Volvo 1992240 User Manual

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1992 Volvo 240

240 Owner's Manual

VOLVO 240

Owner's Manual

U.S.A. & Canada 1992

VOLVO

ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

Please take the time to fill out the forms on this page. When completed, these forms will provide information essential to the proper servicing and ordering of parts for your Volvo.

Owner:

Name

Address

City, State Zip

Code

Tel. No.

Notice:

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the certification labels attached to the door opening sheet metal and on the left wheel housing in the engine compartment. For further information regarding these regulations, please contact your dealer.

Vehicle Information (see "Label information" section)

Vehicle License Number

Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)

Service Designation Number Engine Designation

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See "Specifications" section

Color Code

Upholstery

Tire designation

See "Tires" section

Vehicle Capacity

© Volvo Cars of North America

pg. 1 Contents

IMPORTANT

You should be familiar with the information in the first two chapters before you operate the car. Information contained in the balance of the manual is extremely useful and should be studied shortly after operating the vehicle for the first time.

The manual is structured so that it can be used for reference. It should thus be kept in the car for ready access.

All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication. Volvo reserves the right to make model changes at any time, or to change specifications or design, without notice and without incurring obligation.

2Introduction to the manual Before you drive

7 This section provides a detailed description of the vehicle's instruments and controls.

37Reporting safety defects Operating the car

53This section contains items such as starting the engine, operating gear selector, towing trailers.

Service and maintenance

65

An investment which will pay dividends in the form of improved reliability, durability, and resale value.

Specifications

109 All specifications are subject to change without notice. Consult your Volvo dealer for information.

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Should you require more detailed information please contact your Volvo dealer

pg. 2 This manual deals with the operation and care of your Volvo

Welcome to the world-wide family of Volvo owners. We trust that you will enjoy many years of safe driving in your Volvo, an automobile designed with your safety and comfort in mind. To ensure your satisfaction with this vehicle, we encourage you to familiarize yourself with the equipment descriptions, operating instructions, and maintenance requirements/recommendations in this manual. We also urge you and your passengers to wear seat belts at all times in this (or any other) automobile. And, of course, please do not operate a vehicle if you may be affected by alcohol, medication, or any impairment that could hinder your ability to drive.

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the certification labels attached to the door opening sheet metal and on the left wheel housing in the engine compartment. For information regarding these regulations, please contact your dealer.

pg. 3 Seatbelts: "Something We Believe In"

Despite our strongest recommendation, and your best intentions, not wearing a seatbelt is like believing "it'll never happen to me!" Volvo urges you and all adult occupants of your car to wear seatbelts and ensure that children are properly restrained, using an infant or booster seat determined by age, weight and height.

Fact: In every state, some type of child-restraint legislation has been passed. Additionally, some states

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are seriously considering, or have already made it mandatory for occupants of a car to use seatbelts.

So, urging you to 'buckle up' is not just our recommendation - it's becoming the law! The few seconds it takes to buckle up may one day allow you to say. "It's a good thing I was wearing my seatbelt."

"SOMETHING WE BELIEVE IN"

"SOMETHING WE BELIEVE IN" VOLVO

pg. 4 General Information

Do not export your Volvo to another country before investigating that country's applicable safety and exhaust emission requirements. In some cases it may be difficult or impossible to comply with these requirements. Modifications to the emission control system(s) may render your Volvo non-certifiable for legal operation in the U.S., Canada and other countries.

Model versions of the basic Volvo Models 240.

U.S.A.: Canada:

240 4 -door, wagon 240 4 -door, wagon 240 GL 4 -door 240 GL 4 -door

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pg. 5 Keys

Master Key

This key operates all locks in the vehicle

Service key

Front doors

Starting (ignition)/steering wheel lock

The key number codes are stamped on a separate tag supplied with the keys. This tag should be separated from the key ring and kept in a safe place.

The double-sided tape on the back of the tag can be used to secure it safely.

In the event the original keys are lost, duplicates may be ordered from your Volvo dealer.

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Number Tag

pg. 6

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 7 Before you drive:

Page

8 Instruments and controls

10 Instruments 11, 12 Warning lights

13Clock, oil pressure gauge, voltmeter

14Ignition switch, turn signals

15Rear fog light, lighting

16Windshield wipers, washer nozzles

17Cruise control

18Washer fluid reservoir

18Rear window demister, hazard warning flasher

19Parking brake, heated seat, door mirrors

20Cigarette lighter, ash trays

21Electrically operated windows

22Heating and ventilation

24Air conditioning

25Audio systems

37Occupant safety

38Child safety

40Seat belts

42SRS (Supplemental Restraint System)

44Doors and locks

45Trunk lid

46Hood release, long load storage

47Rear/side view mirrors

48Interior light, sun roof, fuel tank cap

49Rear seat (wagon)

50Tailgate (wagon)

51Cargo compartment (wagon)

52Front seats

pg. 8 Instruments and controls

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pg. 9 Instruments and controls (cont.)

See page

23 1 Air louver

142 Turn signals, cruise control

153 Headlights, parking lights

154 Instrument panel rheostat

155 Rear fog light

-6 Horn

10 7 Instrument panel

14 8 Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock

16 9 Wiper/washer, tailgate window wiper/washer (wagon)

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-10 Space for optional equipment

13

11

Clock

23

12

Air louver

4613 Hood release handle

9314 Fuse box

2015 Cigarette lighter

1816 Rear window demister

1817 Hazard warning flashers

1918 Heated door mirrors (certain models only)

2419 Air conditioning

4020 Seat belt reminder light

2221 Heating and ventilation

2022 Ash tray

2123 Electrically operated windows (certain models only)

4724 Control for electrically operated side mirrors (certain models only)

1925 Seat heaters (optional)

1926 Parking brake

The pages in this section provide a detailed description of the vehicle's instruments and controls.

Note that some vehicles may be equipped differently, depending on model, special legal requirements, etc.

pg. 10 Instruments

A Clock

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B Direction indicator (green)

C Speedometer

In kilometer and miles per hour (U.S. models)

In kilometers per hour (Canadian models)

D Odometer

Total reading in miles (U.S. models)

Total reading in kilometers (Canadian models)

E Temperature gauge

The gauge pointer should remain inside the black range during normal operation. If the pointer enters the red range repeatedly, check coolant level and fan belt tension. (See sections titled "Cooling system and coolant")

Warning: allow engine to cool before adding fluid.

Do not continue to drive the car with the pointer in the red zone.

F Fuel gauge

The fuel tank capacity is approx 60 liters = 15.8 US gals. See "Fuel requirements"

G Clock reset knob

H Service reminder light

I Check engine (red)

J ABS-system (yellow)

K Alternator warning light (red)

L Oil pressure warning light (red)

Do not drive the car with this light on.

M SRS (Supplemental Restraint System)

N Trip odometer reset knob

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Push in to reset.

O Trip odometer

P High beam indicator (blue)

Q Parking brake reminder light (red)

R Brake failure warning light (red)

S Bulb failure warning light (yellow)

T Overdrive OFF indicator light (yellow)

(automatic transmission models)

Shift indicator light (yellow)

(manual transmission models)

pg. 11 Warning Lights

The warning lights described on this page should never be on when driving

When the ignition is turned on , and before the engine starts, all of the warning lights should be on to test the function of the bulbs. Should a light not go off after the engine has started, the systems indicated should be inspected. However, the parking brake reminder light will not go off until the parking brake is fully released.

Alternator warning light (red)

If the light comes on while the engine is running, check the tension of the alternator drive belt as soon as possible. (See section titled "Cooling system".)

NOTE: This warning light is illuminated if the alternator is not charging. However, alternator, parking brake, brake failure, and bulb failure will be illuminated at the same time due to the design of the system.

Oil pressure warning light (red)

If the light comes on while driving, the oil pressure is too low. Stop the car and then stop the engine immediately and check the engine oil level. If the light stays on after restart, have the car towed to the nearest authorized Volvo dealer. See section titled "Engine Oil". After hard driving, the light may come on occasionally when the engine is idling. This

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is normal, provided it goes off when the engine speed is increased.

Parking brake reminder light (red)

This light will be on when the parking brake (hand brake) is applied. The parking brake lever is situated between the front seats. Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

Brake fluid warning light (red)

If the light comes on while driving or braking, this indicates that the brake fluid level is too low.

Stop immediately, open the hood and check the brake fluid level in the reservoir (see section "Engine compartment" for reservoir position)!

Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

Warning!

If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir, DO NOT DRIVE. Tow the car to a Volvo dealer, have the brake system checked and any leakage repaired.

Check engine warning light

If this lamp comes on while the engine is running (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the Engine Check diagnostic system has detected a fault. Drive to an authorized Volvo dealer for inspection.

pg. 12 Warning Lights (cont.)

Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)

If the light comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the SRS diagnostic system has detected a fault. Take the car to an authorized Volvo dealer for an inspection of the system. See the SRS section for more information.

Service reminder indicator

This light will come on at approx. 10,000 mile (16,000 km) intervals. It is a reminder to the driver that the 10,000 mile (16,000 km) service interval has been exceeded. The light will stay on 2 minutes after starting until reset by the servicing dealer.

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Bulb failure warning light (amber)

The light will come on if any of the following bulbs are defective: one of the lower beams

one of the tail lights

one of the brake lights (when the brake pedal is depressed). See section on "Replacing Bulbs".

Anti-lock Brake System ABS (Optional)

If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will however function) and the vehicle should be driven to a Volvo dealer for inspection.

The Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) helps to improve vehicle control (stopping and steering) during sever braking conditions by limiting brake lock-up. When the system "senses" impending lock-up, braking pressure is automatically modulated in order to help prevent lock-up, which could lead to a skid. The system performs a self-diagnostic test when the vehicle is started and at 4 mph (6km/h) and the driver may detect one pulsation of the brake pedal. This is normal.

