Volvo 1997850 User Manual

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1997 Volvo 850

850 Model

VOLVO 850

1 9 9 7 VOLVO

This manual deals with the operation and care of your Volvo.

Welcome to the world-wide family of Volvo owners. We trust that you will enjoy many years of safe driving in your Volvo, an automobile designed with your safety and comfort in mind. To help ensure your satisfaction with this vehicle, we encourage you to familiarize yourself with the equipment descriptions, operating instructions and maintenance requirements/recommendations in this manual. We also urge you and your passengers to wear seat belts at all times in this (or any other) automobile. And, of course, please do not operate a vehicle if you may be affected by alcohol, medication or any impairment that could hinder your ability to drive.

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the certification labels attached to the driver's door opening and on the left wheel housing in the engine compartment.

Volvo and the environment

Volvo is committed to the well being of our customers. As a natural part of this commitment, we care about the environment in which we all live. Caring for the environment means an everyday involvement

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in reducing our environmental impact.

Volvo's environmental activities are based on a holistic view, which means we consider the overall environmental impact of a product throughout its complete life cycle. In this context, design, production, product use, and recycling are all important considerations.

In production, Volvo has partly or completely phased out several chemicals including freons, lead chromates, naphtanates, asbestos, mercury and cadmium; and reduced the amount of chemicals used in our plants 50% since 1991.

In use, Volvo was the first in the world to introduce into production a three-way catalytic converter with a Lambda sond, now called oxygen sensor, in 1976. The current version of this highly efficient system reduces emissions of harmful substances (CO, HC, NOx) from the exhaust pipe by approximately 95% and the search to eliminate the remaining emissions continues. Volvo is the only automobile manufacturer to offer CFC-free retrofit kits for the air conditioning system for all models back to the M/ Y 1975 240. Advanced electronic engine controls, refined purification systems and cleaner fuels are bringing us closer to our goal.

In addition to continuous environmental refinement of conventional gasoline-powered internal combustion engines, Volvo is actively looking at advanced technology alternative-fuel vehicles and the Dynaguide Information System (an advanced traffic information system).

When you drive a Volvo, you become our partner in the work to lessen the car's impact on the environment.

To reduce your vehicle's environmental impact, you can:

Maintain proper air pressure in your tires. Tests have shown decreased fuel economy with improperly inflated tires

Follow the recommended maintenance schedule

Drive at a constant speed

See an authorized Volvo retailer as soon as possible for inspection if the check engine (malfunction indicator) lamp illuminates, or stays on after the vehicle has started

Properly dispose of any vehicle related waste such as used motor oil, used batteries, brake pads, etc.

For additional information regarding the environmental activities in which Volvo Cars of North

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America, Inc. is involved, visit our Internet Environmental Home Page at:

http://www.volvocars.com/environment.html

Contents

Important

Before you operate your car for the first time, please familiarize yourself with the BREAK-IN information on page 4:2. You should also be familiar with the information in the first three chapters of this manual.

Information contained in the balance of the manual is extremely useful and should be studied after operating the vehicle for the first time.

This manual is structured so that it can be used for reference. It should thus be kept in the car for ready access.

Do not export your Volvo to another country before investigating the country's applicable safety and exhaust emission requirements. In some cases it may be difficult or impossible to comply with these requirements. Modifications to the emission control system(s) may render your Volvo not certifiable for legal operation in the U.S., Canada or other countries.

1Occupant safety, Reporting safety defects

2Instruments and controls

3Body and interior

4Starting and driving

5Wheels and tires

6In case of emergency

7Car care

8Service and routine maintenance

9Specifications

10Audio systems

All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication. Volvo reserves the right to make model changes at any time, or to change specifications or design, without notice and without incurring obligation.

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CAUTION: The 850 R turbo models have reduced ground clearance due to the design of the front spoiler. Please observe caution when e.g., driving onto garage hoists, through drifted snow or when other road debris is encountered, or when parking near curbs.

1996 Volvo Cars of North America Inc.

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Audio systems

pg. 10:1 Audio systems

Audio systems

This chapter describes the audio system in your car.

pg. 10:2 pg. 10:14 pg. 10:27 pg. 10:43

SC-710

SC-811

SC-815

General information

pg. 10:2 Audio system SC-710 (certain models), general description

The following pages describe the use of your SC-710 Cassette Radio and CD remote control

1. On/off (push)

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2.Anti-theft LED

3.– Volume (turn)

Balance (pull and turn) 4. CD mode selector

5. Bass control

6. Treble control

7. Fader control

8. – Preset buttons

CD -Disc No. selector

9.Wave band selectors (FM)

10.Wave band selectors (AM)

11.– Auto seek memory

CD - Previous track DOWN 12. – Seek tuning

CD - Next track UP

13.– Manual tuning up/down

– CD - Music search DOWN

– CD - Music search UP

14.– Rewind / Forward

– Tape direction selector PROG

15.Display

16.Cassette slot

17.CD -Random play

18.Cassette eject

19.Dolby B button

CD = Applicable only when in CD mode and connected to a CD changer.

pg. 10:3 Anti-theft code - SC-710

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Anti-theft code

The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the battery power is disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set. Refer to the radio code card supplied with your vehicle or ask your retailer for the correct code .

When the car is parked with the ignition key removed, the anti-theft LED will flash

To enter the code

After installation or when the set has been disconnected from power, the set displays "CODE" when it is switched on. Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons. If the correct code is entered the set is ready to use. If you enter an incorrect code you must enter the correct code again from the beginning.

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Incorrect code

If an incorrect code has been entered "EEEE" is displayed. Enter the correct code. After three unsuccessful coding attempts, the set will lock and remain locked for two hours. "OFF" is displayed. During this waiting period:

The battery must be connected

The ignition key must be turned to position I

The unit must be turned on

Make sure the headlights are turned off to help prevent battery drain (please refer to page 2:8 for information on turning the headlights off). Enter the code again once this time has elapsed.

pg. 10:4 Radio SC-710

A - On/off switch

Push the button to switch on the radio.

B - Volume control

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Turn the button clockwise to switch on and to increase the volume. The volume control is electronic and has no end stop.

C - Wave band selector

The desired wave band is set by pressing one of the wave band selector buttons. The frequency and wave band is shown on the display.

NOTE: There are two FM wave band and one AM wave band. This makes it possible to store 2 x 6 FM stations and 6 AM stations in memory.

D - Setting frequency selection

The radio can be used in most parts of the world by changing the frequency selection intervals as follows: Depress and hold preset button 5 and turn the radio ON. "USA" will flash on the display. Each time button 5 is pressed, the frequency selection will change from "USA" to "AUS", etc. When the correct country name is displayed, wait 5 seconds and the radio will be ready for use.

E - Manual tuning

Press the left side of the tune button to tune to lower frequencies and the right side to tune to higher frequencies. The tuned frequency is displayed.

ST will be displayed to indicate stereo FM reception.

pg. 10:5 Radio SC-710 (cont.)

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A - Seek tuning

Press the SEEK button to seek for higher frequencies. The radio seeks the next audible station and stops there.

If you wish to continue the seek tuning, press the SEEK button again.

B - Preset programming

1.Tune to the desired frequency.

2.Depress and hold a preset button. The audio will cut out. Keep the button depressed until the audio comes on again (approx. 2 seconds).

3.The frequency is now stored on this preset button.

C - Preset buttons

To select a pre-programmed radio frequency, depress the preset button. The set frequency will be displayed.

pg. 10:6 Radio SC-710 (cont.)

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A - Automatic programming (Auto seek)

Please note that this function will not interfere with pre-stored stations on buttons 1-6.

This function automatically seeks and stores up to 8 strong AM or FM stations. This is especially useful when travelling in areas where radio stations are unfamiliar.

1.Depress and hold the "AUTO" button for at least 1 second (AUTO will be displayed). A number of strong stations (max. 8) on the chosen wave band are now automatically stored in the auto seek memory. If there are no audible stations, "----" is displayed.

2.Press the "AUTO" button (for less than 1 second) to obtain another autostored station. A new autostored station will be selected each time the button is pressed momentarily.

B - Bass control

Adjust the bass by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent" indicates "equalized" bass.

C - Treble control

Adjust the treble by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent"

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indicates "equalized" treble.

pg. 10:7 Radio SC-710 (cont.)

A - Fader control

Adjust front/rear speaker balance by sliding the control up or down.

Up to direct more sound to the front speakers, down to direct more sound to the rear speakers. The "detent" indicates "equalized" front/rear balance position.

B - Balance control

Pull out the "volume" knob and adjust the left/right balance by turning the knob counter-clockwise or clockwise.

The "detent" indicates "equalized" left/right balance position.

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Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 10:8 Cassette deck

A - Cassette slot

The cassette is inserted with the open side to the right (side 1 or A of the cassette upwards). When the

cassette is inserted, the radio is disengaged and the cassette will start to play automatically. " TAPE " or " TAPE " is displayed to indicate which side of the tape is being played. When one side of the tape has been played, the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse). The cassette can be inserted or ejected even when the unit is switched off.

