Drolet DB03120, DB03122 User Manual

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Installation and Operation Manual

Escape 1400 Insert

(DB03120 and DB03122 models)

US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

AGENCY PHASE II CERTIFIED

WOOD INSERT

Safety tested according to ULC S628 and UL 1482 Standards

by an accredited laboratory

www.drolet.ca

Stove Builder International Inc.

250, rue de Copenhague, St-Augustin-de-Desmaures (Quebec) Canada G3A 2H3

After-sale service: 418-908-8002 E-mail: tech@sbi-international.com

This manual is available for free download on the manufacturer’s web site. It is a copyrighted document. Re-sale is strictly prohibited. The manufacturer may update this manual from time to time and cannot be responsible for problems, injuries, or damages arising out of the use of information contained in any manual obtained from unauthorized sources.

 

READ AND KEEP THIS MANUAL FOR REFERENCE

 

45221A

Printed in Canada

10-06-2015

Escape 1400 Insert Installation and Operation Manual

THANK YOU FOR CHOOSING THIS DROLET WOOD INSERT

As one of North America’s largest and most respected wood stove and fireplace manufacturers, Stove Builder International takes pride in the quality and performance of all its products. We want to help you get maximum satisfaction as you use this product.

In the pages that follow you will find general advice on wood heating, detailed instructions for safe and effective installation, and guidance on how to get the best performance from this insert as you build and maintain fires, and maintain your wood heating system.

We recommend that our wood burning hearth products be installed and serviced by professionals who are certified in the United States by NFI (National Fireplace Institute®) or in Canada by WETT (Wood Energy Technology Transfer) or in Quebec by APC (Association des Professionnels du Chauffage).

Congratulations on making a wise purchase.

If this insert is not properly installed, combustible materials near it may overheat. To reduce the risk of fire, follow the installation instructions in this manual exactly. Contact local building or fire officials about restrictions and installation inspection requirements in your area.

Please read this entire manual before you install and use your new insert. You may need to get a building permit for the installation of this insert and the chimney that it is connected to. Consult your municipal building department or fire department before installation. We recommend that you also inform your home insurance company to find out if the installation will affect your policy.

This heating unit is designed to serve as a supplementary heat source. We recommend that a primary heat source also be available in the home. The manufacturer cannot be responsible for costs associated with the use of another heating system.

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Table of content

 

PART A - OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE ...............................

6

1

 

Safety Information.................................................................

6

1.1

Summary of Operation and Maintenance Cautions and Warnings.........................

6

2

 

General Information ..............................................................

7

2.1

Escape 1400 Insert Specifications .........................................................................

7

2.2

Zone Heating and How to Make it Work for You ....................................................

9

2.3

The Benefits of Low Emissions and High Efficiency.............................................

10

2.4

The SBI Commitment to You and the Environment..............................................

10

2.4.1 What is Your New Insert Made Of?...................................................................

10

3

 

Fuel .......................................................................................

11

3.1

Materials That Should Not be Burned ..................................................................

11

3.2

How to Prepare or Buy Good Firewood................................................................

11

3.2.1 What is Good Firewood?...................................................................................

11

3.2.2

Tree Species.....................................................................................................

11

3.2.3

Log Length ........................................................................................................

12

3.2.4

Piece Size .........................................................................................................

12

3.2.5 How to Dry Firewood.........................................................................................

13

3.2.6 Judging Firewood Moisture Content..................................................................

14

3.3

 

Manufactured Logs...............................................................................................

14

4

 

Operating Your Insert .........................................................

15

4.1

 

Your First Fires.....................................................................................................

15

4.2

 

Lighting Fires........................................................................................................

15

4.2.1

Conventional Fire Starting.................................................................................

15

4.2.2 The Top Down Fire ...........................................................................................

16

4.2.3

Two Parallel Logs .............................................................................................

16

4.2.4

Using Fire Starters ............................................................................................

16

4.3

 

Maintaining Wood Fires........................................................................................

17

4.3.1

General Advice .................................................................................................

17

4.3.2

Ash Removal.....................................................................................................

17

4.3.3

Raking Charcoal ...............................................................................................