To obtain optimal effect from the ABS system, constant pressure should be kept on the brake pedal while the system is modulating the brakes.

The switching of the ABS modulator will be audible at this time.

Please be aware that ABS does not increase the absolute braking potential of this vehicle. While control will be enhanced, ABS will not shorten stopping distances on slippery surfaces.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 13 Oil pressure gauge, Voltmeter

Quartz crystal clock

To reset the hands, push the reset knob and turn.

Oil pressure gauge

Oil Pressure gauge (optional)

The oil pressure gauge indicates the pressure of the oil in the lubricating system of the engine. The pressure is dependent on the speed of the engine, the oil temperature and the viscosity of the oil. 1 bar = approx. 14 psi.

The gauge pointer must not go down to the red field while driving.

Do not continue to drive the car with the pointer in the red zone.

Note: While idling with a hot engine the pointer may go into the red field. This is not a cause for concern providing the pointer rises to the normal driving range again when you increase the engine speed.

Voltmeter

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Voltmeter (optional)

The voltmeter indicates the voltage in the electrical system and thereby also the state of the battery. While the car is being driven the pointer should be within the black field.

Should the pointer point to the upper or lower red field when driving, this may indicate some fault in the electrical system.

Note: While idling with a hot engine (especially with air conditioning ON), the pointer may indicate low voltage. This is not a cause for concern provided that the indicated voltage increases when you increase engine speed.

pg. 14 Starting (ignition) switch, Turn signals

Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock

0 Locked position:

remove the key to lock the steering wheel.

WARNING:

Never turn the key to position 0 while driving or when the car is being towed.

I Intermediate position: certain circuits on.

II Drive position:

key position when engine is running.

III Starting position:

release the key when engine starts. The key returns automatically to drive position.

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The steering wheel lock may be under tension when the car is parked. Turn the steering wheel slightly to free the ignition key.

A chime will sound if the starting key is in the ignition lock and the front door on the driver's side is open. The chime will also sound if the parking lights are on when the door is open. The chime goes off when the front door is closed. In order to reduce car theft, make sure the steering wheel lock is engaged before leaving the car.

Turn signals

Turn signals

1 Signal lever engaged for normal turns.

Note: A defective turn signal bulb will cause turn signal indicator and remaining signal lights to flash more rapidly than normal.

2 Lane change position. In maneuvers such as lane changing, the driver can flash the turn signals by moving the turn signal lever to the first stop and holding it there. The lever will return to the neutral position when released.

3 High and low beam switching (Headlight switch in position ( )). Move the lever towards the steering wheel and release it.

3 Headlight flasher (Headlight switch in position ( ) or (0)).

Move the lever towards the steering wheel. The headlight high beam will be on until the lever is released.

pg. 15 Rear fog light, Lighting

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Rear fog light

The rear fog light is considerably brighter than the normal tail lights and should be used only when atmospheric conditions, such as fog, rain, snow, smoke or dust reduce the daytime or nighttime visibility of other vehicles to less than 500 ft. (152 meters). (The headlights must be switched on.)

The fog light is located in the section of the tail light closest to the center of the vehicle. (Driver side only)

Note: Local regulations governing the use of this light may vary.

Lighting

Headlights and position lights

0 All lights off*

Parking lights on*

Headlights and parking lights on

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Switch from upper to lower beams, and vice versa, by moving the turn signal switch lever on the left side for the steering column towards the steering wheel. The parking lights can be used without switching on the starting (ignition) key.

* Canadian models equipped with daytime running lights: Headlights and parking lights on when starting (ignition) switch is switched on.

A chime will sound if the starting (ignition) key is in the switch lock when the door is open. The chime goes off when the driver's door is closed.

If the headlight switch is in position ( ), all lights will go out when starting (ignition) switch is switched off.

Instrument panel lamps rheostat

Clockwise - brighter

Counterclockwise - dimmer

pg. 16 Windshield wipers, Tailgate window wiper, Washer nozzles

Wiper/washer

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1 Intermittent wiper

With switch in this position, the wipers will make a stroke approx. every seventh second. 2. "Single stroke" position

Switch returns automatically when released. 3 Wipers, low speed

4 Wipers, high speed

5 Windshield wiper/washer

The wiper will make 2-3 complete stroking cycles after the lever is released.

Tailgate window wiper/washer, wagon

Operated by the switch at the end of the windshield wiper/washer operating lever. 1 Tailgate wiper ON

2 Interval position

With the switch in this position, there is one stroking cycle approx. every fifteen seconds. 3 Tailgate washer

Depress the button to start the wiper/washer. The wiper will complete 2-3 stroking cycles after the button is released.

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Adjusting washer nozzles

The fluid spray may be adjusted by carefully inserting a needle into the metal nozzle and rotating nozzle to desired position.

pg. 17 Cruise Control

Cruise Control (ACCESSORY)

The cruise control switches are located on the turn signal switch lever.

To engage and set desired speed: 1 Set switch (1) to ON.

2 Accelerate to desired cruise speed.

NOTE: the cruise control cannot be engaged at speeds below 22 mph (35km).

3 Depress SET SPEED switch (2).

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Operating brake pedal or clutch pedal (where applicable)

This will automatically disengage the cruise control. Previously selected cruise speed is retained in the memory and by momentarily setting the switch to RESUME position that speed will be re-engaged.

If the cruise control is already engaged, the cruising speed can be increased by depressing the SET SPEED button (2). The vehicle will then maintain the current speed.

If actual speed falls below 70% of set speed or if the wheels spin or lock, the cruise control will disengage automatically.

WARNING!

The cruise control should not be used in heavy traffic or when driving on wet or slippery roads.

If the gear shift is moved to Neutral while the cruise control is engaged, then depress the brake pedal momentarily, or set the cruise control switch (1) to OFF. This will disengage the cruise control and prevent overreving the engine.

NOTE: When driving on a grade, actual vehicle speed may vary slightly from the set cruise control speed. If actual speed falls below 70% of set speed or if the wheels spin, the cruise control will disengage automatically.

Acceleration

Momentary acceleration, such as for passing, does not interrupt cruise control operation. The previously selected speed will be maintained without having to set switch to RESUME.

To disengage the cruise control system:

Set switch (1) to position OFF, or depress brake pedal, or depress clutch pedal (where applicable). Switching off the starting (ignition) switch will automatically disengage the cruise control system.

pg. 18 Washer fluid reservoir, Rear window demister, Hazard warning flasher

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Washer fluid reservoir

The washer fluid reservoir for the windshield and tailgate washer (wagon) is located in the engine compartment and holds approx. 0.8 US gals = 3.2 liters.

During the wintertime, the reservoir should be filled with anti-freeze washer fluid specified in section titled "Cold Weather Driving".

Rear window demister

To operate depress the switch. The indicator lamp in the switch will come on. The system will be switched off automatically after 10-15 minutes or when the starting (ignition) key is switched off. Do not place items against the inner surface of the rear window that may damage the printed circuit. Do no scrape the inner surface of the rear window glass with a hard object or use an abrasive window cleaner, otherwise damage to the printed circuit will occur.

Hazard warning flasher

The four-way flasher should be used to indicate that the vehicle has become a traffic hazard.

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Note: Regulations regarding to the use of the hazard warning flasher may vary from state to state.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 19 Heated door mirrors, Parking brake, Seat heaters (certain models)

Heated door mirrors

Press the heated door mirrors switch to demist the mirrors. The orange light will light up. Press the switch again to turn off the heating.

Turn off the heating as soon as the mirrors are free of ice to reduce the load on the electrical system.

Parking brake (hand brake)

The lever is situated between the front seats. The brake is applied to the rear wheels.

The PARKING BRAKE reminder light on the instrument panel comes on whenever the parking brake lever is not fully released and the ignition is on.

Always use the parking brake (hand brake) when parked.

In order to obtain the best possible performance of the parking brake, the brake linings should be broken in. (See section titled "Break-in period".)

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Seat heaters

Heating on front seats equipped with electrically-heated backrests and seat cushions is activated by switches on the parking brake console. The heating is thermostatically controlled and switches on at 60° F (15°C) and off at approx. 95°F (35°C).

pg. 20 Cigarette lighter, Ash trays

Cigarette lighter

To operate, depress the knob fully. When the knob automatically releases, the cigarette lighter is ready for use.

The starting (ignition) switch must be ON for the cigarette lighter to function.

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Ash trays

To remove the ash trays depress the center spring and remove.

pg. 21 Electrically-operated windows

Electrically-operated windows (standard on certain models)

The electrically-operated windows are controlled by switches set in the door arm rests. All the windows can be controlled from the driver's arm rest as shown in the above illustration.

The starting (ignition) switch must be ON for the electrically-operated windows to function. The window is lowered if the rear part of the switch is pressed and raised if the front part of the switch is pressed.

Warning: Remove the starting (ignition) key from the car when children are left alone in the car. Make sure that children's hands are clear before raising the windows.

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Cut-out switch for rear-door electrically-operated windows

If the car is equipped with rear-door power windows, this function can be disabled by a switch located on the driver's door armrest.

This switch is position 90° in relation to the other switches.

The rear door windows can be raised or lowered with the respective door switch as well as the switch on the driver's door.

The rear-door windows cannot be raised or lowered with the respective door switch but instead only with the corresponding switch on the driver's door.

pg. 22 Heating and ventilation

Heating system

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1TEMP Left = cool

Right = warm

2 FLOOR Out = no air to floor

In = full flow of air to front and rear floor

3 Defrost

Out = low volume air flow to defroster

In = full flow

4 REC (recirculation)

To be used only on cars equipped with air conditioning. Do not use for heating.

Out = full flow of outside air

In = air is recirculated for faster cooling

5 Blower motor

Has 4 speeds and is shut completely off when the knob is turned to the left.

