Leica GPS1200 User Manual.pdf

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Leica GPS1200

User Manual

Version 3.0

English

Introduction

 

GPS1200

2

Introduction

 

 

 

Purchase

Congratulations on the purchase of a GPS1200 series instrument.

 

 

This manual contains important safety directions as well as instructions for setting

 

 

up the product and operating it. Refer to "7 Safety Directions" for further information.

 

Read carefully through the User Manual before you switch on the product.

 

Product

The type and the serial number of your product are indicated on the type plate.

 

identification

Enter the type and serial number in your manual and always refer to this information

 

when you need to contact your agency or Leica Geosystems authorized service

 

 

workshop.

 

 

 

Type:

_______________

 

 

Serial No.:

_______________

 

Symbols

The symbols used in this manual have the following meanings:

 

Type

Description

 

 

Danger

Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not

 

 

avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warning

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation or an unintended

 

 

use which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious

 

 

 

injury.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caution

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation or an unintended

 

 

use which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate

 

 

 

injury and/or appreciable material, financial and environmental

 

 

 

damage.

 

 

 

 

 

)

Important paragraphs which must be adhered to in practice as

 

they enable the product to be used in a technically correct and

 

 

 

efficient manner.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trademarks

• Windows and Windows CE are a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation

CompactFlash and CF are trademarks of SanDisk Corporation

Bluetooth is a registered trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc

All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Introduction

GPS1200

3

Table of Contents

 

 

 

GPS1200

4

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In this manual

Chapter

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

 

1

How to Use this Manual

8

 

 

 

 

 

2

Description of the System

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.1

System Components

12

 

 

2.2

System Concept

16

 

 

 

2.2.1

Software Concept

16

 

 

 

2.2.2

Data Storage and Data Conversion Concept

18

 

 

 

2.2.3

Power Concept

20

 

 

2.3

Container Contents

22

 

 

2.4

Receiver Components

24

 

3

User Interface

 

26

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.1

Operating Principles

26

 

 

3.2

Icons

 

33

 

4

Operation

 

38

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.1

Equipment Setup

38

 

 

4.2

Battery

 

40

 

 

4.3

Working with the CompactFlash Card

43

 

4.4

Working with the Clip-On-Housings for Devices

46

 

4.5

Accessing Survey Application Program

55

 

4.6

Guidelines for Correct Results

58

 

4.7

Operation with a Typical Configuration Set

59

5

Reference Station

64

 

 

 

 

 

5.1

Overview

64

 

5.2

Equipment Setup

67

 

5.3

Getting Started with the GRX1200 Series

72

6

Care and Transport

80

 

 

 

 

 

6.1

Transport

80

 

6.2

Storage

81

 

6.3

Cleaning and Drying

82

7

Safety Directions

84

 

 

 

 

 

7.1

General Introduction

84

 

7.2

Intended Use

85

 

7.3

Limits of Use

87

 

7.4

Responsibilities

88

 

7.5

International Warranty, Software Licence Agreement

89

 

7.6

Hazards of Use

91

 

7.7

Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC

100

 

7.8

FCC Statement, Applicable in U.S.

103

Table of Contents

GPS1200

5

Table of Contents

 

GPS1200

6

 

8 Technical Data

 

110

 

 

 

 

8.1

Receiver Technical Data

110

 

 

8.1.1

Tracking Characteristics of the Receiver

110

 

 

8.1.2

Accuracy

113

 

 

8.1.3

Technical Data

115

8.2

Antennas Technical Data

121

8.3

RX1200 Technical Data

126

8.4

Conformity to National Regulations

130

 

 

8.4.1

RX1250

130

 

 

8.4.2

GFU16, Bluetooth communication

132

 

 

8.4.3

GFU17, Siemens MC45

133

 

 

8.4.4

GFU19, US CDMA MultiTech MTMMC-C

135

 

Index

 

 

138

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

GPS1200

7

How to Use this Manual

GPS1200

8

1 How to Use this Manual

)It is recommended to set-up the product while reading through this manual.

Path

Main Menu: Manage...\Data stands for this working sequence:

 

From the Main Menu select Manage... and then select Data.

 

 

Screen

CONFIGURE General Menu describes the name of the screen.

 

 

Page

Screens can have more than one page. Units page describes a specific page of a

 

screen. For example: ’...in CONFIGURE Units & Formats, Units page...’.

Fields and options Fields displayed on the screen are described as <Coord System:> or <Coord

 

System: Swiss>, if ’Swiss’ is the selected coordinate system.

 

 

Index

The index is at the back of the manual.

)Keys, fields and options on the screens which are considered as self-explanatory are not explained.

Validity of this

• This manual applies to all GPS1200 instruments. Differences between the

manual

various models are marked and described.

 

• The RX1200 is available as RX1210 or with touch screen functionality as

 

RX1210T, RX1220T or RX1250 X. The names RX1210 and RX1220 are used

 

throughout the manual and may also represent the touch screen models. Only

 

use the supplied stylus on the screens of the touch screen models.

 

 

 

Illustrations

For the purpose of the illustrations, a GX1230 model has been selected which is

 

representative for all models.

 

 

 

Available

General description

 

documentation

 

 

Name of

Description

 

 

documentation

 

 

User Manual

All instructions required in order to operate the product to

 

 

a basic level are contained in the User Manual. Provides

 

 

an overview of the product together with technical data

 

 

and safety directions.

 

 

 

How to Use this Manual

GPS1200

9

How to Use this Manual

GPS1200

10

 

 

 

 

 

Name of

Description

 

 

documentation

 

 

 

System Field Manual

Describes the general working of the product in standard

 

 

use. Intended as a quick reference field guide.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Applications Field

Describes specific onboard application programs in

 

 

Manual

standard use. Intended as a quick reference field guide.

 

 

The RoadRunner application program is described in a

 

 

separate manual.

 

 

 

 

 

Technical Reference

Overall comprehensive guide to the product and program

 

Manual

functions. Included are detailed descriptions of special

 

 

 

software/hardware settings and software/hardware func-

 

 

tions intended for technical specialists.

 

 

 

 

 

Available documentation depending on use case

Use case

User Manual

System Field

Application

Technical

 

 

Manual

Programs

Reference

 

 

 

Field Manual

Manual

 

for

for

for

for

TPS

TPS1200

TPS1200

TPS1200

TPS1200

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use case

User Manual

System Field

Application

Technical

 

 

 

Manual

Programs

Reference

 

 

 

 

Field Manual

Manual

 

 

for

for

for

for

 

TPS RCS

RX1200

TPS1200

TPS1200

TPS1200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GPS

GPS1200

GPS1200

GPS1200

GPS1200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GPS

RX1200

GPS1200

GPS1200

GPS1200

 

SmartRover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Format of the

The GPS1200 CD contains the entire documentation in electronic format. All

documentation

manuals are also available in printed form except for the GPS1200 Technical Refer-

 

ence Manual.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How to Use this Manual

GPS1200

11

Description of the System

GPS1200

12

2 Description of the System

2.1System Components

Main components

 

 

Component

Description

 

 

Receiver

To calculate a range to all visible satellites.

 

 

 

 

RX1200

To operate the user interface either by the keyboard or by

 

 

the touch screen with supplied stylus.

 

 

 

 

Antenna

To receive the satellite signals from the NAVSTAR satel-

 

 

lites.

 

 

 

 

LEICA Geo Office

The office software including a series of help programs

 

 

which support working with GPS1200.

