Nissan 2010 Altima Hybrid User Manual

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2010 ALTIMA HYBRID

OWNER'S MANUAL

For your safety, read carefully and keep in this vehicle.

FOREWORD

READ FIRST—THENDRIVE SAFELY

Welcome to the growing family of new NISSAN owners. This vehicle is delivered to you with confidence. It was produced using the latest techniques and strict quality control.

This manual was prepared to help you understand the operation and maintenance of your vehicle so that you may enjoy many miles (kilometers) of driving pleasure. Please read through this manual before operating your vehicle.

A separate Warranty Information Booklet explains details about the warranties covering your vehicle. The “NISSAN Service and Maintenance Guide” explains details about maintaining and servicing your vehicle. Additionally, a separate Customer Care/Lemon Law Booklet (U.S. only) will explain how to resolve any concerns you may have with your vehicle, as well as clarify your rights under your state’s lemon law.

Your NISSAN dealership knows your vehicle best. When you require any service or have any questions, they will be glad to assist you with the extensive resources available to them.

Before driving your vehicle, please read this Owner’s Manual carefully. This will ensure familiarity with controls and maintenance requirements, assisting you in the safe operation of your vehicle.

WARNING

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION REMINDERS FOR SAFETY!

Follow these important driving rules to help ensure a safe and comfortable trip for you and your passengers!

NEVER drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

ALWAYS observe posted speed limits and never drive too fast for conditions.

ALWAYS give your full attention to driving and avoid using vehicle features or taking other actions that could distract you.

ALWAYS use your seat belts and appropriate child restraint systems. Preteen children should be seated in the rear seat.

ALWAYS provide information about the proper use of vehicle safety features to all occupants of the vehicle.

ALWAYS review this Owner’s Manual for important safety information.

MODIFICATION OF YOUR VEHICLE

This vehicle should not be modified. Modification could affect its performance, safety or durability, and may even violate governmental regulations. In addition, damage or performance problems resulting from modifications may not be covered under NISSAN warranties.

WHEN READING THE MANUAL

This manual includes information for all options available on this model. Therefore, you may find some information that does not apply to your vehicle.

All information, specifications and illustrations in this manual are those in effect at the time of printing. NISSAN reserves the right to change specifications or design without notice and without obligation.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THIS MANUAL

You will see various symbols in this manual. They are used in the following ways:

WARNING

This is used to indicate the presence of a hazard that could cause death or serious personal injury. To avoid or reduce the risk, the procedures must be followed precisely.

CAUTION

This is used to indicate the presence of a hazard that could cause minor or moderate personal injury or damage to your vehicle. To avoid or reduce the risk, the procedures must be followed carefully.

APD1005

If you see this symbol, it means “Do not do this” or“Do not let this happen.”

If you see a symbol similar to these in an illustration, it means the arrow points to the front of the vehicle.

Arrows in an illustration that are similar to these indicate movement or action.

Arrows in an illustration that are similar to these call attention to an item in the illustration.

CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 WARNING

WARNING

Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. In addition, certain fluids contained in vehicles and certain products of component wear contain or emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

CALIFORNIA PERCHLORATE ADVISORY

Some vehicle parts, such as lithium batteries, may contain perchlorate material. The following advisory is provided: “Perchlorate Material – special handling may apply, See www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate.”

BLUETOOTH is a trademark owned by Bluetooth SIG, Inc., U.S.A. and licensed to Visteon and Clarion.

XM Radio requires subscription, sold separately after first 90 days. Not available in Alaska, Hawaii or Guam. For more information, visit www.xmradio.com.

© 2009 NISSAN NORTH AMERICA, INC.

All rights reserved. No part of this Owner’s Manual may be reproduced or stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Nissan North America, Inc.

NISSAN CUSTOMER CARE PROGRAM

NISSAN CARES . . .

Both NISSAN and your NISSAN dealer are dedicated to serving all your automotive needs. Your satisfaction with your vehicle and your NISSAN dealer are our primary concerns. Your NISSAN dealer is always available to assist you with all your automobile sales and service needs.

However, if there is something that your NISSAN dealer cannot assist you with or you would like to provide NISSAN directly with comments or questions, please contact the NISSAN Consumer Affairs Department using our toll-freenumber:

For U.S. customers 1-800-NISSAN-1(1-800-647-7261)

For Canadian customers 1-800-387-0122

The Consumer Affairs Department will ask for the following information:

Your name, address, and telephone number

Vehicle identification number (attached to the top of the instrument panel on the driver’s side)

Date of purchase

Current odometer reading

Your NISSAN dealer’s name

Your comments or questions

OR

You can write to NISSAN with the information at:

For U.S. customers

Nissan North America, Inc.