6 Air louvers-dash

The air flow through the louvers is decreased when the (2) and/or (3) controls are depressed.

pg. 23 Heating and ventilation (cont.)

How to ...

... obtain max. heat

1 TEMP WARM

2 depressed

5 FAN 3 (or 4)

6 All dash louvers halfway open.

...remove condensation

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1 TEMP WARM

3 DEF depressed

5 FAN 3 (or 4)

6 All louvers closed.

Always keep front external inlet grille (in front of the windshield) clear of obstructions (snow, ice, etc.).

Maximum defroster action

For maximum defroster capacity at very low ambient temperatures, use the recirculation control (button depressed).

If not using air conditioning, the recirculation feature should not be used in humid climates and at temperatures above +23° F (-5° C).

Air louvers - dash

AClosed

BOpen

CDirecting air flow horizontally

DDirecting air flow vertically

pg. 24 Air conditioning

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Air conditioning (standard on certain models)

How to use the air conditioner:

1 Fan

Position 4 for rapid cooling.

2 Air conditioning (compressor)

Start the air conditioning by pressing the panel switch. The system activates after a slight delay.

3 Recirculation

Push in for rapid cooling and during high humidity conditions.

4 TEMP

The selector should be in the leftmost position when the system is started. The TEMP selector can then be used to adjust the temperature.

Left = cool Right = warm

If your car is equipped with an air conditioner, the system contains CFC-12, a type of Freon®. CFC-12 is a gas which effects the ozone layer of the earth's atmosphere. Let your Volvo dealer check your air conditioning system regularly for leakage.

The system contains 2.4 lbs (1.1 kg) CFC-12 Freon.

To obtain rapid cooling, all windows must be closed and buttons and out. Cool air will then be discharged through the four dash outlets which should be fully open.

Note: For rapid removal of condensation from inside glass surfaces, the air conditioner can be switched on even when not required for interior cooling. The air conditioner will dehumidify the air inside the vehicle.

Water under the vehicle in hot weather can be the result of condensation from the air conditioning system.

Have your Volvo dealer check the system for correct operation yearly. The air conditioning system should be operated periodically to ensure troublefree performance year round.

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Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 25 Audio System

The following pages describes the use of your TD-613 tuner deck.

1.

On/off (turn)

Volume (turn)

Balance left/right (push-turn)

Fader front/rear (pull-turn)

2.Bass control

3.Treble control

4.Waveband selector

5.Frequency tuning

6.Autostore

7.Display

8.Preset buttons

9.Cassette eject

10.Cassette slot

11.

Lockable fast winding (left/right)

Tape direction selector (press both buttons)

pg. 26 Anti-theft code

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Anti-theft code

The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the batter power is disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set.

Refer to the radio code card supplied with your vehicle or ask your dealer for the correct code.

Using the code

After installation or when the set has been disconnected from power, the set displays "cod E" when it is switched on.

Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons. If the correct code is entered, "codE" is no longer displayed and the set is ready to use.

Incorrect code

If an incorrect code has been entered "EEE" is displayed for 1 second and the "cod E". Enter the correct code.

After three unsuccessful coding attempts the set locks for 2 hours. The unit must be connected and turned on during this time. Enter the correct code again once the time has elapsed.

pg. 27 Radio

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On/off switch and volume control

Turn the button clockwise to switch on and to increase volume.

Waveband selector

The desired waveband is set by pressing the button. The frequency and waveband is shown on the display.

NOTE! There are two FM wavebands and one AM waveband. This makes it possible to store more FM stations in the memory.

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Manual tuning

Press the left side of the button to tune down and the right side to tune up.

Release the button when the desired frequency is displayed.

pg. 28 Radio (cont.)

Automatic programming (autostore)

This function works on the U (FM) and M (AM) wavebands and has 8 memories in autostore mode on each waveband.

1 Press and hold the "AUT" button until "a" is displayed. A maximum of 8 strong stations on the

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selected waveband is automatically stored in the autostore memory.

The lowest frequency station will now be heard. If there are no audible stations "---" will be displayed.

2 Press the "AUT" button once again if you wish to listen to another memorized autostored station. For each press a new station is set. Change between stations in the autostore memory by pressing the tuning button to the left or right.

3 Press one of the preset buttons to leave the autostore mode.

Preset buttons

To select a pre-programmed radio frequency, depress the preset button. The preset button number and frequency will be displayed.

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Preset programming

1 Tune in to desired frequency.

2 Depress a preset button. The audio cuts out. Keep the button depressed until the audio comes on (approx. 2 sec.)

3 The frequency is now stored on this preset button.

pg. 29 Radio (cont.)

Display

The display shows the selected waveband, preset number, frequency and ST (stereo).

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Balance control

Push in the knob and turn it to the left or right to adjust left/right speaker balance. The "detent" indicates the "equalized" left/right balance position.

Fader control

Pull out the knob and turn it to the left or right to adjust front/rear speaker balance. The "detent" indicates "equalized" front/rear balance position.

pg. 30 Radio (cont.)

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Bass control

Adjust the bass by moving the control up or down. The "detent" indicates "equalized" bass.

Treble control

Adjust the treble by moving the control up or down. The "detent" indicates "equalized" treble.

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Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 31 Cassette deck

Cassette slot

The cassette is inserted with the roll of tape to the right-hand side. When the cassette is inserted, the radio is automatically disengaged. Push the cassette gently into place. The cassette will start to play automatically.

The arrows show the tape direction. When one side of the tape has been played the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse).

If the unit is switched off while playing a cassette, the cassette will remain in position. The drive rolls will be disconnected in order to avoid tape tangle (pinch-off).

Reversing the tape

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Depress both buttons to play the other side for the tape. The arrows in the display indicate the direction of the tape.

Fast winding

Press either of these buttons (see arrows for direction) for fast winding. Depress fully to lock the button. Press the opposite button to stop fast winding.

pg. 32 Cassette deck (cont.)

Cassette eject

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If the button is pressed the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected.

The radio will be automatically engaged.

pg. 33 General Information

Sending signals

The FM waves do not follow the earth's surface, nor do they bounce off the atmosphere. For this reason their range is limited.

The AM waves follow the earth's surface and reflect against the atmosphere. This gives them a wide range.

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Weak reception (fading)

Because of the limited range of the FM senders and the fact that these waves are very reflective this problem usually occurs with FM reception. If the sender is blocked by buildings or mountains distortion can result.

Distortion

The reason why FM but not AM is audible in covered parking ares, under bridges etc. is that FM signals reflect against solid objects such as buildings.

Because these waves are very reflective multipath distortion can result. This distortion is the result of the reflected signal and the direct signal reaching your antenna at slightly different time causing a cancellation of all signals. This problem occurs largely in built-up areas.

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pg. 34 Cross modulation, FM - reasons for distortion AM - reasons for distortion

Cross modulation

If you listen to a weak station in the vicinity of a stronger one, both stations may be received simultaneously.

FM - reasons for distortion

FM is affected by the electrical systems of nearby vehicles, especially those without suppression. The distortion increases if the station is weak or poorly set.

The FM reception is not as sensitive to electrical disturbances as AM.

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AM - reasons for distortion

AM reception is sensitive to electrical disturbances such as power lines, lightning etc.

pg. 35 Radio

FM stereo reception

Stereo reception places very high demands on the signal quality which means the types of distortions previously mentioned become even more obvious. The signal strength needs to be stronger for good stereo reception and this limits the effective range of the sender.

We hope that this information proves to be useful and provides you with a better understanding of the problems related to car radio reception.

Reception conditions are not always optimum and this is, of course, beyond our control.

However, we have endeavored to make the Volvo Audio System of a quality so that you can enjoy the best possible reception no matter what the reception conditions may be.

Radio antenna mast

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NOTE: Always lower the antenna when using an automatic car wash or entering a garage. The antenna should be cleaned every 10,000 miles (16,000 km) or more frequently if needed. Use WD40 or 5.56 for cleaning.

Spray the antenna with WD40 or 5.56 and wipe it clean and dry with a rag. Spray it again.

Lower and raise the antenna. Wipe it clean and dry again.

Lower and raise the antenna 4-6 times. Make sure it's dry and free from dirt/lubricating oil.

pg. 36 Technical specifications

Cassettes

Store cassettes in their cases.

Do not touch the tape surface with your fingers.

Tapes should not be exposed to direct sunlight or extreme temperatures.

Keep tapes away from oil, grease and other contaminants.

For optimal tape deck performance Volvo does not recommend the use of C-120 tapes.

Take up slack using a pen or a pencil before inserting cassette in cassette slot.

Cleaning cassette

We recommend the use of Volvo Cleaning Cassette available as a genuine Volvo accessory. Regular use helps maintain sound quality, cleans vital parts and helps prevent tape tangle.

Technical Specifications

System voltage: 12 Volts, negative ground

Fuse: 5 A

Radio

System: Superheterodyne system with HF-step.

Electronic suppression device

Frequency range:

TD-613 FM 87.9 - 107.9 MHz

AM 530 - 1700 kHz

Sensitivity: U(FM) 1.5µV

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M(AM) 6.5µV

L 30µV

Cassette deck 4-track, 2-channel stereo

Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec.

Pinch-off

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 37 Occupant safety

VOLVO CONCERN FOR SAFETY

Safety is the cornerstone of Volvo. Our concern dates back to 1927 when the first Volvos rolled off the production line. Three-point seatbelts, safety cages, and crumple zones were designed into Volvo cars long before it was fashionable or required by government regulations.

We will not compromise our commitment to safety. We will continue to seek out new safety features and to refine those already in our cars. You can help. We would appreciate hearing your suggestions about improving automobile safety. We also want to know if you ever have a safety concern with your car. Call us in the U.S. at: 800-458-1552, or in Canada at: 416-493-3700. Thank you.

