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NETGEAR FS 524S, FS 517TS User Manual

936.33 Kb

Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch

User‘s Guide

M O D E L

FS 517TS

M O D E L

FS 524S

Trademarks

NETGEAR® is a registered trademark of NETGEAR, Inc. in the United States and other countries. All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Statement of Conditions

In the interest of improving internal design, operational function, and/or reliability, NETGEAR reserves the right to make changes to the products described in this document without notice. NETGEAR does not assume any liability that may occur due to the use or application of the product(s) or circuit layout(s) described herein.

Certificate of the Manufacturer/Importer

It is hereby certified that the NETGEAR Model FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch and Model FS517TS Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch with Gigabit Port have been suppressed in accordance with the conditions set out in the BMPT-AmtsblVfg 243/1991 and Vfg 46/1992.The operation of some equipment (for example, test transmitters) in accordance with the regulations may, however, be subject to certain restrictions. Please refer to the notes in the operating instructions.

Federal Office for Telecommunications Approvals has been notified of the placing of this equipment on the market and has been granted the right to test the series for compliance with the regulations.

Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) Statement

This equipment is in the first category (information equipment to be used in commercial and/or industrial areas) and conforms to the standards set by the Voluntary Control Council for Interference by Data Processing Equipment and Electronic Office Machines that are aimed at preventing radio interference in commercial and/or industrial areas.

Consequently, when this equipment is used in a residential area or in an adjacent area thereto, radio interference may be caused to equipment such as radios and TV receivers.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Compliance Notice: Radio Frequency Notice

This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

This device may not cause harmful interference.

This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can

ii

radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.

Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that which the receiver is connected.

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

EN 55 022 Declaration of Conformance

This is to certify that the NETGEAR Model FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch and Model FS517TS Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch with Gigabit Port are shielded against the generation of radio interference in accordance with the application of Council Directive 89/336/EEC, Article 4a. Conformity is declared by the application of EN 55024 Class A (CISPR 22).

Warning:This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio

!interference, in which case the user may be required to take appropriate measures.

Canadian Department of Communications Radio Interference Regulations

This digital apparatus (NETGEAR Model FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch and Model FS517TS Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch with Gigabit Port) do not exceed the Class A limits for radio-noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.

Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique du ministère des Communications

Cet appareil numérique (NETGEAR Model FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch and Model FS517TS Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch with Gigabit Port) respecte les limites de bruits radioélectriques visant les appareils numériques de classe A prescrites dans le Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique du ministère des Communications du Canada.

iii

Customer Support

For assistance with installing and configuring your NETGEAR system or with questions or problems following installation:

Check the NETGEAR Web page at http://www.NETGEAR.com.

Call Technical Support in North America at 1-888-NETGEAR. If you are outside North America, please refer to the phone numbers listed on the Support Information Card that shipped with your switch.

Email Technical Support at support@NETGEAR.com.

Defective or damaged merchandise can be returned to your point-of-purchase representative.

Internet/World Wide Web

NETGEAR maintains a World Wide Web home page that you can access at the uniform resource locator (URL) http://www.NETGEAR.com. A direct connection to the Internet and a Web browser such as Internet Explorer or Netscape are required.

iv

CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1

 

Introduction

1-1

Description

1-1

Features

 

1-2

Unique Features

1-3

Shared Features

1-4

Package Contents

1-5

CHAPTER 2

 

Physical Description

2-1

Front and Back Panels

2-1

10/100 Mbps RJ-45 Ports

2-3

LED Descriptions

2-4

Power

 

2-4

Stack

 

2-4

Link

 

2-4

FDX

 

2-4

17 ACT

( FS517TS only)

2-4

1000M

(Port 17 on the FS517TS only)

2-4

Front Panel RJ-45 Gigabit Copper Port (FS517TS Only)

2-5

Normal/Uplink Push Button (FS524S Only)

2-5

Auto Uplink (FS517TS Only)

2-5

CHAPTER 3

 

Applications

3-1

Desktop Switching

3-1

Segment Switching and Bridging from 10 Mbps to 100 Mbps

3-1

Stacked Switching

3-2

Contents v

CHAPTER 4

 

Installation

4-1

Preparing the Site

4-2

Stacking

4-2

Installing the Switch

4-3

Installing the Switch on a Flat Surface

4-3

Installing the Switch in a Rack

4-3

Connecting Devices to the Switch

4-4

Connecting Switches to the Stack’s Backplane

4-5

Checking the Installation

4-8

Applying AC Power

4-9

CHAPTER 5

 

Troubleshooting

5-1

Troubleshooting Chart

5-1

Additional Troubleshooting Suggestions

5-3

Network Adapter Cards

5-3

Configuration

5-3

Switch Integrity

5-3

Auto Negotiation

5-3

APPENDIX A

 

Technical Specifications

A-1

Network Protocol and Standards Compatibility

A-1

Data Rate

A-1

Interface

A-1

Electrical Specifications

A-1

Physical Specifications

A-2

Environmental Specifications

A-2

Electromagnetic Emissions

A-2

Electromagnetic Susceptibility

A-3

Safety Agency Approvals

A-3

Performance Specifications

A-4

contents vi

APPENDIX B

 

Connector Pin Assignments

B-1

RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector

B-1

Normal Assignment on Ports 1 to 8

B-2

Uplink Assignment on Port 8

B-2

Channel

B-2

Description

B-2

APPENDIX C

 

Cabling Guidelines

C-1

Fast Ethernet Cable Guidelines

C-1

Category 5 Cable

C-2

Category 5 Cable Specifications

C-3

Twisted Pair Cables

C-4

Patch Panels and Cables

C-5

Using 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet over Category 5 Cable

C-5

Overview

C-5

Cabling

C-6

Length

C-6

Return Loss

C-6

Patch Cables

C-8

Conclusion

C-8

INDEX

contents vii

FIGURES

 

 

Figure 1-1.

Package Contents

1-5

Figure 2-1. Front and Back Panels of the

 

 

FS517TS Switch

2-2

Figure 2-2. Front and Back Panels of the

 

 

FS524S Switch

2-3

Figure 2-3. Creating Redundant Paths between

 

 

Network Devices (Example 1)

2-6

Figure 2-4. Creating Redundant Paths between

 

 

Network Devices (Example 2)

2-7

Figure 3-1. Example of Desktop Switching

3-1

Figure 3-2. Example of Segment Switching and Bridging

3-2

Figure 3-3. Example of Switched Stacking

3-3

Figure 4-1. Attaching Mounting Brackets

4-4

Figure 4-2. Connecting Devices to the Switch

4-5

Figure 4-3. Cabling Two FS517TS Stacked Switches

4-7

Figure 4-4. Cabling FS524S Stacked Switches

4-7

Figure 4-5.