18

4.3.4 Firing Each New Load Hot ................................................................................

18

4.3.5 Turning Down the Air Supply ............................................................................

19

4.4

 

Blower Operation..................................................................................................

20

4.4.1 Building Different Fires for Different Needs.......................................................

20

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Escape 1400 Insert Installation and Operation Manual

 

5

Maintaining Your Wood Heating System ..........................

22

5.1

Insert Maintenance...............................................................................................

22

5.1.1

Plated Finish Maintenance................................................................................

22

5.1.2

Cleaning Door Glass.........................................................................................

22

5.1.3

Door adjustment................................................................................................

23

5.1.4 Replacing the Door Gasket ...............................................................................

24

5.1.5 Replacing the Glass Gasket and/or the Glass ..................................................

24

5.1.6 Cleaning and Painting the Insert .......................................................................

25

5.2

Chimney and Chimney Liner Maintenance...........................................................

25

5.2.1 Why Chimney Cleaning is Necessary ...............................................................

25

5.2.2 How Often Should You Clean the Chimney? ....................................................

26

5.2.3

Cleaning the Chimney.......................................................................................

26

PART B - INSTALLATION .............................................................

27

6

Pre-Installation Masonry Fireplace Requirements...........

27

7

Safety Information...............................................................

29

7.1

Summary of Installation Cautions and Warnings..................................................

29

7.2

Regulations Covering Insert Installation ...............................................................

29

8

Clearances to Combustible Material .................................

30

8.1

Location of the Certification Label ........................................................................

30

8.2

The Masonry Fireplace Throat Damper................................................................

30

8.3

Compliance of a Combustible Mantel Shelf..........................................................

31

8.4

Positioning the Unit ..............................................................................................

32

8.5

Minimum Masonry Opening, Clearances to Combustibles and Floor Protector ...

37

9

The Venting System ............................................................

39

9.1

General ................................................................................................................

39

9.2

Block-Off Plate .....................................................................................................

39

9.3

Suitable Chimneys ...............................................................................................

40

9.4

Liner installation ...................................................................................................

40

9.5

Chimney liner installation .....................................................................................

41

9.5.1 If the chimney liner does align with the insert’s flue outlet.................................

41

9.5.2 If the chimney liner does not align with the insert’s flue outlet...........................

42

9.6

Minimum Chimney Height ....................................................................................

43

9.7

The Relationship Between the Chimney and the House ......................................

43

9.7.1 Why the chimney should penetrate the highest heated space ..........................

43

9.8

Supply of Combustion Air.....................................................................................

44

9.8.1 Air Supply in Conventional Houses...................................................................

44

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Appendix 1: Blower Installation ..................................................

45

Appendix 2: Installing the Optional Fresh Air Intake Kit

 

(AC01298) ................................................................

46

Appendix 3: Optional Faceplate and Decorative Trims

 

Installation (AC03350 / AC03360)..........................

47

Appendix 4: Installation of Secondary Air Tubes and Baffle ...

51

Appendix 5: Removal Instructions..............................................

54

Appendix 6: Exploded Diagram and Parts List..........................

55

DROLET LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY ..................................

58

REGISTER YOUR WARRANTY ONLINE

To receive full warranty coverage, you will need to show evidence of the date you purchased your insert. Keep your sales invoice. We also recommend that you register your warranty online at: http://www.drolet.ca/en/service-support/warranty-registration Registering your warranty online will help us to quickly track the information we need about your insert.

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PART A - OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Please see Part B for installation instructions.

1 Safety Information

1.1 Summary of Operation and Maintenance Cautions and Warnings

HOT WHILE IN OPERATION, KEEP CHILDREN, CLOTHING AND FURNITURE AWAY. CONTACT MAY CAUSE SKIN BURNS. GLOVES MAY BE NEEDED FOR INSERT OPERATION.

USING AN INSERT WITH CRACKED OR BROKEN COMPONENTS, SUCH AS GLASS OR FIREBRICKS OR BAFFLES MAY PRODUCE AN UNSAFE CONDITION AND MAY DAMAGE THE INSERT.

OPEN THE AIR CONTROL FULLY BEFORE OPENING THE LOADING DOOR.