B - Reversing the tape (PROG)

Press the two buttons to play the other side of the tape.

The side of the tape being played will be displayed.

C - Fast winding

The tape is advanced with " " and rewound with " ".

Fast winding can be stopped by pressing the opposite button.

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D - Dolby B button

Press this button when you use tapes recorded with the Dolby B noise reduction system. The Dolby Symbol will be indicated in the display.

pg. 10:9 Cassette deck (cont.)

A - Cassette eject

If the button is pressed, the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected. The radio or CD will engage automatically (depending on which mode was activated before the tape was played).

pg. 10:10 CD - Remote (certain models)

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A - CD mode selector

Press "CD" to actuate the CD mode. The disc/track last listened to will continue to play. If the CDchanger cartridge* is empty, "----" will be displayed. If a selected disc does not exist, the disc number and "5---" will be displayed and the next disc will be automatically selected.

* The functions pertaining to the CD-changer are only applicable if the unit has been connected to the Volvo CD-changer which is sold separately as an accessory, or on certain models, standard on the car.

B - Disc number selector

Depress one of the preset buttons (1-6) to select the disc number desired. The selected disc number and track number will be displayed.

C - Music search

Press the TUNE button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing time for this track will be displayed.

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pg. 10:11 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)

A - Changing the selected track number

Press CD (SEEK) button to select the next track.

Press the CD (AUTO) button to select the previous track.

The chosen disc number and track number will be displayed.

B - Playing-time display

When the CD button is pressed the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.

pg. 10:12 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)

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A - Random choice

Press "RND" to actuate the random mode. From a disc chosen at random, 4 tracks will be played (also chosen at random).

A new disc will then be played in the same way. "RND" will be displayed when this function is engaged.

B - To re-enter Radio mode

To re-enter Radio mode, push one of the wave band selector buttons.

pg. 10:13 Technical specifications

SC-710

Output: 4 x 20 W (10% dist.)

Output impedance: 4 Ohms

System voltage: 12 Volts, negative ground

Fuse: 10 A

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Radio

System: PLL (Phase Lock Loop) system with tuned RF (Radio Frequency) front end and automatic wide band gain control. Electronic suppression circuitry (noise killer).

Frequency range:

FM 87.9 - 107.9 MHz

AM 530 - 1710 kHz

Sensitivity:

FM 1.3 µV

AM 15 µV

Stereo separation: 35 dB

Cassette deck 4 - track, 2 channel stereo

Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec.

Channel separation 40 dB

Frequency range 30 - 15000 Hz

S/N (120 µV) 50 dB

Wow and Flutter less than 0.06%

Pinch off

"Dolby" and the double D symbol

1997 Volvo 850

Occupant safety, Reporting safety defects

pg. 1:1 Occupant safety

Occupant safety

Despite our strongest recommendations, and your best intentions, not wearing a seat belt is like believing "It'll never happen to me!". Volvo urges you and all adult occupants of your car to wear seat belts and ensure that children are properly restrained, using an infant, car or booster seat determined by age, weight and height.

Fact: In every state and province, some type of child-restraint legislation has been passed. Additionally, most states and provinces have already made it mandatory for occupants of a car to use seat belts.

So, urging you to "buckle up" is not just our recommendation - legislation in your state or province may mandate seat belt usage. The few seconds it takes to buckle up may one day allow you to say, "It's a good thing I was wearing my seat belt".

1:2 Seat belts

1:4 Volvo SRS

1:8 Side Impact Protection System - (SIPS) air bag

1:9 Child safety

1:13 Occupant safety

1:13 Reporting Safety Defects

pg. 1:2 Seat belts

Seat belts

Always fasten the seat belts before you drive or ride.

Two lights above the rear view mirror will be illuminated for 4-8 seconds after the starting (ignition) key is turned to the driving position. A chime will sound at the same time if the driver has not fastened his

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seat belt. The rear seats are provided with self-retracting inertia reel belts. The front seats are provided with single roller belts with tensioners.

To buckle:

Pull the belt out far enough to insert the latch plate into the receptacle (buckle for rear seats) until a distinct snapping sound is heard. The seat belt retractor is normally "unlocked" and you can move freely, provided that the shoulder belt is not pulled out too far. The retractor will lock up as follows:

if the belt is pulled out rapidly

during braking and acceleration

if the vehicle is leaning excessively

when driving in turns

For the seat belt to provide maximum protection in the event of an accident, it must be worn correctly. When wearing the seat belt remember:

The belt should not be twisted or turned.

The lap belt must be positioned low on the hips (not pressing against the abdomen).

The shoulder section of the front seat belts adjusts automatically to the driver's height.

Make sure that the shoulder belt is rolled up into its retractor and that the shoulder and lap belts are taut. Before exiting the car, check that the seat belt retracts fully after being unbuckled.

If necessary, guide the belt back into the retractor slot.

NOTE: Legislation in your state or province may mandate seat belt usage.

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WARNING! Any device used to induce slack into the shoulder belt portion of the three-point belt system will have a detrimental effect on the amount of protection available to you in the event of a collision. The seat back should not be tilted too far back. The shoulder belt must be taut in order to function properly.

Spool-out

To make child seat installation easier, each seat belt buckle (except for the driver's belt) is equipped with a locking mechanism to help keep the lap section of the seat belt taut. Please refer to page 1:11 for more information on this function.

pg. 1:3 Seat belts, Center head restraint

During pregnancy

Pregnant women should always wear seat belts. Remember that the belt should always be positioned in such a way as to avoid any possible pressure on the abdomen. The lap portion of the belt should be located low, as shown in the above illustration.

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WARNING! Never use a seat belt for more than one occupant. Never wear the shoulder portion of the belt under the arm, behind the back or otherwise out of position. Such use could cause injury in event of accident. As the seat belts lose much of their strength when exposed to violent stretching, they should be replaced after any collision, even if they may appear to be undamaged. Never repair the belt on your own; have this done by an authorized Volvo retailer only.

Center head restraint

The center head restraint can be adjusted according to the passenger's height. The restraint should be carefully adjusted to support the occupant's head.

To raise: Pull straight up

To lower: Pull forward and push down

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 10:14 Premium Sound system SC-811 (certain models), general description

The following pages describe the use of your SC-811 Cassette Radio and CD remote control

1.– On/off (turn)

– Volume (turn)

– Pause/Mute (push)

– Balance (pull)

2.CD mode selector

3.Bass control

4.Treble control

5.Fader control

6.Waveband selectors (FM)

7.Waveband selectors (AM)

8.Preset buttons, CD-Disc No. selector

9.Auto seek memory (FM)

10.Dolby B button

11.– Manual tuning

– Seek tuning (push)

12.Tape direction selector REV, CD-Random play

13.Cassette eject

14.Display

15.Cassette slot

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16.TP -Next song CD -Next track UP

17.TP -Fast forward CD -Music search UP

18.TP -Rewind

CD -Music search DOWN

19.TP -Previous song REPEAT CD -Previous track DOWN

20.Tape mode selector

TP = Applicable only in tape mode

CD = Applicable only when in CD mode and connected to a CD changer

pg. 10:15 Anti-theft code

Anti-theft code

The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the battery power is disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set. Refer to the radio code card supplied with your vehicle or ask your retailer for the correct code .

When the car is parked with the ignition key removed, the anti-theft LED will flash

To enter the code

After installation or when the set has been disconnected from power, the set displays "codE" when it is

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switched on.

Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons. If the correct code is entered, "on" is displayed and the set is ready to use.

If you enter an incorrect code you must enter the correct code again from the beginning.

Incorrect code

If an incorrect code has been entered "rPt" is displayed. Enter the correct code.

After three unsuccessful coding attempts the set will lock and remain locked for two hours. "OFF" is displayed.

During this waiting period:

the battery must be connected

the ignition key must be turned to position I

the unit must be turned on

Make sure the headlights are turned off to help prevent battery drain (please refer to page 2:8 for information on turning the headlights off). Enter the code again once this time has elapsed.

pg. 10:16 Radio SC-811

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A - On/off switch and volume control

Turn the button clockwise to switch on and to increase the volume.

B - Waveband selector

The desired waveband is set by pressing one of the waveband selector buttons. The frequency and waveband is shown on the display.

NOTE: There are two FM wavebands and two AM wavebands. This makes it possible to store 2 x 6 FM stations and 2 x 6 AM stations in memory.

C - Setting frequency selection

The radio can be used in most parts of the world by changing the frequency selection intervals as follows:

Depress and hold preset button 5 and turn the radio ON. "USA" will flash on the display. Each time button 5 is pressed, the frequency selection will change from "USA" to "AUS", etc. When the correct country name is displayed, wait 5 seconds and the radio will be ready for use.

When "USA" is chosen, the FM band will search for stations in 200 kHz intervals and AM will search in 10 kHz intervals.

D - Manual tuning

Turn the knob counter-clockwise to tune to lower frequencies and clockwise to tune to higher frequencies. The tuned frequency is displayed.

pg. 10:17 Radio SC-811 (cont.)

