adjusted automatically. It is possible that the hydraulic valve tappets produce a ticking sound for the first few seconds after an engine is started, while the oil pressure is being built up. If the car has not been used for a long period of time, this ticking sound may be heard for up to 15 minutes, but this is entirely normal.

NB ! Do not exceed 3000 rpm until the ticking sound disappears.

Warm up the engine as soon as possible

After the engine has been started, it is important to try and reach normal operating temperature as soon as possible.

Drive off immediately under moderate acceleration; do not allow the engine to operate unnecessarily at idling speed.

Experience shows that engines in cars which have been driven for short distances with many stops are worn out exceptionally quickly. The reason for this is that these engines never have the opportunity to reach normal operating temperature.

WARNING FOR CARBON MONOXIDE

Always open garage doors completely before starting the engine inside a garage. Exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is invisible and odourless but lethal.

Manual gearbox

TURBO WARNING!

When cold: do not race the engine immediately after starting as the oil is viscous and will not reach all lubrication points.

When switching the engine off: do not rev the engine before switching it off. Always switch it off from idling speed. This is so that the turbo compressor does not rotate for too long without oil pressure.

Gear positions

Gear positions, manual gearbox

Depress the clutch pedal fully when changing gear. Remove your foot from the clutch pedal while driving.

In order to obtain the best possible fuel economy, try to use 5th gear as often as possible

i n highway driving at more than approx. 45 mph (70 km/h).

In order to avoid unnecessary wear and tear on the gearbox, follow the gear pattern on the gear lever. For instance, do not change directly from second to fifth gear.

Reverse gear inhibitor

Reverse gear inhibitor

The gear lever must first be moved to neutral (between 3rd and 4th gear) in order to engage reverse gear. The gear selector is blocked so that it cannot be removed directly from 5th gear into reverse.

CAUTION!

Reverse gear should not be engaged if the vehicle is moving forward.

Automatic transmission

Gear positions

Gear selector positions

P Parking

Select this position when you start the engine or park the car.

Never leave the car with the engine running, because if anyone inside the car accidentally moves the gear lever out of the P position, the car may start moving. The car should be at a complete standstill when you select position P!

In P, a mechanical device is activated in

the transmission. It is still necessary to engage the parking brake when the car is parked on

a slope!

R Reverse

The car must be at a complete standstill before position R is selected!

N Neutral

N is the neutral position. The engine may be started in this position since no gear is engaged. Engage the parking brake whenever the car is at a standstill and the gear lever is in position N.

D Drive

The normal driving position is indicated by D. When mode E or S is selected, the transmission makesi use of all the gears automatically, changng up or down in response to acceleration and speed. The car should be at a complete standstill when position D is selected after R.

3 Low gear

Automatic changes up and down between first, second and third gears when the programme mode is set at E or S.

In this position the indicator lamp in the instrument panel lights up

There is no change up from third gear. Position 3 may be used for driving in hilly terrain and for obtaining increased engine braking power.

L Low gear

The transmission does not change up in position L.

Select position L if you wish to drive in first and second gear and you do not wish to change up, for example if you are driving in hilly terrair since position L offers the best engine braking power. In this position the indicator lamp in the instrument panel lights up The transmission will make a very noticeable shift down from 2nd to 1st gear if road speed drops to below

30 mph (50 km/h).

The position of the selector knob

Gear selector catch

It is always possible to move the gear lever freely between N and D, whereas the other positions are protected by a catch which is released by pressing the knob on the top of the gear lever.

By pressing lightly on the knob with the palm of the hand, it is possible to move the lever freely between positions R, N, D and 3.

When the knob is depressed fully, it is also possible to select positions L and P. This full pressure is also required to move the lever from position P.

Mode selector

Mode selector

The push-buttons to the left of the gear lever are for selection of modes E, S and W.

All three modes can be selected while driving. The selected alternative (S or E) is always retained in memory even when the engine has been switched off.

Economy Mode

This is the normal mode. The transmission changes gears at a lower engine speed to achieve the best possible fuel consumption. If speed increases while you are driving downhill in D and you release the accelerator pedal, the transmission will automatically select

3rd gear*.

Automatic transmission

Sport Mode

This mode is adapted to "sporty" driving. The transmission changes up and down at higher engine speeds so as to offer maximum performance.

Winter Mode

This mode may be selected for starting/moving off in slippery road conditions.

**In position D, the transmission starts in 3rd gear and changes up to 4th gear. **In position 3, 2nd gear is locked and the transmission does not change either up or down.