 

 

 

 

LEICA GPS Spider

The reference station software required to operate the

 

 

reference station receivers of GPS1200.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Receivers

 

 

Receiver

Description

 

 

GX1230

Twelve L1, twelve L2 channels, code and phase, real-time

 

 

capable

 

 

 

 

GX1220

Twelve L1, twelve L2 channels, code and phase

 

 

 

 

GX1210

Twelve L1 channels, code and phase

 

 

 

 

GX1200 with

Twelve L1, twelve L2 channels, code and phase, real-time

 

PPS/Event option

capable, with event and PPS ports

 

 

 

 

GRX1200 Classic

Twelve L1, twelve L2 channels, code and phase, real-time

 

 

capable, for reference station applications

 

 

 

 

GRX1200 Lite

Twelve L1, twelve L2 channels, code and phase, real-time

 

 

capable, for reference station applications, no ring buffer

 

 

logging, no download of internally logged data and upload

 

 

of files to receiver by remote control

 

 

 

 

GRX1200 Pro

Twelve L1, twelve L2 channels, code and phase, real-time

 

 

capable, with event, PPS, oscillator and NET port, for refer-

 

 

ence station applications

 

 

 

)The GX1230, GX1220, GX1200 with PPS/Event option and GRX1200 Series receivers use the GPS P-code signal, which by U.S. policy is liable to be switched

Description of the System

GPS1200

13

Description of the System

GPS1200

14

Antennas used with receivers

LEICA Geo Office

off without notice. Phase measurements on L2 are ensured as these receivers automatically switch to patented tracking techniques.

Receiver

Antenna

GX1230/GX1220

Typically: AX1202, otherwise: AT504

 

 

GX1210

AX1201

 

 

GRX1200 Series

Typically: AT504, otherwise: AX1202

 

 

 

 

LGO supports the GPS1200 and TPS1200 instruments. It also supports all other Leica TPS instruments.

LGO is based on a graphical user interface with standard Windows® operating procedures.

LGO provides the following functionality:

Functionality Description

Standard FuncIncludes data exchange between computer and receiver, data tionality management including viewing and editing, reporting, creation

and management of codelists, creation and use of format files for data conversion, uploading and deleting of system software and application programs.

Functionality

Description

Extended Func-

Includes coordinate transformations, GPS post processing, level

tionality

data processing, network adjustment, GIS and CAD Export.

 

 

• Supported operating systems: Windows® XP, Windows® 2000, Windows® ME. Refer to the online help of LGO for additional information.

LEICA GPS Spider The reference station software is known as LEICA GPS Spider. It is required to operate the GRX1200 Series receivers.

Use

 

 

 

to connect from a PC to a GPS1200

to automatically convert data to

 

receiver locally or remotely.

 

RINEX format.

to configure receiver operation.

to automatically archive data files.

to monitor receiver operation.

to automatically distribute to FTP

• to automatically download raw data.

 

locations.

 

 

Operating systems

 

 

 

Windows® XP

• Windows® 2000

Refer to the online help of LEICA GPS Spider for additional information.

Description of the System

GPS1200

15

Description of the System

GPS1200

16

2.2System Concept

2.2.1Software Concept

Description

Software type

All receivers use the same software concept.

Software type

Description

System

This important software covers the basic functions of the instru-

software

ment. System software is also referred to as firmware.

 

The programs Survey and Setup are integrated into the firmware

 

and cannot be deleted.

 

The English language is integrated into the firmware and cannot

 

be deleted.

 

 

Language

Numerous languages are available for the receivers. Language

software

software is also referred to as system language.

 

The system software enables a maximum of three languages

 

which can be stored at any one time - the English language and

 

two other languages. The English language is the default

 

language and cannot be deleted. One language is chosen as the

 

active language.

 

 

Software type

Description

Application

A suite of optional survey-specific application programs are

programs

available for the instrument.

 

Some of these programs are freely available and can be loaded

 

and are immediately activated. The other programs must be

 

purchased and are only activated with a licence key.

 

 

Customised

Custom software specific to user requirements can be developed

application

using the GeoC++ development kit.

programs

Information on the GeoC++ development environment is avail-

 

able on request from a Leica Geosystems representative.

 

 

RX1200

For RX1210 and RX1220T. This software covers display, sound

software

and communication settings of the RX1210 and RX1220T.

 

 

 

 

Software upload All instrument software is stored in the System RAM of the receiver. The software can be uploaded onto the receiver using the following methods:

Using LGO the software is transferred via the serial interface to the CompactFlash card in the receiver, which is then stored to the System RAM.

By connecting the CompactFlash card directly to the computer either via an internal card slot housing or an external OMNI drive, the software is transferred to the card, which is then stored to the System RAM.

Description of the System

GPS1200

17

Description of the System

GPS1200

18

2.2.2Data Storage and Data Conversion Concept

Description

Data is stored within a job in a database on a memory device. This is either a

 

CompactFlash card or an internal memory.

 

 

 

Memory device

CompactFlash card:

A CompactFlash card slot is standard. A CompactFlash

 

 

card can be inserted and removed. Various capacities are

 

 

available.

 

 

 

)

Whilst other CompactFlash cards may be used,

 

 

Leica recommends to only use Leica Compact-

 

 

 

Flash cards and is not responsible for data loss

 

 

 

or any other error that may occur whilst using a

 

 

 

non-Leica card.

 

Internal memory:

An internal memory is optional. It resides inside the

 

 

receiver. Available capacity: 32 MB and 256 MB

)Unplugging connecting cables or removing the CompactFlash card during the measurement may cause loss of data. Always return to GPS1200 Main Menu before removing the CompactFlash card and switch off the instrument before removing cables.

)For GRX1200 Series receivers:

While in remote operation mode, stop point occupation and ring buffer logging before removing the CompactFlash card.

Data conversion

Export

 

Data can be exported from a job in a wide range of ASCII formats. The export format

 

is defined in Format Manager which is a PC tool in LEICA Geo Office. Refer to the

 

online help of LGO for information on creating format files.

 

Import

 

Data can be imported from ASCII, GSI8 or GSI16 format.

 

 

Transfer raw data

Raw data can be transferred between the database on the CompactFlash card or

to LGO

the internal memory of the receiver and LGO in two ways:

 

• From the CompactFlash card or the internal memory directly through a serial

 

interface to a project in LGO on a PC.

 

• From the CompactFlash card using for example an OMNI drive as supplied by

 

Leica Geosystems to a project in LGO on a PC.

)CompactFlash cards can directly be used in an OMNI drive as supplied by Leica Geosystems. Other PC card drives may require an adaptor.

Description of the System

GPS1200

19

Description of the System

GPS1200

20

2.2.3Power Concept

General

Use the Leica Geosystems batteries, chargers and accessories or accessories

 

recommended by Leica Geosystems to ensure the correct functionality of the instru-

 

ment.

 

 

 

 

Power options

Receiver

 

 

Power for the receiver can be supplied either internally or externally. Up to two

 

external power supplies can be connected using a Y-cable. For the GRX1200 Series

 

one of the two external power supplies can be configured to be the primary which is

 

always used when available.

 

Internal power supply:

Two GEB221 batteries fit into the receiver.

 

External power supply:

GEB171 battery connected via a cable.

 

 

OR

 

 

Car battery connected via a converter cable supplied by

Leica Geosystems. OR

10.5-28 V DC power supply via a converter cable supplied by Leica Geosystems.

OR

110/240 V AC to 12 V DC power supply unit, supplied by Leica Geosystems.

)For permanent operations use Uninterruptible Power Supply units as a back-up in case of a main power failure.

Description of the System

GPS1200

21

Description of the System

GPS1200

22

2.3Container Contents

Container for

a b

c

d

e

GX1200 receivers

 

 

 

 

and delivered

 

 

 

 

accessories

 

 

 

 

part 1 of 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a)

Double arm for antennas of

 

 

 

 

 

devices

 

 

 

 

b)

Adjusting pin

 

 

 

 

c)

Spare battery

 

 

 

 

d)

Supplied stylus

 

 

 

 

e)

Antennas of device

 

 

 

 

f)

GX1200 with RX1210 and

 

 

 

 

 

device such as radio

 

f

g

h

g)

Antenna

GPS12_135

h)

Cables

Container for

a b

c d e

 

f

 

GX1200 receivers

 

 

 

 

 

and delivered

 

 

 

 

 

accessories

 

 

 

 

 

part 2 of 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a)

Base for telescopic rod

 

 

 

 

b)

Holder for RX1210 on pole

 

 

 

 

 

with grip for pole

 

 

 

 

c)

Spare battery

 

 

 

 

d)

Arm 15 cm long for antenna of

 

 

 

 

 

device

 

 

 

 

e)

Telescopic rod

 

 

 

 

f)

Holder for GX1200 on pole

 

 

 

 

g)

Tribrach

 

 

 

 

h)

Carrier

 

GPS12_136 g

h

i

i)

Height hook

Description of the System

GPS1200

23

Description of the System

GPS1200

24

2.4Receiver Components

Receiver components

a

b

c d

e f

GPS12_134

 

a)

RX1200

 

b)

Supplied stylus

 

c)

Clip-on-contacts for connecting

 

 

RX1200 without cable

 

d)

Recess for RX1200

 

e)

Guide rail for clip-on-housing of a

g

 

device

h

f)

ON/OFF button

g)

LED indicators

i

h)

Battery compartment 2 or port NET

j

 

i)

Battery compartment 1

 

j)

CompactFlash card compartment

ON/OFF button The receiver can be preprogrammed in the office and used in the field without the RX1200 attached. In this case, the receiver is turned on by holding down the ON/OFF button for 2 s or off by holding down the ON/OFF button for 4 s. A green steady light at the power LED indicates that the receiver is turned on.

