Rover DISCOVERY 1998 Owner Manual

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Introduction ..........................................................


SECTION 2 Controls & instruments ........................................


SECTION 3 Driving & operating .............................................



Owner maintenance .............................................



General data .........................................................


SECTION 6 Parts & accessories ...............................................



Off-road driving ....................................................



Index .....................................................................


As part of Land Rover environmental policy, this publication is printed on paper made from elemental chlorine free pulp.

Publication No. LRL 0156NAS

© 1997 Rover Group Limited




This handbook covers the current version of the Land Rover Discovery and, together with the Passport to Service, provides all the information you need to derive maximum pleasure from owning and driving your new vehicle.

For your convenience, the handbook is divided into sections, each dealing with a different aspect of driving or caring for the vehicle. The sections are listed on the contents page and you will find it worthwhile to take a little time to read each one, and get to know your Discovery as soon as you possibly can. The more you understand before you drive, the greater the satisfaction once you are seated behind the steering wheel.

Land Rover operates a policy of constant product improvement and therefore reserves the right to change specifications without notice at any time. Whilst every effort is made to ensure complete accuracy of the information in this handbook, no liabilities for inaccuracies or the consequences thereof can be accepted by the manufacturer, Land Rover North America Inc.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or other means without prior written permission from Land Rover.

Section Contents


Reporting safety defects ..............................


Safety warnings ...........................................


Passport to Service ......................................


Information labels ........................................


Vehicle identification number .......................


Anti-theft precautions ..................................


Breakdown safety code ................................


Reporting safety defects

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash, or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Land Rover North America Inc.

If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign.

However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your Dealer or Land Rover North America.

To contact NHTSA, you may call the Auto Safety hotline toll free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 202-366-0123 in Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC 20590. You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the hotline.





The Passport to Service included in your literature pack, contains important vehicle identification information, details of your entitlement under the terms of the Land Rover warranty, as well as useful consumer advice.

Most important of all, however, is the section on maintenance. This outlines the servicing requirements for your Discovery, as well as incorporating the service record slips, which the Dealer should sign and stamp to certify that the routine services have been carried out at the recommended intervals.


Safety warnings are included in this handbook. These indicate either a procedure which must be followed precisely, or information that should be considered with great care in order to avoid the possibility of personal injury or serious damage to the vehicle.



Warning labels attached to your vehicle bearing this symbol mean: DO NOT touch or adjust

components until you have read the relevant instructions in the handbook.

Warning labels showing this symbol indicate that the ignition system utilises very high

voltages. DO NOT touch any ignition components while the starter switch is turned on!


The Discovery has a higher ground clearance and hence a higher centre of gravity than ordinary passenger cars to enable the vehicle to perform in a wide variety of off-road applications. An advantage of the higher ground clearance is a better view of the road, allowing you to anticipate problems. Discovery is not designed for cornering at the same speed as conventional passenger cars any more than a low slung sports car is designed to perform satisfactorily under off-road conditions. As with other vehicles of this type, failure to operate the Discovery correctly, may result in loss of control, or vehicle rollover.











NOTE: Various labels are fixed to the vehicle to draw your attention to specific safety and emission information. This illustration is for general guidance only as the position of components and the extent of labels and other visual warnings on the vehicle could vary from model to model.



Details of the vehicle height, both with and without an open sunroof and information on the vehicle’s handling characteristics are printed on the underside of the drivers sun visor.

On vehicles fitted with Airbag Supplementary Restraint Systems (SRS), remember to take careful note of warning labels and other information attached to both sun visors, or to other parts of the vehicle.


Manufactured with

1.1.1.- TRICHLORETHANE substance which harms public health and environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere.

J.Transfer gearbox

Important - transfer gearbox information. To change transfer box ratio, reduce speed to below 5 mph (8 km/hour), select auto ’N’, move high/low lever rapidly to required position, select auto gear. Alternatively, stop vehicle and make selection as above. For maximum engine braking, select auto ’1’, keep engine running.

K.Jacking labels

DO NOT get under a vehicle supported only by the jack: use vehicle support stands.




If you need to communicate with a Land Rover dealer, you may be asked to quote the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).

The VIN and other information concerning the vehicle can be found on the certification label affixed to the lock face of the front left-hand door, where shown (this VIN should match the VIN recorded in the Passport to Service book).

In addition, the Federal VIN plate is mounted to the vehicle body in such a position that it is visible from the outside, through the bottom right corner of the windscreen.


DO NOT exceed gross weight or axle loads described on the vehicle certification/ identification label.




While it may be impossible to deter the ’professional’ car thief, the majority of thefts are carried out by unskilled opportunists. Therefore, take vehicle security very seriously and ALWAYS adopt this simple ’five point’ drill whenever you leave your vehicle - even for just a few minutes:

Fully close all the windows (and the sunroof).

Remove your valuable belongings (or hide them out of sight).

Remove the starter key.

Engage the steering lock (by turning the wheel until it locks.

Lock all the doors and turn on the alarm.

Thieves are attracted to ’vulnerable’ vehicles. Even if you have followed the ’five point’ drill, there is still much you can do to make your vehicle a less inviting target.


Park where your vehicle can easily be seen by householders and passers-by.

At night, park in well lit areas and avoid deserted or dimly lit side streets.

At home, if you have a garage, use it - and NEVER leave the keys in the vehicle.

Do not keep important vehicle documents (or spare keys) in the vehicle - these are a real bonus for the thief.


Remember the breakdown safety code

If a breakdown occurs while travelling:-

Wherever possible, consistent with road safety and traffic conditions, the vehicle should be moved off the main thoroughfare onto the shoulder as far as possible. If breakdown occurs on a freeway, pull well over to the inside of the hard shoulder.

