Volvo 240 User Manual

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1987 Volvo 240

1 9 8 7 VOLVO 240

Important

It is most important that you read the first two chapters in order to become familiar with your vehicle's instruments and features. The other chapters are intended to provide you with information, and also serve as a source of reference.

Contents

Introduction to the manual

Before you drive

This section provides a detailed description of the vehicle's instruments and controls.

Operating the car

This section contains items such as starting the engine, operating gear selector, towing trailers.

Service and maintenance

An investment which will pay dividends in the form of improved reliability, durability, and resale value.

Specifications

All specifications are subject to change without notice. Consult your Volvo dealer for information.

Index

Should you require more detailed information please contact your Volvo dealer.

All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication. Volvo reserves the right to make model changes at any time, or to change specifications or design, without notice and without incurring obligation.

pg. 2 This manual deals with the operation and care of your Volvo

Welcome to the world-wide family of Volvo owners. We trust that you will enjoy many years of safe

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driving in your Volvo, an automobile designed with your safety and comfort in mind. To ensure your satisfaction with this vehicle, we encourage you to familiarize yourself with the equipment descriptions, operating instructions, and maintenance requirements/recommendations in this manual. We also urge you and your passengers to wear seat belts at all times in this (or any other) automobile. And, of course, please do not operate a vehicle if you may be affected by alcohol, medication, or any impairment that could hinder your ability to drive.

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the certification labels attached to the door opening sheet metal and on the left wheel housing in the engine compartment. For further information regarding these regulations, please contact your dealer.

pg. 3 Seatbelts: "Something We Believe In"

Despite our strongest recommendation, and your best intentions, not wearing a seatbelt is like believing "it'll never happen to me!", Volvo urges you and all adult occupants of your car to wear seatbelts and ensure that children are properly restrained, using an infant, car or booster seat determined by age, weight and height.

Fact: In every state, some type of child-restraint legislation has been passed. Additionally, some states are seriously considering, or have already made it mandatory for occupants of a car to use seatbelts.

So, urging you to 'buckle up' is not just our recommendation — its becoming the law! The few seconds it takes to buckle up may one day allow you to say, "Its a good thing I was wearing my seatbelt."

pg. 4 General Information

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pg. 5 Keys

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The key number codes are stamped on a separate tag supplied with the keys. This tag should be separated from the key ring and kept in a safe place.

The double-sided tape on the back of the tag can be used to secure it safely.

In the event the original keys are lost, duplicates may be ordered from your Volvo dealer.

Top of Page

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1 9 8 7 VOLVO 240

Before you drive

pg. 6 240 DL Sedan

pg. 7 Before you drive

Instruments and controls

8

Instruments

10

Warning lights

11

Clock, ambient temperature gauge

12

Oil pressure gauge, voltmeter

13

Ignition switch, turn signals

14

Lighting

15

Windshield wipers, washer nozzles

16

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Washer fluid reservoir

17

Rear window demister, heated seat, hazard warning

18

flasher

 

Parking brake

19

Cigarette lighter, ash trays

20

Electrically operated windows

21

Heating and ventilation

22

Air conditioning

24

Radios, AM-FM-FM stereo/tape players

25

Front seats

26

Seat belts

28

Doors and locks

30

Trunk lid

31

Hood release, long load storage

32

Rear/side view mirrors

33

Interior light, sun roof, fuel tank cap

34

Rear seat (wagon)

35

Tailgate (wagon)

36

Cargo compartment (wagon)

37

pg. 8 Instruments and controls

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pg. 9 Instruments and controls

See page 1 Air louver 23

2 Turn signals 14

3 Headlights, parking lights 15

4 Instruments, lights 15

5 Instruments 10

6 Wiper/washer, tailgate window wiper/ washer (wagon) 16, 17

7 Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock 14

8 Air louver 23

9 Storage compartment (extra instrument or radio location) 25

10 Air louver 23

11 Glove box -

12 Air louver 23

13 Fuse box 79

14 Hood release handle 32

15 Horn -

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16 Cigarette lighter 20

17 Rear window demister 18

18 Hazard warning flashers 18

19 Air conditioning(some models) 24

20 Seat belt reminder light 28

21 Heating and ventilation 22

22 Gear lever or gear selector 43, 44

23 Ash tray 20

24 Fresh air louver(except models with air conditioning) 23

25 Radio receptacle 25

26 Fresh air louver 23

27 Electrically-operated windows (240 GL) 21 28 Control for electrically operated side mirrors (certain models only) -

29 Parking brake 19 30 Electrically-operated window, right front door (240 GL) 21 31 Seat belt release buttons 28 32 Seat heaters 19 33 Seat belt reminder light 24 34 Ash tray 20

The pages in this section provide a detailed description of the vehicle's instruments and controls.

Note that some vehicles may be equipped differently, depending on model, special legal requirements, etc.

pg. 10 Instruments

A Clock or Tachometer (depending on model)

Tachometer reads thousands of engine rpm. Engine should not be operated in red range.

B Direction indicator (green)

C Speedometer

In kilometers and miles per hour (U.S. models). In kilometers per hour (Canadian models)

D Odometer

Total reading in miles (U.S. models). Total reading in kilometers (Canadian models)

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E Temperature gauge

The gauge pointer should remain Inside the black range during normal operation.

If the pointer enters the red range repeatedly, check coolant level and fan belt tension (See sections titled "Cooling system and coolant")

WARNING!

allow engine to cool before adding fluid.

F Fuel gauge

The fuel tank capacity is approx. 60 liters 15.8 US gals. See "Fuel requirements".

G Alternator warning light (red)

H Oil pressure warning light (red)

I Trip odometer reset knob

Push in to reset

J Trip odometer

K High beam indicator (blue)

L Parking brake reminder light (red)

M Brake failure warning light (red)

N Bulb failure warning light (yellow)

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O Overdrive OFF indicator light (yellow)

(automatic transmission models)

Shift indicator light (yellow)

(manual transmission models)

pg. 11 Warning lights

The warning lights described on this page should never be on when driving

When the ignition is turned on, and before the engine starts, all of the warning lights should be on to test the function of the bulbs. Should a light not go off after the engine has started, the system indicated should be inspected. (However, the parking brake reminder light will not go off until the parking brake is fully released.)

G Alternator warning light (red)

If the light comes on while the engine is running, check the tension of the alternator drive belt as soon as possible. (See section titled "Cooling system".)

NOTE: This warning light is illuminated if the alternator is not charging. However, alternator, parking brake, brake failure, and bulb failure will be illuminated at the same time due to the design of the system.

H Oil pressure warning light (red)

If the light comes on during driving, the oil pressure is too low. Stop the engine immediately and check the engine oil level. See section titled "Engine Oil".

After hard driving, the light will come on occasionally when the engine is idling. This is normal, provided it goes off when the engine speed is increased.

M Parking brake reminder light (red)

This tight will be on when the parking brake (hand brake) is applied. The parking brake lever is situated between the front seats.

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N Brake failure warning light (red)

If the light comes on while driving and the brake pedal can be depressed further than normal, it is an indication that one of the brake circuits is not functioning. Stop immediately, open engine hood and check brake fluid level (see section "Brake fluid, power steering").

Reservoir empty: do NOT drive. Tow car to shop for check/repair of brake system. Reservoir not empty: proceed immediately and with caution to a Volvo dealer for an inspection of the brake system.

O Bulb failure warning light (yellow)

The light will come on if any of the following bulbs are defective: one of the lower beams

one of the tail tights

one of the brake lights (when the brake pedal is depressed). See section on "Replacing Bulbs".

pg. 12 Clock, ambient temperature gauge

Quartz crystal clock

To reset the hands, push in the reset knob and turn.

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Ambient temp. gauge (accessory)

An electronic thermometer that indicates ambient temperature just above the road surface. Warns you of icy road conditions.

pg. 13 Oil pressure gauge, voltmeter

Oil pressure gauge (accessory)

The oil pressure gauge indicates the pressure of the oil in the lubricating system of the engine. The pressure is dependent on the speed of the engine, the oil temperature and the viscosity of the oil.

The gauge pointer must not go down to the red field while driving.

Note: While idling with a hot engine the pointer may go into the red field. This is not a cause for concern providing the pointer rises to the normal driving range again when you increase the engine speed.

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Voltmeter (accessory)

The voltmeter indicates the voltage in the electrical system and thereby also the state of the battery. While the car is being driven the pointer should be within the black field.

Should the pointer point to the upper or lower red field when driving, this may indicate some fault in the electrical system.

Note: While idling with a hot engine (especially with air conditioning ON), the pointer may indicate low voltage. This is not a cause for concern provided that the indicated voltage increases when you increase engine speed.

pg. 14 Starting (ignition) switch, Turn signals

Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock

The steering wheel lock may be under tension when the car is parked. Turn the steering wheel slightly to

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free the ignition key.

A chime will sound if the starting key is in the ignition lock and the front door on the driver's side is open. The chime will also sound if the headlights or parking lights are on when the door is open. The chime goes off when the front door is closed.

Turn signals

1 Signal lever engaged for normal turns.

Note: A defective turn signal bulb will cause turn signal indicator and remaining signal lights to flash more rapidly than normal.

2 Lane change position. In maneuvers such as lane changing, the driver can flash the turn signals by moving the turn signal lever to the first stop and holding it there. The lever will return to the neutral position when released.

3 High and low beam switching (headlights on).

Move the lever towards the steering wheel and release it.

3 Headlight flasher (headlights off).

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Move the lever towards the steering wheel. The headlight high beam will be on until the lever is released.

pg. 15 Lighting

Headlights and position lights

All lights off

Parking lights on

Headlights and parking lights on

Switch from upper to lower beams, and vice versa, by moving the turn signal switch lever on the left side of the steering column towards the steering wheel. The parking lights can be used without switching on the starting (ignition) key.

A chime will sound if the parking lights are on and the front door on the driver's side is open. The chime will also sound if the starting (ignition) key is in the switch lock when the door is open. The chime goes

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off when the driver's door is closed.

If the headlight is in position , all lights will go out when starting (ignition) switch is switched off.

Instrument panel lamps rheostat

Clockwise - brighter

Counterclockwise - dimmer.

pg. 16 Windshield wipers, Tailgate window wiper, Washer nozzles

Wiper/washer

1 Intermittent wiper.

With switch in this position, the wipers will make a stroke approx. every seventh second.

2 "Single stroke" position.

Switch returns automatically when released.

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3 Wipers, low speed.

4 Wipers, high speed.

5 Windshield wiper/washer.

The wiper will make 2-3 complete stroking cycles after the lever is released.

Tailgate window wiper/washer, wagon

Operated by the switch at the end of the windshield wiper/washer operating lever.

1 Tailgate wiper

2 Interval position

With the switch in this position, there is one stroking cycle approx. every fifteen seconds.

3 Tailgate washer

Depress the button to start the-wiper/washer. The wiper will complete 2-3 stroking cycles after the button is released.

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Adjusting washer nozzles

The fluid spray may be adjusted by carefully inserting a needle into the metal nozzle and rotating nozzle to desired position.

4-8" = 10-20 cm. 12" = 30 cm.

pg. 17 Washer fluid reservoir, Rear fog lights

Washer fluid reservoir

The washer fluid reservoir for the windshield and tailgate washer (wagon) is located in the engine compartment and holds approx. 0.8 US gals = 3.2 liters.

During wintertime, the reservoir should be filled with anti-freeze washer Fluid specified in section titled "Cold weather".