Description of the System

GPS1200

25

User Interface

GPS1200

26

3 User Interface

3.1Operating Principles

Keyboard and touch screen

Turn instrument on

Turn instrument off

Lock/Unlock keyboard

The user interface is operated either by the keyboard or by the touch screen with supplied stylus. The workflow is the same for keyboard and touch screen. The difference is the way information is selected and entered.

Press PROG.

The instrument can only be turned off in the GPS1200 Main Menu screen.

Press both USER and PROG simultaneously.

OR

Hold ESC for 2 s.

Option

Description

Lock

To lock the keyboard press and hold SHIFT for 3 s. The message

 

’Keyboard locked’ is momentariliy displayed on the Message Line.

 

 

Option

Description

Unlock

To unlock the keyboard press and hold SHIFT for 3 s. The message

 

’Keyboard unlocked’ is momentariliy displayed on the Message Line.

 

 

 

 

Switching between This is valid for RX1250.

Leica software and Windows CE desktop

d c

RX12_33

a

b

a)Icon to start Leica software

b)Windows CE desktop

c)Task bar

d)Start button

User Interface

GPS1200

27

User Interface

GPS1200

28

 

Access Leica software

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF

THEN

 

 

RX1250 is started

the Leica software comes up automatically.

 

 

 

 

 

Windows CE

double click

to display the Leica software.

 

desktop is active

OR

 

 

 

SHIFT PROG (

) to display the Leica software.

 

 

 

 

 

Leica software is

double click

to maximise it.

 

minimised

OR

 

 

 

select SmartRover in the task bar to maximise it.

 

 

 

 

 

Access Windows CE desktop

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF

THEN

 

 

Leica software is to

SHIFT MINIM (F5) in Main Menu.

 

be minimised

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leica software is to

SHIFT EXIT (F6) in Main Menu.

 

be closed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF

THEN

 

Windows CE task

SHIFT PROG ( ).

 

bar is to be

 

 

displayed

 

Selecting from a

 

 

 

 

 

 

. Appearance

Description

menu

 

 

 

 

To select an item from a menu, do one of the following: Move the focus to the item. ENTER or CONT (F1)

OR

Type the complete selection number in front of the item. ENTER or CONT (F1) are not required.

OR

Tap on the item.

User Interface

GPS1200

29

User Interface

GPS1200

30

Selecting a page

Appearance and selection from a choicelist

Appearance Description

To select a page in a screen, do one of the following:

PAGE (F6).

OR

Tap on the page tab.

Choicelists have various appearances.

Closed choicelist

.

Appearance

Description

Selection

 

Triangles on the right indi-

Use the arrow keys

 

cate further available

to toggle through the list or

 

choices.

tap the triangles on the

 

 

screen.

 

 

 

ENTER or tap on the field to access the choicelist. Opening a choicelist reveals either a simple listbox or a comprehensive listbox dialogue.

Simple listbox

.

Appearance

Description

Selection

 

• Choicelist shows

• Highlight an item and

 

items to select.

ENTER.

 

• A search field is

• To exit without

 

shown if necessary

changes ESC or tap

 

• A scroll bar is shown if

outside the simple

 

necessary.

listbox.

 

 

 

User Interface

GPS1200

31

User Interface

GPS1200

32

 

Listbox dialogue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

. Appearance

 

Description

Selection

 

 

 

Choicelist fills the

• Highlight an item and

 

 

 

 

whole screen.

CONT (F1) or ENTER.

 

 

 

• A search field is

• To exit without

 

 

 

 

shown.

changes press ESC or

 

 

 

• A scroll bar is shown if

tap

 

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

necessary.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The functionality

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

comprises adding,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

editing and deleting of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

items.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Listbox dialogues are

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

explained in detail at

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

appropriate places in

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the manuals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2Icons

Description

Icons show the current status information of the receiver.

)The icons provide information related to basic receiver functions. The icons that appear depend upon which GPS1200 receiver is used and the current receiver configuration.

Position of the

a b c d e f g h i

a)

Position status

icons on the screen

 

b)

Number of visible satellites

 

 

c)

Contributing satellites

 

 

d)

Real-time device and real-time

 

 

 

status, Internet online status

 

 

e)

Position mode

 

 

f)

Bluetooth

 

 

g)

Line/area

 

 

h)

CompactFlash card/internal memory

 

j

i)

Battery

 

j)

SHIFT

 

k

 

GPS12_130

k)

Quick coding

 

 

 

 

User Interface

GPS1200

33

User Interface

 

GPS1200

34

Icons

 

 

 

Icon

Description

 

 

 

 

Position status

Displays the status of the current position. As soon as this

 

 

 

icon becomes visible the receiver is in a stage where practical

 

 

operation can commence.

 

 

 

 

 

Number of visible

Displays the number of theoretically visible satellites above

 

satellites

the configured cut off angle according to the current almanac.

 

Contributing

Displays the number of satellites on L1 and L2 that are

 

 

satellites

contributing to the currently computed position solution.

 

 

 

The number of contributing satellites can differ from

 

 

) the number of visible satellites. This may be either

 

 

because satellites cannot be viewed or the observa-

 

 

tions to these satellites are considered to be too

 

 

 

noisy to be used in the position solution.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real-time device

Displays the real-time device configured to be used and its

 

 

and real-time

status.

 

 

status

 

 

 

Internet online

Receiver is online in the Internet.

 

 

status

 

 

 

Position mode

Displays the current position mode depending on the config-

 

 

uration defined.

 

 

 

 

 

Icon

Description

 

Symbols are added to the basic position mode icon when raw

 

data logging or logging of auto points is configured.

 

 

Bluetooth

The status of each Bluetooth port and any Bluetooth connec-

 

tion is displayed.

 

 

Line/area

The number of lines and areas currently open in the active job

 

is displayed.

 

 

CompactFlash

The status of the CompactFlash card and internal memory are

card/internal

displayed.

memory

• For the CompactFlash card, the capacity of used space is

 

shown in seven levels.

 

• For the internal memory, the capacity of used memory is

 

shown in nine levels.

 

 

Battery

The status and source of the battery is displayed. The

 

remaining power in the battery is indicated by six levels.

For GPS1200 receivers:

If two internal batteries are inserted, the battery with the lower voltage is used.

User Interface

GPS1200

35

User Interface

GPS1200

36

 

 

 

 

 

Icon

Description

 

 

 

• If an external power supply is connected and one or two

 

 

internal batteries are inserted, then the external power is

 

 

used.

 

 

 

• If two external power supplies are attached, then the

 

 

 

system uses the one which is configured as the preferred

 

 

power supply.

 

 

 

For RX1250:

 

 

 

• If an external power supply is connected and one internal

 

 

battery is inserted, then the external power is used.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHIFT

The status of the SHIFT key is displayed.

 

 

 

 

 

Quick coding

Shows the quick coding configuration. Can be used with touch

 

 

screen to turn quick coding on and off.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

User Interface

GPS1200

37

Operation

GPS1200

38

4 Operation

4.1Equipment Setup

)

Equipment setup step-by-step

The example given is for static operations.

