Volvo 1992240, 240 1992, 240 1992 User Manual

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1992 Volvo 240

240 Owner's Manual

VOLVO 240

Owner's Manual

U.S.A. & Canada 1992

VOLVO

ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

Please take the time to fill out the forms on this page. When completed, these forms will provide information essential to the proper servicing and ordering of parts for your Volvo.

Owner:

Name

Address

City, State Zip

Code

Tel. No.

Notice:

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the certification labels attached to the door opening sheet metal and on the left wheel housing in the engine compartment. For further information regarding these regulations, please contact your dealer.

Vehicle Information (see "Label information" section)

Vehicle License Number

Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)

Service Designation Number Engine Designation

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See "Specifications" section

Color Code

Upholstery

Tire designation

See "Tires" section

Vehicle Capacity

© Volvo Cars of North America

pg. 1 Contents

IMPORTANT

You should be familiar with the information in the first two chapters before you operate the car. Information contained in the balance of the manual is extremely useful and should be studied shortly after operating the vehicle for the first time.

The manual is structured so that it can be used for reference. It should thus be kept in the car for ready access.

All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this manual are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication. Volvo reserves the right to make model changes at any time, or to change specifications or design, without notice and without incurring obligation.

2Introduction to the manual Before you drive

7 This section provides a detailed description of the vehicle's instruments and controls.

37Reporting safety defects Operating the car

53This section contains items such as starting the engine, operating gear selector, towing trailers.

Service and maintenance

65

An investment which will pay dividends in the form of improved reliability, durability, and resale value.

Specifications

109 All specifications are subject to change without notice. Consult your Volvo dealer for information.

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Should you require more detailed information please contact your Volvo dealer

pg. 2 This manual deals with the operation and care of your Volvo

Welcome to the world-wide family of Volvo owners. We trust that you will enjoy many years of safe driving in your Volvo, an automobile designed with your safety and comfort in mind. To ensure your satisfaction with this vehicle, we encourage you to familiarize yourself with the equipment descriptions, operating instructions, and maintenance requirements/recommendations in this manual. We also urge you and your passengers to wear seat belts at all times in this (or any other) automobile. And, of course, please do not operate a vehicle if you may be affected by alcohol, medication, or any impairment that could hinder your ability to drive.

Your Volvo is designed to meet all applicable safety and emission standards, as evidenced by the certification labels attached to the door opening sheet metal and on the left wheel housing in the engine compartment. For information regarding these regulations, please contact your dealer.

pg. 3 Seatbelts: "Something We Believe In"

Despite our strongest recommendation, and your best intentions, not wearing a seatbelt is like believing "it'll never happen to me!" Volvo urges you and all adult occupants of your car to wear seatbelts and ensure that children are properly restrained, using an infant or booster seat determined by age, weight and height.

Fact: In every state, some type of child-restraint legislation has been passed. Additionally, some states

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are seriously considering, or have already made it mandatory for occupants of a car to use seatbelts.

So, urging you to 'buckle up' is not just our recommendation - it's becoming the law! The few seconds it takes to buckle up may one day allow you to say. "It's a good thing I was wearing my seatbelt."

"SOMETHING WE BELIEVE IN"

"SOMETHING WE BELIEVE IN" VOLVO

pg. 4 General Information

Do not export your Volvo to another country before investigating that country's applicable safety and exhaust emission requirements. In some cases it may be difficult or impossible to comply with these requirements. Modifications to the emission control system(s) may render your Volvo non-certifiable for legal operation in the U.S., Canada and other countries.

Model versions of the basic Volvo Models 240.

U.S.A.: Canada:

240 4 -door, wagon 240 4 -door, wagon 240 GL 4 -door 240 GL 4 -door

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pg. 5 Keys

Master Key

This key operates all locks in the vehicle

Service key

Front doors

Starting (ignition)/steering wheel lock

The key number codes are stamped on a separate tag supplied with the keys. This tag should be separated from the key ring and kept in a safe place.

The double-sided tape on the back of the tag can be used to secure it safely.

In the event the original keys are lost, duplicates may be ordered from your Volvo dealer.