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Rear fog lights

The rear fog lights are considerably brighter than the normal tail lights and should be used only when atmospheric conditions, such as fog, rain, snow, smoke or dust reduce the daytime or night time visibility of other vehicles to less than 500 ft. (152 meters). (The headlights must be switched on.) Note that local regulations governing the use of these lights may vary.

pg. 18 Rear window demister, hazard warning flasher

Rear window demister

To operate depress the switch. The indicator lamp in the switch will come on. The system will be switched off automatically after 10-15 minutes or when the starting (ignition) key is switched off.

Do not place items against the inner surface of the rear window that may damage the printed circuit. Do not scrape the inner surface of the rear window glass with a hard object or use an abrasive window cleaner, otherwise damage to the printed circuit will occur.

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Hazard warning flasher

The four-way flasher should be used to indicate that the vehicle has become a traffic hazard.

Note: Regulations regarding the use of the hazard warning flasher may vary from state to state.

pg. 19 Parking brake

Parking brake (hand brake)

The lever is situated between the front seats. The brake is applied to the rear wheels.

The PARKING BRAKE reminder light on the instrument panel comes on whenever the parking brake lever is not fully released and the ignition is on.

Always use the parking brake (hand brake) when parked.

In order to obtain the best possible performance of the parking brake, the brake linings should be broken in. (See section titled "Break-in period".)

Seat heaters

The front seats are equipped with electrically-heated backrests and seat cushions. The switches engage

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the heating which then is thermostatically controlled. It switches on automatically when the temperature drops below 60°F (15°C) and switches off at approx. 95°F (35°C).

pg. 20 Cigarette lighter, Ash trays

Cigarette lighter

To operate, depress the knob fully. When the knob automatically releases, the cigarette lighter is ready for use.

The starting (ignition) switch must be ON for the cigarette lighter to function.

Ash trays

To remove the ash trays depress the center spring and remove.

pg. 21 Electrically-operated windows

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Electrically operated windows (standard on certain models)

The electrically-operated windows are controlled by switches set in the door arm rests. All the windows can be controlled from the driver's are rest as shown in the above illustration.

The starting (ignition) switch must be ON for the electrically-operated windows to function. The window is lowered if the rear part of the switch is pressed and raised if the front part of the switch is pressed.

WARNING!

Remove the starting (ignition) key from the car when children are left alone in the car.

Cut-out switch for rear-door electrically-operated windows

If the car is equipped with rear-door power windows, this function can be disabled by a switch located on the driver's door armrest.

This switch is positioned 90° in relation to the other switches.

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The rear door windows can be raised or lowered with the respective door switch on the driver's door.

The rear door windows cannot be raised or lowered with the respective door switch but instead only with the corresponding switch on the driver's door.

pg. 22 Heating and ventilation

Heating system

1TEMP

Left = cool Right = warm

2 FLOOR

Out = no air to floor

In = full flow of air to front and rear floor

3 Defrost

Out = low volume air flow to defroster In = full flow

4 REC (recirculation)

To be used only on cars equipped with air conditioning. Do not use for heating.

Out = full flow of outside air

In = air is recirculated for faster cooling

5 Blower motor

Has 4 speeds and is shut completely off when the knob is turned to the left.

6 Air louvers - dash

The air flow through the louvers is decreased when the (2) and/or (3) controls are depressed.

7 Fresh air louvers - floor (except models with air conditioning) Lever placed forward = louver opens

Lever placed rearward = louver closes

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pg. 23 Heating and ventilation

How to . . .

. . . obtain max. heat

1 TEMP >>> WARM

2 depressed

5 FAN >>> 3(or4)

6 All dash louvers halfway open and floor air louver closed.

. . . remove condensation

1 TEMP >>>WARM

3 DEF depressed

5 FAN >>> 3 (or 4)

6 All louvers closed as well as the floor fresh air louver.

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Always keep front external inlet grille (in front of the windshield) clear of obstructions (snow, ice, etc.).

Maximum defroster action

For maximum defroster capacity at very low ambient temperatures, use the recirculation control (button depressed).

If not using air conditioning, the recirculation feature should not be used in humid climates and at temperatures about +23°F (-5°C).

Air louvers - dash

AClosed

BOpen

CDirecting air flow horizontally

DDirecting air flow vertically

Fresh air louver - floor (except models with air conditioning)

There is a floor-directed fresh air louver on the driver and passenger sides of the vehicle (driver's side only on some models). Airflow is controlled by the lever at the center of the louver.

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Lever placed forward = louver opens

Lever placed rearward = louver closes

Maximum airflow is obtained with louver fully open and the fan (blower motor) shut completely off. (The fan forces the air through the dash louvers.)

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 24 Air conditioning

Air conditioning (standard on certain models)

How to use the air conditioner:

1 Fan

Position 4 for rapid cooling.

2 AIR COND

Start the air conditioning compressor by turning the control knob clockwise toward MAX.

For rapid cooling, position the knob into the orange range beyond MAX. After desired temperature is reached re-position the control knob into the blue range.

At cruising speeds, the knob should be kept within the blue range. If it remains in the orange range, icing may occur resulting in decreased cooling capacity.

3 Recirculation

Push in for rapid cooling and during high humidity conditions.

4 TEMP

When using the air conditioner for cooling, the TEMP control should be set to COOL position, fully left. Use the AIR COND control to regulate the temperature.

To obtain rapid cooling, all windows must be closed and buttons and out. Close the floor fresh air louvers.

Cool air will then be discharged through the four dash outlets which should be fully open.

Note: For rapid removal of condensation from inside glass surfaces, the air conditioner can be switched on even when not required for interior cooling. The air conditioner will dehumidify the air inside the

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vehicle.

Have your Volvo dealer check the system for correct operation yearly. The air conditioning system should be operated periodically to ensure trouble-free performance year round.

pg. 25 Radios, AM-FM-FM stereo/Tape players

Operating instructions

The optional equipment is available from Volvo Accessories in several different models, each with its own special features. Operating instructions are contained in the manuals associated with each model. These manuals are placed in the cars when the equipment is installed.

Your Volvo Dealer will be able to assist you with any questions regarding the operation of this equipment.

Radio antenna mast

Note: Always lower the antenna mast when entering automatic car wash.

The following information may help to explain differences between car radio reception and radio reception in the home.

Signal sending

FM waves do not follow the earth's surface and do not bounce against the atmosphere as AM waves do.

Cross modulation

When receiving a weak signal in the vicinity of another, stronger signal, both stations may be received simultaneously.

Weak reception (fading)

Because of the limited range of FM senders and the way FM waves spread, this problem usually occurs with FM reception.

Mountains or similar obstacles can sometimes cause disturbances.

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pg. 26 Front seats

Driver seat height

There are two levers, each with three positions, for adjusting the height of the seat (front and/or back of cushion).

This allows adjustment of the seat cushion angle for added comfort. After adjusting the seat check that it is securely latched.

Note: Do not attempt to raise seat height while seated.

Horizontal seat adjustment

Pull control upward, then slide seat forward or rearward to desired position.

Make sure that the seat is properly secured when you release the control.

Note: For your safety, never adjust seat while driving.

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Electrically heated front seats

The front seats are electrically heated and thermostatically controlled. The heater switches on automatically when the temperature drops below 60°F (15°C) and switches off at approx. 95°F (35°C). The heating may also be disengaged manually using the switches on the parking brake console.

Seat back inclination

Rotate control clockwise to tilt seat back rearward.

Rotate counterclockwise to tilt seat back forward.

Note: Body weight must be shifted to allow seat back to move forward or rearward.

pg. 27 Passenger seat, Child safety

Passenger seat height

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The front passenger seat is retained by four brackets, each with three positions. The positions are the same as for the driver's seat. However, this adjustment must be accomplished manually, using appropriate hand tools.

Child safety

Volvo recommends the proper use of restraint systems for all occupants, including children. Remember that regardless of age and size, a child should always be properly restrained in a car.

Holding a child in your arms is NOT a suitable substitute for a child restraint system. In an accident, a child held in a person's arms can be crushed between the vehicle's interior and an unrestrained person. The child could also be injured by striking the interior, or by being ejected from the vehicle during a sudden maneuver or impact. The same can also happen if the infant or child rides unrestrained on the seat or in the cargo section of a station wagon. Other occupants should also be properly restrained to help reduce the chance of injuring or increasing the injury of a child.

In many states and provinces there is legislation governing how and where children should be carried in a car. Find out the regulations existing in your state or province.

A child restraint system can help protect a child in a vehicle. Here's what to look for when selecting a child restraint system:

It should have a label certifying that it meets applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS 213-80) - or in Canada, CMVSS 213.

Make sure the child restraint system is appropriate for the child's height, weight and development - the label required by the standard or regulation, or instructions for infant restraints, typically provide this information.

In using any child restraint system, we urge you to carefully look over the instructions that are provided with the restraint. Be sure you understand them and can use the device properly and safely in this vehicle.

If your child restraint requires a top tether strap, consult your authorized Volvo dealer for top tether anchorage and installation information

When a child has outgrown the child safety seat (approximately 4-5 years of age, depending on size) you should use the rear seat with the standard seat belt fastened. The best way to protect the child here is to place the child on a cushion so that the seat lap belt is as far down on the hips as possible. A safety cushion for this purpose can be obtained from your Volvo dealer.

pg. 28 Seat belts

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Seat belts, retractable

Always fasten the seat belts before you drive or ride.

Two lights will be illuminated for 4-8 seconds after the starting (ignition) key is turned to driving position. One light is located in the instrument cluster and one in the console between the front seats. A chime will sound at the same time if the driver has not fastened his seat belt. The front and rear outboard seats are provided with self-retracting inertia-reel belts.

To buckle:

Pull the belt out from the retractor far enough to insert the latch plate into the receptacle (buckle for rear seats), until a distinct snapping sound is heard. The belt should not be twisted or turned.

To unfasten, depress red push-button in receptacle (buckle) and let the belts rewind into their retractors.

Note: The lap belt should sit low and tight under abdomen.

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The seat belt retractors are normally "unlocked"

The retractors will lock up as follows:

if belt is pulled out rapidly

during braking and acceleration

if the vehicle is leaning excessively

when driving in turns

Check seat belt mechanism function as follows:

1.Attach the seat belt. Pull rapidly on the strap.

2.CAUTION! Check other traffic before performing this check.

Brake firmly from approximately 30 mph (50 km/h) or turn in a tight circle while pulling on the belt.

In all the above checks you should not be able to pull the belt out.

pg. 29 Seat belts

Seat belts, manually adjustable

The center rear seat belt is manually adjustable. It should always be adjusted to the correct length.

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To lengthen, angle the buckle as shown in the upper illustration and pull the belt through.

To shorten, pull the upper part of the double webbing until snug.

During pregnancy

Pregnant women should always wear seat belts. Remember that the belt should always be positioned in such a way as to avoid any possible pressure on the abdomen. The lap belt should be located low, as shown in the above illustration.

WARNING!

Never use any single seat belt for more than one occupant.

Never wear the shoulder portion of the belt under the arm or otherwise out of position. Such use could, in event of accident, cause injury.

Volvo recommends that all occupants fasten their seat belts.

Aftermarket devices used to induce slack into the shoulder belt portion of Volvo's three-point belt system will have a detrimental effect on the amount of protection available to you in the event of a collision

Note: Legislation in your state or province may mandate seat belt usage.