Switch on hazard lights.

If possible, position a warning triangle or flashing amber light, at an appropriate distance from the vehicle to warn other traffic of the breakdown (note the legal requirements of some areas).

Consider evacuating passengers through the right hand doors away from the road as a precaution in case your Discovery is struck by another vehicle.




Controls & instruments

In this section of the handbook you will find descriptions of the controls and instruments on your Discovery.

For your own safety, it is most important to read this section fully and to gain a thorough understanding of all the controls before driving.

Section Contents


Controls .....................................................


Locks & alarm ...........................................


Seats .........................................................


Seat belts ...................................................


SRS/Airbag ................................................


Steering column ........................................


Exterior mirrors .........................................


Instruments ...............................................


Warning lights ...........................................


Lights & indicators ....................................


Wipers & washers .....................................


Switches ....................................................


Windows ...................................................


Sunroof .....................................................


Heating & ventilation .................................


Air conditioning .........................................


Interior equipment .....................................


Loadspace cover ........................................


Rear step ...................................................






Instrument panel illumination control

14. Electric mirror adjustment control


LH switch panel

15. Steering column height adjuster


Driver’s SRS/airbag

16. Front fog light switch


Instrument and warning light pack

17. Cruise control master switch


Cruise control switches

18. Transfer gear lever


RH switch panel

19. Parking brake



20. Heated front seat switches


Hazard warning light switch

21. Electric window switches


Radio/cassette player

22. Main gearbox lever or selector

10. Heater and air conditioning controls

23. Cigar lighter

11. Coin tray

24. Cup holder

12. Glovebox

25. Ashtray

13. Passenger’s SRS/airbag


NOTE: The precise specification and location of controls may vary from model to model within the vehicle range (automatic transmission illustrated above).


Locks & alarm


Your vehicle is fitted with a sophisticated electronic anti-theft alarm system. In order to ensure maximum security, you are strongly advised to gain a full understanding of the alarm system by thoroughly reading this section of the handbook.



Before locking the vehicle and arming the alarm, ensure all doors, windows, sunroof and hood are securely closed.

Locking with the handset

Within range of the vehicle briefly press the lock button (PADLOCK SYMBOL) on the handset. If the doors lock correctly, the hazard warning lights will flash three times and the alarm indicator (located in the instrument pack) will start to flash.

Each time the vehicle is locked using the handset, a coded signal is transmitted to a receiver inside the vehicle, which activates the following security features.

The central door locking system (all the door locks are activated).

The alarm (protects the doors and hood).

Once armed, the alarm will sound if the hood, or any door is opened.


Locks & alarm

Unlocking with the handset

Within range of the vehicle, briefly press the PLAIN button on the handset; the hazard warning lights flash once, the alarm is disarmed immediately and the doors unlock.

NOTE: The interior lights illuminate when the alarm system is disarmed.

If the handset fails to unlock the vehicle, use the key and re-synchronise the handset (see item 6 under ’Handset battery’).

If the alarm sounds

To silence the alarm, press either handset button, or operate the door locks using the key. If the alarm is not silenced, it will sound for approximately 30 seconds before switching itself off and can be triggered up to three times in total before needing to be reset.

Anti-theft alarm indicator light

After locking, the RED indicator light on the instrument panel will flash rapidly while the alarm system is arming itself.

After 10 seconds, the indicator light adjusts to a slower frequency and continues flashing as an anti-theft deterrent, until the alarm is disarmed.

NOTE: The handset complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

1.This device may not cause harmful interference.

2.This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. This applies to both alarm receivers and handset transmitter.

CAUTION: Any changes or modifications to the transmitter not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.


Locks & alarm


The handset battery should last for approximately three years, dependent upon use. When the battery needs replacing, it will be apparent from the following symptoms:

The handset will only work every other operation.

The hazard warning lights will not flash on when the alarm is disarmed.

Always fit a Panasonic CR2032 replacement battery (available from a Land Rover dealer) and adopt the following replacement procedure:

1.Carefully open the handset. Start from the keyring end using a coin or small screwdriver. Avoid damaging the seal between the two halves of the case and DO NOT allow dirt or moisture to get inside the handset.

2.Slide the battery out of its clip, taking care to avoid touching the circuit board or the contact surfaces of the clip.

3.Press and hold one of the buttons for at least five seconds (this will drain any residual power from the handset).

4.Fit the new battery, ensuring that correct polarity is maintained (positive (’+’) side facing up). Finger marks will adversely affect battery life; if possible, avoid touching the flat surfaces of the battery and wipe them clean before fitting.

5.Reassemble the two halves of the handset.

6.Unlock the vehicle using the key, then operate the lock button of the handset at least four times.

The handset is now ready for use.

NOTE: The handset contains delicate electronic circuits and must be protected from impact and water damage, high temperatures and humidity, direct sunlight and the effects of solvents, waxes and abrasive cleaners.


Locks & alarm


Alarm goes off unexpectedly.

Ensure all windows, doors, hood and sunroof


are closed.



Vehicle will not start.

Press unlock button on handset. If it still will


not start, consult your Land Rover dealer.



Hazard lights don’t flash when alarm is

Ensure all windows, doors, hood and sunroof


are closed.



Doors unlock and hazard lights start to

The inertia switch has been triggered. Stop the

flash when vehicle is in motion.

vehicle and turn the starter switch off and on


again. Central door locking will be inhibited for


5 minutes. If fault continues, consult your Land


Rover dealer.



Within range of the vehicle, the handset

The handset may have lost synchronisation.

appears to malfunction.

Press the lock button on the handset four times


whilst within range of the vehicle.


Locks & alarm


You have been supplied with two identical remote control handsets and a pair of identical keys which operate all locks, including the rear door and petrol flap.