Step Description

1. Set up the tripod.

2. Mount and level the tribrach on the tripod.

3. Ensure that the tribrach is over the marker.

4. Place and lock the carrier in the tribrach.

5. Screw the GPS antenna onto the carrier.

6. Check that the tribrach is still level.

7. Insert the batteries into the receiver.

) Alternatively or in addition, to power the receiver externally, connect a GEB171 battery to the port PWR on the receiver.

8.If no internal memory is fitted, insert a CompactFlash card into the receiver.

Step Description

)A memory device must be available otherwise a survey cannot be carriedout.

)Close the lid carefully after insertion of the CompactFlash card in order to prevent water and dust from getting inside the receiver.

9.Attach the RX1200 to the receiver, if required, either directly or via a connection cable by plugging it into the port RX on the receiver.

10.Connect the receiver to the GPS antenna using the antenna cable and port ANT on the receiver.

11.To hang the receiver on the tripod leg, use the hook on the rear of the unit. ) Alternatively place the receiver in the transport container.

12.Insert the height hook into the carrier.

13.Measure the antenna height using the height hook.

14.Press the ON/OFF button on the receiver for at least 2 s or PROG on the RX1200 to switch the receiver on.

15.The receiver is now ready for operation.

Operation

GPS1200

39

Operation

GPS1200

40

4.2Battery

)Primary use/charging

The battery must be charged prior to using it for the first time because it is delivered with an energy content as low as possible.

For new batteries or batteries that have been stored for a long time (> three months), it is effectual to make only one charge/discharge cycle.

For Li-Ion batteries, a single discharging and charging cycle is sufficient. We recommend carrying out the process when the battery capacity indicated on the charger or on a Leica Geosystems product deviates significantly from the actual battery capacity available.

The permissible temperature range for charging is between 0°C to +40°C/ +32°F to +104°F. For optimal charging we recommend charging the batteries at a low ambient temperature of +10°C to +20°C/+50°F to +68°F if possible.

It is normal for the battery to become warm during charging. Using the chargers recommended by Leica Geosystems, it is not possible to charge the battery if the temperature is too high.

Operation/Discharging

The batteries can be operated from -20°C to +55°C/-4°F to +131°F.

Low operating temperatures reduce the capacity that can be drawn; very high operating temperatures reduce the service life of the battery.

Change battery The batteries are inserted in the front of the receiver. step-by-step

3

1 2

3

GPS12_085

Step Description

1.Loosen the screw of one of the battery compartments.

2.Open the cover of the battery compartment.

3.With the Leica logo facing upwards, slide the battery into the battery compartment and push upwards so that it locks into position.

Operation

GPS1200

41

Operation

GPS1200

42

Step Description

4.Close the cover of the battery compartment and tighten the screw.

5.Repeat steps 2. to 4. for the second battery compartment.

6.To remove a battery, loosen the screw to open the cover of the battery compartment.

7.Push the battery slightly in and at the same time downwards. This releases the battery from its fixed position.

8.Pull out the battery.

9.Close the cover of the battery compartment and tighten the screw.

10.Repeat steps 6. to 9. for the second battery compartment.

4.3Working with the CompactFlash Card

)• Keep the card dry.

Use it only within the specified temperature range.

Do not bend the card.

Protect the card from direct impacts.

)Failure to follow these instructions could result in data loss and/or permanent damage to the card.

Insert and remove a CompactFlash card step-by-step

The CompactFlash card is inserted into a slot inside of battery compartment A on the front of the receiver.

 

 

1

 

 

2

4

7

 

 

 

 

8

A

 

 

GPS12_086

 

A

Battery compartment A

 

Operation

GPS1200

43

Operation

GPS1200

44

Format a CompactFlash card step-by- step

Step Description

1.Loosen the screw of the battery compartment A.

2.Open the cover of battery compartment A.

3.The card should be held with the lable for the care instructions towards the right-hand side of the receiver.

4.Slide the card firmly into the slot until it clicks into position.

5.Close the compartment cover.

6.To remove the card, open the cover of battery compartment A.

7.Press the eject button above the card slot.

8.Pull out the CompactFlash card.

9.Close the compartment cover.

Formatting the CompactFlash card before logging data is started is required if a completely new CompactFlash card is used or if all existing data needs to be deleted.

Step Description

1.Select Main Menu: Tools...\Format Memory Device.

Step Description

2.TOOLS Format Memory Device <Memory Device: CF Card> <Format Method: Format Quick>

Select the memory device to be formatted.

)By activating the format command all data will be lost. Make sure that all important data on the CompactFlash card has been backed up before formatting the card. Before formatting the internal memory make sure that all important data is first transferred to the PC.

)To exit the screen without formatting the memory device, press ESC. This returns to the previous screen.

 

3.

CONT (F1)

 

4.

YES (F4) to continue with the formatting of the selected device.

 

 

 

 

 

NO (F6) to not continue with the formatting of the selected device and to

 

) return to TOOLS Format Memory Device.

 

5.

Once the formatting of the card is completed the system returns to

 

 

GPS1200 Main Menu.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operation

GPS1200

45

Operation

GPS1200

46

4.4Working with the Clip-On-Housings for Devices

Devices fitting into a clip-on-housing

Attach a clip-on- housing step-by- step

Digital cellular phones fitting into a clip-on-housing

Digital cellular phone

Clip-on-housing

Siemens MC45

GFU17

 

 

US CDMA MultiTech MTMMC-C

GFU19

 

 

Radios fitting into a clip-on-housing

 

 

 

Radio

Clip-on-housing

Pacific Crest PDL, receive

GFU15

 

 

Satelline 3AS, transceive

GFU14

 

 

 

 

The clip-on-housing for devices fits on either of the small sides of the receiver.

Step Description

1.Place the clip-on-housing into position such that the guide rails for the clip- on-housing on the receiver and the guide rails on the clip-on-housing are aligned.

Detach a clip-on- housing step-by- step

Insert a SIM card step-by-step

Step Description

2.Ensure that the connector on the clip-on-housing fits to port P1 or port P3 on the receiver front panel.

3.Slide the clip-on-housing towards the receiver front panel until the connector is completely plugged into port P1 or port P3.

4.On the top side of the clip-on-housing, turn the screw clockwise, as shown by the symbols on the screw, to lock the clip-on-housing to the receiver.

Step Description

1.On the top side of the clip-on-housing, turn the screw anticlockwise, as shown by the symbols on the screw, to unlock the clip-on-housing from the receiver.

2.Slide the clip-on-housing away from the receiver front panel until the connector is completely unplugged from port P1 or port P3.

For those digital cellular phones that require SIM cards.

Step Description

1.Take the SIM card, a coin and a pen.

Operation

GPS1200

47

Operation

GPS1200

48

Step Description

2.Locate the SIM card screw, that covers the SIM card slot, on the bottom of the clip-on-housing.

3.Insert the coin into the groove of the SIM card screw.

4.Turn the coin anticlockwise to loosen the SIM card screw.

5.Remove the SIM card screw from the housing.

6.Using the pen, press the small button of the SIM card slot to eject the SIM card holder.

7.Take the SIM card holder out off the housing.

8.Put the SIM card into the SIM card holder, the chip facing up.

9.Insert the SIM card holder into the SIM card slot, the chip facing the connectors inside the slot.

10.Place the SIM card screw back on the housing.

11.Insert the coin into the groove of the SIM card screw.

12.Turn the coin clockwise to tighten the SIM card screw.

Remove a SIM card For those digital cellular phones that require SIM cards. step-by-step

6

7

5

4

GPS12_088

Step Description

1.Take a coin and a pen.

2.Locate the SIM card screw, that covers the SIM card slot, on the bottom of the clip-on-housing.

3.Insert the coin into the groove of the SIM card screw.

Operation

GPS1200

49

Operation

GPS1200

50

Step Description

4.Turn the coin anticlockwise to loosen the SIM card screw.

5.Remove the SIM card screw from the housing.

6.Using the pen, press the small button of the SIM card slot to eject the SIM card holder.

7.Take the SIM card holder out off the SIM card slot.

8.Take the SIM card out of the SIM card holder.

9.Put the SIM card holder back into the SIM card slot, the even side not facing the contacts inside the slot.

10.Place the SIM card screw back on the housing.

11.Turn the coin clockwise to tighten the SIM card screw.