Maintenance

Check periodically that the anchor bolts are secure and that the belts are in good condition. Use water and a mild detergent for cleaning.

As the seat belts lose much of their strength when stretched, they should be replaced after collision, even though they may appear to be undamaged.

Never modify or repair the belt on your own. If repair is required, have the work performed by an authorized Volvo dealer.

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pg. 30 Doors and locks, Child safety lock

Unlocking front doors

Both front doors can be unlocked by using the starting (ignition) key. Turning the key 1/4 turn counterclockwise (right door: clockwise) lifts the lock buttons on the window ledge and the door can be opened by pulling the handle.

To open a door from inside, the lock button must first be pulled up.

In wintertime, if the lock is frozen, be careful not to break the key in the lock. Thaw the ice by heating the lock or the key. Use an electric heater with blower to prevent paint damage when thawing lock.

Central lock

The vehicle is equipped with a central lock system. This means the lock on the driver's door automatically controls the locks on the other doors (including the trunk on Sedan models and the tailgate on the wagon model).

It the driver's door is locked or unlocked, the other doors will automatically be locked or unlocked.

Locking doors

Both front doors can be locked by using the key. Turning the key 1/4 turn clockwise (left door) or counter-clockwise (right door) locks the door.

The lock buttons should not be in the down (locked) position during driving. In case of an accident, this may hinder rapid access to the occupants of the vehicle.

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Child safety locks

The buttons are located on the rear door jambs.

A The lock functions normally.

B The door cannot be opened from the inside.

Remember, in the event of an accident, the rear seat passengers cannot open the doors from the inside with the buttons in position B.

Wagon model contains child safety lock on tailgate. The lock differs from that shown above. See section titled "Wagon, tailgate".

pg. 31 Trunk lid/light

Trunk lid

The trunk lock is incorporated in the central locking system. This means that you can either lock or unlock the trunk by means of the driver's door lock.

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You can also operate the trunk lock directly with the owner's key even if the vehicle is centrally locked.

The trunk lock can also be disconnected from the central locking system by turning the key counterclockwise as shown above:

The trunk is now always locked.

This option can be used if for example, you lend your car to somebody. If you give only the service key to the driver it will not be possible to open the trunk.

To reconnect the lock to the central locking system:

Trunk light

A Light always off.

B Light on when trunk lid is open.

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pg. 32 Hood, Long load storage

To open the hood

Pull the release handle (located under the left side of the dash).

Lift the hood slightly, insert a hand under the center line of the hood and depress the safety catch handle. Open the hood.

Check that the hood locks properly when closing.

Long load storage (except wagon)

A flap in the rear seat makes it possible to carry "long loads" such as skis, etc.

WARNING!

When braking rapidly the load could be displaced and cause injury to occupants. Sharp edges on the load should be covered for protection. It is essential that the "load" be secured safely. Use belts locked around the folded down armrest (see illustration).

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An optional, specially designed, storage bag should also be used to avoid soiling or tearing the upholstery. Please note that the flap in the rear seat is intended only for light loads such as skis, wood etc.

Max. length of load 6 1/2 ft = 2 m. Max. weight of load 33 lbs = 15 kg.

WARNING!

Take care when loading/unloading the vehicle. Always turn off the engine and apply the parking brake. Place automatic transmission gear shift selector in position P (Park). This will prevent accidental movement of the gear shift selector to position D (Drive).

pg. 33 Rear/side view mirrors

Rear view mirror

A Normal position

B Night position, reduces glare from following headlights

WARNING!

Packages place on the rear window shelf can obscure vision and many become dangerous projectiles in the event of sudden stop or accident.

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Side-view mirrors

A Adjustment up/down

B Adjustment sideways

Avoid using ice scrapers made of metal as they can easily scratch the mirror surface.

WARNING!

The mirrors should always be adjusted before driving.

pg. 34 Interior light, Sunroof, Refueling

Interior light

1 Light always on.

2 Light always off.

3 Light is on when either of the front or rear doors are opened.

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The wagon model has a slightly different kind of interior lamp housing.

On certain models a time delay device illuminates the interior light for approx. 15 seconds after closing the driver's door. This facilitates finding starting (ignition) switch, etc., during darkness.

Sunroof (certain models)

The sunroof is operated by a handle located between the sun visors.

Unfold the handle and turn it counter-clockwise to open, clockwise to close.

For safety reasons, the handle should always be folded when driving.

Refueling

The fuel tank cap is located behind the door on the right rear fender. Open cap slowly during hot weather.

When filling, position the cap in the special bracket on the door. After filling the tank, install the cap and turn until a "click" is heard. An optional locking cap is also available.

Refer to section titled "Fuel requirements" for additional information.

pg. 35 Rear seat (wagon)

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Folding rear seat

Depress either lever located at the front bottom edge of the rear seat cushion (right or left side). Tilt the seat towards the front seat.

Note: It may be necessary to move front seat forward or raise the seat backs slightly to allow rear seat to fold down.

Pull the handle on the rear side of the seat back upwards, and fold the seat back forward and down so that it lies flat. The rear seat back and cushion are held automatically in their respective positions.

WARNING!

When returning the rear seat to it normal position, make sure the latches are securely locked and the seat belts are easily accessible for use

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Removing seat cushion

The seat cushion can be easily removed to provide a slightly larger cargo storage area. To remove, lift the seat cushion out of the hinges.

pg. 36 Tailgate (wagon)

To open from the outside

Depress the release button located under the tailgate handle.

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To open from the inside

Pull out the T-handle located at the bottom of the tailgate.

Safety catch

A The lid cannot be opened from the inside. B The lock functions normally.

pg. 37 Cargo compartment (wagon)

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Spare wheel, jack

The spare wheel and jack are stored under the hatch to the left in the cargo compartment. Loosen the two clips 1/4 turn and lift off the hatch.

CAUTION!

Unless the station wagon is equipped with a cargo compartment seat (Volvo accessory), occupants should not ride in this section of the car.

Concealed storage space

There are two concealed storage areas under the cargo compartment floor.

Locking floor lid

The larger lid is lockable and should be used when increased security for stored articles is desirable.

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Eyelets

Six eyelets are provided in the cargo compartment for anchoring cargo.

Four eyelets are shown in the illustration. The remaining two are accessible when the seat back is folded forward.

Note: The eyelets are not to be used as occupant restraints.

CAUTION!

Luggage or other cargo should not be stowed higher than the seat backs. All items should be secured in place.

pg. 38 Sedan

Contents | Top of Page

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1 9 8 7 VOLVO 240

Operating the car

pg. 39 Operating the car

Service inspection 40

Break-in period 40

Driving economy, shift indicator light 41

Starting the engine 42

Manual transmission 43

Automatic transmission 44

Emergency towing 46

Towing information 47

Trailer hauling 48

Automatic transmission, brake

49

system Catalytic converter 50

pg. 40 Break-in period, Service inspection

A new car should be broken-in!

Manual transmission

During the break-in period do not exceed the following speeds*

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First 600 miles (1,000 km)

1st gear 20 mph (30 km/h) 2nd gear 30 mph (50 km/h) 3rd gear 50 mph (80 km/h)

4th gear 70 mph (110 km/h) 5th gear 80 mph (130 km/h)

600-1,200 miles (1,000-2,000 km)

1st gear 25 mph(40 km/h) 2nd gear 40 mph (65 km/h) 3rd gear 60 mph (100 km/h) 4th gear 80 mph (130 km/h) 5th gear 90 mph (150 km/h)

Avoid driving at low speed in high gear.

* These are the maximum speeds recommended by the factory. Note that legislation in different countries and states can stipulate other max. speeds than those given here.

Automatic transmission

Refrain from using "kick-down" during the first 1,200 miles (2,000 km) when driving a car equipped with an automatic transmission.

Breaking in parking brakes

To obtain best parking brake performance, the brake linings should be broken in.

Stop 5-7 times from 30 mph (50 km/h), transmission in neutral, applying the parking brake with the release button pressed in during the stop. The force must not lock the rear wheels. If this happens, release the brake enough to let the wheels rotate. Drive a mile between each stop to cool the brakes. Check for proper parking brake operation.

Note: The brake lights are not illuminated when applying the parking brake. To warn traffic from behind it is therefore advisable to depress the brake pedal slightly to illuminate the brake lights.

Service Inspection

To ensure proper operation the car should be taken to a Volvo dealer between the first 600-1,200 miles (1,000-2,000 km) for a service inspection. The oil in the engine, manual transmission and rear axle will then be changed. This is very important since the oil rapidly collects impurities during the break-in period.

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pg. 41 Driving economy, Shift indicator light

Economical driving does not necessarily mean driving slow

Better driving economy may be obtained by thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and stops and adjusting the speed of your vehicle to immediate traffic conditions. Observe the following rules:

Bring the engine to normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on the accelerator pedal. A cold engine uses more fuel and is subject to increased wear.

When possible avoid using the car for driving short distances. This does not allow the engine to reach normal operating temperature.

Drive carefully and avoid rapid acceleration and hard braking.

Do not exceed speed limit.

Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra load) in the car.

Check tire pressures regularly (cold tires).

Remove snow tires when threat of snow or ice has ended.

Note that roof racks, ski racks, etc., increase air resistance and thereby fuel consumption.

Avoid using automatic transmission kick-down feature unless necessary.

Other factors which decrease gas mileage are:

Worn or dirty spark plugs

Incorrect spark plug gap

Dirty air filter

Incorrect valve clearance

Incorrect idle speed

Dirty engine oil and clogged oil filter

Dragging brakes

Incorrect front end alignment

Low tire pressure

The above mentioned items and others are checked at the standard 10,000 mile (16,000 km) maintenance service intervals.

Shift indicator light

(manual transmission models only)

The Volvo shift indicator light (S.I.L.) is a device designed to help you get even better gas mileage from your Volvo car. Studies have shown that the best fuel economy is obtained by shifting gears at low engine rpm and high relative engine load. The Volvo S.I.L. is calibrated to show you when to shift for improved mileage without sacrificing smooth acceleration.

Use of the S.I.L. is simple. Shift to next higher gear as soon as the light comes on. You may find after using the S.I.L. for some time that your natural shifting rhythm will adapt to the S.I.L.'s suggestion. Some drivers may even shift before the light comes on.

Obviously, there will be times when you need to shift later than the light would indicate (for example,

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when climbing hills or trailer towing). Using the light regularly, however, should result in a mileage improvement of six percent or more, depending on how you normally drive.

Programming instructions for shift indicator

If the current supply to the control unit is cut (battery disconnected), the control unit will have to be reprogrammed as the control unit memory will be erased.

Drive the car in each gear (first gear not necessary) for approximately 8 seconds. The gear change indicator light will flicker once (0.5 seconds), as each gear is programmed.

Note: Remove foot completely from the clutch pedal after each gear change when programming the control unit.

pg. 42 Starting the engine

To start the engine;

1 Enter the car and fasten the seat belt.

2 Apply the parking brake if not already set.

3 Place the gear selector lever in neutral (position N or P, automatic transmission).

4 Depress the clutch pedal (manual transmission).

5 Without touching the accelerator pedal turn the ignition key to starting position. Release the key as soon as the engine starts.

Avoid repeated short attempts to start (fuel is injected every time the starter is engaged when engine is cold).

Allow the starter to operate for a longer time (but not more than 15-20 seconds).

Do not race a cold engine immediately after starting.

Engine warm-up - initial driving procedure

Experience shows that engines in vehicles driven short distances are subject to abnormally rapid wear because the engine never reaches normal operating temperature.

