IBM thinkpad s30 s31, ThinkPad S30, ThinkPad S31 Service Manual

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ThinkPad s30, s31 Hardware

Maintenance Manual

Before using this information and the product it supports, be sure to read the general information under “Read This First” on page 1.

Second Edition (October 2001)

The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any country where such provisions are inconsistent with local law:

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION ″AS IS″ WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE LIMITED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimers or express or implied warranties in certain transactions; therefore, this statement may not apply to you.

This publication could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM may make improvements or changes in the products or the programs described in this publication at any time.

It is possible that this publication may contain references to, or information about, IBM products (machines and programs), programming, or services that are not announced in your country. Such references or information must not be construed to mean that IBM intends to announce such IBM products, programming, or services in your country.

Requests for technical information about IBM products should be made to your IBM Authorized Dealer or your IBM Marketing Representative.

© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2001. All rights reserved. Note to US Government Users — Documentation related to restricted rights — Use, duplication, or disclosure is subject to restrictions set forth in GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.

Contents

ThinkPad s30, s31 Hardware Maintenance Manual

 

1

Read This First . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

1

What to Do First . . . . . . . . . .

.

2

How to Disable the Password . . . . . .

.

3

Product Overview . . . . . . . . . . .

.

4

Fn Key Combinations . . . . . . . . .

.

4

Status Indicators . . . . . . . . . .

.

5

Related service information . . . . . . . .

.

7

Restoring the pre-installed software . . . . .

.

7

Creating the service partition for the s30 series .

.

7

To create a recovery repair diskette . . . . .

.

8

To use the recovery repair diskette . . . . .

.

9

Checkout Guide. . . . . . . . . . . .

.

9

Testing the computer . . . . . . . . .

.

10

Audio Checkout . . . . . . . . . .

.

12

Fan ASM Checkout . . . . . . . . .

.

12

Keyboard and Auxiliary Input Device Checkout

 

12

Memory Checkout. . . . . . . . . .

.

13

1394/LAN or Wireless Board Checkout (s30 only)

 

13

Power System Checkout . . . . . . . .

.

14

TrackPoint Checkout . . . . . . . . .

.

16

Power Management Features . . . . . .

.

16

Symptom-to-FRU Index . . . . . . . . .

.

19

Numeric Error Codes . . . . . . . . .

.

19

Error Messages . . . . . . . . . .

.

21

No Beep Symptoms . . . . . . . . .

.

22

LCD-Related Symptoms . . . . . . . .

.

22

Keyboard-Related Symptoms . . . . . .

.

23

Indicator-Related Symptoms. . . . . . .

.

23

Power-Related Symptoms . . . . . . .

.

23

PC Card (PCMCIA)-Related Symptoms . . .

. 23

CompactFlash Card-Related Symptoms . . .

. 23

Speaker-Related Symptoms . . . . . . .

.

24

Power Management-Related Symptoms . . .

. 24

Peripheral-Device-Related Symptom . . . .

.

24

Intermittent Problems . . . . . . . . .

.

25

Undetermined Problems . . . . . . . .

.

25

CE Utility Program Diskette . . . . . . . .

.

27

Writing the Serialization Information . . . .

.

27

Writing the UUID . . . . . . . . . .

.

27

Running the Diagnostics . . . . . . . . .

.

27

FRU Removals and Replacements . . . . . .

. 28

FRU Service Procedures. . . . . . . .

.

28

1010 Battery ASM. . . . . . . . . .

.

30

1020 Keyboard ASM . . . . . . . . .

.

31

1030 Hard Disk Drive ASM . . . . . . .

.

32

1035 Hard Disk Drive FPC ASM . . . . .

. 35

1040 Suspend Board ASM . . . . . . .

.

36

1045 Suspend Board Cable ASM . . . . .

. 37

1050 Modem Card ASM . . . . . . . .

.

38

iii

1055 Modem Cable ASM . . . . . .

.

. 39

1060 Wireless Card ASM (s30 only) . . .

.

.

40

1065 IEEE 1394/LAN Card ASM . . . .

.

. 41

1070 IEEE 1394/LAN Card Cable ASM . .

.

. 42

1075 DIMM Card ASM . . . . . . .

.

.

43

1080 Upper Cover ASM . . . . . . .

.

.