LED indicators

Description

 

Each clip-on-housing for a radio, digital cellular phones or bluetooth communication

 

has Light Emitting Diode indicators on the bottom side. They indicate the basic

 

device status.

Diagram

a b c

d

a) Warning LED, available for Satelline

 

 

3AS

 

b)

Data transfer LED

 

c) Signal strength LED or Status LED

 

 

for Bluetooth communication

GPS12_089

d)

Power LED

Operation

GPS1200

51

Operation

GPS1200

52

 

Description of the LED’s

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF the

on

is

THEN

 

Warning

GFU14 with

red

the device is in the configuration

 

LED

Satelline 3AS

 

mode controlled from the PC via

 

 

 

 

cable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data

any device

off

data is not being transferred.

 

transfer

 

 

 

 

 

green or flashing

data is being transferred.

 

LED

 

 

 

green

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF the

on

is

THEN

Signal

GFU19 with

red

device is on, not registered on

strength

US CDMA

 

the network.

LED

MultiTech

 

 

flashing red

device is on, registered on the

 

MTMMC-C

 

 

network.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

off

download mode or device is off.

 

 

 

 

 

GFU17 with

red

call is in progress.

 

Siemens MC45

 

 

 

red: long flash,

no SIM card inserted, no PIN

 

 

short break

entered or network search, user

 

 

 

authentication or network login in

 

 

 

progress.

 

 

 

 

 

 

red: short flash,

logged onto network, no call in

 

 

long break

progress.

 

 

 

 

 

 

off

device is off.

 

 

 

 

Operation

GPS1200

53

Operation

GPS1200

54

 

 

 

 

 

 

IF the

on

is

THEN

 

 

GFU15 with

red or flashing red

the communication link, Data

 

 

Pacific Crest

 

Carrier Detection, is okay on the

 

 

PDL

 

roving receiver.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

off

the DCD is not okay.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GFU14 with

red or flashing red

the communication link, Data

 

 

Satelline 3AS

 

Carrier Detection, is okay on the

 

 

 

 

roving receiver.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

off

the DCD is not okay.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Status

Bluetooth

green

bluetooth is in stand-by mode.

 

LED

communication

 

 

 

orange

bluetooth is in configuration

 

 

 

 

mode.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

purple

bluetooth is connecting.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

blue

bluetooth has connected.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power

any device

off

power is off.

 

LED

 

 

 

 

 

green

power is okay.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.5Accessing Survey Application Program

Access

Select Main Menu: Survey.

 

OR

 

Press PROG. Highlight Survey. CONT (F1).

SURVEY

 

 

Survey Begin

CONT (F1)

 

 

To accept changes and access the

 

subsequent screen. The chosen

 

settings become active.

 

CONF (F2)

 

Available for <R-Time Mode: None>

 

and <R-Time Mode: Rover>. To

 

configure auto points and hidden

 

point measurements.

 

CSYS (F6)

 

To select a different coordinate

 

system.

Operation

GPS1200

55

Operation

GPS1200

56

 

Description of fields

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field

Option

 

Description

 

<Job:>

Choicelist

 

The active job. All jobs from Main Menu:

 

 

 

 

Manage...\Jobs can be selected.

 

<Coord

Output

 

The coordinate system currently attached to the

 

System:>

 

 

selected <Job:>.

 

<Codelist:>

Choicelist

 

No codes are stored in the selected <Job:>. All

 

 

 

 

codelists from Main Menu:

 

 

 

 

Manage...\Codelists can be selected.

 

 

Output

 

Codes have already been stored in the selected

 

 

 

 

<Job:>. If codes had been copied from a

 

 

 

 

System RAM codelist, then the name of the

 

 

 

 

codelist is displayed. If codes have not been

 

 

 

 

copied from a System RAM codelist but typed in

 

 

 

 

manually, then the name of the active job is

 

 

 

 

displayed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

<Config

Choicelist

 

The active configuration set. All configuration

 

Set:>

 

 

sets from Main Menu: Manage...\Configura-

 

 

 

 

tion Sets can be selected.

 

 

 

 

 

Field

Option

Description

 

 

The receiver has numerous user configurable

 

 

parameters and functions. This allows a variety

 

 

of preferences to be addressed. The configura-

 

 

tion of the parameters and functions for an indi-

 

 

vidual measuring technique are combined in a

 

 

configuration set.

 

 

 

<Antenna:>

Choicelist

The antenna currently defined to be used in the

 

 

selected configuration set. All antennas from

 

 

Main Menu: Manage...\Antennas can be

 

 

selected.

 

 

 

Next step

CONT (F1) accepts the changes and accesses, depending on the selected <Config Set:>, SURVEY Survey: Job Name or SURVEY Survey Set Up Reference Station. Measurements can be performed with OCUPY (F1), STOP (F1) and

STORE (F1).

Operation

GPS1200

57

Operation

GPS1200

58

4.6Guidelines for Correct Results

Undisturbed satel-

Successful GPS surveys require undisturbed satellite signal reception, especially at

lite signal recep-

the receiver which serves as a reference. Set up the receivers in locations which are

tion

free of obstructions such as trees, buildings or mountains.

 

 

Steady antenna for

For static surveys, the antenna must be kept perfectly steady throughout the whole

static surveys

occupation of a point. Put the antenna on a tripod or pillar.

 

 

Centred and

Centre and level the antenna precisely over the marker.

levelled antenna

 

 

 

4.7Operation with a Typical Configuration Set

)

Static operations step-by-step

The example given is for static operations.

Step Description

1.Set up the equipment.

) Always fill out a field record sheet for each point.

) It is vital that the antenna height is measured correctly. Measure the height at the beginning and at the end of the occupation.

2.Start the Survey application program.

3.SURVEY Survey Begin <Job: Default>

<Coord System: WGS 1984> <Codelist: <None>>

<Config Set:> Select a configuration set for static operations.

<Antenna: AX1202>

4.CONT (F1)

Operation

GPS1200

59

Operation

GPS1200

60

 

 

 

 

 

Step

Description

 

 

5.

SURVEY Survey: Job Name

 

 

 

Type in the point ID and the antenna height.

 

 

 

 

 

)

The position mode icon is the moving icon. This indicates that the antenna

 

can be moved around and that no static observations are being recorded.

 

6.

OCUPY (F1) starts logging of static observations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

)

The position mode icon changes to the static icon indicating that the

 

 

receiver should remain stationary. For a static survey, the GPS antenna

 

 

has to be kept totally still.

 

 

 

 

 

7.

If required, check information, for example on the satellites, the memory

 

 

or the battery.

 

 

 

 

 

)

SHIFT QUIT (F6) always terminates the survey operation, even during a

 

site occupation. In this case all data collected since pressing OCUPY (F1)

 

 

is lost.

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.

STOP (F1) when enough data is collected.

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.

STORE (F1) to store the point information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.

Check that the tribrach is still level and note it down in the field record

 

 

 

sheet.

 

 

 

 

 

Step Description

11.Measure the antenna height and note it down in the field record sheet.

)If the tribrach is not level or the antenna height has changed, the collected data is not reliable.

12.SHIFT QUIT (F6) to return to from where SURVEY Survey: Job Name was accessed.

13.ESC until in GPS1200 Main Menu.

14.GPS1200 Main Menu

PROG plus USER to turn off the receiver.

15.Take down the equipment and put it back into the transport container.

16.Are more points to be surveyed?

If yes, continue with step 17.

If no, continue with step 19.

17.Move to the next point.

18.Repeat steps 1. to 16.

19.Post-process the data in the office.

Operation

GPS1200

61

Operation

GPS1200

62

)The antenna must not be moved while data is logged, otherwise the quality of postprocessed coordinates is impaired.

)The CompactFlash card must be removed in GPS1200 Main Menu. If the card is removed when in any other screen all stored data might get corrupted, preventing LGO from successfully reading the data on the card.

Operation

GPS1200

63

Reference Station

GPS1200

64

5 Reference Station

5.1Overview

Description

The GRX1200 Series

 

• are designed to operate for specific reference station applications using remote

 

control software, for example LEICA GPS Spider reference station software.