The key number is stamped on a tag attached to the key ring. Check that the key number has been entered in the space provided on your Security Information card.

If the key or handset is lost, contact a Land Rover dealer, who can supply a replacement or additional keys and handsets.


Keep the Security Information card, key tag, spare key and handset in a safe place - NOT IN THE VEHICLE!


Front doors

Turn the key towards the front of the vehicle to lock and towards the rear to unlock.

NOTE: Turning the key also arms and disarms the anti-theft alarm.

Rear door

Turn the key towards the right side of the vehicle to lock and to the left to unlock.

Locking the doors without activating the alarm

By turning the key to the lock position and then holding it in that position for at least five seconds, the doors will be locked but the alarm will remain inactive.

Central locking

By turning the key in the driver’s door, or operating the locking button on the driver’s door (from inside the vehicle), all the door locks can be operated simultaneously.

Door sill locking buttons

From inside the vehicle, each door can be individually locked by depressing the appropriate button.

NOTE: As a precaution against accidentally locking your keys inside, it is not possible to use the locking buttons to lock the front doors when you are leaving the vehicle - THE KEY OR HANDSET MUST BE USED!


Locks & alarm

Child locks

Move the locking levers to the ’ON’ position (as illustrations) to engage.

With the child locks engaged, neither the rear doors nor the tailgate can be opened from inside the vehicle, thereby avoiding the risk of a door being opened accidentally while the vehicle is moving.


NEVER leave unsupervised children in your vehicle.

Door locking cut-off switch

An inertia switch, operational only with the starter switch in position ’II’, prevents the doors from centrally locking (or if the doors are locked, will unlock them) in the event of an accident or sudden impact.

When the inertia switch operates, the central door locking is inhibited and hazards flash for a minimum of 30 seconds or until the system is reset by turning the starter switch on and off, twice.




Forward/backward movement

Lift the bar to slide the seat forward or back. Ensure the seat is locked in position before driving.


To avoid the risk of loss of control and personal injury, DO NOT adjust the driver’s seat while the vehicle is in motion.

Lumbar support (1)

Rotate the handwheel to increase or decrease support to the lumbar region of the back.

Backrest movement (2)

Rotate the handwheel to adjust the backrest to the required angle.


DO NOT allow occupants to travel with the seat backs reclined steeply rearwards. Optimum benefit is obtained from the seat belt, with the seat back angle set to 15 degrees from the upright (vertical) position.




(if fitted)

The seat adjustment controls are situated on the centre console adjacent to the seat bolsters. Adjustment is only possible when the starter switch is turned to positions ’I’ or ’II’, or with a front door open when the starter switch is in position ’0’.

The following functions are available:

Seat forward/rearward

Push and hold the switch forwards or backwards, to move the seat to the desired position.


To avoid the risk of loss of control, never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback while the vehicle is in motion.

DO NOT allow occupants to travel with the seat backs reclined steeply rearwards. Optimum benefit is obtained from the seat belt, with the seat back angle set to 15 degrees from the upright (vertical) position.

Seat cushion angle

Twist the switch forward or back, to tilt the front or rear of the seat cushion to the desired position.



Seat cushion height

Push the switch up or down, to raise or lower the cushion.

Lumbar support adjustment

Rotate the handwheel to increase or decrease support to the lumbar region of the back.

Seat back adjustment

Twist the switch forward or backward until the desired seat back angle is achieved.



Head restraint adjustment

(power operated seats only)


Head restraints are designed to support the back of the head (NOT THE NECK), and to restrain rearward movement of the head in the event of a collision. The restraint must be positioned level with the head to be effective.

DO NOT drive, or carry passengers, with the head restraints removed.

Raise or lower the head restraint until it is level with the back of the head.

Tilt the angle of the restraint to ensure it is as close to the back of the head as possible.

Heated front seats

With the starter switch turned to position ’II’, press one of the switches (1) to operate the heating elements in either the driver’s or front passenger seat (the indicator light in the switch will illuminate). Press the switch a second time to switch off.

The seat heaters are thermostatically controlled and operate intermittently to achieve and then maintain a predetermined temperature between 79° F and 97° F (26° C and 36° C).


The seat heaters consume considerable power from the battery. For this reason, they should only be operated when the engine is running.




Before folding the rear seats, pass the seat belt locks through the junction of the backrest and the cushion and into the loadspace.


DO NOT adjust the seats while the vehicle is in motion.

Ensure your fingers are clear of the seat latches when folding the rear seats.

When returning the seat to its upright position, the latching mechanism should be visually checked and physically tested to ensure that the latch is secure.

1.Push the release buttons located behind the seat backrest (arrowed in illustration).

2. Fold the backrest forward.

3. Lift and fold the base of the seat forwards.

When returning the backrest to the upright position, ensure it is securely latched in place before driving.




(if fitted)

With the loadspace cover (if fitted) retracted and stowed, pull out the seat stand, and fold down the seatbase.

Please refer to Infant and child restraint section for correct placement of the child seat.


DO NOT attempt to fit an infant or child restraint system to the inward facing seats. Ensure that occupants of the inward facing seats are able to comfortably rest their feet on the load space floor when seated, and are also able to sit comfortably within the overall width of the seat cushion.

Inward facing seat belt stowage:

Fold the seat belt as shown and tuck into the pocket behind the backrest.

Push the seat belt lock onto the clip where shown.


Seat belts



Seat belts are life saving equipment. In a collision, occupants not wearing a seat belt will be thrown around inside, or possibly thrown out of the vehicle. This is likely to result in more serious injuries than would have been the case had a seat belt been worn. It may even result in loss of life! Don’t take chances with safety!

DO make sure ALL occupants are securely strapped in at all times - even for the shortest journeys.