Cabling FS517TS and FS524S Switches

4-8

figures viii

Figure B-1.

RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector

 

 

with Built-in LEDs

B-1

Figure C-1.

Straight-Through Twisted-Pair Cable

C-4

Figure C-2.

Crossover Twisted-Pair Cable

C-4

Figure C-3.

Category 5 UTP Cable with

 

 

Male RJ-45 Plug at Each End

C-5

TABLES

 

 

Table 2-1.

Front Panel LEDs

2-4

Table 4-1.

Site Requirements

4-2

Table 5-1.

Troubleshooting Chart

5-1

Table B-1.

10/100 Mbps RJ-45 Plug and

 

 

RJ-45 Connector Pin Assignments

B-2

Table B-2.

100/1000 Mbps RJ-45 Plug and

 

 

RJ-45 Connector Pin Assignments

B-2

Table C-1.

Electrical Requirements of Category 5 Cable

C-3

 

 

 

tables ix

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

This installation guide describes the NETGEAR FS517TS and FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switches.

The NETGEAR FS517TS and FS524S Switches are expandable, high-performance IEEE-compliant network switches designed for users who want the high-speed performance of 10/100 stacked switching to eliminate bottlenecks, boost performance, and increase productivity. These switches are designed so that like models can stack to each other (FS517TS to FS517TS or FS524S to FS524S) as well as to the other model (FS517TS to FS524S) to provide high-speed connections between switches. Additionally, the FS517TS includes a front panel 1000 Mbps (1Gbps) port to connect to other standards-based gigabit switches or servers, providing a high-speed connection from your stack of switches to a server or your network backbone.To simplify installation, both switch models are shipped ready for use, with no configuration required. Everything necessary to stack these switches comes in the box, eliminating the need to purchase additional modules or kits.

This chapter provides the following information:

Description

Features

Package contents

Description

The NETGEAR FS517TS and FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switches are expandable, powerful, and easy-to-use network solutions. The NETGEAR FS517TS Switch provides 16 shielded RJ-45 network ports, while the NETGEAR FS524S Switch provides 24 shielded RJ-45 network ports. The FS517TS Switch also provides a front panel RJ-45 1000 Mbps (1 Gbps) copper port that can be used to create a high-per- formance backbone link.

introduction 1-1

All RJ-45 ports on the FS517TS and FS524S Switches automatically negotiate to the highest speed, making the switches ideal for environments that have a mix of Ethernet and Fast Ethernet devices. In addition, all 10/100 Mbps ports operate in halfor fullduplex mode, increasing the maximum bandwidth of each connection up to 20 Mbps or 200 Mbps, respectively. Both switch models support automatic address learning and IEEE 802.3x-compliant flow control to ensure optimal packet reliability.

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches can be free standing or rack mounted (in a wiring closet or equipment room). Moreover, they can be used as stand-alone devices or cascaded to create a single “virtual” switch:

The FS517TS Switch has a single stacking port that can cascade to another FS517TS Switch to provide a total of 32 Fast Ethernet ports and two copper gigabit ports in a single switched stack.

The FS524S Switch has two bi-directional stacking ports, allowing load-balanced, fault-tolerant, redundant connections when cascaded with other FS524S Switches. Up to eight FS524S Switches can be cascaded, providing up to 192 ports in a single switched stack via a 4 Gbps high-speed backplane.

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches can be stacked together. Connecting two FS517TS Switches to a stack of eight FS524S creates one large virtual switch, with up to 224 Fast Ethernet ports and two copper gigabit ports for server or backbone connections.

Features

NETGEAR’s FS517TS and FS524S Switches share common features while providing their own unique benefits. The following sections describe the features that are unique and common to the switches.

introduction 1-2

Unique Features

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches have the following unique key features:

Feature

FS517TS Switch

FS524S Switch

 

 

 

Number of 10/100 Mbps

16

24

RJ-45 ports per switch

 

 

 

 

 

Number of 1000 Mbps

1

0

RJ-45 ports per switch

 

 

 

 

 

Number of high-speed

1

2

stacking ports:

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum number of

Two FS517TS Switches

Eight FS524S Switches

switches in stack:

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum number of ports

32 or 224 (when eight

192 (eight cascaded FS524S

in stack

FS524S Switches are added)

Switches) or 224 (when two

 

 

FS517TS Switches are added)

 

 

 

Miscellaneous

Front panel IEEE 802.3ab

 

 

1000BASE-T port for

 

 

easy expansion

 

 

 

 

 

Supports Auto UplinkTM, which

Two bi-directional uplink ports

 

automatically configures the

deliver 2 x 2 Gbps links between

 

RJ-45 ports for use with either

switches

 

straight-through or crossover

 

 

cables to make the right

 

 

connection

 

 

 

 

introduction 1-3

Shared Features

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches share the following key features:

Support wire-speed filtering and forwarding of the traffic on all ports

Scale to meet your growing network needs, enabling performance to keep pace with port density

Boast high-speed bandwidth over stacking connections

Provide easy Plug-and-Play installation with no software to configure, for quick and easy connection to new or existing 10 and 100 Mbps users and services

Support store-and-forward intelligent processing to remove erroneous packets from the network

Support automatic address-learning function to build the packet-forwarding information table. The table contains up to 8,000 media access control (MAC) addresses (that is, the switch can support networks with as many as 8,000 devices).

Autosense link speed (10 or 100 Mbps) and duplex mode (halfor full-duplex) to optimize connectivity and allow companies to migrate to Fast Ethernet one port at a time

Support full-duplex mode to double throughput of point-to-point connections by enabling individual ports to transmit and receive data concurrently.

Support IEEE 802.3x-compliant flow control to prevent dropped packets due to net work back-ups and bottlenecks

Comply with the IEEE802.3 Ethernet, IEEE802.3u Fast Ethernet standards, and IEEE802.3ab Gigabit Ethernet

Provide LED indicators to show current switch status and simplify troubleshooting

Rack Mount Kit provided for installing the switch in a standard 19-inch equipment rack or for mounting on the wall

introduction 1-4

Package Contents

Figure 1-1 shows the package contents of the FS517TS and FS524S switches.