 

• support internal logging of raw observations which can be downloaded using an

 

external remote control software package such as LEICA GPS Spider.

 

• support streaming output of GPS raw observations and status information.

 

• can log or stream out data from specific external devices approved by Leica

 

Geosystems, such as meteo and tilt, which can be directly output to an external

 

remote control software package.

 

• can be used - with a suitable radio, digital cellular phone or modem attached - to

 

transmit data for real-time operations using proprietary as well as standard

 

RTCM, CMR and CMR+ formats. The GRX1200 Series cannot receive refer-

 

ence station broadcasts and therefore cannot be used as a real-time rover

 

receiver.

operate in the same manner as the other GPS1200 receivers.

have the same receiver and measurement performance as the other GPS1200 receivers. Refer to "8 Technical Data" for information on technical data.

Special features To operate for specific reference station applications, the GRX1200 Series is, compared with the other GPS1200 receivers, equipped with some special features.

Specific to the GRX1200 Series:

Controllable dual external power supply

Support of external devices such as meteo and tilt

Additional features for GRX1200 Classic • Ring buffer logging and GRX1200 Pro:

Additional features for GRX1200 Pro:

One Ethernet port including three logical NET ports

One port to output PPS

One port to input event messages

One port for input from an external oscillator

Reference Station

GPS1200

65

Reference Station

GPS1200

66

Data storage

All CompactFlash cards recommended by Leica Geosystems are supported. Storing

 

data on a CompactFlash card enables subsequent data download and post-

 

 

processing. Refer to "2.2.2 Data Storage and Data Conversion Concept" for infor-

 

mation on available memory. Refer to "4.3 Working with the CompactFlash Card" for

 

information on inserting and removing a CompactFlash card.

 

 

 

Data streaming

The receiver can be set to stream the raw observations out of one or more commu-

 

nication ports instead of or in addition to storing data on the CompactFlash card.

 

 

 

 

Power supply

Refer to "2.2.3 Power Concept".

 

 

 

Commands for

Special commands from Outside World Interface or Leica Binary 2 format can be

remote control

used to control the receiver through the configured port. Documentation for OWI and

 

LB2 is available on request from the Leica Geosystems representative.

 

 

 

 

5.2Equipment Setup

Equipment setup An example for an equipment setup for a reference station is shown in the following diagram. It is a basic serial setup with LEICA GPS Spider, including a meteo/tilt device and a local radio to broadcast real-time data.

Reference Station

GPS1200

67

Reference Station

GPS1200

68

a

b c

d

e

f

g

h

GPS12_027

i

j

k

l

m n

o

p q

r s

a)

Power supply unit 100/240 V AC to

k)

CompactFlash card

 

12 V DC

 

 

b)

Interface cable

l)

Radio interface cable

c)

DB9 surge arrester with 12 V DC

m)

Radio

 

pass through

 

 

d)

Meteo/tilt device with interface cable n)

Cable to connect radio antenna

e)

Receiver GRX1200 Series

o)

PC with, for example, LEICA GPS

 

 

 

Spider

f)

Weather protection radome for

p)

Serial port

 

AT504

 

 

g)

AT504

q)

Data transfer cable for receiver

 

 

 

communication

h)

AX1202

r)

Radio antenna

i)

TNC to TNC antenna cable

s)

Radio surge arrester

j)

Surge arrester

 

 

)Normally, the data transfer cable GX RX to RS232 is used to connect the GRX1200 Series to a PC. Connect the cable to port 2 on the receiver and to the COM port on the PC.

Reference Station

GPS1200

69

Reference Station

GPS1200

70

)Connect the device to transmit real-time data to port P1, P2 or P3 of the receiver. Some devices fit into a clip-on-housing that plugs directly into these ports. Other devices require an interface cable.

)Unauthorised radio units should not be connected to the GRX1200 Series.

Cable connection Cable connections are identical to other GPS1200 receivers. Additional cables are available from Leica Geosystems for the specific oscillator and Ethernet ports on the GRX1200 Pro.

Switch on

Hold down the ON/OFF button on the receiver for at least 2 s.

 

OR

 

Press PROG on the RX1200, if used.

 

OR

 

Send a pulse/data to one of the serial ports. Port P1, P2 and P3 can be config-

 

ured not to allow receiver switch on upon pulse reception.

 

 

Switch off

Press the ON/OFF button on the receiver for at least 4 s.

 

OR

 

Press PROG and USER simultaneously on the RX1200, if used.

 

 

Behaviour when

Turning the GRX1200 Series off and on again resets the receiver. The conse-

turning off and on

quences are:

 

• If the configuration of the output is stored in the configuration set, standard

 

NMEA messages are still output.

 

• All data/message outputs scheduled via OWI or LB 2 commands are no longer

 

output.

 

• Data logging parameters and interface configuration options, that have been set

 

by OWI or LB 2 commands and have not been saved to a configuration set using

 

the corresponding OWI or LB 2 command, are reset.

 

 

Behaviour after

After temporary power failure, the GRX1200 Series will automatically power itself up

power failure

and resume the previously set operations. Two power fail recovery options are avail-

 

able - Sudden Loss Only and Always. To access the configuration select Main

 

Menu: Config...\General Settings...\Start Up & Power Down.

 

 

Reference Station

GPS1200

71

Reference Station

GPS1200

72

5.3Getting Started with the GRX1200 Series

Ways of operating The GRX1200 Series can either be operated with the RX1200 like the other GPS1200 receivers or by remote control.

Operation

Description

With RX1200

The receiver can be fully configured. In order to start and stop

 

a point occupation, an external application software such as

 

LEICA GPS Spider must send appropriate OWI or LB2

 

commands through a remote interface port to the receiver.

 

Available with full functionality

 

Job management

 

Data management

 

Configuration of ports

 

• Configuration of operation parameters

 

Status information

 

• Transfer capabilities including the upload of new

 

 

firmware

 

Unavailable

 

 

 

Operation Description

Any application program available on GPS1200 such as

Survey or Stakeout

)Refer to the relevant chapters in this manual or to the GPS1200 Technical Reference Manual for information on configuring and using the receiver.

By remote control • Special commands from OWI or LB2 can be used to control the GRX1200 Series through a remote interface.

For the majority of applications, the GRX1200 Series has to be operated using a suitable application software that supports the OWI or LB 2 commands, such as LEICA GPS Spider.

For the GRX1200 Classic/GRX1200 Pro, remote control also supports the download of internally logged data and upload of files to the receiver.

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Reference Station

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Configure a remote interface connection

Remote interface to be configured

Configure using

Standard default RS232

• Each port is by default a remote port.

 

No specific receiver configurations

 

must be done.

 

• The default settings allow immediate

 

communication using the following

 

port communication parameters:

 

Baud rate: 115200

 

Data bits: 8

 

Parity: None

 

Stop bit: 1

 

Flow control: None

 

 

Specific devices such as modems for a

Must be configured using the RX1200.

particular port

Refer to "Configure a modem interface

 

step-by-step" for an example.

 

 

GRX1200 Pro built-in ethernet device for

Must be configured using the RX1200.

communicating with the receiver

Refer to "Configure a NET port step-by-

 

step" for an example.

 

 

 

Remote interface to be configured

Configure using

 

Any other interface and operation config-

Can be done using LEICA GPS Spider.

 

uration required

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Configure a

In order to use a modem for the remote interface connection, the corresponding

modem interface

device has to be created on the receiver and attached to the receiver serial port. As

step-by-step

an example, the following step-by-step description shows how to configure a U.S.

 

Robotics 56k modem for port P1 on the receiver. Refer to the GPS1200 Technical

Reference Manual for more information. Refer to the manual of the modem for information on the modem configuration.

Step Description

1.Main Menu: Config...\Interfaces...

2.CONFIGURE Interfaces

Highlight Remote.

3.EDIT (F3) to access CONFIGURE Interfaces.

4.Highlight 1.

) RemoteRemote. must be displayed in column Interface. USE (F6) to display

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Step Description

5.DEVCE (F5) to access CONFIGURE Devices.

6.PAGE (F6) changes to the Modem/GSM page.

7.CONFIGURE Devices, Modem/GSM page Highlight Modem.