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A - Seek tuning

Push the tuning knob to seek for higher frequencies. The radio seeks the next audible station and stops there. If you wish to continue the seek tuning, press the tuning knob again.

B - Preset programming

1.Tune to the desired frequency.

2.Depress and hold a preset button. The audio will cut out. Keep the button depressed until the audio comes on again (approx. 2 seconds).

3.The frequency is now stored on this preset button.

C - Preset buttons

To select a pre-programmed radio frequency, depress the preset button. The set frequency will be displayed.

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pg. 10:18 Radio SC-811 (cont.)

A - Automatic programming (Auto seek)

Please note that this function will not interfere with pre-stored stations on buttons 1-6.

This function automatically seeks and stores up to 8 strong AM or FM stations. This is especially useful when traveling in areas where radio stations are unfamiliar.

1.Depress and hold the "auto-seek" button for at least 1 second. A number of strong stations (max. 8) on the chosen waveband are now automatically stored in the auto seek memory. If there are no audible stations, "no" is displayed.

2.Press the "auto seek" button (for less than 1 second) to obtain another autostored station. A new station will be selected each time the button is pressed.

B - Bass control

Adjust the bass by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent" indicates "equalized" bass.

C - Treble control

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Adjust the treble by sliding the control up or down (up to increase, down to decrease). A "detent" indicates "equalized" treble.

pg. 10:19 Radio SC-811 (cont.)

A - Fader control

Adjust front/rear speaker balance by sliding the control up or down.

(Up to direct more sound to the front speakers, down to direct more sound to the rear speakers). The "detent" indicates "equalized" front/rear balance position.

B - Mute function

Press the "power-volume" knob to temporarily mute the sound. "PAUSE" is displayed.

C - Balance control

Pull out the "volume" knob and adjust the left/right balance by turning the knob counter-clockwise or

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clockwise.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 10:20 Cassette deck

A - Cassette slot

The cassette is inserted with the open side to the right (side 1 or A of the cassette upwards). When the cassette is inserted, the radio is disengaged and the cassette will start to play automatically. "TAPE 1" or "TAPE 2" is displayed to indicate which side of the tape is being played. When one side of the tape has been played the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse). The cassette can be inserted or ejected even when the unit is switched off.

B - Reversing the tape (rev)

Press the button to play the other side of the tape.

The side of the tape being played will be displayed.

C - Fast winding

The tape is advanced with "ff" and rewound with "rew". The tape side indicator in the display will flash rapidly during fast winding. Fast winding can be stopped by pressing the button again.

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D - Dolby B button

Press this button when you use tapes recorded with the Dolby B noise reduction system. The Dolby Symbol will be indicated in the display.

pg. 10:21 Cassette deck (cont.)

A - "nxt" (next) selector

Press the "nxt" button and the tape will automatically advance to the next song. There must be a pause of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

B - "rpt" (repeat) selector

Press the "rpt" button to rewind the tape to the beginning of the song. Press the button again to rewind to the beginning of the previous song.

There must be a pause of approx. 5 seconds between the songs for this function to operate.

C - Pause

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If you press the "power-volume" knob the tape is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To restart the tape press the knob again.

pg. 10:22 Cassette deck (cont.)

A - Cassette eject

If the button is pressed the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected. The radio will be automatically engaged. The radio or CD will engage automatically (depending on which mode was activated before the tape was played).

B - To re-enter Radio mode

There are three alternative ways to re-enter Radio mode:

Push one of the waveband selector buttons

Push the auto seek button

Push one of the preset buttons

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When the unit re-enters Radio mode, the cassette will not be ejected.

C - To re-enter Tape mode

If the Tape function has been disconnected and the cassette has not been ejected, the Tape mode can reentered by pressing the "tape" button.

pg. 10:23 CD - Remote (certain models)

A - CD mode selector

Press "cd" to actuate the CD mode. The disc/track last listened to will continue to play. If the CDchanger cartridge* is empty, "----" will be displayed.

If a selected disc does not exist, the disc number and "5--" will be displayed and the next disc will be automatically selected.

* The functions pertaining to the CD-changer are only applicable if the unit has been connected to the Volvo CD-changer which is sold separately as an accessory.

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B - Disc number selector

Depress one of the preset buttons (1-6) to select the disc number desired. The selected disc number and track number will be displayed.

C - Music search

Press the "rew" or "ff" button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing time for this track will be displayed.

pg. 10:24 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)

A - Track number selector

Turn the knob to select the track number desired.

B - Changing the selected track number

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Press "nxt" for forward selection or "rpt" for backward selection. The chosen disc number and track number will be displayed.

C - Playing-time display

When this button is pressed the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.

pg. 10:25 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)

A - Random choice

Press "rev" to actuate the random mode. From a disc chosen at random, 4 tracks will be played (also chosen at random). A new disc will then be played in the same way. "RND" will be displayed when this function is engaged.

B - Pause

If you press the "power-volume" knob, the disc is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To restart the disc, press the knob again.

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C - To re-enter Radio mode

There are two ways to re-enter Radio mode:

Push one of the waveband selector buttons

Push the autostore button

D - To re-enter Tape mode

If a cassette is already inserted, the tape deck will re-engage if the "tape" button is pressed.

pg. 10:26 Technical specifications

SC-811

Technical specifications

Output: 4 x 25 W (10% dist.)

Output impedance: 4 Ohms

System voltage: 12 Volts, negative ground

Radio System: PLL (Phase Lock Loop) system with tuned RF (Radio Frequency) front end automatic wide band gain control. Electronic suppression circuitry (noise killer).

Radio

Frequency range:

FM 87.9 - 107.9 MHz

AM 530 - 1710 kHz

Sensitivity:

FM 1.1 µV

AM 20 µV

Stereo separation: 35 dB

Cassette deck

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4-track, 2 channel stereo Full logic electronic control

Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec.

Channel separation: 53dB

Frequency range: 30-15000 hz

S/N: 56 dB without Dolby B

S/N: 55 dB with Dolby B

Wow and Flutter: less than 0.06 %

"Dolby" and the double D symbol are the trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.

Dolby noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.

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s

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pg. 10:27 Premium Sound System SC-815 (certain models), general description

1. On/off (push)

2.

Volume (turn)

Pause/Mute (push)

Balance (pull)

3.CD mode selector/Active sound control (single)

4.CD changer selector

5.

Tape mode selector

Tape direction selector PROG

6.Bass control

7.Treble control

8.Fader control

9.

Preset buttons

CD-Disc No. selector

10.Dolby B NR button

11.CD-random play

12.Cassette eject

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13.Not in use

14.Auto seek memory

15.Scan

16.

Seek tuning up/down

TP -Next/Previous song

CD -Next UP/Previous DOWN track

Manual tuning

TP -fast forward/Rewind

CD -Music search UP/DOWN

18.CD eject (single)

19.CD slot

20.Cassette slot

21.Display

22.Waveband selector (AM)

23.Waveband selectors (FM)

24.

Anti-theft LED

Disc in LED (single)

TP = Applicable only in Tape Mode

CD = Applicable only when in CD mode and connected to a CD changer.

pg. 10:28 Anti-theft code

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Anti-theft code

The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the battery power is disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set.

Refer to the radio code card supplied with your vehicle or ask your retailer for the correct code. When the car is parked with ignition key removed the anti-theft LED will flash.

To enter the code

After installation or when the set has been disconnected from power, the set displays "CODE" when it is switched on.

Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons.

If the correct code is entered the set is entered the set is ready to use.

If you enter an incorrect code you must enter the correct code again from the beginning.

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Incorrect code

If an incorrect code has been entered "EEEE" is displayed. Enter the correct code. After three unsuccessful coding attempts the set will lock and remain locked for two hours.

"OFF" is displayed. During this waiting period:

the battery must be connected

the ignition key must be turned to position I

the unit must be turned on

Make sure the headlights are turned off to help prevent battery drain (please refer to page 2:8 for information on turning the headlights off). Enter the code again once this time has elapsed.

pg. 10:29 Radio SC-815

A - On/off switch

Push the button to switch on the radio. Press the button slightly longer to turn the radio off.

B - Volume control

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Turn the button clockwise to increase the volume. The volume control is electronic and has no end stop.

C - Waveband selector

The desired waveband is set by pressing one of the waveband selector bands. The frequency and waveband is shown on the display.

NOTE: There are two FM wavebands and one AM waveband. This makes it possible to store 2 x 6 FM stations and 6 AM stations in memory.

D - Setting frequency selection

The radio can be used in most parts of the world by changing the frequency selection intervals as follows:

Depress and hold preset button 5 and turn the radio ON. "USA" will flash on the display. Each time button 5 is pressed, the frequency selection will change from "USA" to "AUS", etc. When the correct country name is displayed, wait 5 seconds and the radio will be ready for use.

E - Manual tuning

Press the left side tune button to tune to lower frequencies and the right side to tune to higher frequencies. The tuned frequency is displayed.

ST will be displayed to indicate stereo FM reception.

pg. 10:30 Radio SC-815 (cont.)

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A - Seek tuning up/down

Press the left side tune button to tune to lower frequencies and the right side to tune to higher frequencies. The radio seeks the next audible station and stops there. If you wish to continue the seek tuning, press the tune button again.

