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Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch

User‘s Guide

M O D E L

FS 517TS

M O D E L

FS 524S

Trademarks

NETGEAR® is a registered trademark of NETGEAR, Inc. in the United States and other countries. All other trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Statement of Conditions

In the interest of improving internal design, operational function, and/or reliability, NETGEAR reserves the right to make changes to the products described in this document without notice. NETGEAR does not assume any liability that may occur due to the use or application of the product(s) or circuit layout(s) described herein.

Certificate of the Manufacturer/Importer

It is hereby certified that the NETGEAR Model FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch and Model FS517TS Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch with Gigabit Port have been suppressed in accordance with the conditions set out in the BMPT-AmtsblVfg243/1991 and Vfg 46/1992.The operation of some equipment (for example, test transmitters) in accordance with the regulations may, however, be subject to certain restrictions. Please refer to the notes in the operating instructions.

Federal Office for Telecommunications Approvals has been notified of the placing of this equipment on the market and has been granted the right to test the series for compliance with the regulations.

Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) Statement

This equipment is in the first category (information equipment to be used in commercial and/or industrial areas) and conforms to the standards set by the Voluntary Control Council for Interference by Data Processing Equipment and Electronic Office Machines that are aimed at preventing radio interference in commercial and/or industrial areas.

Consequently, when this equipment is used in a residential area or in an adjacent area thereto, radio interference may be caused to equipment such as radios and TV receivers.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Compliance Notice: Radio Frequency Notice

This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

This device may not cause harmful interference.

This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can

ii

radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.

Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that which the receiver is connected.

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

EN 55 022 Declaration of Conformance

This is to certify that the NETGEAR Model FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch and Model FS517TS Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch with Gigabit Port are shielded against the generation of radio interference in accordance with the application of Council Directive 89/336/EEC, Article 4a. Conformity is declared by the application of EN 55024 Class A (CISPR 22).

Warning:This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio

!interference, in which case the user may be required to take appropriate measures.

Canadian Department of Communications Radio Interference Regulations

This digital apparatus (NETGEAR Model FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch and Model FS517TS Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch with Gigabit Port) do not exceed the Class A limits for radio-noiseemissions from digital apparatus as set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.

Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique du ministère des Communications

Cet appareil numérique (NETGEAR Model FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch and Model FS517TS Stackable Fast Ethernet Switch with Gigabit Port) respecte les limites de bruits radioélectriques visant les appareils numériques de classe A prescrites dans le Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique du ministère des Communications du Canada.

iii

Customer Support

For assistance with installing and configuring your NETGEAR system or with questions or problems following installation:

Check the NETGEAR Web page at http://www.NETGEAR.com.

Call Technical Support in North America at 1-888-NETGEAR.If you are outside North America, please refer to the phone numbers listed on the Support Information Card that shipped with your switch.

Email Technical Support at support@NETGEAR.com.

Defective or damaged merchandise can be returned to your point-of-purchaserepresentative.

Internet/World Wide Web

NETGEAR maintains a World Wide Web home page that you can access at the uniform resource locator (URL) http://www.NETGEAR.com. A direct connection to the Internet and a Web browser such as Internet Explorer or Netscape are required.

iv

CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1

 

Introduction

1-1

Description

1-1

Features

 

1-2

Unique Features

1-3

Shared Features

1-4

Package Contents

1-5

CHAPTER 2

 

Physical Description

2-1

Front and Back Panels

2-1

10/100 Mbps RJ-45Ports

2-3

LED Descriptions

2-4

Power

 

2-4

Stack

 

2-4

Link

 

2-4

FDX

 

2-4

17 ACT

( FS517TS only)

2-4

1000M

(Port 17 on the FS517TS only)

2-4

Front Panel RJ-45Gigabit Copper Port (FS517TS Only)

2-5

Normal/Uplink Push Button (FS524S Only)

2-5

Auto Uplink (FS517TS Only)

2-5

CHAPTER 3

 

Applications

3-1

Desktop Switching

3-1

Segment Switching and Bridging from 10 Mbps to 100 Mbps

3-1

Stacked Switching

3-2

Contents v

CHAPTER 4

 

Installation

4-1

Preparing the Site

4-2

Stacking

4-2

Installing the Switch

4-3

Installing the Switch on a Flat Surface

4-3

Installing the Switch in a Rack

4-3

Connecting Devices to the Switch

4-4

Connecting Switches to the Stack’s Backplane

4-5

Checking the Installation

4-8

Applying AC Power

4-9

CHAPTER 5

 