44

1085 Speaker ASM . . . . . . . .

.

.

45

1090 Palm Rest ASM. . . . . . . .

.

.

46

1100

Fan ASM. . . . . . . . . .

.

.

47

1130

PCMCIA Slots . . . . . . . .

.

.

49

1140

System Board . . . . . . . .

.

.

51

1145

Power Board ASM . . . . . . .

.

.

52

1150

LCD Bezel ASM . . . . . . .

.

.

53

1155

LCD Rear Cover ASM . . . . . .

.

.

54

1160

LCD Inverter ASM . . . . . . .

.

.

55

1170

LCD FPC ASM . . . . . . . .

.

.

56

1180

LCD Panel ASM . . . . . . .

.

.

58

1185

Hinge ASM . . . . . . . . .

.

.

59

1190

Hinge ASM (Wireless—s30 only). . .

.

.

61

1195

Base ASM . . . . . . . . .

.

.

63

Computer Parts Listing . . . . . . . .

.

.

64

LCD Unit Parts Listing . . . . . . . .

.

.

67

Service Tools . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

68

Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . .

.

.

69

iv ThinkPad s30, s31

ThinkPad s30, s31 Hardware

Maintenance Manual

About This Manual

This manual contains service and reference information for the IBM ThinkPad s30 and s31products. Use this manual along with the diagnostics tests to troubleshoot problems effectively.

The manual is divided into sections as follows:

vThe introduction section provides general information, guidelines, and safety information required to service computers.

vThe product-specific section includes service, reference, and product-specific parts information.

This manual is intended for trained servicers who are familiar with ThinkPad products. Use this manual along with the PC-Doctor to troubleshoot problems effectively.

Read This First

Before you go to the checkout guide, be sure to read this section.

Important Notes:

vOnly certified trained personnel should service the computer.

vRead the entire FRU service procedures before replacing any FRUs.

vUse new nylon-coated screws when you replace FRUs.

vBe extremely careful during write operations such as copying, saving, or formatting. Drives in the computer that you are servicing might have been rearranged or the drive startup sequence might have been altered. If you select an incorrect drive, data or programs might be overwritten.

vReplace FRUs only for the correct model. When you replace a FRU, make sure the model of the computer and FRU part number are correct by referring to the FRU parts list.

vA FRU should not be replaced because of a single, unreproducible failure. Single failures can occur for a variety of reasons that have nothing to do with a hardware defect, such as: cosmic radiation, electrostatic discharge, or software errors. FRU replacement should be considered only when a recurring problem exists. If

1

this is suspected, clear the error log and run the test again. Do not replace any FRUs if log errors do not reappear.

Be careful not to replace a non-defective FRU.

What to Do First

The servicer must include the following in the parts exchange form or parts return form that is attached to the returned FRU:

1.Name and phone number of servicer

2.Date of service

3.Date when part failed

4.Date of purchase

5.Failure symptoms, error codes appearing on the display, and beep symptoms

6.Procedure index and page number in which the failing FRU was detected

7.Failing FRU name and part number

8.Computer type, model number and serial number

9.Customer’s name and address

Before checking problems with the computer, determine whether or not the damage applies to the warranty by referring to the following:

Note for Warranty: During the warranty period, the customer may be responsible for repair costs if the computer damage was caused by misuse, accident, modification, unsuitable physical or operating environment, or improper maintenance by the customer. The following list provides some common items that are not covered under warranty and some symptoms that may indicate that the system was subjected to stresses beyond normal use:

The following is not covered under warranty:

vLCD panel cracked by applying excessive force or from being dropped

vScratched (cosmetic) parts

vCracked or broken plastic parts, broken latches, broken pins, or broken connectors caused by excessive force

vDamage caused by liquid spilled into the system

vDamage caused by the improper insertion of a PC Card or the installation of an incompatible card

vDamaged or bent PC Card eject button

vFuses blown by attachment of a non-supported device

vForgotten computer password (making the computer unusable)

2 ThinkPad s30, s31

v Sticky keys caused by spilling liquid onto the keyboard

The following symptoms might indicate damage caused by non-warranted activities:

vMissing parts might be a symptom of unauthorized service or modification.

vHard disk drive spindles can become noisy from being subjected to excessive force or from being dropped.