In position L, 1st gear is locked.

The indicator lamp

in the instrument panel

lights up when mode W is selected.

Press button W once more in order to disen-

gage the Winter mode.

 

When mode W is disengaged or the ignition is

switched off, the transmission automatically

reverts to the previously selected S or E mode.

If the indicator lamp

begins to flash, this

is an indication of a fault in the automatic transmission. Please contact your Volvo dealer in such an event.

*Not the B5202S.

**The kick-down facility is always available in these positions.

Automatic transmission'

Kick-down

When you depress the accelerator pedal all the way to the floor, past the normal full acceleration point, the transmission automatically selects a lower gear to provide the kick-down facility.

When you reach the maximum speed for the gear now selected or if you release the accelerator pedal somewhat from the kick-down position, the transmission will automatically select a higher gear once more. Kick-down can be used to obtain maximum acceleration, for example when overtaking.

The transmission is equipped with a kickdown inhibitor which acts on all gears.

Lock-up

The automatic transmission has a "lock-up" function which reduces engine speed and saves fuel. The principle of lock-up is that the transmission torque converter is disenengaged when 2nd, 3rd and 4th gears are selected.

The lock-up function can sometimes be felt as an additional gear change.

Starting and stopping a car equipped with an automatic transmission

1Move the selector lever to position P.

2Start the engine with the ignition key.

3Press the brake pedal and move the selector lever to the required position; the selected gear will be engaged after a slight delay. Engagement will be clearly felt - the car will start to pull somewhat.

The engine must operate at idling speed! Never press the accelerator until you have felt the gear engage properly!

If you accelerate too soon after selecting a gear, engagement will be jerky and the transmission will be subjected to unnecessary wear.

Disengage the parking brake.

4Release the brake pedal and accelerate.

The car is stopped in the simplest possible manner: release the accelerator pedal and apply the footbrake.

Move the gear selector lever to position P and engage the parking brake.

A few special hints for owners who use their cars for towing

On long, steep hills, select position 3 or L if the transmission displays

a tendency to hunt between gears.

When driving down long, steep slopes, select position 3 or L. This will

provide the best engine braking power.

Do not attempt to keep the car at a standstill on an uphill slope by pressing the accelerator; use the brakes instead and avoid the risk of overheating the transmission oil.

Driving through deep water

Drive slowly and carefully through deep water (flooded roads). The engine may be seriously damaged if water enters the air inlets

and reaches electronic components. Do not drive through water deeper than one foot (30 cm).

Remember...

Certain turbo models have reduced ground clearance due to the lowslung design of the chassis, with a risk of scraping against kerbs or banks of snow.

WARNING!

Some important hints

Do not overheat the engine and cooling system

Cooling system:

The possibility of the cooling system overheating increases, particularly in hot weather, if:

... you drive at full throttle and low engine speed up steep hills and with a trailer.

... the car idles with the air conditioning switched on.

... you switch off the engine directly after driving at high speed.

... you mount extra lamps in front of the grille.

Volvo recommends that you do not mount extra lamps in front of the grille on the 850 Turbo.

To avoid overheating:

Reduce speed if you are towing a trailer up long, steep inclines.

Switch off the air conditioner for a while.

Do not allow the engine to idle unnecessarily.

Do not switch the engine off immediately when you stop after hard driving.

The engine:

Do not maintain an engine speed of over 4500 rpm if driving in hilly terrain with a trailer or caravan as this can raise the oil temperature abnormally.

Extra floormats in front of the driver's seat may catch on the accelerator pedal. Ensure that the accelerator pedal is not obstructed.

Loading and handling

Roof racks

Use a sturdy roof rack which can be securely fitted to the car roof. Your Volvo dealer can supply you with a roof rack which is specially developed for your particular Volvo model.

Check regularly to ensure that the roof rack is securely fastened to the car.

Do not load more than 220 lb (100 kg) on the roof.

Spread the load evenly over the rack. Place the heaviest load at the bottom, nearest the car roof.

Remember that the car's centre of gravity alters with the weight of the load on the roof rack, thus changing the driving characteristics.

Bear in mind that the frontal area of the car increases with a roof-mounted load, thus increasing fuel consumption.

Anchor the load securely using strong rope. Drive smoothly. Avoid rapid starts, hard cornering and abrupt stops.

Remove the roof rack when it is no longer needed. This reduces wind resistance and improves fuel consumption.