It is therefore beneficial to reach normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on the accelerator pedal.

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WARNING!

Always open the garage doors fully before starting the engine inside the garage to ensure adequate ventilation. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is invisible and odorless but very poisonous.

pg. 43 Manual transmission

5-speed manual transmission

Depress the clutch pedal fully when changing gears. Remove the foot from the clutch pedal after every gear shift.

See "Shift indicator light" section for more information on economical use of the manual transmission.

Reverse gear (R)

The detent collar on the gear shift lever must be lifted prior to engaging reverse gear. This prevents inadvertent selection of reverse gear.

pg. 44 Automatic transmission

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Shift positions

P park

R reverse N neutral D drive

2 intermediate

1 low

The gear selector can be moved freely between D and 2. Selections of other positions are obtained by depressing the selector knob prior to moving the selector.

Depressing the selector knob slightly allows selection of positions N and 1.

Depressing the selector knob fully allows selection of positions R and P. This is also necessary when initially bringing the selector out of position P.

Depressing the selector knob fully thus permits shifting freely between all positions.

P Park

Use this position when parked with the engine running or stopped.

Never use P while car is in motion.

The transmission is mechanically locked in position P. Also use the parking brake when parking on grades for added safety.

R Reverse

Never use R while car is moving forward. N Neutral

Neutral position = no gear is engaged. Use parking brake.

D Drive

D is the normal driving position. Upshift and downshift of the forward gears occurs automatically and is governed by acceleration and vehicle speed.

2 Intermediate position

Upshift and downshift of first two gears (low and intermediate) occurs automatically. No upshift to 3rd (top) gear occurs.

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Position 2 may be used to obtain forced downshift to 2nd gear for increased engine braking effect.

Position 2 can also be used...

for relatively slow highway driving.

for city driving.

when driving on mountain roads where precise speed control is desirable.

for passing.

1 Low position

If position 1 is selected when driving at high speeds, 2 is engaged first and 1 when the speed has dropped to approx. 30 mph (50 km/h).

NOTE: No upshift once 1 is engaged.

Use position 1 to select low gear with no upshift. Use for instance, when ascending and descending steep grades.

Note:

Never select P or R while the car is in motion.

When standing still and selecting D,2,1 or R the engine must be idling.

Never downshift to 2 or 1 at speeds above 75 mph(125km/h)*.

*Always observe local speed limits!

pg. 45 Automatic transmission

Disengaging 4th gear

The transmission will engage 4th gear automatically after upshifting through first, second and third gears unless the disengagement button on the side of the gear selector knob is pushed.

When the button is pushed to disengage 4th gear, the transmission operates as a 3-speed unit. If the button is pushed while 4th gear is engaged, then a downshift to 3rd gear will occur. The transmission, then, cannot upshift to 4th gear until the button is pushed again. As a reminder, when 4th gear is

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disengaged, the indicator light ( ) in the instrument panel is illuminated.

Be aware that, if 4th gear is disengaged (reminder light illuminated) when the engine is switched off, the transmission will revert automatically to 4-speed operation (reminder light not illuminated) when the engine is restarted.

Disengage 4th gear (reminder light illuminated) when:

*towing a trailer

*driving on hilly roads where precise speed control is desired.

Kick-down

Automatic shift to a lower gear is achieved by depressing the throttle pedal fully and briskly.

An up-shift will be achieved when approaching the top speed for a particular gear or by releasing the throttle pedal slightly.

Kick-down can be used for maximum acceleration or when passing at highway speeds.

Starting and stopping a car equipped with automatic transmission

1.Fasten the seat belt.

2.Apply the parking brake and the brake pedal firmly to hold the car (to prevent the car from moving when the gear selector is moved).

3.Select position P or N. (Engine cannot be started in any other position).

4.Start the engine by turning the ignition key (See Section "starting the Engine".)

5.Select the desired gear.

6.Release the brakes and accelerate.

To stop the car, release the throttle pedal and apply the brakes.

It is not necessary to move the gear selector as the transmission will downshift automatically. When idling for extended periods of time, select position N to prevent unnecessary heating of the transmission.

WARNING!

Always place gear selector in Park and apply parking brake before leaving vehicle. Never leave car unattended with engine running.

pg. 46 Emergency towing (pulling)

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Precautionary steps to observe when towing

Please check with state and local authorities before attempting this type of towing as vehicles being towed are subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device, lighting, etc.

Steering must be unlocked.

Remember that power brake and power steering assists will not be available when engine is inoperative. Pedal pressure required is 3-4 times above normal and greater steering effort must be employed.

Towing cars equipped with automatic transmission:

-Gear selector in position N. Check transmission oil level (see section titled "Transmission oil"). -Maximum speed: 20 mph (30 km/h).

-Maximum distance with rear wheels on ground: 20 miles (30 km).

CARS EQUIPPED WITH AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION CANNOT BE STARTED BY PUSHING OR PULLING THE CAR.

Jump starting, see section titled "alternator, jump starting"

pg. 47 Tow-truck information

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pg. 48 Trailer hauling

When preparing for trailer hauling, observe the following:

Use a trailer hitch which meets Federal Safety Standards for rear end collisions (FMVSS 301-75). For trailer weights exceeding 2,000 lbs (908 kgs) use only a trailer hitch offered as a Genuine Volvo Accessory.

Maximum trailer weight recommended by Volvo is 3,300 lbs (1,500 kg).

However, for cars with automatic transmission, an optional Volvo automatic transmission oil cooler must be installed when trailer weight exceeds 2,000 lbs (908 kgs). With manual transmission, 5th gear should not be used while towing. Observe legal requirements of the state in which the vehicles are registered.

All Volvo models are equipped with energy absorbing shock mounted bumpers. Trailer hitch installation should not interfere with the proper operation of the bumper system.

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WARNING!

Bumper-attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvos, nor should safety chains be attached to the bumper. Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must not be used.

NOTE:

Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo dealer for correct installation.

Trailer hauling does not normally present any particular problems, but take into consideration:

Recommended hitch tongue load is 110 lbs (50 kgs) for trailer weights below 2,650 lbs (1,200 kgs) and 143-154 lbs (65-70 kgs) for trailer weights above 2,650 lbs (1,200 kgs). However, it must not exceed 200 lbs (90 kgs).

For trailer weights between 2,650-3,300 lbs (1,200-1,500 kgs) a top speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) should never be exceeded.

Engine and transmission are subject to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should be closely watched when driving in hot climate or hilly terrain. Use lower gear and turn off air conditioner if temperature gauge pointer enters the red range.

Avoid overload and other abusive operation.

Hauling a trailer affects handling, durability and economy. Trailer air dam (Volvo accessory) will improve mileage.

It is necessary to balance trailer brakes with the lowing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop (check and observe State regulations).

More frequent vehicle maintenance is required.

Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when the hitch is not being used.

Note: Refer to section entitled "Automatic transmission" for additional trailer hauling tips.

WARNING!

Do not drive with trunk lid or tailgate open!

Poisonous exhaust gases may enter via the open trunk lid or tailgate. (This is especially true for wagon models.) If the trunk lid or tailgate for any reason must be open, proceed as follows:

Close the windows.

Set the heating system controls for floor and defroster to max. and the blower to full speed (4). See section titled "Heating and Ventilation".

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Handling, roadholding

Vehicle load, tire design and inflation pressure are important for proper handling. Therefore check that the tires are inflated to the recommended pressure according to the vehicle load.

It is recommended to use tires of the same make and dimensions on all four wheels.

CAUTION!

Do not mix radial ply and bias ply tires as this will adversely alter the vehicle handling characteristics.

Roof rack

Permanent and removable roof racks are available from Volvo Accessories. Observe the following points when in use.

Avoid point loads. Distribute the load evenly.

Place the heavy cargo at bottom of load.

Observe that center of gravity and handling are influenced by the load weight.

Increasing load size increases wind resistance.

Anchor the cargo correctly with a cord.

Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, heavy cornering and heavy braking.

Max. roof load is 220 Lbs (100 kg); use a roof rack with a sufficient load rating.

pg. 49 Automatic transmission, Brake system

The following "Special Tips" apply to cars with automatic transmission

For steep hills and when driving for prolonged periods at low speeds, position 1 should be selected. Avoid, however, repeated changes since this can cause overheating of the transmission oil. For driving on mountain roads with long persistent uphill gradients, select position 2.

When negotiating long, steep, downhill slopes, position 1 should be selected and position 2 for less severe inclines, in order to obtain the best possible engine braking effect.

Do not hold the car stationary on an incline by using the accelerator pedal. Instead, engage the handbrake. This prevents the transmission oil from becoming overheated.

4th gear must be disengaged when hauling a trailer!

If an additional transmission oil cooler is installed you can haul a trailer with the overdrive engaged. See next "special tip".

When driving with heavy trailers, it is recommended that an additional oil cooler be installed. This applies especially when driving under severe conditions e.g. mountain driving or prolonged driving at high speeds without breaks. The additional oil cooler is available as a genuine Volvo accessory.

Regarding oil change, see section titled "Transmission oil".

Moisture on brake discs and brake pads affects braking.

Driving in rain and slush or passing through a normal car wash can cause water to collect on the brake

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discs and pads. This will cause a delay in braking effect when the pedal is depressed. To avoid such a delay, when the brakes are needed, depress the pedal occasionally when driving in rain or slush.

This will remove the water from the brakes.

This should also be done after washing or starting in very damp weather.

If the brake power assist does not function-

The power assist to the brakes functions only when the engine is running. When the car is moving without the engine running the brake pedal pressure required to stop the car is increased 3 - 4 times.

The brake pedal feels stiff and hard.

Disc brake noise: A slight-to-moderate amount of disc brake "squeal" is considered normal.

Air dam (front spoiler)

A non-factory air dam can negatively influence the normal flow of cooling air to the front wheel brakes. (See section titled "Wheels and Tires").

If one of the brake circuits should malfunction the red warning light will come on

(See section titled "Warning Lights".)

The pedal stroke increases slightly and the pedal feels softer but the pedal pressure required does not increase noticeably.

If the light comes on while driving and the brake pedal can be depressed further than normal, it is an indication that one of the brake circuits is not functioning. Stop immediately, open engine hood and check brake fluid level.

Reservoir empty: do NOT drive. Tow car to shop for check/repair of brake system. Reservoir not empty: proceed immediately and with caution to a Volvo dealer for an inspection of the brake system.

Severe strain on the brake system.

The brakes will be subject to severe strain when driving in mountains or hilly areas. The speed is usually low which means that the cooling of the brake is less efficient than when driving on level roads.

To reduce the strain on the brakes it is advisable not to use the brakes excessively.

Instead, shift into a lower gear and let the engine help with the braking. A good rule is to use the same gear downhill as would be used ascending the same grade. For vehicles with automatic transmission use position 2, or in some cases, 1.

pg. 50 Catalytic Converter

Catalytic Converter Cautions

(all U.S.A. and certain Canadian models)

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Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain engine malfunctions, particularly involving the electrical, fuel or ignition systems, may cause unusually high converter temperatures. Do not continue to operate your vehicle if you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss of power or other unusual operating conditions, such as engine overheating or backfiring. A properly-tuned engine will help in avoiding malfunctions that could damage the Catalytic Converter.

Remember that tampering with or unauthorized modifications to the engine or the vehicle may be illegal and can cause catalyst or exhaust system overheating. This includes:

Altering fuel injection settings or components. Adjusting ignition timing beyond specified limits.