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Number Tag

pg. 6

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 7 Before you drive:

Page

8 Instruments and controls

10 Instruments 11, 12 Warning lights

13Clock, oil pressure gauge, voltmeter

14Ignition switch, turn signals

15Rear fog light, lighting

16Windshield wipers, washer nozzles

17Cruise control

18Washer fluid reservoir

18Rear window demister, hazard warning flasher

19Parking brake, heated seat, door mirrors

20Cigarette lighter, ash trays

21Electrically operated windows

22Heating and ventilation

24Air conditioning

25Audio systems

37Occupant safety

38Child safety

40Seat belts

42SRS (Supplemental Restraint System)

44Doors and locks

45Trunk lid

46Hood release, long load storage

47Rear/side view mirrors

48Interior light, sun roof, fuel tank cap

49Rear seat (wagon)

50Tailgate (wagon)

51Cargo compartment (wagon)

52Front seats

pg. 8 Instruments and controls

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pg. 9 Instruments and controls (cont.)

See page

23 1 Air louver

142 Turn signals, cruise control

153 Headlights, parking lights

154 Instrument panel rheostat

155 Rear fog light

-6 Horn

10 7 Instrument panel

14 8 Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock

16 9 Wiper/washer, tailgate window wiper/washer (wagon)

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-10 Space for optional equipment

13

11

Clock

23

12

Air louver

4613 Hood release handle

9314 Fuse box

2015 Cigarette lighter

1816 Rear window demister

1817 Hazard warning flashers

1918 Heated door mirrors (certain models only)

2419 Air conditioning

4020 Seat belt reminder light

2221 Heating and ventilation

2022 Ash tray

2123 Electrically operated windows (certain models only)

4724 Control for electrically operated side mirrors (certain models only)

1925 Seat heaters (optional)

1926 Parking brake

The pages in this section provide a detailed description of the vehicle's instruments and controls.

Note that some vehicles may be equipped differently, depending on model, special legal requirements, etc.

pg. 10 Instruments

A Clock

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B Direction indicator (green)

C Speedometer

In kilometer and miles per hour (U.S. models)

In kilometers per hour (Canadian models)

D Odometer

Total reading in miles (U.S. models)

Total reading in kilometers (Canadian models)

E Temperature gauge

The gauge pointer should remain inside the black range during normal operation. If the pointer enters the red range repeatedly, check coolant level and fan belt tension. (See sections titled "Cooling system and coolant")

Warning: allow engine to cool before adding fluid.

Do not continue to drive the car with the pointer in the red zone.

F Fuel gauge

The fuel tank capacity is approx 60 liters = 15.8 US gals. See "Fuel requirements"

G Clock reset knob

H Service reminder light

I Check engine (red)

J ABS-system (yellow)

K Alternator warning light (red)

L Oil pressure warning light (red)

Do not drive the car with this light on.

M SRS (Supplemental Restraint System)

N Trip odometer reset knob

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Push in to reset.

O Trip odometer

P High beam indicator (blue)

Q Parking brake reminder light (red)

R Brake failure warning light (red)

S Bulb failure warning light (yellow)

T Overdrive OFF indicator light (yellow)

(automatic transmission models)

Shift indicator light (yellow)

(manual transmission models)

pg. 11 Warning Lights

The warning lights described on this page should never be on when driving

When the ignition is turned on , and before the engine starts, all of the warning lights should be on to test the function of the bulbs. Should a light not go off after the engine has started, the systems indicated should be inspected. However, the parking brake reminder light will not go off until the parking brake is fully released.

Alternator warning light (red)

If the light comes on while the engine is running, check the tension of the alternator drive belt as soon as possible. (See section titled "Cooling system".)

NOTE: This warning light is illuminated if the alternator is not charging. However, alternator, parking brake, brake failure, and bulb failure will be illuminated at the same time due to the design of the system.

Oil pressure warning light (red)

If the light comes on while driving, the oil pressure is too low. Stop the car and then stop the engine immediately and check the engine oil level. If the light stays on after restart, have the car towed to the nearest authorized Volvo dealer. See section titled "Engine Oil". After hard driving, the light may come on occasionally when the engine is idling. This

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is normal, provided it goes off when the engine speed is increased.

Parking brake reminder light (red)

This light will be on when the parking brake (hand brake) is applied. The parking brake lever is situated between the front seats. Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

Brake fluid warning light (red)

If the light comes on while driving or braking, this indicates that the brake fluid level is too low.