How to Disable the Password

There are three passwords used at a typical customer site: the Supervisor Password, the hard disk drive password, and the Power On password.

vPower On password:

1.Power off the computer.

2.Remove the battery pack and AC Adapter.

3.Remove the keyboard, see “1020 Keyboard ASM” on page 31.

4.Short the jumper JP1. See the following figure:

JP1

5.Replace the keyboard.

6.Power on the computer and wait until POST ends.

7.Verify that the password prompt does not appear. v Supervisor and hard disk drive passwords:

The Supervisor Password and hard disk drive password are security features that are used to protect the system and the hard disk drive data from unauthorized access. No overriding capability is provided, so they cannot be replaced if they are forgotten. If the customer forgets the Supervisor Password, the system board must be replaced. If the customer forgets the hard disk drive password, the hard disk drive must be replaced.

ThinkPad s30, s31 3

Product Overview

The following shows an overview of the system features of the ThinkPad s30 and s31 series.

Feature

Description

 

 

Processor

Intel Mobile Pentium III 600 MHz, 128

 

KB L2 cache

 

 

Bus architecture

PCI Bus

 

 

Memory

128 MB SDRAM onboard

 

32 MB, 64 MB or 128 MB DIMM card

 

(max. 256 MB)

 

 

BIOS ROM

up to 512 Kbytes

 

 

 

Video

v 10.4–inch, 16M colors, 640x480 or

 

 

 

1024x768 pixel TFT color LCD

 

 

 

Audio

v 20–bit stereo D/A and 18–bit stereo

 

 

 

A/D audio

 

v

Internal stereo speakers

Hard disk drive

s30

 

v 10/20 GB, 2.5–inch, IDE interface

 

s31

 

v 15/30 GB, 2.5–inch, IDE interface

I/O ports

v External monitor (mini-plug)

 

 

v

Headphone/line-out

 

v

Microphone-in

 

v

USB

 

v

RJ-11

 

v

RJ-45

Internal Ethernet/modem

56 Kbps (depends on the model)

 

 

PC card (PCMCIA)

One Type II

 

CardBus support

 

 

Mini-PCI card

Mini-PCI Type-IIIa

 

 

AC Adapter

56–Watt type

 

 

 

Fn Key Combinations

The following table shows the Fn key and function key combinations and their corresponding functions.

The Fn key works independently of the operating system. The operating system obtains the status through the system management interface to control the system.

Fn +

Result

 

 

F3

LCD off

 

 

4 ThinkPad s30, s31

Fn +

Result

 

 

F4

Suspend mode

 

 

F7

Switch between the LCD, the external monitor, and

 

both the LCD and external monitor.

 

 

F12

Hibernation mode

 

 

Insert

Increases the volume

 

 

Delete

Decreases the volume

 

 

Backspace

Mutes the internal speaker

 

 

Home

Increase brightness

 

 

End

Decrease brightness

 

 

PgUp

Toggle ThinkLight on/off

 

 

Spacebar

Enables the FullScreen Magnifier

(s31 only)

 

 

 

Note: Some models use the three volume control buttons to adjust the volume. The volume control buttons are located above the keyboard, next to the ThinkPad button.

Status Indicators

The system status LED indicators show the current computer status. The following shows the location of each indicator symbol and the meaning of each indicator.

ThinkPad s30, s31 5

Symbol

Color

Meaning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Battery status

Green

Enough battery power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

remains for operation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

The battery pack needs to

 

 

 

 

 

 

orange

be charged.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orange

The battery pack is being

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

charged.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

The battery pack is being

 

 

 

 

 

 

green

charged and is almost fully

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

charged.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2) Suspend mode

Green

The computer is in suspend

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mode.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

The computer is entering

 

 

 

 

 

 

green

suspend mode.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3) Drive in use

Green

Data is being read from or

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

written to the hard disk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drive. Do not enter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hibernation mode or power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

off the computer when this

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

indicator is on.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4) Numeric lock

Green

The numeric keypad on the

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

keyboard is enabled. You

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

enable or disable the

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

keypad by pressing and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

holding the Shift key, and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pressing the NumLk key.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For details, see the User’s

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reference.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5) Caps lock

Green

Caps Lock mode is

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

enabled. All alphabetic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

characters (A-Z) are

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

entered in capital letters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

without the Shift key being

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pressed. You enable or

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disable the Caps Lock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mode by pressing the Caps

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lock key.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6) Scroll lock

Green

Scroll Lock mode is

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

enabled. The Arrow keys

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

can be used as

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

screen-scroll function keys.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The cursor cannot be

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

moved with the Arrow

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

keys. Not all application

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

programs support this

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

function. You enable or

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disable Scroll Lock mode by

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pressing the ScrLk key.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7) Power on

Green

The computer is

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

operational. This indicator is

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

always on when the

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

computer is on or in

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

suspend mode.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 ThinkPad s30, s31

Related service information

This section provides information about restoring the pre-installed software.