Altering emission system components or location or removing components. Repeated use of leaded fuel.

Do not park your car over combustible materials, such as grass or leaves, which can come into contact with the hot exhaust system and cause such materials to ignite under certain wind and weather conditions.

Excessive starter cranking (in excess of one continuous minute) with an intermittently firing or flooded engine, can cause catalyst or exhaust system overheating. This also applies to lengthy pushing or towing of vehicle to start (manual transmissions only). Do not attempt to start a car with automatic transmission by pushing or towing.

NOTE: Unleaded fuel is required for cars with catalytic converter. A label on the instrument panel and rear fender, near the filler inlet, will remind owners and filling station attendant of this requirement. Important! It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into any vehicle labeled "unleaded gasoline only".

Contents | Top of Page

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1 9 8 7 VOLVO 240

Service and maintenance

pg. 51 Service and maintenance

Maintenance services

53

Service requirements

54

Engine B230F

56

Fuel requirements

58

Engine fluids

59

Engine oil, Oil/oil filter change

60

interval

 

Cooling system

61

Servicing

63

Transmission oil

68

Rear axle, power steering, brake fluid

70

Lubrication

71

Coolant

72

Alternator, jump starting

73

Replacing bulbs

74

Fuses

79

Wheels and tires

80

Wheel changing

82

Replacing wiper blades

84

Washing, cleaning

85

Cleaning, anti-rust treatment

85

Paint touch-up

86

Long distance trips, cold weather

89

Service diagnosis

90

Label information

94

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1987 Volvo 240

pg. 52 240 DL Wagon

pg. 53 Maintenance service

MAINTENANCE

Maintenance services

Your Volvo has passed two major inspections before it was delivered to you, according to Volvo specifications. When driven 600-1,200 miles (1,000-2,000 km), your car should be brought to the Volvo dealer for a maintenance service. Engine, manual transmission and rear axle oils, will be changed at this time.

Following this inspection, maintenance inspections as outlined in this book should be performed every 5,000 miles (8,000 km). Engine oil and oil filter changes should be performed every 5,000 miles (8,000 km), or at the time intervals outlined on page 60.

The extended maintenance inspection intervals make it even more advisable to follow this program.

Inspection and service should also be performed any time a malfunction is observed or suspected. It is recommended that receipts for vehicle emission services be retained in the event questions arise concerning maintenance. See your "Warranty Information and Maintenance Records Booklets"

Maintenance inspection intervals

Volvo advises you to follow the inspection program at 5,000 mile or 8,000 km intervals which is outlined in the "Warranties and Maintenance Records Manual". This maintenance program contains inspections and services necessary for the proper functioning of your car over the next inspection interval.

The maintenance inspections contain several checks which require special instruments and tools and therefore must be performed by a qualified technician.

To keep your Volvo in top condition, specify time tested and proven Genuine Volvo Parts and Accessories.

THE FEDERAL CLEAN AIR ACT (USA)

The Clean Air Act requires vehicle manufacturers to furnish written instructions to the ultimate purchaser to assure the proper functioning of those components that control emissions.

The maintenance instructions listed in the "Servicing" section of this Manual represent the minimum maintenance required. These services are not covered by the warranty. You will be required to pay for labor and material used. Refer to your "Warranties and Maintenance Records Manual" for further details.

In accordance with Federal Regulations, your Volvo is warranted to meet certain Emission Performance Standards. Refer to your Warranty Information Manual for detailed information concerning:

Emissions Performance Warranty (USA)

Limited 5-Year/50,000-Mile Emission System Warranty (USA)

5-Year/80,000-Kilometer Emission System Warranty (Canada)

pg. 54 Servicing

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1987 Volvo 240

1987 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE

240

A= Adjust (Correct if necessary)

R= Replace

I= Inspect (Correct or Replace if necessary)

L= Lubricate

Maintenance

Miles

600-

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

30,000

35,000

40,000

45,000

50,000

55,000

60,0003

Operation

1,200

 

(Km)

(1,000-

 

 

(8,000)

(16,000)

(24,000)

(32,000)

(40,000)

(48,000)

(56,000)

(64,000)

(72,000)

(80,000)

(88,000)

(96,000)

 

 

2,000)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EMISSION SYSTEM

MAINTENANCE

Engine oil and Oil filter

1

Cooling System Hoses and Connections

Engine Drive Belts

Torque Manifold Nuts

Valve Clearance

Timing gear belt2 Vacuum Fittings, Hoses and Connections

Air Cleaner Filter

Idle RPM Fuel System Cap, Tank, Lines and Connections

Spark Plugs Catalytic Converter Mounting Bolts

Manual Transmission Oil

Automatic Transmission Oil

Rear Axle Oil

R R R R R R R R R R R R R

I

A I I A

I I A R

I

R R I

I

R R

A

R I I I I I I I I I I I I

I I I I R I I I R I I I R R I I I I I I I I I I I I

1)See section in Owner's Manual for "Engine Oil" for detailed information

2)Not included in emissions systems maintenance, but we recommend that the timing gear belt be replaced every 50,000 miles (80,000 km)

3)For services beyond 60,000 miles (96,000 km), consult your Maintenance Service Chart.

pg. 55 Servicing

1987 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE

240

A= Adjust (Correct if necessary)

R= Replace

I= Inspect (Correct or Replace if necessary)

L= Lubricate

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1987 Volvo 240

Maintenance

Miles

600-

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

30,000

35,000

40,000

45,000

50,000

55,000

60,000

Operation

1,200

 

(Km)

(1,000-

 

 

(8,000)

(16,000)

(24,000)

(32,000)

(40,000)

(48,000)

(56,000)

(64,000)

(72,000)

(80,000)

(88,000)

(96,000)

 

 

2,000)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAINTENANCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENGINE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Engine Coolant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuel (Line) Filter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PCV Nipple (Orifice)

 

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

*

 

 

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ventilation Hoses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BRAKES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inspect Brakes. Replace

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

components as

 

 

 

I

 

I

 

I

 

I

 

I

 

I

necessary.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change Brake Fluid

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STEERING

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tire Wear (Align front

I

 

I

 

I

 

I

 

I

 

I

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

 

end if needed.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Check power steering

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

fluid level.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BODY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trunk, Door and Hood

L

 

L

 

L

 

L

 

L

 

L

 

L

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hinges and Latches.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Although not part of emission control warranty service, Volvo suggests the flame guard on B230F engines be cleaned every 20,000 miles (32,000 km).

pg. 56 Service Engine

The following items should be checked wee by the owner. (This only takes a few

Description on page

moments.)

 

Engine oil level

59

Brake fluid

70

Radiator coolant level

72

Tire pressures (including spare)

80, 101

Operation of all lights

-

Horns

-

Windshield wipers

-

Level of windshield fluid

-

The following should also be carried out regular intervals.

Description on page

Washing

84

Polishing

85

Cleaning

85

Rust protection

85

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1987 Volvo 240

Engine B230F

1 Data plate

2 Oil filler cap, engine

3 Oil dipstick, engine

4 Brake fluid reservoir

5 Washer fluid reservoir

6 Expansion tank, coolant

7 Oil reservoir, power steering

8Battery

9Fuse engine control

pg. 57 Road assistance

Your 1987 Volvo comes with a three year road assistance program known as ON-CALL. Additional information, features, and benefits are described in a separate information package in your glove compartment.

pg. 58 Fuel requirements

Unleaded Fuel

Each Volvo has a catalytic converter and must use only unleaded gasoline (as specified on the instrument panel and by a label near the filler inlet). U.S. and Canadian regulations require that pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be labeled "UNLEADED". Only these pumps have nozzles which fit' your car's filler inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a vehicle labeled "unleaded gasoline only".

Leaded gasoline damages the catalytic converter and the oxygen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded gasoline will lessen the effectiveness of the emission control system and could result in loss of emission warranty coverage. State and local vehicle inspection programs will make detection of misfueling easier, possibly resulting in emission test failure for misfueled vehicles.

Octane Rating

Volvo engines require unleaded gasoline with an (R+M)/2 octane rating (also called the Anti Knock Index, or AKI) of 87 or higher. This is generally equivalent to a Research Octane Number (RON) of 91 or higher.

Detergent or Injector Cleaning Gasoline

The use of specially formulated gasoline which contains so called "detergent" or "injector cleaning" additives is allowed and recommended by Volvo. The use of these detergent additives in gasoline has been shown to be effective in reducing the build-up of certain injector deposits.

Gasoline Containing Alcohol

Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing alcohol without advertising the presence of alcohol if you are not sure whether there is alcohol in the gasoline you buy, check with the service station operator.

Blends of unleaded gasoline and ethanol (ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol), sometimes called "gasohol", are available in some areas. Gasohol, if

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1987 Volvo 240

used, must contain no more than 10 percent ethanol and must have an (R+M)/2 rating of 87 or higher. If you experience problems with starting, driveability, or fuel economy with gasohol, you should discontinue its use.

Take care not to spill gasoline during refueling Gasolines containing alcohol can cause damage to painted surfaces, which may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.

Do not use gasolines containing methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice can result in vehicle performance deterioration and can damage critical parts in the fuel system. Such damage may not be covered under the New Vehicle Warranty.

Fuel Tank

The fuel tank is designed to hold approx. 15.8 US gal. (60 liters), with sufficient volume left over to accommodate possible expansion of the fuel in hot weather.

Be aware that the "usable" tank capacity will be somewhat less than the 15.8-US gal. (60-liter) maximum. When the fuel level is low, such factors as ambient temperature, the fuel's "vapor pressure" characteristics, and terrain can affect the fuel pumps' ability to supply the engine with an adequate supply of fuel. Therefore, it is advisable to refuel as soon as possible when the needle nears the red zone. After the needle enters the red zone, you should be able to drive approx. 25 miles (40 km) depending on driving style and conditions.

pg. 59 Engine fluids

Checking oil level

The oil level should be checked each time the fuel tank is refilled. Be sure the oil level is maintained between the upper and lower marks on the dipstick. Low oil level can cause internal damage to the engine and overfilling can result in high oil consumption. The distance between the dipstick marks represents approx. 1 quart (1 liter) of oil.

Changing oil filter

Replace the oil filter at every oil change. If the oil filter is changed separately 1/2 US qt = .5 liters of oil should be added.

To add oil or change oil

Add oil of the same kind as already used. See engine oil section.

Coolant

Maintain fluid level between MAX and MIN marks on expansion tank.

Mixture of 50 percent Volvo anti-freeze type C (blue-green) or corresponding and 50 percent water should be used. See "Coolant" section.

Brake fluid

Check that the level is above the MIN mark, without removing the cap.

Brake fluid DOT 4. See "Brake fluid" section.

Battery

Check level in conjunction with normal service or once a year.

Electrolyte level 1/4 - 3/8 (5-10 mm) above plates. Use distilled water. Never add acid.

WARNING!

Battery gases are explosives if brought in contact with open flame or sparks.

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1987 Volvo 240

Washer fluid

Washer fluid reservoir.

Water and solvent (wintertime use windshield washer anti-freeze). See "Washer fluid reservoir" section.

pg. 60 Engine Oil, 5,000 mile (8,000 km) Oil/oil filter change interval

Oil quality

Meeting API specification SF (CCMC class G3)

Oils with designations SF/CC and SF/CD comply with these requirements

Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):

Volvo recommends the use of energy-conserving oils. When using these oils, the Volvo recommended oil-change intervals must be followed. Synthetic or semisynthetic oils may be used if their specifications comply with the oil quality requirements.