The airbag supplementary restraint system (SRS) (where fitted) is designed to add to the overall effectiveness of the seat belts, it DOES NOT replace them. SEAT BELTS MUST ALWAYS BE WORN.

Ensure that all seat belts are worn correctly - an improperly worn seat belt increases the risk of death or serious injury in the event of a collision.

DO use the seat belts to secure items of luggage that are to be carried on the seats - in the event of an accident, loose items become flying missiles capable of causing serious injury, or even death.


Seat belts


Fastening the inertia reel belts

Draw the belt over the shoulder and across the chest, and then insert the metal tongue plate into the lock nearest the wearer - a ’CLICK’ indicates that the belt is securely locked.

In some circumstances, perhaps due to the vehicle being parked on a slope, the inertia mechanism may engage, preventing the initial extension of a belt. This is not a fault - ease the belt free and use it.

Adjust the seat belt to eliminate any slack in the webbing. DO NOT slacken the webbing by holding the belt away from the body - to be fully effective, the seat belt must remain in full contact with the body at all times. Also, ensure that the lap belt fits as low on the hips as possible and that the shoulder belt passes across the shoulder without slipping off or pressing on the neck.

Upper anchorage adjustment (front seats only)

The height of the seat belt upper anchorage can be adjusted for comfort AND safety. Pull the button out to raise or lower. For safety, the seat belt should always be worn with the webbing crossing the shoulder midway between the neck and the edge of the shoulder.

Ensure that the anchorage is correctly located in one of the height positions before driving.


Seat belts

Lap belts

The rear central and inward facing seating positions are fitted with lap belts only. To adjust, pull the slider along the belt and feed the webbing through the buckle until the belt is comfortably tight. Fit the belt as low as possible on the hips (never on the abdomen).


Seat belts are designed to bear upon the bony structure of the body (pelvis, chest and shoulders), and can only be worn safely with the seats in a normal, upright, position.

ALWAYS fit the lap strap as low on the hips as possible (never across the abdomen) and ensure that the diagonal belt passes across the shoulder without slipping off or pressing on the neck.

ALWAYS ensure that any adjustable seat back is never reclined more than 15 degrees from the upright position, when the vehicle is in motion. Seat belts are only effective when they are properly positioned on the body - a reclined seat could allow a passenger to slip under either the shoulder or the lap belt.


DO NOT fit more than one person into a belt; this could result in the occupants striking each other and causing injury in the event of a crash.

DO NOT use, or attempt to fit, a seat belt that is twisted or obstructed in any way that could impede its smooth operation. If a belt is twisted, it must be straightened before use. Using a twisted or obstructed seat belt could increase the risk of injury in a crash.

ALWAYS use the seat belt lock (buckle) nearest the wearer. If the belt is locked in the wrong place, the seat belt will not fit correctly and may ride up over the abdomen, causing serious internal injury in a crash.

DO NOT wear the shoulder belt under your arm. In an accident this could increase your chances of being injured.

Wearing seat belts during pregnancy

The seat belts have been designed for all adults, including pregnant women. In a crash situation any occupant is less likely to be injured while correctly restrained by a seat belt. However, pregnant women should wear the lap belt as low on the hips as possible to avoid pressure on the abdomen.

Women should consult their doctor to establish the best use of seat belts during pregnancy.


Seat belts


Infants and children too small for adult seat belts should be restrained in a child safety seat or restraint system appropriate to their age and/or size, and which is approved for use in your vehicle. Always ensure that the manufacturer’s fitting instructions are followed exactly.

Seat belt locking mechanism

The seat belts fitted to the two outer rear seats, have a special locking mechanism, which aids the securing of child restraint systems. The mechanism is used to secure a child restraint as follows:

1.Attach the seat belt to the child restraint in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

2.Insert the metal tongue of the seat belt into the lock ensuring that it engages with a ’click’.

3.Pull on the shoulder section of the belt until it is fully extended.

4.Allow the belt to retract. A ’clicking’ sound will confirm that the mechanism has engaged.

5.Remove all slack from the mechanism, by pulling upwards on the shoulder belt, immediately above the child restraint.

6.Ensure that the child restraint is held securely in place; if not, unlatch the belt and repeat steps 1 to 6.

The centre rear seating position is fitted with a lap belt which can be manually tightened to secure the infant or child restraint system. Older children should use the lap/shoulder belt fitted to the outer seating positions.


DO NOT allow a baby or infant to be carried on the lap. The force of a crash can increase effective body weight by as much as 30 times, making it impossible to hold on to the child.


Young adults and children typically require the use of a booster seat appropriate to their age and size, thereby enabling the seat belts to be properly fitted, reducing the risk of injury in a crash.

DO NOT use a child seat that hooks over the seat back. This type of seat cannot be satisfactorily secured, and is unlikely to be safe for your child.

Never leave a child unattended in your vehicle.

NOTE: Some child seat manufacturers recommend the installation of a top tether strap that is mounted to the vehicle body. Some may also provide ’generic’ hardware to install the tether to the vehicle body. INSTALLATION OF THIS HARDWARE WILL DAMAGE THE HEADLINER OF THE VEHICLE. Such damage will not be covered under warranty. For cost and installation of Land Rover approved mounts, please contact your Land Rover Centre or retailer.


Seat belts

Care & maintenance of seat belts


DO NOT allow foreign matter (particularly sugary food and drink particles) to enter the seat belt locks - such substances can render the locks inoperative.

Regularly inspect the belt webbing for signs of fraying, cuts and wear, also paying particular attention to the condition of the fixing points and adjusters.

DO NOT bleach or dye the webbing. Clean the webbing using warm water and non-detergent soap only - allow to dry naturally and DO NOT retract or use the belts until they are completely dry.