Consumer Affairs Department

P.O. Box 685003

Franklin, TN 37068-5003

For Canadian customers Nissan Canada Inc. 5290 Orbitor Drive

Mississauga, Ontario L4W 4Z5

We appreciate your interest in NISSAN and thank you for buying a quality NISSAN vehicle.

Table of

Contents

HEV Overview

 

HEV

 

 

 

Illustrated table of contents

 

0

 

 

 

Safety—Seats,seat belts and supplemental restraint system

 

1

 

 

 

Instruments and controls

 

2

 

 

 

Pre-drivingchecks and adjustments

 

3

 

 

 

Monitor, climate, audio, phone and voice recognition systems

 

4

 

 

 

Starting and driving

 

5

 

 

 

In case of emergency

 

6

 

 

 

Appearance and care

 

7

 

 

 

Maintenance and do-it-yourself

 

8

 

 

 

Technical and consumer information

 

9

 

 

 

Index

 

10

HEV Overview

Hybrid System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HEV-2High voltage battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-2High voltage cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-2Road accident cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-3Emergency shut off system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-3Energy Monitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-3Power meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-4High voltage battery status meter. . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-4

Energy flow (vehicles equipped with

navigation). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HEV-4

Fuel Economy History (vehicles equipped

with navigation) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HEV-5Starting the Hybrid System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-7Efficient use of your vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-7Hybrid vehicle precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-8High voltage components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-8Hybrid vehicle characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .HEV-9

HYBRID SYSTEM

HIGH VOLTAGE BATTERY

HIGH VOLTAGE CAUTIONS

The Hybrid System combines the power of a gasoline engine and an electric motor to minimize fuel consumption and emissions.

Depending on driving conditions, the vehicle runs on a combination of the gasoline engine and the electric motor, whichever is best for those conditions.

Because the gasoline engine charges the high voltage battery as needed, the battery does not have to be charged from an outside source like an all-electricvehicle.

WARNING

Your vehicle contains a sealed NickelMetal hydride high voltage battery. If disposed of improperly, it is hazardous to the environment and there is a risk of severe burns and electrical shock that may result in serious injury or death.

The high voltage battery is used to drive the electric motors in the Hybrid System.

The high voltage battery has a limited service life. Contact your NISSAN dealer for information about recycling or disposal of the battery.

WARNING

The hybrid system uses high voltage up to 650 V. The system can be hot while and after starting. Be careful of both the high voltage and the high temperature. Obey the caution labels attached to the vehicle.

Never touch, disassemble, remove or replace the high voltage parts, cables and their connectors. High voltage cables are orange. Touching, disassembling, removing or replacing those parts and cables can cause severe burns or electric shock that may result in serious injury or death.

Never try to remove the service disconnect located in the trunk on the lower right-handside. The service disconnect is used only when the vehicle is serviced by trained technicians wearing personal protection equipment and is part of the high voltage system. Touching the service disconnect can cause severe burns or electric shock that may result in serious injury or death.

HEV-2 HEV Overview

ROAD ACCIDENT CAUTIONS

ENERGY MONITORS

WARNING

Pull your vehicle off the road, put the transmission in the P (Park) position, apply the parking brake and turn the Hybrid System off.

Check to see if there are exposed high voltage parts and cables. Never touch the parts and cables. See “High voltage components”, later in this section for the locations of the high voltage parts and cables.

To avoid personal injury, do not touch high voltage wiring, connectors and high voltage parts (inverter unit, high voltage battery etc.).

If exposed electric wires are visible inside or outside of your vehicle, an electric shock may occur. Never touch the electric wires.

Inspect the ground under the vehicle. If liquid has leaked onto the ground, the fuel system may have been damaged. Leave the vehicle as soon as possible.

Never touch fluid leaks inside or outside the vehicle. The leak may be strong alkaline electrolyte from the high voltage battery. If it contacts your skin or eyes, wash it off immediately with a large amount of water or if possible, boric acid solution. Get immediate medical attention to help avoid serious injury.

If a fire occurs in the hybrid vehicle, leave the vehicle as soon as possible. Never use a fire extinguisher that is not meant for use on electric fires. Using even a small amount of water may be also dangerous.

If your vehicle needs to be towed, do it with the front wheels raised. If the front wheels are on the ground when towing, the traction motor may generate electricity. This may damage the Hybrid System components and cause a fire.

EMERGENCY SHUT OFF SYSTEM

The emergency shut off system automatically turns off the high voltage current in certain frontal collisions. This is to minimize the risk of electrical short circuits. If the system activates, your vehicle will not restart. To restart the Hybrid System, contact a NISSAN dealer.