Figure 1-1. Package Contents

Verify that your package contains the following:

FS517TS or FS524S Switch

Rubber footpads for tabletop installation

Power cord

One stacking cable

Rack-mount kit for installing the switch in a 19-inch rack

This Installation Guide

Support Information Card

Warranty & Owner Registration Card

If any item is missing or damaged, contact your place of purchase immediately.

introduction 1-5

CHAPTER 2: PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION

This chapter describes the hardware features of the FS517TS and FS524S Switches. Topics include:

Front and back panels

10/100 Mbps RJ-45 ports

LED descriptions

Front panel RJ-45 Gigabit copper port (FS517TS Switch)

Normal/Uplink push button

Auto Uplink

Front and Back Panels

Figure 2-1 shows the key components on the front and back panels of the FS517TS Switch. Figure 2-2 shows the key components on the front and back panels of the FS524S Switch.

The front panel of both switches contains LEDs and RJ-45 jacks. The front panel of the FS517TS Switch also contains a Gigabit copper port, while the front panel of the FS524S Switch contains a Normal/Uplink push button.

The FS517TS has Auto Uplink technology instead of a Normal/Uplink push button.

physical description

2-1

The back panel of both switches has stacking ports for the supplied stacking cable, fans for cooling, and a standard AC power receptacle for accommodating the supplied power cord.

Front Panel of the Model FS517TS Switch

10/100 Mbps 100 Mbps ports

LEDs

Power

 

Stack LED

LED

1000 Mbps

1000 Mbps port

 

Activity LED

Activity/Collision

 

 

LEDs

Rear Panel of the Model FS517TS Switch

Fans

Stacking

port

Figure 2-1. Front and Back Panels of the FS517TS Switch

physical description

2-2

Front Panel of the Model FS524s Switch

10/100 Mbps 100 Mbps ports

LEDs

Power

Stack LEDs

Normal/Uplink

Activity/Collision LEDs

push button

LED

 

Rear Panel of the Model FS524s Switch

Fans

Stacking

ports

Figure 2-2. Front and Back Panels of the FS524S Switch

10/100 Mbps RJ-45 Ports

As Figures 2-1 and 2-2 show, the FS517TS Switch has 16 RJ-45 ports, while the FS524S Switch has 24 RJ-45 ports. These ports are auto-sensing 10/100 Mbps ports: When you insert a cable into an RJ-45 port, the switch automatically ascertains the maximum speed (10 or 100 Mbps) and duplex mode (halfor full-duplex) of the attached device, and displays this information using the front panel 100 Mbps and FDX LEDs for that port (LEDs are described in the next section). The 10/100 Mbps ports support only unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable terminated with an 8-pin RJ-45 plug.

physical description

2-3

LED Descriptions

The front panels of the FS517TS and FS524S Switches have LEDs that provide a quick and accurate display of port speed, activity, collisions, duplex mode, as well as activity between stacked switches. Table 2-1 summarizes the LEDs on the FS517TS and FS524S Switches. A detailed description of the LEDs follows the table.

Table 2-1. Front Panel LEDs

 

 

 

 

 

 

Label

Color

Activity

Description

 

 

 

 

Power

Green

On

Power is supplied to the switch.

 

 

Off

Power is disconnected.

 

 

 

 

100 Mbps

Green

On

Port has made a 100 Mbps connection.

 

Green

Off

Port has made a 10 Mbps connection.

 

 

 

 

Activity / Collision

Green

Blinking

Data transmission is occurring on the port.

 

Yellow

Blinking

Data collision is occurring on the port. The rate at

 

 

 

which this LED blinks corresponds to the number of

 

 

 

collisions. When a collision occurs, the connected

 

 

 

device pauses and transmits again after waiting a

 

 

 

specified time.

 

 

 

 

Stack

Green

On

A valid link is established on the stacking port.

 

 

Off

A link is not established on the stacking port.

 

 

Blinking

Packet transmission or reception is occurring on

 

 

 

the port.

 

 

 

 

Link

Green

On

Port has a valid link connection.

 

 

Off

A valid link has not been established on the port.

 

 

 

 

FDX

Green

On

Port is operating in full-duplex mode.

 

 

Off

Port is operating in half-duplex mode.

 

 

 

 

17 ACT

Green

On

Data transmission is occurring on the front panel

(FS517TS only)

 

 

Gigabit copper port.

 

 

Off

Data transmission is not occurring on the Gigabit

 

 

 

copper port.

 

 

 

 

1000M

Green

On

Port has a valid 1,000 Mbps (1 Gbps) link connection

(Port 17 on the

 

Blinking

Data transmission is occurring on the port.

FS517TS only)

 

Off

A valid link has not been established on the port.

 

 

 

 

FDX

Green

On

Port is in full-duplex mode

(Port 17 on the

 

Off

Port is not operating in full-duplex mode.

FS517TS only)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

physical description

2-4

Front Panel RJ-45 Gigabit Copper Port (FS517TS Only)

The FS517TS Switch has a front panel RJ-45 Gigabit copper port. This port accommodates a Category 5 UTP cable with RJ-45 termination and provides a full-duplex 1000 Mbps (1 Gbps) connection that effectively doubles throughput to 2 Gbps.

Normal/Uplink Push Button (FS524S Only)

The FS524S Switch has a Normal/Uplink push button on the front panel. This push button lets you select uplink (MDI) or normal (MDI-X) wiring for port 24 on the FS524S Switch. Port 24 is configured for normal wiring to connect to a PC when the push button is in the out position. Pressing the push button in configures port 24 for uplink wiring to connect to another switch or hub using a straight-through UTP cable.

Auto Uplink (FS517TS Only)

To simplify the procedure for attaching devices, all RJ-45 ports on the FS517TS Switch support Auto Uplink. This technology allows you to attach devices to the RJ-45 ports using either straight-through or crossover cables. When you insert a cable into the switch’s RJ-45 port, the switch automatically:

Senses whether the cable is a straight-through or crossover cable, and

Determines whether the link to the attached device requires a “normal” connection (such as when connecting the port to a PC) or an “uplink” connection (such as when connecting the port to a router, switch, or hub).