Restoring the pre-installed software

To restore the pre-installed software for the s30 you can use either the Product Recovery Program or a Recovery CD.

To restore the pre-installed software for the s31 you can only use the Product Recovery Program.

The Product Recovery Program is in a section of the hard disk drive (the Service Partition) that is not displayed by Windows Explorer. Use the Recovery CD if it was provided with the computer.

Note: The recovery process might take up to 2 hours.

To use the Product Recovery program to restore the pre-installed software, do the following:

1.Save all files and shut down the desktop.

2.Turn off the computer.

3.Turn on the computer. Quickly press F11 when this message is displayed on the screen: ...″To start the Product Recovery Program, press F11″...This message is displayed for only a few seconds.

Note: If this message does not appear, you can use a Recovery Repair diskette to get access to the Product Recovery program. (see “To create a recovery repair diskette” on page 8 for instructions of making the Recovery Repair diskette).

4.From the list displayed on the screen, select the operating system you want to recover.

5.Select the recovery options you want, and follow the instructions on the screen.

Creating the service partition for the s30 series

To create the Service Partition and install the preloaded system from the Recovery CD, do the following;

To create the Service Partition (SP):

1.Erase all partitions on the hard-disk drive using FDISK or a similar application.

2.Boot with the Recovery CD (and the boot diskette if required).

ThinkPad s30, s31 7

3.A menu will appear stating ″Your computer originally included a Product Recovery program...Reinstall the Product Recovery Program? (Y/N)″.

Note: If the hard-disk drive contains any partitions, you will not receive this menu-go to step 1.

4.Enter ″Y″ and the Service Partition will be created and loaded with D2D files.

Note: If you do not want to create the Service Partition, press ″N″, and then go to step 8.

5.Press Enter at the next window to continue.

The Service Partition is created. The system automatically reboots during this process.

The recovery process copies some files to the Service Partition and, PKUNZIPs others.

Follow the prompts-you may be prompted to change CDs.

The system reboots when the process is complete. Continue to step 6 to install the preloaded system.

Install the preloaded system from the CD.

6.Boot with the Recovery CD (and the boot diskette if required).

7.If the hard disk drive is blank, a menu will appear stating ″Your computer originally included a Product Recovery program...Reinstall the Product Recovery program? (Y/N)

To install the Service Partition, go to step 4.

To preload the hard disk drive without installing the Service Partition, press ″N″.

8.If a menu appears asking which operating system to install, highlight the proper operating system and press ″ENTER″.

9.A menu will appear stating ″Full Recovery:″. Press ″ENTER″ to select.

10.Enter ″Y″ at the three windows which follow.

11.Follow the prompts to complete Recovery.

To create a recovery repair diskette

The Recovery Repair diskette is used to recover the prompt that is needed to access the Product Recovery program, if the prompt does not appear. Make a Recovery Repair diskette and save it for future use. To make a Recovery Repair diskette:

1.Shut down and restart the computer.

2.Attach the external diskette drive to the computer.

8 ThinkPad s30, s31

3.At the prompt, press F11. (The option to press F11 appears for only a few seconds. You must press F11 quickly). The Product Recovery program main menu appears.

4.If you are using Windows 2000 Professional, you will be prompted to select the appropriate operating system setting. This menu does not appear for Windows 98 SE.

5.Select System Utilities from the main menu. Press

Enter.

6.Select Create a Recovery Repair diskette. Press Enter.

7.Follow the on-screen instructions.

8.When the process is completed, label the diskette as the Recovery Repair diskette and save it for future use.

To use the recovery repair diskette

1.Shut down and turn off the computer.

2.Attach the external diskette drive to the computer.