THIS INSERT IS NOT DESIGNED TO BE USED WITH THE DOOR OPEN. THE DOOR MAY BE OPEN ONLY DURING LIGHTING PROCEDURES OR RELOADING. DO NOT LEAVE THE INSERT UNATTENDED WHEN THE DOOR IS SLIGHTLY OPENED DURING IGNITION. ALWAYS CLOSE THE DOOR AFTER IGNITION.

NEVER USE GASOLINE, LANTERN FUEL (NAPHTHA), FUEL OIL, MOTOR OIL, KEROSENE, CHARCOAL LIGHTER FLUID, OR SIMILAR LIQUIDS OR AEROSOLS TO START A FIRE IN THIS INSERT. KEEP ALL SUCH LIQUIDS OR AEROSOLS WELL AWAY FROM THE INSERT WHILE IT IS IN USE.

DO NOT STORE FUEL WITHIN HEATER MINIMUM INSTALLATION CLEARANCES.

BURN ONLY SEASONED NATURAL FIREWOOD.

DO NOT BURN:

o GARBAGE OF ANY KIND, o COAL OR CHARCOAL,

o TREATED, PAINTED OR COATED WOOD, o PLYWOOD OR PARTICLE BOARD,

o FINE PAPER, COLORED PAPER OR CARDBOARD, o SALT WATER DRIFTWOOD,

o MANUFACTURED LOGS CONTAINING WAX OR CHEMICAL ADDITIVES, o RAILROAD TIES OR

oLIQUIDS SUCH AS KEROSCENE OR DIESEL FUEL TO START A FIRE.

THIS APPLIANCE SHOULD BE MAINTAINED AND OPERATED AT ALL TIMES IN ACCORDANCE WITH THESE INSTRUCTIONS.

DO NOT ELEVATE THE FIRE BY MEANS OF GRATES, AND IRONS OR OTHER MEANS.

SOME JURISDICTIONS IN THE USA REQUIRE A SUPPLY OF OUTDOOR COMBUSTION AIR FOR THE INSERT. IN CANADA, AN OUTDOOR AIR SUPPLY IS NOT REQUIRED; IF A CARBON MONOXIDE (CO) DETECTOR/ALARM IS LOCATED IN THE ROOM IN WHICH THE INSERT IS INSTALLED. THE CO DETECTOR WILL PROVIDE WARNING IF FOR ANY REASON THE WOOD INSERT FAILS TO FUNCTION CORRECTLY. IF YOU ARE REQUIRED TO INSTALL AN OUTDOOR AIR SUPPLY, WE RECOMMEND THAT YOU ALSO INSTALL A CO DETECTOR/ALARM TO PROVIDE WARNING IF SMOKE SPILLAGE FROM THE INSERT OCCURS.

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2 General Information

2.1 Escape 1400 Insert Specifications

Fuel Type

Cordwood

 

 

Test Standards (safety)

ULC S628 and UL 1482

 

 

Test Standard (emissions)

EPA Method 28 (40 CFR Part 60)

 

 

Heating capacity range*

500 to 1600 sq. ft. (46 to 149 m2)

 

 

Maximum heat output**

34,000 BTU/h (9.96kW/h)

(EPA test fuel)

 

Maximum heat output**

60,000 BTU/h (17.6 kW/h)

(natural hardwood fuel)

 

Optimum efficiency

75 %

 

 

Particulate Emissions

4.3 g/h

 

 

Test Standard (efficiency)

CSA B415.1

 

 

Approximate Burn Time*

5 to 6 hours

 

 

Shipping Weight

329 lb (149 kg)

 

 

Firebox Volume

1.9 cu.ft. (0.054 m3)

 

 

Maximum Log Length

20" east-west

 

 

Flue Outlet Diameter

6" (150 mm) diameter (vertical)

 

 

Baffle Material

Vermiculite

 

 

Mobile home approved

No

 

 

*Burn time and heating capacity may vary subject to location in home, chimney draft, chimney diameter, locality, heat loss factors, climate, fuels and other variables.

**The EPA test fuel is dimensional Douglas fir pieces stapled together into cribs with air spaces between. We also test using the same procedure except using split hardwood firewood to reflect real-world heat output. This insert is not intended to operate at its peak heat output continuously.

***East-west: through the door you see the sides of the logs; north-south: through the door you see the ends of the logs.

