UNITRODE UC1524A, UC2524A, UC3524A Technical data

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Advanced Regulating Pulse Width Modulators
UC1524A UC2524A UC3524A
FEATURES
Fully Interchangeable with
Standard UC1524 Family Precision Reference Internally
Trimmed to±1% High-Performance Current Limit
Function Under-Voltage Lockout with
Hysteretic Turn-on Start-Up Supply Current Less
Than 4mA Output Current to 200mA
60V Output Capability
Wide Common-Mode Input
Range for both Error and Current Limit Amplifiers
PWM Latch Insures Single Pulse per Period
Double Pulse Suppression Logic
200ns Shutdown through PWM Latch
Guaranteed Frequency Accuracy
Thermal Shutdown Protection
BLOCK DIAGRAM
DESCRIPTION
The UC1524A family of regulating PWM ICs has been designed to retain the same highly versatile architecture of the industry standard UC1524 (SG1524) while offering substantial improvements to many of its limitations. The UC1524A is pin compatible with “non-A” models and in most existing applications can be directly interchanged with no effect on power supply performance. Using the UC1524A, however, frees the designer from many concerns which typically had required additional circuitry to solve.
The UC1524A includes a precise 5V reference trimmed to±1% accuracy, elimi nating the need for potentiometer adjustments; an error amplifier with an input range which includes 5V, eliminating the need for a reference divider; a current sense amplifier useful in either the ground or power supply output lines; and a pair of 60V, 200mA uncommitted transistor switches which greatly enhance out put versatility.
An additional feature of the UC1524A is an under-voltage lockout circuit which disables all the internal circuitry, except the reference, until the input voltage has risen to 8V. This holds standby current low until turn-on, greatly simplifying the design of low power, off-line supplies. The turn-on circuit has approximately 600mV of hysteresis for jitter-free activation.
Other product enhancements included in the UC1524A’s design include a PWM latch which insures freedom from multiple pulsing within a period, even in noisy environments, logic to eliminate double pulsing on a single output, a 200ns ex­ternal shutdown capability, and automatic thermal protection from excessive chip temperature . The oscillator circuit of the UC1524A is usable bey ond 500kHz and is now easier to synchronize with an external clock pulse.
The UC1524A is packaged in a hermetic 16-pin DIP and is rated for operation from -55°C to +125°C. The UC2524A and 3524A are available in either ceramic or plastic packages and are rated for operation from -40°C to +85°C and 0°C to 70°C, respectively. Surface mount devices are also available.
-
-
15
V
IN
3
OSC
6
R
T
7
C
T
COMP
INV. INPUT
N.I. INPUT
CL (+) SENSE
CL (–) SENSE
9
1
2
4
5
SLUS181A - NOVEMBER 1999
200mV
+
OSC
E/A
E/A
+
V
RAMP
IN
V
IN
+
C/L
U.V.
SENSE
CLOCK
COMP
+
6V
POWER TO
INTERNAL
CIRCUITRY
R
S
PWM
S
LATCH
10k
+5V REFERENCE REGULATOR
FLIP
FLOP
T
1k
5.5V
16
V
12
C
11
E
13
C
14
E
10
SHUTDOWN
GND
8
REF
A
A
B
B
UDG-99178
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Supply Voltage (VIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40V Collector Supply Voltage (V Output Current (each Output). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200mA Maximum Forced Voltage (Pin 9, 10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . -3 to +5V Maximum Forced Current (Pin 9, 10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±10mA Reference Output Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50mA Oscillator Charging Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5mA Power Dissipation at T Power Dissipation at T Operating Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . -55°C to +125°C Storage Temperature Range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . -65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature, (Soldering, 10 seconds) . . . . . . . . . +300°C
Note: Consult packaging section of Databook for thermal limita tions and considerations of package.
DIL-16, SOIC-16 (TOP VIEW) J or N Package, DW Package
C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60V
A = +25°C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1000mW C = +25°C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000mW
CONNECTION DIAGRAMS
PLCC-20, LCC-20 (TOP VIEW) Q or L Package
-
UC1524A UC2524A UC3524A
PACKAGE PIN FUNCTION
FUNCTION PIN
N/C 1 Inv. Input 2 Non-Inv. Input 3 OSC/SYNC 4 C.L. (+) sense 5 N/C 6 C.L. (-) sense 7
T 8
R
T 9
C Ground 10 N/C 11 Compensation 12 Shutdown 13 Emitter A 14 Collector A 15 N/C 16 Collector B 17 Emitter B 18
IN 19
+V
REF 20
+5V V
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS:
Unless otherwise stated, these specifications apply for TA = -55°C to +125°C for the UC1524A, -40° to +85°C for the UC2524A, and 0°C to + 70°C for the UC3524A; V = VC = 20V, TA =TJ.