After ascertaining this information, the switch automatically configures the RJ-45 port to enable communications with the attached device, without requiring user intervention. In this way, the Auto Uplink technology compensates for setting uplink connections, while eliminating concern about whether to use crossover or straight-through cables when attaching devices.

physical description

2-5

Note: Using Auto Uplink to create multiple active paths between any two net work devices can cause undesirable loops in the network, resulting in an

endless broadcast traffic that disables your network. Loops occur when there are alternate routes between two network devices. In Figure 2-3, for example, a loop is created by connecting two RJ-45 ports on an FS517TS Switch to a router containing a 4-port switch. Figure 2-4 shows another scenario where a router with a 4-port switch connects to a hub and to a FS517TS Switch; the hub and switch, in turn, connect back to the same router, creating multiple active paths between all three devices.

Model FS517TS Switch

FR314 Router

Figure 2-3. Warning! Creating loops disables your network (Example 1)

physical description

2-6

EN524 Hub

Model FS517TS Switch

FR314 Router

Figure 2-4. Warning! Creating loops disables your network (Example 2)

physical description

2-7

CHAPTER 3: APPLICATIONS

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches are designed to provide flexibility in configuring your network connections. Both switches can be used as stand-alone devices or used with 10 Mbps hubs, 100 Mbps hubs, or 10/100 Mbps switches. They can also be stacked to create one large virtual switch. This chapter shows how the FS517TS and FS524S Switches can be used in various network environments.

Topics include:

Desktop switching

Segment switching and bridging from 10 Mbps to 100 Mbps

Desktop Switching

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches can be used as desktop switches to build a small network that enables users to have 100 Mbps access to a file server. If a full-duplex adapter card is installed in the server or PC, the switch port connected to the server or PC can provide 200 Mbps full-duplex connection.

1000 Mbps

Server

Server

100 Mbps

 

 

 

10 Mbps

 

 

Model FS524S

Model FS517TS

Switch

Switch

 

Figure 3-1. Example of Desktop Switching

applications 3-1

Segment Switching and Bridging from 10 Mbps to 100 Mbps

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches can be used to segment a network into multiple connected pieces to increase overall bandwidth and throughput. Both switch models can segment networks that are built with the NETGEAR DS508 and EN516 hubs, and can act as bridges connecting traditional 10BASE-T Ethernet networks to 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet networks.

Model FS524S Switch

Model DS508

Model FR314

Model EN516

Hub

Hub

Router

 

 

Figure 3-2. Example of Segment Switching and Bridging

Stacked Switching

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches can provide a full-duplex, switched network for large numbers of users by stacking units together.

The FS517TS Switch has a single stacking port that can cascade another FS517TS Switch. This configuration provides a total of 32 10/100 Mbps ports and two gigabit ports in a single switched stack. The high-speed stacking ports deliver 2 Gbps of throughput across the stacking back plane.

applications 3-2

The FS524S Switch has two bi-directional stacking ports, which allow load-balanced, fault-tolerant, redundant connections when cascaded with another FS524S Switch. Up to eight FS524S Switches can be cascaded, providing up to 192 ports in a single switched stack. The high-speed stacking ports deliver 4 Gbps of throughput across the stacking back plane.

To add gigabit connectivity, two FS517TS Switches can be added to the stack to create one large virtual switch with up to 224 stacked ports and two 1000BASE-T ports. Since the FS517TS Switch has a single stacking port, adding it to a stack of FS524S Switches reduces the stacking backplane speed to 2 Gbps and removes support for load balancing, fault tolerance, and redundancy that a pure FS524S stack has.

Internet

DSL modem

FS517TS Switch

Servers

FR314 Router

FS524S Switch

1000 Mbps

 

 

FS524S Switch

Servers

100 Mbps

FS517TS Switch

PS113 Print Server

10 Mbps

Printer Printer

PC PC PC MAC

Figure 3-3. Example of Switched Stacking

applications 3-3

CHAPTER 4: INSTALLATION

This chapter describes the installation procedures for the NETGEAR FS517TS and FS524S Switches. Topics include:

Preparing the site

Installing the switch

Connecting devices to the switch

Stacking switches

Checking the installation

Applying AC power

installation 4-1

Preparing the Site

Before you install your switch, be sure your operating environment meets the operating environment requirements in Table 4-1.

Table 4-1. Site Requirements

 

 

 

Characteristics

Requirements

 

 

Mounting

 

Desktop installations:

Provide a flat table or shelf surface.

Rack-mount installations:

Use a 19-inch (48.3-centimeter) EIA standard equipment rack that is

 

grounded and physically secure. You also need the rack-mount kit supplied

 

with your switch.

 

 

Access

Locate the switch in a position that lets you access the front panel RJ-45

 

ports, view the front panel LEDs, and access the rear-panel stacking port(s)

 

and power connector.

 

 

Power source

Provide a power source within 6 feet (1.8 meters) of the installation

 

location. Power specifications for the switches are shown in Appendix A. Be

 

sure the AC outlet is not controlled by a wall switch, which can accidentally

 

turn off power to the outlet and the switch.

 

 

Environmental

 

 

Install the switch in a dry area, with ambient temperature between 0 and

Temperature:

40ºC (32 and 104ºF). Keep the switch away from heat sources such as

 

direct sunlight, warm air exhausts, hot-air vents, and heaters.

Operating humidity:

The installation location should have a maximum relative humidity of

 

90%, non-condensing.

Ventilation:

Do not restrict airflow by covering or obstructing air inlets on the sides of

 

the switch. Keep at least 2 inches (5.08 centimeters) free on all sides for

 

cooling. Be sure there is adequate airflow in the room or wiring closet where

 

you intend to install the switch.

Operating conditions:

Keep the switch at least 6 ft (1.83 m) away from nearest source of electro

 

magnetic noise, such as a photocopy machine.

 

 

Stacking

If you intend to stack two or more switches, be sure the mounting surface

 

can safely support the switch stack. Also, be sure there is adequate space

 

around the stack for ventilation and cooling.

 

 

After confirming that your site meets the requirements in Table 4-1, you are ready to install the switch.

installation 4-2

Installing the Switch

You can install the NETGEAR FS517TS and FS524S Switches on a flat surface or in a standard 19-inch rack.

Installing the Switch on a Flat Surface

1.The switch ships with four self-adhesive rubber footpads. Stick one rubber foot pad on each of the four concave spaces on the bottom of the switch. The rubber foot pads cushion the switch against shock/vibrations. They also provide space between each stacked switch for ventilation.