Note: Roof racks and ski boxes are supplementary transport accessories intended for carrying lightweight cargo. Always place the heaviest load at the bottom and far forward in the car's cargo space. The distance between the roof rack supports is 800 mm and must not be altered (there is reinforcement in the roof). This means that some older ski boxes with a fixed distance between the roof rack supports cannot be used.

Holes for roof rack

Weight distribution affects handling

At the specified kerb weight your car has a tendency to understeer, which means that the steering wheel has to be turned more than seems appropriate for the curvature of the bend. This characteristic, together with excellent weight distribution, ensures good stability and reduces the risk of rear wheel skid. Remember that these properties can

alter with the load. The heavier the load in the boot the smaller the car's tendency to understeer. Make sure you do not exceed the car's maximum laden weight or maximum axle weight.

Handling, roadholding and tyres

Tyres play an important part in the handling and roadholding of a car. The type of tyre (radial), size and pressure are important for proper handling. When fitting new tyres, it is therefore very important to fit tyres of the

same size and type (and preferably same make) as those previously fitted, and follow the recommendations concerning tyre pressure

on 4:3.

Do not drive with the boot open

If you drive with the boot open, exhaust

gases (including carbon monoxide) may be

drawn into the car. If you are forced to drive

for a short distance with the boot open, do as

follows:

 

Shut all windows

 

Shut the sun roof

and switch

Set the heater control to

 

the fan to full speed, 4.

 

Hints for owners of caravans and trailers

Only approved towing brackets should be used.

In order to maximise the strength of the towing eyelet, reinforcements must be mounted on the rear side member.

Information on approved types can be obtained from your Volvo dealer. The Volvo-designed towing brackets have been tailor-made for your particular Volvo model and any Volvo dealer will assist with installation. To avoid unnecessary wear, clean the towing bracket regularly and grease the towbar ball* and towbar ball pin on detachable towing brackets).

Note: Bear in mind that the bumpers are designed to absorb impacts

and consequently should not be used to mount towing brackets. Your car can be equipped with Nivomat, an automatic level regulating system attached to the rear suspension and whose function it is to compensate for load variations. The Nivomat system operates when the vehicle is in motion. When the engine is switched off, the rear of the vehicle will droop if you are carrying a lot of

luggage in the boot or if the vehicle is hitched to a caravan or trailer, but as soon as you start driving the Nivomat system will pump up

the rear suspension to the most suitable level.

Increase tyre inflation pressure to the appropriate level for full load. Refer to the table on 4:3 or the rear cover of this owner's

manual.

Note that current for the trailer socket cannot be taken from just anywhere in the car's electrical system as this could cause the bulb

failure warning system to operate.

Do not tow a heavy trailer when your car is completely new.

Wait until it has been driven at least 600 miles (1000 km). Brakes are subject to considerable strain on long, steep descents.

Change down to a lower gear and adjust your speed.

For cars with automatic transmission, refer to 3:9 for further special instructions.

*Does not apply when using a ball socket with a built-in swing damper.

Towing a caravan/trailer

As the engine is under greater strain when towing a trailer the oil must be changed more often, see page 7:7.

Remember that the cooling system and engine can overheat if they

are put under more strain than usual, see page 3:9.

The maximum permitted trailer weight for an unbraked trailer

is 1500 lb (700 kg).

The maximum permitted trailer weight for a trailer with brakes is 3500 lb (1600 kg), at a maximum speed of 50 mph

(80 km/h). If you live in a hot climate the trailer weight must not exceed 3200 lb (1500 kg).

Note: the above max. weight and speed limits are imposed by VOLVO CAR CORPORATION.

Bear in mind that national legal requirements may limit both

weight and speed even further.

Distribute the load in the trailer so that the weight acting on the towing bracket is approx. 110 lb (50 kg) for trailers up to 2600 lb (1200 kg) and 165 lb (75 kg) for trailers above 2600 lb (1200 kg). Note that the weight of the towing bracket (50/75 kg) is included in the permitted load and that the load in the boot may have to be reduced so that axle loads and/or total weight are not exceeded when towing a

trailer.

Avoid driving with trailer weights in excess of 2600 lb (1200 kg) on inclines which are steeper than 12%.

Inclines of 15% and more should not be negotiated with a trailer. The load on the driven front wheels may be so low that they begin to spin and make further progress impossible.

It is not always possible to keep the car and trailer at a standstill with the sole help of the handbrake, with the result that the wheels may begin to slip on the road surface.

WARNING!