Always replace a seat belt that has withstood the strain of an impact or shows signs of fraying.

Testing inertia reel belts

From time to time, carry out the following tests:

1.With the seat belt fastened, give the webbing near the buckle a quick upward pull. The buckle must remain securely locked.

2.With the webbing half unreeled, hold the tongue plate and give it a quick forward pull. The mechanism must lock automatically and prevent any further unreeling of the belt.

3.With the seat belt unfastened, unreel the webbing to the limit of its travel. Check that unreeling is free from snatches and snags.

If a seat belt should fail any of these tests, contact your dealer immediately.



The airbag supplementary restraint system (SRS) provides additional protection for the driver and front seat passenger, in the event of a collision or severe frontal impact on the vehicle.

Always remember; the SRS/airbags are a supplementary restraint system providing ADDITIONAL protection in certain types of frontal impact collisions only - they DO NOT replace the need to wear a seat belt. For maximum safety protection in all crash situations, seat belts must be worn!

How the SRS/airbag works

The airbag supplementary restraint system (labelled SRS), includes twin airbag modules (shown in illustration) for the driver and the front seat passenger.

In the event of a collision involving a frontal impact, the airbag diagnostic control unit, monitors the speed of deceleration caused by the impact, to determine whether the SRS/airbag should be activated.

If there is sufficient deceleration, the system causes both airbags to inflate. Inflation is instantaneous and accompanied by a loud noise. Also evident are traces of smoke and powder, which do not indicate a malfunction of the airbag or the presence of fire.

After inflation, the airbag will immediately deflate thereby ensuring that visibility is not impaired.

NOTE: The SRS/airbag is not designed to activate in all frontal impacts; most minor frontal impacts, heavy braking and driving over pot holes will not result in sufficient deceleration to cause the airbags to inflate. This does not indicate that there is a fault with the system. However, if, as a result of an impact, you believe the airbags should have deployed and they failed to do so, please call 1(800)637-6837 for advice, or to arrange for a Land Rover representative to inspect the vehicle to determine whether the system operated correctly.




Following inflation, some SRS/airbag components are hot - DO NOT touch until they have cooled.

Even with SRS/airbag equipment fitted, seat belts must ALWAYS be worn because:

An airbag will only provide additional protection in certain types of frontal collisions. NO protection is afforded against the effects of side or rear impacts, roll over accidents, or minor frontal impacts.

Inflation and deflation take place instantaneously and will not provide protection against the effects of secondary impacts that can occur during multiple vehicle collisions.



DO NOT USE A REAR FACING CHILD SEAT IN ANY FRONT PASSENGER SEAT LOCATION. If the passenger airbag inflates, a child in a rear facing child restraint could be seriously injured.

Children could be endangered in a crash if their child restraints are not properly secured in the vehicle. Be sure to install child restraints according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Under no circumstances should a rear facing child seat be installed facing forward in any seating position.


The airbag module inflates with considerable speed and force. For your safety:

An inflating airbag can cause facial abrasions and other injuries. The injurious affects of airbag inflation can be minimised, by ensuring driver and passenger are seated correctly, with the seat moved back as far as is practical, and the seat belts worn correctly.

NEVER attach accessory items to an airbag module cover, or place items of hand luggage or any objects on the top of a module cover; these could interfere with the inflation of the airbag, or if the airbag inflates, be propelled inside the vehicle causing injury to the occupants.

DO NOT allow occupants to obstruct the operation of the airbag modules by placing their feet, knees or any part of their person in contact with, or close to, an airbag module while the vehicle is moving.

Activation of an airbag creates dust, causing possible breathing difficulties for asthma suffers or other people with respiratory problems. If an airbag is activated, any occupant who suffers from breathing difficulties should; either leave the vehicle as quickly as possible, or obtain fresh air by fully opening the windows or doors.

Both front seating positions are equipped with knee bolsters to provide knee protection in the event of an impact. DO NOT modify the bolsters, or mount after market equipment on or behind them.



SRS/airbag warning light

Whenever the starter switch is turned to position ’II’, the diagnostic control unit monitors the readiness of the system’s electrical circuits. The elements of the system being monitored include:

SRS warning light

Rotary coupler

Airbag modules

Airbag diagnostic control unit

Airbag wiring harness

A warning light mounted on the instrument panel will alert you to any malfunction of the SRS/airbag. The system should always be checked by a dealer if any of the following symptoms occur. These indicate a fault, which may result in the SRS/airbag not operating as required in the event of a frontal impact.

The warning light fails to illuminate when the starter switch is turned to position ’II’.

The warning light fails to extinguish within approximately five seconds after the starter switch is turned to position ’II’.

The warning light illuminates while the vehicle is being driven.


DO NOT attempt to service, repair, replace, or modify any part of the SRS/airbag; tampering could cause inadvertent activation of the system, resulting in personal injury.

Service information

Certain components of the SRS/airbag must be replaced by a Land Rover dealer after 10 years from the date of manufacture (shown on the certification plate on the rear face of the left hand front door).

ALWAYS contact your dealer if:

an airbag inflates.

the front of the vehicle is damaged, even if the airbag has not inflated.

any part of an SRS/airbag module cover (the steering wheel centre pad or the passenger side fascia panel) shows signs of cracking or damage.

In addition:

If you sell your vehicle, be sure to inform the new owner that the vehicle has an SRS/airbag system, and make the new owner aware of the airbag module replacement date shown in the Passport to Service.

If the vehicle is to be scrapped; uninflated airbags are potentially very dangerous and must be safely deployed in a controlled environment before a vehicle is scrapped.

See your Land Rover Dealer or Centre for advice on safe deployment of SRS/airbags.