Stop immediately, open the hood and check the brake fluid level in the reservoir (see section "Engine compartment" for reservoir position)!

Canadian models are equipped with this warning light:

Warning!

If the fluid level is below the MIN mark in either section of the reservoir, DO NOT DRIVE. Tow the car to a Volvo dealer, have the brake system checked and any leakage repaired.

Check engine warning light

If this lamp comes on while the engine is running (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the Engine Check diagnostic system has detected a fault. Drive to an authorized Volvo dealer for inspection.

pg. 12 Warning Lights (cont.)

Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)

If the light comes on (or stays on after the vehicle has started), the SRS diagnostic system has detected a fault. Take the car to an authorized Volvo dealer for an inspection of the system. See the SRS section for more information.

Service reminder indicator

This light will come on at approx. 10,000 mile (16,000 km) intervals. It is a reminder to the driver that the 10,000 mile (16,000 km) service interval has been exceeded. The light will stay on 2 minutes after starting until reset by the servicing dealer.

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Bulb failure warning light (amber)

The light will come on if any of the following bulbs are defective: one of the lower beams

one of the tail lights

one of the brake lights (when the brake pedal is depressed). See section on "Replacing Bulbs".

Anti-lock Brake System ABS (Optional)

If the warning lamp lights up there is a malfunction of the ABS system (the standard braking system will however function) and the vehicle should be driven to a Volvo dealer for inspection.

The Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) helps to improve vehicle control (stopping and steering) during sever braking conditions by limiting brake lock-up. When the system "senses" impending lock-up, braking pressure is automatically modulated in order to help prevent lock-up, which could lead to a skid. The system performs a self-diagnostic test when the vehicle is started and at 4 mph (6km/h) and the driver may detect one pulsation of the brake pedal. This is normal.

To obtain optimal effect from the ABS system, constant pressure should be kept on the brake pedal while the system is modulating the brakes.

The switching of the ABS modulator will be audible at this time.

Please be aware that ABS does not increase the absolute braking potential of this vehicle. While control will be enhanced, ABS will not shorten stopping distances on slippery surfaces.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 13 Oil pressure gauge, Voltmeter

Quartz crystal clock

To reset the hands, push the reset knob and turn.

Oil pressure gauge

Oil Pressure gauge (optional)

The oil pressure gauge indicates the pressure of the oil in the lubricating system of the engine. The pressure is dependent on the speed of the engine, the oil temperature and the viscosity of the oil. 1 bar = approx. 14 psi.

The gauge pointer must not go down to the red field while driving.

Do not continue to drive the car with the pointer in the red zone.

Note: While idling with a hot engine the pointer may go into the red field. This is not a cause for concern providing the pointer rises to the normal driving range again when you increase the engine speed.

Voltmeter

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Voltmeter (optional)

The voltmeter indicates the voltage in the electrical system and thereby also the state of the battery. While the car is being driven the pointer should be within the black field.

Should the pointer point to the upper or lower red field when driving, this may indicate some fault in the electrical system.

Note: While idling with a hot engine (especially with air conditioning ON), the pointer may indicate low voltage. This is not a cause for concern provided that the indicated voltage increases when you increase engine speed.

pg. 14 Starting (ignition) switch, Turn signals

Starting (ignition) switch/steering wheel lock

0 Locked position:

remove the key to lock the steering wheel.

WARNING:

Never turn the key to position 0 while driving or when the car is being towed.

I Intermediate position: certain circuits on.

II Drive position:

key position when engine is running.

III Starting position:

release the key when engine starts. The key returns automatically to drive position.

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The steering wheel lock may be under tension when the car is parked. Turn the steering wheel slightly to free the ignition key.

A chime will sound if the starting key is in the ignition lock and the front door on the driver's side is open. The chime will also sound if the parking lights are on when the door is open. The chime goes off when the front door is closed. In order to reduce car theft, make sure the steering wheel lock is engaged before leaving the car.

Turn signals

Turn signals

1 Signal lever engaged for normal turns.

Note: A defective turn signal bulb will cause turn signal indicator and remaining signal lights to flash more rapidly than normal.

2 Lane change position. In maneuvers such as lane changing, the driver can flash the turn signals by moving the turn signal lever to the first stop and holding it there. The lever will return to the neutral position when released.