Troubleshooting

5-1

Troubleshooting Chart

5-1

Additional Troubleshooting Suggestions

5-3

Network Adapter Cards

5-3

Configuration

5-3

Switch Integrity

5-3

Auto Negotiation

5-3

APPENDIX A

 

Technical Specifications

A-1

Network Protocol and Standards Compatibility

A-1

Data Rate

A-1

Interface

A-1

Electrical Specifications

A-1

Physical Specifications

A-2

Environmental Specifications

A-2

Electromagnetic Emissions

A-2

Electromagnetic Susceptibility

A-3

Safety Agency Approvals

A-3

Performance Specifications

A-4

contents vi

APPENDIX B

 

Connector Pin Assignments

B-1

RJ-45Plug andRJ-45Connector

B-1

Normal Assignment on Ports 1 to 8

B-2

Uplink Assignment on Port 8

B-2

Channel

B-2

Description

B-2

APPENDIX C

 

Cabling Guidelines

C-1

Fast Ethernet Cable Guidelines

C-1

Category 5 Cable

C-2

Category 5 Cable Specifications

C-3

Twisted Pair Cables

C-4

Patch Panels and Cables

C-5

Using 1000BASE-TGigabit Ethernet over Category 5 Cable

C-5

Overview

C-5

Cabling

C-6

Length

C-6

Return Loss

C-6

Patch Cables

C-8

Conclusion

C-8

INDEX

contents vii

FIGURES

 

 

Figure 1-1.

Package Contents

1-5

Figure 2-1.Front and Back Panels of the

 

 

FS517TS Switch

2-2

Figure 2-2.Front and Back Panels of the

 

 

FS524S Switch

2-3

Figure 2-3.Creating Redundant Paths between

 

 

Network Devices (Example 1)

2-6

Figure 2-4.Creating Redundant Paths between

 

 

Network Devices (Example 2)

2-7

Figure 3-1.Example of Desktop Switching

3-1

Figure 3-2.Example of Segment Switching and Bridging

3-2

Figure 3-3.Example of Switched Stacking

3-3

Figure 4-1.Attaching Mounting Brackets

4-4

Figure 4-2.Connecting Devices to the Switch

4-5

Figure 4-3.Cabling Two FS517TS Stacked Switches

4-7

Figure 4-4.Cabling FS524S Stacked Switches

4-7

Figure 4-5.

Cabling FS517TS and FS524S Switches

4-8

figures viii

Figure B-1.

RJ-45Plug andRJ-45Connector

 

 

with Built-inLEDs

B-1

Figure C-1.

Straight-ThroughTwisted-PairCable

C-4

Figure C-2.

Crossover Twisted-PairCable

C-4

Figure C-3.

Category 5 UTP Cable with

 

 

Male RJ-45Plug at Each End

C-5

TABLES

 

 

Table 2-1.

Front Panel LEDs

2-4

Table 4-1.

Site Requirements

4-2

Table 5-1.

Troubleshooting Chart

5-1

Table B-1.

10/100 Mbps RJ-45Plug and

 

 

RJ-45Connector Pin Assignments

B-2

Table B-2.

100/1000 Mbps RJ-45Plug and

 

 

RJ-45Connector Pin Assignments

B-2

Table C-1.

Electrical Requirements of Category 5 Cable

C-3

 

 

 

tables ix

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

This installation guide describes the NETGEAR FS517TS and FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switches.

The NETGEAR FS517TS and FS524S Switches are expandable, high-performanceIEEE-compliantnetwork switches designed for users who want thehigh-speedperformance of 10/100 stacked switching to eliminate bottlenecks, boost performance, and increase productivity. These switches are designed so that like models can stack to each other (FS517TS to FS517TS or FS524S to FS524S) as well as to the other model (FS517TS to FS524S) to providehigh-speedconnections between switches. Additionally, the FS517TS includes a front panel 1000 Mbps (1Gbps) port to connect to otherstandards-basedgigabit switches or servers, providing ahigh-speedconnection from your stack of switches to a server or your network backbone.To simplify installation, both switch models are shipped ready for use, with no configuration required. Everything necessary to stack these switches comes in the box, eliminating the need to purchase additional modules or kits.