8.NEW (F2) to create a new modem.

9.CONFIGURE Device

Type in a name and the port parameters for the modem.

 

) ATCMD (F4) to configure the communication commands for the modem.

10.

STORE (F1) to return to CONFIGURE Devices, Modem/GSM page.

 

) The receiver is ready to accept an incoming call from a remote application.

11.

Connect the modem to port P1 of the receiver using a modem cable.

12.Connect the modem cable to the phone line and to a suitable power supply.

Configure a NET In order to use a NET port for the remote interface connection, the RJ45 connector port step-by-step of the GRX1200 Pro must be connected to a network hub, router or PC Ethernet port which requires a special crossed cable. A static IP address must be available. Talk

to the network administrator in order to obtain a static network IP address. The following step-by-step description shows how to create a NET port and assign the remote interface to it. Refer to the GPS1200 Technical Reference Manual for more information.

Step Description

1.Main Menu: Config...\Instrument Settings...\Set NET Parameters

2.CONFIGURE Set NET Parameters

Enter the Internet Protocol address, the network mask and the gateway.

3.CONT (F1) returns to GPS1200 Main Menu.

4.Main Menu: Config...\Interfaces...

5.CONFIGURE Interfaces

Highlight Remote.

6.EDIT (F3) to access CONFIGURE Interfaces.

7.Highlight a NET port.

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Step Description

8.CTRL (F4) to access CONFIGURE Set NET Port.

9.CONFIGURE Set NET Port <User: Server>

Configure the NET port numbers and access control.

10.CONT (F1) to return to CONFIGURE Remote Interfaces.

11.Is Remote displayed in the column Interface for the selected NET port?

If yes, continue with step 13.

If no, continue with step 12.

12.USE (F6) to use the port NET by remote.

13.Press CONT (F1) twice to return to GPS1200 Main Menu.

) The receiver is ready to accept an incoming call from a remote application.

14.

Connect the receiver port NET to a LAN using a suitable network cable.

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Care and Transport

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6 Care and Transport

6.1Transport

Transport in the field

When transporting the equipment in the field, always make sure that you

either carry the product in its original transport container,

or carry the tripod with its legs splayed across your shoulder, keeping the attached product upright.

Transport in a road

Never carry the product loose in a road vehicle, as it can be affected by shock and

vehicle

vibration. Always carry the product in its transport container and secure it.

 

 

Shipping

When transporting the product by rail, air or sea, always use the complete original

 

Leica Geosystems packaging, transport container and cardboard box, or its equiva-

 

lent, to protect against shock and vibration.

 

 

Shipping, transport

When transporting or shipping batteries, the person in charge of the product must

of batteries

ensure that the applicable national and international rules and regulations are

 

observed. Before transportation or shipping, contact your local passenger or freight

 

transport company.

 

 

6.2Storage

Product

Respect the temperature limits when storing the equipment, particularly in summer

 

if the equipment is inside a vehicle. Refer to "8 Technical Data" for information about

 

temperature limits.

 

 

Li-Ion batteries

• Refer to "8.1.3 Technical Data" for information about storage temperature range.

 

• A storage temperature range of -20 to +30°C/-4 to 68°F in a dry environment is

 

recommended to minimise self-discharging of the battery.

 

• At the recommended storage temperature range, batteries containing a 10% to

 

50% charge can be stored for up to one year. After this storage period the

 

batteries must be recharged.

 

• Remove batteries from the product and the charger before storing.

 

• After storage recharge batteries before using.

 

• Protect batteries from damp and wetness. Wet or damp batteries must be dried

 

before storing or use.

 

 

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Care and Transport

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6.3Cleaning and Drying

Product

Use only a clean, soft, lint-free cloth for cleaning. If necessary, moisten the cloth with

 

water or pure alcohol.

 

Do not use other liquids; these may attack the polymer components.

 

 

Damp products

Dry the product, the transport container, the foam inserts and the accessories at a

 

temperature not greater than 40°C/108°F and clean them. Do not repack until every-

 

thing is completely dry.

 

 

Cables and plugs

Keep plugs clean and dry. Blow away any dirt lodged in the plugs of the connecting

 

cables.

 

 

Connectors with

Wet connectors must be completely dry before attaching the dust cap.

dust caps

 

 

 

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7 Safety Directions

7.1General Introduction

Description

The following directions should enable the person responsible for the product, and

 

the person who actually uses the equipment, to anticipate and avoid operational

 

hazards.

 

The person responsible for the product must ensure that all users understand these

 

directions and adhere to them.

 

 

7.2Intended Use

Permitted use

Measuring and computing coordinates using P-code and/or C/A-code signals

 

 

from NAVSTAR GPS satellites.

 

• Carrying out measurement tasks using various GPS measuring techniques.

 

• Recording GPS and point related data.

 

• Computation and evaluation by means of software.

 

• Data transfer via radio or digital cellular phone for real-time kinematic surveys.

 

 

 

Adverse use

Use of the product without instruction.

 

• Use outside of the intended limits.

 

Disabling safety systems.

 

• Removal of hazard notices.

 

• Opening the product using tools, for example screwdriver, unless this is specifi-

 

 

cally permitted for certain functions.

 

• Modification or conversion of the product.

 

Use after misappropriation.

 

• Use of products with obviously recognizable damages or defects.

• Use with accessories from other manufacturers without the prior explicit approval of Leica Geosystems.

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Inadequate safeguards at the surveying site, for example when measuring on roads.

Controlling of machines, moving objects or similar monitoring application without additional controland safety installations.

 

Warning

Adverse use can lead to injury, malfunction and damage.

 

It is the task of the person responsible for the equipment to inform the user about

 

 

hazards and how to counteract them. The product is not to be operated until the user

 

 

has been instructed on how to work with it.

 

 

 

7.3Limits of Use

Environment

Danger

Suitable for use in an atmosphere appropriate for permanent human habitation: not suitable for use in aggressive or explosive environments.

Local safety authorities and safety experts must be contacted before working in hazardous areas, or in close proximity to electrical installations or similar situations by the person in charge of the product.

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Safety Directions

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7.4Responsibilities

Manufacturer of the

Leica Geosystems AG, CH-9435 Heerbrugg, hereinafter referred to as Leica

product

Geosystems, is responsible for supplying the product, including the user manual and

 

original accessories, in a completely safe condition.

 

 

Manufacturers of

The manufacturers of non Leica Geosystems accessories for the product are

non Leica Geosys-

responsible for developing, implementing and communicating safety concepts for

tems accessories

their products, and are also responsible for the effectiveness of those safety

 

concepts in combination with the Leica Geosystems product.

 

 

Person in charge of

The person in charge of the product has the following duties:

the product

• To understand the safety instructions on the product and the instructions in the

 

user manual.

 

• To be familiar with local regulations relating to safety and accident prevention.

 

• To inform Leica Geosystems immediately if the product and the application

 

becomes unsafe.

 

Warning

The person responsible for the product must ensure that it is used in accordance

 

with the instructions. This person is also accountable for the training and the deploy-

 

 

ment of personnel who use the product and for the safety of the equipment in use.

 

 

 

7.5International Warranty, Software Licence Agreement

International

The International Warranty can be downloaded from the Leica Geosystems home

Warranty

page at http://www.leica-geosystems.com/internationalwarranty or received from

 

 

your Leica Geosystems dealer.

 

 

 

Software Licence

This product contains software that is preinstalled on the product, or that is supplied

Agreement

to you on a data carrier medium, or that can be downloaded by you online pursuant

 

to prior authorization from Leica Geosystems. Such software is protected by copy-

 

right and other laws and its use is defined and regulated by the Leica Geosystems

 

Software Licence Agreement, which covers aspects such as, but not limited to,

 

 

Scope of the Licence, Warranty, Intellectual Property Rights, Limitation of Liability,

 

Exclusion of other Assurances, Governing Law and Place of Jurisdiction. Please

 

 

make sure, that at any time you fully comply with the terms and conditions of the

 

 

Leica Geosystems Software Licence Agreement.

 

 

Such agreement is provided together with all products and can also be found at the

 

Leica Geosystems home page at http://www.leica-geosystems.com/swlicense

 

 

or your Leica Geosystems dealer.