Observe the towing recommendations carefully. Otherwise your car may become very difficult to steer and control, placing your safety and that of other road users at risk.

A warning light will indicate a brake circuit failure

The brake pedal will depress more than normal and some extra pressure will be required for normal braking.

If the warning light comes on, stop immediately and check the fluid level in the brake reservoir (its location is described on 7:8). If the fluid level is below MIN in any part

of the reservoir, do not drive any further and have the car towed to a dealer for inspection and repair of the leakage.

Moisture on the brake discs and brake pads may affect braking

Driving in heavy rain and slush or passing through an automatic car wash may cause water to collect on the brake discs and pads. This will cause a delay in braking effect when the pedal is depressed. In such situations it is therefore advisable to lightly depress the brake pedal now and again while driving. The heat that is generated will then evaporate any moisture on the brakes.

This should also be done after washing or starting the car in very damp weather.

The brake servo functions only when the engine is running

If your car is being towed or is coasting to a halt with the engine switched off, you will have to depress the brake pedal approximately four times harder than normal because the brake servo is inoperative.

The brake pedal feels stiff and hard.

Severe use of the brakes

When driving in mountainous areas, the brakes can be subjected to extremely severe loads even if you do not depress the brake pedal particularly hard. Since the car's speed is also quite often very low, the brakes are not cooled as efficiently as when driving on level roads. In order to avoid placing an excessive strain on the brakes, you should always engage a lower gear,

using the same gear to descend as you would to ascend the hill. In cars with automatic transmission, engage position 3 or possibly L. In this way, the braking power of the engine is more effectively utilised and it is only necessary to use the footbrake now and again.

Do not forget that if you are towing a caravan or trailer, the brakes will be subjected to more load than normal.

ABS brakes

ABS brakes are designed to help prevent brake lock-up under severe braking conditions. The system "senses" when the brakes begin to lock, redistributes the brakes pressure automatically and thereby prevents the wheels from locking.

The ABS system in your car performs a selfdiagnostic test when the vehicle reaches a speed of approximately 20 mph (30 km/h). The brake pedal will pulsate several times and a sound will be audible from the ABS control module. This is normal.

When the system is activated during braking you will feel vibrations in the brake pedal and also hear these pulsations clearly. This is also quite normal.

Do not release the brake pedal when you hear and feel that the ABS system is functioning.

You must depress the brake pedal fully for optimum effect but the ABS system does not increase the total braking capacity of your car. However, it does enable you to steer the car while braking, thus increasing your control and thereby improving the safety of your vehicle.

Towing the car

Caution! A car with automatic transmission cannot be tow-started! A car with catalytic converter may not be tow-started.

Failure to observe this may result in impairment of the catalytic converter.

If your car has a flat battery, use a car with a charged battery to start your engine. Instructions are on the following page.

Towing eyelet front

Towing eyelet rear

The following precautions should be taken if your car has to be towed:

Unlock the steering wheel so that the car can be steered.

Bear in mind the maximum speed limit for towed vehicles.

Remember that with the engine switched off, the brake and steering

servo will not work.

Approximately four times greater brake pedal pressure will be required

for braking. In addition, the steering will feel heavier than normal. Drive as smoothly as possible. Try to keep the tow line taut so as to avoid unnecessary jerking.

Special instructions for automatic transmissions

The gear selector has to be in N.

The highest permitted towing speed is 10 mph (20 km/h). Longest permitted towing distance is 20 miles (30 km).

The engine cannot be bump-started or tow-started. Refer to the following page for jump starting instructions.

Towing

NOTE! Towing eyelets should only be used for towing the car on the road. They must not be used for towing cars out of ditches, when professional help should be called.

Jump starting

WARNING!

Remember that the batteries, particularly the donor battery, generate hydrogen gas which is explosive. One single spark, which can be created if you attach the batteries incorrectly, is all that is needed for the batteries to explode, causing personal injury and damage to property.

The battery contains sulphuric acid which can cause serious burns. If the acid comes into contact with eyes, skin or clothes, flush with plenty of water. If eyes are affected, seek immediate medical attention.

Jump start the car as follows:

If the battery in your car is flat for any reason, you can either use a fully charged spare battery to start your engine or you can "borrow" current from another car's battery. Always check that the clips are attached securely so as to avoid any risk of sparks.

To avoid any risk of explosion, the following procedures are to be followed:

Check that the battery from which you are borrowing current is a 12 Volt battery.