The Hybrid System monitors the status of power being sent to the traction motor and the battery state of charge. The status is shown on the hybrid power meter and high voltage battery status meter. System status can also be shown on the navigation system display (if so equipped) when the screen is in the Energy Flow mode or energy/fuel history mode.

HEV Overview HEV-3

LIC1109

POWER METER

The power meter indicates the total amount of power in the hybrid system.

For additional information, see “Meters and gauges” in the “Instruments and controls” section of this manual.

WIC1123

HIGH VOLTAGE BATTERY STATUS METER

The gauge indicates the amount of power in the high voltage battery.

For additional information, see “Meters and gauges” in the “Instruments and controls” section of this manual.

ENERGY FLOW (vehicles equipped with navigation)

When you use this system, make sure the Hybrid System is in the ready mode.

If you use the system with the Hybrid System off (ignition switch placed in the ACC position) for a long time, it will use up all the 12–voltbattery power, and the engine will not start.

Energy flow for various operating modes can be displayed on the navigation system monitor. The screen must be set to the Energy Flow mode or the Fuel Economy History mode.

HEV-4 HEV Overview

LHV0009

Press the INFO button on the control panel, then touch the “Energy Flow” key on the screen.

LHV00010

This is an example of the Energy Flow display. The Energy Flow display varies, depending on the condition of the vehicle. The graphic does not reflect the actual motion of the vehicle.

The Energy Flow will display:

When the vehicle is powered only by the traction motor.

When the vehicle is powered by both the traction motor and the gasoline engine.

When the vehicle is powered only by the gasoline engine.

When the vehicle is regenerating and charging the high voltage battery.

● When there is no energy flow in the vehicle.

FUEL ECONOMY HISTORY (vehicles equipped with navigation)

The Fuel Economy History screen appears in the display with the navigation system when the screen is in the Fuel Economy History mode.

HEV Overview HEV-5

LHV0009

Press the INFO button on the control panel, and then touch the “Fuel Economy History” key on the screen.

LHV00011

The Fuel Economy History can be displayed on the navigation system monitor. The screen must be set to the Energy Flow mode or the Fuel Economy History mode. This displays the vehicle’s average fuel consumption and regenerative electric power at 5 minute intervals.

The displayed values on the screen indicate general driving conditions. Accuracy varies with driving habits and road conditions.

1.Regenerated energy in the past 30 minutes: The regenerated energy in the past 30 minutes is indicated with symbols. One symbol indicates 50 watt hours. The energy of 50 watt hours illuminates a 50 watt bulb for an hour.

2.Fuel consumption in the past 30 minutes: Fuel consumption in the past 30 minutes is displayed.

3.Current fuel consumption (Latest column): The current fuel consumption is calculated and displayed based on distance and fuel consumption.

NOTE:

Information shown in the yellow column means current (within 5 minutes) and information shown in the blue columns means past (more than 5 minutes).

HEV-6 HEV Overview

STARTING THE HYBRID SYSTEM

EFFICIENT USE OF YOUR VEHICLE

Place the ignition switch in the ON position. Depress the brake pedal and push the ignition switch when the transmission is in the P (Park) position to start the Hybrid System.

The READY light illuminates indicating that the vehicle is ready to be driven. If the ambient temperature is low, the READY may flash and may take time until the READY light stays on. For details, see “Starting the Hybrid System” in the “Starting and driving” section of this manual.

As long as the READY light remains on you can drive your vehicle using the traction motor even though the gasoline engine may not be running.

Drive your vehicle with smooth acceleration and deceleration.

While driving, energy is recovered through the regenerative brake as the vehicle decelerates. However, for most efficient use, do not accelerate or decelerate your vehicle more than necessary.

Avoid abrupt acceleration and deceleration.

The power of the high voltage battery can be checked on the high voltage battery status meter. See “High voltage battery status meter” in this section for details. Gradual or non-abruptacceleration and deceleration will make more effective use of the traction motor without having to use gasoline engine power.

When parking, be sure to place the shift selector in the P (Park) position. While driving, place the shift selector in the D (Drive) position.

The Hybrid System recharges the high voltage battery as necessary. However, the Hybrid System can not charge the high voltage battery when the transmission is in the N (Neutral) position even if the engine is running.

If the high voltage battery becomes discharged, the engine will run for a longer period of time. Do not keep the transmission in the N (Neutral) position with the system in the ready mode.

NOTE:

The gasoline engine starts and stops automatically. It may stop during low load driving, deceleration or when the vehicle is stopped.

As long as the READY light remains on, you can drive your vehicle using the traction motor even with the gasoline engine stopped.

The gasoline engine may not stop automatically in the following conditions:

During gasoline engine warm-up.

During high voltage battery charging.