B - Preset programming

1.Tune to the desired frequency.

2.Depress and hold a prest button. The audio will cut out. Keep the button depressed until the audio comes on again (approx. 2 seconds).

3.The frequency is now stored on this present button.

C - Preset buttons

To select a pre-programmed radio frequency, depress the preset button. The set frequency will be displayed.

pg. 10:31 Radio SC-815 (cont.)

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A - Automatic

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pg. 10:33 Cassette deck

A - Cassette slot

The cassette is inserted with the open side to the right (side 1 or A of the cassette upwards). When the

cassette is inserted, the radio is disengaged and the cassette will start to play automatically. "TAPE " or "TAPE " is displayed to indicate which side of the tape is being played. When one side of the tape has been played the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse). The cassette can be inserted or ejected even when the unit switched off.

B - Reversing the tape (PROG)

Press the button to play the other side of the tape.

The side of the tape being played will be displayed.

C - Fast winding

The tape is advanced with " " and rewound with " ". The tape side indicator in the display will

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flash rapidly during fast winding.

Fast winding can be stopped by pressing the button again.

D - Dolby B NR button

Press this button when you use tapes recorded with the Dolby B noise reduction system. The Dolby symbol will be indicated in the display.

pg. 10:34 Cassette deck (cont.)

A - Next selector

Press the " " button and the tape will automatically advance to next song. There must be a pause of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

B - Previous selector

Press the " " button and the tape will automatically rewind to the previous song. There must be a pause of approx. 5 seconds between songs for this function to operate.

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C - Pause

If you press the "volume" knob the tape is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To restart the tape press the knob again.

D - Scan

Press this button to listen to the first five seconds of each song. Press it again to stop scanning.

pg. 10:35 Cassette deck (cont.)

A - Cassette eject

If the button is pressed the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected. The radio will be automatically engaged. The radio, CD or CD changer will engage automatically (depending on which mode was activated before the tape was played).

B - To re-enter Radio mode

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There are three alternative ways to re-enter Radio mode:

Push one of the waveband selector buttons

Push the Auto seek button

Push one of the preset buttons

When the unit re-enters Radio mode, the cassette will not be ejected.

C - To re-enter Tape mode

If the Tape function has been disconnected and the cassette has not been ejected, the Tape mode can be re-entered by pressing the "TAPE" button.

D - To re-enter CD mode

If the CD function has been disconnected and the CD has not been ejected, the CD mode can be reentered by pressing the "CD" button.

E - To re-enter CD changer mode

If the CD changer function has been disconnected, the CD changer mode can be reentered by pressing the "CHGR" button.

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pg. 10:36 CD - Single

A - CD slot

With the audio system on, insert a disc into the slot with the label side up. When the CD is inserted, the radio is disengaged and the CD will start to play automatically.

The CD can be inserted or ejected even when the unit is switched off.

When the CD has been inserted into the player, the "DISC IN" light will always be ON even if the radio, tape deck or CD changer are in use.

B - CD mode selector

Press "CD" to actuate the CD mode. The track last listened to will continue to play. If the CD-player is empty, "No CD" will be displayed.

C - CD eject

If the button is pressed the CD will stop and the disc will be ejected. The radio will be automatically

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engaged. The radio, tape or CD changer will engage automatically (depending on which mode was activated before the CD was played).

NOTE: If the CD eject button is pressed and the disc is not removed within 12 seconds, the disc will not be drawn into the CD player again.

pg. 10:37 CD - Single (cont.)

A - Music search

Press the " " or " " button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing time for this track will be displayed.

B - Changing the selected track number

Press " " for forward selection or " " for backwards selection. The chosen track number will be displayed.

C - Playing-time display

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When the "CD" button is pressed the playing time for the current track is displayed for 5 seconds.

D - Scan

Press this button to listen to the first ten seconds of each track. Press it again to stop d s yins.

1997 Volvo 850

There are two ways to re-enter Radio mode:

Push one of the waveband selector buttons

Push the "AUTO" button"

D - To re-enter Tape mode

If a cassette is already inserted, the tape deck will re-engage if the "TAPE" button is pressed.

E - To re-enter CD mode

If the CD function has been disconnected and the CD has not been ejected, the CD mode can be reentered by pressing the "CD" button.

F - To re-enter CD changer mode

If the CD changer function has been disconnected, the CD changer mode can be re-entered by pressing the "CHGR" button.

pg. 10:39 CD - Remote (certain models)

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A - CD changer mode selector

Press "CHGR" to actuate the CD changer mode. The disc/track last listened to will continue to play. If the CD-changer cartridge* is empty, "---" will be displayed. If a selected disc does not exist, the disc number and "5--" will be displayed and the next disc will be automatically selected.

* The functions pertaining to the CD-changer are only applicable if the unit has been connected to the Volvo CD-changer, which is sold separately as an accessory, or on certain models, standard on the car. If no CD-changer is connected to the unit "EEEE" will be displayed if you happen to choose CHGR mode.

B - Disc number selector

Depress one of the preset buttons (1-6) to select the disc number desired. The selected disc number and track number will be displayed.

C - Music search

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Press the " " or " " button to search within a track. While the button is depressed the playing time for this track will be displayed.

pg. 10:40 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)

A - Changing the selected track number

Press " " for forward selection or " " for backward selection. The chosen disc number and track number will be displayed.

B - Playing-time display

When the "CHGR" button is pressed the playing time for current track is displayed for 5 seconds.

C - Scan

Press this button to listen to the first ten seconds of each track. Press it again to stop scanning.

pg. 10:41 CD - Remote (certain models) (cont.)

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A - Random choice

Press "RND" to actuate the random mode. From a disc chosen at random, 4 tracks will be played (also chosen at random). A new disc will then be played in the same way. "RND" will be displayed when this function is engaged.

B - Pause

If you press the "volume" knob the disc is stopped, the unit is silent and "PAUSE" is displayed. To restart the disc press the knob again.

C - To re-enter Radio mode

There are two ways to re-enter Radio mode:

Push one of the waveband selector buttons

Push the "AUTO" button

D - To re-enter Tape mode

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If a cassette is already inserted, the tape deck will re-engage if the "TAPE" button is pressed.

E - To re-enter CD mode

If the CD function has been disconnected and the CD has not been ejected, the CD mode can be reentered by pressing the "CD" button.

F - To re-enter CD changer mode

If the CD changer function has been disconnected, the CD changer mode can be re-entered by pressing the "CHGR" button.

pg. 10:42 Technical specifications

SC-815

Power output: 4 x 20 W (10% dist.)

Output impedance: 4 Ohms

System voltage: 12 Volts, negative ground

Radio

System: PLL (Phase Lock Loop) system with tuned RF (Radio Frequency) front and end automatic wide band gain control. Electronic suppression circuitry (noise killer).

Frequency range: FM 87.9-107.9 MHz

AM 530-1710 kHz

Sensitivity: FM 1.1µV

AM 20 µV

Stereo separation 35dB

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Cassette deck

4-track, 2-channel stereo

Full logic electronic tape transport Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec. Channel separation 53 dB Frequency range 30-15000 hz S/N 56 dB without Dolby B NR S/N 66 dB with Dolby B NR Wow and Flutter less than 0.06% Pinch-off

"Dolby" and the double D symbol are the trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby noise reduction manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.

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pg. 1:4 Volvo SRS

As an enhancement to the three-point seat belt system, your Volvo is equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS). The Volvo SRS consists of an airbag (2) and knee bolster (5) on both the driver's and passenger's sides and seat belt tensioners in both front door pillars (4). The system is designed to supplement the protection provided by the three-point seat belt system.

The SRS system is indicated by the "SRS" embossed on the steering wheel pad and above the glove compartment, the knee bolsters beneath the steering column and the glove compartment and decals on both sun visors and on the far right side of the dash.

The airbags are folded and located in the center of the steering wheel and above the glove compartment. They are designed to deploy during certain frontal-angular collisions, impacts, or decelerations, depending on the crash severity, angle, speed and object impacted. The airbags may also deploy in certain non-frontal collisions where rapid deceleration occurs. Both airbags and seat belt tensioners will deploy, even if the passenger seat is not occupied.

WARNING!

As its name implies, SRS is designed to be a SUPPLEMENT to - not a replacement for - the threepoint belt system. For maximum protection, wear seat belts at all times. Be aware that no system can prevent all possible injuries that may occur in an accident.

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The airbag system includes gas generators (1) surrounded by the airbags (2) and front seat belt tensioners for both of the front seats (4). To deploy the system, the sensor (3) activates the gas generators causing the airbags to be inflated with nitrogen gas. As the movement of the seat's occupants compresses the airbags, some of the gas is expelled at a controlled rate to provide better cushioning. Both seat belt tensioners also deploy, minimizing any seat belt slack.

The entire process, including inflation and deflation of the airbags, takes approximately two-tenths of a second.

WARNING!