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Escape 1400 Insert Installation and Operation Manual

2.2 Zone Heating and How to Make it Work for You

Your new Escape 1400 wood insert is a space heater, which means it is intended to heat the area it is installed in, as well as spaces that connect to that area, although to a lower temperature. This is called zone heating and it is an increasingly popular way to heat homes or spaces within homes.

Zone heating can be used to supplement another heating system by heating a particular space within a home, such as a basement family room or an addition that lacks another heat source.

Houses of moderate size and relatively new construction can be heated with a properly sized and located wood insert. Whole house zone heating works best when the insert is located in the part of the house where the family spends most of its time. This is normally the main living area where the kitchen, dining and living rooms are located. By locating the insert in this area, you will get the maximum benefit of the heat it produces and will achieve the highest possible heating efficiency and comfort. The space where you spend most of your time will be warmest, while bedrooms and basement (if there is one) will stay cooler.

In this way, you will burn less wood than with other forms of heating.

Although the insert may be able to heat the main living areas of your house to an adequate temperature, we strongly recommend that you also have a conventional oil, gas or electric heating system to provide backup heating.

Your success with zone heating will depend on several factors, including the correct sizing and location of the insert, the size, layout and age of your home and your climate zone. Three-season vacation homes can usually be heated with smaller inserts than houses that are heated all winter.

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Escape 1400 Insert Installation and Operation Manual

2.3 The Benefits of Low Emissions and High Efficiency

The low smoke emissions produced by the special features inside the Escape 1400 insert’s firebox mean that your household will release up to 90 percent less smoke into the outside environment than if you used an older conventional stove. But there is more to the emission control technologies than protecting the environment.

The smoke released from wood when it is heated contains about half of the energy content of the fuel. By burning the wood completely, your insert releases all the heat energy from the wood instead of wasting it as smoke up the chimney. Also, the features inside the firebox allow you to reduce the air supply to control heat output, while maintaining clean and efficient flaming combustion, which boosts the efficient delivery of heat to your home.

The emission control and advanced combustion features of your insert can only work properly if your fuel is in the correct moisture content range of 15 to 20 percent. See Section 3 Fuel of this manual for suggestions on preparing fuelwood and judging its moisture.

2.4 The SBI Commitment to You and the Environment

The SBI team is committed to protecting the environment, so we do everything we can to use only materials in our products that will have no lasting negative impact on the environment.

2.4.1 What is Your New Insert Made Of?

The body of your insert, which is most of its weight, is carbon steel. Should it ever become necessary many years in the future, almost the entire insert can be recycled into new products, thus eliminating the need to mine new materials.

The paint coating on your insert is very thin. Its VOC content (Volatile Organic

Compounds) is very low. VOCs can be responsible for smog, so all the paint used during the manufacturing process meets the latest air quality requirements regarding VOC reduction or elimination.

The air tubes are stainless steel, which can also be recycled.

Vermiculite is used for the baffle. Vermiculite is a mineral. Large commercial mines exist in China, Russia, South Africa, and Brazil. Potassium silicate is used as binder to form a rigid board. Vermiculite can withstand temperatures above 2,000 °F. It is not considered hazardous waste. Disposal at a landfill is recommended.

Lightweight firebrick is made of pumice and cement. Pumice is volcanic rock, a naturally green product found in the Northwest United States. Disposal at a landfill is recommended.

The door and glass gaskets are fibreglass which is spun from melted sand. Black gaskets have been dipped into a solvent-free solution. Disposal at a landfill is recommended.

The door glass is a 5 mm thick ceramic material that contains no toxic chemicals. It is made of natural raw materials such as sand and quartz that are combined in such a way to form a high temperature glass. Ceramic glass cannot be recycled in the same way as normal glass, so it should not be disposed of with your regular household products. Disposal at a landfill is recommended.

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Escape 1400 Insert Installation and Operation Manual

3 Fuel

3.1 Materials That Should Not be Burned

GARBAGE OF ANY KIND,

COAL OR CHARCOAL,

TREATED, PAINTED OR COATED WOOD,

PLYWOOD OR PARTICLE BOARD,

FINE PAPER, COLORED PAPER OR CARDBOARD,

SALT WATER DRIFTWOOD,

MANUFACTURED LOGS CONTAINING WAX OR CHEMICAL ADDITIVES,

RAILROAD TIES,

LIQUIDS SUCH AS KEROSCENE OR DIESEL FUEL TO START A FIRE.