Occupant safety

How safely you drive doesn't depend on how old you are but rather on

how well you see

your ability to concentrate

how quickly you make decisions under stress to avoid an accident.

These tips listed below are suggestions to help you cope with the ever changing traffic environment.

Never drink and drive.

If you are taking any medication, consult your physician about its potential effects on your driving abilities.

Take a driver-retraining course.

Have your eyes check regularly.

Keep your windshield and headlamps clean.

Replace wiper blades when they start to leave streaks.

Take into account the traffic, road and weather conditions, particularly with regard to stopping distance.

Reporting Safety Defects In the U.S.

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Volvo Cars of North America.

If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign.

However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or Volvo Cars of North America.

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To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 3660123 in Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590.

You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.

pg. 38 Child safety

Volvo recommends the proper use of restraint systems for all occupants, including children. Remember that regardless of age and size, a child should always be properly restrained in a car. Restraint systems for children are designed to be secured in the vehicle by lap belts or the lap portion of a lap-shoulder belt. Such child restraint systems can help protect children in cars in the event of an accident only if they are used properly. However, children could be endangered in a crash if the child restraints are not properly secured in the vehicle. Failure to follow the installation instructions for you child restraint can result in your child striking the vehicle's interior in a sudden stop.

Holding a child in your arms is NOT a suitable substitute for a child restraint system. In an accident, a child held in a person's arms can be crushed between the vehicle's interior and an unrestrained person. The child could also be injured by striking the interior, or by being ejected from the vehicle during a sudden maneuver or impact. The same can also happen if the infant or child rides unrestrained on the seat or in the cargo section of a station wagon. Other occupants should also be properly restrained to help reduce the chance of injuring or increasing the injury of a child.

All states and provinces have legislation governing how and where children should be carried in a car. Recent accident statistics have shown that children are safer in rear seating positions than front seating positions when properly restrained.

A child restraint systems can help protect a child in a vehicle. Here's what to look for when selecting a child restraint system:

It should have a label certifying that it meets applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS 213-80) - or in Canada, CMVSS 213.

Make sure the child restraint system is appropriate for the child's height, weight and development - the label required by the standard or regulation, or instructions for infant restraints, typically provide this information.

In using any child restraint system, we urge you to carefully look over the instructions that are provided with the restraint. Be sure you understand them and can use the device properly and safely in this vehicle.

A misused child restraint can result in increased injuries for both the infant or child and other occupants in the vehicle.

When a child has outgrown the child safety seat, you should use the rear seat with the standard seat belt fastened. The best way to help protect the child here is to place the child on a cushion so that the seat lap

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belt is as far down on the hips as possible.

A specially designed and tested safety cushion for this purpose can be obtained from your Volvo dealer.

If necessary, an optional auxiliary third seat is available for use in the luggage compartment of station wagon models. This seat is designed for two children, each up to 88 lbs. in weight and up to 59 inches in height.

pg. 39 Child safety (cont.)

Child Restraint Anchorages

Volvo cars are fitted with child restraint top tether anchorages in the rear seat.

There are three anchorages under the rear section of the car's rear window shelf on sedans and in the back of the rear seat in wagons. When the car is delivered, the holes for these anchorages are covered by plastic covers. In cars designed for Canada, on top tether anchorage set will be in the glove box. The top tether anchorage set includes the top tether anchorage plate, an 5/16 UNC bolt (30 mm long) and a plastic trim cover. I f another set is needed, consult your Volvo dealer.

Installing the top tether

Remove the plastic cover covering the anchorage point you want to use. This can be done with a suitable coin. The cover is removed counterclockwise.

Place the top tether anchorage plate as shown in the illustration. Using the 5/16 UNC bolt, tighten securely, to 16±2.5 ft. lbs. Place plastic trim plate over the anchorage plate, if desired.

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WARNING!

Child Restraint Anchorages are designed to withstand only those loads imposed by correctly fitted Child Restraints. Under no circumstances are they to be used for adult seat belts or harnesses.

The anchorages are not able to withstand excessive forces on them in the event of a collision if full harness seat belts or adult seat belts are installed to them.

An adult who uses a belt anchored in a Child Restraint Anchorage runs a great risk of suffering sever injuries should a collision occur.

pg. 40 Seat belts

Seat belts, retractable

Always fasten the seat belts before you drive or ride.

Two lights will be illuminated for 4-8 seconds after the starting (ignition) key is turned to driving position. One light is located in the instrument cluster and one in the console between the front seats. A chime will sound at the same time if the driver has not fastened his seat belt. The front and rear outboard seats are provided with self-retracting inertia-reel belts.

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Release buttons, front seats

To buckle:

Pull the belt out from the retractor far enough to insert the latch into the buckle until a distinct snapping sound is heard. The belt should not be twisted or turned.

Note: The lap belt should sit low and tight under abdomen.

To unfasten, depress red pushbutton in buckle and let the belts rewind into their retractors. Before exiting the car, check that the seat belt retracts fully after being unbuckled. If necessary, guide the belt back into its retractor slot.

WARNING!

The seat back should not be tilted too far back. The shoulder belt must be taut in order to function properly.

The seat belt retractors are normally "unlocked".

The retractors will lock up as follows:

if belt is pulled out rapidly

during braking and acceleration

if the vehicle is leaning excessively

when driving in turns

Check seat belt mechanism function as follows:

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1 Attach the seat belt. Pull rapidly on the strap.

WARNING! Check other traffic before performing this 2 check.

Brake firmly from approximately 30 mph (50km/h) or turn in a tight circle while pulling on the belt. In all the above checks you should not be able to pull the belt out.

pg. 41 Seat belts (cont.)

Seat belts, manually adjustable

The center-rear seat belt is manually adjustable. It should always be adjusted to fit snugly across the lap.

The lap belt should sit low under abdomen

During pregnancy

Pregnant women should always wear seat belts. Remember that the belt should always be positioned in such a way as to avoid any possible pressure on the abdomen. The lap portion of the belt should be located low, as shown in the above illustration.

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WARNING: Never use any single seat belt for more than one occupant. Never wear the shoulder portion of the belt under the arm or otherwise out of position. Such use could, in event of accident, cause injury.

Volvo recommends that all occupants fasten their seat belts. Aftermarket devices used to induce slack into the shoulder belt portion of Volvo's three-point belt system will have detrimental effect on the amount of protection available to you in the event of a collision.

As the seat belts lose much of their strength when stretched, they should be replaced after a collision, even though they may appear to be undamaged.

Never repair the belt on you own; have this done by an authorized Volvo dealer only.

Note: Legislation in you state or province may mandate seat belt usage.

Seat belt maintenance

Check periodically that the anchor bolts are secure and that the belts are in good condition. Use water and mild detergent for cleaning.

pg. 42 Supplemental Restraint System

As an enhancement to the three-point seat belt system, your Volvo is equipped with a Supplemental Restraint System (SRS). The Volvo SRS consists of a driver's side airbag with a driver's side knee bolster. The systems is designed to supplement the protection provided by the three-point seat belt system.

The interior of an SRS-equipped Volvo looks very much the same as any other. The only indications of the system's presence are the "SRS" embossed on the steering wheel pad, and the knee bolster beneath the steering column. Also, the SRS diagnostic receptacle is indicated on the center dash panel.

The airbag is folded and located in the center of the steering wheel. It is released only during certain frontal or front-angular collisions, depending upon the crash severity, angle, speed, and object impacted.

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WARNING! As its name implies, SRS is designed to be a SUPPLEMENT to - not a replacement for - the three-point belt system. The airbag is not designed to be released in the event of a side or rear-end collision, or during a rollover situation. For maximum protection, wear seat belts at all times. Be aware that no system can prevent all possible injuries that may occur in an accident.

The airbag system includes a gas generator (1), surrounded by the airbag itself (2). To deploy the system, the sensor (3) activates the gas generator causing the airbag to be inflated with nitrogen gas. As the movement of the driver compresses the airbag, some of the gas is expelled at a controlled rate to provide better cushioning. The entire process, including inflation and deflation of the airbag takes approximately two-tenths of a second.

WARNING:

When installing any optional equipment make sure that the SRS system is not damaged. Do not attempt to service any component of the SRS yourself. Attempting to do so may result in serious personal injury. If a problem arises, take your car to the nearest authorized Volvo Dealer for inspection as soon as possible.

pg. 43 Supplemental Restraint System (cont.)

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A self-diagnostic system incorporated in the sensor monitors the SRS. If a fault is detected, the "SRS" warning light will illuminate. The light is included in the warning indicator light cluster in the instrument panel. Normally, the SRS warning lamp should light up when the ignition is switched on and should go out after 10 seconds or when the engine is started. Check that this light is functioning properly every time the car is started.

The following items are monitored by the diagnostic system:

Sensor unit electronics integrity.

Reserve energy supply.

Diagnostic output circuit.

System voltage

Integrity of system connectors.

Gas generator ignitor.

WARNING! If the SRS warning light stays on after the engine has started or if it comes on while you are driving, drive the car to the nearest authorized Volvo Dealer for inspection as soon as possible.

ATTENTION! SRS VEHICLE!

THIS CAR IS EQUIPPED WITH A SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM. TO PROVIDE CONTINUED RELIABILITY, CERTAIN ELEMENTS OF THE SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM SHALL BE SERVICED OR REPLACED BY JAN. XXXX. SEE OWNERS MANUAL FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.

VOLVO

The above is a sample of the decal which can be found on the left-hand door pillar.

There is no maintenance to perform on the SRS yourself. The only periodic maintenance recommended on the SRS is that the air bag module should be replaced approximately every ten years and that the other components in the system (wiring, connector, etc.) should also be inspected at this time. The SRS decal on you car shows the month and year servicing is due. This service must performed by an authorized Volvo dealer.

