ISSI IS24C16-PI, IS24C16-GI, IS24C16-G, IS24C16-P Datasheet

Loading...
ISSI IS24C16-PI, IS24C16-GI, IS24C16-G, IS24C16-P Datasheet

 

ISSI

 

 

 

IS24C16

 

®

 

IS24C16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,384-BIT SERIAL ELECTRICALLY

ERASABLE PROM

ADVANCE INFORMATION

OCTOBER 1997

FEATURES

Low power CMOS

Active current less than 3.0 mA

Standby current less than 35 μA

Hardware write protection

Write control pin

Internally organized as eight banks

256 pages x 8 bytes

Two-wire serial interface

— Bidirectional data transfer protocol

Flexible byte write and 16-byte page-write modes

High-reliability

Endurance: 100,000 cycles per byte

Data retention: 100 years

Automatic word address incrementing

— Sequential register read

Filtered inputs for noise suppression

8-pin PDIP or SOIC packages

PIN CONFIGURATION

8-Pin DIP and SOIC

A0

 

1

8

 

VCC

A1

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

WC

 

A2

 

6

 

SCL

 

3

 

GND

 

5

 

SDA

 

4

 

OVERVIEW

The IS24C16 is a low cost, low power, low voltage serial EEPROM and organized as 2,048 x 8 bits. The memory is configured as 128 pages of 16 bytes each. It is fabricated using ISSI’s advanced CMOS EEPROM technology and operates from a single supply.

The IS24C16 is internally organized as a 256 x 8 memory bank. The IS24C16 features a serial interface and software protocol allowing operation on a simple 2-wire bus. Included is a bidirectional serial data bus synchronized by a clock offering flexible byte write and a faster 16-byte page write. A write protect pin can protect data in the upper quadrant of memory.

PIN DESCRIPTIONS

Serial Clock (SCL) - The SCL input is used to clock all data into and out of the device. In the WRITE mode, data must remain stable when SCL is HIGH. In the READ mode, data is clocked out on the falling edge of SCL.

Serial Data (SDA) - The SDA pin is a bidirectional pin used to transfer data into and out of the device. Data may change only when SCL is LOW. It is an open-drain output, and may be wire-ORed with any number of open-drain or open-collector outputs.

PIN DESCRIPTIONS

A0-A2

Address Inputs (No connection)

 

 

SDA

Serial Data I/O

 

 

SCL

Serial Clock Input

 

 

WC

Write Control Input

 

 

Vcc

Power

 

 

GND

Ground

 

 

A0, A1, and A2: These pins are not connected.

Write Control (WC) - The Write Control input is used to disable any attempt to write to the memory. When HIGH, the upper half of array is protected against write operations; when LOW, the write function is normal. The part can be read independent of the state of WC pin. When not connected this pin will be pulled LOW.

This document contains ADVANCE INFORMATION data. ISSI reserves the right to make changes to its products at any time without notice in order to improve design and supply the best possible product. We assume no responsibility for any errors which may appear in this publication. © Copyright 1997, Integrated Silicon Solution, Inc.

Integrated Silicon Solution, Inc.

1

ADVANCE INFORMATION EE001-0C 10/03/97

IS24C16

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

The IS24C16 features a SERIAL communication, and supports bidirectional data transmission protocol allowing one IS24C16 operation on a simple two-wire bus. The twowire bus is defined as a serial data line (SDA), and a serial clock line (SCL). (Refer to Figure 1. Typical System Bus Configuration.)

The protocol defines any device that sends data onto the SDA bus as a transmitter, and the receiving device as a receiver. The device controlling the data transmission is named MASTER device, and the controlled device is named SLAVE device.

The IS24C16 does not use any device address bits but instead the three bits are used for memory page addressing. These page addressing bits should be considered the most significant bits of the data word address which follows. The A0, A1, and A2 pins are no connect.

The eighth bit of the device address is the read/write operation select bit. A read operation is initiated if this bit is HIGH and a write operation is initiated if this bit is LOW.

The ACKnowledge is used to indicate successful data transfers. The transmitting device will release the data bus (SDA goes HIGH) after transmitting eight bits (one data bit is transfered at the falling edge of each clock cycle). During the ninth clock cycle, the receiver will pull the SDA line LOW to ACKnowledge the transmitter that it received the eight bits of data. (Refer to Figure 2. ACKnowledge Response from Receiver Diagram.)

DEVICE OPERATION

START and STOP Conditions

Both SDA and SCL lines remain HIGH when the SDA bus is not busy. A HIGH-to-LOW transition of SDA line, while SCL is HIGH, is defined as the START condition. A LOW- to-High transition of SDA line, while SCL is HIGH, is defined as the STOP condition. (Refer to Figure 3. Start and Stop Conditions.)

Data Validity Protocol

One data bit is transferred during each clock cycle. The data on the SDA line must remain stable during the HIGH period of the clock cycle, because changes on SDA line during the SCL HIGH period will be interpreted as START or STOP control signals. (Refer to Figure 4. Data Validity Protocol.)