If you are using jump leads from another car, stop that car's engine and make sure that the two cars do not touch each other.

First connect the positive terminals (red battery lead or + sign) of the two batteries using the red jump lead (I and 2 in the diagram above).

Attach one clamp from the black jump lead to the donor battery's negative terminal, marked with blue, N or a - sign (3).

Battery

The battery contains acid which is both corrosive and toxic. It is therefore of great importance that the battery is handled in an environmentally safe way. Consult your Volvo dealer.

Connect the other end of the black lead to a suitable earth point in your car, as far as possible from your own battery. Use for example one of the engine lifting eyelets, no. 4 in the diagram.

Start the engine of the donor car. Let the engine run for about 1 minute at a higher idle speed than normal, about 1500 rpm.

Start the engine of the car with the dead battery.

Note: Do not touch the jump leads or their connections while the engines are being started (risk of sparks), and do not lean over either of the batteries!

After the car has started, remove the jump lead clamps in the reverse order.

 

 

Winter driving

Frost precautions

When driving in temperatures below 15T (-10 ° C), we recommend

Here are some points to bear in mind when checking your car before the

onset of winter:

the use of Volvo's radiator guard to help the engine reach normal

Make sure that the engine coolant is of the correct blend to cope

operating temperature as quickly as possible. This guard should not

 

with -35 ° C without freezing, i.e. that the anti-freeze content is at

be used when towing a trailer.

least 50% or 3.6 litres Volvo original anti-freeze. Use only Volvo original anti-freeze.

More information on anti-freeze is to be found on 7:10.

Try to keep the fuel tank as full as possible so as to prevent the

formation of condensation in the tank.

Use the correct engine oil. The viscosity of the engine oil is of considerable importance.

Oil with lower viscosity (thinner oil) makes cold starting easier and reduces fuel consumption while the engine is warming up. For winter use, provided the temperature limits are observed, 5W/30 oil, particularly the synthetic type, is recommended. Be sure to use good quality oil but do not use this cold-weather oil for hard driving in warm climates. See 7:7 or ask your Volvo dealer for more

information.

The battery is subjected to a far greater strain in the winter since the heater, windscreen wipers, lighting etc. are used more often. Moreover, battery capacity decreases as the temperature drops. In very cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and be rendered useless. It is therefore advisable to check the state of charge

more frequently and spray an anti-rust oil on to the battery terminals. To prevent the reservoir, hoses and nozzles of the windscreen/ headlight washer system from freezing and to avoid damage to the washer pump, add washer solvents containing de-icer. This is most important since dirt is often splashed onto the windscreen and headlights during winter driving, thus requiring frequent use of the wash-

ers and wipers.

Use Volvo Teflon lock spray or grease in the locks. These items can be purchased from your Volvo dealer. Note: avoid the use of de-icing sprays since these can impair the locking function.

Long distance trips

Before a long distance trip

It is always worthwhile thoroughly checking your car before driving long distances. Your dealer will also be able to supply you with spare bulbs, fuses and wiper blades to take on your journey.

Whenyou check your car, the following are worth noting:

Check that the engine runs smoothly and that the fuel consumption

is normal.

Check the engine and gearbox for signs of oil, coolant and fuel

leakage.

Check the levels of the various fluids in the engine compartment.

Check the condition of the drive belts.

Check the state of charge of the battery.

Examine the tyres carefully, including the spare.

Check the brakes.

Check the lighting.

Warning triangles are required by law in some countries. Check

that your car is equipped as necessary.

Before travelling to countries with traffic on the other side of the road, the headlights should be adjusted to avoid blinding oncoming traffic. Cover the triangular section of headlight lens with black

tape.

Please consult your Volvo dealer if you intend driving in countries where it is difficult to obtain unleaded petrol or petrol with the appropriate octane rating.

Wheels and tyres

Wheels and tyres - important to the car's driveability

The handling and riding comfort of the car can vary considerably depending on the inflation pressure and the type of tyres fitted. Read the following pages carefully.

Tread wear indicators, special wheel rims 4:2 Inflation pressures 4:3 General 4:4 Spare tyre 4:5

Tread wear indicators, winter tyres, special wheel rims

Tread wear indicators

 

Snow tyres, tyre chains

 

In winter, we recommend that you use 185/65 R15 winter tyres on

A tread wear indicator is a section of the tread

 

steel rims (includes 850 turbo).

with a shallower groove and is incorporated into

 

Use winter tyres on all four wheels.

each tyre. The tyre should be changed as soon

 

NOTE! Certain wheel rims from other Volvo models may be used.

as this section becomes clearly evident, thus

 

Ask your Volvo dealer for further information.

showing that only 1.6 mm tread thickness is

 

Studded tyres should be run-in for 300-600 miles (500-1000 km)

left. Tyre treads below 1.6 mm have very poor

Wear indicator exposed.

grip in rain or snow.