When installing any optional equipment, make sure that the SRS system is not damaged. Do not attempt to service any component of the SRS yourself. Attempting to do so may result in serious personal injury. If a problem arises, take your car to the nearest authorized Volvo retailer for inspection as soon as possible.

pg. 1:5 Volvo SRS (cont.)

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A self-diagnostic system incorporated in the sensor monitors the SRS. This system does not, however, monitor the SIPS airbags. If a fault is detected, the "SRS" warning light will illuminate. The light is included in the warning/indicator light cluster in the instrument panel. Normally, the SRS warning lamp should light up when the ignition is switched on and should go out after 10 seconds or when the engine is started. Check that this light is functioning properly every time the car is started.

The following items are monitored by all the self-diagnostic system:

Sensor unit

Cable harness

Gas generator ignitors

WARNING!

Never drive an SRS equipped car with your hands on the steering wheel pad/airbag housing.

No objects, accessory equipment or stickers may be placed on, attached to or installed near the SRS cover in the center of the steering wheel, the SRS cover above the glove compartment or the area affected by the airbag deployment.

If the SRS warning light stays on after the engine has started or if it comes on while you are driving, drive the car to the nearest authorized Volvo retailer for inspection as soon as possible.

The above is a sample of the label found on all seat belts equipped with tensioners, located on the front seat belts near the lower anchorage point.

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The above is a sample of the decal which can be found on the driver's door pillar.

There is no maintenance to perform on the SRS yourself. The only periodic maintenance recommended on the SRS is that the air bag modules and front seat belts (including tensioners) should be replaced approximately every ten years and that the other components in the system (wiring, connectors, etc.) should also be inspected at this time. The SRS decal on your car shows the month and year servicing is due. This service must be performed by an authorized Volvo retailer.

pg. 1:6 Volvo SRS (cont.)

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SRS texts on inside of both sun visors

SRS texts on outside of both sun visors

SRS text at far right of instrument panel

WARNING! Do not use child safety seats or child boosters cushions/backrests in the front passenger's seat. We also recommend that children who have outgrown these devices sit in the rear seat with the seat belt properly fastened.

NOTE: Deployment of SRS components occurs only one time during an accident. In a collision where deployment occurs, the air bags and seat belt tensioners activate. Some noise occurs and a small amount of powder is released. The release of the powder may appear as smoke-like matter. This is a normal characteristic and does not indicate fire.

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WARNING!

Occupants in the front passenger's seat must never sit on the edge of the seat, sit leaning toward the instrument panel or otherwise sit out of position. The occupant's back must be as upright as comfort allows and be against the seat back with the seat belt properly fastened.

Feet must be on the floor, e.g. not on the dash, seat or out of the window.

Children must never be allowed to stand in front of the passenger seat.

No objects or accessory equipment, e.g. dash covers, may be placed on, attached to or installed near the SRS hatch (the area above the glove compartment) or the area affected by airbag deployment (see illustration).

There should be no loose articles, e.g. coffee cups, on the floor, seat or dash area.

Never try to open the SRS cover on the steering wheel or the passenger side SRS hatch. This should only be done by an authorized Volvo service technician.

Failure to follow these instructions can result in injury to the vehicle occupants in an accident.

pg. 1:7 Volvo SRS (cont.)

NOTE: The information on this page does not pertain to the Side Impact protection System airbags.

When are the airbags deployed?

The SRS system is designed to deploy during certain frontal or front-angular collisions, impacts, or decelerations, depending in the crash severity, angle, speed, and object impacted. The SRS sensor is designed to react to both the impact of the collision and the inertial forces generated by it and to determine if the intensity of the collision is sufficient for the airbags to be deployed.

WARNING! The SRS is designed to help prevent serious injury. Deployment occurs very quickly and with considerable force. During normal deployment and depending on variables such as seating position, one may experience abrasions, bruises, swellings, or other injuries as a result of airbag(s) deployment.

If the airbags have been deployed, we recommend the following:

Have the car towed to an authorized Volvo retailer. Even if it can be driven after an accident we do not recommend driving the car with deployed airbags.

Have an authorized Volvo retailer replace the SRS system components.

Use only new, Genuine Volvo Parts when replacing SRS components (airbags, seat belts, tensioners, etc.)

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When are the airbags NOT deployed?

Not all frontal collisions activate the SRS system. If the collision involves a non-rigid object (e.g., a snow drift or bush), or a rigid, fixed object at a low speed, the SRS system will not necessarily deploy. Airbags do not normally deploy in a side impact collision, in a collision from the rear or in a rollover situation. The amount of damage to the bodywork does not reliably indicate if the airbags should have deployed or not.

Seat belts - the heart of the Volvo safety system

The heart of the Volvo safety system is the three-point seat belt! In order for the SRS system to provide the protection intended, seat belts must be worn at all times by everyone in the car. The SRS system is a supplement to the seat belts.

WARNING! If your car has been subjected to flood conditions (e.g. soaked carpeting/standing water on the floor of the vehicle) or if your car has become flood-damaged in any way, do not attempt to start the vehicle or put the key in the ignition before disconnecting the battery (see below). This may cause airbag deployment which could result in personal injury. Have the car towed to an authorized Volvo retailer for repairs.

Automatic transmission only:

Before attempting to tow the car, use the following procedure to override the shiftlock system to move the gear selector to the neutral position.

Disconnect the battery

Wait at least one minute

Insert the key in the ignition and turn it to position 1

Press firmly on the shiftlock override button (located near the base of the gear selector).

While holding the override button down, move the gear selector from the park position.

WARNING! Never drive with the airbags deployed. The fact that they hang out can impair the steering of your car. Other safety systems can also be damaged. The smoke and dust formed when the airbags are deployed can cause skin and eye irritation in the event of prolonged exposure.

pg. 1:8 Volvo Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) airbag

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SIPS airbag decal *

SIPS airbag (front seats only)

As an enhancement to the structural Side Impact Protection System built into your car, your car is also equipped with Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) airbags. The SIPS airbag system consists of airbag modules built into the sides of both front seat backrests (1), cables (2) from these modules to the mechanical sensor units (3) and gas generators (4). The SIPS airbag system is designed to help increase occupant protection in the event of certain side impact collisions. The SIPS airbags are designed to deploy only during certain side-impact collisions, depending on the crash severity, angle, speed, and point of impact. The airbags are not designed to deploy in all side impact situations.

WARNING!

The SIPS airbag system is a supplement to the Side Impact Protection System and the three-point seat belt system. It is not designed to deploy during collisions from the front or rear of the car or in rollover situations.

Only Volvo approved seat covers may be used. The use of non-approved aftermarket seat covers may impede SIPS airbag deployment.

No objects, accessory equipment or stickers may be placed on, attached to or installed near the SIPS airbag system or in the area affected by SIPS airbag deployment (see illustration to the right above).

Never try to open or repair any components of the SIPS airbag system. This should only be done by an authorized Volvo service technician.

For best protection from the SIPS airbag system, both front seat occupants should sit in an upright

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position with the seat belt properly fastened.

NOTE: SIPS airbag deployment (one airbag) occurs only on the side of the vehicle affected by the impact.

* A SIPS airbag warning decal is located at the end of the instrument panel on the driver's side of the car.

1 - Airbag, 2 - cable, 3 - sensor unit, 4 - gas generator

WARNING! Never drive with the airbags deployed. The fact that they hang out can impair the steering of your car. Other safety systems can also be damaged. The smoke and dust formed when the airbags are deployed can cause skin and eye irritation in the event of prolonged exposure.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 10:43 Audio systems, general information

CD remote changer

The CD changer, which is available separately, is loaded with a cartridge containing 6 discs. Extra cartridges are available at your Volvo retailer.

Insert the discs into the cartridge, label (A) up. Insert the cartridge and close the cover.

Eject the cartridge by pressing the eject button (B). Remove the discs by depressing the lock tabs (C).

Operating tips:

Before using a new disc for the first time, remove any burrs in the center/outer edge by running the stem of a pen or similar object around the hole/edge of the disc.

Use high quality discs only.

Keep the discs clean. Wipe them with a soft, clean, lint-free cloth, working from the center outwards. If necessary, dampen the cloth with a neutral soap solution. Dry thoroughly before using.

Never use cleaning spray or anti-static liquid. Use only cleaners specifically made for CD's.

Use discs of the correct size only (3.5" discs should never be used).

Do not put tape or labels on the disc itself.

Volvo does not recommend the use of plastic outer rings on the disc.

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Condensation may occur on discs/optical components of the changer in cold winter weather. The disc can be dried with a clean, lint-free cloth. Optical components in the CD changer may, however, take up to one hour to dry off.

Never attempt to play a disc which is damaged in any way.

When not in use, the discs should be stored in their covers. Avoid storing discs in excessive heat, direct sunlight or dusty locations.

pg. 10:44 Audio systems, general information (cont.)

Sending signals

The FM waves do not follow the earth's surface nor do they bounce off the atmosphere. For this reason their range is limited. The AM waves follow the earth's surface and reflect against the atmosphere, giving them a wide range.

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Weak reception (fading)

Because of the limited range of the FM senders and the fact that these waves are very reflective, this problem usually occurs with FM reception. If the sender is blocked by buildings or mountains, static can result.