 

 

You must not install or use the software unless you have read and accepted the

 

 

terms and conditions of the Leica Geosystems Software Licence Agreement. Instal-

 

 

 

Safety Directions

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Safety Directions

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90

lation or use of the software or any part thereof, is deemed to be an acceptance of all the terms and conditions of such licence agreement. If you do not agree to all or some of the terms of such licence agreement, you may not download, install or use the software and you must return the unused software together with its accompanying documentation and the purchase receipt to the dealer from whom you purchased the product within ten (10) days of purchase to obtain a full refund of the purchase price.

7.6Hazards of Use

Warning

Caution

The absence of instruction, or the inadequate imparting of instruction, can lead to incorrect or adverse use, and can give rise to accidents with far-reaching human, material, financial and environmental consequences.

Precautions:

All users must follow the safety directions given by the manufacturer and the directions of the person responsible for the product.

Watch out for erroneous measurement results if the product has been dropped or has been misused, modified, stored for long periods or transported.

Precautions:

Periodically carry out test measurements and perform the field adjustments indicated in the user manual, particularly after the product has been subjected to abnormal use and before and after important measurements.

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Safety Directions

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Danger

Warning

Warning

Because of the risk of electrocution, it is very dangerous to use poles and extensions in the vicinity of electrical installations such as power cables or electrical railways.

Precautions:

Keep at a safe distance from electrical installations. If it is essential to work in this environment, first contact the safety authorities responsible for the electrical installations and follow their instructions.

By surveying during a thunderstorm you are at risk from lightning.

Precautions:

Do not carry out field surveys during thunderstorms.

During dynamic applications, for example stakeout procedures there is a danger of accidents occurring if the user does not pay attention to the environmental conditions around, for example obstacles, excavations or traffic.

Precautions:

The person responsible for the product must make all users fully aware of the existing dangers.

Warning

Warning

Warning

Caution

Inadequate securing of the surveying site can lead to dangerous situations, for example in traffic, on building sites, and at industrial installations.

Precautions:

Always ensure that the survey site is adequately secured. Adhere to the regulations governing safety and accident prevention and road traffic.

Only Leica Geosystems authorised service workshops are entitled to repair these products.

If computers intended for use indoors are used in the field there is a danger of electric shock.

Precautions:

Adhere to the instructions given by the computer manufacturer with regard to field use in conjunction with Leica Geosystems products.

If the accessories used with the product are not properly secured and the product is subjected to mechanical shock, for example blows or falling, the product may be damaged or people may sustain injury.

Precautions:

When setting-up the product, make sure that the accessories, for example tripod, tribrach, connecting cables, are correctly adapted, fitted, secured, and locked in position.

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Safety Directions

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Caution

Caution

Warning

Avoid subjecting the product to mechanical stress.

The product uses the GPS P-Code signal which by U.S. policy may be switched off without notice.

During the transport, shipping or disposal of batteries it is possible for inappropriate mechanical influences to constitute a fire hazard.

Precautions:

Before shipping the product or disposing of it, discharge the batteries by running the product until they are flat.

When transporting or shipping batteries, the person in charge of the product must ensure that the applicable national and international rules and regulations are observed. Before transportation or shipping contact your local passenger or freight transport company.

Using a battery charger not recommended by Leica Geosystems can destroy the batteries. This can cause fire or explosions.

Precautions:

Only use chargers recommended by Leica Geosystems to charge the batteries.

Warning

Warning

Warning

High mechanical stress, high ambient temperatures or immersion into fluids can cause leackage, fire or explosions of the batteries.

Precautions:

Protect the batteries from mechanical influences and high ambient temperatures. Do not drop or immerse batteries into fluids.

Short circuited battery terminals can overheat and cause injury or fire, for example by storing or transporting in pockets if battery terminals come in contact with jewellery, keys, metallized paper or other metals.

Precautions:

Make sure that the battery terminals do not come into contact with metallic objects.

If an external antenna is not properly fitted to vehicles or any other means of transportation it can be torn off by mechanical shock, vibration or wind, possibly causing accident and injury.

Precautions:

Attach the external antenna professionally. The external antenna must be secured additionally, for example by use of a safety cord. Ensure that the mounting device is correctly mounted and able to safely carry the weight of the external antenna

(>1 kg).

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Safety Directions

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Warning

Danger

If the product is improperly disposed of, the following can happen:

If polymer parts are burnt, poisonous gas are produced which may impair health.

If batteries are damaged or are heated strongly, they can explode and cause poisoning, burning, corrosion or environmental contamination.

By disposing of the product irresponsibly you may enable unauthorized persons to use it in contravention of the regulations, exposing themselves and third parties to the risk of severe injury and rendering the environment liable to contamination.

Precautions:

Dispose of the product appropriately in accordance with the regulations in force in your country.

Always prevent access to the product by unauthorized personnel.

If the product is used in exposed locations, for example on masts, mountains or buildings, it is at risk from lightning. Danger from high voltages also exists near power lines. Lightning, voltage peaks, or the touching of power lines can cause damage, injury and death.

Precautions:

Do not use the product in a thunderstorm as you may increase the risk of being struck by lightning.

Be sure to remain at a safe distance from electrical installations. Do not use the product directly under or in close proximity to power lines. If it is essential to work

Lightning conductors

in such an environment contact the safety authorities responsible for electrical installations and follow their instructions.

If the product has to be permanently mounted in an exposed location, it is advisable to provide a lightning conductor system. A suggestion on how to design a lightning conductor for the product is given below. Always follow the regulations in force in your country with regard to grounding antennas and masts. These installations must be carried out by an authorised specialist.

To prevent damages due to indirect lightning strikes (voltage spikes) cables, for example for antenna, power source or modem should be protected with appropriate protection elements, like a lightning arrester. These installations must be carried out by an authorized specialist.

If there is a risk of a thunderstorm, or if the equipment is to remain unused and unattended for a long period, protect your product additionally by unplugging all systems components and disconnecting all connecting cables and supply cables, for example, receiver - antenna.

Suggestion for design of a lightning conductor for a GPS system:

1.On non-metallic structures

Protection by air terminals is recommended. An air terminal is a pointed solid or tubular rod of conducting material with proper mounting and connection to a conductor. The position of four air terminals should be uniformly distributed around the antenna at a distance equal to the height of the air terminal.

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Safety Directions

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The air terminal diameter should be 12 mm for copper or 15 mm for aluminium. The height of the air terminals should be 25 cm to 50 cm. All air terminals should be connected to the down conductors. The diameter of the air terminal should be kept to a minimum to reduce GPS signal shading.

2.On metallic structures

Protection is as described for non-metallic structures, but the air terminals can be connected directly to the conducting structure without the need for down conductors.

Air terminal arrangement, plan view

a

 

 

b

 

 

c

a)

GPS antenna

 

b)

Support structure

GPS12_059

c)

Air terminal

Grounding the receiver/antenna

a b c

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a)

GPS antenna

 

 

 

 

 

 

b)

Lightning conductor array

 

 

 

 

 

 

c)

Antenna/receiver connection

 

 

 

 

 

 

d)

Metallic mast

 

 

 

 

 

GPS12_060

 

 

 

 

 

e)

Connection to earth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Safety Directions

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7.7Electromagnetic Compatibility EMC

Description

Warning

Caution

The term Electromagnetic Compatibility is taken to mean the capability of the product to function smoothly in an environment where electromagnetic radiation and electrostatic discharges are present, and without causing electromagnetic disturbances to other equipment.

Electromagnetic radiation can cause disturbances in other equipment.

Although the product meets the strict regulations and standards which are in force in this respect, Leica Geosystems cannot completely exclude the possibility that other equipment may be disturbed.

There is a risk that disturbances may be caused in other equipment if the product is used in conjunction with accessories from other manufacturers, for example field computers, personal computers, two-way radios, non-standard cables or external batteries.

Precautions:

Use only the equipment and accessories recommended by Leica Geosystems. When combined with the product, they meet the strict requirements stipulated by the guidelines and standards. When using computers and two-way radios, pay attention to the information about electromagnetic compatibility provided by the manufacturer.