Tyre is worn. Replace.

during which the car should be driven as smoothly as possible to give

How to improve tyre economy

 

the studs the opportunity of embedding properly in the tyres. The car

 

lifetime. In other words, if you wish to switch the wheels around, make

 

 

 

tyres should have the same rotational direction throughout their entire

Maintain correct inflation pressure.

 

sure that the same wheels are always on the same side of the car.

Drive smoothly. Avoid fast starts, hard cornering and heavy

Snow chains may only be fitted on the front wheels and only in

braking.

 

Remember that tyre wear increases with speed.

combination with certain Volvo approved wheel/rim combinations. The

If you are rotating the wheels keep them on the same side as they

chains must have fine links and they should not project markedly from

were so that they revolve in the same direction as prior to rotation.

the tyres as this could cause them to scrape against the brake calipers,

Correct wheel alignment is very important.

 

spring strut or other components.

Balance the wheels if necessary.

 

To avoid this, we do not recommend the use of conventional snow

Do not scrape the tyres against the kerb when parking.

chains on 205/55 R15, 205/50 R16 tyres or tyres of the same width or

 

 

 

wider. Volvo has approved snow chains for all Volvo approved

 

 

 

wheel/rim combinations, with the exception of 17" rims.

Flat spots

 

Note: Never exceed 30 mph (50 km/h) if snow chains are fitted.

 

considerable wear on both the snow chains and the tyres.

 

 

 

Do not drive with snow chains on bare road surfaces since this causes

All tyres become warm during use. On cooling, when the vehicle is

Never use grip links since the space between the brake discs and the

parked, the tyres have a tendency to distort slightly forming flat

wheel rims is inadequate.

spots. These flat spots can cause vibrations similar to the vibrations

CAUTION!

of cord used in the tyre. Remember that in cold weather, it takes

caused by unbalanced wheels. They do however disappear when the tyre warms up. The tendency to form flat spots depends on the type

longer for the tyre to warm up and thus longer for the flat spot to

Special wheel rims

The only approved "special wheel rims" are those which have been

disappear.

tested and approved by Volvo. Ask your Volvo dealer if in doubt.

 

Tyre pressure label

Inflation pressure is of great importance!

Check tyre inflation pressures regularly. The correct tyre pressures are shown in the label located on the inside of the fuel filler flap

and in the table on the right. These pressures apply for both summer and winter tyres.

Incorrect tyre pressures adversely affect the handling and ride

of the vehicle and cause rapid wear.

Note that the temperatures shown in the table refer to cold tyres (current outside temperature). The tyres warm up after just a few kilometres and their inflation pressure rises. This is perfectly normal and you should not reduce tyre pressure if you happen to check the tyres while they are still warm. However, you should nevertheless increase tyre pressure if it is too low.

Bear in mind that inflation pressure can also be affected by the outside air temperature; it is thus best to check your tyre pressures outdoors while the tyres are cold.

Inflation pressures and tyre wear

Cold inflation pressures in kPa

The figures in brackets indicate lbs/sq. inch (psi)

 

 

mph

1-3 occupants

Full load, towing

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tyre dimension

(km/h)

Front

Rear

Front

Rear

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0-100

220(32)

200(29)

230(33)

250(36)

 

 

(0-160)

185/65 R 15

sedan

 

 

 

 

 

100-

250(36)

250(36)

280(41)

280(41)

 

 

 

 

(160-)

195/60 R 15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0-100

220(32)

210(30)

240(35)

280(41)

 

 

 

 

(0-160)

205/55 R 15

estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100-

250(36)

250(36)

260(38)

310(45)

 

 

(160-)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0-100

230(33)

210(30)

250(36)

250(36)

 

sedan

(0-160)

205/55 R 15

 

Turbo

100-

280(41)

260(38)

290(42)

290(42)

 

 

 

 

 

(160-)

205/50 R 16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0-100

230(33)

220(32)

250(36)

280(41)

 

 

185/65 R 15 *

estate

(0-160)

 

Turbo

100-

280(41)

270(39)

290(42)

320(46)

 

 

(160-)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spare tyre

 

0-50

 

 

 

 

T115/70 R 15

 

420(60)

420(60)

420(60)

420(60)

 

(0-80)

"Temporary spare"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Winter tyres only

General information

General information regarding wheels and tyres

The type designation is stamped onto the side of the tyre, e. g . 195/60R 15 87V. This designation is coded as follows:

195 tyre width in mm

60 tyre profile. Ratio between section height and tyre width, expressed as a percentage

R radial tyre

15 tyre inner diameter in inches

87 code number for maximum tyre load, in this case 1200 lb (545 kg) V speed rating, in this case indicating that the tyre is approved

for a maximum speed of 150 mph (240 km/h).