3 High and low beam switching (Headlight switch in position ( )). Move the lever towards the steering wheel and release it.

3 Headlight flasher (Headlight switch in position ( ) or (0)).

Move the lever towards the steering wheel. The headlight high beam will be on until the lever is released.

pg. 15 Rear fog light, Lighting

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Rear fog light

The rear fog light is considerably brighter than the normal tail lights and should be used only when atmospheric conditions, such as fog, rain, snow, smoke or dust reduce the daytime or nighttime visibility of other vehicles to less than 500 ft. (152 meters). (The headlights must be switched on.)

The fog light is located in the section of the tail light closest to the center of the vehicle. (Driver side only)

Note: Local regulations governing the use of this light may vary.

Lighting

Headlights and position lights

0 All lights off*

Parking lights on*

Headlights and parking lights on

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Switch from upper to lower beams, and vice versa, by moving the turn signal switch lever on the left side for the steering column towards the steering wheel. The parking lights can be used without switching on the starting (ignition) key.

* Canadian models equipped with daytime running lights: Headlights and parking lights on when starting (ignition) switch is switched on.

A chime will sound if the starting (ignition) key is in the switch lock when the door is open. The chime goes off when the driver's door is closed.

If the headlight switch is in position ( ), all lights will go out when starting (ignition) switch is switched off.

Instrument panel lamps rheostat

Clockwise - brighter

Counterclockwise - dimmer

pg. 16 Windshield wipers, Tailgate window wiper, Washer nozzles

Wiper/washer

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1 Intermittent wiper

With switch in this position, the wipers will make a stroke approx. every seventh second. 2. "Single stroke" position

Switch returns automatically when released. 3 Wipers, low speed

4 Wipers, high speed

5 Windshield wiper/washer

The wiper will make 2-3 complete stroking cycles after the lever is released.

Tailgate window wiper/washer, wagon

Operated by the switch at the end of the windshield wiper/washer operating lever. 1 Tailgate wiper ON

2 Interval position

With the switch in this position, there is one stroking cycle approx. every fifteen seconds. 3 Tailgate washer

Depress the button to start the wiper/washer. The wiper will complete 2-3 stroking cycles after the button is released.

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Adjusting washer nozzles

The fluid spray may be adjusted by carefully inserting a needle into the metal nozzle and rotating nozzle to desired position.

pg. 17 Cruise Control

Cruise Control (ACCESSORY)

The cruise control switches are located on the turn signal switch lever.

To engage and set desired speed: 1 Set switch (1) to ON.

2 Accelerate to desired cruise speed.

NOTE: the cruise control cannot be engaged at speeds below 22 mph (35km).

3 Depress SET SPEED switch (2).

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Operating brake pedal or clutch pedal (where applicable)

This will automatically disengage the cruise control. Previously selected cruise speed is retained in the memory and by momentarily setting the switch to RESUME position that speed will be re-engaged.

If the cruise control is already engaged, the cruising speed can be increased by depressing the SET SPEED button (2). The vehicle will then maintain the current speed.

If actual speed falls below 70% of set speed or if the wheels spin or lock, the cruise control will disengage automatically.

WARNING!

The cruise control should not be used in heavy traffic or when driving on wet or slippery roads.

If the gear shift is moved to Neutral while the cruise control is engaged, then depress the brake pedal momentarily, or set the cruise control switch (1) to OFF. This will disengage the cruise control and prevent overreving the engine.

NOTE: When driving on a grade, actual vehicle speed may vary slightly from the set cruise control speed. If actual speed falls below 70% of set speed or if the wheels spin, the cruise control will disengage automatically.

Acceleration

Momentary acceleration, such as for passing, does not interrupt cruise control operation. The previously selected speed will be maintained without having to set switch to RESUME.

To disengage the cruise control system:

Set switch (1) to position OFF, or depress brake pedal, or depress clutch pedal (where applicable). Switching off the starting (ignition) switch will automatically disengage the cruise control system.

pg. 18 Washer fluid reservoir, Rear window demister, Hazard warning flasher

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Washer fluid reservoir

The washer fluid reservoir for the windshield and tailgate washer (wagon) is located in the engine compartment and holds approx. 0.8 US gals = 3.2 liters.

During the wintertime, the reservoir should be filled with anti-freeze washer fluid specified in section titled "Cold Weather Driving".