3.Insert the Recovery Repair diskette into the drive; then turn on the computer.

4.Follow the on-screen instructions.

Checkout Guide

Use the following procedure as a guide for computer problems.

Note: The diagnostic tests are intended to test only IBM products. Non-IBM products, prototype cards, or modified options can give false errors and invalid system responses.

1.Obtain the failing symptoms in as much detail as possible.

2.Verify the symptoms by attempting to recreate the failure by running the diagnostic test or by repeating the same operation.

Note: To run the diagnostics, refer to “Running the Diagnostics” on page 27.

3.Use the following table with the verified symptom to determine which page to go to. Search the symptoms column and find the description that best matches your symptom; then go to the page shown in the ″Go to″ column.

ThinkPad s30, s31 9

Symptoms (Verified)

Go to

 

 

Power failure. (The power-on

“Power System Checkout” on

indicator does not go on or stay

page 14, then use table in

on.)

“Power-Related Symptoms” on

 

page 23.

 

 

POST does not complete. No

“Symptom-to-FRU Index” on

beeps or error codes/messages

page 19, then use table in “No

are indicated.

Beep Symptoms” on page 22.

 

 

POST beeps, but no error

“Symptom-to-FRU Index” on

codes are displayed.

page 19.

 

 

POST detected an error and

“Symptom-to-FRU Index” on

displayed numeric error codes.

page 19, then use table in

 

“Numeric Error Codes” on

 

page 19.

 

 

The diagnostic test detected an

“Running the Diagnostics” on

error and displayed a FRU

page 27.

code.

 

 

 

Other symptoms (such as LCD

“Symptom-to-FRU Index” on

display problems).

page 19.

 

 

Symptoms cannot be recreated

Use the customer-reported

(intermittent problems).

symptoms, and go to

 

“Symptom-to-FRU Index” on

 

page 19.

 

 

Testing the computer

The ThinkPad computer has a test program called PC-Doctor for DOS (hereafter called PC-Doctor). You can detect errors by running the diagnostics test of PC-Doctor. This section is an overview on detecting the problem.

To run the test, do the following:

Note: In the following procedure, you can select an item not only with the arrow keys, but also with the TrackPoint. Instead of pressing Enter, you can also click the left click button.

1.Connect the USB diskette drive to the computer.

2.Insert the PC-Doctor DOS Disk into the diskette drive; then power on the computer.

If the computer cannot be powered on, go to “Power System Checkout” on page 14 and check the power sources.

If an error code appears, go to “Symptom-to-FRU Index” on page 19.

The PC-Doctor main panel appears.

3.Select Diagnostics with the arrow keys, and press

Enter.

A pull-down menu appears:

10 ThinkPad s30, s31

Note: The pull-down menu differs depending on the model.

4.Run the applicable function test.

5.Follow the instructions on the screen. If there is a problem, PC-Doctor shows some messages.

6.Reseat the cable or connector of the detected FRU and run the test again.

If the error recurs, replace the FRU that caused the error.

Note: With some FRUs, especially the system board, the problem may be caused by peripheral FRUs. Verify that each peripheral FRU, such as the flexible cable, has no problem by doing the following:

a.Replace each peripheral FRU one at a time, and run the test again.

b.If the peripheral FRUs have no problem, replace the main FRU itself.

7.To exit the test, select Quit – Exit Diag. To cancel the test, press Esc.

The following table lists the options on the test menu.

Diagnostics

Interactive Tests

 

 

 

 

v

Run Normal Test

v

Keyboard

v

Run Quick Test

v

Video

v

CPU/Coprocessor

v

Internal Speaker

v

Systemboard

v

Mouse

v

Video Adapter

v

Joystick Test

v

Fixed Disks

v

Diskette Test

v

Diskette Drives

v

System Load

v

Other Devices

v

Stereo Speaker

v Memory Test – Full

 

 

v Memory Test – Quick

 

 

Note: In Keyboard test within Interactive Tests, the Fn key is scanned only once. Each key should be pressed for at least 2 seconds; otherwise, it cannot be sensed.

Note: (s30 only) The testing of 802.11b requires an Access Point properly prepared prior to conducting the test. When testing 802.11b with PC-Doctor DOS, please confirm the following points:

1.An OBI’s Access Point is located about 3 meters from the system.

2.The encryption is disabled on the Access Point.