These tyres have good road-holding characteristics and they offer very safe handling on dry and wet surfaces, even at high speeds. It should be noted, however, that the tyres have been developed to offer these features on snow-free surfaces. For optimum road holding on icy or snowcovered roads, we recommend Volvo winter tyres.

When replacing a tyre, be sure that the new tyre is of the same type (radial), dimension or designation and preferably also of the same make as the other three, otherwise there is a risk that the roadholding characteristics of the car may be altered. Your Volvo dealer can supply tyres which are specially designed for your particular model of car.

Bear in mind when changing wheels

Always use a chalk marking to indicate the position of the standard wheels before fitting winter tyres (i.e. front left, front right etc.). Each rim features an extra hole which has to be aligned with the guide stud located on the brake disc.

This guide stud ensures that the wheel is always fitted in its exact original position if it has to be replaced for any reason, such as a tyre change or puncture repair. Exact alignment guarantees excellent wheel balance.

Tyres should be stored hanging or lying, never standing.

Spare tyre

"Temporary spare" tyre on steel rim

"Temporary spare" (certain markets only)

Experience shows that the spare tyre is seldom used nowadays. It may lie unused for 4 or 5 years before it is brought out and used as a road tyre for another 4 or 5 years. It is not advisable to use such an old tyre since rubber ages. For this reason, Volvo has developed a new type of spare tyre which is only intended to be used for the short period during which the standard tyre is being repaired or replaced.

This special spare tyre is known as the Temporary spare. It has the following designation: T 115/70 R 15. It weighs less than half a conventional tyre. Tyre inflation pressure should be 420 kPa (60 psi ) irrespective of the load in the car and the axle to which the tyre is attached. This tyre meets all existing legal requirements and it is strong enough to cope with the maximum permitted axle load. If this tyre is destroyed, you can purchase a new replacement from your Volvo dealer.

Note: The temporary spare may only be used as a temporary replacement for a wheel with a flat tyre and must be replaced as soon as possible with a standard tyre.

Only one wheel of this type may be fitted to a car at any time. Remember also that this tyre used in combination with standard tyres may have an effect on the handling of the car. The permitted maximum speed using a temporary spare is therefore 50 mph (80 km/h), although the tyre itself is suitable for higher speeds.

In case of emergency

In case of emergency...

Even if you maintain your car in good running order, there is always the possibility that something may go wrong such as a puncture, blown fuse or bulb etc.

Changing wheels 5:2 Replacing bulbs 5:5 Replacing fuses 5:14 Troubleshooting 5:16

Changing wheels

The spare wheel is located under the carpet in the boot floor. The jack and crank are secured inside the wheel recess.

Don't forget to correctly display the warning triangle, which is stored in the boot.

Apply the parking brake and engage 1st gear or reverse gear (manual gearbox) or P (automatic transmission). Place chocks in front of and behind those wheels which stay on the ground.

On cars with aluminium rims and a cover, remove the cover using a socket wrench.

Cars with steel wheels have a detachable hubcap.

Remove as follows: grip with both hands and pull straight out. When fitting the hubcap, ensure that its hole for the valve is aligned with the tyre valve.

Undo the wheel bolts

Loosen the wheel bolts 1/2-1 turn with the socket spanner. The bolts are loosened by rotating the tool anti-clockwise.

There is a jack attachment located in the middle on each side of the car. Pull out the handle and press it down to release

the crank. Position the jack on the stud in the jack attachment as shown in the diagram.

Changing wheels

Stand next to car

NB! Crank the jack base down until it lies flat against the ground. Check once again that the jack is inserted into the attachment point as in the diagram and that the base plate is horizontal under the attachment.

Jack up the car until the wheels are clear of the ground.

Remove the wheel bolts and lift off the wheel. Take care not to damage the threads on the wheel bolts.