Rear window demister

To operate depress the switch. The indicator lamp in the switch will come on. The system will be switched off automatically after 10-15 minutes or when the starting (ignition) key is switched off. Do not place items against the inner surface of the rear window that may damage the printed circuit. Do no scrape the inner surface of the rear window glass with a hard object or use an abrasive window cleaner, otherwise damage to the printed circuit will occur.

Hazard warning flasher

The four-way flasher should be used to indicate that the vehicle has become a traffic hazard.

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Note: Regulations regarding to the use of the hazard warning flasher may vary from state to state.

Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 19 Heated door mirrors, Parking brake, Seat heaters (certain models)

Heated door mirrors

Press the heated door mirrors switch to demist the mirrors. The orange light will light up. Press the switch again to turn off the heating.

Turn off the heating as soon as the mirrors are free of ice to reduce the load on the electrical system.

Parking brake (hand brake)

The lever is situated between the front seats. The brake is applied to the rear wheels.

The PARKING BRAKE reminder light on the instrument panel comes on whenever the parking brake lever is not fully released and the ignition is on.

Always use the parking brake (hand brake) when parked.

In order to obtain the best possible performance of the parking brake, the brake linings should be broken in. (See section titled "Break-in period".)

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Seat heaters

Heating on front seats equipped with electrically-heated backrests and seat cushions is activated by switches on the parking brake console. The heating is thermostatically controlled and switches on at 60° F (15°C) and off at approx. 95°F (35°C).

pg. 20 Cigarette lighter, Ash trays

Cigarette lighter

To operate, depress the knob fully. When the knob automatically releases, the cigarette lighter is ready for use.

The starting (ignition) switch must be ON for the cigarette lighter to function.

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Ash trays

To remove the ash trays depress the center spring and remove.

pg. 21 Electrically-operated windows

Electrically-operated windows (standard on certain models)

The electrically-operated windows are controlled by switches set in the door arm rests. All the windows can be controlled from the driver's arm rest as shown in the above illustration.

The starting (ignition) switch must be ON for the electrically-operated windows to function. The window is lowered if the rear part of the switch is pressed and raised if the front part of the switch is pressed.

Warning: Remove the starting (ignition) key from the car when children are left alone in the car. Make sure that children's hands are clear before raising the windows.

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Cut-out switch for rear-door electrically-operated windows

If the car is equipped with rear-door power windows, this function can be disabled by a switch located on the driver's door armrest.

This switch is position 90° in relation to the other switches.

The rear door windows can be raised or lowered with the respective door switch as well as the switch on the driver's door.

The rear-door windows cannot be raised or lowered with the respective door switch but instead only with the corresponding switch on the driver's door.

pg. 22 Heating and ventilation

Heating system

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1TEMP Left = cool

Right = warm

2 FLOOR Out = no air to floor

In = full flow of air to front and rear floor

3 Defrost

Out = low volume air flow to defroster

In = full flow

4 REC (recirculation)

To be used only on cars equipped with air conditioning. Do not use for heating.

Out = full flow of outside air

In = air is recirculated for faster cooling

5 Blower motor

Has 4 speeds and is shut completely off when the knob is turned to the left.

6 Air louvers-dash

The air flow through the louvers is decreased when the (2) and/or (3) controls are depressed.

pg. 23 Heating and ventilation (cont.)

How to ...

... obtain max. heat

1 TEMP WARM

2 depressed

5 FAN 3 (or 4)

6 All dash louvers halfway open.

...remove condensation

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1 TEMP WARM

3 DEF depressed

5 FAN 3 (or 4)

6 All louvers closed.

Always keep front external inlet grille (in front of the windshield) clear of obstructions (snow, ice, etc.).

Maximum defroster action

For maximum defroster capacity at very low ambient temperatures, use the recirculation control (button depressed).

If not using air conditioning, the recirculation feature should not be used in humid climates and at temperatures above +23° F (-5° C).

Air louvers - dash

AClosed

BOpen

CDirecting air flow horizontally

DDirecting air flow vertically

pg. 24 Air conditioning

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Air conditioning (standard on certain models)

How to use the air conditioner:

1 Fan

Position 4 for rapid cooling.

2 Air conditioning (compressor)

Start the air conditioning by pressing the panel switch. The system activates after a slight delay.