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Should you have any questions about the SRS system, please contact your authorized Volvo Dealer or the Consumer Affairs Department.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 44 Doors and locks, Child safety locks

Unlocking front doors

Both front doors can be unlocked by using the starting (ignition) key. Turning the key ¼ turn counterclock wise (right door : clockwise) lifts the lock buttons on the window ledge and the door can be opened by pulling the handle. To open a door from inside, the lock button must first be pulled up.

Central lock

The vehicle is equipped with a central lock system. This means the lock on the driver's door automatically controls the locks on the other doors (including the trunk on Sedan models and the tailgate on the wagon model).

Locking doors

Both front doors can be locked by using the key. Turning the key ¼ turn clockwise (left door) or counterclockwise (right door) locks the door.

NOTE: The driver's door can only be locked using the key.

The lock buttons should not be in the down (locked) position during driving. In case of an accident, this may hinder rapid access to the occupants of the vehicle.

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Child safety locks

The buttons are located on the rear door jambs.

A The lock functions normally

B The door cannot be opened from the inside.

WARNING: In the event of an accident, the rear seat passengers cannot open the doors from the inside with the buttons in position B.

Wagon model contains child safety lock on tailgate. The lock differs from that shown above. See section titles "Wagon, tailgate".

pg. 45 Trunk lid, Trunk light

Trunk lid

The trunk lock is incorporated in the central locking system. This means that you can either lock or unlock the trunk by means of the driver's door lock.

You can also operate the trunk lock directly with the master key even if the vehicle is centrally locked.

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Unlocking Locking

Withdraw key in vertical position

The trunk lock can also be disconnected from the central locking system (only 4-doors) by turning the key counterclockwise as shown below.

Withdraw key in horizontal position

The trunk is now always locked.

This option can be used if for example, you lend your car to somebody. If you give only the service key to the driver it will not be possible to open the trunk.

To reconnect the lock to the central locking system:

Withdraw key in vertical position

Trunk light

A Light always off.

B Light on when trunk lid is open.

pg. 46 Hood, Long load storage

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To open the hood:

Pull the release handle (located under the left side of the dash).

Lift the hood slightly, insert a hand under the center line of the hood and depress the safety catch handle. Open the hood.

WARNING!

Check that the hood locks properly when closing.

Long load storage (except wagon)

A flap in the rear seat makes it possible to carry "long loads" such as skis, etc.

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WARNING!

When braking rapidly the load could be displaced and cause injury to occupants. Sharp edges on the load should be covered for protection. It is essential that the "load" be secured safely. Use belts locked around the folded down armrest (see illustration).

WARNING!

Do not place heavy objects on the rear window shelf. These objects can become dangerous projectiles in the event of sudden braking. Always secure large or heavy objects with the seat belts.

Please note that the flap in the rear seat is intended only for light loads such as skis, wood, etc.

Max. length of load 6½ ft = 2 m.

Max. weight of load 33 lbs = 15 kg.

WARNING!

Take care when loading/unloading the vehicle. Always turn off the engine and apply the parking brake. Place automatic transmission gear shift selector in position P (Park).

This will prevent accidental movement of the gear shift selector to position D (Drive).

pg. 47 Rear view mirror, Side-view mirrors, Power mirrors

Rear view mirror

A Normal position

B Night position, reduces glare from following headlights

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Side-view mirrors

A Adjustment up/down

B Adjustment sideways

Power mirrors (optional)

A Adjustment up/down

B Adjustment sideways

Avoid using ice scrapers made of metal as they can easily scratch the mirror surface.

WARNING!

The mirrors should always be adjusted before driving. Objects seen in the wide angle right side mirror are closer than they appear to be.

pg. 48 Interior light, Sunroof, Refueling

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Interior light

1.Light always on.

2.Light always off.

3.Light is on when either of the front or rear doors are opened.

The wagon model has a slightly different kind of interior lamp housing.

On certain models a time delay device illuminates the interior light for approx. 15 seconds after closing the driver's door. This facilitates finding starting (ignition) switch, etc., during darkness.

Sunroof (certain models)

The sunroof is operated by a handle located between the sun visors.

Unfold the handle and turn it counter-clockwise to open, clockwise to close.

For safety reasons, the handle should always be folded when driving.

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Refueling

The fuel tank cap is located behind the door on the right rear fender. Open cap slowly during hot weather.

When filling, position the cap in the special bracket on the door. After filling the tank, install the cap and turn until a "click" is heard.

The tank holds 15.8 gallons (60 liters). An optional locking cap is also available.

Refer to section titled "Fuel requirements" for additional information.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 49 Rear seat (wagon)

Folding rear seat

Depress either lever located at the front bottom edge of the rear seat cushion (right or left side). Tilt the seat towards the front seat.

Note: It may be necessary to move front seats forward or raise the seat backs slightly to allow rear seat to fold down.

Remove the head restraints from the rear seat by grasping the restraint and lifting straight up. Secure the head restraints. Pull the handle on the rear side of the seat back upwards, and fold the seat back forward and down so that it lies flat. The rear seat back and cushion are held automatically in their respective positions.

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Warning: When returning the rear seat to its normal position, make sure the latches are securely locked and the seat belts are easily accessible for use.

Removing seat cushion

The seat cushion can be easily removed to provide a slightly larger cargo storage area. To remove, lift the seat cushion out of the hinges.

Warning: When the rear seat is folded down, do not place heavy objects against the backs of the front seats. This places a severe strain on the folded down backrest of the rear seat.

Do not load luggage higher than the seat backs to avoid luggage being thrown forward in the event of sudden braking and causing injury to passengers.

pg. 50 Tailgate (wagon), Safety catch

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To open from the outside:

Depress the release button located under the tailgate handle.

To open from the inside:

Pull out the T-handle located at the bottom of the tailgate.

Safety catch

A The lid cannot be opened from the inside.

B The lock functions normally.

pg. 51 Cargo compartment (wagon)

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Spare wheel, jack

The spare wheel and jack are stored under the hatch to the left in the cargo compartment. Loosen the two clips ¼ turn and lift off the hatch.

WARNING! Unless the station wagon is equipped with a cargo compartment seat (Volvo accessory), occupants should not ride in this section of the car.

Concealed storage space

There are two concealed storage areas under the cargo compartment floor.

Locking floor lid

The larger lid is lockable and should be used when increased security for stored articles is desirable.

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Eyelets

Six eyelets are provided in cargo compartment for anchoring cargo.

Two eyelets are accessible when the seat back is folded forward.

WARNING! Luggage or other cargo should not be stowed higher than the seat backs. All items should be secure in place.

The eyelets are not to be used as occupant restraints or child seat restraints. See the section on Child Restraint Anchorages.

pg. 52 Front seats

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Driver seat height

There are two levers, each with three positions, for adjusting the height of the seat (front and/or back of cushion).

This allows adjustment of the seat cushion angle for added comfort. After adjusting the seat check that it is securely latched.

Note: Do not attempt to raise seat height while seated.

Horizontal seat adjustment

Pull control upward, then slide seat forward or rearward to desired potion.

Make sure that the seat is properly secured when you release the control.

Warning: For your safety, never adjust seat while driving. The seat should be adjusted so that the brake (and clutch) pedal can be depressed fully.

Passenger seat height

The front passenger seat is retained by four brackets. There are two height positions at the front and three at the rear. However, this adjustment must be accomplished manually, using appropriate hand tools.

Seat back inclination

Rotate control clockwise to tilt seat back rearward.

Rotate counterclockwise to tilt seat back forward.

Note: Body weight must be shifted to allow seat back to move forward or rearward.

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Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 53 Operating the car:

Page

54Break-in period

55Driving economy, shift indicator light

56Starting the engine

57Manual transmission

58Automatic transmission

61

Emergency towing, towing information

62Trailer hauling

63Automatic transmission, brake system

64Three way catalytic converter

pg. 54 Break-in period

A new car should be broken-in!

Manual transmission

During the break-in period do not exceed the following speeds*:

First 600 miles (1,000 km)

1st gear

20

(30 km/h)

 

mph

 

2nd

30

(50 km/h)

gear

mph

 

3rd

50

(80 km/h)

gear

mph

 

4th

70

(110 km/

gear

mph

h)

5th

80

(130 km/

gear

mph

h)

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600 – 1,200 miles (1,000 – 2,000 km)

1st gear

25 mph

(40 km/h)

2nd gear

40 mph

(65 km/in)

3rd gear

60 mph

(100 km/h)

4th gear

80 mph

(130 km/h)

5th gear

90 mph

(150 km/h)

Avoid driving at low speed in high gear.

* These are the maximum speeds recommended by the factory. Note that legislation in different countries and states can stipulate other max. speeds than those given here.

Automatic transmission

Do not activate "kick-down" during the first 1,200 miles (2,000 km).

Breaking in parking brakes

To obtain best parking brake performance, the parking brake linings should be broken in. Stop 5-7 times from 30mph (50km/h), transmission in neutral, applying the parking brake with the release button pressed in during the stop. The force must not lock the rear wheels. If this happens, release the brake enough to let the wheels rotate. Drive a mile between each stop to cool the brakes. Check for proper parking brake operation.

WARNING!

The brake light are not illuminated when applying the parking brake. To warn traffic from behind it is therefore advisable to depress the brake pedal slightly to illuminate the brake lights.

pg. 55 Driving economy, Shift indicator light

Economical driving does not necessarily mean driving slowly

Better driving economy may be obtained by thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and stops and adjusting the speed of your vehicle to immediate traffic conditions. Observe the following rules:

Bring the engine to normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on the accelerator pedal instead of allowing the engine to idle for a prolonged period. A cold engine uses

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more fuel and is subject to increased wear.

Drive carefully and avoid rapid acceleration and hard braking.

Do not exceed speed limit.

Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra load) in the car.

Check tire pressures regularly (cold tires).

Remove snowtires when threat of snow or ice has ended.

Note that roof racks, ski racks, etc., increase air resistance and thereby fuel consumption.

Avoid using automatic transmission kickdown feature unless necessary.

Avoid using the air conditioning when it is not required.

Other factors which decrease gas mileage are:

Low tire pressure

Worn or dirty spark plugs

Incorrect spark plug gap

Dirty air filter

Incorrect valve clearance

Dirty engine oil and clogged oil filter

Dragging brakes

Incorrect front end alignment

Shift indicator light

(manual transmission models only)

The Volvo shift indicator light (S.I.L.) is a device designed to help you get even better gas mileage from you Volvo car. Studies have shown that the best fuel economy is obtained by shifting gears at low engine rpm and high relative engine load. The Volvo S.I.L. is calibrated to show you when to shift for improved mileage without sacrificing smooth acceleration.

Use of the S.I.L. is simple. Shift to next higher gear as soon as the light comes on. You may find after using the S.I.L. for some time that your natural shifting rhythm will adapt to the S.I.L's suggestion. Some drivers may even shift before the light comes on.

Obviously, there will be times when you need to shift later than the light would indicate (for example, when climbing hills or trailer towing). Using the light regularly, however, should result in mileage improvement of six percent or more, depending on how you normally drive.

Programming instructions for shift indicator

If the battery is disconnected the control unit will have to be re-programmed as the memory would be erased.

Drive the car in each gear (first gear not necessary) for approximately 8 seconds.

The gear change indicator light will flicker once (0.5 seconds), as each gear is programmed.

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Note: Remove foot completely from the clutch pedal after each gear change when programming the control unit.

pg. 56 Starting the engine

To start the engine:

1 Enter the car and check that the seat is adjusted properly. Make sure the brake (and clutch) pedal can be depressed completely. Move the seat closer if necessary.

2 Fasten the seat belt.

3 Apply the parking brake if not already set. Depress the brake pedal with your right foot. 4 Place the gear selector lever in park (position P) on cars with automatic transmission.

5 Depress the clutch pedal (manual transmission).

6 Without touching the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key to the starting position. Allow the starter to operate for 5-10 seconds. Release the key as soon as the engine starts.

If the engine fails to start, repeat step 6.

Do not race a cold engine immediately after starting. Oil flow may not reach some lubricating points fast enough to prevent damage.

Engine warm-up - initial driving procedure

Experience shows that engines in vehicles driven short distances are subject to abnormally rapid wear because the engine never reaches normal operating temperature. It is therefore beneficial to reach normal operating temperature as soon as possible by driving with a light foot on the accelerator pedal.

Warning : Always open the garage doors fully before starting the engine inside the garage to ensure adequate ventilation. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, which is invisible and odorless but very poisonous.

Automatic transmission:

The gear selector is locked in the P position. To release the gear selector, the ignition must be switched on (ignition key in position II) and the brake pedal depressed.

pg. 57 Manual transmission

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5-speed manual transmission

Depress the clutch pedal fully when changing gears. Remove the foot from the clutch pedal after every gear shift.

See "Shift indicator light" section for more information on economical use of the manual transmission. Recommended minimum and maximum speeds for each gear are listed in the specification section.

Reverse gear (R)

The detent collar on the gear shift lever prevents inadvertent selection of reverse gear. The collar must be lifted to engage reverse gear.

pg. 58 Automatic transmission

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Shift positions

P park D drive

R reverse 2 intermediate

N neutral 1 low

The gear selector can be moved freely between D and 2. Selections of other positions are obtained by depressing the selector knob prior to moving the selector.

Depressing the selector knob slightly allows selection of positions N and 1 . Depressing the selector knob fully allows selection of positions R and P.

The gear lever is blocked in the P position. In order to move the gear selector lever from position P, the ignition must be switched on (ignition key in position II) and the brake pedal has to be depressed.

Depress the brake pedal

Select a gear

Release the brake pedal

P Park

Use this position when parked with the engine running or stopped. Never use P while car is in motion. The transmission is mechanically locked in position P. Also use the parking brake when parking on grades for added safety.

The gear lever is blocked in position P. In order to move the gear lever out of position P, you have to first switch on the ignition and then depress the brake pedal (manually releasing see page 107).

R Reverse

Never use R while car is moving forward.

N Neutral

Neutral position = no gear is engaged. Use parking brake.

The car can also be started in this position.

D Drive

D is the normal driving position. Upshift and downshift of the forward gears occurs automatically and is governed by acceleration and vehicle speed.

2 Intermediate position

Upshift and downshift of first two gears (low and intermediate) occurs automatically. No upshift to 3rd (top) gear occurs.

Position 2 may be used to obtain forced downshift to 2nd gear for increased engine braking effect. Position 2 can also be used . . .

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for relatively slow highway driving.

for city driving.

when driving on mountain roads where precise speed control is desirable.

for passing.

1 Low position

If position 1 is selected when driving at high speeds, 2 is engaged first and 1 when the speed has dropped to approx. 30 mph (50 km/h).

NOTE: No upshift once 1 is engaged.

Use position 1 to select low gear with no upshift. Use for instance, when ascending and descending steep grades.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 59 Automatic transmission (cont.)

Button on gear selector knob and indicator light symbol.

Disengaging 4th gear

The transmission will engage 4th gear automatically after upshifting through first, second and third gears unless disengagement button on the side of the gear knob is pushed.

When the button is pushed to disengage 4th gear, the transmission operates as a 3-speed unit. If the button is pushed while 4th gear is engaged, then a downshift to 3rd gear will occur. The transmission then, cannot upshift to 4th gear until the button is pushed again. As a reminder, when 4th gear is disengaged, the indicator light ( ) in the instrument panel is illuminated.

Be aware that, if 4th gear is disengaged (reminder light illuminated) when the engine is switched off, the transmission will revert automatically to 4-speed operation (reminder light not illuminated) when the engine is restarted.

Disengage 4th gear (reminder light illuminated) when:

towing a trailer

driving on hilly roads where precise speed control is desired.

CAUTION:

Never select P or R while the car is in motion.

When initially selecting D, 2, 1 or R, your right foot should press firmly on the brake and the engine must be idling.

Never downshift to 2 or 1 at speeds above 75mph (125km/h) * .

*Always observe local speed limits!

Kick-down

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Automatic down-shift to a lower gear is achieved by depressing the accelerator pedal fully and briskly. An up-shift will be achieved when approaching the top speed for a particular gear or by releasing the throttle pedal slightly.

Kick-down can be used for maximum acceleration or when passing at highway speeds.

pg. 60 Automatic Transmission (cont.)

Starting and stopping a car equipped with automatic transmission

1 Enter the car and check that the seat is adjusted properly. Make sure that the brake pedal can be depressed completely. Move the seat closer if necessary.

2 Fasten the seat belt.

3 Apply the parking brake if not already set. Depress the brake pedal with your right foot. 4 Place the gear selector in Park (or neutral).

5 Start the engine in the usual manner. The gear selector is locked in the Park position. The brake pedal must be depressed to release the gear selector.

6 Select the desired gear. There is a slight delay before the gear engages which is most notable when selecting Reverse. Do not accelerate until you have felt the gear engage!

Note: Too-rapid acceleration immediately after selecting a gear will cause harsh engagement and premature transmission wear.

7 Release parking brake, then foot brake, and accelerate. To stop the car release the accelerator pedal and apply the brakes with your right foot.

It is not necessary to move the gear selector as the transmission will downshift automatically. When idling for extended periods of time, select position N to prevent unnecessary heating of the transmission.

WARNING! Always place gear selector in Park and apply parking brake before leaving vehicle. Never leave car unattended with engine running.

pg. 61 Emergency towing (pulling), Tow-truck information

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Front eyelet Rear eyelet

Precautionary steps to observe when towing

Please check with state and local authorities before attempting this type of towing as vehicles being towed are subject to regulations regarding maximum towing speed, length and type of towing device, lighting, etc.

Steering must be unlocked.

Remember that power brake and power steering assist will not be available when engine is inoperative. Pedal pressure required is 3-4 times above normal and greater steering effort must be exerted.

Towing cars equipped with automatic transmission:

-Gear selector in position N. Check transmission oil level (see section titled "Transmission oil").

-Maximum speed: 20mph (30km/h).

-Maximum distance with rear wheels on ground: 20 miles (30 km).

If the car's battery is dead, it is not possible to move the gear lever out of position P simply by pressing the brake pedal. The gear lever has to be released manually by moving to the left the lever under the cover panel. See page 107.

Only use wheel lift or flat bed equipment.

CAUTION:

Sling-type equipment applied at the front will damage radiator and air conditioning lines.

It is equally important not to use sling-type equipment at the rear or apply lifting equipment inside the rear wheels; serious damage to the rear axle may result.

Jump starting, see section titled "alternator, jump starting".

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NOTE:

Refer to the section regarding "On-

Call"

CAUTION!

Do not attempt to start the car by pushing or pulling as damage to the three-way catalytic converter can result.

pg. 62 Trailer hauling

When preparing for trailer hauling, observe the following:

Use a trailer hitch which meets Federal Safety Standards for rear end collisions (FMVSS 301-75). For trailer weights exceeding 2,000 lbs (908 kgs) use only a trailer hitch offered as a Genuine Volvo Accessory.

Maximum trailer weight recommended by Volvo is : Trailers without brakes: 1540 lbs (700 kg). Trailers with brakes: 3300 lbs (1500 kg).

However, for cars with automatic transmission, an optional Volvo automatic transmission oil cooler must be installed when trailer weight exceeds 2,000 lbs (908 kgs). With manual transmission, 5th gear should not be used while towing. Observe legal requirements of the state in which the vehicles are registered.