2.To stack switches:

Repeat step 1 for each switch to be stacked.

Place the first switch on a firm flat surface where you want to install the stack. Stack the other switches on top of this unit.

Proceed to “Connecting Switches to the Stack’s Backplane” on page 21.

Installing the Switch in a Rack

To install the FS517TS or FS524S Switch in a rack, use the following procedure (and refer to Figure 4-1). To perform this procedure, you need the 19-inch rack-mount kit supplied with your switch.

1.Attach the supplied mounting brackets to the side of the switch.

2.Insert the screws provided in the rack-mount kit through each bracket and into the bracket mounting holes in the switch.

3.Tighten the screws with a #1 Phillips screwdriver to secure each bracket.

4.Align the mounting holes in the brackets with the holes in the rack, and insert two pan-head screws with nylon washers through each bracket and into the rack.

installation 4-3

5.Tighten the screws with a #2 Phillips screwdriver to secure the switch in the rack.

6.Proceed to “Connecting Devices to the Switch.”

Figure 4-1. Attaching Mounting Brackets

Connecting Devices to the Switch

The following procedure describes how to connect devices to the switch’s RJ-45 ports. When attaching devices to the FS517TS, the switch’s support for Auto Uplink technology allows you to attach devices using either straight-through or crossover cables (for more information about Auto LinkTM technology, refer to “Auto Uplink (FS517TS)” on page 2-5).

1.Connect each device to an RJ-45 network port on the switch’s front panel (see Figure 4-2). Use Category 5 (Cat5) unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable terminated with an RJ-45 connector to make these connections.

Note: Ethernet specifications limit the cable length between the switch and the attached device to 100 m (328 ft).

installation 4-4

2.If you want to stack switches, proceed to “Connecting Switches to the Stack’s Backplane,” next. Otherwise, skip to “Checking the Installation.”

Key

100 Mbps

10 Mbps

RJ-45 connector

Figure 4-2. Connecting Devices to the Switch

Connecting Switches to the Stack’s Backplane

The FS517TS Switch provides a single stacking connector, while the FS524S Switch provides two stacking connectors. You can use these connectors to cascade switches together to create one large virtual switch (for more information, refer to “Stacked Switching” on page 3-2).

Observe the following guidelines when installing the switches in a stacked configuration.

When connecting two FS517TS Switches, one stack port cable connects the stacking port on one switch to the stacking port on the other switch. This stack provides a 2 Gbps backplane connection between the switches.

introduction 4-5

When connecting two FS524S Switches, two stack port cables connect the stacking ports on one switch to the stacking ports on the other switch. This stack provides a bi-directional, load-balanced, fault-tolerant, redundant connection between the stacked switches, with a backplane speed of 4 Gbps.

When connecting FS524S and FS517TS, one stack port cable connects the stacking port on one switch to the stacking port on the other switch. This stack provides a 2 Gbps backplane connection between the switches.

The Stack port cable connection is “hot-swappable.”This means you can disconnect and reconnect the stacking cable when power to the switches is on.

To prevent bent pins, do not install the stack port cable connector at an angle. Use extra care to insert the cable connector straight into the switch’s stacking connector.

To stack switches, use the following procedure:

1.Connect one end of the stack port cable to the stacking port on one switch. It does not matter which end of the cable to use. Either end of the stack port cable can be connected to either one of the switches.

2.Connect the other end of the cable to the stack port on the other switch.

3.If you are connecting FS524S Switches, repeat steps 1 and 2 to connect the second stacking connector on each switch.

Figure 4-3 shows the cabling for a stack of two FS517TS Switches. Figure 4-4 shows the cabling for a stack of multiple FS524S Switches. Figure 4-5 shows the cabling for a stack of FS524S Switches that includes an FS517TS Switch.

installation 4-6

Two Model FS517TS Switches

Figure 4-3. Cabling Two FS517TS Stacked Switches

Eight Model FS524S Switches

Two Model FS524S Switches

Figure 4-4. Cabling FS524S Stacked Switches

installation 4-7

Model FS517TS Switch

Model FS524S

Switches

Model FS517TS Switch

Figure 4-5. Cabling FS517TS and FS524S Switches

Checking the Installation

Before you apply power:

Inspect the equipment thoroughly.

Verify that all cables are installed correctly.

Check cable routing to make sure cables are not damaged or create a safety hazard.

Be sure all equipment is mounted properly and securely.

installation 4-8

Applying AC Power

The switches do not have an ON/OFF switch; the only method of applying or removing AC power is by connecting or disconnecting the power cord. Before you connect the power cord, select an AC outlet that is not controlled by a wall switch, which can turn off power to the switch. After you select an appropriate outlet, use the following procedure to apply AC power.

1.Connect the female end of the supplied AC power adapter cable to the power outlet on the back of the switch.

2.Connect the 3-pronged end of the AC power adapter cable to a grounded 3-pronged AC outlet.

When you apply power:

The green Power LED on the switch’s front panel goes on.

The green Link LED on each connected RJ-45 port goes on.

If the green Power LED does not go on, check that the power cable is plugged in correctly and that the power source is good. If this does not resolve the problem, refer to Chapter 5,Troubleshooting.

When power is applied, the switch conducts a power-on self-test (POST) to verify operation. After the switch passes the POST, it is functional and ready to pass data.

installation 4-9

CHAPTER 5:TROUBLESHOOTING

This chapter provides information about troubleshooting the NETGEAR FS517TS or FS524S Switches. Topics include:

Troubleshooting chart

Additional troubleshooting suggestions

Troubleshooting Chart

Table 5-1 lists symptoms, causes, and solutions of possible problems.

Table 5-1. Troubleshooting Chart

 

 

 

 

Symptom

Cause

Solution

Power LED is off.

No power is received

Check the power cord connections

 

 

for the switch at the switch. and the

 

 

connected device.

 

 

Make sure all cables used are

 

 

correct and comply with Ethernet

 

 

specifications.

 

 

 

1000M or 100M LED

Port connection is not working

Check the crimp on the connectors

is off or intermittnet.

 

and make sure that the plug is

 

 

properly inserted and locked into the

 

 

port at both the switch and the

 

 

connecting device.

 

 

Make sure all cables used are

 

 

correct and comply with Ethernet

 

 

specifications. See Appendix C.

 

 

Check for a defective adapter card,

 

 

cable, or port by testing them in an

 

 

alternate environment where all

 

 

products are functioning.