Volvo does not recommend oil additives, as they can adversely affect the engine.

Changing oil and oil filter

Oil and oil filter are first changed at the 600-1,200 mile (1,000-2,000 km) service. Thereafter, changes should be made as specified by this table:

If driving conditions include:

Then the correct oil. oil filter change interval

is:

 

 

Extended periods of idling and/ or low-speed operation

 

Frequent short trips (less than 7 miles = 11 km)

EVERY

Extended periods of driving in dusty and/or sandy

5,000 miles = 8,000 km

areas

OR EVERY 3 MONTHS

Trailer towing

WHICHEVER COMES FIRST

Driving mountainous areas

 

 

 

EVERY

Primarily highway driving

5,000 miles = 8,000 km

Frequent trips of longer than 7 miles = 11 km

OR EVERY 6 MONTHS

 

 

WHICHEVER COMES FIRST

Capacity

Including oil filter: 4.0 US qts - 3.85 litres

Check oil level when filling fuel.

SAE 15W/40 is recommended for use in driving conditions that raise oil temperature and increase oil consumption (i.e., mountain driving; trailer towing).

Note: SAE 15W/40 must not be used at low ambient temperatures; see viscosity chart.

Volvo recommends the use of oils with the American Petroleum Institute (API) label.

This label certifies that the oil conforms to the applicable standards and specifications of the

API.

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1987 Volvo 240

pg. 61 Cooling system

Changing coolant

Every two years or 30,000 miles (50,000 km) the cooling system should be drained, flushed and refilled. Remove the expansion tank cap. Open the drain cock on right side of the engine block and disconnect the lower radiator hose.

Fill coolant through the expansion tank. The heater controls should be fully open when draining and filling.

ADD coolant until the level is up to the MAX mark or slightly above.

Start engine and run until hot. Check the cooling system connections for tightness. Also re-check the coolant level. Capacity: 9.9 US qts. = 9.4 liters (manual transmission models); 9.7 US qts = 9.2 liters (automatic transmission models)

Cooling system, hoses and connections

Check all cooling system hoses and connections for defects or deterioration of hoses and loose clamps or fittings.

Drive belts

The belt tension can be checked by depressing the fan belt at a point midway between the alternator and fan pulleys as illustrated. It should be possible to press down the belt about 1/4" - 3/8" (5-10 mm). This also applies to other drive belts on the engine.

If drive belts are replaced, recheck belt tension after driving 600-1,200 miles (1,000-2,000 km).

pg. 62 Service requirements

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1987 Volvo 240

Engine Mechanical Components

Torque manifold nuts

The manifold nuts should be torqued at the 600-1,200 mile (1,000-2,000 km) inspection. A loose manifold could alter air/fuel ratio and cause an increase in emission and/or poor driveability.

Valves

The valve clearance should be checked every 30,000 miles (50,000 km).

Vacuum fittings, hoses and connections

Unstable idle, misfiring or poor emission control is often caused by leaking vacuum hoses or connections. Check hoses and connections on distributor vacuum unit, EGR valve (where applicable) and connections on heater control servo systems and hydraulic brake servo.

Timing belt

The timing belt tensioner should be adjusted at the 600-1,200 mile (1,000-2,000 km) inspection.

pg. 63 Servicing

Engine Fuel System

LH-Jetronic B230F engine

The LH-Jetronic fuel injection system is all-electronic and is microprocessor controlled. It can continually compensate for variations in engine load, speed and temperature to give the best economy and power. The most unique feature of the system is the air mass meter which measures the mass of the inducted air instead of the volume. In this way the system can make instantaneous adjustments for changes in air temperature or density, thus always assuring the best economy with the lowest possible exhaust emissions.

pg. 64 Servicing

Special instructions for work on the fuel injection system

Extreme cleanliness is essential when working on the injection system. Great care must be observed.

Injection system service should be handled by qualified technicians, using equipment intended for this service.

Fuel (line) filter

We recommend that this filter be changed every 60,000 miles (96,000 km). The filter is replaced as one complete unit. Replace more frequently if contaminated fuel was introduced into the tank.

Fuel system cap, tank, lines and connections

The ability of the fuel system to control hydrocarbon emissions is dependent largely on a leak-free system. Check for proper sealing of gasoline filler cap which contains "O''-ring type seals. Check all evaporative hoses in vehicle for tightness. Check fuel lines under vehicle. Repair if necessary.

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1987 Volvo 240

Air cleaner

Replace the air cleaner cartridge every 30,000 miles (48,000 km). The cartridge should be replaced more often when driving under dirty and/or dusty conditions. The filter cannot be cleaned and should always be replaced with a new one.

Checking and adjusting idle speed

Your Volvo is equipped with an electronically controlled idle speed system that requires no period checking or adjustment.

Lambda-sond® (oxygen sensor) system

This is an emission control system designed to reduce emissions and improve fuel economy. An oxygen sensor monitors the composition of the exhaust gases leaving the engine. The exhaust gas analysis is fed into an electronic unit which continuously influences the amount of fuel injected. This adjusts the air-fuel ratio to provide optimum conditions for combustion and efficient reduction of the three major pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides) through a 3-way catalytic converter.

pg. 65 Servicing

Oxygen Sensor

On the B230F engines, the oxygen sensor (Lambda-sond®) is electrically heated. The use of a PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient) element to heat the Lambda-sond ensures a shorter warm up time and continuous operation at its working temperature.

This type of Lambda-sond® does not require periodic replacement.

Catalytic Converter

This is a supplementary device in the exhaust system, designed to reduce exhaust emissions.

This device is mainly a container with a ceramic material insert, designed to let the exhaust gases pass through channels in the insert. The channel walls are covered by a thin layer of platinum and rhodium. These metals act as catalysts, permitting a chemical action to occur without actually taking part in it.

The carbon monoxide content will increase if the Catalytic Converter is damaged.

CAUTION:

Vehicles with Catalytic Converter must use unleaded fuel only. Otherwise the Catalytic Converter will become damaged and ineffective.

Torque catalytic converter mounting bolts

The Catalytic Converter mounting bolts should be re-torqued at the 600-1,200 mile (1000-2000) km inspection.

pg. 66 Servicing

Engine Crankcase Ventilation System

Crankcase ventilation

The engine is provided with positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) which prevents crankcase gases from being released into the atmosphere. Instead, the crankcase gases are admitted to the intake manifold and cylinders.

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1987 Volvo 240

B230F

1.PCV nipple

2.Flame Guard

3.Oil trap

PCV system, B230F engine

The PCV nipple in the intake manifold should be cleaned after 60,000 miles (100,000 km). It is recommended that the flame guard be cleaned every 20,000 miles (32,000 km)

pg. 67 Servicing

Engine Evaporative Emissions

Evaporative control systems

Vehicles intended for the North American market are equipped with a fuel vapor evaporative control system, which prevents gasoline fumes from being released into the atmosphere.

The system is comprised of an expansion chamber in the fuel tank, a roll-over valve on the cross member in front of the fuel tank, and a charcoal canister with built-in vacuum valve. The components are interconnected by hoses which channel fuel vapor from the gas tank to the charcoal filter where they are stored until the engine is started and then drawn into the engine fuel induction system.

Engine Ignition

Change spark plugs

The spark plugs should be changed every 30,000 miles (48,000 km).

However, prolonged city driving or fast highway driving may necessitate changing spark plugs after 10,000 miles (16,000 km) of driving. When installing new plugs, be sure to fit the right type and use the correct torque, see "Specifications". When changing the spark plugs, check that the suppressor connectors are in good condition. Cracked or damaged connectors should be replaced.

When changing spark plugs, clean the cables and cable terminals, also the rubber seals. If the car is driven on roads where salt is used during the winter, coat the cables with silicone.

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1987 Volvo 240

WARNING!

The ignition system operates at very high voltages. Special safety precautions must be followed to prevent injury: Always turn the ignition off when:

connecting engine test and diagnostic equipment to the vehicle (timing light, tach-dwell tester, ignition oscilloscope, etc.).

Replacing ignition components e.g. plugs coil, distributor, high-tension leads etc.

Contents | Top of Page

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1987 Volvo 240

1 9 8 7 VOLVO 240

pg. 68 Manual transmission

Manual transmission with overdrive, M47 II

Capacity: 1.4 US qts = 1.3 liters.

Fluid type: Automatic Transmission Fluid Type F or G(FLM)

Replace: at 600-1,200 mile (1,000-2,000 km) service only.

The oil level should be up to the level/filler plug.

When replacing transmission oil, drain the oil immediately after driving, while it is still hot, by removing the drain plug.

pg. 69 Automatic transmission

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1987 Volvo 240

Automatic transmission

Capacity: 7.8 US qts (7.4 liters)

Fluid type: Automatic Transmission Fluid type Dexron II D.

Replace: every 20,000 miles (32,000 km).

A Cold transmission: oil temperature = +105° F (+40° C).

This is a normal temperature for the transmission after idling for about 10 minutes. At oil temperature below +105° F(+40° C), the level may be below the MIN mark.

B Warm transmission: oil temperature = +195° F(+90° C).

This temperature is obtained when driving for about 30 minutes.

At oil temperature above +195° F(+90° C), the level may be above the MAX mark.

Note!

The engine should be idling when checking transmission fluid level.

Check the oil level as follows:

Park the car on level surface with the engine idling.

Slowly move the selector lever through all the gear positions and then to position P. Wait 2 minutes before checking the oil level. As the illustration shows, the dipstick has a "Cold" and a "Warm" side. The oil level should be between the MIN and MAX marks.

Wipe the dipstick with a clean cloth. CAUTION! The oil may be very hot! Do not use rags which can leave lint on the dipstick.

The transmission is topped up via the dipstick tube.

The space between the MIN and MAX marks on the dipstick corresponds to 0.5 US qts (0.5 liter). Do not fill the transmission with too much oil, since this can result in oil being ejected from the transmission. Too little oil, on the other hand, can negatively affect transmission operation, particularly in very cold weather.

pg. 70 Rear axle oil, Power steering fluid, Brake fluid

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1987 Volvo 240

Rear axle oil

Capacity: 1.7 US qts - 1.6 liters

Oil type: API GL-5 (MIL-L-2105 B or C) Viscosity: SAE 90 or 80W/90

Replace: at 600-1,200 mile (1,000-2,000 km) service only. The oil level should be up to the filler plug (A).

Drain rear axle oil through drain plug (B).

When the temperature is consistently below 15° F (-10° C), use API GL-5 SAE 80/90 W oil. Cars equipped with limited slip differentials should use oils with proper additives.

Power steering fluid

Capacity: 0.8 US qts = 0.75 liters. Fluid type: ATF

Replace: no fluid change required.

The dipstick is attached to the cap. Fluid level should be between MIN and MAX marks. Add fluid when the level is at the ADD mark

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1987 Volvo 240

Brake fluid

Fluid type: DOT 4

Replace: every 2 years or 30,000 miles (48,000 km).

Check, without removing the cap, that the level is above the "MIN" mark of the fluid reservoir. Always entrust brake fluid changing to a Volvo dealer.

Change brake fluid every year when driving under extremely hard conditions (mountain driving etc.) and if the car is equipped with a non-factory air dam.

pg. 71 Body lubrication

Door hinges(lower) and door stop

A grease B oil

Chassis maintenance

To simplify maintenance, your Volvo has been equipped with ball joints, steering rods and propeller shafts that do not require regular lubrication.