All Volvo models are equipped with energy absorbing shock mounted bumpers. Trailer hitch installation should not interfere with the proper operation of the bumper system.

WARNING! Bumper-attached trailer hitches must not be used on Volvo's, nor should safety chains be attached to the bumper.

Trailer hitches attaching to the vehicle rear axle must not be used.

WARNING! Never connect a trailer's hydraulic brake system directly to the vehicle brake system, nor a trailer's lighting system directly to the vehicle lighting system. Consult your nearest authorized Volvo dealer for correct installation.

Trailer hauling does not normally present any particular problems, but take into consideration:

Recommended hitch tongue load is 110 lbs (50 kgs) for trailer weights below 2,650 lbs (1,200 kgs) and 143-154 lbs (65-70 kgs) for trailer weights above 2,650 lbs (1,200 kgs). However, it must not exceed 165 lbs (75 kgs).

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For trailer weights between 2,650 -3,300 lbs (1,200-1,500 kgs) a top speed of 50mph (80km/h) should never be exceeded.

Engine and transmission are subject to increased loads. Therefore, engine coolant temperature should be closely watched when driving in hot climate or hilly terrain. Use lower gear and turn off air conditioner if temperature gauge pointer enters the red range.

Avoid overload and other abusive operation.

Hauling a trailer affects handling, durability and economy.

It is necessary to balance trailer brakes with the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe stop (check and observe State regulations).

More frequent vehicle maintenance is required.

Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when the hitch is not being used.

Increase tire pressure to recommended full load pressure. See section "Wheels and Tires".

Note: Refer to section entitled "Automatic transmission" for additional trailer hauling tips.

Warning: Do not drive with trunk lid or tailgate open!

Poisonous exhaust gases may enter via the open trunk lid or tailgate. (This is especially true for wagon models.)

If the trunk lid or tailgate for any reason must be open, proceed as follows:

Close the windows.

Set the heating system controls for floor and defroster to max. and the blower to full speed (4). See section titles "Heating and Ventilation".

The recirculation button must not be depressed.

Roof rack

Permanent and removable roof racks are available from Volvo Accessories.

Observe the following points when in use.

Avoid point loads. Distribute the load evenly.

Place the heavy cargo at bottom of load.

Observe that center of gravity and handling are influenced by the load weight.

Increasing load size increases wind resistance.

Anchor the cargo correctly with a cord.

Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, heavy cornering and heavy braking.

Permanent roof rack load limit: 110 lbs (50 kg).

Load bar load limit: 220 lbs (100 kg)

Max. roof load is 220 lbs (100 kg); use a roof rack with a sufficient load rating.

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pg. 63 Automatic transmission, Brake system

The following "Special Tips" apply to cars with automatic transmission

For steep hills and when driving for prolonged periods at low speeds, position 1 should be selected. Avoid, however, repeated changes since this can cause overheating of the transmission oil. For driving on mountain roads with long persistent uphill gradients, select position 2.

When negotiating long steep, downhill slopes, position 1 should be selected and position 2 for less severe inclines, in order to obtain the best possible engine braking effect.

Do not hold the car stationary on an incline by using the accelerator pedal. Instead, engage the handbrake. This prevents the transmission oil from becoming overheated.

4th gear must be disengaged when hauling a trailer!

If an additional transmission oil cooler is installed you can haul a trailer with the overdrive engaged. See next "special tip".

When driving with heavy trailers, it is recommended that an additional oil cooler be installed. This applies especially when driving under sever conditions e.g. mountain driving or prolonged driving at high speeds without breaks. The additional oil cooler is available as a genuine Volvo accessory.

Regarding oil change, see section titled "Transmission oil".

Moisture on brake discs and brake pads affects braking

Driving in rain and slush or passing through a normal car wash can cause water to collect on the brake discs and pads. This will cause a delay in braking effect when the pedal is depressed. To avoid such a delay, when brakes are needed, depress the pedal occasionally when driving in rain or slush.

This will remove the water from the brakes. This should also be done after washing or starting in very damp weather.

If the brake power assist does not function–

The power assist to the brakes functions only when the engine is running. When the car is moving without the engine running the brake pedal pressure required to stop the car is increased 3-4 times. The brake pedal feels stiff and hard.

Disc brake noise: A slight-to-moderate amount of disc brake "squeal" is considered normal.

Air dam (front spoiler)

A non-factory air dam can negatively influence the normal flow of cooling air to the front wheel brakes. (See section titled "Wheels and Tires").

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If one of the brake circuits should malfunction the red warning light will come on

The pedal stroke increases slightly, the pedal feels softer and extra pressure is required for normal braking.

If the light comes on while driving or braking, stop immediately and check the brake fluid level in the reservoir.

WARNING!

If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir: DO NOT DRIVE. Tow the car to a Volvo dealer, have the brake system checked and any leakage repaired.

Severe strain on the brake system

The brakes will be subject to severe strain when driving in mountains or hilly areas. The speed is usually low which means that the cooling of the brake is less efficient than when driving on level roads.

To reduce the strain on the brakes it is advisable not to use the brakes excessively. Instead, shift into a lower gear and let the engine help with the braking. A good rule is to use the same gear downhill as would be used ascending the same grade. For vehicles with automatic transmission use position 2, or in some cases 1.

pg. 64 Catalytic Converter

Catalytic Converter Cautions

Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain engine malfunctions, particularly involving the electrical, fuel or ignition systems, may cause unusually high converter temperatures. Do not continue to operate

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your vehicle if you detect engine misfire, noticeable loss of power or other unusual operating conditions , such as engine overheating or backfiring. A properly-tuned engine will help in avoiding malfunctions that could damage the Catalytic Converter.

Remember that tampering with or unauthorized modifications to the engine or the vehicle may be illegal and can cause catalyst or exhaust system overheating.

This includes:

Altering fuel injection settings or components.

Adjusting ignition timing beyond specified limits.

Altering emission system components or location or removing components.

Use of leaded fuel.

CAUTION: Unleaded fuel is required for cars with catalytic converter. A label on the instrument panel and rear fender, near the filler inlet, will remind owners and filling station attendants of this requirement.

Important! It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into any vehicle labeled "unleaded gasoline only".

WARNING: Do not park your car over combustible materials, such as grass or leaves, which can come into contact with the hot exhaust system and cause such materials to ignite under certain wind and weather conditions.

Excessive starter cranking (in excess of one continuous minute) with an intermittently firing or flooded engine, can cause catalyst or exhaust system overheating. This also applies to lengthy pushing or towing of vehicle to start (manual transmissions only). Do not attempt to start a car with automatic transmission by pushing or towing.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 65 Service and maintenance:

Page

67Maintenance services

68Service requirements

70Engine B230F

71Fuel requirements

73Engine fluids

74Engine oil, Oil/oil filter change interval

75Cooling system

77Servicing

82Transmission oil

84Rear axle, power steering, brake fluid

85Lubrication

86Coolant

87Alternator, jump starting

88Replacing bulbs

93Fuses

94Wheels and tires

96Wheel changing

98Replacing wiper blades

98Washing

99Cleaning, anti-rust treatment

100Paint touch-up

102What causes rust

103Long distance trips, cold weather

104Service diagnosis

108Label information

pg. 66

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pg. 67 Maintenance service

Maintenance inspection intervals

Volvo advises you to follow the inspection program at 10,000 mile or 16,000 km intervals which is outlined in the "Warranties and Maintenance Records Manual". This maintenance program contains inspections and services necessary for the proper functioning of your car over the next inspection interval.

The maintenance inspections contain several checks which require special instruments and tools and therefore must be performed by a qualified technician.

To keep your Volvo in top condition, specify time tested and proven Genuine Volvo Parts and Accessories.

The Federal Clean Air Act (USA)

The Clean Air Act requires vehicle manufacturers to furnish written instructions to the ultimate purchaser to assure the proper functioning of those components that control emissions.

The maintenance instructions listed in the "Servicing" section of this Manual represent the minimum maintenance required. These services are not covered by the warranty. You will be required to pay for labor and material used. Refer to your "Warranties and Maintenance Records Manual" for further details.

Maintenance services

Your Volvo has passed several major inspections before being delivered to you, according to Volvo specifications. The maintenance services outlined in this book should be performed every 10,000

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(16,000 km). The extended maintenance service intervals make it even more advisable to follow this program. Inspection and service should also be performed any time a malfunction is observed or suspected.

It is recommended that receipts for vehicle emission services be retained in the even that questions arise concerning maintenance.

See your "Maintenance Records Manual".

Applicable warranties - U.S.

In accordance with U. S. Federal Regulations, the following list of applicable U.S. warranties is provided. For Canadian specification vehicles, see your separate warranty booklet.

New Car Limited Warranty

Parts and Accessories Limited Warranty

Corrosion Protection Limited Warranty

Seatbelt and Supplemental Restraint System Limited Warranty

Emission Design and Defect Warranty

Emission Performance Warranty

These are Federal Warranties; other warranties are provided as required by state law.

Refer to your separate Warranty booklet for detailed information concerning each of the warranties.

pg. 68 Servicing

MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE

A = Adjust (Correct if necessary) I = Inspect (Correct or Replace if necessary) R = Replace L = Lubricate

Maintenance operation Miles

10,000

20,000

30,000

40,000

50,000

60,000²

(km)

(16,000)

(32,000)

(48,000)

(64,000)

(80,000)

(96,000)

EMISSIONS SYSTEM

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAINTENANCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

Engine Oil and Oil Filter¹

R

R

R

R

R

R

Engine Drive Belts

 

 

I

 

 

I

Valve Clearance

 

 

I

 

 

I

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Timing Belt

I

 

 

 

R

I

Air Cleaner Filter

 

 

R

 

 

R

Spark Plugs

 

 

R

 

 

R

Manual Transmission Oil

I

I

I

I

I

I

Automatic Transmission Oil

I

R

I

R

I

R

Rear Axle Oil

I

I

I

I

I

I

1)See section "Engine Oil" for detailed information.