This chapter provides the following information:

Description

Features

Package contents

Description

The NETGEAR FS517TS and FS524S Stackable Fast Ethernet Switches are expandable, powerful, and easy-to-usenetwork solutions. The NETGEAR FS517TS Switch provides 16 shieldedRJ-45network ports, while the NETGEAR FS524S Switch provides 24 shieldedRJ-45network ports. The FS517TS Switch also provides a front panelRJ-451000 Mbps (1 Gbps) copper port that can be used to create ahigh-per-formance backbone link.

introduction 1-1

All RJ-45ports on the FS517TS and FS524S Switches automatically negotiate to the highest speed, making the switches ideal for environments that have a mix of Ethernet and Fast Ethernet devices. In addition, all 10/100 Mbps ports operate in halfor fullduplex mode, increasing the maximum bandwidth of each connection up to 20 Mbps or 200 Mbps, respectively. Both switch models support automatic address learning and IEEE802.3x-compliantflow control to ensure optimal packet reliability.

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches can be free standing or rack mounted (in a wiring closet or equipment room). Moreover, they can be used as stand-alonedevices or cascaded to create a single “virtual” switch:

The FS517TS Switch has a single stacking port that can cascade to another FS517TS Switch to provide a total of 32 Fast Ethernet ports and two copper gigabit ports in a single switched stack.

The FS524S Switch has two bi-directionalstacking ports, allowingload-balanced,fault-tolerant,redundant connections when cascaded with other FS524S Switches. Up to eight FS524S Switches can be cascaded, providing up to 192 ports in a single switched stack via a 4 Gbpshigh-speedbackplane.

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches can be stacked together. Connecting two FS517TS Switches to a stack of eight FS524S creates one large virtual switch, with up to 224 Fast Ethernet ports and two copper gigabit ports for server or backbone connections.

Features

NETGEAR’s FS517TS and FS524S Switches share common features while providing their own unique benefits. The following sections describe the features that are unique and common to the switches.

introduction 1-2

Unique Features

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches have the following unique key features:

Feature

FS517TS Switch

FS524S Switch

 

 

 

Number of 10/100 Mbps

16

24

RJ-45ports per switch

 

 

 

 

 

Number of 1000 Mbps

1

0

RJ-45ports per switch

 

 

 

 

 

Number of high-speed

1

2

stacking ports:

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum number of

Two FS517TS Switches

Eight FS524S Switches

switches in stack:

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum number of ports

32 or 224 (when eight

192 (eight cascaded FS524S

in stack

FS524S Switches are added)

Switches) or 224 (when two

 

 

FS517TS Switches are added)

 

 

 

Miscellaneous

Front panel IEEE 802.3ab

 

 

1000BASE-Tport for

 

 

easy expansion

 

 

 

 

 

Supports Auto UplinkTM, which

Two bi-directionaluplink ports

 

automatically configures the

deliver 2 x 2 Gbps links between

 

RJ-45ports for use with either

switches

 

straight-throughor crossover

 

 

cables to make the right

 

 

connection

 

 

 

 

introduction 1-3

Shared Features

The FS517TS and FS524S Switches share the following key features:

Support wire-speedfiltering and forwarding of the traffic on all ports

Scale to meet your growing network needs, enabling performance to keep pace with port density

Boast high-speedbandwidth over stacking connections

Provide easy Plug-and-Playinstallation with no software to configure, for quick and easy connection to new or existing 10 and 100 Mbps users and services

Support store-and-forwardintelligent processing to remove erroneous packets from the network

Support automatic address-learningfunction to build thepacket-forwardinginformation table. The table contains up to 8,000 media access control (MAC) addresses (that is, the switch can support networks with as many as 8,000 devices).

Autosense link speed (10 or 100 Mbps) and duplex mode (halfor full-duplex)to optimize connectivity and allow companies to migrate to Fast Ethernet one port at a time

Support full-duplexmode to double throughput ofpoint-to-pointconnections by enabling individual ports to transmit and receive data concurrently.

Support IEEE 802.3x-compliantflow control to prevent dropped packets due to net workback-upsand bottlenecks

Comply with the IEEE802.3 Ethernet, IEEE802.3u Fast Ethernet standards, and IEEE802.3ab Gigabit Ethernet

Provide LED indicators to show current switch status and simplify troubleshooting

Rack Mount Kit provided for installing the switch in a standard 19-inchequipment rack or for mounting on the wall

introduction 1-4

Package Contents

Figure 1-1shows the package contents of the FS517TS and FS524S switches.