Changing wheels

WARNING!

The jack should stand on firm level ground.

Never crawl under the car when it is raised.

The jack supplied with the car should always be used when changing wheels. Axle stands or a garage jack must be used in all other cases.

Apply the parking brake, engage first or reverse gear (manual) or position P (automatic).

Place chocks in front of and behind the wheels still on the ground. Use thick wooden blocks or large stones.

The jack should be kept well greased.

Securing the jack to the rim (certain models)

Fitting

Clean the mating surfaces of the wheel and hub.

NOTE! Do not grease wheel bolts.

Mount the wheel, aligning the small guide stud on the brake disc with the extra hole in the wheel. Refit the wheel bolts.

Lower the car so that the wheel cannot rotate. Tighten the wheel bolts diagonally a little at a time. Tightening torque 110 Nm (11.0 kpm). It is important to get the correct torque so check using a torque wrench

Refit the hubcap. The symbol on the rear of the hubcap should face towards the tyre valve. (Applies to steel wheels). Always secure the jack and crank according to the diagram in the boot to prevent them from rattling.

NOTE! Long, chromed wheel bolts must not be used with steel rims.

Tighten wheel bolts diagonally

Replacing bulbs

Left

Right

Left

Right

Headlight bulb replacement

Left-hand lamp housing (right-hand housing is reversed)

 

Bulbs are replaced from the engine compartment.

Note! Do not remove the connector before the bulb has been removed from the lamp housing! Never touch the glass of bulbs. Grease and oil from your fingers give off fumes when heated and coat the reflector, quickly ruining it.

Switch off the lights and turn the ignition key to position 0! Open the bonnet.

Turn the plastic cover anti-clockwise and remove it.

The bulb on the right-hand side is replaced more easily if the diagnostic unit and the pipe (A) are removed.

B: Press the spring-loaded clip towards the headlight housing glass

(1) and move it to the side (2). Then press the clip down (3).

C:Press the spring-loaded clip towards the headlight housing glass

(1)and move it downwards (2). Then press the clip to the side (3). Remove the bulb and connector.

Disconnect the connector.

It is important that the connector is correctly connected to the bulb. See illustration. Insert the new bulb without touching the glass with your fingers.

Refit in reverse order to remove. Check that the bulb works.

Replacing bulbs

Replacing bulbs in frontSpringcorner housingLight housing

Switch off the lights and turn the ignition key to position 0. Open the bonnet.

Loosen the spring which retains the light housing. Withdraw the entire light housing; separate the bulb holder from the light unit.

Leave the connector with its wires in the bulb holder.

Parking light 1-pin bulb

5WBA 15s

Direction indicator 1-pin bulb

21 W BA 15s

Bulb holder

Remove the bulb from the bulb holder by pressing in and turning it anti-clockwise.

Insert a new bulb and refit the bulb holder in the light unit. Check that the bulb works.

location,rightsideLamp

Replacement of rear light unit bulbs (4-door)

1 Tail light

3 Brake light

5

Reversing light

2 Direction indicator

4 Tail light

6

Rear fog light

All the bulbs in the rear light unit are replaced from inside the boot. Do as follows:

Switch off the lights and turn the ignition key to position 0. Open the rear light cover. The cover is secured by two twist clips. Loosen and remove the bulb holder. The bulbs are located in

the bulb holder.

Let the connector with its wires remain attached to the bulb holder.

Replacing bulbs

Remove the bulb by pressing in and turning a few mm anticlockwise.

Insert a new bulb into the bulb holder and replace the holder. Check that the bulb works. Refit the cover.

Replacing bulbs

Speaker*

Lamp location, right side

Bulb location in the bulb holder

Replacement of rear light unit bulbs (5-door)

1 Direction indicator

3 Tail light

5 Tail lig ht/

2 Brake light

4 Reversing light

Rear fog light

All the bulbs in the rear light unit are replaced from inside the boot. Procedure:

Switch off the lights and turn the ignition key to position 0. Remove the upper cover from the light unit, using a srewdriver.

Remove the lower cover by taking off the side panel first and then the cover.

Remove the speaker* in the upper cover.

Press in the plastic catches (A or B) and take out the bulb holder. The bulbs are located in the bulb holder.

Leave the connector and cables connected to the bulb holder.

Remove the bulb by pressing it inwards and turning it a few millimetres anti-clockwise.

Insert a new bulb into the bulb holder and replace the holder. Check that the bulb works and refit the cover.

*extra equipment