Static

The reason why FM but not AM is audible is covered parking areas, under bridges, etc., is that FM

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signals reflect against solid objects such as buildings. Because these waves are very reflective, static can result. This static is the result of the reflected signal and the direct signal reaching your antenna at slightly different times causing a cancellation of all signals. This problem occurs largely in built-up areas. To help minimize this situation, turn down the treble.

pg. 10:45 Audio systems, general information (cont.)

Cross modulation

If you listen to a weak station in the vicinity of a stronger one, both stations may be received simultaneously.

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FM - reasons for distortion

FM is affected by the electrical systems of nearby vehicles, especially those without suppression. The distortion increases if the station is weak or poorly set.

The FM reception is not as sensitive to electrical disturbances as AM.

AM - reasons for distortion

AM reception is sensitive to electrical disturbances such as power lines, lighting, etc.

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pg. 10:46 Audio systems, general information (cont.)

FM stereo reception

Stereo reception places very high demands on the signal quality which means the type of distortions previously mentioned become even more obvious. The signal strength needs to be stronger for good stereo reception and this limits the effective range of the slender.

We hope that this information proves to be useful and provides you with a better understanding of the problems related to car radio reception.

Reception conditions are not always optimum and this is, of course, beyond our control. However, we have endeavored to make the Volvo Audio System of a quality that will enable you to enjoy the best possible reception no matter what the reception conditions may be.

Radio antenna (sedans)

NOTE: Always lower the antenna when using an automatic car wash or entering a garage.

The antenna should be cleaned at least every 10,000 miles (16,000 km) or more frequently if needed. Use WD40 for cleaning.

Spray the antenna with WD40 and wipe it clean and dry with a rag. Spray it again. Lower and raise the antenna. Wipe it clean and dry again. Lower and raise the antenna 4-6 times. Make sure it is dry and free from dirt or lubricating oil.

Radio antenna (wagons)

The radio antenna is built into the driver side window of the cargo area. This antenna also has a factory installed antenna booster.

NOTE: The antenna will not work without this booster.

Place objects in the cargo area so that the antenna wires on the inside of the window will not be

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damaged. When cleaning the window be careful that the wires are not scratched by rings, etc. If they are damaged, radio reception will be impaired.

Cassettes

Store cassettes in their cases.

Do not touch the tape surface with your fingers.

Tapes should not be exposed to direct sunlight or extreme temperatures.

Keep tapes away from oil, grease and other contaminants.

For optimal tape deck performance Volvo does not recommend the use of C-120 tapes.

Take up slack using a pen or a pencil before inserting a cassette in the cassette slot.

Cassette cleaning

We recommend the use of the Volvo Cleaning Cassette available as a genuine Volvo accessory. Regular use improves sound quality, cleans vital parts and prevents tape tangle.

Compact disc care

Keep the discs clean. Wipe them with a soft, clean, lint-free cloth, working from the center outwards. If necessary, dampen the cloth with a neutral soap solution. Dry thoroughly before using.

Never use cleaning spray or anti-static liquid. Use only cleaners specifically made for CD's.

Inside Back Cover

WARNING!

Detergents and solvents

Do not use gasoline containing lead or benzene as a detergent or solvent. Both lead and benzene are toxic and may be hazardous to your health.

Installation of optional equipment/use of mobile telephones

Incorrectly installed optional equipment, alarm systems or the use of mobile telephones which are not connected to a suitable antenna can cause faults in the car's electronic control systems. Your car is equipped with an accessory connector located under the dashboard on the driver's side. Please consult your Volvo retailer if you have any questions before connecting accessory or optional equipment to the vehicle's electrical systems.

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Carbon monoxide

Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, colorless and odorless gas which is present in all exhaust gases. If you ever smell exhaust fumes from inside the vehicle, make sure the passenger compartment is ventilated and immediately return the vehicle to youth retailer for correction.

Never sit in a parked or stopped car for any extended amount of time, nor have it unattended while the engine is running.

Never operate the engine in confined, unventilated areas. Back Cover

The following should be checked regularly: *

1 Washer fluid reservoir should be filled with water and solvent (wintertime: windshield washer anti-freeze). See page 8:15.

2 Coolant level should be between the expansion tank marks. Mixture: 50% anti-freeze and 50% water. See page 8:16.

3 Power steering - When cold, the level must not be above the COLD mark and when hot it must not be above the HOT mark. Top up if the level drops to the ADD mark with ATF fluid. See page 8:12.

4 Engine oil level should be between the dipstick marks. The distance between the marks represents approx. 1.6 US qts (1.5 liter). See page 8:10.

5 Brake fluid - check, without removing the cap, that the level is above the MIN mark. Use brake fluid DOT 4+. See page 8:12.

* Engine oil should be checked each time the car is refuelled.

Octane rating, see page 4:3

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Tire pressure, see label located on inside of the fuel filler flap.

Bulbs

Power

Socket

US Bulb

No.

 

 

 

1

70 W

P 20d

HB3/9005

2

60 W

P 22d

HB4/9006

3

24/5

BAY 15

1157NA

W

d

 

 

4

21 W

BA 15 s

1156

5

21/4

BAZ 15 d

W

 

 

 

6

5 W

BA 15 s

67

7

21 W

BAU 15 s

See pages 6:5-8 for more detailed information

VOLVO

Volvo Car Corporation

Göteborg, Sweden

TP 3905/2 (Canada & USA) 32.000.7.96 Printed in Sweden, Graphic Systems AB, Göteborg 199

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 1:9 Child safety

Child Restraint Anchorages

Volvo cars are fitted with Child Restraint Top Tether Anchorages in the rear seat.

Sedans: There are three pre-drilled anchorage points under the rear window shelf which are not visible from the passenger compartment.

Wagons: The anchorage points are on the rear seat backrest and are hidden by plastic covers. The backrest must be folded down to access the center anchorage point.

In cars designed for Canada, one top tether anchorage set will be in the glove box.

Installing the top tether

Sedans: The pre-drilled holes for the child restraint anchorages are underneath the rear window shelf and can be accessed from the trunk or by lowering the rear seat backrests.

Wagons: Remove the plastic cover from the anchorage point you intend to use.

On either model, refer to the child seat manufacturer's instructions for securing the seat.

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Wagon

WARNING! Child Restraint Anchorages are designed to withstand only those loads imposed by correctly fitted Child Restraints. Under no circumstances are they to be used for adult seat belts or harnesses. The anchorages are not able to withstand excessive forces on them in the event of collision if full harness seat belts or adult seat belts are installed to them. An adult who uses a belt anchored in a Child Restraint Anchorage runs a great risk of suffering severe injuries should a collision occur. Do not install rear speakers which would require the removal of the top tether anchors or interfere with the proper use of the top tether strap.

pg. 1:10 Child safety (cont.)

Integrated booster cushion:

1 - sedan 2 - wagon

Integrated booster cushion (certain models)

Volvo's own integrated booster cushion has been specially designed to help safeguard a child seated in the center position of the rear seat. When using the integrated booster cushion, the child must be secured

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with the vehicle's three-point seat belt. The booster cushion is approved for children weighing between 22.7 and 36 kg (50 and 80 lbs) and between 117 and 137 cm (46 and 54 in ) in height. It is not intended for children under 3 years of age.

With the child properly seated on the booster cushion (see illustration), adjust the head restraint to support the child's head (see page 1:3). The hip section of the three-point seat belt must fit snugly across the child's hips, not across the stomach.

The shoulder section of the three-point seat belt should be positioned across the chest and shoulder (see illustration). The shoulder belt must never be placed behind the child's back or under the arm.

WARNING! Failure to follow the instructions on this page will increase the risk of your child being injured during a sudden stop or collision. In the event of a collision while the integrated booster cushion was occupied, the entire booster cushion and center seat belt must be replaced. The booster cushion should also be replaced if it is badly worn or damaged in any way. This work should be performed by an authorized Volvo retailer only. The booster cushion should be cleaned while in place in the vehicle if possible. If not, please consult your Volvo retailer.

Storing the booster cushion

To store (fold up):

Fold down the booster cushion backrest to the seat section (A)

Fold up the booster cushion unit (B)

NOTE: The booster cushion must be folded down as one unit. If the backrest is not strapped to the seat section of the cushion, the backrest hinges may lock.

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pg. 1:11 Child safety (cont.)

Auxiliary seat - A-Fold up, B-Fold down

Auxiliary seat (optional)

If all the seats are occupied, a rear-facing auxiliary seat in the cargo area of the wagon models can be used. This seat is designed for two children, each weighing between 23 - 40 kg (50 - 88 lbs.) and up to 150 cm (59 inches) in height.

WARNING! Both rear seat backrests must be up when the auxiliary seat is being used.

Do not use a booster cushion or child seat in conjunction with the auxiliary seat.

A-Lap section of belt locked in place, B-Lap section functions normally

Spool-out

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To make child restraint installation easier, each seat belt buckle (except for the driver's belt) is equipped with a locking mechanism to help keep the lap section of the seat belt taut.