The components that make up the SRS/airbag are sensitive to electrical or physical interference, either of which could easily damage the system and cause inadvertent operation or a malfunction of the airbag module. ALWAYS seek the assistance of a Land Rover dealer to carry out any of the following:

Removal or repair of any wiring or component in the vicinity of any of the SRS/airbag components (yellow wiring harness), including; the steering wheel, steering column, instrument and fascia panels.

Installation of electronic equipment such as a mobile telephone, two-way radio or audio system.

Modification to the front of the vehicle, including the bumper and chassis.

Attachment of accessories to the front of the vehicle, such as a winch or brush bar.


Steering column


Adjust the height of the steering column to suit your driving position, as follows:

1.Push the locking lever up (and hold in position).

2.Move the steering wheel up or down into the desired position.

3.Release the locking lever.


DO NOT adjust the height of the steering wheel while the vehicle is in motion. This is extremely dangerous.


Exterior mirrors


1.Turn the control fully to ’L’ or ’R’ to select either the left or right hand mirror.

2.With the starter switch turned to position ’II’, press the top/bottom/left or right of the control to move the mirror glass to the required position.

3.When adjustment is complete, return the control to the position midway between ’L’ or ’R’.

The mirror body is designed to fold rearwards or forwards on impact, and can be returned manually to its normal position.

NOTE: Heating elements inside each mirror operate in conjunction with the heated rear window to disperse ice, mist, or raindrops from the glass. The right-hand exterior driving mirror is convex and objects in this mirror are closer than they appear.



1. Tachometer

Indicates engine speed in revolutions per minute. In normal driving conditions the engine is most fuel efficient between 2000 and 3000 rev/min.

The vehicle is fitted with a system which automatically restricts the number of engine revolutions per minute once the engine’s maximum ’governed’ speed has been reached.

2. Speedometer

Indicates road speed in miles and kilometres per hour.

3. Total distance recorder

Indicates total distance travelled by the vehicle.

4. Trip recorder

Records individual journey distances.

5. Trip recorder reset button

Press to return trip recorder to zero.

Instrument illumination

Rotate the control to increase or reduce the intensity of instrument panel illumination.



6. Temperature gauge

Once the engine coolant has reached its normal operating temperature, the pointer should remain between the ’C’ (cold) and ’H’ (hot) segments. If the pointer enters the HOT segment, stop the vehicle as soon as safety permits and seek qualified assistance before continuing.

7. Fuel gauge

The pointer indicates the fuel level even when the starter switch is turned off. After refuelling, the gauge slowly changes to the new level when the starter switch is turned to position ’II’.

The AMBER low fuel warning light will indicate when the remaining fuel is approximately 2.4 US gallons (9 litres). If the light illuminates, refuel at the first opportunity.


NEVER allow the vehicle to run out of fuel (the resultant misfire may destroy the catalytic converter).


Warning lights

The warning lights are colour coded as follows:


DO NOT drive if a RED warning light remains on or illuminates whilst the engine is running.

RED lights are warnings.

AMBER lights are cautions.

GREEN & BLUE lights indicate that a unit is operating.

Seat belt - RED

If the driver’s seat is occupied the light illuminates when the starter

switch is turned to position ’II’. The light extinguishes after approximately 5 seconds, or as soon as the driver’s seat belt is fastened. ALWAYS fasten your seat belt BEFORE driving!

Parking brake & brake fluid - RED

The light illuminates as a bulb check when the starter switch is turned to position ’II’. It will also illuminate when the parking brake is applied and the starter switch is in position ’II’.

The light should extinguish when the parking brake is fully released or shortly after the electrical circuits are switched on. If the light illuminates whilst driving, a fault with the braking system is indicated. Stop the vehicle as soon as safety permits and seek qualified assistance before continuing.


Do not drive the vehicle while the brake warning light is illuminated.

Transmission oil temperature


Illumination indicates that gearbox oil temperature is high (most likely to occur in very hot weather during continuous high speed driving, or whilst towing heavy loads on steep inclines, or if the parking brake been accidentally applied while driving).

If the light illuminates, reduce speed. If the light remains on, stop the vehicle and do not drive until it has extinguished.


Warning lights

Hazard warning lights - RED Illuminates when the hazard warning lights are flashing.

Low oil pressure - RED

The light should extinguish when the engine is started. If the light

remains on or illuminates whilst driving, STOP THE VEHICLE IMMEDIATELY and seek qualified assistance. Always check oil levels when this light illuminates.


Do not drive the vehicle while the low oil pressure warning light is illuminated.

SRS/airbag - RED

The light illuminates when the starter switch is turned to

position ’II’ and extinguishes after about 8 seconds. If the light illuminates at any other time, the system is faulty - seek qualified assistance urgently.

Anti-lock braking system - AMBER

The light illuminates when the starter switch is turned to position ’II’ indicating that the ABS system is performing a self check. If no faults are found, the light extinguishes briefly, before illuminating again and remaining on until the vehicle exceeds 7 km/h (5 mph). If the light remains on or illuminates whilst driving, there is a fault with the system: this means that one or more wheels are not under ABS control and may lock under heavy braking or in slippery conditions. On completion of your journey, seek assistance from your dealer before further vehicle use.


Extreme caution should be exercised when driving with the warning light illuminated, ABS may not be working!

Headlight high beam - BLUE Illuminates when the headlights are on high beam.

Direction indicators - GREEN Illuminates when the direction indicators are flashing. If the light

does not illuminate, this may indicate a bulb failure in one of the direction indicator lights.

Trailer direction indicators - GREEN

Illuminates in conjunction with the vehicle direction indicator lights to show that all trailer indicator lights are functioning correctly. In the event of a bulb failure, the warning light flashes once and then remains off.