3.2 How to Prepare or Buy Good Firewood

3.2.1 What is Good Firewood?

Good firewood has been cut to the correct length for the insert, split to a range of sizes and stacked in the open until its moisture content is reduced to 15 to 20 per cent.

3.2.2 Tree Species

The tree species the firewood is produced from is less important than its moisture content. The main difference in firewood from various tree species is the density of the wood.

Hardwoods are denser than softwoods. People who live in the coldest regions of North America usually have only spruce, birch and poplar, other low-density species to burn and yet they can heat their homes successfully.

Homeowners with access to both hardwood and softwood fuel sometimes use both types for different purposes. For example, softer woods make good fuel for relatively mild weather in spring and fall because they light quickly and produce less heat Softwoods are not as dense as hardwoods so a given volume of wood contains less energy. Using softwoods avoids overheating the house, which can be a common problem with wood heating in moderate weather. Harder woods are best for colder winter weather when more heat and longer burn cycles are desirable.

Note that hardwood trees like oak, maple, ash and beech are slower growing and longer lived than softer woods like poplar and birch. That makes hardwood trees more valuable. The advice that only hardwoods are good to burn is outdated. Old, leaky cast iron stoves wouldn’t hold a fire overnight unless they were fed large pieces of hardwood. That is no longer true. You can successfully heat your home by using the less desirable tree species and give the forest a break at the same time.

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Escape 1400 Insert Installation and Operation Manual

3.2.3 Log Length

Logs should be cut at least 1” (25 mm) shorter than the firebox so they fit in easily. Pieces that are even slightly too long, make loading the insert very difficult. The most common standard length of firewood is 16” (400 mm).

The pieces should be a consistent length, with a maximum of 1” (25 mm) variation from piece to piece.

3.2.4 Piece Size

Firewood dries more quickly when it is split. Large unsplit rounds can take years to dry enough to burn. Even when dried, unsplit logs are difficult to ignite because they don’t have the sharp edges where the flames first catch. Logs as small as 3” (75 mm) should be split to encourage drying.

Wood should be split to a range of sizes, from about 3” to 6” (75 mm to 150 mm) in cross section. Having a range of sizes makes starting and rekindling fires much easier. Often, the firewood purchased from commercial suppliers is not split finely enough for convenient stoking. It is sometimes advisable to resplit the wood before stacking to dry.

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3.2.5 How to Dry Firewood

Firewood that is not dry enough to burn is the cause of most complaints about wood inserts. Continually burning green or unseasoned wood produces more creosote and involves lack of heat and dirty glass door. See Section 5: Maintaining your wood heating system for concerns about creosote.

Here are some things to consider in estimating drying time:

firewood takes a long time to dry

firewood bought from a dealer is rarely dry enough to burn, so it is advisable to buy the wood in spring and dry it yourself

drying happens faster in dry weather than in damp, maritime climates

drying happens faster in warm summer weather than in winter weather

small pieces dry more quickly than large pieces

split pieces dry more quickly than unsplit rounds

softwoods take less time to dry than hardwoods

softwoods like pine, spruce, and poplar/aspen can be dry enough to burn after being stacked in the open for only the summer months

hardwoods like oak, maple and ash can take one, or even two years to dry fully, especially if the pieces are big

firewood dries more quickly when stacked in the open where it is exposed to sun and wind; it takes much longer to dry when stacked in a wood shed

firewood that is ready to burn has a moisture content between 15 and 20% by weight and will allow your insert to produce its highest possible efficiency

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Escape 1400 Insert Installation and Operation Manual

3.2.6 Judging Firewood Moisture Content

You can find out if some firewood is dry enough to burn by using these guidelines:

cracks form at the ends of logs as they dry

as it dries in the sun, the wood turns from white or cream colored to grey or yellow,

bang two pieces of wood together; seasoned wood sounds hollow and wet wood sounds dull,

dry wood is much lighter in weight than wet wood,

split a piece, and if the fresh face feels warm and dry it is dry enough to burn; if it feels damp, it is too wet,

burn a piece; wet wood hisses and sizzles in the fire and dry wood does not.