3 Recirculation

Push in for rapid cooling and during high humidity conditions.

4 TEMP

The selector should be in the leftmost position when the system is started. The TEMP selector can then be used to adjust the temperature.

Left = cool Right = warm

If your car is equipped with an air conditioner, the system contains CFC-12, a type of Freon®. CFC-12 is a gas which effects the ozone layer of the earth's atmosphere. Let your Volvo dealer check your air conditioning system regularly for leakage.

The system contains 2.4 lbs (1.1 kg) CFC-12 Freon.

To obtain rapid cooling, all windows must be closed and buttons and out. Cool air will then be discharged through the four dash outlets which should be fully open.

Note: For rapid removal of condensation from inside glass surfaces, the air conditioner can be switched on even when not required for interior cooling. The air conditioner will dehumidify the air inside the vehicle.

Water under the vehicle in hot weather can be the result of condensation from the air conditioning system.

Have your Volvo dealer check the system for correct operation yearly. The air conditioning system should be operated periodically to ensure troublefree performance year round.

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Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 25 Audio System

The following pages describes the use of your TD-613 tuner deck.

1.

On/off (turn)

Volume (turn)

Balance left/right (push-turn)

Fader front/rear (pull-turn)

2.Bass control

3.Treble control

4.Waveband selector

5.Frequency tuning

6.Autostore

7.Display

8.Preset buttons

9.Cassette eject

10.Cassette slot

11.

Lockable fast winding (left/right)

Tape direction selector (press both buttons)

pg. 26 Anti-theft code

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Anti-theft code

The radio features anti-theft circuitry. If the set is removed from the vehicle or if the batter power is disconnected, a special code must be entered to enable operation of the set.

Refer to the radio code card supplied with your vehicle or ask your dealer for the correct code.

Using the code

After installation or when the set has been disconnected from power, the set displays "cod E" when it is switched on.

Enter the 4-digit code using the preset buttons. If the correct code is entered, "codE" is no longer displayed and the set is ready to use.

Incorrect code

If an incorrect code has been entered "EEE" is displayed for 1 second and the "cod E". Enter the correct code.

After three unsuccessful coding attempts the set locks for 2 hours. The unit must be connected and turned on during this time. Enter the correct code again once the time has elapsed.

pg. 27 Radio

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On/off switch and volume control

Turn the button clockwise to switch on and to increase volume.

Waveband selector

The desired waveband is set by pressing the button. The frequency and waveband is shown on the display.

NOTE! There are two FM wavebands and one AM waveband. This makes it possible to store more FM stations in the memory.

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Manual tuning

Press the left side of the button to tune down and the right side to tune up.

Release the button when the desired frequency is displayed.

pg. 28 Radio (cont.)

Automatic programming (autostore)

This function works on the U (FM) and M (AM) wavebands and has 8 memories in autostore mode on each waveband.

1 Press and hold the "AUT" button until "a" is displayed. A maximum of 8 strong stations on the

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selected waveband is automatically stored in the autostore memory.

The lowest frequency station will now be heard. If there are no audible stations "---" will be displayed.

2 Press the "AUT" button once again if you wish to listen to another memorized autostored station. For each press a new station is set. Change between stations in the autostore memory by pressing the tuning button to the left or right.

3 Press one of the preset buttons to leave the autostore mode.

Preset buttons

To select a pre-programmed radio frequency, depress the preset button. The preset button number and frequency will be displayed.

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Preset programming

1 Tune in to desired frequency.

2 Depress a preset button. The audio cuts out. Keep the button depressed until the audio comes on (approx. 2 sec.)

3 The frequency is now stored on this preset button.

pg. 29 Radio (cont.)

Display

The display shows the selected waveband, preset number, frequency and ST (stereo).

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Balance control

Push in the knob and turn it to the left or right to adjust left/right speaker balance. The "detent" indicates the "equalized" left/right balance position.

Fader control

Pull out the knob and turn it to the left or right to adjust front/rear speaker balance. The "detent" indicates "equalized" front/rear balance position.

pg. 30 Radio (cont.)

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Bass control

Adjust the bass by moving the control up or down. The "detent" indicates "equalized" bass.

Treble control

Adjust the treble by moving the control up or down. The "detent" indicates "equalized" treble.