UC1524A / UC2524A UC3524A UNITS
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS
MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX
Turn-on Characteristics
Input Voltage Operating Range after Turn-on 8 40 8 40 V Turn-on Threshold 6.5 7.5 8.5 6.5 7.5 8.5 V Turn-on Current V Operating Current V
IN = 6V 2.5 4 2.5 4 mA IN = 8 to 40V 5 10 5 10 mA
Turn-on Hysteresis* 0.5 0.5 V
Reference Section
Output Voltage T
J = 25°C 4.95 5.00 5.05 4.90 5.00 5.10 V
Over Operating Range 4.9 5.1 4.85 5.15 V Line Regulation V Load Regulation I
IN = 10 to 40V 10 20 10 30 mV
L = 0 to 20 mA 20 25 20 35 mV
Temperature Stability* Over Operating Range* 20 25 20 35 mV Short Circuit Current V
REF = 0, 25°C
Output Noise Voltage* 10Hz≤f≤10kHz, T Long Term Stability* T
J =125°C, 1000 Hrs. 20 50 20 50 mV
TJ≤125°C 80 100 80 100 mA
J =25°C 40 40
* These parameters are ensured by design but not 100% tested in production.
Vrms
µ
IN
2
UC1524A UC2524A UC3524A
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS:
Unless otherwise stated, these specifications apply for TA = -55°C to +125°C for the UC1524A, -40° to +85°C for the UC2524A, and 0°C to + 70°C for the UC3524A; V = VC = 20V, TA =TJ.
UC1524A / UC2524A UC3524A UNITS
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS
Oscillator Section (Unless otherwise specified, R
Initial Accuracy T
J = 25°C 414345394347kHz
T = 2700
, CT = 0.01 mfd)
MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX
Over Operating Range 40.2 45.9 38.2 47.9 kHz Temperature Stability* Over Operating Temperature Range 1 2 1 2 % Minimum Frequency R Maximum Frequency R
T = 150k T = 2.0k
, CT = 0.1mfd 140 120 Hz
, CT = 470pF 500 500 kHz
Output Amplitude* 3 3.5 3 3.5 V Output Pulse Width* 0.29 0.5 1.0 0.3 0.5 1.0 Ramp Peak 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.5 3.7 V Ramp Valley T
J = 25°C 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9 V
Ramp Valley T.C. -1.0 -1.0 mV/°C
Error Amplifier Section (Unless otherwise specified, V
CM = 2.5V)
Input Offset Voltage 0.5 5 2 10 mV Input Bias Current 1 5 1 10 Input Offset Current .05 1 0.5 1 Common Mode Rejection Ratio V Power Supply Rejection Ratio V
CM = 1.5 to 5.5V 70 80 70 80 dB IN = 10 to 40V 70 80 70 80 dB
Output Swing (Note 1) 5.0 0.5 5.0 0.5 V Open Loop Voltage Gain Gain-Bandwidth* T DC Transconductance*§ T
P.W.M. Comparator (R
T = 2k
Minimum Duty Cycle V Maximum Duty Cycle V
O= 1 to 4V, RL
V
J =25°C, AV = 0dB 1 3 1 3 MHz J = 25°C, 30k
, CT = 0.01mfd)
COMP = 0.5V 0 0 % COMP = 3.8V 45 45 %
10M
Ω≤
RL
≤1MΩ
72 80 64 80 dB
1.7 2.3 1.7 2.3 mS
Current Limit Amplifier (Unless otherwise specified, Pin 5 = 0V)
Input Offset Voltage T
J = 25°C, E/A Set for Maximum
190 200 210 180 200 220 mV
Output
Over Operating Temperature Range 180 220 170 230 mV Input Bias Current -1 -10 -1 -10 Common Mode Rejection Ratio V Power Supply Rejection Ratio V
(pin 5) = -0.3V to + 5.5V 50 60 50 60 dB IN = 10 to 40V 50 60 50 60 dB
Output Swing (Note 1) Minimum Total Range 5.0 0.5 5.0 0.5 V Open-Loop Voltage Gain
O = 1 to 4V, RL
V
Delay Time* Pin 4 to Pin 9,∆V
10M
IN = 300mV 300 300 ns
70 80 70 80 dB
Output Section (Each Output)
Collector Emitter Voltage I Collector Leakage Current V
C = 100
CE = 50V .1 20 .1 20
A 6080 6080 V
µ
IN
s
µ
A
µ
A
µ
A
µ
A
µ
* These parameters are ensured by design but not 100% tested in production.
§ DC transconductance (g
M
) relates to DC open-loop voltage gain according to the following equation:AV=gMR where RLis the resistance from pin 9 to the common mode voltage. The minimum g
M
specification is used to calculate minimum AVwhen the error amplifier output is loaded.
Note 1: Min Limit applies to output high level, max limit applies to output low level.
3
L
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