ThinkPad s30, s31 11

If the distance between the Access Point and the system is too far, the test may report failure even if the device is properly working. If the encryption is enabled on the Access Point, the test program cannot properly communicate with the Access Point to test the device, and will report failure.

Due to the nature of wireless connection, the test may report failure with ″No LinkTest response received″ error message in the log, even if the device is working properly. When the test failed with this error, please repeat the test for a few times. The device may be working properly unless the same error persists.

Audio Checkout

Do as follows:

1.Boot from the diagnostics diskette and start the program.

2.Go to Interactive Tests on the main menu and select the Internal Speakers test.

3.If no sound is heard, replace the speakers.

Fan ASM Checkout

To check the fan ASM, do the following:

1.Boot from the diagnostics diskette and start the program.

2.Go to Diagnostics on the main menu and select Other Devices.

3.Follow the description in the window. If the test detects a fan ASM problem, replace the fan.

Keyboard and Auxiliary Input Device

Checkout

Note: Remove the external keyboard if the internal keyboard is to be tested.

If the internal keyboard does not work or an unexpected character appears, make sure that the flexible cable extending from the keyboard is correctly seated on the connector.

If the keyboard cable connection is correct, run the Keyboard Test. See “Running the Diagnostics” on page 27 for details.

If the test detects a keyboard problem, do the following one at a time to correct the problem. Do not replace a non-defective FRU.

12 ThinkPad s30, s31

1.Replace the keyboard.

2.Replace the system board.

The following auxiliary input devices are supported for this computer:

vNumeric keypad

vMouse (USB-compatible)

vExternal keyboard (USB-compatible)

If any of these devices do not work, reseat the cable connector and repeat the failing operation.

If the problem does not reoccur, replace the device and then the system board.

Memory Checkout

DIMM are available for increasing memory capacity.

Onboard (MB)

Slot (MB)

Total Memory (MB)

 

 

 

128

0

128

 

 

 

128

32

160

 

 

 

128

64

192

 

 

 

128

128

256

 

 

 

Memory errors might stop system operation, show error messages on the screen, or hang the system.

Use the following procedure to isolate memory problems:

1.Turn off the computer and remove any installed DIMM from its slot.

2.Boot from the diagnostics diskette and start the program.

3.Go to Diagnostics on the main menu and select Memory Test. If an error appears, replace the system board.

4.Turn off the computer and reinstall the DIMM; then turn on the computer. Verify the memory size; then test the memory. If an error appears, replace the DIMM.

Note: Make sure that the DIMM is properly installed into the connector. A loose connection can cause an error.

1394/LAN or Wireless Board Checkout (s30 only)

Do the following to isolate the problem to the system internal 1394/LAN or wireless board:

ThinkPad s30, s31 13

1.Boot from the diagnostics diskette and start the program.

2.Go to Diagnostics on the main menu and select Other Devices.

3.Follow the description in the window.

4.If the test detects a problem, replace the board.

Power System Checkout

To verify the symptom of the problem power on the computer using each of the following power sources:

1.Remove the battery ASM.

2.Connect the AC Adapter and check that power is supplied.

3.Disconnect the AC Adapter and install the charged battery ASM; then check that power is supplied by the battery ASM.

If you suspect a power problem, refer to the appropriate power supply check listed below:

v“Checking the AC Adapter”

v“Checking the Operational Charging” on page 15

v“Checking the Battery ASM” on page 15

Checking the AC Adapter

You are here because the computer fails only when the AC Adapter is used:

vIf the power-on indicator does not turn on, check the power cord of the AC Adapter for correct continuity and installation.

vIf the operational charge does not work, go to “Checking the Operational Charging” on page 15.

Unplug the AC Adapter cable from the computer and measure the output voltage at the plug of the AC Adapter cable. See the following figure.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pin

 

 

Voltage (V dc)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

+15.5 to +17.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

Ground

 

 

 

 

 

 

If the voltage is not correct, replace the AC Adapter.

14 ThinkPad s30, s31

If the voltage is within the range, do the following:

vReplace the system board.

vIf the problem is not corrected, go to “Undetermined Problems” on page 25.

Note: An audible noise from the AC Adapter does not always indicate a defective adapter.