 

 

 

troubleshooting 5-1

Symptom

Cause

Solution

 

 

 

Link LED is off for a port

There is a problem with this

Make sure the cable is attached

that has a connection.

connection.

securely at both ends.

 

 

Make sure the cable is not damaged.

 

 

Check that the device being connected

 

 

to is powered on and operating

 

 

correctly.

 

 

If the connection is to a workstation,

 

 

make sure the workstation’s network

 

 

interface is installed and configured

 

 

correctly.

 

 

 

File transfer is slow or

Halfor full-duplex setting on

Make sure the attached device is set to

performance degradation

the switch and the connected

auto negotiate.

is a problem.

device are not the same.

 

 

 

 

A segment or device is

One or more devices are not

Verify that the cabling is correct. Be

not recognized as part

properly connected, or

sure all connectors are securely

of the network.

cabling does not meet

positioned in the required ports.

 

Ethernet guidelines.

Equipment may have been accidentally

 

 

disconnected.

 

 

 

FDX/COL LED is

Collisions are occurring

Some collisions are normal when

blinking yellow

on the connected segment.

the connection is operating in

excessively.

 

half-duplex mode.

 

Duplex modes are mismatched.

Recheck the settings of the device

 

 

attached to the RJ-45 port. Make

 

 

sure the attached device is set to

 

 

auto negotiate.

 

 

 

ACT LED is flashing

A network loop (redundant path)

Break the loop by ensuring that there

continuously on all

has been created

is only one path from any networked

connected ports and the

(see Figures 2-3 and 2.4).

device to any other networked device.

network is disabled

 

 

 

 

 

troubleshooting 5-2

Additional Troubleshooting Suggestions

If the suggestions in Table 5-1 do not resolve your problem, refer to the troubleshooting suggestions in this section.

Network Adapter Cards

Make sure the network adapter cards installed in the PCs are in working condition and the software driver has been installed.

Configuration

If problems occur after altering the network configuration, restore the original connections and determine the problem by implementing the new changes, one step at a time. Make sure that cable distances, repeater limits, and other physical aspects of the installation do not exceed the Ethernet limitations.

Switch Integrity

If required, verify the integrity of the switch by resetting the switch. To reset the switch, remove AC power from the switch and then reapply AC power. If the problem continues, contact NETGEAR technical support. In North America, call 1-888-NETGEAR. If you are outside of North America, please refer to the support information card included with your product.

Auto Negotiation

The 10/100 Mbps ports negotiate the correct duplex mode and speed if the device at the other end of the link supports auto negotiation. If the device does not support auto negotiation, the switch only determines the speed correctly and the duplex mode defaults to half-duplex.

The gigabit port on the FS517TS Switch negotiates speed, duplex mode, and flow control, provided that the attached device supports auto-negotiation.

troubleshooting 5-3

APPENDIX A:TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

This appendix provides technical specifications for the NETGEAR FS517TS or FS524S Switches.

Network Protocol and Standards Compatibility

ISO/IEC 802-3i 10BASE-T

IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX

IEEE 802.3ab 1000BASE-T

IEEE 802.3x Flow Control

Data Rate

10 Mbps differential Manchester encoded, IEEE 802.3

100 Mbps with 4B/5B encoding and MLT-3 physical interface for 100BASE-TX 1000 Mbps with 8B/10B encoding PAM-5 physical interface for 1000BASE-T

Interface

RJ-45 connector for 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet, and 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet

Electrical Specifications

Power consumption: 45 W maximum

technical specifications

A-1

Physical Specifications

 

 

 

FS517TS Switch

FS524S Switch

Dimensions:

W 330 mm (13")

W 330 mm (13")

 

D 207 mm (8.2")

D 207 mm (8.2")

 

H 43 mm (1.7")

 

H 43 mm (1.7")

Weight:

2.3 kg (5.3 lb)

 

2.3 kg (5.3 lb)

Environmental Specifications

 

 

Operating temperature:

0 to 40°C

Storage temperature:

-32 to 104°C

Operating humidity:

90% maximum relative humidity, non-condensing

Storage humidity:

95% maximum relative humidity, non-condensing

Operating altitude:

10,000 ft (3,000 m) maximum

Storage altitude:

 

10,000 ft (3,000 m) maximum

Electromagnetic Emissions

 

 

Meets requirements of:

CE mark, commercial

 

 

FCC Part 15, Subpart B, Class A

 

 

EN 55024 (CISPR 22), Class A

 

 

VCCI Class 1A

 

 

C-tick

 

technical specifications

A-2

Electromagnetic Susceptibility

 

CE mark, commercial

 

Electrostatic discharge (ESD):

IEC 801-2, Level 2/3

Radiated electromagnetic field:

IEC 801-3, Level 2

Electrical fast transient/burst:

IEC 801-4, Level 2

Electrical surge:

IEC 801-5, Level 1/2

Safety Agency Approvals

 

CE mark, commercial

 

UL/cUL listed (UL 1950)

 

CSA certified (CSA 22.2 #950)

 

TUV licensed (EN 60 950)

 

technical specifications

A-3

Performance Specifications

Frame filter rate:

Frame forward rate:

10/100 buffer memory: Stacking port buffer memory: Gigabit buffer memory: Forwarding modes:

Network latency:

Address database size:

Addressing:

14,800 frames/second, maximum on 10 Mbps port (64B packets)

148,000 frames/second, maximum on 100 Mbps port (64B packets)

1,480,000 frames/second, maximum on 1000 Mbps port (64B packets)

14,800 frames/second, maximum on 10 Mbps port (64B packets)

148,000 frames/second, maximum on 100 Mbps port (64B packets)

1,480,000 frames/second, maximum on 1000 Mbps port (64B packets)

8 MB for 16 ports

4 MB (FS524S)/ 2 MB (FS517TS)

2 MB

Store-and-forward

Less than 80 microseconds for 64-byte frames in store-and-forward mode for 10 Mbps to

100 Mbps transmission

8,000 media access control (MAC) addresses per system

48-bit MAC address

connector pin assignments

A-4

APPENDIX B: CONNECTOR PIN ASSIGNMENTS

This appendix provides information about the RJ-45 plug and the RJ-45 connector used for the NETGEAR FS524S and FS517TS Switches.

RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector

In a Fast Ethernet network, it is important that all 100BASE-T certified Category 5 cabling use RJ-45 plugs. The RJ-45 plug accepts 4-pair UTP or shielded twisted-pair (STP) 100 ohm cable and connects into the RJ-45 connector. The RJ-45 connector is used to connect stations, hubs, and switches through UTP cable; it supports 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, or 1000 Mbps data transmission.

Figure B-1 shows the RJ-45 plug and RJ-45 connector.

12345678

8 1

Key:

711EA

 

1 to 8 = pin numbers

 

Figure B-1. RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector with Built-in LEDs

connector pin assignments

B-1

Table B-1 lists the pin assignments for the 10/100 Mbps RJ-45 plug and the RJ-45 connector.

Table B-1. 10/100 Mbps RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector Pin Assignments

Pin

Normal Assignment on Ports 1 to 8

Uplink Assignment on Port 8

 

 

 

1

Input Receive Data +

Output Transmit Data +

 

 

 

2

Input Receive Data –

Output Transmit Data –

 

 

 

3

Output Transmit Data +

Input Receive Data +

 

 

 

6

Output Transmit Data –

Input Receive Data –

 

 

 

4, 5, 7, 8

Internal termination, not used for data transmission

 

 

 

 

Table B-2 lists the pin assignments for the 100/1000 Mbps RJ-45 plug and the RJ-45 connector.

B-1. 10/100 Mbps RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector Pin Assignments

Pin

Channel

Description

1

A

Rx/Tx Data +

2

 

Rx/Tx Data

 

 

 

3

B

Rx/Tx Data +

6

 

Rx/Tx Data

 

 

 

4

C

Rx/Tx Data +

5

 

Rx/Tx Data

 

 

 

7

D

Rx/Tx Data +

8

 

Rx/Tx Data

 

 

 

technical specifications

B-2

APPENDIX C: CABLING GUIDELINES

This appendix provides specifications for cables used with the FS524S and FS517TS Switches.

Fast Ethernet Cable Guidelines

Fast Ethernet uses UTP cable, as specified in the IEEE 802.3u standard for 100BASE-TX.The specification requires Category 5 UTP cable consisting of either two-pair or four-pair twisted insulated copper conductors bound in a single plastic sheath. Category 5 cable is certified up to 100 MHz bandwidth. 100BASE-TX operation uses one pair of wires for transmission and the other pair for receiving and for collision detection.

When installing Category 5 UTP cabling, use the following guidelines to ensure that your cables perform to the following specifications:

Certification

Make sure that your Category 5 UTP cable has completed the Underwriters’ Laboratories (UL) or Electronic Testing Laboratories (ETL) certification process.

Termination method

To minimize cross-talk noise, maintain the twist ratio of the cable up to the point of termination; untwist at any RJ-45 plug or patch panel should not exceed 0.5 inch (1.5 cm).

cabling guidelines

C-1

Category 5 Cable

Category 5 distributed cable that meets ANSI/EIA/TIA-568-A building wiring standards can be a maximum of 328 feet (ft) or 100 meters (m) in length, divided as follows:

20 ft (6 m) between the hub and the patch panel (if used)

295 ft (90 m) from the wiring closet to the wall outlet

10 ft (3 m) from the wall outlet to the desktop device

The patch panel and other connecting hardware must meet the requirements for 100 Mbps operation (Category 5). Only 0.5 inch (1.5 cm) of untwist in the wire pair is allowed at any termination point.

cabling guidelines

C-2

Category 5 Cable Specifications

Ensure that the fiber cable is crossed over to guarantee link.

Table C-1 lists the electrical requirements of Category 5 UTP cable.

Table C-1. Electrical Requirements of Category 5 Cable

Specifications

Category 5 Cable Requirements

 

 

Number of pairs

Four

 

 

Impedance

100 Ω ± 15%

 

 

Mutual capacitance at 1 KHz

≤ 5.6 nF per 100 m

 

 

Maximum attenuation

 

(dB per 100 m, at 20° C)

at 4 MHz: 8.2

 

at 31 MHz: 11.7

 

at 100 MHz: 22.0

 

 

NEXT loss (dB minimum)

at 16 MHz: 44

 

at 31 MHz: 39

 

at 100 MHz: 32

 

 

Twisted Pair Cables

For two devices to communicate, the transmitter of each device must be connected to the receiver of the other device. The crossover function is usually implemented internally as part of the circuitry in the device. Computers and workstation adapter cards are usually media-dependent interface ports, called MDI or uplink ports. Most repeaters and switch ports are configured as media-dependent interfaces with built-in crossover ports, called MDI-X or normal ports.

cabling guidelines

C-3

Figure C-1 illustrates straight-through twisted pair cable.

1

1

Tx

Rx

2

2

A

B

3

3

Rx

Tx

6

6

736EA

Key:

A = Uplink or MDI port (as on a PC)

B = Normal or MDI-X port (as on a hub or switch) 1, 2, 3, 6 = Pin numbers

Figure C-1. Straight-Through Twisted-Pair Cable

Figure C-2 illustrates crossover twisted pair cable.

1

1

Rx

Rx

2

2

B

B

3

3

Tx

Tx

6

6

737EA

Key:

B = Normal or MDI-X port (as on a hub or switch) 1, 2, 3, 6 = Pin numbers

Figure C-2. Crossover Twisted-Pair Cable

cabling guidelines

C-4

Patch Panels and Cables

If you are using patch panels, make sure that they meet the 100BASE-TX requirements. NETGEAR recommends Category 5 UTP cable for all patch cables and work area cables to ensure that your UTP patch cable rating meets or exceeds the distribution cable rating.

To wire patch panels, you need two Category 5 UTP cables with an RJ-45 plug at each end, as shown in Figure C-3.

1

2

1

87654321

87654321

Figure C-3. Category 5 UTP Cable with Male RJ-45 Plug at Each End

Note: Flat “silver satin” telephone cable may have the same RJ-45 plug. However, using telephone cable results in excessive collisions, causing the attached port to be partitioned or disconnected from the network.

Using 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet over Category 5 Cable

Overview

When using the new 1000BASE-T standard, the limitations of cable installations and the steps necessary to ensure optimum performance must be considered. The most important components in your cabling system are patch panel connections, twists of the pairs at connector transition points, the jacket around the twisted-pair cable, bundling of multiple pairs on horizontal runs and punch down blocks. All of these factors affect the performance of 1000BASE-T technology if not correctly implemented. The following sections are designed to act as a guide to correct cabling for 1000BASE-T.

cabling guidelines

C-5

Cabling

The 1000BASE-T product is designed to operate over Category 5 cabling. To further enhance the operation, the cabling standards have been amended. The latest standard is Category 5e, which defines a higher level of link performance than is available with Category 5 cable.