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Contents | Top of Page

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pg. 31 Cassette deck

Cassette slot

The cassette is inserted with the roll of tape to the right-hand side. When the cassette is inserted, the radio is automatically disengaged. Push the cassette gently into place. The cassette will start to play automatically.

The arrows show the tape direction. When one side of the tape has been played the unit will automatically play the other side (auto-reverse).

If the unit is switched off while playing a cassette, the cassette will remain in position. The drive rolls will be disconnected in order to avoid tape tangle (pinch-off).

Reversing the tape

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Depress both buttons to play the other side for the tape. The arrows in the display indicate the direction of the tape.

Fast winding

Press either of these buttons (see arrows for direction) for fast winding. Depress fully to lock the button. Press the opposite button to stop fast winding.

pg. 32 Cassette deck (cont.)

Cassette eject

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If the button is pressed the tape will stop and the cassette will be ejected.

The radio will be automatically engaged.

pg. 33 General Information

Sending signals

The FM waves do not follow the earth's surface, nor do they bounce off the atmosphere. For this reason their range is limited.

The AM waves follow the earth's surface and reflect against the atmosphere. This gives them a wide range.

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Weak reception (fading)

Because of the limited range of the FM senders and the fact that these waves are very reflective this problem usually occurs with FM reception. If the sender is blocked by buildings or mountains distortion can result.

Distortion

The reason why FM but not AM is audible in covered parking ares, under bridges etc. is that FM signals reflect against solid objects such as buildings.

Because these waves are very reflective multipath distortion can result. This distortion is the result of the reflected signal and the direct signal reaching your antenna at slightly different time causing a cancellation of all signals. This problem occurs largely in built-up areas.

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pg. 34 Cross modulation, FM - reasons for distortion AM - reasons for distortion

Cross modulation

If you listen to a weak station in the vicinity of a stronger one, both stations may be received simultaneously.

FM - reasons for distortion

FM is affected by the electrical systems of nearby vehicles, especially those without suppression. The distortion increases if the station is weak or poorly set.

The FM reception is not as sensitive to electrical disturbances as AM.

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AM - reasons for distortion

AM reception is sensitive to electrical disturbances such as power lines, lightning etc.

pg. 35 Radio

FM stereo reception

Stereo reception places very high demands on the signal quality which means the types of distortions previously mentioned become even more obvious. The signal strength needs to be stronger for good stereo reception and this limits the effective range of the sender.

We hope that this information proves to be useful and provides you with a better understanding of the problems related to car radio reception.

Reception conditions are not always optimum and this is, of course, beyond our control.

However, we have endeavored to make the Volvo Audio System of a quality so that you can enjoy the best possible reception no matter what the reception conditions may be.

Radio antenna mast

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NOTE: Always lower the antenna when using an automatic car wash or entering a garage. The antenna should be cleaned every 10,000 miles (16,000 km) or more frequently if needed. Use WD40 or 5.56 for cleaning.

Spray the antenna with WD40 or 5.56 and wipe it clean and dry with a rag. Spray it again.

Lower and raise the antenna. Wipe it clean and dry again.

Lower and raise the antenna 4-6 times. Make sure it's dry and free from dirt/lubricating oil.

pg. 36 Technical specifications

Cassettes

Store cassettes in their cases.

Do not touch the tape surface with your fingers.

Tapes should not be exposed to direct sunlight or extreme temperatures.

Keep tapes away from oil, grease and other contaminants.

For optimal tape deck performance Volvo does not recommend the use of C-120 tapes.

Take up slack using a pen or a pencil before inserting cassette in cassette slot.

Cleaning cassette

We recommend the use of Volvo Cleaning Cassette available as a genuine Volvo accessory. Regular use helps maintain sound quality, cleans vital parts and helps prevent tape tangle.

Technical Specifications

System voltage: 12 Volts, negative ground

Fuse: 5 A

Radio

System: Superheterodyne system with HF-step.

Electronic suppression device

Frequency range:

TD-613 FM 87.9 - 107.9 MHz

AM 530 - 1700 kHz

Sensitivity: U(FM) 1.5µV

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M(AM) 6.5µV

L 30µV

Cassette deck 4-track, 2-channel stereo

Tape speed: 4.76 cm/sec.

Pinch-off

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