When attaching the seat belt to a child restraint:

Make sure the red lock button is moved to the right (see illustration A). A coin, etc.. can be used to move the button.

Attach the seat belt to the child restraint according to the child seat manufacturer's instructions.

Pull the lap section of the seat belt taut.

The lap section of the seat belt cannot be loosened as long as the red lock button is in the right position. The lap section of the seat belt can be adjusted when the lock button is in the left position (see illustration B).

NOTE: Before exiting the car, check that the seat belt retracts fully after being unbuckled. If necessary, guide the belt back into the retractor slot. When not in use, the child restraint should be secured with the seat belt to help prevent movement during a sudden stop.

WARNING! Do not use child safety seats or child booster cushions/backrests in the front passenger's seat. We also recommend that children who have outgrown these devices sit in the rear seat with the seat belt properly fastened.

pg. 1:12 Child safety (cont.)

Child safety

Volvo recommends the proper use of restraint systems for all occupants including children. Remember that, regardless of age and size, a child should always be properly restrained in a car.

Restraint systems for children are designed to be secured in the vehicle by lap belts or the lap portion of a lap-shoulder belt. Such child restraint systems can help protect children in cars in the event of an accident only if they are used properly. However, children could be endangered in a crash if the child restraints are not properly secured in the vehicle. Failure to follow the installation instructions for your child restraint can result in your child striking the vehicle's interior in a sudden stop.

Holding a child in your arms is NOT a suitable substitute for a child restraint system. In an accident, a child held in a person's arms can be crushed between the vehicle's interior and an unrestrained person.

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The child could also be injured by striking the interior, or by being ejected from the vehicle during a sudden maneuver or impact. The same can also happen if the infant or child rides unrestrained on the seat. Other occupants should also be properly restrained to help reduce the chance of injuries or increasing the injury of a child.

All states and provinces have legislation governing how and where children should be carried in a car. Find out the regulations existing in your state or province. Recent accident statistics have shown that children are safer in rear seating positions than front seating positions when properly restrained. A child restraint system can help protect a child in a vehicle. Here's what to look for when selecting a child restraint system:

It should have a label certifying that it meets applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS 213-80) - or in Canada, CMVSS 213.

Make sure the child restraint system is approved for the child's height, weight and development - the label required by the standard or regulation, or instructions for infant restraints, typically provide this information.

In using any child restraint system, we urge you to look carefully over the instructions that are provided with the restraint. Be sure you understand them and can use the device properly and safely in this vehicle. A misused child restraint system can result in increased injuries for both the infant or child and other occupants in the vehicle.

If your child restraint requires a top tether strap, consult your authorized Volvo retailer for top tether anchorage and installation information.

When a child has outgrown the child safety seat, you should use the rear seat with the standard seat belt fastened. The best way to help protect the child here is to place the child on a cushion so that the seat belt is properly located on the hips (see page 1:10).

A specially designed and tested booster (not available in Canada) cushion for children between 22.7 - 36 kg (50 - 80 lbs) and 117 - 137 cm (46 - 54") can be obtained from your Volvo retailer.

If necessary, an auxiliary seat for children is available for use in the luggage compartment of station wagon models. This seat is designed for two children, each weighing between 23 - 40 kg (50 - 88 lbs.) and up to 150 cm (59 inches) in height.

WARNING!

When using the auxiliary seat for children, both sections of the rear seat backrest must be secured in the upright position

Do not use a booster cushion or child seat in conjunction with the auxiliary seat.

pg. 1:13 Occupant safety

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Seat belt maintenance

Check periodically that the anchor bolts are secure and that the belts are in good condition. Use water and a mild detergent for cleaning. Check seat belt mechanism function as follows: Attach the seat belt and pull rapidly on the strap.

Volvo Concern for Safety

Safety is the cornerstone for Volvo. Our concern dates back to 1927 when the first Volvo rolled off the production line. Three-point seat belts, safety cages, and energy-absorbing impact zones were designed into Volvo cars long before it was fashionable or required by government regulation. We will not compromise our commitment to safety. We continue to seek out new safety features and to refine those already in our cars. You can help. We would appreciate hearing your suggestions about improving automobile safety. We also want to know if you ever have a safety concern with your car. Call us in the U.S. at: 800-458-1552 or in Canada at: 800-663-8255.

Occupant safety

How safely you drive doesn't depend on how old you are but rather on:

how well you see

your ability to concentrate

how quickly you make decisions under stress to avoid an accident.

The tips listed below are suggestions to help you cope with the ever changing traffic environment.

Never drink and driver.

If you are taking any medication, consult your physician about its potential effects on your driving abilities.

Take a driver-retaining course

Have your eyes checked regularly

Keep your windshield and headlamps clean.

Replace wiper blades when they start to leave streaks.

Take into account the traffic, road, and water conditions, particularly with regard to stopping distance.

Reporting Safety Defects in the U.S.

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death,

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you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Volvo Cars of North America. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your retailer, or Volvo Cars of North America. To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHSTA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.

Contents | Top of Page

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Instruments and controls

Instruments, switches and controls

pg. 2:1 Instruments, switches and controls (cont.)

IMPORTANT! (Automatic transmission only)

Your car is equipped with a Shiftlock-Keylock system.

SHIFTLOCK:

When your car is parked, the gear selector is locked in the (P)ark position. To release the selector from this position, turn the ignition key to position II (or start the engine), depress the brake pedal, press the button on the front side of the gear selector and move the selector from (P)ark.

If it is necessary to manually override the shiftlock system:

Turn the starting (ignition) key to position I

Press firmly on the "SHIFTLOCK OVERRIDE" button located near the base of the gear selector.

While holding the override button down, press the button on the front of the gear selector.

Move the gear selector from the ( P )ark position.

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KEYLOCK

This means that when you switch off the ignition, the gear selector must be in the (P)ark position before the starting (ignition) key can be removed from the ignition switch.

ANTI-LOCK BRAKE SYSTEM (ABS)

The ABS system in your car performs a self-diagnostic test when the vehicle first reaches the speed of approximately 12 mph (20 km/h). The brake pedal will pulsate several times and a sound may be audible from the ABS control module. This is normal.

The pages in this section provide detailed descriptions of the vehicle's instruments and controls. Note that vehicles may be equipped differently, depending on special legal requirements.

pg. 2:19

1

Air vents

pg. 2:6

2

Turn signals, high/low beams

pg. 2:15

cruise control

pg. 2:8

3

Rear fog light, instrument illumination

pg. 2:6

4

Headlights, parking lights

pg. 2:2-2:5

5

Instruments

pg. 2:7

6

Windshield wiper/washer

pg. 2:9

7

Hazard warning flashers

pg. 2:19

8

Air mix

pg. 2:19

9

Air vents

pg. 2:19-2:23

10

Heating and ventilation controls

pg. 1:4, pg. 1:6

11

Passenger side SRS (air bag) hatch

pg. 10:1

12

Audio system

pg. 2:17

13

Ash tray

pg. 6:18

14

Shiftlock release button (automatic transmission only)

pg. 2:16

15

Electrically heated front seats (optional)

pg. 2:17

16

Parking brake

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pg. 2:24

17

Electrically operated windows

pg. 3:7

Side door mirrors

pg. 2:17

18

Cigarette lighter

pg. 3:10

19

Hood release

pg. 2:8

20

Front fog lights (optional)

pg. 2:8

21

Central locking button

pg. 2:18

22

Adjustable steering wheel

pg. 2:7

23

Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock

24

Space for additional equipment

2:3,pg. 2:5,pg. 2:9 25

Traction control system (optional)

pg. 2:9

26

Electrically operated sun roof (optional)

pg. 2:12-14

27

Trip computer (optional)

pg. 2:9

28

Heated rear window/heated door mirrors

pg. 1:4

29 Horn/SRS

Some of the items above are available on certain models only.

pg. 2:2 Instruments

1 Fuel gauge

The fuel tank holds approximately 19.3 US gals. (73 liters). When the warning light comes on there is

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approximately 1.8 US gals. (8 liters) of fuel remaining. See "Refueling" for further information.

2 Boost pressure gauge

(Certain turbo-charged models only)

The boost pressure gauge is divided into sections. Black section: The engine acts as a normally aspirated engine. Best fuel economy is achieved while driving in this range. White section: The turbocharger provides boost pressure.

3 Temperature gauge

Do not drive the car with the pointer in the red range . The pointer should be approximately midway on the gauge face when driving. If the pointer approaches the red range repeatedly, check coolant level. See page 4:10.

4 Trip odometer reset button

5 Clock, ambient temperature sensor (certain models), trip computer (certain models)

Indicates the temperature slightly above the surface of the road. An amber warning lamp lights up when the temperature is in the range of 23-36° F (-5 - + 2° C). At low speeds or when the car is not moving, the temperature readings may be slightly higher than the actual ambient temperature due to heat generated by the engine.

6Speedometer

7Odometer

8Trip odometer

Egebs-e srninr srmetedistancese . Thlaoosdigitis Indicate1/4 1mwhi/kilodomet). b Blacnumbetettoaen

1997 Volvo 850

9 Tachometer

Reads thousands of engine rpm. The engine should not be operated in red range.