During high or low high voltage battery temperature.

HEV Overview HEV-7

HYBRID VEHICLE PRECAUTIONS

HIGH VOLTAGE COMPONENTS

WARNING

The Hybrid System uses high voltage up to 650 V. The system can be hot while and after starting. Be careful of both the high voltage and the high temperature. Obey the caution labels attached to the vehicle.

Never touch, disassemble, remove or replace the high voltage parts, cables and their connectors. High voltage cables are orange. Touching, disassembling, removing or replacing those parts and cables can cause severe burns or electric shock that may result in serious injury or death.

LHV0005

HEV-8 HEV Overview

1.Air conditioner compressor location

2.Electric power steering location

3.42V DC/DC converter

4.High voltage battery and 12V DC/DC converter

5.Service disconnect

6.High voltage harnesses

7.Traction motor location

8.Inverter unit

The Hybrid System uses high voltage up to 650 V. High voltage components are indicated in the illustration. High voltage cables are orange. The system can be hot while and after starting. Be careful of both the high voltage and the high temperature.

HYBRID VEHICLE

CHARACTERISTICS

WARNING

Pay special attention to pedestrians when the vehicle is powered only by the traction motor. Because there is no engine noise, pedestrians may not know the vehicle is moving or about to move and step into the direction of vehicle travel.

When you leave your vehicle, be sure to turn off the Hybrid System.

Be sure to put the transmission in the P (Park) position because the vehicle can move when the READY light is on even if the engine is stopped. When the READY light is on, do not leave your vehicle in a shift position other than the P (Park) position. The vehicle will creep and start abruptly if the accelerator pedal is depressed by mistake. This may cause serious injury or death.

CAUTION

If the vehicle is parked for a long time, the high voltage battery will discharge gradually. To keep the high voltage battery in good condition, drive the vehicle at least once every several months for at least 30 minutes or ten miles. If the high voltage battery becomes fully discharged and the vehicle will not start even with a jump-startto the12-voltsystem, contact your NISSAN dealer.

After the 12-voltbattery is disconnected, run down, or replaced, the gasoline engine may not stop even while the vehicle is powered only by the traction motor. If this condition continues for several days, take the vehicle to your NISSAN dealer.

Do not load large amounts of water in open containers (aquariums or buckets) into the vehicle. If the water spills onto the high voltage battery, it may cause a short circuit and damage the battery.

High voltage parts and cables on the hybrid vehicles emit approximately the same amount of electromagnetic waves as the conventional gasoline powered vehicles or home electronic appliances despite of their electromagnetic shieldings. Unwanted noise may occur in the reception of a mobile two-wayradio.

Charging the high voltage battery while driving is important. The vehicle cannot run if the high voltage battery is discharged. In the N (Neutral) position, the high voltage battery does not recharge. Leaving the transmission in the N (Neutral) position for an extended period of time may discharge the high voltage battery. The high voltage battery recharges when the shift selector is in any position other than N (Neutral). Repeated

HEV Overview HEV-9

acceleration also consumes high voltage battery power, resulting in poor acceleration. Battery power can be restored by driving at a constant speed.

When you put the shift selector in the B (Brake) position and take your foot off the accelerator pedal, engine braking will be applied. However, during high speed driving you may feel that engine braking is less effective than that of an ordinary vehicle. This is normal.

Because the vehicle is powered by both the gasoline engine and the traction motor, you may hear a sound coming from the engine compartment, high voltage battery, transmission or the regenerative brakes. When the gasoline engine starts and stops with the Hybrid System on, you may feel a vibration. When accelerating rapidly, the engine noise may rise. A noise may also be heard while braking. These are normal characteristics of the hybrid vehicle.

LHV0004

An air vent is located on the rear parcel shelf A to cool the high voltage battery. If the vent is covered, the battery will overheat resulting in reduced output performance of the Hybrid System.

You may hear the noise of the cooling fan from the air vent.

LHV0006

CAUTION

Do not place objects over or into the air vent. The high voltage battery may overheat and be damaged.

HEV-10 HEV Overview

LHV0007

CAUTION

Do not load large amounts of water in open containers (aquariums or buckets) into the vehicle. If the water spills onto the high voltage battery, it may cause a short circuit and damage the battery.

LHV0008

CAUTION

Do not allow any liquid to get on or in the air vent. It may cause a short circuit and damage the high voltage battery.

HEV Overview HEV-11

MEMO

HEV-12 HEV Overview

0 Illustrated table of contents

Air bags, seat belts and child restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-2Exterior front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0-3Exterior rear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0-4Passenger compartment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0-5

Instrument panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-6Engine compartment check locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0-7Warning/indicator lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0-8