NOTE: When a trailer is not fitted, the warning light will flash once each time the direction indicator switch is operated.

Differential lock - AMBER Illuminates whenever the differential lock is engaged.

If the light remains on after the differential lock lever is moved to the disengaged position, transmission ’wind up’ may be present. Reversing for a short distance and then going forward will usually ’unwind’ the transmission. If the light remains on, contact your dealer as soon as possible.


Warning lights

Battery charging - RED

The light illuminates as a bulb check when the starter switch is

turned to position ’II’ and extinguishes when the engine is running. If it remains on, or illuminates whilst driving, a fault is indicated. Seek qualified assistance urgently.

Check engine - AMBER

The engine management system on your Land Rover is controlled

by a sophisticated engine control module which maintains optimum control of engine running and emission levels and monitors the operation of the sub systems and components.

The ’Check engine’ indicator illuminates as a system check when the starter switch is turned to position II and should extinguish when the engine is started.

If an engine operation or emissions problem is registered by the engine control module while the vehicle is being operated, the ’Check engine’ indicator will illuminate.

NOTE: An incorrectly fitted fuel filler cap may cause the Check Engine light to illuminate.

The ’Check engine’ indicator is illuminated, and the vehicle drives normally:

Contact your Land Rover dealer to schedule a service appointment at your earliest convenience - YOU MAY STILL DRIVE THE VEHICLE.

The ’Check engine’ indicator is flashing and/or the vehicle does not drive normally:

Avoid high speeds and seek immediate assistance from your Land Rover dealer.

Emission maintenance reminder- AMBER Illuminates when the vehicle

reaches approximately 50,000 miles (80,000 kilometres). When this occurs take the vehicle to your Land Rover dealer for a special emission related service to be carried out.

Brief illumination (3 seconds) will also occur as a bulb check when the starter switch is turned to position ’II’.



Driver’s seat belt reminder

A chime will sound for up to 6 seconds if the starter switch is turned to position ’II’ when the driver’s seat belt is unfastened.

Starter key warning

A chime will sound if the key is left in the starter switch when the driver’s door is opened.

Lights on warning

A chime will sound if the lights are left on after the starter switch is turned off.

Transfer box warning (automatics only)

A warning chime will sound whenever the transfer box gear lever is in the neutral position.


Lights & indicators

Direction indicators

Move the lever down to indicate a LEFT turn, and up to indicate a RIGHT turn (the GREEN warning light on the instrument panel will flash in time with the direction indicators).

Hold the lever part-way up or down against spring pressure to indicate a lane change.

Side, tail and instrument panel lights

Turn lighting switch to position 1.


Turn lighting switch to position 2.

Daylight running lights (Canada only)

With the lighting switch off, the daylight running light system illuminates the headlight low beams as soon as the starter switch is turned to position ’II’. The instrument panel illumination remains off.

Headlight high and low beams

Pull the lever fully towards the steering wheel to change headlight beams (BLUE warning light glows when the headlights are on high beam).

To flash the headlights, pull the lever part way towards the steering wheel and release.

’Lights on’ warning chime

If the lights are left on after the starter switch is turned off, a warning chime will sound when the driver’s door is opened. The chime will cease as soon as the lights are switched off or when the driver’s door is closed.


Wipers & washers


The wipers and washers will only operate when the starter switch is turned to position ’II’.

Single wipe

Pull the lever down and release immediately.

NOTE: With the lever held down, the wipers will continue operating at high speed until it is released.

Intermittent wipe

Turn switch to first position.

Normal speed wipe

Turn switch to second position.

Fast speed wipe

Turn switch to third position.

Variable delay (intermittent wipe) Rotate the switch to vary the delay between wipes.


Rover DISCOVERY 1998 Owner Manual

Wipers & washers

Rear window wiper

Press to operate: after continuously wiping 3 or 4 times,

the wiper operates intermittently (approx once every 6 seconds) until switched off.

Rear window wash/wipe

Press and hold switch for the required duration of window washing. The wiper operates automatically

during washing and continues for a further 3 wipes after the switch is released.


Pull the lever towards the steering wheel. The windscreen wipers will operate half a second after the washers, and then for as long as the lever is held in this position; the wipers continuing for a further 4 seconds after the lever is released.


The headlight washers operate automatically whenever the windscreen washers are operated, provided the headlights are illuminated on low beam.

NOTE: Ensure an approved screen washer solvent is used in the windscreen washer reservoir to prevent freezing.


DO NOT operate the wipers on a dry screen.

In freezing or very hot conditions, ensure that the blades are not frozen or stuck to the glass.

In winter, remove any snow or ice from around the arms and blades, including the wiped area of the windscreen and the heater air intakes.

NOTE: If the rear wiper blade sticks to the glass, a thermal cut-out may temporarily prevent the wiper motor from operating. If this is the case, switch the wiper off, free it from the obstruction and wait for a few seconds before switching on again.



Heated rear window

Press to operate; press a second time to switch off. The indicator

light in the switch illuminates while the heating elements are switched on and extinguishes when they are turned off. Note that the heated rear window operates only with the engine running.

After 15 minutes continuous operation, the heater switches off automatically.


DO NOT stick labels over the heating elements, and DO NOT scrape or use abrasive materials to clean the inside of the rear window.

NOTE: The functions of the rear window wiper and rear window wash/wipe switches are described under ’Wipers & washers’.

Rear fog lights

Press to operate, press a second time to switch off. The rear fog

guard lights will ONLY operate when the headlights (or front fog lights) are switched on, together with the starter switch turned to position ’II’ and extinguish when the headlights are switched off. Switching off the headlights (or front fog lights) or turning the starter switch to position ’0’, will automatically extinguish the rear fog guard lights. ALWAYS remember to switch the rear fog lights off as soon as visibility is clear.