You could buy a wood moisture meter to test your firewood.

3.3 Manufactured Logs

Do not burn manufactured logs made of wax impregnated sawdust or logs with any chemical additives. Manufactured logs made of 100% compressed sawdust can be burned, but be careful burning too much of these logs at the same time. Start with one manufactured log and see how the insert reacts. Never use more than two manufactured logs.

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Escape 1400 Insert Installation and Operation Manual

4 Operating Your Insert

4.1 Your First Fires

Two things will happen as you burn your first few fires; the paint cures and the internal components of the insert are conditioned.

As the paint cures, some of the chemicals vaporize. The vapors are not poisonous, but they do smell bad. Fresh paint fumes can also cause false alarms in smoke detectors. So, when you first light your insert, be prepared by opening doors and/or windows to ventilate the house. As you burn hotter and hotter fires, more of the painted surfaces reach the curing temperature of the paint. The smell of curing paint does not disappear until you have burned one or two very hot fires.

Burn one or two small fires to begin the curing and conditioning process. Then build bigger and hotter fires until there is no longer any paint smell from the insert. Once the paint smell disappears, your insert is ready for serious heating.

4.2 Lighting Fires

Each person who heats with wood develops their own favorite way to light fires. Whatever method you choose, your goal should be to get a hot fire burning quickly. A fire that starts fast produces less smoke and deposits less creosote in the chimney. Here are three popular and effective ways to start wood fires.

4.2.1 Conventional Fire Starting

The conventional way to build a wood fire is to bunch up 5 to 10 sheets of plain newspaper and place them in the firebox. Next, place 10 or so pieces of fine kindling on the newspaper. This kindling should be very thin; less than

1” (25 mm). Next, place some larger kindling pieces on the fine kindling. Open the air control fully and light the newspaper. If you have a tall, straight venting system you should be able to close the door immediately and the fire will ignite. Once the fire has ignited, close the door and leave the air control fully open.

A conventional kindling fire with paper under finely split wood.

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Escape 1400 Insert Installation and Operation Manual

DO NOT LEAVE THE INSERT UNATTENDED WHEN THE DOOR IS SLIGHTLY OPENED. ALWAYS CLOSE AND LATCH THE DOOR AFTER THE FIRE IGNITES.

After the kindling fire has mostly burned, you can add standard firewood pieces until you have a fire of the right size for the conditions.

4.2.2 The Top Down Fire

The top down fire starting method solves two problems with the conventional method: first, it does not collapse and smother itself as it burns; and second, it is not necessary to build up the fire gradually because the firebox is loaded before the fire is lit. A top down fire can provide up to two hours of heating or more. The top down method only works properly if the wood is well-seasoned.

Start by placing three or four full-sized split pieces of dry firewood in the firebox. Next, place 4 or 5 more finely split pieces of firewood (2” to 3” [50 mm to 75 mm] in dia.) on the base logs at right angles (log cabin style). Now place about 10 pieces of finely split kindling on the second layer at right angles.

The fire is topped with about 5 sheets of newspaper. You can just bunch them up and stuff them in between the kindling and the underside of the baffle. Or you can make newspaper knots by rolling up single sheets corner to corner and tying a knot in them. The advantage of knots is that they don’t roll off the fire as they burn. Light the newspaper and watch as the fire burns from top to bottom.

4.2.3 Two Parallel Logs

Place two spit logs in the firebox. Place a few sheets of twisted newspaper between the logs. Now place some fine kindling across the two logs and some larger kindling across those, log cabin style. Light the newspaper.

4.2.4 Using Fire Starters

Many people like to use commercial fire starters instead of newspaper. Some of these starters are made of sawdust and wax and others are specialized flammable solid chemicals. Follow the package directions for use.

Gel starter may be used but only if there are no hot embers present. Use only in a cold firebox to start a fire.

DO NOT USE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS SUCH AS GASOLINE, NAPHTHA, FUEL OIL, MOTOR OIL, OR AEROSOLS TO START OR REKINDLE THE FIRE.