2)For services beyond 60,000 miles (96,000 km), consult your Maintenance Records booklet.

pg. 69 Servicing (cont.)

Maintenance operation Miles

10,000

20,000

30,000

40,000

50,000

60,000¹

(km)

(16,000)

(32,000)

(48,000)

(64,000)

(80,000)

(96,000)

MISCELLANEOUS MAINTENANCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENGINE

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuel (Line) Filter

 

 

 

 

 

R

PCV Nipple (Orifice)

 

 

 

 

 

I

Ventilation Hoses

 

 

 

 

 

I

EGR Valve

 

 

 

 

 

I

Battery charge

I

I

I

I

I

I

BRAKES

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inspect Brakes, Replace components as

I

I

I

I

I

I

necessary

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change Brake Fluid²

 

 

 

 

STEERING

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tire Wear (Align front end if needed.)

I

I

I

I

I

I

Check power steering fluid level.

I

I

I

I

I

I

BODY

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trunk, Hood Hinges and Latches

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1)For services beyond 60,000 miles (96,000 km), consult your Maintenance Records booklet.

2)30,000 miles (48,000 km) or every two years.

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1992 Volvo 240

pg. 70 Servicing Engine

The following items should be checked weekly by the

Description

owner.

on page

(This only takes a few moments.)

 

Engine oil level

73

Brake fluid

84

Radiator coolant level

86

Tire pressures (including spare)

94, 115

Operation of all lights

Horns

Windshield wipers

Level of windshield fluid

 

Description

The following should also be carried out at regular intervals. on page

Washing

98, 99

Polishing

99

Cleaning

99

Rust protection inspection

99

Engine B230F

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1992 Volvo 240

1 Data plate

2 Oil filler cap, engine

3 Oil dipstick, engine

4 Brake fluid reservoir

5 Washer fluid reservoir

6 Expansion tank, coolant

7 Power steering reservoir

8 Battery

Contents | Top of Page

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1992 Volvo 240

pg. 71 Fuel requirements, Refueling

Unleaded Fuel

Each Volvo has a catalytic converter and must use only unleaded gasoline (as specified on the instrument panel and by a label near the filler inlet). U.S. and Canadian regulations require that pumps delivering unleaded gasoline be labelled "UNLEADED". Only these pumps have nozzles which fit your car's filler inlet. It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a vehicle labelled "unleaded gasoline only". Leaded gasoline damages the catalytic converter and the oxygen sensor system. Repeated use of leaded gasoline will lessen the effectiveness of the emission control system and could result in loss of emission warranty coverage. State and local vehicle inspection programs will make detection of misfueling easier, possibly resulting in emission test failure for misfueled vehicles.

Octane Rating

Volvo engines are designed for optimum performance on unleaded premium gasoline with an octane rating, AKI, of 91, or above. AKI , (ANTI KNOCK INDEX), is an average of the Research Octane Number, RON, the Motor Octane Number, MON, (RON + MON)/2. The minimum octane requirement is AKI 87 (RON 91).

Gasoline Containing Alcohol and Ethers

"Oxygenated fuels"

Some fuel suppliers sell gasoline containing "oxygenates" which are usually alcohols or ethers. In some areas, state or local laws require that the service pump be marked indicating use of alcohols or ethers. However, there are areas in which the pumps are unmarked. If you are not sure whether there is alcohol or ethers in the gasoline you buy, check with the service station operator.

To meet seasonal air quality restrictions, some states require the use of "oxygenated" fuel in certain areas.

Volvo allows the use of the following "oxygenated fuels; however, the octane ratings listed on this page must still be met.

Alcohol

Fuels containing up to 10% ethanol by volume may be used. Ethanol may also be referred to as Ethyl alcohol or "Gasohol".

Methanol blends containing up to 3% methanol and 2% cosolvent can be used without damaging the fuel system or the engine if the octane rating, AKI, is 91 or higher. However, performance and fuel consumption might deteriorate on alcohol blends.

Ethers

Fuel containing up to 15% MTBE may be used.

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1992 Volvo 240

Refueling

The fuel tank filler cap is located behind the door on the right rear fender. Open cap slowly during hot weather conditions.

When filling, position the cap in the special bracket on the door. After filling the tank, install the cap and turn until a "click" is heard.

The fuel tank is designed to hold approximately 15.8 US gal. (60 liters), with sufficient volume left over to accommodate possible expansion of the fuel in hot weather.

Be aware that the "usable" tank capacity will be somewhat less than the 15.8-US gal. (60 liter) maximum. When the fuel level is low, such factors as ambient temperature, the fuel's "vapor pressure" characteristics, and terrain can affect the fuel pumps' ability to supply the engine with an adequate supply of fuel. Therefore, it is advisable to refuel as soon as possible when the needle nears the red zone.

Caution: Take care not to spill gasoline during refueling.

Gasoline containing alcohol can cause damage to painted surface, which may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.

Do not use gasolines containing methanol (methyl alcohol, wood alcohol). This practice can result in vehicle performance deterioration and can damage critical parts in the fuel system. Such damage may not be covered under the New Vehicle Limited Warranty.

pg. 72 Carbon deposits

Deposit control gasoline

Volvo recommends the use of gasoline containing deposit control additives. These additives have shown to be efficient in keeping injectors and intake valves clean.

Consistent use of deposit control gasolines will ensure good driveability and fuel economy. If you are not sure whether the gasoline contains deposit control additives, check with the service station operator.

Note:

Do not add additives yourself to the gasoline, unless you are recommended to do so by an authorized Volvo dealer.

If you change the engine oil and filter yourself, your Volvo dealer can assist you in disposing of the used oil. Engine oil can be harmful to your skin – gloves should be worn when performing this work.

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1992 Volvo 240

PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT

It is illegal to pollute drains, water courses and soil. Use authorized waste collection facilities, including approved recycling centers and garages providing facilities for disposal of used oil and used oil filters. If in doubt, contact your local authority for advice on disposal.

pg. 73 Engine fluids

Checking oil level

The oil level should be checked at least every 3,000 miles (5,000 km) or more frequently if needed. Be sure the oil level is maintained between the upper and lower marks on the dipstick. Low oil level can cause internal damage to the engine and overfilling can result in high oil consumption. The distance between the dipstick marks represents approx. 1 quart (1 liter) of oil.

Note: The engine must be stopped when checking oil.

Changing oil filter

Replace the oil filter at every oil change. If the oil filter is changed separately, 1/2 US qt = 1/2 liter of oil should be added.

To add oil or change oil

Add oil of the same kind as already used. See engine oil section.

Note: Allow engine to cool before changing oil.

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1992 Volvo 240

Coolant

Maintain fluid level between MAX and MIN marks on expansion tank. Mixture of 50 percent Volvo Original coolant/antifreeze or similar and 50 percent water should be used. See "Coolant" section.

Brake fluid

Without removing the cap, check that the level is above the MIN mark. Brake fluid DOT 4 or 4+. See "Brake fluid" section.

Battery

Check level in conjunction with normal service or once a year. Electrolyte level 1/4"-3/8" (5-10mm) above plates. Use distilled water. Never add acid .

If the radio has an anti-theft code and the battery has been disconnected, the code must be reentered before the radio will function properly.

Warning:

Battery gases are explosive if brought in contact with open flame or sparks.

Washer fluid Coolant reservoir

Washer fluid

Washer fluid reservoir.

Water and solvent (in wintertime, use windshield washer anti-freeze). See "Washer fluid reservoir"

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1992 Volvo 240

section.

Batteries contain corrosive and toxic acids. It is of the utmost importance that old batteries are disposed of correctly. Your Volvo dealer can assist you in this matter.

pg. 74 Engine Oil, 10,000-mile (16,000-km) oil/oil filter change interval

Oil quality

According to API SG*

* Oils with designations SG-CD comply with these requirements

Oil with a different quality rating may not provide adequate engine protection.

Viscosity (stable ambient temperatures):

Do not use oils with other viscosity ratings. The use of incorrect viscosity oil can shorten engine life. Volvo recommends the used of energy-conserving oils. Look for the API label. Synthetic or semisynthetic oils may be used if their specifications comply with the oil quality requirements. Volvo does not recommend oil additives, as they can adversely affect the engine.

Changing oil and oil filter

Oil and oil filter changes should be made as specified by this table.

Capacity

Including oil filter: 4.0 US qts = 3.85 litres Check oil level when filling fuel.

SAE 15W/40 is recommended for use in driving conditions that raise oil temperature and increase oil consumption. (i.e., mountain driving, trailer towing)

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1992 Volvo 240

Note: SAE 15W/40 must not be used at low ambient temperatures; see viscosity chart.

Volvo recommends the use of oils with the American Petroleum Institute (API) label. This label certifies that the oil conforms to the applicable standards and specifications of the API.

If driving conditions include:

Then the correct oil/oil filter change interval

is:

 

 

Extended periods of idling and/or low-speed

 

operation

 

Frequent short trips (less than 7 miles = 11 km)

EVERY 6 MONTHS

Extended periods of driving in dusty and/or sandy

or 5,000 miles = 8,000 km

areas

WHICHEVER COMES FIRST

Trailer towing

 

Driving in mountainous areas

 

Primarily highway driving

EVERY 12 MONTHS

or 10,000 miles = 16,000 km

 

 

Frequent trips of longer than 7 miles = 11 km

WHICHEVER COMES FIRST

pg. 75 Cooling system

Changing coolant

Normally, the coolant does not need to be changed. If the system must be drained, use the following procedure: Remove the expansion tank cap.

Open the drain cock on right side of the engine block and disconnect the lower radiator hose.

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