Points that normally require lubricating have been packed with very durable grease at the factory and then carefully sealed, eliminating the need for subsequent lubrication.

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1987 Volvo 240

Lubricate body

To avoid rattles and unnecessary wear, the body should be lubricated once a year. Hinges on hood, doors and trunk lid as well as door stops should be lubricated every 10,000 miles (16,000 km).

NO. Lubricating point

Lubricant

1

Trunk lid lock

Lock oil

2

Trunk lid hinges

Oil

3

Door lock outer sliding surfaces

Paraffin wax

4

Sunroof wind deflector

Oil

5

Hood hinges

Oil

6

Hood lock

Paraffin wax

7

Front seat slide rails and latch devices

Oil

8

Window regulator

Oil, grease

Locking device (Accessible after door upholstery panels

Silicon grease

removed)

 

9

Door hinges

Grease

Door stop

Oil

pg. 72 Cooling system

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1987 Volvo 240

Check coolant level

The cooling system must be filled with coolant and not leak to operate at maximum efficiency. Check the coolant level whenever you refuel. The level should be between the "Max" and "Min" marks on the expansion tank. The check should be made with particular thoroughness when the engine is new or the cooling system has been drained.

Do not remove the filler cap other than for topping-up with coolant. Frequent removal may prevent coolant circulation between the engine and the expansion tank during engine warm-up and cooling.

CAUTION

The cooling system must always be kept filled to the correct level.

If it is not kept filled, there can be high local temperatures in the engine which could result in damage.

Top up with coolant

Top up with coolant by filling the expansion tank when level is at the "Min" mark. Use a mixture of 50 percent Volvo Type C coolant and 50 percent water all the year round. Top up to the "Max" mark.

If the engine is warm, and you are going to add coolant, unscrew the cap slowly in order to allow any excess pressure to escape.

Note: Do not add water only. Water by itself reduces the rust-protective and anti-freezing qualities of the coolant and has a lower boiling point. It can also cause damage to the cooling system if it should freeze.

See "Specifications" section of the manual to type of coolant recommended.

Cooling system

The risk of overheating is greatest, especially in hot weather, when:

-towing a trailer up steep inclines for prolonged periods at full throttle, and at low engine rpm.

-idling for prolonged periods while the air conditioning system is in operation.

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1987 Volvo 240

- stopping the engine suddenly after high speed driving, so-called after-boiling.

To avoid overheating, the following rules should be followed.

Reduce speed and downshift when towing a trailer up long steep inclines. The risk of overheating can be reduced by switching off the air conditioning system for a short while.

Do not let the engine idle unnecessarily.

Do not stop the engine immediately after highspeed driving, but allow the engine to idle for 1/2 - 1 minute before switching off.

When the risk of overheating is imminent, or in the event of overheating, (the temperature gauge goes repeatedly into, or stays continually in, the red section) the following precautions should be taken:

Switch off the air conditioning system.

Stop the car and put the gear lever into neutral position-position N. Do not stop the engine!

Increase the engine speed to approx. 2000 rpm (twice idling speed).

Check the level of coolant in the expansion tank. Top-up, if necessary.

pg. 73 Alternator, Jump starting

Note: This car is equipped with an alternator.

When changing the battery or when carrying out work involving the electrical system, the following should be observed:

1 A battery connection to the wrong terminal will damage the diodes. Before connections are made check the polarity of the battery with a voltmeter.

2 If booster batteries are used for starting, they must be properly connected to prevent the diodes from being damaged. For correct connection, see "Jump starting".

3 The battery leads should be disconnected any time the battery is being charged.

4 Never disconnect the battery circuit (for example, to change the battery) while the engine is running, as this will immediately ruin the alternator. Always make sure that all the battery connections are cleaned and properly tightened.

5 If any electrical welding work is performed on the vehicle, the ground lead and all the connecting cables of the alternator must be disconnected and the welder wires placed as near the welding point as possible.

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Jump starting

CAUTION: Improper hook-up of jumper cables or the use of other than 12 volt batteries could result in damage to equipment and/or battery.

Check that cars are not touching to prevent premature completion of negative circuit.

Note the position of the battery terminals. When using jumper cables, first connect booster battery positive (+) terminal to car battery positive (+) terminal. Then connect booster battery negative (-) terminal to a stationary solid metal part on the engine at a point away from the battery. Do not connect booster cable to any part of fuel system or any moving parts. Avoid touching hot manifolds.

WARNING!

To prevent possible explosion, never expose battery to open flame or electric spark. Do not smoke near battery. Batteries generate hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.

Battery fluid contains sulfuric acid which can cause serious injury.

Do not allow battery acid to contact eyes, skin, fabrics or painted surfaces. If contact occurs, thoroughly flush affected area immediately with water. Obtain medical attention immediately if eyes are affected.

After engine has started first remove negative (-) jumper cable, then positive (+) terminal jumper cable.

pg. 74 Replacing bulbs

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Replacing bulbs

The replacement of bulbs in the various lighting units is shown on the following pages. Make sure when installing bulbs, that the guide pin on the socket fits into its corresponding recess.

When installing bulbs, do not touch the glass with your fingers. The reason for this is that grease, oil or any other impurities can be carbonized onto the bulb and damage the reflector.

Use bulbs of correct type and voltage. Failure to do so could activate the bulb failure warning light.

Replacing headlight bulbs

Working inside the engine compartment, separate the socket contact from the bulb holder (1). Unscrew and remove the bulb holder retaining ring (2). Pull out the bulb holder assembly, and replace it as a unit

(3).

Installation is the reverse of removal.

Check headlight alignment.

pg. 75 Replacing bulbs

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Tail lamp bulbs, sedan model

All tail lamp bulbs are replaced from inside of trunk.

1 Unscrew and remove tail lamp inside cover. Note that inside cover is hooked at the upper edge. Lift the lower end out/up and unhook upper edge.

2 Turn bulb holder approx. 3/8" (1 cm) counterclockwise and remove it.

3 Depress bulb in bulb holder, turn it slightly counterclockwise, and remove it.

4 Install a new bulb. Install bulb holder in tail lamp. NOTE: One of the bulb holder tabs is wider and fits only in corresponding recess.

Turn bulb holder clockwise. Check that bulb lights. Replace tail lamp

Bulbs

Power

Socket

US Bulb

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CP W

 

 

1

Rear fog light*

32

21

Ba15s

1073

2

Back-up light

32

21

Ba15s

1073

3

Rear turn signal

32

21

Ba15s

1073

4

Tail light

4

5

Ba15s

67

5

Reflector

-

-

-

-

6

Brake light/tail light 32/3 21/5

BaY

1157

15d

"certain models only. On other models brake light is at location 1.

pg. 76 Replacing bulbs

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Front light bulbs

Loosen the Phillips screws and remove the lens. The bulbs can now be removed by pressing them inwards and turning them slightly counterclockwise. When reinstalling lens, check that the gasket is in position.

Bulbs

Power Socket

1 Front position

CP(W) BaY 15d

Side marker-lights

4(5)

1)

2 Front turn signal

32

BaY 15d

(21)

2)

 

1)US Bulb No. 67

2)US Bulb No. 1073

Tail lamp bulbs, wagon model

All bulbs in the tail light cluster are removed from the inside.

Changing bulb, left hand side:

Remove the spare tire cover and the spare wheel.

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Changing bulb, right hand side:

Remove the right hand stowage cover.

Loosen the clip and move panel aside (see illustration).

The procedure for changing a bulb is basically the same as for other models.

When re-installing, hold the bulb holder with the word "Volvo" turned towards the center of the car.

Bulbs

Power

Socket

US Bulb

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CP W

 

 

1

Rear fog light*

32

21

Ba15s

1073

2

Back-up light

32

21

Ba15s

1073

3

Rear turn signal

32

21

Ba15s

1073

4

Brake light/tail light 32/3 21/5

BaY

1157

15d

*certain models only. Other models have brake light at location 1.

pg. 77 Replacing bulbs

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License plate light, sedan model

Slide the bulb housing backwards until it is released from the front edge. Pull out the lamp housing and replace the bulb. Insert the front edge of the lamp housing and press up the rear edge by hand.

Bulbs

Power Socket

License plate light, sedan

4W Ba 9s

model

 

License plate light, wagon model

Insert a screwdriver through the opening in the housing and depress the catch tab. Pull out the housing assembly.

Bulbs

Power Socket

License plate light,

5W S 8.5-8

wagon

 

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High-mounted brake light

Remove the plastic housing by pulling it up and away from the light assemble. Depress the black catch tab to release the bulb holder 1. Swing the bulb holder out and replace the bulb 2

Bulbs

Power Socket

High-mounted Brake

20 W Ba9s

light

pg. 78 Replacing bulbs

Interior light

Insert a screwdriver through the opening in the right side of the housing and depress the catch tab. Pull out the housing assembly and replace the bulb.

Bulbs

Power Socket

Interior

10W S 8.5-8

light

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Engine compartment light, Trunk light

Remove screw holding the light assembly. Lift it out to remove. Replace the bulb.

Reinstall by first inserting the guides into one side, then press in the light assembly and install the screw.

Bulbs

Power Socket

Engine compartment

15W

S 8.5-8

light

 

 

Trunk light

15W

S 8.5-8

Instrument and heater control lighting

Due to the location of these bulbs, their replacement should be carried out by a Volvo dealer.

pg. 79 Fuses

Replacing fuses

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The fuse box is positioned in front of the left front door pillar. When replacing fuses, check that the correct amperage is used.

Never use fuses of higher amperage, unless specified by your Volvo dealer. If one fuse repeatedly fails, take the car to your Volvo dealer for fault-tracing. A spare fuse kit is available from your Volvo dealer.

WARNING!

Turn starting (ignition) switch OFF before replacing fuses. Excessive heat may be created by a short circuit. Care must be exercised while replacing blown fuses.

Some of the equipment listed below is optional

1

Cigarette lighter, El. operated side mirrors, Radio, Tailgate wiper/washer, Cruise control

8 A

(governor)

 

2

Windshield wiper/washer, Horn

16A

3

Heater blower

25A

4

Fuel feed pump (tank

8A

5

Heated rear window

16A

6 Main fuel pump

16A

7

Brake lights, Cruise control (switch)

8A

8

Interior light, Glove box light, Trunk light, Engine compartment light, Central locking, El. radio

8A

antenna, clock

 

9

Hazard warning flashers, shift indicator light

8A

10

Window lifts

16A

11

4th gear (automatic transmission), seat heated

16A

12

Back-up lights, Window lifts (relay), Air conditioning (with blower control), Rear window

8A

demist (relay)

 

13

Instruments, seat belt warning lights, Turn signals, fuel injection system(relay)

8A

14

Rear fog lights

8A

15

Parking lights (left side), License plate light

8A

16

Parking lights (right side), Light on instruments and controls, Headlights chime

8A

17

Spare fuse storage

 

Blade type fuse, serving LH-Jetronic fuel injection system. Located on the left wheel housing by

25A

the ignition coil.

 

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pg. 80 Wheels and tires

Checking and correcting tire pressure

Check the tire pressure when refueling. The tire pressure should only be corrected when the tires are cold. With warm tires, correct only when the pressure is too tow. The tire temperature (and, thus, pressure) rises after driving just a few miles.

WARNING!

Improperly inflated tires will reduce tire life, adversely affect vehicle handling and can possibly lead to failure resulting in loss of vehicle control without prior warning.