Device Addressing Byte Definitions

The most significant four bits of Device Addressing Byte (Bit 7 to Bit 4) are defined as the device type identifier. For IS24C16, this is fixed as 1010. The next three significant address bits (Bit 3 to Bit 1) are address memory bits. One IS24C16 device can be connected on the bus. The last bit Bit 0 defines the write or read operation to be performed. When set to “1”, a READ operation is selected; when set to “0” a WRITE operation is selected. (Refer to Figure 5. Device Addressing Byte Definitions.)

WRITE OPERATION

Byte Write

For a WRITE operation, the IS24C16 requires another 8-bit data word address following the Device Addressing Byte and ACKnowledgement. This data word address provides access to any one of the 256 data words of device's memory array.

Upon receipt of the data word address, the IS24C16 responds with an ACKnowledge on SDA, and waits for the next 8-bit data word, then again responding with an ACKnowledge. The master device terminates the Byte Write Operation by generating a STOP condition, afterward the IS24C16 begins the internal WRITE cycle to the nonvolatile memory array. Refer to Write Cycle Timing. All inputs are disabled during this write cycle and the device will not response to any requests from the master. (Refer to Figure 6. Write Operation for the Address, ACKnowledge, and Data Transfer Sequence.)

Page Write

The IS24C16 is capable of 8-byte pageWRITE operation. A page-WRITE is initiated in the same manner as a byte write, but instead of terminating the internal write cycle after the first data word is transfered, the master device can transmit up to 15 more words. After the receipt of each data word, the IS24C16 responds immediately with an ACKnowledge on SDA line, and the four lower order data word address bits are internally incremented by one while the four higher order bits of the data word address remain constant. If the master device should transmit more than 8 words, prior to issuing the STOP condition, the address counter will “roll over,” and the previously written data will be overwritten. All inputs are disabled until completion of the internal WRITE cycle. (Refer to Figure 7. Write Operation for the Address, ACKnowledge, and Data Transfer Sequence.)

2 Integrated Silicon Solution, Inc.

ADVANCE INFORMATION EE001-0C 10/03/97

IS24C16

Acknowledge Polling

Once the internal write cycle has started and the IS24C16 inputs are disabled, acknowledge polling can be initiated. This involves sending a start condition followed by the Device Addressing Byte. The read/write bit is representive of the operation desired. Only if the internal write cycle has been completed will the IS24C16 respond with an acknowledge on the SDA bus allowing the read or write sequence to continue.

READ OPERATION

READ operations are initiated in the same manner as WRITE operations, except that the read/write bit of the device addressing byte is set to “1”. There are three READ operation options: current address read, random address read and sequential read.

Current Address Read

The IS24C16 contains an internal address counter which maintains the address of the last data word accessed, incremented by one. For example, if the previous operation either a read or write operation addressed to the address location n, the internal address counter would increment to address location n+1. When the IS24C16 receives the Device Addressing Byte with a READ operation (read/write bit set to “1”), it will respond an ACKnowledge and transmit the 8-bit data word stored at address location n+1. If the Current Address READ operation only accesses a single byte of data, the master device terminates the Current Address READ operation by pulling ACKnowledge HIGH (lack of ACKnowledge) indicating the last data word to be read, followed by a STOP condition. (Refer to Figure 8. Current Address Read Diagram.)

Random Access Read

Random Address READ operation allows the master device to access any memory location in a random fashion. This operation involves a two-step process. First, the master device generates a START condition and initiates Device Addressing Byte with a WRITE operation (read/ write bit sets to “0”), followed by the address of the data word the master device is to READ. This procedure stores the desired address of data word to the internal address counter of the IS24C16.

After the data word address ACKnowledge is received by the master device, the master device now initiates a

CURRENT ADDRESS READ by sending Device Addressing Byte with a READ operation (read/write bit sets to “1”). The IS24C16 responds with an ACKnowledge and transmits the eight data bits stored at the address location where the master device is to READ. At this point, the master device terminates the operation by pulling ACKnowledge HIGH (lack of ACKnowledge) indicating the last data word to be read, followed by a STOP condition. (Refer to Figure 9. Random Address Read Diagram.)

Sequential Read

Sequential Reads can be initiated as either a Current Address Read or Random Address Read. The first data word is transmitted as with the other byte read modes, the master device now responds with an ACKnowledge indicating that it requires additional data from the IS24C16. The IS24C16 continues to output data for each ACKnowledge received. the master device terminates the sequential READ operation by pulling ACKnowledge HIGH (lack of ACKnowledge) indicating the last data word to be read, followed by a STOP condition.

The data output is sequential, with the data from address n followed by the date from address n+1, ... etc. The address counter increments by one automatically, allowing the entire memory contents to be serially read during sequential read operation. When the memory address boundry (address 255) is reached, the address counter “rolls over” to address 0, and the IS24C16 continues to output data for each ACKnowledge received. (Refer to Figure 910. Sequential Read Operation Starting with a Random Address READ Diagram.)

Integrated Silicon Solution, Inc.

3

ADVANCE INFORMATION EE001-0C 10/03/97

+ 7 hidden pages