The highest permitted constant engine speed is 6,300 rpm (turbo-charged models: 6,200 rpm, B 5252 S: 6,000 rpm).

pg. 2:3 Indicator and warning lights

1 Turn signal, left

2 Turn signal , right

3 (Not in use)

4 Low washer fluid level

If the lamp glows continuously when the engine is running, there is only about 1/2 - 1 US qt. remaining in the washer fluid reservoir.

5 Low fuel level

When the lamp glows, only about 1.8 US gals. (8 liters) of fuel remain. If the ignition is switched on while refueling, the gauge may read inaccurately for up to 45 minutes.

6 Rear fog light

7 High beams

8 (Not in use)

9 Bulb failure warning sensor

10 (Not in use)

11 (Not in use)

12SRS

13Generator not charging

14Low engine oil pressure

15Brake warning light

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16 Parking brake applied

17ABS-system

18Ambient temperature warning light* (certain models) (See pp. 2:11 or 2:14 for more information)

19Transmission mode "W", or gear positions 3 or L engaged (automatic transmissions)

20Low coolant level

21Traction Control System (option)

22Malfunction indicator lamp

(See page 2:4 for more information) 23 Service reminder indicator

* Warning light is amber.

pg. 2:4 Warning lights

The warning lights described on pages 2:4 and 2:5 should never stay on when driving

When the ignition key is turned on, and before the engine starts, all of the warning lights should be on to test the function of the bulbs. Should a light not go off after the engine has started, the system indicated should be inspected. However, the parking brake reminder light will not go off until the parking brake is fully released.

Generator warning light

If the light comes on while the engine is running, have the charging system checked.

Malfunction indicator lamp

If the lamp comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the engine diagnostic system has detected a possible fault in the emission control system. Although driveability may not be affected, see an authorized Volvo retailer as soon as possible for inspection.

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NOTE: If the fuel filler cap is not closed tightly or if the engine is running when the car is refueled, the Malfunction Indicator Lamp may indicate a fault. Use only Volvo original or approved fuel filler caps.

Oil pressure warning light

If the light comes on while driving, stop the car and then stop the engine immediately and check the engine oil level. See page 8:10. If the light stays on after restart, have the car towed to the nearest authorized Volvo retailer. After hard driving, the light may come on occasionally when the engine is idling. This is normal, provided it goes off when the engine speed is increased.

Parking brake reminder light

This light will be on when the parking brake (hand brake) is applied. The parking brake lever is situated between the front seats. Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

Brake fluid warning light

If the light comes on while driving or braking, stop immediately, open the hood and check the brake fluid level in the reservoir. See pages 8:17-18 for reservoir position.

Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

WARNING!

If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir: DO NOT DRIVE. Tow the car to a Volvo retailer and have the brake system checked and any leakage repaired.

pg. 2:5 Warning lights (cont.)

TRACS disengaged (option)

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If the TRACS (TRAction Control System) is manually disengaged with the switch on the dashboard, the warning light will come on. This will also come on to indicate a TRACS malfunction, and when the brakes overheat, although it goes out again at the normal temperature level. If the lamp remains on, the system should be checked by an authorized Volvo retailer. This lamp should not be confused with the ON/OFF indicator lamp above the switch. See page 2:9 for additional information.

Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)

If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will however function). The vehicle should be driven to a Volvo retailer for inspection.

See page 4:16 for additional information.

Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

Coolant level sensor

If the light comes on while driving, the coolant level is low. The coolant level in the expansion tank should be checked immediately and topped up if necessary. The cooling system should be inspected by an authorized Volvo retailer.

Mode "W" engaged

The lamp will light up when the Winter/Wet starting mode is engaged or if gears "3" or "L" are selected. If the warning lamp begins to flash , this means that there is a fault in the automatic gearbox. Contact your Volvo retailer.

Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)

If the light comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the SRS diagnostic system has detected a fault. Drive to an authorized Volvo retailer for an inspection of the system. See the SRS section for more information.

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1997 Volvo 850

Service reminder indicator

This light will come on at 10,000 mile (16,000 km) intervals*, after 750 hours of driving or after 12 months, whichever occurs first. It is a reminder to the driver that the service interval has been exceeded. The light will stay on for 2 minutes after the start until reset by the servicing retailer.

* Turbo-charged model intervals: 5,000 miles (8,000 km), 500 hours of driving or after 12 months, whichever occurs first.

Bulb failure warning light

The light will come on if any of the following bulbs are defective:

one of the low beam headlights

one of the tail lights

one of the brake lights when the brake pedal is depressed.

Check the fuse and bulb. See sections "Replacing bulbs" and "fuses".

Should the warning light come on after a defective outside bulb has been replaced, the corresponding bulb on the other side of the car should also be replaced.

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1997 Volvo 850

pg. 2:6 Headlights, Parking lights, Turn signals

Headlights and parking lights

O All lights off *

Parking lights on **

Headlights and parking lights are on if starting (ignition) switch is in positions I or II.

If the headlight switch is in position all lights will go out when starting switch is switched off. With the headlight switch in position the parking lights will stay on (headlights off) with the daytime running light screw (A) in position .

The high beams can only be switched on if the headlight switch is in position .

Switch from high to low beams and vice versa by moving the turn signal switch lever on the left side of the steering column towards the steering wheel.

*Models equipped with daytime running lights: The low beams, tail lights, parking lights and license plate lights will come on automatically when the ignition is switched on.

**The daytime running lights will also function when the headlight switch is in position and the daytime running light screw (A) is in position .

For additional information on the daytime running lights, see page 2:8.

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1997 Volvo 850

Turn signals

1 Lane change position : In maneuvers such as lane changing, the driver can flash the turn signals by moving the turn signal lever to the first stop and holding it there. The lever will return to the neutral position when released.

2 Signal lever engaged for normal turns

3 High beam/low beam switch (headlights on)

Move the lever towards the steering wheel and release it. Headlight flasher (headlights off)

Move the lever towards the steering wheel. The headlight high beam will be on until the lever is released.

NOTE: A defective turn signal bulb will cause the turn signal indicator and remaining signal lights to flash more rapidly than normal.

pg. 2:7 Windshield wipers/washers, Ignition switch

Windshield wiper/washer

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1997 Volvo 850

1 Intermittent wiper

With switch in this position, the wipers will sweep approximately every seventh second. 2 "Single sweep" position.

The switch returns automatically when released 3 Wipers, normal speed.

4 Wipers, high speed

5 Windshield wiper/washer, headlight wiper/washer (certain models)

The wiper will make 2-3 complete sweeps across the windshield and headlights after the lever is released.

O Locked position:

Remove the key to lock the steering wheel*

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1997 Volvo 850

WARNING: Never turn the key to position O while driving or when the car is being towed.

I Intermediate position:

Certain accessories, radio, etc. on, daytime running lights off. II Drive position:

Key position when engine is running. III Starting position:

Release the key when the engine starts. The key returns automatically to the Drive position.

* On cars equipped with an automatic transmission the gear selector must also be in the (P)ark position.

Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock

The steering wheel lock might be under tension when the car is parked. Turn the steering wheel slightly to free the ignition key.

In order to reduce car theft, make sure the steering wheel lock is engaged before leaving the car.

A chime will sound if the starting key is left in the ignition lock and the front door on the driver's side is opened.

pg. 2:8 Instrument illumination, Fog lights, Daytime running lights

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1997 Volvo 850

A - Instrument illumination

To increase the brightness: move the slide switch to the right. To decrease the brightness: move the slide switch to the left.

B - Rear foglight *

This foglight (located in the driver's side tail light cluster) is considerably brighter than the normal tail lights and should be used only when the atmospheric conditions, such as fog, rain, snow, smoke or dust reduce the daytime or nighttime visibility of other vehicles to less than 500 ft (150 meters).

For the rear fog light to function, the low beam headlights must be switched on.

* By design, there is one rear foglight only, located in the driver's side tail light cluster.

C - Automatic daytime running lights

1997 Volvo 850

Automatic daytime running lights

Automatic daytime running lights (will also function when the headlight switch is in position ) All lights off (daytime running light function disabled)

D - Central locking

Press the switch to lock/unlock the doors, trunk/tailgate and the fuel tank cover . Lock: press the lower section of the switch

Unlock: press the upper section of the switch.

NOTE: The lock function only operates if the doors are closed.

E - Front fog lights (option)

The front fog lights, located in the front spoiler, will only function in combination with the low beam headlights.

pg. 2:9 TRACS, Sun roof, Trip computer, Hazard warning flashers, Demister

A - TRAction Control System (TRACS) - option

TRACS is a system designed as an aid when starting/driving off if one of the drive wheels has poor traction due to weather conditions or the road surface and is connected to the ABS control module. TRACS engages automatically at speeds below 25 mph (40 km/h) when one of the drive wheels loses traction. It disengages automatically when speed exceeds 25 mph (40 km/h). The sound which can be heard when the system is operating comes from the ABS system.

TRACS can be disengaged manually using the switch on the dashboard. The indicator light will come

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