Figure 1-1.Package Contents

Verify that your package contains the following:

FS517TS or FS524S Switch

Rubber footpads for tabletop installation

Power cord

One stacking cable

Rack-mountkit for installing the switch in a19-inchrack

This Installation Guide

Support Information Card

Warranty & Owner Registration Card

If any item is missing or damaged, contact your place of purchase immediately.

introduction 1-5

CHAPTER 2: PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION

This chapter describes the hardware features of the FS517TS and FS524S Switches. Topics include:

Front and back panels

10/100 Mbps RJ-45ports

LED descriptions

Front panel RJ-45Gigabit copper port (FS517TS Switch)

Normal/Uplink push button

Auto Uplink

Front and Back Panels

Figure 2-1shows the key components on the front and back panels of the FS517TS Switch. Figure2-2shows the key components on the front and back panels of the FS524S Switch.

The front panel of both switches contains LEDs and RJ-45jacks. The front panel of the FS517TS Switch also contains a Gigabit copper port, while the front panel of the FS524S Switch contains aNormal/Uplink push button.

The FS517TS has Auto Uplink technology instead of a Normal/Uplink push button.

physical description

2-1

The back panel of both switches has stacking ports for the supplied stacking cable, fans for cooling, and a standard AC power receptacle for accommodating the supplied power cord.

Front Panel of the Model FS517TS Switch

10/100 Mbps 100 Mbps ports

LEDs

Power

 

Stack LED

LED

1000 Mbps

1000 Mbps port

 

Activity LED

Activity/Collision

 

 

LEDs

Rear Panel of the Model FS517TS Switch

Fans

Stacking

port

Figure 2-1.Front and Back Panels of the FS517TS Switch

physical description

2-2

Front Panel of the Model FS524s Switch

10/100 Mbps 100 Mbps ports

LEDs

Power

Stack LEDs

Normal/Uplink

Activity/Collision LEDs

push button

LED

 

Rear Panel of the Model FS524s Switch

Fans

Stacking

ports

Figure 2-2.Front and Back Panels of the FS524S Switch

10/100 Mbps RJ-45Ports

As Figures 2-1and2-2show, the FS517TS Switch has 16RJ-45ports, while the FS524S Switch has 24RJ-45ports. These ports areauto-sensing10/100 Mbps ports: When you insert a cable into anRJ-45port, the switch automatically ascertains the maximum speed (10 or 100 Mbps) and duplex mode (halforfull-duplex)of the attached device, and displays this information using the front panel100 Mbps andFDX LEDs for that port (LEDs are described in the next section). The 10/100 Mbps ports support only unshieldedtwisted-pair(UTP) cable terminated with an8-pinRJ-45plug.

physical description

2-3

LED Descriptions

The front panels of the FS517TS and FS524S Switches have LEDs that provide a quick and accurate display of port speed, activity, collisions, duplex mode, as well as activity between stacked switches. Table 2-1summarizes the LEDs on the FS517TS and FS524S Switches. A detailed description of the LEDs follows the table.

Table 2-1.Front Panel LEDs

 

 

 

 

 

 

Label

Color

Activity

Description

 

 

 

 

Power

Green

On

Power is supplied to the switch.

 

 

Off

Power is disconnected.

 

 

 

 

100 Mbps

Green

On

Port has made a 100 Mbps connection.

 

Green

Off

Port has made a 10 Mbps connection.

 

 

 

 

Activity / Collision

Green

Blinking

Data transmission is occurring on the port.

 

Yellow

Blinking

Data collision is occurring on the port. The rate at

 

 

 

which this LED blinks corresponds to the number of

 

 

 

collisions. When a collision occurs, the connected

 

 

 

device pauses and transmits again after waiting a

 

 

 

specified time.

 

 

 

 

Stack

Green

On

A valid link is established on the stacking port.

 

 

Off

A link is not established on the stacking port.

 

 

Blinking

Packet transmission or reception is occurring on

 

 

 

the port.

 

 

 

 

Link

Green

On

Port has a valid link connection.

 

 

Off

A valid link has not been established on the port.

 

 

 

 

FDX

Green

On

Port is operating in full-duplexmode.

 

 

Off

Port is operating in half-duplexmode.

 

 

 

 

17 ACT

Green

On

Data transmission is occurring on the front panel

(FS517TS only)

 

 

Gigabit copper port.

 

 

Off

Data transmission is not occurring on the Gigabit

 

 

 

copper port.

 

 

 

 

1000M

Green

On

Port has a valid 1,000 Mbps (1 Gbps) link connection

(Port 17 on the

 

Blinking

Data transmission is occurring on the port.

FS517TS only)

 

Off

A valid link has not been established on the port.

 

 

 

 

FDX

Green

On

Port is in full-duplexmode

(Port 17 on the

 

Off

Port is not operating in full-duplexmode.

FS517TS only)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

physical description

2-4