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Escape 1400 Insert Installation and Operation Manual

4.3 Maintaining Wood Fires

4.3.1 General Advice

Wood heating with a space heater is very different than other forms of heating. There will be variations in the temperature in different parts of the house and there will be variations in temperature throughout the day and night. This is normal, and for experienced wood burners these are advantages of zone heating with wood.

Do not expect steady heat output from your insert. It is normal for its surface temperature to rise after a new load of wood is ignited and for its temperature to gradually decline as the fire progresses. This rising and falling of temperature can be matched to your household routines. For example, the area temperature can be cooler when you are active, such as when doing housework or cooking, and it can be warmer when you are inactive, such as when reading or watching television.

Wood burns best in cycles. A cycle starts when a new load of wood is ignited by hot coals and ends when that load has been consumed down to a bed of charcoal about the same size as it was when the wood was loaded. Do not attempt to produce a steady heat output by placing a single log on the fire at regular intervals. Always place at least three, and preferably more, pieces on the fire at a time so that the heat radiated from one piece helps to ignite the pieces next to it. Each load of wood should provide several hours of heating. The size of each load can be matched to the amount of heat needed.

When you burn in cycles, you rarely need to open the insert’s loading door while the wood is flaming. This is an advantage because there is more chance that smoke will leak from the insert when the door is opened as a full fire is burning.

IF YOU MUST OPEN THE DOOR WHILE THE FUEL IS FLAMING, OPEN THE AIR CONTROL FULLY FOR A FEW MINUTES, THEN UNLATCH AND OPEN THE DOOR SLOWLY.

4.3.2 Ash Removal

Ash should be removed from the firebox every two or three days of full time heating. Do not let the ash build up in the firebox because it will interfere with proper fire management.

The best time to remove ash is after an overnight fire when the insert is relatively cool, but there is still some chimney draft to draw the ash dust into the insert and prevent it from coming into the room.

After ashes have been removed from the insert and placed in a tightly covered metal container, they should be taken outside immediately. The closed container of ashes should be placed on a non-combustible floor or on the ground well away from all combustible materials pending final disposal. Ashes normally contain some live charcoal that can stay hot for several days. If the ashes are disposed of by burial in soil or otherwise locally dispersed, they should be retained in the closed container until all cinders have thoroughly cooled. Other waste should not be placed in this container.

NEVER STORE ASHES INDOORS OR IN A NON-METALIC CONTAINER OR ON A WOODEN DECK.

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Escape 1400 Insert Installation and Operation Manual

4.3.3 Raking Charcoal

Rekindle the fire when you notice that the room temperature has fallen. You will find most of the remaining charcoal at the back of the firebox, furthest from the door. Rake these coals towards the door before loading. There are two reasons for this raking of the coals. First, it concentrates them near where most of the combustion air enters the firebox and where they can ignite the new load quickly, and second, the charcoal will not be smothered by the new load of wood. If you were to simply spread the charcoal out, the new load will smoulder for a long time before igniting.

Remove ash first, and then rake charcoal towards the front of the firebox before loading so that it will ignite the new load.

4.3.4 Firing Each New Load Hot

Place the new load of wood on and behind the charcoal, and not too close to the glass. Close the door and open the air control fully. Leave the air control fully open until the firebox is full of flames, the wood has charred to black and its edges are glowing red. Firing each load of wood hot accomplishes a few things:

drives the surface moisture from the wood,

creates a layer of char on the wood, which slows down its release of smoke,

heats the firebox components so they reflect heat back to the fire, and

heats the chimney so it can produce strong, steady draft for the rest of the cycle.

Although it is important to fire each new load hot to prepare for a clean burn, do not allow the fire to burn at full intensity for more than a few minutes.

DO NOT LEAVE THE INSERT UNATTENDED WHILE A NEW LOAD IS BEING FIRED HOT.

DO NOT OVERFIRE.

When you burn a new load of wood hot to heat up the wood, the insert and the chimney, the result will be a surge of heat from the insert. This heat surge is welcome when the room temperature is a little lower than desirable, but not welcome if the space is already warm. Therefore, allow each load of wood to burn down so that the space begins to cool off a little before loading. Letting the space cool before loading is one of the secrets to clean burning and effective zone heating.

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