Vehicle Loading

The tires on your Volvo will perform to specifications at all normal loads when inflated as recommended on the tire information label located on the rear facing side of the right front door. This label lists both tire and vehicle design limits.

Do not load your car beyond the load limits indicated.

Tire Pressure Label

The tire pressure label is located on the rear facing side of the right front door. See section titled "Specifications" and Consumer Information Booklet for complete tire pressure information

Wear indicator

The tires have a so-called "wear indicator" in the form of a number of narrow strips running across or parallel to the tread. When approx. 1/16" (1.5 mm) is left on the tread, these strips show up and indicate the tire should be replaced.

Tires with less than 1/6"(1.5 mm) tread have a very poor grip in rain or snow.

pg. 81 Wheels and tires

General

When replacing worn tires, it is recommended that the tire be identical in type (radial) and size as the one being replaced. Using a tire of the same make (manufacturer) will prevent altering the driving characteristics of the vehicle.

How to improve tire economy

Maintain correct tire pressure.

Drive smoothly: avoid fast starts, hard braking and tire screeching.

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Tire wear increases with speed.

Do not change wheel location unless necessary.

Correct front wheel alignment is very important.

Unbalanced wheels impair tire economy and driving comfort.

Hitting curbs can damage the tires and/or wheels permanently.

Winter Season

Radial snow tires, installed on all four wheels, are recommended for winter driving. Use tires that are comparable in size and type to the original equipment installed by the factory.

Mixing tires of different size, brand, or design could negatively affect tire road grip, especially when slippery road conditions exist.

Use either 185/70R14 or 175R14 snow tires.

Note: Overall diameter of tire and wheel combination will affect speedometer accuracy and fuel economy.

Tire chains can be used on the rear wheels if the chains do not project too far from the tire and chafe against the brake caliper or other components. Strap-on emergency chains must not be used since the space between the brake caliper and the wheel rim is inadequate.

Special Spare

The spare wheel for your car is referred to as a "Special Spare". This name is embossed on the tire. On sedan models, the "Special Spare" tire has a 6-ply rating and, on the wagon models, an 8-ply rating tire.

Tire pressure must be 36 psi (250 kPa) on a 6-ply rating tire and 40 psi (280 kPa) on a 8-ply rating tire irrespective of load or where the wheel is installed. In the event of a damage to this tire a new one can be purchased from your Volvo dealer.

WARNING!

Current legislation prohibits the use of this tire other than as a temporary replacement for a punctured tire. In other words, it must be replaced as soon as possible by a standard tire.

Roadholding, etc., might be affected with the "Special Spare" in use. Do not exceed 50 mph (80 km/ h).

WARNING! Special wheel rims

Only special wheel rims, tested and approved by Volvo, are suitable for use with the factory-installed air dam. Any other wheel rims may not permit sufficient air circulation for brake cooling.

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pg. 82 Wheel changing

Changing a wheel

Spare wheel, jack and tool kit are stowed in the trunk compartment. On the wagon models the jack and crank should be secured according to the above illustration to avoid any disturbing rattles. Make sure that the spare wheel is secured. Before raising the car with the jack be sure it is on firm and level ground.

NOTE: Do not crawl or work under the car while it is raised by the jack.

Before the car is raised with the jack the parking brake should be applied and one of the gears engaged. With automatic transmission, the selector should be in Park. Block one of the wheels on the opposite side of the car from the jack.

Note: To avoid excessive tire wear and rebalancing, mark and reinstall wheels in same location and position as before removal. To lessen the chance of imbalance, each wheel hub is equipped with a guide

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stud to ensure that a removed wheel can be reinstalled in its original position.

Removal

To remove the wheel cap the center emblem must first be pried-off using the screwdriver provided in the tool kit. The wheel cap may then be removed by hand. Loosen the wheel nuts 1/2-1 turn with the box wrench provided in the tool kit. All of the wheel nuts have right-hand threads which are loosened by turning them counterclockwise.

Installation

Clean the contact surfaces on the wheel and hub. Lift the wheel and place it on the hub. Make sure that you align the wheel with the guide stud on the wheel hub prior to installation. Install the wheel nuts clockwise and tighten lightly. The bevelled side of each nut should face the wheel. Lower the vehicle to the ground and alternately torque the nuts to 63 ft. lbs. (85 Nm). Install the wheel cap.

pg. 83 Wheel changing

Using the jack

The spare wheel, jack and tool kit are stored in the trunk. On the wagon models the jack and crank

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should be secured according to the above illustration to avoid any disturbing rattle. Make sure that the spare wheel is secured.

Before using the jack make sure the car is standing on firm, level ground. Apply the parking brake and place the transmission in either first or reverse gear. If equipped with automatic transmission place the selector lever in position P. Block the wheels standing on the ground with wooden blocks or large stones. There is a jack attachment adjacent to each side wheel location. Hang the jack from the attachment as shown in the illustration and crank while simultaneously guiding the base to the ground. Before raising the car check that the jack is still correctly positioned in the attachment.

WARNING!

Never crawl under a car supported by a jack.

Use the jack intended for the car when replacing a wheel. For any other job use stands to support the end of the car being worked on.

Apply the parking brake, engage first or reverse gear (pos. P for cars equipped with automatic transmission).

Block the wheels standing on the ground. Use rigid wooden blocks or large stones.

The jack should stand on firm, level ground.

The jack should be kept well-greased.

Do not rotate a raised rear wheel if the car is equipped with a limited slip differential. This will also rotate the opposite wheel (on the ground) and the car may slide off the jack.

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pg. 84 Replacing wiper blades, Washing

Washing

The car should be washed at regular intervals since dirt, dust, insects and tar spots adhere to the paint and may cause damage.

When washing the car, do not expose it to direct sunlight. Use lukewarm water to soften the dirt before you wash with a sponge, and plenty of water, to avoid scratching.

A detergent can be used to facilitate the softening of dirt and oil.

Special car washing detergent or household detergent can be used. A suitable mixture is about 2.5 fl. oz. (8.5 cl) of detergent to 2.6 US gal. = 10 liters of warm water. After washing with a detergent the car should be well rinsed with clean water.

A water soluble grease solvent may be used in cases of sticky dirt. However, use a washplace equipped with a drainage separator.

Dry the car with a clean chamois and remember to clean the drain holes in the doors and rocker panels. Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover after the car has been washed.

Electrically operated antenna (optional) should be dried and lightly lubricated with an oil dampened cloth.

NOTE: It is particularly important to wash the car frequently in the winter time, to prevent corrosion, when salt has been used on the roads. Also wash off the dirt on the underside (Wheel housings and fenders etc).

NOTE!

When the car is driven immediately after being washed, apply the brakes now and again in order to remove any moisture from the brake linings.

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Contents | Top of Page

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1 9 8 7 VOLVO 240

pg. 85 Washing, Cleaning, Anti-rust treatment

Machine washing

Hand washing of a car is superior to machine washing. We recommend that you do not wash your car in an automatic wash during the first six months(because the paint will not have hardened sufficiently).

If automatic car washing is essential use only reputable establishments with non-synthetic brushes. Synthetic brushes may cause the paints top surface to be scratched.

Bird droppings

Remove from paintwork as soon as possible. Otherwise the finish may be permanently damaged.

Chromed parts

Chromium-plated and anodized parts should be washed with clean water as soon as they become dirty. This is particularly important if you drive on gravel roads or on roads where salt is used during the winter. After the car has been washed, apply wax or an anti-rust preparation.

Stains on chrome trim can be removed with commercially available chrome cleaner. Do not use Abrasive compounds or steel wool.

Polishing (waxing)

Normally, polishing is not required during the first year after delivery. Waxing may be beneficial. Before applying polish or wax, the car must be washed and dried. Tar spots can be removed with kerosene or tar remover. Difficult spots may require a fine rubbing compound.

After polishing use liquid or paste wax.

Several commercially available products contain both polish and wax. Waxing alone does not substitute for polishing of a dull surface.

A wide range of polymer based car waxes can be purchased today. The waxes are easy to use and produce a long lasting high gloss finish which protects the bodywork against oxidation, road dirt and fading.

Cleaning the upholstery

Generally the fabric can be cleaned with soapy water or a detergent. For more difficult spots caused by oil, ice cream, shoe polish, grease, etc., use a stain remover.

The plastic in the upholstery can be washed.

To clean leather upholstery, use soft cloth and mild soap solution, for instance common bath soap.

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For more difficult spots, consult an expert for the choice of cleaning agent.

On no account must gasoline, naphtha or similar cleaning agents be used on the plastic or the leather since these can cause damage.

When aging, leather changes appearance, but the typical texture remains. To preserve smoothness and appearance, it is recommended to treat the leather with a special leather preservative after one or two years of use.

Cleaning the seat belts

Clean only with luke warm water and mild soap solution.

Cleaning floor mats

The floor mats should be vacuumed or brushed clean regularly, especially during the winter when they should be taken out for drying.

Spots on textile mats can be removed with a mild detergent.

Anti-rust treatment

Your Volvo has been rust protected at the factory. On external surfaces a heavy coat of wear resistant material has been used, while on the internal surfaces a lighter rust inhibitor is used.

The exterior rust protection should be inspected regularly (at least once per year).

If the rust protection has been damaged a repair should be made as soon as possible to prevent moisture from entering between the metal and coating. Carefully clean and remove any rust prior to repair of the rust protective coating.

The interior rust protection should normally be renewed by your authorized Volvo dealer first time after 36 months and then at least every 24th month, thereafter.

For further information, see section titled "What causes rust" or see your Volvo dealer.

pg. 86 Paint touch-up

Paint touch-up

Paint damage requires immediate attention to avoid rusting. Make it a habit to check the finish regularly, for instance when washing the car. Touch-up if necessary.

Paint repairs require special equipment and skill. Contact your Volvo dealer for any extensive damages. Minor scratches can be repaired by using Volvo touch-up paint.

Note: When ordering touch-up paint from your Volvo dealer, use the paint code indicated on the service label. The label is located on the wheel housing in the engine compartment.

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Minor stone chips and scratches

Material:

Rust remover

Primer-brush-on type

Surface finish - brush-on type

Penknife or similar

Brush

Note: When touching-up the car, it should be clean and dry. The surface temperature should be above 60°F(+15°C).

Scars on the surface

(where the paint has not been completely penetrated). Repairs can be made directly after light scraping to remove dirt.

Deep scars (down to the bare metal)

If the stone chip has penetrated down to the metal, proceed as follows:

1 Scrape or sand the damaged surface lightly and break the edges of the scar.

Apply the rust remover. (avoid contact with eyes and skin!). Wait a few minutes and then rinse carefully with water and wipe dry.

2 Thoroughly mix the primer and apply it with small brush.

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When the primer surface is dry, the paint can be applied using a brush.

Mix the paint thoroughly, apply several thin paint coats and let dry after each application.

pg. 87 Paint touch-up

3 if there is a longer scratch, you may want to mask to protect surrounding paint.

Touching-up damaged paint on fender edges and sills

Material:

Rust remover

Primer-spray

Surface finish - spray

Sand paper (H 150 - 300 grit)

Thinner

Note: When touching-up the car, it should be well cleaned and dry and have a temperature exceeding 60° F (+15° C).

Mask with tape and paper prior to painting larger surfaces. Remove the masking immediately after application of the last paint coat, before the paint starts to dry.

Touch-up is as follows: 1 Remove paint flakes.

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