REMEMBER; use only when visibility is severely restricted - in clear conditions, fog lights can dazzle other road users.


These switches are of the pressure type; push in to operate, and release to stop.

Depending upon the radio/cassette player fitted to your vehicle, the switches described below MAY have additional functions when used in conjunction with the radio controls. For additional information, see the Radio Operations section of this handbook.

Radio - volume up

Press to increase the volume.

Radio - volume down

Press to reduce the volume.


Press to seek for the NEXT radio station on the selected

waveband. If the vehicle is equipped with a CD autochanger, this control can also be used to select the NEXT track on a compact disc.


Press to change waveband.



Hazard warning lights

Press to operate; all the direction indicator lights (including those

fitted to a trailer) will flash in conjunction with each other. Use ONLY in an emergency to warn other road users when your stationary vehicle is causing an obstruction, or is in a hazardous situation. Remember to switch off before moving away.

Front fog lights (if fitted)

Press to operate, press a second time to switch off (the switch

indicator light illuminates when the fog lights are switched on).

The fog lights can be operated ONLY when the headlights are also switched on (low beam only). They are extinguished automatically when the headlights are switched off, or are changed to high beam.

ALWAYS switch the fog lights off when not in use.


To operate, press the the horn symbol edges of the steering wheel pad.

Cruise control master switch

The function of the cruise control master switch is described under ’Cruise control’.




The switches on the centre console operate as follows:

1.Right hand front window.

2.Left hand front window.

3.Right hand rear window.

4.Isolation switch for rear door window switches.

5.Left hand rear window.

NOTE: Rear windows can also be operated by individual window switches mounted on each rear door, provided the isolation switch is not activated.

Operating electric windows

The electric windows can be operated when the starter switch is at position ’II’ and for up to 45 seconds after the starter switch is turned off (provided a door is not opened in the meantime).

Press and HOLD the bottom of a switch to lower and the top of a switch to raise a window. The window will stop moving as soon as the switch is released.

’One touch’ down (front windows only)

By firmly pressing (and then releasing) the bottom of a switch, a front window will open fully at a single touch. Window movement can be stopped at any time by BRIEFLY pressing the top of the switch.


Accidental closing of a window on fingers, hands or any vulnerable part of the body, can result in serious personal injury.

Always observe the following precautions:

ISOLATE the rear window switches when carrying children.

ENSURE children are kept clear whilst raising or lowering windows.

NEVER leave children alone in the vehicle.

ENSURE that all adult passengers are familiar with the controls and the potential dangers of electrically operated windows.

Isolation switch

Press once to isolate the rear window controls; press again (switch stays in) to restore independent control.

Always isolate the rear window switches when carrying children.




An electric sunroof can be operated when the starter switch is at position ’II’, and for up to 45 seconds after the starter switch is turned off (provided no door is opened in the meantime).

The roofs open and close in two separate phases as follows:

To TILT the roof: BRIEFLY press the upper portion of the switch once - the roof will automatically move to the tilted position.

To OPEN the roof: press the upper portion of the switch BRIEFLY a second time - the roof will continue sliding until it is fully open.

To CLOSE the roof: press and hold the lower portion of the switch until the roof has moved to the required position.

NOTE: If the roof is obstructed for more than 7 seconds whilst opening or closing, an automatic cut-out will temporarily prevent the sunroof motor from operating.

The rear sunroof can also be operated from a separate switch mounted in the rear roof lining, provided the isolation switch is not activated.

1. Front sunroof operating switch

2.Rear sunroof isolation switch. Always isolate the rear sunroof when driving with children in the rear of the vehicle.

3.Rear sunroof operating switch.


Accidental closure of the electrically operated sunroof on fingers, hands or on any other vulnerable part of the body can result in very serious injury.

Always observe the following precautions:

ENSURE passengers are kept clear while closing the roof, particularly when closing the rear sunroof using the front switch.

NEVER leave children alone in the vehicle.

ENSURE that all adult passengers are familiar with the controls and the potential dangers of operating the electric sunroof.

DO NOT allow passengers to extend any part of their bodies through the sunroof while the vehicle is moving.

DO NOT operate the sunroof in freezing conditions or when the roof panel is covered with ice or snow.


Heating & ventilation

The location of air vents is shown by the air-flow arrows in the picture. The temperature of air supplied to each vent is controlled by the heater.

NOTE: Vent (1) is designed to keep the audio unit cool. There is no air flow from this vent.

Face level vents

Each vent can be opened or closed by rotating the thumbwheel: left to open, right to close. Direct the flow of air by moving the control in the centre of the louvres.

To ensure best ventilation and minimum noise, the vents should be fully open whenever the air distribution control is set to face level.


Heating & ventilation


1.Temperature controls

The left hand control varies air temperature from the vents on the left side of the vehicle. The right hand control adjusts air temperature from the vents on the right side.

Rotate each control clockwise (towards the RED segment) to increase the air temperature, or counter-clockwise to reduce the temperature.

2.Air distribution control

Rotate to select the required distribution of air:

Air to face vents

(to ensure best performance, the face level vents must be open).

Air to face vents and foot outlets (to ensure best performance, the face level vents must be open).

Air to foot outlets

Air to foot outlets and windscreen (recommended for clearing mild windscreen misting)

All air to windscreen (recommended for clearing heavy windscreen misting)

3.Air blower switch

Move the control to the right to progressively increase the fan speed. With the control at ’0’ the fan is stationary and the volume of air entering the passenger compartment is solely dependent upon the ram effect of the vehicle moving through the air.

NOTE: To prevent the ingress of air from outside the vehicle, press the air recirculation control (described on the following page).


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