Checking the Operational Charging

To check operational charging, use a discharged battery pack (battery ASM) or a battery ASM that has less than 50% of the total power remaining when installed in the computer.

Perform operational charging. If the battery status indicator does not turn on, remove the battery ASM and let it return to room temperature. Reinstall the battery ASM.

If the charge indicator still does not turn on, replace the battery ASM. If the charge indicator still does not turn on, replace the system board. Then reinstall the battery ASM. If the reinstalled battery ASM is not charged, go to the next section.

Checking the Battery ASM

Do the following:

1.Power off the computer.

2.Remove the battery ASM and measure the voltage between battery terminals 1 (+) and 5 (-). See the following figure:

Note: Signal lines, not used in these steps, are used for communications between the system and the battery.

ThinkPad s30, s31 15

3.If the voltage is less than 10.6V, the battery ASM has been discharged, recharge the battery ASM. If the voltage is still less than 10.6V, replace the battery.

TrackPoint Checkout

If the external mouse is connected, the TrackPoint does not work. In this case, please detach the external mouse to check the TrackPoint.

If this does not correct the TrackPoint problem, continue with the following:

After you use the TrackPoint, the pointer drifts on the screen for a short time. This self-acting pointer movement can occur when a slight, steady pressure is applied to the TrackPoint pointer. This symptom is not a hardware problem. No service actions are necessary if the pointer movement stops in a short period of time.

If a click button problem or pointing stick problem occurs, do the following:

1.Boot from the diagnostics diskette and start the program.

2.Go to Interactive Tests on the main menu and select

Mouse.

3.Follow the instructions in the message window.

If either the pointing stick or the click button does not work, do the following actions one at a time to correct the problem. Do not replace a non-defective FRU.

1.Reseat the keyboard Touchbutton cables.

2.Replace the keyboard.

3.Replace the system board.

Power Management Features

Three power management modes are available in the computer system to reduce power consumption and to prolong battery life.

Standby Mode

In standby mode, the following occurs:

vThe LCD backlight turns off.

vThe hard disk drive motor stops.

Events that cause the computer to enter standby mode: v Standby mode requested by the Fn key (Fn+F4).

The computer exits standby and resumes operation when any key is pressed.

16 ThinkPad s30, s31

Suspend Mode

In suspend mode, the following occurs:

vThe LCD is powered off.

vThe hard disk drive is powered off.

vThe CPU stops.

Events that cause the computer to enter suspend mode:

vSuspend mode requested by the Fn key (Fn+F4).

vThe Lid is closed.

vThe specified time has elapsed.

vBattery low occurs and hibernation conditions are insufficient.

Note: When battery is low, the battery status indicator blinks orange.

Note: In the IBM BIOS Setup Utility, the computer can be set to suspend when the lid is closed.

The following events cause the computer to resume operation from suspend mode:

vThe Lid is opened.

vThe real time clock alarm is signaled.

vThe ring indicator (RI) is signaled by a PC Card device or the internal modem.

vThe Fn key is pressed.

vPower switch is pressed.

The computer also exits suspend mode when the battery is critically low or timer conditions are satisfied for entering hibernation mode.

Hibernation Mode

Note: Before using hibernation mode, you need a hibernation file.

In hibernation mode, the following occurs:

vThe system status, RAM, VRAM, and setup data are stored on the hard disk.

vThe system is powered off.

Events that cause the computer to enter hibernation mode:

vHibernation mode requested by function key (Fn+F12).

vTimer conditions are satisfied in suspend mode when hibernate by timer is enabled.

vA critically low battery condition occurs.

vThe power switch is pressed. (BIOS Setup)

ThinkPad s30, s31 17

The computer exits hibernation mode and resumes operation when the power-on switch is pressed. When power is turned on, the hibernation file in the boot record on the hard disk drive is read and the system status is restored from the hard disk drive.

The power switch must be pressed to cause the computer to resume operation from hibernation mode.

How to Create the Hibernation Function: Do as follows:

vTurn off the computer.

vConnect the USB diskette drive to the computer.

vInsert the hibernation utility diskette into the diskette drive (you can create the diskette using the Diskette Factory).

vTurn on the computer.

vFollow the instructions on the screen.

Note: If you change the memory size, you need to recreate the hibernation file or partition. For partition-based hibernation, use the hibernation utility to delete the partition first before creating a new one.

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