If installing new cable, we recommend using Category 5e cable, since it costs about the same as Category 5 cable. If using the existing cable, be sure to have the cable plant tested by a professional who can verify that it meets or exceeds either ANSI/EIA/TIA- 568-A:1995 or ISO/IEC 11801:1995 Category 5 specifications.

Length

The maximum distance limitation between two pieces of equipment is 100 m, as per the original Ethernet specification. The end-to-end link is called the “channel.”

TSB-67 defines the “Basic Link” which is the portion of the link that is part of the building infrastructure. This excludes patch and equipment cords. The maximum basic link length is 295 feet (90 m).

Return Loss

Return loss measures the amount of reflected signal energy resulting from impedance changes in the cabling link. The nature of 1000BASE-T renders this measurement very important; if too much energy is reflected back on to the receiver, the device does not perform optimally.

Unlike 10BASE-T and 100BASE-TX, which use only two of the four pairs of wires within the Category 5, 1000BASE-T uses all four pairs of the twisted pair. Make sure all wires are tested æ this is important.

cabling guidelines

C-6

Factors that affect the return loss are:

The number of transition points, as there is a connection via an RJ-45 to another connector, a patch panel, or device at each transition point.

Removing the jacket that surrounds the four pairs of twisted cable. It is highly recommended that, when RJ-45 connections are made, this is minimized to 1-1/4 inch (32 mm).

Untwisting any pair of the twisted-pair cabling. It is important that any untwisting be minimized to 3/8 inch (10 mm) for RJ-45 connections.

Cabling or bundling of multiple Category 5 cables. This is regulated by ANSI/EIA/TIA-568A-3. If not correctly implemented, this can adversely affect all cabling parameters.

Near End Cross Talk (NEXT)

This is a measure of the signal coupling from one wire to another, within a cable assembly, or among cables within a bundle. NEXT measures the amount of cross-talk disturbance energy that is detected at the near end of the link — the end where the transmitter is located. NEXT measures the amount of energy that is “returned” to the sender end. The factors that affect NEXT and cross talk are exactly the same as outlined in the Return Loss section. The cross-talk performance is directly related to the quality of the

cable installation.

cabling guidelines

C-7

Patch Cables

When installing your equipment, replace old patch panel cables that do not meet Category 5e specifications. As pointed out in the NEXT section, this near end piece of cable is critical for successful operation.

Conclusion

For optimum performance of your 1000BASE-T product, it is important to fully qualify your cable installation and ensure it meets or exceeds ANSI/EIA/TIA-568-A:1995 or ISO/IEC 11801:1995 Category 5 specifications. Install Category 5e cable where possible, including patch panel cables. Minimize transition points, jacket removal, and untwist lengths. Bundling of cables must be properly installed to meet the requirements in ANSI/EIA/TIA-568A-3.

cabling guidelines

C-8

A

Applications

Desktop Switching, 3-1

Segment Switching and Bridging

from Mbps to 100 Mbps, 3-2 Stacked Switching, 3-2

Applying AC Power, 4-9

Auto Uplink (FS517TS Only), 2-5

C

Cabling guidelines

Fast Ethernet Cable Guidelines, C-1

Category 5 Cable, C-2

Category 5 Cable Specifications, C-3

Twisted Pair Cables, C-3

Patch Panels and Cables, C-5

Using 1000BASE-T Gigabit Ethernet over Category 5 Cable, C-5

Cabling, C-6

Length, C-6

Return Loss, C-6

Near End Cross Talk (NEXT), C-7

Patch Cables, C-8

Conclusion, C-8

Checking the Installation, 4-8 Connecting Devices to the Switch, 4-4 Connecting Switches to the

Stack’s Backplane, 4-5

Connector pin assignments

RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector, B-1 Customer Support, iv

D

Date Rate, A-1

Desktop Switching, 3-1

F

Fast Ethernet Cable Guidelines, C-1

Features, 1-2

Front and Back Panels, 2-1

Front Panel RJ-45 Gigabit Port

(FS517TS Only), 2-5

I

Installation

Preparing the Site, 4-1

Installing the Switch, 4-3

Installing the Switch on a

Flat Surface, 4-3

Installing the Switch in a Rack, 4-3 Connecting Devices to the Switch, 4-4 Connecting Switches to the

Stack’s Backplane, 4-5

Checking the Installation, 4-8

Applying AC Power, 4-9

Interface, A-1

L

LED Descriptions, 2-4

N

Near End Cross Talk (NEXT), C-7

Network Protocol and

Standards Compatibility, A-1

Normal/Uplink Push Button

(FS524S Only), 2-5

index 1-1

P T

Package Contents, 1-5

Patch Panels and Cables, C-5

Physical Description

Front and Back Panels, 2-1

10/100 Mbps RJ-45 Ports, 2-3

LED Descriptions, 2-4

Front Panel RJ-45 Gigabit Port

(FS517TS Only), 2-5

Normal/Uplink Push Button

(FS524S Only), 2-5

Auto Uplink (FS517TS Only), 2-5

Preparing the Site, 4-2

R

Return Loss, C-6

RJ-45 Plug and RJ-45 Connector, B-1

S

Segment Switching and Bridging

from Mbps to 100 Mbps, 3-2

Shared Features, 1-4

Stacked Switching, 3-2

Technical Specifications

Network Protocol and

Standards Compatibility, A-1

Date Rate, A1

Interface, A1

Electrical Specifications, A1

Physical Specifications, A2

Environmental Specifications, A-2

Electromagnetic Emissions, A-2

Electromagnetic Susceptibility, A-3

Safety Agency Approvals, A-3

Performance Specifications, A-4

Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting Chart, 5-1

Additional Troubleshooting

Suggestions, 5-3

Network Adapter Cards, 5-3

Configuration, 5-3

Switch Integrity, 5-3

Auto Negotiation, 5-3

Twisted Pair Cables, C-3

U

Unique Features, 1-3

index 1-2

NETGEAR, Inc.

4500 Great America Parkway Santa Clara, CA 95054 USA Phone: 1-888-NETGEAR www.NETGEAR.com

M 1 -FS500SN A -0

May 2001